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THE SPIRIT OF - DEMOCRACY.
HIUBYJB. WE8T Sartor and Pro- pnetor. 1 -T ' -3T TToHlgcM. Feb, O, I860. "A b1ob of hearts, a anion of bands, A maioo thtt eoae may sever; . A. ion of lakes, a anion of laa4r, . The Imieicak Union roBsTxa." PnlcsaiBaai8aHa,CBKsaaBEJli S "TBI UXIOX AS IT WA8.AND . TBI CONSTITUTION AS IT IS." - bold teat tbis Government in made v at ifct' WHITJ5 , BASIS, by WHITK JUBS, for the bkiitit of WHITR MKN tneir POSTERITY forever.'' -M J. Douglas. Take) Notice. V. fl' of Ti mrr feu removed bit office, to toe front room of :the dwel . lii j boom, 4oor Bouti of the prist ' iageffiee, where til buuoeii eonneerei ' with Tai Sriirr will be trtoitrUd. X- tfee the eifn: I98riui Omen. f.-'' To Dealer la Leaf Tobacco. " 'f .Pyening to an editorial on. oar first ftase, those- dealers in leaf tobacco who hsT paid the tax tor dealing in that arti. will learn that it is erroneous, and . AVW .w mm a Awtif1&d4 w eAWWAa rftai mAna ; Oar merchants should not delay in ' - this natter, bat mote on the Assesors at J' once and tutre the matter "rectified and j.-justice, to demand legal interest for the .-I 'fam th lirmmftnt hji hpiA their money unjustly. The Government is bound for the acta of its agents, and no waibbliag of its agents,, each as wwe thought it was right," or "that was onr lt'n1rnctioaLf of the .law, ought to lie .-. The proportions of this case are too large to admit of quibbling to escape V refunding to bar merchants the thou ' saudth part of the last cent due them. Construction of the law "by Revenue As- eessors and by Commissioner Roluxs is " a different thing, and in the future As eeswrs would do. well to consult head . . quarters previous to assessing, by wholo- V tJe,;aa illegal ta..; ." . . , n The article In this week's Spirit, bear- i iagtat caption "Geajtt and Ba ttampi the former as the creature of the ' latter'i insubordination, and Stastox as tie destroyer of public archives. .j Aprettyrio. One, convicted of lying . and publio drunkenness, by the public, is ";"'hei President elect. Another, In Con- Egress, was charged by his constituents ' with babilual drunkenness, and the third Vas driven in disgrace from the War De ' '-Wrtment - 7"" 6uch men make laws and rule with an - iron land the poor suppliants of this ,: ewiintry, tanned the people. The people .'have aacrfaoed the. last scintilla of the Vrpirit of resistance to the tyrannous ' drtnkards and, blockheads in power.- Jfo 'M 1 . it 1 A I , gow wui JT?r rrawi uie pcujjic, iu we i way of legislation, antQ they rally and ' ' A frU bun fcin lliA Mulliniia Vi A ' iegrace. ; , ri .BTThe foljowing from a Radical pa--'er exhibits Democratic and .Radical ex ' penditures in the House of Uepreaenta- ' -,t;rti&t .W'ashingtoa j .. I ; . "fbt expenditures of the House have : largely increased since the predecessor Af Mr. Meltierson, Emerson Etheridge, j at Tennessee, wm clerk. In order to how this increase I rive some figures which are authentic. The expense of Vjloe House in louJr exclusive or tne pay i.t, fif members and mileage, when Mr. Eth .cklgewa Clerk, was 9198,000. Mr. Mek hereon took possession of the office -in Junerl86i. That vear the expenses ware 323,384; in 1865, 9481,854; in MHt, t482,48ir; in 1867, 9504,810; in 1868, 9635,281. It will be seen that from 1863 to 1868 the expenses of the House hate increased nearly 9500.000. It must be borne in mind that all this time there ; hes not been a full House; the Southern States being out Th8 expenditures for . ' furniture alone were for 1865-6, 940,000; '.167-8. 950,000. . This does not include V" jtke amount for furnishing the Speaker's " .room, which is about 96,000 and which his.not as yet been allowed by the Com mittee on Accounts." Tax-payers, bow'do yon relish Radical "' thienhg"t.;TOs thing of toyalty7.bi au. expensive luxury to you ; the word ought jbo commence witl an R. to make It.fully jinU,rstood.f .. . ' ' y '' .. .. .... ,1 i ,, i - .. ri. Sapreme Caurt Declaloos. Two important decisions by the United ,fitate!iupreme. Court are reported in 'i-thie week's" Spirit. One of them ex '.iretoee the opinion of the Court that by a true construction of the. internal Rcr- euHC lair-it was not intended to tax the Incomes of persons other than citizens of . tbjpA2iW-SUtesw4eFever resident, and of residents, whether citizens or not. It 9l-o limitsthe State jurisdiction to im pose taxes. The other .decUion holds that the Income tax is cdnstitntibnal, de fines its nature, and lays down the duty of aMeciors as to returns of income tiuubj in coin. ;""" i ' yTht Radicals are alunned at the .pronpect of 'defeat in theloctins this year'.'rThe Democracj are preptfrbg to deal them Uieir cleatli-Uow .on the-qnes-tiohs -oT finance, suffrage and the univer sal robbing of the Government going on Mn this corrupt party., yThe conduct of the Spanish Gov ernnient Awards Uie Papal Nuncio has ben-coiMleuiiieil, by all the foreign rep wsentafivea, with the single exception of j Ibh cf .Knln. '''; '" '" :'-. ' Cal vert al Negro SaflTraf e. Ib, the Hoiise tf Represehtitivee, on the 30th ult ; thjT -following -resolution was passed by a vote of 150 yeas, nays 42,: the Democrats" votiig JTo: "'' f 'V -"Jit it rctolvcii, tc.V tiico-tkirds of bothUouiet eoncum'W,). That the fol lowing article W proposed , to the Legis latures of the serar :Blatefl i as an amend ment to. the Constitution .df . the United States, which. when:: ratified by threej fourths of eaid-.Imslature;' 'shall be - - 'Articib 'Sectiok 1. Tho right of any citizen of the United States to" vote shall not be denied or abridged by the. United States, or any State, by reason of race.color, or previous condition of slavery of any citizen or class of citizens of the United States. ' - - "Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legisla tion, tne provisions of this article." The above iniquitous offspring of. .all the Abolitionisms, including the scala wags who misrepresent the Southern Mates, will cause every, ad vpcate-of-suffrage for the Negro to. yell'wiSi- delight. Because it -effects only jNegroc's, and while riveting, if adopted; the accom plished fact, practical' jy of universal suffrage in the South; it provides for it in th$ Worth. . . ;: It is a miserable moekery, fraud.snare, and