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THE NEWS-HERALD. ."-" "'T'wif vr i . ' ".III, if' " ' !' I L till I I'll If v Tl 'II ;a ESTABLISHED 1837. HILLSBORO, HIGHLAND CO., O., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1886. VOL. 50-NO. 22 pfic-&K .. U HEIDELBERG. The Old University and tho Recent Jubilee. Description and Hlntory of tho Famous Institution from tho Date of Its Foundation by Urban II. in 1385. To be Continued In a Conking Nnmber of tho ICews-IIerald Mammoth Li brary Students' Wars- Grnd- uul Growth and Change in Educational System. Heidelberg, August 2d, 1880. Editor News-Hkhald I have pur posely postponed writing of the Univer sity until the present, in order to incor porate 'with it some reference to the Jubilee. Heidelberg University was, originally, a purely ecclesiastical Institution, as is shown' by tho following facts : The pro ject was submitted to tho Popo for ap proval, a bishop was nominated chan cellor, and four church dignitaries were appointed guardians of its rights and privileges. This explains the steady adherence of the University to the scholastic doctrines and its hostility to the new ideas of the Reformers ; like wise why, although from the time of Louis V., re (t? Ration and counter-reformation follc&tid ono another, tho ec clesiastical stand-point was always main tained. Only in the present century did the principle of free scientific investiga tion gain unchallenged ascendency. By tho bull of October 23d, 1385, Urban II., approved tho erection of a "university in tho town of Heidelberg, which, in view of its healthful situation and air, is admirably adapted to form a universal fountain of the sciences." The Elector, It u pert I., immediately caused the statutes to be drawn up by Marsilius von Inghen, formerly tutor at the Uni versity of Paris, on the method of that university and on tho 0th of October, 13S0, they were published. On the 18th of October the dedication of the univer sity took place in tho Church of the Holy Ghost (in which a part of the pro coedings of tho recent anniversary wore held) and on the following day began the philosophical and theological lec tures. Tho other faculties were filled only by degrees. In tho first year five hundred and seventy-nine names were entored on the register, and besides these, not a small number of non-matriculated students resided in the town. The statutes contained ordinances re specting tho internal organization tho lights and.dutiea of teachers and schol ars, and tho liberties and privileges of the university and all connected there with. Tho methods of instruction were form ed on tho scholastic model, but a judi cious regulation provided for tho fre quont delivery of extemporo discourses., All the lectures were to bo delivered "in tho solemn attire of tho full magesterial robes." The students were required to attend them daily, on pain of losing thoir rights of membership and receiving no certificates. Tho fee for a single lecture varied according to its length, from one to eight groschon. For tho disputations three florins annually wero paid. The matriculation fee was, for a burgher, ten kreuzers, for a nobleman, one florin. Tho usual salary of a tutor did not ex cecd fifty florins, though in exceptional cases some received larger amounts, the Rector for instance, received two hun dred florins, (20). Rupert I., conceded important prerogatives to "his beloved daughter," tho university. Every one attending it, and all who were in ' any way connected with it, (including tradesmen, such as booksellers, book biuders, and even the servents of the tutors) were amenable only to its juris diction, and enjoyed immunity from taxation'. The prices chargeable to stu dents for board and lodging, were fixed annually by a commission. In the ear liest times three kreuzers (about three farthings) sufficed for a' week's board. Townspeople supplying students with board wore exempt from all octroi duties. The Elector forbade the citizens "on pain of forfeiting his favor and incurring a fine of sixty flpHns and damages" to lay hands upon the students. The mag istrates were compelled to take an annu al oath not to infringe the rights of the ' university. These precautions notwith standing, disturbances directed against tho students. soon'Lrol'e out. In 1400 a students war occurred, & quarrel prob ably provoked by the young nobles of tho court; and at length appeased by the intervention of the Emperor, Rupert himself. The institution received com pensation and any attack upon the students