Newspaper Page Text
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Cull your Klicrp rvi'iy year i r.il )l:uf thorn that nre in liny wii'v ml' i'l :i ii'laral! imHtun? mill fniti ii tlu'iu ir Uie liutvlicr. Minn I'nrl"a BayR tiuli ir.i'iit is hnaltliiost fur iimiliiln. l'nssilily; il i;m not lie paU'ii so fimt, mul tin- work of miu-f iralimi is irood rxercist Potato luinliT: Mash mill H':.i '.I the pol.atoi's, and sliapo a liordi'r on (hi: edirs of a pliitUir. r.rush over with llio beaten white, or yelk of (in cr;r, anil brown sliirlitly before nitting in tlie. veal. London World Rayg thai after a rlny's fatiguing exereisu thfi rifjlit food, restorative, mid nourishing heeiiuse of Its ric.linesH, & a tami; duck brained with turnips. This paragraph from the Macon Telegraph and Messenger docs not look inch like diversified agriculture: "In a ride of 400 miles a few days since, where a year ago the land looked like a green carpet, we did not see oats suf ficient to promise forage for one mule during the plowing season." Lima beans, like onions, are an ex ception to the general rule that requires rotation in farm crops. Isaac Eyre stu(ed at a Pennsylvania agricultural society's meeting, recently,' that the Latidreths have raised Limns on the same ground for many years with much the same experience Ms results from raising onions in the same way. A western farmer in Iowa esti mates that the prolit of raising one two- year-old shorthorn steer for market is equal to that of eighteen scrub steers, which have to be kept three years m more before they are salable, (inuh up with thoroughbred bulls and let scrub stock grow where they can atlurd them as relics. General Habcock endorses the En glish sparrow, which, he says, eats tin eggs which otherwise would result in devastating swarms of worms which clear the trees of leaves and imperii tlii fruit. Whoever has observed the habit of the sparrow will agree to this. Ave. and more; for not only does he pivvcM the worms from destroying the leaves, but he keeps them out of cherries and blackberries by eating the fruit himself. A culinary sage was asked what waR the best sauce for lish. lie re plied, all sauces. Nearly all the savory gravies accommodate themselves to lish. Vinegar and mustard are the best sauci for fresh herrings. Champignons an a joy in a sole, an irntin. Salt pork enters into the composition of clam chowder. Shallots are essential in the dressing of red mullet: veal shilling makes baked jack tolerable, and mack erel and green gooseberries go well to gether. l'or a delicaie and very nice dessert make a pudding thus: Dissolve half ai, ounce of gelatine in half a pint of coh' milk; let it. come to a. boil gradually When hot, but not boiling, and the yi ik of three well-beaten eggs; stir con stantly. Sweeten to your taste; or, il you wish a definite direction, put in a quarter of a pound of sugar. This i the proper amount for most people. When this is cold, stir in a pint ol w hipped cream. Flavor with lemon 01 vanilla; and, the last thing, stir in tlu whites of the. three eggs; have then beaten quite still'. Serve this cool, will, cake or with fruit. To Cure Foot Rot in Sheep. The preparation of the foot is just as essential as the remedy, for if every part of the disease is not laid bare tliV remedy will not effect a cure. A solu tion of blue vitriol as strong as you can bearyour hand in, for a moment, having the liquid three or four inches deep, 01 deep enough to cover all the affected parts; Uien hold the diseased foot in this liquid ten minutes, or long enough to penetrate to all the diseased parts. Put the sheep on a dry barn floor foi twenty hours to give it a chance to take effect. In every case where I have tried it, it has effected a cure, and I have never given a sheep medicine internallv for fooUrot. This remedy I call a dead shot when the foot is thoroughly pre pared, but a more expeditious way, and where you don't hardly expect to ex terminate the disease, but keep it in subjection, is this: After preparing the feet as for vitriol cure, take butter ol antimony, pour oil of vitriol into it slowly until the heating ami boiling process ceases, and apply with a swab. This remedy works quicker, is strongei than the vhriol, and is just as safe, but its mode of application renders it lest' sure Ohio Farmer. Effects of Sunlight on Flour. It frequently happens that wheat 01 rye flour, in spite of the greatest care in baking, yields an inferior loaf, and the failure is commonly attributed to adulteration; but when submitted to investigation neither microscopic not chemical tests reveal any adulteration. Such flour is returned to the miller 01 dealer as unfit for use. The miller says the flour was injured by the heating ot the stones, and the dealer attributes the defect to the circumstance that the sun must have shone upon the sacks during transportation. It has been proved by numerous experiments that flour cannot bear the action of the sun, even wheu not exposed directly to iU rays. Wheu flour is exposed to the heat of the sun an alteration takes place in the gluten similar to that produced by the heating of the s(ones. For this reason it is ail visable that the transportation of lloui tih-nuld take place, if possible, on cool days or by night, as well as that lloui should be stored in a cool place Hus ton Journal of Chemistry. Black Men as Lightning Conductors. In his " Leaves from a South Af rican Journey, " Mr. Froude writes: "On the road to the Vaal River first experience of camping out. I am alone in my tent with a glaring sun raising the temperature inside to ninety degree. The mules have strayed, being insuffi ciently hobbled. .1 sent Charley, my black driver, in search of them in the early morning, lie returned with his face as near white as nature permitted, declaring that the Evil One had jumped out of the ground at his feet with foul