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FARM AND FIRESIDE.
A pnifitnwilU ono end cut ofT Is lift tor Horn a rug for seourins; tho knives. A thin shave must bo taken oil tach timo, to pivo a moist Btufiice. Cliienrjn Javnal. Tlin aHvn(itaros of Roiling consist of a savin;; of land, a saving of fence, a saving of food, a saving of mannro and holler aro given tlio stock, at well as incrcasfl production from the land. Eirhiinti:. react: leather for pies is niado by Blowing i'aclios as if for present use; tako out t'10 stones and mash into a pulp. Srread out thin on a smooth, clptin hoard exposed to tho sun. In a few days it wil ho dry onongh to roll tip and rut away for winter. I'rairie l'armrr. AVhin a horso is troubled with 1n digestioi, savs the Xew HiimpihirK Mir ror, it sioulil not havo a huge quantity of hay tr grain. Oatmeal is tho host food, Ixing easily digestible. Feeding often, villi a small quantity each meal, is bettor than a largo quantity at once. Sulden changes in the color of butter unless caused by sudden changes in fool, say from oat and corn meal to bran of poor quality, or ryo meal, is causul by churning too warm ami load ing the butter with casein. Soft and wliit butter are both duo to one cause tot highly charged willi the solid matter of buttermilk. N. '. l'ost. CofTi'B ( 'ako. To make ono good sized loaf take one beaten egg, one-half up of molasses, two-thirds of a cup of thrown sugar, ono very small cup of "btitor, same-sized cup of very strong cold coflee, ono teaspoouful of cream of lunar, one scant leaspoonful of sal emus, one cup of raisins; llavor with nu meg, cinnamon and allsnico; put in enuigh Hour to make as thick as pound cake. The. Household. Some farmers find it an advantage to plant corn on their clover sod with leanure, and then follow with potatoes tie, following spring. Tho potatoes are lss likely to bo scabby than wlion planted directly on clover lea, but in a iry season aro more likely to be in jured by drought. Where it is intended to plant potatoes after corn tho land ihotild be fall plowed and rye sown for turning under in the spring. Chicago limes. The Chicago Druggist recommends the following for the cure of severe scalds and burns: Cover tho injured parts freely with soft soap. If the burn be severe apply soon after linseed oil, with a plentiful dressing of Hour. This cakes on, and fresh oil anil Hour can be added. When this covering falls off a new skin will havo formed and no scar left, (.'arron oil is also regarded as an excellent remedy where tho skin is unbroken, care of course boing taken to exclude the air from the injured part. Making Cider Vinegar. 1 Tho malic acid of the apple and the acetic acid produced from the fermen tation of the sugar of the juice aro both wholesome and an aid to digestion, and the natural desire for these acids, es pecially the former, which exists in all fruits, may be considered as an instinct ive craving for a necessary article of food, just as tho appetite for salt and sugar is. The format ion of the vege table acids is one of the curiosities of agricultural science which showa ;n a remarkablo way what a very great change is made in the character of various substances by the mere ad dition or subtraction of one or more chemical elements contained in them. Thus, the following tablo will show how starch is changed into sugar, sugar into glucose, glucose into alco hol, and alcohol into vinegar, or aoetie acid, which is tho last stage of t lie chemical change, excepting putrefac tion, when tin? substance linally disap pears in an explosive gas: At'itns of . ( 'imposition of HI ili-ell Cine suiiiii- (ilm-i.s Alcohol , Ari't id itei.l Wuti-r Ctirlmiile iK-i'l 1 Hero it is seen that by adding an equivalent of water to starch it is changed into cane sugar; one more equivalent of water changes eauo sugar into glucose. By breaking up one equivalent of glucose into two parts and taking from them four equivalents of carbonic acid -which, it is well .known, escape in the alcoholic fermen tation there are left two equivalents of alcohol. Ono equivalent of alcohol, then, loses two atoms of hydrogen and gains one of oxygen, and becomes vinegar, or a etic acid; and it is exceed ingly curious to see how, after all these c:.a'iycs, three e iiivalents of vinegar are precisely alike in composition to one equivalent of glucose, or fruit sugar. i.very one of thoo changes occurs in the production of vinegar from apples. The starch and acids of unripe fruit are changed into sugar as tho fruit ripens by the addition of oxygen, cliiollv from the air; and, indeed, this addition of oxygen takes place in the exposure of unripe fruit to the air during the grind ing of it in the cider mill and the airing of the juice as it runs from tho press or rests in the vats or casks. And just here, in concluding these remarks, it might be said that, whilo ripe fruit is extremely wholesome and even nutri tious, the use of unripe fruit is positively hurtful and dangerous, as some of the chemical changes above mentioned occur in the stomach and bowels, pro ducing various injurious gases which not only irritate the sensitive niem brand and produce cramps and severe pains, but by being absorbed into tho blood may produce the most serious or fatal disorders. X. V. Tunes. Carbon. It y-'Ii oyt- u. O.vtc-pd , 13 u iu Vi su it . 