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J. L. B O ARD MAN,)
Editor andProprielor. )
. Jfmnilir (iurra Dcbolfli io $fclus, IJoliiics, literature, gricitlturc, $J;uicfs, c.
t One Dollar ei Year;
) Strictly in Advance.
HILLSBOROUGH, H1GHLA.ND COUNTY. OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 19. 1862.
d l r tit: 44-,
The Home Circle.
The Love of Home.
If nnhler sentiment thnn the following,
whirl) were tittered by Daniel Webter,
ever fell from human lips, we have
yet 1o see them. They are indeed,
pearls of the rarest value, and should
e cherished in the very heart of hearts
by vfTy otie:
"It is only shsllow-minded pretend
ers who make either distinguished ori
pin a matter of personal merit or ob
scure origin a matter of personal re.
"proach. A man who is not ashamed of
liimself need not be ashamed of his early
condition. It did happen to mo to he
1orn in a log-cabin, raided among the
snow-drifts of New Flampshiro, at
period so early (bat when the smoke
first rose from its rude chimney and
curled over tho frozen hills, there was
no similar evidenoe of a white man's
habitation between it and the settle
ments on tho rivers of Canada. Its re
mains still exist. I make it an annnal
Tis't. I carry my children to it, to teach
them the hardships endured by tba
peneration before them. I love to
dwell on tba tender recollections, the
ltindred tics, the early affections, and
the titrations and incidents whioh mil
trie with all I koow of this primitivo
f imily abode; I weep to thiok that, none
of those who inhabited it are now
among the living; and if ever I fail in
affectionate veneration for hiui who rais
ed it, and defended it against savsco
violence and destruction, cherished all
domestic comforts beneath its roof, and
through the fire and blood of seven
years' revolutionary war, shrunk from
no toil, no sacrifice to serve bis coun
try, and to raie his children to a con
dition better than his own. mav mv
name and the name of my posterity he
uiutivu irom me memory ot mankind.
The Great Exhibition.
Itseciiifi that the Great Londcn Show
does not co "as merrily as marriage
bells." A writer from London says:
The London puhlio has not yet re
covered from tha ill humor over the
Great Exhibition. The edifice itself is
etill the pitiless object of reproach.
The Saturday Review having first chris-
tened it the Dishcover Palace, now
stigmatizes it as the "Dripping Pun"
on account of its unsurpassed leuk:nr
facilities. The Critio calls it "1 h
Great Shed." The interior arrange-!
tnents nro regarded with as little tolcia-
tion. Every exliibilior has bis pet
The cuse of Mr. Ritnmel,
the perfumer, seems peculiarly hurd.
ue lounu bis Driest odors stowed away
in a quarter protosscrlly devoted to
"mixed pickles." Mr. Riramel would
not stand it, and by great exertion he
Hucceeded in pct'ing tho ignoble dei
ignation removed, although Circumlo
cution was strong -gainst him. Over
joyed at the vindication of his fragrant
calling, he at once composed an "In
ternational Bouquet," by means of
which he expects to catch all foreign
nations by the doso in an amicable
way. Visitors to the Exhibition have
of course their flood of grievances
that is English visitors, we bear of no
complaints from any others.
The Bnsftn Trar.rcr ,. well .nil trnl v
It can't he too often reiternto,! tli
the one thing to be done is to put!
down, completely crush, utterly
late the rebellion as tuck. The
is not to conquer insurrection so as to
kcrp this party in, or to r store that
party to power, or so as to make pro
vision for the future administration of
the Government in some way agreeable
to the aspirations of certain leaders and
their followers. Any effort, from any
quarter, to make political capital out of
the existing conflict, or to uso it for the
advancement of favorite candidates for
liigh offices, comes vory near just now
to being disloyalty. The best publio
sentiment is opposed to it.
" ' "
Promotion ok Col. Mivor Millikin.
The promotion of this gentleman
from the position of Major of the First
Cavalry to that of Colonel, having cre
ated dissatisfaction and jealousy, and
efforts to displace him having been
made, and charges of incompetency
having been preferred, a Court of In
quiry was convened, and after a patient
investigation of the matter found him
[For the News.
Mj Snt It a t HI but IV w oilt clioou- j
. Mjrwcund botli luiumer aiitl winter wt u J
MyntHHinil liufiuu ciiiihiiiiiIiik my third,
Though all thm, when iwiiblned, UexMom -
June 14, 1862.
[For the News.
At you bohulil uif , I am mull
You'd Murcvly net Ire we at all ;
By one and Any uw divide,
Aiti rm a mil on tilhet lidt.
June, 1862. GRANVILLE.
