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It ia (o be olEcrrol, moreover, that iupre Ilia tbo whole realized from all, sources, ? (except levies, is cither absorbed J by the expenses of the Pahlio "Works, the lVtontiarj, or specifically appropriated U the. Sin.kiu.g- Fuad far the payment of iotereet and principal of the Public Debt. For the i annual expenses 'of the State in Education, for Benevolent Institutions a&d for all departments of the State Gov- eraSaeo suBs'tanttal reliance cari: be placeJyon any other sources of retenue thinPthc annual J.eviesu-"- .f-.y :-,: .x -Thewholaamoujitofdll3ur8ments Iunns 1855J" upon all accounts, waa$3, balance in tho Treas ury at its close, was 5193,276 wtjf the seve1- rl :tt anchwof collection and .disburse went will present, .in a still clearer light, tteJinancial transactions, of the ycar.r fcaa th: support of the Stte-Govern': riaat and Institutions there .was collected dufcia&xUM rjeT;fwm,lavies , on . the Qitfifc-Uatelhiimt ef.GO,(HI;-B cifct foi lieen6c and- auction duties: fwokt the P.n.ite$tiary; froniE taxes oa liatoisjaji jEroah claim collected,: to-. geShcr . with 'the jbalaB,ce at the cioso of 145&8,-wcraaeod, this sum to $884107 lite hi.; un -several , amounts, ,' not jirOpof lyjooastituAog revenue, should be idted,, leaving the true sum for dis burse meat $8b'8.950:- Of this there was dkfcnrsed jduring the year, 782,585. -v-r v inupu uiu uuii cjluuli v rep restrevenue,' eft neither did .the. dis bursement precisely represent expendi : tusvsru For Example, tho sum of S63, 460.fharged as.! disbursed when the real Jransactidn was the placing of old "iairasf .nominally of that amount, in the nanos ei me proper officers for eolrec tbrifand; the ;sum of.890,200 was - simi Ufclj ft hargedwhea ' the whole amount was paid, 'oof for general purposes, but ou accouoti ot Jfu Wic Works, under,, the direction .of ;;yourr.predeccss,ors. " The actual disbursements for the Executive, Legislative ?apd Judicial (departments, und .all. the benevolent and reformatorv State? Institutions,-: including the Peni tentiary, were, therefore; 6626,338. . The balafcce remaining was $101,591?:: -ForrUie expenses of the Public Works there wa received,, from tolls and water--. wntaaa thai Ohid Canal, $71,442; on the Jliami- and kne Uanal S 1 14,337; on the llskinguni Improvement 18.274;; on he HockingCanall7,301; ontho Wal Jjoediog Canal j : ?475; i on .the ..Western Reserve and IMaumee -Uoi,d 82 181: n theltatiohal Uoadf $5,551; from sales of .Uanal olaads,: 5j1G,, and! from ".'other uoazocSy WZl; in !alU $246,781 s The -diarsements were $336,982,,: f The ap jparehtexe'ess' of outlay ever income was, therefore,. $90,200, and this amount was jyud from? th. General Jletemiey as has just been. stated. - Ui this sum, however, JJ4,034was . expended' in; payment for theiJkewistowaB,eservoir, and for other -'. special purposes, outside of " the : proper l-cpairsrof the year : The real excess of cost over receipt was $6,170 4- ) For . common schools, there were col lected oh. 'the; grand list, $1,248,797. Theae were also collected-on the gen eral list: tor schools, but as. part of the levyYfor. Sinking- Euad, $153,695.69 1 his sum :was 'ihe: interest on the Irre dudblegfDebt, oreated by the appro- pnajtoir : oi-ina , proceeas oi tne sciiool lands fc.tO:i general ;,State ,; purposes. The. two? sumswith the balance from the preceding year,, formed an aggregate for school purposes of $l,418,647;. of which ' werealisbursediJySeSS, leaving a-bal anco df $52,71 9..r:' f-;?h p-M:.i iThe;! amount t collected or'iSchool, Libraries, already stated, with : the bai-: ftnee of the preceding year, was 80,173; The j amount -disbursed Nwasr - $79,579, Joavi ng balance xf $ 5 93; s S ; ? ; : -,;- -i3?0r payments of debt-, and interest, iJiere waV collected from: levies, $l,029r 124; rof ,:which $740,97ft .were for the general; purposes, j)f the Sinking Fund, ami $288454 were x forr thfeiireimburse ment or the? Temporary Loan..-. There xre aisTeceived for the Sinking Fundj . from Surplus Revenue deposited i with t?cmnties,: tfrora-sales f School, Lands, from. CAnalf. Turnpike and Railroad div idends and from a few : other; compara tively c unimportant sources $145,952; and there were returned to the Treasury, oXiiohy drawn Ifor. the paymentv-of in-, ter'esty $28,112. ? These sums, with the balance; of 67,050 from 1858, amounted to $1,270,238; which was the amount ap plicable to Sinking Fund purposes in lb3vrOf this amount, $883,070. were msed to: pay .interest on Foreien Debt; litiie n.;th Domestic Debt: $153,800 ; Qtf -the Irreducible-Debt;. $12,759: were t applied m payment, of the expenses! of te. una Commissioners, : jncluding the cost of a vault for their office; $1,300 in ; discharge of a claim ordered Jo be paid . by the -last General Assembly and $62, 523: iu purchase of bonds of the Tem porary Loan, and other bonds to be used in its payment. , cThe aggregate expendi' tnre was S1.141.684-: and a. bnlanBTWBa loft in th6 Treasury of $12854.r Jx't Ut it. iBJbe" Se&a jthat 'therevehue pm Ttded byjaw fot the payment of interest ik thelPublic Debt, r noi lncludingj the . ' Temporary Loan, was insufficient for that m ... DTirposeij.'Aoeriiamount ; .wantmsr.M'waa about ? 114,000.1 i There being, however,' ju the -treasury a. large sum belonging to. the jpiskmg if una, derived lrom the ievy for iht Temporary Loan, but not needed tnougni Deuer to .suppiy tneraeBeient amount. irom that source than .to resort ta't1i power to impose additional levies; vestfidhy the. last General Assembly. -in the-Auditor of State, i The public inter-cai.-was perhaps best consulted in this action; but it involved a departure from thatTirovision-of the Temnorarv Loan X 1 L Act?1 which requires the proceeds of thej vies for its payment to be absoluieljfn reserved from all other apphcations;asd 'it -mav well be cruestioned whether ; anv . 4 j advantage gained . by i such L departure ought to -prevail over the considerations whieh Cnjoin strict compliance with the leap-.?: It as obvious however, tfiat the additional levies necessary to provide for the interest of the debt should nave been unnnacd bv the General Assetfiblvitself. folly advised as it was, to thr amount of interest and the inadequacy or tne pro vision made for it. - The Responsibility of the necessary : taxation should have been assuuied by the Legislature instead of being imposed uponrthe Auditor. . . -' A tabular statemeSt ahpended to this communication, andiumbered I, exposes,! at one Tiew: tho number ot acres ot land en the Grand Lis their valaoj tlie value of taxable town1ots and chattels,-"the; several- aggregas yf Stafe;. bounty and local ley res, ad i therates of -'levjr for State purposei-in . each, of .the last-eight jeirsIt wll be teen that the : a-verage rate of txdiqv'& the- first half -of that ttto "exceded; considerably" that in-' the. kstlialfl wfule the aggregate revenue t irhe tasirlialf exceeded that of the fi!rst hisulwai todcKed by therlareer aver4ge'a'8ii f taxation' in' 'theiast pe- .! W&' forr school '- purposes 'and the ontntiaf debts contracted in'the first Jt-xAr-.tzs.'.-iii- f&zf.i it-t -5 ? :- "t ji.