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The News-Herald. (Hillsboro, Highland Co., Ohio) 1886-1973, September 08, 1886, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038161/1886-09-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. 60-NO. 23
vx-ritL- ixtL-wo
Studenta, Studies and Ad
vantages of the .Old
Tho Odium tlmt Attaches to
American Dentistry A
Gigantic Jubilee.
6eraan Carps Students with Canes
and Cams, Japanese Paratelsand
an' Air or General 'Crankiness
' -506 Anniversary of the
, UnlTersity Marnll
cent Festivity.
Hkidklbkko, AugustOtbj.1880.
Editor News-Hbbam There 'wore in
attendance at the university, this Sum
mer Semester, ton hundred .and "thirty
six students? Ot this number eight hun
dred and nlnety-nino were residents of
the. Empire, the remainder foreigners or
non-rejldents. Of the former) the two
States of Baden and Prussia sent more
than three-fourths two hundred and
ninety-seven and three hundred land
fifty, , respectively. .Thirteen countries
join to furnish the non-residents. Of
these Araerlca'comes first with' thirty,
Russia and Poland, twenty-nine ; Switz-,
orland,. twenty-six ; Austria, twenty-six;
Great Britain, seven ; France, five ; Tur
key, two; Japan, three, and Africa and
'Australia, each one. As' to studies they
weie divided as follows theology, sev
erity ; jurisprudence,, three hundred and
fifty-five; medicine,, two hundred and
sixty-slxj and philosophy, three hundred
and forty-five.. Here, the time Of atten
dance or number of semesters required
is not specified with that degree, of ex
actness which characterizes American
colleges, literary as well as medical. The
students life of severe discipline, ends
with the seven or nine years spent at
the Gymnasium.
At tho university,, when he has attend
ed a certain number of semesters, six or
seven or more, and thinks himself capa
ble of passing the faculty examination,
ho notifies the various members, calling
in carriage and dreai suit at their office
or residence, stating when it is his pleas
ure to be interviewed by them.
The examination is oral, conducted in
the presence of all tho members of, the
faculty, and lasts two or more hours.
The result, whatever it may be, is given
before leaving the house, after a few
minutes private1 consultation. The ex
amination fee js four hundred and fifty
marks ($112.) These examinations , in
the medical department are not. much'
more difficult than in the best American
colleges, the College of 'Physicians and
Surgeons, of New York, for instance,
and in the other departments I 'Have
been told by students in thoso depart
ments that the examinations for the
same degree in Harvard, Yale or Prince
ton compare favorably with them. In
the medical examinations that of the
faculty is regarded with little trepida
tion ; it is the sq-called state examina
tion which gives them' the legal right to
and protection in the practice of medi
cine that tho aspirant, hesitates to en
counter, and, which' fear, keeps i him in
attendance at the lectures and clinics
sometimes several semesters after the
faculty certificate is obtained. It is in
character like the examination required
of the successful candidate of, the Cin
cinnati Law School by the State Board
of Examiners, in Ohio. .Until similar
laws elevate the standard of medical ed
ucation in America by the appointment
of a properly qualified State Beard,' with
rigid and severe examinations the "Land
of the noble free" will continue to mean
the land of charlatanry and quackery as
well as the land presided over by a man
of the people's selection. This reflect
ion on Americas professions seems to
reach its acme with dentists, which, if
the word American, precede' it. is syn
onymous with .swindler; and this, in
spite of the' fact that, the United States
is tho birth-place of dentistry, and
the genius and skill of its devotees has
attained nearest perfection. '.
Very few of the '.lectures are delivered,
in, the university building, indeed none
of the medical, These are given in the
well-appointed ' Academic Hospitals,
erected ten years ago and consisting of
ten largo, three-story, stone, structures,1
furnished wUh every convenience and
mproveaeni, thoroughly ventilated, 16-J
catpd in a lot ol twenty acres which is.
filled with carefully tended shrubbery,1
and - traversed by innumerable gravel
WH& ; f .. 1 - !
The Ohemical, Anatomical and Physio J
logical Institutes oecupy separate build-.
ings as also does the Botanical Institute.'
