OCR Interpretation


Gallipolis journal. [volume] (Gallipolis, Ohio) 1837-1919, April 08, 1852, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038121/1852-04-08/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

fifAEUPOM
0
' : i i
MAE
Piblhcd by Jme Harper. "Truth and Jn.Uce. At $1 00 In Advance.
Voiume'xVII. Number 19. GALLIPOLIS, OHIO, APRIL 8, 1852. WhoteNunber 851.
" " "
m " ' 1 1
THE GALLIPOLIS JOMAL,
I publiibed ererr Thuibdat morning,
Br JAMES H1BPEB)
Immediately over tbe Book Store, Public
Square.
Terns:
. 1 copy on i year, paid in advance.
At the expiration of the year.
$1 00
2 00
' No discontinuance until all arrearage are
ettled ; and failure to notify tbe publisher of
a discontinuance will be considered at a new
engagement.
Any person getting up a Club of to
one address, will receive a copy gratis . The
cash, in such case, mutt invariably accompany
the names.
Advestisiho:
One square three insertions, $1 00
. Each subsequent Insertion, 25
One square 6 months, 4 00
One square I year. 6 00
To thue who advertise larger a liberal re
duction will be made.
Oh! Teach those Thrilling Chords Again.
AS SUNG BY DEMPSTER.
Oh! touch those thrilling chords again,
And sing that song once more,
'Tis one I lored in other days,
And used to sing of yore.
When this heart was sunlight all and
bloom,
And free as wild bird's wing;
It was then 1 lored to hear the song
. I bid thee now to sing.
Thou say'st it is a simple thing,
And has no charm for thee;
Oh! thou can never, never know
How dear it is to me.
Thou cannot know the" memories
That wake in every strain;
Then smile not at my earnestness,
But sing it o'er again.
It was the first, the first sweet song,
' Of one who cared for me;
I learned it from the lips of love
When stars were on the sea.
But the minstrel's hand is cold and
mute,
And silent is that lute,
And the hallowed lips whence flowed
that song,
Are now forever mute.
Oh! many fond remembrances
Are blended in that lay,
And each soft tone wafts my full heart
To scenes in life's young day.
Then touch again tbe silver lute,
And sing that song once more,
'Twas sung to me by my beloved
In happy days of yore.
My Mother's Bible.
BY G. P. MORRIS.
This book is all that's left me now,
Tears will unbidden start
With faltering lip and throbbing brow,
I press it to my heart.
For many generations past,
Here is our family tree;
My mother's hands this bible clasped
She, dying gave it me.
Ah! well do I remember those
Whose names these records bear;
Who round the hearth-stone used
to
close.
After the evening prayer,
And speak of what these pages said,
In tones my heart would thrill; .
Though they are with the silent dead,
Here they are living still!
My father read this holy book
To sisters, brothers dear.
How calm was my poor mother's look,
Who learned God's word to hear.
Her angel face I see it yet!
What thrilling memories come!
Again that little group is met
Within the walls of home!
Thou truest friend man ever knew,
Thy constancy I've tried,
Where all were false I found thee true,
My counsellor and guide;
The mines of earth no treasures give,
That could this volume buy,
In teaching me the way to live,
It taught me how to die!
Fall op Spirit Rappers. The
following bit of plain talk we find in
the JV. T. Courier and Enquirer.
"In Little York, Ohio, fifty-two
fools, male, female, and juvenile,
were lately rathered together, to
consult the Spirits. AH passed off
satisfactorily, till the gaping crowd
asked the ghost of an old man who
said he was not in heaven, if he was
in the other place. Whereupon the
floor gave way with a loud crash,
and fools, mediums and all were
thrown into the cellar. The ghost,
of course, had to bear the blame of
the accident.
The Missouri Brunswicker of the
6th instant says the Hungarians in '
Iowa, under Governor Ujhazy, have
" sold out their claim at New Buda,
and are about to colonize in Texas,
the climate in Iowa being too cold
and inhospitable for them.
' Ddrablb Whitewash. Mix up a
pailful of lime and water ready to put
on the wall; then take a quarter of a pint
of flour, mix it up with water, then pour
on it boiling water, a sufficient quantity
to thicken it; then pour it while hot, into
the whitewash. Stir it well together, and
it is ready for use. The while wash will
not rub off.
he
as
NICHOLAS OF RUSSIA.
