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Pomeroy weekly telegraph. [volume] (Pomeroy, Meigs County, Ohio) 1860-1866, January 17, 1860, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038184/1860-01-17/ed-1/seq-2/

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It ia (o be olEcrrol, moreover, that iupre
Ilia tbo whole realized from all, sources,
? (except levies, is cither absorbed J by the
expenses of the Pahlio "Works, the
lVtontiarj, or specifically appropriated
U the. Sin.kiu.g- Fuad far the payment of
iotereet and principal of the Public Debt.
For the i annual expenses 'of the State
in Education, for Benevolent Institutions
a&d for all departments of the State Gov-
eraSaeo suBs'tanttal reliance cari: be
placeJyon any other sources of retenue
thinPthc annual J.eviesu-"- .f-.y :-,: .x
Iunns 1855J" upon all accounts, waa$3,
balance in tho Treas
ury at its close, was 5193,276
wtjf the seve1-
rl :tt anchwof collection and .disburse
went will present, .in a still clearer light,
tteJinancial transactions, of the ycar.r
fcaa th: support of the Stte-Govern':
riaat and Institutions there .was collected
dufcia&xUM rjeT;fwm,lavies , on . the
Qitfifc-Uatelhiimt ef.GO,(HI;-B
cifct foi lieen6c and- auction duties:
fwokt the P.n.ite$tiary; froniE taxes oa
liatoisjaji jEroah claim collected,: to-.
geShcr . with 'the jbalaB,ce at the cioso of
145&8,-wcraaeod, this sum to $884107
lite hi.; un -several , amounts, ,' not
jirOpof lyjooastituAog revenue, should be
idted,, leaving the true sum for dis
burse meat $8b'8.950:- Of this there was
dkfcnrsed jduring the year, 782,585.
-v-r v inupu uiu uuii cjluuli v rep
restrevenue,' eft neither did .the. dis
bursement precisely represent expendi
: tusvsru For Example, tho sum of S63,
460.fharged as.! disbursed when the
real Jransactidn was the placing of old
"iairasf .nominally of that amount, in the
nanos ei me proper officers for eolrec
tbrifand; the ;sum of.890,200 was - simi
Ufclj ft hargedwhea ' the whole amount
was paid, 'oof for general purposes, but
ou accouoti ot Jfu Wic Works, under,, the
direction .of ;;yourr.predeccss,ors. " The
actual disbursements for the Executive,
Legislative ?apd Judicial (departments,
und .all. the benevolent and reformatorv
State? Institutions,-: including the Peni
tentiary, were, therefore; 6626,338. . The
balafcce remaining was $101,591?::
-ForrUie expenses of the Public Works
there wa received,, from tolls and water--.
wntaaa thai Ohid Canal, $71,442; on the
Jliami- and kne Uanal S 1 14,337; on the
llskinguni Improvement 18.274;; on
he HockingCanall7,301; ontho Wal
Jjoediog Canal j : ?475; i on .the ..Western
Reserve and IMaumee -Uoi,d 82 181: n
theltatiohal Uoadf $5,551; from sales of
.Uanal olaads,: 5j1G,, and! from ".'other
uoazocSy WZl; in !alU $246,781 s The
-diarsements were $336,982,,: f The ap
jparehtexe'ess' of outlay ever income was,
therefore,. $90,200, and this amount was
jyud from? th. General Jletemiey as has
just been. stated. - Ui this sum, however,
JJ4,034was . expended' in; payment for
theiJkewistowaB,eservoir, and for other
-'. special purposes, outside of " the : proper
l-cpairsrof the year : The real excess of
cost over receipt was $6,170 4- )
For . common schools, there were col
lected oh. 'the; grand list, $1,248,797.
Theae were also collected-on the gen
eral list: tor schools, but as. part of the
levyYfor. Sinking- Euad, $153,695.69
1 his sum :was 'ihe: interest on the Irre
dudblegfDebt, oreated by the appro-
pnajtoir : oi-ina , proceeas oi tne sciiool
lands fc.tO:i general ;,State ,; purposes.
The. two? sumswith the balance from the
preceding year,, formed an aggregate for
school purposes of $l,418,647;. of which
' werealisbursediJySeSS, leaving a-bal
anco df $52,71 9..r:' f-;?h p-M:.i
iThe;! amount t collected or'iSchool,
Libraries, already stated, with : the bai-:
ftnee of the preceding year, was 80,173;
The j amount -disbursed Nwasr - $79,579,
Joavi ng balance xf $ 5 93; s S ; ? ; : -,;-
-i3?0r payments of debt-, and interest,
iJiere waV collected from: levies, $l,029r
124; rof ,:which $740,97ft .were for the
general; purposes, j)f the Sinking Fund,
ami $288454 were x forr thfeiireimburse
ment or the? Temporary Loan..-. There
xre aisTeceived for the Sinking Fundj
. from Surplus Revenue deposited i with
t?cmnties,: tfrora-sales f School, Lands,
from. CAnalf. Turnpike and Railroad div
idends and from a few : other; compara
tively c unimportant sources $145,952;
and there were returned to the Treasury,
oXiiohy drawn Ifor. the paymentv-of in-,
ter'esty $28,112. ? These sums, with the
balance; of 67,050 from 1858, amounted
to $1,270,238; which was the amount ap
plicable to Sinking Fund purposes in
lb3vrOf this amount, $883,070. were
msed to: pay .interest on Foreien Debt;
litiie n.;th Domestic Debt: $153,800
; Qtf -the Irreducible-Debt;. $12,759: were
t applied m payment, of the expenses! of
te. una Commissioners, : jncluding the
cost of a vault for their office; $1,300 in
; discharge of a claim ordered Jo be paid
. by the -last General Assembly and $62,
523: iu purchase of bonds of the Tem
porary Loan, and other bonds to be used
in its payment. , cThe aggregate expendi'
tnre was S1.141.684-: and a. bnlanBTWBa
loft in th6 Treasury of $12854.r Jx't
Ut it. iBJbe" Se&a jthat 'therevehue pm
Ttded byjaw fot the payment of interest
ik thelPublic Debt, r noi lncludingj the
. ' Temporary Loan, was insufficient for that
m ...
DTirposeij.'Aoeriiamount ; .wantmsr.M'waa
about ? 114,000.1 i There being, however,'
ju the -treasury a. large sum belonging to.
the jpiskmg if una, derived lrom the ievy
for iht Temporary Loan, but not needed
tnougni Deuer to .suppiy tneraeBeient
amount. irom that source than .to resort
ta't1i power to impose additional levies;
vestfidhy the. last General Assembly. -in
the-Auditor of State, i The public inter-cai.-was
perhaps best consulted in this
action; but it involved a departure from
thatTirovision-of the Temnorarv Loan
X 1 L
Act?1 which requires the proceeds of thej
vies for its payment to be absoluieljfn
reserved from all other apphcations;asd
'it -mav well be cruestioned whether ; anv
. 4 j
advantage gained . by i such L departure
ought to -prevail over the considerations
whieh Cnjoin strict compliance with the
leap-.?: It as obvious however, tfiat the
additional levies necessary to provide for
the interest of the debt should nave been
unnnacd bv the General Assetfiblvitself.
folly advised as it was, to thr amount of
interest and the inadequacy or tne pro
vision made for it. - The Responsibility
of the necessary : taxation should have
been assuuied by the Legislature instead
of being imposed uponrthe Auditor. . .
