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WM. M1LLIKAN & SON, Editors ind Proprietor. WASIILNGTONC.il.. : S OHIO, CURRENT NEWS. The Illinois Democratic State Conven tion has been called for June 10. J. K. Upton was confirmed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury by the Senate on the Johnson Debois was hanged at Pon tlac, 111., on the 17ch for the murder of Miss Ella Martin. Tim Pennsylvania Democratic State Convention will be held at Harrisburg on the Sfitb. of April. The Prohibitionists of Massachusetts will hold their State Convention at Boston on the 30th of April. The Louisiana Republican State Con ventlon has been called to meet at New Orleans on the 24th of May. The United Slates Consul at Paris say, that cattle may be exported to some parts of Trance with profit. The House Committee on Naval At fairs has reported favorably the bill providing for another Polar expedition. . Judge Hill, of Buchanan County, Va. who was indicted for refusing to put negroes on juries was acquitted on the 20th. Jacob K. Upton, of New Hampshire was nominated for Assistant Secretary of the Treasury by the President on the 15th. In a collision between two "passenger trains at Hall, Saxony, on the 20th, seven passengers were killed and many injured. During tlio winter season of 1879-80, 2,525,219 hogs were slaughtered at Chicago, a decrease of 417,8'Jo from the preceding year, The Lower House of the Connecticut General Assembly passed a bill on the 17th granting female suffrage on license matters. Field Marshal Fuad Pasha was on trial before a secial tribunal at Constantinople, on the l!)th, charged with conspiracy against the Sultan. The French Senate, on the 16th, passed a bill embodying the agreement of the Postal Money Order Convention with the United States. The Michigan Greenback State Con ventlon was held at Jackson on the 17th Delegates were appointed to the National Convention. The New Hampshire Democratic State Convention to elect delegates to the Na tional Convention at Cincinnati will be held on the 5lh of May. A census of St. Petersburg is boing taken, and all persons without a fixed occu pation or means of subsistence will bo ex pelled from the city. The wife of ex-Senator Christiancy, Mlulster to Peru, has commenced suit to pro cure a divorce. Hhc charges her husband with treating her cruelly. A British gun-boat sailed for Cattrina, Greece, on the 18th, with the money demanded by the (ireck brigands for the ransom of Colonel Syngc and wife. An Odessa dispatch of the 21st slated that sixty arrests had been made there In the last few weeks, mostly of teachers, some fill ing important public posts. A number of iron mills at Harris- burg, Pa., shut down on the 10th. A disa greement with their workmen about an In crease In wages was the cause. A Paris dispatch, on the 21st, say Hartiimn lias published a letter denying that lie confessed being concerned In the attemp on the life of the Czar at Moscow. New York for Liberia on the 15th of April. The party will be under the charge of an agent of the Llberiau Colonization Society. William D. Hilton, of Providence, R. 1., Superintendent of the Providence & Worcester Railroad, confessed, on the 10th, to having issued forged paper to the amount of $SO,000 within the past two years. The Collectors of Customs have been requested to forward to the Treasury Depart ment anv Information they may obtain of plcuro-piicunionia or other contagious or in fectious diseases among neat cattle. The report that Chung How, late Chinese Ambassador to Russia, had been be headed, is contradicted, lie is under sentence of death, but an influence appears to be at work to have the sentence commuted. The Missouri Democratic State Con- ventlon for the nomination of State officers will be held on the 21st of July. The Con vention to elect delegates to the Cincinnati Convention will meet on the 26th of May. At San Francisco, on the 16th, Den nis Kearney was sentenced to six months im prisonment In the House of Correction and to pay a tine of $1,000, for having used lntlam matory language in a speech at the Sand Lots recently. At New Orleans, on the 20th, Edward C. Palmer, President of the Louisiana Bank, convicted of embezzlement of the funds of the bank, was sentenced to three years at hard labor in the penitentiary. He has taken an ap peal to the Supreme Court. American shippers of cattle have been granted the privilege by the Canadian Govern ment of shipping cattle through that country from one American port to another, with the privilege also of stopping- for rest or accom modations at suitable points. Prince Bismarck presented a paper in the Reichstag, on the 18t,h, on immigration from Germany during 1879, showing that 33,- 237 persons, two-thirds of whom were males, emigrated, by far the greater1 number going to the United States and Hritlsh North America. The Rhode Island