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WILLIAMS & WEST.... Proprietors.
BBE. WJLLIAMS........EDITOR. WoonFiELr. omo, ficb, 8.ts60 - Tlio Last tall. I We are again compelled to call upon our delinquent subscribers,: and this time we are In earnest. We must have money. Bvery .subscriber who is in arrears for two jears or more is reqniredto pay up before' the 1st day of April, otherwise he will find the account in the hands of . an officer for collection. . . ' t"We dislike this course' as much as any one can, and have deferred it until the last day: now we are driven to it, and will insist upon it in every instance. Let no one suppose he will be an exception. The causes which compelled us to this course will compel us to follow it wiih Tigor. - :. Let every one who is in arrears bear in mind that his indebtedness to us mast be paid before the 1st day of April. It would be folly worse, it would be suici dal in us, to suffer our credit and our busi ness to be ruined for a few hundred dol lars, when several thousands are due us nd should be paid. :- Come np and settle your accounts or pay them in to your postmaster. . WILLIAMS & WEST. . (3W. II. Gibson has been'granted a sew trial, In his defalcation case. -; Qusos'a Trial. Yesterday Wm. H. Gib son was required to enter into recognizances to the amount of $10,000 in each of the two oases of embezzlement for whiolAio was in Aicted, to appear at the next terra of Court, commencing on the 21st of February, F. M. Wright and E. C. Tenniugton appeared as his securities. . Importance or n Few Votes. - - There is no doubt that if the Democracy bad done their duty in the last election for Congressman in this district, the Demo crats could hare elected 'Smith of North .Carolina Speaker. Theaker was elected by less than a hundred, which could hove been overcome in any two townships in this connty, .' There is a lesson in this. v., gSgT" Gov. Morgan, of New York invited the Legislatures of Ohio, Tennes see and Kentucky to visit Albany. The Invitation was received too lata to' be ac eepted during. the late tour, but will be considered by the respective Legislatures, and probably accepted hereafter. . " Chase Elected Senator. ... The caucus of the. Republican meia bers of the Legislature on the 1st inst., Tesulted in the nomination of Chase for 'TTl S. Senator. The vote stood as fol lows; i . 8. r. Chase . . 51 C. Delano . . . 10 ' Thos. Corn in . 8 i V. B. Horton . '. . , 1 John Sherman . . .1 c. The cancus by a vote of Gl to 11 re fused to postpone- the election, Accord ingly on the 2nd Mr. Chase was elected the' Democrats voting for George E. Pogb. , ji Organization of Congress. ' After the election of Pennington to the office of Speaker, the House adjourned, en 'a cauens of all those who voted for .Him' was held to nominate the other -officers. On Friday the election was held for Clerk and Sergeantat-arms. It tesulted as follows: i roa clerk. . " '-'! John W. Forney 112 ' Jas. C. Allen 17 23 8 2 - Samuel Taylor - 4 D. E. L. Davidson 1 - ' Scattering Necessary to a choice 111, so Mr. .Forney was declared elected. : , , f C . ; IDA SERGEANT- AT-ARMS. . c H. A. Hoffman of Md. 1U -Mr. Glossbrenner 92 fi Mr. Underwood . ' 1 Mr. Hoffman was declared duly elec ted. The votes given for the successful men were by those who elected Pennington A Speaker at Last. 'V The lower House of Congress has at last elected a Speaker Mr. Pennington f of New Jersey. The last ballot gave -''Pennington . . . 11-1 " ,'McCIemand . . . 85 " Gilmer ... . 18 Scattering . . . 15 r,Neccssary to a choice 111. So Mr. i Pennington received barely enough votes , to elect . him. He was elected to Con "gress by a fusion of the Republicans and 'Know Nothings, and io politics is an old Hne Whig with Republican proclivities. , He has been Governor of his State and s a very fair man certainly the least ob jectionable to the Democrats of any whom 'the Republicans could have elected. The election of Pennington is a moral triumph for the Democrats. lie not only does not endorse Helper's book, .but re pudfate's it. v Although i Corwln declared he would vote For Sherman until Gabriel blowed his last trump, and other Republi cans said they would vote for him'until "the crack o'dooni," they have been com: polled to abandon him and vote for a com paratively conservative man who has "a heart embracing all parts of our Union." The following is his speech on taking the chair: Gentlemen of the Home of Representa tives:! return yon my grateful acknowl edgments for the distinguished honor you have been pleased to confer upon me in electing me Speaker of this House. -Coming here for the Erst time at the present session, to be associated with you as a member, no event could have been more unlooked for than that I should be called upon to preside over your deliber ations, and my friends will do me the jus tice to say