n-i ' ji " 11 1 i mm- -n- vl ,v . . m n" t"u Tirmitr r ; r,7:,n -n -n -vlnt v t
i UK r KLKuKAr Uf
, 3L1SUED EVERY . TUESDAT MORNING. B V
' . iv-.it .f III ... ., ,. , (,J if , . .
A, THOMSON.,. i; ....
,. ITERMS OF SCBSCRtPTION. ;l
"'One Dollar and fifty Centtv '
Wid in advance,! , c '.. n k ;
v. Two Dollars within the year.
.ot paid until after, the expiration of the, year
...two u'.an mid niiy wm
lit be chafed.'" v
iETNo paper will tye discontinued nntil allar-
earagesare paia; except at the option or m pwu
. CAU communications on the business of the
flice mist be postpaid to secure attention
'X orr.Br ;A THOMSON:1 V
f 1 i.ivd at a liberal reduction in price. Ji "
OFFICIAL DIKECT Oil V. '
-Rep'tssentative In Confess (lltk DlstricUc
Man. V. B. Uosto, qf Meifij county, ... ,, ...
. SenatorState Legislature-CHb.NccT , Q.
ni'wur, of Lawrence county.
Kepreseatutive Almed Thomson, ' 7 ' 1
, ti,'. : ..... t -:';;! . i'
). -i couaT: anb count ;&rricEns : .'
Judg of:the;Cort,o pprainsa Pleas, Hon.
gt.Mto ,N8ii, OnifiMiis, ('..".' .! ' '
Judge of Prolate C0ui;t. K: Mr:RRi,ix.'"; ' 1
'Clerk of Cjrrimon PlenjCSurt.--RoDNky Dow
,' .i,-v4; f i L (' J :''. !
.hrin".Wosrii.Vi Sjiith.. .. i:o:-:,va
iProsecutina Ayney,--N..,Suiriojv ,
- County , Auditor, !j.H. 'Swallow.
County treasurer." 0. -BaXiicii. n
,-C3ttnty Reeorlfet. S. S. Vim Lr;n y
Oonntjr SurveyotowN C. loiDfiM,PaBet6wn.
goipio tonhip.r,', ' -i ,.)-r.V- i u 4
nCoiinty C6rQuer--TAl,w. ' Cpluns.
County Commissioners. Wtlluji LKOLiili
?3lerri! Jlito Uuniiiis, , Orange; 'luoJ Smith,
.-Button.'"'" :'" '-"J 1 "
County Common School Examiners. Rev. R.
iWiUMNSOX, Okorok 13. Grow, A.. At Keen.
1 -lit . Towiamr oFicttt Li8suar:'
Trustees-r-AmoiDunhairirhomaj Radioid, A.
M. Barlow. ,: , - ;
Clerk. Hosmer Branch. ' '
Treasurer". O. Branch, ex officio.'
Justices of the Peace. S. S. Paine, A. M.
Sarlow, Elijah Jones. : J
: Constables. Randall Stivers, Oren Jones, J W
Votley. . . .
", Assessor S. Sradbury.
' i : ' COarORATIOM OFFICERS F0MER0Y.'
' Mayor Randal Stivers. . ' . .
Recorder L, S. Ny. ., '
Trustees H. S. Horton, A. Murdock, II. C.
Smith, Wm. II. Remington, J. C. Cartwright,
Treasurer 0. Branch, ex offiicio.
Marshal Gaylord Lyman.
Middleport D. Pangburn.
Racine P. M. Petrel. '
Letartsville Geo. L. Piper.
Chester Wm. Mitchell. .
Presbyterian. Rev. R. Wilkinson, Pastor.
Services every Sabbath morning, 01 o'clock.
Brery Sabbath afternoon, at 3 o'clock, at the
ew BricK School-lioiise in Middleport.'-
Methodist Episcopal. Rev. S. C. Frampton,
Pastor. Services at Wesley Chapel, Pomeroy,
and Heath Chapel, Sheffield, on alternate Sab
baths, at 0 1 o'clock, A. M., and 7 P M and nt
the lower Church, Pomeroy, at 3 o'clock, P. M,
Protestant Episcopal No services at present.
New Jerusalem No services.
German Methodist Rev. J. Pfetzing, Pastor.
Services every Sabbath morning, at 0 o'clock.
German Lutheran Rev. P. Heid, Pastor.
Barvices every Sabbath morning.
German Evangelical Presbyterian (on Linn
street). Rev. L. Theiss, Pastor. Services every
abbath morning, at 0 o'clock.
' German Presbyterian (on. Plum street). Rev.
Pastor. Services every Sabbath niorn-
Rg, atO o'clock.
Roman Catholic Rev. John Albrinck, Priest.
" ileTViea every Saubntfi rrhirning; -'.-..
"Welsh Baptist Peter Lloyd, Pastor. Services
every Sabbath, i 0 o'clock, A M, md 6 P M.
WelshPresbyterinn (New School). Rev. John
M. Jones, Pastor. Services every Sabbath a t 0
e'clock, A M, and G P M.
. Welsh Presbyterian (Old School). John T.
Willims, Pastor. Services every Sabbath, atO
e'cjpekAM, and 6PM..
' Masons. Pomerny l.oilge, No. 1 6-1 . Staled
Meetings, the Monday evening on or before the
nil rnoon in each month. Hall in Edwards'
I nilding, Front st. M. Bosworth, W. M.j R. 11.
I. 0. 0. P. Naomi Lodge, No. 117. Meels
very Friday evening. Hnll in Crnwford'sbuild-
ng. R. 11. Bartlelt, N. G.; Samuel Lanham,
Mineral Lodge, No. 212. Meets every Tues
rtayevening, inStivtrs' building, corner of Front
snd Court sis. AVashington Stivers, N. G.jlas.
i rnsbie, R. S.