delusion, viewed" "iVjuiy' light and especially when viewed in the light of the professions of pattisitn'' demagogues du ring the Presidential catmtssj in favor of extending suffrage 4o-all cititens. Since the election, : dereloptnentshave con stantly arisen to the effect that the uni penal tuffrage of Radical proscription tsts meant only vmvtrtal ruffragt of Kt- grot, and the exclusion of white men of the South, such vast numbers of whom ere debarred, -by the fourteenth amend inent, from holding, office and under State laws, (so-called,) from voting in the election! because of participation in the rebellion. " ' '' ' Suppose a white manrho had partici pated in the rebellion- Bhonld offer his vote In an election in Tennessee,' or any other of the Southern States where Ne groes and carpet-baggers rule, upon the idea that . the deceptive -constitutional amendment (if adopted) of Boutwell authorized him to vote, what would be the action of the carpet bag poll official ? It would be that the amendment in ques tion only operated to preveut the exclu sion of men from voting because of their being of another color than white, or of another race than Negro, or for having been once in slavery. The whole thing is pitiful and shame ful, considered in the sense of honor and consistency. It provide only for 2Te groes. Let the Democracy keep this iniquity before the voters of th country; let them clearly understand'. that it is the avowed purpose of the Radical party to enfranchise the Negroe,; North and South, through the votes of white men, in order to hold those sstaie'white men in' bondage, worse ..than that of the' jMes under the despotic sway of the Czar of Russia. ' ' - ' ! States have no rights' .'under - the rul ings of the present Rump Congress, and. the only remedy is for. the,. people of all parties to rally to the support of the De-. mocracy," and rebuke the 'Rump by de feating its unconstitutional, enactments by the ballot - " ;' The Democracy of Ohio and other Northern States buried Negro Suffrage in 1867 by overwhelming majorities, and will serve this Negro artioleuu.the same manner, l be Democracy won t pe ruiea by black ignorance enfranchised by Rad ical stupidity. Come ou with your N gro bantling and we will bury it in Ohio without the benefit of clergy. -. Carpet-Barters. The following is Hcxxtcurr's opinion of the universally detested carpet-bag gers. IIcjrjnctrrT Is one himself and the leader of the ignorant Negroes la Vir ginia, but it appears be has become dis gusted with them : MA few streamers tanatted in Virginia for the whole and tale purpose of making their living and fortunes by office-holding. These men, without means, without any established characters to recommend them to the confidence of the people, without any employment or business to help build up the State in any way ; loaf ing around, prying into everybody's bu siness, having none of their own ; looking out for any vacancy of office which may be made ; trying to shove others out that they themselves may creep in ; trying to pull others down that they .may go up ; trying to snatch the bread out "of honest men's mouths that they .may fill their own greedy stomachs ; . trying to under mine honest men s busmene tuat tney may sneak into their place ;" trying to crush out truth and honesty to taake way VI IJM1JUIWIU y. . The above applies .ty -every .State in. the South, and upon euch scoundrels the Radical party depend ftitlts Supremacy in the South, .and for ite continuance in powcr . . . x ;nit c. The day of. reckoning will come; then the whole kennel of uhdeaai Be"ipji will be summarily strangled-bV toe popular voice of a people long outraged1 and trampled upon. Have ptfxCye,' . .. Artnr Expenacp" ;; . The continued assertions bjf the Radi cal clacquers that they are reducing the army expenses rapidly don't amount to much in the way of truth, judging from' the following : .;.- m asc. Recrinting servive.v9 100,000 - 9300,000 Clothing com tat "it.. 200,000 500,000 Horses and mules . 5,000,000 , 8,500,000 SubsUtcnce,cxcc83. 5",500,000 Total 95,390,000 914,800,000 ... ;.. 5,330,000 Iucrease of 1869 over 1S68...99:410,000 ! That's what Radicalism terms reduc tion I It s the reduction practiced by the pick-pocket upon his victim. ' ' ' y Bottled BtTL?R has ; declared against any more treaties with the Indi ans. He advocates Just and wholesome taws in lieu. Should laws for their gov ernment be made, such fellows as Pkikt Fcllk and his gang will be without dis honest occupations la the line 'of viola ting treaties ami getting up lHdkn. wnjr. ThTcn Par Cent. Blovement. The Senate of Ohio, a few days since, passed a law making the legal rate of in teroat ten per cent-' instead of six as it now -stands. " Intbe Senate, Mr. Law of this Senatorial District, voted for it ' t ; " The'C imt expresses our views on the Obnoxious, measure obnoxious to all classes ' OF our people, except bankers, moneylenders ud .Shylocka generally : "The increase in the rate of interest can have no other effect than to operate against the interests of the productive classes-of the people of Ohio, and bene fit only those alien, peddlers of money, who have nothing in common with the people, and whose ultimate object is the erection of a moneyed aristocracy at once tne most dangerous, pernicious and degrading element in a free country." As we understand it it is tho business of the Rump Congress to pass oppres sive enactments for the benefit of the Na tional Bankers, and not that of the De mocracy in the Ohio Legislature. Again : . ,'No legitimate business can be per manently and successfully conducted upon a higher rate of interest than six percent, and establishments paying a higher rate must sooner or later fail, and involve neighborhoods in immense loss, if not bankruptcy. If the business of Ohio is to be conducted on Eastern Cap ital, at ten per cent, in a few years the East will have absorbed the entire wealth of Ohio, and our citizens will have be come slaves to Eastern task-masters.' iVe trust the bill will be defeated in the House, and ?thus demonstrate to the tax-payers what has been maintained, i ., the Democracy arp in favor of taxing the Bankers and Bondholders their full share, and opposed to measures which enable the Shylock's to snatch the last crust., of