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.Volume "XVI.--Number 11.
GALLIPOLIS OHIO, FEB R U A It Y 1 3 ;j 18 51. Whole Number 791. I . THE . JOURNAL, j Is published every Thursday morning iBY! JAMES HARPER. ' 'In 7eleraph Bullding.PulUe Square. vi! ' ; ... ' - - v ! ' : ' . ' '. Tekhs; . '".'' 1 copy one year, paid in advance, SI 50 : 1 "if paid within the year 2 00 Fox Civbs. Four Copies. . $5 60 Six " 8 00 - ' ; Ten " 13 00 "' ' " 'The person getting up a cluh of tew 1 will be entitled to one copy gratis, so long as the club continues by its exer- tions. The cash, in these cases ' must Invariably accompany the names. . . . . -. advertising: ' One square 3 insertions, ' Each subsequent insertion, ' One square 6 months, -.. ' l year. - $1 4 6 ' To thoe who advertise larger a libe ral reduct on will be made. The American Flag, in 1850. Inscribed to Daniel Webster, BY WILLIAM ROSS WALLACE. "We rrgmM the American Banner ai already aerered" from a racoon Jfewtpaper. It is not severed! No! as soon . The sister stars by tempest wrack ' Shall be divided in their sky, 'And darkle into chaos back! No! there it floats, with every hue '" Undimn'd as when it first unfurled ' Against the storm, and proudly threw ' Defiance to the Tyrant's world; And still the awful Bird that wheels ' Amid the tempest wildlv swelling, And calmly hears the thundar peals Within his storm god's misty dwelling, Aye, still he guards from traitor feet , The glories of that standard sheet, " And bears it in his guardian hand Respondent over Freedom's Land! Clime of the Valient and the Tried! : -Where Marion fought and Warren died r Where Monmouth still to Guilford calls, Aiid Valor walksthroush Vernon's halls, ( While Honor muses in the gloom And glory of the Hero's tomb, Or chants that grand old lay she made Accordant with the dark blue seas. That murmur mild where Freedom laid Her lion-hearted Miltiades: vLnnd of the Forest and the Glen! ' Thou hardy nurse of hardy men! Lind of the Mountain and the Lake! Of rivers rol'ed from sea to sea, . ' In that broad grandeur fit to make ' J A symbols of Eternity: O, fairest dime! O, dearest Land! Who shall thy banded children sever? God of our fathers! here we stand From Plymouth's rock to Georgia's strand ; Heart pressed to heart, hand linked in hand And swear "the Union lives forever!" Then float, float on thou Banner bright . With glory from the olden fight! . Yes! stainless standard of the brave Thy wreath of stars still decks the wave . Where Honor once her Lawrence rolled . To q'liet in thy spangled fold: Still, shining banner of the free, ' The shackled nations turn to thee, ' And when at home thy shadow falls .Along the Armory's trophied walls. The ancient Tru mpets long for breath . ; The dinted sabres fiercely start To vengence from each clanging sheath , As if they sought some Traitor's heart! ' O sacred banner of the brave! O standard of a thousand ships! O Guardian of the Patriot's grave! Come, let us press thee to our lips! ' There is a trembling of the rocks New England feels the Patriot shocks 'There is a trembling in the Lakes The West, the mighty West awakes; -There is a noise amid the pines i he white magnolias whiter bloom. Up Si the South new glory shines, - -Shedding its glory o'er Pinckney's . '' .'. . tomb: ' TBehold! the troubled air is dark With martial ghosts the hills are v bright ...... "With bands of Jiving men, and hark! Their voices come in mingled might JThe Sigbt shall live while Faction dies; ".The Traitors draw a fleeting breath, Buf Patriots drink from God's own eyes ' - The light of : Truth that conquers j--:;ij3 Iteath! " .' Then fairest Flag! Then dearest Land! Who shall thy banded children-sever? God of our Fathers! here we stand -Fromr- Plymouth's rock to Georgia's Ithi y tttuniy-'''''- ' . Heart pressed to heart, baud linked in vftj 'hand-. r V And swear "the.Union lives forever!" Nbw Yoax, ISSO; r.. ' '. A The Constitotional -Convention of Indian has,, by a decisive vote, -ex. eluded negroes aDd muTattoes from hereafter settling in that State;, also, jtbat all contracts with such persons shall be void;- hat -any one employ ing them.' orl encouraging,' them to remain ia the StU shall be liable to aline bf -front i0o $500; and that tech- BDt8h'J' ba"applied towards -tradoeolonixatioo of the