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THE SPIRIT ( F DEMOCRACY.
'.... rJ HEART. It. UEHT'EdlfWr ' and Piibllslier?- Woodafleld Feb. IS. 1873. X uaion of heart?, a union of hands, : ' " A" nniou that none may sever; ; ' A union of lakes, a union of lands,1 Ths Amkkicam Uxiox Foretm." Address all letters f ? .: ' MTi Srnuir hti Dimocract," Weadsfleld, . . ".''.' .' ' Monroe Count , : ... : ;:. Ohio. JKTThe Postmaster General has issued advertisements for bids for the new pen ny postal cards..- It is his opinion that 100,000,000 of these will be nsed the first JtMrs.' Clarke. " a passenger in the steamer Cuos, nound for New York, re cently sold her . son,.five years of age, to Mr. and Mrs. Farmer, of Ohio., for eight bottle of porter, : ; r- - v 3Tk Conference Committee . in Con gress bave agreei to build eight sloop- of war at a cost of 13,200 000. For the bene3t of the Naval Ring four' of them -e to t bnilt in private yards ; ', TThebill for the reorganisation rof tbo Prussian army provides that the term f service shall be 12 years, S of which ahall be spent 1 n acti ve (rerrtce , 4 ia the reserves, and 5 ia the land wear. , ., 11- r; t"jarU. S. Senator HARLAir,.h? of the 110,000 lump received from Dchakt,' of Credit Mobiiier fame, to aid his re-elec tion to the Senate,' extends his synYpa. thies to Pomerot the Bribery Senator of Kansas. -! They are a pretty pair of lawh makers.'' '-i-i,f3.i:i.a :t 'k larThe Administration proposes to jnove against the Mormons of "Utah with Uitf power of Congress, in the suape of . bill to reorganize the. Judicial system in theTerritJoriea. It is asserted; that be. bind this movement will be found the usual : Puritan IJjob, with a fairtiride for Gentile Sainta. " ! ' s :;i - ' "'. J7"A Washington dispatch says, 'the record made op against " CiLDwtxi, is of ' the blackest character, but much doubt is expressed by aorae whether the Senate - Caldwell is the Kansas Senator who bribe i Members of the Legislature to rote for him, The. Senate' i s disgraced every day such men are allowed to re- 'naia. ' '. fr,'-v' ,: V1;- The Latest Swindle. !; . .The latest game of grab . by ; tbe Ad--tainistration party is to assume the dobta lit the Southern Carpet-bog State Govern- Traeuts, amounting to not less than 8125, 000,000. Of course the holders of bonds, isenea oy oraer oi, ine scalawag uovern rneats would make millions by this : job, as they either stole the bonds or obtained "them for an exceedingly trifling conside- - ; . .. , i .'.ii " -. ... f ration., ..-.Vr..v" - f. ; ; ;..r. oj' .vr; ,: yThe Senate Judiciary Committee Tteportedf. adversely, on the 5th lost., oai ;lh famona tw per cent claim of Ohio, 'Iddiana and Illinois: This claim is based 7bh the failure of tbe Government to con .f Lruct the national.road to the Mississippi :BiTer4out .of the proceeds ;of the public hhdA'-ii tliOse Stales which were sold, jwo per cent of the amount received bav- Jog been set apart for that purpose. Mr. Tubman made minority report,and the , Criends of the bill believe that they have it rength enough to carry it through the - Senate in the face of the adverse report. "The Credit Mblllr. 'The investigation of the Credit Mobil- t ir aud IJnion Pacific Railroad Company, i by two Congressional Committees, has "'revealed wholesale bribery of Senators '' and ', lembers, ' for their, influence and . votes in behalf of the interests pit those Cwpaiies. ! ; ,-.! s )U.. "... . ii' - MemlMrs possessing little influence 1 were not approached but the leading men lu iuq ivauicai pany were uaueq aim captured easily wiA the enormous tfivi- ;.Uenda- of , the, Crcjlit; jMobilicr. .. Vice ; President Colkax, Vice Prwident (elect) ' TVilscb, Senator Patteksox; ami Mem " Iters o( influence like Hinuiiam.GaRField, k KtiLtir and SchweU', who were expec-r- cd to control the voteaof tho.iitiiinport arit members walked inlff Oakls-Ames' feast of. dividends' oivl pocketed; them withta willingness reaflj. astonlsTiirig ,,Not le'fcV ; than 830,006,0GQ were stolen f-ioutright from tbe Government onatou- '1ractto bHildartated number of miles of the Union Pnciflt:, thai, karl been cumfile- - -... .. ' e ted and Iraiat were running pu, . , , , i . ,ir:-Thi$ ,aum" '.the- jple arcrcquired to f pay for thetienefit of-Ames and bis Con- gressional partners. The plea of igno- ranee on thepait ofCongrc8ionoIinnr- cents is not worth a fig.. They ; are men mot superior intelligence :.and could rxt! help knowing that stocks whiclr cost theiu nothing, wiih dirulends; thrown in, qoula tl j . only have been obtained bv rascality , audi the McLsebt Government, as the can-the former Teports of the Secretary of frand';whicli! .thy.. were daily aiding Uf jdidatcs of tint jmrty nerc ftiirly. and! tqe Treasury correct, or were they aim VBsumiBntt. "'' "' ' :t':'" honestly clios; n. , - . ply made for electioneering purposes j1,' jarJt is generally conceded that the l Credit Mobiiier Congressmen are all done for; though, owing to want of time.no expulsions may bebidcreil. g - -F Tta5 Telegraph Schenae. It U admitted by the friend of the aclicme-to . buy up the telegraph lines of the country, and pi ice them under the control of. the Government, that they crm not succeed in the present Congress The paid operator will resume their lob- jbying in tin. new Congress next Winter. The swindle in this deep laid plot, and the outrage of having the Government offi cials in.apect private and all other tele graph matter is plain, ovcn.lo the mind of theirmagc Conrwsran,which,togther 'with theairing the Job has received in the present Congress, will add considerably to its chances of speedy, t death when it comes up next Wintrr. .Tne Ru Kliix. - V It is announced from Washington that 'all the Ku Klux : prisoners will be par doned within1 a very short time," and should additional cases arise,'"thc Exe cutiveand Department of justice would regard with great disfavor all appeals for mercy or leniency.' ' ' ' ,'' The report of the Committee sent into the South by Congress, and an earlier re port, which the Setiate termed - a . fcwl!itf- washing "affair," made by Gen? Grist, fully established the fact that the Ku- Klux roorback was gotten up by the Rad ical Carpet-baggers, to have their politi cal opponents put out ot the way by im prisonment In view of all the facts such dispatches as the above, sent out by au thority, are an insult to ' the intelligence of the American i people. Such hypo critical cant in the Ckar's dominions, Prassta, or Austria, would, no doubt, be considered as first class amnesty, but here it is looked upon as first class clap trap. The "Momej Sbrk' Bill. ' Representative WitLt am ; G. Wat, of Washington County ,in a letter to the Ma rietta Timet. , punctures the interest bill recently passed by the Ohio Senate,in the following keen manner: . -: y.