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The News-Herald. (Hillsboro, Highland Co., Ohio) 1886-1973, October 20, 1886, Image 1

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VOL. 50 NO. 29
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Tho Homo of the Celebrat
ed Composer, Bee
thoven. Bonn and Cologne Entertaining
' ly Written Auout-"John
Bnll" Comes on tho
A Postscript, In which Oar Corre
spondent, after a Few Remarks
j Abont Phonography, etc.,
Bids Us Good-byo for
a Short Time.
Cologne, August 14th, 188(5.
Editor News-Herai.1) : Bonn, fre
quently mentioned by Facitus, and
probably by Drusus, was one of the first
Roman fortresses on the Rhine. The
Roman Castrum was .very extensive and
stood near the end of the modern Stein
way, to the north of tho town ; as is
proved by excavations made botii re
cently, and in the beginning of the
present century. In tho Middle Ages,
.Bonn was a place of little importance
until 1207, when the Archbishop of
Cologne transferred his residence and
seat of government hither. The Ger
man Kings, Frederick of Austria (1314),
and Charles IV (1346) were crowned in
tho Munster. It now has a population
of nearly forty thousand, is tho seat of a
university founded in 1818 and attended
by about fifteen hundred students, and
is situated on the left bank of the
Rhine, at the beginning of tho moun
tain scenery and the narrow and pictur
esque valley. We, see tho statue of
Beethoven, the minster, the university
buildings, the promenades, and the cem
etery. The celebrated composer Bee
thoven was born here in 1770, and died
when he was fifty-seven years of age.
His father was tenor-singer and his
grandfather band-master to the Elector.
The bronze statue was executed by
Uahnel of Dresden, and inaugurated in
the presence of Queen Victoria in 1845.
The church is cruciform, with two
choirs, four small towers, and a lofty oc
tagonal principal tower over the cross,
and is a good specimen of the late
Romanesque style.
The university buildings were erected
a century and a half ago, and served
originally as the electoral palace ; they
are on the south' side of the town and
are tho most extensive in Germany six
Hundred yards in length. They are
well fitted up and contain lecture rooms,
library (250,000 vols.), collection of
coins, museum of antiquities and a phy
sical cabinet. The chemical laboratory,
designed in part by the Berlin chemist
Hofmann, is one of the most extensive
and best organized in the world. Then
the anatomy building, the physiological
institute, the agricultural academy
comprising lecture rooms, collections, a
laboratory, etc., and Weasels' porcelain
and stoneware factory, employing one
thousand workmen and dating in its
origin from a porcelain factory estab
lished by the Elector Clemens in 1755 ;
and lastly, the university clinical insti
tute with the pathological institute,
built at a cost of six hundred thousand
'From an old bastion on the bank of
the Rhine, a tine view is had of i the op
posite bank, including Beuel, Bensberg,
Siegberg, and the seven mountains. In
the center of the park is a monument to
the poet Ernst Moritz Arndt in bronze.
The two French guns here, captured in
the late war, were presented by Emperor
William. The principal promenade of
the town is a quadruple avenue of beau
tiful horse-chestnuts, half a mile long,
flanked with handsome villas and gar
dens. The cemetery is the resting-place
of many eminent men, chiefly professors
at the university. A monument of Nie
buhr erected by Fred William IV to his
"teacher and friend," and the monu
ments of Ernst von Schiller, the second
son, and Charlotte von Lengefeld, widow
of the poet, are here to be seen ; also,
the graves of Schuman, the composer,
Argelander the astronomer, and Sim
rock the poet.
