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DaEmiT OF DEMOCRACY.
WIRE HAlVnLTON, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. "A union of hearts, a union of hands, A union of States none mar sever; . A union of lake, a union of land. And the Fla.0 ot Oun Union Fohzvbr." TtESDIY, APRIL 6, 1SS6. Senator. Pitse Is in Cleveland, called there by the death of Mrs. Perst, his Wife", mother. . ' Sscsitaei Manning, it very 111 tod is toot expected to be able to resume the daties of his office.. The Republican Senate la gradually backing down. A large number of con firmation were made m few dags ago. . Bobert M. Bcwrd, of Columbus, has been appointed as manager of the Ohio Penitentiary to succeed GeorGeT). Pe tebs. '.'.''' Tat great Bell telephone ani't has been brcagbt at C Iambus, Allen G Tbtjr i,a tjruey for the Government in tiie case. The Obio Legislature was viaiteed by the eloquent Senator Coi qmrtt of Geor gia. He made an eloquent speech to the Senate. ' Cosoress baa placed Mrs. Hancock on tbe pension roll, and they have never done a more meritorious act. The Gen eral died poor and honest. 85035 (oort'i class pottmasters removed since Marcn isso in rennsvi . vania there 938, Ohio 878. Indiana 499, Kentucky 194, We ft Virginia 13S. ' BircBLiOANS, has Senator Edmckds by his fillibu9terrflg with the President redeemed himself a a RepublteaB, or . do yon f till consider him Kfaawanp? i President Cleveland brought down gevea laeks wfth a single shot the other day.-. This is as good as his reoord io ,nmiu uunu . VUGUBif a . jiaiiiaauo Kietliq Regular ' Zanesville Signal. Senator . Yoobbees is opposed to the civil service law. He voted in commit ... i 14 .-i. i. ., :. r. ti. l SHU BUUIU UVO IU IUV UIUIW 11. absolute repeat. It is an odious obstruc tion to the will of the people. Last week it was thought the trouble of the strikers would be settled by arbi tration per agreement betee Jat Gould and Master Woikman Powderlt and all the 'men would resune work, but at the present settlement seems to be as far distant as ever. The Democrats of tbe Obio Senate leem to be apeiog the U. S Republican Senate and are- slow io confirming ap pointmects of Gov. Fobakes. "Two wrongs do pot make a right." Demo cratr should condemn such filibustering rathe? than imitate it. ' XprniTinf T.iuir has rpfinverpA unit retnrri livtha npniiln 9 191 000 arroa nf . i - land from the Atlantic and Pacific Kail- way Company. The lands were plaster ed with mortgages by the Railwiy Com pany. It, is a misfortune to the money loaners and they now complain of being defrauded out of their money by said "company; tat it is astonishing to them if. any one would accuse' a railroad of defrauding him out of money. .- a n.. ! i. .J. rkf INI laiiuwiiiv IB UUUU BUVIUO IV VUIW ;Deicccrftft from tbe SflYacnah (Ga.) JVMBtf Why not Tburmsn for President in 1888 in case Cleveland sboold not be a c candidate T'riThere is probably no other man in the country whose name would - arouse so much, enthusiasm as that of Qclge.Tburmatu What the country would like to aee now, however, is a re organization of tbe' Ohio Democracy: ac cording to the Thurman ideal. A sen- ... .D .. J--.! J sible, nonorsoie piauorrn ana poiioy.Bua the selection of high toned, honorable leader's .would doubtless again put tbe Ohio Democracy on tbe road to victory. It is not necessary for Judge Tburman to enter into active political work. Let Mm advise the prty and let bis advice tie followed. Let tbe Tburman idea pre- II .k. t..iii..n&l Mia Vll UVrr tun i 'I1 nni vuiu Ox tbe 2Svb President Cllteland sent in his third annaal report of the Civ i Service Commission together with the following message. " ' ' Exfcutite Manhoic. March 25. .To the Senate and House of Representatives:, rl iranstLit herewith the repoit ot tbe Civil Service Commission for tbe year coding on tbe 16ib day of January last. . Tbe exhibition tbi.fl made of the ope- rations of the commission and tbe mount thus presented o( the results fol ' lowing the execution of the civil service law cannot tail to aemonsirate i;e use- fulness and strengthen the conviction that. this scheme for a reform in' the methods of administering tbe Govern, rnent is no longer an experiment. Wher ever this reform has gained a foothold it riM steadily advanced fn the esteem of those charged with public administrative duties, wblle tbe people who desire good government bsye constantly been con firmed in their high estimate of Us value ni efficiency. -: With tbe benefits it has already seen red to the public letvice plainly apparent end with its promise of increased osefuloeea easily appreciated, this cause is commended to tbe liberal t6re and zialous proiectirn of the'Coc grtes. Cucyeb Cllvilakd. The House of tbe Ohio Legislatuie bss passed a bill allowing Uacbrs to dismiss their schools without furfei'ure of pay on Washington'a birthday aud on Memorial day. We ate agrperi. It is s it id that Mr. Blaine, in bis sec ond volume, upholds tbe power of tbe President to make removals without tbe consent of the Senate. Certainly such hss been tbe practice of ft publican Piesidents ever since that party came into power in 1861; Senator Inoalls of Kansas, a Repoh lican, in his speech on tbe Edmunds res. olutions said the Republicans of Kansas snd he believed that no Republican could bold public office under a Democratic administration without either sacrificing his convictions or forfeiting his self-re- speqt. He said he did not believe in noo- partiaanship in politics. Political pat ties were indispensable to free govern ment. He said be bed no patience with tbe men who believed it a badge of vir tue not to belong to a political organiza tion or that it reflected glory on a states man to afTtct. independence of bis party. When the people decided in a change ol administration that implied that there should be a cl ange In the agencies so that tbe administration;' might b effec lual. 