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Published by James Harper.
"Trulh and Justice."
IAt SI do in Advance.
Volume XV. Number 41.
GALLIPOLIS, OHIO. SEPTEMBER 12, 1 850.
Whole Number 769.
Is published every Thursday morning
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From the Pennsylvania,
Written for a child by David Paul Brown.
O guard me through the shades of night,
Saviour and Lord, 1 humbly pray:
Surround and shield me with thy might,
And bless me through the coming day
Bless me in youth bless me in years,
And bind me in thy bonds of Love;
Inspire m hope dispel my fears,
And train me for the realms above.
In all I do, and think, and say.
Direct and counsel me, O Lord;
Sleeping or waking, night or day.
Sustain me by thy sov'reign word.
And when I yield this fleeting breath,
And fly to meet thee face to face,
Preserve me from eternal death
Still bless me, thro Redeeming grace.
Bless parents, brothers, sisters all
In health and sickness joy and grief
Whate er betides whateer befal,
Be thou their solace and relief.
Teach them and me, how weak how
How worthless are these scenes below,
Where mirth is mourning pleasure,
And proud rejoicings turns to wo.
Let me, dear Lord, alone rejoice,
In prayer and grateful praise to thee;
Subdue my heart attune my voice,
And mould me for Eternity.
Tis not for a frail child of dust
To breathe a ish before thy throne
In thee, in thee alone, I trust;
Then let thy sacred will be done.
Make me but Thine, point out the road,
Thro' flowers or thorns, thro' smiles
That leads me to thy bright abode,
That I may join my Saviour there.
Sympathy- Gentle, loving
its are found in this sin-stained
world of ours! Were their abilities
equal to their sympathy, they would
chase the cloud of sorrow from the
brow of sadness. For others' woes
they will shed a pitying tear such
tears, perhaps, as angels love to shed
as they draw for awhile their golden
harps, and turn their radiant eyes
on this polluted scene. When the
dark veil of adversity hangs low over
our pathway, how cheering is the
voice of sympathy! A tender chord
is touched in the bosom of the chris
tian that will not cease to vibrate till
they tread the hills and dales of Par
adise and slake their thirst from that
stream thai "flows fast by thejthrone
orGod." It is a sacred duty enjoin
ed npon us by One who spake as
never man spake. At the grave of
Lazarus! "Jesus wept!"
Gambling at Saratoga- The New
York Tribune gives some further facts
relative to the loss, at Saratoga, of a
large aura of money by a gentleman of
that city. I he loser, it seems, was
'playing against two of his fashionable
compeers, the stakes being $5,000 ante!
His loss was nearer 82J0.000 than
$ 100,000, and is stated by some as ex
ceeding even the former sum. -
' He offered to settle by paying each
of the two winners $5,000 down by giv-
ing his notes for f 50,000. This they
refused, and after some discussion, it
was finally agreed to leave the matter
to the arbitration of a fourth party, who
decided that $2,000 was as much as any
gentleman had a right to lose atone sit
ting, , and that the winners therefore,
were each entitled to no more than that
urn. The victim immediately forked
over the amount, well content, no doubt,
to escape ruin so easily. ;
What's the reason" said a fat
Englishman to us the other day
"what's the reason you ave so many
more people cut to pieces in street
fights than we 'avein ; Heng'andf
"Can't say," we modestly replied,
"unless it is because our people are
better able to buy bowie-knives than
yoara." ; . , . :
t.. o-. The total population
-r Tt,tn i. .r-Artind bv the Deputy
Marshal to be 4,870.
From the Troy Whig.
From the Troy Whig. Distressing and Extraordinary case of
Suicide—Painful Mystery—death of two
Suicide—Painful Mystery—death of two Persons.
