Newspaper Page Text
TUB SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY.
MIKT B. WE8T "Eanor and Pro- pmtor. . - ; oodsflehl. : Jan J InUJa ?J1 " -.1 '. l.i nlon of hearti, a anion of fenr.tti, :t'j-:'A nion that 'none maj ikvt; . ,?:A wtrioo of lakes, nulon of lend., . The Amewcax Umox rtmrvER." A. -mt -tr i - ' tr l "i 'fTIIR UJflON AS IT WAS, A N D self.respectful, manly character is above THKCOKSTITUTION" AS IT IS." . L 1 ."fhold thttTUisQovernmcnt was nude! . . ' . . .m tb WH1TU BASIS, bv. WI1ITK for th itpxerrr of Wll ITK 31 KN id tbeir l'OSTKlUTV fore?er."j'fe . :- Tak Xoflrr. ; Tlie KJitor&f ThbPMIiitL remored lis office, to the front room of the dwel jliighoutt, on door South of tho print jfag office, whera all business coDoeotec! - witk Tni SriMT wiU be trsnssried. No- Cm the lign: Spiit Omca atT1 ' V i in 'HT Thanks to Hou for State Reports. TheGvrcrnmentandl'arpet-Rag- 5Tr' uoxs 1 1 att, v aMington correspon-ci- " eot Of the Cincinnati tymmercial, says of the povernment under Radical rule : ; ' 'The fact is, Uho whole governmental tructure is rotten, from roof to celbr. There is not a forcnd part in it; xmd we .must pull 3wn;and clear out from end to end, and trust to Providcnco to help at to a set of honest agents.'' ; ! -The Democratic- party will furnish ' "honest agents" one of these days. Un til then it will remain "rottoa" iu the ' hands of the thieves. Of .the carpet-baggers he says; I aubmit that a gentleman who can t look at a carpet-bagger without laughing, ought to be able to contemplate the . strong-minded without smiles. ',. We can keep our carpet-baggers ia Congress just so long as we disfranchise the governing element-of the South. But ? the moment we grant universal suffrage i to both master and man, the carpet-bag-.jgew will disappeared the Hills, Thomp sons k Co. will rcsuina their places." ; . , .The tarpct baggers . are au eye sore, a shame, to -the Radicals who had them fleeted by Ncjro votes. They are tircing of them. ; ' ' '. ,v " - ' i Butler's Speech. v Ia the House, on the 12th inst., But- lkr delivered a powerful speech oa thc . financial question. He showed that it vwas impolitic to resume specie payment at present, that greenbacks were stable enough and that the people do uot desire rcrjmption. " ' . v ' , Gen. Bctleb thinks it strange that the . Government ever should have cstabllsh " ed two kinds, legal tenders and specie, in ' which to do its own business, and stran j get. still to enact at the same time one i pnly for the people. II regards this anomaly ai thc principal cause of keep ing the currency depreciated. ; ";',;r He closed with the following emphatic ' declaration against the gold robbers : i "I stand here, therefore for inconver : tibie paper monej', the greenback, which , has fought our battles and saved our I country, whicb has been held by , us as a Just equivalent for thc blood of our sol . dieri, the lives of our . sons, the widow hood of. our daughters and tlie orphan , ago of their children. . I stand here for a . currency by which the business transac tions of forty million people are safely snd successfully done, which founded on ' the faith, the wealth and property of the nation.is at once the exemplar and engine . ' of industry , and power that money which saved the country in war and ; Las ,' given . it prosperity and happiness in , peace I stand for that money, there fore, which is by far the better agent and instrument of exchanjie of an enlightcu- mA an4 frca iMtnnlo than Tol(l and silver. ' the money alike of the barbarian and the despot." 4 , .. . t.- ,. , A very large portion of thc Amencan : people fail to see in the present state of affairs . "prosj)crity and happiness in peace';" but aside from that the speech .' will create a flutter among the bondhol . ders,' national I anks and capitalists, and will open the door for, great discus- sion. jrThc X I'. Tfibvne places itself . On record against ths repeal of thc Ten- tlre-of Office Bill. It says it docs not become tho Republicans of States which cast so largo a vote for Horatio Skt , hour against Gen. Grant as niost of the - United States did, at the late election, to r deny that sueh disaster is possible. The common sense of all men will concede ' that if ' we change the law for the govern ment of the President with every uew .President we clect, wc will have no law at j all, but only caprice. 1 j "Caprice" ia the result of all legisla x tion sine the advent of the Radical par- ty to power. - ZTWc find the following in the Au- ditor of SUtcs Report for 1808 : -. "in Alliens utniiuv. tuura iimi iu the amount of 8(580.197, are. claimed as , exempt from all State taxes.".. . . i -. r., Our readers no doubt recollect Mr. j Herald of falsehood in the matter of our ; Morris' expose, . of the Athens College j County Treasurer paying the Springfield lands, made during the last campaign Company's Agent 8200 through a niis ' The Radicals charged him with falsifying.; take; and now the editor attempts sar Which leg dots the boot fit on now i Jeasm and poor wit in reply. We can iarThc Nl Y. Meruit, Radical, says: I, "Thc ultiwatuiu before us is simply rc- JtW The Radical caucus in the Penn trenchment or repudiation." ' sylvania Legislature nominatei1 Mr. Jous ' ' Retrenchment under Radical rule we ! Scott as their candidate for United States cannot have ; there are too many hands : Senator. ' in the Treasury. . , - j . PoorFoRSEr! Out in the cold once . . r , i - 1 1 'jtifTV 'steamboat Silver Cloud was.'1"0' ' ' burned ,'t Poincrov on the 11th in?t : On; 4rk V'-cn-Vr 'wW-'u: v kiK.M-a-: ' . ' - ' - - ' i - -l I- , 1 ..J . ...J From tht Cincinnati TinioH, Jiiu. 1. t lCtlJ FlKklllf. , We w, by. the Scioto Gazette, that tney have a sort of provincial Fisraxoj ' , lilt ill AtllHlK Clllmlrin nnlnl rvf finf I - -1 . . v Kit I'V'lll I. V ' . 