that I have not sought the po sition, as I certainly never desired it. I am nevertheless conscious of the dignity and importance of this high oflko as any gentleman can be, but should have been far better pleasej. could its duties have been intrusted to abler and more experi enced hands. After almost unsurnionntivble obstacles in the .way of an organization of this House, I carao to the conclusion that any gentleman of any party who could com mand a mnjority of the votes for Speak er, was bound in deference to public exi gencies to accept the responsibility as an act of patriotic duty, whether it was agreeable to his personal feelings or not. As that choice has unexpectedly fallen on me, I have not hesitated to accept it. In the execution of this high trust my object will be to do my duty with impartiality and justice to all I shall have great necessity, geutlcmcn, for your indulgence in the new position in which I am placed, and I feel entire confidence that I shall receive it at your hands. Asa Repre sentative from the State of New Jersey, upon whose soil so many gallant nchiev ments were accomplished in the Revolu tionary War, and whose people have ever been distinguished for their devotion to the Union and Constitution, I pray to the Great Arbiter of our destinies that I may do no act to impair the integrity of either, but that, by wise and prudent councils, peace and order may yet remain in our midst, and onr free institutions may be perpetuated to our descendants. I feel that I have a national heart embracing all parts of our Union. Again, thanking you for your kindness, I now enter upon the duties of that arduous and complica ted Ktation. Mr. Fhelps, being the oldest conserva tive member, administered the oath to the Speaker, by request of the Clerk. Delegate Conventions vs. Popular Tote Conventions. There is in this county a very lrge number of Democrats who believe that a retnrn to the delegate system for nomi nating candidates, would be better for the county, and better for the party. These are not a faction of discontented men who would be satisfied with nothing; but are intelligent men, faithful to the party, and whose opiniens are entitled to re spect. The arguments on this question are cer tainly not all on either side. In behalf of the popular vote system it is urged with much plausibility that it is demo cratic that the candidates are the choice of the masses of the party, and not of the representatives of the masses that the opportunities are not so great for scheming and designing aspirants to im pose upon a large body of men as a smal ler number. These arguments, as we believe, are more specious than sound. Whether the popular vote system is more democratic or not depends very much upon its re sults or, in the language of Washing tonYmotto, '"the result tests the means." Many systems which seem eminently democratic in theory ,vwhen reduced to practice are found Jo. be far otherwise. It miht be urged that it would be more democratic for the people to meet in a grand convention, and pass the laws them selves, than to have them passed by rep resentatives; but this has been tried, and found not only pernicious, but impracti cable. Those who prefer the popular vote system, on the grounds of its appa rent democracy cannot consistently op pose any other system that the majority of the pary might adopt. The very es sence of their argument is, that the voice of the majority should govern; and why should not that voice be respected as much in regard to the method of nominat ing candidates, as in the choice of candi dates? But are the candidates selected by pop ular vote conventions in all cases the choice of the majority of the party? But two or three times since the adoption of this system has a majority of the Demo crats voted in them; and we doubt very much whether any candidate ever received a majority of the whole Democratic vote of the county in a convention, except in a few instances when they lave been chosen onauimously. In these instances of course the same candidates would have been se lected by delegates, as they had no oppo sition. It is said the nominee receives a major ity, or at least a plurality of those who choose to vote. Tory true; but, who are they? Certainly among them arc some of the most faithful and intelligent Demo, crats in the county; but is it not equally true that the system gives undue advan tage to idlers about villages? Isitnottruo that many who live some distance from the place of voting, industrious men, who are" unwilling or unable to attend so many elections during the year, are compelled to leave the choosing of candidates to others more fortunate or less industrious? While admitting that a number of the most intelligent members of the party at tend these conventions, we ask, is the average intelligence of the party repre sented in them? In all sincerity we