Lectures and practical work are conduct-!
od.ln each., No, other 'University pos
sesses better advantages for., microscopi
cal work, either normal or abnormal, hot
especially the- latter.- Neither instruct-
oA nor location' could ' be imnroved' on
elaewfiere. .'Prof.easbir Arnold's ttjjfflfr
iooicid Laboratory, where wesnent moat
of ear time, iis located in, the, edge of
town, on the banks of the NeckarJ and!
the clear, bright light' from the north is
perfect in winter of course it is riot so
good, i The students, as.a body, may bej
divided into two, classes, natives (reel-!
dents of the jtnpire)'and foreigners.'
The former may be divided into corps,;
and non-corps, students., The corps;
students, of which there are five, deal
nta'l In mAMllnn n thai natnna. Kv Ik'
red, white, bine; green and yellow eons:
which they wear, possess certain peenH-i
arltles ; among which are dogs, canes,
glssses, Japeneso parasol etc., but as
they are the same at all the universities
I may sometime have more to say of
thorn, their habits, duels, etc.,
No comparison scarcely can be made
between the American students and the
Germans that would be derogatory to
the former. It has been said (by Mark
Twain, I believe) that tho American
comes hero to add a mansard roof to his
education while tho German, who al
ready has that, comes to add a steeple
in the way of some special qualification'.
As a rule, this is untrue. The majority
of Americans here are graduates of tho
best American colleges, literary, or med
ical or both; their early education has
been just as thorough and their later, in
its very nature, is better adapted, to
teach them self reliance, independence
and tho ability to deal rationally with
their fellow-men. Tho Geiman uni
versity, student is a genuine boy, out of,
school. Apparently, ho has not a
thought in the world above (or below)
picas ore for the present niomont. " And
he obtains it ; whatever his life may
have .been in the Gymnasium the shack
les are broken while adding tho
steeple (?).
I do not think now that there can be
another such town ono that combines
such splendid advantages for study and
so many- opportunities for innocent
amusement. The diverse and complex
factors which go to make up tho society
of Heidelberg and tho varied and strik
ing features presented by tho scenery of
the district are calculated to produce !no
slight effect upon the life of the students.
Here is not the place for "day to follow
day in one continuous round of dullness.
The student is not a pedant, a fine day
tempts him into the fresh air ; accompa
nied by a troop of jovial companions he
roams over tho surrounding hills, or
pays a visit to some moss-grown ruin, re
turning in the evening with renewed
vigor, his eyes drinking in tho beauties
of the landscapo as it glows in the sun
light ; or, the softer picture of lengthen
ing shadows and twilight: Excursions
of this kind, whether near or distant' lo
calities, are seldom without influence in
forming and' stimulating the mind and
disposition. The noble character of the
scenery, turns the mind from common
subjects to the contemplation of loftier
themes. Therefore, it is that in after
years' the memories of the pleasant days
passed in Heidelberg' become doubly
dear to the student; he loves to take
refuge in these thoughts when over
whelmed by the serious business of life,
and to recall those days .of .youthful en
thusiasm, ideal aims and unselfish de
votion to a circle of like-minded friends:
In this consists the great charm of stu
dent life at Heidelberg, doubtless this is
tho kernel which often remains conceal
ed from the superficial, observer by the
seemingly frivolous exterior shell. If,
in addition to tho gay social elements
existing among the townspeople and
students, we take into consideration tho
constantly ebbing and flowing tide of
visitors of every nationality, we shall be
able to understand the charm exercised
by theso constantly shifting scenes, and
how they,1 in conjunction with the im
pressions produced by tho romantic sur
roundings, the majestic monuments of
the, past, and. the intellectual stimulus
proceeding from tho university, must
quite preclude anything like stagnation
in the life of residents in Heidelberg.