[For the News.
I am eonipowul of U letters.
My 1U 111 b it akludofdrluk.
My in II IO In imu'eiMiae.
' My 13 HI I lit niwll t-uMol.
My S V HI l a niea'e nkkuaiM.
Mv 1 U 10 1,1 ti lawhm we eoaiotiwee do
My 113 4 la lnjiirloue to yralii.
My T S 7 ili tauied by many pereout.
My 17 U 10 la a kind of tree.
My whule la auiuetlilug Unit Ii dolu( much barm la
New Petersburg. WE, US & CO.
AnwirtOetiirphli-l Knlgraa In hut wmA'i pa(ir
BATTLE OF FAIR OAKS.
The Attack on Gen. Casey's Position—
The Attack on Gen. Casey's Position— Gallant Bayonet Charge—
Desperate Nature of the Fighting
--The Great Victory of our Forces
[New York Times Correspondence.]
Battle Field Before Richmond, )
Sunday A. M., June 1, 18G2. J
A battle before Richmond has at
last put, to test the rebel boast as to
what they would do with Onn. McClol
lan's army when they should pet
from beyond the protection of tho gnn
boats. Though the advantage of
sudden movement against the weakest
point in our lines gave the enemy
temporary success, tho final result has
not been such as to afford encourage
ment to their disheartened and demor
alized troops, or occasion any fears as
to our ultimate possession of the rebel
The attack commenced shortly after
1 o'clock on Saturday, on the left wing
of the army, on the farther or south
8ido of the Chickahominy, where the
advance position was held by the di
vision of Gen. Casey, much the weak-
est in the armv. composed almost en-
tirelg of raio regiments, and reduced by
disease to anrff etivefjreeof tome 6,000
THE POSITION HELD BY CASEY
road, where it joined tho Third Brigade,
Gen. Palmer's, stretching some distance
farther to the left, and joined thi lines
of Ger. Couch, whoiuirded the 1. ft
flank, tho main portion of his forces be
complaint. ing a short distance to tho rear of Casey
on the Williamsburg road.
Was on the Willinmshursr stnse road,
within six or seven miles of Richmond,
and on a line so extended at the front
that the troops required to maintain
picket guards of sufficient strength,
made no light draft on his weakened
forces.' The right of the line was held
by his First flrigade, under Gen. IT.
M. Nagel, as brave and vigilant an offi
cer as is to be found in the army of the
I'otomao. Nagel a Diokets extended
aCroS9 the railroad (running about
mile to the right.) to near the sixth
mile post to Richmond, and so on far
ther to the right and a little to the
rear until within a short distance of
point on the Chickahominy. where Gen.
Sumner had thrown a bridge across
the stream, and was hourly expecting
to cross to complete the line of pick-
tea to the river.
The center of Gen. Casey's position,
held by the Second Brigade. Gen. Was
sell', ("formerly Gen. Keims') extended
from Gen. Nagel's line to the left a
short distinco noros tho Williamsbur
NATURE OF THE GROUND.
The position occupied by the main
body of these two divisions was a clear
J . i i :i
in of about ono milo square, surround-
ed by a belt of forest, in which Casey's
pickets were stationed. OnTlie right a
wooded swamp divided the clearing
from a similar opening in the forest,
along the railroad, which was occupied
by Gen. Nagel with his brigade. Just
beyond the woods to the front wero
similar clearings, with , woods on their
further side, where tho rebels lay con
cealed, their pickets occupying the edge
of the forest, and separated from our
p c'; ti by the width of tbo flld, form-
mg a sort of neutral ground between
the two armies, over which both kept
close watch lest his neighbor should
The position of Gen.
I Ptmuv nml ntbnl (.enerfllfl. (.ha hnturA
f tDe ground, etc., will be made clear
i n .
oy teterence to mo map accompanying
THE ENEMY RECONNOITERING.
Step by sfpp Gen. Casey had pressed
on to that point, overcoming such
opposition as met him, until it beenme
evident that the rebels bad reached the
limit of their retreat, and further ad
vance eould not be ventured without
the risk of a general engagement, for
whioh the plans were not yet ripe.