-A'v-o'Tf,irav ii:Tinent:'asnlterea, VUVlUt 7 TI, will show the yearly disbursements -. -T ; for Legislative, J udicial and Executive expenses; for the expense of the Benevo- Ieut and lleiormalory Institutions; and on. '. account of the Public Works, for three periods of four years each tho fijst immediately preceding; ;and the two others immediately following the adopv tioh jof the "existing Constitution. " It will be seen, upon inspection of it; :that the expenses were largely increased alter the - adoption Of the'- Constitution; but that they have, been considerably less during the third than during the second of these periods The average yearly expenditure from 1848 to 1851 was $738, 775; from 1852 to 1855 inclusive, adding to the apparent amounts the unauthor r rred-'debto-eoiitwMedrWtliin-hdee- years aad subsequently paid,. $1,095,824; from Ib&tkto.lpoy inclusive; .deducting trom apparent amounts payments on , account, of debts previously contracted, $995,533; When it is remembered that during the last, period the? Public Works have be come a eharg.c-..upoa ; the Geueaai .Rove nuq; that two ;ne.w. Reformatory Institu tions hayebeeQ organized: that largead- ditions have: been.:'.mado ;,t(J .the list of judgesj-ihat the Comptroller 's office has beeii.teatedt that four, sessions of the Legislature have been held; that a num ber of salaries, especially of judges ; and officers on the . Board of Puplic Works, have been, increased, and that other new expenditures have been directed by the Legislature,, may it not be hoped that the results of those four years will be accep ted as evidence at least of a sincere de sire and endeavor, on the' part of the Ex ecutive Officers, . to perform faithfully their duties to the people? . .-Besides the advance from the Treas ury for repairs of the Hocking Ganal, which has been heretofore explained to the Legislature and will be again fully explained ia this communication, I am aware of no expenditures beyond appro priations and jio debts incurred without authority,; during the . last two bienniai periods, which will embarrass the finan ces, or oppress the revenues of future years. v? , . t -t . - Permit me now to invite ;vour atten tion to soAie observations upon the Pub lie Debt f the State. That debt, I need hardly repeat, is;of two descriptions; the Reducible : and the 'Irreducible... ; The former represents loans from capitalist; the: latter -represents 'thfe proceeds: of School s Lands cranted .by Congress. - Hhc former may be reduced by payments; tho latter must continue to-increase as long as tlie proceeds-of school lands aire used and funded as cow directed by law, and under the existing pledge of six per cent, to the purpose for which the Sehool Lands Avere granted. 1 . ,iln January. 1845, after the complctipn of the Public Works, and aftertheaban donment of the policy of aid . to iPublie Improvements by State subscriptions to the tetock of Railroad, Canal and Turn pike Companies, the entire debt was $19, 251,170; of which the Reducible Debt was $1779G,057, and the .Irreducible $1,455,123. :-f 3 i,: . From that time the Reducible Debt was gradually diminished, until the - de falcation and-debtss contracted in antici pation, of revenue created a necessity for the Temporary .Loan ,ot $700,000, which was authorized byyour predecessors and negotiated in -1858, and is reimbursable on ih& 1st J uly, I860, and 1st March, 18611 u fiiAt thd close of 1859 the ntire debt was thus constituted: The Foreign Debt was $13,621,85r20; the Domestic Debt, $275,385? 'making the whole Reducible Debf; $13,897,242 20;: the Irreducible Debt'was $2,534,076 95; and the Tem porary Loan $700,000, making a total of $17,131,319 la. trom this amount may properly be deducted $288,154, already collected for part payment of the Temr porary Loaa. i-1 ' - : :-... . It will be eceh that in : sixteen years tho Public Debt has been- reduced only by the sum of $2368,680., ..The. sums receivediu the-saiae time from Surplus Revenue,' sales of Lauds, from the Public Works, and a few 'miscellaneous sources other than taxes, were $6,687,947; The greater part, "of course was applied in payment ot interest, instead or reduction of principle ; r -. ; . , ;: - Provisions ; of the new Constitution prohibited the increase and required the gradual extinction ot the debt. An act of the las. General Assemblv was intent ded to secure that result. It authorizes, whenever any portion of the debt shall become payable, the issuing of new bonds to an amount sufficient to discharge it, Those new. bonds are to be ; made paya able in. such installments that ifle an nual levy required by the . Constitution will supply the means fpr theiSpaymcnt in full at maturity; and the set requires their payment accordingly without re newal and without delay;. . - "This: plan, if persistently adhered to, will certainly extinguish jfhe whole le ducible -Debt: bui the operation will re quire thirty-one yearsfhd many circum stances may occur tcfisuspend or irus- trate -its result. Myjbwn impression; is, thafi the wishes of le people will be bet ter consulted by provision tor -earner payment andfconjequent relief from tax ation for ihiereiKi Should your opinion be otherwise'ou .will -do hotliing,: I trust to impaJv but everything to secure the certaintof payment within the time limited byahe act. :-. ; - ;. ; .--Ottihe,st';of7JaeHaryf 1861, if it be the pjeaafee of the:State, t$6,413,325 27 of the febt may be paid.. The contract of loaikf however, does not impos.e the obligation of paymentat that time. . . .The whdfe duty of the State will be performed bypunctual payment ? of interest, and s.-h provision for the discharge of the principal as may be required by the in terests and wishes of the people. , Whether it be thought expedient or not to adopt the scheme of payment pro posed by the act of last year, some change will probably be found necessary in the description of bonds to be issued. That act, as originally framed, and as it passed the Senate an unanimous vote, contained provisions exempting from taxation the bonds to be issued under it, and also a judicious discrimination in favor of loan takers within the State. , It was amended 'in the House by striking out the provis ion for exemption, and in that shape be came law.; . The discrimination in favor of domestic bondholders was thus con verted.; into -a 'discrimination . against tfiem;: for, under the law asit now stands, taxation of bonds will not reach foreign holders; 1 1"' suggest ' the expediency, therefore,- of 'authorizing the Commis sioners" of the Sinking Fund, if they sball bo-of. opinion that the interests of the (State require 'the payment ot the debt-uponi-r the- accrualof the-- right of payment tb provide tor it eitherby. new bonds,5jat any- fate - of - interest: not ex ceeding fiv per ! irent. reimbursable .at pleasure 'f after a'term o not", exceedi ng ten years, W by bonds issued as contem.-. platod: by the-- act, nd bearing interest hot eXceeding -"six 'per 'cent. In either cflsethe bonds should 'carry upon their fee a stipulation : expressing their true character, as subject or not not subject to dPreduction bv taxation or othe lerwipe.