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SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
General Puller has given .r,000 to ViUiams College for a gymnasium. Of tlio Bishop of tho Cburch of England three are over eighty and nine over seventy years of age. The. Georgia State Uuivorsity ex pects to create a separate department for military "trill and discipline, "and place a first class man nt tho head of it." Mr. John IV Mf Muster, author of the "ili-tory of the American l'eople," has been ele.-teil to tin; professorship of history in the l'niverity of Pennsyl vania. The census of missions to bo taken next, year will, it is said, show an in- -eiisc of '),), IKK) native Christian in India, ( 'eyloti tnd liurmah for the last ten years'-5( 'd.O(H) in all. The 1'nited Breshyterian Church of Scotland, winch has been reporting a decline in numbers for several years, will this year he able to report a large increase. The net. pain is between 1.7(KI and l.N(K). This gives ti.P. de nomination the largest m !. p it ever had. He'k ions services in Arkansas are sometime-attended with incidents. A party of vis tots with Winchester titles walked into a church in the west part of the Mute hist Sunday, stopped the. sermon, made the minister read a paper, threatening the lives of several men in the congregation and quietly departed. The sermon was then resumed. Chi tjto Journal. Mr. John Thome, son of the late Colonel James Thorne. of New York City, returned recently from China after an absence of t wenty-throe years. For five years Mr. Thorne has heen in the service of flic American Bible So ciety, and in (list time has traveled more than twenty thousand miles, chiefly on the Yangtze Kiver and its tributaries, going as far west as the pro vince of Sze-Chuen. . During the month of June the missionaries of the American Sunday School I'nion in the Northwest under t! c direction of I'. (I. Knsign, Superin tendent, Chicago, organized ninety new Sunday-schools and brought S.'l.l teach ers arid 2,771 scholars with them. Since March. 1, the beginning of the. new year, they have established 274 new schools, with 1,047 teachers and X.WO'.I scholars, and aided 361 old schools, which contain 2,0!H teachers and l'.i.oH'.l scholars, held 796 meetings, visited :t,:toi5 f imilies. distributed l,:i"2 Bibles and Testaments, cir dated i'H worth of good reading, aud traveled 4.j,2:il miles. Chieaqo Tribune. The New York Tribune says: "Some time ago it was stated in these columns that a novel experiment was about to be tried in the Nebraska In stitute for the Deaf and Dumb, at Omaha. The semi-deaf children of the institution were to be taught to hear by the use of tlio audiphono. Kecent re ports show that the experiment has v en a complete success. The method consists mainly of object-teaching and an exaggerated plain pronunciation of words by the teacher, whose pupils gradually become accustomed to the sounds or words used to designate vari ous objects; and in time they succeed in hearing and pronouncing these wor'" themselves. PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS. The home-stretch the morning yawn. lioon Coitri-r. A no-table event is a picnic where one must sit on the ground to eat. A'. V. I'ienune. "Mamma, what does M. I), mean when it comes after the doctor's name? D k s it mean money down?'' Hirper's Bazar. "Ma, which milkman gives the most cream, the one that has the bmtcows?" "Hardly, my child! It is the one who has the best conscience." Yonkers Ga-ii-He. A London oculist says that culture diminishes the size of the eyes. Now, lust listen to that. Everybody knows that small i's are a sign of the entire s 'isenee of culture. Vliicao Tribune, Several cases of burglary have re 1 1 nt ly occurred at seaside resorts, and the .sojourners for the summer now have '.i satisfaction of looking out forbreak- i r.i bv night as well as day. Boston Ciurir. A New York darkey who furnished blood for transfusion and so saved the l ie of one Okcnberg, who was a' ii. ith's door, now sues for !2")0 dam ,'.;; ;s. A nice little bill to pay for being n -pulsed. Pittsburgh Telegraph. Longfellow said: "In this world a nihil must be cither anvil or hammer." I.ong.ellow was wrong, however. Lots of men are neither the active hammer nor the sturdy anvil. They are nothing l ilt Im-Hows. 'AiV'tfle'pAirt News. A Peruvian living in Milan has made r. c!n Ic cu'i "ely out of bread. In this rvitify ma'iv persons are trying to make iirca I out of paper, but they have only b -en partially successful. They complain that subscribers won't pay up. Nnrrit'own Herald. "Who held the pass of Thorniopy 1 r tigainst the Persian host?" demanded the t nchcr. And the editor's boy at the .i, .i uf the class spoke up and said: 'j'V: I reckon; he holds an annual on every road in the country that runs ii p's-sMiger train." 8 in Franeiseo Anj irl nil. When the miiiis'er is pretty severe r 1 1 ' ri human shortcomings in the pul pit, e ery man leans baek in his pew, smiles, and says to himself. "Now he's giving it to "cm." Satisfying thought, isn't it, that the minister always has reference to somebody else? Chicago nli r-Oe an. The inhabitants of Rugby, Tenn., seem to have acquired the American power of invention. One of them savs that he was out in a thunderstorm, wheeling brush on a wheelbarrow, when there suddenly descended a ball of tire. When his da,led eves could see there was nothing left of the wheel barrow or its load but a twisted tire. Chicago Herald. Speak gently; especially to the big man with a round head and a square Deck anil two big fists like ancient stone hammers. Speak gently to him. You may touch some long hidden chord of sympathy in his hardened breast that may cause him to pass you by un