-' A tabular statemeSt ahpended to this
communication, andiumbered I, exposes,!
at one Tiew: tho number ot acres ot land
en the Grand Lis their valaoj tlie value
of taxable town1ots and chattels,-"the;
several- aggregas yf Stafe;. bounty and
local ley res, ad i therates of -'levjr for
State purposei-in . each, of .the last-eight
jeirsIt wll be teen that the : a-verage
rate of txdiqv'& the- first half -of that
ttto "exceded; considerably" that in-' the.
kstlialfl wfule the aggregate revenue t
irhe tasirlialf exceeded that of the fi!rst
hisulwai todcKed by therlareer
aver4ge'a'8ii f taxation' in' 'theiast pe-
.! W&' forr school '- purposes 'and the
ontntiaf debts contracted in'the first
Jt-xAr-.tzs.'.-iii- f&zf.i it-t -5 ? :-
"t ji.-A'v-o'Tf,irav ii:Tinent:'asnlterea,
VUVlUt 7
TI, will show the yearly disbursements
-. -T ;
for Legislative, J udicial and Executive
expenses; for the expense of the Benevo-
Ieut and lleiormalory Institutions; and
on. '. account of the Public Works, for
three periods of four years each tho
fijst immediately preceding; ;and the two
others immediately following the adopv
tioh jof the "existing Constitution. " It
will be seen, upon inspection of it; :that
the expenses were largely increased alter
the - adoption Of the'- Constitution; but
that they have, been considerably less
during the third than during the second
of these periods The average yearly
expenditure from 1848 to 1851 was $738,
775; from 1852 to 1855 inclusive, adding
to the apparent amounts the unauthor
r rred-'debto-eoiitwMedrWtliin-hdee- years
aad subsequently paid,. $1,095,824; from
Ib&tkto.lpoy inclusive; .deducting trom
apparent amounts payments on , account,
of debts previously contracted, $995,533;
When it is remembered that during the
last, period the? Public Works have be
come a eharg.c-..upoa ; the Geueaai .Rove
nuq; that two ;ne.w. Reformatory Institu
tions hayebeeQ organized: that largead-
ditions have: been.:'.mado ;,t(J .the list of
judgesj-ihat the Comptroller 's office has
beeii.teatedt that four, sessions of the
Legislature have been held; that a num
ber of salaries, especially of judges ; and
officers on the . Board of Puplic Works,
have been, increased, and that other new
expenditures have been directed by the
Legislature,, may it not be hoped that the
results of those four years will be accep
ted as evidence at least of a sincere de
sire and endeavor, on the' part of the Ex
ecutive Officers, . to perform faithfully
their duties to the people? .
.-Besides the advance from the Treas
ury for repairs of the Hocking Ganal,
which has been heretofore explained to
the Legislature and will be again fully
explained ia this communication, I am
aware of no expenditures beyond appro
priations and jio debts incurred without
authority,; during the . last two bienniai
periods, which will embarrass the finan
ces, or oppress the revenues of future
years. v? , . t -t
. - Permit me now to invite ;vour atten
tion to soAie observations upon the Pub
lie Debt f the State. That debt, I need
hardly repeat, is;of two descriptions; the
Reducible : and the 'Irreducible... ; The
former represents loans from capitalist;
the: latter -represents 'thfe proceeds: of
School s Lands cranted .by Congress. -
Hhc former may be reduced by payments;
tho latter must continue to-increase as
long as tlie proceeds-of school lands aire
used and funded as cow directed by law,
and under the existing pledge of six per
cent, to the purpose for which the Sehool
Lands Avere granted. 1 .
,iln January. 1845, after the complctipn
of the Public Works, and aftertheaban
donment of the policy of aid . to iPublie
Improvements by State subscriptions to
the tetock of Railroad, Canal and Turn
pike Companies, the entire debt was $19,
251,170; of which the Reducible Debt
was $1779G,057, and the .Irreducible
$1,455,123. :-f 3 i,: .
From that time the Reducible Debt
was gradually diminished, until the - de
falcation and-debtss contracted in antici
pation, of revenue created a necessity for
the Temporary .Loan ,ot $700,000, which
was authorized byyour predecessors and
negotiated in -1858, and is reimbursable
on ih& 1st J uly, I860, and 1st March,
18611 u
fiiAt thd close of 1859 the ntire debt
was thus constituted: The Foreign Debt
was $13,621,85r20; the Domestic Debt,
$275,385? 'making the whole Reducible
Debf; $13,897,242 20;: the Irreducible
Debt'was $2,534,076 95; and the Tem
porary Loan $700,000, making a total of
$17,131,319 la. trom this amount may
properly be deducted $288,154, already
collected for part payment of the Temr
porary Loaa. i-1 ' - : :-... .
It will be eceh that in : sixteen years
tho Public Debt has been- reduced only
by the sum of $2368,680., ..The. sums
receivediu the-saiae time from Surplus
Revenue,' sales of Lauds, from the Public
Works, and a few 'miscellaneous sources
other than taxes, were $6,687,947; The
greater part, "of course was applied in
payment ot interest, instead or reduction
of principle ; r -. ; . , ;:
- Provisions ; of the new Constitution
prohibited the increase and required the
gradual extinction ot the debt. An act
of the las. General Assemblv was intent
ded to secure that result. It authorizes,
whenever any portion of the debt shall
become payable, the issuing of new bonds
to an amount sufficient to discharge it,
Those new. bonds are to be ; made paya
able in. such installments that ifle an
nual levy required by the . Constitution
will supply the means fpr theiSpaymcnt
in full at maturity; and the set requires
their payment accordingly without re
newal and without delay;. . -
"This: plan, if persistently adhered to,
will certainly extinguish jfhe whole le
ducible -Debt: bui the operation will re
quire thirty-one yearsfhd many circum
stances may occur tcfisuspend or irus-
trate -its result. Myjbwn impression; is,
thafi the wishes of le people will be bet
ter consulted by provision tor -earner
payment andfconjequent relief from tax
ation for ihiereiKi Should your opinion
be otherwise'ou .will -do hotliing,: I
trust to impaJv but everything to secure
the certaintof payment within the time
limited byahe act. :-. ; - ;. ; .--Ottihe,st';of7JaeHaryf
1861, if it be
the pjeaafee of the:State, t$6,413,325 27
of the febt may be paid.. The contract
of loaikf however, does not impos.e the
obligation of paymentat that time. . . .The
whdfe duty of the State will be performed
bypunctual payment ? of interest, and
s.-h provision for the discharge of the
principal as may be required by the in
terests and wishes of the people. ,
Whether it be thought expedient or
not to adopt the scheme of payment pro
posed by the act of last year, some change
will probably be found necessary in the
description of bonds to be issued. That
act, as originally framed, and as it passed
the Senate an unanimous vote, contained
provisions exempting from taxation the
bonds to be issued under it, and also a
judicious discrimination in favor of loan
takers within the State. , It was amended
'in the House by striking out the provis
ion for exemption, and in that shape be
came law.; . The discrimination in favor
of domestic bondholders was thus con
verted.; into -a 'discrimination . against
tfiem;: for, under the law asit now stands,
taxation of bonds will not reach foreign
holders; 1 1"' suggest ' the expediency,
therefore,- of 'authorizing the Commis
sioners" of the Sinking Fund, if they
sball bo-of. opinion that the interests of
the (State require 'the payment ot the
debt-uponi-r the- accrualof the-- right of
payment tb provide tor it eitherby. new
bonds,5jat any- fate - of - interest: not ex
ceeding fiv per ! irent. reimbursable .at
pleasure 'f after a'term o not", exceedi ng
ten years, W by bonds issued as contem.-.