Virginia Encampment, No. 68, I. 0. 0. F.
Aiects in Slivers' building on the 1st and 3d
Wednesday evenings in each month. C. A. Bar
l iv, C. P.; A. Thomson, Serine.
Sons of Tk.siprmnce. Welfare Division, No.
CO.- Meels every Snturday evening. Hall in
Slivers' . building. Geo. Minick, W. P.; A.
Thomson, R. S.
Salisbury Division, No. 292.' Meets on Rntur
say evenings. Hall in Rice's building, Middle
purl.' W. P. , R S.
New Lima Division No. 604. Meets every
Saturday evening. Hall in II. Holt's reed build-
ng, in New Lima. W. P.;
- r R. S.
HUSOES SDIREC TORY.
' PROFESSIONAL LIlWYERST""
I HO. IRVIH. T. A. PLANTS,
I RVIN it PLANTS, Attorneys at Law, Pome
I roy, 0. nov 20tf.
p inTsTc 1ANS. "
kR. S. G. MENZIES. Office, Third-Street,
between Walnut and Vine. Cincinnati. O
Pays special attention to Diseases of Women.
J S, 1853 tf
JANIEL & RATHBURN,
J street, Pomeroy, 0.
li ford, Conneoticut. O.BRANCH, Agent,
Court street, Pomeroy.' . . v . - Jan 80
GOODS,. CLOTHING, &o .
ASHINQTON STIVERS,' Dealer in Dry
Goods, Groceries. Hardware, Ac. Comer
Front and Court streets, Pomerov.
AMES RALSTON, Dealer in Fancy and
Staple Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware,
Unou and Shoes, ore
below Court, Pomeroy, 0.
0; BRANCH & CO., Dealers in Dry Goods'
Groceries, ' Hardware, Queensware, fte.'
ast side of Court-street, three doors above the
3rner of Front, Pomerov, 0. - .: . ijan30
i.W. COOPER &
CO., Dealers in Dry
Goods, Groceries, Hardware. &0. Corner
ofFiont and First street. Middlenort. onnosite
uoaipon ban uompanys Landing.- August 8.
T U NC AN SLOAN. Dealer in Groceries,
MJ Clothing,' Hats, Caps, Shoe, etc. Coalport
Landing. - September 18, 1856,
STIVERS, Manufacturer of and Deal-
Corner of Front and Court streets, Tomeroy, 0.
. criu ctcir . uesviiuuon oi iiioinintr,
The Best workmen Constantly employed. ' Cloths,
Cassimeres, and Vestings kept always on hand.
Paris' and London foslnons received monthly.
A- GATOHEL, Cabinet-maker, and Denier
in all knds of Furniture, Front st.( above
Oeart, Pomeroy, u mi uectt.
PAINTS, OILS, &o. : , .
"p REED & BROTHER, Dealers in Drugs,
l Patent Medicines, Paints, Oils, Dyestuffs,
otoy Frqnt , Street, a if wt, doors above uoun,
JL'LAMIMU MACHINES, Ac
DAVIS A MORTON, on S.ugai Run, .Pome
roy', have their Planing Machine in good
order, and constant operation. Flooring, weath
il.MnMinp. An.t Vot:ons1antlorJ hsnd.lofill
$3 per Annum
; B AKERS AND' 'CONFECTIONERS.'
G"1 EO'rge' IIOSSICK, Baker and! Cphfectionei.
i Froht street, h few floors above' Court,-ana
one' door belo Iiotel Poracrpy,.p'. ., , , feb j
; COPPERSMITIUNO.' - ,
Q L. THRUSH, Ooppernith bPJow ponie-
roy.Salt.Furnace, Pomeroy, 0.. All kjnds
of Copper work for Salt furnaces, Steamboat,
etc.- executed to order-.- ; v'dc2.tf. ,
B L A 0 K S M I 'J3 H I N Q..
TJV-E. HUMPHREY Blacksmith,! Mulbetry-st.,
, .opposite -the Court-house,. Pomeroy, 0.
Job' Work,' of.atl kinds,' horse shoeing, &c, ex
ecutfid..with pytness and dispatch".' Jan 3D
fr EORGE STIVERS,"Blac"ksmith, Mujberry
1 tt otrpt.- n'n'nnsihVCoiirt-hOuse'. !' Keens con-
sUnttyow-hawf anifot .f!e,jon, .twottreeJHJi be'Tievoted XolsiveI f th pajvajt
and, four-horse wagons.
Job Work of, all kinds
executed to oruer;
""' PTlNTERS AND GLAZIERS.
TVIlTN7PaTnter and GUzier, west Side
V Court street,, fourth dour ..above
Pomeroy, 0. . ,
SADDLE AND HARNESS MAKERS.
JB. HAMPTON & CO. Saddle and Harness
, Manufacturers, Front'slreet, five doors be
low Court, Pomeroy, O.
TAMES WRIGHT, Saddle and Harness Maker,
t) Shop, over Black and Rathburn's store, in
Rutland, 0. - . .
" OCTS AND SHOES.
TWH1TESIDES, Mani!'''ictul'er of BooU and
, Shoes, Front street, under Telegraph Jinn
ting office. The best cf work, for Ladies and
Gentlemen, made to order.
TANNERS & CURRIERS.
"1E0RGE McQUIGG, &
CO., Tanners and
Curriers, Butternut street, (on Sugar Run)
JOHN W. HARVVQOD, Carriage maker, lower
partof Middleport. O. Carriages, and Wag
ons of nil kinds made to order or repaired on the
shortest notice. House painting, glazing, pjper
hanging, etc., executed in Hie best style. Jel9.