Republican Stato Convention was held at Providence on the 18th. Alfred II. Llttletleld was nominated forGov: ernor and Henry If. Loy for Lieutenant-Governor. The delegation chosen to the National Convention is understood to be unanimous for illaine. Before the House Committee on Indian Affairs, on the 20tb, Colonel Droolts, Indian agent, testified that the Poucas were removed from their reservation by an act of Congress, which he regarded as superceding the treaty lipulation. , lie did not think their cousent ad been obtained. persons were present, part of the floor gave way, precipitating between one hundred and one hundred and fifty persons to the floor be low. About thirty persons were injured, somo seriously. During the confusion the seholari rushed on the stage, overturning two coal oil lamps, one of which exploded, setting lire to the carpet, but the fire was extinguished before any serious damage was done. A band of regulators and about one hundred citizens visited James Binion's house, in Carter County, Ky., on the night of the 18th and asked for John Boggs, a notorious char acter who was concealed in the house Blnion refused to open his door and fired about fifty shots at the regulators and citizens, killing one of their number. The mob then broke in the door with stones, one of w hich struck Mrs. Binion and broke her leg. Binion was Instantly killed, Boggs was seized and hanged to a tree, and a iilneteen-yeai's-old son of Binion was whipped for having joined in the light against the mob, The House of the Good Shepherd, a Catholic, orphan asylum and house of commit ment for women, at St. Paul, Minn., was de stroyed by fire on the morning of the 21st. Twenty-live children were asleep in the upper story, but through the efforts of the sisters all got out without injury. A dangorous $20 United States reasury note has made its appearance in the West. The bill is printed on imitation fibre paper, series of 1875, letter C. The shading rider the words "United States" Is darker than the genuine note; but the general ap poarance of the bill is good. Settlors in Northern Montana have been compelled to loavo their homes on ac count of the threatening attitude of the Crow and Sioux Indians, who are reported to have formed an alliance. The settlers have gath ered at Goose Creek Valley for protection, but their means of defense are very meagro. Secretary Schurz having received a telegram from Los Pinos Agency stating that a number of parties had already staked placer claims and taken up ranches on the Ute Res ervation, and that others were preparing to follow, gave notice on the 16th thai such lo cations and claims will not be recognized by the Interior Department, as lands embraced within said reservation are not now public lands of the United States, and no location made thereon can be or will be recogoized as legal, except those made after the lands shall have been regularly restored to the public do main. If the invasion continues a proclama tion will be Issued by the President warning all persons against trespassing on the reservation. Chief Jack was before the House Com mittee on Indian Affairs, on the 19th, and at first refused to testify, asserting that he could not speak English. The Committee were about to abandon the examination, when Jack suddenly surprised them in very good English by stating that he was not present at the Thomburg fight, and knew nothing of the consequences attending It. Ho met the sol diers three days before the fight and tried to persuade them to turn back; that failing in tills and fearing trouble, he had gone away, and that ho had no hand in the Tbornburg fight or Meeker massacre. Ouray was again before the committee, but failed to give any satisfactory information in regard to the fight with Tbornburg, the Meek- ir massacre or the subsequent 111 reatment of the captive women of the Agency by the Indians. He did not deny that they might have been treated as alleged, but as serted that he knew nothing of it. Mrs. Ouray Was still more non-committal and the commit tee were unable' to extract any information upon the subjects under, inquiry, , FORTY-SIXTIl COJMJRESS FIRST ... SESSION. Senate, Maroh 15. A number of petitions were presented asking that the duty on unsized paper, soda ash, wood, straw and other Duln. and on txne he uholinhed. Hills uorA in trodueed and referred : For the suppression of in- Ilovr Rig Is MauZ feotious and contagious diseases among dim, en tin animals; to amend section 3,(iHtt of the Revised ctiututeB relative to pubuo lands. Mr. liavard, from the Committee on Judiciary, reported mvoraoiy ine penaio Dill prohibiting; tne ar rest o eleotion officers on election dav. Placed on the calendar. Consideration was then resumed of the Star .Route i-iencicncy Appropriation bill, and Messrs. Wal lace, fliaxey and jjeck addressed the benate. Exec utive session and adjournment