That Heidelberg was to celebrate the
five hundredth anniversary of its uni
versity the first week in August, 1886,
has long been a public fact; but on those
within its limits it has been doubly im
pressed and daily. It was the excuse
for asking exorbitant prices for every
thing. Desirable, single rooms, brought
for the week, one hundred, one hundred
and fifty and two hundred marks, which
correspond to the 'same number of dol
lars in America. The charges for board
was increased in a similar ratio ; while
reasonable enough before, an increase
of one hundred per cent, is a very per
ceptible change. '
On the streets and in all the public
buildings, including the university build-,
ings, churches and private dwellings
changes, repairs and improvements were
Deing mailp, r ,
The Festchallo was well under headway
in its construction, on our arrival four
months ago. It is about five by, two
hundred feet, in extent, and the entire
enclosure seated and tabled, In .front
of the building was a court, a hundred
feet square which was divided by a wide
gravel walk leading from the gates to the
hall. On either aide of tho walk Was a
strip of grass-covered lawn, on which
'at' night, divers shaped 'figure's were out j
uneu wiin coiorea iignis. inq. entrance
was marked .by three high arched door
ways on each side of which was a square
tower. Below, these towers wereadornj
ed with gilded lions, above, with pow
traits of rulers and historical' paintings
!xhe top was dome shaped, and far aboye
arose the flag staff. Immediately' above
the .middle entrance was a portrait ef the
fewnder of the university i The ceiling1
of the main hall was an arch and skil-i
fully saW to represent, with its dark
blue ground and' myriads of stars, the
flnpamentjltyo. end opposite the, en
trance was, Talsed ad fitted for, the
choir and orchestra, and just beneath
this elevation wan the bar and restaurant!
The' faetlyMj began on the second of
Angnst or rather the evening of, the seen
and. For , two or three days before,1
workmen were busy cleansing aadgUd-l
ing the statuary in various parts of town;
hanging wreaths, circles and festoons of
evergreen, flowers and artificial' fruits,
above doors, from window to window
and from house to house. The lion, the
emblem, of tho Palatinate found fre
quent display.
At the University two llfc-slze point
ings representing Hoidelborg and tho
University, were exhibited, between tho
two entrances to the building. Tho for
mer was a beautiful maiden whose
countenanco indicated (ho absence.of all.
care, indeed the presence of perfect con
tentment., .She was on ttie summit of a
hill, and in the .distance was pictured
enough of a valley, town and river for
any onei who had over seen them or a
picture of them even, to instantly reco'g
nixo as Heidelberg. Tho painting that
represented the 'University could not bo
called the picture of a maiden, though
no older than the other and not less
benutiful, her , faco as well as attitudo
and' surroundings gave her that dignity
only possessed by the lenrned. The
thin, closed lips, the lightly knit' eye
brows, the intentness with which sho
is scannipg a passage to which she
points in' un open volume before her,
precludes the right to use a careless ex
pression or comparison in describing
her. The most striking feature of the
decorations was the countless flags ex
posed. From every window, from the
steeples and gable windows of the
churches, and from hundreds of poles
erected for tho purpose, waved the
black, whito and red flag of tho Empire.
From the gable windows in tho roofs of
the churches,- court house, etc., were
flags thirty, forty, and fifty feet in
length'. Tho combinations of colors of
the German and Baden flags, and tho
various colors of the different corps
students, was perplexing to the ex
treme. The great number of flags made
a veritable canopy for the narrow streets.
The Church. of the Holy Ghost, the
University, and the Castle were pre
pared with special care, as the program
indicated, a part of tho proceedings to be
held at each of theso places. The parti
tion dividing the church into two parts,
ono occupied by Catholics, the other by
Protestants, was removed ; the Univer
sity Aula was seated and the walls dec
ocrated and liberally hung with fine
paintings, which together with richly
frescoed celling, was a pleasing sight.
The Castle court had at each entrance
an arch of gas lights, and around each
flag-staff was a chandelier. Seats and
tables were scattered through the court,
and the rooms on the first floor,
throughout the buildings. Tickets to
all of the exercises were given to all
matriculated and ex-matriculated stu
dents, which would -admit not only tho
bearer, but one or more radios besides.
