Newspaper Page Text
tnvninv,i(vi u, o.v
IlILI.Sr.OHO. OITIO. [Copyright Secured All Rights Reserved.] Driven From Sea to Sea; Or, JUST A CAMPIN'. BY C. POST. PUBLISHED BY PERMISSION OF J. E. DOWNEY & Co., PUBLISHERS, CHICAGO. CHAPTER XV.—CONTINUED. TIip work f)f cutting through the hill inlo tho neighboring gorge was begun at once. A large number of workmen were employed, and everybody who was directly interested turned out and workt d w ith a will, rain or shine. A tunnel was driven into the side of ti.i hill, and whole kegs ot powder ex ploded therein, rending the earth and aiding givat:y in tho work of excava tion, and at last the work ..-as so far complete 1 that a portion of tho water and Coating debris was turned a-sido into the. new channel. The rains, too, had now ceased, and as the wateis subsided the extent of tho damage done oould be positively de termined. In place.-, banks of sand and gravel many b e! deep extended across fields regarded by their owners as (ho most valuable in lliuir possession. In other places the channel of the Utile stream had been ent rely choked up. and a new one cut by the waters through pastures and grain lands, and in yet others, wl.oiv I, tile of the coarser debris had been deposited, the long standing of the water had greatly injured vine yards and orchards, the vines and tree trunks being thickly coated with the line clay which the water had held in solution. On the whole the damage was less than many had feared, and with the ex pectation of preventing any further in jury by the erection of die dam, hope revived in the breasts of all, and' they began repairing as fast as.possiblo the injury already done, and the cultiva tion of their vineyards aud fields for tho coming crop. The Parsons ranch had suffered with the rest, but not more than many others. A hundred grape vines stand ing upon ground near the creek wore killed or badly injured. Several banks of gravel, mingled with larger stones, extended across some of the most fer tile fields, the total injury amounting to a thousand dollars or more, in pros pective, but not seriously affecting the immediate income of the family occu pying the white cottage under the bluff, hround whose open porch still clam bered roso bushes heavy with their weight of yellow, and rod, and crimson blooms. As soon as possible after Johnny had been brought home from the shanty in tho hills where he lay so many weeks, Jennie and Lucy had returned to school in San Francisco, Mrs. Parsons being uow more than ever determined that they should not fail to obtain an education. "If wo leave them nothing else, John, let us at least give them an edu cation," she had saiu to her husband, and he had mado no objections, though the house seemed doubly lonely with- out them. To help Mrs. Parsons with the lighter work they secured the assistance of a young girl whose parents had moved into the neighborhood but the year be fore, and who, having but little tobogin on, were not unwilling that their daugh ter should find a homo where she would bo kindly treated and paid for washing the dishes and such other chores as her age and experience tittcd her for. As they had missed a portion of one term the girls did not go home for the short spring vacation, but remained in the city and studied, in order to keep up with their classes; and when they did return in midsummer Lucy was en gaged to be married to James Annel sey. "The wedding was not to take place for at least a year yet," she told her mother in announcing the engagement. Mr. Annelsey had desired an imme diate union, but to this she had inter- fiosed a decided negative, and ho had at ast consented that she should remain at school a year longer, when they were to be married and he would take her to New York to reside. This was not wholly unexpected by the family. They knew that Mr. An nelsev had followed the young ladies to San Francisco, and that he had been a frequent caller upon thorn while there. Jennie had even intimaicd in one of her letters to her mother that she thought Lucy and he would be married some da v. She said less of Ensign, who was almost as frequent a visitor as Annel sey. In fact the two young men had made up their slight differences and frequent ly called upon the girls in company, or together arranged with them for attend ing upon places of amusement; and if Jennie had chosen slio could have in formed her mother of the probabilities of another marriage, almost as certain of taking place as that of Lucy to Mr. An nelsey. Jennie, however, was not formally engaged t Mr. F.usign. lie had his own way to make in the world, and had passed tiie age when men are apt to act hastily in such af fairs, lie meant Jcnr.'j to understand that ho preferred her to all others, yet lie did uot think it well t bind her by formal engagement until he had some thing more ahead upon which they could begin life together. Times fur laboring m-n, and especial ly for skilled mechanic like Knsign. were good just then, but the standard of living for all classes was also high, and the art of saving large fortunes out of salaries of thirty or forty dollars a week in private life is even yet not well understood except by a few railroad of ficials ami presidents of savings banks. Mr. Annelsey, infatuated with Lucy, and having no' necessity for delay on account of pecuniary matters, had pro posed tho moment he found his courage Hiillieieiit for the ordeal; and she, al though knowing in her heart that she loved LYa-dus better, yet thinking ho eared nothing for her, mid that her par ents desired her union with Mr. An nelsey, accepted him. lint when he urged on immediate marriage, her heart failed