House. Bills were introduced and referred : In relation to tele graph communications; proposingaconstitution- ai amendment declaims; Wat tne union ot these United States shall be perpetual, and all acts or tteinpts to separate or destroy the Union Bhall be treason against the Federal Government, and be punished as such, States' limits and boundaries are to be inviolate and ine right or a btate to make and en force its local laws shall never be inter fered with by the Federal Government; for the adjournment or Uongress on the 24th of May; to reduce the price of public lands within railroad limits; to create a Hoientine Uommission to establish legal tests for the protection of dealers in butter, oleomargarine, etc.; reducing the expenses of uiaing pre-emptions and Homesteads; appropri ating iKS.OUII tor the relief of the daughter and granddaughter of Zachary Taylor. Mr. Harmer presented a petition of soldierB and sailors of volunteer forces of the United States for thn passage ot a Jaw tor the equalization of boun ties. Referred. Mr. Cox was recognized by the Speaker to move to snsnend the rules for thn purpose of passing a bill for the relief of suffer ing Irish, but he was cut short by a motion to adjourn. He, however, obtained leave to have printed the reisirt ot the Uommittee on Foreign anairs upon uie 0111. Adjourned. Sknate, March 16. On motion of Hr. Thurman the resolution offered by Mr. Kel logg on the 12th, for a committee to investigate the newspaper charges against him, was laid on tne tame. Mr. Edmunds introduced a bill to hi a day for the meeting of Klectors of President and Vice President, and to provide for and regulate the counting of votes for President ftnH Vir PrAai- dent, and the decision of questions arising thereon. Referred to the select committee on tne subject. Consideration was resumed of the ' Star Route Deficiency Appropriation bill. Pendini? debate thn Hrmta ml. journeo....HousK. Mr. (Sawyer caned up the coniesceu election case oi isradley vs. Hlemmons from the Second District of Arkn,nHtn. hut thn House refused to consider the ease and went into Committee of the Whole on thn lWiin. cy Appropriation Din. The debate on the bill was entirely devoid of interest, the chief hhIiim,!-. of discussion being the management of the Pub lic Printing Office. When thecommittoe rose Mr. Dibrell, from the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions, reoorted a rosiilntiiin nnllin" on tla Secretary of the Interior for information as to withholding pensions allowed to soldiers of the. war of 1812. Adopted. , , . Senate, March 17. Mr. Hampton, from the Committee on Military Affairs, re ported a bill to complete the survey of the Gettysburg battle field and provide for comDilation and oreservation ot data. showing the various positions and move ments of troops at that, battle, illustrated by diagrams. Placed on the calendar. Mr. Burn side introduced a bill to provide a permanent construction fund for the navy rand-other pur noses. Ref erred. '' Consideration was then e- suined oi. tho Utai Route Deficiency bill, and, after some discussion, it was passed. The House bill for the establishment- of titles in Hot Springs, Ark., was taken up, Mr. Thur man gave notice that if the , debate on the bill threatened to take up much time he A Silvertfln. Colorado, letter on tho 9th, Hated that news had reached that place of the massacre of eight or ten prospector by the Indiana near Blue Mountains. The Socialists of Chicago havo potl tiooed the City Council to quarantine against the Chinese. They threaten dire things if the Chinese come to Chicago in any numbers, While putting up tho frame of a hotel mi an island near Toronto, Canada, on the 30th, a heavy gnat of wind leveled the struct ure to the ground injuring tight workmen, More supplies having been, tendered for the relief of Irish sufferers than can be con veuleiitly loaded on theJCnlted Hfatesshlp Con iiU-llatlou, a second vessel will probably bo neut. One hundred masked men entered the jail at Winchester, 111., on the night of the 17th, and opening the cell of Joseph J. Field, dispatched him with a number of pistol tbots. . r ;. At Senatobia, Miss., on tho night of the 15th, City Marshal Lane shot Calvin Rob erts, colored, while placing an obstruction on the track of the Mississippi & Tennessee Rail road. At Chicago, on the 17th, Martin Powers, la a fit of iDsane despondency, shot his wife, probably fatally, and then fired two hot into bit own head, causing Instant death. The President, on the ICth, affirmed the sentence of the court-martial in the case of Major Reno, dismissing that ofllcer from the army for drunkenness and unbecoming conduct. Preliminary arrangements havo been jierfectcd for holding the seventh aaniial con vention of the National Butter, Cheese and Egg Association at Iudlauaxjlls on April UStli, Knh and 30th. The Senate Committee