1 . . t . r .' .couple or Kisks. It 'appears that the tHmi. El H.Moork and the Rev. T. F. ! Wiu.ks have mixed themselves with pol-! ( itics in the Fifteenth Concessional Dis trier, and that, during the' campaign, di- j ITers niidsiindrvdmgrcdhWcthings wcrcl 'printed of them in the Wo6dsueld Spirit ! of Democracy. The Right Hon. audi ",,ss corresponucius, wuonsu itV Right Rev. were,.iercedmthcmar-jit,ca3 to lengthen their epistolary at :,row and pained in the soul with these ' temlta' an(1 Perhaps it would be a grand : keen thrusts, and they have cone to law I idea for U3 8eizo tlic sam0 topic, and lutfomnt f r TiT.ifA n flu. mmtrLl m.ort. .;a"st lJC .ntualiat Democracy,! ; suing out indictments for libel. Honorable and Reverend gentlemen j who cannot endure to have their records ! raked ti i in newspapers have no business ! in political campaigns. The public man " ,. in,l,r,l nnr miiv trim mn tr H Aurt! i ir ins cuaracier every tima a cuspara- j giug word id spoken or printed of him, betrays a verv sensitive concern for his reputation. Such a course is sure to be- !,..., .. . , , . ,. , i little the reputation he has. A dignified, , .... .. A,ie man wno 13 811 r? mmen Wili ! not r"n whining to a jury to give him damages for slander or libel, He is wil ling you shall talk about him forever.and ypu capt hurt him. And if he is not sure of himself and : U hurt, he will be very far from showing ij 4n lawsuit to l.e remunerated for his chafed sores. Quit your petty. Fisking ye little men of Athens ! ; nriiAKKS. We will explain the Times' meaning of i... T ' 1 Fiskhq : Bowi.es, editor of the Spring i field (Mass.) Advertiser, , charged Fisk, ' 3Iauager of the Erie Railroad, with isu- j ing fraudulent bond3 and swindling the public. Bowles visited New York City ; yhk commenced suit for Libel, claiming 830,000 damages. . Bowles was arrested at night and confined in jail till thc next morning, when he gave bail. The Hon. and Rev. tried the Fiskino business on in our case, but it didn't fit. . That Jiev. attached to Wildes' name reminds us of a little story we heard re lated last fall : - Wildes once studied for thc ministry. His harrangues in this county last fall teemed with profanity. Alas, how fallen ! "He that taketh My name ia vain and reviles Me shall be damned." Frotecfion. The Tollowing statement shows the par value and th market value of the stock of a few of the New England manufac turing companies : Antlreacof-srin Mills (par tk1u $100.) . 185 PeppereU Manufacturing- Company (far value $100.) ;-- . . 1,103 Pacific Mill-, (par value $100.) . 2,015 Kwnuii Company (par value $100,) 755 Stark Mills (par value $100) ' 1,275 Chicopee Manufacturing Company (par value $100.) 275 Salisbury Manufacturing Company (par value "$100.) , - 270 Boott Cotton Mills (par value $100) 1,080 Laconia Manufiicturinjr Company (par value t00.) 1,200 Amonlcea)- Manufacturing Company (par vulueflOO.) . . l,312.'a' Oreat Falls Manufacturing Company (par value $100,) 215 . These are the people who are persis' cntly howliug for "protection ;" and it is the "protection," which is only a reGne mcnt for downright robber)-, which has raised the stock of these companies to ten and twenty times their par value s A", r. World. ; . It is the protection sought by the wolf of the lamb. New York with a popula tion equal to the six New England States, has two United States Senators, while they have twelve. Don't they need pro tection ? The West sends men to Wash ington, Radicals, who to secure a little wealth, vote ."protection" to these rob bers and scoundrels. W hat "protection" do the interests of the West receive in return ? That of bearing the burdens imposed upon them by corrupt men of both parties, in the interest of New En gland, the hot bed of corruption, rob bery and all the isms, that have cursed thc people, extant. Awsy with -protection" that enriches thieves and beggars honest men ! jfTDoNH Piatt, in his letter to the Commercial, 5th iust , acknowledges the charges made by thc Democrats last summer and fall : : 'This Government is probably the most demoralized Government in thc j world. Its service is rotten to the coro. All the Departments are run by Rings, and one-half of thc heavy -taxation, col- , an h tum. cd into private pockets." - Certainly. Thc tax payers, the'poor, .l0nc8t menj have turned the wheel to pay the iLilla evcr since the crusade began xh money flows from their pockets into the prHkek of the Govcrumbnt thieves. The tax-payers are beginning to scent j the wolves at their doors; and some of them have seen them to their sorrow. More Gigantic Itallroad swindles. We publish further diselosores respec ting the gigantic swindles qf the railroad rings in Washington. These- frauds are absolutely appalling. They already have absorbed a fourth o'f the "national do main, and harpies are still hounding the lobbies at the Capitol for 'still further jrrants .of land and subsidies. v 3TThft editor of the McConnelsville Herald informs his readers that the Her- j "M "comes out in a new gown and head Mirers. ..... j That's gratifying, no doubt, to his j but & s o hnlm the j .. . . woula u mQIQ tif 111 tW We convicted thc McConnelsville stand it. -MTIhe lame ducKS, in connection witl the Athens Ayl.m 'are becoming1 iiiiMicr'ii. Limry. limpy lame litck. ' '' FROM MARIETTA, SIarietta, O., Jan. 11, i860. I Ed. SmiTi Some time has elapsed since we last usc.l our pcu for the edifi - . I A n t . . I nP . . .1 -1 . .1 . 1 .. I """""' ."" I"-I1,"UU rC9umc for tho PrP3 of perpetrating j sometl,inS startling and abounding, but ' j8' with the intention of relating cv j crV da3r aff:"a w fln.l them. j . hie weather, j a SPnpr:i1 thing a fertiIc resource of j of niix(,(1) n)ml(1Vi rainVt 8nowv? windy, and altogether miserable weather. I We can readily imagine the poet ( ?) had this identical "spell" iu view when he 1 wroe x ua wmu n yicw, ue snow w new, ' And raised particular thundnr, Amnnirsf til TimiTia nnrl tflun.V(n Mton. j And all iteh sort of plunder. j If he had not, he ought to have had, as our weather fills the bill, and leaves a big jnarSiu Blackf boot are at ft large discount, overshoes above par, wh7,st watpmmnf arH(.w iMth f,r tho 0, iter and inner man, are in great de mand, with market ruling firm. THE nOLIDAVS lmvo come and gone, and everything has fallen back on thc old basis. Those us ually joyous tirae3 have passed oft qui etly, yet perhaps not the less pleasantly on that account. The churches all had their Cinemas trees, and usual festive exercises; the "little tads" did up the squib and fire cracker business; the beaux "tripped thc light fantastic toe" muchly, while our Teutonic population smoked their inerschauius, and drank their beer, "And everything was lovely." All this has passed away, and wc have all returned to the daily duties of life, thankful that