platod: by the-- act, nd bearing interest
hot eXceeding -"six 'per 'cent. In either
cflsethe bonds should 'carry upon their
fee a stipulation : expressing their true
character, as subject or not
not subject to
dPreduction bv taxation or othe
lerwipe.- - 11
iHyhdrtdS ot- tneotate are to oe iaxea
- '
;nr a", mere is iar more reason ior uicu
11 a 1 I' A k X A U . I
taxation in, the hands of the foreign
than of thej -domestic holder.;-; Neither I
should be taXdd, or both. Both should j
bo taxed, if at all, not by uncertain as
sessments, but by reserving from' pay
ments of interest sums equal to the av
erage taxes for allj purposes, on other
property of equal value. If 'it" be ob
jected to this mode of taxation, that it
takes back with one hand the interest
paid with the other, and . is therefore
equivalent to a mere refusal to pay the
full rate stipulated, the answer is obvi
ous, that the same objection applies, just
as forcibly, to every mode of taxing
bonds given for money loaned to the
State. It is a very serious, and, in iuy
judgment.,aainsuperable objection, un
less the right of taxation be reserved oh
the face of ;'the bonds when issued.
Whether bonds "bearing such reserva
tions will find takers, can only be deter
mined by trial. " That they will not, is
more than probable; and if they will not,
it, is certain that the taxation or btate
bonds is alike impolitic aud unjust.
; I recommend, therefore, such legislation
as will give the suggested discretion to
the Commissioners, fix beyond liability
to alteration the rate of ..interest, and se
cure the control, reductionand final pay
ment of the' debt, at the earliest time
and in the most ecouomical mode. -
The two great lines of canal, includ
ing the Wabash -and Erie, with : their
feeders, cost $12,110,120; the other ca
nals, with the Muskingum Improvement,
and the Western "Reserve and Mauniec
Road, cost $3,467,112 and the amount
subscribed to turnpike and railroad Com
panies, was $3,226,690, making an ag
gregate cost of $18,803,922. .
For "a number of years the net reve
nues derived froin" these works though
never sufficient to pay the cost of the in
vestment, were very considerable. Tho
competition of railroads, however, soon
deprived them of a great part of the
business on which reliance had been
placed , for increase," and at length a
marked decline took plaee. Within the
last few years the outlay for repairs and
improvements have succeeded the in
come. The real deficiency last yCar, af
ter deducting the extraordinary disburse
ments directed by the Legislature, was
not large; but there is littia room for
hope that it will be less hereafter, while
there is much ground, for- apprehension
that it will be greater, It will certainly
be greater, unless the introduction of
Steam uavigation, or other circumstances
now unforeseen, shall enable the canals to
sustain, at less disadvantage, the railroad
competition. The cost of these works
ho;weyer,-has doubtless been repaid to
the State in the increased value of lands
in the couuties through which they ex
tend. . And this consideration may wel
abate the censures which the debt con
tracted for their construction is apt to
provoke; while it suggests caution and
prudence in dealing 'with interests so
important as are involved in their dis
posal. . . . -,.
I have heretofore expressed the opin-
ion that they should not be retained un
der State management, if a sale, can be
effected at a reasonable price, arid under
such restrictions and guaranties as will
secure to the people the benefits ox trans
porta tion originally contemplated. That
opinion remains unchanged.,' JFith eco
nomical management in privnto "hands,
the canals r can probably be made sum-
ciently productive to warrant the invest-
ment ot a congidsraJile-Siun in tbiix.jjiirjJ.
chase. - . lhe reduction qT the debt by
the snme amount, and jelief from taxa
tion for intereutj jccoiiimend the sale ;to
the people at large; while the suggested
restrictions and guaranties will prevent
anyloss or inconvenience to the uihabi
tants of tlie cana counties. ; ; ; ;
; The State stacks in turnpikes and
railroads j?hoai not be included in any
sales, uuless the interest on the price wiil
equal the.; evenue now . derived from
them. I recommend that aufhovity .be
given to the Ltoycrnor. to appoint an
agent wii ample powers to ascertain the
condition of all companies in which the
State Jiolds stock. The productiveness
ot these investments would,! have no
doult, be greatly enhanced by such an
.Should you regard a sale of the Canals
S inexpedient, and, in any case,; so long
as thev remain under State management.
Itnfi nronrifitir fir Kfrir-f. nmnn lanKo in
their adiuinistratien, with the directions
, . , - - - - - - - - ........... v .
ot the Constitution will not be ques
tioned. 1 he sepa ratioji ot them into
several divisions, and the assignment of
each division to the control ot a single
member of the Board of Public Works,
independent, in most important respects.
of the Board itself, seems to me not only
inexpedient but of more than doubtful
constitutionality. I recommend, there
fore, such modifications of the act of the
last General Assembly on this subject as
will secure to the whole loard the con
trol of the Public Works which the Con
stitution commits to its superintendence.
I also recommend the restoration of that
provision of the act of 1854 by which
the Governor, with the advice and con
sent pf the Seuate, is authorized to ap
point collectors and inspectors; and I re
new the recommendation addressed to
your predecessors; of more stringent pro
visions regulating the settlement of ac
counts for repairs and other expenses on
the . canals'. ; Under the law,' as it how
stands, there is too much room for abuse,
to the .serious prejudice of the public in
terests. - . .
-. During the year 1858, as was fully ex-T
plained to your predecessors, the sum of
?lb,dii3 was advanced by the Treasurer
of State, upon my. advice, concurring
with that of the other Executive Officers,
for repairs of the nocking Canal, greatly
injured and seriously endangered by re
cent floods. The emergency did not per
mit delay; and as the Legislature had
made no provision for extraordinary
contingencies, an occasion seemed to have
arisen in which pnblic officers ought to
take the responsibility of providing the
means necessary to protect the btate
from great loss, and the citizens, depend
ent on the canal for transportation, from
great injury. . The responsibility was
taken; the means were provided by an
advance from the Treasury, unquestion
ably the most economical mode; a larger
amount than the sum advanced was saved
to the Treasury in tolls, and the bene
fits of the navigation were secured to the
people of the locality. I am still of
opinion that this tnoney was prudently
and properly advanced.- A public offi
cer who; in times of overruling emergen
cies,' will not take responsibilities clearly
necessary to the public good, as little de
serves confidence, as he who rashly as
sumes them on ordinary occasions and
without necessity, -r It will be for you to.,
determine whether the action of the
treasurer shall receive the
sanction which the. last General Assem-j
bly omitted toive. , ;t .t;-: . j
It gives me j-reut pleasure to sav. that 1
in the department of Public Instruction
constant ,.rnrr.Ka nA ,
menthavebeen conS;c,,oa 1 .
Its burdens, however, now ni-ABsrt.vp.