net ew:in the Stattv Thi arte cla is to be submitted to Separate Ota of the people. THE HEROINE OF WHEELING Though we may sin? of, and tell about, the hardy men who fought so bravely and suffered so greatly to establish the principles of that Gov ernment under which we now ex ist, we must not forget those heroic women who, as mothers and wives, sent forth, with eager hearts and cheering words, their sons and hus bands, to the bitter fields of strife, or as sisters aided to clothe and equip their brothers. Their aching hearts were silent, their burning tears were brushed away, as with smiles they embraced them at parting, and with high words of trustful faith, like the women of Sparta, bade them turn not back upon the conquering foe. The words of all ages bear no slight testimony to the devoted cour age of women; and were our own history more perfectly known, in stances of female courage would be found to parallel the most wonder ful of ancient chronicles. We have now to record an act performed by a young women during our revolu tionary struggle, which, for nerve and desperateness, is scarcely to be matched. In the year 1778, Wheeling, Vir ginia, was besieged by a large force of British and Indians. At this time the Fort, with an insufficient force, was under the command of Col. Si las Zane, a brave and meritorious of ficer. Distant from this, about eigh ty vards, and outside the wall, was situated a block house, in which was Col. Ebenezer Zane, a brother of Si las, and the Senior officer, with a few men. There were several wo men in the Fort, and smong them at the time, was Elizabeth Zane, a sister of the Colonel. She was a young Woman of extraordinary beau ty, having a tall and finely formed figure, with a head like Juno; a black eye, mild and hrm in its expression; a voice solt and musical as a lute; and with an expression of counte nance as bland as Italian sfcies,though beneath it might slumber passions as warm as the fires of V esuvius. It may be supposed that many a sol dier's eye followed her wis tlully, as in days of quiet she roamed about the Fort, or strolled for a walk in com pany with one of her brothers. Ma ny a proposal had been made in vain. Officers of high rank had sued for her, and many a gallant empire was undertaken in her name, but all to no effect, so lar as winning her affection went. She was not one of those light-witted women, to be caught by fine show and fine profes sions. As far as the heart went, she placed no difference between high-nodding plumes, and the last man in the ranks the last man, not the least. She was above that age when young women are most apt to be caught by fine compliments, or dashing appearances; but, plain and direct in her manner, it was her study to give no encouragement to the attention of her suitors. Yet from the description the rea der must not infer that she was not susceptible to the softer passion of love. Far from it, her troth was at that time plighted; nor could the most ambitious thought in the world have tempted her to swerve from the sanctity of those vows made to. the loverof her choice made, S3 all lov ers oaths are, in the quiet evening hour, and witnessed by the moon, that lovers's planet, and "all the star ry host of heaven." Among the soldiers in the fort at this time none was a greater favor ite with officers and men than Ashly Harper. Bold, adventurous, and generous, almost to a fault, no haz ardous expedition was projected in which be was not always ready to volunteer; and many a desperate adventured and many a forlorn hope had seen him face the savage foe with odds against him; and while powder flashed, and bayonets gleamed, he was sure to be found in the hottest of the fray. On two occasions, had he saved the life of his superior offi cer, when the tomahawk glittered with the fearful expectation of its victim's blood. He had enlisted in the service a year previous as a pri vate; and although promotion to the rank of a non-commissioned officer had been offered him on account of his good .qualities as . a soldier, and his intelligence as a man, he had re fused its acceptance, declaring that, as his only desire was to serve his I country, he was willing - to serve through the' war as private, leaving all conditions above that to soldiers rnore competent or more ambitious. He