Newspaper Page Text
Jhricttc ountn fytxaib.
m. MILLIKAN & SON, Editors and Proprietor!. WASHINGTON C. U., J OHIO. CURRENT NEWS. Small-pox is raging at Paris. The Russian expedition to Merr has been abandoned for the present. Weston and O'Leary commenced a elx days' tramp at 8an Francisco on the 8th. The Ohio Republican State Conven tion will be held at Columbus on the 28th of April. The Wisconsin Democratic State Convention will be held at Madison on the 19th of May. The Republican tickets were general ly successful In the municipal elections In Ma'ine on the 8tb. The flax mills of Lehman, Rosenthal & Co., at Frankfort, Ind., exploded on the 11th, and ten persons were killed. The National Conven tion of the Pro hibition Reform party will beheld at Cleve land, Ohio, on the 17th of June. Appalling accounts continue to como from Armenia and Kurdistan. The famine extends over 100,000 square miles. Reports from the interior of Cuba state that the sugar crop is about forty per cent, smaller than that of last year. The Alabama Republican State Con vention for the selection of delegates to the National Convention, has been called for May 20th. During the month of January petro leum and petroleum products to the value of $3,528,070, were exported from the United 8tates. The Missouri Republican State Con vention, for the selection of delegates to the Chicago Convention, has been called for April 14. The Russian Revolutionary Commit tee has published an address thanking the French people for refusing the extradition of Hartmann. The Democrats of New Jersey will hold their State Convention, for the selection of delegates to the National Convention, on the 19th of May. At Moscow, on the 8t,h, twenty build ings were destroyed by Are. Twenty-four persons perished In the flames and twenty nine were Injured. John B. Ilawley has resigned the of fice of Assistant Becretary of the Treasury. He Is a candidate for nomination to the office of Governor of Illinois. 1 1 1 ( The Wisconsin Senate, on the 12th, concurred In the Assembly resolution pro viding for female suffrage In Wisconsin by a vote of nineteen to eleven. The Louisiana Democratic State Con vention for the selection of delegates to the National Convention at Cincinnati will bo held on the Vith of April. Hangings on the 12th: John May field, at Florence, Ala.; Sidney McFadden, at Washington, Ark., and Dan Brlgherly at Tbomasvllle, Georgia ; all colored. ( The six days' walking contest at San Francisco between O'Leary and Weston closed on the night of the Kith, with a score of 610 nilles for O'Leary and 490 for Wostou. Five women were elected mombors of the Middletown, N. Y., Board of Educa tion on the 9th, defeating five men. About one hundred women voted at the election. In a letter to tho Duke of Marlbor ough, on the 8th, Lord Beaconaflold stated that the measures for the relief of Ireland were about to be submitted for royal assent, The express office at Sidney, Nob., was robbed of about $140,000 In gold bullion on the 10th, but all except $1:1,000 was after ward found under a pile of coal near the depot. The House Committee on Coinago, Weights and Measures, on the 8th, agreed to report fayorably a bill to provide for the ex change of trade dollars for legal tender silver dollars. Secretary Sherman announcod his Intention on the 12th to invest all the surplus revenues every week In tho purchase of five and six per cent, bonds on public offers In New York. It was reported In Shanghai on the 12th that a revolt had broken out at l'ekln, and that Chung How, late Ambassador to Itussia, and who negotiated the Kuldja treaty, had been beheaded. The gross earnings of the Union Pa cific Kill road for the rear ending December 81, 1879, were $13,201,077; operating ex penses, Including taxes, $5,475,503; surplus earolmis, $7,725,574. General MelikofTs life was saved by a chain shirt which he wears. The bullet tore hole In his coat, but was arrested by the pro tecting mall. The Czar, it la stated, it pro tected In a similar manner. The House Committee on Appropria tions, on the Uth, decided to Incorporate In the special deficiency bill $000,000 for the pay of United Stales Marshals and Deputies, with out any proviso or restrictions. Thirty villages on the Vistula River in Austria, were flooded by the overflow of the rira- on the 9th. Svera!of the villages were completely destroyed, and thousands of persons were without food or shelter. Dennis Kearney was arrested by the police at his residence in Ban Francisco, on the 1Kb, on two charges of misdemeanor, based on ren,arks at a meeting on the Dili. He fumSt-bed bail and was released from cus tody. t The Cincinnati I'rice Current, on the 11th, published special returns from nearly three hundred points in the West in regard to the trowing wheat crop, Indicating almost uniformly Javc.raUe condition and flattering jrospcet, The United States Sub-Treasury at New York City, off the 12th," discovered an other of the counterfeit $100 notes on th Pittsburg National bank of Commerce, which had passed through several banks without be lng detected. The Postoffice Department, on the 11th, concluded the contracts for the Star Mall Service for four years In Ohio, Ken tuokv. Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and MlB' sisslppl. The Turkish Government has sent troops to Salonlca to pursue the brigand who captured Colonel Synge and wife. The movement Is considered ill-advised as it Is be Ueved the brigands will kill the Colonel rather than surrender him without a ransom. The Chicago Times, on the 13th, pub- lished a comprehensive report from eleven States In the Northwest concerning the win ter wheat crop. Should no severe changes In the weather occur, It is estimated that the Increased yield in the eleven States will be about sixty per cent. A scarcity of fractional silver coin is reported throughout the country. The Unt ted 8tates Treasury contained $21,000,000 of such coin on the 12th, which will be exchange at all sub-treasuries for United States notes as soon as an appropriation Is made for that purpose by Congress. The New York piano manufacturers closed their shops en the 15th, throwing abut four thousand piano makers out of work. The piano makers demanded an In croase of fifteen to twenty per cent, in wages and the manufacturers decided to close their works rather than grant the request, A Panama paper publishes a state- ment, purporting to be from olBcial sources, declaring that a company of American capital ists and French bankers, presided over by General Grant, will be organized to construct the Isthmus Canal as soon as a concession can be obtained from the Nlcarauguon Govern ment. Referring to the claim of the United States for preponderating Influence in the Panama canal, the Loudon Standard declares that the British Government Is bound to watch this pretension, and, If necessary, slst It. The preponderating influence of another power can no more be allowed to lay hands on the trade of England at Panama than at Suez. Mayor Kalloch, of San Francisco, is sued a proclamation on the 10th, declaring l the most emphatic manner that there was not then and never had been the slightest reason to apprehend any disturbance, riot or lawless ness whatever from the working classes of that city, and that the most Inexcusable and outraucous means were being used by design ing men to goad the worklngmen Into riotous demonstrations, but they would rail, Secretary Evarts, in a report to Con gress on the tnter-Oceanic Canal, states that the treaty botween the United States and New Grenada is still In force, and that canal communication should be accomplished In accordance therewith and with the concurrence of the Unltod States, and that In certain contingencies the Government of New Grenada would be au thorlzed to call upon the Government of the United States for the fulfillment of the treaty obligation. " Nathan P. Pratt, Treasurer of tho Heading Savings Bank at Boston, tried upon fifty-two counts for embezzlement, was found guilty on twenty-nine counts on me tutu, Shortly after the conviction a paper In the pos session of Pratt's counsel was made publlc.pur- portlng to be the confession of Sidney P. Pratt, son of the prisoner, and up to within a few mouths chief clerk, book-keeper and cashier, He takes the entire responsibility of tho de falcations and says his stealings sggregate over liao.000. He fled before his father was arrested, and his whereabouts are now un known. At a rocout municipal election at El gin, HI., about seventy voters employed In tho milk condensing works were notillcd by their Superintendent to vote the no llcor.se ticket The license nominee thereupon applied to Commissioner Iloyne to arrest the Superin tendent. Mr. Hoyne being In doubts, refer red the matter to Judge Blodgett, of the United States Circuit Court who, on the 12th advised him that the United States Court In similar cases had held that the Fifteenth Amendment and Revised Statute 5507 con template the protection In the right of suf frage only of former slaves, and that free or white men do not come within these legal safeguards. The writ for arrest was there fore refused. Before the Maine Legislative Investi gating Committee at Augusta, on the 12th, Ex-Governor Garcelon testified that he first learned of the counting out through the pa pers; that If he signed any certificate that was wrong, the facts were falsely put before him no one was counted out; had presumed that his Council were honest and honorable men, and bad complied the tabulations according to law; certain rules had been laid down which were applied to the returns regardless of party, and thore had not been an instance where Democrat had been allowed to correct the returns. Individual cases were taken up, In some of which the Governor acknowledged that there had plainly been erasures and In terference with the tabulation. Recent military movements in San Francisco have caused much excitement. All city armories were being closely guarded, and General McDowell, commanding the military division of the Pacific, had received orders to move all available troop to the city. It was conjectured that the movement under the di- tlon of General McDowell was due to repre sentations made to the Washington authorities by Colonel Bee, Vice Consul of China, regarding the supposed danger In which the Chinese stand. The precautions