. . . r - .
wnat tieavily upon the resources of the
I'rior to the adoption of the" present j
Constitution, tho fund annually raised
bv ceneral taxation. hn,1 dUt.riWAd
the counties, was comoarativelv smalM
-r, . .. - ... . T. I
For several years the sum for distribu.-;.
tion was fixed at y $200,000: less than
one-fourth of which . was derived from
general taxation. After a time this an
nual su in was rcduced,,for a number of
years, to $150,000; but finally increased
to $300,000. During 'this period iu the
history of our schools, somewhat larger
sums than that derived from the State
were anuually.: raised .by local ; taxation
but the aggregates from all sources,'
State and local, did not reach one-third
of the totals under the existing system.
The tax for Schools and School Li-'
braries now. constitutes somewhat , more
than three-eights of the entire levies for
State purposes, and ncarly'one fourth of
those for local purposes. The State and
local school taxes in 1858 were $2,781,
824, or nearly one-third of the aggregate
levies for all purposes. In.-185.1, the
same levies amounted to $2,792,178, and
bore about the same proportion to the
whole. These facts will suggest to the'
Legislature and to the local authorities
the necessity of prudence and the most :
careful economy. , , - , :..v , ,- ,
Few citizens, I trust, are disposed to
abridge the means and opportunities of
education now offered to the. youih of
the State. They know that the power
created by education' and made available
in all torms ot labor, in all processes 1
art, and in every sphere of useful action
is worth many times its cost. They feel,
howeyer, that the cost is great, and care
is needed, lest by improvidence and es-J
-1 1 ".13
travagance aisanecuon may oe excueu
toward a system so beneficent. , .
With a view-to. the incre ised efficiency
of the system I tfgain direct the atten
tion of the Legislature to the propriety
of more effective aid to Teacher's Insti
tutes, and of some provision, for agents
to be appointed by the State Commis
sioner to fulfil those duties of addressing
public meetings and conferring person
ally with local authorities, now imposed
on that officer, but impossible to be ad
equately performed without prejudice to
demands on his time and attention even
more important. . ' , : :. . . ..
With a view, to greater economy, it
deserves inquiry .whether some addi
tional limitations may not be usefully
imposed on the powers now exercised by
the Township Hoards of Education. ,
The interest of .the Irreducible Debt
arising from sales of School Lands is now
distributed among the counties according
to their - respective interests in -such
lands. In "the counties it is again dis
tributed among the townships in propor-:
tions determined by similar considera
tions. ' . . ,. : - .. 1 . ; . :
It cannot be doubted that the Federal
Government, in granting these lands, in
tended equal benefits to all parts of the
State. The terms of the grants, however,
were originally construed as vesting the
title to them in the State for the use of
the townships in which the sections six-,
teen were situated, or for . the use of
larger districts for which provision was
made by grants of , land not within their
limits. Whether this construction was
correct or not, it may not now be worth
while to inquire,. It has long been acted
oru aud may perhaps be regarded as set-,
tied. It defeats, however, to a certain
extent, the equal inteut of the grant; im
poses great labor on the State and county
Auditors; perplexes the public accounts,
and embarrasses somewhat the general j
operation oi our scnooi system;;
Upon examinasion of the apportion
ment among the couuties of the whole
fund thus distributed, I am satisfied that
very little, if any, causo of ' complaint
would arise, : if the various divisions, of
the Irreducible Debt into Virginia Mil-.,
itary, United States Military, section siic-
teen, section twenty-nine,- Western. Re
serve ..and '.Moravian were: consolidated
into. one fund, -and the ;. whole -. interest
distributed among the "counties ; in : the
same proportion as the general- School'
Fund. The saving of labor and expense
which would be effected by this, reform,,
and: tlie clearness amL intelligibility,
which it would introduce into our finan
cial system, will, in my judgment, warrant
...... i . .....
some compensation to parucuiar counr
ties, Bhould it be found that any are de
prived by it of revenue, to which they
have a just claim, lhe subject is cer-,
tainly of sufficient importance and inter
est to merit your careful consideration,
and as such I recommend it to your at
tention. ...
The condition of the Benevolent and
Reformatory Institutions is,; upon the
whole, highly satisfactory.,: .,
The number remaining in the Asylum
for the Deaf and Dumb at the close of
the last year, was 153: at the "close of
the preceding year,, 150. . A greater
number of inmates than the present can
not be accommodated, though, for want
of room, many equally needy and equally
deserving with those now received, must
be excluded. The expenses of the past
year, were 2o,121, and those ot the pre
ceding year 21,'Wa. , A large part,ot;the
increase was for necessary repairs and
improvements beyond those of ordinary
years.: .An appropriation oi ??j;i,ouy is
asked for i860; and an urgent request, for
a new building is preferred., , Nor should
I, hesitate to recommend, new and en
larged structures, if the revenue from.the
levies of last year would, warrant me in
so doing, onouiu you see-. nt to taKe
measures for ascertaining the. best loca
tion and plan of such structures, and
provider for tbe-t-by the necessary
levy, 1 do not doubt that your-ttction
would be approved by our common con-,
The number of inmates of the Institu
tion for the Blind increased from 105 in
1858, to 120 in 1859. The highest num.;
ber which had previously enjoyed the
benefits of the Institution was 73, ia
1848.;. The constant increase in the
number of pupils, and their impi evement,
is the highest eulogy upon its manage-,
nient. The expenses in 1859 were $18,
837; in .1858, 16;202. The appropria
tion asked for 1860, in view of a proposed
enlargement, is $26,500.
In the Asylum for Idiots, thirty chil
dren hove' been received, supported and
instructed during the past year, at an
aggregate expense of $10,900, exclusive
of sums received on account or paying
inmates. The expenditure is certainly
large, but it includes some payments of
debts incurred during the preceding year,
and some ;,for rent and - insurance, for
which no disbursements are made by the
other Institutions. It should be remem-. j
bered, also, that the expenses of an asy
lum receiving few inmates, must neces
sarily be larger in proportion than those j
of one receiving many. The number in j
the Asylum for Idiots would be doubled
. " -. 1 1 . 1 !i J it.
if its capacity: admitted of it, and the j
outlay would not be materially increased. 1
True economy requires, in my judgment, -J
the purchase of. the site and buildings;
now.reuted. and the enlargement of. the :
latter. - 1
tv thnr;J in TTnm Itnn
L.., fnr th Idiotic and Insane.' has
""""'Jl . . . ..' .
i, v -ntlv i-oin n oted. It is said to
i;.' Br,ffi.-.;,,tlw
be very c
to accommodate with facility, five
hundred, and, upon necessity, six hunv;
dfed inmates. A Board of Trustees has
en organized for its government con-
sting of one member appointed by ine
ad two appointed by the Commissioners
Jiamiuon county; 1 hat county,
lercforO,- hoW constitutes the South-
estet-n Lunatic Asylum District: atid '
e Institution just organized is to re-:
(fcive all the idiotic and insane within its
limits, to be "supported by a county tax,
anu appropriations tronL the btate Treas-:
va-y, e ittal in amount to the taxes col
iictedjn'the county for.themainteimnce
bi State Lunatic Asylums. I am in-
"farriied that no such county tax us is de-
sunieu ui 111c aui is auinorizeu or levied
lq uomuiua tuuuij. DUIIie XjelSiatlOn,
tljerefbiej wilj doubtless be necessary Jto
provide for its support.