on Prlviliges and Elections, on the Pith, decided, by a vote of six to four, to report in favor of unseating Kellogg, of Louisiana, and seating Spofford, the contestant. The President and two Directors of the Westchester Railroad, and two other per sona, were Injured by a collision between their train, a special, and passenger train at Phila delphia on the loth. Tho House Committee) on Revision of ihe Laws has ordered Singleton's bill regula ting tho use of telegraph dispatches to bo ported to the llouso and recommended its passage. The bill declares that tele graph messages are private property and can not be seized for production before the courts. Tho Muino Legislative Committee, in quiring into the conduct of ex-Governor Gaiee lon and Council made a report on tho 18th, chargliigthc Governor and Council, among oth er things, with altering and forging election returns, and diverting the different appropria tions of tho Legislature from their legitimate purposes. The Central News Association at Lon don reported on the ltfth that it had received a communication from Hart maun acknowledg ing that he was chosen by the Nihilist Com mittee to assassinate the Czar, and glvlug a detailed account of his attempt ut Moscow. llartmann said he Intended to sail for America in a few days. Dennis Kearney surprised his follow ers at San Francisco, on the 15th, by stating In a speech that tho object of the Citizens' Protective Union had been misapprehended, and that the Association In tended to work for the good of the city and the workiirgmen, and not to their disadvantage as tad been reported by some unscrupulous men. Chief Ouray testiliod before the House Committee on lndlau Affairs, ou tho 17th, that he knew nothing personally about either the fight with Tbornburg or the killing of Meeker ami his omployes, nor did he know how many Utcs bad been cngagod in either of those transactions, but he denied that any but White River Utes had been implicated. Somehow,, when a man's mind be comes really enlarged say, like that of uaron Humboldt, and he is able to placo in focus more and more of the cosmos of which he forms a part, the things he at the outset of his life re gards as the largest got smaller and smaller, till at last that first immense and overwhelmingly important thing, himself, booomos so insignificant that ft is only through a process of montal microscopy he can discern his little identity among the animalcule that Hoat, swim, or wngglo across the field of view. How big is a man, anywayP wen, no is smaller than an elephant, and an elephant is smaller than a mountain, and a mountain is smaller than the world, and the world is a mustard soed compared with the sun. and the sun itself is a more mote in the dust cloud of spheres that stretches out through tho universe beyond the reach of thought. Suppose we could make an exact model of the earth eighty feet in diameter. Eighty feet in diameter would be a pretty large ball as balls go on tne race oi tins planet. Assume, would insist on his previous notice and call-up the Geneva Award bill. Executive session and adjournment House. -Mr. Taylor offered a resolution for the appointment of a special com mittee to investigate the present method of settling claims against the United States. lteterrcu. The House tnen went into Uommit tee of the Whole on the Deficiency Appropria tion bill. General debate followed, after which the bill was read By sections lor amendment. Mr. Singleton, Chairman of tho Committee on Printing, offered an amendment chancine th. method of electing the Congressional Printer and regulating the management of the printing office, Mr. McMahon, under direction of the Appropria tion Committee, raised a point of order against the amendment. After some debate upon the point of order the committee rose in order to give the chairman an opportunity to examine the rules bearing upon tne point. Adjourned. Sisnate, March 18. Mr. Kirkwood inbniitted a resolution instructing the Commit- ;ee on Post-offices and Postroads to report the lower of the Postmaster-General under the ex isting law as to moditying mail contracts. jxpediting time and increasing the number ot rips, establishing post-olhces, hxing the com sensation for services, eto. Adopted. Consul sration was then resumed ot the House bill for the establishment of titles in Hot Springs. Pending debate tho Senate went into wecutive session and soon adjourned Houhk. The morning hour having been dis pensed with the House went into Committee of the Whole on the Special Deficiency bill. Sev eral amendments were agreed to and the Com mittee rose and the House adjourned. Senate, March 19. A communica tion was presented from the Secretary of the for the Sake of easy Calculation, the Interior, transmitting certified copies of patents For the month of February, 1880, tho exports of provisions from tho United States amounted