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.etc.! ?! Jt p n t. I- ,aS7J?f-l..K i ttilgjtosppt r---ti)oitu to i oreign anb fomesltc $fctos, littratort, ris anb cientes b'tttktwn, g .) -l ' ' 1 -" - ' : . Jo to uUift. lev- u i -i '.'' - if.'. YOLUME XXXIV. WOODSFIELD, MONROE COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, MAY 29, 1877. I' i NUMBKU 15. tiijiv n mil up ummmwmmw ' : " :' ' . . ... .... . , rr-rvi".-r---."-rr . :rr? ---r-:- -' , .x. .--y.' :" '" " "-' ' ' Mi III Ur. it THE SPIRIT OF DEMOCRACY. , mar : j r.UBLISnED ETEIIT' TCESDAT. KBN Hi-TTv i '"WB S X, DF0mGB.'Wst Side of Main Street, two flooiNirf ;The,Monree Bank A L TERMS: J''- e-eopyr one year, : The copy, six months, : :. ne eopy, thros months, : : i tainirlii eonr. ! ! I ! ;' tl-50 75 so 8 'AdTettisinjf Kates:-A ' tonenqneel lines, one.week . f 1 00 fe4eVdbeeqnent insrtion-lorfiT weeks, v 00 "One Klftare, two months. ' 4 00 re, six months, J f . (J 1 1 M One'eqasre, one year, 10 00 Oae-eighth column, one month, , . - 5. Te-eighth column; three months, 10 .00 vne eighth oolnmn; six months; "' """-x 15 00 tne eighth column, one year;-, :o 0 00 OneioortlicbTttmn;bnemontHf 1 60 tJnl fourth column,' three months, l ' 15 00 '' Jef4rtHeolmli,inonthsvs-.rs. &0 00 JOne fftufth-'oolaftnr, one year, )u 80 00 ' xhe( half teolwmnyooe-months j." ;f 10 00 "ton half ejolfcma, three mantlu, .20 00 ' tne half column, six months, 30 00 n 111 .wlttjw-one yrF- . ; ,T.7.; .-CO 00 yneelnawj oim week.;, - j ,;;w .v,i2 Ome column, one month, , rt W 00 neUunnhrdmonthfc - . 80 00 tne oKAik,r fcenths T i.f.f.l Jt45!00 W sJumti one year, iaVf-h' -80 00 .tangal adfertiaeinents charged at the rate ! e dollar per square, for nrst insertion, and : ty oentofqr eaoh.suhaeu'fent insertion. ' . " ' AdministraWs or Executoi's,' Attachment WRead Notices, $3.oO.J; ..' ".'J-!''"!' - JJOVIU XIOUCOO, VWt llUl, JQ uv .vm, w 'cents ts. and fire cents per line forencli additional Uf.qil Uvii4 t" ; (3. 0 fll Clarington (Sunflsh)Monroe CoO. i iS-Korntw.tyynrjjrf r, Justice, :of thei XTiI teJ8T., .... . . ... J. J. HOLLI8T1R, HOLliISTER & HOLLISTEU, r itto'rH-s a't Law i WUlprnctVoe la Monroe ana aaoining eonn Hltt .exit.'si.! . 'jf.t.,.. .wi. f ox ' i . OKET St OKEY, . 'ATTORNEYS AT LAW, i-. i "! ; AUheeliforerJ7:QpoBpledaoUi3ter 4 Okeyi'J i'aB,a.ii . .; ,f::febj0,7!?T. if.' f. mint n ; v r w hahost NoUry Pnblio ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Ofrica South west corner ' Pnblio Square .IWOODSEIELP, Will practice in -Monroe and adjoining fcrastleiU )o l-Sv- nis'tii npr2$7.74t- j. . mittw ' i in .mil in i. 'I i ii i' ; lttarntynli9ouiiBollor8.t, 3Lw, ..J 2lWC-t4Jf .i.Ui ia Hoeffler's bui4, AV9 eoiiick ci Ji v.- J)iprU26if'74. . ' ; :, -.'- Ail. fAlflO!r. .jt.v rvWW.lWT. ,! i?P EAflSO ,k DOI1ERTT, ATTOBNEYS '-AT MWj; .(flJflerB aWri la Court House.):!'' wio-oi d a v I S L IV O H I 0 . Vftlbrietlc? in Monroe and adlolnlne cdnn- A. W, MeCOUJIICK, ATfORNJSYATAW, MJLltIEX3LAJ, OHIOj PROCOK3JPfrmlB for Soldiers, one fourth or more disabled by disease, eon .raet4i.Uaite4).8tatee 8erTice. ;laofor Widows and Miners ef Soldiers who die of disease! so eentraled.antf inoreased Pensions Jot Vaiklids;. who, hare , grown, worse. , Wrife er-T f 1 IgrsJai Joi? . !'iTi hr. ,!,'fi T"?4p'J .ma4 ndenigMd is prepared te do all man-X-aot-htuse painting at, Jawr rates, :.,He; olias haj ten 7 ar experience in the bunlnejs tdiellAU,th,e patronage of the pubUc gen .ndf. a , ,T .C ,Wa.WAM R. S10AN, J nJV'6-i WAntiooa.p Monroe Co( -a ,S jT , i ! i T ?1 -.iSj V I 77 ejtwtf-4wi"-!Tf""" 1 J i.n V) !Sl. J Xnii :'ilii .V't'finjvi w5 M law is ARCHITECTS. - .ti i 4 wi i ln "ini' !' W w -r 'Tf ii: "ii j- 4. O. K. KUBBABO. en B. HOBSABD ,sv')i4 y a j.i i i i-.-r.'- -,'t y. - ; BUbBARD & HUBBARD, i Arehitectftnd - Builders, Aittock, Monroe Count, Ohio. ' Tt TILL prt pare plani d 1 ipedinoations, YV and contract for he. erection of build logs on more reaseoable terms than any other firm la Monroe county. Jan4,'76r. 'Hill Building Md Mill 'Maehiiiery. Vr' V'iWt WBHBp PLAINS JL,, jod . Sr-Bcir icatiom . of ' Steam . Flouring ;UUa, QrUt Mills, Saw Mills ,and Paotories wUI.Uke,ex)ntriwU'fori,.tbe areotioa of Il kinds of mi Us, and to famish the latest Im pr6ted maohlnery tor ihem.1 Hare had 28 threats experience fa the builaess. r Address -fh n3inltoi it .7iGBO&(iBBICHNMt,Vo ,X1eM .n ilJerusaleia. Monroe Co., Ohio, mo1il4,'76T. ' -V'tw sta'9 a-w;y. i--:i-i- if.-i!;.-'i ' : J Ko JOHN E. TfflBACLB, ' 2 mpHBOK CO., O. v flar eying prompt! attended to. on appllca 1 .ttda'br by letter., , meuH.Wr, DENTISTBY. ID R ? K.B:E JEB RS ,; if v D E TIS T ; W O "O D SFIELD OHIO. Teeth extracted without pain by the ase of nitrous oxide or laughing gas." ' ' ' ' iyOffloe in Hoeffler's bailding. ma25'75T. I .PHYSICIANS,; v. ,w..F o 9tJ.e.r;; iri;;. j'.- p- .PhyBloiannd Surgeon,. C p; .1 Malaga, Monroe County, Ohio. j Physician ind Surgedii, cv .f. i a Offloe on Main" street,) VI CO 0 D'S F I B L D, O H IO -W. X WEST, X. PH YSICIAK" AND SURGEON,' JOLLXyMQNROE CO UNTY, OHIO. YTTILL attead promptly to all oalls" during .YYthe day or night. feb2,75T. ? r J 00 91 E . D.I LL O If,, M. D. toI ,;. jPX,ttMdi.'aii(i Surgeon. .f.ai : ff.OOD8F.ULD, OHIO: Wilt promptly attend all. calls, either day or night. Offioe and lodging at his - residence. mayj,77T. - VjT, U ARMSTRONG, JI, D.f y r 1 h y 1 1 c t a n and H u r e 6 n. .jl -t ) WOODSFIELli:QHI0;;c i A Office and residence la the Hollister property, West side of town, near Union School Ho ase --Jy6,78t .