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The spirit of democracy. [volume] (Woodsfield, Ohio) 1844-1994, March 13, 1861, Image 2

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Lincoln's Inaugural.
Wt btnmd Mr. Lincoln's Inaugural
carefully and attentively, and although it
ii not all that we wished for, yet it ! bet
tor than re feared it would be. Notwith
standing there are pasaagea in it which
might bo construed to mean coercion, jet
taking It . altogether we do not regard it
as a coercion message.
It reads a little as if it bad been gotten
op by two men of different shades of poli
tiesMr. S war and Mr Chase, for ex
ample, Mr. Chase sits down and writes
that the public property must be occu
pied aad held by the General Govern
ment, that the laws. of the Gcn3ral Gov
ernment mnst ba enforced, and that the
revenues must be collected, &c. Mr.
Chase then gets up, and Mr. Seward sits
down, and writes that there shall be no
bloodshed or violenee unlrss forced opon
tbe national authority that obnoxious
strangers will not be forced among (be
people any whero, &c.
Notwithstanding the two ways of rend
ing the message, we do not recognize it
as warlike; and if Mr. Lincoln, in his
public acts, Is governed by what we re
gard as the Seward doctrines of the mes
age.tbere will probablyjbe no war. It may
be a long time before some of the seceding
States return to the Union, but nuless
obnoxious measures are rigorously en
forced against them, we believe they will
STo man ever had a more glorious op
portunity to immortalize himself than Kas
Mr. Lincoln; but he has not availed
hinueVf of H. Instead of mounting to
toe highest pinnacle of fame be has stop
ped at the outer door He could have
saved the country, and restored harmony
and friendly feeling, A bold stand in
favor of an honorable compromise would
have done all this but be has not done it.
Bat we are so well satisfied because
the message is no worse, that we will find
no more fault with it.
The Democrats aad Union men of
Rhode Islacd have united npoa State and
Congressional tickets, and expect to car
ry the ensuing April election. A victory
for the Union cause in the States of New
HampsMre, Connecticut and Rhode Isl
and, which are soon to elect Governors
and Congressmen, would have a most
wholesome tffeet in the Sootb, and is
greatly to be desired.
Emphatic. Visitors to our office must
quit carrying off our exchanges, withont
permission. The loss of them is an intol
esaele annejance to us.
S0T Gov. Chase has resigned his seat
in the United Stales Senate. The eon
test for the snecessorship is waging de
lightfully. Sherman, Denaiaon, Scheie-,
Swing aad others are spoken of.
I " Cleveland " says it is reported
that Secretary Cameroa is in favor ol
withdrawing the troops from Forts Pick
ens aad Sumter rather than plunge the
nation in war by holding on to them.
The other members of the Cabinet are,
however, against it.
j. Judge John A. Campbell, of Ala
bama, baa resigned his seat in the Su
preme Conrt of tbe United States. He
goes with bis State for secession, fie
waa appointed by General Pierce in 1858,
and is one of the ablest men on tbe
Ths Naw Postal A rkaxgimxnts.
Tbe new post-route bill, just passed by
Congress, contains a section requiring ten
cents prepaid on letter postage to and
from the Pacific coast, withont regard t0
distance. All drop letters hereafter to be
prepaid with postage stamps.
It is sta'ed that Mr. Lineoln, in
reply to some Southern gentleman who
ailed apon him to know the meaning of
his Inangnral said it meant peace. So
mote it be.
Mr. Seward is quite ill. It is
nndemteod that be has been engaged in
preparing a peace programme. He says
that the Union ssnat be saved, and that
everythingmnst yield to the attainment of
that end.
f, A resolution is before the U, 8.
Senate to expel Senator Wigfall. Pnt
Sumner's name with Wigfail's and it will
he very right.
Tbe latest accounts indicate that
there is doabt of Crittenden receiving the
appotntmeat as Supreme Judge.
Tbe news from Virginia is, that
no secession ordinance can pass the con
vention, at least until a coercive policy is
shoves by the admrtrtreion.
Lincoln on Enforcing the Laws. J
Mr. Lincoln says in his Inaugural, that
he will forego, for the time, the attempt
ito execute the law in tbe interior where
resident citizens refuse to accept and fill
Fvderal i lTk'es.
