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Silk and wool costumes with em broidery nml velvet, garniture are the staple suits displayed at tlm openings at the large f u r n isli i r rj- houses. Tlm new blue shade which ii l)cst known as por celain blue is the color that probably finds mml favor, as it is produced in all I hn stylish fabrics. It is shown Jinon; I lie imported dresses in gros grain for tin- box plaili'il puffs of a akirt with ilovi pray cashmere for the Trianon polonaise, anil pray open-worked cm lirnidery for tlm trimming. It is also shown in cloth drosses of every quality, lepinning with tliosctiia.de in Paris, and elaborately ornamented with black hraiidehourgs anil braid on the skirt ns wi ll as on the bisque, to the simpler dresses of hire camel's hair, or of the loth finished flannels that are neatly 'naile anil sold for JCiii. Tlm suits at un'.Iiiim prices are the most satisfactory of all ready maile dresses, because they are of simple styles, with most of the outlay for tlm pure wool material. The round skirt is pai l ly laid in deep plaits, and is plain like a kilt in front, with a row of buttons and mock button holes down one side,- and a draped apron ovorskirt permanently attached at the belt. The. bas.pie has a single-breasted r else diagonal front, with Hjron col lar, scpiare cutis and box plaited backs. Blacks, brown, deep preen and cadet trray flannels and cashmere suit.s are similarly made. More expensive I han these are the cash mere and French buntings with'self mbroidery, or else wrought, in while or in a contrasting color. Only enough embroidery is used about ' i he neck, sleeve and across the tablicr or paniers Jo give character to these dresses, and t he ciles of the basque, as also of the gathered tlounces of the, wool poods, are cut in the narrow scallops or leaf points that are so often seen on Worth's handsomest dresses. These points may be lined with a gay color to brighten dark dresses, as one of the prettiest black wool dresses shown had pcraniiim red Sm all facings, and another of leaf brown iiad ecru fSurah. It is tlm caprice of merchants this season to call all soft wool stuffs mills' veilinp; but that, is a very expensive fab ric known by its inch-wide selvedges and ladies who have little money to spend w ill content themselves wit h their all-wool buntinp t hat are now sold with embroidered edpes for twenty-two to twenty-live dollars. There are also domes tic thiu woolens for lifteen to seventeen dollars, sold in dress patterns of nine yards of double width, 'with nine yards of embroidery. The rival trimmings for this low-priced embroidery on plain dresses arc many rows of soutache or of the wider tubular braids, and the lined scallops described above. White wool dresses are imported with open embroidery of white silk, and are trimmed with bronze preen, blue, or copper red velvet about the neck and waist. The skirt is laid in deep plaits that are pressed not .sewed and the wide embroidered selvedge trims these plaits. Small balls of vi'liite wool fall from other plaitings; the basque opens over a vest fastened by pill buttons, and there, are straps of tlm vcivet instead of a cravat bow, with wider sash and bow of velvet, Chuddah cloth and twilled wools are used for sea-side dresses of this kind. The revival of colored faille as well as black is an accomplished fact, as this finely repped silk is even more used than satin Surah in the combination dresses brought over from Paris. There are, however, few dresses made entirely of faille, for this fabric does not drape soft ly, and cashmere of the same shade with an embroidered selvedpo is preferred for the drapery, wdiilo the basque and lower r.kirt are of faille. A pretty design for such a combination has Greek drapery of the cashmere; the faille skirt is with out tlounces in front, but is laid in a fan fluster of lengthwise plaits on the left side, where it. is disclosed by the dmped cashmere. Two plaited tlounces cross the back, and the tunic falls behind in "Teat double box plaits. Tlm faille basque is laced in front, pointed behind, and has two side-plaited frills sewed to this point, each containing two breadths of silk, and one of these is three-eighths of a yard, while that resting upon it is only half as deep. For such a dress, .cai-browri faille and cashmere are used, and the w hole may be enlivened by a little pale blue satin or moire introduced in the middle of the (ireek plaits on the lower skirt, lining the plaitings at back of basque, and as a facing for the open embroidery that trims the surplice neck and square cuffs. Black faille and cashmere is very simple and elegant made in this way, and brightened by jreranium red moire or satin. Harper's JJ'iztir. House Cleaning. As the time is approttching for the gen eral spring cleaning, a few suggestions may be acceptable, especially to those who have not had the benefit of long ex perience. There is no hurry about bi irinning. It. is far better to wait till the weather is warm, and the chilly winds liave disappeared. More women arc made sick by bouse cleaning than by any other work that they are obliged to fo. They expose themselves to cold, fctand in a draught of air w hen heated by violent exercise, and then comes on pneumonia, lame sides, and divers other complaints the result of house cleaning. Now, if one must need begin operations before it is warm weather, just commence with the bureau drawers; arrange them at leisure, after dusting anil wiping them dry; then sprinkle a few drops of spirits of turentino on the bottom of each drawer to keep moths and flics out; (hen bpread a clean newspaper over the bot tom, and it is ready for use. Then, cup boards and closets can be cleaned and re arranged for the summer, and it is a great assistance to have them set to rights in advance. A free sprinkling of spirits of turpentine on the floors and shelves, will keep all insects from an noying or injuring the contents, and it is most desirable to prevent them from taking refuge in the