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JOIffi ' t r?l Uo A "IT n - - ' : i V .; Pnblished bf James narper. "Tru th and Ju.lice." At $1 30 In Adsaiice Volume XVI. Number 7. GALLIPOLIS, OHIO, JANUARY 16, 1851. T Whole Number 787. THE JOURNAL, la published every Thursday morning ; BY JA1TIES nABPEB. In Telegraph BUdig,FMic Square. 1 copy one year, paid In advance, 8 1 60 1 if paid within the year t 00 Fob Clvbx Four Copies, $5 60 Six " 8 00 Ten " 13 00 - The person getting up a club of rvx will be entided to one copy gratis, so long as the club continues by its exer tion. The cash, in these cases must InTariably accompany the names. Advertising: $1 One square 3 Insertions, Each subsequent insertion, One square 6 months, . ; 1 year. ' To th j-e who advertise larger a libe ral reduct on will be made. 00 25 4 00 6 00 From the Indiana State Sentinel. From the Indiana State Sentinel. Song. Oh sing those songs again, to-night The songs of other years! - They bring again some past delight, In "sunshine and in tears!" They gild the gloom of present cares, They tell of joys to come, Then sing the song ofotherearj, - r"Crfrieldshiprand of Home. Oh! sing the songs we used to sing In youth's unclouded day; "When like the birds in early spring, We carroled hours awny; When life was like a rainbow beam A ray of golden light A zephyr o'er a waveless stream An ocean of delight. Mr heart is sad. then sing to me The songs we loved so well: The p'easing thoughts they bring to me Mo feeble words can tell: But sing of pleasures and of pains, In some melodious lay. Touch, touch the lute, to pensive strains I would not have them gay. There is a pathos in thy voice! A sadness in thy tone A joy, that makes the heart rejoice A sweetness all thine own! Then sing the songs we loved so well, And sing them o'er and o'er, I ever feel the magic spell Of those sweet songs of yore. WASHINGTON, D. C. V. R. F. The Needle. The gay belles of fashion may boast of excelling In waltz or cotilion at whist or qua drille; And seek admiration by Tauntingly tel ling Of drawing, and painting, and musi cal skill; But give me the fair one, in country or city, Whose home and its duties are dear to her heart, Who cheerfully warbles some rustical ditty, While plying the needle with exqui site art, .The bright little needle the swiftly fly ins needle. The needle directed by beauty and art If love have a potent a magical token, -A talisman, ever resistless and true A charm that is never evaded or broken, A witchery certain the heart to sub due Tis this and the armory never has furnished So keen and unerring, or polished a dart; Let beauty direct it, so pointed and bur nished, -And oh! it is certain of touching the heart. Be wise, then, ye maidens, nor seek ad miration By dressing for conquest, and flirting with, all; ;You never, whate'er be your fortune or station, ' Appear half so lovely at rout or at ' ball, 'As gaily convened at a work-covered ' ' ' table, ' Each cheerfully active and playing '- e her part, Beguiling the task with a song or a fable, t And plying the needle with exquisite art. . and day and has a to ed the tor her ing ' It is a delicate secret that of being attractive and charming in company. Some people think it re quires beauty, or knowledge, or elo quence in the speaker; it requires no such thing. It is true that beauty "brings the hearers near, but it does ot keep them. Some people think that it requires the speaker to be clev er jo herself, or agreeable, or interes ting instead of, which it only re 'quires that she should, with nice and .dolicate tact, so address herself to volhera as to make them feel them selves clever, agreeable, and interes ting; and that win please and grati jfytbem infinitely more than by dis playing the most brilliant and extra ordinary power of her own. a by Hearts and Homes. TTjWe present our readers an ar ticle headed "Husbands and Wives." It contains oar sentiments so folly upon their errors and duties, set forth so much better than we have power or language to do, that we almost regret that we cannot appropriate it, as our own. We ask the married to read carefully; remember its sentiments, cherish its truths, make ol them prac tical rules oi conduct and marriage will then, and not till then, yield the blessings and happiness designed by Heaven in its institution for man's good. We have always had these opinions we have, always, acted upon them and they have blessed us in married lifel We, therefore, with confidence present and recommend them to our readers and the public, with the ut most confidence in their truth and practical wisdom! We present them especially to the young and unmar ried of both sexes admonish each, if he or she be not capable of acting in accordance with these wholesome suggestions, Jive single! Embitter the life of no one, by erroneous views and bad temper. A good temper is like the fragrance of the