7 X HE TEL u i Irn 7 j f . (
'' ,vtBRMS OF StBSfcfttPTIOif.1 "
- &sc loilar Bad Fifty Cents,
tfsaid inadvanee, -., ,.- .. ,...,..
Two Dollars within the year.
if-or paid until after the expiration "of the year
Y Two jjoiwrsj ant aruiy Vi-iiis
will be charged. '
QNo paper will to discontinued until all ar
rear ages are paid, except at the option of the pub'
0All communications on the- business of the
met must be poatpatd to secure attention
tr To Ctas, often oi more, the paper will
be furnished afl liberal reduction in price
Sisters and Slarery
' AFFECTIONATE REPROOF. 'J I ";
' IT TH1 LA DIM BOLL. . ' ''
ki- V . 1 . .... :
jDeareat Sister,, we implore you .'
To reeeive our fond caress.
.Whilst we meekly lay before you , .
it, Aar affectionate address.
f, . too not think we mean to blame you . ;
li? y. By single thing we say, , ,
Or desire at til to shame you ; ,
. . i In the slightest kind of way.
', ' tut by fuoii a sense of duty " a ' '
To this courje we are compelled,
. fc From publicity through beauty
We're aware-should keep withheld, '"'
t . kat wemust call your attention '
t,. X9U will guess it when we mention V) ;
.t , Mrs.,Harriet Beecber Stowe, ' ,
Biitert, daughters, wives, ind mcthers,
:irtAni,'ouf feelings howitracks, ' ,! 1 ;
That your sons, siies,' kusbands, brothers,
t"- Should so badly use their blacksl '' "
. 'Ohl we speak with nearts sincereat, .
tt . 1 ry All. with love and pity rent; , :
.But .why don't you, listen deartat, r .
Make your relatives repent. ,
INDEARINQ RECRIMINATION. : .
I - bt 'rac lidiis jotfiTHAn. ;
Sl Sisters, darlings, sweetest creatures, ( , (
0fj(. Of a common 'faith and stock,
( , iJot a word to cloud your features,
Or youif gentle bosoms shock, ' " 1
For a moment would we utter, '
if 1 1 For all California's gold; .
', ,St now you'vechurn'd all that butter,
You roust let the truth be told. .
" Toil have slavel far worse than niggers, .
"i That inignoranee are sunk,:
ft Who no letters know, nor figures, .
(J , . (Vicious, destitute, and drunk:
Have them taught to read their Bibles, '
'' And repeat their ABCi ' "- '
t "' tetter this than writing libels '
"- 1 On the Nation of the Free, f ..a
Oo, exhort each ail relation '
' ' We would earnestly implore, '
To relieve the dire starvation ' - '
" Which is lying at your door.
'Til with deepest pain that others .
, Of their faults we're forced to tell,
Whilst forbearance gently smothers
' Hearts, each guihinglike a well!
BT Alt IMf ABTIAL AtITRTOI.
Ladies, ladies, soft and freely
Interchange your loving rap's, '
Or you'll scrape a quarrel lively ' '
If not come to pulling caps, '
Both have grounds for accusation,; i
'""But'on one side there'sa flaw; ,, '.f
. Slaves for wi or Lioislitiom,
.Are not quite like slavbs bt Law.
a 1; -. ... f rom tne rjolton Olive Branch.
'""' Soliloquy of n Boy. '
. l would I were a boy ngain. 'I don't
See' why in the world father wants to sing
that forlorn ditty so much for, and there's
grandpa; says tvhti a . sigh, my dear boy
you'll never bo as happy again as you are
now; snd grandma looks doleful, and chimes
in 'with the golden hours of childhood!' '. 1
bonder where tho gold is! If I got a penny
sometimes when 1 was a little youngster, I
thought 1 was well off, and always foil very
sorry after I'd spent it that is, after the
bakes were all cone, and then somebody
Was always ready with 'why, my dearboy,
you can't eat your cent and keep it too.'
vvelj 1 know inai now, but there's some
: thing 1 don't know, and that is, where all
this great pleasure Is in buinz a boy.
" When I was five years old, and had just
oegun to enjoy something, 1 must be bundled
off 10 school, and sit on a high bench, and
. no cricket; had 10 say A till everything I
looked upon, even my mother's faco seemed
One big A; and to crown the whole, I was a
dunce, for it took me three weeks to cet on
'to B, and n good deal longer learning 10 C,
tnrougn ine alphabet. ,
And when 1 was older, 1 had the sntisfac
tion of being called a great awkward boy,
' even by. mother, and when I would trv to
'do my best, 1 was Invariably laughed at', if
in -coming into ine room l happened '10
.upset a half a dozen chairs, a titter was
raised, and -Oh, he's a bov!' coruidered suf'
ficienf apology. If I played with the baby,
I was sure to make it cry, and the nurse
' would look all round to see if I had pinched
fit; bdys she said was always full of : such
-tricks.. ; ; ...
. Wo be to the boy where there it a house
full pi girls; why I have known my sisters
. 1 to play all sons of tricks, and John, that's 1
a -invariably got. the blame, ! And then It
-was 'John y6u are younger than Mary, put
IJUR this clothes , lino, John you are a great
. boy and must learn to work; just go down in
' the cellar 'and Split the Wood; John fun up
'tathe garret and bring down a squash or
two; John un out 10 the wood-house and get
-Jmujb kindiings; arid o"& days the girls
invariably held a jubilee, and poor John was
A "slave. .