In addition to those admitted under the
above conditions, tickets to all the pro
ceedings in the Festhalle, except the
"Kommers" (drinking-bout) of tho stu
dents, were sold at the door. At the
"Kommers" a special ticket was re
quired and only stfidents or ox-students
were admitted. On the afternoon of
the 2d the ringing of bells and firing off
of cannon announced the arrival of the
Crown Prince and wife, and tho Grand
Duke of Baden. In the evening a re
ception was held, in the Festhalle and
the folowing,morning .religious services
in the Church of tho Holy Ghost, tr
On the evening of the third, the exer
cises occurred at the Castle, where in
one of the spacious old rooms a veryjn-
tormai reception, was nciu py tne urown
Prince and wife, The court facade of
the Castle was lighted up by a double
row ol lights on tho ledge of each row of
windows. , .Theso .were wax, red (made
bo by red globes) and white, andr the
gentle wind playing upon the thousands
of jots, made a fuller and brighter light
than the arches and chandeliers of gas
jets in the court below. On this event
the wine and beer was furnished at the
expense of the Grand Duke. The
torchlight procession of the students, in
which, two thousand took' part, with
'several bands, resembled in more' re
spects than one, a political display in a
large American city. Friday 'morning
witnessed the most interesting' part of
the, entire program, viz :, tho historical
procession. To some extent this was
liko the Mardi Gras pr. Cihcinnatus, ex
cept it was quieter, and; while not so im
posing at first sight, was mote complete
in detail and better bore the eye of' crit
icism: - There was no music connected
with it, unless the shrill' piercing, blasts
of tho trumpeters or a number of them
could be '804 called.' "Eleven'epocrTs in
the history of the 'Palatinate were rep
resented, not by figures that woVe diffi
cult to comprehend, but in the pictures
que'dress and j armor of the- timo. :' It is
said that 120,000 people ; viewed 'this
parade. Ropes were stretched alopg
the sidewalks on each side of all,he
streets they traversed; seats ..woro
erected at every, "availablo space, and
were solo:, as were wmuow,. at exorbi
tant prices,' In the evening occurred
the memorable "Kommers.1' 'This' was
deemed of sufficient importance, and
promised a peculiar pleasure in a degree
to warrant's 'meeting of,. the ' Amerjoan
students arid the 'appointing of a com
mittee,, who obtained a, table to be des
ignated by the stars and stripes, and to
be reserved for tho use, 'of Americans
alone. This was) as, its riamo,'indicates,
a "drinking-bout," and was a "Kneipe"
of the German students' on an "enlarged
scale. The illumination of the Castle
and Old Bridge on Saturday evening
closed the, festivities. There were semi
official meetings and receptions at irreg
ular times during the week; and tho
displays already, mentioned nro deserv
ing of a better description than has
been given.
A variety of scenes past and present
have been presented' to the reader in
theso "Huidolborg" lottcrs, and it may
seem to him n portrayal of unimportant
(fetalis; but a short stay In a town
whoso University ranks next to those of
Vienna and Praguo in point of age, and
second. to none in respect ; whose Castle
ruins rival the Alhambra, and whose
every hill and 'house and valley is filled
with, historical .interest, makes haste,
carelessness and irreverence strangers
to tho feelings.
Very truly" yours,
, , , ' J. G., Hikons.
Why rafter the torturei of bllllouaneea when
Hood'. 8rprilla Kill Rive yon relief ? Sold
by all drogglata. 100 Doees One Dollar:
The n. & M. Railroad Certain.
It is a source of 'high gratification to
us to announca,tliat the contract between
the .Columbus ,and Maysville Railroad
Company and Messrs.- Frceland arid
Mackin, of Pittsburg, for building the
road from Hillsboro to Hipley via Sar
dinia and Georgetown, was Binned on
tho 25th tilt., the required subscriptions
and rights of way having been obtained
or guaranteed. The road is to be a stand
ard gauge, steel rail, and to be complet
ed from Iliilsboro to Ripley by January
1st, 1887. There is also a provisional
agreement for extending tho road to
Maysville, and building a bridge across
the Ohio River at that point ; also for
extending the road northward to Wash
ington 0. II., or some other point to be
determined. Tho contractors have a
largo force of men at Hillsboro and were
to' commence last Monday. They first
change the division between Hillsboro
and Sardinia to standard gauge and ex
pect to havo trains running to George
town in ninety days, tho grading and
bridging being already finished, or near
ly so, botween Sardinia and Georgetown.
The citizens of Georgetown, together
with what they have hitherto done in
transferring the road bed to tho new
Company, have also subscribed $5,000 to
the guarantco fund.