We have looked in vain in the papers
tuf his party, for an explanation of this
strange determination to enforce the laws
on the border and not in the interior of
the seceding States
It has been much dwelt upon by coer-
cionists that his oath of oflQoe wonld com
pel him to enforce the laws, een if it
should produce civil war. If his oath
binds him to enforce tbe laws on the bor
ders, bow can it excuse him in the inte
rior? If he has power to "forego'' the
enforcement in the interior, to prevent
ctvil war, why has he not power to "fore
go, fer the time," tbe enforcement on the
borders, rather than bring upon the coun
try a civil warf
Mr. Douglas' Opinion of the Inaugural
In a brief speech in tbe Senate, on the
5.b, Mr. Douglas stated that he believed
that the President would do nothing that,
in his judgment, wonld lead to bloodshed;
and be stood pledged by his address to
take whatever steps would peacefully set
tie tbe national difficulties. The address
was much milder than he bad anticipated,
and the South had no reason for being
dissatisfied with it.
As Mr. Douglas has been quite inti
mate with Mr. Lincoln since the arrival
of the latter at Washington, be is gener
ally thought to have spoken by authority
of Mr. Lincoln. There is no doubt that
Mr. Douglas is iu his confidence.
Legislative Summary.
The following proceedings of the Leg
islature of our. State, will answer very
well for any week during the adjourned
Mr. Scott, of Warren, made a speech
on the nigger question.
Mr. Scott, of Warren, made a speech
on the nigger question.
a , . -
Mr. Scett, of Warren, made a speech
on the nigger queition.
Mr. Scott, of Warren, made a speech
on the nigger question.
Adjourned over till Tuesday.
Jobs J. Crittenden for Supreme Court.
We are rejoiced to see the statement
that President Lincoln contemplates the
appointment of the noble and patriotic
John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, as Judge
of the Supreme Court, in place of Judge
Daniels, of Virginia, deceased. We trust
it will be confirmed in the result Such
an appointment would do much to
strengthen the Administration in public
confidence and respect. Mr. Crittenden
is eminently qualified for the office.
It is said that the number of ap
plicants for office, at Washington, not
withstanding they come from bnt one half
of the Union, far exceeds anything of
the kind heretofore known. No wonder
they want compensation for having la
bored in so detestable a eanse.
The Guernsey Timet, an anti-compromise
sheet, published at Cambridge, with
characteristic decency, ealls John Tyler,
President of the late Peace Convention,
a "dirty scoundrel,"
jCgTThe Cincinnati Enquirer t Wash
ington correspondent says that it is Lin
con's policy to boild himself np a party
in the border States before he a t mpta
any definite measures toward tbe South,
Tbe telegraph announces that
Major Anderson considers bit position
safe at Fort Sumter.
9It ie Ihonght no United States
Senator will be elected in California this
session of the Legislature. Mr. Gwinu'i
wo -a .:.".-- sv.r.jr
term has expired.
The name of Major Anderson is
jtranrlv nressed anon the President as
o a -
the successor to General Twiggs, who
has been dismissed from the Army.
JSx Secretary Floyd has arrived
in Washington to stand his trial upon the
Indian bond peculation matter. It comes
off before the Criminal Court in that
city. ,
Texaa Vote en Secession.
Texas has ratified the Secession Ordi
nance by forty-five thousand majority.
It ia reported that Governor Houston
has resigned.
Hon. Thomas Means, formerly
of Steubenville, and Judge of this Judi
cial District, was confirmed by the Senate
on the Slat alt., ss United States Attor
ney for tbe District of Kansas.
3gr" A Western paper, announcing
the death of a gentleman in Iowa, says:
He was a great admirer ef Horace
Greeley, bat otherwise a very respectable
man. "Jr
low Lincoln's Inaugural is
Keceived in the South.
We give below the telegraphic reports
of the feeling produced in different por -
tions of the South by the Inangnral of!
Mr. Lincoln. What wc present will give j
a correct impression of its reception:
Moxto mxkt, Ala. Mr. Lincoln's
Inaugural Address is regarded here as a
virtual declaration of war against the se
ceded States
Petersbuiq, Va. There was intense
excitement on the reception of the Inau
gural. Hundreds hitherto for the Union,
avowed openly for revolution, if the Con
vention does not immediately pass the
Secession Ordinance.
Wilmington, N. 0. So far as known,
most of the contents are satisfactorily re
ceived, especially that portion relating to
tbe forts and the collection of the reve
nue, because it is in favor of eoercion.