12 t-'l 12 . i: 2 4 8 4 a l t Fattening Geese. '1 ll Oeeso, like other fowls, by proper -management, may be easily fattened; ut it is well known that unless they are killed, and put into market at their fattest period, they do not long hold flesh, and rapidly become lean. Tha French method in fattening these fowls consists in plucking tho feathers from the belly, in giving them abundance of food and drink, and iu cooping them up more closely than is practiced with common fowls; cleanliness and quiet ude, being above all things Indispensa ble. Tho best time ti begin fattening is in the mouth of November, or as soon as cold weather has fairly set in; if it is longer delayed, tho pairing sea son begins, and prevents them from be coming fat. If you havo not too many geese to fatten, a good way is to put them iulo a cask, with holes bored in it, through which they can thrust their heads to feed; and being natural ly voracious, their love of food is great er than thiir desire for liberty, so thai they fatten very rupidly. liy this meth od, and fed on a iiuisli made of buck wheat, barley, or Imliiui meal, with j'lilk and boiled potatoes, they t an be inudi) ready for market in from threo U fuitr weokii. Furirie Parmer. Bank Checks. At a late meeting of tho West, M'eV Igan farmer's Cluh, Judge I'arrisH talked about tho Hunk (heck. He chose this subject because farmers fif quently reeeifo cheeks on the salo of tneir products, and are sometimes losers thereby, by reason of not know ing how to handio them. Somo years ago a friend of his sold his farm lor $.00u, one-halt in cash and tho balance on time. 1 -or the time payment he took a mortgage on tho farm, payable in one, two and three years, and for tho cash payment he took a check on a private banking in stitution. Not needing tho money for immediate use, nnddeemingevervlliing perfectly safe, or parhaps not knowing iiisduty respecting the check, ho put il in his pocket ami kept it two weeks before lie thought of nrosonting it to tho bankers, although lio resided in thoir immediato neighborhood. Mean while tho bankers had failed, anil the drawer of tho check had died insolvent. The consequence was his friend lost tho amount of the check, besides some money in litigation. This loss arose simply from the fanner's neglect to IiLcscoi, mo viuei iv in uu time. 1 I lie. . i, i.,.i ,,i i i 10 might have lo-t the, money, if he had iresent the check in duo time. I rue obtained it upon the cheek, in other ways, but in this instance the loss was purely from Ins neglect in not observ- mg the law applicable to the presenta tion of bank chocks. The farmer not only lost, but it was also a loss to tho estate of the drawer of the check. If a man receives a check upon a bank "in payment for produce, or a farm, or any other obligation, it, is his duty to present it for payment within a reasonablo timo. If he does not, and tho drawer of tho check sull'ers loss, there is no remedy. The question, what is a reasona'ila timo in which a check should be pre sented for payment, depends upon cir cumstances. It has been held that when all the parties to a check are resi dents of tho same town or city, a delay of eight days is sutlieiont to 'discharge tho drawer from all liability, at least to the extent of his loss thereby. And in such a ease, a demand made before the close of business hours of the day suc ceeding that on which payment might have been lirst legally demanded has been uniformly considered a demand, made within a reasonable time. If payment is refused, notice should bo immediately given to the drawer of tho cheek. When payment of a check upon a bank is refused, the resource of tho holder is against, the drawor and not against the bank, even though tho bank, at the timo tho check was pro- sonted for payment, was perfectly soly- ent and held funds of tho drawer sulli- cient to meet the check: so that a check is nothing more than the personal oh- ligation of the drawer, as of a promis- sory note or bill of exchange. Tho drawer is treated in some sort aj tho principal debtor, and ho is not dis charged by any neglect of the holder in making duo presentment, of tho check, or in giving notice of the (lis- honor, unless ho suffered some loss or injury thereby, and then only pro lanlo. If the drawer of the check have no funds in the bank to meet it, it is fraud, and the holder can sustain an action upon it against the drawer with presentation or notice. Tho cheek may bo revoked by tho drawer at any timo before it is paid or accepted by tho banker. He may draw out all he has on deposit. His death is a revocation. No banker would ven ture to pay a check after notice of tho death of tho drawer. If ho did, ho might be called upon by tho administra tor to pay it again. So, if the drawer should before presentation become bankrupt In a case in Michigan, where one at the point of death drew his check upon the bank in which ho had money, being all the monoy ho had, with directions to the payee to draw the money, defray the funeral expenses out of it, ami to) pay the balance to his heirs, and tho check was not paid or accepted by tho bank before the death of the drawer, it was held that the check did not operate as an assignment of the fund, and that the bank was not liable upon it to the payee; that tho check, with the whole arrangement, was revoked by the death of the drawer, and the bank, alter notice of the death of the drawor and of the arrangement upon which the check was