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WILLIAMS 4t WEST..
HIE. WILLIAMS . PnorsiCTOKs .Emma. WOWDSFIELD, O., MARCH 13, 1801. Lincoln's Inaugural. Wt btnmd Mr. Lincoln's Inaugural carefully and attentively, and although it ii not all that we wished for, yet it ! bet tor than re feared it would be. Notwith standing there are pasaagea in it which might bo construed to mean coercion, jet taking It . altogether we do not regard it as a coercion message. It reads a little as if it bad been gotten op by two men of different shades of poli tiesMr. S war and Mr Chase, for ex ample, Mr. Chase sits down and writes that the public property must be occu pied aad held by the General Govern ment, that the laws. of the Gcn3ral Gov ernment mnst ba enforced, and that the revenues must be collected, &c. Mr. Chase then gets up, and Mr. Seward sits down, and writes that there shall be no bloodshed or violenee unlrss forced opon tbe national authority that obnoxious strangers will not be forced among (be people any whero, &c. Notwithstanding the two ways of rend ing the message, we do not recognize it as warlike; and if Mr. Lincoln, in his public acts, Is governed by what we re gard as the Seward doctrines of the mes age.tbere will probablyjbe no war. It may be a long time before some of the seceding States return to the Union, but nuless obnoxious measures are rigorously en forced against them, we believe they will return. STo man ever had a more glorious op portunity to immortalize himself than Kas Mr. Lincoln; but he has not availed hinueVf of H. Instead of mounting to toe highest pinnacle of fame be has stop ped at the outer door He could have saved the country, and restored harmony and friendly feeling, A bold stand in favor of an honorable compromise would have done all this but be has not done it. Bat we are so well satisfied because the message is no worse, that we will find no more fault with it. The Democrats aad Union men of Rhode Islacd have united npoa State and Congressional tickets, and expect to car ry the ensuing April election. A victory for the Union cause in the States of New HampsMre, Connecticut and Rhode Isl and, which are soon to elect Governors and Congressmen, would have a most wholesome tffeet in the Sootb, and is greatly to be desired. Emphatic. Visitors to our office must quit carrying off our exchanges, withont permission. The loss of them is an intol esaele annejance to us. S0T Gov. Chase has resigned his seat in the United Stales Senate. The eon test for the snecessorship is waging de lightfully. Sherman, Denaiaon, Scheie-, Swing aad others are spoken of. I " Cleveland " says it is reported that Secretary Cameroa is in favor ol withdrawing the troops from Forts Pick ens aad Sumter rather than plunge the nation in war by holding on to them. The other members of the Cabinet are, however, against it. j. Judge John A. Campbell, of Ala bama, baa resigned his seat in the Su preme Conrt of tbe United States. He goes with bis State for secession, fie waa appointed by General Pierce in 1858, and is one of the ablest men on tbe bench. Ths Naw Postal A rkaxgimxnts. Tbe new post-route bill, just passed by Congress, contains a section requiring ten cents prepaid on letter postage to and from the Pacific coast, withont regard t0 distance. All drop letters hereafter to be prepaid with postage stamps. It is sta'ed that Mr. Lineoln, in reply to some Southern gentleman who ailed apon him to know the meaning of his Inangnral said it meant peace. So mote it be. Mr. Seward is quite ill. It is nndemteod that be has been engaged in preparing a peace programme. He says that the Union ssnat be saved, and that everythingmnst yield to the attainment of that end. f, A resolution is before the U, 8. Senate to expel Senator Wigfall. Pnt Sumner's name with Wigfail's and it will he very right. Tbe latest accounts indicate that there is doabt of Crittenden receiving the appotntmeat as Supreme Judge. Tbe news from Virginia is, that no secession ordinance can pass the con vention, at least until a coercive policy is shoves by the admrtrtreion. Lincoln on Enforcing the Laws. J Mr. Lincoln says in his Inaugural, that he will forego, for the time, the attempt ito execute the law in tbe interior where resident citizens refuse to accept and fill Fvderal i lTk'es. We have looked in vain in the papers tuf his party, for an explanation of this strange determination to enforce the laws on the border and not in the interior of the seceding States It has