GoLDsnoRO, K. C. The Inaugural was
received at this place, and throughout this
section, with indignation.
Raleigh, N. C. The Inangnral was
received favorably by tbe Unionists.
They think it docs well for Lincoln,
through they don't approve of all of it.
The Disuni jnists are satisfied with it.
Charleston, S. O Our community
has not been disappointed, and exhibited
very little feeling on the subject. They
are content to leave Mr. Lineoln and the
Inaugural in the hands of Jeff. Davis and
the Confederate Siatei.
Richmond, Va. The Dispatch says
every Border S'.atc ought to go out of the
Union in tweuty-four hours.
Dispatches from Staunton s'ate that
tbe Inangnral was received with universal
Alexandria Tbe Gazette (Union)
says the Inaugural is not such a one as it
wished; nor such as will conciliate or sat
isfy those whom Mr. Lineoln sreaks of
as dissatisfied in th South.
The Sentinel (Secession) says the posi
tion taken is a declaration of war, laying
down doctrines which would procure for
the Southern section the unquestioned
dominion as a sectkn.
Fort Smith, Ark. This city, hereto
fore strongly Union, has, siuce the recep
. . a ,t r t -J j. !
lion or me xuaugura., quite revere its j
. f fit L. ..-.!J. it . i
sentiments. ino cn.aen. cunsiuer u a
declaration of war, and prominent men, j
hitherto Union, bave advised members ol
the Convention to go for secession forth-
The St. Louis Republican says:
We fail to see in it any disposition to
sweep party platforms or party politics
aside, but its guarded words and studied
sentences seem to bave been prompted by
some idea of meeting the expectations of
the Republicans who elected bim. We
had hoped for a more conservative, more
conciliatory expression of sentiment.
Much will depend on putting in practice
the ideas advanced.
i . - si
Lincoln's Cabinet.
The following Is the Cabinet ef Abra
ham Lincoln, as appointed by him, and
confirmed by tbe Senate:
Secretary of State Win. H. Seward,
of New York.
Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P.
Chase, of Ohio.
Interior Caleb B. Smith, of Indiana.
War Simon Cameron, of Penn
Navy Qideon Welles, of Conn.
Attorney General-Kd ward Bates, of
Post Master Genera'--Montgomery
Blair, of Maryland.
The Cabinet is composed of a mixture
nr mnrritif .nd irrr.rMihlf arith
a majority of the former. It is thought
that Mr. Lincoln's object in bringing a
portion of each wing into bis council was
to delay, if not prevent, the impending
disruption of bis party.
A change of two or three members for
better men, would make this Cabinet as
strong as any that could be selected from
the Republican party.
ftST" The nominations made by Mr.
Lincoln of his Cabinet officers, were
banded into tbe Senate by his secretary
in separate communications, each one
signed by the President. When the Sen
ate went into Executive session they were
t(L eft! e-X'-io 7lt:' "q V. aoln? H"
all read.
Senator Mason, of Virginia,said that he
should make no objection to the appoint
ment of Northern men, bat be did object
to the nomination of Messrs. Blair and
Bates, and on the vote to confirm their
appointment, he voted, together with
Senators Bregg and Cllngman, of North
Carolina, and Mr. Mitchell, of Arkansas.
These four were the only negatives.
The confirmation of Messrs. Soward,
Chase, Cameron, Welles and Smith was
Tbe following distinguished place-
seekers have their papers ready: Mission
to England, Tom. Oorwin, John P. Hale;
Prussia, Ovstavns Koerner, N. B. Judd;
Sardinia, O. P. Mersb, A. Burlingame,
Carl Schurs; Spain, R. H. Dana, Wm. C.
Bryant; Austria, Watson Webb; Consul
to London, W, Bchouler, of Boston.
BoWly end Frankly Spoken.
The telegraph reports Mr. Seward as
having said to some Illinois citizens, who
called on him:
"Let it not be said that the Republi
can party won its first, last and only vic
tory over the dissolution of the Union.
Remember thai the way to maintain tbe
integrity of the Republican party is to
maintain the Union."
It is not thought that Mr. Lin
coln will call an extra session of Con-
Essay on Rock Oil.
We extrsct the following from an arti-
Jcle written to the Marietta Intelligencer,
by Prof. Andrews, of Marietta College.