After a pleasant day because we do
not leave until the middle of the after
noonwe start for Cologne. The night
we can not say as much for; when
weary one can sleep under almost any
circumstances, but one's surroundings
when he retires is somewhat like the
food, somewhat like thb manner in
which women are treated here pecu
liar. However much the scenery may
change with the locality, the inhabi
tants, their habits, .their houses, the
food they eat, and the beds they sleep
in, remain the same. There is a melan
choly monotonousness In the doors and
windows, even their hinges and locks,
in chairs, tables, dressers, desks, mir
rors, and stoves. The reason mirrors
, should bo divided into three or four
pieces, and why the seam in them
should always cut the top of one's head
off and graft it on a shoulder we can
not conceive. We are inclined to think
that humorists who always try to be
funny and often succeed in being ridic
ulous, very often, to use a mild term,
exaggerate. But this defect in the Ger
man mirror, and the tall, square, stately,
white porcelain stove in th,e corner, that
looks like a monument, and keeps you
thinking of death when you ought to be
enjoying your travels, are realities. The
style of the lace curtains at the windows,
the paper on the wall, the pictures and
the frames that contain them, if repeti
tion is the secret of memory, wilt never
be forgotten. First in frequency comes
perhaps, photographs and paintings of
tho Emperor, Empress, and lesser rulers ;
then battle scenes, then rustic scenes of
love or revelry, and photographs of
groups of young soldiers : for if there is
not n son who has his photograph
framed in a group with twenty-five or
fifty others, the daughter has a lover
who has, and it adorns tho wall by tho
side of the king or a charge of, the infan
try in the battle of Sedan. The rug,
wardrobe, sofa, and bookcase, tho same
that wo saw at Heidelberg, Maycnce,
Bingen and Bonn, complete the sitting
room or study, or whatover you choose
to call that which is more public than
your bed-room and less public than the
bar-room. The bed-room has a bed in
cither end as Mark Twain says "about
un old-fashioned brass-mounted single
barrelled pistol shot apart." They
might all belong to the same individual,
who has not an idea above low, narrow
beds 'tttld 'hated variety. A sac of
feathers to sleep on, and another to
sleep under, with an heirloom pillow
case, profusely and tastefully embroid
ered by hand. Asleep or not asleep,
one sac has the ineradicable habit of
finding its way to the floor. Such was
our experience and such wero our sur
roundings last night.
From Bonn to Cologno is an extensive
plain, and no attempt is mado to follow
the curves of the river. At two points,
Widdlg and Wesseling, whore tho con
cavity is toward us, do we approach it;
then we see on tho other side the vil
lages of Reith Nieder-Cassel, Lulsdorf,
and Langel. Surdt is the last before
Cologne. It is a town of one street a
half mile in length, and the houses
framed and filled with brick but not
plastered, one and a half stories high,
aro stuck as closely together as is possi
ble. The houses look centuries old
but one yet unfinished is a fac-simlle of
the others in every respect. From here
we can see between the two rows of
trees which border a road as straight as
a line and seemingly as level as a floor,
Cologne, with a cloud of smoke over
hangicg it that obscures spires and
towers, although only six miles distant.
We have not gone far on this road
beautiful enough to be called a prome
nadeuntil we meet "John Bull." The
difference between the English language
as spoken by Americans and English
the reader is familiar. James "Inter
national Episode," the frequent visits of
English "Lords" and "Dukes" to the
United States, and the famous Oscar
Wilde, have served to make Americans
well acquainted witli their nauseating
drawl and lead them to believe that the
words "jolly" and "nasty" are the alpha
and omega of their vocabulary. The
mention of Oscar Wilde's name recalls a
couple of anecdotes which I do not now
remember ever seeing in print ; but if
they have been they deserve a repeti
tion, because they are actual occurrences.
Tho adjective "nice" is a word that is
frequently used by Americans and by
any one else to whom the word might
be applied. Once when the late Mrs.
George H. Pendelton used it in the
presence of Oscar Wilde, he turned
upon her and asked, "Don't you think
nice a nasty word?" She replied, "Do
you think nasty is a nice word?" At
another time when asked how he liked
America, he answered, "O, you have no
curiosities, no ruins." "No," replied
the same lady, "but we import the one
and the other will come with time." In
all of Dickens' works I remember now
only one occurrence of the word "jolly,"
when after traveling in a coupe until
eleven o'clock at night, he is served
with a supper which he says "is so hot
and we are so cold, that it appears al
most jolly." A part of our first railroad
ride was in company with a party of
English, who found nothing in the
scenery to admire unless it was very
"jolly" and resembled their own
"Devonshire." But one of these we
meet is a German by birth, yet has
lived in London long enough to acquire
the peculiarities. We have met more
English tourists and bicyclers than
Americans, and their style of dress and
appearance is as characteristic as their
language and tone of voice.
