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T. A. PLANTS, Editor;
" t ;
'Independent in All Things Neutral in Nothing."
T. A. PLANTS.
A. E. MoLAtJQHLIIT
POMEROY, MEIGS COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1860.
BE A WOMAN.
'Oft have I heard iv jjeiiliis mother,
As the ttfilight hours bcgnn,
Pleading ttith a son, of duty, '
. Urging him to be a man. . "'
But unto her blue-eyed daughter,
Though with lore's words quite as ready,
Point she out this other duty,
. JlStrive, my dear, to be a lady."
What's a lady? Is it something
,l Made of hoops, and silks and airs;
Used to decorate the parlor,
Like the fancy rugs and chairs?
Is it one who wastes on novels
Every feeling that is Jiuinaa?
it JTirts- to w a way,
'Tis not this to be a woman."
., . Mother, then, unto your daughter
- Speak of something higher fur,
Than to be mere fashion's lady
"Woman" is tlie brightest star.
,If ye, Jin your strong affection, '
i ' i y gi you jjBon Jo be a true man," '
Urge your daughter.no less strongly
,.,- To. arise and be a woman.
Yes,' vL Womanbrightest model
Of that high and perfect beauty, ':
Where the mind and soul and body
Blend to work out life's great duty
,S!' Be a wbman--naught is higher
:Oi the gilded list of fame' ' i
On the -catalogue of virtue
Ther'jio brighter, holier name.
-ajiin:j5a a woman on to duty --ni
lis i .Raise the. world from all that's low,
Place high iti the social heaven ;
.o3 Virtue.'8,"ffr and radiant bow
. .I ... Lend tky-influenca tack.e8brL. -...
That shall .raise our natures kuman
Be not tuition's gilded lady. '"
- - - - - Be a brave whole-souled true woman.
4 Jt.f !1 T f T '. ?.rom. deasons Weekly.
Hark Eastern's Valentine.
I ,fl,.T HQRATJO. ALGER, JRW . , . .
It was tte.tbjrtepntliday of February.
To pne .wii toot a liesurly walk down
Wssbjflgton street, a glance at the pla
. carl3 on the shop windows would be
sufficient . evidence that, in, Boston, at
, least, there is no'more popular saint in
,. the calendar than good St. Valentine.
Nor id! his popularity confined to any
' 'otoe class." : No one so poor that he may
not find spread on the shop counters val-
entines within his means. From one
cent Bp to 4eu'dillarsj'fr6m the coarsest
daub to' the most fanciful device, there
they lie..",' He must indeed be fastidious
" who cannot be suited.
- On the evening of this thirteenth of
February, ,'iwo ' 'young' ' men sauntered
; downWashingtim Street, ghincirig at the
. windows ,, as .they passed. , They were
v prepossessing in tippvamncey and looked
about the -same age twenty-five Let
me introduce them, as FrankAndrews
. and Mart Easton, intimate frieuds and
- ia a flourishing business. If they re-
- quired any - other tie to bind them to
gether, it was found in the circumstance
that they were betcothed to two sistei-3,
Ellen and Kate Vancouver.
' ' "Mark," said Frank Andrews, as they
passed a shop brillianly lighted, and as
they could see thronged with customers.
"Ellen and Kate will be expecting val
entines. Let us go in and select some."
: ! "I wiir accompany yon in," , replied
V Mark, "but I am not sure whether I shall
i-'"Not purchase!" . exclaimed Frank,
-r .Without explanation Mark followed
: his companion in the store.
. "Let us look at some of your high
priced valentines," said Frank to - the
shopman. ". .'
The latter brought out with alacrity
some of their choicest. varieties.:
."That," said he, indicating a particular
one, "is five? dollars. It is a pretty af-
fair." - .
'.'Have yoa none better?" interrupted
Frank. . -;
"Certainly. Our stock of choice val
. entines is" unsurpassed in the city.
Here for example, is a box of our best."
"They are indeed handsome. I think
I must have5 one! 4 What is the, price?"
. "Ten dollars.' ; However, if the other
, , gentleman: will take one also, you shall
i.:have them for nine each."
: ; ; 'Come, Mark,? said Frank, "there's
. a good olfer. You will need one as well
as myself. Suppose we each select one."
-ri : i doni't think I shall purchase," said
' Mark' in a low voice. ' .
"Why not?" exclaimed Frank, open
ing his eyes with astonishment.
"I can spend the money more satis
- factorily in another." - '
"'. ' ' "Come; you are getting parsimonious,
' Mark,' ' I didn't suspect that of you.
Kate will be disappointed. Shan't you
send her any?" '' : "'
'Perhaps bo, but if I do, it will be a
written one, and not selected froni any
' store.- i,: . .
' "Well, I suppose you know your own
. business best but you're the last per
son, Maiky that Lshould.have suspected
. of niggardness in such a matter.
' '"Perhaps," said Mark, smiling, "I
-shall spend quite as much as you' in
honor of St Valentine, though in a dif
ferent way,'' , ,
,"You had better take the two," said
1. the clerk, looking at Frank. "That will
"-.'be .giving you the second for eight dol-
'lars."' , ' ' " '
" " "I believe I will," said Frank. "You
sroay put them up. By the way . I came
. ear" forgetting the envelopes. Have
vfou'ahy handsome ones?"' -:;
i'We have some that come expressly
i .'for them." . ' " ,
"What is the price?,"..
','A dollar a piece." -.
"That will make two dollars.'. Two
nd eighteen are twenty. . ' Here is a bill
to that amount."