flower; cor rect views like the soil that supports and nourishes the flower! Memphis Express. Husbands and Wives—Their Errors and their Duties. "But bappr they, tbe happiest of their kind. Whom ren tie Un unite, and in one fate Their heart,, their fortune, and their beings blend !" Marriage is said to be a lottery, It would seem so indeed in some ca ses, the contrast is so extraordinary and the circumstances so novel. But so solemn a compact, so sacred in the eyes of Heaven and the law, and so calculated to effect for "better" or for "worse," not only the tempora but the eternal happiness of the par ties, should not be thought of lightly or determined upon rashly. We fear that in too many marriages, worldly considerations are permitted to exercise a controlling influence. Hands are united, not hearts, re cuniary objects, and not harmony of sentiment, constitute the "motive power!'' Matches are made with reference to "an establishment," and not to a life of peace, tranquility and happiness. a he best affections, the highest sympathies are trifled with sacrificed, if not sold, while the glitter of fashion and tbe pomp and vanity of worldly display, conceal the breaking heart within. Hence the frequent divorces the unhappy homes, the lonely and deserted wives, the dissolute and reckless hus bands. On the other hand how many rush into matrimony ' who do not duly consider its responsibilities, who take no note of the future! Controlled by a sudden fancy, influ enced by a wild impulse, they has ten on, and find "too late" that they have assumed a position to which they are inadequate, that the strug gles and trials of the world are fear ful, that more nerve, patience and perseverance are necessary than they can command. The excitement, too, delusion may have passed away, and they are surprised to find im perfections in the angel of their idol atry. They forget that they them selves are human, fallible, full of er rors, and thus they cannot make proper allowances for others. They become petulent and peevish, harsh brutal, and the "rosy and sunny homes" that was pictured in "the dreams," is converted into a scene of strife and anger, of passion discord. They find themselves disappointed, soured. The prospect changed, and instead of pursuing magnanimous and manly course, they turn upon the "gentle one," in whose ears they "so lately" pour fond vows and earnest protesta tions, and make her the source of all bitterness and vexation. Alas! the victim nnder such circum stances! How, day alter day, must fair dreams fade, and the wither reality of a long life of sorrow loom before her! How, in her qui et hours, she must remember her early home, and the lavish love that enjoyed beneath tbe paternal roof! At times, too, he may recall mother's love and feel disposed to unburden her heart, and communi cate the secrets of her soul to the be ing who watched over her cradle! And yet, why disturb, why agonize unnecessarily why communicate a sorrow that will only pain and wring without the means of affording re liel? But there is another side to this picture. There are gentle ones who forget or neglect their duties, and who, by coldness and asperity, make home a scene of perpetual discord. The husband is welcomed " with frowns! Complaints are eyer upper most. Nothing satisfies. Toil on, flay," or by night, and still the murmur is the tame. A peevish, a of or us A a fretful spirit seems to have taken pos session of the "better half," and after struggling in vain against such a con stant source of disquiet, the husband abandons his home in despair, and seeks elsewhere for companionship, or at least for exemptcn from per petual fault-finding. How fearful this mistake on the part of young wives how they trifle with affection how they peril peace of mind! Alas! these seldom enter into the or dinary reflections of a thoughtless wife, especially it she be vain, proud, and devoted to display. Her idols are false pride, inflated vanity, and a desire to excel: and it her husband do not minister to every whim of the hour, if he hesitate to comply with her demands for funds if he ven ture to remonstrate against unneces sary expenditures, anger, passion, and invective are by no means unu sual. He may at the moment be pressed to the earth by some sud den exigency, may require the exer cise of extraordinary moral courage to maintain his position and sustain his character may need consola tion, encouragement, and incentive to exertion, and instead End re proaches, angry looks, and harsh in sinuations at home! How many men havebemaddened and.ruinfd under these circumstances! How in some sudden moment of excite ment, have they abandoned the con trol of their own fortunes, and yio ded to the dark impulses of despair, Partners in trade are bound by the law of self-interest, to say nothing of higher and nobler considerations, to assist and sustain each other br ev ery honorable