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Devoted to News, Politics, Literature, Agriculture, Manufactures, and the Ceneral Interests of Highland County.
HILLSBOROUGH, HIGHLAND COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 12, 1879. VOL 43-NO. 12. WHOLE NO. 2255. Published Every Thursday. J. L. COARDMAM, IDITOB AND PROPRIETOR. VtlfliSii Corner of Main and Miort Strouia, op posite Mu.tc Hall. Reiuced Terms 1879. Mall Subscriber -Postage Free. laelecopy, one year 50 - SB.OLI.. 100 " - (mom ha. 78 4 months. - N ( momlM Inpayment invariably In advance. Ko paper rat by mull kmfrrr than the tine paid for.u rAB extra copy win be sent gratis, for every lahot in snbecribere at the above rates. nr-TT.e (bore rates Include postage prr-iid at kli office on al! papers sent to subscribers ontaide 0f HU-hland coonty. f ("nbecrSVrs wtio rwtre their papers? with an X marked opposite their name, f I . puher on tlic mariHn of the pnwr or on (i A the oni.ta wrapper, will understand that "le term of eubacriprlon paid for baa expired. as-Ail rmrmastsra are snthoriwd to act as ,enu for the Niws, to receive and forward sno- crlptloos. t Mill sobnerfberi whose rime baa expired, can renew their subscriptions conveniently by banding Uie money to their postmaster. Town and Hillsboro P. O. Sub scriber. To Bt!biier!ber to Hillsboro and Tleinity, the Fiws win be promrtlT delivered by Carrier, or at the Poet Office or office of pub'lcaUoa, on the fol. lowine term, ? la artvftnre, or within 1 month 1 At the rud of t roontha At the end of the year twAn advance payment preferred In ail cases Ssbecrlbers will be notified of the erp'ration of theti tlase by a cross on their papers, or by bills enclosed X. B. We io not discontinue papers sent to Town Subscribers unless specially ordered to do so, ntil all arrearages sre paid, as a general rule. A failnre to order a discontinuance to considered as eni.slnf to orderinrr the neper continued. Business Directory. Cards nerted tinder this bead at the followin, rates; F t 1 irl; r ve, (10 a year; X Inch, $6 a year , V turn, a y.-ar. tr Twelve lines of this type mske 1 inch. C. H. Collins, ATTOBITEY LA"W, Office Is smith's Block, td story, Elllboro, Ohio. jutiili-yt D. A. EVAXS Ofnce 8mtth"s Blnck.Vnln Street, over Cahert1, Prv Goods btore. ALL v OKh. iMA?ltu ?e..ruary f, 1HI1. lebsyl ALTBOkSO BaBT. J. w. Biuoms. HART & niGGINS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office Smith Blnck, corner of Main & Hlrh 8s. UILU-BtlKO, O. jmr-yl DRS.W.&C. HOYT, HOMCOPATHIC DPhysicians and Surgeons, t.MriK'S BLOCK, FIUBOIifi, 0.. Orders from a diftsnce, ff received esrly, will be nre to receive sttetH ea Hie esme nnv. K HOYT. M. I)., V, HOYT, M. D I to 9 a m-; 1 to t sod 7 i rntil in a in and from to a p.m. (.p'Tl.vlj to a p m. I. B. CALLAHAN. D. D. S., DENTIST! Office In STRAUSS BUILDIKQ, Main Street, first door to rirht, tip stairs, rcariatf a. HARr..Ar:v ATTOE1TET A.T" Xi-A"W. Office, coutiieast Comer Main and lligu Sts., room up stairs anplyl eirey surrn, ATTOU5ET AT I-ATV, Office over Smith's Drnjr Store, HilUboro, O. dec!3tf h. r. QUinn, , JLTTOS.lTE'X' fYT LAW. fneewlAilaiihewsA UuKgiss.. - j GIOEGE KOFITIAN, Barber and Hair - Dresser, ' No. 24 South High Street. - jylStf CHIL1P KOUGE. (Formerly Elliott HoneeJ, GEEE1TFIELU, OIXIO. Terms, 1. 50 Per Day ACCOMMODATIONS KIRST-rl.A. NEAREST HOTEL TO RAILROAD 1" Free Hack to and imm TVnot. tiy4rl M. B. SHIMP, Propr. I JOHIf T. HIRE, f A TTO It WET AT LAW, i niLLSBORO, onio. ' Office la Smith's New Building, vi story, tntyl C. C. Hixson, LI. D. PHYSICIAN and SURGEON, Smith 'a New BiiiidiD, 2d story, over Stybert & o.'s brug Store, IIILI-SBORO, OHIO. Office Honrs S to ( A. 1 to t P. M. snd T to lr. N. Itoiyi n. c. nrss, sr. Pttysiclan. Bareeon and Aoooaobear ttillsboro, onio. Offlee Main Street, next door wtst of Poet Offlw .aeltience South High St., sooth of Ku!h Street ylyl J. K. PICRF.RIXO, ATTORNEY AT LAW, .Votary PMlc and Land Surveyor, Oflce removed to corner of Main and F'eh s reei, over u ay nee M.s store. marlfttf W. W. SHEPHERD, M. D.f Ph jeictitn and .Siirgeen, niLi.sjiono. - i onio ffTice on Wiort Street, two door west of IT-eh Hi OFFICE HOURS From s to A, M. 1 to J P. M. to 8 P. M. snd sll day Satnrdar. tr A. H. MaTTBrws. H!tT M. HrtBaiies MATTITEWS A IirCJl.N, ATTOHTTEYS AT LAW, Office comer of Hieh and Short Sts., np stairs. Tnartiipfc Cyrus rJewby, AT!OnEY AT 1.1M', IIEXBY A. SOEPIIEHI, a, ttornoy t T-m t -w. HILLSBOHOUOH, O. Office snd residence on Main Street, between High an Iiet filieetx, rst door west of "Hauley Dr. S. J.SPES r.l. wtnm fivo ktH MitiM itu - of his Profetwioii. He haa had exleneive xrftrienc aud give special aitention to the Treatment of Chronic Disatre. Orrirs At the .New lT..gtom, Main Street, rtmaii'- Bl.