bread from the months of the honest, oppressed working men. ' Jbe Ialcreet Question. The Barnesville Enterprise contains the following broadside at the ten per cent law : "We art in favor of the repeal of all interest laws, but if that cannot be done, let six per cent remain as the legal rate, and allow the people to make special con tracts to suit themselves. But don't hand over the. people,bpdy and breeches, to the tender mercies of the money changers, with a yoke of interest-thc heaviest burden a poor man can bear marked ten oer cent., around the neck of every one who has to borrow or buy on time. It won't do to repeal the present inter est law. That would allow the money thieves to grasp borrowers by their throats and demand any rate of interest they might desire. . yWe find . Ue following to be the facts relating to the expenses of the army for the years 1868 and 1869 : 1869 943.195,500 1868 33,082,093 Increase over 1868 910,113.407 Tax-payers, how do you relish the Radical system of reduction ? Isn't1 it jolly for your pockets, Grant's deceptive phrase "Let .us have peace." It is as empty of honest meaning as the man himself. SrWere it possible to collect all and every species of fraud perpetrated since the foundation of the world, it would fall far below the frauds, and thieving of the Radicals for one single year; and that year to be any one since the war begun in 1861. The history of the past eight years should bear the title : "Record of Distinguished Rogues." JfcyThat incubus.npon the tax-payers, the Asylum at Athens, will receive its death-blow at the hands of the Ohio Legislature in a few days. Oh, the Ring, Oh, the Ring-ing-ing. We place this in mourning to more fully represent the sad feelings of the Ring-ing-ing-ing-y. . BBaaaaaaaavBaBaBW VHon. Ds D. Pratt, Senator elect from Indiana, stands six feet four inches high, and weighs three hundred pounds. What a jolly lot of Radicalism one of Indiana's seats in the U. S. Senate will have. J&Tne railroad thieves now besieg ing Congress are receiving hard knocks A large majority will depart from Wash ington minus subsidies and board bills. gnaaahlnr of Ring. The Pomeroy Railroad subsidy combi nation felt perfectly confident of carry ing everything before them in the Senate on Wednesday morning... They rejected every amendment and insisted on the "pound of flesh." .The final vote was twenty -ix to twenty-seven the bill de feated by one vote. The speech of Sen ator : Conkling,' with the rapacity of its friends, proved fatal. ' Surprise and con sternation settled On the faces of Pome roy, Harlan and the numerous - and ex pectant lobby In the gallery. The recent action .or the Senate in refusing further confirmations disgusted the:' Cameron Yates part of the combination and they deserted Pomeroy. The defeat is irre trievable a Waterloo. All feel it This makes four rings smashed this week the Denver PaciHc; the Leavenworth, Pawnee and Western : the Atchison and Pike's Peakjand the Caraeron-Cumraings rings all four of them smashed to flinders.--iy'. Y: Herald, 28fA ult. Enameled' brisk for store fronts have been introduced int Cincinnati. They are made of any color. . , A factory at Erie, . Pa., is lighted by gas from an unproductive oil Well. - .The Viceroy, of Egypt has offered the Sultan 50,000 men and a fleet in the event of a war. 'The English army annually' costs, 977 275,000 in . gold, of Which the soldiers get less than one-third.. The graves of Albert Sidney Johnston and Lovell H. Rosseau are side by side iu New Orleans. . ..A . California's population is only, one fourth female-Ia'-.. Nevada -there are eight men to - one - woman,, and the pro portion in Colorado is twenty to one. The-members of ft)e Rhode Island Legislature are paid 91-per day. The State is small and nearly all of them live at their homes during the session, going to the Capitol in the morning and return ing in the evening. Queen Isabella still does a large busi ness in decorations. She distributes them with a liberal hand,antedating them as though she expected in a few months to be again seated oa the throne of Spate. , . GBATAtfll$4K. A Piobably True Tertian of tbe YlcksburrStoTV. ' Bostok, January 26. General Banks arrived here, from Washington last evening, and the fol lowing article, which appears in the Traveller this afternoon, is understood to be "by authority :" The recent revelation that an order was issued from the War Department to General Banks, just before the fall of Vicksburg, directing him to repair; to that point and supersede General Grant, has been made a topic for comment in newspapers in all parts of the country. It has been denied by Secretary Stanton, and the trutb of the statement has been called in question by Mr. Dana, who was Assistant Secretary of War, at the time ; but notwithstanding this, we have the assurance that the statement is strict ly true. The reader may ask, if this is so, how has the fact leaked out now, and why was it withheld from the public so long ? In answer to this it may be said that the enemies of General Grant have reported something to this effect before, the mat ter having been brought to the knowl edge of a few army officers at the time. This has been denied at the war Depart ment, and there are no papers on fie there to confirm the truth of the report. General Grant never heard of the story until about four weeks ago, when one of his friends called his attention to it. General Badeau, of his staff, and a Con gressional friend called on General Banks, and not only learned that the story was true, but obtained from him all the correspondence between: himself and the War Department on the Subject he having retained his orders, and guard ed them with the. more care when he learned that Secretary Stanton had dis posed of the duplicates. The contents of these documents were discussed at General Grant's headquarters, and a member of the staff communicated the matter to the correspondent of the New York Times, who first made it public. It may be asked how Secretary Stan ton can deny these facts ; but those who know him best find little difficulty in answering it Perhaps the fact that they are in the handwriting of General Hai led: and signed by him, will be urged as an excuse for his denial, but their con tents, when published and we