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GALLIPO
mwA
in-
Mo
Published by James llarper.
"Truth and Justice.')
At $1 00 In Ad ranee.
Volume XVII. Number 20.
GALLIPOLIS, OHIO, APRIL 15, 1852.
Whole Number 852.
MS
m GALLIPOLIS jormi,
If published ererj Thdksdat morning.
Bf JAMES HARPER,
Immediately over the Book Store, Public
Square.
Tumi
I copy one year, paid in advance. $1 00
At the expiration of the year, 2 00
no discontinuance until all arrearages are
aettiei; and a tauure w nom, i puouer of
enrarement.
Any person cettinr up a Club of te to
one address, will receive a copy gratis. The
cH. in such ee, must invariably accompany
Advertising!
One square three insertions, 1 00
Each subsequent Insertion, 25
One square 6 months, 4 00
One square I year. 6 00
To those who advertise larger a liberal re
duction will be made.
From the Louisville Journal.
WE MET TO PART FOREVER.
WE MET TO PART FOREVER. BY T. BIBB BRADLEY.
We met, 'twas when her silver chain
The midnight moon was weaving,
Across a darkly rolling waste
Of waters wildly heaving.
Our hearts were not more still and calm
i nan was that roiling river,
x ur c uau euug me a morning rsuiw,
And met to part forever.
There shone a beauteous forest-sea,
: Beneath that moon's illuming;
But sorrow in our sandal-tree
Her axe had been perfuming;
And sadly gazed we on the grove
Which gut that foaming river,
And mourned to think, with all our love,
We met to part forever!
The nightingale flung on the breeze
Her richest vocal treasure,
But grief on life's low minor keys
Had struck a mournful measure:
And coldly fell the night-bird's song
We could but weep and shiver, II
To think our broken hearts were strong,
To meet and part forever!
The dew fell on the blooming vines
Our sylvan bower shaded,
But in our spirits' shattered shrines
The rose of love was faded.
Youth's golden dew which bathed it erst,
Again would bathe it never!
Alas! what blinding tear drops burst
We met to part foreverl
The archer stars sat on the sky,
Their silver arrows glancing
Against each wave that shouted by,
To ocean's waste advancing;
But we had known the poisoned darts
b rom Griers exhaustless quiver,
Which rankled in the writhing hearts,
Now met to part forever!
'Tis many a year since then we met,
And sorrows have I numbered.
But bitterer brine hath neveryet
My faded cheek encumbered;
And memory like a guilty sprite
Still haunts that lonely river.
Where in the moon's unclouded light
We met to part forever!
of
A Bold Avowal.
. Commodore Stockton, the Senator in
Congress from New Jersey, is among
the numerous Locofbco aspirants to the
Presidency. He was elected as a Dem
ocrat to his present post, by the Demo
cratic Legislature of that State. The
Commodore embraced the occasion of
Mr. Webster's visit to Newark, N. J., to
make a speech to the Legislature. It
was a singular production. Ke avows
himself in favor of a tariff of protection,
and says that the interests of New Jer
sey require a change in our tarifTsystem.
He congratulates his State that she now
has somebody in the Senate that can
speak in her behalf.
:. But the most singular avowal, we
copy below. We know that Cass star
ted in public life a Federalist, and that
Buchanan remained till after the war ofj
1810, an open, avowed member of that
party. But this is our first information
on the question of the gallant Commo
dore's early politics. Hear him:
"These may seem queer sentiments
coming from me, if I did not belong to
the young and progressive school. I
was brought up at the feet of Gamaliel
I was brought up in the straightest sects
of Federalism. My father was a Fed
eralist; 1 was one. He was the com
peer of Washington, and of Hamilton,
and other great men of thoso times.
He loved them when they lived and
loved their memory when dead, and it
was his religion to follow in the footsteps
of Washington, wherever they led. If
I had lived in those days I should have
done as they did. A purer band of pa
triots and more honest men never lived.
Perennial flowers shall ever blossom on
their graves. Those are the men whose
principles are my principles."
Liberation of tub Irish Exiles.
The Dublin . Freeman's Journal, of
the20ih of March says:
"It is reported that orders have ac
fually been issued from the Colonial
Office, or will shortly be issued, di
recting the immediate release of the
Irish exiles, subject to the condition
that they are not to return to any
part of the British islands. Mr.