''Thank, you, sir," said the clerk, con
gratulating hhnself on the large pur
chase, ('I hope you will favor our store
with your patronage another year."
""";4.'I dare say I shall," said Frank, care
lessly, "that isj if the ladies like my pur
chase of to-night."
.- "Then we are sure of your custom,"
was the reply. "They can't help liking
. The two young men left the store, and
soon parted company, Frank went to
jiis room, and directing the valentines
to the proper address, pext morning
they were on their way to their destina
tion. We will take the liberty to pre
eejle fluem.. and acquaint them with to?
manner of their receutiou uromisin
th-it Frank concluded to send one to each
of the sisters, with aline indicating: from
what quarter" they came. 3Iark, on his
return home, wrote a lew lines, and
transcribing them on handsome note
p iper, directed to Miss Kate Vancouver.
f 1 .
The Vancourers were moderately rich
Though their mode of living was not os
tentatious, it .was marked by an air oi
elegant comfort, and the young ladies
had enjoyed the advantage ot the best
schools, and were accomplished, not ac
cording to the surperficial- standard so
- t i; 1 ' " .V
common in society, Dui.wnaiever iucy
Ja--loaTnod they mu umjttit'U It.
The morning of the fourteenth of Feb
ruary arrived. -.
"St. Valentine's day!" said Ellen.
do wonder if the good saint will remem
ber us? '
"Perhaps some of his followers will,1'
returned Kate, with an arch smile. .
"I hope so." said Ellen. "I should
set myself down as an old maid at once,
if I were entirely torgotten in hisdistri
bution of favors."
- By way ot an answer to the inquiry
just started, the postman's knock was
heard, and a moment atterwards the ser
vant entered bearing three valentines,
one for Ellen and two tor Ivate
, , Those ot niost imposing appearance
were first opened.
"What.a beauty!" exclaimed Ellen
, VAnd mine, though not the same is
equally handsome," returned Kate.
"Why, it is from Frank," she exclaimed
after a moment s examination, , . .
Your valentine from Frank," en
quired Ellen, with a tongue of jealousy.
'1 supposed as a matter ot course JMard
seat it. Has he wholly neglected you?'!J
"btay, here is another, in the torm ot
a :note," ,said .Kate, who had hastily
opened the unostentious billet that ac
companied these two valentines. , , . ,,j
,f.t,, proved to be a copj' or.yersesrr
simple and unaffected, just su;.-h as a sen
sible girl oTight to value, most, from her
lover. Kate was a sensible girl, but it
must be confessed that she was nota
little disappointed at Mark's appar
ent meanness, and though not in worils,
assented in heart to Ellen's indignantye-
mark: "Well, 1 did think Mark Easton
was decently liberal before, but certainly
this looks mean enough.'.' . !
Perhaps he has a good reason fu it."
suggested Kate faintly. - ; j,,.
"A good reason, repeated Ellen'., I
dare say he has. He was too stingy, to
go to any expense."
. jNav; Ellen, you must not speak go ot
Mark.". , . , ,:
"Compare his paltry valentine With
FxajjkjB. iHemuat-have j?aicLa, .la ud
some price for these two."
"And yet," said Kate, perplexed, I
'Mark has never shown any lack of j
generosity before. You know he: has
carried us to concerts and shows and you
recollect the hardsome gold chain he
presented me." "
"Then, said, Ellen unable to. gain
say all this, "he must have been seized
with a sudden lit oi prudence, ltwould
look a little better if he would retrench
in some other way."
. So Kate thought in her secret heart,
but the affection which she entertained
for her lover would not permit her to
say so. ; . J-
It is still the morning of St.Valen
tine's day. Will the reader ascend with
us the ricketty stairs of a tenement house
in a poor street little known to fashion.
; Higher yet, so, we have gained the
fourth story. Now turn to the right if
you please. Open the door. JTo cere
mony. We are clad in the invisible gar
ments, and the occupants will not ob
serve our entrance. . i
These occupants are two in nnmber, a
woman, middle aged, pale trom recent
sickness, and reclining on he bed
propped up with pillows. The other is
a young girl of perhaps nineteen, who,
it is easy to see, needs only air and exer
cise,' and freedomfrom anxietyfo develop
her into a beauty. But alas she is thin
and pale, and her face wears a look of.
weary care, the cause of which is evident
enough to one who will take the trouble
to look at her scanty ; and faded attire,
and the general appearance of penury
which the room presents. j!
"Louise," said Mrs. May, feebly, "I
am afraid you are working too kard, my
child. : . . if , - , : j
The latter was working rapid upon a
shirt, while several others unmade were
piled up in a chair beside her. ijj :
"I would not complain of thatmother,"
was the reply, "if I was only a .little bet
ter paid." I
'"Such miserably low prices," said the
mother, sihinc i
"Miserable, indeed, but they told me
last time that they might pay still less
as they could 'get their work done quite
as well and more rapidly by a machine."
' "lr we only had one! i -
"Yes, but I am afraid it is an i'"that
will never be realized." ' 3 .'
"Give me one of the shirtsLouise. I
think I ean work a little." t
The young girl shook berihead, and
answered in a decided manner: "No.
mother, you musn't think' of itL Indeed
you are not able. Just get well as soon
as you can and then I will nojt object."
I he mother sighed.
"It troubles me, Louise, to fliink sick
ness makes me such a burden ipon you."
. ix Duraen, mother; don t think of it.,
-"If you were alone now, you might
get along more easily." ,j
i(lt 1 were alone, Baid Louise, shud
dering, "I shouldn't have any. spirit or
energy to work at an. Why: mother,
it b the thought oi you that keeps me up.