Christmas comes but once a year. Congress, I prcsume.adjourned for the holidays, and have, no doubt, ere this re turned with a fresh stock of hate to be stow on their Southern brethren, and make "treason odious," even if they can not make stealing respectable. Carpet baggers, scalawags, Radicals, what a sweet scented set; how the)-do squirm and wriggle, grasp their carpet-bags and yell Ku Klux when Andy throws a shell inside their works, as he has had thc im pudence to do on divers occasions. Poor Andy ! he may well look out for 'squalls' until after the 4th of March, and then Well "the less said thc sooner mended," as he will be in the dominions, after that time, of Brownlow, and we all know what that means. Til AT FIZZLE, in attempting t- get possession of the corpus of the Spirit Editor, is a source of great vexation to some of our Radical brethren ; they swear if they had been there the "disloyal cuss" would have ben forthcoming. Their Democratic friends advise them to keep cool, and distinctly remember "that everything is possible with the Lord and Monroe," and there is no use striving against fate, especially when aided by right and jus tice. MISCELLANEOUS. Thc river is in fine boating condition, and from present prospects is inclined to "get on a high." Boats arc taking . ad vantage of the present fine stage of wa ter, and appear to be doing a "land of fice" business. We have quite a religious revival coin? on here, but with what success in tr pc :t to "jincrs" wo. cannot say. For pome unaccountable reason the "Spirit" failed "to come to time." Bex. From the Chillicotlie Gazette, Jan. 5. The Iiivestlsatlnr Committee of the Athens Lunatic Asylum. The Committee appointed by the Leg islature to look iuto thc afl'airs of the Athens Lunatic Asylum have been over at the seat of operations and in Cincin nati receiving testimony as to thc nature of the charges that have been made. As the Committue have not yet reported, thc public have limited information as to what revelations have been made in the course of their investigations. Enough, however, has leaked out in various ways to lead to a well grounded suspicion that the local management has not been so conducted as to allay all suspicion of unfairness in the aflairs of the institution. There has been exhibited a want of open ness that has created distrust,nd a spirit of persecution of those who did not hap pen to see with the same eyes or those who had heavy pecuniary iutercsts at stake in the prosecution of the enter prise. These, at present, at least, it is but just to say, have given good grounds for the unpleasant rumors that have gain ed general credit We arc among those who have never doubted the wisdom of the choice of the Board of Commissioners that decided in favor of the location at Athens. Its cen tral position and its facilities of access made it desirable. Thc mistake was in thc local management, who were gentle men who had personal aud political in terests to subscrvc,and who have not hes itated to use them to their full bent. This was so palpable that it was evident to thc most casual observers. What may be developed through the Commit tee is only to be surmised at the present time but it is said that the "goose does not hausj so high' as some of the friends of the Asylum have beeu iu the habit of boasting. Mr. Bundy has the reputation of an honest man. Tlie public who kuow him have an abiding faith in his integrity. With his concurrence there will be no unfairness in the future management of the Asylum. To give the public faith in thc progress of the work it is only ne cessary that thc Governor should recon struct the Board of Trustees, giving the honors so conferred to men of unques tioned honesty and sound judgment, and the friends of the Asylum will no longer withhold their confidence. This should be doue aud done quickly. The institu tion is greatly needed Athens is a good location and all that is needed is to place it iu the hands of those who have the good of the public at heart and no axes to grind for themselves. J3T"A Copperhead Poem" on our ' . 7. 7 .7, Jat Cooke's children can Bport at thc ex pense of hone3t tax-payers and their children Jat Cooke's telegraph to his s'ables cost the heart's blood of many a poor soldier, whose children arc thrown upon the cold charities of the world. Read thc poem. XThe European Conference, for the settlement of the difficulty lictween Tur key and Greece, met in Paris on the 9th inst Three meeting's have been held, j but no definite arrangement has yet been ! made. -- ... "lhe Pomeroy -Im suspeud- pu'heatwn. Railroad Operations. Alher Chapter orStupn dous Frauds. One Third of flic Public Domain Given to Railroad Speculators. Washington (.Inn 5) corrr-pondence of the Cincinnati Gazette The sMVject of t''e great railroad frauds grows at every altenipl lo ascer tain its limits, and it is only by investi gating one scheme after ttnruUfT trcit the full rounded infamy begins to appear. THE SIOUX CITY MUNCH. There was a clause in the Pacific Itail road bill which required the Union Pa cific Railroad Company to construct ft branch from Sioux City to connect w ith their main road by the "nearest and most practicable route." The road thus provided for would, if any attention had been paid to the law authorizing it, have been built from a point on the Missouri river, opposite Sioux City, in a direction almost exactly southwest to Columbus, in Nebraska, on the main stem, a distance of ninety-six miles. instead of doing this, the road was built down tho rich and level bottoms of thc Missouri, in a direction considerably east of south, and for sixtv-eisrht miles of this distance, at the end of each suc cessive mile, the track layers were fur ther from the Pacific ocean than when they began, and at the sixty-eighth mile were twenty miles further east than the meridian of Sioux City. Then turning westward and crossing the Missouri thir ty miles above Omaha, thc line strikes the main stem at Fremont, making the branch thus built 100 miles in length and its terminus at this point of junc tion, only six miles nearer thc Pacific ocean than tho poiut where its first rail was laid. And for this road lying almost' wholly iu the State of Iowa, in no sense a Pa cific road, and in almost all sense a pri vate one, bonds, by way of government subsidy have been issued