-; , Colcmbus, 0 , Feb. 3, 18t3 Ed. Times: For the past' two weeks much skirmishing and speaking has taken place over abill introduced by Senator Putnam, to repeal the usury law, or, as it is called here, "making a free trade m money."" The law as it now stands, as your readers will rememlK!r,raakcs six per cent the legal rate or interest except where, there . is a special contract to pay eight ; per cent; in such cases the eight may be collected.' The law goes further it enacts, if a greater interest than the le gal rate be demanded and paid by the debtor to the creditor, it is 'termed usury and can be' recovered back from the cred itor.' -.This bill does away with all rates of interest, andsimply permits parties to moke their own contracts, let tbe rate be ten, twenty or fifty per cent. ' This bill may. be all right, may be for the best in terests of thf people of the State, but I confess it 6eems to me to, be giving grate power to the "money sharks" of the. country, who already', skin th . poor victims, who are compelled to borrow. ' I may be wrong in my views,. but this I am not mistaken in ; tbe National Bank men werej.here in . force, lobbying the bill through the Senate, and every banker or money-lender in either branch " of the General Assembly are advocates of the bill. It was argued that the bill was in the interests of the poor men of the State. Does one of your readers believe the ban kers would come here to look after a bill solely benefitting the poor man ? Such talk is both, and the bill is for the benefit of bankers and money lenders. ' , 1 ' It is to be hoped the House will defeat the bill and prevent the delivery of the people, body and soul, to the tender mef. ei'es'of the money speculators. r .' . . ; Louisiana, . , :i : The investigation of affairs connected with "the November election in Louis iana, has cieveloped rascality of a': char acter. in the leading men of the Admin istration party, that entitles them to do service for the State, inhe Penitentiary, rather than as State officials. A corres pondent furnishes the following report of the investigation on the 5th inst : . "The cause of the white people of Loflana i managed by . Governor Warmoth and General McMillan with great skill, tack and energy. Warmoth is remarkable for his coolness! dignity, and readiness and complete - mastery of all history ' and details of this usurpa tion.'. .Mr. Ray, on"the other side,; be haves well enough V but his colleague, Pinchback, shows every hanr the inso lence and vulgarity of bis race when placed in elevated positions.';' This 'in solence was so manifest to-day that all decent Republicans ;wen;; mortified by the exhibition ; but nothing that he can say or do seems:j too strong for the stomach of Carpenter.'" while ' Morton treats him with marked deference As Governor Warmoth was about to prove f to-day btan eye and ear witness that Longstrett anrt liawKms - were Tiever etected - members . of,;tlic ARetnrnirig Board, and 1 that the t Hawkins Boai-d never had a legal existence," Governor Morton 'and Carpenter both Objected, and tried to shut down on - this branch of the investigation.-' lue thine was becoming too Lot for them. - The Com mittee doore were closed for discussion, and the vote was thrce to two in favor of letting- the investigation, on this sub ject proeeen. i tie tact was tueti aounct- antly fhown by eeveraL witnesses. Gen eral Sheridan. Congressman-eleeUproved a largo colored support of the fusionists a fact which troubled Mr. Moiton 60 much that he caMed Pinchback on the stand to contradict him General Sher idan also testified that the election was the fairest held for. many years. Very iii'poftant testimony was put in. by Messrs. Hatch. Wharton, and other wit nesses for the fusion bide, and the re cord as made up stems almost impreg nable; but as the case grows . stronger, the temper of Carpenter aud Morton apparently grows worse. Some think that tho , overthrow of tbo , McEncry Government by Giant's, bayonets will be sustained, and a new election order dv in tbo hope that the while people of Louisiana, despat big of . any Justice, will decline to vote ?' ; Already the evidence . goes to show th.it tho Kellogg fhity.. obtained their places through the sjd ;.of fraudulent affidavits aud Ghat's bayonet". If the Committee makes up its report from the j testimony, il will surelv be in' favor of, XSrUwingto Mr. Jehe. Williams' connection with the Monroe County Bank, where his whole time is- required, be has been unable, for almost a year past, to aid i ft Editing; the SriRir: and has requested us to withdraw his name s.a one of the Editors. ' Too Tlilo. The Noble'Cciunty Republican of the 13th inat., lctailes an uil'rav in which a young ina.i Philus stabbed a man nanr ed Perkins. He was tried recently and the jury failed to agree; he then plead guilty to assault and baiter' and was fined 5100 and costs and sentenced' to 30 days luiprisoumeut. The Republican says : "After all it is better for the treasury of Noble county that he was Hiot con victed. v-'Ha.d he been sent to the peni tentiary the county would have had the costs to pay, which amount to consid erably over two hundred dollars. As it is, the costs are secured.and the coun ty is 90 much the richer." Don t 3'ou snow, Brb. Coolet that "had he been sent to the penitentiary" the State would have had the costs to pay. The county is not "so much the richer" but is " in the same position, financially, that it would have been had he been sent to the peuitentiary. Not one cent to pay ia either case. Your article may have the effect of deceiving the tax payers of Noble county into believing that money has been saved, and society benefitted by turning a ci ini inal loos&Jbut we don't believe that to be your opinion by considerabre : The Revolution la Spain. ' The news from Spain is of a charac ter