sub mit that it is not. How would this bo iu delegate conventions ? The delegates would be selected from the most active, honest and best informed, and would rep resent more than the average intelligence of the party. Are the opportunities lest in apopuler vo.e convention for the tricks of design ing men? If it is true that more thin the average intelligence of the party would bo found in a delegate coaventun, and less in a popular vote convention, this would seem to be a sufficient answer. But there are other reasons equally con clusive. The frauds generally practiced in popular vote conventions would be ob viated by the delegate system; and those common to both systems would be much less effective in the latter. A falsebood circulated derogatory to a man's charac ter that he was the favorite of some faction or clique that he was unfit for the office that he wa3 dishonest or any of the thousand stories against candi dates which often damage the candidate, and the party also, at the election while these get circulation and credit where it is almost impossible to correct them in a popular vote convention, in the other they could be investigated and corrected. On the other band, if the candidate should be grossly immoral, dishonest, or otherwise un fitted for the office, a charge to this effect would not be setdown as an "electioneering story" and disbelieved, but could be much more easily proven to a convention of delegates than to the masses of the par ty scattered over all the hills and valleys of the county. Iu a popular vote convention modest merit too often has to yield to brawling impudence. Many of the most upright and capable men of the party are scarcely known to the masses outside of their own township, and are overlookedj'while oth ers with more assurance, and fewer scru dles, who possess the faculty of "good electioneered," are vastly overrated, and too often succeed over better men. . Dele gate conventions could to a great extent correct this evil, and bring out good men who under the present system never can be successful. Delegate conventions, by voting for candidates for a single cilice at a time, can prevent too many candidates from be ing selected from one portion of the coun ty to the exclusion of other?; end thus avoid the discontent which often arises from this cause. This will add strength to the ticket, and draw out the voters in all. parts of the county. Our senatorial district conventions, our congressional district conventions, our judicial district conventions, onr State conventions and our national conventions are based upon the delegate system, and why not the county conventions? This subject is by no means exhausted; and we request Democrats from all parts of the county, whichever side of the ques tion they may take, to make their views known, and have a fair and full discussion before the next meeting of the central committee. Let the subject be thorough ly investigated and when one side is clear ly shown to be in the right, the other wilj submit without a murmur. For the Spirit of Democracy. The Law of the Road. Mr. Editor On the old national road boards may be seen at short intervals, each one with au inscription "keep to the right as the law directs." This is some times erroneously supposed to be a pecu liar regulation of that road. It is, in fact, the common law of the roads, streets, lanes and highways in the State and prob ably of all, in the United States. What is the penalty for disregarding this law? It is just this: In case of a collision be tween two carriages or waggonp, the one disregarding the law, would be liable for all damages occasioned by the occurrence. The rule is also convenient to prevent jostling on the side-walks. Men act upon their thoughts. A man acquainted with this rule habitually terns to the right; perhaps others meeting him, if unacquaint ed with the rule either keep Btraight on or turn to the left. This occasions a disa greeable little affair, whereas conformity to the rule, by turning both parties to the right, infallibly steers them clear of each other. E A. 5"Ia describing a spurious bill a bank note detector says : "In the coun terfeit, which can easily be distinguished, the female in the left lower corner has a Key, while in the genuine she has a SickU ROLL OF HONOR. Received on subscription to the of Democracy," for the mouth of "Spirit Janua- ry, 1860: Jonathan noltBclaw, Adams, tp Judkins & Bro., Center, J. A. Davenport. do II. B. Hill, do Wm. Myers, do Nathan Hollister, do David Agin, " do G. McComas, do Jas. Washburn, do Jas. Mc Common, do Jas. Cunningham, jr. do A. Jackson, do Wm. Griffith, do Wm. Craig, do Geo. Mason, do Thos. Ford, do S Minor, do Robert McCammon do Jacob Lindamood, Frauklin, W. W. Mellott, Ohio, S Wyes, do John Luikart, do M. Curry, - Seneca, V. Carpenter, do . M. Albert, Sunsbury, Thos. Ar.t ll, Summit, Gideon