will be malu- tatned until a settlement of the existing agita tion is had, at least until the question of the constitutionality of the law forbid Jlngcorpora- tions to employ Chinese has been decided by the United States Court aud the question of the condemnation of Chinatown settled. An organisation has been formed at San Francisco known as " The Citizens' Pro tective Union," the objects and purposes of which are, as declared in a manifesto Is sued on the Uth, to be the preservation of public peace, protection of life and property, restoration of confidence In the security of life and property from all violence, and the resuscitation of the legitimate commerce, Industries and busi ness of the people. After counseling all par ties to obey the laws the address winds up follows: "For the vicious and rackless men, few in number but devilish In their de signs, who have organized for evil and In j their secret halls are plaunlngmfschlef to the people who have too generously - tolerated their presence In this city, we have no word of counsel or warning; but let no man be de ceived. Whoever would begin riot, violence or conflagration here, let hloi first count the cost." 1 F0RTY.SIXT1I COJiUKESS.-FIRST SESSION. Senate, March 8. The Vice-Presi dent laid before the Senate a memorial of the trustees of the Pcabody Educational 1'uud, rec ommending lcirislation to aid in the education of colored children, lief erred. Mr. Kirkwood submitted a resolution instructing the Secre tary or tne Treasury to ooniiiiuiucaio lo uid Senate a statement of the amount of money expended by the United States for all pur poses necessarily growing out of the late war. Adopted. The bill for the relief of homestead settlers on publio lands amending the home stead laws in several particulars was passed. The morning hour having expired considera tion waB resumed ot the bill tor the re lief of Fits John Porter. Mr. Bayard ad dressed the Renato. advocating the adop tion of ihe Randolph substitute, authorizing Porter s reappointment as Colonel. A rnea sage was received from the President (not read i.r laid before the Senate) relative to the lnter- Oceanio Canal. Mr. McDonald then obtained the floor, and after executive session the Senate adjourned House. The Speaker announced the new rules operative and under a call of States, for bills, etc.. the following were intro duced and referred: To reduce the tariff on cer tain articles; to remove the duty on wood and straw pulp, soda and other chemicals used in the manufacture ot paper, ana to reduce tne amy on unsized paper to five per cent, ad valorem ; mak ing it unlawful foranyollicerof the regular army to order inspections, dress parades or concerts by hiB men on the Sabbath day : wanting pensions to all soldiers and Bailors of alt wars who for any reason other than for their own wrong acts be came incapacitated to labor or earn livelihoods for themselves, and who have no means of sup port; appropriating S50,0 0 to enable the Com misfiioner of Agriculture to encourage the manu facture of'sugur from oorn-BtalkB and sorghum; aholiuhinir all duties on lurricultural machinery and implements; to equalize at $a per month all bounties tor total disability; to grant lands to officers and enlisted men who served in the armv and navy in the late war and wem honnmhlv dischaieed. Mr. King. Chair man of the lnter-Oceaiiio Canal Committee, offered, hv unanimous instructions from that committee, resolutions reaffirming the Monroe doctrine, out on tne suggestion ui uir. uarueiu he consented that they should lie over until printed, he having the right to call them up at any time. Mr. Davis, of Illinois, offered a reso lution for the appointment ot a committee to ascertain the terms on wnicn tne orate oi Illinois will eeHet;, the 1 In i led States the Illinois & Michi gan Canal. Referred. Mr. Scales, Chairman of r, rt l...l;..n Air,,i,.u a Kill Llie JUlHllllbl.eo Oil Jliuiun aimun, tm authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to allot lands m severalty to Indians, uruere printed and recommitted. The Speaker laid before the House a message from the president regaraing the lnter-Oceanio Canal, which was ordered printed and rercrred to tne committee on niter- Oceanio Canal. Adjourned. Senate, March 9. The President's message on the lnter-Oceanio Canal was read, and with the accompanying documents, was re ferred. Mr. Thurman presented a memorial o'f delegates of Indian tribes in the Indian Terri tory, remonstrating against the passage ot a bill to establish a United Stat (jourt in that Territm-v. Mr. Thui-ninn wanted it re ferred to the Committee on Judiciary, but Air. Garland objected, and it wan laid over until the, following day. liilis were introduced and re ferred flu follows! (iivinitoal relurious denom inations equal rights and privileges m an Indian reservation ; for the erection of a monument, in Washington toluster and tne men wno ten witn him. On motion of Mr. liailey the Judiciary Committee was instructed to investigate the re port that a contract has been entered into by and between the Central Pacilio ltailroad Company and the Union l'aoifio ltailroad Company on one part and the 1'aciho Mail Steamship