presume General Grant will publish them some time will show that both Secretary Stanton and President Lincoln knew of what was written, and that all was done under their direction. Officers of the Nineteenth Army Corps knew of this correspondence at the time, and General Banks was urged to obey the order, but he ventured to disregard it, and the fall of Vicksburg a few days later vindicated General Grant, and the War Department saw fit not to call General Banks to account for . his disobedience. He kept his own counsel knowing that the publication of tbe cor respondence, or the fact of its existence prior to the recent election, would injure the Republican party, and it is only made public now by the friends, of General Grant Some weeks since, whilo Secretary Stanton was talked of for a position in Grant's Cabinet, our Washington cor respondent expressed the opinion that he would not be invited to such a posi tion, and a few days later about the time General Grant obtained this cor respondence his friends announced that he proposed to remain in private life. If it should turn out that he took ad vantage of his position as Secretary of War to destroy important public doc uments, and especially those which might prevent his own political prefer ment, it will be a cause for regret to the country that this determination was not reached some years ago. REMARKS. We stated Thursday, in connection with a news paragraph of the Washing ton correspondent of the New York Herald, upon the subject matter as above, that the ukase of Mr. Stanton against General Sherman, issued after the sur render of General Johnston, was not shown to President Lincoln and teas sub sequently condemned by him. A recent statement in the Washington correspon dence of the Baltimore Gazette, to the effect that Mr. Lincoln was not privy to the orders of the War Department for such a joining of the forces of Banks and Grant as to give the former rank iu command above the latter, has not been denied in any quarter. ' The authority for the statement was Marshal Lamon, who was of the official family of Presi dent Lincoln, and was his confidential and most attached friend. ' Leading Con gressmen are implicated. The article above, from the Boston Traveller, (Rad.) has paragraphs, which we have italicised, that completely trans fix Stanton in wicked conduct Accor ding to it, files and records at the War Department have been tampered with and destroyed, and that JIalleck was Stanton's cafi-paw in respect to orders affecting the status cf Grant when be- fore Vicksburg. With such revelations, what wonder is it that we should find a paragraph like the following in a Wes tern journal. ' " "Our Washington correspondent D. P.' has recently seen the Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, and says that gentleman would not accept a Cabinet office, and regards his life as a public man ended. Mr. Stanton makes this statement under such' circumstances that there is no question that his resolution is fixed -not to take officerWat. Intelligencer, 30fA ult. Radical Reconstruction. One night last week, in Charleston, , S. C, Mrs. Geo. Martin awoke and saw two negro burglars in the chamber. One re j mained, while the other went into the adjoining room. The one who remained had a large butcher's knife, which he held over the slumbering Mr..Martin. When the burglar left the bed be placed the knife in bis teeth, and walked . about the room, searching the drawers, from which he took thirty-five dollars in green backs and fire dollars in gold. After a while he again approached tlie bedside and elevated the huge knife. Mrs. Mar tin jumped up and seized an artillery sword near-the bed, and, "while the burg-: lar's arm was extended over her sleep ing husband, struck the burglar a terri ble blow, which caused the knife to fall from his grasp. Wbfle he stooped, to pick up the knife she gave him a cut oh the head, and, as his. face swung back, she' gave him still another blow on - the forehead. The. burglar rushed at the heroic woman and succeeded in giving her a severe kick in the side, breaking two of her ribs, which caused her ' to faint and falL This woke Mr. Martin, who leaped out of bed, only in time to sec the scoundrels jump out of the win" dow. . The Easton (Pa.) Express states that a woman in that place during a fire in her house, seized what she supposed was her child, and fled to the street. When the fire had been extinguished, she went into the bed-room, and there, to her as tonishment found her infant innocently sleeping in its cradle ; then,and only then did she discover that she had been ten derly hugging a pillow. . C. B. SUPREME COURT. The Income Tax 'Constitutional lis Nature-The Duly of Assess, or aa to Returns of Income Made la Coin. The Pacific Mutual Insurance Com pany vs. Franklin Soule. In this case the insurance company made their re turn of income in coin, claiming that, as it was received in that commodity, it should be returned and taxed in the same. The assistant assessor, however, reduced it to its equivalent in currency, and the collector exacted payment on that amount in government notes. The company refused and seizure was made, after which payment was made under protest and the matter taken to the courts. The court below the Circuit Court for California were divided in opinion and certified the following ques tions to this court, amoiia- others nf Inss importance : Whether under the act of congress authorizing the issue of Uni ted States notes and for the redempticn and funding thereof, kc.,' there does not exist between the government of the United States and the holder of such uotes a contract that they, shall be re ceivable, dollar for dollar, as the equiv alent of coined money in payment of duties and taxes of character of those collected from the plaintiff in this case ; whether such notes are not property, within the meaning of the constitution of the United States, and whether the compelling of payment of taxes on such increased amount would not be taking private property for miblic use without just compensation; whether the taxes paid Dy tue company and sought to be recovered back are not direct taxes with in the meaning of the constitution, and therefore not legally levied, &c. " Mr. Justice Swayne delivered the opinion of the