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? ; A fA A V I 1 ' " ( a 'V J. I. BOARDMANJ Editor and Troprictor. j & iamiln Iournal--gcl)olA jo pos, olilics, pcrafitfc, bucvi, Qhxkte, jOno Dcll.ir n Yc::r; Ctriclly in Advance. ' NUMBER 87. JVC VOJ. XXL HILLSBOROUGH, IIIGHLANI) COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, .IAXUARV 1!. 18-71 The Home Circle. From the Home Journal. "DELIVER US FROM EVIL." BY GEORGE F. MORRIS. "Deliver ns from evil," fcnvenly Father! It atill beselt tin whercsoe'er we go! Kid the bright rays of rcvelnlion gather To light tha darkness In our way of wot! Remove tli Kin that stains our Bonis forever! Our doubts dispel our confidence restore! Writs tliy forgiveness on our hearts, and never Let ns In vain petition fur it more. Release u s from the sorrows thnt attend us! Our net ves are lorn at evory voin we blend ! Almighty Parent! with thy strength befriend us! rise we are helpless In our time of need! Sustain us, Lord, willi thy pure Holy Spirit New vljrnr give to Nature's fullering frame; Anri,nt life's close, permit us to Inherit The hope that's promised lii llio Saviour's name. Sorrow. A holy believer of tlic past says: ",Sliall I tli I n It it much to ho crossed, who deserve to he crushed? God is teaching nic by his rod; upon this rod I have found honey. Tho honey that Jonathan tasted on the rod did enlight en his cyeal Oh that it may bo 60 with nic Mediums axd Ink. The following analysis of l!i manner in which spirit ual music la sometimes produced, oc curred a few days sine ia Lowell. The Vox Populi pays: "Tho celebrated 'Davenport me diums,' who have been performing here tho last two weeks such wonderful tricks as drawing music from various instru ments without touching them, were out witted, a day or two since, by a printer of this city. Tho two boy-mediums were tied hands and feet, and put into a dark place (of course!) the whole are rangement first examined by tho specta tors. Now, on this occasion, the said printer was a visitor, and ho had been to apply a little; private test fur his own satisfaction. He took along with him a very little printing-ink (which is as tenacious as wheel-grease,) and marked therewith the instruments. The per formance went on; the mediums were firmly bound and tied to their seats, to convince tho audience they could not touch tho instruments; then camo tho darknesss; then instrumental music by the spirits; then the manager said, 'Let there bo light,' and tho mediums wero unbound and came forth each with fiiigert tccll Leiliubed with winter's V .!! "Fanny, don't you think -that Mr. JjoIu is a handsome man.' "Oh, no, I can't endure his looks, lie is homely enough." "Well, he's fortunate, at all events, for nn old aunt has just died, and left liim fifty thousand dollars." "Indoed! is it true? Well, now, since 1 como to recollect, there is a certain noble air about him, and he has a fine eye that can't bo denied." DOMESTIC ECONOMY. To Makk Cohn Caicep. One pound of fat salt pork, and ono pound of rai- nins, chopped together fine, two cups molasses, two cups boiling water, one teaspoonful of soda, ten cups of meal and plenty ot spico. Recipe fouMendixo Broken China. Take a very thick solution of cum arabie ia water, and stir into it plaster ot 1 arm, until tho mixture becomes a viscous paste. Apply it with a brush J 4 Y. - I. l. 1 .1 1 I .1 i xnn.iraciureu eugos, ana buck tnein together. In three days, tho article cannot, again oe broken in the same place. The whiteness of tho cement readers it doubly valuable. Scientific American. To Tell Good Eggs. If you do- Hire to be certain that your eggs are pood and fresh, put them in water; if the butts turn up, they are not fresh. This is an infallible rule to distinguish a good egg from a bad ono. 110W TO DO TIP MIIItT liOSOMS AM) Collars. We have often been reques ted Dy lady correspondents to state by what process tho gloss on new linen, shirt bosoms, &c, is produced, and in or der to gratify them, wo subjoin tho fol lowing reoipe: "Take two ounces of lino white um-rabio powder put in a pitcher, aud pour a pint or -more of