been much dwelt upon by coer- cionists that his oath of oflQoe wonld com pel him to enforce the laws, een if it should produce civil war. If his oath binds him to enforce tbe laws on the bor ders, bow can it excuse him in the inte rior? If he has power to "forego'' the enforcement in the interior, to prevent ctvil war, why has he not power to "fore go, fer the time," tbe enforcement on the borders, rather than bring upon the coun try a civil warf Mr. Douglas' Opinion of the Inaugural In a brief speech in tbe Senate, on the 5.b, Mr. Douglas stated that he believed that the President would do nothing that, in his judgment, wonld lead to bloodshed; and be stood pledged by his address to take whatever steps would peacefully set tie tbe national difficulties. The address was much milder than he bad anticipated, and the South had no reason for being dissatisfied with it. As Mr. Douglas has been quite inti mate with Mr. Lincoln since the arrival of the latter at Washington, be is gener ally thought to have spoken by authority of Mr. Lincoln. There is no doubt that Mr. Douglas is iu his confidence. Legislative Summary. The following proceedings of the Leg islature of our. State, will answer very well for any week during the adjourned session: Tuesday. Mr. Scott, of Warren, made a speech on the nigger question. Wednesday, Mr. Scott, of Warren, made a speech on the nigger question. Thursday. a , . - Mr. Scett, of Warren, made a speech on the nigger queition. Fbidat. Mr. Scott, of Warren, made a speech on the nigger question. Adjourned over till Tuesday. Jobs J. Crittenden for Supreme Court. ' We are rejoiced to see the statement that President Lincoln contemplates the appointment of the noble and patriotic John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, as Judge of the Supreme Court, in place of Judge Daniels, of Virginia, deceased. We trust it will be confirmed in the result Such an appointment would do much to strengthen the Administration in public confidence and respect. Mr. Crittenden is eminently qualified for the office. It is said that the number of ap plicants for office, at Washington, not withstanding they come from bnt one half of the Union, far exceeds anything of the kind heretofore known. No wonder they want compensation for having la bored in so detestable a eanse. The Guernsey Timet, an anti-compromise sheet, published at Cambridge, with characteristic decency, ealls John Tyler, President of the late Peace Convention, a "dirty scoundrel," jCgTThe Cincinnati Enquirer t Wash ington correspondent says that it is Lin con's policy to boild himself np a party in the border States before he a t mpta any definite measures toward tbe South, Tbe telegraph announces that Major Anderson considers bit position safe at Fort Sumter. 9It ie Ihonght no United States Senator will be elected in California this session of the Legislature. Mr. Gwinu'i wo -a .:.".-- sv.r.jr term has expired. The name of Major Anderson is jtranrlv nressed anon the President as o a - the successor to General Twiggs, who has been dismissed from the Army. JSx Secretary Floyd has arrived in Washington to stand his trial upon the Indian bond peculation matter. It comes off before the Criminal Court in that city. , Texaa Vote en Secession. Texas has ratified the Secession Ordi nance by forty-five thousand majority. It ia reported that Governor Houston has resigned. Hon. Thomas Means, formerly of Steubenville, and Judge of this Judi cial District, was confirmed by the Senate on the Slat alt., ss United States Attor ney for tbe District of Kansas. 3gr" A Western paper, announcing the death of a gentleman in Iowa, says: He was a great admirer ef Horace Greeley, bat otherwise a very respectable man. "Jr low Lincoln's Inaugural is Keceived in the South. We give below the telegraphic reports of the feeling produced in different por - tions of the South by the Inangnral of! Mr. Lincoln. What wc present will give j a correct impression of its reception: Moxto mxkt, Ala. Mr. Lincoln's Inaugural Address is regarded here as a virtual declaration of war against the se ceded States Petersbuiq, Va. There was intense excitement on the reception of the Inau gural. Hundreds hitherto for the Union, avowed openly for revolution, if the Con vention does not immediately pass the Secession Ordinance. Wilmington, N. 0. So far as known, most of the contents are satisfactorily re ceived, especially that portion relating to tbe forts and the collection of the reve nue, because it is in