Whiteside (now a member of the
Derby administration) had been an
tcxive intercessor for their liberty.
ty.
in
of
and
in
the
be
the
of
the
at
he
The Field of Chalmette. The
Legislature of Louisana has recently
appropriated $10,000 toward the
erection, on the old Place d'Armes,
in New Orleans, of a bronze statue
of General Jackson. During the
debate on the subject, a .member
proposed an appropriation of $5,000
to build a shaft on the battle-field, so
, Hasina! and mart, in all lima
10 COm5 th8 SCene ' JCKSOn
noblest military achievement. I he
gentleman making the proposition
1,,, ; consequence of the
rapid progress ol improvements in
direction, the ditches run the same
way, lne lands are cultivated to the
this country, it had become difficult
to recognize the spot on which the
battle took place. This the New
Orleans Delta denies, and adds:
The surface rf the country in the
vicinity of Jackson's lines on the Slh
of January, 1S15, -has undergone
less change than the scene ol any
battle -field in the United States. It
is true, there is great monotony in
the features of the whole narrow
strip of land on the left bank of the
Mississippi, below the city. The
fields are all laid off in the same
same distance toward the swamp, the
houses are built and the gardens or
namented In the same style. But
little change has passed over the
country since 1SI5. It produced as
much then as it does now: sugar
was the chief product then, as it is
now. ihe bulwark thrown up by
the British on the2Sth of December,
1SI4, was made chiefly with sugar
barrals, lull of sugar, which were
taken from the sugar-house of Mr.
Chalmette and others, planters.
The place where the battle was
fought can be easily designated.
he old chateau, in which Jackson
had his quarters, still remains. The
aucn a paltry artair, which any
good jumper could leap over in 1S15
may be clearly traced. The spot
whore Packenham fell can be pointed
out. Near it is a pecan tree, under
which, it is said, he breathed his last,
whose fruit, it is an old Creole super
jstition, has been red ever since.
There, too, are the gnarled old live
oaks in the centre of the field, still
scarred and marked with the prints of
cannon balls and shells. And there,
too, in the neighborhood, you may
find an old negro, who can amuse
you by the hour with his reminis-
cences of the battle, and at the close
his story drive a profitable trade
with you in sundry rusty musket
balls peradventure, in some of La
fi tie's (alias Dominique YouV) chain
shot, which rained such destruction
into the British ranks.
Burke, in
the
"Anecdotes of the
Peerage," says "It has often oc
cured to us that a very interesting
paper might be written on the rise
and fall of English families. Truly
does Dr. Borlase remark, that "the
most lasting house have only their
season, more or less, of a certain
constitutional strength; they have
their spring and summer, sunshine
glare, their wane, decline, and
death." Take, for example, the
Plantagenets, the Staffords and the
Nevilles, the three most illustrious
names on the roll of English nobili
What race in Europe surpassed,
royal position, in personal acheive
ment our Edwards and our Henry's,
vet we find the great grandson
Margret Plantagenet, daughter
heiress of George, Duke of Clar-
ance, following the cralt of a cob
bler in the little town of Newport
Shrypshire, in the year 1638.
Besides, if we are to investigate into
fortune of many of the inheri
tors of the royal arms it would soon
discovered that "the aspiring
blood of Lancaster" had sunk into
ground. The princely streams
flows at the present day through
very humble veins. Among the
lineal decendants of Edmund of
Woodstock, Earl of Kent, sixth son
Edward I, King of England, enti
tled to a quarter of the royal arms,
occur Mr. Joseph Smart of Hale
sown, butcher, and Mr. George Wil
mont, keeper of the turnpike-gate at
Cooper's-bank near Dudley, and
among the decendants of Thomas
Plantagenet. Duke of Gloucester,
son of Edward III, we may
mention Mr. Stephen James Penny,
late sexton of St. George's Hano
ver square.