calculated to Btartle the public, be cause of Ike sudden change of the Gov ernment frohi a Kingdom to a Republic, and the great danger of a fierce civil war. ; . " ;. '; ; ; " . King Amadeus abdicated on the 11th inst., because of differences with his Ministry concerning the artillery branch of the service, and the Carlist insurrection which is reported as gain ing in strength every day, ,The day of the abdication the Cortes declared for a Republic by 259 yeas, to 32 nays. ,' Spain a Republic ! Should that tur bulent and fiery population conclude that the action of their Representatives was wise.it is extremely doubtful wheth er the mild laws and regulations of such a form of Government would i,be obey ed and respected by them. The situation is a singular one. Spain. with' ber armed hosts battling to crush the Republic, proclaimed by the Patri ots In Cuba, flihas down the crown and proclaims; herself a Republic! Should it be established the Cuban Patriots would be masters of the situation, as the Republic of Spain would ' certainly not continue to war upon", a portion of her oeonle who entertained tne same ideas of Government, and were several vears in advance of the home Govern ment in proclaiming them to the world. CREDIT, MOBILJEB. A DARK , DAY FOB RASCALS. MErillSTO A trlCS' MEMORANDA. Terrible Revelations of the Books Washington, ' Feb. 11. Judge Po land's Committee room had the usual crowd to-dav. Mr. Ames was readv to produce bis noted memorandum book, but preferred to have Colfax give in his testimony. He was overruled : by the Committee, and the book was produced. The entries are especially ugly for rat terson and Colfax, and bring in also the sanctimonious Henry Wilson Colfax and his counsel, made an abortive ef. fort to confuse Oakes Ames, and make him contradict himself; but the result of the day's long examination was to put Coltax, if possible, in a worse position than he badT yet occupied. Judge JFo land is rapidly losing his temper,and the committee are anxious to conclude their labors ;'y:' ' ; v ' The Chairmen of the different com mittees have so kept back important bills, and frittered away the time of Con gress,"that it'wlll lie almost impossible to have action on the M. C. Congress men. This seems" to have been planned from tbe beginning. Lne same . game has been played in reference to the Lou isiana case, which w a Knotty question for Republicans to touch. Tyndatl's Prayer Gang e an Estab- . iisnea i-act. . . ,., ' From the New Tork Observer. . - A young man stood up in the Chicago meeting, holding a slip of paper in his hand. "This is a telegram from Phila delphia," said the young man, "and it reads thus : 'Uncle Jack is dying. Come on immediately.'" Uncle Jack was a rich and proud man in Philadelphia,occu pying a high social position, with whom this young man had been dealing very faithfully, endeavoring to persuade him to make his- pence with God by faith in the Lord Jesus Christy and now, when he was looking deatb. in the face, the poor dying mortal could think of no humn being so likely - to do him good as his young friend. "Now,1 t said the young man, "I have telegraphed to Uncle Jack this : reply: '1 cannot come to Philadel phia; but If Uncle Jaok will believe on Ihe Lord Jesus Christ, as sure as there is a" God : in Heaven Uncle Jack will be saved.' Now," continued the young man, "I want the meeting to spend two min utes in silent prayer that the blessings of Almighty God "may go with this dis patch. The request was complied with. About 3 r. M. the young man received this telegram : "You need mot come to Philadelphia Uncle Jack is very happy in believing in Jesw.:- He is saved." - Do You Hear This at Columbus! us From the Wayno County Democrat The Holmes County Farmer gives ut terance to the following, which we hear tily indorse: ' : r "There is no talk of the adjournment of the Legislature. The members" stay thf-re at a cost of more than a thousand dollars a day.and the people are compen sated Tor this with a mass of ruinous leg islation. Let the cry go np from every quarter of the State for r. early adjourn ment and a constitutional ; provision against sessions of: more than sixty days' duration." 1 ;;' ' V Let the press, one and all.cry aloud and unceasingly for!an early adjournment of the Legislature. Not one clay beyond tne last day of Feb'rnary should the Legisla ture be in session" - It is to be hoped that the Constitutional Contention will pro vide for annual sessions restricted to six ty days.-' 1 ' ; i 5What does this . mean ? . During the month of January the National Debt - -- - .1 a j rnck 4 ci . T" : T (Written for tle Spirit) WeodsMeldaud Daraeavllle Rall ' road, A narrow ffanire railroad can be bnilt from Woodsfceld to Barnesville, ot to any other point, without the aid of any railroad company, with the aid of the S per cent tax, under the Bocsel law, and the bonds of the road or subscribo l stock, and in twenty years the road wonhi pay the whole of the capital, and perhaps the interest too. The townships only paying the interest as a loan to the road. To demonstrate this we will give the probable cost of construction and equipincht of "a. two feet nine inch gauge : . . . . ESTIM ATES PER Mitt. . Grading, 6 feet wide, including culverts, 51,800 2,640 ties 5J ft long, at 20c, 40 tons iron, T rails, 40 lbs per yard, at $80, Chairs and spikes, Laying track, Ballasting, Engineering, fec , 525 3,200 300 400 ' 200 150 Per mile, 86,575 20 miles at same rate would cost, 8131,500 Bridges, Switches, water tanks and sta tions, 5,500 3,000 9,000 Two 8-ton locomotives, at $4, 500, Two passenger cars. 2D"passen gers each, 51,500, S.000 3,000 10 platform cars at 8300, 6 box cars at $500 3,000 Total cost, . 