young ones. I suppose it wu an ant bear. Anyway, the mules are lost. He has gone back to our last halting-place to look for tlitm. My other youth has started with a rille to shoot buck, which are round us in tens of thousands, and here am I bv the side of a pond, which is trampled by the antelopes into mud soup, the only stuff in the shape of water which we have to depend on for our coffee, and, alas! for our washing. To add to the pleasure of the situation the season of the thunder storms has set in. The lightning was playing round us all yesterday, and we shall now have a storm daily. Whole teams of oxen are often killed. To a white man they say there is no danger while he has a black at bis side, the latter being the better conductor. When one is struck another must be immediately substituted." How the Boys Live at Rugby. The public sehnoK as every reader if "Tom liroun at Hugby" knows, i divided into different "bouses." Tim pupil enters a house just as at ( xfnri or Cambridge he enters a "college." lie In lues a member of that house At Kughv there are eight of these dif ferent houses, and about the Rami) number at Eton. Each of these house; is under the charge of its own honsii master. 11c carries it on as a boarding house, takes the fees and furnishes tho (able, and pockets the profits or tint loss. It is always a prolit, and gener ally a good one 1 caching ,s a much more remunerative business in Englnni! than in America. The. master's salnrv will ordinarily range from .yl.'-'iK) ir 1,.ri00a year" to V,U(K) or K,000. No one knows exactly what the income, of s. successful house master or head ninsici is. for he is paid not a salary by a board of trustees, nut in fees and perquisites Hut well-informed Englishmen credit the head-master of Eton with an in come of irlo.WO a year, and probably it is not less in the case ol the head master at ltugby. Each pupil has his own room. Room ing together an I studying together are unknow n in England. The whole herd ing process so common in America from the nursery up is abhorrent to an En glishman. He is a semi-social, but never a gregarious animal. In Kughy there nre dormitories in which the boys sleep, and sitting-rooms in which they gather for social life, but each boy has his room for study, usually without even a single room-mate. In Eton, l least in the "college," (he study room and bed room arc all one, each bov having his ow n solitary apartment, 'lhe boy from his entrance on public school life begins to shift for himself. His "house" gives h: in a breakfast of tea and bread rm! b liter; he markets for himself for what else he wiinK - egg"- marmalade, jam, polted meats. ill school, lis out of it, the American breakfast of fish, beef steak, hot cakes, or what not. is un known. The boys breakfast in small rooms, twenty or twenty-live together, "eeh eating sii"' breakfast sis his micmiis, his tastes, his skill in marketing, or the liberality of a wealthier friend may afford him. The school is divided into classes or "forms." The sixth-form boy s breakfast in their own rooms, as they do afterwards when they i liter the universities. In the university they have a steward to get the breakfast for (hem, run necessary errands, keep the room in order and the like. In the pub lic schools (his service is rendered for the seniors, or sixth-form boy. by a boy in the first-form, who blacks his boots, brushes his clothes, runs his errands, does his shopping, prepares his break fast of tea and toast and makes himself generally useful. This is a "fag." The sixth-form boy may be a tailor's son, the first form fag tin; son of a Duke; school distinction lakes precedence of all others. Hardship there sometimes is tyranny, even occasional cruelty; but no English hoy apparently feels the deg radation which every American boy w ould feel in rendering' such a menial service. The boys of each house dine together in a common hall; no soup; roast beef or mutton, bread and dessert of "sweets." The school provides each boy with beer; wine Ls not allowed. There is a very simple tea at six, and supper of bread ami cheese and I be lieve, cold meat, if one wants it, before going to bed. The rooms are warmed by the fire-place -the universal method in England and lighted with candles. How the boys, w ho do much of their principal studying evenings, can get out out Creek and Latin and mathematics by the light of a flaming candle and preserve their eyes is a mystery on which I did not get any light and can give none. Perhaps the Englishman's foggy atmosphere accustoms him to a dimness of illumination. He dreads a glare as much as an American dreads darkness. There is one relic of ancient times at Eton which strikes the modern Ameri can as somewhat singular; this is the whipping-block. This ancient instru ment stands in the corner of the yard. When a culprit is to he castigated he is brought hither and a call is made for the first-form boys. The two who comes last at the scene pay the penalty for their tardiness by being required to hold the offender down over the block while the head master administers the switch ing. Dr. Lyman Abbott, in Christian Union. When Does Day Begin. The ExpriMonan's Monthly says: 1. If a person should start from Cin cinnati, Monday, at twelve o'clock, ar.d travel westward with the sun, lie would return to the city on Tuesday at twelve o'clock. He would enjoy constant noon during the twenty-four hours ou his journey. h Observe that Monday noon would change to Tuesday noon without an in tervening night. Wheredid the change occur? Cincinnati is a little north of the thirty-ninth parallel of latitude, which is a circle much smaller than the equator, or one of the meridians, hence the leng'lhof a degree on the former is not G(J.1G miles, but about o3.81 miles. In traveling around the earth on the thirty ninth parallel, thedislance would not be 2.). 