It's such a relief: to have somebody to
talk to. I often think how mich better
I am off than Nancy Reed it the next
m it i i .
room, one is an alone, nas nipt a rela
tion in the world, or none thai-she ever
sees, and there she sits in her room from
morning till night, sewing tlone. It
must be terrible." j
"Both are bad enough," sighed Mrs.
binding her mother still despondent,
Louise thought she must do
to cheer her up.,
"Do you know, said she,
ful tone, "what, made me
sppak of the
- f'.Because "your, employersj
spoke ; of
You must know I had
a dreni last
mother, a bright,
nlonsiht dream such as I do not often
"What is it?" asked
some little curiosity.
Mrs.; May with
'I dare say you will think it fanciful.
You know I sat up late working, and my
last thought as I went to bed, was, what
a beautiful present a sewing-machine
would be, and how much it would help
us along. Soon after going to sleep it
seemed to me as if while I sat working
as Im now, I heard a knock at the door,
and some one entered bringing what I
had so much desired. He set it down
wltKnn r -irriid 1 lift.
with my good luck."
"It was indeed a pleasant dream," said
Mi May, : faintly smiling, but suUi
dreams are very slow in coming true.
You know dreams are said to' go by con
traries." ' .'. : ; . ' ; : : - ' : ; :
I Before Louise had an opportunity to
answer, a noise was heard in the entry
and along the stairs as if some one were
coming up with a burden.'
A' A moment afterward: a knock . was
heard at the door of the chamber,
i . "Who can it be?" thought mother and
daughter both, for their visits from .the
world outside were few and far between.
"Lie down, mother, so that the draught
from the door may hot reach you,", said
Louise, rising to answer the summons.
She opened the door. A porter stood
before hera stout man with something
wrapped up carefully apparently a small
table. : - :-- '' :
Here is something I was to leave
here,"1 said he, "that is, if Mrs; May lives
here." i: -; ': ''' '
'-"Mrs! May does liye here,'!' saiu Lou
ise, surprisedJ "but we have not ordered
any thing! ' May' I - ask' what ' it is that
you bring.'' ;:
"A sewing machine, " said the porter.
A sewing machine! " Louise started in
uncontrollable astonishment,1 and leaned
ngainst: i the ''door 1 - lor -: support. 11 er
mother who had caught the sound of the
wbrdrrose up iri- bed in her excitement.
"Are you sure it is for us," asked
Louise, bewildered. ' ' ' ' '
"i.es, if your name s May. May be
is a present. You'd better look."
Adopting the suggestion, the wrap
pings were taken on, and a neat though
not expensive sewing-machine was dis-
played.; - - 1 : '
"There s a card, said the porter,
pointing to one which was attached by a
Louise eagerly examined it. It con
tained these words: "Miss Louise May
from St. Valentine." ' 5 .'.
"It is for me," said Louise, "though I
cannot conceive who it is lrom. Jtlow
TOTicTi 7 shall" I pay "y ou for your trouble?"
"1 was paid in advance at . the ware-
it i.i ii
rooms, answered the porter, and having
accomplished his task, he left the apart
ment. -'.'.. ; ! .
"How wonderful!" murmured Louise.
It makes me think of the -Arabian
Nights, and fairy gifts."
How wonderful! said Mrs. May,
solemnly. It reminds me of Elijah and
the ravens. Whoever may . have been
the generous giver, it was (iod that put
the tho't into his heart. Let us thank
im." . ; !
The two knelt down and thanked God
for his abounding mercy in supplying
what they most needed, and what they
felt would relieve them of much of the
drudgery to which they had hitherto
On the afternoon of St.' Valentine's
day. Frank Andrews and Mark Easton,
taking a half-holiday, called in company
upon the Vancouvers. , .
Ellen and Kate descended to receive
them; but there was a noticeable differ
ence in the warmth of the welcomes
which they respectively received. Frank
was welcomed with customary cordiality
by both, but there was a very decided
coldness on the part of Ellen as she re
turned the salutation of Mart, and even
Kate appeared more than usually grave.
"I believe," said Ellen, addressing her
self to Frank, "my sister and myself are
indebted to you for two very elegant val
entines received this morning."
"I am glad they came safely, '.'.said
Frank, feeling a little awkwardly. '
"3Iy sister also received onejf'romyou,
Mr., Easton," said Ellen, stiffly.
.f'Whicb could scarcely be called very
elegant," said the latter, composedly.
"That depends upon one's taste," re
turned Ellen, piqued at his coolness.
.The young man smiled. , , ...
"Confess now,", said he,Jin a frank,
straight-forward way, "you think .me a
little mean in not having purchased as
costly offerings as my friend Fnnk."
"We supposed you had some ' good
reason," said Kate, brightening up with
all her former confidence in. her lover, r
. "You only did me justice," h said a
little more gravely, "and as I wciild not
willingly rest under the imputation of
meanness, I will make full explanation
of n y reasons. A. day or, two since it
came to my knowledge accidentally that
a poor girl was toiling wearily Sixteen
hours a day to support herself aid her
mother by the work of her needle.
You know how poorly that Js pajd, and
I am afraid that even with such incess
ant exertion they must have fared very
poorly. It struck me how mueh the
possession of a sewing machine would
lighten their labors. I accordingly re
solved to appropriate what I was accus
tomed to spend on valentines and as
much more as was needful to buy a plain
article for them. I did as I purposed.
Am I forgiven?" ;
"You have done nobly," said Ellen,
while Kate silently extended her hand.