favor of eoercion. GoLDsnoRO, K. C. The Inaugural was received at this place, and throughout this section, with indignation. Raleigh, N. C. The Inangnral was received favorably by tbe Unionists. They think it docs well for Lincoln, through they don't approve of all of it. The Disuni jnists are satisfied with it. Charleston, S. O Our community has not been disappointed, and exhibited very little feeling on the subject. They are content to leave Mr. Lineoln and the Inaugural in the hands of Jeff. Davis and the Confederate Siatei. Richmond, Va. The Dispatch says every Border S'.atc ought to go out of the Union in tweuty-four hours. Dispatches from Staunton s'ate that tbe Inangnral was received with universal dissatisfaction. Alexandria Tbe Gazette (Union) says the Inaugural is not such a one as it wished; nor such as will conciliate or sat isfy those whom Mr. Lineoln sreaks of as dissatisfied in th South. The Sentinel (Secession) says the posi tion taken is a declaration of war, laying down doctrines which would procure for the Southern section the unquestioned dominion as a sectkn. Fort Smith, Ark. This city, hereto fore strongly Union, has, siuce the recep . . a ,t r t -J j. ! lion or me xuaugura., quite revere its j . f fit L. ..-.!J. it . i sentiments. ino cn.aen. cunsiuer u a declaration of war, and prominent men, j hitherto Union, bave advised members ol the Convention to go for secession forth- w'ln The St. Louis Republican says: We fail to see in it any disposition to sweep party platforms or party politics aside, but its guarded words and studied sentences seem to bave been prompted by some idea of meeting the expectations of the Republicans who elected bim. We had hoped for a more conservative, more conciliatory expression of sentiment. Much will depend on putting in practice the ideas advanced. i . - si Lincoln's Cabinet. The following Is the Cabinet ef Abra ham Lincoln, as appointed by him, and confirmed by tbe Senate: V Secretary of State Win. H. Seward, of New York. Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, of Ohio. Interior Caleb B. Smith, of Indiana. War Simon Cameron, of Penn Navy Qideon Welles, of Conn. Attorney General-Kd ward Bates, of Missouri. Post Master Genera'--Montgomery Blair, of Maryland. The Cabinet is composed of a mixture nr mnrritif .nd irrr.rMihlf arith a majority of the former. It is thought that Mr. Lincoln's object in bringing a portion of each wing into bis council was to delay, if not prevent, the impending disruption of bis party. A change of two or three members for better men, would make this Cabinet as strong as any that could be selected from the Republican party. ftST" The nominations made by Mr. Lincoln of his Cabinet officers, were banded into tbe Senate by his secretary in separate communications, each one signed by the President. When the Sen ate went into Executive session they were t(L eft! e-X'-io 7lt:' "q V. aoln? H" all read. Senator Mason, of Virginia,said that he should make no objection to the appoint ment of Northern men, bat be did object to the nomination of Messrs. Blair and Bates, and on the vote to confirm their appointment, he voted, together with Senators Bregg and Cllngman, of North Carolina, and Mr. Mitchell, of Arkansas. These four were the only negatives. The confirmation of Messrs. Soward, Chase, Cameron, Welles and Smith was unanimous. Tbe following distinguished place- seekers have their papers ready: Mission to England, Tom. Oorwin, John P. Hale; Prussia, Ovstavns Koerner, N. B. Judd; Sardinia, O. P. Mersb, A. Burlingame, Carl Schurs; Spain, R. H. Dana, Wm. C. Bryant; Austria, Watson Webb; Consul to London, W, Bchouler, of Boston. BoWly end Frankly Spoken. ' The telegraph reports Mr. Seward as having said to some Illinois citizens, who called on him: "Let it not be said that the Republi can party won its first, last and only vic tory over the dissolution of the Union. Remember thai the way to maintain tbe integrity of the Republican party is to maintain the Union." It is not thought that Mr. Lin coln will call an extra session of Con- If Essay on Rock Oil. We extrsct the following from an arti- Jcle written to the Marietta Intelligencer, by Prof. Andrews, of Marietta College. At this time the subject is one in which the greatest interest is felt. As to the I origin, he says : "We are warranted in the belief that the oil is the product of distillation at very low temperatures, from coal and bituminous slates." We quote all that part In regard to the