0(K) miles, but 3ii0 limes .VI.Ml miles, or about 111,371 miles, which, traveled in twenty-four hours, would beat the rate of aliout 800 miles per hour. 2. All points on the same meridian have the same time, as Lansing, Mich., Cincinnati, ()., and Chattanooga. Tenn., also Pittsburgh, Pa., Charleston, S. C, and (iiiayaquil, South America; also Berlin, Venice, Rome, and Tripoli. 3. Every traveler has observed that on going eastward his watch has been too slow and westward too fast. Since during twenty-four hours every part of a parallel is brought under the sun, thou 3ij0 degrees passes by in twenty four hours, or in one hour lifteen de grees are traversed by the sun. Hence, in the latitude of Cincinnati, a place about eight hundred miles east of us, is one hour earlier, and a place the same distance west of us would be an hour behind our time. Since fifteen degrees make one hour difference in time, then one degree will make a difference of four minutes; heneeat a place fifty-three and four-fifths miles east of us the clocks are four minutes faster than ours, and at a place the same distance west of us, the clocks are four minutes slower than ours. Let A and H start at the same moment from Cincinnati and travel at the same rale, the former due east and the latter due west, they would mei t on the opposite side of tiie globe and tlieir watches indicate the same time. Ouo wateh would gain twelve hours and the other lose twelve. To prove this, take two clocks and cause one to gain twelve hours and the olher to lose twelve, and then compare the time. They will indicate the same hour. 4. Theoretically day begins at the one, hundred ami eightieth meridian, which divides the Paeilic Ocean into nearly two equal parts; but practically the inter national date line varies considerably from this meridian. The English, Dutch ' and Portugese reach tbelr posses ions in the Pacific from the east and Rime most of these islands are on the same side of the one hundred and eightieth mcredinn as the mother country there was no necessity for the marines and merchantmen to change their log-books fur tin) day of the week. Hut about two centuries ago the Spaniards, in thcii palmy days, with gold-searching ships, rounded South America, and passed into the constant western current of the trade-winds, and pursued their journey until they reached the Philippine Islands, which Spain holds to-daj'. These islands are near the coast l nm, Hix)y d repg WPf)t n, i...,i...i ...i :' i..:.i. the one hundred and eightieth meridian. The Spaniards did not then change the day at the one hundred and eightieth meridian, but regarded the Philippine as having the same day with the mothet country, hence the great irregularity 1 the international date lino, or the lint, where day begins. 6. Let us sad from San Francisco, Cfcl.. to Tokio, Japan (or rather Yokohama, its seaport). After passing the Sand wich Islands, so as to have the right day of the week at Yokohama, it willbe ne cessary to ski) one day. The log-hook would be kept in this manner: Tues day, July 8, 18H!i, and the next day would be entered as Thursday, July 6, 1K83. The same object would be sained if July 8 and 4 were crowded into twenty-four hours. Suppose the vessel should come to the one hundred and eightieth meridian at three o'clock, p. m., of the !id, then the rest of that twenty-foui hours was called the 4th of July, then the next morning would be the 5th. But the custom is to continue the full day, and pass over one day on the log-book. Thus you see it is possible to bo cheated out of the glorious Fourth altogether. Again, in going from Yokohama to San Francisco it is necessary to add a day at the one hundred and eightieth meridian. In this ease the record would be Wednes day. July 4 (I.), 188:1, Wednesday, July 4 (II.), 188,'!. On this journey it is pos sible to enjoy as many as six Sundays in February and as few as three. Some times the change is not made until the time of arrival at the port. 6. On account of the curvature of the line to the westward to include the Fhillipines on its east side, some pecu liar changes may be noted.' Take Ma nila, the capital of the I hillipine Islands, and Adelaide, the capital of South Au stralia, which is about eighteen degrees east of the former, lhe ditlereuce ol time between these two places is about one hour and twelve minutes, so that w hen it is twelve o clock at Adelaide it is twelve minutes to eleven o'clock at Manila; but since Manila is east of tlie line, and Adelaide west of it, when it ij 10:48 a. m. of Tuesday, July 8, at Ma nila, it will be twelve o'clock Wednes day . July 4, 1883, at Adelaide. Hut it will be observed (by reference to the map or the date line) that Adelaide, since it is east of Manila, will enter upon the day of July 6 before the latter place is finished with July 3. Hence, if the time at Adelaide is one o'clock on the morning of July 6. it will be fifteen minutes of twelve o'clock (midnight) of July o, at Manila, Unit is, two places with a difference in time of one hour and twelve minutes are two days apart in the same week 7. The irregularity in the practical direction given to the date line causes day to last on the earth nearly thirty hours. Let us place telephones on the meridians which are fifteen degrees apart, and call for the time. All places on the . same meridian, whether the northern or southern hemisphere, will have the same time. When it is six o'clock a. - in. at Ciuoinnwti, Monday, July 2, it will be Monday over almost the entire world with the exception of small portion of the Pacific Ocean. The western part of Europe will have noon, the central part of Asia between five and six o'clock in the evening, Japan and the eastern part of Australia be tween nine and ten o'clock at night. When Cincinnati is at six o'clock p. m on Monday, July 2, then nearly one half of the whole globe would respond 1 uesday, ana the other halt