Steed, Salem, Jacob Davis, Switzerland, David C. Morris, Wayne, John Fields, Pa , S Patterson, Mo., Joel Strahl, Belmont Co., Geo. Lowe, Ciermont Co., , J. S. Taylor, Belmont Co., W. Heuthorn, Wisconsin, $1,75 1,50 1,50 1,50 2,25 1,50 1,00 1,00 1,50 1.50 2,25 15 15 2,50 1,50 1,50 1,00 4,85 1 50 2,00 3.00 1,50 1.75 3,00 75 1,50 1,50 3,50 1,50 1,50 1,50 6,00 50 36 1,00 The Charleston Convention Names of Delegates--Presidential Preferences. It is now less than three months to the meeting of the Charleston Convention, which convenes on the 23d of April next The delegates from twelve or thirteen States have already been appoiuted. The Presidential preferences of the delegates ou the first ballot, so far as they are appoiuted, are as follows: . a o fc r: Si a 5 STATES. 6. .23 IS 11 4 5 13 35 Ohio.. Indiana Illinois .Minnesota New Hampshire. . Massachusetts.. . . New York Oregon Kentucky Tennessee , Mississippi , Georgia 'Alabama Veriuoat. . . .- 12 7 9 10 109 3 12 12 1G 10 In these thirteen States a mnjority of whom are under instructions the result will he thm: Douglas 109 Lane 3 Guthrie 12 Johnson i 12 Davis...! 16 Cobb 10 The second choice of many of the Southern men, who are put down for the candidates of their owu States, is Mr. Douglas. Negroes in Canada and f ree Negroes Generally. We have had lately some accounts of difBculties, rows, riots, &c, caused by negroes, at Chatham, Canada West. These accounts are contradicted as gross exagerations. The fact may be as stated; but there can be no doubt that the best, portion of the people of Canada have come to the conclusion that the negro refugees in their Provinces form a very undefiirable addition to the population of Canada. The negro settlements there are failures if it was expected from them that the runaway lave., who make them up, would cultivate the .soil, plant, build, manufacture and thrive generally in any sense, either economical, social or moral. Take these settlements ns a whole, and they present pictures sufficiently discour aging io the heart of a genuine philan thropist, who honestly believes that the negroes, placed under favorable circum stances, cau 6how evidences of improve ment, growth and prosperity fit to com pure with the results of enterprise among the whites. All accounts concur in rep resenting the negro in Canada as useless to hiuiFelf and a burden upoa commuuity Not far enough advanced in economical cultivation to be able to foresee and pro vide for future want, he idles away the short summer, and when the winter comes is helpless and deslitnte. This is the re port that is given'of him by many of the best people of Canada, and there is no reason to believe that it is exagcrated. There is certaiuly no philanthropy whatever in decoying or running off ne groes into Canada. There ii some po etry v in ' the idea of the "North Star," which the New York . Tribune and other friends, admirers and supporters of the Underground- Railroad institution are so fond of presenting, that they repeat the epithet ou every fresh flight guided by that star; but the poetry, like a flower springing from the crevice of a rock where there is little- of either soil or moisture to sustain it, has no basis in solid and comfortable facts and realities. We really believe that one of the worst fates we could wish a slave, as slaves are ordinarily situated, would be to wish that they would run away to Canada. This cortainly if true of it : that a man who. while a slave, was industrious and useful, becomes when a Canada free man, an idle, worthless loafer or vagabond. St. Louis Herald. Ixcendiaryism. gome diabolical scoundrel made an unsuccessful attempt to fire our Caurt House, last Thursday night. Paper was stuffed into a hole where the plastering was knocked off at the top of the stairs, and lit wit h a niAtoh. Fortunately the oaDer burnt oat, without doing any damage, excepting the burning and charring of a few lah. The es cape of the building is truly wonderful. No motive is kuowu, likely to lead any one to at tempt such a cowardly and infernal scheme. Gutrntty Tim: Got. Dennisoa and tlicT South. Extraordinary Changs from January 9th to January 21, 26 and. 27,1860. Read, Ponder and DigestI EXTRACTS FROM GOV. dexnison's isxva QOV. DENNISONS MES sage to the leg islature, dated Jan. 21, 1860. To the General At' semhly: I have received information that the Legislatures of Ken ucky and Tennessee will visit Cincinnati the 2Hh inst., ind I take great ileasure in respect fully suggesting the iropriety of the Gen tal Assembly, (en tering them a cord al invitation to vis t his city prior to heir return to their espective States- URAL, JANUARY 9, 1860. On the subject of slavery, the people oi this State cccupy nc equivocal position They nject the mod ern dogma, that bla very is cssenliul u republics, that sucl. system must fail witi out it and that slave ry mast be cxtendei