erushed. But the little white-faced man on crutches oh, you may sass turn all the way round the block. tiurlington Hawk-Kyc. A fashion item sayg that "swallows cow decorate many articles of feminine attire. They appear painted or em broidered od drosses, enamelled on buttons and jewelry, and the real article is seen on bonnets." Hereto fore "swallows" have principally deoor jitt'd the masculine nose, and in some Cases have garnished the windows of homes with old huts. The new uses to which they are devoted is a gratifying Change. A'orristown Herald. Vletinis of Strabismus. "Wat cii that waiter," said the doc tor, as he indicated by a jerk of his thumb a black frockcit, white-aproned servit.ir wlio was pursuing an unsteady e.nirsc througn the maze of tables and chairs at the further end of tlio res Vni'Miit. "Notice the way he carries his head. See how he twists his neck nway to avoid looking any one in the eo. 1 suppose von think I am going to t dl tun that tlie man is a refori led cut -throat or a fngitivo New Jelsey bank oilicial. Hut I am not. Ho is an innocent, moral man, for all that I know to the contrary, lv.it he is terribly alllicled. He needs pity and obscurity. He would be more at home on Selkirk's Island than on Broadway. Ho is cross eyed. "The pathology of this disease," said the physician, as he lighted a cigar and settled himself in his chair for a talk, "is two-fold. It Is both moral and medical. The mental, as well a the physical, qualities of the victim are in iluenced by this serious allliction. I know of no disease, deformity or malady which produces such, marked effects on a man as strabismus. It is human na ture to cover up ono's defects, but nothing can hido a pair of cross-eyes. The eyes have been called windows of the soul. They are the most express ive part of the face. They denoto a man s passion, his feeling, his senti ments. You always look into a man's eyes when he talks to you. You may never see how he is dressed; but if the expression of his eye is bad it is seen in a second. And this not the worst of it. If a limb is so crippled that it attracts your attention tho victim may not hap pen to notice your scrutiny, but if yon look into his crooked eyes he detects your glance instantly. It requires more than natural politeness to look a cross eyed person in the face nnd not to indi cate by the slightest sign that his deform ity is noticed, and very few people have been able to accomplish the feat. There is a fascination about cross-eyes. Y'our ga.o is drawn tj them unconsciously. You can't avoid them. Your curiosity is excited. You are constantly wonder ing with which eye he is looking at you. The cross-eyed man cannot escape his notoriety. I was cross-eyed myself once, and for years life was a burden to me. On street-cars ill-mannered men would stare at mo, girls looked at me and giggled, children would move around directly in front of me and inquire, so as to be heard all over the car: "Mamma, say, what's tho matter with this man's eyes?" I neg lected society, walked instead of riding in tlio cars or stages, and was fast de veloping into a recluse, when I had my eyes straightened by an operation. 1 was engaged to bo married, when I was beginning my practice, to a beau tiful young girl, who entered into all my hopes and ambitions. She was good and generous and so self-sacriticing that she was willing to link herself to a cross-eyed man for life. My atlliction broke off the match. We were both at an evening company. It was only a month betore the day which was ap pointed for the wedding. We were sit ting in one corner of tho room facing another pair of lovers, who were en sconced behind a screen of flowers in the other corner. Tho band was play ing and we were listening. I was think ing about the great happiness in store for me. when my dream was rudely dis turbed by the young man opposite He crossed the room, cams to my side and whispered loudly enough to almost drown the band: 'if you don't stop staring at that young lady I will flatten your watch chain against vonr back bone.' I trie I to explain, i told him I didn't intend to stare at her; that I was looking and tiiinkiug only of the fair creature by my own side. But it was no use. Ho didn't believe ms, and my intended was so mortified by the dis turbance and confusion that when I o lie re 1 to release her from her promise she gladly accepted the oiler. She mar ried so in afterward a club-footed grocer, and lives around the corner From me, and I have as straight eyes now as she has." A'. Y. Time. Why Cochineal and Carmine Are se Costly. The Ironmonger, London, explains why the beautiful cochineal and car mine colors are so expensive. It says: One of the best aud most powerful ani mal dyes used in tho arts and manu factures is the body of the female cochi neal inse 't, dried. This insect exists on a species of cactus, and when alive is about the si.o of a ladybird, or per haps a triilo smaller. It is wingless, rather long, equally broad all over, and is marked behind with deep incisions and wrinkles. It has six feet, which curiously enough are only of use di rectly after birtn, and secures itself to the plant by means of a trunk which is found between tho fore feet, and de rives its nourishment from the sap. The male cochineal is like the female only during the larva period. It changes into chrysalis and eventually appears as red llies. The female de posits some tiiousands of eggs, which she protects under her body until they are hatched, and on the appearance of the young ones tho parent dies. While the young are in the larva state their s ex cannot ho determined. They lose their skins several times, and while the female fixes herself on the plant, the male, after getting over the pupa