boiling water, according to tho degree ot strength you desire and then hav ing covered it, let it stand all night in the morning pour it carefully from ino uregs into a clean bottle, cork it, an J keep it for use. A table-spoonful of gum water Btirred Into a nint of March, ruado in the usual manner, will give to lawns, cither white or Printed, a jook oi newness, When nothing clso can restore them after they have been w ash ed. Scientific American. - - - - - - - - -'" Youth's Department. I'arlob Pastimes A Buown Pa ter Electrical Machine. A simple, cheap, and effective electrical machine, according to M. Thore, may bo made by joining tli8 tl,ds of strips of paper about eight inches. iJe, bo as to make an end less band, and Htretching it on two wooden pulleys covered with silk, one of which is rapidly turned by a handle. M. Thore eUtes that electricity was de veloped by pressing a arm flat-iron upon tho paper us it passed over ono of tho pulleys tho warm iron taking the place of "the rubber" in the ordinary machine, and that tho effect so produc ed was remark able. It is alno assorted that a iniiehino eo constructed may be worked under atmospherio conditions whi h would arrest tho action of tho:.c ordinarily iu uo. Original Story. Written for the News. Written for the News. The Girl-Friends. BY MARY B—. CHAPTER II. "And they onlled him cold. God knows I' nderneRtli the winter snows, The Invisible hearts of flowers grow ripe for blossoming! And I tin lives that look so cold, ir their slones could be told, Would seem enst Id gentler mould Would seem full of Love and Sprlnj." Beautiful wcro tho rolling hills, and verdant valleys, that surrounded the village of Blnnmvale; one of those lit tle towns, full of interest, and some times of romance, that here and there dot our State. Far, far, into the wild, free country, extended tho fields of grain, and the shadowy forests, musical with tho songs of birds; while here and there, a rivu let or larger ptream, wound its way through green meadows, or below mas sive rocks, ns it passed on to might ier waters. Some two miles from Bloomvalc, on an elevated knoll, rose tho tall tono house, owned by John Wcnncr; a cold, aris tocratic widower, said the littlo world in which he moved. Five years his domestics had super intended his household; and for fivo years lie had lived alone, with no com panion save his daughter Lily, a girl of fourteen, llowasn man not much bcluved, and less bo, since his young wife had died. His neighbors said he was cold, proud, and alas ! more selfish than ever. Ho would even pass his friends, they said, without speaking; at other times with n vacant staro, and a slight bow, as though they wcro Gran gers. How far from right oft-times, doth tho cold world judgo. Terhaps he was thinking of her; mourning over his wedded joy so early lost. Ifc could not Binile when his heart was sad. His child was a grent solace, but she filled a child's place in his heart; she could never still tho intenso longing, the pain ful yearning of his soul for tho pym pathy and communion of his wife. He could not at first realize that she was gone; but as days, and weeks pass ed on, and she came no more, with her smiles of love and gladness, the cad truth came with all its weight, that she had indeed passed away, and he was alone. Such a parting, surely, is very bitter, even to hearts that love lightly. But when it comes upon those whose love is like that described by ono who said, "A man shall leavo father and mother and cleave unto his wife; and the (wain shall be one flci-h," the g of such a parting must bo more than bitter. Mr. Wcnncr had been asked by an intimate friend, if ho ever intended to marry again. "Never I never I" was tho decisive answer. A few years later he was asked the same question, and the answer was different. "I must," he said; "or I shall be come what the world thinks me, a self ish, melancholy man." He sat in his room ono morning, his daughter by his side; and there was a troubled look on her young face, and the tears seemed ready to gush from her eyes, Well did her father know the cr.usc. She had heard