The fact is I dotyi believe' but what it
"-"woulddo the girls good, if they learned to
'o out in wet weather as vMUas the boys.
. cut they re always crying out, 'thin shoes
(.and wet . feet,' and if l.ask them why they
. don't wear thick shoes, as I do, they only
laugh at me, hnd answer that such clumsy
Ahincs are well enoueh for boys.
1 oftesKteJl; them no wondeVtUiey got a
' xold,' with nothing but a Htila. piece of lace
jow their shoulders, and. TpiucB ql gauze
,on their arms, it seems so funny, too, to
,call ooyV hardier than girls: Why ' If 1
dressed so thin sacks, thin slippers, bare
. ' ,arms and bare hecks, I shouldn't live ' 1
; . rnonih.' Hardy they're the .hardiest mor
. 1 isls alive, , fortbey do stand such treatment
; some way, though they're mighty delicate
and seem to be proud of it; in fact I think a
cood many of them had rather have a lash-
ionable consumption than vulgar; good
, ., 1 wonder, how long, a boy, is at Ws-r
.ihfre my sister Louisa come home from
csarJing school Tiniihed,' as tbey called 11,
l sUtceri,' while" I've y 'io1 tiuey three
99 per Annum
BY. A. THOMSON...
years longer to know as much as she does
ihat is, provided she's got her education,
and I am past eighteen. - Louisa is going to
ba married next week who pretends to call
her "spirit -NobodyJ f ItV Miss .LdUisa
Sands,' that young ladyr of her, and its 'my
dear boy,' by motherland we must overlook
the freaka of n boy, by father and ihat's
the way they talk to me and of me me,
Mohst Sands, that's next. 10 he head of the
lamlly. - . .
Sisters can do anything they please, even
to wearing false hair, and every other. false
fixing, and nobody sort a word; but the first
time 1 put on a dickey it was almost w much
as my life wai worth io meet the family.
I thought I could bear it like a hero, but the
'oh's and ah's,' the pulling the points up
ber my cheeks, tWinocfc luisiiorrt 1 .
Sandsthe'derisive laughter, was more than
I; was prepared for, and I actually an from
the house, while all the girl's shouted after
me, 'good-bye, Mr. Sands, take care of that
new dickey.'1 i ; ' 1 " '' . : 1: i-i
' 1 brought home a nice razor-box thq day
I was eighteen, apd lor sale keeping, hid it
in the garret between the rafters. Vain pre
caution! , When I got home, box,' brushes.'
straps, powder and razor, Wero all paraded
upon the table, end a little scrap of paper
pinned to the wall, on which was written,
Johnny, dear, be careful; little boys should
not play wiih edge tools;' and all my sisters
could sing that day, was .'a frog ho would, a
wooing go.l ' '
Never wos I ao angry In my life, but 1
bore it like a philosopher, only it did try me
when of mornings 1 fondly thought myself
unobserved, to hear a giggling outside the
door, and my little six year old aister lisp,
instigated by older and more wicked spirits,
'Johnny, here's pussy wants to be shaved.'
And so it is in everything; it seems
strange that men who profess so much dig
nity after they are twenty-one, should have
to, submit to so much indignity up to . the
very borders. It's curious, and it puzzles
me; It's a fact in metaphysics that I can't
account for, and I don't suppose 1 ever shall.
It's martyrdom, and you won't catch me
after I'm twenty-one, singing I would I
were a boy again.
Death's Final Conquest.
BT JAUIS SIIIKLXT. ' ' ' '
The glories of our birth and state ' t ' "'
Ate shadows, not substantial thing!;
There is no armor against fatej
Death lays his icy hands on kings; . '
: Sceptre and crown ,
, . Must tumble down,
And in the dust be equal made
With the poor crooked scythe and spade.
Some men with swords may reap the field,
,. ,. .And plant fresh Uurela where they kill;
But their strong nerves at last must yield;
They tame but one another still.
'- Early or late
They stoop to fate, , .
And mustgivo up their murmuring breath,
And they, pale captives, creep to death. ,
The garlands wither on your brow,
Then boost no more your mighty deeds)
Upon death's purple altar now
fee where the victor victim bleeds. ;
All heads must come .
To the cold tomb;
Only the actions of the just . .
Smell sweet and blossom in the dust. -
. Strauss and Lis SopLla Waltz. ' ,
Strauss, the waltz hero, loved the daughter
of a Count. Sophia was her name. He
would have given worlds to have won but
one glance of love from this beautiful being,
but she was cold and stern. Madness in
deed it was for a poor wandering musician,
with nothing but his violin, to dare to love
the high-born Sophia, who had as many
noble ancestors as he had waltzes.
"Bash impertinence," said Sophia, and
when he came to give her brother a lesson,
she scarcely deigned to give him a look.