Uompaiiy on the other part, bv the terms of which contract the Pacific Mail HtoamshinComnanvin consider ation of receiving acertaiu sum per month binds itsen to cnarge sucn rates ror ireitfut aim pas sengers as may be nxed by the railway compa nies, and to collect the same irom the commer cial public, fho Fits John Porter bill was again taken un. and Mr. McDonald addressed the Sen ate, continuing his remarks until time for ad journment. .IIoUHK. Several memorials wcro presented and appropriately reierreu lur. Hcati-H. Chairman-of the Committee on Indian Affairs, reported a hill authorizing the President to prescribe suitable regulations lor tho govern ment of varions Indian reservation and providing for punishment of the orimVs of murder, arson, rape and burglary on variolic In dian reservations. Placed on tho calendar A number of other bills were reported from tho same committee and ordered placed on the cal endar. Mr. Whitth'Tne, Chairman of the Com mittee on Naval Aflairs. reiHirted back the lull to authorize anil ciiuin an expedition to the Arc tic seas, Iti-ferrcd to the Cominittco of the Whole on the State ot the Union, Tho Political Assessment bill was then taken up and Mr. House addressed the House in advocacy ot the bill. At the conclusion of his speech the House adjourned. Senate, March 10. The Vice Presi dent presented a message from the President transmitting the agreement between the Seoue- tary of the Interior and the Uto lncinns and rec ommending Its ratification. Uelorred. Mr. Thurman. from the Committee on Judiciary. reported adversely the Senate bill to reimburse tho Beveral States for interest paid on war loans and for other purposes. Placed on tho calendar. Mr. Hayard, trom tlitf- Committee on Judiciary, reported favorably the liouso lull to define tho terms of office of chief supervisors of elections. Placed on the calendar. The motion made on the Uth by Mr. 'i'tiurman. to refer to the Committee on Judicia ry the remonstrance of Indian ohiefs against the laxsogo oi tun bin to establish a united Btates onrt in tha Indian Territory, was taken up. and, rienilinir discussion, the morninir hour exuired. and consideration was resumed of the lull for the relief of Fits John Porter. Mr. McDonald contiuuoit his remarks in support of the bill. At the conclusion of ihb sjieech Air. Jones, ot Garland who made a motion that as the bill U'l.in.lo ..,kt.ii.jl t ia H..., ,m, iM.iff.ul tit Vlp involved many intricate Questions as to the ju risdiction and power of the courts under the Constitution and laws of the United States, which are purely judicial or legal questions, that tne tun. witn all t lie aecomuanvimr nan ers and the whole subject matter bo referred to the Committee on Judiciary lor examination, and report by bill or otherwise. Mr. Kandolnli objected, bxocutivo session aud adjournment Houhk.-Mr. Dibrell, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, reported back the bill to prevent the withholdine; of pen sions from pensioners nuder the set of 1878, and asked to have the bill put upon its nassaue. Mr. Conircr desired to know if the bill would restore ellDiivis to tho roll. Mr. Dibrell stated that -ft. Davis was not a pen uoner. Mr. Conner ob- cted t.i immediate consideration nt t ho hui nd it was placed on the calendar. Mr. touinii asked anil obtained leave to have nrmteri a res- I lution, which ho would oiler as a substitute for the resolutions ot the Committee on Inter- ,.&,,., I.n. Iiuilnriim f iiuf w. n IU 1 ,, U Ht.ile. rnn,,.,l thn ,.,.l f th hole commercial world m the use of a ship ca- u Jh . .,. i . !k i .1; . .ul " i 1 . . i; , K over and bv whomsoever such protect shall be commenced, on such political control of it as uivh aei.Krifv lj. nnpniimmpn.iti miff w.ltfi. I al interests. A resolution was adopted provid- inn for the apixiintmont of a board of ollicers of tho navy to report upon tho practicability of oompli'tinu the double turreted monitors Puri tan. Monadnock. Amiihritnto and Terror. Con. sidcration was resumed of the Political Assess ment bill. leniithy discussion followed ami the bill finally went over. An evemiiB session as announce,! for the consideration of pension bills exclusively. Senate, March 11. Petitions were prcsonk-d for the rcduotion of the duty on paper and for the construction of a bridge over tho De troit Itivor. Mr.Cockrell submitted a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Interior for copies all patents for land isruih! to mm vidua s or rail- aid ooriHirations in the Indian TerriUirv. and a nil account of the priweediUKs of tho depart- ent In relation to such subject. Adopted, r, Wallace intnxlueed a joint resolution in- idiniz tor the enforcement of tho eiirht hour law. ISi'ferTcd. The bill for the reclamation of arid and waste lands was pass,!. It author- e tne neeretary of tho interior to contract r the sinking of two artesian wells on tho ains east ot the llockv Mountains, tin wells to be tho center of a reservation f lour sonare miles, lhe bill for the relief of tx John Porter was then tken up, Mr. Jones la.) having the floor. At thecnnolusion of Mr. .lies' remarks Mr. Davis (W. Va.) moved that .10 bill be pontiHinod and the Benate prooeed