& PTCROSBIE, wagon-mnkers, Mulberry
street, Pomeroy, 0., over F. E. Humphieys
shop. Having had long experience in the busi
ness, they are enabled to execute, in a neat and
substantial manner, all orders for wagons, bug
gies, carriages, ic, on short notice, and at reas
onable terms. , . -
COMPANY. Office in
Coalport, 0. Salt for
J Cooper's Building, Coalport,
retail, Tiiirtv-Fivk and Forty
TT S. HOTEL, AND STAGE OFFICE, four
J doors below the Rolling Mill, Pomeroy,
Ohio. M. A,
STOVES, TINWARE &c.
3, PRAL'L, Manufacturer of Tinware, and
Denier in every variety of Stoves, etc.,
opposite the Court-house, Pomeroy,
Ohio State Itopiibllcnn Association,
At nn adj urned meeting ot Republicans
held in tho city ol Culumbus on Saturday
evening, 1 9ih of April, on motion, Hon.
Wm. B. Thrull wns cullad to the chair, and
A. M. Gungcwer chosen Si-cretary.
Tho cnmniitieo appointed to prepare a
Plnifurni and Constiitition, consisting of Dr.
J. II. Coulter, Wm. B. Thmll. and Gen. S.
D. Harris, submitted the following report,
which, after discussion, was ucanitnously
PLATFORM ANIl CONSTITUTION OF TUIi STATE
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF OHIO.
To maintain the Union of the Suites and
iho rijilits of the States lo resist ihe spread
of Stavety nnd the nygressions of iho blnve
Power to secure n thotough reform in ihe
National Administration, and a free govern
ment for a free people the undersigned, cit
izens cf Ohio, hnrcby unite in fruterpil as
sociation, under the name of tho 'Siiuh Re
publican Association of Ohio,' and adopt tho
following I'lmForm nnc' Constitution.
Art, I. JtVe cloini for all men equal
rights and exact justice, defended by just
and rqunl luws, und protected bv huiiejl nnd
An. II. U'e resist all attempts lo sub
vert or impaii our Republican institutions
by any combination, native oi foreign, or by
any power, civil or ecclesiastical.
An. 111. We acknowledge tho equal
rights of ail persons in impartial protection
in the enjoyment of religious froedum, to the
fr oo exercise of iho elective franchise, and
we propose, no lesis for ffico txccpi hon
esty, capacity, and duvoiion to Ameiican in
stitutions. Art. IV. We hold that each Stats has
the right to make and enforce its own laws
as supreme, so far. fli they do not conflict
with the Constitution of the United States.
Art. V. We require for our -country a
government of the People, instead, of a gov
ernment by an Oligarchy: a governmem
maimoining before iho world ihe Rights ol
Men raihcr than the privileges of Masters;
a governmem, sympathizing wiih the elfins
of oppressed nations to achieve their liber-
lies, rather than with the tyrannical despo
tisms which are leagued against ihem,
An. VI. We demand a thorough reform
in National Administration, by the substitu
tion of economy for exiravagance, and of
impartial regard ior eery interest, instead
of the subordination of nil interests to ihe
views of a Class.
, An. VII. We insist thai there shall be
no Slaveiy outside of Slave States, and no
domination of the Slave Power over tho ac
tion of iho National Government; and in or
der to accomplish these end?, we invito a
frank and cordial co-opeiaiion of all our fel
low citizens of whatever political views in
other respects, for ihe sake of union upon
the common platlorm of Exclusion of Sla
very from National Territory, and thorough
Reform in National Administration, and in
support of candidates for the Presidency
and Vice Presidency, avowedly and reliably
in fovor of these objects.'
Art, .1. Any legal voter, being a citizen
of Ohio, may becomo a member of ihis As
sociation on subscribing . this Platform end
Constitution- ,, ,, !' , . ; ,
Art. II. , The bfficers.ol this Association
shall be a President, two Vice Presidents,
ihroo Directors,; Treasurer, Recording Sec
rotary nod Corresponding Socreinry, who
shall sorve until such, day as the Association
shall appoint for ' iho annual mooting, then
nnd thereafter tho officers shall - be elected
iHarkcis aiiU titcral Sntcllicmc
OivE C O'U N TR Y
i V-: : ; ;i.;;.:;-.;'POMEROY; 'TUESDA;Y;vAY,.o;: im
' v ' ' '' -'- ---- - it 1.
annuallv;-nd every President ofu County
Association shall be ex officio a member; of
the State Association.
" Ari.'JIl. A Subscription .Book shall be
placed ')rT the hands of iho Trehsurei,' in
which each me'nber may WTiie opposite his
nnme.ihe amount he is .willir.a to cuntriluie
rnoiiiMy lo the funds dl the Association. .
i An. LV. the Uirectnrs, wun me i resi-
doni, Vice Presidents, Secretaries and Trens-
urer.'shnll. consiiiute nn Execuiive tommu
tee to disburse such funds as may be placed
at their disposal by t'lo. Associntioni and to
perform such piher dutios as riwy from lime
K time be' assigned thjm. . .,
r An. TV ." Th ftlnds or iho ' Association
of -the necessary coniingoni expenses ouha
same, in ihe purchase and -circulation of
important documents, and In iho use of such
means as may have o tendency to advance
the principles laid down in the foregoing
Platform. ' '
An, VI. The Association shall hold reg
ular meetings as often as may be dee,ned
advisable, and the President shall have pow
er to call special meetings, and it shall be
hit duty to call such meetings whenevei re
quested by three members of the Executive
An, VII. Amendments to this Constitu
tion mBy be made by being proposed at a
regular meeting, and adopted by iwo-thirds
of the members present at a subsjquent
meeting. " '
On n.'Piion, it was decided lo go into an
election of orEc?". nd ,he following gentle
men were elected to bCT? . the first annu
al meeting of the AssociatiuPi viz:
PreUdent: Wm. B. Thrall.