to 10,178,283; a falling off of t'-J,- MS.SW as compared with the same month In 1S79. It is expected that when the official re turns for February are all in that the balance of trade will appear against the United Slutes for the first time in five years. diameter of the earth to be exactly 8,- 000 miles, and let us proceed to build our model to scale. A mountain five miles high should represont on our model 5-80, 000th of 80foctor6-10thsof an inch.' An elephant built in propor tion should bo 1-4, 400th of an inch in hoight, and an average man 7-52, 800th women. She Bsks that her petition receive tho nt an Iv,1, tnir a , t nn j on same consideration as if her name were Samuel u .uuu mil. nu niuij i iu.ww U, Anthony. The bill to perfect titles on StlCh men Standing shoulder to shoulder the Hot Springs Reservation was taken in single straight rank would require ??Tt$AXS their general to gallop over the space lion to the Court of Claims, were stricken out of one inch to pass them all Under re- !n motion of Mr. Davis, of Illinois, thus making iria.ir Will. i . the Uonuuission s award lloal. lhe bill was VWW. With a smart horse Of propor- then passed. The Geneva Award bill was llonatQ size, ridden at a brisk gallop, taken up, and the Senate went into ex- 1, 1,1 .1.:- - I issued to tho Indian tribes of the Indian Terri; tory and the amount of lands granted railroad c!oninanies m tho Teritorv. also a oonv or the report of the Commissioner-General of the Land Office on the subject. Mr. Anthony pro fited a memorial ot Susan 13 Anthony, asKmg the removal of her political disabilities. Miss Anthony complains that while the prayers of men tor the removal ot disabilities have been granted, such prayers have been denied to he could accomplish this distance in aDouc an nour. acienttic Hews. ecutive session. When the doors reopened, ad- .liousit.-Mr. tianisio, loomed until thc2M trom the Uommittee on Wavi ported the bill amending the laws in regard to Packing Apples For Shipment. At the recont horticultural moetinor at Rochostor, N. Y., Mr. Barry opened tne question: "Have there been any recent improvements in 'tne methods of packing and shipping fruitP" by asking vvnat is the best method of packing fruit for foreign shipmentP" He used paper for wrapping the fruit in, but knew of others using chail m addition. Ways and iMears, re- internal revenue. Recommitted. Mr. Wright, About one hundred and fifty negroes from the vicinity of Helena, Ark., will sail from Th(! Chinese at New York profess to be unable to understand the statement tele- raphed concerning tho great Influxof Chinese at that city from San Francisco. They say that the. totul number of departures from California registered at the Chluese Consulate up to the lUth, had only been one hundred, and a por tion of them went to Havana and others stopped at points west of the Mississippi. The Iowa Legislature, on the 16th, idopted the Senate substitute for the House prohibition Constitutional amendment, by a vote of sixty-six to twenty -six. The amend ment, as it will go to the next Legislature for ratification, provides that no person within the State shall manufacture for sale, or sell, or keep for sale as a beverage, any intoxicating Iquors whatever, Including ale, wine and beer. During the progress of an entertain ment at a public hall In Lincoln, Pa., on the night of the 'JOtb, at which about live hundred I Chairman of the Committee on Labor Depres- iiont reported a joint resolution reuuar ting the fresident to u ire notice to the -uinneMi uovnm- ment that it is the desire of the United States llovernment that the clauses of the treaties be tween the two Governments which allow and permit immigration of subjects and cit- ntrns i of the two countries be . abrogated tnd annulled. Placed on th calendar and the majority and minority reportB ordered printed. The mormon hour was disnensed with and the House went into Committee of the Wholi on the Snfeial Uehcienev bill. -"After longthy discussion, the committee rose and renorted the bill to the House. Mr. VlCK had tried SOVOral Ways, bUt kins, by unanimous consent, reported a bill ao- Iireferrod usins? fitrono- manlllannnor in Ptopriating HK),0U) for public printing, with a ,.. P.. - ' . . I itrnviHo thnt the f'nto-A delw-u'nrw imnmnrtRt.Hin wnicn to wrap tne iruit. in paekinsr r-.rt,.t.tmrT,n...,.i 4 wnkm in the barrel ho placed a layer of buck- the House immediately went into Committee of wheat fiiifltV hntwnnn ntuh l-ivnr f the Whole, and as quickly rose and reported - --- . ' " . --J". baeK the bill, which was passed, without yea apples, and in the ends put a deeper nd nays, they being dispensed with by uuaui- iilVor OI Cnall. IIO hail Shinned SfiVftrn. ulou" oonsenu nujourueu. kinds with success in this manner. Mr. House, March 20, The Funding '.bill Hooker Obiocted to the use of the chaff. as debated in Committee of tho