'UnleBs the President of the Ubi ted' Stales was to be a mummy awa.hel in. clothes that would render him abso lutely ineffectual of vital functions, he must have powers commensurate with hia diities. After the eiectibn the Dem ocrata expected to get In and the Repb licans to get out. . Cut a new Genesis had come about of late yearsa class of po litical philosophers who believed that non-partisanship was a panacea for all the evils that affl cted the republic men wbo decried the operation of tbe 'Amer ican' system, as they called it. This new party bad 1)een recruited from the Re publican party; if there was any genu ne civil aervice reformer wbo had deserted the rank! of the Democracy history did not record bis name. JLaughter. The neuter gender, Mr. Ingalls said, was not popular, either ia nature or in science. 'Male and female created He them.' But there was a third sex if that could 'sex' be called which sex had none resulting sometimes from cruel espdee of nature, at others from accidunt or malevolent design, possessing the vices of both and tbe virtues of neither laughter, unable either .to beget or bear, possessing nei ther fecundity nor virility, endowed wrh tbe contempt of men and the derision of women, doomed to sterility, isolation, and extinction." Laughter J The following is an extract from tbe speech of Hob. A. J. Washer delivered in Congress few days sgo io opposition to a bill to change the rank of officers on the retired list of tbe army and increase their salary : .' r;'- . I grant the necessity of officers in an army, l recognize trie -vaiue oi great leaders, and I recognize the ability, the bravery, the gallantry of Col. Hunt as an artillery officer. But tbe offl era did not make tbe army.;-Tatherbe army made the officers . Much IS due, undoubtedly, to capable, efficient, and brave officers. But it was tbe army tbat gave renown to its officers, and to some it gsve renown whom it could.not make great. Every officer wbo gained dis'inction in the late war owed more to his army loan bis ar my owed him. ; 4 j' .-. , What millions diid that Cat might be great! This is the teaching of all history. Millions die, and a few are made great Soldiers wbo fight in tbe ranks ani are soon forgotten win fame for a few. How j much of Gen. Hunt s fame was made for bim by bis captains and tbe men who manned tbe guns will never be told. Io the artillery arm of the service especially almost everything depend iu action on captains wbo command batteries and tbe men who man them. No man vooldtake from Gen. Hunt hi fame ; but tbe ten dency of history . in this age, aa in all past agfs, to gather all the laurels on on battlefields and make crowns of them for a few men I do not believe in. IT the credit that was due to tbe men who participated in the late war could be me ted out in just proportions to what each contributed, history would tell a different tale from that it now tells ; a much lean share would be found due to those who have been made great, and much more to those who' have bad little credit.aod who will be loat entire'y to history. Mr. Chairman I do not believe we are called upon in any view of this esse, whether in justice to Gen. Hunt or in any o'her view of the esse, to make sn ex ception and grant a promotion to an offi err on the retired list. We are increasing from day to day and year to ytar the ex tent and cost of the retired list of toe Army and Navy. Three thousand dol lars is not a small sum in these limes, when 93,000 is of mote value relatively to cost of living than 85 000 waa twenty years ago. Let me call attention in this connection to a few Btatiatics very brief but very significant. . ,; According to tbe census of 1880 tbe agricultural laborers of (he United States were . 7,670,000, ' What were their aver aze earnings ? ; Zwa hundred and etigbtv nine, collars ior eaen raoorer. xnree million elgbt hundred tnousana were en gaged in manufacturing and mining. Their average earnings was taoO a year each. f From these meagor earnings fam ilies 'must' be supported and educated. Tbe total earnings or tbe 11 400,000 peo pie engaged in these porsuita in tbe cen ens year was 83 600,000,000. or about 8315 each. Add to these the 1800,000 engaged in trade and ranportction,with average earnings of 8500 each, and 4 000,000 engaged in protessional services, with earnings on the average of 8400 each, and we have 17,270 000 employed in agricnltore, in manufacturing and mi ning, in trade and tranaportation, in pro fessional and personal service, and tbe average earnings of all classes was only about QSbZ each for tbe year. But we think nothing of paving 82, 000, 83 000 or 85 000. It is only a mat ler of appropriating so much out of the Treasury. Now, there is no fund out of which to pay these bounties or the ex penses of tbe Government except to go first to the people and collect it into tbe Treasury bv taxation. These 17,170,000 engsged in the vari ous occupations Indicated create tbe wealth from which must come all taxes. All taxes and all expenditures must come from the annual produce of the country. There ia no olbet fund. And, Mr. Chair man, I think the tinit baa come when this House In voting away money by thou sands and by millions of dollars should consider how that money must be raised, how it gets into tbe Treasury, who pays it, and what their earnings are, or bow small a sum they who create tbe wealth can letuiu for thcmeelvre. MILTONSBUUQ ITEMS. Ed. Fpibit: H-nr Fiber of Summer fi'M. visited at bis tutber-t near this p. ace, latt week. The Hickory Grove School, t ugl t by W. L. Rucker. clo-el on tie 25tb In.t., with an enteitilnment in the evening. The 0l Hollow Lterary is irogrns ins finely. The paper it- a spicy afftir. Phiil p Rtwman, an aged resident of Center township, is very ill at this wri ting Mrs. Geo. Smith is also on tbe aick l!B. Jacob Fiber's hoose is rspid'y ap proachin)( compli tin. O ir school, nnripr tie efbcie t man asemmi of J. F. E3'ger, is drawing to a clone. Married Miss Minnie Faber, to Mr. W.J Piukeos Summer, snow, rsin, mud, nrxt comes the election and convention. More. Val Jr. Jackson township items. Ed. Spirit : The health of this com munity is not very good; tbe whooping coo ib is raging, Mary E Sunok, wife of Job Shook, is on the sick lut and has been for some