to Monday. At San "Francisco, Cal., the time would be 3:28 o'clock of Monday, July 2; at Calcutta it will be about o:au o clock a. m., Tuesday, July 3; at Cairo, Egypt, Odessa, and St. Petersburg, in Russia, the time would be between half-past one and two o clock a. ni., 1 uesday, July 3; the British Isles, the western part or 1 ranee, Spain anil Portugal would respond to July 2, and the time between eleven and twelve o clock midnight. There She Spouts. i I About three o'clock the other after. noon, says the New London, (Conn.) Da ii, as Captain D. G. Tinker, an old whaler, and one of the crew of the light-ship, were coming from Bartlett's lieef with the keeper's monthly report, in the large schooner rigged boat at tached to the ship. Captain Dan dis covered something in the water, on his lee bow, which looked strangely un familiar in these waters, and yet pecu liarly familiar to Captain Tinker's re collection of the days gone by. He eillle(1 to the man with him, and pointed to the object in the water. Just at the moment a monster lifted itself out ot the deep, and the forked spout of right whale was cast high into the air, leaving no further doubt of the in dividuality of thestrange visitor. Capt ain Tinker estimated that the whale was at least of sixty barrels capacity, and had not less than $2,000 worth of oil and bone inside its carcass. The sea monster was first discovered about a mile and a half northeast from the Bartlett's Reef light vessel, and in the deep water between Goshen and Bart lett s Reef. Captain Tinker steered to ward the whale, tacked and retacked after him, got within lifteen feet of him once, and within twelve feet of him again. He kept the animal in view for more than an Lour, and saw him sink, rise and spout live successive times. If there had been a bomb lane on board there were three certainties of killing the whale. It was too late w hen Captain Tinker arrived in the city to return with a boat and weapons, and probably the whale is by this time navigating the temperate waters ol the gulf stream, The right whale very seldom seen in the North Atlantic, and it is more than a hundred years since there is any record of such a lish in Long Island Sound, although over a quarter of a century Ego it recorded that parties went right w hal ing in the waters between Fisher's Island and Montauk Point. If Capt- lin Tinker had two hours more daylight so that he would have had time to get a boat out before dark ness had set in he has do doubt that his bank account would have been sevoral thousand dollars heavier. A Kentucky whisky dealer, who hiA been arrested for failing to stamp the barrels sent out from his distillery, proved by ocular demonstration that goat licked off the stamps as fust as th barrels were rolled out of the establish ment, lie was liberated. Irish Emigration. a The emigration statistics of Ireland for 1882, compiled by the Kegisterai Ueneri 1 of Ireland, have been issued as a parliamentary paper, l he number at emigrants who left Irish ports in lhe year was H'.f.fiti'i, an increase of 10,8 17 a" 3oinpared with 1881, the number of males being 47,210, or G.'.iJ'J more than the previous year, and of females 42. 320, an increase of 3.IM8. ()f the total number of emigrants 8;i, 1 ."i; were natives of Ireland, and 430 were persons be longing to other countries. Of the natives of Ireland who left in 1882, 1G, i.17, or 12.6 per 1,000 of the population of the province in 1881, were from Leinster; 28.818, or 21.7 per 1.000 from Minister; 20,081, or 15.0 per 1,000, from Ulster, and 18.150, or 22.1 per 1,000, from Connauglit the total number be ing equal to 17.2 per 1.01)0 of the popu lation of Ireland in 1881. The total number of Irish emigrants who left the Irish ports from the 1st of May, 18"il (lhe date at which the collection of the returns commenced), to the 31st of De cember, 1882, was 2,804.740 1.403,500 males and 1,311,180 females. Emigra tion from Ireland steadily increased from 37,587 in 187G the year in which the smallest number was registered to 38.503 in 1877, 41.124 in 1878, 47,000 in 1879. while in 1880 the number rose to 91,517, but fell in 1881 to 78.417. In the decade from 18G6 to 1875 the aver age number was 74.C07, and in the pre ceding decade, from 1850 to 1805, the average number of emigrants per an num amouted to 88,272, while in the four preceding years, from 1852 to 1855 tlie number averageu 14s.'J8.) annually. 1 he numbers fluctuated from l'J0,322 in 1852 to 37,587 in 1876. It appears thai 74.8 per cent, of the persons whe left Ireland in 1882 were between the aires of fifteen and thirtv-live years, the percentage over that age betng U.8, and of children under 15 years 15.4. The correspondin percentages in 1881 were 70, 0.3, and It. 7 respectively. The proportion ol the emigrants in 1882 who were from 15 to 35 years of age was less than 1880 and 1881, but greater than in 1877, 1878 and 1870; m 1881, it was Vti.0: m 1X80, 75.7; in 1H7U, 73.2: in 1x78, and in 1877, G7.2 per cent. Of the total number of Irish emigrants last yea 78.480, or 88.0 per cent, went to the colonies or to foreign countries, am 10,(5H, or 12.0 percent, to (Sreat Britain The United States of America in 1882 absorbed 65,972, or 71.0 percent, of the entire number of migrants, eomparci with an average of 43,5 i I, or GO. 4 pel cent., on the four preceding years. The numbers to New Zealand, which had increased from 2.521 in 1878 to 3,100 in 1870, decreased to 4112 in 1881, and f ell to 880 in 188i Emigration to Canad; showed a very large increase in 1X8 compared with lxfcl, the numbers hein; 7,208 in 1882 and 2,010 in 1881. Tin emigrants to Australia in 18x2 ntnn bcrcd 4,614 against 2.7'Jo in 1881, 2,;U in 1880, 3.052 in 1870 and 4.251 in 1878 Of the 256 persons to "other countries Gl went to Buenos Acres. 