About 4 o'clock on Monday morn
ing, a horse and buggy drove op to
the door of the St. Charles Hotel in
this city, from which alighted a well
dressed gentleman and lady. The
man on the "watch" at the hotel an
swered the parlor bell as it was rnng,
and admitted the parties. The man
directed that his horse should be put
out, and registering his name in a
full round hand, William A. Cald
well and lady, Philadelphia, reques
ted a room. A front parlor, with
bed room attached, was assigned him,
and the parties shown to it.
When the book-keeper of the Ho
tel appeared in the morning, his at
tention was called to the name of
the parties, and was informed of the
room they occupied. The occupants
of the room nut appearing at the
breakfast table, the servants were
ordered to be ready to prepare break
fast for them when it should be called I
for. At 10 o'clock the book-keeDer
went to their room, waked them, i
and Caldwell and the woman with
him came down to breakfast. After
breakfast, Caldwell gave orders to
have dinner- prepared for him at 2
o'clock, and raid some friends of his
from Keesville would be there to
dine with him. They did not ap
pear at 2 o'clock, as thev appointed
nor did the friends from Keesville
make their appearance. Nor did
they appear at tea.
Tuesday morning late, the book
keeper went again to their room, snd
Caldwell came to the door. In re
ply to the inquiry whether he wished
breaklast, he said thev did not leel
very well, and would have breakfast
sent up to them. Breakfast was
sent up accordingly, as were also
pieces of pie and cheese in the after
On Tuesday afternoon, Mr. Mc
Donald, the proprietor of the hotel
returned home from several days' ab
sence at the North, and wasinlormed
of the unusual conduct of the per
sons occupying thi3 room, and he
determined to call on them, lie
rapped at the door and was admitted
by Caldwell; the woman with him
was on the bed, in the adjoining bed
room. Caldwell remarked careless
ly that he was "laying off" there for
short time, had been tra.jlling,
&c Mr. McJJ. reminded him thai
he was running up a considerable bill
his house, and also ol the strange
ness of his manner.
Caldwell replied that he had mon
ey enough, and it would be "all
In the evening Mr. McD. directed
bill should be made out.
and they requested to vacate the
room. It should be mentioned that
during their stay they sent several
times to the bar for brandy. The
book-keeper went to the room and
rapped repeatedly, but could get no
answer, though he could hear the
man and woman talking between
themselves Failing to get any an
swer whatever after repeated trials
he informed the proprietor of the
fact, and it was concluded to allow
them to remain undisturbed until
In the morning, another attempt
was made to get an answer from the
occupants of the room, but with no
belter success than the night pre
vious; and finally Mr. McD. resolved
to probe the matter. By the aid of
a chair he was able to raise himsell
to the swinging window over the
bed-room; and looking in he beheld
both the man and woman lying
in each other's arms, with their
throats cut from ear to ear, and pil
lows and bedding discolored by a
large quantity of blood. The hor
rible circumstance thus revealed, no
time was lost in forcing open the
door. Dr. Bontecou and C. D. Pack
ard soon effected an entrance. Both
bodies were cold and lifeless, and
had obviously been quite dead seve
The scene presented in the bed
room was one we shall not attempt
to describe. A more ghastly and
horrible spectacle the mind cannot
coneeive. Both were in their ordi
nary .night clothes. The woman
was lying in the front part of the
bed, "her head resting on her arm and
partly on the bosom of her companion.-
-.The gash in her throat was not
deep, and the blood had dropped be
neath so that little was on her per
son. Her countenance was palid,
and marked by a serenity amounting
almost to a smile. She had evident
ly moved only slightly after the cut
was made, and then in ihe struggles
of death. She was of the middle size
in height, hardly ordinarily robust,
and apparently aged about 30 years.
By her side on the right lay Caldwell
I . " . 1 . I
the most horrid ooject me eyes ever
beheld. He was tall, muscular, well
formed, large head, features strong-
ly marked, and the lower part of his
face covered with a heavy pair of
whiskers. The gash in his throat
had severed and laid bare his wind
pipe and he had bled most profusely.