state, is winged. Two or three months is tho extent of the life of these liulo insects. They are gathered before they lay eggs and are then rich in coloring matter. Carmine is prepared from the cochi neal insect, tlie Cocins aeii, which is collected by brushing the branches of the cactus wit'.i the tail of a squirrel or other animal; this is very tedious work. They are killed by immersing them in boiling water, and this has to bo done at once or they would lay their eggs, an I thereby lose much of their vaiue. There are many prooesses for prepar ing tho carmine. The French process may be takcu as an example: one pounl of the powdered cochineal insects is boiled for fifteen minutes in three gal lons of water; one ounce of cream of tartar is then added, and the boiling continued ton minutes longer; then one ounce aud a half of powdered alum ia thrown in, aud the boiling continued for two minutes longer. Tho liquid is then poured oil and net aside lor the carmine to settle down. la other pro cesses carbonate of soda or potash U usea. George Anderson, of Anno Arun del County, Virginia, took lunch and nlaved a iramo of cards "uist for fun. When he saw he was swindled out of eight v-tive dollars he arose, grasped one swindler 'witu each brown paw and shook them until their teeth rattled like castinets and his money fairly jumped out of their pockets. When they had tied ho discovered that they had (lis gorged live dollars more than he bad lost, which was just about enough to take huu back to the green pastures 01 Anne Arundel. Ctaeago Herald. Controlling Bees. A BTcat drawback to bee-keeping is the fcarof the bee's sting by persons not familiar with this industry. Many farm ers would keep a few hives, enough to furnish honey for their own tables, at least, if they only knew just how to con trol the bee. Decs retaliate injuries nnd interrup tions by nn attack and sting, heneo everybody who is called upon to make a near approach should understand tho 'hings that anger these insects. All quick motion are offensive to them, suidi as running, striking and the like. The practical bee-keeper, as a rule, is safe, for he moves in and about the hives with slow, cautious stop. A sudden jar, such as mny be made by carelessly moving tho hive, is re sented by the bees and usually the in stant a hive is touched they aro on the alert and ready to bring down their sting upon head or face. In adjusting the box and frames bees are liable to be crushed and otherwise injured. Their surviving comrades appear to remember this and as soon as an opportunity oc curs make an attack. l.ecs alsu appear to become irritated bv the breathing of a person into the hive or among a cluster of them, espe cially if the person uses liquor or to bacco, liees do not make an attack while in search of honey or on their return until they have entered the hivo. It is in the hive nnd its immediate vi cinity that they manifest this irascible disposition. liees do not always give warning be fore niakingan attack. On the contrary the majority of attacks are made with out tho least intimation having been given. There is no doubt but that a timid person who shows fear by dodging and evading every bee that flies near is more liable to be assailed than one who is quite fearless. As interest dispels fear, the enthusiast makes the most success ful beo-kecper. When one has not sufficient confidence to walk boldly in and out among tho hives it is wise to use some means of protection to insure confidence. This protection is especially necessary when handling hybrids. Long rubber gloves and over-sleeves of cotton cloth, held firmly in place by an elastic on each end, will protect hands and wrists. Bee veils, to guard the face, are made of mosquito netting, tarlatan or lace. A veil recommended by Quiraby and adopted by many bee growers consists of a piece of netting a yard and a quarter by three-quarters of a yard sewed together, with an elastio in one end, to be adjusted over the hat. Four or live inches from the top insert a piece of coarse meshed cloth 6x9 inches. At a suitable distance from the bottom attach a narrow tape to tie about the neck. Stout black bobinet lace is sometimes substituted for the wire cloth. Smoke is the controlling agent uni versally employed in the apiary. It has a stupefying effect upon tho bees which enables the bee-keepers to handle them without fear. The burning of partially decayed wood, without a blaze, is now employed in place of to bacco, for smoking bees. Progressive apiarians for the most part, use one of the many patent smokers on the mar ket. These differ in some minor details of construction, but are based on the same essential principle, nearly all having adopted the upright bellows and tube. To operate the smoker the tapering fart of the tube is removed, a piece of ight decayed wood put in and the tap ering part replaced. The bellows is worked with one hand, directing the smoke to any part desired. By a judi cious use of smoke at the right moment the bees' conibativeness is subdued and their anger turned into submission. Their impulse is to fill themselves with honey, after which they are more peace able. Various remedies are employed for stings. External applications of am monia, soda, or salt and soda mixed and slightly moistened are perhaps as efficient as anything. Whether nny remedy is employed or not, it is neces sary that the sting be removed as soon as possible. It may often be scraped off with a knife-blade and the part squeezed a little to force the poison out. Care should be taken in removing the sting not to force any more of tho poison contained m the sac attached to the sting in the wound. Ar. Y. World. Utllizing Things in Egypt. The most hideous form in which the utilitarian spirit of modern Egypt has shown itself, in making merchandise of her once honored dead, has been in sell ing them to merchant vessels at so much per ton as a manure for foreign fields. 