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Meigs County telegraph. (Pomeroy [Ohio]) 1848-1859, July 24, 1851, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038183/1851-07-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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f. T. V1X l!OitHf, Editor.
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, .f; BSftel. f, ,.; tv.,,, j.,.,. ,v , , . .. ....
J-3"11 ooromuaioatioiu o tie etuuaeea of the
laroo-iourtM otveoKunn, out rear, : i M OA'
One oolamnt on Tea i ' i m t i ; KM
7 U7"4dTonMficapnU nJt tfain i amber of m
joiuofia marked on copy, wii U ooounaed anbi
forbid and obsrgwl acooidinfly.
Oil li.
I n it;o
" . u jcure attention.
t-llfr.7!!Sl?,!, of VJ or toote, the paper will
be furnished at a libera'. Ruction in pnoev
m vjamu au'wugofi muni par tit adrance.
7 i ! ivd
be exeoutod wita tocutaey and neatneet.
1 f a.
' '"," 0" ' JW?o a man frow manner,
wn-fehtil know him by hi drew!
: : ,uPrtly U fu Tor prince, .. "...
, ,J. T Y'C69 fit for ome Uiug lew. .
. , . VrvmpfcJ lin an J dirty jacket
May be, clothe the golden ore
n W llie dcrptU ilioughi and feeling
'? v Snilri rtiii could do no more:
Ever welling niii of ione : "n i i
Ji'lhvrtf arc orpla buds and go'drn.-
i & v tHddeir'cruthd and overgrown. '
' uvi, hu courkia by couli, tiot.dreasca,
'f' l '!LoTea and pnwpura you and me, ","
a TV bile lie raluss ironca the hlgnett ;
. .i. A but rxbblei in the sea. .
, Man. upraised above, his fallows, Y
OA ior(ou.his follows titan. :
.T' Matre-rulcrs lords remember
That your meanest kinds are men I
"' Men by labor, muri by fcoling, . (. 7
Men by ihought and men by fame,
' fcJisimlng equat rights to Sunshine ,'
In a man's onablod name,
' ' There aro foamembroiderod oceans.
K There ara lhilo weed-clad rills,
There are foebld, inch high saplings,
There are cedars on the bills ;
"l; ' Out Oud, who counu by souls, not stations,
' Loves and prospurs you and mo,
For to him all vaiu dbuinciiona
" ' ' ' Are as pebbles in the seu.
Toiling hands alone aro luildtrs
. . Of nation's wealth and fame. I
Ti. lad laziness is pensioned,
red and fattened on the same ;
11 v the sweat or others foreheads.
! Living only 10 n joicc,
WhiU the poor man's outraged freedom
Vainly 'iftcth up its voico.
U it truth nod justlco arc eternal
Darn with loveliness and light.
And.sutisi'i'a wronjj bi nover prosper,
While there is a sunny light,
.And God, whose world-hoard voice is singing
Bound! lovo to you and me,
Will licit opproMion with its titles,
As the p?Mlea In thq sea. y
. The subjulnsd lnteresilng sketch of a mnit
Irtgular woman is furnisliud the National
I oteltigencer by a cornspondont whs has
rtcently et plrej (He so jrce of the Pon:iac
. siver:
"De'lghtoJ. tt.iwavrr, and deeply Impress
ed, as I have bnen, by tho scenery of this
Alpine land, 1 have been far more intcrrs
i d in an !J woman, wlmtn 1 have had the
pleasure of seeing. Her name is Elizabeth
Golding, or Goldijon. 8ho resides in a log
cshin entirely alone, directly at tha
t)l of the gorge which has takm her
name. She is ol German origin, and rep
rwenta herself one hundred and twelve
years of age. 8he was born, according to
her own words, 'within a two days' rido of
Philadelphia, and hei father was a soldier
In the revolution under Washington, and
she hrrself was In the immedinie vicinitvof
the American camp at the defeat of Gen.
Brtddock, of which event the habitually re
counts a fircnt number of interesting and
thrilling Incidents, closing each paragraph
with ihe remark, that the battlefield was wet
very wet with blood. She has been bus
tisndloss and childless for nearly a half a
vrntury, and for many yeara has lived, as
now, in the soliiu le of the mountains, ut
terly alone. Indeed, everything about the
ld woman is peculiar and strange. In stat
ure she is quite Small, and her hair (which
la white as snow) is verv long. When en-
gsged in conversation, her countenance fires
p ciceedingly, and she accompanies each
entence with the most animated cesiures.
(ler Voice, though still strong, is altogether
beyond, her control, having an unnatural
tone; and the wrinkles, running entirely
oyer her faco and neck, are as deep ss we
might imsgino them to be after having been
urrowed bv the toars of even one heart for
so long 1 time as n century. . She was
clothed in tho simplest manner, bavins no-
on, her bead a cap made of common brown
v frpon, a, frock of blue home-spun cloth.
T (nd on her feci nothing but wollcn socks.