172 to South Africa, 18 to various parts of Europe. to Asia and 2 to the We- t Indies. Ol the 10,050 persons who left Ireland with the intention of settling permanently in Great Britain, 4,084 went to England and Wales and 5,072 to Scotland. The averages for the four preceding year were 8.381 and 6,108 respectively. Ol the 47.246 males who emigrated in the year, 32,0.55, or 60.8 per cent., were re turned as laborers. In 18X1 the propor turn of laborers to the entire male emi gration was G8.4, and in 1880. 73.1 pe cent. The instances among males in which no occufrntion was specified only numbered 6,800, which itu'Iudrs 4.083 children under 10 years of age. Of the 42,820 females who emigrated in 1882, 24,623 were returned as servants, 2,534 as housekeepers, 2,088 as seamstresses, 682 as dress-makers and milliners and 230 as mill-workers. The "unspecified." including wives and children, niimbei 11,945. London 'J'iuus. Emerson's Influence. a a Writing lately on Emerson I men tioned what I thoughtan interesting in stance of his inlluenec in Kngland upon men apparently remote from his range oi thought. A still moresii iking example has since come in my way. Among tut many eminent Englishmen whose lives have been spent mostly in Asia, one ol the most distinguished is Sir Lewis Pelly. He has had a career of varied adventure and brilliant service soldier, diplomatist, political agent, political resident; now under Out rani, now uiidei Lord Canning, then with Sir Bartlf Frere; to-day deposing a Prince and ruling in his stead, to-morrow suppres sing the slave-trade by treaty with tht Sultan of Muscat, the week after estab lishing a telegraph across Arabia, finally envoy plenipotentiary for Afghan af fairs. He has been everywhere, and pretty much alwavs carrying his life in his hand. He rode once from Trebi zonde to Teheran, and from Teheran tc Meshed, and so across the Turcoman country into Afghanistan, thence tc Beloochistau, anil finally to Kurrachee a live or six months' journey among the most savage people iu tiie worlu) without escort, without arms, without so much as a European escort, through districts where there were no roads and no iuns; sleeping mostly under the stars, his horses and Afghan grooms aboul him, and often near having to let hi. horscs die from starvation for want ol the branches of trees w hich formed thcii main food, for grass there was none. Leading this life of perpetual movement and peril, Sir Lewis Pelly was ncvel without a volume of Emerson iu Iiit pocket the soldier and traveler nour ishing himself in lhe desert on the higl thinking of the contemplative philoso pher dwelling peacefully by the bankt of the Concord Kiver. llow Emersor would have delighted to hear it, ant what reflections he would have madeon the unity of the human soul. Londot. Cor. N. Y. Tribune. A green-looking "upabovian," trav cling with a wagon, took iu a numbci of Lebanon (N. Y.) boys very neatlj the other afternoon. He would allow i rope to be tied around each wrist, ancf holding an apple in each hand, bet that while two bystanders pulf?d the rope ii opposite directions, he could bite first one apple and then the other. He woi every bite with apparent ease, much U the surprise of those who did not under stand a very simple principle iu dyiiani ics. lie was naturally stout, but tin trick lay in the fact that the man pull ing on his right, of course, assisted him materially in pulling against tlu man on the left, anil vice versa. It was two against one every time; but the mountaineer was alw ays one of the two. Those who write for sample copiet of the Tntn-icrijit please enclose a post age stamp, not for publication, but at an evidence that they doii't take us fui a laldheaded philanthropist, with n gold headed cane and an income ot 7UX.',(HJ0 a year, who is printing a pnpei for amusement and paying the postage fur fun. Middktown, Del., 'i'ruusc-qit The Cherokees. William P. Ros, the present Chief of the Cherokee Indians, is a graduate of au Eiu-teru college, remarkable for intelii panoe and culture, and a fine orst'T. 1 he tribe occupies a reservation of 4,000, 000 acres, bounded on the north and cai-t by Kansas, Missouri anil Arkansas. The Cherokeos of pure and m in d blood number 20,330, about one-half of whom speak the English language, which ih the only one taught iu the schools. In the entire mule population there are but sixteen whosn occupation is giveu iu the last census as hunters and live usher men, the great majority being farmers. There axe 107 schools supported by the on Hon, a male and a female seminary for advanced pupils, and one orphuu asylum. There is a regularly constituted government and an adequate adminis tration of justice. In snort theChTokce Nation is not to be distinguished from a frontier State, except in the character of its inhabitants, their relations to the general Government, and their syst in of holding the land in common, which affords an interesting example of practi cal communism. tf. Y. Sutt. A Queer Religious Census. In the eolony of Victoria a census was taken recently, the religious returns of which present some curious features. Nearly 300,000 persons claim to belong to the Church of England; abut 200,01(0 mostly Irish were Komau Catholics. The other Christian secteimake up about 200,000. Eleven thousand, mostly Chi namen, were set down as pagans; there was one iiorrowite, one Millente, one Collensoite, one Theosophist; five be long to the Church of Ell funds; twenty declared they have no church at present and no creed: three who called them selves saved sinners: one is a believer iu parts of the Bible; two call themselves neutral-; and three whose religion is i. d If the facts were known, it is probable that the lu.it sect was tbo largest in the whole colony. It may be saul that m this religion there are three persons but no Got, What a pity it is that in our census there is no enuiuera tiou of all the odd sects which are m vogue among us! lkwre-t' Monthly. An