-ck. RppioVnc- U cut Wainut St. near t.i Pu but cfatol tiouBc, IliJIittxtrti. Ohio. JOlHyl Esaninaticns cf Teachers. rHE Board of .School Examiner of Highland j I connry plve oolite, thtl exam tnar ton of Ap plicant fo f crtineiifr will take place m the Hills- ' boro Tnion KcboI bnildinr on the flrrt Saturday of j everv month, ard on the third Satnrtlay of Kenrna j 17, Mar-h. A',rilr Antrost, Sfi.mW and October. , Tbt iaiitifaiHtn i-e prow.nbcd by law avoOcts j Bt order ot the iJoard. aiiyl li. S. lXXKiETT. Clerk. 11 vin mm The OIJXY Hachiae in the Ilarket that vTILL Do the Work Properly! We have sold TWO HUNDRED in the last two seasons, which fact alone is a sufficient guarantee that it is "THE MACHINE" For our Farmers. Leave your orders early, so that we can fit you out in good time, also for any repairs that you may need for old machines. We are handling three different Cultivators ' The "Brown," "Advance" and "Defiance," v - an J can warrant them to do good work. We are agents for the Improved -Yandiver and Challenge. Corn Planters, Reindeer .and Galo Self-Damp Sulky ?!'- : - ' - Kay Dates and Revolving Hay Rakes. The above line of Farm Implements are the BEST in this market. We keep always on hand the following Tlow- Points:" Imperial, Oliver Chilled, Columbus, Pittsburgh and Hillsboro. ar Agents for CURRIE'S RAW-BONE SUPER-PHOSPHATE OF LIME, "The Standard Fertilizer.' A large stock of Hardware, Stoves and Tinware always on hand. Agents for the celebrated BROWN and JACKSON WAGON'S. GLASCOCK, aUIM BUCKEYE REAPER: A. SIXTY CsS The Value of the "Daddy Dollar" Enhanced ! SSS b-tc?:e: goods for iejXT'X'XjUj PRICE S SUEEBIB EEBD! In anticipation of an early removal to our New Building, we will, during the next sixty days, offer all goods in our store, except staples, at a fearful MALTA I30"CTI3ILiIIl-SIX07"Ii:T. XX-aOAT - AT 53 SO. CAPTAIN T3CDTTX3X.Ti:-f3XXC'7'XI3T, PLOW - AT 3L OO. AE30"V"IEj PEICES UsTCICJDIE: IBULILV-TOlSrGr-CXrES. Champion Two-Horse Corn Planters, $40 ; Hoosier Corn Drills, $15; Campbell Corn Drills, $18 ; Weir Cultivators, 520; Black Hawk Cultivators, $15; Victor Self-Dump Sulky Hay Rakes, $25; Revolving Hay ttakes, $5.50; Plow Hames, per pair, 40e.; Plow Trace-Chains, G5c. ' ' COOK STOVES! No. 7. with full trimmintrs. $8. $9. Sll. $12, &c. No. 8, with full trimmings, $13 to $50 The "Delmonico" Fire Range, with High Closet, Reservoir, Six Cook Holes, Pat. Broiler for Stone Coal, Warranted, at Low Price. "Favorite" Cook Stoves Improved, Beautified and Cheap. Spades, Hoes, Rakes, Shovels, Forks, Picks, Mattocks, Axles, Fine Carpenters' Tools, MUST BE SOLD before removal. It will be to HARDWARE "OLD IRiIEXjI.A.IBX-.E" HBADaUARTERi Fon- DAYS' GRAND JUBILEE! sacrifice in price for cash. Builders' Hardware, &c, &c, STORE, & AND See a few prices mentioned below : Post-Hole Diggers, Axes, Hatchets, Iron, Springs, Wheels, and Prices Reduced on all. your interest to call. EIBLER C OMPAjT, fOWERS! hviqktets" i & HEREON. "TUBUS Martole Granlto Worlds ! PAUL HAR-iilA. ESTABLISHED g J 'We are better pre-JfO' ' I il pared than ever to fur- rr- Tn "1 r nlsh MONUMENTS andV 1riJ XT f Tombstones and all kinds!' V- f-S h O - Lr-V J'kof Cemetery Work, andv 1 ' "W W bnH Vat Prices LOWER than lj r. iJ ff'-:!-? Wever heretofore. l VH.'t-se fire as a call. &utii,wu urtiiiieed. Ayr" 1.. ... J. M. HIESTAND Has jaat received ITJ A; L- L PA P E - tniP eeasOD, comrjii'g a!) tlie Xovelts, and making one uf The Largest and Jtues ever exhibited id Hillcboro. Also, baa a full assortment of 1PICTTJFIE FRAMES! QUE ENS WARE, CLASSWARE. AND OIL CLOTHS. niade to order, and put np rs" DO NOT roltCET TnE PLACE, into. 17 Nortn 'r?y ' 'j ? A VALUABLE INVENTION. I i t li'Jl ' Il 11 THE WORLD RENOWNED uiLson mm mi in workmanship 13 equal to a Chronometer Watch, and as elegantly finished as a first-class Piano. It received the highest awards at the Vienna and Centennial Expo sitions. IT SEWS ONE-FOURTH FASTER than other machines. Its capacity is unlimited. There are more WILSON MACHINES sold in the United States than the combined sales of all the others. The WILSON MENDING ATTACHMENTfordoinerall kinds of repairing. WITHOUT PATCHING, given AGENTS WANTED. HVILSKJ SEWIflG r.lACilir.E CO. CHICAGO, News, $1.50 a, Year OLD" IN 18M. O. M. HAKSHA. HAKsUA SOS. aplTtf bis Third Invoice of Most Complete; irr any part of the city, XXI sXa mtirocit. FREE with each machine. ILL., TJ. S. A. mm ie Water-Power;Woolen Mi ! RAINSCORO, OHIO. STILL' IIsT THE FIELD -W GEEATIiY REDUCED PRICES 1 Carding and Spinning, 15c. Llaking Satinets, 45c. Blankets, 03.00 per Pair (8 lbs Finished) AXD ALL OTHER WOKiv IS I'KOI'OBTIOS. A Good : Stock cf Gccds f:r Sals cr Eschange. UT ABKNCY WITH J. MII.I.EK 0, HILIJ5BOKO, OHIO. J. H. WICKER S H AM . Vkv V9. 