' Purina tho whole time that we were in her
cabin she was smoking somo bitter weed in
a corn cob pipe, and though haggard end
r worn to a marvellous degree ; she had a
jdeasini smile; and when either ef her
guests happened 10 utter something thnt was
novel to hor she would exclaim, 'Oh, yes
thai is woncjorfiill' Hor only means of
...subsistence for years past had been obtained
py making hickory brooms t but even this
business she had been compelled 10 clvo up
.t for tho could no moro climb the mountains
o obtain the proper material ; and though
. she seemed to be perfect. y certain that ahe
. would be provided for. she expressed the
greatest dread of the county almshouse.
. We enquired as to her appetite ; and she re
plied, 01). I eat very littlo ; I never eot
. much sometimes nothing in a whole day.
And never more than once a day, and I am
- well acquainted with hunger.' As to her
c sleep we also questioned her, and she said
'that's what troubles me most; 1 cannot
'...sletp now I am so old ; and so I lay on
. Rty bed all night thinking of my great, good
:-$ni siesrt Falhtr in Ihe Heavens' We
asked her how she managed to obtain the
'necessities of life, and she naid ahe did not
know, only that tht people, who travelled
the road sometimes stopped in to give her a
little coffee or flour, her main stay being a
malt garden of vegetables, the brush fence
I around which had boon built by, her own
hand t and this garden was just exactly the
neatest one that I everbeheld.- 'As -to her
:lght, ii was as good Is ever, arid she was
wjUBr.led with the" uss" of spwoo'es
V pskod her h.w tnufli money she Would
want in support her a vear, and ehe replied
that ten dollars would take care of her a
long time mors than a year. ' As a matter
of course my companions and 1 made
up a little purse for -iter benefit ; and when
we gave it to her it seemed as if she would
embrace us In spite of ' us. Indeed, ' we
made her a number of trifling presents;
and she expressed her gratitude by weeping
and assured m that her .'Father in the Heav
ens' would bless and moke us happy wher
ever we mlcht go, . And can assure' the
render that the tears shed by that old woman
of Gve si-nre years and ten were not the on
ly oiks that sprung into 'the eys on that
"But I have hot dveri the reader an- idea
pf the home of this lon-ly being j In truih.
It liaffles description. Her nearest neighbor
is some four utiles off. and her, only com
panions in her solitude are a little dVg and
a cat. Her cabin stands licnr the water's
edge, and directly' on the hill side; it is
without a window, but light in abundance
comes in from the gaping roof and sides of
the black and mouldering log habitation,
the chimney of which is of mud and sticks.
and in a dillanidated condition. ' Her bed
of small pine sticks with she
; hercouch consisting of hem -
stead m made
bark Still on
lock boughs covered with straw, upon which
are two or three wretchedly-worn bfd-quilut.
in one corner of the room are two or
three sho'ves, where ara displayed her cook
ing utensils, the original cost of which (and
they were very old and worn) could not
have been more than a dollar. An old stool
answers the purpose of a chair, and a board
nailed to the side of tho cabin is her only
table. Hanging from the logs at the side of
tier oed arc two or three old gowns, which
help to keep out the air and the rain. She
is also the owner of a spinning wheel ; and
from the crevices of the logs around, above,
and everywhere, depend bunches of herbs
and faded flowers, which she has gathered
in horramblc8; but there was a taste and
neatness displayed in the arrangement of
me misersbw furniture or the room, which
tt.lVft it r.hpnrrnl ncnorl. Wo miiimA ih
Jo . - - r-
old woman if she never apprehended any
darger whilo thus living so utterly alone,
and sho replied, 0f course not : who would
harm a noor forsaken hnina (ika mat
flin t afraid even of the bears ; for It is only
last fait thai hnn nmt Hnwn hflm and
scratched up my garden, but I drove him
off with a bifi stick.' Up lo this point ev
erything we saw and heard concerning this
aged woman was strange; but when we
arose to depart we were still more astonish
ed to have her rivet our attention by her
wild movements, and address us to the fol
lowing effect ; 'Men, 1 thank y dU for your
goodnees; I cannot read, but my great Fa
ther has loid me in my heart, all about it.
There is a Heaven, mon, and it's a very
happy place ; and there i:; a hnll. men, and
its a very dreadful place; they both will
never have an end. Now, men, good by;
we shall meet once more at the judgment,
but for only a short lime. Live, men, as
that you may get to Heaven.' And so we
left this strange buing ; and I am confident
thai long after the bones shall hnve mingled
with ihe dust one trio of travellers, if still
living, will remember with wonder nnd pleas
urn iheir interview with the "Herinii Wo
man of the Alleghenics."
OT The editor of the Iivansville Jour
nal went to another S ate and look to him
self a wife. On his return home and on r
sumingthe Editorial chair, he thus discor
And in announcing the fact of our return
home with a rib, we cannot rufiain from ex
pressing our profound disgust of bachelorism
and bachelors and we expect to be disgust
,l ' i i
cu mm uuiu lur several weeKS. we
are well aware that in times gone by, we
occasionally made ourself ridiculous in the
eyes of sensible men by upholding the bach
elor state as iho only lire of happiness, in
J .J I I I w
ucpuuuence anu eanniy giory. uut we
were young nnd green then, and of course
knew but one side of the subject. Now
stand up here, you consumed ugly plcters of
numanity rejoicing in tne name ol bache
lors, and answer us a few questions.