Wo hope and believe from this day
onward there will be nothing to retard
the work of constructing tho road to its
early completion to Ripley, and eventu
ally to Maysville. Tho road, north of
Hillsboro, at some eligible point on the
Midland railroad, probably at Washing
ington C. H., will he fixed on soon, and
completed early in the now year, so that
wo will have an unbroken line of stand
ard gauge from the Ohio River to Wash
ington C. II., and to all tho world be
sides. Then if tho people of George
town can possibly induce someone to
establish manufacturing here, on a large
scale, there is a certainty of our town
growing into a placo of wealth and im
portance at no distant day. We shall
have excess to coal and lumber, and
shipping facilities equal to any interior
point in the State. Qeorgcloien Gazette.
. .
For alck headache, female troublea, neuralgio
Ealna in the head take Dr. J. McLean's Little
irer and Kidney Fillets. 25 cents a vial.
Don't pour water into a sieve.
Old people rafter ranch from dUordere of the
urinary organe, and are always gratified at the
wonderful offeeta of 'Dr. J. H. MoLean'i Liver
and Kidney Balm In banUhing their troublea.
f 1.00 per bottle.
Gather thistles, expect prickles.
' ' i
Fits All fits stopped free by Dr. Kline's
Great nerve Beatorer, No flti after flrat day's
use. Harreloni cares. Treatise and 92.00
trial bottle free to Fit caaea. Send to Dr.
Kline, 031 Arch street, Philadelphia, Fa.
Real frendship is a slow grower.
Imperfect digestion and assimilation produce
disordered conditions of the system which grow
and are confirmed, by neglect, Dr. J. H. Mc
Lean's Strengthening Cordial and Blood Puri
fier, by its tonia properties, cures indigestion
and gives tone to the stomach. $1.00 per bot
tle. Do not have to many irons in the flro.
In many localities Hood's Sarsaparilla is in
sneh general demand that it is the recognized
family msdlelne. People write "that the whole
neighborhood is taking it," etc. Particularly
is this true of LowelL Mass., where it is made,
and where more of Hood's Barsaparilla is sold
than any other sarsaparilla' or blood purifier.
It is the great remedy for debility, scrofula,
dyspepsia, billlonsness, or any disease caused
by impure stale or low condition of the blood.
Give ft a trial.
Tho fipanlards.havo 305 ways of cook
ing eggs!
Consumption Cured.
An old physician, retired from practice, hav
ing had placed in bis hands by an Eut India
misslonary,'tho, formula pf simple vegetable
remedy for, the speedy and, permanent cure of
Consumption,' Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma,
and all Throat and Lung Affections, also a
positive and radical ours tor Nervous Debility
and, all Nervous Complaints, after having
tested its wonderful ouratlvei powers In thou
sands, of cases,' has felt it , his duty ; to make it
known to his suffering, fellows. Aotuated, by
this' motive and a desire, to relievo human
suffering, I will send free of ohargr to all who
desire It, this recipe, in German, French or
Kaglish, with full directions for preparing and
uainir. Bent br mall by addressing with
stamp, naming this paper, W.i A. Novas, 149
Power' $ Block, Sochetter, JV. Y. fa-ow-10sa!
, i - . i
To remove mildew, soak in buttermilk
and spread on grass in the sun. j
.Till ' ' '
r Lard may be made perfectly sweet by
boiling a raw pared potato in it. ' I
' m ' ' J
Blankets for baby cribs made of cider
down cloth, are both light and warm.)
, r-r , "t'i
The Savoy drumhead cabbage is, one.
of the best late varieties ever cultivated.
m i j
If the oven is top ,hot when baking
place a small'dish of cool water, in it.
; ' , ,
Powdered orris root Is a cheap and
good tooth powder; it also purifioa the
Turns His Proboscis toward
the Occident.
WrltCH of Maryland
West Virginia,
As Seen from the Windows of n Pall
man Palace Car,
After a Few General R.tuarka Ragartl.
log- His Impreaalons of the Knit.
Baltimore has missed me now for three
days, and after a comfortable little jaunt
westward of one' hundred and twenty-
eight utiles, broken by stops at the quiet
old towns of Hagerstown and Martins
burg T find myself at the "relay" of the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Cumber
land, Maryland. From innate laziness I
failed to explore tho ancient semi-southern
city of Baltimore as the week spent
there afforded me opportunities, but the
reason, good and sufficient, I mentioned
in my last letter. The newer portions
are clean and beautiful, but there are
quarters of the city of which the same
could hardly be said by one with a con
science. Tho "Old Town" is divided
from the more modern quarters by a
stream that looks fairly well when
the rising tide of the Chesapeake Bay
raises its surfaco so as to conceal the
varied collection of old tin cans, boots,
shoes, broken pottery and other bric-a-brnc
with which the bottom of the chan
nel is ornamented, and which, at ebb
tide, are painfully visible to tho naked
eye. This stream may have a real ro
mantic Indian name for aught I know to
the contrary, but I can best describe it
as an immense sewer without a cover.