Ufme. Amos Hendersbot baa sold bis farm to 4 E Conley. El urn Shook and Isaac Eddy moved to Wirt County, West Virginia, on tbe 9th mat. f - Christopher-tWn bt fv'nrnpfl fro Washington Couuty, where be was visit ing relatives.; . Our school U prospering under .the care of J. M Malhes, teacher. James Marker will build a new house this prmg. We had services as follows : Friday tt 6 m and Saturday at a n, by .Rev. Legit. Two weddings expected on Calico this spring. Coodle. ItOUND BOTTOM, OHIO. R dhd Bottom, April 1, 18S6. Ed SriKiT: As ng one has t-blowed or? hi cui't" from this section lately, we embrace the present opportunity io "air our eloq ieoce," by noting a' few ol the many passing event. Tbe most ol our citizens are enjoying very poor heslth at Ibis writing, being (.ffiiited with many f the ills to which human flesh Is heir, (thanks to the changeable ness of tbe weather.) as we wonld judge by the numerous calls received by our enterprising doctor N. P. Bukirk R M. Clegg bas mo ed on bis fathsr's farm an I will prat tee law or agiicultnre, or both whichever iv the most lucrative -B O Pyles will close a very successful term of school at O K next F id ay. W M Williams, will close bis school al Round Bottom on next Saturday. James and C L Clegg closed s six month term at Ml Zioq laet Saturday. S P Lutbr ill close at the Harm m district next Friday. Jamfs Clegg will ttttt a hen nery and W M Williams a rooaterj in tbe near future. Look out for eggaog spring chickens Ac, Ao. Jim Twioem would have had a grubbing last batar nrday, if be had not got snowed under Tom Cain sold bis farm in Swltzer town ship, lately, Tom tiinks one farm at a I me is all one man cm handle success fully. Lee Williams is the owner of a sow that Is now nursing, ber 9th l iter of pigs, inall 106 youngsters ol trie "root hog or die" stripe, most of which are deceased at this writing. Probably the most remsrkab e thing ab ut tbis sow is tbat she ia perfectly quiet and has never injured a single pig. 1 think L had btt ter atait a "boggjery, John Clegg Jr. atiH issues drygoods. groceries &c Ac, to tbe peop'e as 'they need then. John Clegg Sr. seeps "oacu at the old stand. Now Mr. Ed. this is the first day of April and don't you f-f-fool yourself. O yes, I forgot to tall you that the roads are very muddy. Bdlgeb. Written foe Tbe Spiiit of Democracy. Spring is approaching with ber son- shine and showers and tbe time for .clos ing tie schools of tbe winter is here Tbe school in District No. 5. Sunsbury township, closed Friday, March 26. Tbe school in this dift- tct was under tbe aupervision of Mr. S. A. Keyser, and has proven to be one of the most suc cessful terms ever tang' ' t in said district- Mr. Keyser spai red no pains to make tbis school both profitable and interest ing to the pupile and patrons. The witter of tb s article had t e pressure ol being present on th last dsv and most ssy tbbt be has scarcely ff ever seen as much interest shown by the patrons ol district school as was shown at tbe close of this one. The room was i iste- follv decorated with evergreena wbicb encircled within t eir tiny tendrils here sod there appropriate motto- s ; both rep resenting perhaps tie delicate artistic work of the Isdies of tie district, con tractng the t terect taken in the school' of to-day ss compared with the schools rf a f-w vears ago; evidencing the fsct that the world is becoming better as well as wiser. Both-teacher and pnpils ao qnitei themselves vrell. Tbe recitations Convincing the most casual observer that their lrsining had been thorough and efficient. The programme was a f -Hows: . Mu-ic by tie choir, "Greeting Song." r Select reading hy tbe different classes in tie school,' which was very entoruio-inz- Music by choir, 4 Are you Coming Home?" Next speech by I. D. Riley, subject Education." Music, by. ohoif, -NM;rljnnV byes," and "Sing Ou my Soul Slog Sweetly On." , Speech by Smuel Button subject. "School Government," which subject was well bandied bv ti speaker. Mumc, "The Messenger of Peace" and "The .Voice of Love." N x!- in order was "dinner," which was one of tbe grande t affairs of tbe dsy. It appeared from the surrounding that every one present came Ira led witi Ihe dclicioos delicacies of life, ao pro foae were tie good things fixed by tbe ladies of the district. In addi'ion to all thi the teacher bad on hands 63 lbs of assorted candies, which made the small boys eyes big. and their teeth to crack. Every one present eat on'il they were satisfied and yet there was p'enty. Tbe afternoon exercises cons sted in declamations by different members of tie school and music by tie choir. The choir was led by Miss Margaret Keyser, (sister of S. A. Keyser, teacher) who presided at tbe organ, The mus o wa a grand treat and far surpassed tbe most sanguine expectations of tie audience. Miss Keyser bas ao exqnn t voice, and performs ob the intruraent well. The day'a festiviliea were supplement, ed by a dehste in the evening, which brought not quite an. audience. The question for discussion was, - ' IicsoJved "That tie world is growing worse,'' Affirmative, J. L. Keyser and J S H. McEirov, Negative. Will. J. Kev ser. in which I sm happy to say tbat the arguments for the Affirmative wpre com pletely demolished hy Will. J Keyser of the Negative in two sliott speeches of about 10 minutes escb. ' Thb U the fQ'j;t5 term of sehool t iffh' by S A. Keyser being now quite a young man. We U iok our directors oubt t secure his services for the com ing year tt once or we think it would be hard to git anyone to fid bis place. RkFPO. LECOMPTON ITEMS. Ed. Fr.RiT: Oir school wbicb wss tatigl l bv W. O. H Butt, closed Satur day the 24 b inst. Tbe afternoon exer cises were composed of dialogues, decls motions and select reading, after which the cikes snd candy was served in the finest style. Messrs. J. H Billman, Jos. Laffree, C J. Rucker and' I. E Kellcy, made q iite lengthy speeches in behalf of the teacher and the progress of the school. Miss Anna Kelley, bas been very ill with measels, tie past two weeks. Mr. Fred Bitt of West Vs.. is among us again. Fred is a flouiisbing young