It II III ri V J il
T. A. PLANTS, Editor,
"Independent in All Things- Neutral in Nothing."
T. A. PLANTS,
jl, u. Mclaughlin
POMEROY, MEIGS COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1860.
i t ;
THE DYING WIPE.
BY ISABEL ASHTOlf.
I only cling to life, beloved,
That I may dwell with thee; .
That I my kiss thy cheek and lip,
. . And share thy destiny.
- ! Love's chords are strong about my heart,
-, And thy sweet words are dear;
"'Tis not the thought of death, beloved,
But leaving thee, I fear.
'Come, let me hear thy voice, beloved,
-And leaa'upon thy breast,
- Where I 3utve found when sick and faint,
---r-uuh iwwrrHiJ soSHnhg rest. .".;
'Come, let thy breath float o'er my cheek.
And bless me as I die; '
Death's dews Rre on my heart, beloved,
.And dim and darfk miae eye. '
'O, clasp me closer to thy side,
' t , . -And clash a'wary those tears;
j This gushing tide of tenderness
Has swelled my soul for years
It now is flowing wildly out
-i In this one hour for thee;
0, treasure it amid thy dreams,
Thy wife's death agony.
. . .Yes, dearest, I am dying now,
A chill is on my heart;
0, mighty death, that e'en can tear
Such souls as ours apart
I bless thee with my parting breath,
And may thy heart be strong
To bear the ills and woes of life,
To meet reproach and wrong.
From Ballou't Pictorial.
' -:BT JOHN THORKBEERT.
One pleasant morning in the fall, I was
sitting alone in my omce, conning over
a briet 1 had just prepared tor a case
then pending, when I heard a knock on
my door, and in walked a young woman,
with a pleasantly sad expression of
countenance, carefully dressed, who de
sired to know if I could transact a little
legal business for her. . . ' .
She immediately seated herself, and
alter some hesitation began and went
through with her story.
. . It seemed that her husband, who was
given to turns of extreme dissipation,
had deserted her , of his own choice, and
sne naa neara uotning irom mm lor a
number of years. At first, she was un
willing to belive that his absence was
anything more than temporary, as he
had at several times forgotten his obli
gations to her in this way; but, finding
it became protracted indefinitely, she en
tertained fears for his safety.
Thoughtless, apparently of his wife's
distress of mind, and caring nothing
whether she ever received tidings of him
or not, be followed after his own incli
nations, and led the life of a wretched
vagabond. Yet he carefully kept his
whereabouts a secret from his wife's ears.
Perhaps in this one-particular he did
have some regard . for her feelings. She
gave me herame as Mrs. Mallows.
"Henry," said she, "was once my( all
in all; and" the tears swimming in her
blue eyes "I love him now as much as
J ever did. . I pity him so.."
Poor woman! How much was she to
be pitied herself!
'I have earned a living for myself and
my little girl,' '. she contin ued, "ever since
I was left alone. Besides that, I have
bought a little plain, but necessary fur
niture, and put something into the
savings bank."' : " , .
"He has been gone several years; you
6ay?" I asked her.
' "YeBj Bir.'' He must have been, in or-
der to give a poor" woman like myself
any time to lay aside a little money."
,1I suppose you, wish . to secure your
; savings, then, against "
"Yes, sir. He must no,t have them!
It will never do! Think of my child!"
I told her what thellaw was, and re
gretted that such a law was tolerated on
the statute book.
She looked at me as if she wished to
tear the leaf out of the statutes with her
"I knew how it was," said she, "and
for that purpose have prepared to take a
step that otherwise I never would take
in the world. ? litiust bhtain a divorce."
I studied her countenance well, for it
challenged my scrutiny then. It was
that of a brave and noble woman, who
from duty and principle makes a sacri
fice whose greatness the world can never
measure. .'" ' ''
"I wish it could be avoided," said she;
"but how is it possible? Even if he re
turns and claims what I have saved, be
fore a separation is legally effected, he
can take it all without any power of
mine to prevent it.r, Is it not so?"
I was obliged to confess it was.
' "Then," said she, with a sad resolu
tion, "this step must be taken. It tears
my heart, but I will do my duty to my
I therefore took such data from , her
lips .as enabled me to bring a petition
before the proper court. Wink. I sat
making the memorandum, she threw in
various exclamations of sorrow at the
state of things with her, that excited me
with nnusuoi sympathy. , ; I . know that
lawyers are not apt to be the most senti
mental of men, nor to cultivate on their
part the liveliest of sensibilities. But
here was a case to challenge, in many of
its' connecting circumstances, the sym
pathy of any living creature: I did not
hesitate, accordingly, to render the poor
lady a full measure of my better feelings
in return for her sorrow, and I shall
never hesitate, I hope, to do so in any
person's case that may come in my way.
"Poor Henry!" she would say.
"Poor Henry! I loved him so much!
I can't but love him yet! How can I
forget those early days?"