Whole, and as it would be liable to imnart a fluvnr when the oommittee rose the House adj ourned to the fruit. Ho thought that erood fruit, packed solidly, would stand ship ment to a foreign market. Ho would All that can be seen of the North advise picking the fruit as soon as ma- River Tunnel thus far Is a tremendous tured. Mr. Moody thought well of the well, smoothly lined with brick, sixty plan of having fruit houses, where tho feet deep, and wide enough to admit an surface beyond Erie Street, and having its absolute terminus and depot in Jersey Avenue. Eventually this well may or may not be closed up, but in either event tho tunnel will pass along through it as it passes any other point in its course. The tun nel when completed will be two miles long, and three-quarters of a milo of its length will be directly beneath the bed of the river. As the river chan nel is nearest the New York bank and there is a wide stretch of shoal water on the Jersey side, there will be a con tinuous slant from the Jersey shore nearly across the river, when "a short incline upward will bring the tunnel to the surface in this city. At its lowest point the top of the tunnel will be 102 feet below tho surface of the river, and about twenty feet beneath the river bed, The New York torminus will be in the neighborhood of Washington Square, and work in this city will be begun near the foot of Leroy Street, which is almost exactly opposite Fifteenth Street in Jersey Uity. By ordinary means it would "have been next to impossible to excavate a tunnel through the silt that was en countered at, the outset, and must be fousrht the greater part of the wav. President Haskins devised the plan of sustaining tne eartn above the excava tion by a pressure of air. A powerful pumping engine supplies this force. For safety's sake there is a duplicate engine, and there are three boilers, be cause an accident- that removed . the pressure of air in the shaft would bring about certain disaster and possible loss of life. The original plan was to bore one shaft sufficiently wide for a double railroad track, and high enough to ad mit of the passage of railroad cars. It was found necessary, however, to alter this, and now the tunnel is composed of two shafts, side by side, like the bar rels of a fowling-piece, ftnd strengthen ed, as well as separated, by a central partition1. ' These tunnels Will each con tain a single railroad track, and will be twenty one feet in diameter, which gives room for a Directors' palace- coach, the tallest of railroad vehioles. A visitor to the edge of the great DncK well sees what looks like a lari boiler protruding from the well on tl riverside, and', extending sixteen feet toward the centre. Xhere is a platform oi boards arqund- it,, and there are many tubes and pipes, heaps of bricks, and d.ne steam-pump upon the plat form. Jieneath tho platlorm, which appears to be at the bottom of the well, which is really only half-way down. there is a sheet of muddy water cover ing the silt that has been thrown from the tunnel. The protruding boiler is wnat is Known as the air-lock, by which tne egress and entrance of the work men to the tunnel is accomplished with out destroying the even pressure of air in the shaft.. The Sun reporter saw six men enter the tunnel yesterday to go to work In it, and presently he saw four leave it. The six men were low ered into a wooden bucket, which was swung over the pit from the arm of derrick. Tho door of the boiler-like air-lock was opened; but there is an in ner door that was shut, and beyond it, in the tunnel, the pressure of twenty pounds of air to the square inch was maintained. The men entered the atr lock, and closed the outer door. The engines equalized the air-pressure in the lock with that In the tunnel, and then the inner door was opened and the workmen passed into the tunnel. It took ten minutes to do this. Men with heart or lung diseases could not work under these conditions, but healthy young men are said to experi ence no harm from them. When the work progresses farther this pressure will have to be doubled. The four men who desired to come out stepped into the air-lock, closed the door behind them, and signalod the engineer. The com pressed air was allowed to escape with a deafening roar, like the escape of steam from a thousand locomotive safety-valves, and presently the door opened. A dense cloud of brown smoke rolled out from the lock, and as it thinned out the forms of the workmen passing through were distinguishable The reporter was informed that this was the smoke of the candles, by the light of which the men work in the shaft. Fifteen or eighteen pounds of candles are consumed by them in a day, and the smoke' thoy create is a great hindrance to the work, although only the very best adamantine coach lights are used. The electric lights, which emit neither smoke nor -heat, will soon be