'Thus four"' Lunatic Asylums are now :
ijp'en inr the State, capable of receiving
a, few more than twelve hundred in
mates. Largo as this provision is, it is
je sadly, certain that it is not large
fluough., Not less than". a thousand ,in
sine, needing the benefits of such "instil
tutions,: must still rein:iin either wholly
.egleeted or inadequately provided for.
; ;I cannot, recommend, however, addi
tional public provision. Judicious leg
islation regulating county" Infirmaries;'
ind authorizing private asylum's.'" would'.'
n my judgment, afford all needed relief,
ind perhaps dimmish the large expendi
tures now borne by the btate.
lhe number ol inmates in eich of the
three Lunatic Asylums heretofore or
ganized, was less at the' close of the last
than at the close of the preceding year.
43i5eicnt reasons for the diminution are
Assigned in the several reports. The fact,
however, is much to be regretted, though
compensated in part by increased success
in treatment. It may be safely said. I
think, that these Asylums were never in
better condition than now.
The total expenses of the three Asy
lius, during the past year, were 93,427,
and the appropriations
are 111,670. The gene
asked for I860
aggregate of
disbursements must be increased during
the present year, by the necessary pro
vision tor the bouth-westcrn Asylum
i ne strictest economy win oe necessary
to bring the annual cost ot the lour Asy
luuis within limits satisfactory to the
people. . ; ;'...; . . ;
lhe number ot boys remaining on the
btate. Kelorni iarm at the close of 1859
was iu. At tne cioso oi l&os, it was
33. The expenditures during the last
jyear were $21,517; of which a large pro
portion was for buildings and other per
maneut improvements which have added
largely. to the value of thefarm as prop
erty. 1 his institution has thus lar tul
filled the wise and humane design of the
Legislature. Its direct agency in refor
mation has been quite as efficient as was
anticipated, while it would be difficult to
measure its utility m the prevention oi
prime." ri ' -: ::
Under the influence of it3 example In.
'1.1L1111 1 ,.
austral ocuoois nave ueen organized in
Cleveland and Cincinnati for that , class
f vagrants and destitute children so
dal orphans who cannot be brought into
tie Common Schools, and from whose
nambers the ranks of crime are coutin
uilly recruited. The , Institution at
Cleveland offering not only some meas
ure of instruction, but employment and
food as inducements to attendance, has
ben, thus lar, extremely useful, and
gives promise of yet greater utility. . ; Va
grancy, pilfering, and more serious crime,
have .sensibly diminished under its in-
JrtrCncC-.ThTrt-- -Oim.lni
cently begun, is yet to make proof of its
efficiency for good. . . .'...-.
- Upon examining the Reports of the
various Institutions, you will doubtless
observe , considerable differences in
amount and value 'of information, and in
modes of treatment. ' I have heretofore
; suggested,1 and now renew thesuggestion,-
that the. bevc.ral bupei inieudentsor Presr
idents.of Boards of Trustees be required
to meet at least once a year for consulta
tion upon plans of management, and on
modes of making tip Reports. I do not
doubt that such consultations will pro
mote economy in administration; and se
cure much clearer, and better statements
of its theory, history and results.' "
The administration of the Penitentiary,
during the last year, was eminently successful.-
; While the number of couvicts
increased from 693 to 853, exceeding,the
number of available cells by 153, and
compelling the use of the chapel and hos
pital as convict quarters, the judicious
discipline of the prison was such that in
dustry, order and. health prevailed in un
usual degrees within its walls. It was
impossible, at oncer to find profitable em
ploymeut for so numerous a body of
prisoners, and yet, though expenditures
necessarily inc-re ised with numbers, they
were exceeded by the earnings of the
year, i The two additional buildings di
rected by the last General Assembly, are
nearly completed, at a 'e6st considerably
reduced by the employment !of ' convict
labor tin portions of the work.? When
finished they will supply 75, additional
cells. But the number will still be far
too small, and, if prisoners continue to
multiply at the present rate, the dispro
portion, already inconvenient,'must soon
become dangerous.; ,. ' ; ..; i ......
Under a Joint Resolution of yourpre
decessors, I appointed a Commission of
three citizens to inquire into the' expe
diency of further enlarging ' the present
prison, or constructing a new one in some
other part of the State.. , ;Their report, I
presume will soon be submitted to you,
and it will be for you to determine what
action ia roqurrad by-the public interest
I have thought it my duty to exercise
the power - of pardon somewhat more
sparingly than; most of my predecessors.
No light reason has been consciously per
mitted to induce interference with the
verdicts of juries and the sentences of
courts. Still, the number : of cases in
whieh I have felt myself bouud to inter
pose, has not been very small. In some,
the innocence of the prisoner has been
made manifest; it others,' mitigating cir
cumstances have come to light, whieh, if
known, would have abated the rigor of
the sentence; and inothers clearevidence
of reformation, and exemplary conduct
in prison, with , other circumstances,
seemed to requre my action. A report
will be immediately laid betore you,
stating fully each case of pardon, with
the reasous: which decided my judgment.
: The state of the law in respect to the
collection, safe-keeping ' and disburse
ment of revenue, will necessarily com
mand your attention. The first consid
eration, without doubt, in every discuss
ion concerning public moneys, is safety.
If safety can be combined with general
convenience and advantage, ' few will
question the wisdom of the combination.
Such a combination, in my judgment,
may be obtained by providing
lor. tne j
in coin !
payment of all dues to the btate, in coin
or the notes of the specie paying LJanks
of Ohio; by authorizing the selection of
tiepositanes by tne owte a refute., uur
Buitable guards and restrictions, and
bv renii r n? auinle ana uiniuestionanie
security for .prompt payment of all de:
. - , -. ,:
'not. No interest should be taken on
posits, on uem .nu, m ri'c-ic . i CJ c
deposits except forihe State. All use of
public moneys by public officers, and all j
attemnis to secure in anv wnv. nrivate
.'advanfcige from the deposit or other dis-
positioi of public f
Btrictlyl prohibited un
unds;-should1 be
under the severest
Sucha system will approach asnearl
tn th TnlAninilntTriiaMnr kf vajn
ral Government as a due i-eard tn tbe
: welfare of the people" will admit; and
(.much nearer,-iu my 'opinion, than the
system recently adopted. The act of
loos, by whicn tnat system was intro
duced, contains many useful provisions
but their value is greatly impared by its
virtual sanction of the receipt of whatever
the several County Treasurers may choose
to take-m payment ot taxes; by the ab
sence of all provision in relation to the
exchange of funds; and by its omission to
require bonds to the satisfaction of State
officers for the safe-keeping and transfer
the estate. In
the practical execution, of the act the
Cpunty Treasurers have generally, re
ceived for taxes whatever was current in
their counties, ana in some instances, it
is said, ehetks of irrdiw Iuals on Banks
in thelt vicinity, and have made such ex
changes, ofi the funds received for coin or
other funds, asthe public interest seemed
to rciuiie. That in this action thev
were governed by considerations of pub
lic convenience and public duty, is not
questioned, lhe action ljtselt, however,
reveals the defective character of the law.
When bank notes are received iu pay
ment of taxes, and retained in the Treas
ury, the bants issuing tnem, whether
foreign Or domestic, are made the real
depositaries of the public funds, without
interest and without security. . So, where
cheeks of private citizens are received,
those citizens, so long, as their checks are
held, are constituted such depositaries.