was the son of a respectable farmer, whose industry bad enabled him to raise up, and respectfully ed ucate,, a large amily-r-a man of se vere dicipline, whose watchful eye detected youthful faults in time to prevent their maturing to crimes. He had. been intimate with the fami ly of the Zanes1, and, when Ashly ex- pressed a desire to enlist, the old mall casujr picaucu uuu wwv. Silas to enrol him among his own men. Now wa will not pretend to say that there had been any particular understanding between Miss Eliza beth and the young gentleman above spoken of, previous to his becoming a soldier, though such a thing might possibly have been in a mute way. Verbal declarations certainly had not been made; for an owl told how, one moonlight evening, while he was sitting in the shady branches of a chestnut, that stood but a few yards Trom the Fort, Considering as well be might, . Ways and means far a supper that nfjht, he looked about with a solemn scowl, and beheld coming from the shadow of the Fort.a lover and his mistress he knew it was a lover and his mis tress, they spoke to one another so tenderly. They came out from the Fort stealthily, and stole softly over the greensward, to thd foot of the chest nut, and sitting down upon one of the knarled roots, said kind things,! uttered sacred vows, and breathed fervent sighs one to the other. They sat there an hour a good hour by the march of Saturn talking and sighing all the while, when cal ling upon the stars to witness their oaths, and sealing their vows with a kiss, retired. It was but a short time after this occurrence that the siege of Wheel ing was commenced by the British and Indians, and although the place was defended with zeal and an un limited amount of courage, the hopes of the besieged grew somewhat dim as they looked forth upon the masses that surrounded them. A scarcity of provisions was not what alarmed them, for of those at present they had a sufficient supply; but alarm' be came almost consternation when it was announced that their powder was short. Several desperate as saults had been made by the enemy to break into the fort, but Col. Zane and his men repulsed and drove them back again as vigorously as they assaulted. '.The Indians on two or three occasions attempted the de struction of the fort and block house oy nre; out in eacn instance tney were shot down ere the faggot and burning brand could be applied. But ultimately those in the tort be- M n trt frill in ftiAir tinnaa nPa cn. cessful defence, when the word was passed around that they were in pos session ot a tew charges ol powder only. There was an abundant sup ply in the block house, which they had been prevented from removing by the suddenness of the assault; but how was it to be gotten now? Surrounded by the most inveterate of foes, whut possible method could be adopted to procure them a sup ply of ammunition? Their condition must be known to the enemy the moment their fire slackened, and then they could easily be destroy ed without the least show of de fence. The second day of the siege had well nigh worn away it was in the middle of the afternoon. The last shot had been fired the last grain ol powder had been exhausted. Now, what was to be done? Make terms of capitulation, or, despairing, sub mit to fate? They in the block house still held out bravely, and a little longer concert of action might save them, for the enemy began already to show symptoms of wavering. At this crisis Colonel Zane called his men around him, and after de scribing . to them the situation in which they were placed, he desired to knew if there was any one among them desperate enough to attempt a passsage through the enemy to the block house. He added that it was indeed a forlorn hope, but at the worst could not be more disastrous than to remain in their present con dition. SSo answer lollowed the appeal. The men gazed ; at their commander and into the eyes of each other with the most complete de spair, and with faces blank without any ray of hope. Elizabeth stood by the side of her brother, silent; but that silence was more eloquent than the words of the Colonel. Perhaps though a slight pang might have flut tered her pulse to bear no one speak. Was there not one brave enough to peril his life for the salvation of the whole? Ammunition was all that was wanted. One keg of powder and they were free! ; .At that mo ment a young man stepped modest ly forward end said: . 