-aiv,j .,;,.,i,v) i Dr. J, W A. Y, ; F&yu6ian'fnd Burgeon. fiM COVJSJ,' WatKiiigton To, Monroe 111 calls promptly .Attended . to, daring the lay night.-: i....-,j, ... - .v.-.1.-..s,..j-,f,- "'tflFi FARQUIIAR, 51; D, u . '(Formerly of ZanesTille, Ohld,)-' .tysiciau.! arid. . Surgeon) Office and residence in the Erkbride property, WOODSPIELD.iO HIO. Havfnglooated at the above place,' off era his Professional serrloes,' where he hopes by close attention fo business to merit pnblio confidence and patronage. ' -.'a " Chronlo Diseases will receive special attention. j i ' r may 475 r. .Oil - ' 'i . . I ; i i ; !N(iTARYPUBl til '!f ,-' 'jj"--' n I ' THN undersigned, having been appointed Holary Public, 'would inform his friends, and the pnblio generally, that he Is prepared te fill Pensioners' Blanks i' admin ister Oaths : take Depositions, ackio wledge Deeds, Mortgages, and other instruments oi writing. - V t X i icJOHN JEFFERS. ( - aprl8,7r; " Beallsvllle. Monroe Co., Ohio. i-.il'H oJfiu v!j tr.-il -Mn: i iz't-U trii 501,10; F.tud i-'r J.i i A i: X'K .i-i.::, :.;I l ' ' y!,'! .f rEM!o;N;T::i3;A:N.K, SO NEKTON, OH IO :at.'. i- .l.flii ; ,-m-a iLij J".tJ A- d .cI Capital??50IdpO. ;nj'.' .4V no in ' ,fic:.!-;ta nOi ; R. C Mrtw, Prej,'- S. Hoal5,r Frw'. T. C. MAETIN,' Vathieri ' R. 0. MaKs,:;'; f;;;;. as.' Hoorns.'; , S L-,Mpoi?Tf,.;v" "m, ".H.WHirrACRiV itr.7 . u ASC&IW'tAND&XWS i-n f:i JK'J .H to v m ai lit 11 wi ijivf ol- . Wii-n ri ?Miai,i.. i 'iV.T?a ' ob r Interest Paid cn Time- DepotxU. . ' aa t'tnuiif ' r f r;i4t CQliectibnsrr 1 oiv? all 1 Points. Banking Hours from 9 A.I. to 3 P.M. fflay4,75T.- : ; THE MONROE '--.''BANK. r?oTtf i sr f i e ld obi o .c'l.I)-ii. ..' 1.4 M-. ., ,MOJJuuii:.i , i "a. "i is;i":i". i V.....-..V i4un Li..'. ri.1i. M OOlET,fV(. WM.BBARDWOftK, F. iV. , SaK. W H.LIAM8, cstuAtef. Si'IiMooRir, iy ''D. Wm Biardmori. . 1, . T . 'XTT . - ; David Okkt, " ".M. Hokfflee. -vtxX ,.;!,? -IHOXA A WATwifi HtilT' Z?oe 'a' General -Banking 1 Butinm, Interest paid, bn Special ' .Deposits r Make collections oa all points promptly Baickinq Hours trojc 9 a.m.- w 3 p.m mchS.Tdx.' 1 ,0 ,'1 ' m; 1 (. 1 i,f?.f..ll WATCHES, CL!6cisj &C, F BIT Z BE EF. J" B WBLBTrDBPOT. wa o D 8 F I E L D , -o n I Q My motto is :i'-v '' FAIS Dl A Lin a, ' with ALL, I sollolt a share of the pnblio pat ronage. ; Partloulir attention ' paid te the re. pairing ef V " . ' - ! - Wdtehei, CI c ke'and Jewelry, Watohel, Clocks aad Jewelry for sale on re sonable terms. Work Wabbahtbi. p2ly. ' FRITZ REEF ; Put Yourself in Her Place. The long summer day had crept slow ly away, and it wag nearly five o'clock. The hoars at the railroad station were marked as by some gigantic clock that told the lagaard minutes by screaming wnistle and clanging bell. The 4 :30 ac commodation had gone east, the western express, doe there at 4 :4d, had thunder ed through the village, 'gone on over the great viadncti and disappeared round the vast curve beyond. So-one -counted .the hours by the trains, Lydia by name, a girl of the best New England type, quiet, and yet with an Immense capacity for doing und dar ing, shonld love and. the occasion ; de mand. The-local .'freight,, would come next, and tben then she would see him again. She laid aside . her : work, put some split zephyr vanity upon. her head, and went out toward, the. railroad., As she approached, the station sbe saw her brotherr the station: master, opening the little freight henae- oa the farther side of the track.,.., By this she knew that the local freight would 3top this' time. Her heart beat the faster and she .'quickened her step.' 'On "reaching :the' passenger station wnere tbe village street crossed over and turned to the left and ' walked beside . the track' toward the freight uonse. ' ' ' - v ''To understand all that took place on this occasion, and to fully appreciate ner consummate SKiirin controlling the events so quickW' to crotfd upon her, we must study the construction, of. the road at this'point.": The main , liaei for more than a mile to the right, or toward tbe east, was perfectly straight and com paratively levels To the left, or the west, YS crossed a deep valley, by a lofty atone viaduct, and beyond the valley it curved toward the Tnorta and mouuted the hill by a long-grade. Just east of the pasgDDger station a branch, road en tered the . main line, and . there was a shorj, siding in , a small freight house, and directly opposite was another siding with a freight shed and. coal yard.' At tins point there was also another cross over switch... t ;,,Xiydia walked. c on past the: freight nouse,. and, ( crossing the side track, found a large flat rock. beside', the ayi and there, under, the shade of an ancient apple tree, she ski down to wait till her lover came ...He comes, she heardthe .three, long whistles sounding far down the line, and a bright blush mounted to her face.