It is one of the drawbacks to
Patriarchal authority, that while
absolute power in one's own family
may be tempted with the best and
kindest feelings, so long as it is con
fined to the household, it is apt to
indemnify itself upon strangers for
the restraints of tbe borne circle.
This is the only way of account
ing for. the fact that Nicholas, Auto
crat of all the Kussias, who is one
of the kindest of rulers to his own
subjects, is a mere tyrant where for
eign nations are concerned.
The following anecdotes of the
Russian Czar, are from a recent pub
lication by M. Jerrmann, who resi
ded several years in St. Petersburg.
Before quitting the subject of the
architecture and public buildings of
the Russian capital, Mr. Jerrmann
gives a most interesting account of
the burning of the Winter Palace in
December, 1837. The court were
at the Michael's theatre, where the!
French company perform, when
suddenly an aid-de-camp entered the
imperial box and whispered to
Prince YV olkonsky, one of the minis
ters then present. The prince gave
him orders, and continued to look
quietly on at the performance. Half
an hour later the aid de-camp re
turned, and this time the Prince
spoke to the Emperor, who rose, gave
his arm to his wife, and conducted
her to her carriage. The coachman
received orders to drive to the
Anitchkoff Palace instead of to the
Winter Palace. The Emperor
mounted a horse that was in wait
ing for him, and galloped to the Win
ter Palace. There was a terrible
crowd and crushing in the streets;
half St. Petersburgh was on foot; it
was light as day, and flames were
roaring up into tbe sky; the Winter
Palace was on fire. When the Em
peror got there the names were
bursting through all the windows.
The massive walls still stood firm,
as did the gigantic statues that sur
mounted them, and which passed
blackened but uninjured through
that terrible night; but the whole in
terior of the palace, with its costly
pictures end decorations, was evi
dently doomed.
1 he Emperor galloped round the
building to look after his sentries.
The precaution was not superfluous;
on the western sice two soldiers
were near falling victims to the fire;
the general confusion, those whose
duty it was, had forgotten to relieve
them, and there they stood, notwith
standing the terrible heat, musket on
shoulder and resigned to their fate
The Emperor relieved them himself,
and passed forward into the palace;
with a glance he saw that the whole
would soon fall in, and he hastened
into the rooms where the danger
seemed greatest, to call out the men
who were saving the furniture. At
his command everybody fled from
the palace, with the exception of four
workmen who had received orders
to save an enormous mirror, and
who could not leave the place with
out it. The Emperor drew his
sword, and with one blow of the
hilt shivered the glass. Scarcely
had the last man passed the thresh
old, when the room lell in with a
terrible crash. Having satisfied him
self that no lives were in danger,
Nicholas hurried to the Empress at
the Anitchkoff Palace.
The Empress had recovered from
her first alarm. She was tired, and
asked with some uneasiness, where
she was to pass the night. Her
secretary, the privy-councillor Cham
beau, begged permission to conduct
her to the sleeping room that had
been hastily prepared for her.
There she found, to her great as
tonishment, through the- delicate
attention of an attached servant
her sleeping apartment out of the
Winter Palace, with its thousand
little comforts and conveniences;
everything in the same place and
order as if it had remained untouched
since the last time she dressed her
self. When the fire had reached
that wing of the palace and it
spread with tremendous rapidity
Chambeau hastened to the boudoir
with a dozen servants and muschiks.
"AH here belongs to the Empress!"
cried; "not a thing must be
broken!" and in aprons, baskets,
and pockets were carried away all
those thousand and one nick-nacks
clocks, vases, boxes and ornaments
wanting which a boudoir could
not be complete. Without the
slightest injury they were conveyed
through the flames, and for half a
league through the heaving throng
that filled the streets; and when
Chambeau had arranged everything
it was in its former place, the lo
cality alone was changed; all thirlgs
seemed to stand where they had been
left not a riband was crumbled.
nor a sheet of paper soiled. I doubt
there being many masters In Germa-
it
to
his
ny who' are so well and quickly
served,
The next day the Emperor re
turned to the scene of destruction
Within the walls the fire still raged.