- - 11 iHyhdrtdS ot- tneotate are to oe iaxea - ' ;nr a", mere is iar more reason ior uicu 11 a 1 I' A k X A U . I taxation in, the hands of the foreign than of thej -domestic holder.;-; Neither I should be taXdd, or both. Both should j bo taxed, if at all, not by uncertain as j.:-. sessments, but by reserving from' pay ments of interest sums equal to the av erage taxes for allj purposes, on other property of equal value. If 'it" be ob jected to this mode of taxation, that it takes back with one hand the interest paid with the other, and . is therefore equivalent to a mere refusal to pay the full rate stipulated, the answer is obvi ous, that the same objection applies, just as forcibly, to every mode of taxing bonds given for money loaned to the State. It is a very serious, and, in iuy judgment.,aainsuperable objection, un less the right of taxation be reserved oh the face of ;'the bonds when issued. Whether bonds "bearing such reserva tions will find takers, can only be deter mined by trial. " That they will not, is more than probable; and if they will not, it, is certain that the taxation or btate bonds is alike impolitic aud unjust. ; I recommend, therefore, such legislation as will give the suggested discretion to the Commissioners, fix beyond liability to alteration the rate of ..interest, and se cure the control, reductionand final pay ment of the' debt, at the earliest time and in the most ecouomical mode. - The two great lines of canal, includ ing the Wabash -and Erie, with : their feeders, cost $12,110,120; the other ca nals, with the Muskingum Improvement, and the Western "Reserve and Mauniec Road, cost $3,467,112 and the amount subscribed to turnpike and railroad Com panies, was $3,226,690, making an ag gregate cost of $18,803,922. . For "a number of years the net reve nues derived froin" these works though never sufficient to pay the cost of the in vestment, were very considerable. Tho competition of railroads, however, soon deprived them of a great part of the business on which reliance had been placed , for increase," and at length a marked decline took plaee. Within the last few years the outlay for repairs and improvements have succeeded the in come. The real deficiency last yCar, af ter deducting the extraordinary disburse ments directed by the Legislature, was not large; but there is littia room for hope that it will be less hereafter, while there is much ground, for- apprehension that it will be greater, It will certainly be greater, unless the introduction of Steam uavigation, or other circumstances now unforeseen, shall enable the canals to sustain, at less disadvantage, the railroad competition. The cost of these works ho;weyer,-has doubtless been repaid to the State in the increased value of lands in the couuties through which they ex tend. . And this consideration may wel abate the censures which the debt con tracted for their construction is apt to provoke; while it suggests caution and prudence in dealing 'with interests so important as are involved in their dis posal. . . . -,. I have heretofore expressed the opin- ion that they should not be retained un der State management, if a sale, can be effected at a reasonable price, arid under such restrictions and guaranties as will secure to the people the benefits ox trans porta tion originally contemplated. That opinion remains unchanged.,' JFith eco nomical management in privnto "hands, the canals r can probably be made sum- ciently productive to warrant the invest- ment ot a congidsraJile-Siun in tbiix.jjiirjJ. chase. - . lhe reduction qT the debt by the snme amount, and jelief from taxa tion for intereutj jccoiiimend the sale ;to the people at large; while the suggested restrictions and guaranties will prevent anyloss or inconvenience to the uihabi tants of tlie cana counties. ; ; ; ; ; The State stacks in turnpikes and railroads j?hoai not be included in any sales, uuless the interest on the price wiil equal the.; evenue now . derived from them. I recommend that aufhovity .be given to the Ltoycrnor. to appoint an agent wii ample powers to ascertain the condition of all companies in which the State Jiolds stock. The productiveness ot these investments would,! have no doult, be greatly enhanced by such an investigation. .Should you regard a sale of the Canals S inexpedient, and, in any case,; so long as thev remain under State management. Itnfi nronrifitir fir Kfrir-f. nmnn lanKo in their adiuinistratien, with the directions , . , - - - - - - - - ........... v . ot the Constitution will not be ques tioned. 1 he sepa ratioji ot them into several divisions, and the assignment of each division to the control ot a single member of the Board of Public Works, independent, in most important respects. of the Board itself, seems to me not only inexpedient but of more than doubtful constitutionality. I recommend, there fore, such modifications of the act of the last General Assembly on this subject as will secure to the whole loard the con trol of the Public Works which the Con stitution commits to its superintendence. I also recommend the restoration of that provision of the act of 1854 by which the Governor, with the advice and con sent pf the Seuate, is authorized to ap point collectors and inspectors; and I re new the recommendation addressed to your predecessors; of more stringent pro visions regulating the settlement of ac counts for repairs and other expenses on the . canals'. ; Under the law,' as it how stands, there is too much room for abuse, to the .serious prejudice of the public in terests. - . . -. During the year 1858, as was fully ex-T plained to your predecessors, the sum of ?lb,dii3 was advanced by the Treasurer of State, upon my. advice, concurring with that of the other Executive Officers, for repairs of the nocking Canal, greatly injured and seriously endangered by re cent floods. The emergency did not per mit delay; and as the Legislature had made no provision for extraordinary contingencies, an occasion seemed to have arisen in which pnblic officers ought to take the responsibility of providing the means necessary to protect the btate from great loss, and the citizens, depend ent on the canal for transportation, from great injury. . The responsibility was taken; the means were provided by an advance from the Treasury, unquestion ably the most economical mode; a larger amount than the sum advanced was saved to the Treasury in tolls, and the bene fits of the navigation were secured to the people of the locality. I am still of opinion that this tnoney was prudently and properly advanced.- A public offi cer who; in times of overruling emergen cies,' will not take responsibilities clearly necessary to the public good, as little de serves confidence, as he who rashly as sumes them on ordinary occasions and without necessity, -r It will be for you to., determine whether the action of the treasurer shall receive the legislative sanction which the. last General Assem-j bly omitted toive. , ;t .t;-: . j It gives me j-reut pleasure to sav. that 1 in the department of Public Instruction constant ,.rnrr.Ka nA , menthavebeen conS;c,,oa 1 . Its burdens, however, now ni-ABsrt.vp. . . . r - . wnat tieavily upon the resources of the people. I'rior to the adoption of the" present j Constitution, tho fund annually raised bv ceneral taxation. hn,1 dUt.riWAd the counties, was comoarativelv smalM -r, . .. - ... . T. I For several years the sum for distribu.