- The train would atop. .. .That,. was .the signal for--the 'station master. "Her 'brother came out' of the freight housje, spoke pleasantly to ter, and then' .walked! on toward the switch at the head of the bU ding.'j ' I U ; 1 ;! i. Suddenly the main-line track before her began to sing in sharp metallic mur murs. The train had entered that sec tion of the road, and he was near.' Then there came tbe sound of escaping steam The engine waar stowing down, , and the steam no. longer employed; was bursting with a, laud roar 1 from . the safety-valve as if impatient of jdelfty,., With a jar that shook the ground the immense freight engine rolled past her, auu uue eugiueer, icauing .uut 01 uis window, nodded to her as he slid past. Then the cars in long procession came into sight and moved past with slowly decreasing speed. Four brakemeo, busy at the brakes, went past; 'still he came not.'1 At last the rear car appeared, and a young man swung himself down' from tue iron lauiiBr ua .ae car ana sprang to the gfoundJat herteet. '-" ' ' :-' -' A sooty man. "Clad in blue canvass, now black with r moke and dost. Only a bfakemaii !ifNi5 ttifl- better the conductor- of a' freight train. A year ago he had been glad toi take ; the place of : brakemaD, and alreadj he hadrbeen promoted.' Love did rt. iHe had met and loved Lydia in tbe days of bis fool ish idleness; and she, bad insisted - that he do. some manly work, or sua ould not yes, 4ie could-and . did, love him, but. h6 must show himself worthy of, her love, i Already:' he-;.tad (advanced,, and . 11 y ?a 1 . 1 sue was, wen pieaaecVi.-wua ais progress, and, they had .become engaged.; r,u- - It becomes us not to linger while they talk quietly together besida the track. The . tram moved slower and; slower, till it finally stopped with, the last car just beyond tbe switch. lbe iron horse was moved on, the fetation master signaled with bis arms a curious fashion, and each c the.four hrakemen repeated, he mo tion in turn. White puff j of steam rose high in the air from, the (farther, end of the tram. A curious rattling sound spread through the train,, and the last car backed down turned . aside rand en tered tbeiding.tiThft station master left tbe switch and came hastily toward the lovers." '" w i "'."Good day; Alfred. :' Light freight to days Only one carby the way, the brake chain is broken; and yon had better drop the car at the repair shops. - The freight can be thrown put without leaving the car." M:- '- ;,,i!-,"-i!t, " So saying the station master- went on into the freight house; followed by the rattling and rumbling cars. They grad ually lost their speed ahd then came to a stop wun tne ena pi me tram lost in the dark davern of the freight house. There was a shout from the building, and then one of the brakemen began to move his arms as a signal to go on Again the white puffs of steam shot up in the distance,' arid with a jar and quiv er the train started again.' '' ' Car after car rolled 'past them. There were hurried' whispers, a warm hand shake and perhaps a kiss, and then the man Bwung forward, grasped the ladder on the last car climbed quickly to the top and sat down. She stood gazing after him' as he was 'drawn away ; from her and smiled farewell to him with her handkerchief. '' . " . -.h-.. "Here, Lydia,' you must help me." ' It was her brother who stood beside her with a bunch of keys in his hand.1 The passenger train folldws this at once, and then turned again to gaze af ter her lover, 'seated on the last car of tbe retreating tratn. It bad passed oat of the switch," and was crossing the great viaduct and moving more and more swiftly away.'"-1 : - - ' To close and lock the switch was nei ther difficult nor dangerous and she quietly walked 00 toward the end of the siding till she came to the switch-post. Here she leaned against the wooden frame for a little space, shading her eyes from the sun with her band and watch. ing the train.. It had run around the valley, and was turning into the great curve that crept upward in a long grade over the hill beyond. 1, It was now a mile awav, and sne could no longer distinguish any one in the cars. She turned slowly away, seis ed the iron bar of the switch, and easily threw it over into place, so as to leave the main line open for the next train. ' She looked back down the road, and saw that the passenger train had enter ed tbe line from the branch and was just pulling up at tbe station to dis charge passengers. It may seem sur prising that a passenger train should allowed, to follow a freight train eo closely. . Bad engineering as this arrangement was, it was not so serious as it seemed, tor this passenger train did not follow the freight except for three miles, when it rescued tne end or its trip and was turned off upon a siding. She tamed once more to look after the retreating freight train. It waa in full view climbing the grade on ,'the great curve.- . ; ; Suddenly she put up both hands to shade her eves, and leaned forward on the switch frame. What had happened ? Two tiny puffs of steam rose from the - T. . L 1 . " - . engine, u was me signal 10 stop Ah ! the train had parted ! Faint and far away came the short, sharp danger wtrtfe. A single car had broken loose from the train, and had been left behind. It was standing alone on the track. . . -.No.,. It was moving backward. It was beginning to roll dow the grade. It was moving faster and faster. There was a man upon it-her lover. i f Involuntarily she 'spread out her arms and let them fall to her side three ipr four times in succession the signal lo puton brakes. .' 