her, ami sho begged for time, giving as her reason a desire to rcmaiu al school another year, and so tit heiftfll tho better to fill tho position which sft should occupy as tho wife of 0110 who had the entrance of polite so ciety in the liist city of tho country. la this Lucy was partially sincere. She did not greatly lovo the man to whom she hud engaged herself. As an tscoit to places of amusement, or a c)"e;ianiou upou days of incrry-niak-ia ho would perhaps Lave chowa Mm In vrrterencs to any gentleman ft her acquaint anon, and m nut very gurry that she hail promi ; to bo hi wife. She cried a (illlu when sho was first done after having dune so, ami even told herself that she was doing it to save her father and tho rest of (ho family from poverty, nnd became her heart was broken at KraMns' desertion nf her for Julia Knnis; but w hen she had cried her cry out, sho did not worry greatly about it, but began pict uring to herself the life sho would lead when sho was tho wifo of ono who could supply every want, without hav ing to stop to consider whether some thing el-o would not do as well, and be mure economical. Hie honestly wished to tit herself as far as possible to appear well in tho so ciety into which her husband would take her, and intended to study luvrder than ever, hoping thereby to accom plish it. Aud so it had been agreed between them that Annelsey should go at onco to New York, where his pnt-etioo was desired by his parents, and that Lucy should remain in school another year, when he was to return, and their mar riage be consummated. ' 1 CHAPTER XVI. THE DISAPPOINTED LOVER. Of course, F-rastus was told of Lucy's, engagement to Mr. Annelsey. In tact, he learned it from Jennie in advance of any other member of tho family. As they were driving homo from the landing on their return from San Fran cisco and chatting of those things which are of more interest to young people; namely, other young people, Jennie suddenly broke out with: "Say, Luce, I'm going to tell Has," and without waiting for a replv or giv ing any heed to the blushes which flooded her sister's face and neck, sho rattled on with all the speed which her tongue could command: "llow'd you like t' have Mr. Annelsey for a brother-in-law, lias? I know oil didn't used to like him very well, but you'll have to now, for Lucy and ho are engaged, and are going to be married when he comes back from New York in about a 'year. There now, Luce, it's out,, aud you won't have to be carrying the awful load of having to tell it any longer." ' "I think you are just ns mean as you can be," retorted Lucy, half angry and uncertaiu whethor to laugh or crv "I hadn't said a word about Mr. Lusign, who has been almost as constant as your shadow ever since we met him on tho boat. You would bo engaged to him. too you know you would if it wasn't that he has got nothing to go to Housekeeping with, so, there now, R&s. you know all about us girls, and can confess that you are going to marry Julia Knnis if you want to with out blushing." Hut Erastus mado no such confession, and instead of blushing, his face became very white, aud ho looked straight ahead and did not speak for some sec onds, and then said, iu a voice which sounded hoarse and unnatural: "I am not going to marry Julia En nis or anybody else." After that little more was said for soma time. Once or twice Jennie, who felt that she was the innocent cause of the sud den silence which had fallen upon them, attempted to start the conversa- tli'tlt (wrnin rif acl'innf nnnalirvnj nlimit neignuors or auairs on tiie rancn, but Erastus only replied in the fewest words possible, and still looked straight in ! front of him. Jennie was half inclined to be offend ed at this. She thought him angry bo cause Lucy had engaged herself to a man whom he did not like. Could she have seen his face she would have known that some feeling deeper than mere dislike for Annelsey was at work within his breast. Was it possible after all that he loved in,-o The thought sent all tho blood rush ing back upon her heart, and for a moment she felt that she should suffo cate. Then came another thought, and been reieeted. 'l'his she felt eonl.l not be unless Julia had suddenly be come enamored of some new admirer, for certainly she had always shown a preference for Erastus over tho other young men of the neighborhood. Still tho thought clung to Lucy that such might be tho catte, and that in stead of feeling bad because of her own engagement to another, his silence was caused by pain at being reminded of his refusal by Julia, and her whole mood changed, and she became as cold and hard as ho himself appeared. As they neared home sho began talk-, ing glibly of anything and everything' she could think of the presents thoy ---- . had brought for each member of tho : lamuy toys lor uoiiuuv, a aress lor j mother, a nock-tie for Erastus himself,, and a silver tobacco-box for father all . bought with money saved out of that i sent them for their own use; going on i from this to tell of their school, and of I a couple of girls who came on the boat I with them as far as Sacramento, where their parents lived; aud how these girls were related to ono of their own uoigh j bors, and how, in answer to their in quiries, Jennie and she had told them all about this neighbor; how near they were to their own horue; how their ranch looked, and how it had been in ! jilted by the washings from tho luinos. Here she canio to a sudden stop. ' Sho had unintentionally run upon that , which they were all trying to avoid tho ' mention of, and there came to her not , only a knowledge of her blunder, but au entirely new feeling a feeling that she