means. How much more incumbent, therefore, is such a policy in partners for life, and be tween those who have united them selves for better or for worse be tween man and wife, who have link ed themselves, not only on grounds of affection, and principle, but to a certain ex'ent have made their des inies one. now essential the wis dom and duty of mutual forbearance. mutual assistance! How important that each should strive to contribute to the happiness of each other to soothe the sorrow, and to share the joy to counsel and encourage in moment or adversity, to restrain and subdue in the hour of prosperity! the bond ot marriage, when entered into wisely, thoughtfully, kindly, and generously, is indeed the bond of af fection, of concord and of happiness, But the obligation is mutual, and while every husband of a right mind and of a right heart, will endeavor to provide to the best of his ability for the necessities and comforts of the b!ng of his choice, the wife should not forget the smile of wel come at nighfall, the look and man ner of love that subdued and won. She should not forget the honor, the interest, the happiness and prosperi ty"ofthe head of the household," and the source of all its comforts! of Extbaobdiitay Escape. We learn from the officers of the Martha Wash ington, which arrived here yester day, of the narrow escape from death, connected with the explosion the Jvnoxville, at ISew Orleans. Frank Riley, pilot of the Martha Washington, was lying sick in the state-room at the moment of the ac cident, when the boiler of the Knox- ville passed through, demolishing the state-room, and making the cabin e perfect wreck. Riley's bed was car ried across the boat, and after the boiler had passed he found himself lying on the guards, with the bed clothes piled upon him. His watch chain was afterwards found attach ed to the boiler, which lodged in the cabin ot the Griffin Yeatmen. His watch was not recovered. Rilev said he felt as if some one had taken him up carefully, and laid him down again. He did not receive the sligh test injury. to is Distinguishing Characteristic thb Sexes. There is nearly al ways something of nature's own gentility in every young woman (except, indeed, whe'n they get to gether and fall a giggling.) . It shames men to see how much sooner they are polished into conventional shape, than our rough, masculine angles. vulgar boy requires, Heaven knows what assiduity, to move three steps I do not say like a gentleman, but like a boy without a soul in him; but give the least advantage of so ciety or tuition to a peasant girl, and hundred to one but she will glide into refinement before the boy can make a bow without npsetting the table. There is sentiment in all wo men, and that gives delicacy to thought, and taste to manner; but sentiment with men is generally acquired, an offspring of the intel lectual quality, not, as with the other ex, of the moral. Buhner. of it sea. ana an their Duties. Apportionment of Representatives. It is computed, from the returns of the census, to far as they are known, that the United states con tain a population of between twen tv-three and twenty-four millions of inhabitants. It is rendered almost certain, also, that the ratio of rep resentatives will be fixed at about one hundred thousand, perhaps a little above that number.' By a clause in the census law, adopted on motion of Mr. Vinton, tbe number of members of the lower house is to remain at 233 tbe same as now, (enough in all conscience,) until Con gress shall make another apportion ment A correspondent of the N, Y. Evening Post, upon the above estimated population and ratio of representation, bases the lollowing calculation. The apportionment, it will be observed, will not be made in time to take effect before the elec tions of Representatives to the Thirty-Third Congress, which assembles n December, 1853: 1853. Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut " New England 27 31 4 6 3 10 1 3 4 1813. 7 4 10 2 4 4 Gain New York. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, 32 4 S3 83 9 10 5 3 2 34 5 21 21 10 7 3 3 2 Mid'Hwe.'t states 113 111 5 Total for free states Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, 140 1 5 12 9 8 5 8 1 7 5 3 2 2 10 6 143 1- 1 15 10 9 7 8 1 7 4 4 2 1 II 6 91 10 1 1 Total for Slare States 84 According to the above, there wil be but 224 representatives. This is caused, however, bv overlooking the tractions which will result upon a di vision of the entire population by the ratio to be established. The oss of these nine members, by Mr, Vinton's rule, is to be made up by giving one additional member to each the States having the largest frac tions. 