that another was to fill her dead mother's place. It was so; and ho had sent for her to plead with her, aud reconcile her heart to tho chuugo. And yet this uian, called so proud and stern by tho world, faltered when tho moment camo to speak. At last, he said, "Do you think I could ever love 'you less, Lily?" "I hope not, father," was tho quick reply. "I havo been a very lonely man, my child, since your mother died, but it has not been becauso I did not lovo you; but you know you cannot fill her place. I have sent for you, to ask a share in your heart for another." Lily bowed her head, and tho tears fell fast. Tho strong man drew her to liia heart. "If you could understand mo aright," ho said, "If you could know, daugh cr, how I have Buffered. 1 have not for gotten your mother, Lily. Her memo ry is as dear to me as tho new love which haH lately tinged my lifo with a brighter hue. "Tho ono I shall bring to you re minds mo of your mother. Sho is good aud pure, Lily; and sho will go with us often, ns wo havo ulways done, to visit her tomb, and to plant flowers there, that arc blooming uow for the fifth timo over her grave. Tell mo, Lily, if you can bid her welcome to our home. If so, I shall go with a glad heart, to claim my orphan bride." "Is sho an orphan, father?" asked tho girl in a voice of tenderness. "Yes, Lily. Her father and Mother arc gone; and she has no near kindred, ex,eept her brother, Philip Deano. Her namo is Alice." "Tell her my father's happiness is very dear to mc. Tell her," and the girl's voice faltered, and tho tears rush ed to her eyes, "tell her a shadow has rested on our home a long timo, and sho must come, and bring back the light, that went out when mother died." "My noblo girl I" whispered her fath er. "You are worthy of tho love I have lavished upon you. Good bye, darling, 1 wih go now, and tell Alice of your words. How happy sho will be!" Tho happy man was soon riding swiftly to the homo of Alioo Deano, some ten miles away. In a short timo he walked up the shaded pathway, lead ing to her home; a large, brick farm house. Ho paused awhile to gaze upon the blooming, fragrant shrubbery; and ho thought that Alice need scarcely wish to exchange homes, were it not for his humble self. 11c stood upon the stono steps, knocking upon tho sido of the door, which was open. A broad, red face mado its appearance. "And I'm shurc, and is it you, Mis- Wancr?" Mr. Wcnncr bowed, smiled, and asked for Miss Alice. The Irish girl up the stair-way, leading from hnlL She met Alice; and in a voice which sho intonded should be low, but which could be heard downstairs,; she whispered, "Misihress Allic, the gintlemaii 's down there, you like so well." Down the rtair-way tripped Alice Dcanc, a lustrous sparkle in her blue eye, and a flush on her face, shaded her silky, brown hair. If it had not been for the big form that lum- bored behind, John Wcnncr would surely have committed the depreda- tion w men it is said an women like. As it was, they merely shook hands and passed into the parlor. Soon Mr. Wcnncr was walking the room, back and forth his usual habit when any strong emotion thrilled his heart. They spoke of Lily. "Do you think she w:" ' . ' asked Alice, almost teau. iiy. He paused beforo her, looking down into her faco with a tender smilo. "Do you think she can help it?" and then Etopping beforo her, he told her Lily's words. Alice was very happy. Littlo did sho care that he was a iciJoicer that another had claimed the first placo in his heart. Greatly did she prefer the calm, strong love of that mature man of forty, to the passionate adoration of youth. She only reverenced him more, that a few gray hairs were steal ing among his black locks. Strange as it may seem, the purest devotion of her heart had been aroused for this bereaved and melancholy man. She asked no brighter lot than to bo his wife. Sho told him this, and tho longing of his heart was satisfied. After dinner they strolled out into tho garden and orchard. When they returned, it was getting late in tho evening. "Timo to depart," said Mr. Wenncr, in his quick, determined voice. He bid