The virtual requirement by the act of the
exchange of currency for coin, and the
virtual permission of the exchange of
currency for other currency can hardly
fail to give occasion to dangerous dealing
with the public funds. The act, there
fore, seems to me to fail of its intent.
Under it a deposit system of the.most un
safe description may grow up, and the
use of public funds for private benefit
can hardly be prevented.' Everything
must depend on the integrity of the State
and County Treasurers.. s ' .-. ; ... B ;
I see no way of escape from these diffi
cultiest except by substituting for this
system of indirect deposits and hazardous
exchange, a thoroughly guarded plan for
the direct deposits of all moncysreceived,
without exchange, with selected deposi
taries, from whom ample securities have
been required and taken; or by .the adop
tion, in lull, ot the JL ederal system, pro
vidingfor the appointment of Sub-Treas
urers, requiring from them ample bonds,
and prohibiting the receipt, for public
dues, ot anything but coin,, or, ; at most,
specie notes of Ohio banks.;- Even such
notes could not be received without con
stituting the banks, to the extent of such
receipts, public depositaries without se
curity. Of two such alternatives as these,
it can hardly be doubted that, under ex
isting circumstances, the former will re
ceive the approval of tlie people.
In former communications, I have re
peatedly recommended to legislative eon
sideration the interests of onr Agricul
ture." Of the entire products of the
State, moe than half is in farms; Of
the entire taxation . of the State,, much
more than half is paid by farmers. To
protect their interests and prcmote their
prosperity, must bo prominent objeu
U4pi legislation.- Sit ggertions fitttHhi!1?
lation to these objects, meriting careful
consideration, will be found in the Agrv
cultural Report and in the Resolutions
of the btate Board of Agriculture. Per
init me, also, to renew a suggestion here
tofore made, of additional provisions for
premiums to be oiiered in the btate and
County Agricultural Societies. . And
may I not add that the resumption and
completion of the Geological Survey of
the- btate, with special reference to agri
culture and mining, could not 'MI to ben
efit all interests connected with; the soil?
An act of the last General Assembly
directs the judges cf eleetiens to reject
tlie votes of persons who may appear to
have a distinct and visible admixture' of
African blood. It is not very easy to
determine what is a distinct admixture,
of that description .of , blood, or when it
may be said to be visible. It is quite
certain' however, that it is beyond the
power of the Legislature- to enlarge or
abridge the right of suffrage defined by
the Constitution. By that instrument it
is restricted to white male citizens. , The
question, who are included in the de-seription,-is
not for the Legislature, but
for the Courts: : An attempt to decide it
by enactment must necessarily be mis-v
chievous, both in itself and. as a prece
dent. The act referred to is not only
such an attempt, but it . gives : ta judges
of elections," under a loose and uncertain
rule, a large and dangerous power, capa
ble of being perverted to extreme abuse.
I therefore recommend its repeal.,.
; The Constitution declares that there
shall be no slavery in this State, ner in
voluntary servitude, except ibr punish-?
incut of crime. , lo give eueqt to ting
provision and to arrest the practice, be
coming common through impunity of
seizing and taking out of the State, with
out any warrant of process of' law, per
sons claimed as fugitives from service,
though often, in fact, free, I recommend
the re-enactment ot the acts repealed )by
the last General Assembly, 'prohibiting
slaveholdlng and kidnapping in Ohio, and
securing more effectually the benefits of
the writ of habeas corpus
Four years since, the military force of
the btate was thoroughly disorganized.
The public arms- a large property
were scattered through the counties, and
in danger of total loss. ; No adequate se
curity, in the form of bonds or otherwise,
protected the State. against that hazard.
The laws made no sufficient provision,
either for discipline or organization.
This condition of things naturally at
tracted the attention of the General As
sembly, and successive laws have been
enacted, designed to remedy existing
evils. Under these laws, considerable
quantities of arms have been 'collected,
and either 6old, if useless, or if worth re
pair, niaae nt lor service, a respectable
force of volunteers has- been organized
and officered, and, as far as practicable,
disciplined. This force no constitutes
a fitting nueleus for an organization en
tirely competent to all probable emer
gencies. As law is the expression of the
public will, so police is the expression
of the public force. A bpdy of volun
teer militia, not unnecessarily large, but
well ordered and efficient, is an impor
tant element of police, ana affords, in ex
traordinary emergencies, a necessary
guarantee of order and peace..
Much credit is due to many public
spimea citizens tor tneir ettorts, both as J
spirited citizens for their efforts, both as j
omcers ana men o promote retorm ana
d,se,phne in mih ary Jprgainzutioni and ;
. ' t : J ?ua.
tne uaner usterueneral lor tneir un-
iuuu.s iu iuRt eiiu. lut'ir re-
ports exhibit t-learlyUie present condi-
ti,in..inrt noo, u nf t no! l,,.n..:.l tl,n r,nK.
licservk e. .and :Jhc. suggestions, will,
- ..v uj F".".-
doubtless, receive your attentive consid-
I invite your attention to the increased
expense of public printing. This results
in part Irom defects in the act regulating
the" subject; and in part from the riiode
in wfticn tne reports; ot the several; In
stitutions are prepared. f The evil nay
bo remedied to a considerable extent by
authorizing the" Secretary jf State to pre?
scribe the mode in which documents
shall be printed, and also the mode in
which the statements of receipts anl ex-
penmtures by the several Institutions
shall be made.
All the official Reports, directed by
law to be printed prior to the meeting of
the General Assembly, except those of
the Attorney Oeneral and the Coniniis
giouer of Common Schools, delayed by
the' remissness of "county ""arid Io'caI""offi-
cers, nave been more promptly made than
in any previous year; and all, except that
of the Auditor iof State which is in the
hands of the printer, have been printed
and ae ready to be laid before you.
They will be transmitted to each House
Without delay.' -;- : .- r
r It becohies mjrduty to lay before you,
in -compliance with the request of the
Governor of New York' the Concurrent
Resolutions of the Senate and Assembly
of that State, condemning the - African
Slave Trade; and protesting against the
re-openirig of that inhuman traffic. .'The
people of Ohio, without distinction ot
party, and alriiost without individual ex
ceptions, unite in reprobation of the traf
fic and its revival. ! - ' ; -
With these resolutions, I also trans
mit for your information, copies of letters
addressed by the Governor of Virginia
to the President of the United States and
to myself, and of my reply ; to that ad
dressed to me. :: ; ia .