Vico Presidents: Dr. J.' II. Coulier and
W. T. Ba6com. .
Direciorr: J. M. Westwater, James II.
Beebr, nnd Gen. Alex. E. Glenn. ,
Treasurer: L. G, Van Slyke.
Recording Secrmary: F. C. Sessions.
Corresponding Secretary: A. M, Gange
wer. . .
On motion, it was
Resolved, That it be recommended that
similar associations be formed in the several
counties of the State, and it be requested
thai they report to the Corresponding Sec
retary the names of their officers, &c, for
the purpose of facilitating correspondence.
tiesohed, That the foregoing proceedings
be published in the Republican papers
throughout the State.
Reiolved, That this meeting adjourn to
moei again on Saturday evoning next.
Wilum B. Thrall, Ch'n.
A. AI. Gangewer, Secretary;
A Good One. We like a good joke, says
the Now ri National' Dmru-co-4w-
it hits us or our party, and therefore give
place lo the following yarn gotten up by the
Columbus Fact, fanciful though it may ap
pear: "A political sior was told in our hearing
ihe othur eyeninp, by nn old Whig, which
we do not remember ever having seen in
prim. Of course we do not vouch for the
truth in every particular:
A few years since a party of very distin
guished Southern planters, two of them were
Democrats and one Whig, being in a visit
lo lite North, were invited nbout election
time lo dine ai the house of a wealthy aris
tocratic, and tvitha1 n very beautiful lady in
Southern Ohio. After being seated at ihe
luble, which was luxuriantly spread with all
the delicacies ihni weulili could command,
a larue burly negro came in and seated him
self directly opposite the gentlemen at the
Tho gentlemen were too well bred to no
tice tho intruder at the lime, but immodiate
ly upon Ins retirement from the room, one
of ihem remarket to iho la Jy:
"What could have induced you to insult
us by the presence of a nigger at your table?"
"Why, gentlemen, he is my husband!"
replied ihe lady.
"Your husband!" exclaimed the three
simultaneously with unfeigned astonishment.
' "Yes, my sister ruined our familv pride,
in marrying, and I reiolved to equal her.
This colored man was wealthy, so 1 married
'Pray, who did your sister marry?" ruk
ed one of the party,
"Why, she married a Locofoco, and 1
have never been able to hold my head up
The two Locofocos made an excuse for
cutting their visit short. They endeavored
to keep the joke a secret but the Whig would
tell and so the secret got out.
Tub Difference. The following from
the Sieubenville Herald, is respectfully rec
ommended to the attention of those who
think (there are some who think so, one
may believe, from the slow manner in which
accounts are settled,) that the post of editor
or publisher is a more sinecure.
Those who aie envious of the pecuniary
prosperity of a publisher who Niggardly
desire to withhold from him, a fair or equit
able reward for his labor must, indeed,
have a'8mall pecuniary ambition. We have
known a single bar, belonging to a hotel in
this city, which cleared more money in five
years, on a capital of one hundred dollars,
and on the labor of one man than we have
cleared in nine years, upon a capital of five
and eight thousand dollars, and, by the la
bor of men, faithfully and assidou?ly direc
ted! Yes, and it can bn done, in the town
of Sieubenville, by retailing whlskv, ai five
cents a glass! The encouragement for lit
erature runs high! li is a wonder every
tenth man don't start a newspaper! .
Many of Our readers will find the follow
ing useful. It fs a ruin by which to find the
superficial number of feet a bond contains.
Multiply the length of the board in feet by
the breadth in inches, and divide iho product
by 12; ihe quotient is the contents In square
font. If the board is wider than the oilier,
add the breadth, of the two ends together,
and inke the amount for the mean breadth:
then multiply ibis by iho engih and divide
by 12 as bolon-. If the length be feot and
Inches, reduce ihe whole to inches, multiply
it by tho breadth and, dlvido by Hi, whuft
the antwer will bo feci.,, t v , 7 .
ONE .C 0;NS Tl TU TI ON
. Cakkel Coal. We loarn.'Trom. the Pitts-1
i.'..' l.u. .u. r.l:,.... r. '.i n-l 1
Railroad Compony, t f oeayey, county, nro
now. in successful operation,? tending -out
nbout p'no hundred and fiftons "per day,
but caiinot half supply. iW.j demand. . A
largo amount ol it icirried io the Allegha
nv city. Bud sold for domestic, purposes, for
the large bakeries and foriojjerina. glass.
