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The Ladies of Hillsboro and Vicinitv Are Invited to Call on
w niun street, Zi OPPOSITE COURT HOUSL Wf.K Where they will find the Largest Stock of MILLdNEBF .x 'JfctJTCr GOODS, Ever broucrht to this market, including all the latest styles of Hats. Bon nets, Flowers, Ribbons, Trimmings, Give ns a call. No trouble to show oar goods. Ceaning and Pressing done to order. Hillshoro, Sept.23, 1875. . eep23 tt Walnut Street House! flirt k Walnut Street, between Sixth and Se Tenth, " CINCINNATI, OHIO. This House is one of the largest and pleasantest in the city, located within two squares of the Fountain and the new Custom House. Street cars pass the door for all parte of the city. The House has recently been newly painted, papered and furnished throughout, and now offers superior accommodations to guests, at very reasonable prices. Board $2.50 per day. ' BATCHELOR, REGNIER & REIT, Proprietors. THOS. C. GADDIS, 1 n i W. W. "WEBB, j-uerto. J. H. BERRY, Book Keeper- BL'KCH MII.T.HR, MILLER WHOLESALE AND DEALERS IS WOOL AMD CRASRJ, HIGH STREET, HILLSBORO, OHIO. and. Je3 1875. gsR Si ( American an1 Italian Marble, J; jHjvt fe CirA M0NUMENT3 aKDTOMESTONES.I Vp. i V"1 ,Xrt Fine Sctrtch G ranite M onajenents. , P a iu va express my grauinae 10 myoia customers and the public lor the liberal patronage I bar re cetved auring the last twenty years, and now in connection w ith my son respectfully ask a continuance : "' o iK c"!1 ,iu w bji uuub m .meiery worx on anori Douce, at uh very lowest prices, and In we latest style, with neatness and permanency. tVSATISFACTIOX WARBAX1KD. Jane ft, 1674. &c Also, a splendid ussortmen t o r.. -I . ,-1 p2 m K. 8. QUINN. & QUINN. AND RETAIL TEAS. ju3 PAFL HARSHA A SON. r -3 SUI GENERIS. filASON&HAMLIN CABINET ORGANS. uiinii iiunuuiiij in capacity and ereeuenoa by Bny other. Awarded DIPLOMA OP HOHOR" VIENNA, 1873; PARIS, 1867. P N I Inrri-cn Organs rrrr awarded any mrdnl li II LI in Bnroiie, or which present aorta extraordi nary exoellnnoe as to command a wide aale there. 1 1 W 1 VP awanled hgbcxt prnnitims at Inrtna fs L 1 1 H I u trial RxpiLioni, la Axertoa aawell aa wre. Outof bundredM there nave not W"H ux in alUwliere any othor organs bars been preferred. PfOT Decland by Eminent Mro-ieians, in both CCul nemiapberea, to be CBrfTaled. Sea TESTIMONIAL CIRCULAR, with opinions of mors than One TUousand (sent free). IIUCICT n havirut s Mason A Hamlin. Do not lilOl J I take any other. Deatara gat ' coat Kibkionb fr at ling inferior organ, and or tAil nam often try very hard to ill tometking clat. fjriU CTVI TP with most important imprtrre. ItLII 0 I I LLu ments ever made. fiexr Solo and Combination Stop. Snperb Kiasere and other Cause, of new design. PiANO-KARP CABINET ORGANS qui&ite oombmauun of these instrumeEOS. EASY PAYMENTS. payments; or renLetl until rei Oreanhsold for cash ; or , for monthly or quarterly paymenxs; or renLeti nnui rent pays l tna organ. P ITA 1 nPllCC nd Circulars, with full parrio LlH I HlUUULO nlan. free. Address MASON A HAMLIN ORGAN CO 1S4 Tremont Btrset, BOS TON: Union Sqnara, HZW XORKl Ot SO ft 8 i at, cmc ago. sent tor, and dexterously msinua1 him that I had known my companion rw ' Lawson's Curative HAS been in use some fifteen years, for Um permanent and positive cure of Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica, and Inflammatory diseases. Externally applied, it gives immediate relief from pain. Then one or two bottles taken internally remove every taint of the disease. We have cured Rheumatism of FIFTEEN YEARS' STANDING, where all other remedies have failed. We have seen those worn out with suffering from NEURALGIA, SCIATICA, NERVOUS AND SICK HEADACHE, relieved from pain in a few hours, then perwia nentlv cured, so in after years the disease has never returned. The Curative destroys the poison in the blood that produces the disease. DIPHTHERIA is robbed of its terrors, with a botUe of Curative at band, as it destroys the virus and prevents the formation of the poisonous patches. It cures DYSPEPSIA, as it prevents acid fermentation of the food and promotes digestion ; cures that mor bid appetite which seeks relief in Rum drinking. Tbe Curative does hot coHTAiir ant alcohol or stimulants. SPONGY OR INFLAMED GUMS are cured by a few applications. Those who have used it have told its merits in stronger terms tuan we nave ever use,. P. A bis bold of me, and spraiiK'r.vt. catch the box as it fell. A heavy and I was alone on the deck. ad, t a iteg frrDe prring lha as -lied Sfion, enpas- creat - vil-shap- The rapidity with which everythip'dg had taken place seemed to have stiB1 me, and deprived me of the power ter even one cry for help. When covered myself it was too late the diamonds were gone forever. , I looked around the deck was serted, save by the man at the who, half hidden by the wbeei-house.attles, not seen the struggle. Can I be blamed ? I held my The captain was buried at dawn, anf chief officer took command of the N was It wflB-ctear that Pete must have ft overheard, and no oue suspected share I had had in the catastrophe. me to to CALIFORNIA! Have yon any thou girt of got rip to California ? Are too going Weat, North or Northwest T Too waot to know the bet routes to take f Tbe ahortwt, safest, quickest and most com (or hie route are those owned by tbe Chicago and Northwestern Railway Company. It owns over two thousand miles of the best road there la in the Country. Aik any ticket agent to show you its nape and time cards. All ticket agents can sell yon through tickets by this route. T Buy your tickets by the Chicago & Northwestern Railway tor SAN FRANCISCO, Sacramento, Ogtlen, Salt Luke Cttjr, Cheyenne, Denver, umstii, Lincoln, t.'.ouncli Bluns, xanston, Sioux City, Dubuque, Winona, St. Fan), Pulutn, MarqnetM, ureen nav, uskosu, mamson, Milwau kee, and all poiuU went or northwest of Chicago. It yon wih the best traveling accommodation, yon will bnj your tickets by this route, and will take no otner. This popular route la unsurpassed for Speed, Comfort and Safety. The Smooth, Well-Ballasted and rated jracK 01 e-teei Kalis, weBuugnouae Air Brakes, Miller's Safety Platform and Couplers, the celebrated Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars, the Perfect Telecraph System of Moving Trains, the regularity with which they rnn, the admirable ar rangement for running Through Cars from Chicago to all points West, North and Northwest, secures to passengers all the COMFORTS IN MODEKN RAILWAY TRAVELING. PULLMAN PALACE CARS Are ran on all trains of this road. Thia is the ONLY UN E running these cars be tween Chicago and St. Paul or Chicago aud Mil waukee. , , . At Omaha our Sleepers connect with the Over land Sleepers on the I uion Pacific Railroad for all points west of the Missouri River. On the arrival of the trains from the East or South, the trains of the Chicago & Northwestern Railway leave CH1CAUO aa follows: Fob Cornell. BLvrrn, Omaha and CauroRNiA, Two through trains dailv, with Pullman Palace Drawing Room and .Sleeping Cars through to Conncil Bluffs. Koa St. Paul and MurNEAT-oLts, Two through trains daily, with Pullman Palace Cars attached on both trains. Fob Gmbn Bat and Lars SursBloR, Two trains daily, with Pullman Palace Cars attached, and running through to Marquette. Fob Milwaukee, Four through trains dally. Pullman Cars on night trains. Fob Winona aud points In Minnesota, One throngh train dally. Fob DuBtTojt'B, via Freeport, Two through traius daily, with Pullman Cars on night train. Fob DrBinti'C and La Cbosse, via Clinton, Two trains dally, w ith Pullman Cars on night train. Fob Sioux Citt and Yankton, Two trains daily. Pullman Cars to Missouri Valley Junction Fob Lake Geneva, Four trains daily. Fob RocKruBD, Sterunu, Kenosha, Janes tille, and other point, yon can have from two to ten traius daily. For rates or Information not attainable from your home ticket agents, apply to W. II. STENNETT, General Passenger Agent. MARVIN nCGHITT, General Superintendent. augUrjanl 1 K - aW a 'w m RAILROAD. This Company, having determined to outdo all rival lines in the character of accommodations and facilities ofiered western bound emigrants, have established three daily lines of cars between Cin cinnati and all Important towns and stations on the MiesiBsippi & Missouri Bivers, INCLUDING SUCH POINTS AS Quincy, Burlington, Keokuk, Fulton, Clinton, Prairie-du Chien, St Paul, Kansas City, Leaven worth, Atchison, St Joseph. Browns ville, Nebraska City Council Bluffs and Omaha. rTralns leave Hillsboro, Ohio, at .15 A. M and I.JO P. it. Trains leave Cincinnati via I. C. & I, as follows: 1.30 A. M. for Indianapolis, Lafayette, Chicago and the Northwest. .10 P. M. Great Western Fast Line, for Indian apolis, Danville, Spriugueld, Quincy, Macon City, Chiiltcothe, St. Joseph and intermediate stations arriving at Kansas City at 8.46 next evening, pom hours nt advance ox all other routes. Arrives at St. Joseph T.3S next evening, EIGHT HOI KS in advance of all other routes. 