A pamphlet by Dr. Franklin, en
titled "A Dissertation on Liberty and
Necessity, Pleasure and Pain," writ
ten and printed by him in London,
the age of eighteenn years which
mentions in his memoirs, and
most of the copies of which he after
wards burnt, has been recently dis
covered in London. It ,has been
hitherto thought to be lost.
of
a
of
of
in
the
of
red
is
a
old,
to
she
has
new
in
Consumption. Statistics by the
American Medical Association repre
sents that in the city of Boston, du
ring the three years from 1846 to
1849, there were 6.SSS deaths from
consumption alone, while in the
same period the deaths from typhus
lever were only U.azo, and those
from dysentery only 1,606. In the
five years from 1 S 14 to 1S49, there
were in Massachusetts 13,004 deaths
from diseases of the respiratory sys
tem 30 per cent, of the whole
mortality. In Lowell, in every 10,
000 deaths 2,500 are from lung dis
eases. According, to the lately
published registration of mortality
in Massachusetts, there were in 1S49,
4,634 deaths from diseases of the
respiratory organs; .a greater num
ber, by thousands, than were caused
by the diseases of any other set of
organs.
It will be seen from statistics like
these, that consumption is very pro
perly called the "Scourge of New
England." Cholera, small pox, and
all other epidemic and infectious dis
eases combined have never been,
and will probably never be, such
causes of deathas this one disease of
consumption.
It is evident to any thinking man
that these terrible results flow
from fatal mistakes in living. New
England has no fatal miasms, com
paratively no squalid poverty, and,
necessarily, no unhealthy food.
Our territory is covered with com
fortable dwellings, our hills rejoice
under the purest of air, vegetable
and animal come to a healthy ma
turity for the (ood of man, and the
materials of clothing are abundant.
Where lies the secret of the destroy
er? In our opinion, the answ er to this
question lies in skins debiliaied in
suffocating stove heat, to such an
extent as to make them susceptible
to the influence ol every otherwise
healthy breeze, and to every change
n the atmosphere. There is no
adaptation of clothing to tempera
ture, and there is, ui every country
town, a system of living in reeking
kitchens, stifling with their heat and
steam, that is adapted exactly, to the
production of pulmors diseases.
:
Springfield Republican.
DC7"The following is an extract
a letter dated Sacramento, Feb
ruary 18, 1852, which we copy from
the Detroit Free Press. The pic
ture drawn is a true one we well
know, and is worth a serious reading
those California inclined:
"There are scores of able-bodied,
well-educated, industrious men here,
who are destitute of means, and
would gladly carry a hod, or wheel
barrow for their daily Tood. Some
them have tried the 'digging,'
and failing utterly in a pursuit, which
demands the strength and endurance
a horse, the constitution of
giant, and 'us many lives as a cat,'
have managed to crawl as far ns
here, and now hang about the streets
and taverns, pale and ragged, watch
ing for any employment, however
menial its character. With such
objects all around me, I am greatlv
lavored, at having found even the
humble employment of reporting the
speeches of Senators, at which,
thanks to my scanty acquirements
phonography, I am earning at
least $1 per day over my expenses!
And yet 1 see, constantly, profession
al men, who stood well in the old
States, that wait on table, and carry
trunks to and from the boats, for
want of anything better to do."
on
the
not
Some Telegraphist in this city, on
Wednesday night last, probably for
want of substantial material for a
new dispatch, has given circulation
through distant newspapers to a story
a misunderstanding having occur
in the Cabinet, followed by a re
quest from the President to one of its
members to resign his office. It is
scarcely necessary for us to say, to
prevent well-informed persons from
being imposed upon, that the whole
story is a sheer fabrication. There
not a particle of truth in it.
National Intelligencer.
The Balavia Spirit of the Times
says that a citizen or that town has
heifer, now about nineteen months
which has given milk since May
last, without ever having had a calf.
When about thirteen months old, her
udder was discovered to be so re
markably enlarged as to induce them
milk her, and on the first attempt
about three pints was obtained.
Since that time and up to the present,
has been milked regularly, and
has
She
of
for
last
a
in
ted
A
500
to
vast
given on an average about three ,
quarts per day. This may not be a
thing under the sun, but it is
something not hitherto 'dreamt of
our philosophy."
MURDERS AND OUTRAGES OH THE
Straits of Magellan. Seizure of
tetsels. We stated some time since
that the convicts at the Chilian colo
ny, at Fort Bulness, on the Straits of
Magellan, bad mutinied and com
menced a general massacre and pil
lage, it appears that the Governor,
Munoz Gamero, and a priest and
several others escaped with their
lives, but were compelled by want
and hungar to return, when the
Governor was seized and a fire
built to burn him to death. He
begged, however, to be shot rather
than endure such a horrible death,
which was granted; but after shoot
ing him his body was burned, while
the murderers danced and iung the
national hymn around the fire. The
American barque Florida was also
seized by them, and her owner Mr.