was made punishable with death. Nevertheless, similar tumults wero repeated from time to time, and in 1687 "a great uproar" aroso regarding its privileges. Tho succeeding Electors kept stead fastly in view its material interest. Rupert II., devoted to this purpose the confiscated property of tho Jows, who had been protected by Rupert 1., but who were now driven from their homes, Their houses wero mostly assigned as dwellings to the professors, ope being converted into a lodging for poor stu dents. ' Rupert III., the Emperor, obtained from the Pope the allotment of twelve1 prebends as tutors sauries, and, in the year 1400, permission was given to con vert the Church of tho Holy Ghost, into a royal Collegiate Church ; and to ap point teachers at tho university to the valuable probendaryships. Frederick I., reversed tho statutes and improved the discipline, at the samo time enlarging the liberty of instructors by placing the two main branches of scholastic learning, Nominalism and .Realism, on tho same footing. All of these favors failod, however, to evoke a corresponding sense of gratitude. Tho university seemed to have at heart rather the jealous defense of its rights and privileges against tho town and govern ment, than the pursuit of tho sciences and free investigation. With anxious solicitude it sought to keep at a distanco tho spirit of the Now Learning, which flowed down from the Castle where at the court of Philip tho Upright, (1470 1508) Dalberg, Aricola, Celtes and others were devoting themselves with the ut most enthusiasm to the study of classic antiquity and by their expression exert ing a remarkable influence upon the In tellectual development of tho wholo of Germany. In spito of tho attitude assumed towards the new Ideas, they gradually began to find acceptance under Louis V and Froderick II. It remained for Otho Henry to take tho decisive step, who, in accordance with his lcsolve "to mako the university flourish again, oven though it should cost him his last farth ing," in tho year 1557 summoned Me lanchton to Heidelberg. In concert with him and with the assistance of other learned councillors, tho liberal-minded prince drew up a plan for tho complete remodelling of it. The external organi zation was improved, the old scholastic system of teaching abolished and a method of instruction planned in full accordance with the new ideas. An in dispensable condition for the success of the reform seemed tho occupation of all tho professorial chairs by adherents of the Lutheran doctrine. By a re-organization of the schools, and enlargement of tho celebrated Bibliotheca Palatina tho Elector did mucli to ensure tho sta bility of tho ediflco ho had reared. Under his successors tho university assumed a decidedly Calvlnistic charac ter, and becamo so prosperous and flour ishing that, according to the testimony of Charles Louis, "it gavo birth to many bravo and celebrated persons, who have been an honor not only to the Palatinate, but to tho common German Fatherland and to other kingdoms and nations." Among tho teachers of this period are the following distinguished names : Olovian, Urslnus, Cisner, Erastus, Pa reus, Froher, Spina, and others. This flourishing condition of the university was suddenly put an end to by Che thirty years' war. Tho dictum "inter nrma si lent musae," was now fulfilled to the letter j for, upon the carrying away of the library to Rome, in 1023, and the ex pulsion of all tho Protestant. teachers in 1020, the work of the university stood still for many years. The appointment at a later date of Catholic priests as teachers, did little or nothing to mend matters. The efforts of Charles Louis "to set at work again all that can tend to the restoration and growth of this an cient and highly privileged university" only produced one last spasmodic flicker of tho taper previous to its complete ex tinction. Infilling tho 'professorial chairs the Prince broko the narrow-minded, sec tarian principle and ordained "that only the members of the theological faculty must belong to one or other of tho two Protestant churches ; hut that the other faculties might bo occupied by other properly qualified persons." At this time sueh men as Hottinger, Fabriclus, Puffendorf and Spanheim, were the means of its temporary reani mation. At the destruction of Heidelberg in 1693, all the university buildings were burned. Most of the professors with drew to a place of safety, and continued their lectures at Frankfort and after wards at Weinheini. Not until the year 1700,' was it