'Colonel I will attempt the pas sage. . If I fall remember me; if ,1 succeed'. .i - -.;, .- " His eye caught the expression of Elizabeth's features, as they glowed upon him with unutterable fondness and pride, and fell to the ground. j Colonel Zane 'stepped forward, and taking ' the voung soldier's - hand, said: -.; r I" 1 'You are the man I expected would volunteer for this service. Go, and God protect you! - If ibey see yon from the block house; they wtfi try and cover vou with their fire. Self possession is vour only tope. Now away, while the enemyt axe partially withdrawn. - ' Bui here Elizabeth 'stepped for ward, and, addressing tier brother, said " 1 'Silas, let me nnderta&e this enter prise.' .? 'Your replied her brother, viewing her with astonishment. 'Impossible! Do you know the danger of the at tempt? Perfectly,' she answered. 'You have no men to spare. - Every one is needed in defence of the Fort; and this is the only service I can render.' 'But a man would be more fleet, Elizabeth, and more certain of suc cess,' said her brother. 'Still you have no man to spare; and a woman would not run the same danger in passing thro' the enemy.., Besides, if I fall, I shall not be so much missed, nor your forces weakened. . The colonel was moved to tears, and embracing bis sister, exclaimed . 'Then go! God's will be done, and may he protect your . . A dozen men now sprang forward, prompted by the devotion of this heroic woman; and Ashley Harper, more urgent than the iest, insisted that it was his right, as he was the first to propose. .But Elizabeth would hear no objections, and at once began to make preparations for the enterprise. Partially , divesting herself of her clothing,' so that her speed might be the less impeded, she was let out at the gate of the lort, followed by the prayers and blessings of all within; while from one of the embrazures the eyes of Ashley Har per followed her, as she fled like a young roe through the lines of the enemy. Jow she lalis! Iwenty muskets are taised by the savages to stop her progress; but a cry of 'Squaw! squawP saved her. She reaches the block house ii safety, and is admitted! . " A period of awful suspense await ed them in the fort. The men were anxious for relief, the colonel was regretting that he permitted his sis ter to go, and Ashley Harper was breathing prayers for her safety. In the block house, the excitement was equally as great, and astonish ment was expressed by every one at the intrepidity of the maiden. Her brother there persuaded her to stay with him, offering to send one of his own men to the Fort with the powder. But she overruled his ar guments with the same logic she had used with her brother Silas, and was at last permitted to return. A keg of powder was poured into a table cloth, and she again sallied forth to run the desperate gauntlet. In the Fort, every heart was beat ing with the utmost anxiety; and, as the dusky loe was seen gathering around scarce a vestige of hope was left for the safety of the heroic mai den. Still watched, her lover from the embrasure, and still praved her brother silently. Forward she sped on her return with her precious bur den, as though her feet were winged, while the enemy, at length suspicious ol her errand, were pouring show ers of lead after her. Yet onward 6he came unharmed apparently un alarmed preserved by an Omnipo tent power; and at length reached the gate of the Fort, which was thrown open with eagerness to ad mit her. As it closed with safety . i I.... . . .. upon me nine band within, it was assaulted with a hundred bullets, while the savages around made the air peal with their demoniac yells of disappointment and rage. The bro ther welcomed her. with tears. All pressed around her to thank her for her bravery all but Ashley Harper: his heart was too full lor expression. . The result ot this adventure was the successful defence of the Fort against the besiegers. But ere the"! war of the revolution was ended, Ashley Harper, slept with the dead heroes of our country, having fallen at the battle of Saunders' Creek, in North Carolina, August 16, 17S0. . LLT"If there were no clouds there would be no rainbows, and if there were no troubles, we would not know what pleasure is. No-body can place a proper estimate ' on health till he has ;been sick while the blessing of contentment an on ly be appreciated bythose Who-have been miserable. The ills of life are like pepper and mustard, -of little use in themselves, though great ' fla voring.' 