Shortly afterwards, Sophia became the be
trothed of the Count Robert, Lord Chamber
luin, who could also boast of as many proud
ancestors as the fair Sophia, but beyond
these and his title, he had nothing clso. - "
One day SirausB chanced to be alone with
Sophia; ho declared his love, and besought
her to give him one word or look ere ho was
driven to despair. Hut no tears or protests
tions could move her, she was cold as the
"I am the affianced bride of Count Rob
ert," she said haughtily, "and if it were
otherwise,' think you I would, become the
wile ol a poor musician! ' She turned
scornfully away, and left him alone in griel
and despair. The repentance which soon
awoke in the heart of Sophia! unhappily
came too late; in eight days she would be
come the nils ot Count Kobert, .
The ceremony, was to be performed in a
crand saloon' of thfj city.' and the Count
called on Strauss ts "lead the orchestra on
this occasion, and to honor his bride with
the composition of a new waltz. .Strauss,
(he most miserable man of God's universe,
promised him both. "He wishes to wound
mo yet more deeply," said the unhappy
man to himself, but I pardon him, and my
prayers to heaven are, that she may be
happy, ana that she may never repent her
choice. : But his waltz 1 a thought strikes
bun, it shall be the interpreter of his passion
and grief to Sophia, It could challenge her
pity, if not her love. ' Oh what a glorious
power, to' be able through his -divine art to
speak, to urge, to reproach, to. plead. . To
work I to work ! When all tho crcat ciiy
slept, Strauss took his violin, opened his
window, cnzo&out in the cold night, and
Improvised and moaned forth his sad tale of
Woe to the bright stars above, which looKca
kind v down on the desolate and heart-
The, day of the wedding came at last
The' fearful agony of love had given him a
waltz, every measure or which spoke a
livlnff soi row and desnalrins woe. , The ball
glistened and shone with bright jewels and
brighter'eyes, but Sophia was more beautiful
than them all. Strauss a haggard emaciated
man, with brilliant and piercing black ey'es,
sharp and strongly marked features, dressed
fretn ;kcd W .-foot In.'Wsck, ss thctiaV
C 0 UNTR Y-
had assumed this mournful livery for the
bride now dead to him, stood sad and silent
in the gallery above, directing the movements
of the orchestra. Sophia danced now with
one, now with another of the wedding quests
and as often as she passed after the giddy
whirl of tho dance, turned her eyes towards
the pale and grief-stricken Strauss. 1 -.
It was more than pity she felt, it was re
morse, it was kindled love. A terrible pain
qwoke in hei heart, like the swelling stream,
growing ever' wider and deeper, in its on
ward Course, which threatened to overwhelm
and destroy her. How gladly would she
have wept, but she dared not. . It sounded
twelve. '. Strauss gave the signal for the per
formance of his new waltz. The gay dan
cers - stood up. Sophia on the arm of a
hppy bridegroom. Alt' epelVbotihd'-. with
the rnogie witchery of those magic sounds.
They forgof to danco, they gazed In won
der up at the pale man in black, whose grief
torn soul breathes out its woe through . his
beloved Instrument- Tho' bridegroom leads
off the dance, and Strauss with fascinated,
tearful eyes, ' and torn heart, follows the
flying pair in their giddy whirl. .They
dance,, and dance, and dance, still do not
cease. Strauss plays, and plays, and no stop
to his. wonderful wnliz, which so fearfully
effects him and them. As sudden as . the
lightning's flash' the B string of his violin
snaps, and at the same moment the beauti
ful Sophia falls dead upon the floor. Violin
and bow fall from his trembling hand, and
wlih a cry of horror, he shrieks, "Sophia!"
arid falls fainting on the ground. Since
Sophia's death the waltz has been called by
her name. ,' Strauss loved her to the last
moment of his existenee. He toO is now
dead, but his charming Sophia waltz still
lives. Musical 'World. '
The Newspaper. Press.
The laborer and the employer the me
chanic and the capitalist the merchant and
the man who lives on his interest all ac
knowledge the power of the newspaper
press, and consult its columns from day to
day with increased zeal. .,. The influence of
tho newspaper is immense in this country,
and no one who is a lover of rational liber
ty and a Republican form of. Government,
can wish ft less. While the press is free
as now. tvrannv or onnression can never
overcome , our t nationul manhood. The
glory of this land, which is irradiating the
whole earth, cannot be dimmed. Ana yet
lew newspapers in this country can live and
become strong, without devoting a portion
of their columns to advertisments. The
rate of newspapers is so low among us,
that the mere inscription price, without
some other aid, will not sustain them. The
ablest, most permanent, and. most influen
tial papers in this country are those that are
enabled, by yielding a portion of their
columns to advertisements, to put a quota
of the income from that source on to the
paper itself for its improvements devoting
that expense to it which its mere subscrip
tion price will not justify.
The writers observation in this respect
has been of long continuance, and the fact
has commended itself to him very many
limes in the last twenty years, in the rise
and fall of newspapers.