Accurate Time-Piece. While ou the Subject of Waltham watches, we may mention that we have seen a letter from the Com mander of the Gordon CaMc (Castle line of Steam Packets), w ho was fortu nate enough to save life at sea, and who for his gallant conduct was presented in September last with a Gold Keyless Waltham Watch by the President of the United States, on behalf of the London Local Marine Board. Referring to this Presentation Watch, ho says: "When I left London the watch was six seconds fust, and on my arrival at Singapore it was only three seconds slow, a most ex traordinary performance for a watch, as I carried it on my persou the whole time. I compared it every d;iy with my chronometers on the passage out, and it seldom or ever dill'ered one second from them; in fact, I found it almost, if not as good as my chronometers, which is a great, deal to say for a watch carried about lind subject to all kinds of jolts." London, England, The Watchmaker, Jeweller and itilietsmilk. Feb. 5. 1U&3. The grand offense of parents, says Alexander Uumas.'lies in shirking the difficulties presented by the curiosity of children. Iledwellsnpon theheinousness of the time-honored practice of lying to children. Children, he declares, are al ways old enough to receive correct an swers to the questions they ask. "There is no such thing as a stupid child. A child rny kave. a. more or less prompt intelligence; it niaytle'velop epeoial apti tudes orHtiitipathies, but you will never hear it say a stupid thing as long as you have not deceived it, as long as you have not told it a lie." A granger whose nnme ls Bob Shield Was mowing the gTass In his field, By a snake he was bitten, And he has just written, " Bt. Jacobs Oil bas the bite healed." A lame Chinaman on the Pacific, Of pains and aches was prolific; He limped all around, Until lie had found Bt. Jacobs Oil, the great, Bpeclfio. Ma William llcsn. living in Corsicana, TVx'.s, reci-ntlv buried his wife and four iliililii-n in tin-same grave. They all died of measles, within two days of each other. UroN what should the durle be Vpcn ih'W-dri'pa, of course. Lift. fed A Remarkable Tribute. Sidney Ourchuudro, Pittsburgh, Pa., writes: "I have used Da. W. Hall's Balsam for tub Li nos many years, with the most gratilyiiiK results. The relieving influence of Hall's Balsam is wonderful. The pain and rack of body, incidental to tight cough, boou disappear by the use of spoonful according to directions. My wife frequently sends fur Hall's Balsam instead of a physician, aud health is speedly rat stored by its use. A BOARn full of nails is tha worst w ever saw. Exclutage. BTRArriHTKN old boots and shoes with Lynn's Patent Heel Suffeuera. aud wear tiieui aiauo. THE MARKETS. CINCINNATI, April 27, 1883. LIVE STOCK Cattle common t- 60 ' Choice butclu-t-B f li A IIOl.S I onmum '(: U IS l.cnui pucker 7 lri (( 7 li'i PIIKKP r 'T d fl HI FLOCK Family 5 l ! I" U UAI NW heat-Mediterranean 1 U'vl' 1 No. -winter red 1 llV"". Corn No. 2 mixed fits1. -r. Oltt.-No. 2 uilli-J 4.S Itye No. '-' tt-'t HAY Timothy No. 1 11 Ml lll'.MP llouhlu dressed H Mil .VI 8 W II IH 7.'i (,rju in 1 1 , I'llll VISIONS Pork -Mess. Lard Steam Bl'TI'li It Western Kcserve Prime Creamery FRl'lT AND VEGETABLES J U0 it" a, Potatoes per bar. from store 2 1" 2 -V) Apples, prime, per barrel.... 4 Uu w 4 M NEW YORK. FLOUH State and Western.. (ieod to choice GRAIN Wtaeale-No. 2 red.... No. I white Corn No. 2 mixed IlKts mixed POHK Muss 13 n i 4 1.1 a 7 2fi 4 1 2UV'(. 1 1 1 i;i ,(. l i.i 6s tne, fd Kri III & o-r!i iu CHICAGO. FlVrit-ftate and Western.. GHAIN-Wheat No.2 red . . Corn No. 2 Oils No. 2 , II yc rOH K -Mess LA HO Su-uui $: mi a. a mi 1 12 Ith 1 5.'Vr& bii 41 lit, 411, in ';(! 19 lf 1,1 IU 2(1 ii-;iu,ii-,2', BALTIMORE. FT.Orit-Fsmilv -f-1 i'l no ae-v,). i l'I OKA IN Wh, ul No. 2 wintor red I oi n- -in. ed Oills- I'li veil Frto isp .s-Pork-Mess.... Lard itell ncd M nc CkJ .20 ll in. LOUISVILLE 1 nr. iN-Viil.timir -. irit-A No. i .itAIN W'heut No. 2 red.... ( 'orn mixed (Mis mixed I'OKk aii-b f (".ft- 4 Ml nr. 4 r. 1 IIS w 47' '0 1 10 .ai ou INDIANAPOLIS. WH FAT New i in (OHN ' v. OATS-mfxed I"'" t; LIVE STUCK Cattle llutellers" stock 2 7li blnpplua" wills 6 a6 Sf 4 on IK, 5 oo Thk man wVin "i1! (mm" inonl4 ntmr Im shot out of season. Ttr.imiso'B ftupsln ShW iLe world, and enei-lleut c. Itpqt rnmtly KAlTf tn lor liable u iis-t. "Misery loves coTnpnny." Tlmf ths rttion a'hftn-pecki-d liusbuud aUvisos his il ieuils to nmrry. THORK COHrl.ATVIKO OF BoRB TlTHOAT, Flnnrspiipss nr Cold, should us " Hroicn'$ Brotirhial Troches." Bold oiuv in boxes. Pi.avo nvpr henrd from the lips nf a bride "d m't giv tus away. Louisville Coitrier-Juurnui. CiiRoi.rrniON Collnrn nd OiifT will not turn yellow nor grow slitT like olher wator proof goods. Tn Intent mineral discovery In Cali fornia is a sosp minis. UooU slock to watur. Buiton 6tar. I j i ; I I ' , 1 : Gastrine. A lerly rnynt "When I feel t all rllstreeeei fUT eHtlnir, tnbiesoonfnl of tlantrine Rivet me ilmogt UiaUtnt relief." tH;U by drussisUb HitANnv Improves bv k"eplnir It: so docs the man who owns it Daltimor Kvtrv tSaturday. Personal! Tna Voitaic Bki.t Co., Murehull, Mich., will end. Dr. Dye's CeletirstiMi Kleclro-Vnltjiie Holts and Kleotrlo Appliance on trial Inr thirty tlu vn to men lyonnir or oldi who are at tliett'd with nervous debility, lost vitality and Umili-ed trnulileH. g too unl eel icf apf-elv slid complete restoration ot henlih and manly viiror. Address as Hhove. N. 11. No risk la Incurred, an thirty dHya' trial is ullowed. Hale's Honey of Horehound and Tar Boothes the billys convulsed with a cotiprh. i lUti'd tooiuaoiie drops curv lu one minute. You would use St. Patrick's Salve if you knew the good 'twould do you. tr aflllcted with Pore F.yos, nan Tr. Tsnno Thompson's Eye Water. DniKKiste sell It. 2-"o. a a 'MhUtivniUum 1 THE GREAT GERMAN REMEDY FOR PAIN. Ut'lieTtn