1ST. 1$ Preparation of IRON and CAL1SAYA Ea'loned by the Medical Profession, and recommended br them for DjspepslAt General Debility, Fe male Diseases, Waul of VitaJlty,c., Ac. Hnaravet-are B7 Ui Dr. Hartr Hedlclne Co Si, t IS N. Halm Street, St. Unii. The following is one of the very man? testimonials we are reeeiYlxta; daliyi Gtlmrm: Some three month? ago I bepan the nseof D. Hahteb'B Irox Totttc, upon the ndrtce of many friends who knew Its Ylrtues. 1 wu suft'erinK from freneral debility to eucb an extent that my Ubor was exceedingly bnrdcnAofne to me. A vacation of a month did not fdve me much relief, but on tlie contmrv. was followed by lai-reaivd prostration and sinking chills. At thla time 1 tn-ewi the use of yourlHON TONIC, from which 1 real 1 red almost immediate and wonderful results. The old energy returned and I fonod that mv natnnU foroe wru Dot permanently abated. 1 have used three bottle of the Tonic. Since ualnc: it lWe done twice the labor tbat I ever did In the sauie time (luring my illnms, and with doable the ease. With the tranquil nerve and Tljror of body, lias come also tt clearness of tlionpht never before enjoyed. If the Tonic baa not done the work, 1 knov not what. J give it the credit iloat grati fully yours, Tbot, O., Jan. J, .era. J. P. Watson, Pastor Christian Church, Troy, 0, for Male hr DrMgytata avnd Ceneravl Lealer Ererywaera. nnlvi THBS1 rue wokl. Gj0000 WhiteSewing Machine New- Furniture FACTORY AND SALESROOM : CORNER WAIMIT AND WEST STREETS, jE-XHT nT aSBQRQ, O- Kwp on hand, uixke t order, ami rtM';r kiuils of Kurnltiire. Also, Doors, Sash On hand and made to order, tsft'all iXiUibCSt J, April 10. IA3. ITli- TT TTS e, TVT BARK, In combination with the Phoaphatat, SO SIMPLE Co. Cleveland, ohio. 5 and see ua, and buv at B6TT0M TKIC'ES. Store! Blinds, Teachers' Column. DAVID BAILEY, EDITOR. rCnrumunicatlnns for this department ar solic itt'tl from the tertrhers of the rolinty. AH com munication shottld he sdtlrcscert to David Bai ley, HlMHI.AND P. O., HlUMLANU t'O., O., Slid should rencb hltn at Icat ten datm before the issne of tb paper in w hich they are expected to ap pear. - Examinations. Some years ago ibe editor chanced to be visiting a western college, at the time of the regular term exam inations, snd at the urgent request of a professor he prepared a set of questions for the Chemistry class. They were submitted to the Profes sor, who pronounced them very good and reasonable, but he was some what mortified when he found that bis class did not seem to compre hend them. We will not say where the fault was, but would merely re murk that the class would have passed a better examination had the Professor prepared his own ques tions. A short time since we had a con versation with a lady teacher, of considerable experience on the sub ject of examinations. In her re marks she said, it was her custom to have the questions prepared by some friend, as she found tbat the classes had become bo imbued with her ideas that it would really be an unfair txamination. She remarked further, that it was next to impossi ble, at any general examination, for a teacher, however honest, to avoid favoring such pupils as had recited to him. The object of examinations, in our opinion, is to find what the pu pil knows of the subject, and not what he has learned from some teacher or book. For this reason a variety of text-books should be sought rather than avoided in the Sciences and History, so tbat the class may investigate the subject, rather than study an author. Such being the case, we are honest in thinking that we cannot be too care ful to have fxnminers who are en tirely disinterested. . The "Examiners" in their article said, "With the motives which the pupils have in attending the school, we have nothing to do."' Perhaps not, but we think it should be seen to, for all Hint If tlwy have a sin itster motive, there must be some cause for it, and it is time such cause were removed. Brain vs. Muscle. In these days of pedestrinnism boat and bicycle racing and match games cf base-ball, it is refre -hing to the mind-trainer to know that brain-work is not entirely forgotten. Through the kindness of a friend, we have been favored with a full re port of the Inter-State Oratorical Contest, held at Iowa City, May 13' 1S79. There were eix contestants, rep resenting as many States. First came B. C. Cory, of Cornell College, the representative of Iowa. Sub ject : "Science not the Soul's Teacher." Next R. M. La Follette, of the State University of Wisconsin, Subject: "Sbakspeare's Ingo." Then came Miss Emma C. BulLley, of Shnrtleff College, Illinois. Sub ject : "Unsolved Problems." Then followed Mr. N. Anderson, of Wabash College, Ind. Subject : "The Decay of Institutions." He was followed by Miss Ida M. Miller, of Drury Col lege, Mo., whose subject was: "Un limited Culture." The last speaker was J. A. Barber, of Oberlin College, Ohio. Subject: "Mahometism and its Enemies." The Judges, in their marking, took into consideration the following points : Thought, Composition, and