his betrothed a tender good-bye, aud ns ho passed out and stood upon the stone steps, he met Philip Dcane. In appcaranco the two men were much alike, and they loved as friends, who kuevHhow to appreciate each other. A smilo Was on John Wenncr's face, a flush on his cheek, making him look almost as young ns his companion, at thirty. Ho grasped Philip's hand, calling him brother, and looking with a significant smile, back into the house. "Ah ! I understand," said tho young farmer; "but won't you como back and stay awhile? I don't expect to remain hero long. And as you aro going to steal my sister, I shall soon bo off." "Indeed I and what has become of the dark -eyed Elsie?" "I can't talk about that matter to you, John. I will toll Alice, and sho can tell you. I may not see you aain, no I will bid you good-bye." "Surely, yoo. will grace our wedding with your presence. It is only two short weeks till the appointed timo! tho lust day iu tho mouth of rooos." You havo only boon gono a few days; ftnd you come back so unlike yourself, What have you been doing J" "Hiding over tho country like a mad thcr ,an," wa. u,0 Lrief answer. Tears of grief sprang to tho eyes, where so lately the tears of joy had ncs proceeded tied; and his sister, ever ready to sym thc pathize, begged him not to let any sorrow weigh upon his heart unshared, He told of tho bitter disappointment which had utterly crushed the brightest hopes of his manhood. "And now," , 110 said. "I mn fnin f:ir ntnv " A li ' n r J - - ") these wcro words to bring sorrow to the loving heart of Alice Dcane. J Yon are not going to leave mc, Phil by ;)? Surcy you arc not fitr;ous. You do not mean what you say ?" i "Yes, I must go, Alice. I will not Blny Jicrc anj scc i,or ;vcn to nnthcr!" "I aiippoo I mmt. stay, on her ac count. Where- is sho now?" "She went tip stairs; but I must bid you good evening. It will bo dark be fore I get home." Wearily Philip ascended the stair way. When ho reached tho top he paused, and looked into tho room of Alice. So busy was sho, that sho did not notice tho intrusion. Slvo was preparing tho snowy robes for her bridal. "Alice!" "Why, Philip, you startled mc ! And you look so pale ! Arc you sick, broth er?" and sho camo towards Vun with open arms. He kissed her tenderly, and leading her to a chair, knelt down before her and laid his head upon her lap. Ho had often done so before, but now there was something so weary and pad in his manner, that Alice noticed it at once. "What is tho matter, Philip? What has become of tho gay heart you took away with you?" Ho seemed not to hear tho question; but gazing around tho room, strewed with tho apparel of a Irido, ho said, mournfully, "You are going to leave me, Alice." "You arc not unwilling, brother?" Eh0 asked "No, no; but sister, I feel wretched.' "What is tho matter, my brother ?- 1 anj lc Fprang to his feet. "O, Alice! ' vuun flUch a sorrow ful,s ,III0n a ie.irt like mine, it is terrible! I believe lam what her mother thinks mc a proud and wicked man." "Oh, Philip, Philip ! my heart aches for you. If you would only try to rule your spirit, to quench tho passion of your proud nature, you would be a hap pier man. How cau I give you up? - We have been together always, except when you were at College. But broth cr, if you trill leave mc, listen to my plea. Oh, Jo, do abandon that wicked habit of swearing, , My very soul grows nick within mo whenever I hear you. Oh, brother 1 think! Think how very wicked it is, with tho breath God gives you, to profane His namo !" She paused for a moment, and then continued. "I know, Philip, I could not expect you always to stay' here. And when you go out into the world, my prayer shall be, that you may fight bravely and manfully the great battle of Life; doing something fur yourself much for humanity. You aro gifted, my brother; and this is why it pains me moro deeply, to sue you bow down to tho sway of passion and the habit of profanity. It so bolittles tho great and good man. Oh, Philip, all I would wish, whether you fall early or late, in life's contest all that I would wish to hear, would be, that you