7.00 P. M. Chicago Express for Indianapolis, Lafayette, Chicago and the Northwest. 7.UQ P. M. Night Express for Indianapolis, Dan ville, Springfield, Quincy, Macon City, Chillicolhe, St. Joseph and Kansas City, arriving at Kansas City at 9.2S second morning, snd St. Jtatepti 8.10 second morning hours in advance of all other routes. The .10 P. H. and 7.00 P. M. Trains have Through Cars attached for Omaha and all inter mediate stations via Burlington without change. PARTICULAR SOTICE. Passengers holding second-class tickets, will be sent through to destination on First Class Passen ger Trains, sn advantage the traveling public can not fail to appreciate. All communications In recti rd to passenger fares or freight rates on house goods, or stock, promptly attended to. It is no trouble to answer letters. Passenevrs arriving in Cincinnati on traius ot the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad make connec tion in some depot, thereby saving the expense snd annoyance of a long and tedious omnibus ride through the streets of Cincinnati. Ask for tickets via Indianapolis, Cincinnati A Lafayette Railroad, and do not be prevailed upon to take any other. Tickets are on sale at the M. t C. R. K. Depot, Hillshoro, Ohio, and at the following places In Cfuciunsti : General City Office, Northwest corner Fourth and Vine streets, opposite the Post Office, and the Plum Street Depot. F. B. Kennedy, General Ticket Agent, Jno. Egsn, General Passenger Agent, J. M. Kelley, General Emigrant Agent, to whom all communications re lative to Western Emigration should be addressed. oclgttnt Brown-Sequard. A young American under treatment by Dr. Brown Scquard, of Puris, writes home n account of that physician's fa vorite method of treatment, by the burn ing of the fleth over the spine, which is inten sting in itelf, and also as tending to correct or modify greatly the preval ent conception of extreme physical tor ture as a necessity of the oiieration. In the first week of his undergoing the actual cautery, there were four applica tions, tbe first in seven places along the back, the second and third on the head and the back, tbe fourth on tbe bead onl). In connection with this he took (separately) iodide ef potasaiufn and arsenic, and ' subcutaneous injections of atrt.pliine and morphine. Tbe burning, he proceeds to say, is not burning at alL " The instrument is of platinum (t. e., as to tl.e tip), and is htaied to a white heat in a coal fire ; then it is applied two or three times and immediately put back in the fire for the next application. While red-hot iion or platinum would make a terible burn, there is almost no Fain whatever when it isata white lies', can't say there is no pain, for at the moment of application there is a sensa tion almost like that of a burn; but the instant the instrument is removed the feeling is gone, and there is no sensat on whatever afterward. There is, of course, a sear at each point, with a dry scab, which wears off, leaving the skin in its original ttite. So that it is really only a drying of the outer layer of the skin ; there is no rawness ofc.be flesh. One has only to guard against the rubbing of the collar on one of these spots; otherwise there isn't the least inconvenience. The skin of the head heals more quickly, though it is rather more sensitive; and, in fact, the sensitiveness increases some what after the application, both on the head and on the back. It is rather worse than a mosquito bite, to which Brown- Sequard compared it, but I stood it with out yelling or groaning, and even with out clenching my hands. The severity of the treatment has been very much ex aggerated in popular estimation, and the above account is as near the truth as words will allow." Olive-Trees. is often to be seen the finest crop fruit, while in Majorca they have in some place attained proportions akin to those ef the forest trees of the Pett.ropics. A bctewtific exchange says tbe large wled ants occasionally indulge in pitched with thousands engaged on each tde, and that the victors devour the tonodies of their foes. This is a new phase the battle of Ant-eat-em. i The olive is largely cultivated in the Balearic Islands of the Mediterranean. The olea-tree, upon which the fruit is grown, originally appears wild in tbe mountain-land as a shrub, producing a fruit which bears do oil. When brought under cultivation, grafting is practiced.. The ancient historians of Majorca recount that in olden times the olive was un known to the Balearic Islands, and that the art of grafting was taught to the islanders by the Carthaginians. By the appearance, However, ot some of tbe enormous and ancient-looking olive-trees to be seen now in Majorca, one would be tempted to believe that their existence dates as far back as tbe period to wbicb the historian refers. An intelligent Majorcan farmer, being asked how old he thought some of these trees were, re plied, "I believe they may well date from the time of the flood." It is a remarkable feature in the growth of these magnificent trees that one seldom or never sees two alike. Almost all, in tbe course of time, assume most grotesque lures,; and upon old trees whose trunks - rent ooen and torn into half a dozen Idle words are fast in growth, the I LjKT impressiounuic juuug tueu In their guard. It's leap year. of to in is is be be Site Ijigltlimd gUtcsu hixLSBOBareii. 01110. THURSDAY, JAN. 20, 1876. CURRENT TOPICS. The population of Ireland is set down by the recent census at 5 412,397. In the last ten years 849.836 emigrants have left the country. The Catholics have decreased about one per cent, since 1861, and the Episcopalians and Presby terians have slightly increased. Roman Catholics number 4,150,857; Episcopa lians, 667,998; Preebyterians, 497,648; all other denominations, 95.864. Sib Andrew Lusk, the sitting magis trate at Guildhall, in London, the other day, discharged a girl, apparently of dull intellect, brought before him for being in unlawful possession of a milk can be longing to the Cranbrook Farm Dairy, maintaining that the prosecutor had no right to put temptation in the way of thirsty and starving persons by having cans of milk in the street. Governor Emery, of Utah, in his message to the Territorial Legislature, approached the subject of polygamy with some delicacy, in consequence of tbe fact that all the members of the body addressed, except one, believe in the sacredness of the institution. He begged to remind them, however, that Utah is within the pale of Christian civilization, as well as of the American government, and that their practice is a blot upon the fair name of tbe country. His re marks were not ap plauded. Germany has stopped building iron clads partly because money is scarce in the Imperial treasury, but mainly "on account if the divergencies of opinion among naval architects in regarl to the best model for war vtsscls." England, on tbe contrary, is still trying iron clad experiments at the rate of $3,000,000 apiece, and has not made a single success yet When she doe, Germany and the United States will reap the benefit there of free of cost Thirty-nine years ago, on the morn ing of the battle of San Jacinto, Paul de Ponei, a sutler in the Mexican army, buried his loose cash beneath a clump of bushes on the bank of a neighboring bayou. Then he " fit into the war " and was captured. A month ago he landed at Galveston, hired a schooner, sailed up to San Jacinto and hunted up the battle field. After a search of two days he Btruck the right locality and found his treasure amounting to 1 1,800 in