to insider tne formication Appropriation bilL r. ljan moved to indefinitely postpone the II. and Mr. Davis ( til.) moved to lav it on tho ble. Mr. DaviH motion was aureed to. Tho brtificatinn Appropriation bill was thrn tAken p. and alter an executive session the Sennte ad Mirned.... Houhk. Tho following hills wcro re ported from committee and placed on thecalen- r: Jo punisfi certain crimes relating to coin tho I'uiu-d hiates; providing for the exchange trade dollars for leiml b-nder dollr. d to stop tho coinage of trade dollars. Tho 'ohtical Assiwment bill was taken mi. Mr. (jpoun submitted an amendment prohibiting all iroin any clerk or employe of the Government any contribution tor political purposes. Mr, Hostettor demanded the previous question, After considerable filibustering the Houbb ad journed witnout action. Senate, March 12. Mr. 'Williams presented a joint resolution of the Kentucky Legislature, instructing the Senators from Ken tuckvto urge the passage of a bill reducing the salary of the President of tho United States 11 n l, n.mm.llu, ..n ll',l,wa. tion and Labor reported adversely the bill to provide for the investment of certain unclaimed pay ana Bounty moneys in tne ireasur and to facilitate the- education of the colorei race. Indefinitely postponed. A bill was intro duced and referred, to orovide for the ascertain ment of claims of American citizens for spolia tions prior to July 1, ltttil. The Fortification Ap propriation bill was then taken up and after con siderable discussion it was passed. The Star Itoute Deficiency bill was taken no. but with out action the Senate adjourned until the 15th, . . Houhk. The bill authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to deiwjsit certain Indian trust funds in the United btates Treasury in lieu ot investment was passed, the morning Hour was dispensed with, and Mr. McMahon reported back the Dencienoy Appropriation bill irom the Appropriation Committee, The bill was referred to the Committee of the Whole, where it was discussed for some time, and the eommitte finailv arose without lakinir anvae- tion. The following bills were introduced and referred: J?or the suppression of pleuro-pneu-monia in cattle: to accept and ratify the agree ment Hiibmit.teil hv the lite Indians for the sale ot their lands in Colorado (aDDroonatine StfdH .- (KXIi: to accent the title to nrooertv in Erie. Pa.. and establish a homo for indigent soldiers and sailors. Adjourned until the lath. The President's Message on the Isthmus Canal. Washington, March 8. Tho following message was received by tne senate to-day: To the Senate : I transmit herewith the report of the Secre tary of State and accompanying papers in re sponse to the resolution adopted by the Sen ate on the lltn ot u eoruary last, requesting copies of all correspondence betweeu this Government and any foreign Government since February, 1809, respecting a ship canal across the Isthmus between .North America and South America, together with copies of any project of treaties respecting the same whicn the Department oi state may nave pro posed or submitted since that date to any for eign power or Its diplomatic representatives." in further compliance with the resolution of the Senate, I deem It pioper to state briefly my opinion as to the policy of the United states witn respect to the construc tion of an lnter-oceanic canal by any route across the American Isthmus, une policy of this country Is a canal under American control. The United States caunot consent to surrender this control to any European power or to any combination of European powers. If the existing treaties between the United States and other nations, or if the rights of sovereignty or property of other nations stand In the way of this policy. contingency which Is not apprehended, suit able steps should be taken by just and liberal negotiations to promote and establish an American policy on this subject consistent with the rights of nations to bo arrected by It. The capital Invested by corporations or citi zens of other countries In such an enterprise must. In a great degree, look for protection to one or more of the great powers of the world. Wo European power can intervene tor sucn protection without adopting measures on this continent which the United States would deem wholly Inadmissible. If the protection of the United States Is relied upon, tue United Btates must exercise such control as will ena ble this country to itrotect Its National Inter ests and maintain the rlgbtB of those whose private capital Is embarked in the work. An luter-oceanlccanal across tne American Isthmus will change the geographical rela tions between the Atlani ic and Pacific coasts of the United States, and between the United States aud the rest of the world. It will be the great ocean thoroughfare between our Atlantic and our Pacific shores, and virtually a part of the coast line of the United States. Our merely commercial Interest in It Is great er than that of all other countries, while its relations to our power aud prosperity as a Nation, to our means of defense, our unity, peace aud safety, are matters of paramount consideration to the people of the United States. No