What are you fit for in this world t
What good are you doing )our country T
What are you doing for posterity T What
interest hove you in tin V generations yet
unborn" you read of? Where will you "be
when old men. if your rile habits ever per
mit you to arrive nt a good old age ? Won't
you be like lortety senred and scathed trees
standing iu n big clearing without a compan- j
Ion, and your Itle unprotected from the frosts
by young saplings and shrubs at your feet?
Or won't you bo like pumpkins in a corn
field, more prominent because of yout pro-i
digiotis ugliness anj loneliness, than the
stalks at your side laden with golden grain t
Hold your neat's up, and talk like men
whether you con act so or not. Now, don't
you fcol ashamed of yourselves T Look at
the girls about you, all smiles and sugar
hearts overflowing with lovo ready to be
spilled on tho first good, follow that can
touch their, syu pathieR feelings rich" : as
cream, which by a kindred spirit can soon
be worked into butter and spread over -your
life till you arc happy as ihe birds of spring.
Look at 'em, and i'eel the dibgustlng pos'nion
you occupy in tho cabbngo garden t f hu
mnnity, . What are you holding; bacjt.r. for 1
Xowjusi reform put on yo'ur best looks
and other coat ico .cream them,, talk to.
them prettily, drive them, walk thein,'fcue
ilicm thou propose, gel accepted, marry,
und the country will rly on yolf as a faith
ful nnd well disposed ciiizen ' ' '
' OrYou can'i change an old coal Into; a
new one by tubbing it with or uncjean dici
er, or blowing it with the belfows ;' neither
can ynu change your, bad character intq, a
good one. by nbuss,'or boastful lulk, br bj
Bill," said Bobj.'why is that tree called
a veeping willow?' u : . i
. "Cause one of the sneakljiglratied,thjngs
grew near our school hou'so and'supptied i be
roaster. with tho sticks which (lid all the
toy's llcliing iim fci ngi pjcn;'e.,
' ' ' - ,r' '' ."
'The following address on ihe subject
the Whiskey:. Jnsuirociion, was delivered
in Mount Pleaantv .Westmoreland county.
Pa., by the Hn.. John Lobingier.( We
have no doubt !C will be accepiible to many
of our readers; p furnisliing them with aome
facts and incidents, by a person, who was an
eye-witness, and. in some degree, an aciof in
one of those scenes of madness and mjirule
that sometimes take possession of whole
cornmuniiies as well as individuals.;'" " .
Judge Lobingier, though ninety year of
nee, is suit, we are nappy 19 team, a
active msn.tAenfcwble for his ae. and
,ta' j.A-.. . . .. -
for tin' urbanity ol liismaniMirs and the in
tegrity M his life. I Gasper Tarr and Phillip
Reagan, El- mehtioned I'n'tHe narrative,
have both died since 'the delivering of the
address--Varr in about the seventv -
year of his .Wt Reajin at the very ad
vanced a'n ' one hundred and seven.
Pitltburg Dis'ch. ' ' ' ,
I rise to niv vou mv recolluciions of the
Western, or what i5 called .'he Whiskey
surrection, in the vear J794. ' in doing
j 1 ana" have to depend ati.nost tntirely upon
' mywn niemory, having .o documents 10
watch to refer. I have . howev''er, lately had
a conferorce with Gasnor Tarr Phillip
Reagan, (both of this neighborhood-) whosu
S . L .
recollections aided me considerably vn ,ne
uecurrntiena. RTora 1 nrocced will.' my
nnrrntivci. f wilt trtvn vrtn ft ahnrt armnm'
the first settlement of this part o.
Pennsylvania, with the manners, customs
and bubits nhich the settlers acquired under
the peculiar circumstances in which they
were placud. The settlement commenced
about the year 1709. The whole country
at that time was an entire wilderness, covered
by a heavy growth of timber. " The settle
ment progressed and improved till the year
1776, when the revolutionary war broke
out, which continued till the year 1783. Du
ring thai period many or the Irontier innaa
itants were driven from their dwellings by
the hostile Indians. ' Some lost their lives,
and somo' returned to the other side of the
mountains from whence they had come.