Mexican gold, undisturbed. It is proper to add that the original bushes had grown to be tail trees, though nothing like as tall as the story. There is probably no city in the world that turns out such a variety of manu factures in a week as Birmingham, Eng land. In a week she makes, among other things, 14,000,000 pens, 6,000 bedstead", 7,000 guns, 300,000,COO cut nails, 100, OJO.OOO buttons, 1,003 saddles, 5,000 000 copper or bronze coins, 20,000 pairs of spectacles, 6 tons of papier-mache wares, more than $30,000 worth of jewelry, 4,000 miles of iron and steel wire, 10 tons of pins, 5 tons of hair pins and hooks and eyes, 130,000 gross of wood screws, 500 tons of nuts and screw bolts and spikes, 50 tons of wrought iron hinges, 350 miles' length of wax for matches, 40 tons of refined metal, 40 tons of German silver, 100 dozen of fenders, 3 5M) bel lows, and 800 tons of brass and cpper wares. Whereas, before the war Berlin had two hundred French artisans, it has now twenty-four hundred. They are mostly stucco workers, carpenters, tapisseurs and designers, and are in request for their taste and punctuality. Prince Yon Pless employs French workmen exclusively, sixty in number, in the erection of his new Renaissance mansion, the architect being M. Detailleur, of Paris, who is now being consulted as to the fittings and fur niture. A large portion of the aristoc racy send their orders to Paris, being better and more cheaply supplied there thau in Berlin. The French workmen earn from 9f. to 20 f. a day, and are vt ry thrifty. They muster every Saturday night at a particular cafe. Lieut. Cameron, the Academy says, will probably arrive in England in the middle of January. His splendid ex ploit places him, without dispute, in the very first rank of African travelers. He left Ujiji almost destitute, suffering from disease, and utter loneliness. Against him were the stupendous difficulties of the task ; on his side were indomitable pluck, devotion to duty, and that gentle courage which had already earned for him the respect and love of the natives. There will be no stories of bloodshed in tbe narrative of this gallant naval officer. A glance at a map of Africa will at once show the magnitude of Cameron's achievement, and the importance of his discoveries. Excepting Livingstone and Silva Porto, he is the only European who ever crossed the Continent of Africa within the tropics. 'The Rheims Chamber of Commerce publishes returns of the quantity of sparkling wines made in the department of Marne during the twelve months end. ing April 1, 1875. In that period 15,- 318,345 bottles of champaigne were ex ported, and 3,517 182 bottles were sold for consumption in France. The Cham ber of Commerce calculates that the average price per bottle, delivered at the nearest railway station, is s'xty cent, and it does not require a very large ex perience of hotels, restaurants, and wine merchants' lists to AC that there is a very wide margin between this price and that paid by consumers in general. As appendix to the returns, it is added that everything used in the pioduction the wine, from the grapes themselves the bottles, corks, wire, string, the foil paper, and the label, as also the cases and the hampers in which the wine is packed, is grown or manufactured in France. The famous Obelisb, or, as it is now spoken of, " the syenite monolith," known as Cleopatra's Needle, is to be transported to London by sea, by eating wood and rolling it overboard. To make it float properly it is to be covered with timbers ana planks till the boxing large enough to float stone and alL To compensate for its tapering form one end to be made larger than the other, and when finished the timber dressing will something over twenty feet thick at the larger end. The ends will be taper ing, to assist the steamer in towing, and even if the cigar-shaped mummy runs aground, its casing will save it from harm. The most riskful part of the voyage will be the launching and the rolling ashore. In this connection it may noticed that cylindrical boilers are transported through the canals in Hol land in somewhat the same way. The flues are plugged up with wood, the steam openings covered with air-tight caps, and well painted with red lead ; the boilers are rolled into the canals, and, in tow of a steamboat, make their voyage in perfect safety. - J ited by any creature, save a cat NEWS SUMMARY. Washington. a Choctawa, Creeks, and Seminoles called upon President Grant to pay their respects and to talk of affairs in the Indian Terri tory, which they represented to be in a peaceful and prosperous condition, with abundant crops. They took occasion to ex press their opposition to the proposed terri torial government in their country, when the President informed them that no bill passed by CoDgress for that purpose would receive his approval without the consent of the Indians. The South. Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana, on the 1st inst., was as follows: Alabama, 5 com panies; Mississippi, 6; at Little Rock, Ark., 2; in Louisiana, 19; total, 32 companies, comprising 1,240 men. Jack Low and Mike Knnckley were shot and killed by Tom Picket, a New Orleans barkeeper, a few days since. The West. A dispatch from Sacramento says that it is reported that a land grab has been un earthed at Sacramento, California, by which the State is loser to an enormous amount, and that the matter will be brought to the attention of the Assembly. A meeting of delegates from the Denver (Col.) Churches has unanimously adopted a petition to the Constitutional Convention against taxing property nsed exclusively for religious worsh ip, education, public libraries, and for charitable purposes. The St Louis Republican' Kansas City special says the Timet of that city has in formation from Kerwin, Kansas, January 11, to the effect that some fifty Otoe Indians had been massacred by a band of Sioux. The Otoes passed Tiloomiogton about ten days ago on the way to the buffalo hunting ground. Six of them returned shortly after and stated that their fatty was surprised at night by the Sioux, and all excepting them killed and scalped. Great excitement is said to prevail in the neighborhood of Bloomingtoo, and all are ready to leave should the Indians make a demonstration. Fire Record Cedar Rapids, Iowa. A fire broke out in the large Pullman House block, owned by Gabriel Carpente-, aud occupied as a hotel and by several merchants. The build ing, with most of its coutents,was destroyed. Total Joss, about $ti0,000; insurance, $12,000. The loss on the building was about $30,000. Noah Keller, tobacco dealer, lost about General. Gov. Tilden, after examining the papers and petition of Edward 8. Stokes for pardon, has denied the application. Tweed's attorneys and bondsmen have brought suit against the other members of the ring, asking that all except Tweed be made to refund, aud asking that a receiver of all claims agaiost them be appointed. The city, county, Attorney-General, corpo ration counsel, and others are made defend ants. A Berlin dispatch states that Captain Briekenstein will not demand a German in quiry into the loss of the steamer Deutsch land. Tbe German government has invited other maritime States to an international conference to devise it common mode of in quiry into ship-wrecks and other disasters to shipping. James A. Castine, late bookkeeper for Ely, Harvey A Richardson, of Memphis, has been sentenced to the penitentiary for three years for forging tbe firm name. It is said the jury will sign a petition to the Governor for his pardon. Conrad Eichler, a prominent German of St. Joseph, Missouri, was knocked down by a freight train, ten c?rs passing over his head and cutting it off. He was, some years ago, foreman of the Ameiger office in St. Louis, and more recently part owner of the VolkMatt, the organ of the Germans in St. Joseph. Ockerfebausen Brothers, sugar refiners, of New York, have failed. Their liabilities will not exceed $375,000. The assets of the firm, which are chiefly real estate, amounted in 1673 to more than $600,000. Tbe boiler of a steam wood-sawing ma chine exploded at Grand Rapids, Micb., a few days ago, instantly killing William Franz, severely bruising James Bellogot, and scalding another n.an whose name was no ascertained. Proceedings