"And I thinking you mean ''all the
time! exclaimed Frank", indgdant at
"You mnst let me go with yo to ; see
the poor girl," said Kate. "I faay be
able to supply her with work af a niore
remunerative price than the shops."
Henceforth brighter das dawned
upon the Mays. , They removed to more
eligible rooms, and the little njachine
won them all their needed comfoijs.
Header, you have the poor always
with you, and it is more blessed io gjve
than to receive. One luxury foreborne
on your part may bring happiness to
those less bountifully provided.'. Will
you try the experiment.
EXAMINATION OF TEACHERS.
The following questions were pro
pounded for written answers at the Ex
amination of Teachers held on the 4th
1. What is meant by the properties oi'
a part of speech? v
2. Define each gender and give a
reason for its name.
3. How is the gender, person, number
and case of a pronoun determined?
4. For what purpose do adjectives ad
mit of a change of form?
5. Compare Significant. Dear. Good.
uorrect, All and Une.
w - '
b. Give the present tense third person
singular of the verb, to love, in the fol
lowing modes, in the order named: In
finitive, Participial, Potential, Subjunct
ive, Imperative, and Indicative.
7. "A mother's influence makes men
what they are." Parse in full the words
8. "And let him go his way, alone, and
innocent, and gay." Parse the words in
9. "The philosopher is intent upon
watching the phenomena of nature.
Parse each word before phenomena.
10. "The stranger's heart! Oh, wound
it not!" Parse each word.
1. What is a composite number? Give
2. How do you divide when the di
visor is a composite number?
3. When there are several remainders
after dividing by a composite number, how
do you find the true remainder?
4. In what respect are simple and com
pound numbers alike, and in what respect
do. they differ?
5. What is the difference between a
ratio and a proportion?
6. lieduce of 1-4) fi ani 19 of 6
to their least common denominator.
7. What is the interest of 8216.00 for
5 yrs, 7: months and 27 days, at 10 per
cent.?,.' .. , . . '
. 8. A, B, C, and D, have a job of work
to do A can do it in 12 days B in 15
days C in 18 days D in 24 days; in how
many days will they do it, all working?
Wlite the analysis in full.
9. There is a building 45 feet high on
a street 60 feet wide; required the length
of ladder that will reach from the op
posite side of the street to the top of the
10. The contents of a cubical block of
marble are 1953.125 cubic feet, what is
the length of one of the sides?
1. Into how many classes are the cir
cles of the earth divided?. Define each
kind, and give ah example of each?
2. What are the three forms of gov
ernment? Define each?
3. How is New York bounded. Its
capital and metropolis, and where sit
uated? 4. What divisions in the south-western
part of Europe form a peninsula?
5. Name the largest two rivers in
France, their course and into what they
6. What mountains seperate Tennessee
from North Carolina? : .
7. Name the Barbary States and their
8. Name the countries crossed by the
Tropic of Capricorn?
9. How many States and Territories
does the United States comprise? , Name
10. What Itepublie in the south-eastern
part of Europe?
Dr. Hiram Cox, the Cincinnati inspec
tor, has published many deeply interest
ing facts of his experience in testing
liquors sold in that city. In 700 inspec
tions of stores and lots of liquors of every
variety, he found that 90 per cent, were
impregnated with the most pernicious
arid poisonous ' ingredients. Nineteen
young men, all sons of respectable citi
zens, were killed outright by only three
months' drinking of these poisoned
liquors. Many older men, who were
only moderate drinkers, died in the same
period of delirium tremens brought on
in one quarter the time usual, even with
confirmed drunkards, by drinking this
same poison. Of 40T) insane patients, he
found that two-thirds had lost reason
from that cause. Many of them were
boys under age. One boy of 17 was
made insane by the poison from being
drunk only once. Seeing two men drink
ing in a grog shop, and that the whisky
was so strong that it actually caused
tears to flow from the eyes of one of them,
the doctor obtained of it and applied
his tests. He found it to contain only
17 per cent, of alcohol, when it should
have contained 40, and that the.differ
ence was supplied of sulphuric acid, red
pepper, caustic, potassaand strychnine.
A pint of this liquor contained enough
poison to kill the strongest man. " The
man who had manufactured it had grown
wealthy by producing it.
Leap Year. '
The year 1860 is "Leap Year," and
contains 366 days one day added. to the
shortest month, February, which will,
therefore, contain 29 days this year. On
this additional or 29th day, the ladies
claim a privilege which at all-other times
is generally allowed to gentlemen only
that of "popping the question." Leap
Year occurs every fourth year, and is so
called because it leaps over a day more
than does any other year. It is also
called bissextile from the Latin bis,
meaning twice, add sextus, sixth--mean-
ing that the sixth of the calends of March
(corresponding to our 24th of February)
was reckoned twice every fourth yearly,
the incalculation of a day. The neces
sity of leap year arises from the fact that
the solar year does not correspond ex
actly with the civil year, in consequence
of its not ending exactly with a given
day, but with a fraction of a day each
solar year containing 365 days and about
6 hours. It it were not lor this arrange
ment, Christmas, in course of time, would
come in midsummer, and the 4th of July
in the depth of winter.
Deaths In the Peerage.
In 1859 there diedwenty-six British
peers. The highest; in rank was the
Duke of Leeds, whose ancestor is so
often mentioned in MacaulayV History;
and the greatest. was Lord Macaulay
At a meeting of the Cleveland Board
of -Education, on January 17th, Mr.