The buildings of tho "Old Town" are
aged and many of them look as though
sufferers from chronic ennui ; the streets
are narrow and filled mostly with "cheap
John" shops; while an occasional old
fashion town pump or monument to
some hero or heroes of long time ago is
always ready to occupy any little space
left by irregular turns of tho streets ;
and reminiscences of the days of the
Calverts ore everywhere visible.
I went down to the docks and talked to
the sailors and watched them unload
water-melons and calk up leaks and
scrub decks, etcetera. I thought I might
perhaps, run across the skipper who
took me a rido in his dory down at Bi
loxi, or tho mate who learned me how
to navigate a ship when in Mobile last
winter, but they must have been else
where. And I tramped around the city
trying to find out how high the Wash
ington monument was, but nobody seem
ed to know ; and now that my toes and
proboscis are turned toward tho Occi
dent and I havo covered one hundred
and twenty-eight miles of the dis
tance that divides Baltimore irom Ohio
I possess a feeling of genuine pleasure
and satisfaction that I am done with the
big cities for a few days and am out in
towns not so large, but that I can see
green fields and leafy trees and rural
beauty, and inhale the pure, free air
that wreathes the blue knobs of the Ap
palachian system. This is why I can
now sit down and scribble off line after
line so cosily without saying anything
much in particular. And after having
spent nearly three months in the East I
am inclined to
as compared with our uncivilized West
as follows: In many respects the East
has improved the many years start she
had before wo began business out our
way. Her farms are perhaps better
fenced, and the fields less stumpy than
those of Ohio, and in the country they
pay much more attention to fruit. As
for the cities I scarcely know how to go
about instituting comparisons. I do not
think any of them I have visited are
kept as clean as our Western cities, but
the public buildings are almost invariably
elegant and substantially built, seeming
ly, regardless of cost. I just now hap
pen to recall an anecdote I read once in
regard to a young journalist who made a
tour to Patagonia, or Senegambia or
somewhere else with the intention of
writing up the" manners and customs of
the people It was recorded that after
an absenco of several weeks he wrote to
the managing editor that the "natives
hadn't any'manners arid their 'customs
were too disgusting to write about."'
The application of this anecdote to the
question under discussion is not exactly,
clear to me, but it helps fill up. One,
thing, though, I must say, even if I do
have to hurt the-feelings of thousands
of your Eastern Bnb&crib'ers,' and' that 'is
tliis: The street manners of the East
ern public, are several, notches below
those of the West. I have (very rarely
seen a lady stand" when gentlemen oc
cupied seats In Chicago, Cincinnati, Kan
sas City or Denver street-cars, but in
New York or. Philadelphia it may be
seen on any crowded car ; and on two or
three occasions that I surrendered my
seat (with that bow that made me such
a favorite with the, Prince of Wales) 'i
was looked upon, by, the other males in
the car as though I might be a barbarian
and the females '-invariably forget to
say "thank you." In these eastern cities
it is continually bustle and push. If
you ask a question of a gentleman on
the street he will give you a short an
swer in a majority of cases, and the rail
road officials I mean train-men are al
most too lofty to be approached by a
Plebeian tourist unless with uncovered
head and bended knee. The working
men of the East, particularly those who
work in the large shops or factories,
don't look as clean or as intelligent as
those of Western manufacturing estab
lishments, and they seem to think that
every one who dresses respectably and
changes his shirt with the frequency
necessary to conformity with hygenic
laws is either a bloated aristocrat or a
dude. If you go past an Eastern factory
or rolling mill without hearing deroga
tory remarks about the height of your
hat or the color of your neck-tio it is
probably because it is tho noon-hour or
because they have shut up and gone
home for supper. As for the kid you
sec upon the street here he is, of course,
beneath my notice, but I will simply re
mark that soap and reverence are un
known quantities to himequalled by
X, 1 reckon.