s:gns, locality, ic, of the oil: The oil in the Warerly (Pa.) sand rocks is without doubt produced from un j t- t. . . ... denying ouurainoua snaies, wtrch are very thick. This process of diet 1 izition, or vapoiiziiion, is aouniiess going on at the present tine, though slowly. The vapor rising from the bituminous strata enters every possible erevice, and bubbling up through the water in those crevices is partly condensed into oil, which floats upon the water, and partly remains uncon densed in the form of inflamable gas. As the process goes on, more and more oil is formed, and more and more gas is pent up in the space over the oil. If the fis sure has an outlet tbe gas will eseape, and the water, as it circulates through the oar.h, will bring ont tbroogh the outlet more or less oil. The whole tendency of the oil Is upward. The vapor which forms ! it rises and the subterranean waters lift j it up. I have found oil springs on steep I hill sides a hundred feet above the valley ! below Hence, as a general thing, we should eYpect the oil at greater cr less elevations above tbe bituminous strata from which it is produced. If this position be true, that ihe oil is condeused from vapor generated from eoal and other bituminous strata, it becomes a matter of importance to knew under what circumstances the oil may be accumula ted in large quantities. If there were no fissures whatever in the rocks, if all over lying strata and especially the more com pact ard impervious clay shales and lime- 1 itones, were perfectly firm and unbroken, j we should expect to find no oil, indeed, I under such circumstances, the oil vapor j could hardly be formed at all, there being no room for expansion. If, on the other hand the rock i(J fuII of fisg we should ' el t the ojl lQ tncm ij0 wuat accumulate slowly in extent the rocks of Wasriirnrtnn rnuntr rnntnin mirh fi.n-es it is imp08sibie t0 determine before hand. Experimental wells alone will determine. j There are evidences of a geological dis- j tarbancc iu the form of an uplift on both iides of the Ohio river at Newport. This disturbance can be traced up Cow Creek, Va., and ou south for thirty or forty miles to the great well on Little Kanawha. In some places along this line, the rooks are ! inclined at an angle of fifty degrees with the uor son It is a little remarkable that at so many points on this line, the oil is found, viz , at the Burning Spring (Rathbone's) on tbe Little Kanawha, Wirt county, Vs., on Haghes river, at Petrole um, where there are several paying wells, at Go w Creek, near tbe late Willard place j where there are strong oil springs, sud at Nevf eh's Run. Ohio, where gas, and oil ! springs are found and seme superior oil ; has been obtained. ! Where tbe strata are dislocated there j are of course more fissures ar.d crevices iu whieh the oil may ba accumulated. But it should be borne in mind that no well is inexhaustible. No fissure can en dare the drain of a steam pnmp for a very long time. There must, of necessi to, be a diminution of supply. There are no grea'. reservoirs of oil, no subterranean . .. . j . i . . ? . lakes which may afford an almost infinite supply of the precious fluid. There is ne evidence that the oil is found any There except in crevices, which are more or less vertical. Where several wells are in the same neighborhood, it would be unusual to find them "striking oil" at the same depth below the surface. I know of a productive well twenty-three feet deep nenr another productive one whieh is over two hundred feet deep. Of course then, there can be no such thing as a special oil rock or stratum. The oil is in fissures whieh may bo feund in every kind of rock. We sometimes bear men who hare boredj wells ia the Northern Pennsylvania oil region, speak very positively of our rocks, and declare the exact depth, and in what peculiar kind of rock, we may find tbe oil here in the Coal Measures. Ail such claims are Idle, because it is impossible to reason analogically between two entirely distinct groups of rocks whieh lie fifteen hundred feet apart in vertical distance. There is with ns, in this region, ne oil rock. You may, "strike oil" thirty feet down or at three hundred feet dewn. Nor again, can anything be determined before hand from the form or proximity of the hills. Some would bore at the entrance ef a side valley, others Tit the point of a bold, high bill. Both are right if they happen to strike an oil fissure and wrong if they do not. Some again, having found a fissure