Delivery, and in their decision, gave the contestants the following stand ing: First, R. M. Li Follette; second, J. A. Barber ; third, N. B. Anderson ; fourth, Miss Ida M. Mil ler ; fifth. B. C. Cory ; sixth, Mias Emma Bulklev. Accordingly the Gold Medal of the Association was a war Jed to Mr. Li Follette, and the Silver Medal to Mr. Barber. While we will not say that we altogether approve of these oratori cal contests, we must say that if there must be rivalry between col leges, let it be in mental training rather than physical. What credit it can be to a college to boast the best rower or the fastest ruantr in the world, is beyoud our "ken." Notes. Miss LiJa Buffiuglon is teaching in District No. 2, l'enn Township. The enrollment is larger than that of any summer term in the district for maDy years. She appears to be giving good satisfaction. Miss Lottie Parker, formerly a teacher in this county, will soon fin ish tiie course at the Xenia Conser vatory of Music. There are rumors as to her future proceedings, but we cannot vtjuch for them. In justice to Supt. Doggett, wc would remind the teacheia of the statement made by Lira at the Insti tute lastsummer,thoughit is probably pretty well known, that be does not teach the common branches and has but little to do with the non resident pupils ; so that, so far from being di rected at Mr. Doggett, our remarks from time to time, concerning the . ... , , .,, Examiners, fall much more forcibly on either of hi8 Colleagues than on him, and we again assert positively, that Dersonal enmity toward any of lh. KxaminAtrahaa nothing to do with the present agitation of of the question. i ! ; ' : THE NATION'S DEAD. Honor to Their Memory, And the Cause for which They Died. ORATION GEN. S. H. HURST, OF CHILLICOTHE, Delivered at Hillsboro, O., on Decoration Day, May 30, 1879. The simple yet beautiful and appropri ate decoration cprerrKmiea in which we join to-day have in them vert much of xadiiess, and yet somewhat of jnv. They awaken the most sncred rentenihrancei" of comradeship in battle and fellowship in life. Indeed, they are pervaded and in spired by these most endearing memories of comradeship and kinship. All that is trne and noble in the loyalty of one heroic aonl to another, and alfthat is sweet and tender in the devotion of loving hearts, is stirred within us to-dav, as we come with these floral offerings to strew the green hillrcts where our heroes rest. These ev ergreens and Howern, so fre-h and lieanti ful and fragrant, with which we wreathe and garland the dust of our dead braves, are but the emblems r.f the thought and feelintr with which we come to pay the homage of onr hearts to their heroic spir its and unselfish lives. Xot with mere ceremonial, then, we come, but with our warmest gratitude for a nation saved, and with our best love for the men who fell be side ns in the battle storm, or whose lives were wasted iu hospital or prison, that we might have a country, and liberty a home. While with these feelings of re gretful love, which bid us linger in sad ness and in sorrow at the grave9 of these whom life and .duty made so dear, there comes the grateful senti ment of pride, almost of joy, that in the lists of men marshaled for duty in the great army of the right, we stood boide them; that in our homes they were our brothers and our sons, loving and being loved in full return and this our pride and joy that we were counted worthv such comradeship; that in our country aye, within our homes were found fouls ot such unselfish virtue that with the spirit of the blesed Christ were willing to lay down their lives to save the country and to bless their fellow-men. And bow bent ting that with each returning spt ing-time, when all the earth wakes like a resurrec tion into life from the dead winter, and all the fields and woods and gardens are in-J stiiict with life and beauty ana perfume, how befitting that we should turn for a day from the busy and engrossing cares of l:te, and with these emblems of immortali ty waken into new life the memories and friendships which bind us to those years of love and sacrifice. How befitting that we should thus cultivate a deeper apprecia tion of the courage and the nobleness of the life and sacrifice of tbeje heroic comrades, and teach our children and our children's children to hor.or with the holiest rever ence the memories of these brave men. 1 count it worthy to be said, and in my thought it should not be forgotten, that these whose graves we decorate to-dy died in a holy cause, died uobly for the right, died to defend the life and maintain the permanence of free government, and that, dying thus, they won for themselves the chapletof immortal fame, which crowns the brow of every soldier intiod'g grand army of martyrs and heroes. I know that in these latter days there is a vast flow of and guh, w hich finds