1 robablv this vile trade has now become illegal, but until very recently long strings of camels were employed to carry human bone-dust from the tombs near Memphis to vessels in the harbor at Alexandria. Largo quantities of these human remains were brought from the ancient sepulchres and cata combs, which honey-comb the rocky ridge near Alexandria itself, and cargo boats were openly employed in fetching this so-called "brown guano." Various foreigners visited the spot while this was going on, and saw human bones, glass tear bottles and earthenware lamps, all shoveled up together with tho brown dust, which was carried up the ship's sides in baskets, thrown down into the hold, and then conveyed to En gland, there to be sold at 6 10s. per ton, a price which would give the manu facturers ot manure a very targe protit, on mixing it with the guano of Peru. So vain iiave proved the most success ful ellorts ever made by human beings to immortalize mortal bodies. After all, it is in the irreverence of selling this precious dust to enrich foreign fields that the sting lies. We felt no great shock when we learned that tho very same thing had been done in London, when not very many years ago it was decided that the vast cemetery at the back of the National Gallery (wherein only two centuries ago nil the victims of the great plague were cast wholesale) should be dug up aud the rich soil (in cluding many bones still undecayed) should be spread over Kensington Gar dens to fertilize its roes and, lilies Conlemiorury Hevieiv. Little cakes, called "love knots," aro nice for tea: live cups of Hour, two of sugar one of butter, a piece of lacd tho size of an egg, two eggs, hree tablcspoonfuls of sweet milk, half a teaspoouful of soda; rub the butter, sii"ar, and flour together line, add tho other ingredients, roll thin, cut in strips one inch wide and live inches long, lay across in true love knots, and bake in quick oven. Toledo Blade. Quito a romance occurred in East Rome, N. Y., recently. A young man waded into the Mohawk with the evi dent intention of committing suicide. Jealousy was tlie supposed cause. His girl went to his rescue, and he wad Bivcd from a watery grave. t For Young Readers. GRANDMA'S STITCHES. Ornnrtma siiv wr little wltotio Nuke herihep no nmiiy studies, l.niiL'hinir. nil she fnirly ptnikes. t our eninks; hut ahr mi'-lukea l-or when I liioiiuht my Ititle Imskct (.lust lnj self. p)it .lidn t nsk ill. To liunl Iter Rtltehes on the tloor (A liozen lroiMil. he pill'l. or innro), There w iisn'1. one, tlml t cnulil tlmll I'oor KTiuulma must he (rcltinif Hiit-l. Our Little Ono. CHARLES BILLER'S BRAVERY. -The a Charles Biller, a lad of thirteen, was rowing down tho Passaic Kiver, near Rutherford Park, one summer day in 1877, when he saw a Hat-bottomed bonl with four girls in it struck by another boat containing three boys. Tho col lision stove in the side of tho scow, and tipped over tho boat, so that both par ties were thrown in the water. Quick as thought Biller threw off his coat he had been bathing, and his shoes w ere already off and jumped in after the girls. His companions were younger than he, nnd too terrilied to do anything but sit in the boat and stare. Two of tho girls were about his own age, and tho others a year younger. Biller himself was used to swimming, and grasping two of the girls, he struck out tor the shore which was one hun dred nnd fifty feet away. Reaching it in safety, ho left his freight, and went for the others, who were still struggling in the water. Some boatmen hnd mean while gone to th8 rescue of the boys who had caused the accident, and one of these caught one of the remaining girls, while Biller saved the fourth. For this brave exploit, the boy was rewarded with a gold medal from the Humane Society of New York. When, some time afterward, he came to go into busi ness, his courage nnd manliness were not the least of hi recommendations. The boy or man who does one brave deed very often has the opportunity to do another, and although in the case of Charles Biller the oppoi tunity was de layed six years, he was quick to im prove it when it came. One bright day this summer he started from bis home in Newark, N. J., for a day's ex cursion to Coney Island, and was walk ing from Brighton to the Iron Pier, a distance of about a mile. As he trudged along Biller saw ahead of him a carriage standing on the sand, and near by a girl, who. as he gazed, suddenly ran down to the water and plunged in. She was not in bathing costume, and the unusuhl sight excited the lad s wonder and curiosity. At the same moment he saw a gentleman get hurriedly out of the carriage, using a crutch to help him in the descent, and then hobble down to the shore, where he stood waist deep in tho surf, wildly waving his hands. By this time, persuaded that some thing must be wrong, Biller had run to the spot, nnd now lie saw, far out in the surf, a little head, toward which the girl was bravely swimming. I daresay his thoughts went hurriedly back to the Passaic Kiver, nnd the day, six years before, when almost the same scene went on before his eyes. But he did not stop to think. Kicking off his shoes and throwing aside his coat, he ran into the surf, dashed by the man and swam for the girls, the elder of whom had already caught and was buoying up the little one. "Keep her head above water," Biller called loudly as he drew near the girl, who was as brave and plucky as he. She managed to do as she was bid, and then Biller directed her to take hold of his shoulders, at the same time leaving his nrms free