I doubt not, gentlemen, . that 1 ex-
nressed your own sentiments, as well as
those of our common constituents, when
I declared my conviction that it is the
duty of the Executive authorities ot Ohio
to exercise whatever power the law may
vest in them for the ; suppression of un
lawful combinations against the peace and
safety of other nembers.of the x -ederal
Union, nd that the people of Ohio, while
they wilt gutter ho invasion ot their. own
territory, will countenance no invasion
of the territory of other States; but, ex
pecting from them the fulfillment oi ev
cry constitutional obligation, will require
of their own authorities the prompt per
formance of reciprocal duties; u -
While we will not disvow just ad mi
ration of noble qualities, by whomsoever,
displayed, we: must not the -4essj but
rather the more, earnestly' 'condemn all
inroads into States, not merely at peace
with us hut united to us by the bonds of
political union, and all attempts to excite
within their borders, servile' insurrec
tions, necessarily tending to involve the
country in the calamities of civil, as well
as servile war. - -iy -. ;: n-t-y
' That a spirit of distrust and alienation
has arisen in the country, it, were idle to
deny. That it? is not shared,, in ' any
great degree, by the masses in either sec
tion, is, I trust, equally true. The peo
ple desire Union and Concord; not Dis
cord and Disunion.- '.,- , s. .',
Claiming no absolute exemption from
blame in behalf of. the free States, we
cannot admit their liability to Exclusive
censure."- ' '. : ' :' :-'-. nS )
In ! repeated instances, without- preT.
tenc-e of iustification; the. territory Of
Ohio has been clandestinely entered, and
peaceful inhabitants, guilty of noi crime
Tout color, n
I 11 '1 1 l, ! 1 1 .
dui color, Dif -i Dcen crueiiy jsiunappeu;
ase. Act. nceessa)rily;rt-
pugnant Toluiblic sentiment, and be
licved by a Barge majority to be uncon
stitutional in some of its cospicuous pro
visions, if not in its origin has been ex
ecuted within - her limits with -circumstances
of aggravation which could not
fail to excite the deepest feeling; and
cases have not been wanting where, her
citizens, traveling on lawful . business in
Slave States ba mere suspicion of.: eb-i
noxious sentimehts,.have Jbeen aubjected
to espionage',and indignity ;to and. arrest
and imprisonment.;. To these particular
causes of complaint must be added to the
general grievance of the repeal of the
Missouri Prohibition, .manifesting the
determination of a large majority of the
slaveholding class to extend slavery
throughout the National Territories. .-! :i
Notwithstanding these causes of com
plaint, and in confidence expectation of
their ultimate removal through the in
fluence of better information rand juster
se.ntiments, the people of Ohio have lield
fast to the Constitution and ibe'nioi.
They have ever respected all the riglits
of all the States land of all the citizens
of the States.- They, have never resisted
with illegal force . eyen the execution of
the Fugitive . Slave Act by federal offi
cers acting under legal warrants. ' :( W'"T
Ohio has uttered no menace of disunion
when the American people have seen .fit
t. entrust the. powers of;, the. Federal
Government to citiz.ens of other political
views than those o,f a' majority of her
citizens." No ' threats of disrinibtf in a
similar contingency "by citizens of other
States" will excite in- her any-?sentiment8
save those, of sorrow, and reprqbation.f-:
They will not move her from her course.
She will neither dissolve the Union her
self nor consent to" its . dissolution by
others.'" ; i i ' ,:'; .-a :.iu l.-t
: Faithful to the coyenant of the Ordir
nance, , she will resist the, extensionof
Slavery; confirmed in the principles pf
the Constitution, she will oppose its-'nationalization:
true to'the feith in which
her youth was nurtured, and calm. in the
consciousness of her .matured, strength,
she will abide in, the .Union, and, under
the Constitution, maintain Liberty." ' '"
Let us hope that" good Counsels may
yet prevail; that differences may be com
posed by a return to the faith of the
Fathers, and to the original policy of the
Republic; and. that our wbole country,
thus relieve from existing causes of dis
sension, may once "more present to the
admiration of the world the spectacle of
a great and prosperous community of
truly United States, protected in their
industry and defended in their rights by
the equal laws and impartial administra
tion of State'and Federeal Governments.
To this end, at least, let no efforts of ours
be wanting. ; ,, ,,S. P. CHASE,-.
roT.rMns...lannnrv 9. 1P00.
.Mondat, Jan. 16, I860. '
5.506.00 brl.
....1.051.10 ?S bush.
...4i45c. " :.
5560c. J "
.......$1.001.50 "
....,.,.....1.5(f .
$3.25 " . .
15(nil8c. $ lb.
.....8Tl2jSc $ lb.
,......15c. doz.
. 5560c. g.-vl.
;.......75S1.00 i jpiL
..'., 10llc.39 lb.'
1216c. "
6(SV7c. "
..:V....5(Sil0c; P ."
.151f)C. "
;.:::,:.-. ...jc.- "
.............lOc. P '
Apples (green';
Dried Apples.,
Dried Peaches.
Sujrar (N.O.J
liice....: ............
Fi8ll (M-,ckercl ).:...
Fisll ,whitei...........
, ...e. V "
,.. ,..,...'. 9l Oe: "
!i(S),in0i fi "
, t,10c. V- "
: .12e. "
ret. Tc; wholesale "c- 3 "
l'ickleii l o K ,
S'ufrs imokcl)..,
IIpop, Poles..,...',...
Salt.,,.,'...,... .retail
$6.00 33 1,00'J.
25c.; wholesale '
The following transfers of Lands were
ma4e on the Books of the Auditor oi
Meigs County for the week ending Jan.
14, 1860J ;;i; "
BETi,OBD Tp. Arthur and Anderson
Story' ''tit' Joseph L. Atkins, 3 acres iir
sec. 23; $206v : Horace Atkins to Joseph
L. Atkinsf Nacres in sec 29; $700.
Lebanon Tp. Elias W. Browning to'
John H. GaH lot in Portland; $112. '
Olive TpT fB.-E.?Parker?to James
Hugg, 104 acres irf sec. 32;' $500. JaS.'
Hugg to J. B. Ttffben,-135 acres in sec.
32; 8900.
Salem Tp. JohiPiLl Parkinson ;to
H. II. McElhinny, 13f aeres in sees. 9
and" -10; $2,000r
SAtfsBtjRVjTp;-. Pomeiy oJ
Adarii Reuther acre in sec.-20' 800. i;
Pomeroy. C. .Wv, Dabney io fsaao
Train, Lots Nos. 332. 333. 334; 335 and":
'"'' " 'A'Jt Ait i i; if V- 5 01 '
On the 28th Dec, at the residence of Mrs.'
Moses Spicer, by Rev. A. C. Kcllev. Mr. Ho-
KATJO G.KniT4, o JaiiQOrt.A Miss5
Olive Wallace, of Chester Tp., Meigs Av .
; ; Cincinnati Market. '.
CiRi ismri, January 12, 1860.
Floce Tlie demand continues limited and'. .
the market is quiet. :: The sales were confined.
toi00: brls. extra at $5.463.5p. ; . , s -..r,,'
, Hooa -The receipts were moderate, and the
market ruled dull, and prices must be quoted.
10 per cent, iower. Prices range from $6.05 ic
6.'60for Hogs" weighing: from 180 t 250 16s."' H"
' Wheat The market continues firm, with a.
good demand at $1618 for prime White j
and $L201J22. for prime-Bed.,; , J,.u, j. ,';.,;
-. Coax The : demand - continues f good, and
prices have advanced 2c. per bush. . We quote
it at 5758c. per bnshi " "' '" "" '
." Oats Market firm, with a' good demand " "
4849c'.,'in bulk. '"-"'-":'t u:r x-ri 'h - iV--
Rvb The demand asf active, with -light r
oeipts, and prices firm at $1.05.i ..i -. f r. .;
Uarlby There is a fair, -demand, and prices
steady at ,70c. .;. ,;. ,.-..; -. t ... i it.'