-;. tion was fixed at y $200,000: less than one-fourth of which . was derived from general taxation. After a time this an nual su in was rcduced,,for a number of years, to $150,000; but finally increased to $300,000. During 'this period iu the history of our schools, somewhat larger sums than that derived from the State were anuually.: raised .by local ; taxation but the aggregates from all sources,' State and local, did not reach one-third of the totals under the existing system. The tax for Schools and School Li-' braries now. constitutes somewhat , more than three-eights of the entire levies for State purposes, and ncarly'one fourth of those for local purposes. The State and local school taxes in 1858 were $2,781, 824, or nearly one-third of the aggregate levies for all purposes. In.-185.1, the same levies amounted to $2,792,178, and bore about the same proportion to the whole. These facts will suggest to the' Legislature and to the local authorities the necessity of prudence and the most : careful economy. , , - , :..v , ,- , Few citizens, I trust, are disposed to abridge the means and opportunities of education now offered to the. youih of the State. They know that the power created by education' and made available in all torms ot labor, in all processes 1 art, and in every sphere of useful action is worth many times its cost. They feel, howeyer, that the cost is great, and care is needed, lest by improvidence and es-J -1 1 ".13 travagance aisanecuon may oe excueu toward a system so beneficent. , . With a view-to. the incre ised efficiency of the system I tfgain direct the atten tion of the Legislature to the propriety of more effective aid to Teacher's Insti tutes, and of some provision, for agents to be appointed by the State Commis sioner to fulfil those duties of addressing public meetings and conferring person ally with local authorities, now imposed on that officer, but impossible to be ad equately performed without prejudice to demands on his time and attention even more important. . ' , : :. . . .. With a view, to greater economy, it deserves inquiry .whether some addi tional limitations may not be usefully imposed on the powers now exercised by the Township Hoards of Education. , The interest of .the Irreducible Debt arising from sales of School Lands is now distributed among the counties according to their - respective interests in -such lands. In "the counties it is again dis tributed among the townships in propor-: tions determined by similar considera tions. ' . . ,. : - .. 1 . ; . : It cannot be doubted that the Federal Government, in granting these lands, in tended equal benefits to all parts of the State. The terms of the grants, however, were originally construed as vesting the title to them in the State for the use of the townships in which the sections six-, teen were situated, or for . the use of larger districts for which provision was made by grants of , land not within their limits. Whether this construction was correct or not, it may not now be worth while to inquire,. It has long been acted oru aud may perhaps be regarded as set-, tied. It defeats, however, to a certain extent, the equal inteut of the grant; im poses great labor on the State and county Auditors; perplexes the public accounts, and embarrasses somewhat the general j operation oi our scnooi system;; Upon examinasion of the apportion ment among the couuties of the whole fund thus distributed, I am satisfied that very little, if any, causo of ' complaint would arise, : if the various divisions, of the Irreducible Debt into Virginia Mil-., itary, United States Military, section siic- teen, section twenty-nine,- Western. Re serve ..and '.Moravian were: consolidated into. one fund, -and the ;. whole -. interest distributed among the "counties ; in : the same proportion as the general- School' Fund. The saving of labor and expense which would be effected by this, reform,, and: tlie clearness amL intelligibility, which it would introduce into our finan cial system, will, in my judgment, warrant ...... i . ..... some compensation to parucuiar counr ties, Bhould it be found that any are de prived by it of revenue, to which they have a just claim, lhe subject is cer-, tainly of sufficient importance and inter est to merit your careful consideration, and as such I recommend it to your at tention. ... The condition of the Benevolent and Reformatory Institutions is,; upon the whole, highly satisfactory.,: ., The number remaining in the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb at the close of the last year, was 153: at the "close of the preceding year,, 150. . A greater number of inmates than the present can not be accommodated, though, for want of room, many equally needy and equally deserving with those now received, must be excluded. The expenses of the past year, were 2o,121, and those ot the pre ceding year 21,'Wa. , A large part,ot;the increase was for necessary repairs and improvements beyond those of ordinary years.: .An appropriation oi ??j;i,ouy is asked for i860; and an urgent request, for a new building is preferred., , Nor should I, hesitate to recommend, new and en larged structures, if the revenue from.the levies of last year would, warrant me in so doing, onouiu you see-. nt to taKe measures for ascertaining the. best loca tion and plan of such structures, and provider for tbe-t-by the necessary levy, 1 do not doubt that your-ttction would be approved by our common con-, stituents. The number of inmates of the Institu tion for the Blind increased from 105 in 1858, to 120 in 1859. The highest num.; ber which had previously enjoyed the benefits of the Institution was 73, ia 1848.;. The constant increase in the number of pupils, and their impi evement, is the highest eulogy upon its manage-, nient. The expenses in 1859 were $18, 837; in .1858, 16;202. The appropria tion asked for 1860, in view of a proposed enlargement, is $26,500. In the Asylum for Idiots, thirty chil dren hove' been received, supported and instructed during the past year, at an aggregate expense of $10,900, exclusive of sums received on account or paying inmates. The expenditure is certainly large, but it includes some payments of debts incurred during the preceding year, and some ;,for rent and - insurance, for which no disbursements are made by the other Institutions. It should be remem-. j bered, also, that the expenses of an asy lum receiving few inmates, must neces sarily be larger in proportion than those j of one receiving many. The number in j the Asylum for Idiots would be doubled . " -. 1 1 . 1 !i J it. if its capacity: admitted of it, and the j outlay would not be materially increased. 1 True economy requires, in my judgment, -J the purchase of. the site and buildings; now.reuted. and the enlargement of. the : latter. - 1 tv thnr;J in TTnm Itnn L.., fnr th Idiotic and Insane.' has """"'Jl . . . ..' . i, v -ntlv i-oin n oted. It is said to i;.' Br,ffi.