slept the sleep of tho just. To kuow thia would be sweeter to my heart, than the laurels of fame, or a wholo nation chanting a re quiem over you, as a great and fallen hero. I would know, that you had fought a mightier battle won a bright er crown, than that of fame; that even you, my brother, had overcome tho world and its wickedness." Iu tho earnestness of her appeal, her young faco glowed, and her blue eyes wero lustrous and pleading. "My darling sister," said Philip Dcane, "I do not think as great things of myself as you do. . But there is a part of your plea I will comply with. My sister shall hear no more oaths from my lips! I know it is a great sin and n detestable practice. Sister, I promise you that I will reform, before I start to California." ' ' "To California! Suitdy you arc not going there, Philip, to that wicked country?" "Yes, Alice, tho wild, impetuous lifo of California will best suit me." A d;k panorama, of young lives blackened by guilt, young hearts scar ed by wickeduerf?, lofty bouls blighted and lost, ir.nist havo spread before tho vision of tho young girl. Her face turned deadly palo, and her voico grew husky and tremulous with excitement. "I cosjure you, dear l'uilip ! 0,1 conjure you, by tho holy memory of our mother by the purity of our dear fulh. er in Heaven not to throw away your glorious lifo. Beturn not to me, a shadow of what you might have been ! Beturn not with unnatural fires burning up all that is pure andholy in yournature. It would break my heart." As she ended her earnest and loving appeal, she did not, sink into a swoon. Sho had never fainted in all Hier inno cent life; but sho stood, with her slight form trembling, and tears glittering in her eyes. Philip looked at her a mo ment, then folded her to his throbbing breast. "Sister," he said, and his dorp voico faltered slightly, "Sister, I shall never give up to Ire a lost and ruined man. You aro good. Will you not pray some times, for tho unhappy, weary wander er? " A few moments later, he was was walking beneath tho shade of the apple trees, gazing upon the beautiful world, tinged with tho flush of the sunset. Alice went to her room, and wrote these words in her journal : "June 17. How my brother's part ing words ring in my cars now! No, surely not, Burely not! dear Philip, with all your genius and beauty, will you be come a lost and ruined man I I was very happy to-day; but the shadow soon fell over my soul's brightness. What a bitter drop of woe, in the cup which I must drink, is it to part with him ! "This parting with friends is very sorrowful. Love-tics must he severed! when death comes. Then there is no remedy. But why must they bo broken in life? Why must wo be separated from those we love, here? Ah! I si ould not murmur! Light, much light, will still gleam upon life's darkness. Much of joy is still left mo. 'The sun has gone down. How quick the night has come! This shall be a day remembered; for it has brought a mingled cup of sweetness and sorrow. Oh, Philip! oh, brother! the sunshine will be darkened when you arc gone. But shall I falter? No, no! only one boon I ask. Pure Spirit, that guidcth aright tho' footsteps of earth's children, though walking in different paths, lead us to the same home a home in Heav en!" To be Continued. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. Senators and ltijrescutittives: You arc summoned, by the suffrages of your fellow citizens, to tho impor tant duties of legislation, at a period of peculiar interest both iu Stato and National affairs. Tho year just closed, has been strong ly marked by prosperous and adverse circumstances. RETROSPECT. Abundant harvests have fulfilled the farmer's hopes; almost unbro ken health has blessed our homes, and animated our activities; Industry, in every voca tion, has successfully pursued its le gitimate objects; Education, with stead ily enlarging aims, and powers con stantly augmenting, hag prepared the youth for the duties and responsibili ties of cilizeiinhip; and Beligion, un embarrassed by tho interference of the Stato with the domain of conscience, has fulfilled its holy