re-established. But in spito of the unremitting exertions and enor mous pecuniary, sacrifices of tho succeed ing Electors, tho university did not flour ish during the eighteenth century. In accordance' with the views of those princes it was converted into a mere priestly seminary, by tho removal of all the Protestant professors and the ap pointment of Jesuits and alter wards of French Lazarists to the vacant chairs. The waves of national, intellectual life, which roso so high during tho second half of the preceding century, failed to reach it. In 1780, two Heidelberg professors, filling tho position of censors, declared, referring to he German literature of the period that, "they had no time to occupy themselves with those poor, miserable, vicious books, in which one sought in vain for morality, but found only abom- lnamo iree-tninking." Political events threatened to give tho death-blow to the university. 1 In 1802 its dissolution was impending; ifor by the French seizure of the districts on the left bank of the Rhine, almost all its revenues wore lost. Its restoration in 1803, by tho Elector of i Baden, amounted almost to a new fouudatkta.' The work of 'reorganiza tion was chiofty' entrusted to the Grand 'Duke's minister, by whom it was carried out quite In tho spirit olCharlcs Louis, 'By the declaration contained in the fa mous edict of May 13th, 1803, "In all re maining sections (besides theology) wo shall nominate in the case' of every va cancy, tho worthiest candidate without regard to religious qualifications," he distinctly proclaimed tho liberation of scientific research from the trammels' of antiquated theological dogmas. Teach ers like Marhcinccke, l'nulus, Ackerman, Nogelo, Gmeltn, etc., gained for them selves distinction while building up tho ronown of the university upon a firm enduring basis. ' Heidelberg became an intellectual centre, shedding its beams upon tho sur rounding countries. Tho chiofs of tho romantic school, Von Arnim, Brentano, Gorres, Yieck, etc., settled permanently in tho town; others like Matthisson, Jean Paul and Goelho, at least paid temporary visits to it. Hero tho resus citation of old German pootry and me diaeval art took place and here the brothers Boisseree, exhibited their cele brated collection of German paintings, which now adorns tho sldo cabinets of the Pinakothek at Munich. Among the names of our time are Friedreich and Simon, (now dead) Bunsen, tho famous chemist, who discovered the burner which bears his name, and who, with Kirchhoff, discovered spectrum analysis, Fischer, the renowned professor of phi losophy and author of tho best history of modern philosophy now in print, Bekker, the present Rector, and in the medical faculty Becker, Arnold, Czerny, Erb and Kerhcr, men, who, in their de partments are recognized the world over as authority and who are the means of bringing many foreigners to the univer sity. UNIVERSITY LIMURV. From the founding of this seat of learning two libraries existed for tho dif ferent faculties. Lewis III., presented the Electoral library. Philip the Up right and Frederick II., made consider able additions; but its most precious treasures voro acquired under Otho Henry, who, in tho course of his travels in tho East, purchased a large number of Arabian, Syrian, Hebrew, Greek and Latin manuscripts and at a later date sent a commissioner for tho same pur poso to Franco and Italy. For a single geographical work ho paid tho sum of two thousand florins ($1000). The pri vato collection thus acquired ho present ed to tho university, which was increas ed by a donation of one thousand man uscripts in 1584 and at a later period by a number of German manuscripts, tho gift of Frederick IV. At that time the library was exten sively used by students and many of these manuscripts wero issued in print by native or foreign protcssors. It nlono attracted thousands of students to tho town. In the capture of Heidelberg by Tilly, the library was presented by Duke Maximilian of Bavaria to tho Pope whose legate carried it away to Rome. Tho manuscripts alone wero valued at 8000 crowns and it rightly bore the title: optimus Germaniae Utlcmlat thesaurus. Tho present library was founded about tho year 1800 and has been gradually in creasing. In tho years 1815-181G, owing chiofly to tho friendly offices of tho Prussian Government, first thirty-eight Greek and Latin and afterwards eight hundred German codices woro recover ed from the Vatican. About threo thou sand manuscripts and five thousand printed volumes remain in Rome. Tho entire collection of manuscripts may bo divided into three classes : 1. Codices Palatina, embracing manu scripts from the old Electoral library. 