158,000 Supposing tie bonds of the townships through which the road will pass, of 5 per cent on the taxable property, will be 8118,000, for which they would issue their bonds payable in 20 years, this would leave the sum of $40,000 to be raised either by stock or by pledging or leasing the road. This amount might be raised by bonds secured by the road, payable in ten years with interest. ' These bonds would not be required until the road was ready for the iron. The township bonds would grade, tie and furnish the road ready for the rails, and furnish the rolling stock and leave 824,000 to be applied to the rails. This would place the road on a good footing, and make it a safe investment which cap ital would seek at) a fair iutcrest. As soon, then, as the bonds of the townships were voted the r'oadcould be commenced and finished ready for operation in less than a year. . , ; r, The net1 proceeds of the road would then be applied to paving the principal and interest of the 840,000 bonds,whicn it would probably do inside of. ten years -depending, of course upon the net annual proceeds.!. The township bonds would be made payable inside of 20 years, paying the interest only for the first 10 years, at which time the road would have paid its preferred debt and. could now commence paving off tbe township bonds by applying the profits of the road.. The. amount of principal in ail the townships due annually for tea years would be 811,500. . Supposing the net profits of the road would be i J per cent on the capita, this would pay the amount of principal i falling due annual ly. .This estimate is perhaps too low for the net earnings, comparing with similar roads now in operation," some of which report the net earnings from ? to il per cent, from the beginning. The town ships, therefore, would only lend their security for the bonds and pay the inter est, all of which would be refunded by the road,and in the course of time would yield a handsome dividend annually to the township of, perhaps, more , than their township expenses would be, thus reducing their taxes, and having all the benelits of the road besides. The road should be extended through the Southern part of our county to some point on the Marietta road, and from Barnesville to intersect the Pittsburgh road. This would make it a good pay ing road. . In support of the proposi tions laid down, we will quote some par agraphs from the National Narrow Gauge Railroad Convention, held in St. Louis in June, 1872, -in whiclnnany of the most eminent .engineers of the Uni ted States participated.4 ' In speaking of the "Want of Railroad Facilities," they Bay, "How are you go ing to supply the demand? We will supply it with this new system of nar row gauge railroads that are now being projected and will soon cover the conti nent the ! road that will furnish low freight." .' "The cost of construction of a three feet gauge road will not be over one-fif'ib of such roads a9 the Erie, Pennsylvania Central and Baltimore and Ohio," thereby saving a large amount m first cost, and interest on same; which is the strongest possible recommendation for capital to invest in narrow gauge, cheap roads." ' : '. ' :-:' ' ;- -:'':' Speaking of the practical facts in re lation to the power, safety, fcc., of loco motives, on narrow gauge roaas : "lhat by adopting the proper form of con struction, the engineers can have suffi cient power to" handle any number of cars that can be prudently and economi cally run together in one train, and that such line can be handled with as much safety on the narrow as on the broad gauge, that there is no difficulty-in mak ing as fast time with the narrow gauge locomotives as the great majority of the broad." - ' V : "That an ensine of three feet gauge can take a greater number of tons of freight in us cars against tne same grade and that it will haul the same number of tons of load in its cars up 6teeper grades than the engines of a 4 ft inch gauge, with U4, loaded cars, can at all accomplish." . . ' ,-. . "It will be found, also, . that the three feet coach is really more steady wher. traversing sucb sharp curvature as exists on some of our standard ioads, because the, decrease of the wheel base secures a freedom to the trucks - on curvature which the others cannot possess and this is au clenient.of safety itself." : 'The immense saving on the narrow gaugo system in having , carried more freight and passengers at less cost than any line of railway now In use ; that it is almost free from oscillation ; that it has withstood the severest windstorms in the country without Wing effected ; that the cars can xun at thirty-five miles per hour with perfect safety; that the wear and tear of rolling stock ana rails is reduced to an absolute minimum" .''That a two feet nine inches to three feet gauge meets the only objection that can now be raised against a narrow gauge, and that all the requirements of commerce can be fully , transacted by lines built on that gauge; that they can be built from one-fourth to two-fifths less of thecost of the . standard gauge through the same section of country.and can bo maintained at not exceeding one half of the cost of the present system to do the same business." '-, 'We may, therefore.concluJe that the narrow gauge railway is by far the best means for a general and quick develop-; raent of our resources." Tins kind of a road we can control and build. The road would belong to the people along the line and would not be subject to tbe monopoly of any rail road company. ir the townships along the line of this proposed road to Barnesville do not wish to take hold of this road there are other points that are ready and willing to; take hold. We must have '"a road somewheie. jj. The Throne of Spain Vacant. A KEPCBLICJ PROCLAIMED, Intense Excitement In Madrid. V I Y I L fFAIt IIWMIHEflT Madrid, February '11. At eight o'clock last evening the King announ ced .to Senor Zorilla that he was deter mined to abdica'.c. Since Saturday last, when be declared his intention of quit ting the throne, the Ministers have strenuously but unsuccessfully, endeav- oreu to urssuaue uiui. The announcement that abdication is certain creates the prot'oundeat sensa tion, but tranquility prevails. The Royal Message announcing the determination of the King will soon be submitted to the Cortes. The Cabinet will resign. Madkid. February 11 1 P. M.