by the Secreta ry of the Treasury at the rate of about 816,000 per mile, and lands have been certified bv the Secretary of the Interior at the rate of 12.8C0 acres per mile, and by legislatiou already perfected this pranch, thus constructed in violation of law, is regularly receiving its proportion ot these subsidies, and claims thc whole, namely, 1,000,000 and 1,280,000 acres of land. UURLINOTOX AND MISSOURI RIVER EXTEN SION. By thc amended Pacific Railroad act, of 18C1 certain Iowa parties secured an amendment authorizing this company to extend its liue froin a point on the Miss ouri river, near Nebraska City, westward to a point near tort Ivcarny, or any point cast of the hundredth meridian. The distance was about 150 miles, and the hind grant 12,800 acres per mile. Here Mr. Secretary Harlan stepped in and withdrew from public sale not only all the lands south of this road to the Nebraska line, but went over into Kan sas aud withdrew all the lands down to those which Senator Ponicrov's company had already received. Between these two gentlemen aud their friends, a tract large enough for a very respectable State came near passing into thc hands of few individuals. But thc Kansas Legis lature and the Kansas delegation in the House made such an exposition of the transaction as to compel Secretary Har lan, in self defence, to restore the Kan sas lands to the market. THE SACRAMENTO AND SAX JOSE BRANCH AU the irregularities connected with this branch system have uot been upon the eastern end of these roads. Under thc original Pacific Railroad act the Central Pacific Railroad of California was authorized to construct a road ci ther from San 1 rancisco or thc naviga ble waters of thc Sacramento river to the eastern boundry of California. Thc company selected Sacramento City as their point of departure. Subsequently, however, anotlir com pany, chartered by th State, claiming to have an assimmcnt from the first com pany, proceeded to build a road from Sacramento via Stockton to San Jose, poht not on thc Pacific ciast. The line was 120 miles long and it received a sub sidy of 8) .020.000 and a large grant of land besides. The facts as given above in the case of these two branch roads were charged on the floor of the House in March last bv General C. C. Wash burn, of Wisconsin, and not denied. LEAVENWORTH, LAWRENCE AND G ALVES . TON ROAD. This is one of the rotton- Kansas swindles. It runs from Leavenworth southwardly through the eastern portion of the State, aiul of course through some of its richest lands. This latter feature is a peculiarity of these latter day roads. At the East, where compa nies pay for their lands, they run their roads as far as possible over the poor lands, but at thc est the reverse is true The companies do not pay, but become wealthy by selecting the richest lauds. The portion of this road which lies in Kansas is 150 miles long, and the cost of building this will not average over 920,000 per mile. This road has already received thc following aid : Tho gov ernment -lias granted it 500,000 acres of excellent land, the State ot Kansas has given 125,000 acres aud the counties through which it passes have issued it their bonds to the amount of 8900,000. This company, in the person of a rep resentative, is now before thc Senate urging the ratification of a treaty, known as the Osage treaty, which enables this company to buy 8,000,000 acres of land at nineteen cents per acre, thc payment having fifteen years to run. These lands have been variously estimated by good judges, who were all acquainted with the tract, as worth from 8,000,000 to SJ12, 000.000. Thc whole affair has been from its in ception a gigantic plundering scheme, and Senators have been in it, arc in it still, and it is said that one has declared that some time when the senate was tired and most had gone to dinner he would get it through. The treaty for these lands was negotia ted by a commission sent out from this city. It is understood that the treaty was drawn here in advance. The remo val of the Indians was secured "by threats. In the speech made to the In dians on the subject by Commissioner Taylor, on the 23d of June last he threatened the Indians with the displeas ure of the government and a withdrawal of provisions if they did not agree to thc treaty. Colonel Murphy, Indian Superintendent, and one of the com mission promised to make-peace be tween the Osages and their enemies on the plains if they would sign, but if not, nothing should be done for them. Colonel Boone, another commissioner told them they could choose between the treaty and fighting thc Plain Indians. As already stated, this treaty, thus secured, is pending before the Senate of the United States : and although its at tention has been repeatedly called to its character, it has not been rejected. TNI CBEKOKES NEUTRAL LAND JOB. i This is, in its main features, a. republi can venture. Mr. Secretary Harlan was Astounding thc i,l'.i.nciial tffiei:i1 attr. The treaty it-uiuug I lamm jnuvuieu mat ue might sell Ihchi in a body at not less than one dollar per acre and for cash. He sold to a company called the Connecti cut Emigrant Company, which was iu reality an Iowa company, in which his friends, at least, were largely interested. instead oi selling for Cflstv, he, in viola tion of law, sold thj tract of 800,000 acres oh time, requiring only 825.000 as a first payment. The sale 'was dtspMtcd and the Attorney General decided tiv&t thc whole aflhir was iiWal. Here l rested till a supplemental ""treaty could be Worked through the Senate, author izing a Sale on time. The lands were then sold, by Secretary Browning, witliou' aaveniMUg, to dames 1. Joy. a very, emerged from thc moon, thc same appeii phimivWt estern railroad man here, dages were seen more strongly illumin aetmg lot the. Kanws and Neosho Valley atcu, and the better distinguishable from company, lor one dollar per acre, he: agreeing with ,he Connecticut Compa-1 ny to pay back the 925:000 they deposi ted in the Treasury oh Uieii iibg'is pur chase. tar as those in official posi tion are concerned, the chief responsi bility for this transaction rests directly upon Senator Harlan. Leaving eiitivdy out oi view the lowa leature ot lite so called Connecticut Company, the circles of his friends who were enriched, the mildest aspect which can be put upon it is