At this time the subject is one in which
the greatest interest is felt. As to the
I origin, he says :
"We are warranted in the belief that
the oil is the product of distillation
at very low temperatures, from coal and
bituminous slates."
We quote all that part In regard to the
s:gns, locality, ic, of the oil:
The oil in the Warerly (Pa.) sand
rocks is without doubt produced from un
j t- t. . . ...
denying ouurainoua snaies, wtrch are
very thick. This process of diet 1 izition,
or vapoiiziiion, is aouniiess going on
at the present tine, though slowly. The
vapor rising from the bituminous strata
enters every possible erevice, and bubbling
up through the water in those crevices is
partly condensed into oil, which floats
upon the water, and partly remains uncon
densed in the form of inflamable gas. As
the process goes on, more and more oil
is formed, and more and more gas is pent
up in the space over the oil. If the fis
sure has an outlet tbe gas will eseape, and
the water, as it circulates through the
oar.h, will bring ont tbroogh the outlet
more or less oil. The whole tendency of
the oil Is upward. The vapor which forms
! it rises and the subterranean waters lift
j it up. I have found oil springs on steep
I hill sides a hundred feet above the valley
! below Hence, as a general thing, we
should eYpect the oil at greater cr less
elevations above tbe bituminous strata
from which it is produced.
If this position be true, that ihe oil is
condeused from vapor generated from eoal
and other bituminous strata, it becomes a
matter of importance to knew under what
circumstances the oil may be accumula
ted in large quantities. If there were no
fissures whatever in the rocks, if all over
lying strata and especially the more com
pact ard impervious clay shales and lime-
1 itones, were perfectly firm and unbroken,
j we should expect to find no oil, indeed,
I under such circumstances, the oil vapor
j could hardly be formed at all, there being
no room for expansion. If, on the other
hand the rock i(J fuII of fisg we should
el t the ojl lQ
tncm ij0 wuat
accumulate slowly in
extent the rocks of
Wasriirnrtnn rnuntr rnntnin mirh fi.n-es
it is imp08sibie t0 determine before hand.
Experimental wells alone will determine.
j There are evidences of a geological dis-
j tarbancc iu the form of an uplift on both
iides of the Ohio river at Newport. This
disturbance can be traced up Cow Creek,
Va., and ou south for thirty or forty miles
to the great well on Little Kanawha. In
some places along this line, the rooks are
! inclined at an angle of fifty degrees with
the uor son It is a little remarkable
that at so many points on this line, the
oil is found, viz , at the Burning Spring
(Rathbone's) on tbe Little Kanawha, Wirt
county, Vs., on Haghes river, at Petrole
um, where there are several paying wells,
at Go w Creek, near tbe late Willard place
j where there are strong oil springs, sud at
Nevf eh's Run. Ohio, where gas, and oil
! springs are found and seme superior oil
; has been obtained.
! Where tbe strata are dislocated there
j are of course more fissures ar.d crevices
iu whieh the oil may ba accumulated.
But it should be borne in mind that no
well is inexhaustible. No fissure can en
dare the drain of a steam pnmp for a
very long time. There must, of necessi
to, be a diminution of supply. There are
no grea'. reservoirs of oil, no subterranean
. .. . j . i . . ? .
lakes which may afford an almost infinite
supply of the precious fluid. There is ne
evidence that the oil is found any There
except in crevices, which are more or less
vertical. Where several wells are in the
same neighborhood, it would be unusual
to find them "striking oil" at the same
depth below the surface. I know of a
productive well twenty-three feet deep
nenr another productive one whieh is over
two hundred feet deep. Of course then,
there can be no such thing as a special
oil rock or stratum. The oil is in fissures
whieh may bo feund in every kind of rock.
We sometimes bear men who hare boredj
wells ia the Northern Pennsylvania oil
region, speak very positively of our rocks,
and declare the exact depth, and in what
peculiar kind of rock, we may find tbe oil
here in the Coal Measures. Ail such
claims are Idle, because it is impossible to
reason analogically between two entirely
distinct groups of rocks whieh lie fifteen
hundred feet apart in vertical distance.
There is with ns, in this region, ne oil
rock. You may, "strike oil" thirty feet
down or at three hundred feet dewn. Nor
again, can anything be determined before
hand from the form or proximity of the
hills. Some would bore at the entrance
ef a side valley, others Tit the point of a
bold, high bill. Both are right if they
happen to strike an oil fissure and wrong
if they do not.