2. Codices Heidelbergenses, chiefly manuscripts connected with the history of tho university, as the Archives of the University, including tho Matriculation books and the Annals of the University. 3. Codices Salemitani, including Latin, Greek and German manuscripts ; four manuscripts in the handwriting of Luther, etc. Among the documents, aro State pa pers relating to the history of the land as wellasHoldelberg, university charter, etc. Among tho printed volumes are, a Lutherian catechism, In tho old Prus sian languago, 1545, the oldest German newspaper dated 1010, and valuable col lection of wood engravings. The total number of volumes contained in tho library including manuscripts, docu ments, books, dissertations, etc., is about half a million. I see that this letter has already grown too long hence another postponement. Truly yours, J. G. Hiro.ns. Fits-All fits stopped free by Dr. Kllne'i Great nerve Restorer. No fits after first day'a use. Marvelous euros. Treatise and C2.00 trial bottle freo to Fit oaiei. Bond to Dr. Kline, 931 Arch street, Philadelphia,. Pa. Obituary. Died, after a two weeks' illness, nearBuford, 0 Aug. 22d, 1B88, Uttle Joey P., ton of Mr. and Mrs, Grant Hopkins, aged 11 months and 37 days. He was a bright, beautiful child, bat the bark in which he undertook to navigate the lea of life, was too frail, and Qod took him home. "Little Joey, bright-eyed darling, Treasure loaned by heaven above, Came belike a blessed angel, Filling hearta with Joy and lovo. "Hli a mission pure and holy, Winning by his artlesa love, Hearts that were too cold and worldly, And then drawing tbem abovo. "Yet, beyond all earthly sorrow, Where the flowers never die,, Now our little Joey liveth, ' 1 In that brighter home on high. "Toward that world of light and glory, Father, let our footstep tend j , Qulde ni safely to oar darling, When life's journey here shall end." A FniEND, - m "The ladles especially go Into eostaclea over Parker's Hair Salaam." writes Mr. J. H. Deck er, druggist, of Findlay, Ohio. '-They aay It la the most elegant dressing they ovor used." Stops falling balr, restores color, promotes growth, i m Thero's no worse joke than a true one. KANSAS, CITY. Hot Weather Causing Pro fane Language, Destruc tion of Wagons, etc. The Salvation Army, and a Dc Ncriptlon of Its Fl.srt Ap pearance There. Fighting the Devil-Staff Captains and Hallelujah Lasses Dish Music The Shoo Fitted Curious Questions A Disap pointed Lover. Kansas City, Mo., Aug. 18, 1880. Editor News-Herald : If thcro aro any Highland county peoplo contem plating a visit to tho "New Wost," wo hope they will postpono their visit until the atmosphere becomes moro cool, and wo know they will abido by our decision when wo tell them how hot it was hero In Kansas City yesterday, which was tho warmest day this city has exper ienced for at least eleven years. So sayeth an old settler ; and as the city was too young prior to that time to re member anything that took place, there is no telling how hot it might have been previously. Yesterday broko the record of the past eleven years, tho tempera ture reaching 107 degrees. It was very hot throughout the whole day. Trofano peoplo exerted themselves to do tho weather justice, and pious peoplo con gratulated themselves that in all proba bility they would never know it warmer. An ico wagon started from tho Junction at 9 a. m., but by tho time Twelfth street was reached tho driver was run ning n street sprinkler, and when ho arrived at Eighteenth street tho flooring had shriveled up so that ho could fall through it. In every branch of trado trouble from the heat caused disagreeable conse quences. Tho policeman complained that ho was obliged to keep walking for fear of his feet being burned by the paving, tho farmer's complained that the hens laid boiled eggs, tho railroad men complained that they could not shut off tho steam on tho locomotives, and tho newspaper man complained that all his ideas melted and ran into ono, which was, that it was considerably hot. Tho indications aro for cooler weather to-day. Whilo we hopo they are; wo will jump to another subject, hoping neither to injure tho subject or ourselves by tho jump. We will tell you something about the Salvation Army, though Ohio people have heard of the Salvation Army bo fore. Tills army made its first appear ance last ovening at tho Central market, corner of Eleventh and Walnut