expre:-siun in glowing eulogies of peace and brother hood, and blendings of the "b'.ue and gray;" a sentiment that teaches that in that mighty struggle if a man died bravely that was enough. He must perforce be in the heaven of heroes, and laurel wreaths and monument and eulogy are counted as his due, no matter on which side he fought. In this new philosophy men are taught to think that treason and patriot ism are much the same, and he whose sol dier heart was warmed by a deep love of country, of liberty and justice, stands on the saine plane with him who died hating and fighting his country aud its Hag. Thus the new faith would say, "You of the .South were half right, and we of the Xorth half wrong; let us forgive each other and begin anew." "Let the stars and bars of the Confederacy and the stars and stripes of the Union be twined and Lleuded beautifully into one." "Let the southern rattlesnake coil lovingly around the Northern eagle." '"Let ns say the war was a lamented un pleasantness that settled nothing." "Let us say there was no victory fr liberty and justice and democratic government." "Let us be magnanimous, and give away the fruits of all this costly sacrifice." 27us ixfale leachiny. Kather let treason's ensign, all stained with patriot blood, be hid away forever from our sight, and let the starry flag of Liberty and I "nion float on the breeze stainless and beautiful, our glory and onr pride forever. Let the .Southern rattlesnake hide his venomous head and loathsome form among the rocks, and let the eagle free and strong of wing be the proud emblem of our nation's life. Let us say the war was a great struggle for the rights of man aud the unity of the Republic, in which the right was triumphant and the nation's life main tained. Let us be men. Let us be soldiers still. Let us stand by the cause for which we sacrificed so much, and for which our noble comrades gave their lives. Was the war a child's play, that we, to-dav should count it meaningless? Did we give U00,- 1)00 lives, as swuet as yours and mine, and did we pour cut our treasure by hi. lions, for a cause that was but half riyht? Anu when that cause was won by the undying courage and devotion of our army, is it meet that we should give away the lruits of that great victory, and count this costly sacrifice as all in vain? Xo! no! Let us be true to the nation's faith of freed om for all and justice for all, and in this way alone we shall truly honor the men who gave their lives for the freedom and glory of the Republic Let us write the history of the nation so honestly and truthfully that the lessons of that history shall not be lost up on this generation, nor in the ages to come. It should be to us alike a duty antl a pride to honor the dead patriot, while with charity we draw the vail of forgiveness and forgetfnlness over the grave of his dead foe. But we teach our children, aye, we must ourselves believe, there is a wide difference between patriotism and disloyal- ty, else patriotism in this land will soon become a most unmeaning by-Word. The great struggle through which our country has recenliv passed was not simply a contest of arms, not an onii alone. Back of lhe clash of !e;.l bv battle . .i is uir . . , - . ;i i great con est "ocas the ..rep esMl e confi.ct between two civiu. .ons-the o..e advancing, me omer going t.ncKwani, . each claiming the American nut I.,, conflict lie- field of action. It was not a tween diflcrent races ol men. It was not Plymouth Rock against Jamestown not the Puritan of New England against the Southern cavalier for Puritan and caval ier had joined hands in the early life struggles of the Republic, both united in the defense of liberty, and later had joined hands in peopling the great Northwest with'a vast army of sturdy freemen. It was simply a life and death struggle be tween two opposing civilizations the civ ilization of caste and slavery pitted to the death against the civilization of free dom and the recognition of universal niau hot d. The founders of the American Colonies, and those who came during the inlancy of those Colonies, were many of then, the ar dent apostles of civil and religious liberty. Especially was this true in the G lomes , of,. ?ew :!'f ,and- IVrsecuu-d f. r tl religious faith and practices in their na-, ,iv,lln,rw ,w ' i,, ; America a home w here they "might" worship tiodac - cording to the dictates of their own con - sciences. This sentiment, this pervading "v.e 01 liberty, though sometimes irregular in its practical workings, aced as a leaven in the new society of the Colonies, and so deeply imbued tLc . p:r:t of these jrowins it . , I i , I l ! : j ' MW America irPortof that bullion of liv . j.f.