of the secret investigation of the Pacific disaster by Capt AVaterman and James Hillnian, United States Inspectors, are made public. Tbey report the accident was the fault of the officers of the Orpheus, on account of steering wrong. The West Boston Savings Bank has been restrained from receiving or paying deposits or transacting other bminets. Owing to a shrinkage on real estate and personal secu rities the capital of the bank has been im paired. . Depositors are not liable to serious lots. The body of a laborer named John White, was found in a vat at tbe Chicago stock yards. He was hauling offal to tbe vats, and it is sopposd he fell int9 the boiliog fluid. His flesh was almost entirely boiled from the bones at the time of the discovery of the body. Hon. J. B. Eastis has been elected United States Senator by the Louisiana Legislature, The Republican National Committee have determined to hold the next Republican National Convention at Cincinnati. The Demecrats of New Hampshire, in Convention, have nominated Daniel Marcy for Governor, aud adopted a platform which recognizes the final settlement of all issues involved in the late civil war, and tbe bind. ing force of the Constitutional .amend ments; favors a return to specie payments; a reform of all abuses in the State and Na tional Administrations; retrenchment and economy in public expenditures; equal and just taxation ; a tariff for revenue only, and approves of the present move in behalf of temperance, as designed to promote a very desirable end by the most proper and ef fectual means; opposes a third term as dan gerous to theliberities of the people; favors tbe common school system and religious toleration. All of the crooked distillers at Chicags have pleaded guilty. Six new indictments have besn returned at Chicago. Leopold Wirth a distiller, is charged with bribing officers. Mann, ex-Supervisor; Conkling, ex- Special Agent; W. Eisserl, ex-Deputy Col lector, and Keddmgton and Tenny, ex- Gaugers, are charged with receiving bribes, Four burglars entered the house of Mrs. Miller, in Mahoney Township, near Shamo- kin, Pa., recently, and robbed her of $2,100. Her son-in-law fired upon them as they were leaving the house, instantly killing one, named Hughes, and seriously wounding another ; a third was captured, and all the money recovered. Dickinson dc Co., bankers at 25 Broad street, New York, notified the Stock Ex change, January 14, that they were unable to meet their contracts. They state their i sets will far exceed their liabilities and hope to resume soon. a to Foreign. whirling The report is confirmed that Italy has given notice of her adhesion to Count An drassy's note concerning the Turkish re forms. A train filled with military recruits ran off the track near Odessa, Russia, and plunged down an embankment. The wrecked cars caught fire before all the men could be extricated, and many were burned to death. The total number killed is sixty eight, and fifty-four are injured, several fatally. The Viennacorrespondent of the London Timet announces that France has unreserv edly accepted the Austrian note. The Duke of Norfolk, President of the Catholic Association of Great Britain, calls for subscriptions to aid the persecuted Ger man priests. The Duke subscribes five thou sand pounds, and Cardiaal Manning fifteen hundred pounds. A remarkable crisis has occurred in the French Cabinet Say, Dufaure and Wallen have resigned. Le Tempt gives the follow ing account of the crisis in the ministry: M. Leon Say, Minister of Finance, in con junction with M. M. Ferry and Boncher, who, like the Minister, are candidates for the Assembly from the Department of Seur-at-Oise, issued a joint manifesto to the elec tors. President MacMahon, who did not consider the Manifesto sufficiently con servative, on Saturday summoned M. Say and requested him to withdraw his name from it The latter asked time to re Feather Cake. Two cups of f of to by flect. At a second interview, the President said the dissension in the Cabinet was be coming patent Tbe name of the Minister Finance figured on the list of candidates hostile to the government M. Buffet con sidered the homogeneousness of the Cabinet irreparably compromised, consequently M. Say's withdrwal was necessary. M. Say thereupon said, " You ask me to resign ?" The President intimated that he did. M. Say reminded MacMahon that several times previously he had offered to resign, and on ly remained at the earnest request of the Executive. He concluded by offering his resignation, which was accepted. President MacMahon presidedatthe meet of the French Cabinet on the Uth Jan uary. Leon Say will retire from the ministry. The other members will probably remain. M. Paul De Cassagnac, in an article in Parit La Pays, violently opposes M. Olli vier as candidate for the Department of Var. He says M. Ollivier shows a lack of moral sense in putting forward his discred ited personality, and his presence in the Assembly would be a calamity to the Impe rial cause. A telegram from Vienna says the Porte intends to confine reforms proposed by Eu ropean powers to Herzegovina, thus avoid ing trouble with the incensed Mohommedan majority in Bosnia. A Berlin special says the government has determined to liberate Cardinal Ledochow- ski unconditionally, at the expiration of his term of imprisonment ; but he will be closely watched, and again arraigned if he attempts to exercise bis especial functions, or other wise infringes ecclesiastical laws. Tbe crew of the notorious schooner Jeffer son Borden complain of the condition of the vessel, of harsh treatment by the captain, and assert that they have no doubt the former crew were driven into mutiny by his cruelty. The failure is announced of Charles Boundy dc Co., metal merchants, Birming ham. Liabilities 167,000. The Sublime Porte has received a dispatch from the Turkish Commander in Herze govina, dated January 6, announcing that tranquillity is restored everywhere, except in the district between Trebenje, Biiek and Gatechko, bordering on Montenegro. A special from Berlin says the Turkish representatives abroad have been instructed to declare that any intervention incom patible with the dignity or independence of the Porte will be rejected. It is expected that England will advise the Porte to con sider Count Andrassy's programme. If the Sultan declines to do so, the' rebels will be likely to derive greater advantages than ever. An Ottawa, Canada, dispatch says that a faction figbttook place on the night of Jan uary 11, after an election at Gatineau Point, between two families named Rogue and Scarfe, and their respective adherents. The.e were fifty men on each side. The fight was a desperate and bloody one. Fifteen men were dangerously wounded, and fully half an acre of snow was saturated with blood. The Star and Herald, of Panama, contains the following : Letters from Lima announce the complete destruction, by earthquake, on the 4th of December, of Abancay, between four p. m. of the 4th and five a. m. of the 5th. No less than thirty-seven shocks oc curred. A severe flood inundated the busi ness part of Valparaiso. Two lives were lost, and $1,500,000 worth of property des troyed. The French Cabinet in Council has, it is reported, reached an agreement whereby the threatened ministerial modification is averted. A severe gale en the Algerian coast has damaged property to the amount of $100,000. The President of France has issued a proclamation which has caused a great sen sation. Among other things he says he thinks the country's institutions ought not to be revised before they are honestly tried. The conservative and truly liberal pel icy which he always intended to pursue should prevail. The Council General of the Seine have nominated for the Senate Victor Hugo, Louis Blanc, Floquet Freycinet and Tolair. A Berlin special says it would seem an ar mistice has been agreed npon between church and state. The Roman correspon dent of the Germania, ultramontane organ, states undoubtedly Bismarck is seeking a modui vivendi with the Vatican. The Italia Semi, official Roman newspaper says the Vatican has charged certain German pre lates to report the conditions under which the Prussian Bishops shall be allowed to submit to the Falk laws. It is rumored that the visit