- King Amadeus persists in his determin ation ; jIt is expected an Executive Commis sion will he formed to proclaim a Re public. WhenNt became known that the King would certainly resigh groups gathered in the street", and there were some attempts at disturbance. Congress last night decided that for the present that branch of the Cortes and fifty Deputies should constitute a permanent committee. Versailles, February 11 The Re publican Deputy Quinet received a dis patch from Madrid at noon to dav. signed Figueras and Ca3tellar, saying that a Republic will be proclaimed this evening. London, February 11. The abdica tion of King Amadeus is the all-absorbing topic in London and Paris. The view is considered gloomy, and n bitter civil war inevitable. The last dis patch received from Madrid was dated one o'clock this morning. Nothing has since been received. The failure of dis patches is regarded as ominous. The last dispatch says: "The streets are now (1 a. m ) filled with crowds of ex cited people. The Senate has appoint ed a permanent Committee of Thirty. Senor Malcampo and Admiral Topete, in beha'f of Marshal Serrano, have of fered support to Prime Minister Zorilla in maintaining order. It- is rumored that Zorilla -'ntends to leave the Capitol to-morrow. Senor Rivero will remain at his post as President of Congress." . Washington, February 11. Secreta ry Fish this evening received the fol lowing dispatch from Minister Sickles : ' "At nine o'clock to-night the Cortes adopted a republican ; form of govern ment by a vote of 259 in the affirmative and 32 in the negative." .'Paris. February 11 Le -Temps has advices from Spain Bhowing that the Government is operating against the Carlisis in the North with twenty-four battalions of infantry of the regular army apd a proportionate amount "of cavalry and artillery and six or seven thousand volunteers and gendarmes. The Carlists are active in the ueigh l)orhood of Segovia ana Estella. The city "of Saragossa is virtually blockaded, the insurgents - being masters of the surrounding country Balaguer, a for tified town, is also threatened by a force under Tristanj', end nine hundred -insurgents are before Juncara. ;. Fresh bands have appeared in Aragon.. ..... , ! , The Carlist leaders are beginning to act in concert, and are rapidly perfect ing their organization. '.. , . Lucca's Adventure In St. Peters ;; '.: burs;. " We clip from the , Hartford , Courant this story, which, whether original with that journal or not, is good enough for repetition: ; Vh .: ; One day in the winter of 186 an elegantly dressed lady walked down the principal street of St. Petersburg. She was evidently a stranger, and gazed with lively interest on the stately and vast hniMiugs that distinguished, the capital of the north. The day was ex cessively cold, though the siin shone. But the lady being . well provided with furs seemed to pay little attention to the temperature. .:" c? .t "Presently a fat old merchant passed, and looking attentively at her head said a few- words in Russian. r The lady smiled and bowed, though she evidently did 'not understand the language;'''A few steps further, and the ' same thing happened, the man being this time a laborer. She smiled again " and passed on. The next that accosted her in this fashion was a young and handsome Bo jar, who repeated bis phrase, when he saw no other effect than a ' smile The lady. seemed not to regard Mm, and so, in a moment, be seized a handful of snow, and holding her ; head with one hand, vigorously rubbed her ears with! the snow in the other. "A scream and violent resistance followed, but be held her tioht and rubbed fresh handfuls of snow on her little ears. ' The lady cried for help lustily, ' but ' the crowd that gathered looked on without interfering. At last a lieutenant came near, and rec ognizing her, explained the matter in German.. . ' "' ' ":! '; '"Madame Lucca,' he said,' 'your ears were-freezing . rapidly. One does not perceive this one's self, but others no tice the purple color This young ' man told yon, but seeing that you took no no.ice, he applied the usual remedy .v ' "After this the prima-donna kept very quiet until her. ears were safe, and then rewarded, their savior. The same thing had happened years ago to Rachel,1 the great tragedienne, only in that case it was the nose. However, it would have been as bad for a singer to lose ' her ears as for an actress her riose." " ": I-The Cleveland Lake Tunnel.which was 4,000 feet from the shore in April 1871,was the interrupted by the breaking in of the water. . Work was then com menced from the crib in the lake, where, after four months, soft clay was met with, and a hydraulic shie'd and press had to be provided. In April, -1872, work was again resumed, the soft clay pressed, and progress is now made at the rate of about 70 feet per week r The work done is 4,. 000 feet from, the shore and 950 feet from the crib. About 1 ,650 feet remain to be cut through. - . . - A rubber muzzle to asisst gentlemen with horse-tail moustaches, while . eating senp, has been invented. It also acts as a spray-nozzle when the owner desires to expectorate, thus distributing tobacco juice evenly over his shirt-bosom.instead of in patches as heretofore.. Louis Democrat. . ,, . '.,:,'., liill lo Abolish tbe Franklns I : I Privilege -r ( The following is the text .'of the bill which has passed. the House and. the Senate,'-and received the approval of the President: ; XV j? f - Be il enactii etc.f That oa and after the first day of July next, on all mail matter which ft .wholly or partly in wri ting, except book manuscripts, and. cor rected proofs passing between authors and publishers, and excepting also cor respondence On postal , cards ; on tkil printed matter which is so marked as to" convey any other or further informa tion than is conveyed by the original print, except the correction of- mere typographical errors; on all matter which is sent in violence of law or the regulations of the department respect ing enclosures ; and on all matter to which to specific rats of postage' is as signed, postage shall be charged at the rate ot two cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof, and this provision shall include all letters commonly known as drop or local letters delivered through postofflees or their carriers. Section 2. That fioin and- after the first day of Jonuary next, under such regulations and in such manner as the Postmaster General shall prescribe-, the postage provided by law to I paid up- ou printed mutter or mailable matter of the second class, shall in all cases be prepaid and collected at the offices re spectively where such matter shall be mailed; provided, that weekly -newspapers within the respective counties where the same arc actually and wholly printed arid published, and none Other, mav pass through the mails free of post age, as provided iu tbe eighth clause of section VJi oi the act to revise, consol