2 Horseback Riding in Madeira. The Hon. John A. Dix, in his recent work, "A Winter in Madeira," gives an amusing account ot horse back riding at Funchal. For 30 rents an hour, a fine horse can be hired at any livery stable, together with a man as attendant, who fol- ows on foot, and when you desire ride fast, he catches hold ol your horse s tail and is drawn along. In this way he prevents vou from run ning away from him. Mr. Dix says that the horses soon become a ecus tomed to these human appendages, and that the lellows have a way ol making the horse go fast or slow, as they desire, in spite ol the rider. Mr. Dix says that for ladies, this associa tion of horse and driver is a great convenience, ihey need no other attendant He is always ready to render any assistance; if the horse loses a shoe, he has a hammer and nails in hn pocket to replace it. It not easy to fancy a more ludic rous spectacle than a lady riding tnroogn tne city at lui: gallop, with man hanging to the tail of her horse; but such scenes are of hourly occurrence in Funchal, and the eye soon becomes accustomed to them. rjTPThere is an apparatus on board the United States steamer Sa ranac, by which salt water can be converted into fresh, to the amount from twelve to fifteen hundred gallons daily. It was long consid ered impossible to render sea water nnkable on account of the bromine that remained in it, and which gave its bitter taste and produced nau I ho experiments, however, have at last resulted successfully. tne distilled water, alter it has cooled, is said to be as good as any water in the world. Most of the English steamers are provided with apparatus aimihar to thai on board the S ranac, and seldom leave port, on the longest voyage, with more than one day's water. We believe the Saranac is the only Amer ican ateamer to which this invalua ble invention has bees applied. ber A . Novn. Proposition. The New York Tribune makes the fol lowing novel proposition in regard ti the election of President and Vice President We doubt, however, whether it is sufficiently practical for adoption, J though we should re joice to see some better plan than the present adopted: their Duties. Apportionment of Representatives. Election of President by the People—No National Convention. 'AH full insidef queried a looker in at the door of a London omnibus. "Can't say for the rest," responded Charles Lamb from one of the seats; "but that last piece of oyster pie did the business for me.n The last Whig mlional Convention at Philadelphia was equally efficacious in our case. We had attended all the previous Whig National Conventions since 1S32; but from this we were, as John Van Buren aptly expressed it, Mike a cholera patient discharged cured.' We earnestly desire that there shall never be another. ' We are satis fied that such, no matter of which party, tend to limit the freedom of thought, to impede progress in the discovery and establishment of Po litical Truth to enchain men to or- g wzaUonf, to catch jr.rdsA to dead formulas, when their minds should be left open to the ready reception and assimilation of moral truth. If there could be some National process akin to the reading of the Riot Act, whereby all subsisting parties could be dispersed, and all party names abolished every fourth year, the Country and the cause of Human Progress would be immensely gain ers; but, in default of this, an utter disuse of National Conventions will be of vast benefit. And this, we trust, may now be secured. 'What! would you throw an election of President evermore into the House of Representatives? No, Sir, nothing of the sort, our idea is to keep itevermoreout ol that House, and have all future Presidents nom inated and chosen directly by the people. Our plan is briefly as fol lows: Have no National Convention, and no exclusive candidates lor r resi dent and Vice President on either side; but let the claims and qualifica tions of all our eminent citizens be freely discussed through the journals and in popular assemblages with an eye to their possible elevation to the Presidency. Let this discussion be gin as early as the public interest in the subject shall suggest, and be con tinued up to the day of election, which is now, throughout the entire Union, the Tuesday following the 1st Monday in November. Mean time let the State Conventions of the two great parties (and as many more as shall see fit to) assemble as usual, and nominate Electoral Tickets to be supported by all who shall prefer at the approaching election. Let these tickets be printed with the names ol the various candidates for President at the head thus: Over the Whig Electoral Ticket, "For President, Henry Clay; Vice President, Wash ington Hunt;" others, "For Presi dent, Daniel Webster; Vice Presi dent, John J. Crittenden;" others, "For President, Winfield Scott; Vice President, Edward Bates, o( Missouri," and soon. Those of the Opposition would in like manner bear the names of Gen. Butler, Gen. Houston, Gen. Cass, Col. Benton, Gov. McDowell, Jefferson Davis, and so on. J hen each elector com ing to the polls would vote the electoral ticket of the party prefer red by him, his