streets. There wero about live hundred present, and it is perfectly safe to state that all wero drawn out of mere curiosity to witness tho decidedly original methods of tho army of making conveits. Tho second story had been fitted up with seats, and at tho rear end was the plat form on which were seated the members of the organization. Tho army con sisted of live gentlemen and threo ladios, tho latter taking quite an active interest in the proceedings. Before operations wero commenced tho following circulars wero distributed Jn the neighborhood of tho building : Salvation Army ! Blood and Fire Bombardment of the Devil. These meetings to be conducted by the Staff Captains and Hallelujah Lasses. Tho soldiers, as they termed them selves, wore a uniform consisting of a plain blue suit with coat made after the military pattern, the letter S being marked on tho collar. The. captains aro distinguished by two rows of red around tho collar, while lieutenants wear two rows of yellow. On the platform wero anaccordian, a cornet and tambourine, tho latter being manipulated by tho lady members as an accompaniment for the singers. This decidedly novel musi cal combination made somo very pecu liar music. It sounded very much like a man falling down stairs with a tray of dishes, and I suppose you all know what kind of music thero would be in dropping a tray of dishes down a stair way. Tho captain arose, briefly out lining tho work of tho army during its stay in Kansas City. Ho said that they had come hero for tho purpose of fight ing the devil, and they intended to re main here until their efforts wero pro ductive of good results. I grew a little nervous all at once, and thinking the captain was sizing mo up, I felt for my hat and sauntered down to Ninth street, boarded a cable car and rodo to tho Grand Central Depot, as I was expect ing some Ohio friends on the Chicago & Alton train. Looking nt tho timo card I found that I had to wait over an hour for tho train, so I perched inyself. on a depot truck and sat there watching tho crowd as they passed to and from the waiting room. Suddenly the depot master came along, and without my in vitation seated himself by my side. Of course I was glad to have somo one to talk to, aftor I found he would talk. Ho said "I am asked about a thousand questions every day, and some of them aro puzzlers. Fellows from the outlying districts of Kansas and Missouri rush up and ask me what time the 'Cannon Ball' leaves or If ho 'Cyclone' has loft yet, and J am often at a loss, to know what they mean." "You see," said the depot master, "somo ot tho roads call thoir trains 'Cannon Balls,' 'Cyclones,' 'Tornadoes,' etc., and It is difficult to know over which ono of tho many roads tho 'Grays' want to go. Tho women ask nil sorts of ridiculous questions nnd give all tho trouble they can, but the genuine 'grays' acquire the confection ; only tho other day n lady asked mo what timo tho six o'clock train wont out." I was getting deoply interested In my friend's conversation when ho was sud denly interrupted by a "city dudo," tho samo ono that Mr. (I forgot his name) wroto of, but he belongs in Highland county, for I heard of tho young gentle man when I lived thero. I think It a pretty good pieco of poetry, but wouldn't our friend do just like all other boys who live in cities. Well tho train I was expecting camo rolling round the curve. I was disap pointed. I must confess that it was my llrst disappointment slnco I met with a disappointment in a lovo affair, and it wasn't mo that was in love, It was a friend of mine, and only because tho young lady wouldn't hnvo my friend be cause ho didn't belong toj church, that was the reason thnt I was disappointed. So both of us concluded to bo old bach elors nnd never marry, simply because my friend couldn'tgctthoone he loved, nnd because I never went with a girl but once, then sho scared mo out by asking If I liked ico cream. That is onough to scare any young man nowa days, nnd I resolved to leavo tho girls alone. And to show how well I hnvo kept my resolution, I must say I never smile at tho girls out here, for fear they will remind me of the confectionery just across tho street. Hoping my allusion to confectioneries won't havo a depress ing eflect on the boys of Sinking Spring, I will close this ungrammatical, miser ably constructed letter, promising to abide by the decision of tho editor. K. L. E. m The combination, proportion, ami process in preparing Hood's Harsaparilla, aro peculiar to this medlclno, and unknown to others. m Reunion