- settlements during a hundred and fifiv years of their Colonial life, that at the time of our revolution American society was ripe for a higher degree of civil and religious liberty than the civilizations of the old world had ever known. Out of this love of liberty grew institutions adapt ed to the enjovme'nt of liberty. Individ- ual, civil and religions slavery, it i true, existeu in most ot the Colonies, but this spirit of lilierty held it in check, and, as slave labor was comparatively unprofita ble, slavery came to be regarded as a kind of patriarchal institution; so that at the time of the formation of our Constitution it was not regarded as a very dangerous element in the political growth of the country. Donbtless the fathers supposed that in the natural workings of the social and political elements which were mould ing our new American civilization, slavery would soon be eliminated without internal violence. But just as we began our na tional career the invention of the cotton gin and spinning jenny the cultivation of cotton aud the growing importance of this textile in tlie industries of the world began to make slave labor immensely pro fitable, and then the current of public opinion and thecharacterofourcivilization began to turn the other way and go back wards. Tlie African slave trade became active. Capital sought investment in this most lucrative industry of cotton growing Legislation was directed to the encourage ment of 'this great agricultural interest, and slavery was changed in its very charac ter from the milder types of domestic and patriarchal slavery to the degrading and brutalizing plantation system, by which men and women were herded together like beasts of burden, and driven before the lash of cruel task-masters to their daily, unpaid toil. The friends of liberty through out the land now became thoroughly alarmed. By the spread of the area of slavery into the new States that were being formed, and by the rapid growth of those industries dependent on slave labor, the slave interest was becoming a mighty so cial and political power, changing the whole character of public sentiment in the South, and enslaving and debauching the public sentiment of the JCorth, and claim ing the right to control absolutely the leg islation and administration of the coun try. Thus, with the very beginning of our national life, began the great battle for lib erty ; a battle of a hundred years, in which the giant minds and heroic spirits of the Republic took a leading part. The agitation of the question during the early part of the century resulted, in l'i'M, in the Missouri Compromise, which, while admitted Missouri a a slave State, dedi cated to freedom forever all ourWeslern Ter ritories north of 3t 3(. This compromise qtiieted for a while the public conscience; but the aggressive spirit of slavery soon awakened renewed alarm. The Compro mise of 1S )0, the Fugitive Slave law, and the "Kansas-Xebraska Act," which sought again to allay agitation, only added fuel to the flames. For now the great North west was peopled with earnest ami stalwart freemen, and New England's heart full of the old Puritan fire burned and throbbed as never before to the sentiment of liberty. And now the great struggle for the control of American civilization and for the politi cal control of the country began in real earnest. For many administrations the slave power had been able to control every de partment of the Government, no matter what political party was in power. But now the teeming millions of the great Northwest, and the burning fires of liber ty all over the North, told plainly as lan guage could tell that the sceptre must de part from Judah ; that the political con trol of the Government could no longer continue in the hands of the slave power; that freedom in this land should hence forth be the rule and slavery the excep tion. It was a grand moral spectacle when, in lStiO, with thirty millions of people, we stood facing the apparently inevitable con flict of arms. Across the Continent for two thousand miles stretched the geograph ical line that divided the two grand armies of the opposing Civilizntions. On the one side were the wealth and cnlture of the slava holding rulers, along with the ignorance and utter moral degradation of the masses the lower millions which the civiliza tion of slavery had produced. On the other side were the intelligence s.nd cnlture. the industry and skill, the enterprise and prosperity and wealth, which were the fruit of the higher civilization of freedom. But the verdict of the American people in tHiiO was unmistakable, and by the peace ful methods of the Constitution every de partment of the Governmsnt passed legit imately into the hands of the great army of freedom, and Cotton waa King no long er. Then it was tbat the ambitions rmn of the South determined to destroy the Government which thy could no longer control, and to build an independent slave oligarchy to build an empire with slavery as its corner-stone, aye, to consecrate to the most degrading