man. Mr Isaac E Kelley of tiis place, at tended the last dsy of school at Star's, nne and half miles east of Lewisville. O., last Saturday. Mr. W. O. H. Butt has purchased the dry goods of J. W. Gramlich, cf Lew. isville, Obi ) We think Will will make ao able worker behind the counter. We noticed the smiling face of E J. Hanson, a few eveings ago tt tbe 'Ni lional." Rev G. W. Wilson preached at the M. E Church last Sunday. Dr. Hige John we mean, will move coming apring IN 6 UKJC : O.'v SYCAMOKB VALLEY. , . Ed Spirit: Tbe health of tbe com munity is good with few exceptions Mrs. Nmcy Lindemood bss been sick all winter but is better at tbis writing, and Danjol Miller it very poorly with fever and rheumatism. The farmers are preparing for fall crops of tobacco and coro, and tbe big. gest crop of oats bas been sown for tbe time of year. Janes H. Morrison say he is happy if tbe Democrats do role it is a girl. William Dearth bas been sick for some time bat is able to work again bis is a boy. Mack Grabara and family, of Stafford, is visiting bis father-in-law, Weeley Lin demood.. . . - . Ia your lat issue I saw a notice that Hon. L. D. Brown would not be a can didate for School Commissioner again. I was sorry to see it, for I would like to have voted for. bim again, aa be is as good a man for the office as there is. in the State. Tbis community was surprised lest Thursday by one of the old-fashioned weddings in one sense and the latest in another. Tbe old fashion was plenty of good t -ings to est and the latest fash ion was the presents. Following is the list of presents : j Tbe cutest was presented by Miss Vic Gift, a gla-s cradle and baby ; Mrs. Ad. die Morrison desert dish and towel;; A. C Speice, pickle dish; Jennie' Okey, glass bread dish ; 'Cornelia Ciift, pickle dish ; Martha Mercer, glass bread dish ; Mrs. C. W Clitt, set silver spoons; C. W. Ciift, table clotb ; Ida Clift, molasses can ; Frank Gardner, glass psper cutter; Wm P, Morrison, counter pin ; Mrs. W. P. Morrison, eland cover; J F. Clift. fruit dish; James Kinsey, glass honey dish ; Samuel Mercer, set desert dishes ; Janie Nalley, spoon bolder and pepper box; Rich el A. Carter, spoon holder; Thomas Nalley, butter dish; LidaMc Vay, molasses can; Maria McVay, 3 glass goblets ;Libbie McVay. butter dish ; Mr. and Mrs. Samuel McVay, 2 linen table cloths; Mrs. J. R Camden, beauti ful glass lamp; Mrs. J M Sbafer, butter dish sod towel ; Mrs. Thomas Martin.sel cups and saucers; Mrs. Catharine Mor rison, cake stand ; C W. Camden, glass pitcher; H. E Clift, tea set; Aaron Mil ler, lea set; Hannah E, Morrison, full trimmed bed ready for sleeping io; Pro da Morrison,' nice dress for bride; John Morrison, cake stand. Tbe groom's name was Wm. E Mor rison aud the bride's Sarah E. Nalley. After the presents ere presented the great table wai surrounded several times till about. 70 persons eat supper, Some of the old sheep still live under the Democralio administra ion and tbe country goes on in ita regular rootine Hurrah for G C. . Our school is prospering splendidly under tbe management of John Curis'y. H bsd spelling school last Friday night and. his school came out conquerors. Eccbbb. The PoormaD-Uarlan Infamy. r Cincinnati Enquirer, . The majority iu the Ohio House of Representatives yesterday com pleted the infamous work which was commenced during the first week of the session. The Chairman of the Committee on Privileges and elec tions had made his report, cooking up factitious majorities ior all -the Republican candidates for the Hou3e from Hamilton couuty. The seats of rfine of the Democratic members were stolen -early iu January, and Bob Harlan was crowded in yester day. .. . The proceeding was a very cow ardly one. The debate was on a motion to adopt the report of the committee. This was irregular and unnecessary, but the point of order made by Mr. Williams, of Coshoc ton county, was, of course, oyer ruled. When the question of oust ing nine Democrats eame to-a -vote in January, Speker Kntrekin iVuIed. that a majority or all the members elected to the House was necessary to adopt, a resolution. In making the report considered yesterday the committee was airaid that such a majority could . not be obtained, so that the Speaker could dodge ms former ruling. Poorman'got his report through under the caucus whip. The fraud of last January had strengthened the majority for the dirty enterprise. Poorman and his confreres did not get their report through without be ing subjected to severe excoriation. Poorman who bossed the . job, was especially and rightfully denounced. His prominence in the rascality put the burden of the Democratic strict ures on him. Williams scored him in a short speech, and Young, of Marion, was unmerciful in detailing the hypociisy and dishonesty of the Poorman with good effect, but said no more than, was, justified. The hypocrite from Belmont was obliged to writhe under the caustic applied by.the candid man from Marion. Tbe city of Chicago is excited over tbe discovery that Lake Michigan is rising at the rate of four Inches a year, and ia now two and one-half feet higher than it was seven years' ago. Avast amount of valuable property on tbe laie front bas been destroyed. The late ol tbe wicked city is not uncertain enough 13 bo plctuant. Shclbj Co Democrat. LeltOY KANSAS. Last year a great flood swept tbis valley July 1st to lO'.h the first io tbe White man's day. Destroyed nearly everything, and we. are now io greater strait than usual, aod the prospect ior a crop is not flattering at tbis lime, but tbe people are generally in good spirits. Our town with two lines of railway in operation and the third nearly finished snd tbe fourth he finished by Jan. 1st, 18S7. Tbis makes the 7ih direction that we can go out of the city. I happened to strike this place and have found it equal to tbe best of Ksnsas in any re spect and for good water, plenty of tim ber and health it is superior and many ;hat go on farther west would do better here than to go farther west. " To-day, March 20, we have first warm pleasant, 2 p. m. of yesterday, 4 p. m wind to the North West, 6 