was somehow responsible fir tho losses and sufferings of this family and every other family in tho valley whqu homes were endangered by the opnra tious of the hydraulic Uiluiug compa nies at Gravel Ilill. At least she had arrayed herself on tho side of tho companies; was engaged to be married to ono who was interested in the continuance of the work which, was certain to bring more loss and suf fering to these people. Sho was no longer of them or with them; for from tho inomeut sho became the wifo of James Annelsey her inter ests would bo opposed to those of every one sho had known since they had set tled iu the valley. Even ner father and mother, and Erastus, must feel that sho had delib erately chosen to desert them in the i hour of their greatest loss, and had gone over to their enemies in order to save herself from sharing in the hard ships which might be coming upon them. t All this passed through her mind in aa instant, and sho sunk dowu in her seat with a feeling of shaino, aud hatred of herself whiuh made, it impos sible to say a word more. "No wonder Erastus is nilont," alio thought "Ho can not bear even to speak to ono who seems so utterly selfish. Old why did 1 never think of it iu that light before? It is that which has made him so cold to nieoer since Mr. Annelsey first came. He has thought all the tliuo that 1 waa trying I ; ' ! J I n , a to iv piys If fn pi any aiT'M-iDg tl at may come upon the rest ui (hem. On, if I could only die!" By this time, however, Kin'itin had partially recovered from tkrt blow w!"h I,;,.! fallen so suildoi'y, if not unexj eclcdly. Mid us nb1'- lake up (lie thread of thn conversation where J.ncy ha I dropped i(; and Jennie, anx ious not to reach home in such a frozen silence as to attract tho not if o of their mother, also chimed . in, thus giving her sister tinio to rally ngaiu; and when they stopped in front of (ha cottage and Mr. nnd Mrs. Parsons, tho former earning Johnny in his arms, canto out to welcome them, they thought they had never seen their daughters in a gayer mood, and attrib uted it to joy at being home again after such a long absence. ' When Mii. Parsons told her husband of Lucy's engagement he remained silent for a time and then said: "J. s'pose il natural, .Marty, an' whet f natural is ginerat'y right, but siTWy I'm jilenrd Lucy w ill be sorry for it some day. "1 ain't got notion' in particular agin the young man, but I'd a lump ruther she'd a married Hast us, an' I feel cer tain he'd a asked her ef Mr. Annelsey hadn't got in his way and he seen that Lucy kind o' took to him; though I never could make out that she loved him so very much while ho was a comiu' here to see her. i "May be it's all right as it is," ho continued, after a moment's paiiM "At least she won't want for soiuethin' to eat or to wear. An' may bo it don't make ;iriy odds how it's got, only so you get it. "I u-s,ed ter think," he went on, "that nobody couldn't go to Heaven that look what they hadn't earned, but I d'kuow. May he there ain't lio Heaven 'er no Jloil; an' uo right and no wrong that we're just put here like the w ild boasts to tight for what we git, an 1 that them that can git the most is the best fellers. "If a man or a child is hungry and takes a loaf Of bread, they send him to jail, because that's a vi' hit ion of tho law; but ef he has money to start on au' bribes ( ongi'is to pass a la w so ho kin rob a lot of poor folks of everything "they hare, as fast as they can get any thing together, why, they're inakin' money because they've got more talents than other fellers have; aud eierybudy is entitled to all they can make in this country! "I don't believe Christ ever taught any -well doctriue es that, but there is them as portends to bo His followers nml to sPeak f(,r IIiul '" is always cud- dlln' to the rich, a knowin', too, that no man can get a million of dollars without gettin' some that belongs to other folks. "Wall, Annelsey' a rich, an' Lucy 11 be his wifo au' dress in silks and satin, and I hope she'll be happy. May lo when we're dead an' gone he'll lot her take caro of Johnny, cf the boy outlives us. There ought to be some good come out of so much sulferiu", an' may bo that'll be tho way it'll come. "1 wouldn't take a cent of it myself ef I waa a dyin' of hunger, but ef sumo time Johnny should need their help it won't be a gift exactly, for the company that's puttiu dollars into Auuelsey's pocket is a takin' 'em out of ourn. au' though thev ain't the same dollars ex- I actly, it amounts to tho same thing j it's a robbin' of us to get rich them- A few days after this Erastus inform- ed Mr. Parsons, and, later iu the day, the other members of the family, that wheu the hurry of tho season was over he intended to leave them and strike out for himself. He hoped that thoy wouldn't feel that ho was deserting them, for he would never do that; but he was now two years past his majority, and ought to begin for himself, and a number of young men of his acquaintance were going down to the Mussle Slough country to tako up land, aud he had decided to go with them. This decision of Erastus was the cause of much regret on the part of T.l. 1 Al 41. I '1-1 1 I as tho!r ?wn a,uI M 'ljeJ and plauned that whou he should start for himself it should bo in tho imme diate neighborhood of their own home, if, indeed, he did not marry ono of tiie girls and remain always with them. They readily conceded his right to go, however, and as there was now little prospect that they would soon he i able to buy him a placo they did not wonder that he wished to leave them and start a homo of his own. Perhaps they divined some of his feel ings for Lucy; at least they