Shaw, of New Orleans, shot on the
spot; ner captain ue ng spared in
order that he might navigate the
vessel. The Eliza Cornish, a British
vessel, was pillaged of $100,000
and Captain Talbott, the mate, and
the owner's son massacred. About
twenty other persons were mur
dered; but subsequently, the muti
neers, m attempting to escape in one
British war steamers. The United
States frigate Raritan, on hearing of
the massacre, immediately sailed
from Callao, for Talcahuano, where
she was at the latest accounts.
of the vessels, were captured bv two
The Steamer Buckeye State left
Pittsburgh on Sunday morning,
March 14, at II A. M., arrived at
7 Vm , V S1,'l,:
f r . ,n r-v g-5 !'"a
icii u i in i . tw.. inr Lou 8n k u
i. i. i . . . , , '
which she reached 20 minutes before
.......... K,io0ll onrfwuj,lroy
u. i r. i ... ,on3Jmner
Aiii it y 'i'yeir,
4J P M., arrived in Cncmnati at 20
minutes before 5 on Wednesday
morning; left Cincinnati at 12 same
day, 320 cabin and 250 deck passen
gers, and arrived at Pittsburgh at
II on Friday night; having per
formed a trip of fully 1,200 miles,
doing all her stoppings for freight
and passengers, receiving, carrying
and discharging the large quantity
of freight mentioned, and returning
port in five days and twelve hours
from the hour of leaving. This is,
indeed, a trip to boast of.
ry
as
oi.
T). T t r T
XI.A1L.KUAIJ UKILHiKS JUDGE CRD S '
DkSIOn.W-h, ;c, MMS,i.h::"ecl?f
following despatch from the President
of the Central Road. It is important,
and will be read with interest by all.
We have no time to comment at pres
ent: na.
NEWARK, April 6.
Editor Ohio Slate Journal:
Railroad bridge case decided. Held
by the Court that the road has a right to
cross the canal without the consent of
the Board of Public Works, and to go
with the bridge now being construct
ed; that it does not substantially or un
necessarily obstruct navigation; that the
Board of Public Works has no right to
interfere. Injunction dissolved on a
mere technical ground.
in
ana
was
J. H. SULLIVAN.
Horace Greelv says of the "spirit
raopings," in the Tribune, that
"Clairvoyance, so far as we have had
opportunity for observation, is not
reliable, but o'ten marred bv freaks
and blunders. Our present impres
sion is, that most of the so called
spiritual manifestations' pertain to
broad and mystic realm of Clair
voyance, Electrical Psychology, or
whatever it may be called, and do
emanate from 'spirits' in the in
visible world, as has been by many
believed."
in
try
Helena Jagado, the most monstrous
criminal in this or any other age.
been executed at Renne. France.
was condemned to the guillotine
last autumn, by the Court of Assizes
Ile-et-Vilaire. She was indicted
having caused the deaths of some
forty persons by poison, and on the
day of her life he confessed to
dozen more. Her skull is to be
cast, and the mould preserved in
Paris, with that of Martin Morino,
the collection of skulls of celebra
criminals.
Salary of Members of Congress.
bill has been introduced into Con
gress by Mr. McMulIen, of Virginia,
giving to member- of Congress f I,.
a year instead of the present al
lowance of $9 a day." The substi
tution of a fixed salary for the pres
ent per diem would tend very much
shorten the sessions and save a
deal of money to the treasu
ry. of
these
great-grand-father,
dren,
their
puted
prises
Saddles for Kossuth. Two sad
dlers, of Pittsburgh, Holstein &
Burchfield, have contracted with
Kossuth to make a large number of
saddles for him, at $12 each. The
number of saddles to be furnished is
understood to be 5,000.
The
about
of
out
J. H. SULLIVAN. The Cureulio.
Th. f- u
Ihe ravages of the Curculio have
constituted a subject o .complaint
and regret, among pomologists, in all
parts of the country, and especially
ia northern Ohio. It has become
the settled conviction of many minds
that the attempt to cultivate the
Plum in these parts, might as well be
abandoned in despair.' But, to the
I . 11 . a .
persevering, almost an thinjs are
possible, and we would suggest that
rather than yield to a paltry insect,
ine friends ol improvement, and lov
... r I r-..:. l - i i ..
oiavi kuuu nun, una oeuer try a
few common sense experiments.