from which oil oxides, would begin to bore in the tep of the fissure. This is a doebtfnl policy, for all crack dev'ate more or less from a perpendicular line, aad a well bored perpendicularly wonld be sure to lose the fissure. Again little can be learned from oil spriags in regard to tbe quantity of oil below tbe surface A comparatively small fissure with little oil in it, if there be much water to force up the oil. might make quite a show of oil, while a large fissure nearly filled with oil might have no outlet whatever. An oil spring is of no valae except to show in that locality the conditions essential to the generation of oil have been present. The quantity of oil ean only be learned from actual exper iment. Toit art ture of a paying well after you have found it; never before. Oil signs are often fallacious. There is sometimes a film upon water that resem bles oil, which is not Oil. The HtMe globules BometimeaiSetoebed from a rock or from sand aad and and which rie upon the water and break and spread them selves, alter giving out most brilliant col ors, are unmistakeably oil. But the film wnicn appears as you dig in the mnd and ground must be received with great cau tion. There IS ROmptimnfl An crroei met Ka. low oil springs a collection of seam, of yellowish brown color, which is the pa raffins of the oil, and without odor. This scum so greatly resembles another kind found on almost all running brooks that there is great difficulty in making the dis tinction. There is also a kind of iron mat often found upon standing or sluggish water, that somewhat resembles oil. It however readily breaks up, and if col lected in a vial will sink to the bottom. The oil found in this vicinity, varies much in quality. The heavier kinds are thought to be the best for lubricating pur poiea, while those of a lighter character are more profitable for tbe manufacture of illuminating oils. Some oils from the West Fork of Dock Creek, stand at 28 deg. by Beaume's hydrometer, while some from the East Fork stand at about 88 deg. The lightest oil I have seen, is taken from an old salt well at Pomeroy, and stands at 48 1 deg. It gives, when shaken, a fine bead like an alcoholic tinc ture. The probabilities are, that in com ing year?, the value of a well will depend chiefly upon the quality of the oil and the facilities for cheap transportation. I must omit many things belonging to a full discussion of this subject, for I have already occapied too much of your space. B. B, ANDREWS. Marietta College. Iu this hydrometer, a brine of a given strength is takn for unity, and water is 10 deg.; consequently, the higher the figure the lighter the fluid in its specific gravity. NEW DISTRICTING! SO HEME. The Republicans of the Ohio Legislature have gotten up a new scheme for districting the State for Congressional purposes. They now. make nineteen districts, giving the Dem ocrats six. The following counties oompose the districts: No. 1. A part of Hamilton. Population 123,738. Republican majority 1,250. Mo. 2. A part of Hamilton and Clermont. Population 123,733 Damoeratio majority 1,225. Mo. 3. Bntler, Preble and .Montgomery. Population 108,307. Democratic majority 134. Mo. 4. Darke, Miami, Shelby, Auglaize and Mercer. Population 124,408. Democrat majority 788. No. 6. Vanwort, Paulding, Defiance, Will lam, Putnam, Henry, Fulton, Wod and Lu cas. Population 119,049. Republican major ity 1,320. No. 6. Adams, Brown, Highland, Warran and Clinton. Population 128,161. Republi can majority 1,283. No. 7. Fayette, Clarke, Green, Jfaditon, Champaign and Logan. Population 124,131. Republican majority 4,030. No. 8. Morrow, ATarion, Wyandot, Crawford and Hancock. Population 113,232. Repub lican majority 31. No. 9. Beneca, Sandusky, Huron, Brie and Ottawa. Population 114,495. Republisan majority 2,371. No. 10. Lawrence. Scioto, Gallia, Jackson and Pike. Population 127,954. Republican majority 1,45. No. 11. Vinton, Ross, Hooking, Fairfield and Pickaway. Population U8,9e8. Demo cratic majority 2,114. No. 12, Franklin, Licking, Delaware and Union. Population 130,827 Republican ma jority 698. No. 13. Coshocton, Knox, Holmes, Richland and Ashland. Population 126,170. Demo cratic majority 1,141. Mo. 14. Afedina, Lorain and Cuyahoga. Population 125,286. Republican majority 6,386. No. 15. Meigs, Athena, Porry, Morgan, Washington and Monroe. Population 127,072. Democratio majority 388. No. IS. Noble, Muskingum, Ouernsey and Belmont. Population 126,110. Republican majority 169. No. 