given, could not have paid thecheckwitlioutri.sk of being again called upon to pay an administrator of the estate. Without acceptance by tho bank, or some special undertaking on its part, the bank can not be held liable upon a check. There is no privity of contract between the holder and the bank, and if the money is not paid upon the presentation of the check, the banlc is only accountable to the drawer. We are not presumed to take an unaccepted, check, relying upon the credit of bank, but upon that of the party who draws the cheek. Prairie Farmer. A Reasoning Cat. I have just read the letter of "Mrs. A. 1'.," in which, after telling of her cat's singular fondness for musk melons, she asks, "can any of your readers tell mo of a similar case?" My lost "Tally" shared that fondness, greatly to our amusement. Every morning, during the season, muskmelons formed a part of our breakfast, and as regularly each morning a plate of the sliced fruit was put on tho Moor for Tally the juice was always sucked with great gusto, accom panied, now and then by a gentle mew and wag of her tail, by way of thanks. Hut a stranger thing by far can bo told of Tally, which would not, perhaps, be so surprising if told of a dog, but iu member of tho feline race it shows more may I say, reasoning power than they aro usually given credit for. One night last summer, after midnight, when all the family were asleep. Tally ran from tho door of ono bedroom to another, crying and mewing violently evidently something was tho matter. My mother openeu her door, and opened mine, to wonder what was wrong. As soon as tho cat saw us, she ran a few slops forward and then back, as if urging us to follow her. She guided us lirst down tho stairs, aud then through tho kitchen to the door at the head of the stairs leading to tha cellar. I'pon our opening it we discov ered to our great surprise that tho out side cellar door at the foot of the steps had been carelessly left wide open by the servants, thus allowing free in gress, if any evil-disposed person choso to avail himself of it. I elo-ed the door and locked it, whereupon Tabby quietly returned to her bed and slept peace fully tho rest of the night, dreaming, perhaps, of having saved us from dan ger. Why should she have given this alarm? How should she know that the door should havo been closed? llurtjurd Times. The Glasgow llerahl thinks that if Americans would substitute oatmeal pies aud hot cukes they would ha calmer, less lively, less spuculaU ii, bombastic, ana happier. The Great American Desert. i i j ! i i ' ; 1 ', ' a I ! Tho Vii omlo d'llnussunvillo, one of our country's gnosis at the centenary celebration of Vorktown, made a trip across the United States, coming last from San I'ranciso by the Southern i'a cilie, Kailway. Ho was probably ono of tho lirst l.uropeans who pas-ed over the road. Tho following description of the desert is translated from his "A Invent l:.i Etntx-l'nis:" Some hours after having left Los Angeles, tho railway entered an entiro ly diilerent region, and it is impossible to imagine a siuldener change. Tilo Ciilf of California, whoso width and depth aro known, penotratod, I know not how many millions of years ago, still farther into tho land. Little by little it has retired, leaving dry its an cient bed, which is to-day tliree hun dred feet above tho level of the sea. Tho railway desnends into this bed. by an imperceptible decline, and it finishes by running upon the line sand which formerly slept at tho bottom of the ocean. Sleepers are placed upon tho sand, rails upon the sleepers; in em bankments, no enclosures To right and left rise mountains which once it i.ii i .i 1, 1 formed the banks of the, gulf. i . H , After so many centuries havo roiled ' away the eye discerns perfectly wheo i formerly the waters Mowed. Keluv i this line, the rocks have lireseited the 1 greenish color of reefs which the seal leaves bare at low tide. Above, they i have taken, under the continued a-tion ! i of the sun, a reddish tint, as if burned, i The line of demarcation is straight and I clear to the eye as if it had been drawn I to the cord. It is tho same upon tho I isolated peaks that arise in the midst 1 of the sand, and which must have once formed islands. Hut, little by little, 1 the mountains recede and hide tlicm ' selves. The railway rolls over an open ' desert of sand, raising by its march I whirlwinds of line dust, that linds its J way into tho cars, notwithstanding tho closely fitted double windows. No liv i ing being; no trace of vegetation; only sky and sand. It is the desert in ail iis grandeur, its brilliancy and its beau i ty. About every two hours tho train j stops at a station, that is to say, at a ; cabin situated near a coal shed and a 1 reservoir of water, fed by a well. In this cabin a man lives, sometimes alone, i somejimes wit h his wife and children. To what degree of distress is it neces i sary that a human being must have come in order to accept such a iwe! Doubtless, these are miners drawn by the gold fever into this new Territory of Arizona, which we are crossing, and upon whom fortune may not havo smiled; or, more likely, these are per sons who have come to seek security and oblivion in these desolato regions. While the boiler is being tilled, they ex change sonio words with the engineer, and ask him, probably, news of the civ ilized world; then the train moves on, and no more for them until