of Queen Vic toria to Coburg has reference to the betrothal of Princess Beatrice to a German Prince. Tbe Miner Prette reports that Lord Derby recently expressed dissatisfaction to Count Von Beust, Austiian Ambassador at Lon don, because England had not been asked to assist in drawing np the proposals for re forms in Turkey, instead of being merely asked to indorse them. The same dispatch reports that the Montenegrin Government has bought fifty cannon and 10,000 muskets in Vienna. Sir John H. Glover, the newly appointed Governor of Newfoundland, has arrived at Paris for the purpose of settling.the difficulty between England and France in regard to Newfoundland fisheries. It is believed that be is authorized to purchase the relinquish ment by France of her privileges for a con siderable sum of money. FORTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. January 10. Senate Resolutions were adopted that the pro tempore Presidency does not expire at the meeting of Co gresa after the first session, and that the death of tbe Vice-President does not vacate the office of pro tempore President Resolutions declar ing Mr. Ferry still Presideut were laid over. A resolution was offered requesting the Pres ident to observe the strictest neutrality in the Cuban affair, but was not acted npon. A bill was introduced to secure the completion of tbe Texas Pacific Road Haute Mr. Wood introduced a bill repealing the specie payment act and substituting another there for. A number of bills for payment of Southern claims were offered. The Amnesty Bill was brought up, aud, after an unsuccess ful effort by the Republicans to offer an amendment, was forced to a vote, and was defeated by a party vote, there not being a two-thirds majority in favor of it Mr. Blaine, then moving a reconsideration, made long speech iavoring his amend ment, and giving his reasons therefor. January 11. Senate Mr. Ojdesby pre sented a petition of citizens of Saratoga, 111., asking the repeal of the resumption act of January, 1875, as well as the National bank act and the substitution of legal lenders for the National bank notes. Re ferred. After the expiration of the morning hour, Mr. Cooper announced the death of his late colleague, Andrew Johnson, and de livered a eulogy. Eulogies were also de livered by Senators Morton, McCreery, Mer rimon, Paddock, Bogy, Bayard and Key, and at the conclusion of the eulogies the usual resolutions of respect, and requiring Senators to wear badges of mourning thirty days, were passed. Mr. Paddock introduced bill to enable the people of New Mexico form a Constitution and State government and for the admission of the said State into the Union on an equal footing with the original States. Referred. Mr. Bogy intro duced a bill to establish a branch mint at St Louis. Referred...... ibiue Bills were introduced, and referred as follows: By Mr. Morrison Preparatory to the redemp tion of United States notes, and the resump tion of specie payments. It proposes to re tain gold in the Treasury to the amount of thirty per cent of the outstanding legal tenders. It requires the National banks to retain the gold paid for their interest on bonds deposited to secure the currency till tbey nave thirty per cent, ot their outstand ing notes, and repeals that portion of the resumption act compelling specie resump tion in 1870. Mr. Hamilton, from the Ap propriation Committee, reported a military academy appropriation bill; made the special order for Thursday next It appro- riates $231,241. J. D. Williams (Dem.) of ndiana, from the Committee on Accounts, reported a resolution fixing tbe number and pay of committee clerks, which was adopted. Mr. Vance, from the Committee on Printing, reported a resolution against printing the index and the summary of cases adjudicated adversely to the Claims Commissioners. Adopted. Mr. Atkins, from the appropria tion Committee, reported the pension appro priation bill, and it was made the special order for Friday next It appropriates $25, 533,500. The House then proceeded to the amnesty bill, and was addressed by Mr. Hill, Georgia. The proceedings of the day closed with speeches in eulogy of Mr. John son, made by McFarland,Tbornburg, Young, Wadden, Conger, Cox, and Throckmorton. January 12. Senate Petitions were pre sented for a Constitutional amendment pro hibiting the appropriation of public funds any religious sect The most of the day was taken up in a discussion of the Protem pore Presidency question, which was settled the adoption of a resolution that the office sugar, monarchy. is held at the pleasure of the Senate......... Houte A number of bills were introduced for river improvements, a post-office at St Lor is, location of mints at various points, and for a commercial treaty with Mexico. Mr. oarnem maae a long apeech on tbe amnesty bill, and by a compromise it was decided that Mr. Blaine should also bare another speech of an hour. January 13. Senate A petition was pre sented signed bv two thousand and eighty two citixenB of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Missouri, asking the appropriation of one hundred thousand dollars for the im provement of the upper Missouri river. Referred. The Chair laid before the Senate a communication from the Secretary of the Interior, inclosing a communication from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in an swer to the Senate resolution of January 12, 1876, in regard to the expenditure of three h undred thousand dollars for the support and education of certain Indians, It was ordered printed, and to lie on the table. Mr. Christiancy submitted a resolution, that the Judiciary Committee be directed to in quire and report to the Senate whether the act of March 1, 1792, is not defective, and if so in what particular, in making the neces sary provisions for various contingencies which may arise in case of the removal of the President from office, or ef bis death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of said office, and if, in their opinion, such defects exist, what further or other legislation is best calculated to remedy sucb defects, and in that event that they report sucb a bill or joint resolution as in their opinion the case may require. Agreed to. After the expiration of the morning hour, Mr. Davis (Dem.), of W. Vs., called op the resolution submitted by him yesterday, call ing for the appointment of a committee to investigate the books of the Treasury De partment, etc., and addressed the Senate thereon. Mr. Boutwell made seme explana tions, and the motion went over Houte Mr. Cox offered a resolution instructing the Committee on Printing to inquire into the cost of the printing done for Congress and the Executive Departments at the Govern ment Printing Office, and what similar work can be done for in private offices. Alse, as to the cost of tbe Conyrezrionai Record, etc., with a view to ascertain whether different and more economical arrangements can not be made. Adonted. Mr. Parsons offered a resolution instructing the Committee on Expenditures in the De partment of Justice to inquire into tbe ap pointment of special counsel for the Gov ernment, and the fees paid them, and the extra lees paid LMstrict Attorneys, the in vestigation to extend ss far back" as mav be necessary for a full knowledge of what has been and is being done in that connection. Adopted. Mr. Whitthorne, from the Com mittee on Naval Affairs, reported a resolution calling on the Secretary of the Navy for a report as to the expenditure of the appro priations made since July, 1869, for the test ing of inventions. Adopted. Mr. Benntt offered aresolution instructing the Judiciary Committee to inquire into the expediency of incorporating into the Constitutional amendment a provision giving to the citizens of the organized Territories the right to vote for President and Vice-President Adopted. Mr. Cochrane offered a resolution for the appointment of a special committee to in vestigate the alleged fraudulent letting of the contract for the transportation of Indian goods and supplies. Referred. The House then resumed consideration of the Amnesty bill, and was addressed by Mr. Blaine. Ad dresses were also made by Mr. Tar box ( Dem.), of Mass., Mr. Randall, and Mr. Banks, who offered an amendment admitting Jeff Davis to