house. It is much better to clean one apart ment at a time, rather than to have the whole house stirred up in confusion all at once. Then in case of casualties, or unexpected company, there is a chance to be comfortable. There is nothing more disagreeable than ta have a house all in commotion, carpets up, and cur tains down, and everything in disorder, and there is no need of it. Housekeep ers can manage differently if lhoychse. It is bad enough to have one room dis arranged at a time, but that is far pre ferable to having it stirred up from gar ret to cellar, and things brought into utact that were never neighbor be fore. After years of experimenting with arioun prescriptions to keep bedstead free from bugs, I have found nothing more effectual than spirits of turpentine; it aeither injures the bedstead or tick in of, and it is perfectly '' la new to use there is no need of allowing all these disagreeable guests to pet a foot hold, but if you live in an old house, 2r are plenty of cracks and crevices that .have harbored them for years, and it is only by a long and persistent war fare against them that they can be con quered. Fresh paint on the floors nnd casings of an infested chamber is a good application and keeps them in nbevamvi for a pood while. I think if old Job had to contend with bed bugs and cock roachcs,the would have found his pati ence sorely tried, to say the least. But perseverance will conqucrall dilliciilties, and spirits of turpentine will give a vic tory if faithfully administered. When the mud is well 1im1 up, nnd fhe warm May air and bright sun warms the nlmosphcre, you can finish your house cleaning with ease. (Jet your whitewashing all done up, stoves cleaned, but not set away never do that. There an1 plent y of damp, cold days all through the slimmer months, when fires are in dispensable for comfort and health, nnd it is very unpleasant to have the whole family huddled around the kitchen cook stove in order toget warm. It is a most preposterous fashion, this custom of tak ing down the stoves as soon as warm weal her comes on, and common sense would dictate the folly of such a thing if one would only stop to think how many rainy, damp days come during all the slimmer months. A little tiro would change the atmosphere of a room, and prevent mildew gathering on the walls, and be conducive of health and com fort generally. In house cleaning never lay out more work than you can aeoom- filish with ease before dinner it is as ongas a person ever ought to devote to such hard work, and by judiciously fol lowing this rule, you can pet through with as much work as if you scrubbed one whole day, and was sick the twr. following days to pay for it. Anothei thing, a woman should never do the whitewashing, or nail down cirrpots, or re-paper the walls it is not their work, and it is far uheaper for a man to eithei hire it. done, or to do it himself than it to pay doctors' bills, not to take into ac count the suffering and pain that is al most stir to follow such labor for woman. Farmer's Wife, m Acw En ijland Farmer. A Story About Ears. A strange nnd wonderful phenomenoi has just been brought to our ollice in tin person of little Willie Lester, whose fath er is a well-to-do farmer on the Wet Plains. Willie is only about tor years old. unusually bright and intelli gent for his age, and has always been remarkable in his neighborhood for his wonderful ears. His right one is per fectly immense, being, we should judge, as large as a palm-leaf fan, whilst tin other is no bigger than the ear of an ordinary-sized wax doll. Until quite re cently nothing unusual had ever been noticed in his hearing, but lately he hai developed wonderful powers in that di rection. Willi his small ear he can heai the faintest buzzing of the smallest bug. and insects, and can even detect sound. uttered by the minutest aninialcul.e so small that they are not even visible tc the naked eve. A rly running along a window-pane, a caterpillar crawling across a sheet of paper, make sullieient noise to attract his attention, even wher his back is turned. The sense of hearinu is so acute in this ear that it is absolutely painful to him. and he is compelled tc wear a cork in it at all times. Tli right and large ear is quite the reverse of its little, companion in both it powers and properties. To it those minute and near sounds so plainly dis cernable to the other are lost, but distant noises are readily heard. Although re siding lifteen and a quarter miles from any railroad Lafayette being the near est point yet Willie can distinctly heai the trains and mills blowing their whis tles, and can easily distinguish between the engine bells and the city bells. When the Wabash roundhouse blew up some weeks since Willie felt the shock as severely as though he had been in tilt building itself. He had lecn unwell for some days and w as sleeping later than usual that morning, and w hen the ex plosion occurred he sprang from the bed with a frigthened scream, and, holding his ear with both hands, stood for somi time trembling in the middle of the room. On clear days he has often heard Sherit) Taylor summoning witnesses from thf court house window. He distinctly heard the noise of the mob at Kokomr. Monday night, which was a very cleat night. Although tillable to make out what they were doing, yet he heard thf shouts "Hope's down!" 