Court, holding that the act of Con gress authorized the assessment as made by the assessor, and that it required the company to pay the amount demanded and paid under protest. It is also held that the tax on incomes is not a direct tax, but a duty or excise, and therefore within the competency of Congress to impose and exact The otherquestions are deemed to be sufficiently answered by the answer given above, being to the first and sixth questions certified. KON-RtSIDEST ALIENS KOT REQUIRED TO PAYJfEDEEAL TAXX3 STATK JURISDIC TION TO IMPOSE TAXES The Northern Central Railroad Com pany vs. John C. Jackson. This is a writ of error to the Circuit Court for the District of Maryland. The defendant in error, a foreigner and a subject of Great Britain, sued the plaintiff in error for 98,650, the amount of the coupons due on bonds of the company and held by him. Upon demand made the com pany offered to pay the. amount, less five per cent income tax to the United States and three mills upon each bond reserved to the State of Pennsylvania under the laws of that State. Upon the trial of the case the plaintiff in error gave in evidence the deed of trust or mortgage securing the bonds and the articles of union consolidating into one company corporations chartered by the States of Pennsylvania and Maryland, and the proceedings of those corporations au thorizing and assenting to the legisla tions of the two States effecting such union. The Court was then asked to instruct the jury that by force of the act of Congress holders of bonds, wherever resident, were liable to pay the deduction of five per cent, and also, by the laws of Pennsylvania, to pay the three mills additional tax on each bond. The Court refused to so instruct, but charged the jury that if they found from the evidence that at the commence ment of the suit the plaintiff was the lawful holder of coupons representing interest due on bonds of the defendant held by him, and that the plaintiff, when he purchased the bonds, was a British subject, and resided there, the plaintiff was entitled to recover the amount of snch coupons without deductions. The verdict was for the plaintiff, in accor dance with the view of the Court. The company brought tho case here by writ ot error, where it is now held. Mr. Justice Nelson, delivered the opinion of the Court, that, by a true construction of the internal revenue laws, it was not in tended to tax the incomes of persons other than citizens of the United States, wherever resident, and of residents, whether citizens or not ; hence the stock of the defendant in error was not sub ject f the deduction made. As to the power of Congress to make a law tax ing non-resident foreigners in such cases the Couit expresses no opinion. It is , 1 , J 11. A - A 1 1 1L aiso neiu inui la.- -utx imposeu oy tne State of Pcnnsj'lvaniaconnot be exacted because the railroad in question is a Maryland corporation, and the subject for taxation was, therefore, beyond the jurisdictional limits of Pennsylvania. Both debtor and creditor were outside of her territory, and neither of them her subjects. The judgment now was affirmed. Mr. Justice Clifford dissent ed, holding that both the State and fed eral tax were lawful and subject to be deducted as claimed by the company. The case was argued at the last term,and by direction of the Court reargued at the present term. The Late Disaster at Danbury. New Yqrk February 2 Full partic ulars of the disaster at Danbury, Con necticut, state that the upper reservoir, which was first to give way, is situated two hundred and fifty feet above the level of the river, which runs through the town, and is distant from it about five miles. The loss of property by the torrent is estimated at 9100,000. Thir teen lives were lost and only five bodies have been recovered. The others, it is supposed, have lodged under cakes of ice and the timbers, which were swept down the stream a great distance. Three dams and five bridges were swept away. Danbury would now be helpless iu case of a fire. The Settled Policy. Mr. Price, Speaker of the House, ed itor of the Republican, and public prin ter for Arkansas, in a leading editorial in a late issue of his paper says : "Mar tial law may now be regarded as the fix ed and settled policy of the Republican party of Arkansas. We are laying out the plan for building up the Radical par ty in Arkansas.. We will make Arkan sas Republican or a waste and howling wilderness." High old life in Chicago. The follow ing are the headings of a single paper on one day : More Bloody Affrays Dead ly Weapons The Axe, the Revolver and Beer Mugs The Head of a Detective Laid Open by Blows from a Hatchet Shooting of a White Boy by a Negro in Clark Street A Bartender Badly Poun ded with Beer Glasses. Particulars are unnecessary Brownlow says that, like Panl, he has "fought with wild beasts at Ephesus.' If he has, he has fought with bis betters. Louisville Journal. Brownlow pardoned 300 convicts last year, and is still at it Gold from Alask has been received at the Treasury Pepartment Land Sharks in Cong rese. "The people of the United State's can have no clear conception of what tieir Senators and Congressmen are giving away. The public land," which only af ter long and acrimonious discussion was parceled out in 'homesteads for all Vie people, is now disappearing by hundreds of thousands and by millions of acres almost daily. The public land, bought with the people's money and conquered by their valor, is being transferred to loose and irresponsible corporations on der visionary and corrupt influences, and two hundred million acres of it " are al ready goue. Three hundred millions more are now demanded by corporations even more irresponsible than the first. These - lands constitute all that is worth possessing of the public domain the arable, the watered, the traversi- ble portions. Passing out of the hands of the Government, they furnish estates for a future landed aristocracy, endow ed as no aristocracy in the world has ever been. Those parts which are to be sold are at once doubled in price to the people. The Homestead bill is thus practically superseded. Endow ments of tyranny are created to plague prosperity and embarrass republican government And, finally, having rob bed us of our heritage and become the virtual empire, King Railway now de mands money to fasten his irons on the lands he has already received. He has taken our estate, and now he expects al so a luxurious income to enjoy it upon. Supposing that this Congress were to pass all the land grant railways either already assisted or demanding help in money or lands, there would be twice the amount of railroad west of the Mis sissippi that there is" east of it The first list shows the grants mado already Acres. ' Total to 1868 185,000,000 Additional grants to June 30, 186S... 3,100,000 Total 188,100,000 To this add estimated grants for roads since suggested by the introduction of bills 300,000,000 Grand total of nearly 500,000,000 Area of the United States, in cluding Alaska....'