and perpetuated. t extend and perpetu ate our form of gov ernment; but iu o) position to ir, the; have deliberately de clured, that in the) judgment slavery i a pernicious wronp and that patrioiisu and huDuuity iu dt maud in g their resis tarce to itsexteusion iuto any free territo ry, now or that may be owned by the Uni ted Siute.t. They deny the binding au thority of the dictum of the Supreme court of the United States, asserting a light oil p'operty in ono man over another, as a fundamental princi ple, making the fed eral constitution the instrument of render ing it universal. The people of Ohio have further declared that in their opinion, the people of a territorv have no power uuder the con stitution, or from any other legal source, to establish slavery as one of their iusti tutions. D u r t n p their territorial exis tence; that the exer cise of such a power would be a manifest usurpation of the in dividual rights of the citizen of the tcrrito ry, and utterly sub Go V. Dennison's welcome to the legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee in the Hall of the House, Jan. 26. 1860. Friends, of Ken tucky, of Tennessee, md of Indiana: On beha!f of the people of Ohio, speaking hrough their Gener al Assembly, I re ceive you at this our Capitol. I greet you as Representatives of versive of all true popular sovereignly, which demands as a primary essential condition, th recog nition of inalienable personal ' rights. Thev insist also tha coupled with tin power, is the duty ot Congress to prohib it by express enact ment, the extension of slavery, into any free territory of the United States thai the exercise of ihh power has been re peatedly approved by every department of the Slate and Natiouul Govern ment, and to the uni versal acceptance of the people, end thai its recognition ns a fundamental princi pal, to be hereafter sovereign States; I salute you as brethren of ibe great ralley of the Missis sippi, the Center and the citadel of the National Confedera cy. 1 greet you as ellow citizens of the Union so dear to us all, the source of whatever makes us most proud of our couutry, and the preservation of which For the equal and exereitcd, whenever occasion may be pre sented, is indispensa ble, to restore the common benefit of all the States, is a like the highest and the most grateful du ty to American cit izens. By all these honorable titles you are heartily welcom simplicity and puri ty" of the government and to carry out the great purpose of the constitution, as de clared in its pream ed here to dav. ble. The war to extend the boundary of sla very to the Rio Grande the viola tion of the Missouri Compact the war against Kansas, to extend slavery to the Pacific, are all sac rifices of the public opinion and the mor al sense of the mass es of the country, b ambitious incumbent in the federal admin istration; to thai combiuatiou in the South, which bring), the vote of fifteen Slave States iu pha lanx to divide anc conquer the Free, and so continue thei triumphs iu presi dcutial elections. This combination has long been abso lute in its masterj over nominations, elections administra tions and even legis lation, touching the maintenance and ex pansion of the insti tution of slavery, to which it owes its po liiiinl Ktrpitirlh ". . . . -. c Ill vain. Us leaden scepter has stunneo and swayed the na tioual functionaries Gov. Dennisons re sponse to the sentiment below, at the Banquet at the Odeon on the evening of the 26th OF JAN. 1860. . Ohio To her guests, her Repre entatives iu every iating compacts ol 1820 and 1850 and interpolated si a very as a part of the nation's constitution. The spontaneous vogor of .free laboi overgrows and heab all the wounds in flic ted by these blows o! its enemies. 'Free department gladly dom is a giant which welcome to her Cap itol the Representa tives of her sister while asleep, Lilli putians may bind to the earth with lnnu merable fine spur cords, but aroused, he breaks with ease the meshes and ho'd the pigmies in tin hollow of his hand Kansas, Nebraska, California and Ore gon, show how in-f fectnal ore the in trigues of self-seek Slates. Gov. Dennison was' called upon to respond to this sen timent, lie said ihat he did not know that he could ndd iny thing to the' in terest of the occasion He hud once already hid welcome to our 'uest; and he would igain bid thcui wel ing politicians, to dwarf the growth ot a free people. Tlx prosperous and pop ulous free soil sendh come welcome to ur hospitality and to our hearts. lie might talk long and forth- its children earnestly, but could over the inviting tcr ritories, and the re mot add to the sig nificance of this iu- ristauce of barbarism is overwhelmed. erest and glorious occasion. The politicians of the oligarchy see this with dismay, and seem to be meditat ing a change of their design, from that of seeking a perpetua tion