ballot at the same time expressing his individual choice for President and Vice Presi dent The ballots thus voted for instance: The State Canvassers de clare that the vote of New York was cast as follows: For the Whig Electoral Ticket, 250,000 Locoroco, 240,000 Liberty, 5,000 And that the Whig Electors are chosen. But they further report that the Whig JMectoral Ballots were headed as follows: For President Henry Clay, 120,- 000; Winfield Scott, 60,000; Daniel Webster, 40,000; Horace Mann, 10,- 000: and that 20,000 were voted without designation of a Presidential candidate. They in like manner state how the Locoloco ballots were headed, and so with regard to Vice President. And so with other tick ets that might be voted. Within ten days after a Presiden tial Election, it might by means of the lelegraph be known through out the Union how the great bulk of the vote of either party had been cast, not merely which party had carried a majority of the Electors, bat how that maim iiy had been in structed to vote by the greater num of those by whose suffrages they had been elected. I hen the Elec in I in of an the the per a ay had a the had his out in en per the like tree, joice the the the the There horses line, felt cial public, passed, final tors would assemble in their respec tive colleges, not to ratify the decrees of some secret office seeking cabal, some gathering of scheming selfish politicians, but to announce and authoritatively ratify the unbi ased, unconstrained choice of the peo ple. Such is our idea of and plan for a real Election of President by the people, dispensing with all National Conventions, Congressional Caucus Nominations and other machinery to forestall and constrain the choice of the People. We feel confident that it would work well and that, af ter the difficulty of first explaining and putting it in operation had been surmounted, it would never be re linquished. And it could not be a difficult operation to convince the People that they could as well desig nate the man ol their confidence bv their ballots as any convention could do it for them. Then a simple act of each legislature, instructing the In spector or Judges of elections to count and return the indorsements as well as the names of those voted for as Electors would settle the ques tion. If any Slate chose to stand off, its electors could vote as thev pleased, but their tate.wjjuldej.'- no muueure over me decision oi others. Friends ol Popular Sovereignty! help us to perfect and put in practice some effectual and acceptable sub stitute for National President-making Conventions! War. A soldier in active service has pub lished a little unpretending volume, which he describes the effects ol shot in the field of battle: "You can form no idea of the balls and shells which crossed each other in thair deadly course. Before and around the spot on which Field-Marshal Radetzky was standing, the heavy A IK hrtta ntnttrvtitt1 tin lk. nr,nn A I . . . -- p--fi""" I tracing in one place a deep furrow, and cutting down a tree likestubb another. It is remarkable how each kind of missile has its own char acteristic. There is a tremulous howl of the large round shot, the whistle of the musket ball, the hiss the shell, like that of the Cathe rine wheel firework, and then its de tonating as it hursts. Ol these last many which fell amongst us missed fire, and many exploded harmless in the air, but where one fell and did its office the effect was dreadful. One such struck officer in the breast, exploded at instant, struck down a man to right and left, and cut off the up part of the officer's body in such fashion that the frightened horse galloped off with t'le feet of the corpse in the stirrups. Such are the spectacles which a field of battle occasionally presents. Not far off a Piedmontese artillerist, who been struck on the forehead by spent G lb. shot which remained wound. A Hussar had been killed at the same instant with his horse, by a shot which had passed through the neck of the latter; they sunk together, the rider still saddle, and the sabre still in his hand. The sudden collapse of in lull vigour is what is most fearful to behold. One sinks with a groan, another jumps high from the ground with a shriek, falls over, lies still and deal, l saw Granzer from the Banat, with a ball his forehead, falter a few paces, leaning on his musket, like a drunk man, and then, after a faint whis, about his home, expire. Over town the cannon smoke had spread a colossal canopy, which floated motionless above the roofs the crown of the Italian pine BALTHfOBK A5D OHIO RaILBOAD Sale of State Bohds. We re exceedingly to have it in our power to announce that arrange ments have been made which place Baltimore and Chio Railroad be yond contingency, as to the means necessary to its vigorous prosecution At a meeting ol the Board to-day whole amount of her Sterling Bonds was sold to Messrs. Brown, Brothers & Co. The company, in deciding upon proper course to be pursued in relation to a sale of the sterling bonds, have looked to certainty in prosecution of their great work. are now upwards of four thousand laborers and one thousand employed upon the extended and tbe Board could not have justified in delaying, for a single moment the maturity ol their ftnan plans. We congratulate the and the friends of this great enterprise, that the Rubicon is now and that the roaJ will be pressed, with the utmost vigor, to its. completion. Bait. Pat. of of of it and both an Arrival of the U. S. Ship Preble. Longest Cruise on Record—Great Mortality—Visit to Japan—Release of American Prisoners. ' The U. S. ship Prsbel, Com. Glynn, arrived at New York on Thursday, from San Francisco, via Valparaiso, after a remarkable cruise. She sail ed from New York in 1S46, as a con voy to Stevenson s regiment After the Mexican war, she went to China stopping at several ports of the Sandwich Islands. Subsequently she sailed for Japan, where 16 Ame rican shipwrecked seamen were im prisoned. Of this visit the New York Herald says : On her way to Japan, the Preble touched at the Loo Choo islands a kingdom in themselves, yet depen dencies of Japan. For gentle dig nity of manners, superior advance ment in the arts, and general intelli gence, the inhabitants of this group are by far the most interesting un enlightened nation in the Pacific ocean. The Preble is the first Amer ican man of war that has ever visited them. As the Preble neared the coast of Jjjjan. siOTPtg-tr TTfietfTrom the prominent headlands to give warning to the surrounding country (as it was afterwards ascer tained,) of the appearance of a strange ship. As she entered the harbor of Nagasaki, the Preble was met by a number of large boats, which ordered hei off, and attempted to oppose her further ingress, but by standing steadily in, with a fine breeze, their ranks were soon broken, and a desirable position secured for anchoring. Fleets of boats, crowded with soldiers, shortly afterwards began to arrive, and from that time until the Pieble left they poured in one inces sant stream, day and night. Each squadron of boats had ban'iers, all . t .f .... . ornamented wun aMiincnvn ivmhn and devices, which were transferred with the troops to their encamp ments on the elevated shores sur rounding the anchorage of the Pre ble, From these heights were, at intervals, unmasked batteries, heavy artillery, numbering tn all upwards of 60 guns, which were trained upon the Preble's decks. It was in the fnce of this array, and with a cordon of boats drawn around the ship, that negotiations were carried on for the release ol American citizens from an ignomin ious and cruel imprisonment of near ly seventeen months. Against these men the Japanese urged not the slightest charge, except the difficulty thev had in building prisons and cages strong enough to hold them. Yet they were treated with inhuman barbarity, and when first confined, were made to trample on the crucifix, being told that it was 'the Devil of Japan.' and that if they refused to comply, their lives would pay the for lei t. The demand for their release was at first treated with a well affec ted haughty indifference, by the Jap anese authorities. This subsequent ly gave place to an evasive diplomacy; but upon being peremtorily told by Capt. Glynn in language that could not be misunceistood that they must immediately deliver up the men, or means would be found to compel them; and that the American gov ernment always know how to recov er and protect its citizens, when im properly detained or abused by any nation whatever, they quickly chan ged their tone, and deprecating any anger or excitement on tbe subject, the Lieut Governor (who had con ducted the interview in behall of the Japanese,) promised that they should be sent off to the ship in two days from that time. This was strictly ulfilled. During the trip on the coast of China, the dysentery broke out, and one time threatened to prostrate all on board. A large number fell victims to the epidemic. She brings back but 3 officers and 5 seamen, out 145 persons who sailed in her from New York in 1S46. Since er absence she has sailed 100.000 miles. The Herald adds: Every port of any Importance whatever, in the North Pacific and China Seas, and upon the west coast South America, Mexico, and Cali fornia, has been visited, and many of them several times during the cru se. Unfrequented parts of the ocean have been traversed a number of strange ports have been entered. where no national vessel naa ever before shown our flag and our com merce has received succor and pro tection from the Preble in a number most important instances. Thus will be seen that the Preble has made one of the roost interesting, certainly, the longest cruise, for duration of time and distance sailed, than has ever been made by American man of war.