Some again, having found a fissure
from which oil oxides, would begin to
bore in the tep of the fissure. This is a
doebtfnl policy, for all crack dev'ate
more or less from a perpendicular line,
aad a well bored perpendicularly wonld
be sure to lose the fissure.
Again little can be learned from oil
spriags in regard to tbe quantity of oil
below tbe surface A comparatively
small fissure with little oil in it, if there
be much water to force up the oil. might
make quite a show of oil, while a large
fissure nearly filled with oil might have no
outlet whatever. An oil spring is of no
valae except to show in that locality the
conditions essential to the generation of
oil have been present. The quantity of
oil ean only be learned from actual exper
iment. Toit art ture of a paying well
after you have found it; never before.
Oil signs are often fallacious. There is
sometimes a film upon water that resem
bles oil, which is not Oil. The HtMe
globules BometimeaiSetoebed from a rock
or from sand aad and and which rie upon
the water and break and spread them
selves, alter giving out most brilliant col
ors, are unmistakeably oil. But the film
wnicn appears as you dig in the mnd and
ground must be received with great cau
tion. There IS ROmptimnfl An crroei met Ka.
low oil springs a collection of seam, of
yellowish brown color, which is the pa
raffins of the oil, and without odor. This
scum so greatly resembles another kind
found on almost all running brooks that
there is great difficulty in making the dis
tinction. There is also a kind of iron
mat often found upon standing or sluggish
water, that somewhat resembles oil. It
however readily breaks up, and if col
lected in a vial will sink to the bottom.
The oil found in this vicinity, varies
much in quality. The heavier kinds are
thought to be the best for lubricating pur
poiea, while those of a lighter character
are more profitable for tbe manufacture
of illuminating oils. Some oils from the
West Fork of Dock Creek, stand at 28
deg. by Beaume's hydrometer, while some
from the East Fork stand at about 88
deg. The lightest oil I have seen, is
taken from an old salt well at Pomeroy,
and stands at 48 1 deg. It gives, when
shaken, a fine bead like an alcoholic tinc
ture. The probabilities are, that in com
ing year?, the value of a well will depend
chiefly upon the quality of the oil and the
facilities for cheap transportation.
I must omit many things belonging to
a full discussion of this subject, for I have
already occapied too much of your space.
Marietta College.
Iu this hydrometer, a brine of a given
strength is takn for unity, and water is 10
deg.; consequently, the higher the figure the
lighter the fluid in its specific gravity.
The Republicans of the Ohio Legislature
have gotten up a new scheme for districting
the State for Congressional purposes. They
now. make nineteen districts, giving the Dem
ocrats six. The following counties oompose
the districts:
No. 1. A part of Hamilton. Population
123,738. Republican majority 1,250.
Mo. 2. A part of Hamilton and Clermont.
Population 123,733 Damoeratio majority
Mo. 3. Bntler, Preble and .Montgomery.
Population 108,307. Democratic majority
Mo. 4. Darke, Miami, Shelby, Auglaize and
Mercer. Population 124,408. Democrat
majority 788.
No. 6. Vanwort, Paulding, Defiance, Will
lam, Putnam, Henry, Fulton, Wod and Lu
cas. Population 119,049. Republican major
ity 1,320.
No. 6. Adams, Brown, Highland, Warran
and Clinton. Population 128,161. Republi
can majority 1,283.
No. 7. Fayette, Clarke, Green, Jfaditon,
Champaign and Logan. Population 124,131.
Republican majority 4,030.
No. 8. Morrow, ATarion, Wyandot, Crawford
and Hancock. Population 113,232. Repub
lican majority 31.
No. 9. Beneca, Sandusky, Huron, Brie and
Ottawa. Population 114,495. Republisan
majority 2,371.
No. 10. Lawrence. Scioto, Gallia, Jackson
and Pike. Population 127,954. Republican
majority 1,45.
No. 11. Vinton, Ross, Hooking, Fairfield
and Pickaway. Population U8,9e8. Demo
cratic majority 2,114.
No. 12, Franklin, Licking, Delaware and
Union. Population 130,827 Republican ma
jority 698.
No. 13. Coshocton, Knox, Holmes, Richland
and Ashland. Population 126,170. Demo
cratic majority 1,141.
Mo. 14. Afedina, Lorain and Cuyahoga.
Population 125,286. Republican majority
No. 15. Meigs, Athena, Porry, Morgan,
Washington and Monroe. Population 127,072.