that the Attorney General decided the operation to be outside the bounds of law. Even the final sale to Joy by Sec-, retary Browning was without advertising, as appears from a report he sent to Con gress, where he is obliged to admit that he only "authorized an unofficial state mcnt to be made in newspapers" that proposals would be received till a cer tain day. At that time Joy was the on ly one offering to buy, aud so he got the lands as was intended. Senator Pomeroy was sufficiently interested in thc same Kansas and Neosho Valley road to introduce and attempt to pass a bill granting it 12,800 acres of land per mile for about 100 miles. GRAND TOTALS OF LAND GRANTS. Congress up to Slarch last had grant ed in all to various Western aud South ern States over 75,000,000 acres of lands for railroad purposes. It has given, be sides, over 17,000,000 acres to canals and similar improvements. The Pacific railroads and branches have received 124,000,000 acres, and if to this is added the even numbered sections along these routes, which t'.ic Secretary of the Inte rior decided to be closed for settlement, it will appear that nearly one-third of the entire public domain has been made over to the control of railroad compa nies. "The qunntih' of lands conveyed by these grants" says the Commissioner of the General Land office, "is to empire extent, exceeding in the aggregate by more than. five millions of acres the en tire areas of the six New England States added to the surface of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Dclawsiv, Maryland and Virginia." He says thc grants to the Pacific railway lines - alone "arc within about a fourth of being twice the united area of England, Scotland, ales, Ireland, Guernsey, Jersey, the Island of SI an and the islands of the British seas and less than a tenth of be ing equal to the French empire pro per." In 1SG0 and 1S01 the government sold 234,000 acres of Delaware lands to the Leavenworth Pawnee and Western road. In ISOG it sold 92,000 acres of Delaware lands to theSlissouri river 'road, and in 1859 it disposed of 278,200 acres to on ly thirty-six purchasers. Among them were the following : Sir. Hugh SIcCul loc, 7,014 acres; Ferry Fuller & SIc Slanns, 142,915 acres ; Robert S. Stevens 51,689 acres, and so on In 1SG5, Senator Pomeroy being then President and one of the principal own ers of the Atchison and Pike's Peak Railroad Company, a treaty was carried through thc Senate by which this road purchased 123.832 acres of as rich lands as there is in Kansas. me aoovc lacts anu ngures were brought to the notice of thc House by Sir. Julian, chairman of the Committee of Public Lands, in Slarch last, and Sir Clarke, of Kansas, has given direct tes timony upon most of the points involved in the attempted Osage aud the comple ted Cherokee swindles. These things are in the past But hundreds ot similar schemes quite as extensive are now before Congress, and the lobby engaged iu pushing them is larger and more influential than ever be fore, c From thc Dayton Journal. Rousseau in Ilattle. At Stone River, ho commanded thc reserve division under General Thomas, and was ordered into action at a most critical period, his division suffering frightfully in the terrible forest of pines, which to-day stands a mournful mauso leum of so many heroic men. There are now in Dayton many gallant fellcws who saw and admired the splendid figure and inspiring deportment of Rousseau upon that fearful field, and there is not a brave man among them who will not gladly bear testimony to his chivalrous deportment His personal presence, in deed, inspired his men in an extraordi nary degree, and as he dashed along the lines upon his superb sorrel, under the hottest fire, they involuntarially broke into shouts that rung even above the din of battle. He was, indeed, as gal lant a soldier as ever wore spurs or won honoi on bloody fields. Alaska. The House seems thoroughly disgust ed w ith the Alaska purchase. Wednes day a long bill, agreed on by thc com mittee on Territories for a Territorial Government over Alaska, came up, and a; brief debate followed, in which the opinion was expressed in favor of a military government, instead of a civil one in that Territory, on the ground that the latter would involve too much ex pense in the way of a delegate assem bly, fcc. The House then killed the Territorial bill by such a large vote that a division by tally was not called for by its few friends. Wheeling liegister. jCTTlie Abolition papers all agree in pronouncing thc present Rump Congress as the most corrupt, profligate, and gen erally disreputable assembly of swin dlers kuaves aud thieves, that ever con gregated at Washington ; yet every one of these editors last year pronounced it the most virtuous Assembly in the world, and denounced every one as a traitor who said otherwise. How valuable are such terms as "traitors," "Copperheads," ic. ; and how cheap Is loyal newspaper consistency. Crisis. During Robert Lincoln's recent jour ney from Chicago to Boston, he got out of the car, and while walking along the Railroad track, slipped and fell before an advancing engine. A gentleman passing at the time savcu ins me by dragging him from the track, and get ting up and looking for his preserver he recognized Edwin Booth. No words were spoken, Mr. Booth walking rapid ly away. Hochester Chronicle. Rev. II. W. Beecher complimented his church collector becaust that officer gathered in all the 810,000 pew rentals excepted 110. - . ffew Ob- A curious communication from Dr. Montucci appears in thc recent report of; the French Academy of Science. M. do! Crety, who observed the solar eclipse" of j August last, on Sarah Island, opposite ; Aden, describes as follows a phenomenon i hitherto unheard of in the annals of as ! irouomv : "Une-tlurd ot the sun s dise lieing ai-1 ready uncovered after the totality," he says, "I observed three luminous pro tdbcrances on the moon's limb; they were feebly illuminated, and resembled the tops of mountains receiving light from the solar rays. .Fifteen minutes I later two-thirds of the sun's dise having the lunar dise; their summits had the anuearance of a metal in a state of fu- sion. Alter another quarter ot an hour, the central protuberance had diminished iu altitude," &c. This strange appearance Dr. Montuc- ci exnuuiis as follows : "1. I here is no 'oti5il illusion here, St. de Crety hav- ing oeen enabled to make seven dia grams of the phenomenon. 