The safest way for me was, while she
.talked thus and cried too, to hold my
Lead down as closely to my paper as
possible. At some points of her story,
I do ,not believe I could have looked
her in the face without helping the un
happy creature along with tears of my
"Vhen we were married," said she
.again. "I didn't think of days like
.these. I wouldn't have believed it if
my best friend had told me they were
sure to come. I loved Henry poor
Henry! And I know how truly then he
loved me. But he has been led astray.
He would never do this of himself; some
one else must have led him off into it."
After a time I succeeded in collecting
all the facts from her that were nec
essary to the business, and pushed back
from the table. She once more inquired
"I cannot prevent his taking all, ex
cept by bringing this petition for di
"I see no other escape," I told her.
. men, saia sne, witn a heavy coun
tenance indeed, 'the matter is settled
forever. I amr to be -without the' hus
band of my youth! I am to live and die
alone! Good day, sir. I loved Henry
before he took to these courses. Ah,
sir, I love him now! I would make any
sacrifice, if I could thus avert this dread
And she took her leave sadly of me,
as if she were passing out into the dark
shadow of a cloud.
I sat undisturbed in my office for seve
ral hours, ruminating on the hard case
that had just been presented. I thought
with myselr it was a fearful matter thus
to divorce husband and wife forever,
when perhaps happy circumstances
migh yet intervene to reconcile their
differences; and I felt it worse than all
that a law should be allowed to stand on
the pages. of the statute-book,, which
drove an unprotected woman to petition
for a divorce in order to save her little
The more I thought about it. the har
der it seemed to me to be. Yet I knew
well enough there was no present remedy
for a case like this, but this single one
she had felt forced to choose. Her hus
band had been away from her had
voluntarily deserted her for a number
of years long enough to warrant the
granting of her petition, under the pro
visions of the law. He deserved to be
cut poff from a true and loving woman
whom he had so basely betrayed, and I
hoped to be an instrumeut in bringing
about such a result.
Even while I sat there thus occupied
the door opened, and there walked in a
man of perhaps thirty-five summers, who
removed his hat at once and sat down in
the chair which my unhappy client had
He stated that he was a person long
bsent from the city, and therefore he
wanted legal advice. I expressed my
self ready to deal it out to him, of course.
"1 expect my wife is somewhere in
the city," said he, "and I am anxious to
find her. Can you help me? And after
that I want more help."
'What is your name? was my 'first
"Henry Mallows, said he.
I was thunderstruck. Taking another
careful look at him, I discovered that
is face and dress evinced every mark
of dissipation. I could see plainly
nough that he had just returned from
long absence of that character, having
abandoned his course only till he could
some way recruit his pockets, and
come back determined to strip his poor
lie of all she had. lo see the man of
hom I had keen thinking, so soon
the very cause of the trouble over which
my unhappy client grieved rather
startled me, albeit I am somewhat ac
customed to surprises of this character.
watched and studied him closely. 1
could not for a moment keep my eyes off
From his own telling, I became con
vinced that he was determined to find
his wife again, simply to live -off of her
or to appropriate her savings if she had
ny. I at one time even suggested that
as he had been absent so long, according
to his own confession, she might per
haps have obtained a legal separation.
He was struck with surprise at the
possibility of such a thing; then declared
could not be possible, tor he knew
ary would never do such a thing; and
nallv sprang to his leet with excite
ment, and said he must hnd her at once.
saw his urgency and took advantage
'I can help you," said I.
"Can you?" he asked, his face lighting
"Come here to-morrow afternoon at
half-past three o'clock, will you? Not
a moment before, however. Be punc
tual at that hour, and you shall find your
interests all answered,"
He promised me with much eagerness,
and took his leave.
"Meantime," said I, as he was shut
ting the door; "keep perfectly quiet; do
not make a single inquiry of any one.
I can help you if anybody can."
He bowed his thanks and was gone.
A few minutes afterwards I left my of
fice in search of the residence of the wife.
She had given me her street and number,
and I had no difficulty in finding her.
"I want you to be at my office tor
morrow afternoon, at four o'clock," said
I, "not five minutes sooner, however."
"Yes, sir," she answered, satisfied that
I was looking closely after her interests.
I passed 'the ' night more awake than
asleep, thinking how I could best secure
the object I had in view; how that odi
ous and inhuman law could be evaded,
that otherwise was certain to make a
wreck of this unhappy woman's house
hold. The forenoon slipped away as it
always did. After dinner I sat and
waited for half-past three o'clock to come.
I was apprised of the fact of its arrival
by the opening of the door, and the en
trance of my man again.
"Punctual" said he.
He looked much better than on the
previous day, though I could see he had
still been feeding the fires of dissipation
over night. I led him into a back room,
ieaving the door ajar, and sat down and
began conversation witn him. i saw
more plainly than before that he was de
termined to get all that his wife had,
whatever it might be. And-still, from
various questions put to hitn to divert
his thoughts to other subjects, I saw as
plainly that at heart he loved his wife,
and might possibly yet become a devo
ted and noble husband.