amnesty, but requiring that an oath simi lar to that proposed by Mr. Blaine be made. The bill and Mr. Banks' amendment went to the Judiciary Committee. January 14. Houte Mr. White intro duced a bill to reduce the salaries of public officials exce'eding $1,500, twenty per cent He moved the previous question on its pas sage. Referred to the Committee on appro priations. Mr. Knot reported back the am nesty bill, which reads as follows: "That all disabilities imposed and remaining on any person, by virtue of tbe third section of the Fourteenth Article of Amendments to the Constitution of the United States be, and are hereby removed, and each aud every person is, and shall be forever relieved therefrom, on his appearing before a judge of any court of tbe United States, or of any court of record in the State of which he is a resident and takingandsubscribing to the following oath, to be duly attested and recorded: '1 A. B., do solemnly swear or affirm that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all invasions, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith, and allegiance to the same, and obey all laws made in pursuance thereof, and that I take this obligation freely, and without soy mental reservation or purpose of evasion whatever.' " Mr. Knott moved the previous question on the passage of the bill, and after some de bate, it was rejected yeas 182, nays 97 twelve Republicans voting in ' favor. On the result being announced, Mr. Blaine took the flocr, and by a motion to reconsider obtained the right to speak. OHIO. Columbus Letter. citizens of Columbus held a meeting the other night in favor of tbe location of a United States mint in this locality. The mint fever seems to be remarkably prevalent in Western eities. The retiring Governor Allen has made himself personally popular, on account of his genial manners among ail grades and classes and forms of society, political or otherwise, during his administration at Co lumbus. He is regarded as the truly " fine old American gentleman." Persons of all parties called npon him at his rooms at the Neil House, previous to his departure for "Fruit Hill," his fine homestead in Ross county, and paid their respects. The rumor that he intends to make the tour of the South is untrue. He informed your corres pondent that he has no call South, and pre fers to remain at home, beneath his own vine and fig-tree. In the House, the other afternoon, Bohl, of Washington, offered the following resolu tion, with a preamble setting forth that our free schools are the foundation of our free institutions, etc: Bewlved, By tbe General Aaemblr of the State ef Obio, that we, the repreasntaUvsaof the people of Onto, favor purely secular education at the expense of the tax-pavers, without a division of any p .rtiou of the school funds among any other sect or aecla, we further declare that we wid support and main tain the admirable provision of our S.ate Constitu tion on this subject. Mr. McLain moved to refer the resolution to the Committee on Common Shools. Dis agreed to. Yeas thirty-three, nays sixty. The resolution was adopted by a unanimous vote. Yeas one hundred and four. It seems to us that sort of a resolution, passed with such nndebatable unanimity, might set a vexed question at rest Tbe debating qualities of the House were tested the other day on the introduction of the Paitial Appropriation Bill, which occu pied about the whole of one day. The de bate proved that Buckeye legislators have pluck, stamina, intelligence, culture, and the logical and oratorical faculty well de veloped. The bill passed by seventy-two to thirty, and allows thirty-three thousand dol lars for the use of the Centennial Commis sioners. The Directors of tbe Hocking Valley Rail road have declared a semi-annual dividend of four per cent The gross earnings of the road for the year were $900,000. Over $130,000 were expended the past year in re laying the track with steel rails, aud the work eontinnes, with perhaps a similar out lay the coming year. Fknixore. Sixty-Second General Assembly. January 11. Senate A report was re ceived from the Centennial Commissioners, and one thousand copies ordered printed. Mr. Monahan's bill to exclude Jackson county from the provisions of the act defin ing tbe jurisdiction of Probate Courts in minor criminal cases, in certain counties, was taken up, and after some discussion, was passed. Bills introduced : To repeal that sec tion in tbe law of 1874 which divides wards in cities into election precincts : forbidding any one connected with a bank from the appointment of notary public ; imposing a hne ot nity dollars lor taKing tne name oi God in vain. The Codifying Commission submitted a report of progress, which was ordered printed. Mr. Schenck introduced a bill to establish a State Board of Health. Houte A communication was received from the Common Council of Cincinnati, asking an amendment of the Worthiogton law, and the repeal of the act of 1870, as amended April 20, 1874, dividing the wards into elec tion precincts. A communication was re ceived from the Ohio Centennial Commis sioners, showing the progress of the work done bv them. It eontains a request for an appropriation of $25,000 for the use of tbe commission, and $8,000 to have Ohio educa tional matters properly represented at the Centennial. Mr. Wiltaee's bill, to allow the incorporation of Hartwell, if the citizens so desire, and Mr. Skaats'bili dividing the city of Cincinnati into street cleaning districts, were read a second time. Messrs. Cleaver and Sheble were appointed additional mem bers of the Centennial Committee. Bills introduced: To provide a registration for cities of the first class; to amend the elec tion law so as to prohibit the use of money in any nay, or the promising of any office bya candidate or any other person in order to procure votes ; to provide for a system of oompulsory education ; to make the fee bill of last session applicable to all connty offi cers ; to amend the turnpike law so as to au thorize the levy of a tax for free turnpikes I rsugieunb. without the restriction now existing relative to the position of State and county roads; to allow Commoa Pleas judges to appoint two bailiffs instead of one ; to provide for the payment of commissioners appointed to examine into the Auditor's and Treasurer's report of Hamilton county, in 1874, snd to provide for similar examination hereafter throughout the State. Tbe Centennial Com mittee submitted a request asking for an ap propriation of $33,000 for Centennial pur poses. Mr. 8tone offered a resolution requesting the Committee on Retrenchment to inquire into the expediency of abolishiog tbe office of State Controller. Mr. BaU offered a resolution declaring in favor of non-sectarian public education, and in sup port of provisions of the Slate Constitution on that subject Unanimously adopted. JANUARY 12. Senate Bills introduced: Extending tbe time for commencing action to revive judgments from fifteen years to twenty-one years; providing that incorpo rated mining or manufacturing companies which have not declared dividends for three years may be compelled, upon application of any stockholder to the courts, to throw open its books for his examination ; to allow County Treasurers to employ treasury watch men. The Senate bill was passed authoriz ing the Trustees of Springer Music Hall to arrange with the municipal authorities of Cincinnati for the erection of said halL Houte The day was spent in discussing the proposition to refer the partial appropri ation bill to a special committee to strike out tbe appropriation of $22,000 for the pay ment of claims for publishing the constitu tional debates, and $33,000 for Centennial purposes. Mr. Barret, of Green, moved to make the Centennial appropriation for the use of the Obio Commissioners $18,000, and for representing educational affairs, $3,000. After considerable discussion, and the rejec tion of Mr. Barrett's amendment, the House agreed to the $33,000 appropriation, of which $8,000 is for the exhibition of educational interests. The motion to strike out the $22,- 000 to pay for the advertisement of the Con stitutional amendmendment was carried, and the bill so passed. January 13. Senate Mr. Baker's House bill to change the time of holding (he first