2. If other observers do" hot mention it, it is because their eyes were fatigued from observing thc eclipse", while M. de Crety was pre vented from" observing any but the latter part, owing to the slhte of thc weather J. the protuberances were either gase ous or composed of matter in an ex tremely fine state of division 4. If o'i the posterior part of the moon, Invisible to us, there had been throe volcanoes in activity at the time of the eclipse, and close lo the moon's border, the smoke or ashes ejected by them would have been visible and would have presented the appearance described by SI. de Cre ty. Dr Slontucci shows by calculation that an observer's eye would just skim the crest of a lunar mountain 786 feet high, at a distance of one degree, from the border, or 6000 feet of elevation, at ! five degrees distance, in which case the whole volcanic jet would be visible from the earth. 5. The jets would be lancet shaped, because to moon's atmosphere, being infinitely thinner than ours, could ; noi uy us resistance, iorce me ejecteci matter into a mushroom lorm, as is tne case with our volcanic eruptions. Dr. Slontucci proves, by the laws of me chanics generally, and friction in partic ular, that the jet must necessarily end in a point, and rise to an enormous hight. The ' three supposed volcanoes may very well have been in communica tion with each other, as is often the case on our earth. Hence, most probably, SI. de Crety witnessed a volcanic action on the posterior hemisphere of the moon, for the first time manifested to us in this strange way." Bowles on Fiskc. The Springfield (Slassachusetts) Re publican says : "We don't intend to de vote the Republican to Sir. Jim Fiske permanently; but Congress is not in session, murders are dull, and there is hardly any livelier reading going just now than that he has provided. But we must give up copying expressions of public opinion through the press, from sheer despair of doing justice to them all. Besides, they arc all on one side, with not difference enough, except in de gree and variety of objurgation of poor liske, to keep up the interest Ihe richness of the English language in nuiun kil iiuuuiiliuiii'ii nun vtuiiiciiuiii, was never so fully illustrated as in the treatment of this case." JCSrEven the stannchest Republicans are anxious about the condition ot the Federal finances. A sense of forebo ding pervades every word they utter.- A few weeks ago, they affected to feel differently, and they certainly held differ ent language. It now turns out that the democrats were not in error when they said that thc public debt was hourly growing larger, and that the govern ment was staggering under the financial burdens of the civil war. 3rThe following is one of the many good things from Dickens' pen : "The first external revelation of thc dry rot in men is a tendency to lurk and lounge, to be at street corners without intelligi ble reason ; to be going anywhere when met; to be about many places rather than any ; to do nothing tangible, but to have an intention of performing a num ber of tangible duties to-morrow or the day after. A Paris correspondent of the Etoile Beige is ungallant enough to state that the live leading belles at the court of the Tullcries wear artificial teeth. There is a story prevalent in Washing ton that 815,000.000 of government funds have been deposited with a private banker in that city by the government. - Butler, alluding to his flank movement on Grant, whereby he got into the White House first, is reported to have exclaim ed,. triumphantly, "I wonder who is now the party bottled up ! It is intimated that Senator Edmunds' bill prohibiting the holding of two offi ces at once is intended to operate against thc appointment of General Schofield and Admiral Porter iu General Grant's Cabinet. The bell of the orth Presbyterian Church, at Iowa City, was spirited away twenty years ago and carried to Salt Lake City. The present pastof of the church has received a letter from Brig ham Young offering to return the bell to the church at his own expense. One hundred and forty-nine bodies were received at the New York morgue last year, of which seventy-one were never recognized. All bodies are now photographed, and a number attached, which is the same as thc number ot the grave, thus greatly aiding future identi fication. The new Captain General of Cuba, Dulce, is inaugurating a policy directly contrary to that of his predecessor. He proclaims general and unqualified amnes ty, removes the censorship of the press, restores the civil courts, and abolishes the military commission, and proposes to talk sense to the insurgents. The bill passed by thc House, abolisli g three South American missions, throws out General Kilpatnck. The charge was privately made on the floor that he exacted 8100 per speech for his services in the Grant campaign, led many to vote for his decapitation. And J so Ben. Butler pays off one of his little scores. ' The imported "champion" Norwegian rat which won 8225 for its owner, three weeks ago, in a match fought in New York, was killed in a "fair ring fight" on the 6th inst, by a trained New York ro dent The fight was pretty evenly con tested up to the last "round," when the Norway rat was killed by a vicious bite from its black antagonist. The death struggle lasted thirteen minutes. An Omaha paper says that "the scene at a mass meeting in the Academy of Music, in one of the passages of Mr. Train's speech, where, on bended knee, he took an oath to devote his energies, fortune, and life to making Ireland free, beggars all descriptiT powtrs." Volcanoes in the Moon serrations. From the St. Joseph (Mo.) Gazette, Sd. Land Sharks. We have heard of men stealing steam- boats, and that Tom Fletcher will steal railroads, thc people of Missouri do know ; but that it had become hazardous to leave laud out of doors had not till recently come to our knowledge. But let unsuspecting land owners beware how they lenve uieir boh aim rocK quarries.! to the tender mercies of .Missouri th eves 1, - ,1 . - ,1 A 1 , , I . I jt-v;i.:i!i uocio-miciHS mive oiougul 10 light that ten thousand acres of land in the counties of Caldwell rttid De Kalb have been sold upon false title's, forged