Democratio majority 388.
No. IS. Noble, Muskingum, Ouernsey and
Belmont. Population 126,110. Republican
majority 169.
No. 17. Harrison, Tuscarawas, Jefferson and
Carroll. Population 127,406. Republioan
majority 4,111.
No. 18. Wayne, Stark, Summit and Port
age. Population 129,941. Republican ma
jority 1,597.
No. 19. If ahoning, Trumbull, Qeaaga,
Lake and Ashtabula. Population 121,382.
Republican majority 10,107.
These majorities are based upon the vote
at the last October election for Supreme Judge.
Davglaa' Opinion of the Inaugural.
It will be seen, by what 'Cleveland'
says, that Douglas did not danee with
Mrs. Lincoln for nothing. He got into his
confidence, found out the meaning of his
message, and told the secret in the Sen
ate yesterday. He said that he believed
the President would da nothing that, in
his (Douglas') judgment, would lead to
bloodshed; that the President stood
pledged by his address to take whatever
steps would peacefully settle the national
difficulties. Mr. Douglas says the address
is much milder than he bad anticipated,
and. that the South has no reason for be
ing dissatisfied with it. We consider
this opinion of Mr. Douglas as almost, if
not altogether, authoritative With
'Cleveland' we say: -'May Mr. Douglas'
speech help the countri 1' Enq.
The New Law .Regulating the Com
pensation of County Auditors.
Tbe Columbus correspondent of the
Sandusky Register says:
The bill which passed both Houses,
some dsys since, reducing the compensa
tion of County Auditors, has been found
upon close examination to have a directiy
opposite effect, increasing instead of re
ducing their fees The increase in this
(Franklin) connty alone, the Auditor in
forms me, is fully $500. Members are
already beginning, in view of this fact, to
talk of retracing their steps and repealing
the act, but a rule prohibiting the repeal
of a bill at the same session in which it
passed, effectually bars them from pro
ceeding. 5 Mr. Lincoln, in his Inangnral,
says: 'The power confided to me will be
used to hold, occupy and possess the
property and places belonging o the
Government.' Some persons construe tbe
word 'possess to mean 'to retake.' I
have made inquiry, and find tbe phrase
hold, occupy and possess' is an Illinois
law phrase, and means simply to 'keep,'
not to take. SUCKER.
Letter from Columbus.
Hall of the Houtt of Representatives,
Columbus, March th, 1861. j
Dear "Spirit:" I have been crowded
with business of deep importance to tbe
people of Ohio for several weeks, so much
so that I shall be compelled to ask your
pardon, and the indulgence of your nu
merous readers, for not supplying the
"Spirit" with my weakly letter.
On last Friday, I introduced a bill to
allow tbe Commissioners of Monroe coun
ty to borrow money to supply the deficien
cy in the County Treasury. On Wednes
day it came np upon its second reading,
and I had it, together with tbe memorials
from the connty officers of Monroe npon
that subject, referred to a select commit
tee of three, Messrs Stout, Welch and
Neigh. Yesterday, we did not reaeh the
order of select committee reports, and
this morning we asked and obtained leave
to make onr report, and reported the bill
back, and recommended its passage, when
an animated discussion ensued. Mr.
Woods, of Licking, moved to strike ont
eight per cent, and insert seven per cent.
Mr. Converse, of Franklin, moved to
amend the amendment by striking out
seven and inserting six. I took the ground
in discussion, that the Commissioners
eould not possibly get the money at less
than eight per eent., and that we might
as well kill the bill at once, and refuse to
grant tbe relief so much needed and uni
versally asked for, as to restrict the Com
missioners to a rate of interest at which
it wonld be impossible for them to get
the money, and demanded a division of
the question. The question then turned
npon striking ont the words "eighper
cent.," aad tbe House refused to strike
ont, so I carried that point, Amend-
I ments were offered to load the bill down.
and warm discussions ensued, but in all I
was victorious; and finally, after some
three hours hard fighting, the House
came to a final vote, when the bill passed,
by a vote of 62 yeas to 34 nays.
In my four yea's in the Legislature, I
have had several tightly contested strug
gles, but I never was more flattered with
a success than with this one, for the tide
of opposition was strong against the bill,
and I am proud that I am able to be of
some service to my noble-hearted con
stituents. I will immediately urge its
passage through the Senate.