system of hnman bondage known in the civilized world, nearly one-half of the great American Re pnblic,foundedby Washington aud his illus trious confreies. A proposition so astound ing startled and amazed the lovers of free- dOJU the statesmen and leaders of thought thronghout the Noith. The first impulse of many waa to let them go, that thej might work the swift destruction of their false system of society and Government Bnt on a second thonght they said. Not so. This is the great Republic ! This is a A'tt tiun ! Aye, it 's the hope of nations. Once admit that we are bound together by a rope of sand, and onr glory will depart forever. Pivision and anarchy will take the placeof nuity and law. and our boast ed civilization, which is tne irntt oi more than two centuries of unfettered thought and free discussion, will pass away forever, and red-handtd anarchy will take its place. And now the hearts of patriots and free men thronghont the land were nnited in the determination that the Republic should not die, tbat this free thought should not be fettered, that this free civil. zation should not te driven from the earth, and so they wrote upon their banner those immortal words, "LXieriy and Unihi, one snd in separable, now and foreverl" The thunder icg (U fiance of lebel cannon only strength ened tl is sublime purpose, aud kiudled anew the fires of patriotism in the hearts of millions of Northmen. The direful conflict of arms wss inevitable, nay, it was it ucn oh. And now begins the roll-call ol ,,. 111 j.frn I lh (oitli ni' hnni,r);ds of thous.cds of heroin men fr,.u (in.Ao:-h ani workshop uns vet t. te.lT Iiauit.s art vl,inii.ii! offer their V.e ,.f ,he cuntiV." .v, f -:- B .--- - goes against .imi I'mc. .,v, . . .-,.;,,., j ,rt inn,,;. come L u:i tun iiciiii"" --, ..-,. , , coluinus ot jon nm w8 a kK,,lim. .iiti,iiM ,.1m,K-. r,,,rioism when lhe world saw with what ardor snd purpose .;., : jf. f .1,. lKrnier,t and of the principles of fieedoiu and j-i' tii e npon hiih tt.ar (,overnn.ent was founded. Cit zei.8 by thousands in every free Stide, and many thousands, be it siu to their honor, from the slave States, who lov. d their country more tLnn they loved s'avery, cmue to swell the ranks of the Union army. Men whose education, hab its and tastes were wholly averse to milita ry life, men whose culture and wealth had surrounded them aud fiiiled tneu homes with ail that could enrich and beau tify their lives, mm from every culling profession and position, ninstered by thousands and voluntarily accepted priva tion, and suffering, and hardship, end death if need were, in deftl.se of the Na tion's life. It was a sublin e tribute to the worth of a free government when the world merican ci'izena mustering in sup. government until a'niost a e had been freely offered in The spirit of the Union annythrouc.il- out an the cocfl-ct was moM admirable in- deed. IJefeated so often during the first years of tne war, by reason of the snper- ior organization of the Confederates an organization that was .fleeted while we were huldilifj up our Larjds and priyhv ! I ! I j 1 ! I I j j : ! i 1 for peace disheartened sometimes by po ; Iitical complications in the Northern States, thwarted in ita plana and baSsd in Hi achievements by the iuaohinationa of poli j tieians, still, w ith a faith that never waver- eu, ana a courage mat never onailed. that grand army pushed forward and pressed on uie loe, until, alter four long yean of arduous campaigns, their hearts were glad- . oenea with complete ana overwhelming victory. It is sometimes said that, after all our ' expenditure of life and treasure, nothing was settled by the war, that these nobis , men who gave their lives so unselfishly have died in vain. But in my thonght two things were settled by the war, beyond all controversy and for all time: First, that this association of States is not a mere confederation of independent sove reignties, to be dissolved or maintained at will, but that it is a Nation, armed with the power, charged with the duty, and imbued with the purpose to conserve its own life; that it is a I'nion of .States bound together by ties that may not that thill nor be broken. The second thing settled by the war is that, since two op posing civilizations could not permanent ly exist in this Republic, the survival of the fittest U decreed, and henc that the civilization of freedom, based upon the rights of a common manhood, is to be the civilization of America for aM time to ' come. Aye, the great battle of a hundred years, sweeping over the tint century of the American Republic, closing by the dire arbitrament of arms, in which a million of patriots suffered or bled ; a battle which, , without this closing, crowning sacrifice on our part.would have all been lost; thisgrand striitTtrltt nnnn w-Kifh tha m.ili.n,l -....1 has looked with interest and wonder, bears