mission of instruc tion in the duties of the life which uow is, and of preparation for the n wards of that which is to come. In short, no year since tho organization of the State Government, has been more conspicuously distinguished by substan tial increase in all tho elements of real wealth, permanent power, and true greatness. . And yet, this year, so distinguished by these circumstances- of prosperity, has been marked, hardly less conspic uously, by the evils of disordered cur rency, probtrato credit, and impaired fortunes. The financial embarrassments which have affected tho citizens of Ohio, in common with those of tho whole coun try, have been augmented ia this State, by special and peculiar causes. Tho criminal misconduct ot a lormer State Treasurer, resulting in a defalcation of over half a million of dollars, conceal ed from tho peoplo by the false state ments and reprehensible contrivances cf himself and his successor in olliee, deprived tho Treasury, at a critical mo ment, of tho proper means of paying the interest on the public debt, and of meeting tho ordinary deuiunds of the public service;! whild tho failure of a great moneyed corporation, intimately connected with tha business iuloresU of tho community, suddenly disclosed tho alarming fact, that a vast proportion of all tho immediately availably resources of very many of the banks of the Mate, had been abstract ed by tho fraud of its tithhicr iu New York, aud Converted into means fur postponing, if not averting its fall. fil'ATK CltK.DIT rSIMPAlUKI). It is a most gratifying fact, and it well illustrates the enorjrotio good faith which go honorably tl; ling;nshrs the peoplo of Ohio, that, notwithstanding these embarrassing circumstances, ev ery obligation of tho State has beon punctually fulfilled, and her banking institutions, with very few temporary exceptions, havo performed their en tire duty of specie payment., without evasion and without delay. The disorders and embarrassments of tho present time they manfully encoun tered, must soon poss ay. They may check for a moment, 1 ot cannot arrest the advancement of the State. Our fertile swl, oar productive nines, and our varied industry, will soon redress present inconveniences, and revive, in full measure, e-ur financial prosperity. OUR INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES. That ytn my clearly see tho found ations of this anticipation, permit mo to direct your attention to a brief review of our industrial condition, which will be more fully exhibited by the reports of the Commissioner of Statistics, and of the State Board of Agriculture. Of the 23,578,'JGO acres which con stitute the area of the State, according to Federal computation, no portion worth consideration, can bo classed as absolutely uncultivablo. Ouly 10, 800,000 acres, however, are actually cul tivated, aud of these, only about 5,000, 000 acres by the plow, whilo more than 15,000,000 yet remain to be brought un der contribution to our power, and wealth. This whole area, with a trifling ex ception, is reduced to individual own ership, and is divided among about 270,000 proprietors, excluding the own ers of town lots. The average quantity of land held by each proprietor, is es timated at about ninety acres. Tho division of tho land into small properties, promotes improvement in methods of culture, augments product ion, insures individual independence, and contributes largely to the security of publio freedom. Every tendency in tho opposite direction should watchfully be observed, and wisely checked. The value of these properties ns as sessed for taxation, isSllJo, 002, (ioo, and that of town lots and chattels is, 8413, 1)27,120 making nu ogregateof fSI'.l, "20,0S1. The real value largely exceeds 1,000. 