to carry them both in-shorc. The man meanwhile had dropped his crutch in his excitement, and when Biller, having lauded the two fills, looked around, lie saw the crip ple swept away by the treacherous surf. It was only the work of a moment to pldnge in again; but the man was now us far out as the little girl bad been when Biller first saw her, and every moment was carrying him further away. With a few rapid strokes Biller neared him, but, afraid of coming too near, tried to grasp him by the hair. This, however, was too short, und when Biller took hold of the drowning man's neck, the other turned and fastened on the swimmer his deadly clutch. The lad swam as well us he could in the man's terrible gra-p, but lost con sc ousness just as they reached the shore. In the course of the same afternoon Killer's employer in Newark was shocked by receiving a telegram an nouncing that the young man had been drownedat Coney Island while cour ageously endeavoring to save a Mr. Benedict and his little girl, w ho were perishing in the surf. The father was sent for, and the sad news communited to him. But before he left the office to convey it to his wife a second message came, reading as follows: Don't lie alarmed. Was senseless for n time, but mil nil riRht luruiu, unit on my wuy Iiome. Ilii't the kooiI luck to suve lteneillet unit two ituuuhters: wus rewunlcil with H ditt luuud rintf, sold wutcu, unit oilier presents. " C. H. Hn.i.Llt." Biller's unconsciousness had lasted for half an hour. When ho came to himself he found the gentleman and bis daughters anxiously awaiting his reviv al, unit insisting that he should ac company them to their cottage, where he was fitted out with a dry suit of clothes, and overwhelmed with tl anks from Mrs. Benedict for the preserva tion of her husband's and children's lives. The father pressed unon the lad a sum of money, and when thi was declined, compelled Biller to accept the gold watch and chain which he find carried in his own pocket, nnd a valuable dia mond r ug, as nn expression of his grat itude and regard. These the young man shows to any one who may be in terested in tho affair, though lie does lot fancy the publicity it has brought him. " I have nail so much said about mo lately in the papers, and it was merely an accident," he remarks in letter I have just received from him, and which 1 am sure he will pardon me for quoting, for the glimpse that it gives of his character. Some one, trying to be witty, has said that absence of body is better than presence of mind, but this is the way the coward looks at it. One who is brave will try to be prepared when the lunger comes, and w.ll not shrink from meeting it. A little boy in the school panic the other dav helped his teacher by dragging other boys, who were try ing to escape from tlie window, back by their legs. A young lady -I mention this inci dent for tne sake of the girls was rid ing horseback near ber country home last week, when the animal took fright and ran away. TJie girl clung to his back, knowing that to be her only chance, though he dashed with terrilic speed down a long hill, ut the foot which she knew there was a river and a bridge. The road, moreover, makes a sharp turn just before it reaches the bridge; and when it came to this point she saw to her horror that the horse win headed for a narrow spuce, not more than three feet wide, between tb side of tho bridge nnd a tree. If he struck either the tr"c on the onp bund or the bridge on ti e other she would be dragged oil' and killed, while if he lcnped that seemed to invite n more terrible death on the rocks twenty feet below. Still she clung to his back while the horse leaped. lie landed, not on the rocks, but in a poo just beyond, and was so hurt by the fall that he hnd to be shot. The rjrl escaped without harm, except for the shock to her nerv ous system. Had she not kept her self possession and retained her scat on the horse's buck, mid guided him as well as she was nlile, sho must certainly have been killed. Had Charles Biller waited to see if some one ele would not jump in the water his opportunity for heroism would have been lost. It is the boys and girls who are ready when the opportunity comes that Ao the gallant deeds anil win the prizes In the sruggle of life. KIM McConnick. in harper's Young l'eople. A Warm Bedroom. I It was a winter's night. Topsy, the gray pussy, sat purring on the kitchen hearth. Sarah sat down by tho stove nnd warmed her feet in the oven before she went to bed. Topsy was left alone. The fire went down, and the kitchen began to grow cold. Topsy woke up. She wanted to go up-stairs and jump into Sarah's bed. So she tried to open the door vit& her paw; but Sarah had latched it. Topsy mewed with vexation. She went back to her plnce on the hearth. The moon shone into the room. Topsy saw the. oven door open. She purred at this. "I have it now." she meant. "I'll sleep snug and warm." Into the oven she crept. She rolled herself into a ball, put her head on her Ipnws, and purred herself to sleep. jm sxt. morning &aran came aown be fore light. It was washing-day, and sho was in a hurry. She shut the oven door, and did not see Topsy. Then she made her fire. Topsy's bedroom began to prove too warm. Poorlittle eat! She tried to push the door open; but she could not. "Mew, mew," she cried. The fire snapped and crackled, and Sarah did not hear her. She scratched the door, and mewed as loud as she could. Spot, the little dog. ran in from the barn. Ho wanted his breakfast. "Mew, mew," cried Topsy. Spot heard her. "Bow, wow, wow, barked Spot. 1 le pulled Sarah's dress with his teeth. He ran V tho stove, aud looked at Sarah and barked. She came nnd opened the oven door. Out jumped a very smutty pussy. She was a very