A resort to the expense of paring
a considerable space under the trees,
is hardly consistent with prevailing
notions oi economy, and but com
paratively lew have adopted that
plan. And the process of tan-in?
me trees, at the proper seaicn of the
year, and causing the insects to fall
down upon the cloth, and th-n gath
er up for destruction, is at best a la
borious, disagreeable, and precarious
way of getting at the object.
Our attention has been directed to
this matter, and our hopes somewhat
excited, by an incidental remark
made by Mr. Pomeroy of the Mas-
sachusetts Legislature, at an agricul
lurai meeting held in the State House
in Boston, a few. weeks since; a re
port of which we find in the New
England Farmer of March 13. II
lenced in a piece of land as a Henery
and set out his trees there, and found
they would grow about twice as fast
as those outside, and the fruit was
much better. He plows the henerv
inlhe sl,ri"g and 'he fowls keep i
M'ght the rest of the season. The
, .i i. l...:... ,l. . i
"i Having n'o irees in ine nen
rv n... .i. j.
the borer and curculio. He
has to "shorten in" his trees every
they grow so very fast
This strikes us as" a "feasit
ble plan
ana certainly the expense of an ex
periment, on a moderate scale, could
not be great. The height of a fence
suitable for a henery need not ex
ceed six feet and a half, and to en
close a half acre in that way need
not cost much more than an ordina
Tence. Two advantages would
probably result from it. First fowls
would be furnished with ample ac
commoaations; and second, acting
me natural scratching guardians
iruit trees, they would more than
pay the expenses. As this is a sub-
;M. M .
8r8at ""portance, we com.
mend it to the consideration of our
intelligent readers.
,
of
of
of
of
Late and Interesting from Chi
By advices from China to the
10th of December, via California, wt
that the piracies are frequent
the neighborhood of Hong Kong,
mat the China seas have been
visited by one or two severe ty
phoons. At Ningpo the cholera was
very prevalent and fatal among the
Chinese. Ihe rice crop, notwith
standing the unfavorable weather,
very abundant and prices lower
than they have been for years. The
revolution in the north is making
strides, although the govern
merit has a hundred thousand troeps
the held. Ihe rebels had taken
possession ol the chief city of the
Yung-gen district, alter a desperate
battle, in which the government
troops were defeated. The insur
gents subseq'up.ntly beheaded a large
number of citizens. Various other
defeats of the government forces are
recorded. In fact the whole coun
seems to be in a stale of insur-.
rection, attended by rapine and mur
der. of
i
will
is
A Numerous Family. The Shah
Persia has invited a number of
Austrian officers of all arms to Te
heran, to aid in reorganizing the
Persian army. A letter from one of
officers, received at Vienna,
furnishes some personal details re-J
specling the ohah. He is twenty
two years of age, and one of the
handsomest men in the empire. His
who had three
hundred wive?, had a crowd of chil
who have had descendants in
turn, until at length it is com
that ihe imperial family com
at least ten thousand persons.
was
ee,
winy
.
Suicide of an Aged Minister.
Rev, Burgess Nelson, (aged
90 years,) of the Methodist
Episcopal denomination, committed
suicide on Thursday last, at the resi
dence of his son-in-law, James Ste
vens, Esq., in Frederick county, Ma
ryland. So says the Baltimore Sun,
Saturday.
At a celebration of Washington's
birthday by the Washington Light
Infantry, Charleston, S. C, the fol
lowing toast was drank with raptu
rous applause:
Woman Her natural place is be
tween angels and bloomers with
wings and without pantaloons.
i
tr.
start.
of
and
a
heat
many
ships
27th
Salt
more
daysi
I Expanding The Chest Those in
'.no ; , . .
sedentarv emD, ' nf witn dnnn
use their luncs but little, breathe
but little air in the chest, and thus
independently of positions, contract
a wretchedly small chest and
lay the foundation of the loss of
health and beauty. All this can be
perfectly obviated by a little atten
tion to the manner of breathing, rec
ollect, the lungs are like a bladder in
their structure and can be stretched
open to double the size with perfect
safetv, giving a noble chest and per
fect immunity from consumption.
The agent and only agent requir
ed, is the common air we breathe,
supposing, however, that no obstacle
exists, external to the chest, such as
tvinff it around with stavs nr having
,i 17. .7 -;... m...u8
shoulders lie upon it.