000, 0U0. POPULATION NEAR TWO AND A HALF MILLIONS. The present population of the State, upon the best attainable data, is esti mated at 2,400,000 persons, of whom nearly all, except the very young or ve ry old, are actively engaged in pursuits which increase or preserve public or private wealth. The efficiency of this vast human en ergy is enhanced almost beyond com putation by the machinery so exten sively introduced into every depart ment of industry. The agricultural machines, put in operation during the last few years, do the work of more than 100,000'agrieultunil laborers, and do it quicker, better, and cheaper than they could. It is difficult to make any estimate even proximately accurate, in respect to machinery otherwise employ ed. It is reasonably computed, howev er, that the steam engines alone, now in use in Ohio, perform labor equal in quantity to that of more than half a million men, and in better quality, as cheaper in cost: The forces of nature thus engaged to the service of man, through tho instru mentality of machinery, augment the means of existence, comfort and enjoy ment in Ohio, at least fourfold. The results aro sceu on every hand, in the increased rewards of labor, and in the improved and constantly improving con dition of the people. Some general statements, under a few heads, will clearly exhibit tho more nn portant elements of this industrial pro gress. I. AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS. In arcordiui; (o the liest lii foruiution, the vnlue of vece- lublti products, wag $07,052,500 The v.i loo of auiiiiiilg and snlimil products t3) 15,110(1 TuIhI value of aric'iiil products 1151,Su'7r)UO Iu 1MU according to the census of tr5fl, the val ue of vegetable pro duels wus 4V-5I.VI9 That of animals and au- imnl products, 41,159,098 Mak iiip totul vulne of ag ricultural products c9,012,Gl7 And showing an increase of an nual agricultural production iu eiii hi years f 2,S5 1 ,F5:i The value of livestock in 1H57 was 7.'i,lis7JM) " " lo.'iO " U,U,Hl lurrrase Iu seven years t J9,5(i5,7LI No single fact connected with the ag ricultural results of the past year, is probably of greater importance than the establishment by actual experiment, of tho practicability of tho profitable cul ture in Ohio, of tho Sorghum, or Chi nese and African Sugar canes. Tho cost of these experiments to the public spirited agriculturists) by whom they were made, in land, labor, and machine ry, is estimated at not less than 100. (KlO. Their result secures to our agri culture a new plant, the cultivation of which promises most liberal returns fur labor and capital in the form of forage, syrup, and, probably sugar. Tho cul ture of the grapo has also been largely extended; bringing into most profitable use hillsides too steep for other culture. II. MANUFACTURES, MECHANIC ARTS, AND MINES. The value of the products of Man- uf ' lures aud ilechauic Arls iu 1Ki7, Is rsliuiulud at I U, 1,000,001) The value of I lie pruducls ol" Mmm, at M,Ci!i),(i;iU Total vnlue of pioilurls in IV,? 110,000,11011 '1'l.e value ul the 1 ike prud nr it in I fcJ'J, au.oidiu( to I'is i iji'iul f,f47,,..,,9 Showing nn Inen ase p annuo! pro duction in eight years $ I7..15 1,7 1 1 omsua, wns III. COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. Vessels built In 1850 ' 97 Tonnnfe of ihem Cl.i 'l toss, llrgial'd and enr'td lon'pe in '5(! 1 ( .54 1 " " " 1819 57,100 Inereese In seven years ' 49, 1 It " V esels entered Ohio ports from I'mmU In I WJ', 19 - Tonnnge of thmn 70,9j esls entered same ports from C.nnndu In 1HI! o p ' Tonnsge of them 24,3 3 Increase in number tonnage IV. RAILROADS. .iii. n .1 ,. nines oi unrtronu 10 operation in IH57 2 9(4 Miles iu 15 1, according to Compendium to Censu a,3r,7 Increase In three yerirs 477 Number of sniN- wMirnci.d in 1857 r0 " " ill lirncrremi aliniil inn Totnl cost of Unilroads iu Ohio Dn.OM.'iiiiO bslimivted gross receipts 10,110 1,00(1 ,,et " 4,5('0',0(!n According to the Compendium of tho Census, Ohio had. in 1851. mnro mil. of railroad in operation than any other ciate oi me i nion. J ho same state ment is rrobablv true at. thin timo Tf so, the railroads of Ohio foriii alnKt one-eighth ol all tho railroads in tha United States, and moro than ono fif teenth of all in tho world. ' V. EXPORTS AND CONSUMPTION. The vnlue of vcgela'dtt products expoA In 1-C7, is estiinuli'd lit frJ.'t.bOU.O Hi The vnlue of on mm! products -J L,5oo',0'l ) mineral 2,0(m0 ' products of manufactures 