and cures RHKl'MATISM, Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, IIA l(A IIK, HEADACHE, TOOTHAOHB, SORE THROAT. QUINSY, SWELLINGS. KI'KAIKN. Soreness, Cuts, Bruises, V HOST BITES. Ill llN, SCALDS, And sit ntbor bodily aches ami piitus. FIFTT CENTS A BOTTLE. Hnld by all Drueirltn and T'-alpr. DlrfCtluiM lu 11 lt.lilt11Hf(fA, The Charles A. Vogeler Co. (Bnwr U A. TtAILl.r R CO ) H1Uftr, Mil., I. 8. A. tmmwmmf, S -ifi "wo i iiii r ..in., n ig'.jf I'lusimij 1 maaniQMk omnium irtsu jt, J'ritavmsiisajlii :: .tjiaiiiiaanji!! i;!,:nm,,milltf'V 'ttaQlUBsi "What the frrfat re -fjitoraifve. Hosteller's .Jo. must be ku' lu ri d jrnin wni n ii'ia d.me. Ii has eflVcu'd mUkul CUTVK iutliuu Ba ot t-'ftsfnof ilvs-jh'P-1a, blUoui dia OrUtTS, iDtrnnlttcnt fi r, nervous ailrc ttoiift, general iie liitiy, ronillpation, iWl tieavdiiclif, nt'-n-tal despondency, and Uie peculiar oin plaints and dUabiii ili'n to which the fertile are m buI'Joct. "For ia. bv all Dtu.--.m nd l)t al ert g' ueraJI-r. HOGS IN EUROPE United States, W' n. kiij llim naiH r wnb our ud dri'sitiD iobihI card to H. VY. Hill d: Co., 8 Wit M1I11 til., DErjkTt'li, 111., will obtain a book FKKK wltb tin? DitntT of llngn in cncl) Stale un1 Kuronr. CYnBtiH lb&J. alau a -.71" : I ovular attory rmUli-d inAi nuuurmint. WORTH SENDING FOR! Dr.J.H. Hrheuck Usui jiit fublihnd a book on t t AM) IIOW TO ( I KK Til Kali. VhJrh is offered 1'UI.l - potti-ai I, to ail ai'pllcuiita. It txmtaiiia u uabte mfi-rmuuon for all who uppoMi thenirwjvca afl'ictcd witb.or liable to any dine. of the ttiroat or lmt-rfl. Mention ibm i-aer Aiidiw Dr.J.li.htULNC K V tSO.N. 1 h;lad( lpkiaU'a. HANDSOME GOLD TF&ts'ii h.- d a il.st'l Bill.lU Ot.l.ll hteiB-WlndlUB Walrh, mi l giiiiiv u:i-.- ix-rl. ot wt: lp-artluu. or will re. f.iii.l Ii.-iii'.pi'-y. s nil I' o oiiIit or r.-K'isli-rtl I'-ifr. X. MOK I 0 b t l., OU Headway, New York. Lady Agents,; ran ie-ufvpTTnB. iiu kuu-j ui.ry riin r lUHl l liy Hklrf aiHlJIttM-atna Snpp.H.M, rtp. aniplt otitti! t'rr... Aililren lurD f 'lt SstaBilerS.'c.,CiBcionsu.O Momlilne Habit fnraul lis IS tolOdaa. hupay till l'ar4a. llll. J. SI ttlUNl, lUAUOU, UtllO. Cfifi A WEEK In vour own town. Terms mid JJUDU ouull Iree. AdOr s U Jiallstt k Co-.toruaud, Ms FRFP 1 RETURN MAIL A " description of I It Lias MomysNkw Tailor System of Okfss CU11U.U. U.w.klooily U., Ul W.Ui,Cinclunii,o. ACEVI (i WASTED for Itie liesl and Fsstrst s -ll.iiKl'!r!ort;il Hooks nnu lllulr-c I'tlrt-s r lu.- d KJpcr cuL ' ATI ukal P u nisi btt u Co. , PUlliult li'iiLt. I'm HAIR Whol'M.le and trla'L Send for price-(it. (lonH t-ent I'. O. 1. made to tinier K. liUKMIAM. 11 Stale Sirutfi l'hn:K- lfrtUTC Cola Mompt bTtrlllnirnr Chanc'i Fami- flu til I O ly PhyHlcinnnnd Second lifrt-ipi Bouk.H ddrcM A. W. aMILToN CO., Am Arbor. Mu Bhcrti toe wrlttDd paper In BlottrrTablct. with CAlemUr. t , it:., by nvi'L A.Tcntt wantcd. Economy Priming ( Oi., NewtmrviKirt, Mum. OPIMP1 11,(1 WIIlftftY H ABITS cured V rlWim nt home without i;i n. It ok nf jijir licu am wnl free. M M. Wouij ki , M. D.. AllautJ,04. YflHVR MFM "yo lrn Teh-praphy ta I U w .1 li mt.fi a tew Itmnih. aud In- cerinuu of a b.mai.iuu, atidjvM Yajbhtimc liaoe., Juutivillc, wis. ?HB Pnfl FpilJxiTorFltiln 2ihoura. Free to aonr. W Ui B Wli b UK.K.KL'sfc.,l AnH. ual bU.buLunla.ilo, A VVTKK:. $12 a day at home easllr made. 0I UiXHUjouUat (roe. Atldi txm True it Cm. A itu uaijiv Ma C10I-KMAN WI'SINIXS C'OI I.KGK, Vcwark, N.J. t W nit- for Luiailutfui; Co! inu 4. i'aiuitt, I'ro.i'ra. fLMiissitMMtaa JCVaks'I'toC ilVi.w STOMACH - ff L V.,-? !' , nstiiu 0PI0L1 Ki tr-i n heurc uine cawwoutof leu. lnf-i niiiuon thul M (11hv aiimtiie,,!. ITi-vpiifion letter Until mm H i rui H .Tit mm a i st ui mm CfiOUP, ASihKA, BRONCHITIS, NEURALGIA, Johnmn's Aii'Mlyno Liniment (lor Internal ami hxltu-iutl Usej will i.istuu taneoiuly relievo iheae tr- will brive iimnv livt-,. fc.,.t'f t.v .nui cure. 1. .K HI i i A it. ui.u-.J a I la. Lay the Axe to the Root IT yon would destroy Ibo can korins worm. Foranycxter ual paiu, lore, wound or lame nesH if nun or beast, usa only MEXICAN MUSi;A.U Ll.NT. MEM'. It penetrates all mus ele and flesh to iha very bono, expcllin? all inflammation, lorenes and pain, aud liraliujj tbo diseased part a no other Liuiiuent ever did or cm. Ho laitli tlio cxperienro of two euemtioiu of HiifTere!'!, and id will you Kay when you Lava tried tue " HusUu-." I Ifftf QonR-, Ne Itnner. " A Rnmmer 1 TyV" i trotu a l'rovlrienre Mfrniwnt. Mil Gropui H Pati. a frull d' filer mi 297 Wrie. mltiotT tre'-t, b-ar hm fcrat.-f l.1 u-.uony to tlie umr etjiisllf-d Finrlli ace ef ti.u prodm-ueu ol one of oat puiH skillful l'rovlili-nce ithsrninri.ta. Mr. Ivl, tarn: " I.ftia Bprlns 1 wu Tt-r? tieaily Unublrd was i-v.-iv liiflHimiiKi lun of Hie klrtm-yn. and It octramr m bul Hiatal tluif I urlnatisl Mood. wfl rnf Buffering w'P' 'rif'-.p. My condition wm ao ptmt ul tlial for while 1 w aearcely able to attend to liunliieaa. and iha severe pnlns would come ao suddenly and severely that would be obliged to leaye customer whom I mUtht hfipiw-n to be walilns upon. Iiurlnsr a part, of the tlina iraa miiCile to walk, ani srart ely knew what to do or which av to look for relief. At this Ume s friend ree- oinriiended Hunt's Remedy. 1 took two bottles of H. and It took rtiihl bold of my disease and enred me yery speedily, and 1 bava cxpciieDced no troubi.: with my kldii'-ys nlnce. ' Furthermore. Hunt's Remedy bas stremrtbenedme very much, and since 1 began to use It 1 hava been able to attend to business, and am all rltilit now. I heartily reeonmy nd It to alL W hat It bat duoe lor BU U will 4o fur you who are afflicted." 