His face, hands and breast were cov
ered with blood, and his hair and
whiskers were clotted together with
it. Judging from the position of his
limbs, his contortions must have
been long and severe. By his right
side was found a razor, covered with
blood and also the razor case,
Aside from the circumstances men
tioned above, the evidence elicited
from persons examined amounted to
but little importance. Calvin F.
Blake, a porter of the Mansion House,
testified that he was acquainted with
the deceased at Whitehall six years
ago. He was in this city a short
time ago, and stopped at the Man
sion House. Blake next saw him on
Monday in this city. Caldwell
called him one side, and told him he
was on a bit of a bust, and that two
constables attempted to arrest him at
Wilmington, Mass., the day before,
iut that he whipped both of them,
and escaped. He also told Blake
that he had a woman with him, and
that she was another man's wife.
Caldwell afterwards sent for Blake
to the Mansion- House. He went to
the St. Charles and found Caldwell
and the woman in their room.
Caldwell was intoxicated, and re
quested B. to go out and procure a
bottle of Congress water and an
ounce of lunar caustic, and said if he
could take something that would
poison him he would do so in a mo
ment. Blake told him to keep cool:
that he had better get over this, and
send the woman home where she be
longei. Blake procured him the
Congress water, and when he re
turned Caldwell asked why he did
not bring along that little vial?
Blake told him to drink the water and
keep quiet. Blake also told the bar
keeper to allow him to have no more
liquor, and further to take good care
of him, as he was on a spree, had or
could procure means, and was a re
spectable man when sober. The
testimony of the other witnesses re
vealed only the circumstances we
have related in the previous part of
The following letters and memo
randa found in the room, leave little
ground to question that the act was
premeditated, and that both had lully
made up their minds for its accom
plishment in the manner in which it
The first letter it seems, was writ
ten by Caldwell, but never mailed
is penned in a good hand, and
punctuation, flic, scrupulously cor
ALBANY, Amer'n Hotel, Aug 2, 1850.
Daniel Murray, Eq. Dear Sir:
That there may be a fow who might
possibly wish to know my where
abouts, I send you the following. In
looking over the lew past years ol
mv life, viewing the present and al
lowed to eoniecture the realities of
the future. I but become dissatisfied
with mvself and all around me, con
sequently I find life a burden.
btart not 'tis true, that ere you
shall finish I am no more. My health
is perlect; the years before me are
many, and the prospects before me
truly flattering; but for all this life is
burden. "You are astonishe;!!
"Well voc may be." "Astonished!5
Yes, to think a man like myself, lull
of life and vigor, should wish for
death. The reason why, it is unne
cessary to state. Volumes would not
hoid iU Neither couid paper con-
ain it. I might cite instances of
treatment received by those who
were near to me, but as I leave them
behind, I will say Farewell! May
prosperity crown the heads of those
leave behind me. 1 hen to one and
all Farewell! Farewell!
WM. A. CALDWELL.
Nothing but this I leave behind me.
The following was found in manu
script, on a quarter of a sheet of let
Whoever may find this hat, they
can infer that in the stream rests the
bodies of two William A.Caldwell,
of New York, and Louisa Van Win
kle, of Brooklyn. Letters can be
found in my trunk at the Mansion
House, Williamstown, Mass.
Sunday, Aug 18, 1850.
The following paragraphs were
written on a half sheet foolscap, in
pencil mark. They were found on
the table, and were doubtless written
in the room:
My brother is W. E. Caldwell, No.
19 Beaver street. New York.
The horse here belongs at the
Mansion House, Williamstown,
Mass., where all roy things are. I
die by opium and chloroform. Let
our bodies remain quiet undisturbed.
W. A. CALDWELL.
Our only request is that we be
buried togsther in Greenwood Ceme
W. A. C.
The following was at the bottom
oi the sheet:
Oar room shows that wo failed in
attempting to deprive ourselves of
lite by taking opium, but as that has
failed, we die now the sword.