p. m thun der storm, 8 p. m hail storm and light ning and thunder, 6 a. m. to-day anow, 8 a tn. rain, 9 a m. snow and 12 m. drying. I am going out this P. M. Will take my top buggy, overcoat, fan and blankets, and io case I get out of tbe buggy I may need my umbrella for rain, perhaps sunshine, cause this is equinox times ia the Neosho . Valley. To-morrow will be splendid day. Subscriber. The Schools at Ft. Peck Agency, .Montana. The school here is an immense con. cern to say tbe least. The school build' tngs const IsTsoT 'tl0 my large two ettv ryona log and one lrame, well Dnlshed builcUngs en trding room fur all employ cs.consisting of Superintendent, matron, assistant teacher, seamstress. laundress, cook and 100 pupils. This school at present contains 76 pupils, 21 of them having 'been admitted since February 1. the date Mr. F. A. Jeffers took charge as superintendent. . The school is an industrial boarding school, where the pupils are instructed in all thinga necessary to fit them for fu ture usefulness, such as farming caring for stock, cooking, washing, making, mending, Ac.wbile at tbe same time tbey are taught in tbe common school bran, cbes. Tbey read and write fairly well. In writing tbey exel white children Boys and girls not. more than three weeks from the bonndless freedom of tbe camp can write a nice hatd, and that be fore they have even learned the alphabet. Writing and geography being their forte make bnt little progress io arithmetic Connected with tbe school is a beauti ful farm of 30 acres, on which Is grown oats, corn, potatoes and all garden, veg etables, the labor being performed prin cipally by tbe Indian boys and girls. Be longing to tbe farm are also 14 head of cows, 7 bead of hoga and 2 head of hor ses of very fine stock. Tbe children are fed.clotbed and cared for by Uncle Sam Indian boys and girls are about as ea sily managed aa many white children would be if placed under similar circom- staoces, Tbey are never allowed out side of tbe enclosure unless by permis sion. Imagine little Indians taken from on boundless freedom, placed in such a school, in sight of home and kept there oo less permitted to return for a short time only: Tbe new matron, Mrs. F A Jeffers is fast becoming reconciled to ber work. Private. LETT E It FROM KANSAS. Pratt, Kansas, March 21, 1886. -Ed Spirit: Under its. new manage ment 'the Spirit comes to me regularly, reminding me that I lately promised to write sometoing' for its columns about Southwest Kansas. ' This" is tbe time of year when the east ern man gets the western fever, and all such who . are looking for better and cheaper homes should not fail to visit this part of Kansas. Tbe fact should not be overlooked that noother State in the Uni'ed States has ever enjoyed tbe benefits derived from a large immigra tion tbat this State has. . For years peo ple have been pouring in from Estern States, aod still tbey come more than ever, until now ber vast territory, nearly one-half nf which was wild, unbroken territory five fears ago, is almost all ta ken up. Last fail homestea l filings .were placed on nearly all the b' st land left in Kansas, and this spring tbe settlers are moving on their claims tbe six months allowed for settlement having elapsed. On one nf the main roads ia this coun ty, on the lft h inst., 90 wagons loaded with movers passed, and on the I3tb 41 wagons were counted. Most of then are homesteaders.and some of them coma Irom tbe eastern part of the State where tbey have pre-empted and aold out and are now going to exereise their right to homesteads. There are others from every State east of this and rigged out in atyles of all kinds. A descriptioa of S'ime of the Virginia. Arkansas and Southern Missouri outfits might be in teresting to yoir readers, bat I do not wish to incur tbe risk of being disbe lieved and will refrain. A majority of theae new comers have good wagons and teams, and some mon ey, and are going out to find homes and will in all probability be successful Tbe reason this State has enjoyed this long and uninterrupted fl w of immigration is simply because it is a fiue.country,ev n better than generally expecled',and while other Siates have been as largely adver tised they have not come up to tbe stan dard oi expectation aod their, immig'a ion bas fallen off. Not so with Kansas, but just the reverse, proving that she is J list what she claims to be: one of the best agricultural States io the Union, It Is truly an agricultural countryand no Claim is laid to anything else. : Probably the best part of the whole State liea South of tbe Arkansas River, in wbich fertile region is Pratt County, being tbe first tier of counties west of a line drawn N rth and South through the center of the State and in the second tier from tbe Indian Territory line. It contains 720 square miles and tbe surface generally presents tbe appearance of a level plain, but Is everywhere undulating enough to drain well and 'not a stagnant pool ia found within its borders. Eastward through the central part flows the Nin echah River, with a fall sufficient to turn a number of mills on its banks, and its pure unfailing water is an attractive fea ture of tbe country. The sou is of on questionable fertility and produces a lux oriaot growth of everything tbat.growa in this climate. - Winters are abort, tbe "Utnmers long snd pleasant; even in mid summer, wbeo the thermometer registers 100 io the shade it is made q iue com fortable by the constant breeze. At night it always becomes cool and sleep is re. freshing. It is the golden medium of temperate climes. . Tbe rainfall is abundant ard evenly distributed throughout the year, tbe pro ducts well diversified, tbe people indus trious, intelligent and cheerful. It is the E lea of the southwest tbe people's par adise. Every few days I receive' letters from persons io Ohio asking if there is an opening here for them. In tbe towns here there is usually aa much or more opposition than in the east, and one who succeeds must exppct to meet it. Good tradesmen of almost any trade can find employment at fair wages. School teach- era are paid about