8nnrd for Twanty Tears. Hon. JosrrrjA Trnuu of Bast Ba1aaw. Mlem., fays: "Conaa Bar amons the emhuslaatla friends at HuQt'sRt'lnt-ay It hasproYentnmy cai all foo claim for It. Hayliis suffered for aooul twenty jre severe disease of the kidneys (which our local pnyss cians pronounced Blight's Disease), 1 made a luuroej Esstlo consult the eminent Dr. HsTen. of Hamilton, hew York, of whose fame la lb Is specially I had hears much. Dr. Haven examined roe carefully aad simply ssld: 'Oo and ft a aouleof Hunt's Remedy and lakv according to dln-ctlons.' After ha Ins traveled so far tor treatment. It struck me as raih'T funny to be di rected to take a medicine which I nilnht have bounHs within a stone's throw nf niy own door: tntt I was Is the doctor's hsnds, and of course 1 follow il his advice, and rluht Rlad was I that 1 did so. for before I hsd take Hunt's Remedy half a doren times 1 found Immense bene&t from It. snd by cor.ilnuluc the um; of It for s limited time I recoven d fron. my troul.le entirely, ana am to-day, I think, one of llw most ranged of rugged Mlrhlganders. Theworlu Is Indebted to you. sir, fol tlu. nroiiiulgntloti of tut h a medicine, and 1 hope yas saiy not go without your reward." Advertising Cheats ! " Tt has beenmt' so common to VTite the beciiiuiiiK of mi article, In an elegant, liiter estinK in iiiiii'i', " Tlit'ii inn if. Into some Bdvertlnt nii'iil that we avoid all such, " Ati'l pimply cull atfi'iition to tils nu rits Of Hop Li it U-rs iu as plain, lioDujt ti-rius as possible, " To induce people " To eive tin-in one trial, 'which so provns tlieir value that they will never use anything eke.-' " Tub Hkmedt so favorably noticed la all the paM'rs, " Ki'liL'ious and secular, Is ' liitvini; a Ihtl'c sale, and is supplanting a!" other iiicdu'iiirs. " There Ls no denying the virtues of tin Hop plant, and the proprietors of Hop Bit-ters-hiivi' shown great shrewdness " And n'.iility " In compounding a medicine whose vir tues are so paluuble to every one's observation." Did She DieP " No I " She lingered and suffered along, pining away all the time for years," " The doctors doing her no good ;" "And at last was cured by this Hop Bite ters the papers say so much about" "Indeed! lnilifd I" "How thankful we should be for that medicine." A Daughter's Misery. " Eleven years our daughter suffered on bed of misery, " r'lom a complication of kidney, liver, rheumatic trouble and Nervous debility, Under tlie care of the best physicians, " Who gave her disease various names, " Hut no relief, "And now she ls restored to us In good healih by as simple a remedy as Hop Bitters, that we had shunned for years belore using it," Tiie Pahents. Father is Getting WelL 'My dun gilt ere but: 'How mucU bttter father li alnce he used Hop BtV ten " "Hr is K''ttinR wt'll after his long sifferlng from dl3"-iu." litM-lar-'ii liu-uriitile" And we in' o (iiiiU that ha used your Bitten." A iwAOiY of Utiua. IS. Y. ' f- I'trS. nr,! B-rinf- TARS ItAff. OaV.H. IIK THli FHr...lll. 6'j1 rm t. W' n.iiH b J-.it, Ail kU4U at IttWt, JONES OF BINOHAIflTON, WANTED-A&ENTS. T bur and s'll i li- WAM.KNN VETAI H. llll I: si.d Sll.l-lJKKIMi I'll. LOW lt II AM HOI.UKIC: in.- iuosi. Dt'UABLK and hl.MPl.I-T In Biark-'t. S.ini:ile to Hnr addrrsa os n-i---ut ot Wl.AO. Uvrr 1.00 aol.l la Cleveland l.atlv A aenls Unci It vrry sialcMble. Furu-nas audraas kIMIAI.I. A I., 1UO UaTaaloBTaaKT, CLKVELANB, Ok I T I T U T B . Kn.aUu-sli- il. i- 2; Iin'iirponit'd. twi. f ,.r Ui Cur- ot CfinriTi, Tumor it, I'li-fM, l.rorul anj skin Uisk t:u. wiiliouitli b (if hLuiui. an rj il tle pain. of s, ciR''nr. and t RitsNcBa, aadr' I.. PO.VD, Aurora, kaneCo., 111. UOU5E PLEANINCTIME (S COMINQ rtolaid. a Your w Carpet must t CarDeta muet he io ' urn. n iirue. u-iiumt , rtll'l llrli'kaVk'aral HH I'AKI'hT .srni.TCHKK ki. lf Hummer com lit Tied ill lay vmi r ( 'Mpeia wit It kabm. btIKTO.ii iav, ,1iirt tlie tlui it e are . le I ik " l1 m Htl It." For mile ij TH V. HAKKVVAHI IK M)K netiorall j. t'trcu lira fret S;imi c bv toiI, )-t imid, $1 0Q, A1dif-t R. W. M 0NTKO8S, Bela Kanufac'r, GALlZH MICH. n H a., ijvumt. a' A' WHtHt ALL ll i7; (Tails. &2 p. Trwt(gtKd. rl ,d by il.iiKuHtM. V K mttli tsyn AGENTS WANTED FVKKYWHKKrC to Bfb ot-Mt 1-uuiliT ltnlt- Mnvhlne ever liiveir.eil Will ku t n nvr of hiut-kinK- m i, h llr.I.L and I t r. cuniilti IiiiW ii- 1 t; i ul' . 1 1 v. ill a ho kuM k.'!f.i v.u n-iy ot Uny w oi i.,r n tjl 'h there Is b1whk h r ,kv inaiVi t . s--nj I- r ri'rm.r and I io tin- 't' mi.hl ii.iilltl.iaj M.ichiue iu. ltlal Treinuu; mh',l, liuiUOlL. Maik BOILERS I.OTFGROVK k CO., CUPUJCC fUlLADLLPUlA. l'A. LHUIIILO MP S III ll.-e ut Lt..!-' or J IN FORMA I 11 1 K. F. p(l CUMtS M I Sr III Vllllt". fl m u the mi FOR FARMERS. FOR EVERYBODY. 1 IIK M'V la not ou'y a utwBpnr. II la alno itif beat ikih'" oi g q mi Utt'imiirr putiilalid. a rcudt-n aii no!h!UK wttnhy ol n.'iire thut la cum-m lu K.Miilot ihouKlit. ( WKKKI.V rtllilon c-mialuB aa Ai:-1 ul' ural l pun incnt ol u&tquali'd Dierll. bnb Krlp'twir Uaii.y 4 pim'i). by mml, AAo. a monrti, 3r HH.SO i year; M suay i pc.;i er year Viii.'.li tt mn'iff . al ri'ii. 1. w. K S 1 1 AND, luuuahr. Kev York City. corjsur.iPTion. I hac a pnaitivt; riiinil tor Ui above dl.nb: bj tta U"f tliouiill Is of t'aifs uf ill .urnl km J and vt lotia lUiidin.' n.i Ik-uji furi J. lnJi-r ii, -o I rune lb utv faviia In .is. ifl 'acy. llil I w.l i M-nd TWO HOI Tl.hS FKKK. to Cfitier witi) a V AHI.K TliK K Ih on Una di ., M auti ultfir. i.iv.t 1 "nt.-. jih! I' O ttdili r. Oil. 1 . A. M "i I M v t , Now Ti.rfc. "1 thk best IS CHEAPEST." TUDCCUCQCSAW-IILLS, Horse Puwfni ' 1 lllll-OULI.OfaruuuN ii.-i.nl Illua Pamphlet I l a)l..r Cu., slKii.ik.la. Itliu. Vv7 1y.$G5 ORGAN W W .irsiaUA. III,, Unas. I- I.I. THE BF.SJT iu th. world. a. at WU. I MAUD Q" n.lTEB "n' w to any purt or l ulled 8rsi-. in.-tt.un n-c-ipt of MH-rlal ilt.riiiniis ' . Mi,- ,,u S. ud or prlc--ll.L .1. - l.ll.H I IIUrL'.l UKU.. lij.-hei oi. N. l' ! h 9 fl rr di,T ' h,,me' Pample. wortb $lt J tt .iUuoO- aalaiaa. 31 Ulaua ai U. IMniaud ila. A. H.K..-K. n St.. . HHIHSM alra aavj ;H aiv iteta . m sr. . IT --i 1 i'a Aiivs.Hiikaii aaa sSlsrllssassI ia