'Time's up!'' and lie heard poor Long sing "See That My Grave Is Kept Green," the tune ol which Willie at once recognized, and in a low, sweet voice sang tin; accompani ment, it being quite familiar to him. lie can hear the coming of a storm long be fore there are any signs of it in the air, and even long before the w ather bureau gives notice of its approach. At a sug gestion of a neighbor, Mr. Lester had 8 wire gauze lid with a tin rim made to fit over Willie's ear. It consists of twe thicknesses of gauze, the outer one be ing of larger mesh than the inner on;, between the two there is an intervening thickness of loose flannel to softer sounds. Willie wears it continually, and this with the cork in the small eai has the effect of reducing his hearing tc a normal condition. Willie is a hand some, fair-faced, golden-haired little man, exceedingly shy and timid, and any notice taken of him seems to bf quite painful to the little fellow. Lafay ette 1 1 ltd.) Courier. Pet Animals and Contagions Diseases. The fact that pet animals can carry contagion, and thus be the means o) spreading fatal diseases, is not widely known nor duly appreciated. We have heard of authentic cases in which scarlet fever was communicated from one per son to another by means of a cat. Dr. Hewitt, of Lake Superior, relates a some what similar instance in which diph theria w as communicated by the same animal. He had noticed for several day that his pet cat was suffering from ar enlargement of the glands of the neck, he also remarked the same in other cats His cat found a resting -place in the wall behind the stove, anu there died. Thf day the animal was removed diphtheria, in its most violent form, broke out in hit family, resulting in the death of two 01 three of his children, the dix'tor hiius'elt barely escaping with his life. Up tothh time the community was remarka bit free from sickness of any kind. It wa the start of a severe epidemic. We refer to this subject in hopes that more fact bearing upon it may be communicated by our readers. Such facts are at pres ent few, but a little attention paid to th matter would, uo doubt, secure ruuub that would be of importance to compar ative and to preventive medicine. Jour nal of Comvaralive Medicine ami Medical Jtecord. The three well-known, venerable citizens of New York, Thurlow Weed, (icneral James Watson Webb and Petoi Cooer, have beea interviewed by th New York Time$ as to the habits of life by which they have been enabled to re tain their men'al and bodily vigor.' Oat meai, milk and regular living is the prescription. Effect of Intellectual Culture Upon Marrage. riiiR-e. Professor Felix Adler, speaking before the Society of F.thical Culture yesterday morning, said: "The conjugal union differs from every other kind of union in the fact that it is designed to be a com plete union. The union between hus band and wife ought to be a union in all things, not only in any particular thing; it should be a complete fusion of two lives. The sentence that "two nre to become one" Is to bo taken literally. Hitherto the two have had separate abodes; now they are to have a single abode. Hitherto they have had separate reputations. The good repute or the evil repute of the one did not affect the other; now thev share honor and dis grace. They also have wealth and pov erty together. Kventhe richness of the one implies pains and burdens for the other. This union in respect to external things makes the strong superstructure of marital happiness. Secondly, they are united through their feelings, and here it is, especially the presence of children in the household that seems to make firm the bond between husband ami w ife. In the realm of the affections we find a remarkable parallel to an axiom in mathematics, for as in mathematics w e are told that things equal to the same thing are equal to each other; so in the realm of the affections it is true that those affections that turn to the same object are thereby turned to each other. The par ents both feel the same love for the children, and each finds the other in their common off spring. It must be a strange father who loves his child and is not .made thereby to love more dearly the mother of his child, and a strange mother who feels the yearnings of ten derness for her babe without thinking with tenderness of the falherof her babe. 1 do not say, then, that intellectual cul ture is necessary as a basis of protection for the conjugal union. There are, on the contrary, many marriages in which the intellectual culture of the partners is of a very meager kind, and yet these are not, therefore, unhappy marriages. Hut what I do say is that intellectual culture will inlinitciy elevate the married life and raise it to a much higher plane than it would otherwise move upon. I call to mind the fact that marriage is de signed to be a complete union of those who enter into it. Therefore It is not enough that there should be a union only in external things or a union in the feel ings: but the perfect marriage is there only when the intellect, too, of the man is married to the intellect of the woman; w hen there is intellectual companionship and intellectual friendship between them; when their minds grow together, each w ith and through the other, and each the intellectual complement of the othe', even as a husband and wife are designed to be complementary of each other in all other respects. It is especially on the broad field of general culture that spouses may intel lectually meet. But here we come upon a deficiency that will explain why there is so little of that intellectual comrade ship which is so essential to the perfect marriage. The fact is that the majority of men as well as of women are lacking in general culture. We call this a scien tific age, but, as has been truly re marked, the majority cover themselves with the glory of the few. There are a lew scientific men in this age, nnd the rest say that they livein a scientific age. Kven specialists of eminence in one de partment find it difficult to keep up with progress in other departments, but the main results of new investigations and discoveries at least should be known by all, and some fair general knowledge of the processes by which those results were reached should be acquired by each one. Of the simplest phenomena that happen around us the scientific ex planation" is known only to the few, while a deeper knowledge of history and its meanings, and of rbe subject of ethics and its leading principles, is still more rare. What we need is a move ment for the intellectual advancement of men as well as women. Adult classes, if possible in the evenings, in which a consecutive course of study, with