7 ; ' "How foolish! He cannot see me," She leaned against the switch frame and shook. with fear and agony., , , ''J :fi' ,;.The brake was broken. " ' " . ? ': Swift and swifter rolled the disabled car. It was coming down the track, gaining epeed at every rod. .1 i She sprang to the middle of the track and tried to shout to the engineer of the train at the station She made the mo tions to back down out of danger.- Heir tongue clove to tbe roof of the mouth and her cry became an inarticulate moan. Onward came tbe car. , She could see her lover upon it frantically waving his arm from right , to left. What"did;it mean ? Her brain seemed to be on Ore. She could do nothing but gsze on the advancing car in the dumb horror. Ah 1 The passengers ! ' Could, she not save them r With irlnW mrotinh eh nn... flpenuwiauent mat ."It WSS not DeSl tO switch again and stood holding the bar in both bands Better so better one life lost than a dozen. . Her feet seemed bolted to the ground. She must ' stay and see mm killed, and by her, own hand ! . , The rails began to murmur with the rattle of the advancing car now rushing tariously onward to destruction. Ah ! why had she not thought of it before? . '; "' . The cross over" switch! Could she reach it in time she might save him. She snatched the key from the switch and ran with frantic speed np the line. " She never knew how she opened the switch. With moans and.pries she threw her self across the line, and began ,to ran down the other side. ' Could she reach that switch before the car ? ' Its roarin rang in her ears.. Panting with almost bursting bosom, she reached the switch, opened it and stood clinging to it as the car came thundering over the viaduct. bhe looked np at her lover upon ' tbe car. ' He had seen and understood the change in the switches. His car, help less though it was, would cross over to the down track and roll harmlessly along the level line till its force was spent. He was saved and by her ready wit and skill. The passengers in the train were also saved.' ,: ' ' -' 1 '" '" '. ' i ; She had saved bim. ' Love had ' been beFinsplratioa';"-2' ' ' : '': Great heavens.! what's that r ,: The ex. press ?.. The down express wa? coming ! .All was in vain.' ; He. was lost. Sue saw him throw up his arms in despair. The very plan she had devised to' save him would.' be his ' destruction. Better far tb have thrown him off on the siding as she had, intended. Now he would meet a more dreadful death, and the de struction would include scores of lives instead of a dozen.' -I'- 'i All this flashed through her mind like lightning. ' She felt her knees give way beneath her, and clang to the switch in despair. She shut her eyes to hide the coming disaster.-; i . . ; . . ! ' . , Harkl Tbe whistle on the express. They had seen the imminent collision and were doing their best to avert it. , ' She, too, must do something. - With a bound she sprang to the next switch, tore 1 it i open, and stood -panting and moaning beside It with the bar in her hand. ' She must save that train even if she buried her lover under the splintered wreck of the' car. ' ; ' ' Onward came the car, thundering over the viaduct and just ahead of tbe tram. It turned quickly at the switch, crossed over and shot passed her into the Biding He had one look at her upturned face. It was full bf love and helpless : misery. She was sending him to certain destruc tion to save the express tram. Tbe instant the car passed she closed the switch and sprang back again to the other switch and closed it Just in time to see the express train sweep past in safety. - ' In an instant the helpless Car ran into tke freight house with an awful splinter ing crash. . The express pulled up oppo site the station, and in a moment a crowd of people ran shouting and fran tic up the line. Some of them had seen the whole performance, and knew what it meant, but for the majority of them it was a tragic mystery. They found Lydia npon the ground by the switch, and- with the keys still clutched in her hand. What had she done ?. What had happened to her ? r She could not answer. Nature had mercifully taken away her senses.' They took her up tenderly and carried her to the station and laid her npon a seat in the waiting room. The passengers of the two trains crowded the room and offered every aid, for in some vague manner they began to nnderstaud that she was the creditor to the value of all their lives. She had paid for their safe ty with costly sacrifbe. The freight train. backed down to the cross over switch, and the engineers of the three trains met and began to ' ex amine the positions of the switches. A number of men also came from the ex press train, and among them , was one who seemed in authority. He, too, ex amined the line carefully, and the engin eers explained the matter to him, and listened to his remarks with becoming deferenco , ' The little room In the station was packed with people, idlers and others, and they could with difficulty bring him No," ' said' One of the" ladles, wild were trying to restore the girl. "It may be too great a shock for her. She must not see him yet." : "Make way here, gentlemen. The su perintendent of the road ia here."'