At five o'clock we arrive at Cologne,
an average of a little over thirty miles a
day for the five days, which was between
three and four hours riding each day.
We stop at the Rheinischer Hof oppo
site the cathedral, accepting the prof
fered courtesies of the "Cologne Bicycle
Club," which numbers over five hun
dred members. Cologne like Bonn,
Coblentz and Mayence, is surrounded
by strong fortifications, and as with the
two latter, the smaller city on the oppo
site side 'of the river, is included. It
has a population of 160,000 people, in
cluding a garrisdn of 7,000 men. Five
sixths of them are Roman Catholics.
Deutz, on the other side of the river,
has 20,000 inhabitants. Cologne is the
largest town in the Rhenish Province of
Prussia, the residence of an archbishop
and one of the most important commer
cial cities in Germany. It is situated
on the left bank of the Rhine, which
here traverses an extensive plain. The
town is closely hemmed in by the forti
fications, or was until recently, when
the medieval wall was removed, and
four and a half million dollars paid for
the space between It and the new glacis.
The old streets are narrow, gloomy and
badly drained, but many of them con
tain interesting specimens of domestic
architecture dating from the 10th, 15th,
and evon tho 13th century. Most of
these streets are being swept away and
replaced by new ones containing new
and tasteful buildings. Tho new space
acquired is nearly equal to the old town
in size, and has been laid out in build
ing lots, and a handsome series of boule
vards, which will encircle the town from
tho Bayeuthurm on the south, to the
Elgelsteln-Thor on the north, a distance
of threo miles and a half.
Cologne was founded by the Ubu at
the timo they were compelled by Agrip
pa to migrate from the right to the left
bank of tho Rhine. In A. D. 51 Agrip
pina, daughter of Germ'anlcus and
mother of Nero, founded hero a colony
of Roman veterans. Of the strong walls
of this settlement there are still some
remains. In 308 Constantino tho Great
began the construction of a stono bridge
over the Rhine to Deutz, which was
afterwards destroyed by tho Normans.
After tho fifth century Cologne belonged
to tho kingdom of the Franks. Charle
magne raised the bishopric to an arch
bishopric ; but the archbishops began to
lay claim to political as well as ecclesias
tical power, and endeavored to construe
tho privileges granted to them by the
Emperor into unlimited jurisdiction
over the city. In consequence of these
pretensions thoy were continually at
variance with tho citizens, and their
quarrels often assumed the form of san
guinary feuds. At the end of two cen
turies' contention, the contest was de
cided in favor of municipal indepen
dence, and tho archbishops were com
pelled to transfer their residence to
Bruhl, and afterwards to Bonn. For
two centuries longer the power the
archbishops still exerted over tho citi
zens, together with tho conflicts carried
on in the town Itself between different
noble families, or between the nobles
and the guilds, disturbed its peace.
During the two succeeding centuries
(14th and 15th) the city was often the
scene of revolutionary struggles ; but in
spite of all these troubles Cologne was
unquestionably one of the wealthiest
and most prosperous cities in Germany.
After the 16th century it declined at
first gradually, afterwards rapidly. Tho
Protestants were banished 1608 ; it was
occupied by the French 1704, then in
corporated with France 1797, and it was
not until after 1815 under Prussian rule,
that it began to revive. Tho rapid
progress of its steamboat and railway
systems, and the enterprise of the citi
zens, many of whom possess great
wealth, have combined to make it the
center of the Rhenish trade and an im
portant commercial city. In the course
of its medieval history, Cologno boasts
of having twice been the cradle of Ger
man Art.
We visit the principal churches (and
there are scarcely fewer now than
in 1800, when there were over a hun
dred) and of course the cathedral (where
we linger long, and visit it tho second
and third time), the museums, the
theatre, the zoological and botanical
gardens, and the promenades and parks,
where we see the bronze statues of
Frederick William III, Prince Bismark,
and Field-Marshall Moltke.