voluntary examinations for those who desire them, can be prosecuted., lint what is desired more than all his, as the indispensable condition for all right reform in this direction, is the recognition that the mind must constant ly grow and expand so long as we exist on earth; that no one can lead a truly human life who does not also lead an in tellectual life. A'. . Herald. "Town Meetin' Day" in New England. Town meeting day in the country has a peculiar and indescribable flavor en tirely distinct from that of the dayr for electing officers in the city: For a few weeks before the great event the merits and demerits of the men who have hedd office within the memory of the oldest inhabitant and those of the would be candidates are duly "cussed" and dis cussed in the corner grocery, amidst a cloud of tobacco smoke and the ever pres ent odor of salt fish and kerosene. Pre vious to the day of election a caucus is held by each political party for the nomi nation of candidates, or, if party feeling happens to be low, all unite in one gener al caucus. At last the important Monday dawns, usually raw and damp, with quantities of mud and "slosh" in the roads. All are out of bed betimes, for the "chores" must be done and the wash water brought in good season in order that the male por tion of the family may get an early start tw town meeting, liy nine o'clock the children begin running to the windows proclaiming the names of the passers-by, if they happen to know them, and won dering for whom they will vote. First go the boys, w ho, always eager to earn a cent, have been provided by mother with gingerbread, cookies, turn overs, etc., which they hope to sell to those who do not go home to dinner, and to that class of individuals w ho must ever be munching something. After the young merchants pass, come those who live the greatest distance from the "town house, thepl-.ee where the meeting is generally held, and who are obligedto walk. Kre long the teams appear iu profusion, with three on a seat, and the boys sitting in the back part of the wagon with feet hanging down, or if sleighing has not vet disap peared, standing nponthe runners of the sleigh, holding on to its sides with both hands. They wouldn't miss the fun for anything, and, iu fact, one would imag ine by their airs of importance that they are absolutely necessary to the suiscess firt result of the meeting. They come home jubilant or, depressed, as the case may be, with their fathers, with pockets stuffed full of votes, and many a story to Udl of what they have seen, heard and done. Occasionally a woman may be seen to pass with husband or brother. Is she going to town meeting? No, (though I could name a town iu this Slate where the woman did attend one year, attract ed by the promise of considerable excite ment,) she is going to spend the day with cousin Susan, sister Jane, or son John, who lives near the town-house. lSut th genuine, smart Yankee woman doesn't leave her washing to go a-visit-ing. Not she! She has Is'en looking forward to this day as one w hen the "men-folks" will be out of the way and she can get her washing out, lliwirs washed, and numlierleKS "odd jobs" done without the interruption of getting dinner, (for no woman who dies not habitually live alone goes through the ceremony of getting dinner for herself) and of wiping up wet and muddy tracks upon the floor. Hut another class of women have an ticipated this day with dread, for, pool things, they are not "smart" and so they depend upon the strong arms of husband and son to lift the pails ot water, hang out the clothes and empty the tulw. They might put by t licit w ashing until another time, but every day brings its work, and they lire behind hand all through the week if the wash ing is not done Monday. But it is time to call the meeting to order. The first business in hand is to choose a modera tor, which is sometimes done at once, with no controversy; at other times, how ever, every one seems to have got out of bed "wrong foot foremost,'" anil a considerable portion of the forenoon is spent before the deed is accomplished. '1 hen comes the electing of selectmen, town agent, clerks, treasurer, school committee, et al. If political feeling runs high, the vote may be a "tie" anil several balloting!) produce no effect. Now the men become excited. One of the most zealous will take his team and ride two or three miles to bring to the polls some old man who has been sick and feeble all winter. In vain his wife protests " 'Twill be the death of him," excitement gives the w eak limbs strength and he dons overcoat and muffler w ith trembling hands, saying: "I guess I better go, wife, for it may be the last time I slfall vote." To offset his vote the otln'r side brings upa young man who has his vote all ready to cast when some one, remem bering that he was born about the time his daughter Eliza made her appearance upon this sublunary sphere, challenges his vote, saying that ho is not of age. More than likely he belongs to a family so numerous that even his parents have forgotten the date of his birth, anyway his father has, and there seems no way to decide it until the old doctor, who has been home after his book while they have been disputing, reads the record of his birth whereby he is proved to be about a month too young. Upon that the defeated side shamefacedly back down. Finally about the last part, in the after noon, the officers having been chosen and the business transacted, the tide homeward turns. The people at home never need to impure how the election has gone. The signs of victory or de feat are plainly evident, nllx.it a word be not spoken. Yet not always is the re quired business performed in one day. If there is a "tie" which repented bal lotings fail to untie, the meeting may be adjourned to another dav. In the in tervening time each one becomes more set in his determination not to allow his party to he beaten, and the next meeting has the same result. Adjournment is again in order. By this time some one loses his