W. A. C.
Letters in trunk at Williams
W. A. C.
The indications in the room were
that the parties had had violent vom
itings and experienced much purging,
The following was r written in a
woman's hand on a slip of paper, in
pencil mark, and found in the room.
We correct the spelling and punctu
Dear Ma You take my hat.
Give my ea rings with blue stones to
dear sister Caroline. The rest of my
things let Henry do as he pleases
with. The ring on my fore finger j
et brother Bill take off and wear for
my sake. I hope you are as well
prepared to die as I am. Adieu!
The wardrobe of the parties was
genteel and fashionable. Caldwell
had a good cloak, black broadcloth
coat, light pants and Vhite hat. In
his pockets was found a pocket book,
cantaininga note dated New York,
July 17,'bO, lor SSS 62 signed W. E.
Caldwell; also, one 90 day note
signed by the same for $78 62, and
62 cents in change, and sundry pa
pers of no importance.
The female's clothing consisted ol
a rich mourning suit. Dark dress, an
elegant crape shawl, black crape hat,
head dress &c, were lound.
Or, her person were found a set of
black earrings in her ears; a large
ring on her fore finger, and three les
ser ones on her other fingers.
It is said Caldwell's father and
other relatives reside at Whitehall.
They were telegraphed to yesterday
Those who saw the female repre
sent her as extremrly beautiful and
remarkably lady-like and pleasing in
From the Brooklyn Advertiser.
Most of those who attended the
Washington street Methodist Church
some years, will recollect a tall,
handsome female, of exquisite model,
who, with her i-ister, occupied a side
pew about two-thirds down the
right hand side aisle. She was one
well calculated to attract attention.
Her mother, a widow, resided at 701
Tillary street. Miss. Van Winkle
was married to a Mr. Knnpp about
three vears ag?. She was then about
the age of 21. and not a few envied
the favored suitor. Several children
were born to them, and we believe
she was in mourning lor the death of
of them at the lime of her vio
A short time since, she with her
husband took a place in Murray st.,
New York, which place, we regret
to snv, was a tavern. How she
could have condescended to such a
means of employment for a liveli
hood we cannot imagine. It was,
we learn, while ihus employed that
M-. C. ingratiated himself into her
affections, with whom she left the
city less than two weeks ago. She
had a remarkable high spirit, and it
may be that suffering under the
stings of conscience, on account of
sacrificing honor, home, family and
friends, through the wiles of a sedu
cer, she upbraided him, and her death
was the consequence. It is almost
a pity that he succeeded, by inflicting
death by his own hand, in debiting
ustice. Verily the way ol the trans
gressor is hard
The body ot Mrs. rinapp will oe
brought to Brooklyn for interment
The Horrible Tragedy at Troy.
The Albany State Register has
been favored by an acquaintance of
Caldwell with the following state
ment which throws some light on
the motives which promoted the per
petration of the horrid deed:
William A. Caldwell has been a
personal acquaintance of the writer.
for some fifteen years, interrupted on
ly by an absence of nine months at
Auburn, and a three years' cruise to
China, &c. He arrived in New York,
from that cruise in early summer.
revious to his leaving this continent,
(some years previous,) he was en
gaged to be married to the young
ady who resigned hersell to the hor
rid death with which we are all fa
miliar. There was considerable op
position to the match, which delayed
the consummation of their desires.
While absent to. China, and other
parts of the world, the lady now no
more, became acquainted with a man
by the name of Knapp, and her
friends importuned her to accept bis
honorable proposals for marriage, to
which at length she reluctantly yiel
ded her assent, and they were mar-
ried, and have had one child, which
died early in May, and just previous
to isaiaweii i return.
Caldwell had sailed nearly around
the world and as he neared his na
tive shores, the most prominent
thoughts that swelled his bosom, was
the certainty, as he supposed, of
again clasping his Louisa to his heart,
but returned only to find the object
dearer to him than life the wife of
another. The iron entered his soul:
he wandered about nearly distracted;
but his belter reasons came to him I
and he resolved to shake it off.
tne mean time ne found mat she de
sired to see him, she the wife of an
other, requested an interview. But
their meeting is not to be described.