Tho Cathedral, which justly excites
the admiration of every beholder, and is
probably the most magnificent Gothic
edifice in the world, stands on a slight
eminence partly composed of Roman
remains, about sixty feet above the
Rhine. As early as the 0th century an
Episcopal Church occupied this site, but
in the course of time the inhabitants re
garded it as unworthy of the rapidly
increasing size and prosperity of their
city. The Archbishop, St. Engelbert,
first conceived the idea of erecting a
new church, but in consequence of his
untimely death it was never fulfilled.
His second successor, Conrad of Hoch
staden, after the old church had been
nearly destroyed by a conflagration, at
length laid the foundation-stone of the
present structure with great solemnity,
jmt GSS yearsago to-day (Aug. 14th, 1248).
The choir was the first part proceeded
with, and in seventy-six years was tem
porarily terminated by a lofty wall to
wards the west, and consecrated by the
archbishop. Two years later (1325) the
foundation stones of the north and
south transepts were laid. Seventy
three years later the nave was sufficient
ly advanced to be temporarily fitted up
for service, and in fifty-nine years more
the bells were placed in the south
tower (1447). Subsequently the enthu
siasm subsided, and by the end of the
15th century all hope of seeing the
church completed according to the orig
inal plan, was abandoned. The unfin
ished building was provided with a tem
porary roof and nothing further was
done, except to decorate the interior.
In 1706 it was converted by the French
into a hay-magazine. Frederick Wil
liam III and IV, kings of Prussia, res
cued the sacred edifice from total de
struction, caused it to be examined by
an eminent architect, and in 1810 gave
instructions for its restoration. The
work was commenced in 1823. Zwirner
was the first to form the project of com
pleting the cathedral. The foundation
stone of the new part of the building
was laid on the 4th of September, 1842,
and more than $75,000 were expended
annually on it, until completed in Au
gust, 1880; a total of over four and a
half million dollars. On October 15th
its completion was celebrated in the
presence of the Emperor and almost all
the sovereign princes of the German
The cathedral is a cruciform structure,
the nave being flanked with double, the
transept with single aisles. Total
iongth 148 yards, breadth 07 yards,
length of transepts 04 yards, height of
the walls 150 feet, height of the roof 201
feet, height of the central tower' rising
over the transept 357 feet. The towers,
512 feet in height, aro tho loftiest in
Europe. This enormous mass of mason
ry is enlivened by a profusion of Hying
buttresses, turrets, guigoyles, galleries,
cornices, foliage, etc. Tho towers con
sist of four stories, of which tho threo
lower are square in form, while the
fourth aro octagonal, with elegant open
spires. The principal portal is 0.1 feet
high and 31 feet wide; tho side portals
38 feet high and 18 feet wido ; the cen
tral window is 48 feet high and 20 feet
wide ; the portal of tho south tower was
decorated with, excellent sculptures In
tho beginning of tho 15th century. Tho
Interior, which is borne by 5(! pillars, is
130 yards in length. The nave is 10
yards wide and 140 feet in height ; each
of the inner aisles is 7 J yards, cacli of
the outer 9 yards wide ; each of the four
aisles is CO feet high. Tho area of tho
Interior is 7,30!) square yards. The
largo stained-glass window above the
west portal was presented by the Crown
Prince and Crown Princess of Germany.
The five stained-glass windows in the
north aisle were executed in 1508-0, and
represent archbishops, saints, and ar
moral bearings. The beautiful modern
windows of the south aisle were pre
sented by King Lewis I of Bavaria, in
1848, and represent in the first window,
John the Baptist; in the second, Nativ
ity; in the third, above, Last Supper,
below, Death of Christ ; in tho fourth,
Descent of tho Holy Ghost ; in the fifth,
Stoning of St. Stephen. The modern
stained-glass windows of the south por
tal, presented by Emperor William,
were executed in Berlin ; those of the
north portal aro of Cologne workman
ship. Tho stained glass in the windows
on the west side of both transepts, in
one is to the memory of Joseph V. Gor
res, in tho other is taken from various
ancient churches. The choir is sepa
rated from the nave by an iron screen,
and is flanked with seven chapels.