realized that they could oiler no objections to his going which would not appear purely sellish. At urst they insisted that he take tho , few hundred dollars remaining in bauk, aud a pair of horses and a wagon. Tho money ho positively refused to touch, except a few dollars necessary to enable him to make the jouruey to tho Slough, although both the girls joined their parents iu begging him to do so, and declared they would remain home from school, or even teach school, rather than permit him who had done bo much to aid iu accumulating what tiiey possessed, to leave without any- , tiling. I Finally it was agreed that he should I take a pair of thrue-year-old colU and ! one' of the wago;is, together with pro- visions aud money sufficient to last him until ho could reach his destination. look about him a little aud decide just what he would do. During the time intervening before the day set for his departure he worked even harder than usual, that he might leave the fall work in good shape and so relieve Mr. Parsons us much as pos sible. Tho colts, too, were harnessed every day and made to do some light work that they might be hardened a little before starting upon the journey, which, although not such a very long one, would yet bo a hard ono on ani mals of their age. It was a very sad household, that of John and Martha Parsons, during Mieso few weeks of work and preparation; perhaps the saddest that had ever gath ered about their board. When Johnny was brought noiuo crippled for life, and wheu it was thought that their homo was to be de stroyed by the overflow, very dark in deed bad seemed tho days, especially to the parents; but always a hope that the homo might be saved, and tho thought that even if worst camo to worst tho family could bo kept together, had en abled tho mother to keep up a cheerful appearance. And young hearts are ever buoyant; so long as they have no very grave sorrows of their own, tho sorrows of others, even those they lovo best, can not prevent tho occasional overflow of youthful spirits in merry laughter, aud tiie young folks of tho Parsons household hud always expected tlmt in some way the clouds that over shadowed them for a time would bo lilted, aud that tho w arm sun of love and prosperity would be found to have a permanent abiding placo in their tiiui-auieiiL TEMPERANCE READING. WHO PAYS FOR IT? Figures what Demonstrate the Enormity of Drink and Tobacco Waste in the Country, and Upon Whom the Burden Bears Heaviest. i ! i , , . Tho economic aspect of tho drink and tobacco wasto, already presented in these columns, show that tho direct burden thus unnecessarily laid upon labor Is something enormous. As al ready stated it amounts to fully one sixth of tho entire productive labor of the United States, so that tho wonder is not Ui at we occasionally havo hard times, but that we ever havo anything else. W'heu wo divide the community Into its representative groups, or units of commercial relation, we find that we have four tho "agricultural," tho "manufacturing, mechanical and min- ing, tho "personal and professional services," and tho "trade and trans portation." Attending to theso moro minutely we find that tho first two groups furnish tho substance of com merce, and that the second two groups derive their support from services ren dered to them, in the way of facilitating the interchange of products or of per forming certain personal services for them and for tho more prosperous of their own members. The proportions of theso groups are nearly as follows: agricultural. Hi; manufacturing, etc., iS: personal and professional services, 8; trade and transportation, 4. Iu the third group seven of the eight are in service or in semi-servile relations and do not earn to exceed au average of .'100 a year; the eighth is a profession al man whoso value we may lully esti mate at $1.0(10 a year. So, also, in the fourth group there nre threo in trade, at an assumed incomo of :f SU0, and one in transportation at not to exceed J loo a year. Whatever there is of necessary bard times must bo traceable iu tho condition of these elementary relations, and if tho drink and tobacco waste havo any injurious influence upon commer cial prosperity it must bo possible to show how and where. The tables last presented already do this to somo ex tent, but largely by inference. We readily admit that the figures them selves are not infallible. Tho grouping of facts in tho census returns are im perfect, and no doubt the aggregates are wanting in accuracy. There is no reason, however, to suppose thai those imperfections affect oue part of the conclusions more than another. Somo ef the positions are wholly reliable, es pecially tho following: Upon tho average the total annual production of the farms will not exceed k P)5 per head for each worker. Tho wages in manufacturing range from f'-'tiO in some lines to$4(U in others, the average for the whole country being l $;l.r)li. Tho average consumption of ' farm products is o'0 per head for every J man, woman and child, or .1S0 per ! year for every person engaged iu wage : earning occupation. The aggregate of ' manufactured products of all kinds I amounts to an average of $100 a head I for every man, woman and child of tho i "population, or $;100 a year for every I worker. It is plain from the facts al ready given that certain largo classes 1 of workers do not and can not tako and I pay for their quota of manufactured 1 goods. The unused surplus must be worked on as "luxury and extrav agance" by tho favored few, or lie in j w arehouses as overproduction. Wo I may also add that in tho present state of things tiie manufacturing operatives can