glad pussy, though; and she rubbed herself against Spot, and purred. It was pussy's way of thanking him. Afterwards, Sarah looked in the oven mornings before she made her fire. IHir Little Unes. Odd Moments. In almost every life there are mo ments of waiting, when there is noth ing particular to be done. In some cases these may be properly improved by rest, so that our work, when it comes, may be the better done. In many in stances, however, these odd moments may be best improved by having some thing to do a book to read, or some light labor to perform. It is surprising how much may be done by using a few moments at a time. Of course, they can not properly be used for all purposes, sinco there are some duties which require continued npplieation-for a long time. There are, however, many kinds of light labor, and many subjects of study, which may be followed qu.to successfully by taking only u few moments at a time. It is said that El hu Burritt, who was known for many years as "the learned blacksmith," was in the habit, when an apprentice-boy, of having a grammar of English or of some other language fastened before him on the chimney of the forge, so that while he was blowing the bellows he could get an occasional glimpse of his book. Ben Ji hnson, a celebrated poet who lived over two hundred years ago, was in early life a bricklayer. It is said that he always carried a boi k in li s pocket, nnd while waiting for the labor er to bring him mortar or brick he im proved tlie odd moments in studying his book. Let our young friends try the experi ment, and they will be surprised to see how much can be done by rightly usin a few moments at a time. You need not take time from sleep to do this. Have a time for everything, nnd what you do, do thoroughly, whether it be sleeping, enting, working or playing, for all these are, in the'r respective places, right. A". Y. Examiner. A Startling Theory. of Americans have been congratulating themselves that even under the most favorable circumstances the cholera now raging in Egypt could not reach this side ot the Atlantic before the cold days of winter would be ready to freeze it out. There is a possibility that this is another case of exultation before be ing fvpe from the shadows of the tim ber. There is a theory held by some scientists that disease may be trans mitted by electricity, and that over the wires cholera can pass from Egypt to Europe and from Europe to America. Prof. Hardin, of Baliol College. Oxford who is here on a visit, was asked abou. this theory, and answered: "I think that a power which trans mits sound, movement and heat might also transmit certain impalpable inilu euces of disease, but this is at oomplete variance with the germ theory. Some have gone so far as to hold that cholera could come from Egvpt on the regular telegraph wires; but he can not conceive such a thing possible. In the first place the operator at the Egyptian end of the wire would hnve to be suffering from cholera, which could hardly be if he were at work. The only one affected, too, conceiving such a thing as this, would be the operator on that particular line, and he could not transmit it any further, unless he should go on working his instrument, whim he is taken sick. Any cut-oil would eud the circuit by which disease might be transmitted. I don't think it possible that electricity can spread disease under any known circumstances." A Pittsburgh physician, who was asked for an opinion, said: "You don't expect me to oppose the views of a man like HardinP 1 should be laughed nt. All the same, I have been studying this new theory, and I am hulf inclined to believe it. Electricity is so strange and is so little understood that nothing about it would surprise me. The ideas about the contagious nature of cholera, however, have changed. You could wear the clothes a cholera patient died in without a biCbf danger, and I don't think it can ever become epidemic- in tho United States or Europe again. Il is too easily checked by, and yields toe rapidly to, cleanliness, I'itttburyh Cw merctul Uuztttc, Religious Miscellany. MY WORK. Thnt G1 hnth nro.l of cvrn mo, I know; Alr Ho pinim His pHlnccp t Tint rlw In wfiitnly Hplomlor to tln flhhilnir Bktcs, .Aadriii? ly dtiy, ntore pthikI, inoro jm (Vet prow; Whit1 I, In llf1ni-k qiinrrirft. tiillfnij )nw, Hew tho minliujH'ly tttoncH, tlmt yvt no frnlsn minify wrnr to my (Hni, wnnry rypn Ntntli my rudo touch no errncc nor (rlory phnw. ElM'whf-rf phnll hands more skillful curve Hnd piiild My rough hewn Mocks, till they aro meet to bo A port of thofo tirltfht walls ttmt Ho doth build. Therefore, O, doul, be all try murmurs Ptllled- A plnce to work for Him. He (rlvrth theo, And to thy poor Udl, Immortality. ( ;i(rf ijat ionattst. THE "UNRULY MEMBER." Among all the sinful habits to which men anu women in all grades of society are addicted, probably there is not one so deep-seated nnd universal as that of evil speaking. The tongue is called in Scripture the "unruly membor,'1 nnd it is no small part of self-conquest for a man to gain and maintain a perfect control of its utterances. Might ly cm ployed, it may be the means of untold good, but wrongly used, it can accom plish vast results in unhapplness and disaster. Wo do not realize how great a proportion of the unlnoken friend ships, scattered families, social dissen sions, and even the sad records of lives that are crushed down in despair are due to evil speaking. It is a sad illustration of human sin fulness and depravity that the ear catches more eagerly reports qt ill than records of good, and that the tongue is more ready to utter reproofs than to speak words of hopefulness and pity when some erring one has gone astray. By tho family hearthside, in the social