. The crowd moved Blightly, and the superintendent advanced into the room He tobk off his hat and spoke gently to tne people near, and tnen he stooped over the unconscious girl and softly Kissed ner lips as a father. , "She saved all oar lives, and I fear she thinks she paid dearly for them." Suddenly she opened her eyes and sat up newiiaered. .Where is he? Is he much hurt? Oh! Perhaps he is" "Let me alone, I tell - you," cried a Dig, Doid, voice in the crowd. "I must go to her.'' - - " He escaped from those who would de tain him, and in a moment was' beside her; ' - Some of the people laughed in fool ish joy ; others cried. The more deli cate and 'sensible were silent, for the meeting was not for words or descrip tion. - After a slight pause, the superintend ent said to the young man:',' ' "i congratulate you, Bir. ion were on tbe car?1' ' 7 . : "Yes, sir, I was on the car, and I saved myself at the last moment bv jamping off. ; I landed on a pile of fine coal and got a rough tnmble and that W8S all.. The car is a heap of splinters. '.Then the superintendent called the young man nearer to him and ; spoke to n:m privately; and presently : thev both shook hands, as if greatly pleased over sometmng. rne yonnj man sat down oeside tbe girl and whispered in her ear v fTve got the place, Lydia. , We're all right now." . . . ? . - . . . Then the bells rang, and the people Degan to disperse towards their trains, as toey departed, a small creature probably a stockholder objected to the proceedings, and remarked to the so gi.w VLUbva V VIMCIUCU IUI UUIUII nothing." "Precisely," said the superintendent. "But tbe woman did something, and if yon wish to know the full measure of her splendid deed, go put yourself in ner place" - , . : 1 (Compiled for The Spirit) CURIOUS CLOCKS. ' ' ; It is probable that from the, most: re mote times there have been methods of different kinds, and instruments of vari ous forms and principles, used to keep some kind of an accoont of time' In deed, the variations of lengths and dif ferent positions of the shadows . cast by vertical objects (a phenomenon that was open to the observation" of all) must have caused the morning.noon and even ing to . have been readily distingalshed The "gnomon "' which : sabseqaent im provements converted into a "solaria;?' Or sun-dial, was doubtless : one of the first instruments employed in tffe meas urement of time; the exact date of its invention is hot' clearly known, but it wait evidently at a very remote period. ' The dial ' of- Achez, mentioned by Isaias,must have existed about 713 years belore the birth of Christ; and it is a cn rious example of the scanty' communica tion which then existed between the va rious nations of the earth, that this in strument ' was imknown'1 to the Greeks until about 80 years afterwards. '.'' :,''r,' : The first sun-dial . employed - at Rome was placed near the Temple Quirinos by Papirins Cursor, the Roman General,293 years before Christ; prior to that period it appears that they had no mode of cal culating the intermediate points of lime which occurred in tbe calendar but what was' furnished by the- sun's rising and setting. Soon after this the snn dial be came so. great 'a""favorite with the Ro mans that they offered large "sums of money for instruments of this descrip tion, But it will be apparent to all that the sun-dial would be useless to dlstin gnlsh the boars at night, and in cloudy weather. . 1 .'''.' 1 ' Accordingly we find that the Clepsy dra," or water-clock, was employed, at a very early period 5 and Vitrusius ' states that it was much improved by Ctesibios of Alexandria. . It was probably a mere float with a rod fixed npon it like a mast, and placed in a vessel with a hole in the bottom ; : as the water run out the float descended, and, figures marked on the rod, at proper intervals, showed the number o(. hours elapsed. It is evident, however.' that these water docks would be far from being perfect, for the water would not run equally.as a greater quan tity must pass out in a given time when the vessel was full than after it was emp tied of a portion of its contents. :. A re. ference to the nature of hydrostatic pressure will sufficiently account for this fact. . ' ',.'.!,":'V The sand-glass, made like a modern minute glass, was also used by the an cients, as appears from a basrelief rep resenting the marriage of Poleos -and Thetis, in which a figure of Morpheus is represented holding a glass of this de scription. . Having glanced at the early history of time measui ing, previous to theintn duction of clock work, or more properly wheel-work, we will pass at Once to a brief description of two of the most cu rious of the clock -spheres of the, an cients. The first of these is that men tioned by Eusebius, which belonged to the Sapor, one of the Persian Kings. According toCardon.an illustrious math ematician of the middle of the sixteenth century, it appears to have been a large and peculiarly constructed sphere, and that Sapor could set in the middle of it and see its stars rise and set, and that it was made of glass. But he does not state, whether this.curioas machine was moved by wheel work