the same as in Ohio but they can invest their money and mske a great deal more tbaa in the east. There are fine ooenlngs for stock men in this county. Pratt, tbe largeat town, is located in the exact geographical center of the county and bas a population of 1,000 although only two years old When tbe county seat contest is ended it will certainly be a fine location for bosiness of every kind. At present the best opportunities to make money are found in tbe country Tbe fine farming land is rapidly iacreas iog in value aod pays handsome rales of interest to investors. People wbo own but small farma in the east, or have a lit tie money to invest, can secure larger farms here that will io a few year8 make them comparatively rich It is to this class we appesl to belter their condition, and we feel the assurance tbat we are right whn we say that as an agricultu ral Slate Kansas is unexcelled. We have not the large mining and manufacturing interests that Oaio bas, neitber-have we the element tbat dusters about these in terests, but the people are mtinly engag ed in agriculture nd belong to tbe class that makes a State good, great and weal thy. Fine farm of 160 acres can be bought for 81.000 to 82,000, according to location and improvements. If you want a good borne, cheap, in a good country, it ia to he found in Pratt Coun ty, Kansas, but the improvement thereof is left to tbe owner. The State holds out greater inducements at present to farmers than any other class of immi- trams Pratt- County affords as floe farm lands as any n the State and at as low prices. The general outlook in gn,!1 for tbe coming year. If during the sum mer mon bs you would take a little trip through this country with a few hundred dollars you would be sure to be able to make some investments tbat would many times pay your expenses. Yours hastily, J S Barnes. Approval by the People. - N. Y Star. The President is receiviog letters from all parts of tbe country, from all classes of pitisens, and from every walk aod oc cupation of life, congratulating bim upon bis atlito le with reference to tbe Senate. It is evident that in interposing a check to the Senate's arrogant . pretentions, he has touched a popular chord. Toe cor respondence in quea'ioit presecti a be wildering variety of stmdpoiU and 'in terpretation, but an absolute unanimity of approval as to the President's course aod of condemnation as to the Senate's-. The letters are from merchants, pe-liti-cians,profesioaal men, scholars, women, artiaaus and laborers. They are coached in every school of rhetoric, and bri-t'e with all conceivable eccentricities o' grammar and orthography. But in ev ery one of them there is unmistekable evidence tbat the President bas struck the key to which the people's heart rings true. ' It is at once instructive and pathetic to look over theae great sheaves of let ters, the spontaneous tribute of the citi zen Those from the old, full of mellow retrospect; those from tbe young throb bing with confidence and hope.. Eacb givea in bis own way and from his per sonal point ot view the light in which tbe controversy strikes bim. Each has a characteristic version of the contro versy, colored by his experience and in. dividualiz-'d by his environment. All anive by their several and differing paths at a common .conclusion. When the Ptesident drew his broad form across the pathway of the Senate's insolent en croachment and said to it, "Thus tar and no further I" a million loyal hearts responded. These letters, are but .the flying chaff, the jetsam flung upon the shore; but tbey tell with no uncertain eloquence which way the storm is speed ing and whither tend the mighty waves. Mr. Edmunds may spin his artful web of special pleading. Ingalls may aneer and sjing. and L"gan vex tbe shivering welkin wit l his Bo)tian bawl, but tie nation will ask itself whether it was not time to draw a line beyond which the Senate's arrogsnce might not pass, and with one voice it will anplaud the Presi dent for drawing it. Nay, it will for give the Senate much for having forced tje issue. THE PENSIOX OFFICE. A Pensioner Ratine Doubled on a Lvtter from Senator Culloui ' Washington. March 25 Gen. Black. Commissioner t,f Pensions, was further examined by tbe Senate Comnittie on Expenditures of Public Money - this morning. , Senator Cullom called op tbe case of Joseph W. Fifer of Btoomiogton, 111., and asked what there was peculiai io that., . . Gen. Black looked over tbe paper, and said be was unable to answer, as an important paper bad disappeared from the file- siooa thev had been ia the cus tody of the commfee. Senator CtiHom said perhaps he coold supply t'je dfficiei.cj. Ia looking over another esse he had found a letter writ ten by himielf to Comruissicner Dudley wbicb evidently belonged to the Fifer case. , CornoiiKoioner B ack said that was the paper, and he read it as follows: I am anxious to have this man's pen sion increased to 824 per moot He ia one of tbe truest and beat men God ever made. -Was shot jat about as Pieai dent Garfidld was. I know bim well. A little wo;k breaks bim down. Please give tbis atwtioo soon. Gen. Black read fmm tbe records t show that the claimant ha I been . exam ioed and bis case -had. been vsjiooslvj rated ' several limes bv medical boards, bet never rated over 812 a monit until Senator Callom's note . waa received, when the rating, by crder of Commis sioner Dudley, was made 824 a raoi.t i. Io reply to Senator Beck he said it was just tms class, of cases wdicq uaa led to tbe charges in bis report. - - The Local Paper." Every year every local paper gives from 8100 to 83 000 in free lines for the sole benefit of the commnalty ia which it is located. No other agency can or will do tbis. The local editor in pro portion to his means does more for the town than any other teo meo, aod in all fairness rasn wllh man, he ought to be supported, not-because you msy hsp nan m like him or admire his writing, but because a local paper is the best in vestment, a community csn maae. u may not. be brilliant or crowded with arm At iniino hts. but financially it is more nf honnfit to a commnnitv