circle and in the thoroughfares of busi ness, evil reports nnd slanderous tales are greedily heard and quickly passed from mouth to mouth. Yet often do we see companions meet, pnss pleasant hours together, and part apparently in the deepest, truest friendship; and yet when once separated each may select and discuss every fault of the other, and display every imperfection in the eyes of an eager, curious and gossiping community. This is social treason as unbecoming to upright manhood as is treason against the Nation. The influ ence of the slanderer is not only insid ious, but poisonous and powerful, and while he seeks to blacken the fame of others he feeds his own evil tendencies, and becomes more and more destruct ive. We shudder when we see this evil in its worst forms, and behold its worst results, and yet it can not be denied that it is known in many Christian homes. It is sad to think that one who bears the Christian name may have ut tered some word which has given a pang of sorrow, or perhaps added to the sting of remorse or the desperation of despair. How careful should we be to "keep the door of our lips" each moment, that no word may pass which shall cause us regret or others pain! Let us recognize this evil tendency in our nature, and cultivate the habit, in speaking of others, to say only such things as are lovely and of good report concerning them. Another, and perhaps worse, form of evil speaking is the idle, vulgar and im pure language that may be heard at al most every place where men are wont to meet. False and silly stories are told in the social groups, and pass for witty jokes; phrases of vulgar slang ure used by the otherwise cultivated and polite; and impure words are passed around regardless of even common pro prety. These seem but little thing-', yet in result they are vast bevoud measure. Tliev poison the fountains r.f thought; they narrow and demoralise the intellect; nnd, falling upon tho yielding nature of childhood, they sully its innocence nnd soil its beauty. Fort unate, indeed, are they who from youth up have been shielded from the dangers of evil speaking: and strong and manly is he who has learned to resist and re buke this sin, and who strives to keep his tongue from uttering words that are idle, low and vile. "For he that will love life and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil and his lips that they speak no guile." But what shall be said of blasphemy? We talk of National morality and prog ress, but what Christian man will not shudder when he retlects that a holy (iod bows down His ear to a Christian land to hear His name hurled about in oaths and curses more frequently and more loudly than it ascends in prayer and praise! Strange problem of hu man nature, that one man can mock at and abtise those words and names which others breathe only with the deepest reverence and love that the name of Him in whom we live and have our being should be heard in vul gar mockery in the hellish dens of drunkenness nnd vice! The wisdom of earth can never solve for the profane swearer the profound and awful mean ing in those words: " The Lord will not hold him guiltless," but every Christian may "refuse to listen to blasphemous talk, and may guard his own lips lest they utter irreverently the holy name of Cod. finally, let us keep pure the fount ains of speech. Let us strivo for high and holy thoughts and aspirations. Let us cultivate the love ' of beauty, in nocence and charity. Let us seek to scatter here and there along our path way words that shall come with heal ing to some faint and wounded soul, or, in tho fertile soil of some youthful mind, spring up by and by to crown our lives with blessing. Let us bear ever in mind the great responsibility which the very faculty of speech puts upon us; remembering that Christ has said: "By thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt ha ,..1...,,,1 I, .!,., IJ..I THE "UNRULY MEMBER." Why Not ? Hamlet's sword, reaching the heart of Bolouius through the hangings of his mother's chamber, transfixed that pru dence which is only another name for cowardice; the prudence which d.strusts principles and trusts to policies. Il is only the true man who can be really brave; only the righteous man w ho can walk through the darkness, and face tlie mystery ot lite with a Moreno soul. Mean men, unrighteous nieu, small men like Bolouius see what is right and know that it ought to be done, but are too cowardly to Uo it. They distrust tho eternal power of truth aud of the God whose life it is; they hug the shore and are wrecked on reefs and shoals whore the. bold man, strong in faitli and resolute in purpose, sets his prow to tho farthest horizon, and. with God's sea under keel and God's heaven overhead, leaves the perils and dangers of tho treacherous coast far behind. If Colum bus had listened to the prudent counsels of tho wise men of his generation his sails would never havo tilled with the breezes of the new ooiitiueiv'-; ho dared really, and ha we am vf tithily Ug splendid crown of fame which the w?rl4 has set upon bis brow. Half the anxieties and perplexities ot life would disappear if We only believed enough in Cod to take Him at his word and trust Him with our earthly hopes and fortunes. If wo cast, pnul. iico t the w ind w herever principle was in volved, and held to the thing that wa right in the face of all manner of possi ble calamities, we should tind ourselves involved in no mesh of compromise, weakencdand paralyzed by no conscious ness of unfaithfulness to great trust and high opportunities. The bold way is almost always the safe way. At tho bat tie of the Nile, when Nelson ran his tleet between the French squadron and the shore, his apparent rashness was n grand institution of