-.;,,tlw be very c to accommodate with facility, five lar hundred, and, upon necessity, six hunv; dfed inmates. A Board of Trustees has en organized for its government con- sting of one member appointed by ine ad two appointed by the Commissioners Jiamiuon county; 1 hat county, lercforO,- hoW constitutes the South- estet-n Lunatic Asylum District: atid ' e Institution just organized is to re-: (fcive all the idiotic and insane within its limits, to be "supported by a county tax, anu appropriations tronL the btate Treas-: va-y, e ittal in amount to the taxes col iictedjn'the county for.themainteimnce bi State Lunatic Asylums. I am in- "farriied that no such county tax us is de- sunieu ui 111c aui is auinorizeu or levied lq uomuiua tuuuij. DUIIie XjelSiatlOn, tljerefbiej wilj doubtless be necessary Jto provide for its support. 'Thus four"' Lunatic Asylums are now : ijp'en inr the State, capable of receiving a, few more than twelve hundred in mates. Largo as this provision is, it is je sadly, certain that it is not large fluough., Not less than". a thousand ,in sine, needing the benefits of such "instil tutions,: must still rein:iin either wholly .egleeted or inadequately provided for. ; ;I cannot, recommend, however, addi tional public provision. Judicious leg islation regulating county" Infirmaries;' ind authorizing private asylum's.'" would'.' n my judgment, afford all needed relief, ind perhaps dimmish the large expendi tures now borne by the btate. to lhe number ol inmates in eich of the three Lunatic Asylums heretofore or ganized, was less at the' close of the last than at the close of the preceding year. 43i5eicnt reasons for the diminution are Assigned in the several reports. The fact, however, is much to be regretted, though compensated in part by increased success in treatment. It may be safely said. I think, that these Asylums were never in better condition than now. The total expenses of the three Asy lius, during the past year, were 93,427, luuis and the appropriations are 111,670. The gene asked for I860 aggregate of disbursements must be increased during the present year, by the necessary pro vision tor the bouth-westcrn Asylum i ne strictest economy win oe necessary to bring the annual cost ot the lour Asy luuis within limits satisfactory to the people. . ; ;'...; . . ; lhe number ot boys remaining on the btate. Kelorni iarm at the close of 1859 was iu. At tne cioso oi l&os, it was 33. The expenditures during the last jyear were $21,517; of which a large pro portion was for buildings and other per maneut improvements which have added largely. to the value of thefarm as prop erty. 1 his institution has thus lar tul filled the wise and humane design of the Legislature. Its direct agency in refor mation has been quite as efficient as was anticipated, while it would be difficult to measure its utility m the prevention oi prime." ri ' -: :: Under the influence of it3 example In. '1.1L1111 1 ,. austral ocuoois nave ueen organized in Cleveland and Cincinnati for that , class f vagrants and destitute children so dal orphans who cannot be brought into tie Common Schools, and from whose nambers the ranks of crime are coutin uilly recruited. The , Institution at Cleveland offering not only some meas ure of instruction, but employment and food as inducements to attendance, has ben, thus lar, extremely useful, and gives promise of yet greater utility. . ; Va grancy, pilfering, and more serious crime, have .sensibly diminished under its in- JrtrCncC-.ThTrt-- -Oim.lni cently begun, is yet to make proof of its efficiency for good. . . .'...-. - Upon examining the Reports of the various Institutions, you will doubtless observe , considerable differences in amount and value 'of information, and in modes of treatment. ' I have heretofore ; suggested,1 and now renew thesuggestion,- that the. bevc.ral bupei inieudentsor Presr idents.of Boards of Trustees be required to meet at least once a year for consulta tion upon plans of management, and on modes of making tip Reports. I do not doubt that such consultations will pro mote economy in administration; and se cure much clearer, and better statements of its theory, history and results.' " The administration of the Penitentiary, during the last year, was eminently successful.- ; While the number of couvicts increased from 693 to 853, exceeding,the number of available cells by 153, and compelling the use of the chapel and hos pital as convict quarters, the judicious discipline of the prison was such that in dustry, order and. health prevailed in un usual degrees within its walls. It was impossible, at oncer to find profitable em ploymeut for so numerous a body of prisoners, and yet, though expenditures necessarily inc-re ised with numbers, they were exceeded by the earnings of the year, i The two additional buildings di rected by the last General Assembly, are nearly completed, at a 'e6st considerably reduced by the employment !of ' convict labor tin portions of the work.? When finished they will supply 75, additional cells. But the number will still be far too small, and, if prisoners continue to multiply at the present rate, the dispro portion, already inconvenient,'must soon become dangerous.; ,. ' ; ..; i ...... Under a Joint Resolution of yourpre decessors, I appointed a Commission of three citizens to inquire into the' expe diency of further enlarging ' the present prison, or constructing a new one in some other part of the State.. , ;Their report, I presume will soon be submitted to you, and it will be for you to determine what action ia roqurrad by-the public interest I have thought it my duty to exercise the power - of pardon somewhat more sparingly than; most of my predecessors. No light reason has been consciously per mitted to induce interference with the verdicts of juries and the sentences of courts. Still, the number : of cases in whieh I have felt myself bouud to inter pose, has not been very small. In some, the innocence of the prisoner has been made manifest; it others,' mitigating cir cumstances have come to light, whieh, if known, would have abated the rigor of the sentence; and inothers clearevidence of reformation, and exemplary conduct in prison, with , other circumstances, seemed to requre my action. A report will be immediately laid betore you, stating fully each case of pardon, with the reasous: which decided my judgment. : The state of the law in respect to the collection, safe-keeping ' and disburse ment of revenue, will necessarily com mand your attention. The first consid eration, without doubt, in every discuss ion concerning public moneys, is safety. If safety can be combined with general convenience and advantage, ' few will question the wisdom of the combination. Such a combination, in my judgment, may be obtained by providing lor. tne j in coin ! payment of all dues to the btate, in coin or the notes of the specie paying LJanks of Ohio; by authorizing the selection of Banks tiepositanes by tne owte a refute., uur Buitable guards and restrictions, and bv renii r n? auinle ana uiniuestionanie security for .prompt payment of all de: . - , -. ,: 'not. No interest should be taken on posits, on uem .nu, m ri'c-ic . i CJ c deposits except forihe State. All use of public moneys by public officers, and all j attemnis to secure in anv wnv. nrivate .'advanfcige from the deposit or other dis- positioi of public f Btrictlyl prohibited un unds;-should1 be under the severest uenaltvi Sucha system will approach asnearl tn th TnlAninilntTriiaMnr kf vajn ral Government as a due i-eard tn tbe : welfare of