The years of absence that had pass
ed only had bound them together
mere strongly, if possible, than be-
fore; they met as they should not
have met as lovers. Caldwell's
better reason at first did not allow
him to think of the-future as she
thought, would doubtless have pass
ed by, and left only despair fastened
in their hearts; hut they loved and
madly; and the former associations
of youth came up before them more
freshly at the thought of a final sep
aration. She did not wish to live
without him and told that she could
not, and that was her determination,
to remain with him, notwithstanding
that she was the wife of another.
Caldwell was too passionate and
rash to resist that, and it was talked
over that they should meet again.
He parted with her to visit his
friends in Whitehall and went on
board the evening boat for Albany.
Alter the boat was underway, and
while he was walking on the deck
to his utter astonishment, she ap
peared before him. The thought
at once pierced him that she had
abandoned her home, and lesolved,
regardless of the tremendous conse
quences, to share his fate; and her
words shortly corroborated what had
passed like lightning through his soul.
They immediately proceeded to his
state room, and there they resolved
in the face of all the terrible circum
stances around them, never to part
again. They did not pnrt; but ar
rived at Albany, and took lodgings
at the Delevan House. He left
there and made his contemplated
visit to Whitehall, and returned in
about ten days, she in the meantime
receiving her meals in her rooms, ac
cording to his suggestion-, in order
to avoid observation.
lie returne.l and took rooms with
heral the American Hotel, where
he wrote the published letter to the
editor ol a Whitehall paper. He re
mained at the American a lew days,
hut thought it too public a place,
and engaged lodgings at a private
house in Jay street, where he remain
ed about week, then took the
eastern cars and went to Williams
town, and was surprised and pur
sued by some one, as he remaikcd in
Troy, that he had whipped two con
stables and escaped, the particulars
ot which will soon appear. He es
caped in a one hoise carriage, and
arrived at the St. Charles Hotel Tues
day morning about four o'clock. And
the sequel is now before the world.
They there resolved to die with his
own hand he opened the portals ol
eternity. They both past into the
undiscovered country, from whence
no traveller has returned. The pa
ges ot romance can scarcely pro
duce a parallel, or a description
fraught with such startling and aw
ful circumstances, as are presented
n the truths ol this case.
SLAVE INSURRECTION IN ALABAMA.
The Columbus Times learns by a tele
graphic despatch from Montgomery,
Alabama, that an insurrection, in which
400 negroes were engaged, bad taken
place in Lowndes county, in that State.
Fortunately the plot was divulged be
fore the insurrectionists had time to ac
complish their plans; the rendezvous of
the negroes was discovered by the
whites, who fired upon them, killing one
and wounding twenty of their number,
when the party dispersed. A large num
ber of prisoners were taken.
The Savannah Morning News of the
19th ult., publishes the above and adds.
A gentleman who arrived from the
West, in the cars last night, confirms
this report, and informs us that great ex
citement prevailed in that section. The
slaves had been incited to insurrection
by an abolitionist, for whose apprehen
sion a reward of $6,000 had been offered.
A number of persons were in pursuit of
him ana il was oeneved be would beta
ken. It was reported that he bad taken
the route to Charleston by way of Augusta.
Rathe Personal. The harmoni
ous Democracv of Hamilton county
agrew in one thing in branding their
party as knaves and fools. They make
out the case clearly. Read this:
The Dispafck says we make an ass of
Well, the editor of that paper
tin 4 Tin trniiViln In that wav. rahm JlJ
that job for him. -Enquirer.
New York Tribune.