leadership; it is thr great soul which looks over the whole field of conflict and divines by instinct tho daring movement which snatoho? viotory at the point of greatest peril. Abraham was a rash and imprudent man when he forsook the pleasant land where his Hocks had multiplied and his good increased, to trust, through long and homeless wanderings, the guidance of an unseen Bower; Moses sacrificed a fortune and the highest political opportunities when he exchanged the palace of a King for the tents of an un grateful, undisciplined and half-civil-lzed race escaping from slavery; Baul was nn improvident man w hen "ho cast away the advantages of his position as a Jewish teacher to become the wander ing preacher of a despised and rejected Gospel; Luther was a foolhardy man when he left the peace of his cell at Erfurt for the seething turmoil of the Reformation; all men who set tho im press of their personality upon history are imprudent men; they defy the pre cepts of a timid prudence, and throw themselves boldly upon the everlasting arms that uphold the universe. If you are in any kind of temptation in which prudence and policy draw you on one side and principlo on the other, risk all for principle; if you aro in por plexity or doubt, if past unfaithfulness has involved you in a network of em barrassment and entanglement, take the boldest and shortest way out; God is pledged to help vou, and as He guided Abraham, Moses, Baul and Luther, so Ho will direct your path. Christian Union. "The Mistakes of Moses." It is understood that great numbers of persons are still reading that purblind mass of erudition known as the " Mis takes of Moses." Does tho author of that book know what the Jewish system means when you get down to the soul of it? Does he loll you thnt its key-note is mercy, and that its method and aim are simply those of de liverance and freedom from the actual ills of life? Does he tell you that it is a system shot through and through with great redeeming and liberating forces ? Does he tell you that it takes a nation of slaves, ignorant, barbaric, besotted in m nd and degenerate in body, and by a shrewdly adapted system of laws lifts it steadily and persistently and bears it on to ever bettering conditions and always toward freedom? Does be tell you that from first to last, from centerto circumference, it was a system of deliverance from bondage, from dis ease, from ignorance, from anarchy, from superstition, from degrading customs, from despotism, from barbar ism, from Oriental vices and philoso phies, from injustice and oppression, from individual and national sin and fault? Does he tell vou that then the nation was organized in the interest oi freedom, planned to rescue it by a grad ually unfolding system of laws, educa tional in their spirit, aud capable oi wide expansion in right directions? Nothing of this he sees, but only some incongruities in numbers and a cosmog ony apparently not scientific. Ilev. T. U. Alunger. Gems of Thought. Most of our comforts grow up be tweon crosses. loung. Seeming difficulties generally van ish before faith, prayer and persever ance. The clouds above us can not lona cone 'al the heavens beyond them. Lawiira II igglcsworih. Flies spy out the wounds, bees the flowers; good men the merits, common men the faults. Hindu. It is better to believe that a man does possess good qualities than to as sert that he does not. John Franeih Davis. The end of learning is to know God, and out of that knowledge to love Him. and to imitate Him, as we may, by possessing our souls of true virtue. Hi Aiiattstinc. . Love is the main principle of Chris tian life. Herein consist Christian liberty; a Christian is freed from tho law, yet he does what the law requires, and more, because his obedience is not of the letter but of the Spirit. Exclumge. Would to God that our men could see that there is nothing on earth so regal as a true, pure manhood noth ing so really great; that they would do spise the miserable scramble lifter of fice that disgraovs our country, aud aim, not at becoming position-occupiers, mere oflice-holders, but cultivated, holy men, an attainment that is not depend ent on the accidents of society, but up on themselves, their own energetic en deavor, persevering industry and the blessing of God. Ilea. O. C. Baldwin. A Nest of Young Eagles. The attention of passengers on the pleasure steamers from New London to Block Island or Watch Hill is always attracted to the spindle on a reef just outside of the harbor. Years ago a fish eagle took possession of the big iron , cae that surmounts the iron spindle rod, and has built a nest aud reared a family there each season since. It ia known far and wide among visitors to the shore as the " Eagle's Nest," and at almost any time of the day one of tho birds luav be seen perched upon the, cage, while the mate is prowling around: Fisher's Island Sound looking for tish Lato in June this year Frank Sevin, a Norwich boy, while sailing, stopped at tho Eagle's Nest, and determined to reach the top. Ho climbed up the straight rod, which is about ten feet long and perfectly' smooth, aud then pulled himself over tho iron slats; of the preat basket so that he was a:ue to look into it. Ho found three feathered vounnr birds In tho nest. While he wag mak-. ing tho ascent the old bird wheeled savagely about his face, uttering shrill cries of raga and terror, and when ha rea bed the summit of the cage sho darted about to closely that her wings almost brushed his face. Young Sevin is said fo be the first person who ever reachi d the top of the spiudle. On last Friday tho young ones, which wer nearly grown, were soeu sitting witU the parent birds on the top of the cagi soberly looking into the water, IAuU J'orU CouranU i