17. Harrison, Tuscarawas, Jefferson and Carroll. Population 127,406. Republioan majority 4,111. No. 18. Wayne, Stark, Summit and Port age. Population 129,941. Republican ma jority 1,597. No. 19. If ahoning, Trumbull, Qeaaga, Lake and Ashtabula. Population 121,382. Republican majority 10,107. These majorities are based upon the vote at the last October election for Supreme Judge. Davglaa' Opinion of the Inaugural. It will be seen, by what 'Cleveland' says, that Douglas did not danee with Mrs. Lincoln for nothing. He got into his confidence, found out the meaning of his message, and told the secret in the Sen ate yesterday. He said that he believed the President would da nothing that, in his (Douglas') judgment, would lead to bloodshed; that the President stood pledged by his address to take whatever steps would peacefully settle the national difficulties. Mr. Douglas says the address is much milder than he bad anticipated, and. that the South has no reason for be ing dissatisfied with it. We consider this opinion of Mr. Douglas as almost, if not altogether, authoritative With 'Cleveland' we say: -'May Mr. Douglas' speech help the countri 1' Enq. The New Law .Regulating the Com pensation of County Auditors. Tbe Columbus correspondent of the Sandusky Register says: The bill which passed both Houses, some dsys since, reducing the compensa tion of County Auditors, has been found upon close examination to have a directiy opposite effect, increasing instead of re ducing their fees The increase in this (Franklin) connty alone, the Auditor in forms me, is fully $500. Members are already beginning, in view of this fact, to talk of retracing their steps and repealing the act, but a rule prohibiting the repeal of a bill at the same session in which it passed, effectually bars them from pro ceeding. 5 Mr. Lincoln, in his Inangnral, says: 'The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy and possess the property and places belonging o the Government.' Some persons construe tbe word 'possess to mean 'to retake.' I have made inquiry, and find tbe phrase hold, occupy and possess' is an Illinois law phrase, and means simply to 'keep,' not to take. SUCKER. Letter from Columbus. Hall of the Houtt of Representatives, Columbus, March th, 1861. j Dear "Spirit:" I have been crowded with business of deep importance to tbe people of Ohio for several weeks, so much so that I shall be compelled to ask your pardon, and the indulgence of your nu merous readers, for not supplying the "Spirit" with my weakly letter. On last Friday, I introduced a bill to allow tbe Commissioners of Monroe coun ty to borrow money to supply the deficien cy in the County Treasury. On Wednes day it came np upon its second reading, and I had it, together with tbe memorials from the connty officers of Monroe npon that subject, referred to a select commit tee of three, Messrs Stout, Welch and Neigh. Yesterday, we did not reaeh the order of select committee reports, and this morning we asked and obtained leave to make onr report, and reported the bill back, and recommended its passage, when an animated discussion ensued. Mr. Woods, of Licking, moved to strike ont eight per cent, and insert seven per cent. Mr. Converse, of Franklin, moved to amend the amendment by striking out seven and inserting six. I took the ground in discussion, that the Commissioners eould not possibly get the money at less than eight per eent., and that we might as well kill the bill at once, and refuse to grant tbe relief so much needed and uni versally asked for, as to restrict the Com missioners to a rate of interest at which it wonld be impossible for them to get the money, and demanded a division of the question. The question then turned npon striking ont the words "eighper cent.," aad tbe House refused to strike ont, so I carried that point, Amend- I ments were offered to load the bill down. and warm discussions ensued, but in all I was victorious; and finally, after some three hours hard fighting, the House came to a final vote, when the bill passed, by a vote of 62 yeas to 34 nays. In my four yea's in the Legislature, I have had several tightly contested strug gles, but I never was more flattered with a success than with this one, for the tide of opposition was strong against the bill, and I am proud that I am able to be of some service to my noble-hearted con stituents. I will immediately urge its passage through the Senate. Since writing to you last, I have intro duced a bill to allow tbe directors of Clariugton