With these few gentle general remarks
upon tho East as I have seen it, I will
change cars for
A village of "Maryland, my Maryland,"
situated on the B. & O. R. R., 117 miles
west of Baltimore, having a population
of 10,000, so the clerk told me. It is an
old, quiet place,, near the banks of that
historic stream, Antictam Creek, and
only about ten miles from the field which
made the name of that little rippling
stream, scarcely bigger than a brook,
known to the student of history all over
the world. I didn't visit tho battle
field, as you have read all of tho various
particulars and seen them pictured, too,
in the Century war articles, and as I
learned that the man who makes rusty
bayonets and battered bullets is sick and
unable to mako any more relics at pres
ent. The scenery adjacent to Hagers
town is fair to look upon. The neighbor
ing mountain ranges to bo seen in all
directions, while not so great, are big
enough to be very picturesque, and make
a pretty and- effective back-ground for
the rich and harvest-laden valley. The
farms of Maryland, as seen from the
windows of a Pullman palace car, look
rich and well-kept.
Picture to yourself, if you can, and I
know you can, an ancient farm-house of
red brick, or moro frequently stone, two
stories high, with little windows in the
spacious attic gables, through which, if
you could peep, I know you would see
old trundle-beds, baby-cradles, spinning
wheels and other similar reminders of
lang syne ; surround this with a grassy
yard full of sweet-williams and holly
hocks, with a garden in the rear; place
a stone spring-house down by yon de
pression in the corner of the yard it
will certainly contain numerous jars of
home-made butterand crocks of rich
milk ; observe a little to one side of all
this a spacious stone barn, and imagine
orchards and cornfields on every side,
and you know just what a Maryland
farm looks like.
If you look upon the map you will
find that a long neck of Maryland
stretches along tho southern boundary
of Pennsylvania four-fifths of the length
of that boundary line. Tho southern
boundary of this neck or extension is
crescent-shaped, the concave side being
West Virginia. The railroad in making
a direct route west thus cuts across a lit
tle patch of the latter-named State,
A very, very quiet town, suggestive of
tho early days of the Old Dominion.
Here an uncle of mine, whose namesake
lam, while serving his country with the
173 O. V. I., died in the hospital. The
old Crantham Hall, just opposite the
present St. Clair Hotel, at which I stop
ped, is pointed out as the hospital, and
it of course was an object of interest to
me. Tho lower floor is now occupied by
law offices, a printing office is in the floor
above, and the top floor is used as- a
lodge room. Oh, if that old building
"mi M nnlv talk!
My next stop after Martinsburg was
Cumberland, where I write, which lies
in a deep vale, and as a relay station is
quite important. The "Queen City" is
an elegant hotel, surrounded by beauti
fully gardened lawns, full of flowers,
fountains and trees. Hither we journey
once more into Pennsylvania, and of the
coke country I will write next.
Physicians -recommend1 Dr. 'Ball's Cough
Syrup, when all other medicines fall, as a oar
tain cure for bronchitis, sore throat, and coughs
or colds of longstanding. For sale by all Drug
gist. Mots.
"For there was never yet a Philosopher, that
could endure the toothache patiently." Per
haps not but there's little wit in enduring it
at alL when one bottle of Balvatlon Oil will
oure it. fio
Winchester Fair.
The twenty-fifth exhibition of the Win
chester Fair Association will be held on
the fair grounds at Winchester, Adams
county, Ohio, on Sept. 21, 22, 23 and 24,
1880, under entire new management,
who are putting the grounds in thorough
repair, and are sparing neither labor nor
expense in making them pleasant, com
fortable and attractive. And they con
fidently expect to restore to it the old
time prestage when it was known as the
"Fair of Southern Ohio." Everything
is being done to insure the enjoyment
of all who may' come. Remember the
date Sept. 21, 22, 23 and 24.
Colored cheese cloth produce charm
ing drapers at very small cost. When,
the edge of curtains are finished with
fluffy tassels, a pretty effect is produced.
An Interesting Letter from
an Old "Highlander."
Many Changes Drought Crops
Prohibition Prohibits.
Extracts from a Private Letter to Mr.
and Mrs. tieorge Stevens,
of Prlcetown.