If, then tho newspaper is so indispensible
as the guardian of our liberties addressing
itself to thousands where the living voice
h but hundreds how valuuble is
any mode by which it obtains strength and
permanency. How important a duty it be
comes to sustain it. . How few think that,
in the communications they make through
the advertising columns of a newspaper-
which in expense is but trifling, and returns
with tenfold interest to the advertiser how
few indeed think, that besides this pecuni
ary advantage growing out of their liberal
views, is the higher, nobler one, of strength
ening tho newspaper of their choice of
giving it a wider ciiculation, and more pow
er to its efforts of spoeding it, with more
certainly and efficiency into the family cir
cle; thus laying the foundation in the youih
ful members of those circles, by impercep
tible degrees, for good men and women
strengthening the patriotism and virtue of
all, and blessing the States with those rich
est jewels, good citizens! . And yet, out of a
well-digested system of advertising, springs
legitimately, such advantages as , these,
growing as they spread, till the good they
do becomes immense, incalculable. He. is
not Hise, either in a worldly, moral, or so
cial sense, with so great results springing
from such a line of business conduct, who
is not the generous pathon or A judicious
SYSTEM OF ADVERTISING,
The Case of the Itladial. .
..The case of the Madiai was brought be
fore the British Parliament on the 17ih ult.,
end led to a long debate. The following
sinking . letter was published in a Parlia
mentary paper on the 18ih Ult:
LORD JOHN El'SSELL TO SIX. HENRY BULWER.
toBEiGN Office, January 16, 1853. "
Sir, According to the last accounts re
ceived from you, the Grand Duke of Tus
cany still hesitates on the subject of the
Madiai.. . , - ... .
But this Is a matter on which hesitation
implies capital punishment. It Is tho same
thing in cileel to condemn a man to die by
hre like Savonarola, or put him to death by
the slovrforiure of an unhealthy prison
It sooms to be imagined, Indued, by some
governments on the continent, that if they
avoid the spectacle of an execution on the
scaffold, they will escape the odium to
themselves, and the sympathy lor their
victims, which attends upon the punish
ment of death for offences of a political or
.ll! U. ' ..... I .
.But this is an error.' ' It Is now well un
dorsiood that tho wasiing of tho body, the
sinking of the spirits, the weakening of the
mind, are but additions to the cnpltul pun
i8hmeni which long and close confinement
too. often," Involves. If, therefore," as haB
been .lately reported, one of the Madjui
were to die in prison, the Grand Duke must
expect that throughout Europe he will be
considered as having put a human being to
death, for being' a Proieslurii.' It will be
said, no doubt, that the otiencs ol r ranees
h e MnrJ:ai was jiol thai, if fcclng ' ProtcJ;
l ''"' ' -' ' ' ' ' ' " " ' " v ' '' I'
66ns titvtionone destiny
' POIEROIi TUESDAY, MARCH
tao,' but 'tha of endeavoring to' seduce
others from the Roman' Catholic faith; that
the Tuscan Government had the most mer
ciful intentions, and meant to have shorten
ed, the period of Imprisonment allotted by
law to hk offence; that such offences can
not be permitted to pass unpunished.'
All thjb, however,, will avail very little.
Throughout the civilized t world - this ex
ample of. religious persecution will ' excite
abhorrent. ' Nnr will ii be" the least of the
the more c
i to ihg (Jovf
iliut the ROMS' (
: en t:, i J. .
- ' r.CVl ! ! ' f V:
i As this ia-a matter affectine a Tuscan
subject, it :my be said that Her Majesty's
Government have no rlht to interfere. ; K
this rrieanarihat imerfeience.by force- of
arms woulcf noi be'.justiiablej 1 confess at
once, that nothing but ihemosi extreme base
would jusiiy such interference.!; ; ,..; .
' But jfjli be-meont that Her Majesty has
not the. right to point put to a friendly" sov
ereign the arguments which have prevailed
in the most civilized nations pgaini". the use
of the civil sword 10 punish religious opin
ions, I entirely dep'y tho truth pi such an
allegation, . . , . . .?
You are, therefore, instructed to speak in
the most serious tone to the'. Minister of For
eign Affairs, and to lay before him all the
considerations 'stated in this dispatch. You
will do It in the 'most friendly tone, and
take , care to assure the Government to
which you are .accredited, thai none are
moro sincero.'in their wishes for the inde
pendence and happiness of Tuscany, than
the Queen of Great Britain.
, lam, &c, ' J. RUSSELL;
v Who are Your Aristocrats!
Twenty years ago, this one made can
dles, that one sold cheese and butter, anoth
er butchered , a fourth carried on a distil
lery, another' was a contractor oh canals,
others were " merchants" and mechanics.
They are acquainted with both ends of so
ciety, as their-'children will', be after them
though it 'will1 not do to say so out loudl
ror ouen you, shall find that these toilins;
worms hatch butterflies and they live
about a year. tjDeaih brings a division of
property, and t brings new financiers; the
old gent is discharged, the young gent takes
bis revenues, and begins to travel towards
poverty, whiche reaches before death or
his children d, if he docs not. So that,
in fact, though,, there is a sqjt,, of jrjnnind
rank, it is not herediiary';' U is accessible to
al; three good tr-asons of cotton will send
a generation of men . up a score pf years
will bring thorrr all down, and send their
children to labor. The father crubs, and
grows rich his" children ntru and use the
money. In turn, their children Inherit the
pride, arid go to'shiftlsss poverty; next,
their children, revinvigorated by fresh pie
bian blood, and by the smell of the clod, go
up again. ' '
Thus Bocieiy, like a tree, draws its sap
from the earth, changes it into leaves and
blossoms, spreads them abroad in great
glory, sheds them off 10 fall back to the
earth, again to mingle wiih the soil, and at
length to re-appear in new trees and fresh
garniture. hunt's Merchant's Magazine.'