For this tail purpose Jbjiu'rqiiwivj peals do noi
answer, and glass manufaci .rjfs. have here-;
iofore beqn -compellod jo tscwood. The
cnrinej coal js pow used io twoVof the Pius.;
burgh glass houses and t nsie in Bridgewa
ler, Beaver cqunty", and Ji 's sid to ba tel
ler and cheaper, Tor' ,tmrirK-.-; than wood.
iar'tfVf riftsburgribrs! v tJV. CT'On VV
Waisoh & Co- have curcbd ft'slio'ai ihe
junction of the Dorlington Ron ' with th,
imo anu. r eiiuuy imiuu iwou a, ,anvc
commenced ilw erection of a j v g' manui
factory for the purpose of distilling oil from
the cannel coal, and entered. imo orraf ge
ments with that company foj the supply of
coal. By actual experiment! it has been as
certained that it contains forty 'gallon! of oil
to ihe ton, and the expense of making, I is
not more than fourteen cents per gallon.;
The oil is of a superior ybality fo"r light;
when burning emits neither smoke- not
smell, and is not explosive. li it now man
ufactured successfully In Now.Tork and sold
at one dollar per gallon, It Is! also valuable
for machinery, as it neither gams nor does
it congoal until the mercury sinks at 15 deg.
bolow zero. From the cheapness with
which it can be made it is ev; lent that it
will soon be produced in quantities, tending
greatly to reduce iho prices-rft very, desira
ble mallei1. The Darlington Company owns
fivrt hundred and fiftv aJ'CI Of cannel coal
have at a great exponas completed. lnei.r
roaa, ana are now in iun connection wi
the Lakes and ihe Ohio river-a central po
sition thai must secure ihem gteat advanta
ges. This vein of cannel ; coal averages
from fourteen to fifteen feet in, thickness,
which, although not good for. fuel, contains
as much oil at the coal. The shale being
composed mainly of oil and earthly mailer,
and ihe coal of carbon and oiL li is com
puted that at a low estimate there Is in every
acre forty thousand tons of the oil-yielding
substance; a mine richer in wealth than the
gold-yielding quartz of California.
The Slave Trade. Our readers may
have noticed an iiom in our columns yes
terday morning to tho effect thai the f resi
dent had granted an unconditional "pardon
lo Cant. Charles Kerman, who was senten
ced in Boston In the summer of 1854, to
imprisonment in the county jail, forihree
years and to pay a finVbf it)00 for1 being
concerrjea jn me ii,ln8.0l,,,,il4ne cnopner
GrrhbrcanToi thYeiave "fra(ie.'t"tn Yiew'oT
ihe fact that President Pierce's organ In
Richmond, the Enquirer, snd in' Charles
ion, the Mercury, have tnkon ground in
favor of re-oponing tho foreign tlave-trnde.
we are not surprised that severnl leading
journals are anxiously enquiring lor ihe
reason or reasons of this let of clemency.
No rearon has as yet been given. It is, we
think, lime for ihe people to inquire where
our administration intends to stop in these
mailers. No stone is left unturned whose
turning will haven weight however small
in ihe Convention of June. If Virginia
still holds off alter an annuil message con
taining direct appeals io iha South ngninst
ihe North, if tho South are not yet satisfied
when all the power and all the patronage of
the government ore used directly fr the
support and extension of the 'peculiar insti
tution, ' which is fast ceasing io be peculiar,
why should an unscrupulous demagogue
hesitate to prepare for a final stop and at
lenst show that he considers the crime- of
slave traffic venial, ns prepejraiory to a new
campaign in 1860 if they prove successful
in this one now opening, h which the re
moval of all restrictions upon the African
Slave Trade shall be mnde a test of Democ
racy. In view of this probable attempt 'to
restore the proper social and political or
ganism,' ihe New York Times among other
journals, impresses a hope list the reasons
of the President s clemency in the case
above mentioned are not based upon the
theory, which is now openly advocated at
the South, that the slave-trade is a legiti
mate branch of commerce,' and ought not
io be discouraged, and still' less treated as
criminal, by the Federal Government.
President Pierce can hardly1 be prepared to
0 so far as this, in his subserviency to
Pro-Slavery views even for the sake oi
compassing tho Cincinnati Convention.
The Times adds 'that there is not the
slightest doubt that the slave-trade is carried
on constantly, from this port, and from
others on our coasi, in spite ol the strin
gent laws which are still, on our statute
books against it, If it is understood thai
ihe Executive clemency is to be extended
to this class of offenders, the laws pronoun
cing tho slave-trade piracy may as well be
abolished at once.' Pittsburgh Com.
.. Sharpening Edged Tools We trans
ale the following from a German scientific
journal for the benefit of our mechanics and
agricultural laborers: .-
"It has long been known ihat it6 simplest
method of sharpening a razor Is to put it for
half an hour in water to which has been ad
ded one twentieth ol its weightb of muriatic
or shulphuric acid, then lightly wipe it off,
and after a few hours set it on a hone. The
acid here supplies the place of a whetstone
by corroding the whole surfnee uniformly,
so that nothing further but a smooth polhh
is necessary. The process never Injures
good blades, while badly hardened ones are
frequently improved by it, olthougb the
cause of such Improvement remains unex
"Of late this process has been applied to
many other cutting implements. The work
man at ihe beginning of his noon spell, or
when he leaves off in the evening, moisten
the blades ol ,his tools, with water acidified
as nbovo, the coet of which is almost noth
ing. This soves the consumption oi time
and lobor in whetting, which moreover
speedily . wears put the blades, Tho mode
of sharpening here indicted would, be found
espoclilly ; advanlogeouj -. j'r. kfokles'l and
- L 0 N E-D E ST I N Y."
A Warlike Cultivatob. We observe,
in the Ohio papers, notice of the appoint
ment, of Col. S, D. Harris, of the Ohio
Cuhivaiof,' io ihe office of Adjutant General
of i lie militia of that State. Carrots and
catrldges.1 grapes and grnpe-shoi, turnip
and tompions,' brncoli and bayonets, pota-.
toes and percussion cops, ramrods ami run
bogn's, will now equully share ihe utieniion
af.lhe excellent General 11. Should
v.,. "Wild war's deadly blast be blown"
through tho Buckeye State, we may expect,
ROmn fir.e morning, an editorial like this,
from ihe pen of the agricultural general:
"Now spade your gardens and harrow for
buckshot; dit'ble .in your ' bayonets and
sprinkle satipetrs w the fllnmr, Make
beds. for Ticjster pistols and plant tent poles.