Others, not willing to give up their settle
It menu, erected temporary
runs and block'
houses, into which they occasionally fled
when apprehensive of dancer. The men
weM oul in companies to work their little
fields of corn, with thoir guns on their slioul
dors, placing part of themselves as sentinels
round the fields, while the other pan were
at work, lor fear of an attack, from the In
diana, lr this perilous situation they suffer
ed many privations, until peace was restored
in 1783. After thai period many of the old
inhabitants returned, with increased numbers
of immigrants, and the country improved so
rapidly as soon to , supply the : inhabitants
with abundance of evory kind of provision
Unfortunately about this iim.-, or a little
before, they began to convort their surplus
grain into whtskev. , 1 his was the more an
evil, as th- y used the whiskey principally
among themselves, from the great de
mand Tor it, it was the principal article ol
trade, and became a kind of standard ol
valuo fur other articles; und the man who
had plenty of whUkey in those limes, 'wnd
regarded by his lellow-cittzens pearly in ihe
same light as a man is now who has more
money than his neighbors. 1 am astonished
when 1 look back and reflect upon tho quan
tity of it that were used. It was the medi
cine for almost every disease, and was a
constant beverage wherever people met to
gether, whether to assist each other in labor
or amusement. At military trainings, at e
lections, funerals and weddings; at raisings,
log-rollings, grubb ng frolics, chopping fro
lics, in harvest fields and at corn hnsklngs;
in short, wherever the people met. and what
ever they met to do, they must have wins
key. Owing to the perilous times through
which ihey had passed, and from the very
nature of the employments in a new coi n-
wye mo utuifiD nuu .liy tiv mv iiuvii vi
thn niAnla hnH mil ini aha hnhil sl ,
doing almost all thjfr ordinary labor in com
panies, ond these-' were a kiild ol convivial
meetings that greoily fostered" whiskey drink
ing; in short, the tct'stom hud become so
universal, that a man was considered, chur
lish or nuan, that did not treat his neighbors
to a dram whenever an opportunity ottered.
fhe country . remained in this state till a-
bout the year 1781, when Congress. luid a
duty or excise of fuur pence per gallon on
all distilled spirits. The long war with
England had greatly exhausted the public
treasury, and this was thought to bo a tax
that would assist the revenue with as little
injury to the citizens as any other that could
be devised. The people, how ever, would
not submit to it. . They considered it a great
oppression,and tyrannical beyond fanduranco.
What. ' said they, snail we, wno witntn
twenty years have successfully contended
ith Great Britain on account oi a tax on
tea, now submit to be taxed for whiskey?"
When the excise officer came round to col
lect officers came round to collect ihe duty,
they were everywhere hissed at and insulted
nd threatened to be tarred and leutneref it
ihey persisted in executing their office.
Other officers were sent, .and were treated
in tlie same manner. Some few recommend
ed : submission to the laws and -that they
should petition Congress for redress of griev
ances, but they were disregarded. ; The
popular frenzy was such that the man who
talked either of submission or moderation,
was in great danger pf getting his person a
bused or his house burned.. Public moenngs
w re held in clifTiron't sections of the coun
try, inflammatory speeches made, and liberty
poles raised, with such devices on them as
these: "Liberty and no excis'-;" t "United
we stand, divided we fall;" "No asylum
for cowards or traitors," ' '"" "" ' '
Thus a very great excitement was raised,
and a laige majority were willing to go any
U-ngth in opposing-tlio,-, collection, of th
lax. .Whilst affair remained ii) this situa
tion, government sent out ' three influontial
commissioners to ihejiisttffected counties, , in
order to persuade the citizens to submit . to
the law.iuThe excitement, however, was so
high that they would no, hear, thq commis
Kionerr, and scarcely desisted from ii fulling
them. They were plainly Informed by the
j commissions, that the" la 4
t'..' (nor would be repealed I so. J
of 1 2ens resisted itj and jh.ajt 1
r oould , be
asihe ciii-'
Jignity and.
viability -of inc. government i
should enforce obrdinncii'ti i
strong arm. if nothing else w
effect of this'menaeei waii'iht.
vention of the citizens wa fc
whether .(hey would .submit
resist ft.).. The delegates aasf
kinson's ferry fnow ' Monon"
the early pArfotthAsu miner
majority of the convention pn
n d that it
, iws by ihe
1 do.
o consider
d aj
a city
3.u The.
that ihe several excisa
brought Jn injmediateiy 1
and that their commit
Itould be
'5, ..force,
lie taken
I f-nrn
es -
them thai they would not again aci in
capacity, and thai- if any resistance
made by-jheitt,dauyi should be burned
of house and ( home.. . Thtis , this affuir
The ingurcents, ty a numerous tody
armed men, made their first nttack on
dwelling house of Gen. Neville,-the excise
officer in Washington county .Neville,, was
aware of their coming, and had prepared
armed lorce to delend himself., tie warned
In -
them to desisi or he would fire on them.
They advanced, however, and CHpt. M'Far-
land was shot dead.: Ihe assail anu retired.
and a, , day or( ;two; afterward, , returned
to, resume the attack... Neville in
meantime had abandoned the house, and
assailants meeting-'with no resistance,
nro to it and burned It down. I he next
movement was made against Philip Reagan,
the deputy excise officer in Westmoreland
county. ' The attack was made in the night
Y a numerous body ot men; Keagan ex
n'a. -ted to be attacked, and bad prepared him
self v"'in a number of guns, and one or two
mpn The firing . commenced , front the
hnnxn m .'d the assailants fired at it for some
time withou' effect on either side." The in
surgetts thei;1 801 &re 'Reagan'e barn,
which ihnv hii.'ned down, and, retired for
that time. In th'co""0 ,wo
rir. tin nciiUntk'. with a ir e of one
hundred nnd Hfiv mmt. '. returned"' to t
the attack. After some IjWleylng, Reagan,
rather than shed blood, prc,8cd w WPilu'
lai with ihnm. nrnviileH ih' WOUld dO . II
r- - .