...uS ..v... .no uou, 111 me
On
morning, place yourself in an erect
r-.,.., ...... ,, iinunu
uacn. anu snouwers entirely on from
me cnest: now inhale all the air you II
nan nn m m t 11 -I a . l. I r
very bottom of it, so that no more
air can be cot in. now hold vnnrlisno
, . - .
u.camaim imuw VOUr armS OH DC I
mnn nn n vn nr nraaih a
vwua uivu.il as mill' as i
ivcpci iiioao long orenns
as many times as you please. Done
in a com room it is much Detier, be-
cause the air is much denser, and
will act much more powerfully in
CAPai.ui..g mo cuesi. exercising
me cnesi in mis manner, it will be-
come flexible and expansible: and
will enlarge the capaci'y and size of
iu.ia;3. aciemijic American.
The Scarcity of Bread in Germany.
The New Yr.rk Cn..rir sav-
Famine, it would appear, is threaten-
ing Germany in earnest. The ac-
counts from Poland U mnt ri;lPn.
ening. in the Carpathians the reo
pie are literally starving. There is
no bread at all. The inhabitants are
living on a soup of some kind, which
they call "reitkamuka," a compound
fat and milk; or they cook a sort
thick oaten pap, something in ap
pearance like the Italian polenta
this they call "kulasha," and eat it in
ine piace oi oread, as in ai: times
great want, crime and dissipations
all kinds come to swell the list of
horrors. It is not surprising to learn
that anarchy is raging in the districts
most effected by the famine. The
men, callous and desperate, get at
the fiery Brantwein of the country,
and murdeis of the weak and at-
fenceless naturally succeed. In con-
sideration of the high price of pota- 1?
toes, concurrent v w th the Mnra
dnrth nf nmvkmna h p.nrn.
ment of the Grand Duchy of Hesse
has forb dden the consumM on of
potatoes in the distillation oi spirits.
Troubles and bad government
have superinduced these affli lions.
"The humble classes, being deprived
v " savs a mr.
j . i rit
all heart and energy,
respondent, "have left their fields
uncultivated for miles, lest the rude
hands of some hateful soldiery should
seize or destroy the fruits of their
abor. The consequence of this is
something verv like a famine in
many parts of Europe.
Yet in the face of the preceding
lacts, the prices of corn on the conti
nent are either stationary, or have
received a check. Speculators, how
ever, do not regard a fell as lasting.
hey are looking with interest to
Germany, whose wants, they think,
regulate the future demand, and
consequent rates.
of
tne
the
was
for
Kossuth in New Orleans. On
arrival at New Orleans, Kossuth
waited on, at the fet. Louis
Hotel, by the mayor and a commit
and welcomed to the city.
n
in
. lew pcisuus WCIB UII Ita L...
i . r ,, . r. been
his room, as he was unwell. Du-
the day, he reviewed several L
erman m. ilary compan.es in front
I V
th. hr.f.1 in fh.
..IV .IVIVI. IIIO ILD ' . nil 1 I . I
. i . 1 1
,.,i.i
. , 1 in.
.JI.. U J L: IT i!..J
icucaieui. cucercu inm. no icuieu -..-;.
hi. mom h,.V.r in . f.,
. r. ! T, - "," . dent.
a
.
St TW- u full ofCaliforr.;- 10
grants, and every arrival adds lo h n,s
number. The towns on the Uonar 8tood
his
stood
Missouri are also full, many hundred
. 1
having assembled to make an early
Several large and well or
ganized companies leave in advance
the main body with pack mules.
by feeding at Fort Laramie, get
start that will enable the-n to ac
complish the trip before the great
sets in on ihe plains, and avoid
other inconveniencesand hard
of the journey.
Some three hundred and thirty
English,' Scotch and Welsh Mor
mons, arrived at St. Louis, on the
ultimo, on their way to the
Lake. Some - four, hundred
were on their way from Eng
land, and were expected in a few
and
was
tween
in
Mint
largest
day
Mint.
A
county.
ago,
white,
says
tleman
The Scarcity of Bread in Germany. Death of Marshal Marmont the last of
Napoleon's Army.