Since writing to you last, I have intro
duced a bill to allow tbe directors of
Clariugton school district to borrow mon
ey for school house purposes. Our school
committee is down upon loans, and I fear
they will report against my bill.
I think I told you in a former letter,
that I had introduced a bill to "protect
the interest of Mechanics and Labor
er, by prohibiting the immigration
of blacks and mulattoes into this State."
The bill is now in tbe hands of tbe stand
ing committee on the Judiciary, and they
bave agreed to report it back and recom
mend its passage.
The House is now engaged in discuss
ing the bill to lease the Public Works of
the State. I would much rather see them
sold, and tbe State released from the
curse. They have already cost the tax
payers of Ohio, FORT'.FIVE MIL
I have been engaged for several weeks,
as Chairman of tbe select committee to
investigate the eondition of the Idiotic
Asylum, and although my labors ere not
yet complete, yet enough is ascertained to
justify the conclusion that there is some
thing rotteu in tbia quarter. If tbe tax
payers of Ohio could see and reaiixe how
their hard earned money is squandered,
they wonld raise such a breese about Co
lumbus that would sweep away some of
the rubbish end filth that infest tbe Cap!
tol. This Idiotic school has been in oper
ation a little over three years, aad they
have squandered of the people's money
Thirty four thousand two hundred mnd
seven dollars and forty -two centt.
Bat there is yet another feature in the con
cern that ia rather revolting, The lato su
perintendent reports to have received from the
parents of Idiotic youth the sum of $3,646,25.
Last week I had resolution passed the House
calling upon the new superintendent for in
formation as to how much money had been
received from pay pupils, and the enperin
tondent reports $6,76S,43
D. Patterson's report 3,C4,2
Difference between the two... $2,163,16
Now the question eomec up, what has be
come of that $2,163,16 that has been paid
into that concern by the parents of these un
fortunate youth? Ton shall hear from me
again next week.
Verv truly, Your obodieut servant,
The Inauguration Ceremony.
The morning was clear and beantifah
the public buildings, schools, places of
business, &c, were closed for the day;
the stare and stripes floated from the Cap
itol, War Department, City Hall and oth
er public buildings, while many citizens
flung ont flags from their houses, or across
the principal avenues. Tbe streets were'
thronged with the volunteer soldiery,
hastening to their respective rendezvous.
Three or four hours elapsed before there
was the least ehaace of entering the
Capitol. Pennsylvania Avenue was
thronged with people wending their way
to the famous East front. For four hours
the crowd poured on towards the Capitol
in one continuous stream ef old and
young, of males aad females, a large ma
jority of whom were from the North and
but few Southerners, judging from the
lack of long-haired men in the erowd.
At five minutes to twelve o'clock. Vice
President Breckinridge and Senator
Foote, of tbe Committee of Arrange
ments entered the Senate chamber, escort
ing the Vice President eleet, Hon. Han
nibal Hamlin, whom they conducted to
a seat immediately to the left of the chair
of the President of the Senate.
As the hands of the clock pointed to
the hour of IS o'clock the hammer fell,
and tbe second session of the Thirty-sixth
Congress came to en end. Yiee Presi
dent Breckinridge bade ths Senate fare
well in well chosen and toughing terms.
Mr. Breckinridge then admiulstereef
the oath ot office to Mr. Hamlin.
Mr. Breckinridge then announced the
Senate adjourned without day, and left
the chair to which be immediately con-
aucieci v ice r resident fssmlin.
At this juncture the members and
members elect of tbe House entered the
Senate chamber, filling every available
place to the left ef the Yice President.
At thirteen minutes to one o'clock the
Judges of the Supreme Conrt were an
nounced by the doorkeeper. On their
entrance all en tbe floor rose to their feet
and the venerable Judges, heeded by
Chief Justice Taney, moved slowly to
their seats assigned to them, to the right
of tbe Yice President, each exchanging;
salutes with that officer as tbey psssed.
At fifteen minutes past one Marsbal-in-Chief
Maj. B. B. French entered the
Chamber, ushering ia the President end
the President elect. They had entered
together from the street, through a pri
vate covered passage way on the north
side of the Capitol, police officers being
in attendance to prevent outsiders from
crowding after them, The line of pre
cession was then formed in the folios
order: Marshal of the District, Judi
of the Supreme Conrt. Sergesnt-at-Ai
of the Senate, Committee of arrange
ments, President and President eleet,
Yice President, Secretary of the Senate,
Senators, Diplomatie corps, Heads of De
partment, Governors and other! ia
When the word was given for the i
bers of ths House to fall into line of pro
cession, a violent rush was made for the
door, accompanied by loud outcries, vio
lent pushing, and great disturbance.