other great power would, under similar circumstances, fail to assert a rightful control over a work so closely and vitally af fecting its Interest and weliure. without urging runner tue grounds or my opinion, 1 repeat in conclusion, that it Is the right and duty of the United States to aBsert aud maintain such supervision and authority over any lnter-oceanic canal across the Isth mus that connects North and South America as will protect our National Interests. This, 1 am quite sure, will be found not only com patible with, but prove of the widest and most permanent advantage to commerce ana civil ization. Signed RcTiiKHFOiiT) B. Hates, Executive Mansion, March 8, 1880. The Art of Writing. We wonder sometimes, as we wade through a mass of correspondence, whether it is possible to teach good writing, lhe doubt may seem absurd, considering that the majority of civil ized mankind can write, that every qualified teacher among 100,000 or 200,000 in Western Europo thinks him self or herself competent to teach the art, and that there must be some hun dreds of men in England, or possibly some thousands, who make a living of some sort by practicing this specialty. I!, very body, We Shall bo told, IS taught, and some few people write well, and consequently to teach people to write well must be possible. Still, we have this little bit of evidence in favor of hesitation. Nobody ever saw any body who wrote a thoroughly good hand, and who had been regularly to ii f fit it t art (lrf Vi a twl iiW!nia v!0 ,,n,1m,Kt,iV o,1 ara nu ni,l ..v..m,'-v, suv. ramuiv on uio increase DUG tne n,iUQAau.,M nf ,Ka oi ,it. osJrtn'f tl..it r. .... "y auquneu it muuuku ivaouiug.uiiu. m the maiontV Of Cases never Were taught. .... . . UCU Ul UaS-CAttlUlllUU W1BV lWyB OI- hrm that some man or woman tailffht them to write, and that then a certain inclination or compulsion Of Circtim- stance, or dosire to do evervthinc wall. . ... - ul la iruqtioui instances, a casio-ieei- ing, provoked them to teach them selves to write well. They were not taught, except in the most rudimen tary souse of the werd, and we don't know how tiioy should bo. Tutors and governesses have all caught up a sys tem from the professional writing mas ters, and the professional writing mas ters are all dominated by two ideas, which are radically false. We always glance over the books thoy publish, and have read through a new one this week, which we do not intend to ad vertise in this article, p.s they are all alike. They all think that " copper plate writing," the special hand of writing masters and Dank clerks, is good writing, which it is not, being devoid of character, far too regular in form and, from the multiplicity t fine upstrokes, not easy to read; and they all believe that certain mechanical mo tions, if carefully taught, will produce clear writing. They will not and they do not. There never were two people yet in this world of ours who wrote exactly alike or who have the same control of their fingers or who ought, in order to produce good writing, to have held their pens alike, and the effort to make them do it only spoils their natural ca pabilities. No doubt those capabilities persons irom asking, demanding or soliciting are often naturally' vory, small. The number of persons who are by nature not dolt with their lingers is very large, and so is tne number oi those who can not fix their attention; while tbe num ber of those who can do nothing well which they must do rapidly probably exceeds both, lhe dimculty of teacli ing a grown man to write decently is almost inconceivable he seems never to see what is wanted and something of that diuiouity attaches to a vast pro portion of children. Still, all persons not deformed or crippled in the hand, or deficient in eyesight, can be taught to write, and the reason why they are not taugnt properly must be some in herent defect in the system. We be lieve it to be the one we mentioned, the effort to enforce a certain method, in stead of trying to secure a certain re suit. The unhappy child, who is almost always, we admit necessarily, taught too eany, is instructed to hold himeelf or herself in a particular attitude, which is sure to be the wrong one for five sights in ten, the proper attitude de pending on the length of the child's vision;. to hold the pen at a particular angle, which is also wrong, the fitting angle depending on the character of the pen and holder, and to grasp the pen.ac a certain distance irom the nib. which is arbitrarily fixed, whereas the distance must be governed' by the for mation and strength of the child's fin gers, and would be infinitely better left to his or her own instinct. Above all, there is a perpetual worry about the "resting" of the hand, though the easiest position varies with every child, and though no two men with much writing to do rest the fingers quite alike. The pupil is then taught to make lines in a certain direction, and to copy characters so large that they have no resemblance to writing at all, and to care particularly about up strokes and down strokes, and all man ner of minutitc, which, if they are of any value at all, will'soon come of themselves. So strong, in spite 'of cen turies of