Water yncv stion'-t'"'-"'"" ''-V!
for pmaue,, ho . fcrub. ue iiivoly o do
troublesome so' order out the guard. - Cub
bage may safely bo left to the regimental
tailor, and bush beans must be levelled by
tho pioneers. Drum heads will do best
with sticks and you may prepare for mus
tard. Fire-wend should be exterminated
and musket locks well cemposted. Be
careful bf your young howitzers and cover
your mogaz;ne at night, with glass.
The recent appointment of N. Y. McDuf
fie, a professional gambler, to the office of
United States Marshal for the Northern
District of California, hat given very great
dissatisfaction. It is stated in the California
papers that this post was made vacant by
the murder of Gen. Richardson by Charles
Cora, a gambler and an habitual frequenter
of McDuffies saloon. His sister Belle Cora,
a noted female gambler and courtezan thrust
herself into the some box at the tinnier
with Mrs. Richardson, and li was from this
(hat the ij'.'arrel arose. . Another sister of
Cora is ihe mistress cf McDuftie, and ho
had done everything in his p0w? 'o effect
Uora s release. Without taking into con
sideration his connection wiih the murderor,
says the National American, the very oc
cupation and standing of McDuffie should
have been sufficient to prevent his holding
an important office under any honorable
Vesuvius Again in Eruption. A Na
ples correspondent of the Athenteum, writes:
"On the 30ih of, December the mountain
threw up a quantity of red ashes, end then
through the whole of January a copious
smoke, In the momh of February ashes
were again thrown out, end being carried
by the north wind in the direction of Bosco
Trecase, produced that phenomenon which
has of lata beena jnurJh spoken of as the
ejeeiton jof .fish from, the mduntaio. The
trwTxtraiarfori f tM in-t. T he ssbet foil
ing on the terraces of the houses in tho vil
lage of Bosco Trecase, destroyed an 1 con
verted into so many mummies a groaiquan-
tity of sails, which, according to iheir cus
tom, 'were making a right of it.' There-
port immediately got about thai the fish had
been thrown out, nnd many a stronger lins
efi Naples tho bearer of this wonderful
inlo. Palmiene says that the historians of
the remarkable eruption of 16G1 made u
similar statement, and that, anxious to veri
fy or disprove it, he not only ascended to ihe
top of the cone on a fishing expidition, but
wont io ihe village of Trecase. Tho result
was as I have mentioned. On the 28th of
February the new mouih uttered some eliyht
intonations, and sent forth some matter of
the consistence of pnste. This, on cooling,
become brown scorim. On the first of this
month n yei Stealer quantity was thrown
up, and iho mass beneath was so elevated
that sometime! the smoke was strongly illu
minated. On ihe same day ashes of a dark
color, and slighily magnetic, lor the third
Mexico. News from Mexico received by
recent arrivals represont the rebellion as en
tirely crushed. The ciiy of Puubla, held
by ihe rebels, had capitulated 10 the govern
ment forces; the rebel officers had been re
duced to the ranks, and fifty of ihem wem
into voluntary exile, whilo a rumor prey oil
ed that Uroga had been executed. President
Commonfori, having overcome the ememy,
made a iriumphal entry into the capital; the
ciiy was illuminated in honor of the victory,
and older wos generally believed to be re
stored. The finances, however, are repre
sented as being In a lamentable condition.
We attach little or no importance 10 the de
tails, regarding all changes in ihat ill star
red country as but the shifting scenes in a
Reforms in Russia and Poland. Ac
cording to the Independence Beige, the abo
lition or serfage in Russia has been much
talked of lately in that country. A St. Petersburg-
correspondent states that a plan
for the accomplishment of this measure has
been submitted to the examination of the
Emperor Alexander, and that, before he
left the capital for Finland, the Czar issued
a ukase, by which, hereafter, the serfs will
have the privilege of suing their masters for
their freedom, before the tribunals of the
realm, Former laws granted the serfs this
power, but it was almost impossiblo for him
to make a practical use of it. Henceforward
the nobles can no longer transfer their serfs
to another district, or incorporate them into
the army, without being authorized to do
so by the decision of a coir potent tribunal.
Communications trom be. retcrourg, ot
date March 19, announces that the follow
ing important reforms aro about to made in
1. The granting of a general amnesty for
all political oncnees.
2. The introduction of tho Polish Inn
gunge into the universities.
3. A new division of provinces and revis
ion of frontier.
4; Permission to wear' the Polish uniform
i It is thought by these menns to attach all
Poles to tho cause of Russia, and forever
obliterate tho idea of independence.
Good AproiNTMET. Timothy Price, an
energetio and worthy man, and most excel
lent Workman,- has been appointed Master
carpenter of the rev. State House. Wc
$1.50 in Advance.
YOL. 8 NO. 14
Literature. It opens aback door out of
the bustle of the busy nnd idle world into a
delicious garden of moral and intellectual
fruits and flowers, the key of which is de
nied to the rest of mankind. Our happiness
no longer lives on charity, nor bids fair for
3 fall, by lenning on that most precarious
nnd thorny, pillow, another's pleasure, for
our repose. . ... , - .