oij honorable terms, and give hi."W assurance
that they would neither abuse his ."r5n "or
d ;stroy his property,, and would g!rfiB on
his part to five up his commission, andiisvei
again to act as an exciseman. These etJjT't-
lations were agreed; to, reduced to writing.
and signed bv the parties. .Regan then o
nened his . door, came? out with a kee of
whiskey, and treated them all. Id a short
lime, however; after the w'.hiskey was drank.
some of them began to nitirm'r and 10
that the old rascal was lei oif w"0 esY anu
that he ought to be set up as a 10 De
ahoi at. Some were for larrinf and if',." tier
ing him, bul others look his part, and saic4 ne
nan acted manlully. and that after capitula- 1
ting with him they wore . bound by every
thing sacred, to treat him honorably. At
length they got to fighting among themselves,
After this it was proposed and canied. that
they should march off. right nway, to Ben
Wells of rayeue county, the excise officer
there, and catch and trv him and Reagan
both together. , They sat out , accordingly,
iBKing iieagan along, but when they arrived
at Well s house, he was not there, so ihey
set fire to it and burned It with all its con
tents. I hev left an ambush near ihn rnina.
in order, ii ihey could, to aeize unon Wells
Next morning he wua taken, but during the
night, as Reagan had escaped, and Wells
was very submissive with them, ihey let
him off without further molestation.
I he next attack was made on Cantain
Webster, of Stoystown. the excise officer for
ssutnerset county, by about one hundred and
fifty men from Westmoreland. They look
ms commission Irom him, and made htm
promise never again to act as collector of
excise. Al attempt was made bv soma of
me party to bre his hay.stacks. but it was
prevented by others or thorn before any in
jury was done. They mar.-hed off home
wards, taking Webster a few miles along
wun ineui, and souirg him very submissive,
they ordered him lo mount the stump, and
repeal his promise, never again to act as col
lector of excise, and to hurrah three limes
lor Tom ihe Tinker,' after which they dis
missed him. This Tom the Tinker was a
new god added to Mythology, at this lime
and was supposed to preside over whiskey
stills and still houses. Whoever hurrahed
stoutly for Tom the Tinker was of bnquea
tionible loyally with the ' whiskey boys;
whilut those who would not were branded
as traitors to thia new Deity, and to their
country. , , .
Allaire now arrived nt such si crisis that
either the government or the people -must
submit, and for the government to have
done so, under the circumstances, would
have been an end of tlie government.
Nothing now could restore order but the
strong arm or ihe nation. The President
called out the Militia from the eastern pan
oi rennsytvania, wew Jersey, Maryland
and Virginia. Upwards of. five thousand
men, consisting of Infantry, cavalry, and a,
few companies of artillery, promptly obey
ed the call of ihe President. The Penney!-1
vania and New Jeisey troops came through
Somerset,. and halted in three divisions on
this side of the Chessnut Ridge. The ad.
vance division came on to where this town
now stands; the second division remained ai
Lobing.er'a Mills.' They remained in iheir
encampments for iho space, jof .eight days;
during which iime,the Cavalry , conducted by
the excise oifidurs, were out scouring' the
country in Bearch of whiskey "boys. But
chiefly all' those who had taken an active
part in the lata insurrectionary movements,
had. either fleJtor secreted , themselves, so
that few could, be. found; I believe not mure
than one or two." Tho part of (lie army in
this neighborhood, then struck Iru'lr' tents
and marched to thd'forks of the Yough, in
Washington co.inly Vhlro they wore met
by the Maryland end: Virginia troops, who
hud coma up through .vuinporland, and Un
iuntowtv. .Whilst, there a feWj.morit.pfj the
insurgent were lakoii.' The precise 'nuin
her' l do hoi Verhember, but"! thinkv'aboui
firteefl?"'" ' yti M oi ii t(MhqM ,
x A proctamaftoh wasMherr hsuod -calling
on all persons, (a few names only excepted.)
to come, foward at a curtain iim.) and
and accept ol A general amnesty; for al
past offences. , This wna generally acceed
ed to "by 'those wh6'had takefi ah active
In the. late, illegal movements,'" - he"
cbti -
manding pmeers navrng now lull assurance
that the citizens' would tubmlt' to- the laws
and no longer resist the collectors .propose
to ih 'ciiizens.'ihnf,' ff one or more militl
Y in'
coiipanies in. each county -would pledge
themselves to -the ' government
support, the, constitution and laws", 'when
called upon," they4 would remove i th
army from amongst them. This proposition
was gladly'cceded to," for (ho citizens
iienruiy nrreo oi mem, anu toe o nicer
rnpii were vwry anxious to return horne.-
do ' not Tomenibor " bow "inittiv" combaua
pledged themselves to support the laws,
one or tho Westmoreland companies
did so I had the honor of commanding my
self. ' The army 'come here, 10 the beat of
my recollection, sometime in October, 1794
and left about the latter end of November.