school district to borrow mon ey for school house purposes. Our school committee is down upon loans, and I fear they will report against my bill. I think I told you in a former letter, that I had introduced a bill to "protect the interest of Mechanics and Labor er, by prohibiting the immigration of blacks and mulattoes into this State." The bill is now in tbe hands of tbe stand ing committee on the Judiciary, and they bave agreed to report it back and recom mend its passage. The House is now engaged in discuss ing the bill to lease the Public Works of the State. I would much rather see them sold, and tbe State released from the curse. They have already cost the tax payers of Ohio, FORT'.FIVE MIL LIONS OF DOLLAB8. I have been engaged for several weeks, as Chairman of tbe select committee to investigate the eondition of the Idiotic Asylum, and although my labors ere not yet complete, yet enough is ascertained to justify the conclusion that there is some thing rotteu in tbia quarter. If tbe tax payers of Ohio could see and reaiixe how their hard earned money is squandered, they wonld raise such a breese about Co lumbus that would sweep away some of the rubbish end filth that infest tbe Cap! tol. This Idiotic school has been in oper ation a little over three years, aad they have squandered of the people's money Thirty four thousand two hundred mnd seven dollars and forty -two centt. Bat there is yet another feature in the con cern that ia rather revolting, The lato su perintendent reports to have received from the parents of Idiotic youth the sum of $3,646,25. Last week I had resolution passed the House calling upon the new superintendent for in formation as to how much money had been received from pay pupils, and the enperin tondent reports $6,76S,43 D. Patterson's report 3,C4,2 Difference between the two... $2,163,16 Now the question eomec up, what has be come of that $2,163,16 that has been paid into that concern by the parents of these un fortunate youth? Ton shall hear from me again next week. Verv truly, Your obodieut servant, JA8. M. STOUT. The Inauguration Ceremony. The morning was clear and beantifah the public buildings, schools, places of business, &c, were closed for the day; the stare and stripes floated from the Cap itol, War Department, City Hall and oth er public buildings, while many citizens flung ont flags from their houses, or across the principal avenues. Tbe streets were' thronged with the volunteer soldiery, hastening to their respective rendezvous. Three or four hours elapsed before there was the least ehaace of entering the Capitol. Pennsylvania Avenue was thronged with people wending their way to the famous East front. For four hours the crowd poured on towards the Capitol in one continuous stream ef old and young, of males aad females, a large ma jority of whom were from the North and but few Southerners, judging from the lack of long-haired men in the erowd. At five minutes to twelve o'clock. Vice President Breckinridge and Senator Foote, of tbe Committee of Arrange ments entered the Senate chamber, escort ing the Vice President eleet, Hon. Han nibal Hamlin, whom they conducted to a seat immediately to the left of the chair of the President of the Senate. As the hands of the clock pointed to the hour of IS o'clock the hammer fell, and tbe second session of the Thirty-sixth Congress came to en end. Yiee Presi dent Breckinridge bade ths Senate fare well in well chosen and toughing terms. Mr. Breckinridge then admiulstereef the oath ot office to Mr. Hamlin. Mr. Breckinridge then announced the Senate adjourned without day, and left the chair to which be immediately con- aucieci v ice r resident fssmlin. At this juncture the members and members elect of tbe House entered the Senate chamber, filling every available place to the left ef the Yice President. At thirteen minutes to one o'clock the Judges of the Supreme Conrt were an nounced by the doorkeeper. On their entrance all en tbe floor rose to their feet and the venerable Judges, heeded by Chief Justice Taney, moved slowly to their seats assigned to them, to the right of tbe Yice President, each exchanging; salutes with that officer as tbey psssed. At fifteen minutes past one Marsbal-in-Chief Maj. B. B. French entered the Chamber, ushering ia the President end the President elect. They had entered together from the street, through a pri vate covered passage way on the north side of the Capitol, police officers being in attendance to prevent outsiders from crowding