For some time he gazed mournfully
at the blackened remnants of one of
the chief ornaments of his capital.
At last he raised, his head passed his
hand over his brow, and said cheer
fully "This day vear I will sleep in my
room in the winter raiace. vno
undertakes the building?" For a
moment all recoiled before an un
dertaking that seemed impossible.
Then Gen. Klenmichael, an aid-decamp
of the Emperor, stepped for
ward and said, "I willr "And the
building is to be complete in a year?"
asked Nicholas. "Yes sire." "'Tis
good! Now set to work!"
An hour later the still burning
nuns were being cleared away.
The fire was in" December, 1837;
bv December, 1838, the palace was
rebuilt. Three months afterwards
it was occupied by the court. Klen
michael kept his word but at a
heavy price, a price that could be
paid only in Russia, for it was at the
cost of human life as well as ol the
mountains of gold. Under the Em
press Elizabeth, the palace had taken
eight years to build; Klenmichael
completed it in one. True i! is that
almost the whole of the masonry
resisted the fire, but the interior had
to be reconstructed; and what a
task that was! The work went on
day and night; festivals were un
heeded; the seasons themselves were
overcome. lo accelerate the work,
the building was kept at the exces
sive temperature of 24 lo 28 degs.
Keaumur. Many workmen sank
under the heat, and were carried I
out dead or dying; a painter, who
was decorating a ceiling, fell from
his ladder struck wilh apoplexy.
Neither monev, health nor life was
spared.. The Emperor, who at the
time of the conflagration had risked
his own life to save others, knew
nothing of the means employed to
carry out his will
In December of the following
vear, says Mr. Jerrmann, and in
proud consciousness of his power
the Emperor entered the resusrita
ted' palace, and rejoiced over his
work. The whole was constructed
on the previous plan, but with some
improvements and many embellish
ments. With the Empress on his
arm and followed by his family, he
traversed the apartments ol this
immense building, completed in one
year s time, by the labor ol thou
sands of men. He reached the sa
loon of St. George, the largest and
most beautiful of all, and the royal
la mil v remained there longer than
any where else, examining the costly
gold mouldings of the ceiling, the
five colossal bronze chandaliers, and
the beautiful relievo over the throne,
representing St. George slaying the
dragon. The Empress was tired,
and would have sat down, (the
patron spirit of Russia prevented
her,) as yet there was no lurniture
in the hall, so she leaned upon the
Emperor's arm and walked into the
next room, followed by the entire
retinue. The last of these had
scarcely passed through the door
when a thundering crash resounded
through the palace, which trembled
to its very foundations, and the air
was darkened by the clouds of dust.
The timbers of the ceiling of the sa
loon St. George had yielded to the
weight of the chandeliers, and the
whole had fallen in, crushing every
thing beneath its enormous mass.
The saloon, so brilliant a moment
before, was a heap of ruins. The
splendid palace was again partly
destroyed, but the genius ol Kussia
watched over her destiny the im
perial family was saved.
Even the smallest glimpses of the
private character and habits ol so
remarkable a man as Nicholas of
Russia, cannot but have their interest.
The chapter entitled the "Imperial
Family," comprises several pleasing
traits of bon homme and kindly feei
ng, in the Emperor. He considers
himself as the first servant of the
state, and likes to make those around
him observe this. If a partr of
pleasure is "proposed, "he will join
if the service permits." To a
favored but weary official, who asked
retire on a pension, he replied
"So long as I serve, you also, I hope,
will not refuse your services to your
country.
The days he passes in his country
palace of Peterhof are his days of
relaxation from this "servicft."
Every hour of them is spent in the
bosom of his family. Invested with
crown and scepter, he inspires re
spect and admiration; behold him in
domestic circle, and one cannot
help loving him. At Peterhof I
nftn mt ih Emnarnr wlkinr
aiono ja the park and gardens.
of
ty-two
to
is
the
the
" . '
J There he puts himself at ease; lays
aside sword, uniform and epaulets,
and rambles about in a surtout and
forage cap. In his capital, when be
is "on service," he never appears
otherwise than in uniform; even in
the coldest weather be wears only a
cloth cloak, like any other 'officer.