interest, other affairs claim the attention of another, or duty calls him away from home, and thus " the third time seldom fails." Cor. Portland (Me.) Transcript. Division of Time, Sleep. Etc. Probably no better division of time has ever been made, than that into three equal periods of eight hours each; eight hours being given to business, eight to eating and amusements, and the re maining eipht to sleep. The celebrated Alfred divided his time in this way. I have long thought that the native American requires more sleep than the average European. For myself, I find that nine or ten hours sleep in a single night will cure me of all the trilling maladies with which, from time to time, I may be afflicted. Some extraordinary advice has been given, by certain dis tinguished persons, with reference to the time devoted to sleep; but each writer falls into the common blunder of apply ing a rule to all, which he linds good in his own case. Bishop Taylor advises three hours. Wesley suggests six as the least time that will answer. He declares that during ids life he never knew any one to retain vigorous health, even for a year, with a lessquantityof sleep than six hours and he thought that women required more than men. Willich advises students to go to bed at eighty' clock, and rise at three or four o'clock in the morning. Not bad on some accounts but liable to injure the eyes. Excess of sleep is very bad in its influ ence, produces dullness of mind and body, corpulency, disposition to apo plexy; hence, Galen calls sleep the broth er of death, and says nothing is more pernicious when carried to excess. Thin Yankees should go to bed at nine o'clock, and rise between five and six. I do not mean to say that circumstances may never justify their sitting up till midnight, or later, but I am simply in terpreting the voice of physiology. If the average American, with his narrow chest and small vitality would retire at nine o'clock he would live some vears longer, and each year would afford him more happiness and ability to work. But Yankee women most need a change to early hours. Their crazy nerves, neu ralgia and other evidences of premature decay would be at once checked, and they would become younger and fairer. What with titrht corsets, pastry, can dies, furnace-heat and midnight, Yankee girls begin to fail at twenty, and women are old at forty. Dr. bio Lew in, in Golden Ilule. Elephantine Duplicity. There is no creature in the world so cunning as the elephant, and no crea ture, moreover, so full of duplicity. Its cleverness al simulating attachment to its keepers can only be equaled in the human race by the hypocrisy of the slave toward his master. The elephant in the Jardin lies 1'lantes, in Paris, never for gave his keeper for having made him ridiculous before the crowd assembled to witness his performance on a jenny trumpet, which the poor man hail been at the greatest pains to teach him. A note came out in "J'ai du lion tabac" with a shrill squeak, when it should have been deep contralto. The creature was vain of its artistic skill,- as all artists are, ami, fliiiirinir down the tmnipet. made a charge against the iron bars of its cage, which sent the crowd flying right and left in the utmost terror, while the keeper, who fortunately had time V) creep through the opening left at the bottom of the cage for the purpose of escape In time of danger, ran out of sight immediately. Ho never dared enter tha cage again, for he knew by the expres sion of the creature's eye that thegrudga was owing still. The new Keeper wide ly withdrew the penny trumpet, and "J'ai dubon tabac ' was heard no more. To wound the vanity of the greatest of neasts is as dangerous as to tntle wiln that of the greatest of monarch. Courier-Journal. Death by Low Temperature. Tlw functions of plants and animals re possible only between certain limilf :f temperature, which vary considerably with each species. Captain Kane sus tained life In an Arctic temperature of sixty-Hve degrees below zero, nnd C'hau bert, the French lire king, entered safely ovens heated to 600 degrees Fahrenheit. The lower orders, as fishes and reptiles, may be frozen to absolute rigidity with out harm, if slow ly and carefully thawed. Various animalcuhe may bo dried until ubsolutely void of fluid and restored by moisture as many as a dozen times. Seeds which are perfectly dry may be kept at the'lowest temperatures attain able by chemical and jihysical means without injury. In growing plants there is, however, a minimum temperature below which growth ceases. Most plants become inactive near the; freezing point of water, although assimilation takes place iu meadow grasses at temperatures ranging from thirty-five to thirty-eight degrees. Each plant has Its maximum as well as its minimum temperature. II heated above its maximum, which range from ninety-five to one hundred and twenty-two degrees, in different species, death results, whereas a few degrees be low the minimum temperature simply suspends for the time the activity of the plant. High temperatures desfroy plants by coagulating the protoplasmic lining of each cell, so thai the plant loses its power of imbibing and circulating water; the cells lose their turgity, the plant wilts and dies. The results of low tempera tures act much the same way, coagula ting albumen and the power to absorb water and nutrient gases. In both high and loft- temperatures the most watery plants sutler most. Seeds and wintci buds, which are only resting stapes in the growth of plants, endure almost any degrcu of low temperature, but if the seeds and buds are growing and have become watery, they are often killed by the slightest frosts. l'eath from low temperatures is alwa ys accompanied by the formation, of ice crystals iu the moist tissues; these are formed from the water of the plant, which is abstracted in the process of congelation. All parts of lining cells are saturated with water. It enters into the structure of the cell wall, it tills the cell cavities. It holds in solution the