experience, is the belief in this method, that machines for controlling the fingers while writing have repeat edly been invented; and the author of a book before us, a professional, is in clined to tie them up in some fashion with ribbon. We believe that the whole 'of this method is a mistake, that there is no single system of mecanique for writing, and that a child belonging to the edu cated classes would be taught much better and more easily if, after being once able to make and recognize writ ten letters, it were let alone, and praised or chidden, not for its method, but for the result. Let the boy hold his pen as he likes, and make his strokes as he likes, and 'write at the pace he likes hurry, of course, being discouraged but insist strenu ously and persistently that his copy shall be legible, shall be clean, and shall approach the good copy sot be- fore him namely, a well-written let ter, not a rubbishy text on a single line, written as nobody but a writing-mas ter ever did or will write till the world's end. He will make a muddle at first, but he will soon make a passable imi tation of his copy, and ultimately de velope a characteristic and strong hand which may be good or bad, but will not be either meaningless, undecided or n legible. This hand Will alter, of course. very greatly as he grows older. It may alter at elevenbecause it is at that age that the range of the eyes is fixed, and the short-sight betrays itself; and It will alter at seventeen, because then the system of taking" notes at lecture which ruins most hands, will have cramped and temporarily -spoiled the writing; but the character will form it self again, and will be never be deficient in clearness or decision. ' The idea that it is to be clear ' will have stamped it self, and confidence will not have been destroyed by worrying little rules about attitude, angle and slope, which the very irritation of the pupils ought to convince the teachers are, from some personal peculiarities, inapplicable, The lad will write, as he does anything else that he cares to do, as well as, he can and with a certain efficiency and speed. Almost every letter he gets will give him some assistance, and the master's remonstrance on his il legibility will be attended to, like any other caution given in the cumoulum. As it is, he simply thinks that he does not write well, instead of thinking that not to write well is to fall short in very useful accomplishment and to be pro tanto a failure We are not quite sure that another process ought not to be gone through before writing is taught at all. . Sup pose our boys and girls were taught to read manuscript a little? They are taught to read print, but manuscript is not print, or very like it, and they are left to pick: up the power of readin that the best way they can; they never devote half an hour a day for .six months to manuscript reading. If they did, it would be easier to them all their lives, and they would learn to believe in legibility as the greatest, or, at any rate, the most usoful, quality that writ ing can display an immense improve ment, if our experience can be trusted in the usual youthful ideal on the sub ject lhe business of life, no doubt, soon teaches children to read manu script; but many of them never read it easily, ana retain through Hie an un conquerable avorsion to the work, from the fatigue and vexation which it causes them. We have known men so conscious of this defect that they al ways have important letters read aloud to them, and others who would refuse any work, however anxious on other grounds to accept It, if it involved the frequent perusal of long manuscripts in varied handwritings. No doubt the tendency to a broad and coarse but beau tifully legible handwriting, which has conquered the upper class and is slowly filtering downwards, is diminishing this reluctance, but it would be more rapid ly removed if a little trouble were taken to teach children to read handwriting They hardly see any till they begin to receive correspondence, and are never compelled to read any, and consequent ly learn to write what they cannot read, without intelligence and without pleas ure. London Spectator. ThB difference between an umbrella and a woman is that you can some times shut up the umbrella. New Ear wn Register. The Dinnhote. Dr. II. E. Licks, of old South Bethle hem, after three years labor, olaims that ho has perfected an instrument by which forms and colors can he sent by wire the same as words are sent. He calls the instrument a diaphote. The word diaphote, from the Greek, dia, signifying through, and photos, signify ing light, has been selected as its name, implying that the light traveled through or along a wire. He road a paper on his invention before a scientilio society here. The diaphote consists of four essential parts, the receiving mirror, the trans mitting wire, a common galvanic bat tery and the reproducing speculum. Dr. Licks gave a detailed account of the many experiments undertaken to determine the proper composition and arrangement of ,the mirror and specu lum. For the former he had finally se lected an amalgam of selenium and iodide of silver, and for the latter a compound of selenium