Consoles projecting from the fourteen
pillars of the central part, bear statues
of Christ, Mary, and the twelve apostles,
overshadowed by artistic canopies. The
nine frescoes in the arches of the choir
represent "angel choirs," in the eccles
iastical symbolical style, differently col
ored in accordance with their various
stages of development. The walls be
hind the choir-stalls are covered with
tapestry worked by ladies of Cologne,
illustrative of the Nicene creed and
seven sacraments. Above the triforium
of the choir is a series of admirable
stained-glass windows, representing the
Kings of Judah, etc. Of the seven
chapels, three aro especially interesting.
In the chapel of tho "Three Kings"
were formerly preserved the "Bones of
the Magi," taken by the Empress Hel
ena to Constantinople, afterwards taken
to Milan, and in 1140 brought to
Cologne. The heart of Marie de Medi
na is buried under a stone in front of
the dispel. The chapel of St. Agnes
contains the celebrated "Dombild," a
large winged picture representing the
adoration of the Magi in the center, St.
Gereon and St. Ursula on the wings,
and the annunciation on the outside.
In the chapel of the Virgin is Overbeck's
Assumption, purchased in 1855 for
After viewing the exterior and the in
terior, we climb the stairway and walk
around the entire gallery. What a for
est of columns and pillars, which with
the choir, the frescoed walls, the stained-
glass windows, makes a wonderfully
beautiful picture. Tho scene from the
outer gallery includes the plain inter
sected by the Rhine, the seven moun
tains and the town. From tho towers
the view is yet more extensive ; the dis
tance to the streets is appalling, men
are mero pigmies, houses and wagons
are toys and playthings, and it is with
an act of the will that we stagger back
from the edge, and by deep and forcible
respiration try to free ourselves of the
unpleasant sensation, due more to the
ratified air than to the view that meets
our eyes. We go to the belfry in the
south tower and now learn the cause of
the grinding noise we have heard : it is
the swinging of the bells, of which there
are six. The largest was given by the
Emperor in 1874; it was cast out of
twenty-two cannons captured from the
French, and weighs twenty-seven tons.
The others are from four to five hun
dred years old. Tho view of the build
ing, the steep roof, the innumerable
spires, the heavy carved stone orna
mentation, the flying buttresses and the
smaller tower on the east end, is an in
teresting one. We descend a part of
the six hundred steps we had to climb,
and at the inner gallery join the ladies
of the party, whom we left regretfully
behind. Descending another spiral stair
case, we take one full and satisfying
breath, and turn and again Bca.i the
building before we will believe that it
has not been all a dream.
Very truly yours,
J. G. Hirons.
P. S. I see by the date of the above
that I have carried it just one month.
If any man would find reason to com
plain (but ho will not), I would simply
ask him if he remembers that time he
carried his sister's letter a week at one
time, and two or three at another, and
then by accident found and mailed
them and satisfactorily explained away
the discrepancies between the dates and
postmarks. If he does not, I am sure
that he has not forgotten the time Ills
unselfish, kind and forgiving sister
iound in his pocket a letter soiled,
wrinkled and worn beyond recognition,
except by herself who with her own
hands wrote, directed, sealed, stamped,
and delivered it to him to post as he
went to school or the store, or his daily
toil or by him for whom it was in
tended but who never received it.
If any woman would find fault, (but
she will not a post-script will make
them all my friends) I would ask her
how she could, even for a moment, for
get tho pleasure of that "making-up"
when all the blame rested where it
properly belonged, on the broad
shoulders of her brother, whom she
loved with all his carelessness.
If that is not enough, I will promise
not to carry another letter, because I
shall not write one. To have continued
writing, after wo left the Rhine at Esson,
and as we journoyed through Belgium
and Holland, and across northern Ger
many here, would have been a task as
nearly impossible as transcribing the il
legible hieroglyphics I find in my short
hand note book. If their appearance is
indicative of the enthusiasm of the
moment, penmanship would have been
as unsolvable a problem. As I look at
tho mystical characters now, I realize
that there is not anything that I ever
knew, that I have been quite so success
ful in forgetting. If it were as easily
acquired as it is forgotten, the incalcul
able advantage it affords would be
sought and turned to account'by all
those who listen to five or six hours of
didactic instruction each day. A lawyer
and a judge said that one could learn
nine languages before he could the art
of Bhort-hand writing. I imagine he
made that remark very soon after his
first attempt at practical application.