term of Court in Allen county was passed. Bills introduced: Forbidding the Platting Commission of Cincinnati from condemning property for new streets not immediately to be used ; to abolish the office of State Gas In spector; to abolish the present City Board of Poor Overseers in Cincinnati ; to dispense with the use of seals in legal instruments ; providing that when any part of township j snau ne whuiu me corporate limits or a first or second-class city it shall be unlawful for any elector of said city to vote for town ship omeers, ana also to levy a township tax upon the said electors; to issue aa ad ditional six millions in bonds to aid iu building the Southern Railroad. ....... Houte Petitions were presented for the amendment of the fee law, and for the abolition of capital punishment Mr. Fehrenbach presented a resolution, which was received, instructing the Committee on the Penitentiary to inquire into the feasi bility of abolishing tbe present system of letting convicts labor at tbe Ohio Peniten tiary. A large number of bills passed the second reading. Mr. O.J. Hodge was elected temporary Speaker in the absence of Mr. Grosvenor. Governer Hayes' Inaugural. Fellow Cititent tf the General Attembly: Questions of National concern, in the ex isting condition of public affairs, may well be left to those officers whom the people, in conformity with the Constitution of the United States, have confided the important duties and responsibilities of the various departments of the General Government During the term for which yon have been elected, the Constitution of th State de volves on yon the task of dealing out many subjects very interesting to the people of Ohio. The duty of communicating to yon the condition of the State, and recom mending measures deemed expedient, was performed at the opening of jour present session by the distinguished citizen who has preceded me in the executive office. In com plying with the usage which requires me to appear before you oa this occasion, I am, therefore, relieved from the necessity of entering upon any extensive examination of the subjects which will claim your attention. There are, however, a few topics on which brief suggestions may, perhaps, be profitably submitted. Tbe attention of the Legislature has often been earnestly invoked to the rapid increase of municipal and other local expenditures, and the consequent augmentation of local taxation and local indebtedness. This in crease is found mainly in the eities and large towns. It is certainly a great evil. How to govern cities well, consistently with the principles and methods of popular gov er noent, is one of the most important and difficult -problems of our time. Profligate expenditure is the fruitful cause oi munici pal misgovernment If a means can be found which will keep municipal expenses from largely exceeding the public necessi ties, its adoption will go far toward securing honesty and efficiency in city affairs. In cities large debts and bad government go together. Cities which have the liehtest taxes and smallest debts are apt, also, to have the purest and most satisfactory gov ernments. The following statement, showing the in- crease of municipal taxation aud indebted ness in the cities and large towns of Ohio, onght to arrest attention. In 1871, in thirty-one of the principal cities and towns of the State, the avarage rate of taxation was twenty-three and one tenth mills on tbe dollar. The total amount of taxes levied for all purposes was $8,988,- 064. The total indebtedness was $7,17,U2. In 1875. in the same cities and towns, the average rate of taxation was twenty-eight and three-tenths mills on tbe dollar, the total amount of taxes levied for all purposes was $12,361,934. Tbe total indebtedness was $20,X00,491. The salient points in this statement are, that in four years the rate of municipal tax ation has increased almost twenty-five per cent; the total amount of municipal taxes has increased over thirty-seven per cent., and municipal indebtedness has increased about one hundred and ninety per cent; or more than thirteen and a halt millions oi dollars. If this great increase of burdens affected directly the whole people of the State, they would give their agents in the legislative and executive department of the State Government no peace until effective measures to prevent its continuance were adopted. But in fact, the whole people of the State are deeply interested in this sub ject The burdens" borne by the cities and towns must be shared, in part at least by all who transact business with them. The towns and the neighboring country have a common interest and, in many respects, must be re garded as one cammnnity. It has been said that tbe discretion com mitted to the local authorities, however limited and guarded, must be necessarily large; that in respect to the imposition of the largest proportion of the burden imposed npon the citizen, they constitute the real legislature ; and that for the prevention of the evils we are considering, the people must exercise the greatest care in the choice of citizens to fill the important local offices. Experiencedoes not seem to justify the ex pectation that an adequate remedy can be obtained in this way. I submit that to the subject of local in debtedness, the General Assembly should apply the principles of the State Constitu tion on the subject of State indebtedness. It is not enough to require in every grant of special authority to incnr debt, as a con dition precedent that the people interested shall approve it by their votes. It is well known how easy such elections are earried, nnder the influence of local excitement and local rivalries. If the rule of the State Con stitution which forbids all debts except in certain specified emergencies, is deemed too stringent to be applied to local affairs, the Legislature should at least accompany every authority to contract debt with an impera tive requirement that a tax sufficient to pay off the indebtedness within a brief period shall be immediately levied, and thus compel every citizen who votes to increase debts to vote at the same time for an immediate in crease of taxes sufficient to discharge them. Tbe wisdom of the policy long since adopted of placing a judicious limitation on the power of the municipal authorities to levy taxes, has been vindicated by experi ence. It must however, ultimately fail to accomplish its object if the increase of mu nicipal indebtedness is allowed to go on. To authorize a towa to contract a debt, whose expenditures already require taxation np to the limit allowed by law, Is in its necessary enect tantamount to a repeal ot the limita tion. Under the provisions of the eighth article of the Constitution, already referred to, the State debt notwithstanding tbe extraordi nary expenditures of war, has been reduced from over twenty millions, the amount due in 1851, nntil it is now only about seven millions. An important part of the Consti tutional provisions which have been so suc cessful in State finances is the section which requires the creation of a sinking fund, and the annual payment of a constantly increas ing sum on the principal of the State debt Let a requirement analogous to this be enacted in regard to existing local indebt edness; let a judicious limitation of tbe rate of taxation which local authorities may levy be strictly adhered to; and allow no further indebtedness to be authorized except in con formity with these principles, and we may, I believe, confidently expect that within a few years the burdens of debt now resting upon the cities and towns of the State will disappear, and that other wholesome and much needed reforms in the whole adminis tration of our municipal government will of necefBity follow the adoption of what may be called the cash system in local affairs. Among the most" interesting duties yon will have to perform are those which relate to the guardianship and care of the un fortunate classes of society, and to the rnnishmeut and reformation of criminals. Arcord ng to the latest official reports, the Qtate is responsible for the support and care of about fifteen thousand of her dependent citizens. The State is also bound to see that many thousanda more, who are imprisoned for longer or shorter periods, on account