the people" will admit; and (.much nearer,-iu my 'opinion, than the system recently adopted. The act of loos, by whicn tnat system was intro duced, contains many useful provisions but their value is greatly impared by its virtual sanction of the receipt of whatever the several County Treasurers may choose to take-m payment ot taxes; by the ab sence of all provision in relation to the exchange of funds; and by its omission to require bonds to the satisfaction of State officers for the safe-keeping and transfer the estate. In the practical execution, of the act the Cpunty Treasurers have generally, re ceived for taxes whatever was current in their counties, ana in some instances, it is said, ehetks of irrdiw Iuals on Banks in thelt vicinity, and have made such ex changes, ofi the funds received for coin or other funds, asthe public interest seemed to rciuiie. That in this action thev were governed by considerations of pub lic convenience and public duty, is not questioned, lhe action ljtselt, however, reveals the defective character of the law. When bank notes are received iu pay ment of taxes, and retained in the Treas ury, the bants issuing tnem, whether foreign Or domestic, are made the real depositaries of the public funds, without interest and without security. . So, where cheeks of private citizens are received, those citizens, so long, as their checks are held, are constituted such depositaries. The virtual requirement by the act of the exchange of currency for coin, and the virtual permission of the exchange of currency for other currency can hardly fail to give occasion to dangerous dealing with the public funds. The act, there fore, seems to me to fail of its intent. Under it a deposit system of the.most un safe description may grow up, and the use of public funds for private benefit can hardly be prevented.' Everything must depend on the integrity of the State and County Treasurers.. s ' .-. ; ... B ; I see no way of escape from these diffi cultiest except by substituting for this system of indirect deposits and hazardous exchange, a thoroughly guarded plan for the direct deposits of all moncysreceived, without exchange, with selected deposi taries, from whom ample securities have been required and taken; or by .the adop tion, in lull, ot the JL ederal system, pro vidingfor the appointment of Sub-Treas urers, requiring from them ample bonds, and prohibiting the receipt, for public dues, ot anything but coin,, or, ; at most, specie notes of Ohio banks.;- Even such notes could not be received without con stituting the banks, to the extent of such receipts, public depositaries without se curity. Of two such alternatives as these, it can hardly be doubted that, under ex isting circumstances, the former will re ceive the approval of tlie people. In former communications, I have re peatedly recommended to legislative eon sideration the interests of onr Agricul ture." Of the entire products of the State, moe than half is in farms; Of the entire taxation . of the State,, much more than half is paid by farmers. To protect their interests and prcmote their prosperity, must bo prominent objeu U4pi legislation.- Sit ggertions fitttHhi!1? lation to these objects, meriting careful consideration, will be found in the Agrv cultural Report and in the Resolutions of the btate Board of Agriculture. Per init me, also, to renew a suggestion here tofore made, of additional provisions for premiums to be oiiered in the btate and County Agricultural Societies. . And may I not add that the resumption and completion of the Geological Survey of the- btate, with special reference to agri culture and mining, could not 'MI to ben efit all interests connected with; the soil? An act of the last General Assembly directs the judges cf eleetiens to reject tlie votes of persons who may appear to have a distinct and visible admixture' of African blood. It is not very easy to determine what is a distinct admixture, of that description .of , blood, or when it may be said to be visible. It is quite certain' however, that it is beyond the power of the Legislature- to enlarge or abridge the right of suffrage defined by the Constitution. By that instrument it is restricted to white male citizens. , The question, who are included in the de-seription,-is not for the Legislature, but for the Courts: : An attempt to decide it by enactment must necessarily be mis-v chievous, both in itself and. as a prece dent. The act referred to is not only such an attempt, but it . gives : ta judges of elections," under a loose and uncertain rule, a large and dangerous power, capa ble of being perverted to extreme abuse. I therefore recommend its repeal.,. ; The Constitution declares that there shall be no slavery in this State, ner in voluntary servitude, except ibr punish-? incut of crime. , lo give eueqt to ting provision and to arrest the practice, be coming common through impunity of seizing and taking out of the State, with out any warrant of process of' law, per sons claimed as fugitives from service, though often, in fact, free, I recommend the re-enactment ot the acts repealed )by the last General Assembly, 'prohibiting slaveholdlng and kidnapping in Ohio, and securing more effectually the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus Four years since, the military force of the btate was thoroughly disorganized. The public arms- a large property were scattered through the counties, and in danger of total loss. ; No adequate se curity, in the form of bonds or otherwise, protected the State. against that hazard. The laws made no sufficient provision, either for discipline or organization. This condition of things naturally at tracted the attention of the General As sembly, and successive laws have been enacted, designed to remedy existing evils. Under these laws, considerable quantities of arms have been 'collected, and either 6old, if useless, or if worth re pair, niaae nt lor service, a respectable force of volunteers has- been organized and officered, and, as far as practicable, disciplined. This force no constitutes a fitting nueleus for an organization en tirely competent to all probable emer gencies. As law is the expression of the public will, so police is the expression of the public force. A bpdy of volun teer militia, not unnecessarily large, but well ordered and efficient, is an impor tant element of police, ana affords, in ex traordinary emergencies, a necessary guarantee of order and peace.. Much credit is due to many public spimea citizens tor tneir ettorts, both as J spirited citizens for their efforts, both as j omcers ana men o promote retorm ana d,se,phne in mih ary Jprgainzutioni and ; . ' t : J ?ua. tne uaner usterueneral lor tneir un- iuuu.s iu iuRt eiiu. lut'ir re- ports exhibit t-learlyUie present condi- ti,in..inrt noo, u nf t no! l,,.n..:.l tl,n r,nK. licservk e. .and :Jhc. suggestions, will, - ..v uj F".".