Whoever iias read the history of "David
Copperfleld" will remember and most
vividly, if he has any knowledge of
phonography, that graphic description,
by the best pen-painter the world ever
saw, of a page from his own life's his
tory. First the enthusiasm, then the
labor of committing to memery the
straight lines and curves which repre
sent consonants, and the dots and
dashes denoting vowels, then to forget
the latter and abbreviate the former;
then to commit arbitrary characters
which at first have as little connection
in your mine with the word it is sup
posed to represent, as a straight line
looks like the word "advantage" or a
crooked one the word expectation.
Then tho first speech, which is worst of
all the speaker leaves you floundering
far behind, with pencil and brain equal
ly unraanagable, while hot flashes cover
your face and beads of perspiration your
brow ; and you seek the privacy of your
own study and vow to conquer or die ;
and again you follow your comrade, who
reads Webster's or Henry's speeches as
you clumsily copy. Lastly after learn
ing to copy you must learn to transcribe,
which is another Herculanean task.
But the study of phonography is fasci
nating, as is almost every subject when
once you attempt to solve it ; and my
experience will not deter mo from util
izing again the "straight lines, curves
and arbitrary characters" in a hasty trip
we shall make south to Vienna, across
to and through Switzerland to Paris,
then south through Spain to the sea,
where we will take a steamer to Italy,
before going to Berlin for the winter.
Some day I may cull all those notes and
to your generous readers give the
choicest morsels, but now it would not
be justico either to editor, reader, or
writer. J. G. H.
LKirsic, September 14th, 1886.
The Country For Wheat.
Captain D. M. Barrett rocently pre
sented us with a copy of the Hillsboro,
(Oregon,) Independent, from which we
clip the following, thinking it would be
of interest to our agricultural friends:
The first of tho present week we were
given an item for publication regarding
the following big yield of wheat, which
was deemed so incredible we refused to
publish it without further proof of verac
ity. Upon our our refusal Mr. R. Cave
immediately communicated with Mr. J.
L. Hallett, who, in answer sends the fol
lowing letter and affirmation :
Dii.let, Oregon, August 24, 1830.
R. Cave, Hillsboro, Oregon.
Fkixnd Cave : Your letter received.
I will acknowledge that 85 bushels per
acre is a very large yield, but, at the
same time, I got 85 bushels per acre off
from 22 acres of "beaverdam" land.
This I sowed the last of October, 1885,
two bustels to the acre of "Old White
Winter wheat." I kept it pastured down
until about the middle of May.
J. L. Hallett.
P. S. My machine threshed one thou
sand bushels of the same wheat in just
four hours.
As a great many people laugh at the
idea of 85 bushels of wheat being raised
to the acre, we, the undersighed, do
hereby certify that that amount was
threshed off of 22 acres of J. L. Hallett's
land in Washington county, commonly
called- "beaverdam" land. Tho wheat
waa what is called the "Old White Win
ter wheat," and was nice and plump
wheat. Signed,
W. C. Johnson, in charge of machine.
J. P. Vaughn, measurer,
T. A. McCourt, hauler,
. t. r arsons, nauier,
W. E. McCoust, sack holder.
Parity your blood, tone up the intern, and
regulate the dlge.tiTe organs by Uklng Hood's
Banaparilla. Bold by aUdroKgUti.