the next day. If ever the famous trans-Sahara railway is made, this will bo somet hing like it. I experienced again, with jov, all the, lively impressions that I had once received in the East. These are tho same decided colors of the desert; this brilliant yellow sand, this hard blue sky, losing itself at the horizon in a vaporous mirago. mis is the same aspect of grandeur and of solitude which so much struck mo, nineteeu years ago, when I contemplated, from the tops of hills that bathe their feet in the Nile, those plains of sand which roll, without undulation and without limit even, towards tho mysterious re gions of Central Africa. I still remember having left my da Iiaoeali to climb to tlie summit, of one of those hills which aro surrounded by mo rums or a temple, anil of tiaving re mained seated upon those ruins until nightfall. Watching in turn ,tho sun disappearing iu the burning sky, the Nile unrolling at my feet the loner rib bon of its waters, the desert that ex tended as far as the eve could reach, and asking myself with what feeliii" tho ancient inhabitants of this old earth formerly viewed the same spectacle. Ah, well, I do not know if this Ameri can desert without past, without name. has not still more grandeur; and if tho thought, of those centuries of solitude which have preceded the recent con quest oi man noes not speak more even to the imagination than the re raombranco of those centuries of his tory. Notwithstanding tho dust and heat, I can not tear mvse'u from the little platform of our car; I am intoxi- cateit with this sun, with these colors that I shall see no more, and the coin ing of night alone can drive mo away. At last wo cross the Colorado Kiver, which marks the limit of tho desert, and towards eight o'clock in the even ing we reach Kort Yuma on tho frontier of llou:o. (!ctiijre(atioiiitlist. American Names. a ; I since received a secondary application, (heir natural beauty of sound cominend for '"J? them to tho ears of those who ' adopted them. St. Louis Ulobe-Daiio-le.g trul. If we knew nothing of the history of America, if all written history of this country were blotted out, we might be able to recover much of it from the proper names of places that every where tell ot the nationality, of the character, aiul sometimes of tho mental peculiari ties of the European settlers. For in stance we lind in this continent names of English, Hutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Scandinavian origin, while all over tho country are scattered the Indian names that tell of tho ;ir igines. If written history were lost we might he able to infer, from the exist anee of a name of particular nationali ty, tho uresf,;u;o of people of that nal iou in that locality. Such is the ease. The Spanish names of cities and towns aro scattered along tho Cult coast, over Mexico, and throughout ail Central and South America, where settlements were made by the Spaniards. French names are found iu South Carolina and Lou isiana and all other localities where tho French established themselves. Dutch names are found iu New York and New Jersey, .Scandinavian names in New Jersey and Creenlaud. All through tho country, however, tho Indian names still linger, and were originally the names of features of natural scenery, such as rivers, moun tains and lakes. Tho explanation ot this is simple and perfectly plain. The names of towns iu a conquered country aro generally given by tho conquerors, who either bibld or overcome the armed and fortilied cities and rename them after the capture. Hut when a con quering army on its march conies to a river or a mountain it is much moro natural to give tho name already as signed to it by tho natives than to re name it, so theso features of natural icenorv, as a rule, retain tho names by which they were known to the original Inhabitants. Mississippi, Missouri. Iowa, Alabama, Tennessee, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Dakota, Chal tahooehee, Ap palachee and Appalaehicola were all originally tho names of rivers or other features of natural scenery, and have Temperance. HIS REASON. No, Tom, I thank yon. not one drop of wtiisliv. now, lor in. I'll tf-H you why, t i-toro I Mop, 'I I' lit yon the i lliisi. tuny m-i. My wile tins i-lollif to hip In leflrs, M v-rlnlilri'ti cri"l lor lirr-H't: For me R'.e s wrct Ami priivcil for yoars; Hit hopes iioro welWiUiii ili-iid. A n't nhn litis tru (rlcl on nlnne, I m reit lor nii'l ilisiriiccil. Fhe no i il lor ii ie w ll 1 1 lo o h'T own: u it love whs all I'm fit. One nlir lit 1 si u nire; e l home iii Klee; Whitt pouti't- loll mi ii'v e ir' I h' Hi-ii my w ifc. in I'l uyi r for mo; Her voice rose loud tin, I rlenr; Oh, Flvemy huelituiit ! pnvr!" ghe cried. ' oh. mukp. him ri lielore! My children Proud have liiyn denied; They Petf trotu door to door! And when l heir Utile forms 1 Bee, Their hollow. MinUcn eyes, 'Tin worse than till he ihukom mo llielr wails, their woes mid eriei;" Thl l tho remon, Tom, you pee VN hy 1 will drink no more. I hefti-d hor jitiiyer; it soliered mo; I BilTliod the p duo, Hltd snore No inor-- to irrieve m- Mtirv'- lieiirt. No i. tore to chiiso her pnln: From teront?- dt ink then and there to pnrt, Isor eyav drink airalu! Tultdu ;tu,ie. THE DRINKING HABIT. Its Mischiovons Work Among Different. Classes of People—Habitual Craving for Stimulants—Classification of Unfortunate Inchristes—Periodical Spence—Accidents. Resulting From Intoxication. 