I never saw him in a fur coat, nor
do I believe that he has one. In the
metropolis his appearance is quite
unassuming; he walks about the
Newsky unattended, and his pres
ence is only to be noticed by the joy-
lul movement ol the crowd. None
are allowed to address him; and
although it were most agreeable to
him, if he could with propriety e
le t unnoticed, yet he exacts due re-
spect from those by whom he knows
that he is recognized. He once
stopped opposite to two young men
belonging to one of the imperial
schools, who were staring him in the
face, and asked why they did not sa
lute him. One of them maintained a I
terrified silence; the other plucked
up courage and replied:
"We do not know you!"
""No matter," replied the Emperor;
"you see that I wear a general's uni
form; go, both of you to the Winter
Palace, and report yourselves to the
guard as under arrest. There you
will find out who I am and will
know it for the future.
With throbbing hearts the young
men obeyed orders, and augured
little good from the unfriendly re
ception of the officer on guard.
The guard had their dinner; nobody
heeded the prisoners. Several hours
passedtand still they we-e kept fast
ing. i ney naa just received a naran
refusal to their humble petition to be
allowed to send out for a loaf, when
one of the imperial servants entered
with a dinner from the Emperor's
table, and a bottle of champagne.
For that day, he tcld them, they
were the guests of the Emperor, who
requested them to drink his health,
and not to forget in future to salute
when they met him, as he could not
afford to invite them to dinner every
day.
I
Events in the Lipe op General
Scott. Winfield Scott was born on
the I5lh Jan., 17S6, and was there
fore 66 on the 15th of last January.
Admitted to the bar in IS06, and
practiced a 'ew months in the Pe
tersburg (Va.) Circuit.
Appointed Captain of the Light
Artillery in May, 1S08.
Appointed Lieut. Colonel of the
Second Artillery, in July, 1812.
Fought the battle ol Queenstown,
and was taken prisoner, I3th Oct.,
1S12.
Appointed Brigadier General in
March, 1814.
Fought the battle of Chippewa,
July 5th, 1817.
Commanded the main body of
Brown's army in the battle of Niag
ara. (Lundy's Lane,) ' July 21th,
1SI4.
Breveted Major General, July,
IS14.
Maintains pence in the Petriot
troubles, in the affair of the Caroline,
1837.
Aids in the pacification of the
Maine Boundary in 1S36.
Captuies Vera Cruz, 23 J March,
1847.
Wins the battle of Cerro Gordo,
April 8th, 1847.
Wins the battle ol Contreras, 19th
August, 1847.
Wins the battle of Churubusco,
August 10th, 1847.
Stormed Chapultepec, on the I3th
September, 1847.
Entered the city ol Mexico on the
morning of the 14th of September,
1847.
Thus has Winfield Scott been for
years in the service ol his
country, having made some of the
most brilliant campaigns on record,
and never failed in any undertaking.
of
of
he
a
be
it?
to
me
do
in
of
is
and
than
The jury-box, now kept in use in
the city of Lynn, Mass., has been
kept for its present purposes for 120
rears. The one in Portsmouth, N.
H., was made in the year 1730, and
has been in regular nse for 122 years.
The first duel in New England
was (ought by two servants with a
sword and dagger. Neither of them
was killed, but both were wounded.
For their offence they were lormallv
tried before the whole company of
settlers, and sentenced to have their
"heads and feet tied together, and so
be twenty-four hours without
drink." ' '
Three men left Perrysburgh a
few days since for Toledoj in a yawl
boat loaded with castings. Nothing
been heard of them since, and ii
supposed they were drowned, as
boat was heavily- ladened, and
wind blowing a gale. Their
names were James Cooper. Jacob
Eddy, and Daniel Dego.
... . . n .
We
is
been
ing,
sale,
of
day.
to
the
vote
" " ' "
Judging bt Appearances. A
correspondent of the "Household
Words," London, in an article enti
tied "A Prison Scene in Munich,"
thus exhibits the impossibility of al
ways judging correctly by appear
ance:
The number of female prisoners is
very small in comparison with the
men. At one particular washing
tub stood four women. Our conduc
tor spoke to one of them, this being
a sign for us to notice them. Two
looked up, and fairly beamed with
smiles; one, a tall and very hand
some young girl, continued to wash
awtfy with downcast eyes. I felt a
sort of delicacy in staring al her, her
looks were so conscious and modest.