Writes about the Greenfield
And the MemorlcH of a Green
field Fair of Long Ago,
Not Forgetting to Speak of Greenfield
(Generally and Indulge in His
Penchant for (living
It is ncaring tho noon. The date is
the lCth, and the month is the tenth of
the year. In half an hour the sun will
be at its meridian height (whatever that
Is) and the thunder tones of the mon
ster bell in tho tower of Bob Duffey's
City Hall will ring out in stentorian
tones the fact that this forenoon is set
tled and forever settled ; and Barrcro II,
in his peculiarly own majestic style an
nounces that the composing corps are
waiting for copy copy that I am ex
pected to furnish. The last straggling
hummer (Hillsboro bummer I mean
including candidates) has returned or is
returning from tho Greenfield Fair (the
only successful rival of tho Cincinnati
Industrial Exposition). I among the
rest have just arrived, and having been
extremely busy having a splendid time
on the picturesque hanks of Paint river,
and having neglected to put anything
down in short-hand in m Russia-leather,
alligator-skin note-book, am a trifle
uncertain as to what I am going to write
about. The sun was
brightly beami.no
In tho Orient over back of the Institute
last Wednesday morning when I board
ed Carl Utman's Overland Express to do
tho Greenfield Fair and gather material
for the six-column letter I intended to
furnish this week. I wasn't just certain
whether I would write up the history
of Greenfield, or the history of some of
its celebrated cases, or tho history of the
fair, or just what, but I thought I would
write of somo of these. But, alas, when
I reached my destination, I entered into
such a whirl of gayety that I neglected
to remember anything much, and now I
am placed in the unpleasant predica
ment of having to "make up" a letter
"out of my head."
the fair
Management certainly had to labor un
der many disadvantages this year.
Wednesday was of course the first day
of tho fair that was supposed to have
amounted to anything; but nobody
came that is very few bodies came, and
the Fair Ground on that day was about
the lonesomest place in the county, so
far as attendance was concerned. The
racing was very mediocre to say the
least. Perhaps, had more sporting blood
coursed through my veins it would have
been more interesting to me. There
was one driver who always came out be
hind. He was a man evidently appro
aching middle age, with long redish
beard on his countenance. So invaria
ble did lie come out behind in all the
races that my sympathetic soul was
moved, and laboring under the inspira
tion of the moment I seized my lyre and
wrote No, I didn't have any lyre with
me but as I was going to say I wrote or
determined to write something like
those :
Upon the black mare'a till he Bat ;
(He didn't want to rltk hera,)
But everybody noticed that
The wind blew through bis whlikeri.
Neither the Quaker Poet, the Hoosier
Poet, the Rustic Poet or the Rusty Poet
assisted me in the manufacture of those
touching lines. They are mine wholly
mine excepting the sentiment of the
last line.
The exhibits in the Floral Hall were
quite fair, though I only saw one pump
kin. Perhaps, however, I wasn't look
ing for pumpkins. There was the usual
supply of crazy quilts and needle work
and sewing machine agents. The "2 Jim"
Hurrays had a showy display of cheer
ful looking undertaker's supplies, and
several other local business houses made
creditable displays. There were lots of
flowers of various kinds and the wonted
lay-out of preserves, jellies and pickles.
Two rival piano agents furnished the in
struments at which local aspirants for
musical honors struggled with high A's
and diminished sevenths. On various
parts of the grounds were divers quack
venders, who with the aid of a darky
and a banjo can make the ordinary mor
tal imagine himself a sufferer from nine
hundred and eleven of the thousand
and one ills to which flesh is heir, while
the man with the gilt jewelry and nickel
watches did not fail to honor the occa
sion with his presence.
On Thursday, when it was expected
the Fair would begin in real earnest, it
rained like fury all morning, but dried
off in time to entice a few people out to
the grounds. But Friday morning dawn
ed clear and beautiful, and the people
began coming and they kept on coming
until noon found the grounds well filled,
and two o'clock found them thronged.
The racing was about as on previous
days perhaps tho time was a trifle
slower I didn't keep any account of it,
and I guess it don't matter anyway. A
bicycle raco between three youthful
wheelmen was interesting. One of the
three got first premium, another one got
second, and another got left.
It had been sixteen years since I had
attended a Greenfield Fair sixteen long
weary years but the fair grounds look-
ed as natural as they did so long ago. It
has scarcely changed.