. 1,800,000,000 Therefore, we have granted, or ask to grant, to private corporations more than one fourth of all our property, inclu ding icebergs, and nearly the whole of our arable lands ! A list of the railroad bills recently introduced in the Senate shows the mad ness of avarice and speculation 'based upon the generosity of the Govern ment, first in giving land to the Illinois Central railroad, next, in endorsing the oonds oi tne union ana Central racinc railroad. We could better afford to de clare war with the whole of Europe than to undertake to build and endow these roads. It were better that the At lantic and Pacific were never united by steam railway than that we should try to do so. And if these roads should accom plish all that the wildest dreams of their promoters believed build up the plains, people the deserts, inhabit the Rocky Mountains like the Alps still nature would be grieved that in this violent way man had possessed her ; for doubt less this broad space was meant to be made useful to the gradual civilization of man not to be molded in the .insti tutions of a particular age, nor cursed witn precedents as dangerous as we may find the subsidizing of the Pacific Rail road. ' Rough on the Yankees. Don Piatt, the Washington corres pondent of the Cincinnati Commercial, has been holding a talk with an intelli gent negro, a Southern delegate to the Colored Convention, now in session at Washington, in reference to the future of the negro race. The theory assumed by the negro, if true, presents in the most revolting light the result of the of ficious intermeddling of pious New England with this class of people. The following is ah extract from the conver sation referred to : 'You have a right, then, to antici pate a bright future for 3'our race." My friend paused a moment, and then said, sadl" : "No, sir ; I have no bright anticipa tions. In a few generations the colored races of America will have disappeared. We have taken the vices with the vir tues of the stronger race, and they are fatal to us. "I don't clearly understand you." "Well, sir, it is generally beUeved that the black race is a hardy race. This is not true. The average duration of life, under the whip, on the plantation, was only ten years. The supply was kept up by the master's care in breed ing it being his interest Now, this is not the case, and while the mor tality continues through dissipation, the increase through population has fallen off painfully. Un plantations and in neighborhoods where, ' before the war, children swarmed almost, you scarcely find one now." "Why, how do you account for that ? What becomes of the children ?" "The mothers have learned from New England how to kill them. You know, sir, that New England is dying out from a lack of Yankees, and the poor colored people have not been slow to learn. But while the whites receive a fresh Bupply from emigration, the colored race has none." We are loth to believe that this is true. It is too horrible to imagine that the New England element that went South ostensibly to civilize and christianize the poor negro, has, instead introduced among, them that which is ten times worse than their former condition of slavery, the most revolting of all crimes, infanticide. What a terrible responsi bility rests upon the heads of those who, under guise of Christianity, have lured this poor ignorant race to certain de 8truction. yThe editor of the Salem. Republi can who is a member of the House, in his "editorial notes- from the Capital," makes this strong point against the ten per cenfers : "The strong argument made was ten per cent interest would in crease the supply of. money, and the poor man would be the gainer almost exclusively, and not the money lender. Strange, however, that the dealers and speculators in greenbacks should be the only ones to demand the law,' whilst their toiling neighbors "oppose it It is not often that capital seeks, through pure disinterestedness, to sacrifice itself a victim to labor." Deficiency. The Congressional deficiency bill for the past year will amount to over twenty one millions of dollars. This is about one-third of. the whole national expen ses under a Democratic administration. Even peace is an expensive luxury when the Radicals are in power. Consistent. The Senators from Georgia are re jected, the members of the House ac cepted by the Radicals. They look up on all questions from a party standpoint From the Barnetrill Enterprise, February 1. Terrible Accident One Man Rill ed and Three Others Badly Scal ded. On Monday morning our community was startled by the news of an accideut which occurred on the Central Ohio Railroad, near the Trestle, four miles west of Barnesville. The construction train engaged in repairing the slip near this place had left Spencer's Station, that morning, in charge of Tyler Shipley, the regular engineer being absent. Short ly after the train had crossed the Tres tle, the driviug-rod broke in two places and fell down. One end of it became fastened in the ground, and the other end, standing up, was thrust through the fire-box of the locomotive and into the boiler. The Viling water rushed out through the hole thus made, in the di rection of the tender, passing through the red-hot furnace on the way. There were four men in the cab of the loco motive at the time, all of whom were more or less injured by the escaping hot water and the steam produced by its passing through the fire. A man named Hugh Devine, who was acting as fire man, had just stooped down with his back to the fire. He was thrown upon the tender