American Telegraph Convention.
Washihqton City, March 9. The Con
vention met pursuant to adjournment.
. The Committee on Resolutions reported
on the following points, which were adopted
in detail by the Convention:
1st. All words in the body of a message
should be counted. Proper names, such as
the names of persons, steamers, cities, &c,
shall be counted as many words as there are
capitals. . . ,
2d. Better means are recommended to
secure answers to messages sent, and to
give priority 10 messages of inquiry between
omces on Dusiness. ' ."
3d. A reciprocity of the rule for refund
ing on lost messages, making the line at fodt
responsible. .. 1 ., . ;:.
4 1I1. To protect the Telegraph from abuse
by unworthy and unqualified operators, re
quiring suitable evidence of integrity and
capability. -i !" . 1
Cih. An uniform system of numbers and
signal letters. - - r
61b. Kefusal to adopt new letters in the
Morse alphabet, but agreed to the transposi
lioo of the letters G and K, requiring . the
dasu, dot and dash to be used as (J, and the
spaced letter C to be used in future as K.
"7th: tteiusai to adopt any periodical lor
an official organ of the Convention or Tele
graph; ' '''' .'- .1 : I
8ih. KeJusal to adopt the general term of
National Telegraph, considering it as
nome applied to associate lines.
9ih. 1 he extension ol the patent of 1840
was considered the legitimate business of
the patentees. - ' : - .
" 10th. Declined to reduce tho tariff of
charges by an Increase of words. ' 1 ,
llih. ihe appointment of n committee
of correspondence,' to serve until the next
convention, to attend to such matters rela
tive to the interests of the telegraph compa
nies as may be deemed necessary. - 1 :
12th. No message to be transmitted by
any line unless prepaid except answers to
messages, checked answer paid. .. r
13ih. Kecommcnding the abolition of the
practice of sending free messages eXcepf for
those actually engaged in the business, and
on telegraphic business. t, : 1
' 14th. Against the employment of persons
without good testimonials of integrity, &c.
16th. The convention agreed to meet
annually in Washington In March i ...
16th. Recommending offices, in the same
cities to unite and have one office in common
to all. (-i"-8 ten ': ft .! V
Much important business was transacted
with great unanimity The convention, I ti
a body, called and paid their respects to the
President of the United States at the execut
tive mansion and were courteously received
by him.' The members composing the con;
vehtion represent about" four-fifths 'ofMhe
telegraphs of Ameries.' 1 he conventiot
a4jo.irncd sins die, ar 7 o'clock,
i 22. "1853 !
, Ocn. Caleb Cushinir.
' Speaking of the membersof Pierce's Cab
inei, the New York Tribune' gives the fol
lowing account pf Culeb Cushing: T.
Gen. Caleb Cushing is Gen. Pierce's 'own
man,' his fellow soldier in Mexico, a Tyler
convert in 1041-2 from 'Webster Whiggery,
whereof he had through all his previous
life been an dent champion, and n very
ardent uphbldor of. he Compromise.and of
all manner ofornprbrhiscs. Mr.' Cushing's
criilrse hn'jeeh singularly'evenifuf.; Nearly '
,,,f f6 m we ca'ri" rerrjember, he was a1
1. .'. f, f - Co" f ,'.;.vr another
. ui tiij. rival- apopated in'one of " the
journols;of-' the District; i whiqh attracted
iitonTtbri i frbni ,ihe efrong iriiernaf' prsurhp-;
Hon tney anorded that Mr. Uushing himseii
was' their author. ''This ; was publicly
charged and vehemently denied by Mr.
Cushing, when ihe'.manuscripi'was obtained
frbrn the-journalist arid proved to be the
handwriting oCMrs. Caloh Cushing. Neith
er she nor her husband wns elected to Con
gress thai year.' Some ten years thereafter,
Mr. C. obtained a regular nomination for
Congress from the National Republican
party, then immensely preponderant in the
District, but the voters proved as contrary as
a hunted hog and would not elect him.
After several unsuccessful trials, they finally
chose his competitor, Gay ton P. Osgood, a
Jacksonian. .. Thereupon the struggle con
sequent 00 the Romovad of the Deposites
succeeded, and Mr. Osgood woe instructed
by a large majority . of his constituents 10
rote with the Whigs aguinst Gen. Jackson's
high-handed course. He replied that he
should do no such thing that he was elected
as an undisguised Jackson man, and should
vote accordingly. '' '' ' ' '
This threw him out at the ncxl election,
when Mr. Cushing was at last elected, taking
his seat in the House in Dec. 1835, and
holding it for the next eight years. In 1842
he was left but, having gone into the Tyler
speculation, but he was soon after nomina
ted for a CBbinet place by Tyler and reject
ed by a Whig Sonute. who, however,' con
sented to his appointment as Commissioner
10 China, where he made a Treaty, return
ing across Mexico in the Spring of '45, and
assuring Congress and tho Country ihat we
might proceed to annex Texas without a
shadow of apprehension of war with Mexico.