LAWS OF OHIO. "
PUBLISHED ItV AUI JIOUlTV-
No. CG." AN ACT,
To prevent and puhlsh fraudulent irnnsac-
ion in tares and weights and other abuses
r herein, ernmiftruwid ., . ... r t ; ,v
SRCTTnN 'i- -'Bi i?'r".n!!i1.'hi theffwrnl
. .. j i .? u:-u!v, ij tut v'-, "i . ..
perkou, ageui pr cL'rk. wIiq shall-jji up, or
shall order or procure any other person in
put up or puck sugar, rice, tobacco, soap,
siarch, candles, or any goods or articles sold
by weight, and i ot subj-ci io inspection bv
law, packed in keg.s, barrels, tierces, casks,
boxes, hogsheads, or any case' whatever,
shall, In eveiy instant e, first weigh the en
lire box or cask, or whatever it may be, and
plainly cut or mark upon, ihe head or most
convenient part thereof, the exact number
and fractions of pounds it wtighst and when
packed or filled shnll again ascertain ihj
whole weight, and place the snme immedi
ately above ihe cut or marked lore wyichis,
and substract the one from the other, show
ing ilie'noi weight ol the contents, which
calculation shall riot be obliterated while
the bulk remains unbroken.
Soction 2. Any brand, mark, or stamp,
put upon any keg, barrdl, box, cask, hngf
head or case, by the manufacturer, indicat
ing the article, its quantity, quality, or the
manufacturer's name, or either, of ihem,
shall be considered the mnnufuctuicrTs cer
tified branJ, stamp, or mark, and shall bo
pnt thereon in such manner as io be identi
fied by the miufaciurcr or his authorized
ogeni, which shall be subject lo no erasure
or obliteration; neither shall box hds, keg.
barrel, hogshead, tierce, or cask bends, be
transferred from one to tho other, for the
purpose of takirg the advaniope of said
brands, slumps, or marks, to sell an inferior
article, or repacking take place, putting an
inferior article into a superior branded keg,
barrel, cask, hogshead, box, or case, to ac
complish the same design, or to murk or re
mark nny thing containing pound bulk, so
as io hiJti f i oiii view iho original manufac
turer's :r.oik, stamp, or brand.
St'ction 3. Any person, directly or indi
rectly transgressing any of the provisions
herein enumerated, shall, on conviction
thereof, in all cases pay to tho party ng
grieves", double thn yclue of the difference
between the actual quantity contained in
such keg, barrel, cask, tierce, box hogshead,
or in whatever tho snme mn bo contained,
and tho net quantity or weighi for which the
same may havo been sold, and fur the first
oller.se, bo subject to a lino noi less than
than twenty nor more than sixty dollars, or
Imprisonment in tho county jtil not less
thuii thirty nor more thun sixty days; unJ
for the second tftViiso he 6hall be subj-.-ct to
to a fine r.ot less that fifty nor more than
two hundred dollars, or imprisonment in tho
county ji'd not less than thirty nor more
thun ninety rays, or both, at the discrntion
oi the coutt; and for the third cifenso he
shall bo subject to u fino not less thnn two
hundred nor more thnn fivo hundred dollars,
or imprisonment in the county jail not less
than ninety days nor more than six months,
Tho offending parties, in every instance, to
pay all the expenses, prosecutions, and costs
of court; also all damages whatever Mistnin
ed by the aggrieved parties, ivho6hall pros
ecate for the same.
. N. H. VAN VORUE:?,
Speaker of the House cf Representatives.
TI10MA3 II. FORD,
President ol the Senate,
No. 70. AN ACT
To amend tho second section of an
amendatory act, passed May I, 1854, of an
act entitled "an act for tho relief of the
poor," passed March 4, 1853.
Section 1 . Be it enacted by the General
Assembly of the S'afe of Ohio, That
section two of the above recited act, bo
amended so as to read as follows. Thai
the trustees of each township within this
State, shall afford relief or support to any
person or persons within their township and
not having a legal settlement within ihe
same, when such relief or support Is need
ed. Provided, That whenever the trus
tees of any township shall be called upon
to afford relief from the township treasury
in any county having a county infirmary,
to any person or persons who have no legal
smtlemer.t in this State, or whoso place of
residence is unknown, it shall be tho dun
of the trustees io make out an order to ihe
directors of such county infirmary, to re
ceive and provide for such person or per
sons, so long as thn said trustees may direct.
Provided, That if in any such case li
be found inexpedient or impracticable for
said trustees to remove any such person or
persons to said county infirmary, or if iheie
bo no county infirmary in tho county in
which such township is situate, then und in
cither case said trustoes shall keep an accu
rave account of all moneyst so expended,
and certify such account with ihe vou chers
for iho same to the county commissioners
of iho county, who shull cause tho amount
so paid to be paid to tho township out of
the county treasury; nnd shall not b. re
quired to remove such porsnn or persons to
any county infirmary: Provided, further,
thai such trustees may remove any person
or persons becoming a charge upon any
such township,-nnd who have no legal set
tlement In this State, to iho State when
such person or persons have a legal settle
ment; unless such person or persons shull
give sufficient security to indemnify such
Section. 2. That section 2 cf said
amendatory oct, is hereby repealed.
N. 11. VAN VORHES.
Speaker of the Ilnusa or Representatives
MHOS, Hi FORD.
President of the Senate. ,
A April 3.h, 1855. . ,
OFFICE OF THE TEUEQRAPH,
. K0flT STKtfcT, " " " ,
' tCV(N DOORS IILOW COUT Vt tTAlat.
. Kates of Advertising,
Onesquae (13 lines or less) three weeks, 00
bvery subsequentinsertion, :. : : :. : i
One square, three months, : ' s. i : ' : S CO
Oue square, six ulonths, : .: : : t tB
One square, one year, : t, : . s i 1 : 8 00
One half column, one yeari 1 : : s . : SO CO
Three-fourths of acolunin, one yet, ; : 36 10
One column, one year, ! : : : : : t 30 C9
inrAuveriisemeius not havmgthe numl ei of m
sertions marked on copy, will be continued u
forbid and charged accordingly.