The excise officers resumed ' their duties
and met with, no further opposition. The
prisoners were taken to Philadelphia, which
was then tlieseatol the general government,
under the administration of President Wash
ington, and there, In order to expose them
and mortify their feelings, they were march
ed through some of the principal streets, with
white papers stuck upon their ham. They
were aiterwards tried In iho f edeTal Uourt:
two onty were convicted and sentenced
be hanged, the one for treason, and the oiher
for intercepting and breaking epen the Uni
ted States Mail, for .the purpose of ascertain'
ing what steps the government were about
to take relative to the laws. The - othors
wem acquittea, anu inose convicted
- . I.. I B:.1
pardoned and discharged. Thus ended tlti
lolly artd madness, into which the citizj.is
had been led by a few hot-headed, asoirinu.
political demagogues, who had raised their
spirits to such a height, as at one time to
threaten ruin to the country.
Now, fellow citizens. I presume thkt manv
of you may wish to know what part I took
in the unhsppy affair. I confess, frankly,
wiaiu was wun reluctance I remained a
neutral spectator. Had it not been for the
good advice of my venerable father, whose
counsel I followed, rather than mv own in
clination, 1 should most likely have taken
an active part with thoae that were outrag
ing ihe laws of - their country. -Through
hi instrumentality, 1 was fortunately saved
from a course of conduct, that must, on re-
taction, forever after have given me uneasi
ness It w.u shortly before this time, that
the Jacobin spirit had overthrown the French
government, and drenched the nation in
blood; anu' many 4:90a and reflecting men
began to fear, that tinker ihe spurious names
of democracy and liberty, the ' same ' evil
spirit was about to take possession of our
people. 1: , ,!::; .- ,' - .
writer In 'Arthur's Home Gazette,
draws t.1'8 Por,r',il wf en Jickson', at the
Jockson's i08 8n0 n8ure WM 40 remark-
. . -o nnulrl Ka an nmmiR fllclr tft
able mat noin.'"," r . " ,.
an artist than to gSl Jikeneaa of him. His
face confirmed every ... r.jo.6-
nomist. It wss lont" a
ii u narrow, anu pro-
minent below. A mou
h and chin more
uvnroeelva rf ctrn ff..f..lin.
n can scarce be
tA.i.vnov w.w... wm i J l I
,i , ing, and little
Miniiiuu sua nvou sisgif niii'
drooping indicating strength t ,
a man in
(Bonapart would hardly emploj'
any important trust who had no.'
nose,) with a mixture ol shrewness.
quality was also strongly marked 1.1 1,
large folds of skin about the corner of '.he
eyes (often called crotcs feet;) hia cheek
were hollow, the eye ttsoll was the eye of
an eagle cold, grey, piercing in the highest
degree, and when concentrated by rage, dar
ling living fire; ihe brow was fretful, serious
and lowering; the forehead narrow and deep
ly corrugated His figure tall and com
manding, but thin and sinewy; his hair of
iron grey, was still anJ unyielding, very a-
bundant, and stood erect upon his head.
He looked well when standing, still better
on horseback, and hia appearance was much
improvement by a rpendid uniform.
The habit of prolano swearing had grown
with his growth and strengthened with his
strength, till it becanio a aecond nature to
him. ' Hi well known oath, 'by ihe inter
nal!" is remembered by all who ever was
long in hia company. I .have heard it re
marked, and 1 believe with truth, that among
those who indulge in profane language,. it is
easy to detect such as have a religious edu
cation, by the more terrible emphasis and
import of their oaths. . The remark. may
possibly apply lo this President, who was a
frequent attendant on divine worship,- and
well acquainted with the doctrines of Chris
tianity. When roused to wrath, It was
learlul to hear the torrent ol prolano lan
guage which poured from, his lips. There
is an anecdote told ol him winch strongly
illusiratea this fact. At the closo of his
residential iierm. I think it. was, the Gene-
rai.accoinpanied by a company of hia friends,
was returning to the West, and traveling on
turnpike road, had or course, id nop and
pay toll, which, as there were several in the
company, took some time. A gentleman
traveling the same road' came' up. about a
quarter of an hour after, to the turnpike
gate, and as ho was; getting ready4 his
change,: the gale keeper, said, io him ;Can
you tell me fir, who that tal( man , is, with
the high white huir, who'passed hero a ' few
minutes ago""' Why,' said the gentleman,
'is it possible you don't know' who thai is?'
I dd not.'---Why, do you wUh so much to
know?'.) tBecauso,' said lha gato-keepor.
with a look of wonder on his face, 'because
he has th- greatest mar ul power i f wearing
of any-roan l everieeij in ' mftttti ;
.Jvoi 1 i,l nil i i, in, ii i -.UM.) '
rt-V A singular error has occurred in the
acsounia of. the late General : Tf easurar of
RnJde Island;"' 'The Providedce Oonrnal
saysi'1n- he"!ft idsf'irV ni'a 'possession 'five
thousand, dotlara. of which he haa no ac-
oUnt which he ia sure do,,' DPI. bolong.lo
him, and which musi therefore, fcuiong,,!
ihe Statf , to which he pttM It over.
New Coastllutloa & License-CCicIal.