1 hysiology has distinctly proclaimod tho nature oi that habitual craving for strong liquors which, being prat, lied, ends in drunkenness. Il is :m abnor mal state of the nerves and brain, en gendered bv the persistent use of tho stimulant of nleoliol, under the opera tion of a law which linds its analogue in tho instances of opium, hashish, tobacioaml other narcotics. All such drugs, without exception, it is alleged, operate through the subtle ma liinery of the nervous structure, and tend by necessary law to the creation of an ap petite which "grows by that it feeds on." W hile the original quantity, by repetition, loses its power to reproduce its lu-st pleasing eliect, it is lound to leave a craving void behind. Thus the sensual nature demands an increase of the stimulant, both in time and meas ure, and at the same time the moral res sting power is either partially weak ened or absolutely annulled. Such is the theory of the history and genesis of all the actual excess which rational Temperance reformers deprecate and deplore. The love of pleasure on tho one hand, ever mounting to a transient crisis, and on the other an aversion to pain, are tho twin forces whereby the fetters of an insatiable lust are imper ceptibly but surely riveted upon the in temperate man. In this slate of vassal age, and in the midst of his misery, the drinker exclaims: "I will seek it et again!" Universal history, it is ntlinned, at tests and verities this dictum ot physio logical science. It records no single example, amidst the multifarious condi tions of social life, where these seduc tive intoxicants, once introduced, have not been widely abused: or where their use has remained stationary lit some lixod point of desiderated moderation. The old Kgyptian, the pagan Arab, tho favored Jew, tho relined and cultured Greek, the strong Koinan, the wild Scythinn and the ancient German, all in turn passed through the experience which has been repeated amongst the civilized Celts and the Christianized Anglo-Saxons of modern times. No matter what other social conditions pre vail, of poverty or plenty, of knowledge or ignorance, of barbarism or retine ment, of religion or irreligion. the use of intoxicants always spreads and in creases. Tho passion for narcotics, once engendered, never dies out, never Ceases: nay, it is forever enlarging it self with tiie supply. To adopt the language of the great historian Mielielct, we have reached "an ag;e in which the projressiie inva sion of spirits and narcotics is an in vincible fact, bringing with it r"sulls varying according to the populations; here obscuring the mind and barbariz ing beyond recovery: there fatally pene trating the foundations of the physical life and attainting the race itselt." The same writer, in his great work "On tho Causes of 1'hysieal Degeneracy." founded on an extensive survey of the social condition of the pooploof Ger many and France, places tho universal u.-e of alcoholics and narcotics amongst tho chief causes of that decay in ihe physi al exislen "o of tiie people which is unerringly indicated by their diminu tion of stature and weght, bv the abridged duration of adult life", and above all, by an increased proclivity to mental disaster. HACCHOMANIACS. Of those individuals known as inebri ates or dipsomaniacs theie are unfortu nately a consid ruble number among us. lint the word. dipsomaniac, though in popular use, does not correctly ex press w. at is meant to lie understood. It is derived from the Greek words sig nifying to thirst and madness. Dipso mania signilies a mania for thirst, which is obviously the reverse of what is intended. In no sense do these per sons drink because they aro lhir.,ty. A moro appropriate name lor them would be that of Kaechomaniacs, since what they strenuously desire and restlessly seek is tho sense of intoxication in the various stages, and to secure this they will swallow almost anything; laudanum, spirits of wine, etc., pro vided it is capable of producing that condition: they crave for the excite ment, the pleasure which they feel in it, and above all for the train of happy thought which it sets up. These unfortunates may be roughly divided into two classes. " First we have the habitual tipplers. These begin early in the morning. They commeneo with whisky and apollinaris water, or gin and soda water, and they continue at this kind of game all day. In the morning they experience tremor, de pression and a wretched sen.-ation of sinking and exhaustion; they revive to ward night and are never quite sober, and before they go to bed they are com monly only ono remove from being helplessly drunk. Toward the latter part of their lives they become a prey to various painful diseases, chiefly ttt fe. tiiig tho liver, kidneys and stomach. Sometimes hypochondriasis of a very continued character declares itself; at other times thev are attacked by deliri um trpmtma nr ln-uio , I i n .: ..a Ciiii,la or attempts at suicide Uuriii" the execs- sive depression which ensues alter the lirst named malady are not uncommon. The second kind aro those individuals with whom tho desire for intoxicat on is less a habit or a pi opensity than a mad ness ami a mania. 