Bradburn presented the following memo
rial: To the Honorable the House of Represen
tatives of the State of Ohio:
The Board of Education of the city
of Cleveland, regarding public Libraries
as an important education instrumental
ity, would respectfully ask of your hon
orable, body to amend the Senate bill
"suspending for two years the library
tax of l-10th of a mill," so as to leave
it within the discretion of local authori
ties tor levy a tax for public Libraries,
not exceeding l-10th of a mill, in addi
tion to the taxes they are now authorized
to levy thus enabling towns and cities
who desire to avail themselves of this
important auxiliary, to do so without
prejudice to other towns and cities who
prefer to get along without it.
And as in duty bound, will ever pray,
Mr. Bradburn spoke as follows in re
lation to the memorial:
A bill passed the Senate, and, without
remonstrance," will probably pass the
House, suspending for two years the
library tax. As the law now stands, the
library tax is mainly paid by the large
towns and cities, who have made no com
plaint. The opposition comes from the
small towns, whojget nearly two dollars
worth of books for every dollar tax paid
by them, the difference being made up
by Cincinnati, Cleveland, and other
cities. Our experience in. educational
matters has led us to regard the library
as a very important feature of our edu
cational system, and that provision of
our school law has ever been regarded
with fvor by the persons charged with
the educational interests of 6ur city. I
offer for the consideration of the Board
a memorial to the House of Representa
tives in relation of the Senate bill.
Last year, said Mr. B., we paid about
2,300, and received in return about
1,400, the, balance going to the small
towns, who take no care of their books,
which are consequently useless to them.
A movement is now being made to have
the matter left within the province of
the local authorities, and with this view
the memorial is presented.
The President and Secretary were in
structed to sign the memorial and for
ward it to the House.
BQyMr. Moore a member of the Sen
ate of Ohio, don't seem to be very much
in love with the Constitution of the
State of Ohio, as appears from the fol
lowing bill which he offered for adop
tion: ...... , .
Whereas, In the course of human
evnt3 it has become perfectly manifest,
(and especially the way thing3 is now
workin',) that the Constitution , of the
State of Ohio is a humbug, and has en
tirely failed to secure to the people of
Ohio the great ends and objectsfor which
it was adopted; and, whereas, there are
so many sharp points and angularities
in said constitution, that many of the
best interests of the State are being im
paled by them; and, whereas, there are
so many of the sections and provisions of
said constitution that are ot such ambig
uous, doubtful and uncertain meaning,
that sixteen Philadelphia lawyers with a
modern Common Pleas Judge thrown in,
cannot tell what they do mean; and,
whereas, owing to the ambiguous, doubt
ful and uncertain meaning of said con
stitution, much of the legislation under
it is of a doubtful and uncertain consti
tutional character; Therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly
of the State of Ohio, Sec. 1st. That said
Constitution of the State of Ohio, be and
the same is hereby repealed, annulled,
eradicated, and held to be "good for nix."
Judge Crawford, of Washington, in a
recent charge to the Grand Jury, thus
expresses his views of home education:
"If the young men, who are to be the
future men of our country, were brought
up with a more decided home rule, and
compelled (when compulsion was neces
sary) to devote themselves to the acqui
sition of skill in some useful and respect
ful vocation, there would be less occupa
tions for courts and juries. The engage
ments and habits of the boy will cling
to the man, and upon his education and
training under the domestic roof depend
his standing, and usefulness, or the re
verse, in life.
.j . '
Sore Shoulders In Horses.
The Boston Journal says the plan we
have tried and never found to fail, is to
get a piece of leather and have it cut
into such a shape so to lie, snugly,' be:
tween the. shoulders of the horse and
the collar.. . This fends off all the friction
as the collar -slips and moves on the
leather and not on. the shoulders of the
horse. Chafing is caused by the friction;
hence this remedy is quite a plausible
one, and is much better than tying slips
of leather or pads of sheepskin under the
Effect of Artificial Light on Vegetation.
In answer to an inquiry on this sub
ject, a correspondent of the London
Builder states: '
"I planted vegetables in a place where
daylight could not penetrate, over which
I suspended a paraffine oil lamp, with a
reflector to throw the light upon the
plants. They have grown up a beauti
ful dark green. I have also lighted a
greenhouse with lamps every night, and
find it not only increases vegetation, but
gives a beautiful deep tinge to the
The Putrid Sore Throat. : -
Mr. Boot, of Rochester, gives as a cure
for this fatal malady the use of red pep
per tea,made weak enough to avoid strang
ling the young patients. To be used
freely, and the throats of the children
occasionally "swabbed," or washed, with
the same tea, made quite strong. An
outside application must also be made of
slices of salt pork, bound on with a cloth.
The temperature of the room to be kept
equal, as near as possible. This remedy
has been used from the commencement
of the disease in many caaes.
The Cost of Got. Wise's Foolery.
. A bill has been passed by the Vir
ginia Legislature," appropriating $150,
000 to pay the expense accruing from
the Harper's Ferry Rffair.
THE SYMPATHIZING WOMAN.
If we were called upon to describe
Mrs. Dobbs, we should, without hesita
tion, call her a sympathizing woman.
Nobody was troub.ed with any malady
"She knew all about it by experience,
and could sympathize with them from
the bottom of her Tieart."
Bob Turner was a wag, and when one
day he saw Mrs. Dobbs coming along
the road toward his house, he knew that,
in the absence of his wife, he should be
called upon to entertain her, so he re
solved to play a little on the good wom
an's abundant store of sympathy.
Hastily procuring a large blanket, he
wrapped himself up in it, and threw him
self on a sofa near by.
"Why, good gracious! Mr. Turner, are
you sick?" asked Mrs. Dobbs, as she saw
his position. . ;. .