A fourth, a fat, ill-looking old wo
man, also never looked at the visi
tors. The two who had smiled had
remarkably agreeable faces; one,
with features, and a very mild ex
pression; the other, a small woman,
and though with bloom on her
cheeks, a certain sad, anxious expres-'
sion about her eyes and mouth. Of
which of these women were we to!uP
u f.-f,,! tu
on. y one who looked evil was the!
fat old woman.
As soon as we were in the court
our conductor said, "Now, what do
you say about those women?"
"Three out of the four," we remark
ed, "are the only agreeable faces we
have seen in the prison; and judging
from this momentary glance at their
countenances, we should say, could
U. f '
much crime; perhaps
may be so; that
tall young girl, however, is not only
handsome, but gentlelooking."
"That tall young g'rrl," replied our
guide, "was the one who, a year or
two ago, murdered her fellow-servant,
and culling up the body, bu
ried it in the garden; the little wo
man next to her, some two years
since, murdered her husband; and the
handsome, kind, motherly-looking
woman who stood next, destroyed
her child of seven vears old. The
fat woman is in only for slight of
fence!" So much for our judgment
physiognomy.
Fashionable Call. Enter Miss
Lucy, nearly out of breath with the
excitement of walking from her pa
pa's carriage in the street to the door
her friend.
Lucv "Oh, Marie! how do you
do? How have you been since you
were at the ball last Thursday eve
ning! Oh, wasn't the appearance of
that tall girl in pink perfectly fright
ful? Is this your shawl on the pia
no? . Benuiilul shawl! Father says
is going to send to Paris to get me
shawl in the spring. I can t beai
home-made shawls! How do you
like Monsieur Esprey! Beautiul
man, ain't he? Now, don't laugh,
Marie, for I am sure I don't care any
thing about him! Oh, my! 1 must
coin g! It's a beautiful day, isn't
Marie, when are you coming up
see mt? Oli dear! What a beau
tiful pin! That pin wr.s given to
you; now I know it was, Marie; don't
deny it. Harry is coming up to see
this evening, but .1 hate him I
really; but he has a beautiful
moustache, hasn't he, Marie? Oh
dear, it's very warm. Good morn
ing, Marie! Don't speak of Harry
connection with my name to any
one, lor 1 am sure it will never
amount to any thing, but I hate him
awfullv I am sure I do. Adieu."
Seriocs Thought. Ought not per
sons to thoroughly instil into the minds
their children, the great sin of the in
termarriage of relatives? It certainly
a sin, else why is it followed by evil
results? Young ladies often thought
lessly encourage their male cousins, by
receiving attentions from them in some
thing more than a cousinly way; love of
conquest sometimes leads to sad results,
there is nothing sadder to the mind,
the spectacle of a marriage cere
mony where cousins are to be wedded.
have known several such unions to
terminate unhappily, or where hearts
were in unison, blighting disease, or
terrible deformity, have marked either
parents or children.
Cheapness op American Clocks. It
stated in the Annals of Science and
Discovery, that such is the perfection to
which the manufacture ol clocks has
carried in Connecticut, that time
pieces warranted to keep good reckon
are sold for sixty ce ts at whole
and for one dollar at retail. The
works are all of brass, made by mar
chinery. At the manufactory of Mr.
Jerome, of New Haven, eight hundred
those articles can be produced per
Wooden clocks, but comparative
ly a few years since, sold for from ten
twelve dollars.