When the event hud pioved thai Saul was
not among the prophets, he volunteered for
the War, and was made a Major General
by Polki went' down 10 the Rio Grande and
broke his ankle in an evening walk with a
fair friend, and was disabled for active ser
vice, so that he won no laurels in actual
combat. Returning to 'Massachusetts in
.'48, he was the Cass candidate for Governor,
but "polled a small vote. " Since then, he
has professed to stand aloof from the Dem
ocratic and Free Soil Coalition; but that was
'all my eye,' and tho Coalition made him
Judge of the Supreme Court about a . year
ago, ucn. Cushing is a , inan ol decided
ability, indomitable industry, and extensive
acquirements, but his principles have ever
been held subservient to his ambition. He
will do his full share of the work of the Cab
inet, and would on soma accounts - have
filled the inte Department better than Gov.
Marcy, his historical and linguistic attain
ments being far superior.': He will do his
best to make Gen. Pierce an available can
didate for a second term.:
For President in 1856, Samuel
So says the Holmes County Free-Press,
in substance and intent. The editor, one
McEwen, in that paper of March 3d, takes
sides for Medary in his controversy wiih
the Enquirer, and by way of showing prop
er feality he closes one of his articles as
follows. This is rather early for a nomina
tion, but the "people" are not to be beaten
again by the politicians:
"Bui though they may temporarily injure
him they cannot shake the confidence of
the people in html He may not bo a re
cipierit of the favors of the new President
but the .people haven reward yet in store
for him higher and butter than any cabi
net office. , The men who now assail him,
are pa vine the way for the people to take
the matter into their own hands and do him
justice! No man ever held a place in any
cabinet, who was so strongly recommended
as Col. Medary was Tor Postmaster Gener
al from all parts of the Unlon and al
thou ch Presidential - aspirants m future
may dread and fear him; and thus prevent
his promotion yet the stone which the
politicians reject, the people will one day
make the chief of the corner!
, . Columbus ; economy. ; ;t
" The two bodies of the Legislature, a
short time since, adjourned for two days to
take a pleasure trip over the new railroad
from ..Columbus, to Zanesville, and at the
latter city weie very hospitably entertained
as public guests. . As there are some one
hundred and eight members and clerks and
other suboidinaie officials enough to make
up the number of full one hundred and
thirty, , who are ostensibly . doing up the
business of the afflicted public, at the capi
10I, the dimes which they daily draw from
the people's purse, working or. playing,
amount 10 a good sized pile. Four dollars
a day, for each "of one hundred and thirty
men, will make $520, and this, frolicked
away for two days, is double, of course,
making one thousand and forty . dollars
which the people paid for their spree!
'No one will deny that economy in some
Jepariment was necessary after this; but
where coulJ it be practiced? . Ab! a mous
ing nrliiprodigal. discovered the very spot
where the pruning knife would fit the
publishing : department! Forthwith it was
applied, and the price paid county news
papers for publishing the laws, was reduced
thirty-three per centt In ibis way. the
Zunesville spree bill was happily . footed,
and the Solons at Columbus were again at
ease! fw-.V'v "'i t f ' 1
The press, which has been singing ,Tt
Deums io the very party , who originated
and accomplished this stab under the fifth
rib, of courso will go on wiih their music--.
Cfn. JBfrfc::;i.t;. ,..; a y,.j
$1.50 In Advance
VOL. 5 NO. 10.
Tribute to President Fillmore
We have much pleasure in giving public
ity to the following correspondence, which
reflects equal honor upon Prpsident Fillmore
snd the members of hit administration.
The National Intelligencer, from which we
copy the correspondence, in publishing it,
says:: , :-, . .; ;,. .
! "It has. we , presume,: rarely happened,
that so great a degree of harmony has ex
isted between a president-and every member
of his Cnbinet, I may-be: supposed , by
somo, that the relations of Mr Webster end
..'Fillmore, as candidates for the Prdsi-.
dency, formed an exception to' this remark.
We have, however,. the best reasons for be
lieving that their friendly and confidential
fntercourse,' personal 'and political," was
never for a moment interrupted.
, LKTTE TO PRESIDENT FILLMORE.
. . Washington, March 3, 1853.
: Sib: As our connexion ith you is about
to terminate, we cannot forbear to give ut
terance, to the feelings of unmingled satis
faction with which we look back upon our
official and personal intercourse. We have
witnessed with admiration, your; untiring
devotion 'to the public service, and your
patience and assiduity in the dischargo of
the incessant and laborious duties of your
office. Near observation has afforded us
innumerable proofs of the enlightened und
comprehensive regard for the best interests
of the whole Union, which you have brought
to the execution of tho high trust which de
volved upbn you under circumstances of
peculiar embarassment. tor the fidelity to
iis best interesis, which you have manifested,
the country tve believe, will yet, with , one
voice, do you ample justice.
We huve the greatest pleasure in adding.
that the unbroktn harmony which has pre
vailed in your Cabinet, and between your
self and all its members has greatly facilita
ted the performance of our arduous labors.
Wiih our united best wishes that your
health may ba preserved, nnd that the
country may long have the benefit oT your
patriotism, experience and high intelligence,
we remain, dear sir. yours sincere Iriends.