idate and amend the statutes relating to the PostofTice Departnent Sections. That any person who shall take any letter, postal Card or packet out of the postonice or branch post- office, or from the letter or mail carrier, or which iias been m any post office or branch postoffice or in the custody of any letter or mail carrier, before it shall have been delivered. to the person to whom it was dfrected with a design to obstruct correspondence or pry into the business or the secrets of auo'her, or shaHsecrete, embezzle or destroy the same, shall,' on conviction thereof, for every such offense forfeit and pay a pen alty not exceeding 8500, or be impris oneu at hard lanor not exceeding one year or both, at the discretion of the Court . . ..V ; Tbe Credit Mobiiier Spoilers. Tbe Cincinnati Commercial recalls the fact that the wrong done the people of the United States by the Credit Mobiiier Ring was never, more concisely stated than by Mr Greeley in his Indianapolis speech, in which he said: "These gentlemen contracted with themselves to pay themselves twice the fair cost' of' entirely building and equipping the road; -and,-building the road with the proceeds nf the rnon ey lent oy the government, they pro ceeded to divide among themselves the other bonds, equal to the amonut for which Congress had made a mortgage on the entire road. BV these mean 820,000,000 or 830,000.000 were 1 divi ded. among the paruet., and all that money so divided we are called upon to pay. So that to-day the people of this country are paying some millions per annum out of their hard earnings for interest on these bonds lent to the Pa cific road paying this money as inter est to meet the vast sums divided by these gentlemen among themselves, as the diyidpnds of the Credit Moliilier of America." ' The Commercial commenting on this compact statement, says : - With a knowledge of the facts, and of the extent of the corruption, Mr. Greeley insisted that the legislation of the country needed ' purification, and those who had grown rich at tbe' ex pense of the people be brought to jus tice. Such extraordinary legislation as had enabled the Credit Mobiiier" Com pany to swindle the nation out ; of" mill ions Mr. Greeley was; sure "could not have. been effected without the conni yance and support of men high' in au ihority." Mr. Greeley was right," as the developments of the investigation in Washington demonstrate; and were he alive to-day he would 6tand as the trib une of the people, demanding the pun ishment of those higlf" in ' authority caught in pocketing dividends that every intelligent man knew could not 1 have been honestly earned by. the Pacific road. ' -: ' RAILW AT SPEED. Rapid Traveling; on tbe Great ,.- , . English Lines. ; An examination of the nine great lines which terminate in London shows that the averege rate of speed at which the quickest expresses travel is forty seven and three-quarter miles , an hour. Two , lines only excel this. The ten o'clock Northern train from London to Peterborough runs the distance of. the seventy-six miles and a quarter at the rate of fifty-one miles an hour. But the broad-gauge west of England trains on the Gi-eat Western beat even the Great Northern. A train makes the run from Paddington to Swindon, seventy-seven and a quarter miles, without stopping, in three minutes less than an hour and a half; this is a .uniform pace , of fifty- three and a quarter miles an hour I The Great Northern falls off its pace after It passes Peterborough, and travels from Granthen to .York at under, forty-five miles an hour. The Great Western falls off a little from Swindon to Bath. But the journey fiorn London to Bath by the 11 :45 train is the quickest in the woild,,; The . distance is one ; hundred and six. and ,. three quaiter. .miles; it is .timed for two , hours "and thirteen minutes, including ten "minutes at Swin don The running . time is therefore something over, fifty-two miles an hour. The fastest time any where on tbe Great Poatorn la ' fAi-tv Ano mitoa an hrmr Ti ' V V. 1 t . la. . J .. . ( I V. U ... .l.'L... . The London News gives many Other figures comparing the speed of different roads, instancing some trains that ''run as slow as thirty-three and a ' half miles an hour. " The1 Great Eastern is the slowestj and the Great' Western- the quickest of the railways. ' ' : ' A Masonic Impostor, ; The fraternity are! notified that a per son about five feet nine inches high, aged thirty-one, sandy complexion, reddish hair and moustache, blue eyes, wearing Cheviot business suit and silk hat , giving name of George W; SJiaw, and represent ing himself as a Knight Templar from Halifax, Nova Scotia,, is an impostor, as appeal's hy the following telegram iu re sponse to inquiries :. 'George W.,Shaw is not a Knight Templar. Have answered same inquiry from an Encampment, at Wilmington, Delaware." - By order of Cincinnati Commandery No. 3 K.T.. A M. Boss, Recorder.:. ! . ' . '? : Lizzie Rogers,' of Williamsport, Pa., is said to be the best female book-keeper in the United States Treasury at Washing ton. She has been made eligible to an $1,800 clerkship. She was taught book keeping by her father. . ,r . ,, Some of Col. McCemb's Ideas. The Washington correspondentof the Chicago Tribune gives au extended ac count of an interview with Col. MCCombi from which tie following extracts lire tai kenj? - 4 . - --'James Harlan, of Iowa, got tro Checks fcf 85,000 a piece, while he was Secretary of fhe Interior, to elect him a United States Senator. Is that " all the money he received ? V"I cannot speak about that, riou will ffncf upon inquiry that he got as much as 830,000 ; but Duranl is a generous, im pulsive fellow, and he let up. You have seen that Mr Harlan, In his newspaper, has been saying for several days that the Credit ' Mobiiier investigation will pro: duce no healthy effect, ought to be stop ped, is injuring the Republican party; etc. The committee failed to get all the points on Mr. Harlan. "Col. Mt-Comb, can yon give me any idea of those who put any cash in the Union Pacific Railroad in the first place ? " I es, sir; the largest sum of money was given by Thomas C. DuranUn quan tity 8490,000. The next sum was con tribuled by Oliver Ames 8250,000 Two persons gave $150,000 each.uameiy John Duff ami Oakes Ames. The sura of fclOO.OOO 'was contributed by each of