II ,:;.) o S "1 It":""' fli ' "' ' "
" CooNms.'" For. "Against." For. "Against
Adam. ' 'f:fi97.Iii70 1837 K 1 182
Allen,' jm (ti MSr 65t !.n104l"
Ashland,, 2047 ,81 , .jn 1659 ,!
Ashtabula, , 1657 735. -, 582 .
Brown, ;1
Butler. . .
' 1649
V I I.;
730 1292
" r.
19'82 '-'2169
1123 nlG96
1830,; 1660
1448 8C6
1951 1 2601 '
1696. 1467 1
2423 .1218'
1130 IfiOt'
Champaigii;;c"' 1248" '1780
Clark, '" r.i ilOW 1881
Clermont. : 2253 1798-
Columbiana. 2687
1 692
: 680
Coshocton, 18(19
Crawford.1- 1441
' 399
u 1221
i 1632
Cuyahoga,' I 2967
uurke,..; ,,11222
Defiance, . ; ,
' 394
' 639
1987 ;
' 265
. 945
9t7 '.
. 200.
789 '
' 877
, 376
' 668
: 1298
r 4942
" '1266
, . 990
. 963
. 1064
. 1360
, 693
Erie,'' '
Fayette, .
Gallia, "
Geauga, '
Greene, ' ,
" 1712
' 188
Hardin ' '
HeAry, . ..
.1220 -
. 946
: ''767
; 1976
, 442 ,
' 867
; 645
Highland, ;
Holmes, "
Juron', "-
Knox,. ,
... 957
. 886
Licking, 1
Logan, :
Lucas, .
Montgomery, 2496
Motgan, - 1212
Morrow, ,,1303
Muskingum, 2313
Noble, ..',,. 963
Ottnwa, . 244
Paulding, '.' 283
Perry, ' 1385
Pickaway,- 1452
Pike, 482
Portage, ,2610
Preble, . 977
Putnam, 654
Richland, - 2833
Ross, - : 1867
Ssndusky. , 1203
Scioto. 644
Seneca, 2190
Shelby, 960,
Stark, 2635 '
Summit, 2025
Trumbull, 1956
Tuscarawas, 1577
Union, 663
Van Wert, 256
Vinton, 369
Warren, 1348
Washington, 16 5
Waj no, 2587
w'Mliams, 607
Wyao.'. . 836
:; s 126,654
109,276 104,266 113,239
,T, 'Hear oneol the Quatile
bums of South C ro,i na who effervesces
.K u .t,o r-1,.,1.1. on Msrcury ;
ftllllMIKII Hlu VlimiV" - , y-v , -
i.tL me Declaration of
aviso asis w v iwH j .
inA.,nAanl.m .hn.,1,1 ba . made use of by
our young friends (boy fro.""'10 "ge "t"0
...... .nJ..n.e in r,.n Southern Rights
A..lo,!on. .nrt in ivnnr inon the altar of
their country, (I mean the south o o'y) their
ri.vniinn. i.inrnn and never dvli'ig n.'cu .u
our tnTflmnuslv affirressive. anid fall.Mical
.... . ,- on ,
VV. .hmiM think lhat fellow's fU'C W88
aching I But there'a hope yet ! ?bra '
patriotism even there, for see how it bvoke
out the other dsy t , ,
What I bust this glorious Union up?
"" An' go to drawih trigger
Just fur a a ihunderin panel of "
. , Emancipated niggers I
The engle of Ameriky
That flue across the sees, ..' , ;
And throde the bluddy Dritih lion
Kar slump upon his knees : ,
Say I -say shall we rent him from Iim to Iim
Wun wing wun way wun totbor, 1
And. every aepperit pin fether
.. ,A flyin' at the other I ,
"h can't be did I" . ' -
An earthquake waa felt in this city yes
terday morning, about 10 o'clock. There
were three distinct shocks, the whole oc
curring in about pno minute. - A fritnd who
poted the. occurrence says that the motion
was undulating, -or wavo-like, nnd appeared,
in proceed from the southwest. " The second
shock was decidedly the strongest, tho first
and third being about .equal to each other.
None, of them were acoompantud with any
perceptible sound. As our informant had a
watch in his hand, the time bnd durnton can
be relied upon as accurate. The mo ning
was somewhat c!bildy,cobl calm followed a
great while nl'torwsrd.'by a slight Jain, with
thitiidcr.f,, Aboui haii-pasi two.tl.oieareb .- up
with warm sunshiny and so continued for the
hui.- rt "e of the'dJty.-S.XoHis ZZ,i.4iiiit
. "Mv eon,". .said -Mf Smith to bis little
boy, who was' davoyring aii.egg, (it waa 'Mr.
SmithV desire lo instruct' his boy) ''My
son, do- you tthoa that 'chicken come out
oriecgs?"9,'hido they. -father WsaJd
young Hopeful .'.tlvought fjt-ttlwirgzs
nnte out ol crttckt-wM
.1 hk Ssa DiJtlM6HiKr. LrVutenant Wil
liam D. Porter, of the Navy ha mode an
interesting communicuiWn in jjjte Intelligen
cer, In which be undertakes to show that all
the phenomena of chunge in iho oewn line
of at acost, and appearMico of rocks abov
the water which hive been observW and
commented oh from nme 19 ilipe, ore eaused'
by u constant dituinuiit '11 of 1I10 waters of
the ocean and that a process is mi ull time
going on by which ihe, subjiancca held in
solution th ihe ocean . aanrrt are' converted.