with all the circumstances collected to deceive strangers and unsuspecting pur chasers. . " Sir. Hugh Lewis of Andrew County, who has for the past seven yesirs owned considerable tracts of land in De. Kalb, finds now that portions of all of it, for which he possesses perfect titles, and upon which he has regularly paid the taxes, have been sold for years to other parties and forged titles furnished. Of some of thU land, we believe, deceived purchasers have taken possession. These will make cases of peculiar hardship. This is a most heartless kind of theft as it involves not only thc loss of the pur chase money but the time spent hi im provements subsequently made". One of the accused parties has, we learn, within the last few days beeu lodg ed in our county jail. . . Prize Fight. St. Louis, January 12. A prize fight between Allen and Davis took place on Chautcau Island, a few yards from the ?pot where SIcCoole fought Davis over twd yeiirsago. There were about three hundred and fifty persons present. The fight conihienced about noon. Forty three "rounds were fought. The fight was won by Allen. Davis was terribly punished. .Allen looked comparatively fresh and; received but few injuries. At the close of the fight the pugilist Galla gher offered to fight the winner for a thousand dollars.; Allen accepted the challenge, agreeing to fight hini in five weeks. It is understood that the articles of agreement will be signed to-night and the forfeits put up. Denver, Jan. 12. A man named Cis co, formerly express messenger, and Lew Voorhees, a driver, were killed by Indians while hunting four miles from Lake Station, on the Smoky Hill road, Friday. S5TA woman living in Slilwaukee has a sailor husband whom she has not seen for nineteen years, but receives let ters from regularly. He is a hand on a Liverpool packet, making regular trips from New York and back. Every time he ships from the former port, he writes his wife that upou his arrival in New York next time he will certainly go home The ship arrives, but no husband. Soon comes the inevitable letter with the same intelligence. He did intend to' come, but was paid off, got intoxicated, spent his mone)', and came to his senses not only penniless, but shipped on board the pack et again. He declares he will never be fooled again, and goes to work with the idea of obtaiuing means to return home, and the next trip is a repetition of the old story. SIcanwhile thc wife toils on, and lives in hope that some day thc truant husband will come back. BSTThe New York Times, of January 7, says : "During the past ten days fail ures to thc extent of about four millions of dollars have occurred iuthis city. among jobbing and commission houses in the dry goods trade. Business in this line has been very dull for nearly two years ; it has not paid. Thc recent fail ure of one of the Largest dry goods houses was due to heavy losses through customers in the Northwestern States. There are apprehension that a few other houses may be forced to succumb, but the leading dealers hope by rigid retrench ment to overcome present difficulties Farcical. There never was a more farcical pro coed ing than that of the Radical Rump Congress resolving three or four times year against the repudiation of tlie pub lic debt, and yet after taxing the people almost to death, never paying a cent of it. but actually increasing it to the tune of forty or fifty millions a year, and thus putting it beyond the ability of the gov ernment to pay. What is the difference between open repudiation and a persist ent pursuit of such a policy as every one with the least modicum of common sense knows must lead to it? Hancock Cour ier, Zlst ult. . : ' XJA curious fact is said to have been discovered by the House Appropriation- committee at Washington, which illus trates the force of habit in passing ap propriation bills without too much scru tiny. It appears that when the proposi tion was made,four years ago, to deposit the remains of General Washington in the Capitol under the dome, a man was appointed to take charge of the place where they were to be laid. Of course, they were never laid there, and it seems that each successive Congress since that time has regularly made an appropria tion to pay the man whose services were never called into requisition. J-The lately published reports of the Austrain staff, about the Bohemian cam paign of 1866, show conclusively that Generaly Benedek foretold the Emperor the disasters which befell the Austrain forces, and that he can not be held re sponsible for them. He sent telegram up on telegram to thc Emperor, whom, he urged to make peace without a moment's delay. ; ..,.; Kansas is ten times the size of Massa chusetts and twice the Bize of Ohio. - John H. Surratt's case has been dis missed by the Washington Grand Jury on the ground that he was included in the recent amnesty proclamation of the President. ' An Austrian Archbishop has been fined 17,000 florins for refusing to give up the papers of his ecclesiastical court in ref erence to marriages, in accordance with the late law enjoining civil celebration of the right of marriage. The town of Laucsboro, Slinncsota, only six months' old, the present termi nus of the Southern Minnesota Railroad, has expended since the 3d of July over 8100,000 in building improvements. . A New Jersey family has produced the most horrible tragedy of the day. Some time since the father poisoned his wife, and when In jail for her murder.cut his throat The daughter was 6educed by a negro and has just smothered her lllegitiicate child. At a recent trial of a revenue case in New York, skillful experts swore tht some specimens of foreign brandy which were submitted to them were not only genuine, but were worth 812 a gallon in gold, when it was afterward proved that they were manufactured in Brooklyn.and were not brandy at all. By thc Atlantic Cable we learn that Sir. SlcMahpn, the American Minister to Paraguay, had had a conversation 'tl Tl 1 1 A T . . , witn rresuient ijopez, ana naa guaran teed full atonement for any outrages upon American citizens. . Letter from Mrs. Partington to the 'resident. Sirs. Partington, (B.'P. Shillabor, Esq.," of Boston,) writes a letter to the President, of which the following is a copy: ". . Boston, January 5 Andrew Johnson, -President of the United States; . . . Sir: I am