Hat The demand'' continues active, rknd 1
prices firm,' at'S24 per tun, on arrival. "''"
Bcttee The demand is fair, and prices firm' "
at 15c. for Central Ohio and 17c for Western, .,
Reservei:.;'f . ' y - ;.-;!- r,ii t. i i
CuEESE-y-The .market, ia firm,, Sales of W. Er
at 9ic' 5--:f.-- ,.: ... , ... C'
ArrLES The demand is fairh at $225325;.
from store.. . . i
' PoTATOES--There1 ia" 'good -'demand,-' and
prices firm at $1.75 per brl. for: Keehannocksj
from, stora-. hfi-: liiitlxf-l.-
Cloverseed The demand-, is good prices
firm at$4.604.65. i . v .; - : j fti .,''.
MSOTICE. The Board of: Directors; -tif the
"Meigs Co. Agricultural Association" will meet -at
the Court House in Pomeroy,' oh Thursday
the 19th day of January, 1860" 't 7jiUimi
50-Ut."'. ; , .,,,..,,,, Geo.. McQgigo, Se.
1 RELIGIOUS NOTICE. The Kev J. P; Stew- "
art, of the New Jerusalem Church; will deliver -a
course of ; lectures on th6 'first . Chapters of"
Genesis, at the 'Academy .Rooms,, commencing -Friday
evening,. the 20th inst, and to. continue
every evening, thereafter till the 2Tth. Tbe ;
pnblic are invited to attend."' ' ""' ''?'.'''
'' Mrl Ste'wirt will also preach in ihe Same
place en Sunday, 22d" insi4 at II o'clock A. M,;
"and in Middleport at 2.P.- afid at Keyger-
4 ville ob tie 2JtUin8t., r Pomeroy-, Jat iS.jSQlj-
'c Teacbees. The Board of School E-
aniineis tor JMeigs Lounty,wiil meet on.tue
first Saturday of each month, 'at. the Court -House,
in Pomeroy, i'or,; the '' examination' of
Teacjiersifi ; ':-; ; ':;' "s-t; ".'.-'':!:' jU '
Examination to commence at 10 'clock A
and continue till 4J P.' M.u"r ! ' y. n'"
- SNo Teacher need apply at such exami
nation,, who has a certificate valid for three
months from the date of said application.
' By order of the Boai-d; Mi " ' ,i i
Jan. 1800. W. H. LASLEr,.ae?k. V
Hollow ayV PiLisft te' Tinrd forepersons who
hnVubean wenkenedflnd emacintud by yurs of (ivk
aeta. to believe Ibat tlrey cub be restored to tren(th
unl vigor bj auy mcdicuit. Th.-y have perhaps tried
twenty physicians nod a hundred 4,apeci8c,;' with
out avail. Ifover mi ml; wo at l he in for tbair Wa
suk n in try one Wore--HoHoway's' all-i-on qnerin
remedy. 1 The Pills as guroly repair the ravage of
disease, renovate the interim) orjana, brace Hnd ta
vigorate ,llie dilapidated system, restore ; the appe
til.-, and, as a cons quence, piye' buoyuiu-y U the
animal spirit.-!, as the dew Slid ratli refresh the with-i
ered herbs and flowers. This is the language hot 6 f
eulupy but of exiierience. .-. u . y i '
MABTUt HAT?,;, s f';, "f
Attorney-at-lw, Harrisp'nville,' MeigsCo. O,
will promptly attend to all 'business that' may
be ientfust'ed to his;icare,'iri ' the 'several' State
Courts of Ohio,and in the U. S. Court for the
Northern and Southern Distriqts of Ohio. ,,,3-3
BIBLES ;from I0c. 4o one d6llaf," Wocheim's
Church History, Clark's Com. on the Bible,
do.' on New.Testamenty jPickls Vorks, Chain of
Sacred .Wonders, Plutarch, : .Spectator, Rollin,
Federalist, Say's political Economy, Revelations
by A.'J, Davis, Dow's'orks, Pilgrim's Progress,
Bnnyah's complete works, Hay wird's Gazetteer,
Benton-a Abridged : Debates,! Benton's SO yean,
Book of the World; Fleet-wood's Life of Christ,
Josephus' Works. Expedition' to Japan,, Digest,
of O. Reports, Swan's" Statutes, and "a general
variety of Misc'eiian'eous Books, Stationery fcc,
at publisher's' prides.' viini-:t
f lJan, 180;! -ui I. W. H. RKMIKK3TON. i
; i. - . !'i . "i ! . : (- ..... , . ' ; ;
"i" ' ': .fiherllT'a. Sale.. . i ,"
William TIHod, A1n'r of Richard J. Tilton, dacd, .
',.! .-,. ra.'Kan las MrSll."i' ;i 'i
BY Virtue of an order of sale' to me directed
.from the Court of Common Pleas of Meigs
county, I will offer for sale at he door of the
Covirt-house, in Pomeroy,, at 11 o'clock A..Mn
. ) On theiOti tky of Febntqryil
the following described lands and tenements, toi
wit: 160 acre lot No. 1165, in town No. 4, in '
section No. 9, of range 11, of the Ohio Compa
ny s purchase, tn Meigs county, and sola as the
properly of Rasselas-McNeil, at: the! suit of
William Tilto. Administrator of .Richard, J.
Tiltonj dee'd. Appraised at $8O0.OU Terms' of
sale, cash. ' J. JWHITE; S.'M. C.
Jan. 13, 1 860. 3-5t : ' ' - ' 3.00 -
Sberlff'a SaleJ ., , ; ,
H. H. Swallow v. Georir Slivein, surviving part
ner of Jessie Stafford, Oee'd.-
BY virtue of an' execution to to me directed
from the Court of Common Pleas of Meigs
county, I will offer for sale in the old mill, on -lot
No. 220, in Pomeroy, at 10. o'clock a, m,, :
On the ZOth day of January, 1860, ,
one Carding Machine, and sold as the property
of George Stivers, surviving partner of Jesse
Stafford, dee'd, at the suit of H. H. Swallow.
Terms of sale, cash.' '-' J. J. WHITE, S. M. C
Jan. 13, I860. 3-3 ' U i j 1 00 '
t -: i i. .i Sheriff's Sale.' ... .
J. and J.. P. Ftpioor & Co, y, E S. Edward.
BY virtue of ah order of sale to me directed
from the Court pf Common Pleas of Meigs
County, I will offer for sale, at the door, of the
Court-house, In Pomeroy, at 10 o'clock, a.' K - -- -
On the 18A day of February, 1860,'j Zi l
tho following desoribed lands, and tenements
to-wiu Part of fractional part of one hundred
I acre lot jno. ya in Salisbury township, in said
( county: beginning at the south-west cortiCi- of
' Mrs. Thomns'! Lot; thenec -south "24 west GO
j feet to a stake; thence south 89 east fect to
, a stake; thence north 24 east to a stake in the
: line of Mrs. Thomas' lot; thence west to the
place of beginning: also Tot No. 9, in n sub
division of snid fractional part of 100 arre lot
-No. 2, ling the same, two lots sold to E. S.
Edwards by T. A. Phsnts. Sold as the propl
erty of E. S. Edwards, at the suit of J. & J. p.
Stciner & Co. ' Apprised at S900.O0. Terms
f sale, wish. ' '3.3. WHITE." s! M r
-Jn;-14, J860-S-5t
i "3
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