not expect an increase of wages, for ; the reason that manufacturers aro not making money. Those aro the essen tial conditions of the industrial situation as it exists. I The fatal disturbance which waste brings into the commercial world is in I tensified by its unequal distribution. Unfortunately it is quite certain that the expenditure for drink and tobacco I amounts to S-'O or y.'i per year for i every man. woman aud child in tho j country. This, too, in tho face of a , growing prohibitory sentiment which in ' many localities amounts to substantial unanimity. Twenty dollars a year is ' not tho drink tax upon tho laborer, but i only a third of it, for, since every work ' er has two other persons dependent upon him he has to pay $00 or even $72 a year for this waste, which if even I ly distributed would bo a most burdon- some tax but when unequally dis tributed becomes ruin. Here, for ex- ample, is the agricultural group, which, at the mast liberal estimate, can not be supposed to consume more than half of I its pro rata of drink. It is in tho rural communities that abstinence is tho rule j rather than tho exception, tho farming class being in fact the sheet anchor of Temperance reform. It is even doubt ful whether the farmers use so much as ' half of their pro rata of drink; but j whatever amount they may leave, it , must bo charged over to the account of the other classes, the aggregate amount I of the consumption resting upou evi ' denco which does not admit of ourdis- counting it at all. We have, therefore, in our tables of ! elementary commercial relation an er i ror in the drink estimate equal fo ; half quota for sixteen agriculturalists, j w hieh must bo added to the consump ; tion of tho other classes. Now it is evi- dent that tho trade and transportation : class can hardly be expected to do I more than to drink its average, al i though possibly it might smoke consid erably bevond the pro rata. Drink is cot the vice of this class. One-fourth of i s members are railway operatives and employes, who upon many roads aro abstainers by contract if not upon principle. The remaining three-fourths are the retail merchants of every sort and their employes who drink but little, the habit of drinking being generally recognized by tho proprietors as detri mental if not destructive. Thus we are compelled to divide among tho second aud third classes tho unused drink quota of the fanners, the re sult being a set of tables like tho fol lowing : Blxteen aurteulturul producers at 4ii." each Food consumption for 4S persons !!. ' IJ I Dunk and totmcco at hull rate, t:iu per worker 7,H(l liuliuu e Pro ruin of nianutui tores Here we see that drink enough of tho manufacturer's market to employ one additional worker for about every thirty-two farmers, or more than 2.'W,00.) workers in the country. What this means may be inferred from tho fact that tho number of perators iu 1K?0 employed ia making agricult ural implements was 8'.(,i"ihii; in boots and shoes, 1M1,'J67; in carriages and wagons, 4o,.'!Ol. For the farmers atop drink and tobacco would liberate luouey enough to double thene indus trirat and sull have enough left over add half to the ptciciit producUou woolca goods. .',S80 4S0 :i.:iih tt.iwi cuts oft piiM ninnnfiictnrinc rrndnoom kt MM l II f.1,M Fi.xl fur them tint their lrionil cnu costs. $1,40 WhNkv mid tolmeoo St I'd pro rain I'tl TJ) Pulrtnce fur other use. f l,(i40 This is in place of $2,41(0 which would be the pro rata of manufactured foods for (his class. Light in professional and personal service gives: Seven ( inciid H.ikiii KoihI, "4 person fl.ioo 1,000 .11.440 . 7-M WO IM-ink and totmeco IIrIhuco In plaeo of $.',400 which should use for manufactures. Trade and transportation: Three in ti RiloiTd 'i lino In ti-HnspertHiion V (MOO Kooit lirlnk Hint tobacco this clasa 7"n imu nalunco Pro rata for nmnnfHotiircs Thus wo see that this class is tho only ono that comes out of the comparison iu a solvent condition. Tho harden which drink lavs upon thn Uiird class is even greater than hero shown, owing to tho larger num ber of women and children belonging to it While in the whole country tho proportion of women and childreu among wage-earners is in trade and transportation it is only 1.2! but iu professional and personal service it is (.10 or nearly three-fourths of thn w hole. It follows therefore that if this class drinks anything liko tho aggre gate we have computed tho results of it must be well nigh totally destructive to tho men who belong to It. Thus all the considerations together point to tho conclusion that the drink and tobacco wastes disarrange ex changes, cut off (he manufacturers' markets and condemn one-sixth of the wage-earners of the country to a condi tion of absolute misery, and another sixth to a condition but little better through tho unfair diversion of their earnings for buying food and fuel for the unfortunate victims of drink. Union Hiyiial. A NOBLE CAUSE. A Victory Which Brings Blessedness and A Victory Which Brings Blessedness and Prosperity-Temperance Recitation for Boys. Inends: It is my pleasant duty to explain to you the object of our coining together and banding ourselves into a society called "The Hand of Hope, First of all, we aro volunteers, and they aro always tho happiest and readie soldiers. Ono brave, willing recruit is worth ton pressed men. We do not wear any uniform, except Uio uniform desire to do good. Our bands aro not often of brass, but always of hope Our music is not particularly martial. but wheu wo stand to sing in martial order the melodies are more heartily and earnestly rendered than thoso per formed at military reviews and sham tights. 