the following parties : C. II MeCorrauSk, Bern E. Bates, Josiah Bard well. Bush- nll,and Henry S. McComb. Mr. Hooper of Boston, put in SoO.OOO; . Mr. Grimes 825,000; Mr. Alley 925,000, and Mr James Brooks 810,000. "What did your 8100,000 turn out ? ; ; "By going into the Construction Com pany, and ; giving , my time for several years, . as" weir as my 8 100,000, to the work, I came out several hundred per cent ahead. -The dividends were 1,100 per cent prior to 1869. ? You may calcur late them at 1,000 in - order to make sucb oral computations as you wish "Then Mr. Bi igham's $2,000 invest ment would have yielded 820,000 ? - "ies;tne stocn. itseir was wonnpar; when he parted with It. according to Ames1; ' Then he .had 650 worth Of stock itl the Iowa Falls and Sioux. City Lohstf fiction Company," which 1 paid 500 per Cent, raakiug $.3,280. . Mr. Bingham was, therefore, entitled to $28,280 as div idends on 82,650. V For this.as be swears, Ames gave him $6,500. "What do yon think of Henry Wilson's explanation, Col. McComb ? . i;" ; i"Well, as a business man, I cb not at together like some of the phrases that Wilson used about going into bis closet face to. face with bis Heavenly Father and accounting for his speculations. He says that lie got his stock in January,l863,and parted with it in November, 1868. Il was between these two dates that above 400 per cent dividends were declared-: so Mr. Wilson could not have been so badly off as he says. I don t quite understand, as a married man, this making up to one's wife something that she had lost by an investment. and beiulr S300 ouLof nockct. It" may T)e reasonable enougK but ft lsJ novel to me. ; " ur.7 Dnalln : Explosion at Tldlente. . " i ... -; s r. I 1 A Torpedo-Maker --P1ef. - Ill- Wife niwB -i Kiiiett sad Child Severely injure From the TUuHville-Ojuriorebruiuy 5th.j Atain we are tailed iitipon Staf ireeord an accident resulting from the handling ot the deatu-dealing substance known as daulin, used in torpedoing'- oil wells, Yesterday mornings at about .half-past seven p'clock a loud noise was heard on Dennis Bun, near lidioute, which prov ed to be the explosion of a , torpedo in the house of A J. Dalrymple. The bouse, a small one-story building,-is sit uated on the side hill, in Dennis Run, a little upward of a' mile' from Tidioiite. It is supjwsed that Mr. Dalrymple.-.was preparing the torpedo and jwasj sitting in a chair with the torpedo between his legs, woi king at it getting it ready to put in a well, which he had contracted to do during the day. There were but two rooms in' the house, a sitting-room and a bed-room, and himself, wife and child, the latter a little boy,' aged about eighteen months were in the sitting room. The combustion lifted the front side of the bouse, out entire, . thrawing it dowitbe hill, and the trunk of the body' of Mr. 'Dalrymple was forced through one corner of the roof, speed ing through the air a distance of about twenty feet, striking on the roof of the engine-house, of the old Mosier well, and rolling from thence to. the ground beneath, where it was picked up. Upon the an ival of assistance, the shattered fragments of the building were cleared away, and Mrs. Dalrymple. still alive, but insensible, was found lying on her side, with her rhild : near .by, .;between her and the stove. "They were taken' out and cared for at the house of a neighbor, near at hand, and the, death of Mrs. Dalrymple followed ; inT about two hours. She was injured in the head, from which the brain protruded1! from a horrible, gash; Her-body was not mutilated. The child was taken to Tidioute and placed in the' care of Mrs.j Jones, and at six o'clock last evening,' when our reporter left lidioute, it was still alive, but its recovery is still very doubtful. It has a severe cut, extend ing1 from the topofitbe ' head dowjj "be hind the right ear, and its body is ter ribly mutilated, A gash. . eight inches, in lcugiu uu me uguk iuigu ucsiuca ocr- eral other cuts on the body. ' Mr. Dalrymple: . wa aged ? about o S3,; and bad been a resident of Tidioute for about two years, .. He came from Minn esota to reside in Tidioute, -but ' is r'aid, to bave been born in Chatauqua County,! W e w" York.- f: Airs. Dalrymple - was; abont twenty years, of age, and both, were highly respected, enjoying a large circle of friends and acquaintances. - - Defeat of lne Resumptloivlllll.: Wishington, Feb. 5-The slaughter of the Sperie-Paymegts bill, the Sen ate to-day, wa quite unixpected by its friends, though those ..who opposed, it were determined to get it Out Of the way. Mr. Fenton made a written speech of-about l&nutealhtlehgtialdlMr.: Thurman seemed to bave got the matter more clearly in his mind than yesterday, and Mr. Salisbury had his say on it. Mr? Sherman made- ftallyidg speech Vtn a forlorn attempt to save his ' bill; but it was in vain, aud it went to the table by a vote 6f 29 lo 27."Thtsr doubtless, settles tbe question specie payments and free' banking for ibis session.1 Con versation with Senators T8how8 that the majority of the . Western Senators do not waiit specie payments-; resarnvd, and they were joined by a few . Eastern men who fcai'ed;that the Sherman .bill , was too favOia'b'e to ttie national banks, 'or were dissatisfied wbhthe form-of the bill as reported by the Finance Commit tee. S. i.- . '.:: ' 'Rock Cream Bo'il A teaeupful of the best rice till quite soft in new milk, sweet en with powdered white sugar, and pile it upon a dish, lay all over it lumps of jelly or preserved fruit of any kind. Beat the whites of three eggs to a stiff froth, add a little sugar, flavored with what you please. Add ' to this when beaten Very stiff, about a tablcspoonful of rich cream drop over it rice giving it the appear ance of a rock of. snow.' -V1 "' GCXCIltL ITEUI. A Louisville merchant wants the con- tract to siippl Brfgham'iYoung'a family with crape ana bombazine when he dies. Would Bot the present, be an appropri atatime for ihe Hon Hear? Wilson to make a new aooeal to President Grant to join the temperance society ?JTe Tork. Sun, - v -:':..r.-- :::' '..-, "Every peach bud in the West is killed deader than a smelt." Agriexdtural par. Yper. 'Not one peach-bud in ten k injured in the least by the tvoai." Another Ag ncuUural paper John Kesan, of Plain view, Minn ,ged- . 