or not, but as he states that the stars in it appeared to rise and set, we may infer that it was. The second.the most celebrated of the clock-spheres of the ancients,., ia that of Archimedes, unquestionably one of the greatest geniuses of the age in which he lived, arid who, "as his works now ex tant amply testify,' was deeply versed in all the mechanism then known, and which his transcendent genius 'greatly improved. Both . friend and foe bear testimony to bis great mechanical skill, as more especially exemplified in glori ous but unfortunate defense of Syracuse against theRoman legions under Mai- callus. . With respect to this clock-sphere, it is not a little remarkable that it Is not men tioned by him in any of his works, ' and we are therefore compelled to resort to contemporary , -historians; and, what is more to be regretted, these authors do not give any clear account of. his cele brated clock-sphere, being in many in stances nothing more than mere passing remarks ; from which we gather that Ar chimedes, constructed a sphere, which combined- in it the motion of the sun, the"' moon, - and the planets. -Though these brief and imperfect allusions are sufficient to let ns know that such a ma chine had been made by Archimedes.yet they convey no satisfactory Information with regard to the nature of its construc tion and the purpose to which.it was p plied.-, . . ;i '.; ; " , By far the most accurate " description is that given by.Claudian: .,' , , "When Jere esplod in glass his heavens .".made,-;. ,- . -;! - . .,; He smiled, and to the other gods thus said: Tis straoge that human art so far proceeds To ape in brittle orbs my greatest deeds, . The heavenly motions, nature's" constant ' course, '. Lo, here eld Archimedes to art transfers : 'l The inclosed spirit, here each star dot a drive, And te the living work some motions give. The snn in counterfeit his year doth run, .7 And Cynthia to her monthly oirole turn. 81nce now bold nun worlds bf his own do . scried,.' . , '." He Joys, and the stars by human art can guide,' vL' :.. '' '' '; r Why should we so admire Freud Solomon's cheats, ; : if i-. :T ; "' v-? i..;''-i .ve When one poor hand nature's chief work .. repeater ". v.....,,.,,. . , And here again, although , we have quoted at mnch length, - we have derived but little information respecting the me chanism xf the' sphere ; however, '. we have learned that in it the snn, moon and stars had each of them their proper mo tions and positions given' to them ; and this motion; inrionsly enough, is assign; Sd by Claudian as the work of some kind spirit, for ho says ijr. .1 i a !'-,..,: f.s?j " Ivclusui vdriisfamulator $pirittu a tris."' , What this' inclosed spirit really was, will not take us much tfrne 1o',dis: cover, for from the great mechauioal ce lebrity of Archimedes we may assume it to have been neitherc more nor less than a well contrived combination of wheels, weights, springs, pulleysT. or eomit'such kind of clockwork, which being artfully concealed from the pnblio view.would be readily : accounted the agency of some spirit or divine potter; bui we must net suppose the ! poet to' have " been entirely ignorant of the action,. or he states in effect that the - Archimides . stars , "are governed by human art! i. lo ;,'..,, , k French historiarfti , describe' a block sent to, Charlemagne in tbe year 807, by the famous eastern Caliph,. Haroun al Raschld,- which excited considerable at tention tit the French coart.;.' '- : :! : ll In., the dial were twelve small doors, forming the .divisions for the bours ; eacb door opened at the hoar marked ' by the index, and let ont small brass balls.which falling on a bell struck the hour a great novelty at that time.' The doors contin ued open until the hour oMwelve,; when twelve . mounted knights came out and paraded round the dial-plate, and!!, after wards went in at the open doors,-which they closed after them. -This clock cer tainly must have been furnished - with someiiind of wheel-works, although the motive power is said to have been wa- - - -.-... j:-..: ..The earliest complete clock, moved by weights," of which there is any. certain record; was constructed early in tbe thir teenth century.' It 'was the work of a Saracen mechanic, who received 2,000 for his ingenuity. This slock, which is stated to have kept time very accurately, was presented to the Emperor Frederick II. by the Sultan of Egypt, under whose direction it was made. '. Striking . clocks moved by wheels and weights are first mentioned by Dante.tbe Italian poet, who flourished , during ' the early part of the fourteenth century. Abont the same time one was pat , up in the south transept of Glastonburg Ab bey. It was constructed by Peter Light foot,' one Aof the monks of that monas tery and by means of a communication tolled the hours on the great bell, of the central, tower, whilst the quaiters were struck by automata on two sma'l bells in the transept .The dial showed the hours and also . the , changes of. the moon and other astronomical motions. On its sum mit there wa9 a horizmtal frame, which exhibited by , aid of machinery : eight knights, on horseback, armed for a tour nament, and pursuing each other with a rotary motion. At the dissolution of tbe monastery this clock was removed lo Wells Cathedral In .1835 the works were o worn away that they were re placed by new ones, the curious old dial and equestrian knights being still retain; ed. -,:v. . ..." .'