Our proiimity to the rebels was evi
dently antjoying to them, and on Thurs
day, and again on Friday, they made an
unsuccessful attempt, with a force of a
few hundred, to drive in the piokets,
and disoevcr what mischief was plot
ted behind the belt of woods sheltering
Gen. Casey from their view. Their at
tack waa resolutely met by the pickets,
who foil back on the reserve and held
their ground, defeating the purpose of
Meanwhile Gen. Casey was actively
at work securing his position, a largo
force of men boinar busy, under tho
skilful direotion of T,t. E. W. West, of
his staff, digging rifle pits and falling
trees for abattis. A similar line of de
fensive works had beon commenced and
partially completed at Gen. Casey's for
mer position, at the Seven Pines, three
miles further to the rear, and just back
i f those was a lino of earth works, con
structed by Gen. Couch, and more care
Failing in the two attempts to gather
information by forcing back General
Casey's pickctn, the rebels apparently
resolved upon an advance it force
(iohuiiu the lift wing of the army, doubt
less determined to drive it beyond the
Chickahominy, should the opportunity
ofior, and put themselves In position to
turn MoCllellao's loft flank.
THE STORM OY FRIDAY NIGHT.
During the afternoon of Friday, a
terrifio thunder-storm arose, continuing
through most of the night with unin
terrupted severity,, dulugiog the earth
with rain, converting the spongy soil
into a nearly impassable bog, and rais
ing the waters of tho Chickahominy so
as w oarry away oue ,gt two
Gen. Sumner bad prepared for his pas
sire, and somewhat disfu-h the foun
dations of the other. The broad sheets
ff lightning that night and the camp
fires of unusual size, gloaming in the
pitchy darkness, seemed to illuminate
our position, and may possibly havo as
sisted the rebels in Gathering an idea of
the bearing cf things. Just boforo the
storm had reached it fury there wis
some skirmishing between the artillery
on both aides. This commenced again
In the morning, several shots flying
over our camp, indicating that the reb
els hsd in some way pained a more cor
rect idea of our position.
THE ATTACK ON SATURDAY.
Shortly after noon the grand attack
commenced, Gen. Casey' piVlctn be.
inp driven in all alongr tho front, after
a spirited resistance, the rebels advene-
lne In force along three ronds th
Williamsburg road, to our left, the
railroad in the center, and the "ine
mile road," as it is called, on the right.
With bis feeble division creatly weak
ened by extension, Gen. Casey had no
backbone to.opoose to this sudden attakf
But no thought of yielding his
ground entered the mind of the old
ft'd"er. scarred with the
Mexieo and disciplined to
la hundred fights. II m troops were in
'stantlv formed ioto position, and three
brigades maintiined their relative po
sitions on the righ 'eft, and cen'e-, and
ns thorough nreparatioos, were1 made
for resisting the attaek ns its sudden
ness would admit, of. Regnn's New
York Batterv wns stationed jnt to the
right of the Willinmsbnrg road. Bates'
Battery of Napoleon puns further to
the left across the road, and Fitch's
Battery three or four hundred yards to
the rear, the latter sending its shells
over the heads of our troops at the ene
my. The fourth battery wns near the
railroad, further to tho right.
The vigor with which tho enemv
pressed forward to tho attack, indicated
the confidence of superior strength. A
battal ion of twp regiments pressed
against Gen. Nagel on the right, an
other fell on Gen. Wassell at the center,
and a third on Gen. Palmer on the left.
, po'iring in at. once a fire hot and heavv
and advancing with great reso ution in
the tiice of a steady fire of canister and
prape from tho guns in front, and shell
from thoso further to tho roar, mowing
down their ranks in all directions.
The rebels had hut little artillery, and
were evidently disposed to make good
th i deficiency by pressing to close quar
t'rs with their superior frco, to bear
d wn at once by snpeiior weight of
numbers the frehle skeleton regiments
, of three or four hundred men who com-j
I posed tho advanced division.
Most of Gen. Casey's troops were
thrown forwird to the edge of the wood
'n front of bis position to meet, (head
vanee of the rebels, n fei regiments
being left behind the partially oomplet
cd rifle-pits, n short distance to the
rear. Thus a division, nearly new to
wnriare. wns suddenly exposed, in nn
open field, to the heaviest, of fire from
on enemy covered to n considerable ex
tent bv the woods through which they
were advancing. Terribly the tempest
raged, the air almost growing thick
with musket balls; officer after officer
fell, or was borne from the field a
wounded man; the men dropped by
rcores, and the usual number o" weak
jointed ones wero falling t tbo rear.
But in spite of the rapid thinning nf
tllL'lr ranks the rniri mon fa fro natii 1 1 n
- ............... ,
'1 their ground until the enemy sue
cecdod in rushing around on the lefi
flank, and poured in an enfilading fire
from that direction, against whieh the
rifle-pits were no protection. The six
ty rounds of ammunition with whieh
they entered the fiht wiro nearly ex
hausted, and no more was ut hand.
ARRIVAL OF REINFORCEMENTS.