absorbed food of the plant anil the surplus products of assimilation, such as sugar and starch. The water of plants does not freeze as readily as water in open vessels, because the water of plants is held by adhesion between the mole cules of the cell-walls; we protect root crops, which, like the potato and turnip, areover seventy-live percent, water, from frost and in cellars, by setting open pan? of water near them, which, in freezing, gives off as much latent heat as would In required to melt an equal weight of ice. Plants w hich have been frozen may sur vive if thawed slowly; if thawed quickly, vitality is destroyed. Bulbs, tubers, roots, grasses and wheat, under a-thick covering of leaves or snow, so as to se cure a slow rise of temperature, will endure the severest freezing. The same is true of exposed and frozen parts of the human body, and of frozen fishes anil reptiles; they must be slowly thawed, for tho amount of injury is not propor tioned to the freezing, but to the rapid ity of the thawing. I he injury bv frost to tissues, whether plant Vr animal is primarily of a physical rather than of a chemical nature; in slow thawing, the w;ater is taken up by the same solids which last it; while in rapid thawing, the great bulk of water set free is not ab sorbed, anil forms, with the cell con tents, unstable solutions subject to fer- mentive changes destructive to the pro toplasm of the cell. But in many cases death follows freezing whether the thaw ing is rapid or slow: the formation ol bulky crvHals mav lacerate and disinte grate the cell structures so that assimila tion cannot take place, Indianapjlin Journal. Superstitions Concerning Birds. The pho-nix, as everybody knows. gathers dry sticks to make its funeral prve, winch it then contrives to set alight and is presently consumed in tho flames. From its ashes a w.orm craw Is out. and, being gradually covered wfch feathers, takes the form of its parent bird. The eagle, which fears nothing else, dreads the approach of venomous serpents. To avert evil from its eaglets it places two agates iu its nest. When its beak grows too long it breaks off' the superfluous piece against a rock. The serre is a very powerful bird, and takes immense flights. It is fond of the company of ships, but if a vessel happens to be an unusually swift sailer, it (doses its wings and sinks to the bottom of the sea. A sentimental bird is the female turtle-dove. Should its mate chance to dip it never again alights on a leafy tree. It is remarkable for its chastity, but is averse from melody. If it hears tho warbling of other birds it proaus dismally. In winter time it loses its feathers, and shelters itself in holes and hollows. It is related of the wood-pecker that if any one drives in a peg too close the entrance to the hole in the tree in which its nest is built, it Hies off in quest of a particular herb with which it touches the peg, where upon it falls out. J his, too, is curious. '1 lie hoopoe is unable to moult in a nat ural manner. Its young ones, there fore, pull out it.s feathers, and cover and feed her till they an; full grown. The stork's young ones are not less filiul. So long as the parent bird has provided for her brood, so long will her brood provide for her. On the other hand, the male crow is cruel to its offspring, and pecks at and beats them till their feath ers are as black as his own. The vainest and silliest of all birds is the peacock. When it looks upon its brilliant plumage it is so delighted that it spreads out the glories of its tail, but when it looks down upon its feet it is, so disgusted and so ashamed of itself that its tail drops to the ground. It is said to have the voice of a liend, ' the head of a snake and the gait of a thief. 1 he swan likes to be accompanied by a harp, and is most melodious during the last year of its lite. It is also interesting to learn that the swallo is capable of restoring sight to its "callow brood," when carried away into captivity and blinded. Any one going where snakes abound will do well to take with him some burned vulture's feathers. The heart of a vulture wrap ped in the skin of a lion or a wolf fright ens away demons. It is quite untrue that vultures were originally a race of men who were cruel to the pygmies But how is it that medical men do not make greater use of the caladrius? If this beautiful snow-white little bird which is a native of Jerusalem, be held in front of a man w hose death is certain, it averts its beau, and will in nowise look at him. But if, on the contrary the sick man is destined to live iu spite of his physicians, tho caladrius turns him, as John Trevisa expresses it, "faun- ynpe and playsynge. Alt the X'car Hound. No less than fifty-eight sailing ves sels with cargoes of refined petroleum have been losl within the past four mouths. Religious. AFTER THE CHASTENING. Jtmny hn 1hni thn nonhtna Woulfl not siH-ia no fHlr Bticl brlKht, If brf,,r the rmy riiiwnlnnr Whiiil not known the night. Wnvh ip thf flome of tteiiven M n-tit not nii-etch so calm snrl blue It we hud not tti the .torm-clouJ With its (lurk and somlcr bue. If tho homo-retHrnlnH- "nflor llm! not heiinl the ImIIow'h msr, Not with sin - h n irisd thinksirlvinif Woulr! ho view his iistlvo Fthoro. fsn our FnthiT senits tho tempest l if Ills ohnsleii'nff. fltern Hint wll1, Ttil tl seems like amrry venir'-iineo Falllnir on Ills helpless chil'l: That when Ifoiiven shall dawn upon us T hrollifll the fulllles- of His voice, Brighter we h-!1 s,-e His tflory. . Clearer Ahull behold His fnc. A'. 1". OliArrvrr. Blessings in Disguise. How many are they who lament their hard lot if overtaken by the smallest calamity. The fates are against them, and they seem willing to drop all ener getic action and simply despair of any relief. 