1 hey aro not steady, constant tipplers, they havo intervals long or short of sobriety ami during these periods they are olten tho most amiable, friendly and agreeable of mor tals. Presently their time comes, and either from some sorrow or worry or anxiety, or often without any apparent cause at all, the becomo silent, soli tary and moody for a few days or hours, and then they betake themselves to rum shops which have welcomed them bo Ium, aud indulge iu frightful aud in cessant drunkenness for grinds vary ing from live days to threo weeks. These persons, ns a rule, are extremely abstinent in their sober intervals, and very guarded as to drinking anything of an intoxicating nature in general so ciety. Occasionally they are reformed, or ieform themselves, hih! there are several who under these conditions have lived to a good age and enjoyed excellent health. Hut when it is other wise their interludes of tcmpcrtiiiro or of abstinence become shorter and short er, they suiter more in tho reaction after each debauch, and aie less able to si niggle against their craving for stimu lants. The ellect of this is olten to niako them shun society, and when this is so the downward i arecr is very rapid. At last they lose all discrimination and I will ariun Hiivininir. niiyvvnero, hi nuy time, or nt anyone s expense, if it only promises them the ploasuro of intoxica tion. Ultimately they die in a ditch, a workhouse, or a hospital if they aro poor in a lunatic asylum if they are bolter oil, or perhaps in i prison. Sometimes a man will jump out of tho window and break his neck in a tit of delirium tremens. As a rule, the great est crimes murder, bloodshed and v o lence are not committed, by these per sons; they are too much absorbed in their own sensations to pav attention to anything ebe, and, to use a common expression, they are nobody's enemy but their own. Then there are very many men, not habit ual tipplers, who still can not bo described as leading temperate lives. They drink and get drunk with their companions in a spirit of conviviality, and ought not to be classed as ine briates, though, as a matter of fact, thev are, not infrequently, very drunk indeed. Good company, so ( ailed, is to them the direct channel of tcinpta t on, and ono which they hardly ever pass without entering therein. Num bers of our best workmen, mechanics, laborers, etc., indulge in intoxication, and many of them regularly devote tin Saturday night to this sort of excess, i Nor can it bo questioned that it. is among these men that most of the rases 1 of manslaughter, bloodshed, violent as- I saults and so on arise. They get drunk in company, are quarrelsome in their cups, or, as the French say, they have , "Ihe bad wine in them; a light ensues, and one of them receives severe, often fatal, injuries, or they aro disorderly, resist the police, and imprisonment is the consequence; or the man will go home three parts intoxicated and kick his wife within an inch of her life, or kill his child outright. Moreover, very many accidents by rail and in factories are not infrequently duo, directly or indirectly, to intemperance. When a man has been drinking lor a couple of days his nerves are unstrung, his tern- per is irritable, his m mory is often at t tin It : he neglects some of his usual pre cautions: a sudden danger presents it self, he loses his head altogether, and some terrible catastrophe ensues. There is also a certain percentage of drunken and disorderly cases which occur in our large cities, more particu larly during the Christmas and New Year's holiday-. They consi-t of young men who have come Irom the Country "to see life," as they express it; of col- legians, military student-, etc. They are probably unused to strong drink, and, having more money than w-sdora, they drink till they I e tune xXte-.'. :;;: '. violent; a scutlle follows, the policemen arc knocked about, and a night iu the station is followed by a ten dollar line the next morning. They have received a lesson and retire, too gla I if by any arrangement they have succeeded iu preventing their names and addresses being published. These young men are neither inebriates nor tipplers, nor do they habitually lead interuperato lives. Their escapades are mostly due to youth and animal spirits; they represent "wild oats" in tact, not a very admira ble product, indeed, but ditl'er.ng in ev ery conee-'vablo rfspi ct from the settled vi. os before referred to. Then; will probably always be a certain numbcrof silly youths who will appear on the scene to commit the same follies in tho same proportion, and who will be dis posed of in the same way, but they have nothing in common with the other class es. Jlruuk'yn llayic. I , I 1 1 I His Probable Future Self. He was a youthful, smuotli-fa'-ed jirisoiKir iiiul stood awkwariily at tho Vorkville l'oliod Court ruiliu VL'sterdav. "Mirhaol Mulligan. MuiTV, "you are only snid Jtistk'6 iiiii.'toi'u y;ars found drunk in old, and yet you were Mm strei't last iulit. '1 Ins pi isoner laughed. "1 'on't inako merry over your dis rrraec." 8,-iid the court, sternly, "for this is nothing to be pr.iud of. Michael, just forget that you are in court and try to imagine yoiu ell a bloated drunk aid witn rajru'P'l clothes and trembling limbs--a man who sleeps iu the putter and is shunned by every one. Look a little f n i t 1 1 ( i- on and imagine a pray liaireil, hall'-nnked co fise being bified iu a grave in the potter's lield. .Miclnn 1, you aro looking iii.on your future self I unle-s you give up this terrible vice." I "Mo ladder keeps e gin mill dow n in do Si t li wanl. D e s'pose he'd send me to tie potter's held;'" retorted j Michael. "Ah, eonio oil'." ! Jusiice Murray pave a disappointed , sigh, tin; court ollicer looked shocked, ! and Michael, with his hat over his , left eye, walked pavly in'o the pri.