1 tie oath of allegiance is our pledge. We have no regulations about height or age. Nothing disqualifies for service except desertion. Our warfare is against no man, but for tho benefit of all men. We light the foos of disease and crime, of poverty and wretchedness. Tho only arms wo use aro tho weapons of facts and truth, and arguments for sobriety, economy, health and happiness. We neither kill nor wound any; wo only seek to anni hilate the foes that slay our countrymen by thousands and fill our hospitals with tho sick and wounded. We contend for peace. Our victory brings blessedness and prosperity as surely as tho morning sunshine banishes the darkness of night Is nut ours a glorious warfare? Will vou enlist with us to carry it still fur ther on? Christian at Work. TEMPERANCE ITEMS. a to to of There is a Temperance Insurance Company in Scotland; and by its regu lations a total abstainer can obtain in surance at ten per cent less premium than a moderate drinker. John Milton said: "Reformers look small in the eyes of the world, they aro so far iu advance, but largo in tho eyes of God, the- aro so much nearer Him; for all real reform is Godward." Don't drink, treat o r be treated. No man ever mado an ounce of reputa tion or money by doing it, and enough has been lost to make aparadiso of the United States, aud pave tho streets with gold. Aat ioniU Ed ucator. The British Women's Temperance Association have projected a large work this now year. It is the establish ment of a Home for Inebriate Women, and tho current expenses of such a home were guaranteed at their May meeting. Theke are, at tho very latest ac counts, 11,827 total abstainers in the British Army in India. The Duke ol Connaught. in a letter to Rev. Mr. Gregsou who is the founder of the Sol diers' Total Abstinence Association, says: "Kxpetienee has taught mo how much of the crime iu tho army in India is cither caused or aggravated by drink, and ono can not too often iui press this upon tho men themselves." Evidently the men aro beiug inipressod. The London Temperance Hospital, which has just celebrated its anniver sary, finds a death rate during the pa.st year of only live per cent Tho num ber cared for in the hospital was 684. of which 3U1I left tho institution cured and 101) had been relieved. Abstaining and non-abstaining patients aro re ceived iu about eipial numbers, and in only two cases since establishment has alcohol been administered. A new wing, with accommodation for seventy patients, has been added during tho year. A new Dancer. Somo pcoplo and medical people at that have begun to compute tho danger to public health from the brewing business. It is said that the very atmosphere is to be recon structed on a different plan from that of the Creator, and of course to tho great detriment of the creature, by tho diffusion of carbonic acid gas from the thickly scattered breweries. Twenty- fii'c Italians is tho round number of gal lons of this poisonous gas set free by the breweries of Knghind in ono year. How long (ho "blessed air of Heaven" can stand this sort cf thing bids fair to uecumo a question. ( num Higtuil. Mt'cii attention is uot being attract ed to the new remedy, cocaine, as a specific lor overcoming tho drink and morphine appetite. Some experiments have been made, and with encouraging success. "A few drops ejected under the skin in the neighborhood of the st uiiaeh have been eilectua! in subdu ing the most intense cravings of the continued inebriate lor tho deadly poison." It is also claimed that it will, after a short time, otloct a permanent cure, if applied whenever tho thirst is experienced, and that the cravings will soott cease entirely. Many eminent physicians believe this, and that it leaves no deleteiiou etlWts upou Ue fcyatoui wuausvur. FOR OUR YOUNG FOLKS. A LESSON IN BUILDING. MTt hull I hahll lircnk?" foil del tlinl hitbll niMkn. you iHthrfMl, yon ninii yon yiel,lf-t. now rrfus. 1 hril iiv tli tin n,i ntl wp t v Tilrllirv nlnrt , iipc'j ami wrut; Vlirettit tiF fliif-H't the paumrt tiai4 iiis1 nntwlni, fr t r.' w atanil. (i wp tmlUhvi, mono hy llmip, in mnsl till, unhi'liip.l, nluue, Till the wall U overthrown. Put rpinpmlirr, aa w try, 1 .iirhtr every test iroos hi-: Waillnir In. Imp stream irrtiwa deep Towanl thp center ft ilownwanl nwccp; Hnekwarfl turn, caoh at p aftinrn Shallower la than thul belore. t Ah. the preeloiM ypiu-n we wast,, (velintr what we. raiaM In haste: Iioltiir what miial tie nmlonu Kre content or love be won! ('irst, across the milt we cant K Ite-lioi-ne threa.ts, fill line? nre passerl. Anil hnhil tmlUla the hritle at last ! Jum l.iilr ((, li, in H'(- tnil, a. PATSY'S RED STOCKINGS. How a Little Boy. Left Alone at a Station, Gave the Signal of Danger to a Passenger Train. Kight-year-old ratsy was ' tending station. 1 ho consequence wa-s that eight-year-old Patsy felt exceedingly grown-up. rsot that there was anytluti" under tho light of the sun for him to do iu the little out-of-the-way railway sta tion. If there had been. Patsy would not have been left there to do it. Tho way of it was: Years ago, be fore there ever was such a boy as Pat.sy Green, Mr. Thomas Green had been appointed station agent at Green's Corner; a post which he had tilled for years. Hut when Patsy was live years old, God had a higher station, for his papa to lill, and so ho took him home to Heaven. Now, Mrs. Green had alwavs helped l,..r in.j,.,,,.! ; it,,, ,i,,t;. .a ,,,.;.,., I.. the little station, and had even learned to telegraph; so when she was left a poor widow with her fatherless boy to care for, and clothe, and bring up, and educate and liuiko a man of, the rail road company had