. JTherarms astronomical cjock ; made by Richard de Waltingfordf Abbot of -SU Albans, in tbe reign of Richard II., con tinned ,to gountil'llie reign of Henry VIII , at which time it' is' mentioned in high ' terms f of admiration by Lefand, saying that all Europe could not produce such another, i This celebrated : piece of mechanism ' represented : the motions of the sun,1 moon and stars; the ebbing and flowing of the sea, and in short ' the fig- area, operations, and effects of the heav enly bodies. .The inventor of this curi ous clock was tbe son of a blacksmith, and was bereft of bis parents at "the ear ly age often years. ; On whicb.lhe Pi'ior of Wallingford took him under his ca're and prepared him for the University of Ox'ford.'7;;; . The clock , in Exeter fjatbedral was erected by Bishop Courtenay in the year 1840. It is on the Ptolemaic, system of astronomy, and of a curious construe tion for the 'age in which it was put np. The earth is represented by at globe in the center; the sun by a fleur-de-lis;' and the moon by a ball, painted . half black and half white, which turns oa its axis, and shows the different ' phases of that luminary, : Mr. ? Gainsborough, ; of .' Henley-on- Thames, who diedOctober 27, 1775, made a clock of peculiar: construction It told the hour by a little ball, 'and was kept in motion by a leaden bullet, which dropped from, a spiral reservoir at the top of the clock into a little ivory buck et. u This was so : contrived as to dia charge, it at the bottom, and by mean of a counter-weighty was carried up to. the top of the clock, : where it received . an other bullet which was discharged as the former," , This was evidently an attempt at-perpetual, motion. .This clock was presented to Mr. Philip Thicknesse, who gave it to the British Museum, where. it is now deposited. i' r -T i.n; .' In the year 1850 a most curious clock was exhibited in London. ' It' was richly gilt and elaborately engraved; it stood about four feet high, independent of tbe pedestal. ; It was of architectoral design, and divided into three 8tones,havm de tached columns at each comer. ..The two lower stories : contained the dials in, the front; the upper story exhibited a group of moving silver figures, whlflh struck the hours and, quarters, . and moved in pro cession during the playing of f tune by a chime of bells. ' The .whole1 .was sur mounted by a dome whereon was placed a silver cock, ..whipljiflapped its wings and crowed; when the clock struck' It was made by Isaac Habrecht ( one of the artisans employed in the erection of the clock at Strasburg Cathedral) in 1589 li performed all the feats f that ,cele brated clock, which is regarded' as' one of the most curious in Europe. .Its re puted history, as set forth in the printed accbant of it, is, that jit was' inade' for Pope Slxtiis V.;,' and was for ' more than two hundred years-ia the Vatican. It snbseqnently came into possession of the King of the Netherlands,' and was after wards purchased ly Mr. O. Morgan, in whose valuable' collection' of curious clocks and Vatches it now1 is, -1 A " ' ;': f V 'i'U r ; t hv An Excitlns Iactdeot. .; - A very exciting incident occurred not long since at tbe village of Soudan in France. In consequence ,of .the weath ercock at the top of the' church, steeple getting rusty and no longer turning as it should do, it was determined to take, it down. A man climbed up the steeple, but just befpie he could reach the weath ercock he. lost bis balance and slid down for 70eel, then, rebounded on, the .roof of the church, and. rolling thence was precipitated to the ground. He was not mach burt, but being much shaken by the fall, be. was replaced by a man named Chevalier. ''Iu'ftbout balf ah hour Chev alier mad the most: gallant - efforts to haul himself up by means of a rope, but at last bis hands -slipped and- be fell backward .His foot caught ia the rope, as luck would have it, and there he re mained, 120 feet from the- ground, -with his head down, beating the air with bis bands, struggling to recover himself. A spectator went ; to his rescue slipped a rope arqund hie body, ana cutting that which held his foot, freed him from the fearful position in which he bad remain ed for three hours. . .. The Western Reserve 'Against .. j . ,( Ilajes. ; , . A Cleveland,Ohip, editor told the Pres ident last ' week that the Reserve did not support him, and there are plenty of such echoes from .Southern Obio. JV.: Y. Ex pteL i: , j '.; . ; Dlalne's First Tlctory. ' . ! v Blaine won his first victory over Hayes without a blow. He said: "Take care or I'll hit you ;" and Hayes "took care, Eastern AryutK - XSrHis purpose is a patriot Presiden cy Harper' Weekly. ..Patriotism which is based on cheating in elections and . bears fraud inscribed upon its forehead is of very poor quality ior a i resmentir-iY . i.oun . . WOODS FIELD . lit I O.K. SUOOt: ."':-rr ' ' '' . i? Itrport-vor m' Vi-nr npRlnnlner' Sfpiembor IS, lST&i hhI sj I ok Inc. ' Mai ; 18?.- .'-..-.-'.,. :--'-' -.. r B ai a a; 55 a! i,. ,-.,' ?????? v j , J y I '-. x . f I ! I I I I f ;" ;.- : .