than tbe preacher or teacher. , Understand us now, we do not mean moratiy or luvct lectuallv, but financially, and yet on the mm-al'nucstion vou will find the major ity nf t im Ibcal oaners are on right side of tbe question. To-day the editor of local papers do me moss wur iwi mo least money on earth. Subscribe for your local paper, not as a charity, but - . . .. I ra IMA as aa investment. Th. TTmind Siatis government is the greatest printer and publisher in the world, rue numoer wi puunciiu sud annutllv amounts to about 2,500, 000, or which about 600,000 are bound volumes. Synopsis of Laws Relating to Bounties. Treacrt Department) Skcokd Audit r's Orrioc, r .Waehinoton, D. C. Feb. 24, 1886 J 1. By csretully examining tbe provi sions of tbe different sections of this Circular, any soldier or bis heirs csn as certiin tbe class which they belong, and, if entitled, can collect their dues with out the intervention of an agent. 2 Ou application therefor, ' blank forms of application will be famished by tbis office to the soldier, or his heirs not more remote tbaa brct'iers and sis ters. BOUNTHS TO TOLUNTKRS. 3 AH tolunleers who enlisted prior to July 22. 1861, for three yesrs, and wbo were mmtred into tie service before August 6, 1861, are entitled by Act ot April 22, 1872, to 8100 bounty if the) have been honorably discharged, and have not received the same for such ser vice If tbe soldier died before receiving said bounty, bis heirs are entiled, viz: widow, children, father, mother, brothers, snd enters fn order named. 4 Those two and three yesrs' men wbo enlisted a-fer April 11, 1861, and before December 24, 1863 or after April 1, 1864, and before July 18, 1S64, are enti'led to 8100 bounty a der Act cf July 22, 1861, provided they served two years or more ss enli.-tad men, or were honorably discharged as such off account of wounds; received in line of defy be fore two years' service. If a soldier en listed trader Ibis act "waa discbarged"be fore scrying $wu jco, n account o1 dueaie or by'resson -of promotion-, be would not be entitled to bounty. '' 5. If a soldier died in the aervice, his heirs becane entitled -to any bounty which, the aoldier would have been enti tled to under tbe terms of bis contract. Tbe order of heirship and payment is firs', to the widow; second, to tbe chil dren; third, to tbe father, if he bas not abandoned the support of his' family; fourth, to the mother.. In the abseocc of the above named, the brothers and sistsrs of -the whole and half-blood in herit eq tally. It the father, mother, or more remote heirs cf a deceased soldier, were not residents of the Uatcd States at the date cf soldier's death, t icy are only, entitled t such in tilmei ti of bounty as bad accrued and remained un paid at tbe time of bis death. By tbe Act of July 4, 1864, these rules of d scent and heirship are varied. the father, brothers and si-ters, and the mother, unless a widow at tbe dst-i of the soldier's death, being excluded from tbe provisions of ssid act. 6 Tbe time for filing claims under tbe Act of Jnlv 23, 1866. known as he "Ad ditional Bounty Act," expired July 1, 1880. - - . : ; . 7 Draft d men, enrolled after March 3. 1863. for three t ears, or men wbo. after March 3. 1863. eniised for tVree yesrs ss $ub$tituUt fir drafted men. are entitled, by Act of March 3, 1863, to 8100 bounty, if tbev served two years or more, or were discharged by reason of wounds received in line ' of duty be. fore I o- years' service. . - Draftjfd men or substitutes, entering tbe.m$tary service for a less period than three years, are not entitled to bounty' 'tinder any law. . 8 A'i volunteer recruits who enliftsd after Qjtober 23, 1863, and btf ire De cember 24, 1863, fr three years, 1n an organization already In the field, or vbo unlisted Vf er December 23, 1863, and be fore April 2. 1864, for three years, were eatilled-to 8300 bounty, psyable in in st&lfoeets during tbe term of. service, a follows :, 860 in advance, and 840 after each-two, six.Hweive, eighteen, tweiit four, and t drty-six months, respectively. If tbereoldier . served bis full term, or was discharged prior theieto by reason of wounds, or under any of tbe Gener al Ordets for tbe reduction of tbe Army because f tirminalion of the wsr, he wss entitled to the full amount. If .dla chargedby reason of disease,-or by way of .favor, or to accept promotion, be was eot'tled only to tbe accrued unpaid instalment actually doe bim at tbe time of his discharge. Nots General Order No. 77, War Department. Adjutant-General's Office, April 23. 1865, was xbejlrtt order issued by tbe War Department discharging men bv reason ot close ot tba war 9. S ildiera wbo were discharged a'ter nine . mon ihs'. consecutive service in the Armv'prior to April 2, 1S64, were per mitted to re-enlist and become vttrans, and were emit ed to 8400 bounty, pay able in instalments daring the term of servfee as follows: Advance, 825, (or 860 after September 28, 1863 ) and 850 after each t"o, six, twelve, eighteen, twenty four, and thirty monVis, and the balance at the expiration of term of ser vice. It tbey were discharged" to re enlist ictt the sains regiment, they must have previously served two years In or LOOK Dry Goods, Notions, Groceries, Hardware, Quecnswarc, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Ready :Mado Clothing", ana the llifjnest Jfrice lot; country Produce, also ncon and Flour, calloa apT?,'86r , Alex. Browntlield, Antloch, Ohio.' t;.iikL:i?xTC3rHC, PHYSICIAN ANDSURafiOX, -f fffEtVISVILL.E. OHIO, . Will visit patients In all parts-of the eoanty. Calls ptpmpUy attended to. . -' apr8,'8tST. IMPORTANT NOTICE. PSRSON3 Indebted on aooonat or nets, to J. T Jadklas nay expeot after the 15th ar Anrll. to find the same with an offloer for collection; and those indebted for costs may look oat for exoatlons. . J.r.8PRIOGS. spr6,T6l3. ' Assignee 'of JoolT Judkias. Notice to Township Assessors. TBS Township Assessors of Monroe Coun ty, Ohio, are hereby notified to meet oa JTonday, the llth day of April, 1886, at 10 o'olook a. m., at the Aaditor's Ofloo in Woodsleld. said eoanty. to be furnished with blank forms, and to reoeWe saoh tnstrnattons as shall tend to a uniformity in the disoharge of their nties ' H B. MUULKHAN, apr'S.'Seu. Auditor of said County. .NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION. NOTICK s hereby giren, that the partner ehlp lately subsisting between John R Brow and B. L. Linoh. of Antioch, Ohio, under the firm name of Brown A Lynoh, was dissolved by mutual consent on tbe 3d day of April. 