"Oh, dreadfully," groaned the imag
"What's the matter?" "
"Oh, a great many things. First and
foremost I've"got a congestion of the
"That's dreadful," sighed Mrs. Dobbs.
"I came pretty near dying of it ten years
to come next spring. What else?"
"Dropsy," again groaned Bob.
"There I can sympathize with you. I
was troubled with it, but finally got over
it.',' . '
, "Neuralgia," continued Bob.'
"Nobody can tell, Mr. Turner, what
I've suffered from neuralgia. It's an
"Then again I'm very much distressed
by inflammation of the bowels."
"If you've got that, I pity you," com
mented Mrs. Dobbs, "for three-years
steady 1 was afflicted with it, and I don't
think I've fully recovered yet."
"Rheumatism," ad'Jed Bob. . .
"Yes, that's pretty, likely to go along
with neuralgia. If did with me."
"Toothache," suggested Bob.
, "There have been times, Mr. Turner,"
said the sympathizing woman, "when I
thought I should have gone distracted
with the toothache." ...
. ."Then," said Bob, who, having tempo
rarily ran out of his stock of medical
terms, resorted to a scientific name; "I'm
very much afraid Jthat I've got the tethy
asaurusf . , . . ..
"I shouldn't be at all. surprised," said
the ever ready Mrs. . Dobbs; "I had it
when I was young." -.vi -
Though it was with great difficulty
that he could resist laughing, Bob con
tinued: . .
"I am suffering a good deal from a
sprained ancle." ' ' ; ": '- 1
"Then you can sympathize with me,
Mr. Turner. - I sprained . mine when I
was coming along."..
"But that isn't the worst of it."
; "What is it?" asked Mrs. Dobbs, with
curiosity. . .
"I wouldn't tell any one but you, Mrs.
Dobbs, but the fact is" here Bob
groaned "I'm afraid, and the doctor
agrees with me, that my reason is af
fected that, in short, I'm a little crazy!"
Bob took breath, and wondered what
Mrs. Dobbs would say to that. . ;
"Oh, Mr. Turner, is it possible?" ex
claimed the lady. "It's horrible! I
know it is. frequently have spells of
being out of my head myself!"'
Bob could stand it ho longer; he burst
into a roar of laughter, which Mrs.
Dobbs, taking for the percursor of a.vi
olent paroxysm of insanity, she was led
to take a hurried leave.
The Last Dodge.
A day or two ago a mans respectably
dressed, called at a grocery store in the
upper part of the city, and inquired af
ter a late attendant in the store. He
was informed that he had gone to Cali
fornia; upon which he expressed his re
gret that he had not been able to see him
before he started, as he owed him twenty
dollars, which he was anxious to pay.-
The store-keeper said he would forward
it to him, if desired; to which the other,
with thanks, assented, and handed over
a fifty dollar bill, receiving thirty dol
lars in change. The fifty dollar bill was
subsequently ascertained to be counter
feit. -Philadelphia Ledger, Jan. 30.
8A distressing accident occurred at
Zaleski last week. A son of Mr. Henry
Jennings, formerly of this township,
was setting on a fence, in sight of his
father's house, holding a shot-gun by
the muzsle, the breech resting on the
ground, when from some unaccountable
cause, the gun went off and discharged
its contents in the heart of the unfortu
nate boy, killing him instantly. Mari
etta Intelligencer, i .
B1 Massachusetts chooses her dele
aeo the Chicago Convention on the
7th of March, at Worcester. There ap
pears to he a strong sentiment in iew
i . i T
England tavorable to the nomination ot
Gov. Chase. " This has been distinctly
manifested by the action of Rhode Island
and Connecticut, the only Eastern States
in which the Republicans have yet ap
The Ohio Game Law will soon be
worthy the attention of sportsmen. It
forbids the killing of wild Turkey, Part
ridge, Quail, Pheasant, Prarie Chicken,
&c, between the 1st of February and
the 15th of September. The penalty for
violating this Law is a fine of from $2 to
15 for each offense. Lovers of such
sport will do well to bear this in mind.
Grape Culture In France.
It is said that five million acres of
French soil are devoted to grape culture,
producing annually over eight hundred
millions of gallons of wine, at an average
cost of ten cents per gallon. From its
cheapness, it is the almost universal drink
of the people.,. .
the House of Representatives
of the Georgia Legislature, a resolution
has been passed to appoint two Commis
sioners to Europe, to examine into, the
feasibility of establishing direct trade
between the South and Continental Eu
rope. Hon.- A. H. Stephens and Dr.
McGhce, Senator from Houston) -have
been appointed. .
BSfSomebody defines character as
"the only personal property which eve
ryboTly lokfl.ftcr for yoxi.'
Correspondence between mar
shal JOHNSON AND JNO. BROWN, Jr.
Jei-rER80s( January 841b, 1F60. ;
John Brown, je., EscU - n
Sir: I left at your house, to-day
a summons from the select committee
of the Senate to appear before said
Committee on the 30th inst. I regTet
exceedingly that I was unable to see
you, fo.r I think I could have satisfied
you that it would be to your interest to
appear before the Committee. The only
objection I suppose you can have to do
so, is the fear that the authorities of
Virginia might take advantage of your
presence in that region and arrest you
and take you to that State.