The Maine liquor law has passed
Minnesota Legislature, with a
proviso for submitting it to a direct
of the people. The vote
throughout the Territory is to be ta
ken on the first Monday in April.
i
a
of
!
to
it
ator
to
-I
man
sun
died
also
the
now
found
by
in
Gregon.
mou,n 01 100 Willamette; progressing
which .Vream a tance of about
Upon arriving in Oregon, by va
ter, the first land on which the trav
eler places his feet is at Astoria, sit
uated about 12 miles from thtTmouth
of the Columbia, on the south bank
of the river. Previous to my arrival
there, I had many accounts of this
place, and expected to see quite a
city, but was much disappointed
when our ship rounded to in nuite a
small bay, and my attention was
called by the Captain to a little col
lection of some dozen houses, located
on the side of a steep forming the
bank of the river, and told by him,
"that is Astoria!" Something more
than a year has passed away since
that time, however, and the town has
improved rapidly. Quite a flourish
ing trade is now carried on there.
and it is in fact a place of more im
portance and business than its first
appearance would denote. The Co
lumbia here, is from four to eight
miles in width, and the water pure
and cool. Traveling up the river a-
ooui ninety mnes, we come to the
twenty miles, we arrive at fort land.!
situated on the southwest bank ot the
river, and at present the head of ship
navigation on this stream. It con
tains a population of about 1,000
A lively trade with the interior is car
ried on from this point, and many
improvements of a suitable character
are already made, and more in pro
gress. There is now in operation at
this place, two steam saw mills, and
one steam flouring mill. Progres
sing up the river about four miles, the
next we find is Milwaukee, on the
left bank of the river, with a popula
tion of some three or four hundred,
and supported by its lumber trade.
It has a very good water power, and
makes and exports a large quantity
of lumber annually. Six miles fur
ther up the river we come to the
Falls of the Willamette, where Ore
gon City is situated, between two
very high banks of the river. It con
tains a population ol 1,000, or per
haps, 1,200. Its water power is, per
haps, unsurpassed by any other in
the world, and it can be used on both
sides of the river. This place is prob
ably better known abroad than any
other of our young cities, owing to
the fact that it has hitherto been the
place at which the Legislature was
accustomed to hold its sessions. Its
advantages must eventually make it
town ot great manulacturing im
portance, and when the resources of
the country are developed, it will oc
copy the first position among the
manufacturing towns of this country.
There are at present two flouring
mills, and several saw mills in opera
tion, and more in cootemylation.
Cor. Mo. Rep.
Tub Winter i.v Europe. The
winter, which has been so severe
here, has been very spring-like in
Europe. In Paris, al the beginning
February, roses, lilacs, hyacinths
filled the flower markets. According
advices from the north, a milder
season has not been experienced
even as far as Norway, since the
commencement of the century.
!
Phil Ledger.
We have noted this fact for years,
that when the winter is severe in this
country it is certain to be corres
pondingly mild in Europe, and vice
versa. Uur winter has been almost
unprecedentally cold, while in Eu
rope, even in the region of Norway,
has been surprisingly warm.
Albany (N. Y.) Register.
A Queer Senator.
The Louisville Journal thus speaks of;
John B. Weller, the newly elected Sen'
in Congress, from California.
"We deeply regret the election ofi
John B. Weller, formerly of Ohio, to the
Senate of the United States, from Cali
fornia. He is not such a man as ought
be elected to that body. He is a
drunkard and a rowdy. Some two
months ago, in a drunken brawl in Cal-
rornia, he was shot by some one with
whom he got into a difficulty. His char
acter was not good, and no man of a sus
picious character is fit to sit in the Sen
ate of the United States. He is not fit to
associate with gentlemen of any refine
ment of feeling. To be aure there are
others in the Senate not much better
WMT Ii . I . .1 -
weuer, out me tact that a few in
temperate and rude men are in that body.
anords no good reason why it should be
lurther disgraced.
of
in
on
the
the
Eichard Leaycraft, Esq., of this city,
on Tuesday last, aged upwards of
ninety years He was the oldest mem
ber of the M. E. Church in this city, and
perhaps in the United States. He was
one of the few who worshipped in
"old Sail Lot" in Horse and Cart,
(William) street, the first place
for stated preaching in New York
the followers of John Wesley.
take
N. Y. Cour. and Enq.
Ten persons are confined in prison
New xort city, cnargea with
murder.
for
Cross of the Grder of the Legion of Honor.
The form of the decoration of th
members of the Legion of Honor is,
by a recent decree of Louis Napole
on, re-established according to the
style adopted by (he Emperor. This
is one of those significant steps which
have recently foreshadowed the ap
proaching restoration of the Empire.