or the Morrow-Murrny Family. The fourth annual reunion of the Morrow-Murray family was hold Aug. 19th, 1880, at tho farm of James Morrow, two and one-half miles southwest of Piqua, Miami county, Ohio. The singular caption at tho head of tills article, that of MorrowMurroy family, needs some explanation. Though of the samo ancestry, they are known by different names: Thero camo to Ohio early in tho present century four brothers; their father emigrated from Scotland about tho Deginning of tho last quarter of tho previous century, nnd rejoiced in the good old Scotch name of Murray. Tho brother that set tled in Miami county retained tho name of Murray, while tho other brothers curiously and with reasons known to themselves, changed the namo to Mor row, thus ignoring tho good old Scotch name of their ancestors. Tho day set apart for tho gathering of tho clan, proved to bo nil that could bo desired, bright and cool. At an early hour tho members of tho family began to gather at tho grovo. At ten o'clock about ono hundred wero present, in cluding James E. Morrow and daughter Elsie, of Pontiac, Ills., James R. Morrow and daughter Joanna, of Highland county, O., and Thos. Morrow Jr., of Muncie, Ind. These lost mentioned en joyed the reunion for the first time. The company spent tho timo in kindly greetings until twelve o'clock, when dinner was announced, when the party gathered about the tables, and such a spread! The usual groaning was done, at first by tho tables, afterwards by the participants of the feast which (tho feast) included all the substantiate as well as the delicacies in the way of food, with ico cream, lemonade, and fruits in the way of dessert. After dinner the company spent tho time in social enjoyment, each dolighted to meet the other after a year of separa tion. The younger portion of the com pany found much pleasure in the swing put up for their use. About four o'clock p. m. tho party began to disperse, after cordial and earnest wishes for each other's welfare until they should meet again next year, and closed a season of social enjoyment that each desired to see repeated. . When yon are constipated, with loss of appe tite, headache, take one of Dr. J. H. McLean's Little Liver and Kidney Pllleti. They are pleasant to take and will core yon. 23 cents a Tiai. cor saie py oeyueri uo, . m Thero never was a shoo however hand some that did not become an ugly slip per.. It yonr kidneys are inactive, you will feel and look wretched, even in the most cheerful aoclty, and melancholy on the Jolliest occa sions. Dr. J. H. MoLean's Liver and Kidney Balm will set you right again, il.00 per bot tle. Sold by Seybert 4 Co. Hear, see, and say nothing, If you would live in peace. m Disease lies in ambush for the weak ; a fee ble constitution la ill adapted to encounter a malarious atmosphere and indden changes of temperature, and the least robust are usually the easiest victims; Dr. J. H. McLean's Strengthening Cordial and Blood Purifier will give tone, and vitality and strength to your entire body. 91.00 per bottle. For sale by Seybert 4 Co. m Never let the bottom of your purse or your mind be seen, Bucklen's Arnica Salve. The Beat Salve In the world for Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum. Fever Bores, Tetter. Chapped Hands, Chilblains. Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and positively cure Files, or no pay required. It is guaranteed to give en tire setisfaotlsn, or money refunded. Price 20 cents per box. FOll SALE BY Seybert Co. septffyl TRAMP PRINTER Journeys Down the Valley of the Delaware, And Writes of Chester, Wilming ton and Baltimore. Where They Erect Monuments and Can the Lngclous Oyster. nnlllmore'a Famous Police System and Its Working's. Our first stop after leaving Philadel phia was Chester, situated upon tho shores of tho Delaware, fourteen miles below tho Quaker City, and yet, in real ity part of its suburbs. Chester has a population of over 20,000 people ono party informed mo 30,000 "with the sub urbs," but I incline to the belief that he slightly prevaricated. It is the seat of the Pennsylvania Military Academy, an educational institution for boys, under tho superintendency of Col. Theodoro Hyntt. Hero is also situated Roach's ship yard, and ship-building mny bo said to be tho principal industry of the place. The Delawaro hero is both wide and deep, and bordered by marshes on either side. The ebb and flow of the tide is almost as perceptible as at the seashore. WILMINGTON-. From Chester wo wandered down to Wilmington, within tho