after them, The line of pre cession was then formed in the folios order: Marshal of the District, Judi of the Supreme Conrt. Sergesnt-at-Ai of the Senate, Committee of arrange ments, President and President eleet, Yice President, Secretary of the Senate, Senators, Diplomatie corps, Heads of De partment, Governors and other! ia Chamber. When the word was given for the i bers of ths House to fall into line of pro cession, a violent rush was made for the door, accompanied by loud outcries, vio lent pushing, and great disturbance. After the procession had reached the ptatform, Senator Baker, of Oregon, ttW trodoced Mr. Lincoln to tbe assembly. On Mr. Lincoln's advancing to thr stand, he was cheered, but not loadly, unfolding his manuscript, in a loud clear voice be read his message. During tbe delivery of the Inaugural, which commenced at half past one o'clock, he was mneh cheered, especially at any allusion to the Union. President Buchanan end Chief Justice Taney listened with the utmost attention to every word of the address, end mt H conclusion, tbe latter administered the usual oath, it. making which, Mr. Lincoln was vociferously cheered Tbe Chief Justice seemed very mneh agitated, and his hands shook vary per ceptibly w'lh emotion. Tbe inauguration of to-day makes the eighth ceremony of the kind at which Chief Justice Taney has officiated, having administered Ihe oath of office successively to Presidents Van Bureo, Tyler, Polk, Taylar, Fillmore, Pieroe, Buchanan and Lincoln. At the conclusion of tbe ceremonies, which were very impressive, the President was escort ed to the Senate chamber, thence to bin carriage, and the military forming as ia the procession of this morniog, aceompe nied him with the Committee of Ar rangements, to the White House, with Mr. Buchanan. Oa reaching the Bxecn tive mansion, the troops formed in doable line on the main hall, and then took his farewell leafing of him, expressing ie cur dial terms tbe hope that bis administra tion might prove a happy end prosperous one. Mr. Buchanan then retired to the resi dence of District Attorney Ould. where he will sojourn until bis departure from the city, to-morrow evening. On the arrival of tbe procession at the White House, the Marshals of the day were successively introduced; then the line being formed, the people rushed in to congratulate ths new President. The rush was exceedingly great. Thus ended the inauguration ceremo nies for the day time, though tbe enthusi asm was not by any means equal to that manifested on former similar occasions. Everything passed off quietly. The am plest civil and military preparations were made by tbe municipal authorities end Gen. Scott to provide for any emergen cies that might arise. " ?'d ; Sxvxn Thousand Naoaosa Burcw xaxD. The Wttt African Herald publish es statements of the horrible massawres recently committed by his ebeery Higbaess the King of Dahomey. Several pe reeve agree In stating that the number ef ee. groee slsfn on the occasion was estimated at 1.000, bnt another correspondent given the number at 7,000. He aays he present by compulsion, and that 1 swept past bim like a flood into a large reservoir. Another gentleman, reftirfiag to these inhuman butcheries, says: 1 as sure yon it made me quite sick, aad at the same time I felt stunned. The faja wretches met death with perfect indiffer ence." HISjSjd The City Ceaneil of New York has requested the Legislature of the State to submit the proposition of the Peaee Conference to a vote of the people. We bave no doubt the State wonld' give one hundred thousand majority for tbe osition. MARRIED On the 25th of January, llel, by Wm. M. Patton, Esq., Mr. Micvaax 8aava and Midi Maegaret Wsbik, all of this Meaty. -Oa the 10th inst., by the same, Mr. Bit, as Bolov. of Belmont connty, and Mrs. 6Uai in Thobk uui, of tbia county. . , DIED In Clariugton, Afarch lit, 18C1 A DALAI D, daughter ef John and Kate Burton, aged 2 years and 15 day a. Lovely Ada thou hast left as, ' ?3l$d Gone to meet thy brother dear; ; f Far beyond this world of eerrow, c Whero there la no parting teat, Peaceful be thy silent slumber, ' ' !,a Peaeeful In thy holy bed; '"hWt '(W Soon in Heaven we hope to greet thee. Where no farewell tear is shed. IUAt ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTIOM. Netiee is hereby given, that the undersign ed was, on the 12th day of Pebrnary, 4. P. 1861, appointed Administrator of the Batata of MORGAN CURTIS, droeased. HARRISON CURTIS, Adm'r. March 13, 181 it. ae