188. All debts owine; to the said nrnmraVin ere to be rsoeiTsI by the said K, LLtaeh, who will continue the business of furniture and undertaking- . JOHI? R. BRfJWH. uobG'8l3. J. L. UKC1I. der to become vetersna, and these were probably pud all bounty uue ur first service. . v 10. All non-commissioned officers mustered out after April 28, 1865, by reaswo of being rendeid snp ruomerary on consolidation, are regarded as mus tered out because their services were no longer rtqa.red, aod are entitled to fall bounty. 11. Volonteers wbo enlisted after JoTy 17, 1864, aod before May 1,. 186$,: for" one, two, and three years,- were, unffef Act ot Jaly 4. 1SC4. promised 8100- lof one year's service, 8200 for two yesrs' service, and 88C0 tor tbree ) ear' 'ser vice, payable in equal instalments aa fol lows: One-third cf the amoont on mus ter in ; one-third at the expiration tt half the term of seivice; and Ibe bsfanC at the expiration i f toe full tcraa cf est' vice. If tbe soldier wss discharged "be cause oi wounds received in tbe Ifce of duty," or by reason of expiration of termof seryice.be thereby became, en titled to the full amount of bounty; but if be was discharged "hecsusa of ssr vices no longer r quired," or by "close" of tbe war," be has no claim for the bal ance of this bounty. Nearly all those enjif-tiog under this sit were paid all du them at time of discharge. . , Tbe members of tbe First Corps, U. S Yeteran Volunteers, ( Hancdtk'a Corps,".) were paid 83C0 io advance iff addition to tbe above bounty. Soldier who enlisted substquect to January tt 1865, are not entitled to tLU extra boontr. ; : - 12 Odored soldiers: andT their, .htlitf under Act of March 3, 1873, are er titled to the same bounty as white abfdlefii antf their hefrsr- ,. - . . .V. 13. Enlisted men discharged by .rea son ot weanda received io battle, pe in line. of duty, are entitled, by Acts ot Msrch 3, 1863, March 3, 1805, and Jcli.t Resolution or April 1 2, i860, to receive the ssme booi.ty tbey would bate re ceived u tbey bad served tbeir fun term of enlistment, . " ' ; .'. .The Word' vlound, as used In the fore going, is to be understood in taw' sense of injury, bort. damage, aa-contradistinguished front disease or sickness. The bounty does not depend upon tbe woond, hot upon being ditcAargtd by rtaigh f 14 Tbe loss of a aoldier dhekarg certificate does not pi event the collection of bounty, provided its loss or desfroc ion is accounted Ior. A duplicate .'dis charge is not sccei fed s evidence to es tablish a claim against tbe Government. If a duplicate ia desiredapplication must be made to the Adjutant General, United S atea Army. 15 Bounty ia on(y payable to th ' en listed man or bis heirs. Commissioned officers for services as such are not en titled. . No law. aolboiizes payment of bounty to soldiers for enlis'ments of Jes tbao two yea: s priot to July 18, 186 , 16 . ' No bouLty is (.aid to volunteer! who enlisted titer April 30, 1S65. " " 17. No bounty is paid tor enlistment or te-enlistments in tbe Veteran Rescrv Corps, but men transferred tbrrtto rows other regiments are entitled to tb boon--y tbey would have received - in their old regiments, wbtn discharged alter two years' service, or. al tb expiration1 of the full term of service, or by t,eaoaJ ol wounds. -. : . 18. An honorable discbarge ia a con- bounty; but when the discharge paper are silent on tbis poii t, then tn ques tion is one. of fact to be determined by the soldier's mi itiry history. B0CNTT TO REGULARS. t 19. Soldiers who enlisted into tbw Regular Arrov between Joly 1T1861. aod June 25, 1863, were, entitled to.lOO bounty, under tie same conditions a volunteers. , - 20. All tnen enlisting into the Regu lar Army for five year, within nlntty daya from June 22, 1863, (the data ot General Order No 190, A. ti. O ,) wert entitled to a bountr f 8400. payaul ia instalment as cited in section 8. r - 21. All soldiers bo enlisted, or rr entitled into the Regular Army ior threw years, under Joint R solution of Jan uary 13, 1864, aod General Order No. 25, are entitled to 8400 bonnty. By Act Ot June 20. 1864. revnlara eervlit enlUlrjients msde piior to July 22, 1881; and re enliottng between Jane 19, 1S54, and August 1, 1864, under this act,, into their old reiilmer t for three veera. ra also, entr led to 8400 bounty, psyable in instalments, - - . 22. No booty rs paid for enlistment in the Regular Army bt fore July 1, 1881. . . ; , . . 23. No bounty ia paid to regulara who enlisted after June 30, 1S65 jTSrClaimants making application to this Office for either arrears of pay or bounty, should state all the B'rvice th soldier ever rendered j. c, each "com pany and regiment in winch he served after tbe 11th dav or April, 1861,.. ' Wm A. Dat, Aeditor. HERE ! GEO.1V'. xuiscn, ; Wholesale and Retail . CXALSS III " HatSjCaps&Furs, HO. 1047 NAM STREET. ' W XXOOllXXfJ, XrV. Va moh30,'66v, . : i. ,. Sellers' Liver Pills. Act Directly on the Llrcr. Cuus Cbols asd FsTia, Dreraieu, SiceHbadacsi, B(Uo(eCoue,CoatTir4 noa. RuicxATm, Fas, rALrrfATtoa or tbb Hi ait, Diuiaus, Toarts Litbs, Coatid Toaaus. SLUFLBssaaie, aits iu Duiuu or tbb Utbb abb Btosacb. If yon do sot 'feel tj well, " a ilng I. plB at bed-time stlmolatee the etoaiMa. teeriee tbe appetite. Impart vigor to the tyiteBk They care all dlteaMa Ilka aiagic. Get the rtfiht kind. SELLERS' LIVEB PILLS. Sold by dranlMa. Send for circular. SELLERS MEDIC1NI CO.,PltUbrta,ra. lei S3 'btf sue r. NOTICE OF APPOINTMENT. Eitaie of Jacob Fifjf, Dtvtattd. TOR undenlgnod has been appolateJ aa4 qualified aa JSieoutrlx of the wilt ef Jacob. Finley, late of Monroe oouaty, dee'd. Pated this 25 Ih day of Mareh, A.D lltf. hao;8Sti. CBAELOTXI F13LXY, IN