used In the place of candles One light over the well and one in the shaft will upply all the illumination that is need- Tunnel Under the Hndsoa. fruit would pass through the sweating ordinary dwelling-house. This well is process bofore being barreled. Mr. Hong had a ventilated fruit house in which he allowed his fruit to cool, and and where he kept it till November. Mr. Moody thought the thorough as sorting of apples a necossity: they should be handled quickly and very careiuny, ana do leit in tne sun no longer than necessary. Mr. W. C. Barry left his apples in the orchard till they had passed the sweating process. He thought they should not be placed in barrels till after that nor should they be shipped abroad till cool weath er commenced. Mr. Woodward said apples should be picked early and handled but little. When they snapped easily from the stem it was time to pick them. They should not be barreled till ready for sale. Mr. Clark picked some apples the last week in October, and had but just opened them. He found them to be in good condition, i covered with a clumsy wooden shanty, high enough to admit a derrick, and big enough to hold the two engines and three boilers, the coal heap, brick pile, clothes-closets, and oflioe for the work men and the Company's officers. This Bhanty is at the foot of Fifteenth street, three quarters of the way from the Pennsylvania Ferry to the Hoboken line. It is close to the river's edge, two city blocks distant from Provost street, the thoroughfare nearest the river bank. The river originally flow ed where the shanty is, and underneath the filling is the original silt. The great well beneath the shanty is not to be the terminus of the tunnel. It is simply a starting point which the tunnel shaft is to pierce, and it was sunk because that was deemed the better way to be gin the great work. Tho tunnel will be worked back beneath the city more than naif a mue, breaking through the ed. Work in the tunnel never ceases. It is prosecuted by three gangs, each gang working eight hours. Sometimes the men eat their meals in the shaft, but as often they come out and spend half an hour on the earth's surface. Theirs is not dainty work. The earth that they lgjout is mixed with water in tho bot tom of the shaft, and when it has readied a certain depth and consisten cy it is blown out into the great brick well by the air-pressure in the shaft through pipes that lie at the bottom of the excavation, and that are built out to follow tho workmen as they extend the shaft. W henever it is necessary, this mud is bailed out of tho bottom of the well to make way for more. As the tunnel is now it has the shape of a gi eantic bottle, tho air-lock taking, the place of a cork In the bottle's neck, The neck of the bottle is formed by the narrow bore that was gradually wid, ened until the permanent diameter of twenty-one feet was reached. As the excavators work they are closely fol lowed by men who line the shaft with plates of riveted iron, and these in turn are followed by masons who construct the arched brickwork that forms the tunnel, Nearly 100 feet of the perma nent tunnel has been completed. No date is set for the beginning of the work on the New iork sido of the river. Af. Y. Sun, March 10. The Great Fire ia Toklo. Hundreds of carpenters were at work erecting temporary places of shelter, and repairing bridges; men engaged at clearing away the ashes on the sites where their recent dwellings had stood; women walked about listlessly with children on their backs; groups of half a dozen or more old men, women and children gathered around little wood fires trying to keep warmth in their bodies; streets rondered almost impas sable by immense heaps of ashes, broken tiles, and other debris; ferry boats driving a thriving trado where the bridges had been burned, the re mains of largo pottery factories such wore some of the sights to bo soen yes terday. So rapidly did the llames travel that it was with difficulty the streets were cleared of poodIo before the houses ignited, and in so many places was the fire raging that they knew not which way to run. Anxious to save futons and wearing apparel, the poor creatures sallied forth from their homes with bundles on their shoulders to fly they knew not whither. The streets became blocked with the surging masses. Women and children were trampled under foot, and many who fell in the crowd never rose again; little children were seen looking for their parents, parents looking for their children, while the air was rent with cries of rage, anguish and despair. Still they clung tenaciously to the few worldly possessions they had succeeded in bringing from their burning homes, thereby almost completely blocking up the narrow streets through which the masses were slowly threading their way. At length the police interfered and caused numbers to throw their bundles into tho rivers, or