'So the foolish maiden, jilted by a cruel lover, immediately thinks of poison or drowning, to bury her sorrow in oblivion, nnd sees no haven of rest or peace. Perhaps this, above all others, was her blessing in disguise. Her lover was surely unworthy of her, and she should assert her honest, pride and inde pendence, ahove all putting her confi dence in (iod and Christ. The failing merchant begins to despair too soo. and should lie superior to a thildislu weakness that would bid dm sit down supinely and behold his il':iirs go to rack and ruin. The young man who has lost his situation, and is without money and friends, let him take heart and persevere: and let him put faraway nil thought of suicide so frightfully com mon in our day. Surely, that is a cow ard's act, and it seems to me not, justi fiable under any circumstances. Hod has given us this life to guard and protect under every trial, and Ho will give the needed assistance when the strait comes. How much happVr life would become could we always recog nize these "blessings" that sometime come in the garbs of calamity and sor row. And is it not a deficiency of faith that is the trouble? We cast a distrust on (rod's providence when we needless ly repine, and almost curse the day that we were born. " Sweet," indeed, ".nre the uses of adversity " to those who can rightly appreciate its value. It enno bles and invigorates true manhood, ami gives a finer tone to our better solves than we could otherwise possess. Show me a man whose success in life has been continuous, who has never known the frowns of fortune, nnd I will dare assert that he is one-sided and imperfect. He is only acquainted with the brighter phases of existence, and cannot appre ciate its shadows and its darker side. The truest spur to greatness and great endeavor has been hist sight of, and bis character will never knowthe tineness nor the firmness of texture of the man who has achieved through trial and trib ulation. Therefore, let us welcome trial and tribulation. vea.even calamity, if it be (iod's will, and bravely bear all as for the best. Shakespeare has finely shown us in limon, the grim and austere Athen ian, how grandly trials can be borne, though his melancholy and misanthropy are extreme and unworthy of imitation. Was not Peter s base ttcmal of his Mas ter a blessing in disguise ? I think the look of sorrowful reproval that Christ gave him as He (Christ) was being led to puttering and to shameful death, nev er left his memory. And, when in after vears. his nuick. imnn!sie nature mitr-hf liave led him into sin, that siillering look that Christ bestowed would stand before his memory and imagination, and stay his hasty word or act. From that day lie seems to have been a re newed man, and with (iod's help and guidance did glorious work in the pro moting ol His kingdom. Fortunate, indeed, it is that nearly all have trials and afflictions, and are thereby led through (iod's love to the higher walks of Christian life and conversation; but dreadful and disastrous is ijiisfortuno to those who make not the right use of it, but only use it as a means of d"spair anil darkness, and eternal death. Alex ander Maeuulai, in Juteri'tr. An Absurd Scientist. We have never, says the New York Qbsercer, written a line, or consciously had a thoupht, iu depreciation of true science. We believe in it to the utter most. Science true knowledge is w hat' we are after. But there is a modern school of thinkers and writers, arrogat ing to themselves an exclusive use of the term, who are mere charlatans. They are not scientific in their ideas or plans; they are theorists, npd some of their theorizing is too absurd even for school .children. One of them, w ritinir in the Vornliill Maipuine under thu sig nature of "(irant Allen" (whether that is his real name we do not know) is pil loried by a correspondent of the London Jteenrd as follows: Mr. Allen speaks of "flowers ' which lay themselves out for fertilization," page 23, thus attributing the "design" to the senseless vegetation, instead of the all-wise Creator! At page 21 he speaks of " blossoms which lay themselves out to attract' wasps." How came the blossoms to know there were any wasps? or to feel a desire to attract them? or to know what tho wasps would like? At page '26 ho says: "Flowers grad ually fitteil their forms, nnd the posi tion of their honey-glands, to tho forms of the bees and butterflies." Clever flowers! And "those (flowers) which laid themselves out for bees and butter flies would grow to be purple or blue," because (ho had assumed at page ii,r)) that "was the color tho bees prefer." Let Mr. Allen sit on a bank w here hare bells and white clover we in bloom, and he will see to which blossoms the bees will go. Again, ho says, on page J'J: "Tho night lychnis has taken to fertilization by moths, and as moths can only see white flowers, it has (through a 'descendant of the day lychnis,' which is red) become w bite. What a woeful exhibition of lack of common sense! How did this descend ant of a daylight flower learn that there were any moths at night, and that they could only see white, or that they liked flowers at all? The Cornhill for last Adjust had a impor by the same writer on "A Daisy's "edigroo," full of similar absurdities. It amounted to this that the flowers bethought themselves that a good plan for firetlina; their seeds well fertilized would be to attract bees to them; and for this purpose some hoiiev would be desirable; so they forthwith proceeded to lay up same honey; and then in or der that the beo might learn where honey was to be had tltey changed parts of themselves into gay petals, to act as announcing nags: ttow came the flowers to know there was such thing as honey, or that bees liked it? Still more wonderful, how or whence did they coutriva to get uoueyP i'ar cleverer they must be than Mr.C.. Allen! Can be jet uj hoiiki honey, as tct non existent Trulv it is the fool who says then; U no God! . Meditation. Our nineteenth century life ig full of ;!:e w hir anil bustle of outward activity. But iu the midst of this clatter of ma chinery let us not forget tho sources of power that lie back of all this movement of swift-llyinir shuttles. In the solitude of far-away mountains and valleys are the living springs, that, with