-';. S S!2SgS "Bve enrol leiW" ;5-r 55fg; Girln enrolled. ' Total enrollBd. S 1 Hg S5tS I ttoy monthly' enrollment. SI c: o Si I Oirl' montniv enrollmflut. 2 Ijtgg Total monthly eTirollment. II boy' average. daily attendr -'obJSSSSJSlW'-'-' a m I . I l'obil averugu dniiy attend- 01 I o 1 x . ic I nne. . . Buy a' 'Per cut f ef .attend (jrirlu per cent . of atteui- ues to ft ance. . , , ...,"' loial pur cunt of attend wqsxmii ancn. , ci o S fl rtw... NES - 2 ? w .- '; C'ln;:' hat e-'mii i-i'i 2 3 H j a j ;, rj '.J '2l'U.jljL3J A.il' The following jmpils , were Vesentf every .day of the school year, and con stitute the jir$( Kbiirit: 1 i-"4 ' Eoi-eiVVHliafris Leslie MnsOnXJfifton' Morris, Lou Okey, Carl Judkin. ,Frs,pk" Ketterer, Clara S(!Dyprv L'-fa Johnstpny Fernie M. KettereCwJtanline Xauehstem, Sioeh?, B;rdie $prigs. Lena Smlth.Mati UeWjil(on.y.!i lu tff,-if::w :? u. t The following pupils missed but one day, and consiituteiJifi Secdnd honor f ' . Louisa tioggenbUrgamue)jMptrisJ Eveiett Doherty. Samuel Johcslon, a uuiviiuiih. ' The last week'of fh sciiOof 'yeac "was devoted io the exdrainatiOii "of tnif diffefr ent grades. Tbe examinations" "Were principally writterrin-the higher; and oral iivtue lower grade'sn-They tnrdde-sigrted- to' cover j.tb work done, urrng the year,, and iq form & Jbasia .for promo tion. . ,! W . ?. ' The 'following pupils' "passed '''very creditable examination in all the brandi es of study of their respective grades, and were promoted - to the next higher department: '.m.,t , i l ,-: Vt; fu. J'foffl. jyt-l UJ.2T-Joha..lIeckvAr-i cine Heck Harry. Mays,, Frank Evans, Wayne Wst.' Charles Burgbachef,'Chas. L'az,: George Schaub,' Anna Carter,' Aitd Morriis'i Minnie Rtfnherr,? Maggie Pratt, Jjiora JSaker. .rr;,,.;f,i;. From No - 2 to No, 3 Samuel John ston,. Willie West WiHie WalUmIfich olas, Wagonhelra, Addison Carter, Perry CraigWillie, McClintock. Louisa.Niebch, Anna 'Lsuenstein,-' Anna Hines;' Ltbbie Stoebri'Kalie Riccr.' 1 i'M'oM e'-tn . S.From. No 2 -th No; 4 MinaitfT Artfj 8trongn Clara .S.',Pyerr Mary Doherty, Mollie Hunter, Laura Johnston, 'Lida Johoatop.-i Katie Koonlz, Ferpi MKet' terer, Pauline Laueristeih, KramaMays, Caroline ' Neuhart, L'zzie- Schumacberi Tempie Sinclair; Leha WagOnhelmTDora WagOnbeim; ' Everett-' Dohert3V3 John ,Koonz,: Frankc IJetterer,r .George Jftiu1 . hart, John PattorL ,-rr, ,. From No i io No. 3 Anna Baker, Minnie Diehl, Alice Cassil, Lou OlteVi Nora" Poggenburf, Frank Burkhart, CbarTes' Cassil, Thomas Koehter, George Koonlz," Charles Little,YCiftdnMdrl,i Willie Neuhart,' Clifloa. Walton. nifH r i Jlrom;iNo. ,,5, t o.rTWiJIiam. Morris, Louisa Poggenburg Charles E. Smith, '-os j--rl u 'u : Several of the grammar' 'school pnpfls failed in but a single study 'and wilt be granted another examination - in thai study at lbe beginning oflbe nefct e$hool y?a'i- r-H -riVt , lqu Jr.il;o! 5(1 -r. r. Studies. ' ? ",'Tbe' folio wing shows tfie stuofies 3p'br- Sued.and the numberbr p"upils la'clch study t Alphabet 10 ; Speiring" 179 ; ReaoS . ing 179 1 Writing 179 ; Arjinmetic 183; English .Gram mar .98 4, GeoRraphyi,afe ; TJ. S History 25 ; Algebra 22 Latin 10 i Geotrietry 3: ' , ';:,;'i: c 1a-5T" . Tho Superinte'nrlent " reels rftgbiy grat ified that he Can 'present so favorable repdrt of the schools that bnva'beel nii--der his charge for the p&at yearff eneii ;The-attendance, has beenntUilal f regular., ...Nearlv let) .pe.r'.eot -Ofr -tbe whole number' of papils enrolled did flbt miss' a tingle day' during the ntlfer'yeari and quile a number missed but "one or two days in the same ime.-ro'if,-, rfT i lThcse things show that greafrjintjereei has been taken by the Qitizepsin the wel fare of teir 6chobl8 and in the advance ment of their;Chi!dren.'n It is wellhkt this ;stste of affalrs:eil9ts,'for.only:liy regular : - attendance i and; faith fal r atwdy can parents expect their children to. re ceive the full benefits of the schools, and obtain anything like' a perfect education ' The' scholars have been ! not onlyvery diligent tn' -thcif studies, i.btft also very orderly in their deportment; and the. ad vancement made by all the drpartments hss been rapid .and verj, satisfactory Much of the success! of theyeaf is due to the faithfulness of the assistant teachers, to the energy of the, Board .of Education, and to the interest of the cit izens generally, ' la the welfare' snii pros perity of the schools.- To all of these the Superintendent tendeis Uis thanks ; . ... W, P. Core; '1.; 1 ' AST We -can't helo feelinetiorrv fal Charles Francis Adams Evening . Pott. You needn 1. q He needs no sympathy. He has not committed anvt crime! ha holds no stolen ofBce. . The man to be sorry for is the de facto President, ;wbo must torever carry . upon his vbfoHr the stamp of fraud. N. Y. Sun ". " ' The Times' dispatch from Berlin says I f'The - strchgtn of Roumanla'a army fit for . afctlve.. operations cannot be estima ted fit oVer 30,000. The : infantry are provided with variiSus kinds of rifles The officers are indifferent.- The cavalry are very inefficiently horsed.., The artil lery are provided with Krupp guns.' Bennte,Barklia.rt,.WiUieiEl!swot;t.hr Ed die SchurflarJller. Cnnrlin Mf.h'n'mnf.rr. Cora 'Craiir;,i'1 Louisa'' Neuhart;' tibbM I 1 I, 11 i. X ii N rv,