Marshal Marmont, Duke da R.
guse, who has just died at Venice,
was born at ChatillonsurSeine, on
the 20th June, 1774. Ia 17S9 h
was attached as sub-lieutenant to a
regiment of infantry, and in 1797
made his first campaign with the
army of the Alps, as sub-lieutenant
of artillery. In 1797 he was at.
tached to the staff of General Bona
parte, and was sent bv him from
Italy to present to the Directory 32
flags, which had been taken from the
enemy. He formed part of the ex
pedition to Egypt, and returned to
France with the General-in-Chief.
After the IS Brumaire he was named
Councillor of State, and Cnmman.
Li.-, rt.:r r .l - r .
uam-.u-vuici ui me reserve oi the
me Artillery. He made the campaign of
low. ana auer tne batt e of Mirtn
go, was raised to the rank of lnspec-
lui-uonerai oi Artillery. He com"
manded the army of Holland ir
SOS. He carried nr. th. -i. f
...
of the old Rgusian Republic until
ti- ..: .u. L-..i- .r
us pa. in ins uamo UI
Warrram. mnA fto- th.f
i r . .
wna m a n a ii a sa it o i . -
and had the t t a of Duk H Rth
conferred upon him. He made all
the campaigns of Germany, where
he commanded a corps cTormce. He
was present at the battle of Lulzen,
urtzen, and Dresden. In 1814 b
received orders to form a junction
with Marshal Mortier to keep bark
the army of Blucher, and to cover
fans. Marmont occupied the Bolts
pamte-Chaumont, but instead of
fighting, he opened negotiations with
iho .P"P.8.. de Schwartzenberg.
WIIH,A y III. gave the command of
ono 01 ,ne companies of his body
guard to the Duke de Raguse, and he
retired to Ghent with the King. On
the second restoration, his company
was disbanded. In 1826 he repre
sented France at'the coronation of
the army at Paris. Since thai period
he had been a Voluntary exile in
fore'Pn 'and. His name had been
struck out from the list of the Mar
shall of France, and a black veil
covered his portrait In the Salle des
nlarechaux at the palace of the
Tuileries.
The capital feature in Marmont'a
biography is the separate capitula
tion by which he betrayed the Em
peror at rontainbleau, and accor-
omg 10 wnicn ne uncovered his mas-
ieTSJ or".w,ne tt his corps d'arrnee
ersai.ies, and leaving the road to
',,,,uu UHB" " "ea
armies concentrated at Pans. La
mar!ino ha3 ""empted, but without
i wnuewasn mis
I t . .. ...
eey base aesertation, which at
. ""IT " p"ionuy oi nego-
l"nsT imperial regency an
MJ.e,in!n 'ar 'Em improbable and
Dams'ei' tne Emperor to a rock of
i ii .
Elba, from which he was destined to
achieve sogloiiousa return on the
20th of March of the neVt year.
Marmont, rivet ted by his betraval
the Emperor to the cause of the
liourbons, and prevented by the
excess of his apostacy from imitating
weannes oi xey, formed one of
fugitive courls at Gand, and re
entered France with the second re--storation.
He was commander-in-
chief of the army when Charles X.
expelled by the citizens of Paris
crimes which have been since par
doned by Louis Napoleon. By his
fidelity to the exiled court ol the
elder Bourbons, Marmont repaired
some measure the stain which his
treacherous betrayal of the Emperor,
1814, must ever leave upon his
memory.
Impeachment of Arista. It has
J .
proposed in the Mexican Con
to , y- ,u t -j I - V
:,;. n Cil :
thrash ne ,h .
anneva. uhn mud
I I .
ill ii i i.ud a" r r w. n .1 . . .. ...w .
y " 1 iiihuo 1 Bucnii 111
1 :nmh. n
v"""' leiiuucs,
... f ... t. ?
"-. Ol ICO rrBSI-
Capt. B. it appears, exhibited
paper from Arista, authorizing bim
I I r . r . , V
nBUI nT v. over tne coals, for
8Pcn: and Arista it is said.
a cony, at Ihe time, ap-
combat
speech: and
in a balcony, at
Pare.nt,T a delighted spectator of the
AAmnai
A Large Lump. One Million
a quarter of gold from California,
melted on Thursday last, be
the hours of 7 and 3 o'clock,
the melting department of the
in Philadelphia. This is the
amount ever melted in one
since the establishment of the
.
White Partridge. A gentle
man in Hopewell township. York
Pa., trapped a few months
a partridge that was perfectly
with all the other marks pecu
liar to the race. The York Press
it has been purchased by a gen
oi Baltimore.

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