asked her to fill her husband's post at (he station. And she had been glad to take tho place, which she had lilled over since. All that was the very beginning of it. Hut the way Patsy camo to bo 'tend ing station all alono this afternoon w as fhis: Mrs. Green had received word that her mother was very sick at the other cud of the village, and as she could get no one to tako her place while she ran over there, she had vent ured to leave her boy alono for a lit t lo while. Besides there was nothing whatever to do, and wouldn't bo until the six o'clock train was due. So Patsywhose namo wasn't Patsy at all, but Alexander was duly installed and felt extremely important. So much so in fact that he felt at once that going barefooted was uot consist ent with his new position in life. Therefore ho hurried up-stairs, for they lived over the 'depot, and donned his best shoes nnd his ono darling pair of rod stockings. Then he walked majestically down stairs and about tho platform for several minutes: for ho now felt that ho lilled altogether too important a place among men to run and play like a boy. For some time Patsy squeaked slow ly about in his now shoes, trying (o be dignified. And although it was hard work he was determined not to give up and play. So he finally went into the waiting room and seated himself on ono of the long settees that ran around the room. " 'Taint no matter if I lie down a min ute," he finally said to himself. "They do sometimes, and ho stretched his heavy shoes and red stockings out on tho seat, aud tried to look as long as possible. Ihe afternoon was very warm, and a drowsy feeling was in tho air. A big bottle-fly came bu.zmg monotonously around the window nearest ratsy. lho sound of the mowers' scythes in the neighboring fields came floating in upon the stillness. The crickets, too, chirped their sleepy song. 1 think it must have !een the blended hum of all these sounds, mingled with the excess of dignity that Patsy was trying to bear up under, that did it. Anyway, in about two minutes from the time ratsy lay down he was sound asleep. A long tnno alter, no wa.i awakened by gTuT voices and steps on the plat form. Tho first words ho heard caught bis attention. "That'll bo the end of that bridge! An' as for the train whe-e-w! "Are ye sure the Grand Mogul Tl bo on the train? It 'nd be a pity to smash up the train for nothin'." "bure, is itr An didn 1 1 hear him say for sure he'd lie on that train? I'll pay him for turnin' off his honest help. Whon thoy striko them rails where there isn t any "toine, eome, replied the other. nervously, "We'd better be gettin' out o tins. ve don t want to be caught within five miles o' that Perry Bridge." " an: don t talk so loud. Y on don t s post) the Kid in tliero can hear, do you.' "bound asleep! was the answer. "Besides he's too littlo to know what it means. Come, como, hurry." And then Patsy heard the footsteps as they crunched on the gravelly railroad track. I'or a few minutes Pat.sy lay still. Ho had heard tho talk only as one hears iu a dream, but soon tho words came back to hiin with a terrible meaning. "It ud be a pity to smash up the -Tain." "When they strike them rails where there isn't any!" Pat-y, young as he was, had heard all manner of stories about accidents; how wicked people will sometimes wreck a whole train, killing scores of people, lo gratny a spite against ono uiau. Might this not bo what was meant by these rough men's talk? Ferry Bridge? It was a milo below the station in an uufrouueuied. swauiuv re gion. () dear! what count such a little fellow do? All his pomposity had van isliea. lie now lelt hiiusclt to be a very smalJ boy indeed. If his mother would only como. Patsy was ono of those boys who believe in their mother, aud he felt sure she w ould know just w hat to do. But sho dulu t appear. Patsy got up and stepped caref ully to tin door. Looking up the track ho could see tho forms of two tranqis disappear ing rapidly. He looked about for some one to whom he could tell his fear. But no one was in sight. Ho climbed up to the ticket window and looked at the clock. Ho had just, learned to tell tho time of day. It whs live luiuutes past live.and the long, crowded, mount ain express train was duo at six! Then Patsy hail an inspiration. Without stopping to put on the ragged straw hat, which reposed gracefully ou the depot floor, bo started dowu the track, towards the bridge, on the keen run. A milo is a long way for uu eight-year-old boy to run under a hot sun; but Patsy's courage uevor failed him, ahhough for tho last quarter of a Btilo before he reached tho bridge, bis .ivhI flagged a little. ;,- "XLe cjw4 which, griuod la the pasture slonr; his mute, stopped pnlin'T lo in niild-pwd wonder at Ihe diniinuii" youth who went dying along so wildly; and "Pa teho' h old cross critter'' bel lowed furiously nt the sight of hi bright red stockings, and ran aftr him. But there ii a fenefi between tlx-ui, and besides Patsy did not noticn the creature. His energies were: all bent on reaching the J'crry Bridge be fore th six o'clock train was duo! Coining to the bust curve in the road. Palay, at last, caught'sight of the bridge. So far as he could see, it was all right. -Perry's Bridge was a long uncovered bridge which ran across the edge of a small, marshy pond. If a train should lie wrecked on it, there was no telling what might be tho sacrifice of life aud limb. Patsy stopped blankly. Perhaps ho had expected lo see tho bridge half torn up; though if he had, it is hard to say how ho could have helped mailers. At first he felt that be had been the victim of some mistake, but a ho heard till faint whistle of the train down the val ley, a second inspiration came to him, aud he said to himself: "I'm a goiu' over that bridge." He sat down .nnd hastily pulled off the heavy shoes which had nearly blistered his feet. Petween yon and mo, it wouhl hae been a very wU-e proceeding if ha had pulled them off before he started al all. but he diil not think of' that aad perhaps you and 1 wouldn't, even if we had had the courage to start at all. But in less time th iu it hits taken ins to write it. Patsy was out on tho bridge, walking .