- doubtless, receive your attentive consid- eratisn, I invite your attention to the increased expense of public printing. This results in part Irom defects in the act regulating the" subject; and in part from the riiode in wfticn tne reports; ot the several; In stitutions are prepared. f The evil nay bo remedied to a considerable extent by authorizing the" Secretary jf State to pre? scribe the mode in which documents shall be printed, and also the mode in which the statements of receipts anl ex- penmtures by the several Institutions shall be made. All the official Reports, directed by law to be printed prior to the meeting of the General Assembly, except those of the Attorney Oeneral and the Coniniis giouer of Common Schools, delayed by the' remissness of "county ""arid Io'caI""offi- cers, nave been more promptly made than in any previous year; and all, except that of the Auditor iof State which is in the hands of the printer, have been printed and ae ready to be laid before you. They will be transmitted to each House Without delay.' -;- : .- r r It becohies mjrduty to lay before you, in -compliance with the request of the Governor of New York' the Concurrent Resolutions of the Senate and Assembly of that State, condemning the - African Slave Trade; and protesting against the re-openirig of that inhuman traffic. .'The people of Ohio, without distinction ot party, and alriiost without individual ex ceptions, unite in reprobation of the traf fic and its revival. ! - ' ; - With these resolutions, I also trans mit for your information, copies of letters addressed by the Governor of Virginia to the President of the United States and to myself, and of my reply ; to that ad dressed to me. :: ; ia . I doubt not, gentlemen, . that 1 ex- nressed your own sentiments, as well as those of our common constituents, when I declared my conviction that it is the duty of the Executive authorities ot Ohio to exercise whatever power the law may vest in them for the ; suppression of un lawful combinations against the peace and safety of other nembers.of the x -ederal Union, nd that the people of Ohio, while they wilt gutter ho invasion ot their. own territory, will countenance no invasion of the territory of other States; but, ex pecting from them the fulfillment oi ev cry constitutional obligation, will require of their own authorities the prompt per formance of reciprocal duties; u - While we will not disvow just ad mi ration of noble qualities, by whomsoever, displayed, we: must not the -4essj but rather the more, earnestly' 'condemn all inroads into States, not merely at peace with us hut united to us by the bonds of political union, and all attempts to excite within their borders, servile' insurrec tions, necessarily tending to involve the country in the calamities of civil, as well as servile war. - -iy -. ;: n-t-y ' That a spirit of distrust and alienation has arisen in the country, it, were idle to deny. That it? is not shared,, in ' any great degree, by the masses in either sec tion, is, I trust, equally true. The peo ple desire Union and Concord; not Dis cord and Disunion.- '.,- , s. .', Claiming no absolute exemption from blame in behalf of. the free States, we cannot admit their liability to Exclusive censure."- ' '. : ' :' :-'-. nS ) In ! repeated instances, without- preT. tenc-e of iustification; the. territory Of Ohio has been clandestinely entered, and peaceful inhabitants, guilty of noi crime Tout color, n I 11 '1 1 l, ! 1 1 . dui color, Dif -i Dcen crueiiy jsiunappeu; ase. Act. nceessa)rily;rt- pugnant Toluiblic sentiment, and be licved by a Barge majority to be uncon stitutional in some of its cospicuous pro visions, if not in its origin has been ex ecuted within - her limits with -circumstances of aggravation which could not fail to excite the deepest feeling; and cases have not been wanting where, her citizens, traveling on lawful . business in Slave States ba mere suspicion of.: eb-i noxious sentimehts,.have Jbeen aubjected to espionage',and indignity ;to and. arrest and imprisonment.;. To these particular causes of complaint must be added to the general grievance of the repeal of the Missouri Prohibition, .manifesting the determination of a large majority of the slaveholding class to extend slavery throughout the National Territories. .-! :i Notwithstanding these causes of com plaint, and in confidence expectation of their ultimate removal through the in fluence of better information rand juster se.ntiments, the people of Ohio have lield fast to the Constitution and ibe'nioi. They have ever respected all the riglits of all the States land of all the citizens of the States.- They, have never resisted with illegal force . eyen the execution of the Fugitive . Slave Act by federal offi cers acting under legal warrants. ' :( W'"T Ohio has uttered no menace of disunion when the American people have seen .fit t. entrust the. powers of;, the. Federal Government to citiz.ens of other political views than those o,f a' majority of her citizens." No ' threats of disrinibtf in a similar contingency "by citizens of other States" will excite in- her any-?sentiment8 save those, of sorrow, and reprqbation.f-: They will not move her from her course. She will neither dissolve the Union her self nor consent to" its . dissolution by others.'" ; i i ' ,:'; .-a :.iu l.-t : Faithful to the coyenant of the Ordir nance, , she will resist the, extensionof Slavery; confirmed in the principles pf the Constitution, she will oppose its-'nationalization: true to'the feith in which her youth was nurtured, and calm. in the consciousness of her .matured, strength, she will abide in, the .Union, and, under the Constitution, maintain Liberty." ' '" Let us hope that" good Counsels may yet prevail; that differences may be com posed by a return to the faith of the Fathers, and to the original policy of the Republic; and. that our wbole country, thus relieve from existing causes of dis sension, may once "more present to the admiration of the world the spectacle of a great and prosperous community of truly United States, protected in their industry and defended in their rights by the equal laws and impartial administra tion of State'and Federeal Governments. To this end, at least, let no efforts of ours be wanting. ; ,, ,,S. P. CHASE,-. roT.rMns...lannnrv 9. 1P00. P8MEHOT MARKETS. .Mondat, Jan. 16, I860. ' 5.506.00 brl. ....1.051.10 ?S bush. ...4i45c. " :. 5560c. J " .......$1.001.50 " ....,.,.....1.5(f . $3.25 " . . 15(nil8c. $ lb. .....8Tl2jSc $ lb. ,......15c. doz. . 5560c. g.-vl. ;.......75S1.00 i jpiL ..'., 10llc.39 lb.' 1216c. " 6(SV7c. " ..:V....5(Sil0c; P ." .151f)C. " ;.:::,:.-. ...jc.- " .............lOc. P ' Flour Wheat Oats.... Potatoes.,.,.. Apples (green'; Dried Apples., Dried Peaches. Butter Cheese...... Eggs Molasses Sirup.......... Sujrar (N.O.J Coffee liice....: ............ ........ ?J,?; Fi8ll (M-,ckercl ).:... Fisll ,whitei........... , ...e. V " ,.. ,..,...'. 9l Oe: " !i(S),in0i fi " , t,10c. V- " : .12e. " ret. Tc; wholesale "c- 3 " l'ickleii l o K , H.o,.l.lerS. S'ufrs imokcl).., Hams IIpop, Poles..,...',... Salt.,,.,'...,... .retail $6.00 33 1,00'J. 25c.; wholesale ' bush TRANSFERS OF' REAL ESTATE. The following transfers of Lands were ma4e on the Books of the Auditor oi Meigs County for the week ending Jan. 14, 1860J ;;i; " BETi,OBD Tp. Arthur and Anderson Story' ''tit' Joseph L. Atkins, 3 acres iir sec. 23; $206v : Horace Atkins to Joseph L. Atkinsf Nacres in sec 29; $700. Lebanon Tp. Elias W. Browning to' John H. GaH lot in Portland; $112. ' Olive TpT fB.