D(Jasuai advertisers mutt pay in adTsnti.
0T J ob Printingi cf every description
executed with accuracy rud neatneta.
No. 72 AN ACT
To provide for the Registration of Births,
Marriages and Deaths, in Ohio.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the General
Assembly of the Sta'ieofOluo. Thm It shall
be the duty of all clergymen, or other per
sons, who shall hereafter celebrate or per
forin the marriage ceremony within thin
State, to keep a registry of all marriages
celebrated by them, sho wing the names,
ages, residence and place of birth of tho
persons married, whether they were singlo
or widowed, tho time of tho marriage, and:
the names of their parents. . . ;.
Sec. 2. It shall be tho duty of all phy-;
sicians, euritcons and midwives, toieepa
registry of alt the -births rtr.dfnYns z'-'rtW '. '
ai w. i ol. l-irili,. tin; iinme of the father and
maiden name of the mothcrr and their rest- J
dence, the sex and color of the child, togeth
er with its name, if it shall receive one, and
whether born alive or dead. Such registry
shall show, in cases of death the time,'
place, and cause of death;' the name, nge
sex, color and condition (as to whether sin
gle or married, or widowed,) the name and
surname of the parents, the occupation, tho
residence, and place of birth of the deceased. '
When two or more physicians, surgeons, or
mid wives, may have attended profession
ally at any birth or death, that physician,
6Urgeon, or midwife, who is the oldest, in
attendance, shall make the registry. '
Seo. 3. It shall be the duty of the phy
sicians, clergymen, surgeons and mid wires'
above named, to deposit in the county cleii's
office, of the various counties in which such
births, marriages and deaths occur, on or
before the fifteenth day of March, in every
year, a copy of said registry, embracing the
period of one year, ending on tlt'e first day
of March, last preceding the time of deposit;
and the clerk shall deliver the same to tho
assessor of the several townships in each
county, at Ihe same time that the Auditor
of the county delivers instructions and
blanks to such assessor.
SeC. 4. It tliall be the duly of the asses-,
sors, while making their lists of taxable
property, to ascertain and record, in a list
separate from the list of taxable property,
all tho births, manages and deaths, which
shall have occurred w'thin their respective
townships, in the twelve months, ending on
the first day of March last preceding the
time of assessment, with all the items of
time, place, fec, hereinbefore directed, to be
inserted in the registries, as provided in
sections one and two of this act. They
shall make strict inquiries of all heads of
families, and shall use the registries of cler
gymen, physicians, surgeons, and midwives.
hcrcinbtlore named in. order to obtain cor
rectly tho information herein' required.
1 hey shall return said lists of births, mar
riages and deaths, with the registries uforc
said, to the clerks of other courts of com
mon pleas, at the samn time that they re
turn their lists of taxable property. Tho
clerks shall copy said lists in such form as
the secretary ot fctate may direct, and trans
mit said copy to the Secretary of State, on
or before the first day of June in each year.
1 he clerks shall receive for their compen
sation ns the county commissioners shall
Sec. 5. It shall bo the duly of the Sec
retary of State, from all tho Ii&t3 of births,
marriages and deaths so transmitted to him,
to prepare tabular statements, showing in a
condensed form, the information herein re
quired to be preserved keeping the statis
tics of each county separate, and to ciuso
two thousand copies of the same to be prin
ted in pamphlet form, on or before the first
day of January in every year, of which cop
ies, ten shall bo transmitted to tho clerk of
each county for exchange nnd distribution,
at his discretion, and the residue shall be
disposed of as the general assembly shall
from lime to time direct. The county clerk,
in each and every county, shall preseive
carefully", one copy in his office. The Sec
retary of State shall prepare nnd cause to
be printed, 8u;Ub!a blanks Mid instructions
for the use of assessors, cre;7:nen, physi
cians, surgeons and midwives, which ho
shall transmit to the several county audi
tors, to be by them delivered to the asses
sors. Sec. 6. To enable tho assessors to ob
tnin full and correct information touching
tho facts herein required to be ascertained,
tbey shall have full power to swear and in
terrogate any person, in their respectivo
townships, for this purpose; and it shall be
the duty of all such persons, when thereto
required by the assessor, with or without
oath, to give him, truly and fully, all the
information which ho or sho may possess,
touching any of said lacts.
Sec. 7. The several county clerks shall
forevervefully preserve, the lists of births,
marriffcl'lind deaths aforesaid, and tho
rcgistric? of clergymen, &c, herein required
to do be returned to them, for the use of tho
public, and which shall always be open to
Seo. 8. The said lists of births, mar
riages and deaths, returned to the clerks of
the county courts, by the assessors, ns also
the original tabular record herein required
to be made by the clerk aforesaid, or a duly
certified copy of any birth, marriage, or
death, from either of them, given and cer
tified by said clerks, shall hereafter be ad
mitted and received in all courts in this
State, as prima facia evidence of any such
birth, marriage, or death, therein recorded
or so certified.
Sue. 9. Any person failing, or refusing
to discharge and perform, any of the acts
or duties herein imposed and required to be
done, shall, for every such failure, be fined
in a sura not less than five nor more than
twenty dollars, to be recovered by action bo
fore any tribunal having jurisdiction there
of, or by indictment in the court of common
pleas, for the uso of common school, in the
township in which the offense is committed.
N. H. VAN VORHES. -Speaker
ol the' House of Rpf seseniatlves.
THOS. II. FORD,
President of the Senate
Apiil ft,.; 836. ' :
. - " " I I , -I fe, . . v
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