Meantime, one nfGen. Couch's brig
ades, commanded by Gen. Aberorom-
hie, wis ordered up to tho support of
Gen. Nagel on tho right. Gen. Devens.
of tbo same division, sustained General
Wessell on the center, and Gen. Peck'
with the remaining brigade, supporting
Gen. Palmer on the left. When Gen".
Casey's troops were forced to give way,
the rebels fell on thoe brigades f
Conch's Division, who disputed every
inch of ground, until sustained by Gen.
Kearney, pressing up the Williamsburg
road with reinforcements to meet them,
supported by the Division of General
Hooker in his rear. Pressing rapidly
forward, Gen. Kearney advanoed ulong
the Williamsburg road to within a short
distunue o"our original position, where
ha bivouacked for tho night in front of
It was ulong this Williamsburg road
that the main attack was made, and
here our troops wero forced back half
s mile or more, before tho arrival of
Geo. IJumntzelinari s corps, tbo fouble
brigades of Casey's Division, averaging
less than 2,000 men, being completely
broken up, many, if not most of the
officers killed, wounded, or missing, and
tbe privates scattered through the
woods und ulong the road. liravelv
and well did Ueu. Casey do bis dutv.
pressing on to the extreme front, and
cheering on his men, regardless of the
storm of fire and bail that rauad about
biui, eutting down bis otlioera on all
sides, but strangely esojping his own
pernon. Bravely and well did most of
his officers stuud by biiu, until, oue af
ter uoother, they were borue from the
field dead or wounded.
THE LOSS OF ARTILLERY.
shot eurly in tbe afternoon, tbe ball
... r. j . , ----I - . vi
hiin in tba head and causing
bis duath after a short period of Id ion.
sibilitv. Major Van VanUenhnrg the
aicond in command of the New York
Artillery, was killed. Adjutant, Wm.j
Ramsey wounded, while every battery
bt one lost its quota of men, and somo
rf them lost nearly all their Lorsos.
Bates Biftery of Napoleon guns-12
pound brass pieces which was to the
tronr, tnus deprived ol locomotion, and
stuck fast in tho mud, was hft behind
in the retirement of our troops, but not
until Gen. Nagel hid taken it upon
himself to see th it several pieces were
p:ked. In addition to this, one 3 inch
I arrott Kun of jittery A was disabled
by a shot, and foil into the h mds of
enemy. Tho Peno. Reserve Bat-
ery orCouch Division, also lost one of
the.rguns-theseeht pleees of ord-
nance constituting our entire loss, so
fir as I could learn. We can better
afford to spnro tho pieces than we can
afford to have the rebels profit, by their
gain. I hey show every indication of
being much in want of artillery, and
the need is evidently stimulating their
efforts to proGt by the chance of wut
to possess themselves of our gnns.
GEN. SUMNER'S ADVANCE.
Meantime Gen. Sumner hal succeed.
ed in bringing his troops aeross the
Chickahominy, and was advancing nn
t'le right to maintain nor position there,
where less rrr a id had b -en lost. After
several days of labor, Gen. Sumner had
trown two bridges neross the creeR,
between Bottom Bridge and New Bridge
where IomI reports held it. to bo impns.
sible to find any foundation for piles
to support tho superstructures. One
of these bridges was some two miles
above Bottom Bridge, and the other a
mile further up the stream. Tim Wr nr
,i, . , , .
these was carried away during the heavy
vii 1'iiuuy ii urn r,, una uen. Sum
ner was obliged to depend upon a sin-
clo shaky atrncture for the passage of
his troops, w,o nearly all, however,
succeeded in crossing that night, the
head of tho column reaching the 'Nino
mile road, along which the rebel
Dressiii!? nor tronns . .,. t ..i-.i.
1 I., onn... .. : L - .1 .. .
diioim in uiitjf! k lor r in
night, preventing them from following
up in that direction, the advantage they"
had gained during the day.
THE FIGHT ON SUNDAY.
Flushed with their seeming victory
of Saturday, the rebels aoke with con
fidence on Sunday to follow nn their
movements, sure of driving ns this time
to the Chickahominy ai 1 beyond. T? it
they had made the unfortunate mistake
of estimating the strength of our re-
serves bv the weakness of o.,r advance.1
Mist Utterly ih'J thry pa; for their rm'i
tnltfi. Pressing eagerly forward with
0nfden,e of victory, they were met by
the trained troops of fleiiitzlemnn and;
Sumner, whoso unyielding columns I
cocked their fierce assault, turning tho !
tidtt of ba'Me everywhere ngin-t tSem,
mul fitrciiiq tlt'm a' the point of the l,m.