-E.?Parker?to James Hugg, 104 acres irf sec. 32;' $500. JaS.' Hugg to J. B. Ttffben,-135 acres in sec. 32; 8900. Salem Tp. JohiPiLl Parkinson ;to H. II. McElhinny, 13f aeres in sees. 9 and" -10; $2,000r SAtfsBtjRVjTp;-. Pomeiy oJ Adarii Reuther acre in sec.-20' 800. i; Pomeroy. C. .Wv, Dabney io fsaao Train, Lots Nos. 332. 333. 334; 335 and": '"'' " 'A'Jt Ait i i; if V- 5 01 ' On the 28th Dec, at the residence of Mrs.' Moses Spicer, by Rev. A. C. Kcllev. Mr. Ho- KATJO G.KniT4, o JaiiQOrt.A Miss5 Olive Wallace, of Chester Tp., Meigs Av . ; ; Cincinnati Market. '. CiRi ismri, January 12, 1860. Floce Tlie demand continues limited and'. . the market is quiet. :: The sales were confined. toi00: brls. extra at $5.463.5p. ; . , s -..r,,' , Hooa -The receipts were moderate, and the market ruled dull, and prices must be quoted. 10 per cent, iower. Prices range from $6.05 ic 6.'60for Hogs" weighing: from 180 t 250 16s."' H" ' Wheat The market continues firm, with a. good demand at $1618 for prime White j and $L201J22. for prime-Bed.,; , J,.u, j. ,';.,; -. Coax The : demand - continues f good, and prices have advanced 2c. per bush. . We quote it at 5758c. per bnshi " "' '" "" ' ." Oats Market firm, with a' good demand " " 4849c'.,'in bulk. '"-"'-":'t u:r x-ri 'h - iV-- Rvb The demand asf active, with -light r oeipts, and prices firm at $1.05.i ..i -. f r. .; Uarlby There is a fair, -demand, and prices steady at ,70c. .;. ,;. ,.-..; -. t ... i it.' Hat The demand'' continues active, rknd 1 prices firm,' at'S24 per tun, on arrival. "''" Bcttee The demand is fair, and prices firm' " at 15c. for Central Ohio and 17c for Western, ., Reservei:.;'f . ' y - ;.-;!- r,ii t. i i CuEESE-y-The .market, ia firm,, Sales of W. Er at 9ic' 5--:f.-- ,.: ... , ... C' ArrLES The demand is fairh at $225325;. from store.. . . i ' PoTATOES--There1 ia" 'good -'demand,-' and prices firm at $1.75 per brl. for: Keehannocksj from, stora-. hfi-: liiitlxf-l.- Cloverseed The demand-, is good prices firm at$4.604.65. i . v .; - : j fti .,''. SPECIAL. NOTICES.- MSOTICE. The Board of: Directors; -tif the "Meigs Co. Agricultural Association" will meet -at the Court House in Pomeroy,' oh Thursday the 19th day of January, 1860" 't 7jiUimi 50-Ut."'. ; , .,,,..,,,, Geo.. McQgigo, Se. 1 RELIGIOUS NOTICE. The Kev J. P; Stew- " art, of the New Jerusalem Church; will deliver -a course of ; lectures on th6 'first . Chapters of" Genesis, at the 'Academy .Rooms,, commencing -Friday evening,. the 20th inst, and to. continue every evening, thereafter till the 2Tth. Tbe ; pnblic are invited to attend."' ' ""' ''?'.''' '' Mrl Ste'wirt will also preach in ihe Same place en Sunday, 22d" insi4 at II o'clock A. M,; "and in Middleport at 2.P.- afid at Keyger- 4 ville ob tie 2JtUin8t., r Pomeroy-, Jat iS.jSQlj- 'c Teacbees. The Board of School E- aniineis tor JMeigs Lounty,wiil meet on.tue first Saturday of each month, 'at. the Court -House, in Pomeroy, i'or,; the '' examination' of Teacjiersifi ; ':-; ; ':;' "s-t; ".'.-'':!:' jU ' Examination to commence at 10 'clock A and continue till 4J P.' M.u"r ! ' y. n'" - SNo Teacher need apply at such exami nation,, who has a certificate valid for three months from the date of said application. ' By order of the Boai-d; Mi " ' ,i i Jan. 1800. W. H. LASLEr,.ae?k. V Hollow ayV PiLisft te' Tinrd forepersons who hnVubean wenkenedflnd emacintud by yurs of (ivk aeta. to believe Ibat tlrey cub be restored to tren(th unl vigor bj auy mcdicuit. Th.-y have perhaps tried twenty physicians nod a hundred 4,apeci8c,;' with out avail. Ifover mi ml; wo at l he in for tbair Wa suk n in try one Wore--HoHoway's' all-i-on qnerin remedy. 1 The Pills as guroly repair the ravage of disease, renovate the interim) orjana, brace Hnd ta vigorate ,llie dilapidated system, restore ; the appe til.-, and, as a cons quence, piye' buoyuiu-y U the animal spirit.-!, as the dew Slid ratli refresh the with-i ered herbs and flowers. This is the language hot 6 f eulupy but of exiierience. .-. u . y i ' MABTUt HAT?,;, s f';, "f Attorney-at-lw, Harrisp'nville,' MeigsCo. O, will promptly attend to all 'business that' may be ientfust'ed to his;icare,'iri ' the 'several' State Courts of Ohio,and in the U. S. Court for the Northern and Southern Distriqts of Ohio. ,,,3-3 BOOKS! BOOKS!! , I BIBLES ;from I0c. 4o one d6llaf," Wocheim's Church History, Clark's Com. on the Bible, do.' on New.Testamenty jPickls Vorks, Chain of Sacred .Wonders, Plutarch, : .Spectator, Rollin, Federalist, Say's political Economy, Revelations by A.'J, Davis, Dow's'orks, Pilgrim's Progress, Bnnyah's complete works, Hay wird's Gazetteer, Benton-a Abridged : Debates,! Benton's SO yean, Book of the World; Fleet-wood's Life of Christ, Josephus' Works. Expedition' to Japan,, Digest, of O. Reports, Swan's" Statutes, and "a general variety of Misc'eiian'eous Books, Stationery fcc, at publisher's' prides.' viini-:t f lJan, 180;! -ui I. W. H. RKMIKK3TON. i ; i. - . !'i . "i ! . : (- ..... , . ' ; ; "i" ' ': .fiherllT'a. Sale.. . i ," William TIHod, A1n'r of Richard J. Tilton, dacd, . ',.! .-,. ra.'Kan las MrSll."i' ;i 'i BY Virtue of an order of sale' to me directed .from the Court of Common Pleas of Meigs county, I will offer for sale at he door of the Covirt-house, in Pomeroy,, at 11 o'clock A..Mn . ) On theiOti tky of Febntqryil the following described lands and tenements, toi wit: 160 acre lot No. 1165, in town No. 4, in ' section No. 9, of range 11, of the Ohio Compa ny s purchase, tn Meigs county, and sola as the properly of Rasselas-McNeil, at: the! suit of William Tilto. Administrator of .Richard, J. Tiltonj dee'd. Appraised at $8O0.OU Terms' of sale, cash. ' J. JWHITE; S.'M. C. Jan. 13, 1 860. 3-5t : ' ' - ' 3.00 - Sberlff'a SaleJ ., , ; , H. H. Swallow v. Georir Slivein, surviving part ner of Jessie Stafford, Oee'd.- BY virtue of an' execution to to me directed from the Court of Common Pleas of Meigs county, I will offer for sale in the old mill, on -lot No. 220, in Pomeroy, at 10. o'clock a, m,, : On the ZOth day of January, 1860, , one Carding Machine, and sold as the property of George Stivers, surviving partner of Jesse Stafford, dee'd, at the suit of H. H. Swallow. Terms of sale, cash.' '-' J. J. WHITE, S. M. C Jan. 13, I860. 3-3 ' U i j 1 00 ' t -: i i. .i Sheriff's Sale.' ... . J. and J.. P. Ftpioor & Co, y, E S. Edward. BY virtue of ah order of sale to me directed from the Court pf Common Pleas of Meigs County, I will offer for sale, at the door, of the Court-house, In Pomeroy, at 10 o'clock, a.' K - -- - On the 18A day of February, 1860,'j Zi l tho following desoribed lands, and tenements to-wiu Part of fractional part of one hundred I acre lot jno. ya in Salisbury township, in said ( county: beginning at the south-west cortiCi- of ' Mrs. Thomns'! Lot; thenec -south "24 west GO j feet to a stake; thence south 89 east fect to , a stake; thence north 24 east to a stake in the : line of Mrs. Thomas' lot; thence west to the place of beginning: also Tot No. 9, in n sub division of snid fractional part of 100 arre lot -No. 2, ling the same, two lots sold to E. S. Edwards by T. A. Phsnts. Sold as the propl erty of E. S. Edwards, at the suit of J. & J. p. Stciner & Co. ' Apprised at S900.O0. Terms f sale, wish. ' '3.3. WHITE." s! M r -Jn;-14, J860-S-5t 3.00 1 v.. t i "3 - . t : J- ! it ? -z f - ? 1 1 0. . . : Jut , f""