... . . EDWARD EVERETT,
A. II. H. STUART,
C. M. CONRAD,
& J. P. KENNEDY,
J. J. CRITTENDEN,
S. D. HUBBARD.
To his excellency, Miuard Fillmore,'
President of the United States.
. REPLY OF PRESIDENT FILLMORE.
.Washington, March 4, 1853,
-Gentlemen: Your kind note, which
was handed to me last evening, was as un
expected as it was gratifying. While j
cannot flatter myself with the idea that I am
justly entitled to all the praise which your
friendship ha so generously bestowed, 1 am
frank to confess that 1 do feel a conscious
ness that I have spared no pains to merit it.
Of this, however, you aro the besi judges.
You have been my daily companions, and
can best appreciate the motives with which
I have discharged my ofhoial duties, uut
it is due 10 you, and to those who preceded
some uf you, as my official advisers, to say
that the success of my administration is
chiefly owing to the wifdom, harmony, fi
delity, and ability of my , counsellors; and
that the country, as well as myseii, owes
them a debt of gratitude which 1 doubt not
it will recognize in due time, and cheer
fully discharge. .
No President was ever more fortunate
than I have been in tho. selection of his
Cabinet. No manifestation ol unkind feel
ing, or even a hard word, has ever disturb
ed the harmonious aciion of the counci
board. This cordial unanimity has been
at all limes to me a source of unalloyed
satisfaction. I shall evci reflect upon our
social and official intercourse wiih great
pleasure, and cherish to rpy latest breaih,
the disintereusied lriendship with wntca 11
has been marked. .,' . -Please
to accept my sincere thanks fo
the faithful, able, and satisfactory manner
in which vou have respectivelv discharged
the arduous and responsible duties of your
several offices and ulso my besiwislies lor
your health and prosperity; and, believe
me, gentlemen, your sincere friend.
Hon. E. Everett, T Corwin. A. 11. H.Stu
art, C. M. Conrad, J. P. Kennedy, J. J
. Qrittendcn, S.. D. Hubbard.
The Civjl and Diplomatical Appropriation
Bill, which passed the House with all the
Senate amendments, provides for the in-'
creasing of the salary of the Vice President
and Heads ol Departments Irom rive to
eight thousand dollurs a year, and the crea
lion of the office of Assistant Secretary of
State, with a salary of three thousand dol
lars per annum. Provision was also made
It is understood, for the printing of the
Liberal Endowment. Miss Catharine
E. Beecher has offered to endow the pro
fessorship of a Fcmalo Seminary in Du
buque with the sum of $20,000, and also to
furnish books and apparatus to tho amuuii
of $1,000, provided the citizens of Dubuque
will erect a building and guarantee a cer
tain number of scholars. Ihe proposition
has been accepted,' and a committee ap
pointed to solicit donations. Cin.. Atlas. ;
' A .convention of Delegates from the
banks in New England, was held In Bos
ton, on Wednesday. The' object of ' the
meeting was to organize a Banker's Asso
ciation for the suppression of counterfeiting.-
The attendance was very large, and
fifteen managers were chosen, 10 fleet the
desired ends of ihe society, , ' '
i Mr. Seward, in urging upon the attention
of the Senate a private claim, a few days
ago, said the petitioner was. once a mer
chant, a great merchant, a man of woalth,
iha ho had,, been reduced "by; ' an unjust
prosecution of the Government of the
United plates' to want, and was while so
licillno .rulipf. nnirnnMit n Hnv l.lmrn, in
M rildlnjofh, Capitol.
- " ' '' '' ''-". ' (
p 1 "no - twww.v.. in..
.OFFICE OF THE TELEGRAPH, J
., ' tirti toons bil'owcout Hi tajT -',tt
.- - i- PQMKKOTi OHIO. t. ft-" to fittty
, Itatcs of Advertising, " ' !.
Oneuae (II lines or less) three week!- H
Kterf aubsequent ineitioa : .-f ? r t:. S3 1
r- - . . .i . . . ....
vna quare, miee momoi, , t -t i ;i j
Ong Mjn,aro, sit inontln, -i ! : i , i ,IC 4
One aquare, one year, . t 1 '. 1 . : .1 j' I Qo '
One half eolumni One year,' si"' r rSOttf
Three-fonrtha of a column, tae year, t " fift-CO :
One crtumn. one year, 1 i 1 : f.t;M)(M.:
CTAdertisementa not having the number of i
sertions narked on copy, wilfjbe eontiauei an til -forbid
and charged accordingly, v . ',( :ltt iJi,
p'Uasual advertiseri mut pay in adraaae. ,.j .
rr Job Printiner, of everydeicriptioR wiM.
be executed with accuracy and oeatnena. , , .
... Religions Items.; .. (j
We clip the following Church "Innis""
from the last number of tlhe 'Wetterrt '
Christian Advocate:' . . ' .. "' ;
' The-, Wesley an' Missionary Notices.tfor 4
February, gives an account of a remarkable , ;
movement in Sierra Leone, where numbers
of idols have been given. ug orcaet awa
tnose who had hitherto been .addict 1
und enslaved to their worship.;. I ha Lon-
uon v aicnman. stales, mat ai Freetown
such a number of Idols were given up' a r
one 'suspected jhe'bldce 10. have co'riiuL..,..