-on to wait for somebody to pay his lino. iv. l. Jlertitu. Drink the Cause. Quito an niVeeting scene occurred at Ihe visiting window of the Maiden l.ana Jail this morning. A young man about eighteen years old was incarcer ated, awaiting transportation tolianne mora 1'ri-on, where he is to serve a six years' sentence. Tho prisoner was a l.ne-looking younar fellow. His father an aged minister had come to visit him. Tho son stood with shamed faeo on one side of tho grating and the grief stricken father on tho other. Drink hail been tho caus of the boy's troubles. The father pleaded earnestly ith his child to reform while in prison, to read his liiblo and improve all spare lime in study, ".'son," continued the father, "if you had the grace of (iod in your heart you wouldn't be I. pre. If thus cursed groir-shoi '3 wcro swept awav I'd ! have been .spared all this. Let it, bo a I iVs"n ' u, boy. 1 Ins is the last probably ever see mo. I 1 ,1"1B 7!'u w am ol.t ami probably won t live your six years out. CI, my boy, promise m lo give yourself to God that I might see you over yonder." The bov promised Hid the old man went his way. Cur. Albany (X. T.) Journal. Utah Las ten thousand smail farms, averniriii"; twenty-live cres each, and all in ieiited. N'ht're is only ono lnro;o farm in the territory, md tiiat ii owned by a company. Ninetv-livo thousand sheets of pa per are daily consumed iu printing Uncle Sam's money and internuliotitj revenue slumia. ii'usliinuivn Slur. ' At a recent me--'1n ot om of the English mechanical hi .t it ut ii uis, tlinr was examined s dim oant-ir.in chilled tools, the exhibitor slating that n.ili such tool, the cvst of which he showed to be merely nominal, b was ble to turn cast and wrought-iron anil gun me tal at from fifty to one hundred nor cent, higher speed than with tools mndr from steel. Surprise was expressed ihat such tools were not in more gcuejn! use. The organ or hraring is ponerslly double, bul not always located Jn the hea.L In 'he clam ll is found the base of the fool; some grasshoppers have it in the foru legs, and in many in seoto it Is on the wing. Lobsters and cralw have the auditory sac at the base , tJie ail( nine. S' i'i'iic A uirriran. At a recent scientific meeting In Loridou it was slated that arsenic, in quantities large enough to poison beasts, has been known to liud its way through tbe proiind into wells lil'ty feet distant. Mtssrs. Ilorrit ot TiAnMR, managers of tha Baltimore (Md. ) Base-ball Glut), Btatfl, as the opinion of all base-ball playori and no set of men are moro susceptible te sprains, bruises, sches and pains that FU Jacobs Oil, the Great German Keme'ly, is the best cure ever used, and Ihey jointly acknowledge) its merits, Wrtis ft tinrtier come to dross a rlnrle'i honri lie cotnm to a fool's ton. It is a period in hie existence. Huiiihtfton Ves Ye. .. - Young Man. Bead This. , I J ; j I : ; i . ( j Toe Voltaic Biilt Co., of Mhi shall, VNeh., OfTertnsend t Iteireelel.ra'ed Kl.KCTKO-Vol-TA1C BKI.T ntl'l other KiaiCTlUC Al'1'l.IANl k S on i.i-inl loi-ae days, to i lyming or old) eltlictoil witn nervous debility, loss of vital ity and all kindred troubles. Also for rheu matism, neuralgia. paralysis, and many oth r diseases. Compluto restoration to lienlth, vitor.iiud manhood tin ran toed. No risk in curred, s ) days' trial is aliowed. Write tUeinatonce fur illustrated pamphlet, free. . The mxIm!,MPtr:k wtail th Iron is lint," il geUin altetlJpr too Jow for ag; you must mitke it hot Ly striking. Ik a lttr from Hon. Mns, Prut, Cattle Gry, Limerick, Iruian-l, Hkown's lir.0 CHIAIj Tltf iCHKrt ir Uias tvlVrnvl to: IIav in3 brought your 4 Bronchial Troches' wi: h pie whtMi 1 nun to rn-uile here, I found that nft,or I hml pivn them away to those I consiilnr"l rqnircl thorn, the poor " p'e will walk for milo to $rt a fw." Ft Couha, CnMs, an. I Thro fit l'itcasea they have no equal, bold only in luxes A iYRIKINO clock. peculiar.', jr that f Ui A Tnrpm larly HRkd a shop keeper for a tiglit-Mt! ing trfirmortt such a-t thy wear in hew Jersoy. Cambridge Tribune. James Bffcukr, M.T., nf iourney, la., Fiys: "1'or st'VHral yitars i havo U'en usii: Dr. Wji. Hall's Balsam for tiik Lungs, and in almost ev-ry cas throughout my prac ico I havo had out ire suff'ss. 1 have lised anu prt'STiioa nunar-'ds oi roTL,i Binr-e I was surgeon ot Hospital fto, 7( Louisvillo, Ky." "How sham I fI,T1, a orr. pon-leut. A noi-THVsslv as possible, flense. Burlington Free Pres. JCXfKi'nnomy is "Wnih. No woman realty jini'' iivs ewnomv unh's she u-os thuluamond Iyt's. ilany pounds can ho favHil over y year. Ak your dru-L;ist. Only lc. Simple to no. Wells, HicUaroV guu & Co., liuriingtun, Vt, "O. wiifp.k shall I find cont?n' T" ft niaffti.nie i ni'lf. Hare vnutri. sijrtis rtictionary, d.-ai !- Oil City Derrick. Otcnn Siilphar Soap la a relinlil.i inctins of t-rti'liratintrlooal dis eases nf thu skin. Hill's lliur uul Whislicr l)ye, 0;Jc The only liar th t ti-Htiing ar. tin Tm iii r with cruv. bur. Jlosvn 2t)if t j i THE MARKETS. CINCINNATI, November 1, 1884. UtV. STOCK l iittl.i-Ctiliimoufl t 2 00 ( Inure Hill. , ers 3 tn ii 4 110 HOfiS I iiiiuiii'ii 3 ,r") 4 1". lifti'd )iuek.TS 4 li't vi, 4 i'," PHKIil' llofl lo eh. lice a -i u ,1 :.r Fl,dt It 1- nun ! v a UO Ii 3 1,0 (jH-M.N Win-si Lund I.rrrv red a i-U . No. S r.