'.This paper has published ft aeries
of articles on the newspaper press,
foreign and American- From the
article on the American press we ex
tract the following concerning the
The issues of our paper are now,
in round numbers, 13,600 Daily. 41,-
400 Weeklv, 1.700 Semi-Weekly, 3,
300 for Caiirornia. 500 for Europe,
making 160.200 sheets weeklv. and
Ini8.330.400 annually distributed to all
sections of this country, add to-the
principal piaces in omer pans oune
civilized world. This must not,
however, be taken as the permanent
number lor, since the enlargement
of the Daily on the 10th of April
last, its circulation has increased 3,-
100 copies, in spite of the effect of
the warm iseason, which usually
diminishes the circulation of news
papers. In the same time the Week
ly has gained 1,900, and the Califor
nia Tribune 1,000. At this rate, by
the 10th of April next the Daily will
circulate 25.000 copies, and the
Weekly 45.000 copies, while the ag
gregate annual circulation of The
New-York Tribune will be 10,000,-
At the present time the paper em
ploys a Ion and a half of type, and con
sumes weekly seven and a half tons of
paper and 150 lbs. of ink, besides
other accessaries in proportion. The
printing is all done on one of Hoe's
Four-Cylinder Presses, the cost of
which was $12,000, and which is
driven by a ten-horse steam engine of
the same maker. The average week
ly expendituie of the establishment
is S2.S00, (at the rate of $145,000
per annum,) the whole business being
done on the cash system.
As we are often asked concerning
the distribution of labor in The Tri
bune, il may be proper here to an
swer such inquires. The immediate
labors of Mr. Greeley, the Responsi
ble Editor, ol course do not extend
beyond the Political conduct of the
paper and the preparation of the edi
torial articles, a department in which
he is assisted by Mr. C. A. Dana,
who has been connected with The
Tribune in various capacities for
something less than four years. Mr.
Dana also has special charge of the
department of European News and
Politics, and, in connection with Mr.
F. Cleveland, who has been tor
seven years an editor of The Tribune,
also engaged in the preparation of
the political and miscellaneous intel
ligence of this country; this involves
the reading of above one thousand
exchange papers and the condensa
tion ol the news they may contain.
The Commercial Department is un
der the care of Mr. G. M. Snow, who
has been entrusted with it since the
foundation of the paper, and who
was the first in this city to furnish a
complete and accurate daily report
of the markets. Mr. Snow also has
charge of the department of Tele
graphic News. The Literary De
partment is conducted by Mr.
George Ripley. Mr. Bayard Taylor
has particular charge ol everything
relating to California and South
America, with the supervision of the
important department of City News,
in which he has four regular Assis
tants and reporters. The prepara
tion and arrangement of Ship News
is the duty of Mr. W. Newman. A
special translator is also employed in
the office, at the same time that seve
ral of the regular editors are often
called upon to translate Irom papers
and letters in various languages. In
deed, though each one is responsible
for his own department, he is fre
quently required to assist in one of
the others, in which there is an unu
sual amount of work to be done.
The Publishing and Financial De
partments as our readers are aware,
are under the supervision of Mr. Mc
Elrith; the details of which are un
der the more immediate charge of
Messrs. S. Sinclair and R. M. Stre
beigh, each of whom has devoted
several years to perfecting himsel'
in the duties confided to him. the
Composing Room is managed by Mr.
Thomas N. Rooker, and the Press
Room by Mr. George Hall. As a
property, the establishment is nein
in One Hundred shares, of which the
larger number are owned by Messrs.
Greeley & McElraih, the original
proprietors, while the residue are
owned by five Assistant Editors, and
five other Assistants longest connec
ted with and most responsibly em
ployed in the several departments of
Printing snd rublishing. It is in
tended that in time the number ol
shareholders hall be increased, but
thai the whole shall continue to be
persons employed upon and useful to
the paper. But, while any one may
be discharged by a general ote ol
his associates, his right of property
in the concern and his equal interest
In any dividends which may be made
would remain unaffected. Each per
son employed on the paper, whether
shareholder or not, is paid a stated
salary for his services, which Is fixed
and can only be increased or dimin
ished by a vote of the stockholders
in general meetioj;. Compositors
(typo setters) form an exception;
theirs is piece-work.