nuel nn ttvcird l?:chmitn l. It was their
tern now to break and run, and their
los'softhe Sabbath loft thorn little
onuo for rejoicing over tho trifling gain
nfSaturdiv. Terribly did the rebels
s iff.'r'on this, as on he previous day.
from the well directed fr.'e of our ar
tillery, piling the ground with thf flu'iiJ
Terribly also to them were tiie frequent
charges of our solid columns, pres-ing
them hack, s'op hy tep. to the last point
of en luran 'e, when they broke and rf,
inglniiiiusly leaving behind flvm many
of their men and officers, as well ns pri.
votes, prisoners in our hands. Tho
number of these it is not possihlo to
ascertain, several d lys tietes-irily elips
ing after every engagement before a full
inventory cun bo taken.
OUR LOSS IN KILLED AND WOUNDED.
j our io u was. impossible to tor n
any correct, i lea at the tune I left the j
of battle. That tho rebels' loss I
was greater bv far than
our own, I do
not nouut. jjesMes nor superiority in
artillery, our small arms were much
more effective, haviog all the superiori
ty in fatal power, which the Minio ball
has over tbn round riflo ball. The
wounds inflicted by the enemy wero
mainly of tho 1 t'er. II id tin lnl"ti
hail in which our men wero obliged to
stand ho long, been composed of conical
instead of round shot, many more
R ichels . would b- mourning over the
lost,' and many more homes drapod in
THE CASUALTIES ON SATURDAY.
mm uo huuiiuou, uioii us mud, out .
was bappy to be able to congratulate the
brave old soldier ou his cutiro safety
Of those who entered into close range
of tbe onemy's guns, scarcely one of.in
tho officers that I saw cs-aped without I
m irk of the enemy's bullets on !
or peraon, when no positive
WOUnd Was inflicted. Gen. Nagel Was I
struok four times by balls that pierced
his clothes, inflicting slight bruises on
bis person. Li int.. West, Aid do Camp
to Gen. Casey, who continued constant
ly under fire while actively discharging
his duties, hal his cl ithes badly tn by'
a piece of shell. Of tho linn officers
not wonded, Col. C. II. Van Wyck, of
the 56th New York regiment, seem to
have met with tho most narrow escape,
belug struck by a spent shell, which
doubled up bis sword sheath, und se-j
vorely bruised his left knee- Had the I
shell been nearer its untial velocity, (
tho Colonel would hima lost a pair of
limbs, ot essential service to a man of
his aotiye habits; and bad it ozplodud,
Congress would have been minus one
of its working members.
All sorts of reports wre afloat Imme
diately after the engagements in regard
to accidents to pro;uiuunt oflioers, in
Gen. Casay's DivLion more parti u'arly
the Ueneral Inmault was reported to me i
A ... . .a M .1 ...1 .I...-. -I- :il.J.L. rll
; Besides the guns. Orn. Caey lost, nil
; Clmt ein1P, I,;, tents being pitch
he ' , pon the Mi f ,,, , 1inh
rro,im!tv ,0 lft rebeIs , t rptr ,))eir
lo inevitable in case of tho slightest
vielding of l,i, troops. Tho Onls
,n divi,;an m,t ,lflVe ,at ,hpW
i.i which fnrrnnntp1v W0Pfl of nn
, t vaIlIP , , h nf , ftffi.
, 0ii . ,v t.i,0 nF i.
before leaving the fi dJ with my dispatch
Gen. Casey's son-in law, P.d. Hunt.
received a hall through the fl'shy part
of his tb;7h. inflietinn- a wound more
p ,;nfl thnn dangerous. Cnl. Hunt.
who is a Captain in tho 12th United
Sfntes Infantry, hid taken command
nlv the week nrevious. of the 02 1 New
lorK isogiment. to whieti tin had tieen
anpnin'ed. fie has seen fifteen years
of serriec in tho regu'nr armv. nod is an
ofiiocr whose services we can ill nffurd to
. .ftiji. ilfl!rl k r.
! ordered to the other side of the Chick
, nhominy. with the wagons, Qnvter
! mm-fer's stores, nrd everything not nb
Isoltitely indisnensable. St tho los
wns slight, except in the disnppearanee
of papers of considerable value, which
were left in the tents.