for us to-day these two great fruits: ' The triumph of Americao Nationality and the triumph of Free Civilization. Con gresses or Senates, Administrations or Courts, may try to defeat the fullness or the permanence of these triumphs. But their etforta will be temporary and vain. Rack of Congresses and Senates and Courts and Ad ministrations is a power greater than they ' all. It is "the power behind the throne.'' It is the power that makes Administra tions and Congresses, and unmakes them with a breath. It is the power of public sentiment. It is the will of the people, which, when enlightened by education, in spired by truth and justice, and expressed at an unfettered ballot-box, become in deed the very voice of God. And this power has willed the perpetual unity of the Republic, and the full and enduring enfranchisement of American manhood. The?e truths of history, this logic of . passing events, these lessons of the hour, feel we should teach to our children, along with the sacred memories which we cherish and brighten here to-day. Aye, we should ourselves recall the great strug gle, its necessity, its purpose, its spirit and its fruits, that we may the more fully appreciate the spirit and the worth of this most costly sacrifice. Thus our offerings shall bear a richer fragrance od a beauty more significant, and we .shall bow at these green hillocks with a deeper reverence, our sorrow chastened into sweetness and our gratitude melted into love. And then, go ing hence, we shall bear with us something more oi the spirit of unselfish liobUmew which inspired their lives, something high er of o a rage, something deeper of f aith, to fit us for our life-work yet unfinished. I rejoice, my friends, that theeeremonies of this day sacred within themselves riso so far above party and creed that all our people may participate in the beautiful, the thoughtful and heartfelt tribute which we pay to our fallen heroes. To-day, at least, we are not partisans, but brothers an. t nis tana is our common nome; mis freedom is our common heritage, and the fame and memory of our patriot mar tyrs is our common pride and glory. I am .lire that no one appreciates more deeply a soldier's suffering and sacrifice than one who himself has been a soldier, and I know that the living comrades here to-day came with teeming memories and full hearts, to offer their deepest homage and their wannest love. But this day belongs equal ly to those citizens who were not in the army, but who gave their voice and infl j ence and means to sustain the army and the common cause of the country. It be longs to the noble women cf the land, whose hands anil hearts and prayers were with us in the fight, and who suffered for the country in blighted hopes and bleed ing hearts, a no words of history can tell. It belongs to all who to-day enjoy the . blessings of the Government which these heroic lives were given to defend. Let us join, then, in this tribute of hom age to patriotism, not in sadness alone, but with feelings of grateful pridt with jcy that the nation lives, that freedom did not perish in this land, and with grateiul rec ognition of the hemic sacrifices which saved Republican institutions and popu lar lilierty. And now, as we gather here to honor the sleeping dust rt our heroes, as we scat ter the beautiful flowers over the green mounds, that they may brighten with their beauty and sweeten with their per tunie the s'lent homes of our heroic dead, westiemin the very spiritual presence of their chivalrous souls. And yet th are not here. Only their memory and their dust remain. They are camping to-day n the green hills of Betilah, waiting lor the left of the column to arrive. And we are marching on marching on, cheered by the shouts of enfranchised freemen and tiie Mings of emancipated millions "e are marching on, and will surely scon reach camp. It seems only a little way now. We can almost see the tented hills. And to-day, in our eagerness to greet the boys, we press to the verr bank of the river which separates their counlry from onrs, and shout out over the waters, ''fl.W Comrades! Hail !" Young Folks' Corner. Gintributors f.ir the. Yonrj Folks Corner will obllg" os by eeu'iug in a new tupvlv ut iaiitrmaa, I'reb enis.Ac. HOURGLASS PUZZLE. 1, a Stilt", 2, M a Turkish rovertior. K. a consonant, 7. V"" tor swine, s, a rricr.lv shrnh. , to see, 1", haroiuallT- eo:ni)!;iiii"'j. 11, badness. Se,v Hislon.O. MOTH PR'S G'Tll.. POETICAL RIDDLE. f!jt Ail old fasblnnrd enflosor. To i.rriKe ith. force: A fi-noniir.f of monc. You knoiv it, ot coiirc SI v siscond Alwsvs mi tlie ontside. .!!! h.istci.e:!. a. crl, (T.;!.ir'u's fsvori'e siuc, Thu word uow ttli. IX. Curtlp. DIAMOND PUZZLE. .Tit . . m .v.ixMiarr ver'i ; t. ' 1. S Cltl0 erii i'i;'-'Cii 4. to , a consoioo't- O. HOAKI' Li;o. inron (Ky.) Com. 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