Of this, I take it upon myself to say
you need have no fear. In the letter
from Senator Mason, enclosing me the
papers, he makes use of this language,
viz: "If you can get an interview or
other means of communication with him,
(John Brown) he may be induced to
come under the assurance you can give,
that by a late law of Congress, no per
son who has been examined as a witness
before a Committee of either House of
Congress, can afterward be held to an
swer upon a criminal charge for any fact
done or committed by him to which his
testimony may refer. Thus, should the
witness have done .anything' in connec
tion with the Harper's Ferry affair which
might Bubject him to prosecution, by
testifying before the Committee, he will
be thenceforth exempt, from prosecu
tion.!' ,t - -.
These are the words of Senator Mason,
and to that I add a pledge of my sacred
honor, that if you will appear in Cleve
land on Friday morning next, and ac
company me to Washington, that. neither
on the way, nor in that city, shall you
be molested, but after giving your tes
timonyjl will see you safely returned to
your home. I propose that on Thursday
nest ryou come to Cleveland' and see
Judge Spaldisg, Judge Tilden and other
friends and consult with them as to the
propriety of going as I propose, and if
you make up your mind to go, that VfS
leave that city on the following day.' I
will also state that I have no warrant for
your arrest, nor has there ever been any
issued from any source, lhe assertion
to the contrary by the Cleveland Plain
Dealer of last week being an unmitigated
falsehood. .') v , '.. - ' .-. , .-'-.
I leave this letter with your friend,
Smith Edwards, Esq., with whom I have
luuy conversed on mat matter.
Yours, ' M. JOHNSON. .
1 1 ;. 'JOHN BROWN S REPLY. ;:
Dorset, Ashtabula County, O., V
Jan., 25th, 1860. ,;
M. Johnson, Esq., U. S. Marshal, ")
- " Cleveland, O. ' )
f Sir: I. have received your favor of
the 24th inst.; informing. me , that you:
had left at ' my house . a summons from
the Select Committee of the U. S. Sen
ate, commanding me to appear, before
that Committee on the 30th inst. .
After a full, and careful consideration
of the reasons which you offer why I
should obey that, summons, I have for
two reasons resolved not to do so. The
first is, that in going to, and returning
from, Washington, I must of .necessity
pass .wit run tne jurisdiction ot eituer
Maryland or Virginia.' The latter State
has especially exhibited of late such a
remarkable facility of perpetrating the
grossest injustice under the forms of law,
that no sane man would, in the circum
stances in which I am placed, trust her
for a moment. Even if that State could
not crush me by a judicial process, the
wildest enthusiast would not dream her
power would be thrown between me and
the violence ot her,.mobs.; . r . ;
The protection under the law of Con
gress to Which Senator Mason refers, you
will see if his language is correctly re
ported, applies only to "a person who
has been examined as a witness;." but
supposing otherwise, what regard has
the Nullifying State of Virginia - for a
law of Congress which would interpose
between a victim and the malice of her
slaveholders? I have experienced too
much of slaveholding perfidy to rely on
the faith of a State whose honor and
magnanimity arc represented by the lw
thor of the Fugitive Slave Bill, and whose
chief revenue is derived from tlie sale of
her own sons and daughters. . . . . ,
The second reason why I refuse to ap
pear before that Committee, is: that in
swearing to "tell the truth, the whole
truth, and nothing but the truth," so far
as my knowledge extends in reference to
the facts sought for in that investiga
tion, I should obligate myself tos make
known that which would implicate oth
ers, which as the Lord liveth I will not
do.'- You say' that by giving my testi
mony I can exempt myself from further
trouble. In answer, I would say, that I
cannot purchase immunity from further
prosecution by an act of treachery. .. To
that system of piracy which reduces to
chattels every sixth man, i woman and
child of our land, I owe no obligations.
It "has no rights which I am bound to
respect;V but, to the noble men and wo
men, who,' in .the same spirit which
prompted effort in behalf of Greece, It
aly and Hungary, labored by word and
deed to aid "Native Americans"- de
scendants of the '-first families of Vir-
!. .1 .! 1 ill
ginia, to throw on tneir yoKe to mem
I owe unswerving fideuty. Some ot them
reside in slave State's) and my testimony
would place their lives in jeopardy. On
their account, if for no other, I refuse to
appear and answer, and shall patiently
wait for the infliction of "the pains and
penalties in . such cases made and pro
vided." And now to save unnecessary delay in
pouring out upon me the ."vials" of pro
slavery "wrath," I will say that business
does not now call me to Canada. Should
I revisit that temporary home of our
American Exiles, it will be from other
considerations than thoso of personal
safety. Possibly, at some time, I may
"leave my country for my -country's
ood," but: never for the good of the
slave power. With due respect, j
1 remain, &c.i : " ; ' 1
JOHN BROWN, Jr..
bssl. Three States have abolished the
death penalty, viz: Michigan; in 1846;
Rhode Island, m 1852, and Wisconsin, in
1853. This is an abolition demanded
by the test of experience. Hanging a
human being by the neck until, he is
lead, is a. horrid hnsmefis.
The Last of Earth-
... The Paris correspondent f tlio Irac
eler, has the following .. ; s;
"Never ; eny . any taanf,, All liavtf
their burdens, and he 'that tent pcreththtf
wind to the shdra;iamB;''nath endowed
habit with the power" of alleviating the?
heaviest loads. The other day there
was a splendid funeral in this street,
few doors below the home in, which I
live. All the hideous pageantry which
increases the horrors of Death was be
sembled. The crowd was ' numerous.
The luxurious mansion - of th- grt
banker ; was one j great funeral chamber.
The banker is worth a million of dollar..