and from thence to the ground. He was badly 6calded, but will recover. Patrick Lillis and James Galligher were partially blown off the locomotive and managed to crawl to the ground. Their clothes were completely saturated with boiling water. Two-thirds of Galligher' s body was scalded, and he died Wednes day morning. Lillis may recover, but his case is considered doubtful. When the accident occurred every body about the locomotive' was alarmed and confused. Mr. btupley jumped out 01 the window, headrormost Unfortu nately a pile of cross-ties was lying where he fell. His head struck one of the ties and was badly fractured. He was not conscious after the accident. He Was brought to the residence of Mr. Mulinix, in this place, and died about twelve o'clock Monday night Two men named Abels and Shawn were in the front part of the locomotive at the time of the accident Abels jumped off and was somewhat bruised by the fall. Shawn remained and was not injured, all the steam going back ward. This is one of the few railroad acci dents where it may be said "nobody was to blame." The breaking of the rod might have been foreseen but could not be prevented. Running at a slow rate, no particular damage would have been done had it not been for the unfortunate complications that occurred afterwards. It was a singular accident, illustrating with terrible emphasis the uncertainty of human life. From the Toledo Blade Jan. 27. A Vfire Ascertains tbe Fate ofller Soldier-Husband After Twenty- Three Years of Suspense. About a week since a letter was receiv ed by Postmaster Reid, of this city, from a Mrs. Clark, of Barnesville, Belmont county Ohio, in which the writer stated that in the year 1846 her busband, Jo seph Clark, enlisted somewhere in this section in a company that was raised for the Mexican war since which time she had never heard from . him. She was now aged and dependent on others, and ! ret cherished the hope that she might earn the fate of her husband, and in her declining 3rears receive the support from her natural protector, that had been de nied ner during tne long, weary years that had dragged away since' he left her side, to battle for his country. - ; Mr. Reid, whose boyhood days were passed in this locality, remembered that at the time of the war with Mexico Cap tain Daniel Cnase recruited a company here and engaged in that conflict That captain is now lieutenant colonel of the Thirteenth United States infantry and brigadier general by brevet well known to our citizens as a brave officer of dis unction in the war with Mexico and a gallant officer in the various positions as signed to him during the late rebellion. The old gentleman is now staying at his home near this city, in Mannattan township. Thinking that the General might possibly have some information on the subject referred to tbe letter was sent to him. A day or two ago the old . military chieftain posted up to the city, entered Mr. Reid's office with a bundle of papers' under bis arm, and opening the valuable documents produced the muster roll of tbe company that he recruited twenty three years ago when, sure enough, the name, of the missing soldier, Joseph Clark, appeared on the list The Gener al said he well remembered the man, but he was now numbered with the killed in that memorable conflict He was a mus ician in the company, and when at one of the principal battles the regiment was about to charge on the enemy s strong hold he, with other musicians, took re fuge in a cornfield and was slain by Mex ican bullets. Notwithstanding the fact that General Chase has taken part in many battles since that time, and held various positions of military command, he knew every name on that muster roll of his first company, could repeat them without re ference to the paper, and had a detailed record of their history while in his com mand, as well as their subsequent fate a facr that,added to his record of bravtiry, speaks volumes in praise of the gallent officer. TTall Street. New York, Januray 29. Operators are greatly alarmed at the prospect of being compelled to pay the revenue tax, and have employed counsel to proceed to Washington to represent their side to Secretary.: McCulloch. Assessor Web ster intends to summon all brokers and bankers before him, and compel them, under oath, to make a statement of their business aud returns. It is believed that such an investigation will produce re markable developments, and prove how Government has been swindled. The brokers are in a flutter, and yet they seem to feel confident that, with their money, they can manage the Washington authorities. Present appearances indi cate that the secret history of Wall street will soon be revealed unless the brokers are determined to perjure themselves. - Londox, January 29. Details of the news from Rio Janeiro show that the success of the allied Powers in Paraguay has been most complete. All the Para guayan forts are in their bands. - They have captured the artillery and . baggage of Lopez's army and 2,000 prisoners. The Dictator Lopez was a fugitive in the forests, and was surrounded by the allied troops. New York, February 1. A letter from Porter C Bliss, dated on board flagship Guerriere, off Monteveido, December 19th, states that he and Masterman, who were arrested by Lopez, had been given up to Admiral Davis on condition that they should be sent to the United States, as prisoners, to be tried for alleged con epiracy against Lopez. The Georgia State Treasurer has been called on to account for the large sum set down as having been paid for postage. The sum is alleged to be no lees than seventeen thousand dollars ! Wonders of Modern Sarvery. The following lea brief summary of an article in a late Atlantic Monthly, on the recent discoveries and improvements in surgery : By the local application of a sufficient degree of cold, insensibility can be produced in any desired part, so that a man with a most exquisitely pain ful wound on the arm, or felon on the finger' can look down, in his perfect senses, upon, the knife as it enters his own body and performs, the moat diffi cult operation without giving aim the least pain. ' A French Surgeon has in vented an instrument he calls the "ecra sur" or crusher, to perform operations dangerous in surgery, on account of the loss of blood from