-wiftly iu his stockinged feet! Pretty seou the water beneath his feet looked so black ami so far beiow him, and something in his head seemed to bo swimming around so fast, that l had to lean over and grasp the slend r irou railing. But he did uot give it Jp. Ho stopped and looked down the track. There it was! For some little distal v& the rails had all beeu torn up iu 'jho middle of the bridge! Tho sight increased Patsy's speed. Hu scrambled over the bridge, too fast now to think of the dark w ater so far below him. or of anything but the eipresy traiu, which he could hear rumbling toward him out of sight. There! lb can see if. A tiny speck away down the straight track, it comes, steadily growing larger. He hurries olf the bridge and a little wav down tho track. He must stop the traiu and warn tfiem. And how? The approach iug train grows larger as it comes near er, and screeches as if it delighted ia the horror that was so near. Then Patsy had his third inspiration. Quick as a flash, the little follow pulleil off his red stockings, and taking one in each hand, ran down the track, frantic ally waving them over his head. The train came rushing on liko a livo thing, nearer and nearer. Oh! would they never stop or would they see the signals The boy fairly leaped up iu his ex citement, and those two red stocking made more effort to attract attention than they ever had while walking U church and that is sayiug a good deal, as Pat.sy himself will own. But the last effort was a success, and the train with a great "fuzz" and "shoo, shoo ing'' whistled for brakes, aid cams to a sudden stop. When a moment litter, the conductor and the excited passengers came rush ing out, they saw nothing more danger ous ahead than a littlo freckled-faced boy, who bashfully told his strange) story. But afterward, after dozens of them, including tho Superintendent of tho road, had been down, and exam ined the bridge, why thon good times began for Patsy! nd I could uot begin to tell you how ho was petted and mado much of by the ladies, or praised by tho gentlemen. And such stores of candy and all sorts of goodies as that boy had shifted into his pockets, his hands, and first of all. his mouth, till he seemed to bo full and running over w ith them! When a few hours afterwards, ths 'Mountain-train" steamed into Green's Corner, and sat Patsy down on the platform, there was a small packaga landed off, too, which his mother found contained something over lifty dollars in money. And tho Superintendent himself said to wondering Mrs. Green: "Seo that that boy hits tho best educa tion the land affords, and 1 will pay for it He saved my life." Aud Patsy's mother still keeps Patsy'a red stockings among her choicest pos sessions, in her top bureau-drawer. Helen M. Window, in Christian at Work. GENIUS AND INSANITY. The Greatest Minds Soonest Tired of Life's Struggle. Tho pessimism of Johnson, SwL't, Byrou and Carlylo, of Schopenhauer and Lenau, of Leopardi aud of Laraur tine, may perhaps be taken as a signal manifestation of the gloom which is apt to encompass great and elevated spirits, like tb mists which drift toward and encircle the highest mountain peaks. In somo cases this melancholy assumes a more acute form giving riso to tho thought aud even the act of suicide. Among those who have confessed to have experienced the impulse may Imj mentioned Goethe iu the Werther days, Beethoven during tho depression brought on by his deafness, Chateau briand in his youth, and George Sand also in her early days. Tho la.st, writ ing of her experience, sin's: "Celte sen sation (at the sight of water, a preci pice, etc.) fut quolqucMs si vive, si subito, si bizarre, que jo pus bien con stater que e'etait uno tspeco do folia don't j'etais atteinte. " Johnson's wearine-s of life was, it seems certain, only prevented from de veloping into tho idea of suU-ide by his strong religious feeling and his ex traordinary dread of death, which watt itself, perhaps, a morbid symptom. In some cases this idea prompted to actual attempts to take away life. Tho story of Cowper's trying to hang himself and afterward experiencing intense religious remorse is well known. Auother in stance Is that of St. Simon, whoso enormous vanity itself looks like a form of niouomauia, and who iu a lit oi de spondency, tired a pi.-tol at his head, happily with no graver result than the hs of an eye. Altieri, who was tho victim of tho "most horrid melancholy," tried on one occasion, after being bled by a surgeon, to tear oil the hand age iu order to bleed to death. Ann . tig ihoso who succeeded iu taking away their lives aro Chatteitou, who:-e mind had been haunted by the idea from early life; Kleit, the poet, and Beneke, tho philosopher. - iiivtc- nti L'tnturi. lo Blank "So you have been In Russia all this time. WJ t in the world were you iloing1' I'o I'lank "1 went over there with a party of American capitalists to lay street railways ia Mos cow W got the privileges, and did it." "Are they like American .street car Hues?" "Just the sannj." "Well, now, tell me what was Uie, greatest d.f ricnlty you encountered iu that under taking?" "The uaiuts, ol the aUetU."