Into solid: " - -
y. 7 :
A SridBA.: J ',t. -J Jg t
V. s '. U I K WW) Ii';'
1 -wi!)Aprlm 'l t i$tit k-ii.v ' 4. ,. ,!-.
i' With mf e and ttiiti- ;
Of tw tip-'iaat SrocraTrr: eT W
ii- ii mWit quite iaa.paolfti -Oj
ti j ' fl John- mechanic ; '
1 7 'ffro,"K her pride with ao "ifftr."
' Tl exceedingly queer,
1 acknowledge my dour," ' ""
Retorted her sorrowing brother ' -"But
you may dtjpenu",-
v v io your very life'e end, -You
12 never be pained With another'.
A man down East hu Invented yellow
spectacle for moking lard look like butter.
I hey are a great saving of expense If werq
while eating. , 4 ,.
OSrSome western villain has concocted
the following 'con:1 Whv am ci-i.. u.
diei of tbe present day like the 'forlorn
hope' of a besieging armyf Becausu may
are about to throw themselvea rma ,h
breeehu, ' ' '
Cur fob Cohns. Pare off the hard pan'
of the corn with a sharp knifo, not ao a to
cause It to bleed; apply the inner pan of an
onion, mnrshed fine; Keep It on during tha.
night, and a aery few applications wili effjot
a cure. 'So they say'.
Sckns Lf
wiih a jug.)
a GaocBBV. (Exit ousioraor
Grocery keeper to hia son
did you charge that rum V '
; "Timortjy, did" you charge thei rum f-'
"Yes Sir."
'Joseph,- did you charge that ruin V '
i es otr-ee i
"All right so have 11"
Definitions. laisHMETf The Inhabit.
ants of every country except their own;
Mustachio The tipper lip going late
mourning for the loss of the brains.
EjtctATio.t.--A desire to excel by aobte
effort. '
Akbiiiok X rfesire to bo Installed in the.
seat of honor, no mailer ho. '
Diction ht A Sepulchre for the Mrpsr
fl of idea. . . ,
OiT "John; what I the past of eee-l"
"Seen, ir." -
"No, it i 'saw' te -ollect that." i i
'Yes sair. Then If a cca-fish swims bf
. ut,..uiiio a aaw-asn wnen it m
ana can't be seen."
"You may go home, John." :
tttOne little "oardn ni(.K r
hs been profitable, verv thia Mln TK-
bugs ate up the cucumber, the chickens ate
up the bugs the neighbor' fntm aia iK.
chickens and we are now In search of
something that will eat tha cats. Can any
of our agricultural friend aid An.
(t!r" Bob," said a young codfish to hia
father' t porter, "do you ace that butcher'
wagon loaded with calves I wouldn't be
a butcher for all the world." "Ahem I"
said Bob, eying his employer' son from
head to foot, "I'd a plaguy aight rather be a
butcher than a calf." .
(fir Why ia a school-minimi, lik.
ter C ? Because he form lasse Into cla
(D-Parson Miller, a famnn. nr..t,..
who flourished in Newburvnon
ago, had the following request sent to him
to read in In the pulpit '-Zachariah Plum.
er and wife desire to return thanks for be
ing blei ed with the natural consequences of
OT'There's rx-acs eonnlurlon miA M...
shal Saxe, we shall now be laid asido and
forgotten, e are like cfoaksonlr vsmii
in rough weatherf -' ' - '
A Toast -"-During the admlniatrailon nf
the elder Adams, the following was given by
a gentleman more noted for ignorance than
for information: 'Our President. John Arlsma
May thatiai7-p7r of George Wash-
ingtoa fall upon hia : hrttd. ' He mean
mantle.!. .... , ,: v i.-,.i
MtrstCAL. 'I'd give almost -anvihin t-
hear Old Bull said a down east lass to hrr
lover. ' - :
Well, answered he, 'dad's tot an old
brindle chap, and voa can hear him bellow
a'most any time : , .; ,. , ...
frVA aervant girl writing a letter, asked
her master if tho next month had coma In
yet; he laughed. 'Well she said, what I
mean is, 'has the old mcnth gone out yet?
Rats. A man in New York hss offered'
he New York Common Council to riu 'he-
city of rats not only tho bouses, but air tile
common sewers for ono, hundred thousand
dollars; and afterwards keep the city entire
ly free Tront rpts lor t tn years lor thirty thou
sand dollars par annum.
1 (rA young dandy In' Broadway. V
evonings ago, aceostcd a bellman as follows;
"You take all sort of trash in your can do
y .,: Yes, jump to b:,,ujri
"Or'Airit ltwicTtod"tb wbd'is c nckia foct,
IWiiV' ''' '. t'cO rr.
i. ''Dat's n gjeat mersJt qawniun. fiumbw-s
haitu no time tn nrgnt it n-w.aitdwii
s Mm pn!li ' " ."" ' J "

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