'Th happiest hoar a person passes in this world Js the houir.that succeeds a tooth ache.'" ; Strike pain out of existence, and" there ..would be no pleasure left " : .of .-, ROMANCE AND REALITY--Sad verse of Fortune The Springfield Republican furnishes .the ".following narrative:'. , . .' . '- , , '; '. '. : Many of our readers will remem ber a series of articles entitled 'Three weeks on a cotton plantation,' which appeared : In the Republican a twelve months since, or more. In one of those articles, the romantic history .of the planter, whose hospi talkies the writer gratefully recalled was briefly; given.. He landed at Natchez, a' boy. He had come down the Ohio and. Mississippi on a flat boat, with bis father and his father's partner. - There his father died, and was buried, and there the boy was lelt by the heartless part ner,' without a picayune. Naturally shrewd he soon picked up business sold tickets for the theatre, did er rands, peddled nick nacks, dec, until he grew up to a proper size for lar ger operation. ' He then became the owner ol a dray, then ot a small plantation, near Natchez, then of an immensely large plantation at Milli ke n's Bend above. Vicksburg. Here he went into speculation, and be fore the crash of 7 supposed him self to be worth a quarter of a mil lion. Hitherto his fortunes had waxed. He then for the first time, returned to Cincinnati, and sought out his mother and sisters whom he left be hind long years before. He found his family, who supposed him dead, in poverty, and provided for them, and then came the reverse. The wife of his youth had borne him three beautiful children. These, one after another died, then the wife was laid in the grave. An interval elapsed, of pecuniary prosperity, but of in tense grief, when he was blessed with the hand of one of the. most beauti ful and - lovely of the womankind. Then came the energy that parried in some degree the force of the blow. and ne was enabled to return and add to his beautiful plantation. Years passed on, and another family of beautiful children had grown up around him, to whom and whose beautiful .mother he was at tached by almost fanatical idolatry. Two years ago last August his home was the abode of plenty and the lar gest hospitality. Immediately after wards 1 iia favorite child sickened and died. A month or two after this, his house was burned. A few weeks more, and a long pending law. suit originat'ng in his efforts to retain his property and pay off his debts, was decided against him, and his planta tion was put under the hammer of the auctioneer, and the broken spirited man moved to Vicksburg. Here another child died. - With the remnant of his large possession he purchased the beauti ful steamer Mohawk, and run her in the New Orleans trade, acting as the Captain, himself. A few days ago the following derpatch was re ceived by the Northern papers: LOUISVILLE, Dec. 17. Capt.' Cobb, of the steamer Mo: hawk, blew out his brains yester day at Vicksburgh cause, pecuniary troubles, and death ol his wife. Another despatch from Nashville, of the same date, stated that that morning, the steamer Mohawk sunk with 2.500 bales of cotton on board, while lying at that city! Two poor, weeping, terror-stricken children are all that remain of the whole lamily. What dream of fiction ever equalled a tragedy like this. , Trial op Mr.. Tongue. Mr. Tongue was charged with being "an unruly evil, lull ot deadly poison. and in proof of the charge the law book was produced, and a passage cited from James 111. o. 1 he defen dant replied, that, if it were not for Air. Heart, who lived a little way be low him, he should be as innocent as his neighbors, Mr. Nose, or the Messrs. Eyes, afld in support of his position, he cited a passage from the same law book; Matthew xv. 18., The court decided that the defence was a sound one, and that nothing really good could be expocted from Mr. Tongue, until a radical change should take place in his neighbor Heart. . - r Van Horn, of the Meigs County