an humble citizen whose name may have, or not have, reached, you, with iic favor to ask lxtyoud the wish to be credited with sincerity, and am de- ' slrbus of expressing') you the admira tion I feel at the course you have pursu ed since you assumed the reins of Gov ernment. I am diffident about doing it,1 lest you should intepret it a3 patronage ; but I feel IHai nolle of us are praised for our good deeds half so much as we are blamed for our bad ones, and for all you have done", tlie measure has been funning' over with abuse tfnd vituperation, from malignant foes, and the faint praise of lukewarm friends, and therefore I decido to give yon oue word of .prise jxarf. aii honest conviction that it is deserved. It was my fortune to opj ose your elec tion from a wrong impression regarding your position, and I was gratified. to find how true you were to the old1 landmarks of the Constitution, and I have long wish ed to tell you so. ' ' I have marked your course with pro found interest, almost dreading lest yoii should waver, but found you inflexibly constant. Such fidelity as you have shown, amid inducements to change such as no man evcr mot batbre, denotes A character strong as adamant, and your place in the history of our times will bn an illustrious one. You enemies and tho enemies of our Instltutrohsinust Admit your fidelity to your obligation AGood ' men, however blinded, must see this however far political demagogues, whose hatred for you extends' just so far as they themselves have proved false--.and des honest, denounce you. . ; . r People are slow to think, but the right thought comes at last, in spite of preju dice, and those who have viliflccP you through a dogmatic devotion to party, will grant you honesty and accord 3ou justice. Your forbearance under abusef should assure you a niche asjngh as that of Job for patlerlce. " I thank you hear tily for myself; and thousand ? would do the same for themselves were they as, imJ pulsive as I am. . ' " ' bull. It is not often that men address a wan ing power thus, but tlie one who takes off the armor in tried service ia mote:: tb' be praised than he who at; first assies' It. " : "'-,a You will pardon my pi'esum'ption in! " addressing you, but I could not; help it j' but I presume also upon a tie that "iriakes' us brothers. That may serve somewhat as a voucher for my sincerity. t't f With the profouude3t respect, I in. dear sir, yours, very truly, V i " B. I. CHILL ABES. London, January 12. For sdmp un explained reason Rizos Rangable, , tha" Grecian Ambassador at Paris, who it ; wtfs supposed would represent Greece in tho conference,has been refused participation ' in its sessions, lie has protested against his exclusion and appealed to "the Gre cian government at Athena for ia&tcnct ions. The conference will await "thfi'ap tion of Greece in this matter and-the session announced for to-day wflj jv"f bably be postponed for a tirneln conse i quence. , - i;ux St. Louis, January 9. General.i$her man has received .information '. thatl.the representetives of four hundred ' lodges of Comanches had arrived' at Fort Bas com, New Mexico, and had offered to surrender. . . --. ' .:;- . '.0:11 They were notified that no surrender would be received except at " Fort ' Cdb, the object being to have all, the tribes on the plains within watching distincft of General Sheridan. " ' " -- Nashville, January 7. The Hon- T. S. Richards introduced a bill in ..the' House, to be submitted to a vote of th people, authorizing a convention of members of the present Legislature, to convene on the 22d of February, to en franchise the disfranchised people of; the State. The bill was indefinitely' post poned. .- . Chicago, January 11. Current rumpr' says that Father McMullen, who went to Rome two months since to complain' against Bishop Duggan, of this -diocese, has obtaiued an order from the Propag anda citing Bishop Duggan to appear be fore that council and show cause why ht removed Fathers McMullen, Roles; and SIcGovern. London, January 13 Reports of th capture by the Turkish forces -pf the members of the Cretan insurrectionistV government are confirmed.' Fourier' the Cretan officials were killed anrj.th rest were taken prisoners. The books and documents of the government feU into the hands of the Turks, 1 5 "Glasgow, January l2.-he.B.remeh bark America, for New York, was spot en on' December 30. She had, thirty-tune shipwrecked persons on board. We have reason to believe that they are the Hibernia's people, saved from the miss ing boat" " ' "- ' Chicago, January 7. Suits have "been commenced in the Superior Court o make good the title of the city' t its real estate, , the pessession of which is1 alleged1 to have been detained by a forged wiuV Washington,. January 13. Attorney General Evarts has issued a circular of' instructions to district attorneys,' direct ing that all suits for tho crime of treason be discontinued. .. ' " . X ;! ' "The contest about ladies feet in In diana is growing personal. The Tefre Haute editor alleges that the Lafayette belles have feet so large that only four or five can skate on a rink at a time, ' The Lafayette editor retorts bv declaring that the shomakers in Terre Haute, when they make shoes for the belles in that place have to erect a sort of marine railway in their back yards in order to launch them. It is certain, therefore, that the ladies in both places are blessed with enlarged understandings, whatever may be said of the editors. ISrThe Louisville Courier. Journal' gives en account of a young : lady near Hickman, Kentucky, who has spent nine teen of her twenty-seven years in sleep. bhe wakes frequently ten or twenty times a dajv, but cannot remain awake more' than ten to twenty minutes at V, time. Her appearauce is said to be rather pre possessing, ana she is mucn more intelli gent and well informed:-.than, would be expected from one in her condition. SS-Brigura Young has teltgraph wire leading to his office, and conntctinr with . every hamletin Utah'.- - The line is 500 miles long in all. Every settlement of half a dozen houses has telegraph office, with female saint operators, in charge of a Bishop of the Mormon Church, who reports all that takes place to Young. From his private office -in' Salt Lake City thc Mormon chief aaty give an order or-ring an alarm from Ida-1 ho to New Slexico- ' - '