of their control over the Union bj multiplying 6lave States within it, to that of abandoning it, and making vast acquisitions of terri tory beyond it, to fill by new importation? nf Africnns rlhia must resnl; qov Dennison's io the subjection of srEECn at the ban the free laboring na-' QUET AT Cincinna- tive class of every TI, ON THE EVENING OF JAN, 27, ISfiO. Gov. Dennison complexion to a com moo condition of sla very, by the glut foi lowing the influx ol myriads of naked Af ricans working liki the ox under goad, and fed only to sup port the yoke, reduc ing the price of laboi to bare subsistence A full 6upily of ne gro strength will ren der the masters o! the domain indepen dent of the pooi whites holding neith er land nor . slaves They must becom slaves themselves It escape starving. We have heard i announced, that t League has beei said: What can Ohio ay that has not been ;aid to day? ' What .velcome can be giv- n to our gallun 'riends of Keutucky rennessec and IndN uin, that has not een given by the listinguished gentle nen that have precc led -me? Sir' I re -iprocate all the sen :iments of good will 0 eloquently expres -ed, and in behalf of he people of Ohio, say to tho people f Kentucky, ' and rennessec, and Indi- ina, that ' we will formed to compac stand upright nud this plan that x ramifications cove ;rect always in sup port of the Constitu all the slave Si ate lion, and each and that the priuciph nnllifier everywhen are in the conspiracy and that it is a pan all of its compromis s. (Applause.) I say to tliem that, let he harsh notes of disunion be sounded where they may, they -.halt never be heard vithin the limits of of the scheme tc leave Virginia anc! Maryland, Kentucky and Teunessee and Missouri in the Un ion for a time, tv Ohio, (applause); I say to them thut the cover the invasion iiffeciions of the peo , pie cf this State are not circumscribed by geographical licit; of a northern force to restore tho gov eminent of the con federacy over thi I say to them that lower - Mississippi God forbid the day and the borders of shall ever come when the citizens of Ohio may not greet as of i political brother hood he that comes the Gulf of Mexico . If attended with success at the thres hold in dissolving the great confedera cy and creating u from the land of Clay the land of Jackson, ind the land of Tip ion! No, sir! trea small one, the intro duction of standinc on against the Un on, and treason a rainst the Constitu ion may be hatched ut the mighty peo armies to confront border, war on tin slave and free fron tiers, and to push thi scheme of southen (jle will root it out. conquests, and to md he who will seek maintain and kcet down domestic in io put the torch to the; temple of otir surrection, wbuld be the succedaueum for constitutional liber ty will be stricken down by the virtue and patriotism of the masses of the coun try. (Applause.) the security coufer red by a common government.1 But the way to the suc cess of the League cannot be opened Differences -may exist between the without assurance of Northern and : the Southern States in respect to this qucs tiori or that question difference have ex the conquest and eu- slavement of Mexico and Central America the obstacles toj which, seem not to istcd and they may have been consider yet exist, but those ed. : - differences have been udjusted within the The arrogance which dares to avow such designs, and to defeat the law of this and all other na tions to frustrate them which would deny to the frer imits of the Union and by the inherent force of the constitu tion, and I say7 to our friends of, Ken tucky and Tennessee and Indiana that vhatever differences iow exist or which States of the Repub lic the rights whicl the constitution calh on them to assert b) nay hereaner exist, shall' bo adjusted .vithin the limits and by the powerf the Union. , ; ; their suffrage?,- lest they obstruct, pi rati cal attemps, would1 broken the concil My fellow cltizesa I am admonished that the time has ar rived when this great thut tho League as sumiog to establish a long line of Barbary powers -ropon out southern shores felt prepared to' make a and gorgeous temple will be needed for other .rnrtioses. T formidable bead a gainst the country will, therefore, detain by sea 'and" land. he "people whose Executive I have" the They should be stern ly rebuked at once, and not suffered to arrest, for a moment the onward progress of the civilization ol the coulinent. Tin power of tin Union should assure anoth er destiny for ' the luxuriant regions tc which they are look ing 'for, their .slajc, empire. . boiibr 'to, be, Will At a nd with "you io defense - of.-thecon- siitutior. audits com promises, (applause) ind that you will ev er find us ready with pcn . hands and warm, hearts, to re- eivc you as brethren n this great and glo rious Union.