No man who knows G-n. Caey can
do otherwise than sympathize with him
in bis misfortunes nf disease and dis
I nter. which have left him with but, the
skeleton of a division, now able to mns-
t-r scarcely more, if, in lee 1, ni much,
as the strength of a bridle. t)ccu-
pvmg the most exposed po-iitioo on
our lines, bis raw troops found them
selves io the battle on Saturday before
they had fairly warmed to 'their work,
snljected to n mmketrv fire of more
inary intensity, the balls pour
ing in upon them in a constant shower,
apparently from nil directions, whizzing
nno nuzzing through the tiir with
tremendous spitcfulness. Overborne
by numbers, failing in support., thev
gave way, but not until they had held
thn nnnn.n ! .. nl,..U .. IT. .A . i. 1 I
on" reserve an oppor
tunity to push forward to retrieve the
fortunes of the day, whi.;h tiny did no.
biy. All that a brave man .-ould do by
personal exertion. Gen. Casey did; and
now well be was seoond.-d byhis officers,
lot tho list of casualties tell. General
Nagel, who cseaped with but trifling
injury, was everywhere active, encour
aging his troops by example and voice.
'.I. f 1
wuii uen. i,usey pressing to the Iront i
and cheering the men to the charge. I
OFFICIAL REPORT OF OUR LOSS.
The following statement of t hi loss
1 1 'he battle of Fair ()a ks, has been ro-
oeived at the War Department:
In Sumner's, 2 I Corps Killed 183;
wounded, S94; missing, lot).
'leintzelinaii s I'd Corps Killed,
2.'j0; wounded, !)S0; missing. 150.
Keyes 4th Corps Killed,
wounded, 1.733; mis-iug, 921.
Grand total Killed, wounded
A list will be forwarded ns
data i-un he received .
[Signed] G. B. McCLELLAN,
Maj Gen. Commanding.
Why Gen. McClellan did not Push
Why Gen. McClellan did not Push on to Richmond.
tied panic-stricken and almost demor
field alizod. Had the ClnVlc.hon.in" neen
the New York Herald,
The enemy was dtimn four miles to.
w ird Richmond, and our camps now nc-
!cupy an advanced paction in tho direc
tion of the rebel capital. We captured
lone of bis Generals, recovered u imrt
ftf r. I. nnnnnn ..!.... 1 . P . 1
. - .. -c, i.,,w.,is , lllotS.
and ol his troops, and charged him
with the point ot the bayonet, till he
jfordable, we should have pushed th
wholo army across the stream and com
pleted our triumph by tbe occupation of
liiclimoiifl. Unfortunate v heavv rains
had swollen the stream so that the
bridge where Sedgwick crossed on Sat.
jurdaywasa mass of floating logs on
Sunday. The pontoon bridge had not
been completed, and the roads were in
a condition positively impassable for ar.
,til!ery. 'We were, therefore, compell
jed to abandon the idea of immediate
pursuit, and wait for the elements
,, ; ";.'
1 he liiltimnro City Union Cnnven-
tion held n session on Wednosday last,
that city. A series of resolutions
wns passed "confirming their uncondi
some tionnl adherenco to tbe Union, andal
elothrs so approving tho policy proposed by
President Lincoln in .ia i... F
the fith of March last, and sanctioned
by Congress, tendering pecuniary aid
to such States ns may choose to adopt a
system of gradual (mancipation.
They also resolved that the State Con
stitution ought to bo changed so as to
correct the present unequal representa
tion of tho peoplu iu the Legislature,
and to secure the right of representa
tion in proportion to the white popula
tion in an parts or the ttuto.
uobii almost uisiraoieu oy too Knowl
striking 'edge, obtained through the nswspapers.
that they were suspected uf deserting
writes that be and the Colonel have
.1 itr. .il.i t
Letters have been receivod from Col
Crocker and Major Cassidy, of New
York, who were accused of desertinu
to the enemy at Xorktown, whioh sat
isfactorily explains their capture.
They say they were taken owing to tbe
negligence of our pickets, who were
not in their places They wandered
on, irttending to visit our piokets, un
til they found themselves io the power
oi inose ot the ooeuiy. Major Cassidy
Why Gen. McClellan did not Push on to Richmond. Our Army Correspondence
Why Gen. McClellan did not Push on to Richmond. Our Army Correspondence [Correspondence of the News.
Letter from Lieut. F. M. Posegate,
O.t Picket, near Corivtii. Mrss., "I
May 31, 18C2. f
Dear Boardman: In my last let
ter! was of the opinion that when it
reached you the Union forcoa would be
in possession of Corinth. Tho tele
graph, lost night, doubtless wafted you
the intelligence thnf such wbb the cuse.