the smaller vessels if performed with the knife. It is formed of- a fine chain, gathered into a loop, which incloses the part to be removed, and by turning the screw the chain is tightened till the parts are separated. The blunt chain so turns up and twists the ends of the blood. veaseb-Jftat hem orrhage is prevented. The eye is exam ined by an instrument called the opthal moscope, by which the depths of the globe of the eye can bo readily and ful ly explored, and through its aid a great deal of what has been written and con jectured about diseases of the eye has- been found to be wrong. I he intricate passages of the ear the nose, ; the" Whole of the windpipe and passages of the lungs are now carefully explored. Perhaps one of the best results or modern science has been tnrobga- what has been called "conservative --eargery,. the rule of which is to save all that can possibly be saved from the amputation knife. Many of our brave soldiers com plained ot tne reckless naste who,. wmcR in the late war some surgeons would cut off arms and legs on account Of trifling -wounds. This complaint was often just But one of the most distinguished sur- iAfna in tlia vrrvvl Von Io.aIi. ..Ti I . ,, e v -v " --.. - "At King's College it is rare to see an amputation ; in nine cases out of ten ex cisions (or cutting out the diseased por tion of the limb) should be; performed in !tfl fifAO f' . A boy at the West was caught under a falling log and had his leg broken and ; twisted upon itself at 'right angles with his thigh, the bones pr6 trading; through the flesh, anil no Hnetnr npar Ha lived. and after weeks of sufferings .was taken to a hospital.1;' Modern conservative surgery, instead of amputating the limb as the old-fashioned surgery .would have done, sawed off the protruding , bones, turned the leg back again to its place, and put on an instrument to keep it of equal length with the other, and now the boy stands, runs and jumps with two sound legs. ' -: '.'.'.-': Texan Ooraaaaaashlpw, A" The Texas -herdsman become': so ex pert in the use of the lasso, that they ride on their stunted ponies through the City of Houston, as though on a steeple chase,, picking up, with one throw of their rope, anything they happen to' want on the sides of the streets. They very sel dom miss their aim. They will take up a loaf of bread from the head of a man walking in front ot them, with the, great est ease,while riding at the highest speed. . The dexterity ascribed to the herdsmen is not an impossibility. ' The lassO can not be used with effect upon a small 'ar ticle there must be sufficient weight and resistance to close the rope and make the slip-knot tight The lasso would jerk off a'man's hat, but in would seldom . re main in the rope, A. good: rider; can, take anything light from the ground. He can pick up a piece of money at a full gallop.. He seldom alights .to et any- LUUIg UO XHUl IB136 TTim UUS UBUII. AlO can throw a rope upon any named leg of an. animal, shoot with remarkable: accur acy at full speed of his horse, and he can out stopping his horse. The vault into the saddle is easy. There have been, and are' yet, men in Texas who can rope a wild horse, tjim to a tree, saddle and ride hint at once. The same thing has been accomplished, without saddle or bridle,', and the rider sitting upon the naked back of the horse. . ' In riding, shooting and fighting, tie Texans acknowledge no superiors. They are willing to measure themselves with any nationality in any and all of those dangerous feats. m.l ' ' ' Masqaerada Di-eafc..? ; At one of the masquerade parties the other evening, in New York, a tall ele- j , . l : i , r . . ' gam woman personated mae, anQ. rep- -resented a peacock. Her dress was of rifth whita satin, with & litncr train tlin same; the bottom of the front and sides of the dress were trimmed with double rows of peacock feathers; the upper skirt, also of white satin, was bordered to match, and embroidered all over with heads of the bird. Over her left shoul der and across her back hung a short mantle of emerald velvet, having a pea cock embroidered on it glittering bead Her arms and neck blazed with jewels. She carried a fan of its feathers in her hand, and thev nodded on her' bead! where they were held by diamond pins.. But the most elegant and conspicuous part of her costume was her train, which -was of long peacock feathers, and so ar ranged over her white satin skirt, that they spread out over it as she walked with all the conscious pride for which her prototype is celebrated. jtT'The Philadelphia Ledger,, in-its account of tbe sentence of Twitchell. says : "After the utterance of the first few sentences of the Judge's admonition to the prisoner, Mr. McCully, the friend who has been with him throughout the trial, fell in a fit His moans and rcries, the excitement about the dock where Mc Cully lay, the bowed form of the prison er's father, the solemn words of the Judge made up a scene of great impressiveness. the one npperently least concerned ; was the prisoner, who stood erect, and on ly at the close of the sentence clasped his bands together, and raised bis eyes upwards as he resumed his seat Shor tly afterwards he was removed to the van, and taken to prison." V - - It. im arimfw that 9nfl 000 In MU U daily lost and won at cards in private clubs in Paris. The 'cards alone cost about $1,600 every night. v Marion County, Iowa, has a tracedT- to talk about. On Saturday, one George, , Shaffer, who had deserted his wife twicet went to her mother's house, knocked the old lady down, served hie wife ia the same manner, then shot her dead, and then, tried to kill himself, but failed. He is in jail. . . . . - Next to ill health, according to the re cent report of the Indiana Asylum for the Insane, the principal cause of insani- - ty in-the West are domestic troubles and religious excitement . The victims , of these disorders are neatly equal in num bers twenty -seven of the former and thirty of the latter-in the Indiana asylum. Stanton's Guillotine was. applied to Grant also, but did not operate welL The people want to know the history ,and we can guarantee a rood fat office to any one of the dozen telegraph operat ors through whose hands the order went from Washington to Vicksburg if he tan tell he Terj words of the order. ' , ..