His average income Is one hundred an J
twenty-five thousand dollars. lie is the
head of a joint stock baniing', company,,
which enables him to dispose often mil
lion of dollars at his pleasure. He ia
one of the lions of Change: Don't you
envy him? Oh, no, for 'twas only six
months ago the undertaker laid his "third
son, then nineteen, in the grave the
Other day his second son was carried
away by the same sombre tradesman to
the graveyard, ihough , the boy" was; but
one and twenty his eldest daughter in
a hunchback; and is in declining health
his second daughter is bed-ridden with
consumption, and will .surprise the doc
tors if she outlives the winter theT
banker himself is blind from over-iabor
he has been known to pass - twenty
days without once undressing and sleep
ing in a bed; all his repose being a. few
hours of feverish slumber snatched from
corroding cares a respite passed on a
sofa! Oh, don't envy, the "rich banker
though his coffers overflow 1 with gold,
for it avails little for him; and 'though,
as I grant ye, the resonant .chimes - of
coin, tossed about as so much trash in
his , cash office,' sound "musically to' the
ear,, yet the oft-heard' passing1 bell Ind
doctor's tread common ia the' houseman
the resonance of gold, destroy all. thecf
fect, except the painful contrast Betjreem
the emptiness of human vanity andVia
bition! . So envy' no manf ' ' ; ' ;
: : ," ' 1 U- i t
Constant Employment. ; ' -..., 'n . s
.The man who is. obliged to le eoa
stantly employed to earn the necessaries
of life and support his family',' knows not
the unhappiness he' prays for when 1.9
desires wealth1' and ' idleness. !' To I e
constantly ' busy is ;tO" be always, happy.
Persons , who have , suddenly acquired
wealth, broken up; their active pursuits
and begin to live at their ease, waste away
and die in a' very short time1 ' Tieun-
ands would hate been blesbines to th
world and added to the common stock of
happinessji f . they had been content to
remain in a humble sphere, and earnetl
every mouthful of food that nourished
their bodies." 1 But no; fashion and wealth;
took possession of them, land theyj.Terw
completely ruined.; :. . .f.,;.7 ,f. ?.
, They ran away from peace and pleas
ure and embraced a liiigering.dealli. : Ye
who are fighting for the pomp "and splen
dor of life, beware? Ye know not what
you wish? No situation; however, exalt
ed; no wealth, however magnificent, no-
honors, however glorious can. yield yott
solid enjoyment, while' discontent Iurka
in your bosom. The; secret of-happi-nessTliesin1
this to be always content-.
ed with youlot, nd never sigh tot t!.e
splendor, of riches, ,or magnificence of
fashion and power." , Pesrons who are
always busy, and go cheerfully ' to their
daily tasks," are the least disturbed: by
the fluctuations of business, and at aigkfr
sleep with jerfect composure...
Medical TJe of Salt
In many cases of disordered stomifcb,
a teaspoonful Of salt is a certain1 cure.
In the violent internal aching, termed
cholic, add a teaspoonful of salt to a pint
oTcold water drink it and go to1 bed; i
is one of the speediest remedies known.
The same will revive one who seems -almost
dead from receiving a heavy fall.
. -iln an apolectic fit, no time' bnould be
lost in pouring down salt and water, if
sufficient sensibility remain to allow the
swallowing if not, the head-must le
sponged with eold water, until the sense
return, when , salt, will immediately re
store the patient from the lethargy.'
In a fit, the feet should be placed ill
warm water, with mustard added, and the
legs briskly rubbed, all bandages removed
from the neck, and a cool apartment pro--cured
if possible." In many eases of sc
vere. bleedings at the lungs, and when
other temedies fail,' Dr." Rush found iwo
spoonsful 6f salt ' completely : stayed; .1 he
bl00d.;..;:..-;;. I, i r:!, T;: J,.,,
In case, of bite from a -mad dog, wash
the part with strong lririd fe-j an hour,
then bind 6n some salt whir a rag. t
In toothache, warm salt and water held
to the part 'and renewed iwoj, of threo
times.. will relieve income cases.. "...If the.
gums be affected, wash the. niouTb. witl "
brine; if the teeth be tartared wash them
twice a day with salt and water. '
' In swelled ' neck. frnsh- the part" with,
brine twice a day until cured., j v-r .f,
, Salt will expel worms, if, used in the
food in a moderate degree, and aids' di
gestion; but salt meat is injurious' ifuscd
too much. Scientific Amcrkan. '-
Boiled Flank, to at Cold '
Take a piece of a flank of beef, fs of
eight inches wide and as long as you can
cut it; sprinkle salt over it; and' let it
stand twenty-four hours; -then prepare
stuffing, the ' same as for a turkey or
chicken; and spread over it; then, roll it
up very. tight,; and tie a piece of cloth
all over it, and boil it six hours; 'when
you take it and lay it between two boards
to drain, and put a weight upen-jt, till
it is cold. It will then cut up in beau
tiful slices. ci . . , ;..
Corn Cam for Breakfast. ' "V
Mix at night, one quart of corn mc,!
with water enough to make a thin, batter,
adding a table-spoonful - of yeast, t and
salt to suit the taste. In the morning,
stir in two eggs, and a small tea-spoonful
of soda, and with' a spoon," beat it
long and hard. Batter a tin pan,: pour
the mixture into it- and bake' immedi
ately, about half, an hour, in a moder.
ately heated oven.
Cake irithont Eg-g. ' : 'i H .SQ4
Twocupfuls sngar,-.two of BweeteteanV:
two small. tca-Bpoonfuls of saleratusj our
cupfuls of flour; flavor, with,. nutmeg 6!p
lemon, and bake in small scolloped ticS,
-Ohio F,irn.rr.- ic?": .;
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