Fairfield, Iowa, July 23.
Dear Brother and Sitter : This is Sun
day, and the rest of the family have
gone to Sunday-school.
It will be six years the 0th of
September since wo came here, and it
appears but a short, very short, timo to
me. But the changes have been many
changes with the friends we left and
changes in my own family. We have
had two births and two deaths, and of
our family of fiye little ones when we
left Ohio three are now grown. Alas!
time speeds away. Yet with all the
changes we hare a great many things to
be thankful for. Wo have good health,
contented minds, social and kind friends,
plenty to eat, and on the whole, I am
right down glad that I am alive, and
that I livo in this day and age of the
world when there is bo much to read,
hear, seo and enjoy. With the daily
papers, access to ono of the best libra
ries in the State, the privilege of attend
ing any one of half a dozen churches,
to say nothing of the noted lectures ono
gets to hear, tho social gatherings and
picnics to attend, quito over-balances
tho changes, troubles and trials with
which we have to contend.
On the ISth of April last we moved
into moro commodious quarters, and
think we now have one of the nicest
business rooms in tho city. Our busi
ness has increased correspondingly, and
on tho whole we are well pleased with
the change I think we would have had
an unprecedented good year for busi
ness if it hadn't been for the continued
drought. We have had but one rain for
ten weeks that being a very light one
which is very discouraging to farmers,
and which has a very perceptible effect
on the merchants. There will be some
corn on the level prairies if it rains soon,
but on the hills and where it was not
put out in good condition it has gone tho
way of all the earth dried up. Oats
and hay will be about one-half a crop.
Fall wheat, which is but a small per
cent, of the quantity sown, will bo good ;
spring wheat gone up; potatoes not a
half crop we are buying at 75 to 80
cents and selling at $1.00; no peaches,
and about one-half an apple crop ; rath
er plenty of small fruits, and there
would have been an abundance of black
berries, but as it is they are dried.on the
Prohibitionists plenty ,and flourish best
during dry weather. Saloon-keepers
scarce and getting scarcer dried up in,
in more ways tfian one. It would do
your soul good to see the change in that
respect in the last six years. The con
trast is so great that the most obtuse
whiskey-lover, beer-guzzler and, I was
going to say, Democratic high license
promulgators can't help but see it, and
are forced to admit it. No, sir, you tell
everybody that prohibition doet prohibit,
and it is the only way to successfully deal
with and crush out this devilish and
most heinous of all occupations. Why,
you ought to just come out here and see
what a heaven beldw it is since we have
closed up the saloons and the brewery.
The battle has been a hard one tho
people of Iowa havo willed it, and the
saloons must go.
-n e
I want to finish this in time to go to
the temperance meeting this evening at
5 o'clock in tho park. Theso meetings
have been in progress since the 4th of
July, and 'will continue until the first of
September. They are under the au
spices of the I. O. G. T.'s, of this
city, of which I am a charter mem
ber. The pastors of all the churches
are present at all our meetings, and al
ternately take their turns in conducting
the exercises, there being no services in
any of the churches on Sunday after
noon or at night. Everybody goes, ex-saloon-keepers
and all, but the former
do not enjoy themselves as well as do
some. Dr. E. R. Hutchins, of Des
Moines, will be hero about the middle
of August. He is one of trie most noted
and best lecturers in tho State. We had
him lecture here once last winter. And
by the way; S. P. Leland, of Chicago,
than whom there is no better in 'tho
West, lectures here the 11th and 12th
of August. It would pay you to cdmo
all the way on foot just to hear, these
two lecturers. I have heard the Ulster
once. He just nils you lull, like a spring
bubbling over, and you can't help .but
laugh, shout or cry, and when he has
spoken two or three hours you will feel
anxious to have him go on.
4 '''
Perry Kino.
In a nursery where all is life and laughter
there is sure to be, found Dr. Bull's Baby Byrup.
86 oeats; -
All persons of costive habits should keep a
supply of Dr, Bull's Baltimore Fills, who use
Insure safety against constipation. They are
' When the horse can't get green food in 'the
winter Day's Horse Powder become a neces
sity. Maidens sigh for Dresel's Bell Cologne, fio
The first degree of folly is to think
one's self wise ; the next to tell others so..

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