Sixteen years ago I was a kid, and A
pretty young ohe, but I wasn't so young
but that I can now remember a great
many incidents of that visit. I remera
her a side-show, the principal attractions
of which wero a Chinaman and a steam
man. I wasn't inside of it, but the almond-eyed
child of the blooming Orient
came out at "semi-occasional" intervals
and attracted a throng around the door
way by tho deft and artistic way la
which he tendered solos upon a massive
brass gong, and I know the steam man
was there for I saw his picture on the
outside banner, which represented him
pulling a buggy at the race of two-forty
on the mud-road. I also remember that
Packard's Band furnished the music, and
that when they paraded around the ring
in advance of the premium steers they
played the old familiar plantation melo
dy entitled "NancyTill." I also remem
ber a notion dealer, who wore a red
topped army cap and long golden curls
that fell in massive ringlets upon his
shoulders, and I, in my childish inno
cence, imagined them real. I have never
had much faith in anything since I saw
that when he raised the cap to wipe the
perspiration from his manly blow tho
golden curls were fastened to the edgu
of the cap. I might remember even
more yet, but these few may he enough
to prove that I can remember a little bit;
when I want to, and perhaps some ol!
our older friends may be made to recol
lect some of those little incidents of tho
Greenfield Fair of '70 or '71 which waa
The pig-pens have been recently re
built. The present amphitheatres are
built after the manner of circus seats,
though they are much more unsightly,
and the only canopy above them is
formed by a few scattering oak boughs
unless we count the azure dome yon
have read about previously in some
novel or some where else.
The fact is evident, if all reports may
be relied upon, that the Greenfield Fairs,
to say the least, are not improving any.
There may be several reasons for this.
The purses offered in the speed ring are
hardly big enough to attract the attend
ance of owners of fast flyers, and the
Fair also has much more opposition than
it did a few years ago. The average
granger don't want to go to the trouble
of displaying his product or fine stock
for the high but only honor of having
a red ticket tied onto it or them. Did
I not seem too young to give advice to
such older heads as may be found in the
management of their fair I would advise
more liberal premiums all around, and
the squandering of a little of their spare
change in the erection of respectable
amphitheatres for the accommodation of
the public to which they must be in
debted for support. They might con
tinue as successfully as in other years by
being enterprising, in spite of the fact
that the Hillsboro and Washington C.
H. Fairs have just begun to amount to
something. Strong opposition always
requires strong counter-opposition, and
enterprise always tells.
As for Greenfield itself I had not been
in the town for six years, when I went
over to attend a torchlight procession dur
ing theGarfield-Hancock campaign. The
place can hardly be said to have grown
much though its growth seems to be solid
and healthy. Business was lively during
my stay, and "everything went," so to
speak. Gambling devices were illy con
cealed in various places, and the rural
youth who can now scratch his forehead
and wish that he hadn't "tried his luck"
may, no doubt, be numbered by tho
score. The City Hall, somehow or other
don't look as big a structure as it seemed
to me then, but they've got a public
school that knocks ours silly at least
from an external point of view.
At this writing, not having seen tills
week's EnlerprUe, and consequently not
knowing whether it alludes to me as a
coming rival of Bill Nye or the only man
to be feared by Gath, I don't know what
I ought to say about it. The Knterpme
is manufactured in a nice, clean little
office in the city building, and Brother
Sprung deserves to rest well in the
knowledge of the fact that he gets out
one of the nicest and best local journals
in the country and that its name is most
exceedingly well chosen.
In my closing remarks concerning
Greenfield I will only add that as I have
never neglected to give Hillsboro fits on
the slightest provocation, I trust my
Greenfield friends (and I hope I have
lots of 'em) will not get on their ear
paregorically speaking because I have
offered their Fair Board a little friendly
advice. As I may have incidentally re
marked in some previous communication,
if there's any one thing I know moro
about than another it is giving advice,
and then Charles Dickens offered some
Bimilar "apology" for the way he
showed up America in his "Martin
Chuzzlewit," and all us big literary peo
ple but I digress. But if you can ever
mention something new that will enablo
me to express the contempt I feel for
Hillsboro, or any other place that isn't
what it ought to be I will be much
obliged, and will assure you the subject
will do given prompt attention.
My stay was made more than pleasant
by the kindness of Mr. E. J. Price, the
News-Herald's Greenfield correspond
ent and leader of the Greenfield band,
and the gentlemanly young fellows who
compose that organization,

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