Telegraph, has the following review the money market: '; r , . . We were dun nei the other day for a debt of one uollar funds on hand half a dime -deficit ninety Jive cents. Assets, to meet ' demand, $1200 charged on books, r. Unless paid in soon we shall be compelled to negociate to meet the demand mon ey market tight- ' v" " '.'V: The Residence of Mrs, Helen M. Scott, two- miles from - Versailles, Kv on the Nicholasville :turnpike road, was destroyed by fire oa Mon day. Loss not less than $3,000. . She - - Has Ere An A No! Or the ton. LOUISVILLE, Dec. 17. Population of Ohio, June 1st, 1850 by LOUISVILLE, Dec. 17. Population of Ohio, June 1st, 1850 by Counties. Adams, Allen ' Ash'and Aahtabua Athens" ' Auglaixe Belmont -Brown Butler Carroll Champaign Clark Clermont '. 18943:Licklmr 3878T ItlOS Logan 1907 83328, Lorain . S5757 2S768 Lucas 12367 1S15 Madison 1003 11444! Mahoning 23745 35240' Marion 12195 27327;Medina 24458 30796 Meigs ' ' ' 179S8 17688! Mercer 7712 19950 Miami ) '25007 22136IMonroe 29378 S0452:Mort"omery382l8 Clinton ' ' 183371 Morgan xooxo 20280 45043 3303 1766 20774 21286 10954 24810 21709 7221 30887 S1S83 14455 18429 27110 .13848 39D80 27410 3(1490 31730 Columbiana 3)601 Morrow Coshocton 25702 Muskingum Crawford Cuyahoga Darke Defiance Delaware Erie Fairfield Fayette Franklin Fulton 18139,Ottowa 48099 Paulding 20 167! Perry 6985, Pickaway 218lGPike 13578 Portage 30221 Preble ll72SjPutnam 43002 jRichland 770Ross l7066,Sandusky 17757 Scioto Gallia Geauga Greene Guernsey Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Highland Hocking Holmes Huron Jackson Jefferson Knox Lake Lawrence 219471 Seneca Shelby Stark Summit 304 5( 15G87f 17149 8251 iTrumbu!l 20 16 2, Tuscarawas 3432, Union 2586iVon Wert 1 53 75i Vinton 12205 4794 9353 20381 26202 12725 2913? 28792 14654 Warren 2557 Washington 29538 Wavne 33003 Williams 7967 rt'ood 9124 Wyandot 11222 15217! 1,983,140 By the above table, which we have jusj received from Gen. Jones, the Marshal of Ohio, it will be seen that Ohio has not quite reached the expecta tions of the people as to population. We supposed we should overrun two millions. But by the above table, it seems that we fall short of that number just 16,800. Our population- in 1810 was 1,519, 467.. It will thus be observed that we have increased 463,670 in numbers within the last ten years, being a gain of 30J per cent This is a larger gain than New York or , Pennsylvania, but is not quite as lame as we expected.- . It will be noticed that there are but three counties with greater population than Franklin, viz: Hamilton, Cuyaho ga and Muskincum. There are four counties that exceed 40,000 and eigh teen that exceed 30,000 inhabitants. State Journal. For the Gallipolis Journal. Lines written on leaving home. Farewell! my dear fa' her sweet home of my childhood, My mother and friends I must bid you adieu! No pen can portray nor tongue tell the anguish, I feel, my dear parents, at parting from you . Adieu! beloved brother the friend of my boyhood, Dear sisters and playmates, I from you depart; But go where I will, if in joy or in sor sow, Thy images ever shall dwell in my heart. Remember your brother, when In praye . at the altar, . - While asking the peace and salvation . of men; Intercede with the Lord for thy far-dis tant brother, That he for his safety may be "born . again." Then again, beloved parents, kind friends and relations, Dear brother and sisters I bid you adieu; Although he may be absent and , aay from thee, far Do not forget him who will not forget G. H. S. JANUARY, 1851. The Step Daughter. is not mine, and to my heart " Perhaps sh is less dear ' Than those who of my lifo are part This is the tin I fear; And ever in the dread to err, By loving thoes the best, More gentle have I been to her, . Perhaps than all the rest. any little fault occurred That may rebuke demand, I can speak a hasty word, . Or lift a chiding hand. Angel's voice comes flitting by, ' With look so sad ana mua voice floats softly, from the sky, ' "Would'st harm my orphan childt". witness thou and alf above, I'll cherish her as mine, ' may I lose her father's love? ' A love that once was thine. '; Geoige Thompson, the English abolitionist, is lying seriously ill at house of Mr,--Garrison; in Bos- as of to ,-the Le Grand Byington—Apostacy. L The Iowa