While the Trtbune is tha subject,
we will give the terms:
The Tenth Volume of tha New.
York Weeklv Trihnrm mill nm.
mence on Saturday, Sept. 7, 1S50.
The Daily, Semi-Weekly and
Weekly issues of The Tribune are
all now published on a large imperial
sheet of the same size and quality,
forming a quarto or eight large pages
of six columes each.
Tekms Always in Advance:)
Daily, $5 per annum; $1,50 for
Semi-Weekly, $3 do.; S5 for two
copies; $20 for ten copies.
Weeklv, $2 for one copy; eight
for $10; twenty for $20.
Milwaukee. The number of
deaths on Friday were 47. and on
Sunday 62, making, in the two days
10))! The di-cease is not called chol
era, but 'Dysentery,' and 'Bloody
Flux.' Il Is confined mostly to the
Galci a. We have received some
additional particulars relative to the
cholera in this city. The disease sud
denly appeared on the ISth, raged
three days, carrying off 50 persons,
and then as suddenly disappeared.
It was mostly confined to a single
Piq.ua, O. Dysentery and Flux
are prevailing to a considerable extent
in this town. The Register says the
mortality among children has been
greater than ever known there ex
cept one or two seasons.
Sister Viola. this excellen t wo
man fell a victim to the Cholera in
the Catholic Hospital in Detroit, on
the 24th inst. Her arduous duties
in taking care of the sick of late,
have been insupportable. She has
devoted her whole lime in the Hos
pital lor several seasons.
Chicago. The Board of health
reported twenty-five interments, du
ring the forty eight hours ending on
the 25th. Sixteen of which were
Columbcs. Up to Au r. 27th, the
Hoard of Health reoorted 199 deaths
from cholera: 42 daring the first
week, 62 the second, 38 the third.
39 the iourth, and IS the filth. The
Board also report 85 deaths from
other diseases: 15 in the first week,
in the second, 25 the third, 15
the fourth, and 11 in the filth ma
king a total mortality in the city, In
the past five weeks', of 2S4. The
greatest number of deaths was re
ported August 3J 20; and no deaths
reported August 26ih. Average
number of deaths per day, from all
diseases, 8 nearly. During the
twenty-four hours ending at Wed
nesday noon, there were two deaths.
Mt. Vebwo.n, O. Five deaths
were reported in this place up to
last Tuesday evening, and the Ban
ner say the health of the town is un
Our attention has l een called to the
following in the commercial depart
ment of the Cleveland IJeraid. If the
idea advanced therein is correct, it calls
loudly for attention on the part of our
farmers and produce dealers. The
reputation of Ohio wheat and flour is
too valuable to be lowered, unless there
is a very sound reason therefor. We
do not know tho peculiar recommends
of this new wheat; but, unless it is much
more hardy or prolific than other wheat,
it should be discarded. We ask atten
tion to it, and hope it will be talked
about, that the true state of the subject
"A kind of wheat called the 'Mediter
ranean' has been introduced into Ohio
to a considerable extent, and if its culti
vation is continued it will ultimately
greatly injure the reputation of Ohio
wheat. It is already in bad repute with
operators, and millers carefully avoid
purchasing it, as it impossible to make
good Hour trom wheat in which the
Mediterranean is mixed. The Mediter
ranean ranges from four to six cents a
bushel less in our market than other
qualities, and producers will rind it to
their interest to avoid raising it."
fjC7It appears that the miserable
food resorted to by the starving peas
antry on the sea coasts of Ireland,
tha common "sea weed," is becom
ing, even in England, extensively
used by the poor lor food. It is now
forwarded by railroad, from Shields
io Manchester and Leeds, by women
who gather it Irom the rocks at Tyn
mouth, and on arrival at its destlna- .
tion, it is regularly sold in the mar
kets, at from 3d to 4d per pound. . '