and chromium. The peculiar sensitiveness of iodide of silver and chromium to light has long been known, and their practical use in photography suggested their applica tion in the diaphote. It was found, however, after many experiments that their action must be so modified that each ray of light should influence, the electric current proportionally to its position in the solar spectrum, and selenium was ascertained to be best adapted to this purpose. At first a small mirror was employed with only a. single wire, but the images reproduced in the speculum were indistinct and confused, so that it beeame necessary to make the mirror of a number of small pieces, each about one-third of a square inch in area, and having a small wire attached. In the diaphote exhib ited by Dr. Licks to the Club the mirror was six inches by four and had seventy-r two fine wires, which are gathered to gether into one about a foot back of the frame, the whole then being finely wrapped with an insulating covering, and on reaching the receiving specu lum, each little wire was connected to a division similarly placed as in the mirror. From a common galvanic bat tery wires also ran to each diaphotio plate, and thus a circuit was formed which could be closed or not at pleas ure, lhe theoretical action of the in strument appears now to be in the fol lowing: The waves of light from an object are conducted through au ordi nary camera, so that they fall on certain of the divisions of the mirror when the electric current is closed. ,The light and accompanying heat produce mo mentary chemical changes in the amal gam of the mirror, which modify the electric current and cause similar changes in the corresponding partitions of the remote speculum, thus reproduc ing a similar image, which by a sec- nnrl Cfimpra inn.ir ho rfi,d!l7 aaan Utr fh eye or thrown on a screen. Dr. 'Licks. explained how the proportions of seleni um in the mirror and speculum should be scientifically adjusted to the size of the divisions and the resistance of the electric circuit, so as to . avoid any blending of the proportions t the re produced image. This, he said, had been the problem which had caused him the most difficulty, and which at one time had seemed almost' insur mountable, i ' j , ; At the close of the paper an illustra tion was given of the powers of the in strument. The mirror of the diaphote, in charge of a committee of .three, was taken to a room in the lower part of the building and the connecting wires laid through the halls and stairways to the speculum on the lecturer's platform. Before the mirror the committee held in succession various objects, illu- k 4-k . s , -J . ..6. a burning magnesium wire, since the rays from gas are deficient in actinic; power, and simultaneously on the spec ulum appeared the secondary images, which, for exhibition to the audience, were thrown on a screen considerably magnified. An apple, a pen-knife and a trade-dollar were the first objects shown; on the latter the outlines of the goddess of liberty were recognized, and the date 1878 was plainly legible. A watch was held five minutes before the mirror, and the audience could plainly perceive the motion of the minute hand on the screen, but the movement of the second hand was not satisfactorily seen, although Professor Kannich, by looking into the camera, thought that it was there quite perceptible. An ink bottle, a flower ana a part of a theater hand bill were also shown, and when the head of a little kitten appeared on the screen the club testified its satisfaction by the most hearty applause. After the close of the experiments the scien tists extended their congratulations to Dr. Licks, and the president made a few remarks on the probable scientific and industrial applications of the dia phote in the future. With the tele phone and the diaphote it might vet be possible for friends, separated by the wiuo Atlantic, to near ana see each other at the same time, to talk, as it were, face to face. In connection with the interlocking switch system it might be used to enable signal-men of the cen tral office to see hundreds of miles of railroad track at once, thus lessening the liability to accident. In connection with photolithography it might be so employed that the great English dailies could be printed in New i ork a few hours after their appearance in Lon don. Reading (Pa.) Eagle. The most recently published fisrures show that suicide is on the increase in trance. Before the Franco-German war t-ie average number of suicides only slightly exceeded 5,000 a year, and now they exceed 6.000. In Paris there are three times as many "suicides com mitted as in the country. Most of the r?ien who destroy themselves are bach elors. The spring is the time of year When suicide is most frequent, and death by hanging is more usually re sorted to than any other mode of self destruction, being considered more ex peditious. -The suggestion has beon made that in some quarters, and especially in large cities, women could be advan tageously and properly employed as aids to the superintendent of the census, in securing an enumeration of the in habitants and obtaining information re lating to industrial statistics.