The Order of the Legion of Honor
was established by Napoleon when
First Consul. All order of nobility
after the manner of tbe old regime hav
ing been abolished under the Revolu
tion, the Institution of the Order of the
Legion of Honor was a political device
of the First Consul to avail himse'f of
the national fondness for distinctions
without incurring tbe odium of an at
tempted revival of the old aristocratical
orders. The prestige of the new order
would be entire'y his own; his name as
its founder would be associated with it;
the honors it conferred would de derived
from him; yet to make it also national
and honorable as a badge of merit It was
declared to be instituted 'to recompense
civil and military services."
The form of the decoration, as fixed
oy Napoleon when tmperor. is tUus
picribed by a decree of 1804:
no aecoranon oi me members oi
the Legion of f Ionor shall consist of i
alar of six double rays. The centre of
the star surrounded with a wreath ofoak
and laurel, shall present on one side the
head of the Emperor, with this legend,
"Napoleon, Empereur Us Francais,"
and on the other, the French eagle, hold
ing a thunderbolt, with this legend, Hon
er el Patrie. The decoration shall
bft enameled with white. It shall be of
gold for the Grand Officers, Command
ants and Officers, and of silver for the
Legionaries. It shall be worn suspen
ded at one of th button holes of the coat,
attached to a red watered ribbon. Offi
cers shall add a rosette to the ribbon
Commandants shall wear it saltire-wlse,
hanging bv a ribbon placed around the
neck- The Grand Officers shall wear
it suspended by a grand cordon of tha
samo color, passing as a shou'der-belt
from right to left over the breast.
Upon the restoration of Louis XVIII
who did not venture upon abolishing the
order, the form of the decoration was
changed so as to correspond with the
associations of the House of Bourbon;
and the name of Henry IV, the founder
of that House, was substituted for thatjof
Napoleon. Under Louis Phillippe the
order underwent other modifications.
The lilies of the old style were made to
give war to the tri colored flag, whereby
the citizen King whl'e retaining the em
blazonry of the Bourbons and the name
of Henry ofNavarre, sought at the same
time to derive benefit by connecting
therewith the military emblem of the
Empire, with the memories of the victo
ries that had gken it splendor.
J Tie inscn nlion of "JSapoleon, Em
pereur les Franeais" with the eagle
and the thunderbolt, now restored by
Louis Napoleon, re-establishes the or
der as an institution of the imperial
epoch, and the transfer of ideas from tha
uncle to the nephew in an east order of
association may be regarded as a conse
quence contemplated by the decree of
re establishment. Bait. Amer.
MvsrERT Explained. Much curios
ity has been excited in some of the East
ern States, by the appearance of tracks
the snow, unlike those of any known
creature. An ornithologist, writing to
the Providence Herald, says that, du
ring this remarkably cold winter, unu
sual numbers of birds, whose home is
the north, have been driven southward
into more hospitable regions. Amongst
the largest of these occasional visitors
are the cinereous, or great gray owl (the
largest of the kind in this country ) and
the snowy owl. The former is very
rarely seen; though i has been, in a few
instances, as far south as Massachusetts.
The foot-prints of the latter, which are
less frequently met with, correspond with
mysterious tracks referred to. and it
thought that a flock of them may have
passed through Massachusetts and across
Rhode Island in November, and may
have returned in February, according to
their usual period of migration to and
from the South.
. Localities op Heaten and Hell.
Some weeks ago, Dr. Porter, of the
Cumberland Presbyterian church in
this city, in the course of a series of
eloquent astronomical nrmom,
preached a discourse of the "locality
heaven, astronomically consid
ered, and located that happy place
the centre of our solar system in
the sun. Last Sunday evening he
discoursed to one of the largest audi
ences we have ever seen in Memphis,
the "locality of hell," and Axed
abode of the damned outside of
solar and astral system, in the
"outer darkness," beyond the light of
sun and stars, where the planets,
comets, and lost world, which have
violated the great laws of their exis
tence, darkle forever on their return
less course through eternal space.
Memphis Eagle
The Dutchman who refused to
a one dollar bill, because it
might be altered fiom a ten, prerera
traveling to railroads. The
former, he says, rides him eight hoars
a dollar, while the latter only
rides him one. Dee peeples can't
sheat bim. .

xml | txt