- T The Harpers Terry Investigation-, i; Thaddeus Hyatt,. President of the National Kansas Aid Committee, has written a letter iu answer to the subpena to oppenrbefore the Harper's" Ferry In vestigating Committee, ou the" 1st of. Feb ruary, in which he informs the Commit tee that while ho will, so - far regard the summons as to appear before them, he will not answer any cf their interrogato ries, because he qutslions the exercise, by a legislative body, of powers purely judi cial, that ere neither incident to the OoY ernment nor con fen-red by , any express provisions oi tho Constitution.. , , -.... On this position JVlr, . Hyatt ; is sus tained by legal advice of Massachu setts and N w York. " ' ' '' "u' u James Redpatli', of Maiden, Massachu setts, author of the Life of John Brown, has ulso been subpenacd to appear and testify, but he, in a very" spicy,-and what may be called a very saucy letter,' refuses to comply with the summons. , : ; ,.t.: i There is little doubt that if Hyatt re fuses to answer the questions propounded to him by the Committee, he, will be. deemed a contumacious witness and ar raigned at the bar of the Senate for con tempt. His reasons for not .answering Will cause" his committal. A' writ fof habeas corpus .will then be issued for his release, and then the qnestien be brought before the Supreme Court of the United States, nud be legally tested." Mr. Hyatt will arrive here to-morrow. . ........ :- ,,-; i'7 Mr. Redpatb, of Maiden, and Sanborn, of Concord, Massachusetts, it is said, will not appear. Dr. Howe will await the legal test to be made by Hyatt,' before appearing. . Giddings has not yet arrived, and may assume the same position taken by Hyatt. Realf is notified to appear 00 Wednesday, when the . Committee vwill probably question him ou some j Dew point. Since the discharge of ;' Judge Amy as a witness before the Committee, he is reported to have 6aid that if he bad not been' stopped by. the Chairman he woold have shown that Brown was tweU ty-five miles from Pottawatome on the night that Wilkiusor.,' the Doyles, and Sherman were killed. . He says that Brown told him ha was not with the party, but that it was a righteous ' deed '- One " of the .parly also toKi him Brown , was not there, but was camped 611 Midda Creek. Mbs. Ltdia Child Not There. The Worcester Hay State says: ."Some hun dreds of people lie bleeding, crushed, dy ing in the maiket places under the roof of the City Hall tt Liwrcnce. Writhing iu torture, they need the kind offices of that sex which has been vouchsafed to soothe our. hours of anguish. : Why is ft, then, that we do not hear of the presence of Lydia Maria Child at this scene of woe? It is true that she would find no horse thieves there upon whom to lavish her maternal fondness. Nor could she clasp in chaste, sisterly embrace the cold blooded-murderers of gray haired and defenceless meu." -1 iVi.. I jil Invasion of Mexico. . " . A dispatch from "Washington say a there can be 110 question that in a verjrhort time Juares will be SHpplied with a large force of Ameri cans, ready and anxious to aid in the establish ment of the so-called Liberal liovernxnent of Afexico, and of course to receive a. fair share of the spoils for their services. These adven turers are chiefly from the Southern States, and number several thousand. The mysteri ous order of the K. G. C. is supposed to be connected, with the inavenient now going en, ami m a suori-umo we may expect io new stirring accounts. - It i apprehended political schemes are at the bottom of the whole move ment. . ' :! I !;; if Impoetant Decmon'. In tho Su preme Court at Pittsburgh, Pa.,' it has just been decided that a loser by the steal ing of goods that aro insured, at a fire in the city, is recoverable against the insu rance company as a loss occasioned by fire. A fire policy, therefore, , not only covers losses by -the removal of goods from a building actually on fire, although the goods may not have been burnt, bat in fact are injured by water; or by break ageiin the act of saving, but also all goods' lost - or stolen in - consequence of such removal. ' " . ' V, ; ' 5 The Contest for Speaker. ' : The protracted contest for Speaker four years ago, which terminated in the election of Mr. Banks, of Massachusetts, under the plurality rule, ho receiving one hundred aud three votes to Mr, AlB.XH'g (of South - Carolina)one - hundred, was ended on the 2d oT February, 1856, it being "the eleventh week of the session, j.' Iowa Delegates.. ; . ;-"-yr . Tho Iowa delegates appointed to the Republican Half National Convention at Chicago, for the nomination of President and Vice-President of the whole Union, are for Wm. U. Sewatbd, of New York, for President ' '": v,-.a !!,;,!M-' e suggest a suspicion ' Teaciies Saps An old farmer friend of ours askuies ua that the peaches in this section aro net killed, vbut all O. K. and promuing- Gverntey Time.' "" " 8 .i;--.;t'ioiO