anywhere else out of the way so as to facilitate the escape of the people from the fright ful death which threatened them, and which was gaining on them fast. Sixty-eight streets, containing 11,464 houses, were burned, rendering over 40,000 people homeless. It is esti mated that thirty people were trampled to death in the streets, and one hun dred wounded were conveyed to the hospital. Long before the lire reached the foreign settlement the residents felt anxious and began to pack up. But this appears to have beon an ak most needless task, for when the fire did reach them there was no one to be found to convey their goods and chat ties away; this was particularly the case when the residence hi the xsnls- sionary ladies at No. 11 ignited. Every thing had been got ready for flight, but had to be left in the house, as no cool ies were to be found willing to under take the task of removing the boxes of clothing. The'Amerlcan legation was in imminent danger for some time, and Mr. Clataud's hotel ignited seven dif ferent times, but each time the llames were successfully suppressed. The resi dence of Bisbop Williams, of the Ameri can Episcopal "mission, was burned. Japan Gazette. , Sharpening the Little Ones. . A man never gets an idea of howfast the world moves until he gets out of his own sphere into some other. In order to see how great progress has been made in teaching he must get into a modern school-room where the teacher has kept progress with the age of im provements in the methods of impart ing instruction. In the Gold Hill schools every faculty of the pupil is awakened and sharpened. Even tables of weights and measures in the primary classes are taught as object lessons. They have the scales and the weights and the measures right there, and the scholors see that it takes sixteen ounces to make one pound, and four gills to make a pint, etc., up to the gallon. The result is that little children from seven to nine years old will loot up pounds and ounces, and even fractions of ounces, and give the correct total with a facility which is surprising. The same is true of moasures, including quarts, pints, gills, eto. But this is not all. They are taught to form correct estimates of tho weights of objects. They are handed a book, or something of the kind and then estimates of its weight are taken. One of the scholars then weighs the object and announces the result. The importance of this kind of practice in estimating the properties of things will become apparent one ot these days when success in life may depend on accuracies of judgment. The above is cited only as one of many ways of sharpening the perceptive faculties of the children. It teaches them to think, and that is, after all, as good a defini tion as can be given of real education. And then, to teach the little ones ge ography, they are set to world-building, ' on a small scale. , They are furnished with a suitable measure of loam in a fitting receptacle, furnished with im plements and oonstruct ranges of mountains and hills and valleys and lains and canyons and ravines, and to form all the phases presented by the solid part of the" earth." Then" they go to work and run mines. Their shafts never get verv deep nor their tunnels long before a cave occurs; but the theory is exemplified and thoroughly under stood. Gold Hill (Nev.) News. 'tilU i'r?Pe t,,e Fetf ' ; ; f , j?v Every careful housekeeper, with an eye to first causes, is much interested in the way feet or. rather feet-coveringscome in from out of doors. If boys did not have muddy' boots the cares of the house would be lessened. But boys are not the only ones that " bring in the dirt." Men-folk are often very forgetful of the amount of work they may make by hot attending to the simple matter of cleaning their boots and shoes. Every door-step should be provided with a foot-scraper and a brush or broom, and every one, as he comes in, should take the time to use them before appearing on the car pet, or clean floor. If a regular scraper one made for the purpose is not at hand, one can make one from a bit of hoop-iron, which is to be placed on a step or edge of the porch in a conven ient place. It is well to provide a " mua-mat," which is simply strips an inch or so square fence pickets will answer screwed to three or four cross pieces, an inch apart; or a more elab orate one can be made by stringing the slats upon fence wires. One, with muddy boots, is very apt to stamp and rub them on the steps or floor of the porch; a mud-mat will clean them more effectively, and save the porch hard wear. A very excellent mat may bo made by boring holes in a board, and drawing oorn-husks through the holes. Careful persons change their foot-gear when they enter the house to remain any length of time, a custom conducive not only to neatness, but so greatly to comfort, that it is to be commended. American Agriculturist.