boundaries of tho little State of Delaware, also on the same river, fourteen miles further down. Wilmington Is quite a large place. At a rough guess I would say that it is tho home of about 40,000 people, and I think that, barring Scranton, it deserves the distinction of having the roughest streets east of tho Allcghenics, though tho streets are at present being repaved, replacing tho boulders with level stones. This is certainly a great country for fruit and vegetables. On market days Wilmington is one great big market, and I never saw finer displays than the "truck gardeners" make with their wagon-loads of luscious produce. Peaches and pears are particularly line, large and plentiful. When I attempted to get funny about tho failure of the peach crop I was labor ing under the impression that Jersey was tho peach country. I was a little previous in that. It is Delaware where tho peach crop always fails, but is ever just as big as beforo. Jersey is the mo squito country ; tho Jersoy mosquito is not the idlo Action of a paragrapher s fertile brain. The Jersey mosquito is a sad reality. He lives in splendor in tho marshes of tho Delaware, and like the star of empire, he is westward taking his way. Ho has already invaded Penn sylvania and Delaware. His bite leaves a red, blood-shot pimple that lingers long after the mosquito has been gather ed to its father's. I still have scars from bites received at Chester two weeks ago. The principal industry of Wilmington is tho manufacture of fancy-colored leather. Tho city, with the excoption of tho undulating surface upon which it is built, looks like a chunk cut out of Philadelphia. It has a fine Union de pot and is rather live and enterprising. All tho way down the course of the Delaware on tho west shore aro situ ated fine farms and residences, and the stations along the Philadelphia, Wil mington & Baltimore Railroad, go far toward enhancing the beauty of the scenery. The station buildings are neat and tasty in architecture, and aro invar iably surrounded by lawns and flower gardens exquisitely kept. BALTIMORE. From Wilmington we came to Balti more, seventy miles below Wilmington. Baltimore has been so well written up by II. F. H., that I would feel I was wasting time did I attempt any lengthy description. It is well-named the Mon umental City, for it is chuck full of mon uments. They aro located all over tho city, in suburban squares and at angles formed by converging streets, and in little parks and everywhere else. The most pretentious is the one erected to tho memory of George Washington. It is of marble and quite high, though no one whom I havo asked has been able to tell me its exact height. It must be in the neighborhood of two hundred feet high. The crest is surmounted by a gigantic statue of he, who was "first in in the hearts of his countrymen." In each of the streets looking away from the monument are beautiful gar dens, ornamented with rare flowers, fountains, bronze statuary, etc., and bor dered with ballustrades of masonry or iron. I have often heard of the efficiency of the Baltimore police) force, even having been told that it was tho best in the Union. They certainly come nearer en forcing tho Sunday laws than any other I know of. A few worsts about the workings of their new system, going in to effect Septemcer 1st, may bo read with interest. For these particulars I am in debted to tho Sun of this city : This system divides the force into sections A, B and C. A will go on duty ai 8 a. m. and remain until 7. p. m. with one hour and a-half allowed for dinuer. Members of this section will therefore perform 9 hours of actual duty. Section B will go on duty at 7 p. m. and remain until 4 a. m., doing 9 hours duty. Section O will go on at 4 a. m. and remain until 8 a. m. ; go on again at 12 m. and remain until 3 p, m., mak ing 7 hours patrole duty. Section Cwill bo divided into squads. Each squad will perforin ono woek night reserve duty nt tho station-house, the reserve and pa trol duty making an average of nine hours duty for each man In tho squad. Tho great objection to tho old long sys tem was, first, tho length of patrol ser vice, nnd second, the weakness of tho force ot dinner hours, from 12 to 3 ; thirdly, the night men complained that it took all tho davllcrht to tret hnmn. pnt a a , v their meals and rest, and left them no time with their families. It is claimed for the system now nronosedthnt it does away with nil these objections, us tho largest service is 9J hours in 24, giving ample time for rest and recreation. As to