After the procession had reached the
ptatform, Senator Baker, of Oregon, ttW
trodoced Mr. Lincoln to tbe assembly.
On Mr. Lincoln's advancing to thr
stand, he was cheered, but not loadly,
unfolding his manuscript, in a loud clear
voice be read his message.
During tbe delivery of the Inaugural,
which commenced at half past one o'clock,
he was mneh cheered, especially at any
allusion to the Union.
President Buchanan end Chief Justice
Taney listened with the utmost attention
to every word of the address, end mt H
conclusion, tbe latter administered the
usual oath, it. making which, Mr. Lincoln
was vociferously cheered
Tbe Chief Justice seemed very mneh
agitated, and his hands shook vary per
ceptibly w'lh emotion. Tbe inauguration
of to-day makes the eighth ceremony of
the kind at which Chief Justice Taney
has officiated, having administered Ihe
oath of office successively to Presidents
Van Bureo, Tyler, Polk, Taylar, Fillmore,
Pieroe, Buchanan and Lincoln. At the
conclusion of tbe ceremonies, which were
very impressive, the President was escort
ed to the Senate chamber, thence to bin
carriage, and the military forming as ia
the procession of this morniog, aceompe
nied him with the Committee of Ar
rangements, to the White House, with
Mr. Buchanan. Oa reaching the Bxecn
tive mansion, the troops formed in doable
line on the main hall, and then took his
farewell leafing of him, expressing ie cur
dial terms tbe hope that bis administra
tion might prove a happy end prosperous
Mr. Buchanan then retired to the resi
dence of District Attorney Ould. where
he will sojourn until bis departure from
the city, to-morrow evening.
On the arrival of tbe procession at the
White House, the Marshals of the day
were successively introduced; then the
line being formed, the people rushed in to
congratulate ths new President. The
rush was exceedingly great.
Thus ended the inauguration ceremo
nies for the day time, though tbe enthusi
asm was not by any means equal to that
manifested on former similar occasions.
Everything passed off quietly. The am
plest civil and military preparations were
made by tbe municipal authorities end
Gen. Scott to provide for any emergen
cies that might arise. " ?'d
Sxvxn Thousand Naoaosa Burcw
xaxD. The Wttt African Herald publish
es statements of the horrible massawres
recently committed by his ebeery Higbaess
the King of Dahomey. Several pe reeve
agree In stating that the number ef ee.
groee slsfn on the occasion was estimated
at 1.000, bnt another correspondent given
the number at 7,000. He aays he
present by compulsion, and that 1
swept past bim like a flood into a large
reservoir. Another gentleman, reftirfiag
to these inhuman butcheries, says: 1 as
sure yon it made me quite sick, aad at
the same time I felt stunned. The faja
wretches met death with perfect indiffer
ence." HISjSjd
The City Ceaneil of New York
has requested the Legislature of the State
to submit the proposition of the Peaee
Conference to a vote of the people. We
bave no doubt the State wonld' give one
hundred thousand majority for tbe
MARRIED On the 25th of January, llel,
by Wm. M. Patton, Esq., Mr. Micvaax 8aava
and Midi Maegaret Wsbik, all of this Meaty.
-Oa the 10th inst., by the same, Mr. Bit, as
Bolov. of Belmont connty, and Mrs. 6Uai
in Thobk uui, of tbia county. . ,
DIED In Clariugton, Afarch lit, 18C1
A DALAI D, daughter ef John and Kate Burton,
aged 2 years and 15 day a.
Lovely Ada thou hast left as, ' ?3l$d
Gone to meet thy brother dear; ; f
Far beyond this world of eerrow, c
Whero there la no parting teat,
Peaceful be thy silent slumber, ' ' !,a
Peaeeful In thy holy bed; '"hWt '(W
Soon in Heaven we hope to greet thee.
Where no farewell tear is shed.
Netiee is hereby given, that the undersign
ed was, on the 12th day of Pebrnary, 4. P.
1861, appointed Administrator of the Batata
of MORGAN CURTIS, droeased.
March 13, 181 it.

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