2J,(iO(i,(U() Total exports $7D,400)Ut) The total exports as abovo shown 2G!,C7,5,;r Leave fur liome consumption $191,467,51)0 Those condensed statements exhibit clearly the immense actual resources of the State, and inspire a just confidence in her future progress. It will be seen that manufactures and mines contribute in increasing propor tions to the aggregate of annual pro duction. Tho, coal fields of Ohio aro nearly equal to the entire coal fields of Great Britain, and fully ciual to thoso of all Southern Europe. This fact, in connection with the immense beds of iron ore so widely diffused in the Stat demonstrates the vast capacity of Ohio for mineral production and for manufac tures. -Still Ohio is emphatically an a"', ricultural State. The products of her farms, diirinsr the last venr. verv lnr-m. W exceeded in value the entire fnti.n crop of the United States. An Inter est so important cannot he too earnestly commended to legislative regard. AN AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE PROPOSED. The State B oard of Agriculture lm performed a service of irrnnt vnln stimulating and promoting agricultural improvement, ami its annual reports add largely to our stores of agriculturr-l knowledge. But this Board eunnot do nil that should be done or must be done, if we wish to retain our nrnuent nerii.nl. tural position. I respectfully suggest to your consideration the expediency of establishing an agricultural Institution for the instruction of tho risintr genera tion in those branches of knowledo which pertain especially to the theory and practice of farming. It is thought by persons qualified to judgo, that such an institution could be so organized and administered that it would almost, if not altogether, sustain itself. No one can doubt that any cost of which it could be the occasion, would be repaid to tha State a thousand fold in benefits. While on the side of industrial devel opment, there is so much to excite grat ification and inspire hope, there is an other class of facts essential to a correct estimate of pur condition, which must not be overlooked. AN AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE PROPOSED. OUR DEBTS-STATE AND INDIVIDUAL. The Commissioner of Statistics hai instituted extensive inquiries, with a view to nscertain. as accurately as pos sible, the debts duo from tho State, from corporations aud individuals. .It is ob vious that, except as to debts of record, it w;ih impossible to obtain precise re sults; luit it is believed that tho follow ing statement is lit least an approxima tion to the truth: Debts of the Stule, Foreign and ' Domesihs tifi.m-i.rai Corporate d -bts of Towns, Coin ties, Hint Municipalities, uro ' ' ' about lSOOO.IMlli Debts of ftnilrouJ Companies 5 1,111) 1,(101) " in Judgment 10, (I ill, ,m I ' ncillrd by rrcnidrd Mull'nS 5'l,l! .,l().fj')'l " to TlaiiUn and Hankers . , 2 "i.D! t),0!l ) " of Mercl.unts due ouisidu the ' Sute l.S,fi !o,n ;9 Otir indiviJuul oubls 4U,U )U,U )(l Aggregate dabls of all descriptions 821, 10 !,(';' i Dobt is not always an evil. Loana wisely invested by the borrower in agerw cies of production, such us laud, mine and implements, or of movement, such as cauuls, railroads or steamboats, often ullord essential aid in the develo; mei.t of resources, and eveu create the isa jti of thuir own liquidation. A icw of these debts arc of that character. Ai.d in many cases tho same debt appmr.i moro thuil once in different forms. . l'nr tho greater part, for iuct ince, of tho in dividual debts, uro due tn.tclail incr chants, v ho, in turn, (we the same nu u ey to batiks and v' nb-ra'c dcunr.i. Hut with every ullotvui! ' -x I In mi. sidcratioiis, this inas-s . . io.h.bt-.'d!.,-. remain a fciibject of by no lue .!, . able contemplation. Fur ill i..!jii!ii or extinction wo must rely on air t ed production and iiicrea.-e-l er,. . y. That theso may bo sai'i !y i " l i no ono can doubt 'iL' tin.! i ' . , i character of our pi-.-i !;, and I, :. , , -Oil t!oi fact that lli.-i I o I. I te l . I, , , as it i hardly aMouiiti t j n-.,-. I. . . U , :' the aicftc piv' eity iu the p .