76, bivouacked in a snow-hank for 49 hours diMng afate'Btortfi f is that region'.? He wouui have swyea longer. niu hob wife came after him with a coffin ano Mexico his no Credit Mobiiier, but it has a game called draw poker.,-: A repre-p sentative of dne df the leading railroal companies recently. lost f juu.uuo wnue playing with some or the government au thorities, . and. hlswbidy. scheme got through their Congress wliRoutJ difficul7 ty- " '' ": . ' "" "' " The Vanderspiegel.faTriily of Banning- ; ton Center, Vermont, boast , a , anuff-boxj one hundred and twenty-five years old It contains thirty dollars in gold, the rep resentative value of' which, at compound interest for the time it has lain in the box is 8190,000. A pinch of snuff from a 8190,000. snuff-box .is a rare luxury.;,.-. I The blades for the new swords ordered ' for the United States " Army5 have ? Just Tho r norfantv Rlrnltrhf:".::J8t '"lnAhe)jr ' .long, and handsomely decorated with de signs ;n asphalium varnish .. . TUeSword. will be Very light, atid mujch more convey nient to carry than ttibse in use at pres- ent:"---' :"'" " - ...... ....... r . Gen! Butle'r savs he makes it a rule : never to speak to a wooiap while ' in'tbe Capitol Tliis is a good. .rule . for him to have and stick to, - We should think that ,- a violation of it would be as much as his scalp is worth if the husband happened tobe 1 along." Louisville Courier-Jour nal. ' '.,,! : . ' ." r- .?.r .-fl .. .1 V . Angora cats, which used to be common ' drawing-room petr in -thedays'pf -otir aranuiBinnors, arcani to. bo cumins fashion aeaiu. They are valuable in proK portidiS 1 to' ' tbe " pure whiteness and the-1 length of their silky hair, and their purr" l$ .softer, and more musical than that oi The latest verdict recorded was upon a gentleman who expired in a fit of . inebria- tion. The iurv returned: "Death-by o hanging xoundjLrujn shpgThU was savage, and devoid of 1 3gard for the gens" tleman's family. In a similar case pi Caln iforma, the verdict was inore gracefully J and considerately put : "Accidental death while qnpacking glass." '"',TT sT-i-.at A . .1 . -1 - I ' t ! ' ance given ina NortirCarolini town, the clown told the audience that the ! receipts' of the show amounted to 8600, and that was more than any minister of the gospel thereabout' received ' for whole'yearV service. i ne collection di uib vuuicu the following Sunday amounted to 8438.-' The clown wa present, Tij J. M shvsljrsf-rDardT with Albert Brisbane, are' the principal corporators of the Sphero-Pneumatic TtibeCorafany, forthe-constructionof A 'tulwToad between New York and Chica go, for the propulsion' of hollow spheres conveying mail and- other flatter. Ihe capital authorized1;' is 84C0uvpermile, with unlimited authority tojssue. ,lnds. The bill authorizing all these things has not yet lieen adopted by Cqngresa. ; .-V,- A case of small pox in Exeter (Ci.u.j Jail affords another puzzle for . the doc tors. The prisoner whobas this disease there, kn been confined in the; jail nine weeks ; no ope has. visited him, and be has been in his cell, until s few days prior to his slckne?8,remote from thoothcr priso-, ners. Moreover, there has been no case of ihe disease in the town, and the.qnes tion is :. "Wlifre and hojy did he man get it ?" The fact would seem to sustain the theory that tlie disease travels) in the air, and attacks those who are in a condition to receive it .Hwii u , We have here a dog story "which beau anythingC-the kindjecsntJx.oileasJt re lated. In Clinton ,Ma.s3., a dog "wasin the habit of helping himself from a pail of "odds and ends" beloneins to a neieb bor.t One day, be upsei the pail and.it 11 to'pieces,' upon which the sagacious' crea ture , went home and .brought .back a sound pail which he substituted for the broken .one, transferring the contents of the old to the new. after which he hid ths staves of. the broken vessel. We have heard of "sly dogs" beforebul was'lheri ever a dog so sly as this 7 tj- ' ' ' ' ,i The Poor Relation in Pennsjlra- , ' tri. Did. . ' - --.! " ui.j r?;T.t There are some curious laws on the PeEnsylyania- Statute-books. -It was only the ..other rday that mention was made of the law In that Stated ; which au thorized a marriedman to refuse bis mother-in-law access to his wile, and to forbid his wife access to the church of her faith. - A case in Philadelphia Court on Saturday ' last ' developed, an other quaint regulation in force in the land of Penn,' and this is that, in addi tion to. n to . .the ordinary duty of man to pbort'hh wife) and I fchildren;' If he su have any1; the laW of Pennsylvania -also requires that where a "poor person, is not able to Work," ihe! has parents or gr.andparents,cbildrcn. or. gran.dchildrenj such ancestral progenitors or .'descend ant posterity ai the case may Jd f.'shall relieve and maintain suck 'poor person" at the rate tobe prescribed by the Court of .Quarter Sessions. Pennsylvania, then, is the para'disef the poor'reTa won' that social and Tamily wait the pathos of wfibsexisthCe'"nOtiirfettlf not himself or herself a poor relation -..'..'..J.iVi-.l.p5. 4 3ft"Since tbaDrder iesuettiy -tlJ Ja panese- Govern4nent-quiringlhtiui-' tives to cut off. their queuee, .Yokohama is said to present the- appearance of be ing Hihabited "by priests vrith on few weeks' crop of hair on their'skulls'. Several cunning speculatbri. as soon as the order was issued bought .up all the hats in the city, and the price of head coverings .rose, greatly in consequent All 4be orders sent-to KW and : OliU could not le filled, nor would they sup ply demaikltf i ,hsy frwerefjany new'orders for hats from Europe and America bave.been the: consequence.- The hat stores in these countries wilt, doubtless, ship their old stock to Japan, and, though the hat famine will be re lieved, yet the prospective flood of all mnnAr t horriKlw.. iinraoKSnnaKlA rr gerytfpr the head is regarded as some thing ppallMg to-thibli-iDf: iUH JSrFive persona wre arraigned on charge of murder, on the 5th inst., in the Court of Oyer and Terminer,, With tte report of tbe proceedings therein appesia the acconnt of the latest tragedy the wife:murder and suicide in .BJeecker-st. We sup full of -horrors nowadays, and there seems to be no gleam of light in the dark picture.' One thing ire kn6iv-the laws are not enforced ; until they are. we cannot reasonably expecy reformation.