Republican, published at the Capitol of Iowa, gives the pro ceedings of the Legislature of that State on the subject of individual Iia bilityof members of corporation. It appears that tho subject is attrac ting much attention just at . present. The lobbies have organized, and for several eveninzs have been discus sing the subject. Among others we find "Le Grand Byingion" once fa mous in Ohio as an opponent ol Ahe individual . liability .principle. , JJe says, "It would be unjust and inex pedient' to apply the' individual lia bility 'principle to stock holders in internal improvement companies.? The Editor of the Republican'.ex clnims: ' "What will Sam. Medary say?" and thinks it very probable that he Would declare it was' all a "Whig Ue. : ; r . But the fun of the thing rests in the fact that Byington stoutly denied that he had ever advocated individ ual liability. When asked if be had not voted to put that clause in church corporations, he promptly exclaimed, "no sia-EE," He further -said this principle was only talked of in Ohio to kill off the banks and other odious corporations, but thai it Wit-never applied, and never intended to be ap plied tw corporations for iuternul im provements. What do the Democracy of Ohio say to this? Byington has turned State's evidence, and has uo doubt confessed the secret of the affair. The principle was intended only or that class of corporations that tbey considered "odious," and which tbey were desirous of killing off by attach ing this to them. ' ' We submit this latest and most palpable case of opostacy, to the consideration of the Statesman, and the former friends and admirers of the famous Le Grand. Let him bo ranked with the Vances, and the Krnnons, an3 the Swans, and the others who have betrayed the '.'holy faith" of radical unmitigated. Slate Journal. ..." "..""if On 10 LujrATto Asvlcm There were received into- the asylum, lest year, 193 patients. Of these, 127 were afflicted with mania, and 36 with melancholia. Of the 193, there were 76 single,' 105 married, and 12 widowed 62 paid for their" board, and 131 did not 125 had been in sane less time than one year when admitted, 54 from 1 to 5, 13 from 5 to 10, and 1 from 10 to 20. .Of the 193 admitted, 74 were between 20 and 30 years old; 61 between 30 and 40, 37 between 40 and 50, &c. The probable causes of the insanity of 61 was ill health, of 13 intempe rance, ol 7 disappointed, love, of 8 religious excitement, hereditary in sanity 17. Cin Gat. ' ' I Exemption of Clehoymex prom Taxatios. A bill has been under consideration in the New York Leg islature, to repeal an existing law in that State, exempting Clergymen from taxation. It was contended, by those in favor of the bill, that Clergymen had all the political priv- leges secured to anv other class of the community, and theie was no reason why they should be exempted from a share in the burthen of sup porting the government. It was sea ted that there were many who im properly procured licenses to preach for the purpose of avoiding taxation. The old Constitution had declared Clergymen ineligible to office. The new Constitution removed .that in eligibility, and there are now no rea sons why that class should be par ticularly favored. Some opposition was made to the repeal cf the law, on the ground that ministers are precluded from the active business pf life, that their remuneration was smalL and that if they were able to save anything, ffshould be exempted from taxation. .During the debate which ensued, motions - were made that printers with nine children, and school-teachers should also be "ex empted Irom taxation. - ' J ' Tub VVbeeuso Bsidgb. Ac counts from .Washington state that the Supreme Court has intimated that a decision in the Wheeling bridge case will not be rendered this term, the court adjourns' about the 10th March, and the record from which elicit a comprehensive brief is too voluminous.- A copy, of the testi timony must co into the hands of each of the Judges, and as the evi dence will constitute a volume 01 000pases.it is preposterous to hope for en opinion until the term com mencing in Uecemoer next. ; . ; . . The best cure for hard times is' to avoid the doctor by being femperate, the lawyer1 by keeping oat of debt, demagogue by ydting for honest men, -nnd poyerty.-by Being inde trious.