The' people itaraded 'ih Streets fn crowds, "'
carrying ihe heuthen deiiies in procession, ,; ;
to deliver them up to the magistrates and
missionaries." A . " '' ' -ti-nl
In bngland ihe, first Meihodist society .)
was organized in 1 isj, less than a century, ,
and a quarter ago.. In this country, ihei
first regular conference war, held it) 1774
four months less, than eighty ysars sino, .,
Ten preachers and one thousand, one hun
dred and sixty members made up the sum ,
total of American Methodism. ; , -;,(,
The membership of the Church South !
numbers about 600 000. Nine weekly?
paufrs are published, to all of which there 3
are but 40,000 subscribers, making an avr--age
to each of about 4,000. The Method--!
ist Expositor, tho Meihodist Monthly, and '
the Southern Meiliodisi Pulpit, each, after a ,
brief career, went to be numbered with thtt .
things of the past. . , ", " .
The New York Agents make the follow
ing announcement to ilit annual confer
ences of the Church, in the Advocate and.
Journal of February 24ili: "In view of the
largo outlays in the purchase of presses
and other fixtures, the extraordinary ex
penses growing out of the action of the
last General conference; and the amcunt
that will be necessary to expend during the
present year upon the buildings foi their
preservation and convenience, and by ihe
advice of the Book Committee, the" Agents :
have, after 'mature deliberation, come to-ihe'
conclusion that it is not practicable for them
10 make any dividend the present year."
Advertisements to the extent ol two or-
hree columns weekly, aro hereafter to be'
admitted in the columns of the -Christian
Advocate and Journal, the low price of'
$1 25 per year run being sufficient to meet
he expenses of publishing the paper.
Rev. Stephen Kay, D. D., for mnnv'
years a Weslcyan missionary in South Af-
ica, and author of 1 ravols.in Cafiruria, has
recently been travelin id preaching in" .
various puns of the United Siuies We
heard him in Delaware, 0., last summer,
deliver a most eloquent and. powerful dis
course.. At a recent meeting ut tue Pres
bytery, of Memphis,, he. mado application
lur reception as a member of Presbvtery;
and, after u full examination on theology,
Church government, and ecclesiastical his
tory und afier having fully acknowledged the
standards of ihe Presbyterian Church, was
admitted as a foreign minister under pro
bation. ; ... , ...
Edwin Forrest, the tragedian, read the
play of Hamlet, on Monday evening last
woek, at lonhers, IN. 1., for ihe benchi ol
the Baptist Church in that place. It is a
great pity, incieeo, mat uieaier-actors must
enmo to tho help of' theology in this style.
and that such means must bo resorted to to
puy Church debts. ' ;
In the Subbath schools connected with .
the Baptist Churches in the city and county
of Philadelphia, there are about 800 teach
ers nnd 8,000 scholars. . ' , -,
Thn Baptists have 821 Churches and
310,000 Church members in Georgia,
while the Meihodists have 735 Churches
and 233,000 members. The Baptists are
moro numerous in Georgia, New York,
and Kentucky ilnn in any other of the
sates of the Union. . .a.!-.-.
Elder Knapp is now holding a series of '
meetings 111 unesvine. un &aoDatn week
forty-three persons were immersed and ad
mitted into tho Baptist Church, and the
work is still prngressing. One of our city
papers "says thui Mr. Knapp is expected lit
Cincinnati soon. ' ' ' '
Rev., Dr. Scuddur, the veteran, mission
ary, writes that his sight is fast failing.
He is thankful it is not his voice, or both
sight and voice. If he cannot see, ho can
still preach the Gospel, lie may yet bs
known in the annals of the Church as ihe
"Blind Missionary.!' , . ,.
The Christian Herald gives the follow
ing hints to its correspondents:-"Watch
and fortify yourselves against the tempta
tion 'of sending any poetry to the editor.
The world is already full of poetry,' and
will not, in reulity, need any new creations,
of this son for at least ten years to' come
Least of all will ti require such creations as
many fondly call poetry.. We receive
many pieces culled by their authors poeti
cal, bui do not publish mora. 'ih an one out
of fifty of them, and do not expect to.'f4 .
The English Churchman, of a late date,,
contains the following announcement, re
specting sermonizing in England: "A cler
gyman of experience and moderate viuwsV
who distinguished himself during his Uni
versity course in divinity and hiiglith com
position., will' furnish original sermons 'In
strict accordance with, the Church of Eng
land, in n legible hand, at 6s. 6d. each.
Only one .copy will be given in any dio
cese. A' specimen will be sent if wished
for. Sermons made to order on any re
quired subject, on reasonable terms. For.
further particulars apply," 6cc. rJ ..
i The Mansfield Herald, 'in this sfaie, tnft
noticing a disgraceful attempt 10,'rioi In',
that place week before last,. suy$: "It is a
remarkible fact, thai ' on every, Sabbath
when Catholic service is held, the town is
disgraced by a row among tho Irisliv' '
' There'.nfe iweniy-bno distinct ' N'iMibdW
oganiza ions "in the World twent -ihrw:, H
we add the French and Australian Ctwee5 '
nvu 01 inese are in Ensland fVj
four, in .Canada' and eleven 'I .' '"I'V"-
'., .'.....; , . . .'; vsi
-...o. . yjioo inner,
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