The long and terrible suspense to whitli
this army has be-n subj cted, was very
suddenly termin ited yesterday morning,
by the discovery that tho enemy had
fled from his stronghold. All breathe
freer now, though many profess to lie
sadly disappointed that the enemy did
not remain and give battle. So far as
your correspondent is individually con
crrned, bo is perfectly content to "take
tbiogs as they arc," and heartily thanks
God tb it He h is vouchraf d us a "Mood,
less victory." It would, perhaps, have
given greater satisfaction to some of the
sensation newspapers of the country i
as well as to many of the stav at homo
military critics, if instead of the simple
message, "Corinth evacuated," the tele
graph bnd conveyed them the infelli
gence of a terrible and bloody battle
if in place of stating that the Union
forces marched quietly in und took pos
session of the rebel works, it had told
them of a magnificent bombardment
of gallant end brilliant bayonet charges,
and of tho unprecedented slaughter of
men on both sides.
Now. dear Boardnian, lot t'le sensa
tion editors and hair brained critics
come into tho army ami puss thro' one
.....I. 1. ...it., .... L'l -1 I IT.
oui;ii imii.c 119 rMIIIOI, IIIH1 1 fi;irC HIV.
they, with me. will he perfectly content
iu iuM3 limits lis tnev are. Jt is one
thing to stay at boineutid read of battles
another to be a participant.
I have no doubt many persons in tbo
North will be somewhat dissatisfied at
the seen ing result of this cvacuatior,
mid be inclined to blam? Gen. IlnllccL
n 1 ... 1. - . I ' . f ,. -r
for not destroying tho whole rebel ar
my at this point. Such persons know
little of the trials and tribulations mir
rounding a General in a country like
this, and still less of the actual labor
incident to properly moving an army
ot tho magnitude of tho
Ilalieck. Tho Southern
with more propriety, censure Bciure
gard for not capturing fie Union armv,
than can the Northern people blame
Ilalieck for not capturing the rebel ar
my. Beauregard's army, from nil uo
counts, was equal, in point of numbers,
to that of lalleek; Lis facilities for
gaining information of the movements
of our army were of course far superior
tn tl.no,, nf P... !...! .i... J:
. v 7",v "'""
of his. In short, he was in a country
of friends, and yet, in the -face of all I
advantages. Ilalieck has compelled
il,;, v, .., Pl, u
tins iSupoleon ot the South to ilee from 1
.. . ,
his boasted strong. hold without etrikins
a blow. It is not the work of Hnv for'
one army to capture or destrov r,otl-..r
of equal numbers, even
in the country I
, ii . ,
i uiuiiun. now wueii more aiincnit
nnd urduous m ust be tbe task
country of an enemy.
I am now fully convinced that it was
never the design of Ilalieck to fight at
this place, unless attacked by tbe ene
my, until be bad completely blocked up
every avenue of escape for tbe rebel
army. That aecomplished. it requires
no very sago eye to suo that, Beauregard J
would then have bad to come out and '
attack un behind our fortifications, or
very quietly band bis army over to
Hallcck. Unfortunately for
rebel (Jeneruls learned of tho Inp set
fjr them just in time to make their es-
cape. IJ ut enough of this, and now to :
seme of tbo incidents nf the two davs!
previous to the evacuation.
Wednesday morning, 2?th inst., our
vi-ion was oroerea to pet ready to
mnrch immediately. None of us, of
oonrse, knew what was up, but suppos
ed that a general engagement would be
the natural result of, our move. Our
regiment bud marched, not exceeding
three hundred yards from the color-
line, when all were startled by tbe roar
of artillery and tho somewhat distant
rattle of musketry. Uur Brigade was
immediately formed in line of battle
the 70th and 73d Regiments in advance,
tbe 4Stli and 53d in rear. In this order
we inarched steadily on through the
dense undergrowth, the sounds nf oan
non and musketry every moment be
coming mora distinct. A half mile
march, through the woods, brought y
to the edge of a large field, on the oppo
site side of which, on a high ridge, our
skiriuUhora, together with the 4th Indi-
ana Buttery, wero engaged with tbo out-
posts of the enemy. Our Brigade was
ling. Tho company bed not been at,
work exceeding ten minutes when a
scoot came in and reported that tb" en
these onlV.wp', Panting guns on the hill im-
mediately opposite where we were work-
w : r a- . 1
iing. Ibis, of course, was nn eff-e'ual
incentive fr the W. ,1, ,i .;i.
ordered up to their support, and cross
ed the field in quick time, expecting ev
ery moment to sec our skirmiithers driv
en back, onr cannon captnred, and,
perhaps, turned upon n. Before reach
ing the scene of action, however, the
rebels had fallen back and tbe 70th and
72d (we being ordered to holt about, tbo
middle of tbo .field) marched np and
occupied tbe ground. By this time our
whole Division was moving steadily up
in line of battle on our left. When the
advance bad gained the desired posi.
tion. the reserve regimen's wore ordered
to "stack arms and ret," Our boys
gladly availed themselves of this order.
tbe tedious march thrn'ih the Under
lirnh having fatigued them very much,
and threw themselves down by their
guns. Our rest just then, was of short,
duration, for only a few moments had
eluded wen the clear crvk of our
a';ir.T)islurs' rifles announced danger.