of crime, bave just and wise treatment There is annually expended in the performance of these duties a sum exceeding two and a half millions of dollars. The people of Ohio feel a profound interest in what are known as the benevolent reformatory, and penal institutions of tbe State. In order that the General Assembly might, from time to time, receive full and accurate information aa to the efficiency of the man agement of these institutions, and ef the county and city jails, infirmaries, and work houses, it was enacted in 1867 that a Board of State Charities be established. It was in tended that this board should be composed of citizens of intelligence and benevolence, who would serve without compensation. They were " to investigate the system of the public charitable and correctional institu tions of the State, and to make such recom mendations as they might deem necessary." They were also required to make annually a full and complete report of their doings to the Legislature. In pursuance of this law, a board was organized, which, at trifling expense to the State, did much valuable work. By reason of their investi gations and reports, important improvements were introduced into the infirmaries and jails of the State, and the general efficiency of our penal and reformatory system was increased. In 1872 tbe General Assembly, without due consideration, it is believed, re pealed the act creating the Board. I re speerf nlly recommend that the Board of Stat Charities be re-established. It is believed that an investigation in the interest of economy will discover that sev eral offices, somewhat expensive to the State, may, without detriment to the pnblie ser vice, be either abolished or so consolidated as to accomplish a material saving to the Treasury. Agreeing generally with the sentiments of Governor Allen's recent message, I de sire especially to concur in what is said on the subject oi the National Centennial Cele bration. No community in the world has been per mitted by Providence to enjoy more largely the blessings conferred en mankind by the great ovent of 1776 than the people of Ohio. Ohio and her interests had no existence a hundred years ago. Tbey are tbe growth of less than a century. The people naturally wish that their State, and her history, and her advantages, should be widely known. No other such opportunity for their exhibi tion will probably occur for several genera tions. Let your session be short; avoid all schemes requ.ring excessive expenditure, whether State or local, aud your constitu ents will cheerfully approve the appropria tion required to seenre to Ohio a fitting rep resentation in tbe approaching celebration of the nation's birth. Portage county, Ohio, has an agricultural society which, strange to relate, has bought itsajrrounds, put up large buildings, has well attended fairs, excludes all side shows, gam bling, and horse races, and is not only ont of debt but making money. One great secret of its success- is its practice of bringing the farmers together for frequent council over agricultural interests. During a drunken brawl at Kramer's sa loon, at Upper Sandusky, J. Gotchell was mortally stabbed by some party or parties unknown. He was stabbed three times. James McDargh, a brakeman on the A. & G. W. R- R., fell from a moving train just after it bad passed Urbana the other morn ing, and had an arm and a leg broken, and suffered injury to his back. During the year 1875 the Metropolitan police force of Dayton made 3,410 arrests. Of these over 3,000 were cases with whisky in them. A handsome young lady, whose mirth ful ness in a car on a Cincinnati train attracted the attention of friends and elicited remark, stated by way of apology that she was on her way to attend the funeral of an aunt whom she dearly loved, and if she didn't laugh why she'd have to cry ! , C. A. Williamson, proprietor of the Cale donia Stair Works, at Bel more, borrowed on the 22d of December, $20,000 cash, from the Lima banks, and has gone to Canada. The farmers of Belmore, to whom Williamson was owing much money, made a raid oa the Stair Works, aud a store ia which William son was partner, and dismantled both. Wil liamson's liabilities are put at $100,000. The Bank of Lima holds $20,000 of his paper, and Menonville citizens $30,000. William son has been hitherto considered, socially as well as commercially, gilt-edged. Political Items. The Boston Journal dryly remarks that tbe Democratic proposition to re duce tbe President' salary looks aa if that party had lost all hope of the suc cession. The article which appeared in tbe Cincinnati Gazette stating that President Grant would in no event consent to be a candidate for re-election, was penned by Mr. Smith, the editor, after a full and free talk with the President. Cassius M. Clay has nominated him self for the Vice-Presidency. But neither rarty displays any special alacrity in attaching him as a locomotive to its train. In fact, he ia rather looked upon as a heavy baggage-car which it would require a stout engine to puiL Nearly all the officers, from top to bottom, elected by the Ohio Legislature, served in the Union army, and most of them were wounded in the service. The Legislature is Republican. In the pop ular branch of Congress, no Union sol.' dier, or friend of Union toldiera, waa elected while a great many of the for mer were turned out to make room for Confederate soldiers. Tho House is largely Democratic. Comment is un necessary. Senator McDonald of Indiana stands firm by the theory that the Federal Gov ernment has no powers such as it derived from the several States. This is a very good theory, and was a fact, ninety years ago; but the present generation is in clined to believe that, as a matter of fact, the Federal Government never derived any powers from the State of Indiana, but that the State ot Indiana, on the con trary, came into existence only through the act of the Federal Government. A correspondent sends the following reminiscence: When Congressman Lamar was returning home at the close of the session of Congress in 1860, a newsboy on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad insisted that he siiould purchase a book he repeatedly offered him. Annoyed by his pertinacity and anxious to be rid of him, Mr. Lamar said to him, with a wave of his hand, u Oh, pshaw 1 don't bother me so. I wrote the book." Quick as thought the little fellow answered, "An! now I know. That's what makes it so darned hard to selL" Tkt,- w ivbp fln-it Tt ia not sur prising that the Confederates who run the House of Representatives should want to reduce the military force ot the government since by such action they would accomplish two desirable end's: 1st, iu making a show of retrench ment and economy for political effect ; and, 2J, in reducing the means of the government for protecting the loyal peo- , . . i . . .1 r . .; ,w.n nn pie OI tne OOUUl irum iskhbiiiuv terrorism. But no Buch scheme will suc ceed. Until the White League and other such rebel organizations are diBbanded amirinPA W 1 V P tl ftf TieaCA and uu niuo - e I order on tbe part of the ex-rebels, tbe police force 01 tne government can v be weakened, s-r Tj-ir-w filnhe-Dmoemt: Having stood heroically by the public crib as long as the Republicans would keep him in office, Cassius M. Clay now proposes to renew his devotion to the country by bt coming a candidate for the V.ce-Presi-dency. The office-seeking of Cassius is no new thing to the country. His hunt for official plunder has been so pers.stent that, like Cas-ius the conspirator, he has come to bave "a lean and hungry look," and his attenuated nose is always pointed in the direction of some fat office. We very much fear that even the Democracy has come to look upon him as one inspired more by greed than love of either party or principle. He was tbe proprietor of a restaurant and a promi nent member of a fashionable church. When the brethren passed round to collect his subscriptions, he fumbled in his pocket for his slip, drew out a number of papers and dropped one in the plate. The next day he was as tonished to receive it back again, and much more astonished upon opening it to perceive that he had contributed, not ex actly a subscription, but a paper bearing the legend, " Good for twelve diinks."