tho dinner hours, from 12 to 3, it is claimed that tho force will be stronger then than any other hour during tho daytime, as one-half of section A nnd tho entiro strength of section C will bo on duty at that time. This will enable each post to bo fullv uatrolled and leavo a number of men to be assigned by tho captain to important locations in the dis trict, such as large schools, and in tho great business centres. The objections urged against the system now being worked are as follows : It requires tho men to sleep at the station-houses with largo numbers in small rooms, and four men using the same cot in each twenty four hours. It also interferes with tho regular and uniform rest of the men, be cause it only gives them rest four or fivo hours at any ono time, nnd interferes with the proper enforcement of tho san itary regulations of tho city, as about six men aro required to work on each beat alternately. One does not know what the other has reported, nor does he know when the timo of notice to abate any nuisance has expired if such notice has been given. Italsointorferes with tho regularity of living. Tho pio posed system, it is claimed, obviates all of these objections, as thero will ho ono day and one night man regularly on eacii post. Under the present system the round sergeant, who is. in fnet. tlm most important officer in the district, uoes not exist at all at night, there being but one roundsman in each district, who is to perform such duty day or night, as lie may bo directed. Under the propos ed system thero will be a regular day and night ronndsman. This system, ai proposed, can be worked oven in time of riots, strikes, Ac. Tho piesent system cannot be worked at such time, as was fully demonstrated during tho late strike of tho car drivers. The proposed sys tem will enable the olliceis to becoinp acquainted with the occupants of each house and their servants, and thus en oblo them to prevent the numerous hall and back-yard robberies which, it is stated, havo been of frequent occurrence lately. I will not be able to visit Washington, as I expected, but turn westward from Baltimore. Jjmmti L Hon. J. J. Pugsley. We had the pleasure of greeting our old friend, Hon. J. J. Pugsley, of Hills boro, on Wednesday of last week. Wo knew him when a boy, at Dayton, when wo published tho Dayton Daily Gazette, and subsequently at Circleville, when we conducted tho Circleville Union. He was then a member of tho law firm of Smith & Pugsley. From Cir cleville, he removed to Hillsboro, where ho has been practicing his profession for twenty years past. Several times ho has been the Representative of Highland County in the Legislature, and is now the Senator from Highland and Ross. It was a Democratic district, and yet ho carried it by nearly a thousand majority. He is extremely popular with his fellow citizens, without regard to party. Ho is an oven-tempered man, respectful and conciliatory in his demeanor, but firm in his Republican principles. In the last session of tho Senate, he took a leading part, and his law for regulating elections, in certain cities, is a wiso and beneficient measure. Ho voted to ex clude the four Hamilton County Sena tors elected by forgery, porjury and ballot-stuffing, and to scat tho Republi cans, who wero the rightful choice of tho peoplo. In the long struggle for tho mastery, in which the Democrats iden tified themselves with "frauds" of tho most gigantic character, Mr. Pugsley took a conspicuous part in exposing their tricks and chicanery. This con sumed much time, and prevented many measures of importance being consum mated. After the Democratic Senators enacted their hegira for Kentucky, it removed an "obstruction" out of tho way which very much facilitated the action of a majority. If Mr. Pugsley succeeds In securing the nomination for Cougress, wo predict; for him an untiring canvass and a tri umphant election. Georgetown Gazette. A CvpUln's Fortunate Discovery. Capt Coleman, schr. Weymouth, plying be tween Atlantlo City and N. Y., bad been troubled with a cough so that ho was nnable to sleep, and was Induced to try Dr. King's New DUoevery for Consumption. It not only gave him instant relief, but allayed the extreme soreneu in his breast. Hla children were similarly affected and a single dose had tho same happy effect. Dr. KingTs New Discovery U now the standard remedy In the Coleman household and on board the schooner. Free trial bottles of this standard remedy at Seybert 4 OoVa drug store. It is no time to play chess when tho bouse is on fire. r,