Th.e bovs sprang t their guns. nd
were in line in n twinkling readr to
support the regiment in front. Just
then loud yells came welling in from
tbo opposite side of th hill. The yell
ing bad hardly reached onr cars, when
our cannon again belched forth. recej.
ing n immediate response from the
rebel guns on the opposite ridge. Tho
shells, round-shot, qnd grape, came
whistling thick and fast over our deyo
ted heads. After tho first round nil
were ordered to lie down and keep ,
nenr the ground ns possible. Almost,
before tho command ''lie down" wa-
completed, your correspondent found
himself s're'ebed full length on tbo
tbe ground, bis nose in close proximity
'o the bottom of a corn furrow, and as
the next shell came whistling over hi
prostrate form, he could not. repress -i
low chuckle at th" thought nf thus fool
ing tho renela. He verv soon, however,
had reason to think the joke not so ri'o
digious ns he had at firit imagined, for
hardly a moment bad elapsed ere n
trrar.o.fihnt ci'o whizing pas', onlv a
f,.w f.vt nnre lnm. sinking itself deenly
in a dend oak. immediately in bis rc.av.
Knowing that two tdiots seldom triko
twice in tbe same place, but fearing
that the rebels might have the range of
that, particular tree and felin" ais'irnd
if the? bad the next grape would, in nil
rroml,j! jtv, come low enough o prnze
biR '-n "t her O irts '' be very co'd' v deei
ded on performing the very diflj"u't
"gyninatic feat of walking on his
knees' to a wore, congenial snot. Ue
bad hardly rneoneod himself in bis
new position, when tbe regiment was
ordered forward. Our artillery had
proved too ran -h for the rebels, and
they bad retired to tir worfcq nbnnt
half n ile distant. After gaining the
p of the ridge tbe whole of the Di
vision was halted, where we remained
line cf battle til late in the evening,
when tho order was nrain given to
'stack arms and rest." The bovs, af
ter investigating the contents nf their
bnveracks. threw themselves down un
der trees nnd in a few moments a ma
jority of them were soundly Inefcod io
the nrm nf Morpheus. About 10
o'clock. P. M.. Company A was amused
jand ordered to the left of the Brigade
T .1. I n n . n
'"'"'" n- 'up worK o, inrtiiy.
they pitch dirt. We were
th course of a couple of
boors by another company from the
i t '
' 1 i ii i , iiou inn i)in onn- morn
sought their leafy couches. AH were
confident that daylight would let loose
tbe rebel cannon on ns. For srm ren.
son, however, the enemy retired their
irons during the night, leaving us in
peaceable possession of tho bill, with the
exception of occasional skirmishing'he.
twepn the picktts. Our loss the day
before was four wounded; that of tho
rbels is said, by prisoners taken, to
have been some twelve or fifteen killed.
nnd double that number wounded. Our
Division was engaged during Thursday
sirengTiicninii '" poMi'iu, "ir m.
tention being frequently arrested by tbo
fierceness of thj firing between the
pickets. Four o'clock Friday morning
found us in line of buttle behind our
breast wot k. While resting upon onr
ins, we were startled bv loud and
me explosions, and immediately after
ward dense columns of black smoke
could bo seen rising over the tops nf
ti nber in tht direction of Corin h.
iiijecturcs were now rife os to the
meaning of all this. Nune were of the
opinion that 'he enemy were evacua
ting others that our toiecs hnu gained
railroad and were blowing up tbe
bridges. Tbe Utter uppeared to mo tho
most probable supposition. Our regi
ment was now ordered to etaek arms
prepare breukfnst. The anxiety to
learn tbe cause of the explosion in
tense, and when about 8 o'clock wo
were ordeted into linn and told that, in
company' with the 72d, our rejj'ment
to 8 forward and ferret out the
mystery, tho boys, one and all, mih up
yell indicative of their willinguen t
When outside the breast woi V.s,
Companies A and B, of our regiment,
together with oue company from the
were deployed as skinuittheis, and
ordered to make their way directly to
ward the rebel woiks. Company A was
under the command of your correspon
dent and Lieut. Cyrus Uussey, Captain
Kobbius being unwell. Cautiously we
advanced, further aud further into the
woods, pussiug plaees where, only tbe
night previous, considerable skirmieb-