-. It Ie Corn No. 2 inixeil 44 .j 4." Cal. No. -1 in t-.t ii Vyi No. 2 M ' M i IIAV-Tilnoth So. 1 Ill .Mi i:ll ll ItKMI'-IK.nl.le ilis ssc.l (i mi 1 tl ::i l'ltdV ISli INS I'ork Mess 14 Cnl4 Ml I.ii i d i'rime si .ni 7 2,rt BUTTKU-Kuncj- Imny 22 C 24 Prrtiie ( i-.-h ttiet-T !W f'i li-f PBrn AM) VKl.liTAULIiS- Potutoow. jier Imrri'l 1 50 ih 1 05 Apples, prune, pfv liiirri'l.. 1 25 ii 1 75 NEW YORK. FLOrK Stntr nnd Western .. ,.T2 WI ft :l 00 Good to ( tioirr a 05 5 75 GHAIN Whrat Xo. 2L'hicaK 'B No. 2 red M'.nt M'J Corn No. 2 mixed 4;( (i-fc ."Sr, Oat nilM-d ;;-.' lit ST POltK Meis 16 M Wlfi 75 LAKO Wefcterll steam 7 52i CHICAGO. FLOT'R State and Western. ...I-l 75 & 4 50 CHAIN W Ileal No. 2 red i 75 '4 No. 2 C liu-Ho Spriojp Corn No. 2 Oats No. 2 Ttvp PORK Men 13 LARD Steam 741.6 41 A 74 : 2fi " 4'.e, 25 .I4 5 f 01 " BALTIMORE. Fl.oru-Fimilr $:) GKAIN Whuu No. 2 ( orn tniTfi'l Oms iiiinpd T-RO VISIONS I'ork-MsiS .... Lrd Kfttncd 7i 4 7S !' til S 4,'-.. 4k'- yo it : ic 17 JO INDIANAPOLIS. Wlmat No- 2 r't f t nrn-wil xfrl i iiitR lwixad a '4 Ui o LOUISVILLE. 15 4 :ir. it 7d w 2 e-ii bo u, y Flour-A No. 1 I.KAIN Wlim Corn rtiixrd otus niiied PORK inei-s .... LAKU steaua ... No. 2 rad. 1 VWUl'.W Zil-J'I.HUli'., I''...:,'!,!,, " Tv efTUetr.ii wtTi Pore Fvo. n Pr, Te Thompson a liyu Walor. li nusi-i e. -il 11. lo. ELY'S (a i-.es no Pain, r.elieves at (Hu e. - - tTLV b . Tlinrnuvh Treat ment w 11 dire, Not a l iquid er Snuff. Apply InU .. , t'!li',1'neli'''ls ,,iT0 ! liAY-l-i-Vl-Un Trial 'il retim H TniiTV"tfc I v i i. Xk 0 rnTB I'V TnaP rfffl( rrrii F' i CCiUfi. l.l.V HU'M lll.l.S. Iin.ny.nti. j 21) fill) i KVATCHES FKE!t nfW th tiff rn:nt1-r t 4 -o 11 5 1 Wnfriiw wn.l MHI In 4 b t J I I p.TW.Itl Tlllt' foe r' l: ' ' I i -i-io' i- n rTi I'V. hrrr tn 1 lit; (; ihlc rto if nnj "(lnrmt I tmtr-."i t Mei.inn K-. ( -I'M i'T ,w Vr-. .... ;T.n- HP Hi llx' f: ' 1 Ivm-i Hi" -"Tr ,- 1 w nivr imip .M W ! h rn h. V ' ? ptwmi'iiu fwTI'l F'lf III I h" TI'I . T t W I v w.t wilt p-. tvf lloMnr n. A Ki-.tv t-rn vi ! "Wiiii" ocT".'i m-vr w ? 1 aM h'iiii-"nif r- ii.. If '! ' n " ff . ftm yvu ir.v 1- "!. 'h.td ;.ti,'i. ' I f pvw the fA'Piil: th, ' H tinvf xi I tutifol "'I1 Wi'h 1 .v Hiiii Ty t trv f. irHh.t ll L 1iK.n tnl'IIF, POI HI M'KK f n V'tti th-'M- ftrixwr Tin'- i- lwu: it i"wii : 4 at f It- pH'. Th- Pi'ilnr w it- : " i L J !-t r-nr, y-m jn-v n.-ltuni; extra ft J ni nt? f r n Vai'-h or -"sh. t -I In. n't v.tt. -rx vi'iir in-rT fit rw 3 'nrl m..t.- I'V lliv'Tt JH ur. I ' 0. ' niei I Jnr P,IhI S' 1. ritrr rtniiipH UMi '.- nrr.i. " "7 K:V w"t Atr. f jjTHE POULTRY KEEPE3 hft Randolph Ml.. hi" nun. 111. f MASON & HAM HiirhrM H"Tinn nt all OK-: AT V)KI.- i:flliiri IONN f r Mrrie-ii " t. 7 American Orpins Arrt'fi Mi'-r-t at. v. 1'ortanh, t'.muj Paymcnti or K-nl.- UP;1JG31T PIAr!GZ:- tuim-l 'ii f ii lr-.M-.in v. llllJU'm i'IMT ' "IT- nt lr'';l'" tn Ni""! j.ijT. p"in',l. tiiu-1 !i!,Hi.-Ni.'. jMRl-.L't:- l S cij.ii ax.i'n 11 M I 1 A 1 n ir ifc-.- I t . moi l MirH; ' A 1 Hh Ht.t I hU'Mito, 14 Wubufctt Ave. Sawing Tilado Easy. KONAJICH LISIITNINO SAWING MACKIKB l"j E-'i.I'i- OtsT it 75 V V S TCST ir.SAL. t , r.t ,,. nvA(;o SVM i I t'. V ' i ' I'-'i T..- ! ,m fcn-w JCNt'S Of ZKM'tiik BINCHAMTbN. N. V. yjljp ITCKISQ FILES. re cure, r, Al t. I rt if r.ii- ' i.r l-.l I-: DISEASES HV- BRIQS'S TFASFER A ir-t, ,ron trn"f, n, ,1- t'nii : Nrw lll...trttlU M1 .tl.u..r, - I KT S1K1 Sic Vf. h 1 K W. UK --i' Vll'iKUi'. 1 1 In, t" h ot C u n fi .OVC'vo; c:, I- :,'t"t, -.Etc. dr.. ttUHrkA,Piu.brgU,i FHiE "ur.V' .:- LOVE I'lyiiiHtit, $250 : Movrii. wji,,', i 1.1- inr fi; .re I, . ,t"h , ." A.l'lp ...l.y I'.IJlAsuN IF "7. ,f H 'irrf ttiit r.o.r ll" i.i I'i -Ii-' r . .-J. n.e'.s irkiii.. i.-'V ft laai.Ua v , ve ft -a. f r,r Ini-.-f i' 'ynp'. w 'M vurr) f en - c'ntr 'r.'"j '-'.'"a 1-i'yljl h'c'.'i'-.V' ""'i.U'J I il-.. .: ., , t,t v 1 i, ,1111!. t .; j . ". - ; 1 . Alllrr jftONAXCn KF G CO.! ' L'tV. Sui St., Chiraeo, V I ... I jCT . .LirtilA E. PMKHAWS. I VECE1 ABLE COMPOUXD V) '-S ISA I'OSlTl V F. l.r.rjKM l'" -U. l'i'lf',l initlnintn I Iu our !.rsl j J&J$s FKM.W.K I Ol'l r'l!', f Prlw'i'l h. ll'in'tl. pilUp oi.nprfjrta. Ttn nurpow 's "'' "' f " ' ' 1 "" ''( c' rfiwv f r . u 1 1 . 'i.; it W'lt.ruttw i-i. liio'ia.t-i'i ..(...s I. -' j. It wtli rii-i -utir-. Iv nil "v.(-M,n tj ."'. . 1 ; ll 1 . 1:10 ti 1(1 att 1 l "l nt .11 1, I ..'1. lt in..!" 1'. . - m- i- . J C"iu'iiienlS'!fwl '! . ;m. ! t - . .t 1 l , - ; ., ! i tr fl 'he Cl.'ui.-v uf l.i!.-- It rni"T Fhi 'if T)."1"-" nn'niMn.'T, H--'.v-w'! t t st iniiil nnd relifvi -i W, Mt - sr.- ' 'i, -:'- It nr'H i: irt"... M" ' n i. --- ! t- i -.' r, ;!,- nJ iu '.'I tv. SI ml i. ) r i r, It!,,i Iu 11 t --tL.ti. Tii it fw'i .:-..f r- i" , - f- i , 'lii t jii'Wh 'll, l al w v. fT'iii' m I v ' .' '.v;r t.-n;. fi-n'l '"inr"!.vn Mn". f.iri.ni" ' i ; . -r-. f 1 li( ' I ' l"T ' i fl I' ' ' lv F. .' ' '. -..-'-.. P f SJ "O'T'I "d l.oni .l f H 'tie T vt. I 1 It hi a well knnwn fact that ni .it of the ! tlurfceaiial ultle I'wwd. r auhl in "try u wortl.ksa; tht fihendao ; Hon rViwdiT la almilutcly i. I raliialile, Nolhluf ..a t urth ; make h.-ui. Imv like Mi Cou.li'ion I'.ittili-r. lk..e, one trsFKMii)iu to JIf IUIL.(4 CJHiJLL.lt A I braatfera' uae, price 1.U0; by mail, tl tl. 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