united waters, fill the stream that turns fhe great mill-wheel, and sets in motion the loom that wenves the desired pattern of beauty and utility. Instrumentalities are the machinery of Christian work; necessary for effi ciency, but not the living source of power. .A well-appointed and orderly conducted Sunday-school is a delight. There is a pleasant sound in the con fused hum of voices when teachers and scholars are busy in the study of tho Divine word. But the real force that throws the shuttles of spiritual thought nnd life is not to be found in thesa things. They nre simplv tho channels along which it moves. The heart that is prepared to do service throutrh these instrumentalities must bo fed from the wells of living water fountains that have their most common and generous source in hours of solitude and spiritual meditation. The meditative spirit invites tho dis closures of faith, and opens the treas ures of spiritual truth and experience. Finding its food in the revealed will and word of (Sod, it is, in its very nature, prayerful, nnd reaches tho sources of soul-kindling thought and knowledge. In these days of organization and in vention of appliances and facilities of instruction, whether at our command or not, it is wise to remember that the best means of preparation for active duty and service are close at hand. "An hour of solitude," pays Colo ridge, "passed in sincere and earnest prayer, will teach us more of thought, will more effectually awaken tho facul ty and form the habit of reflection, than a year's study in the schools without them." Tho meditative spirit has in its gift both tho discipline of grace and intel lectual fniitfulness. It welcomes the earnest and helpful thoughts of other minds, and by its subtile alchemy trans mutes them into the wealth of knowledge that kindles enthusiasm, and enables its possessor to reach tho hearts of others, with the truth. Meditation ren ders fruitful" tho activities of service. Without this preparation, there may be much whir nnd din of doing, but the clatter of shuttles that carry no thread is useless. Our Lord commands His srvanH both to watch and to work. Tho one is necessary to the other. "Helps" to Bible study, however excellent cannot tako the place of personal meditation. Fruitful teaching comes from the heart th; has entered into tho knowledge of the truth through the gatos of prayer and quiet thoughtfulness. Hem E. B. Unnjord, in S. S. Times. Wise Sayings. a Ingersoll'a atheism can never be come an institution; it can never bo more than a destitution. Hobert Coll ycr. The talent of success is nothing more than doing wdiat vou can do well, without a thought of fame. Lon telioir. To each life comes, in a greater or less degree, the choice between tho easy and the right; between the smooth and the true. Edward Garrett. Courage is necessary to success in Christian work. About the most worth less sot you can find is a lot of faint hearted Sunday-school teachers. D. L. Mtodi. Tho best name by which we can think of Cod is Father. It is a loving, deep, sweet, heart-touching name; for the name of father is, in its nature, full of inborn sweetness, and comfort. Marin Luther. A homo without a roof would scarcely be a more indifferent home than a family unsheltered by God's friendship, and the sense of being al ways rested in His providential care and guidance. lr. lluxhncll. I have some degree of power over my outward man, but little over my in ward. I can make a shift to be just, do acts of kindness and humanity, and put on a show of courtesy and civility) but the Isuit of my heart is still the, same. I can no more love (iod with all my heart, or come up to St. Paul's description of charity, than I can reach Heaven with my hands. In this point of view, what a seasonable altl is Gosm;1 power! and how exactly is the religion of the Bible united to tho wants of mankind, in its oilers of forgiveness and renovation." Thomas Adam. The soul loses command of itself w hen it is impatient. Whereas, when it submits without a murmur it possesses itself m peace, and God is with it. lo be impatient is to tlesire what we have not, and not to desire what we have. When we acquiesce in an evil it is no longer such. Why make a real calam ity of it by resistant? Peace does not dwidl in outward things, but within the soul. We may preserve it in the midst of the bitterest pain, if our will remain lirm and submissive. Peace in this life springs from acquiescence even in dis agreeable things, not in an examption from suffering. Fenelon. There is as much comfort, in tho Word of (iod, and as much beauty in His works, nnd as much kindness In His dispensations as, admitted into the soul, would iuundato it with ecstasy. But many hearts are perverse: thoy let gloomy thoughts and bitter fancies flow freely iu and are utmost jealous, but a drop of strong consolation should trickle through this deluge of Marah. Breth ren, it depends upon which Hood-gates you open, whether you be drowned in a tide of joy or sorrow. It depends upon whether your well-springs be from above or beneath, whether your consolations or your griefs alKiund. Dr. Mr Cosh. "While I live I lume," said the heathen. "Wheal die I hope," says the Christian. Hope tells the soul such sweet stories of the succeeding joys; what comforts there are in Heaven; what peace, what joy, what triumphs, marriage songs and hallelujahs there are in that country whither she is travel ing, that she goes 'merrily away wish her present burden. It holds tiie head while it aches, and gives invisible drink to the thirsty conscience. It is a liberty to them that are in prison, and the sweetest physic to the sick. Sjiint Paul calls it an anchor. Li t the Winds blow, and the storms beat, and th waves swell, yet the anchor Slavs the ship. We have our Inheritance iu HoJe, which gives . us the right of the substance, though not the substance o'f tho right; assurance of the possession, though not possession of the thing a-surnd. These are the comforts of Hope, TUttma , Adam. '