While we were occupied with nothing
but these generalities, I keeping his cu
riosity piqued to learn what I might
have of importance to communicate, the
town clo';k hard byhadstruck four. In
voluntarily I started in my chair. At
the same moment the door opened in
the other room. I told my man to sit j
still a few moments and I would be back
again. But in going out, I was careful
to leave the door aiar. that all we said
in the outer office might be overheard
The poor lady was there, prompt
enoush. I asked her to be seated, she
little thinking that the cause of all her
trouble was iust in the other room. She
waited patiently for me to introduce the
subject for which I had requested her
"I can obtain your bill for you, I
think," said I. in a loud tone; "but if
I should tell you that your little savings
would be untouched without this pro
ceeding, would you still insist on carry
"No, never, sir; never in the world!"
she answered, clasping her hands. "I
never would cast Henry away! I love
him yet! I always shall love him! He
may wrong me more than he has, but it
will make no difference with my heart.
I do this only for the sake of my dear
little girl. She must be cared for, let
who may be the sufferer. O, dear Henry;
why would'nt you be to me what you
The last exclamation was uttered in
such a touching tone, and came so fresh
from her wounded heart, that a man
must have been less than a man who
could have heard it unmoved. In an
instant almost, the repentant husband,
moved by her words of anguish and sup
plication, came rushing out from. the
inner room and threw his arms around
! his wife. He called on his wife to for
give him- to forgive him! His heart
was smitten. To jfind her thus true to
him through the whole of his treachery,
and to hear from her own lips that she
still loved him in.spite of his negligence,
cut even him to the quick of his nature.
He could bear it no longer.
TI ey embraced, and wept, and em
braced each other again. He confessed
his guilt. He declared that she should
thus suffer no longer. She forgave him
all, and withdrew her petition for di
vorce altogether. I saw them leave my
office with joy in company. They went
home. Since that time he has been an
altered man, and a model husband. And
I sometimes love to think I may have
had a hand in it all.
A Wife's Prayer.
If there is anything that comes nearer
to the imploration of Naomi than the
subjoined, then we have not seen it:
Lord, bless and preserve that dear per
son whom thou hast chosen to be my
husband; let his life be long and blessed,
comfortable and holy; and let me also
become a great blessing and comfort unto
him, a sharer in all his sorrows; a meet
helper in all the accidents and changes
in the world; make me amiable lorever
in his eyes, and forever dear to him.
Unite his heart to me in the dearest love
and holiness, and mine to him in all
sweetness, charity and compliance. Keep
me from ungentleness, all disc-on tented
ness and unreasonableness of passion and
humor; and make me .humble and obe
dient, useful and observant, that we may
delight in each other according to Thy
blessed Word, and both of us may re
joice in Thee, having our portion in the
love and service of God forever. Amen.
Relief of Neuralgia.
As this dreadful disease,'says an ex
change, is becoming more prcvelant
than formerly, and as doctors have dis
covered no method or medicine that will
permanently cure it, we simply state, for
some time past a member of our family
has suffered intensely from it, and could
find no relief from any remedy applied,
until we saw an article recommending
the application of horse-radish to the
face for toothache. As neuralgia and
toothache are both nervous diseases.
we thought the remedy for the one would
be likely to give relief to the other; so
we made the application of horse-radish,
bruised and applied to the side of the
body, where the disease is seated. It
gave almost instant relief to the severe
attack of neuralgia. Since then we have
applied it several times, and with the
same gratifying result. The remedy is
simple, cheap, and may be within the
reach of all. Ex.
How and When to eat Fruit.
Fruit should not be indulged in be
tween meals, as though it was a luxury,
but used in moderation at meal time, in
the place of animal and other food. It
should not be eaten for desert, after a
full meal has been made, as is usually
done a custom which cannot be too se
verely reprehended. Fruit may, with
safety be eaten at any meal, but it would
be well to confine it to breakfast. . The
old saying will be found true by prac
tice. "Fruit is gold in the morning,
silver at noon, and lead at night." Let
it constitute part of the breakfast, and be
eaten at no other period of the day; let
it be ripe and not eaten immoderately;
and incalculable benefits will arise from
its use, both iu preventing the access
and staying the progress of disease du
ring the summer and fall months.
A Wedding Card
The bachelor editor of the Fredericks
burg News has received from a "brother
bach, an invitation to his wedding. It
reads as follows:
Dear Sir: Lord willing, and woman
don't back out, I shall marry on the.
I should be happy to have you present
to profit by the example.
My prospect of married blessedness may
not be so bright, but my experience of
single cursedness has insured me against
In short, I long for the
chain, and expect to huti it with en
closures with everlasting satisfaction.
She'll Slake a Good Wife.
The Beaver Dam (Wis.) Citizen says,
a short time since a young lady who has
been a resident of that city for about a
year past, started to California to marry
a man she has never seen. The gentle
man is a partner of the lady's brother,
through whose efforts the acquaintance
commenced, which resulted in a mar
riage contract. The gentleman's busi
ness being such as required his constant
presence, his lady-love heroically re
solved to meet him on the Pacific coast,
and has accordingly left here for that
purpose. Such is the romance of real life.
A FATHER NARROWLY ESCAPES
MARRY 191 G HIS OWN DAUGHTER!
Some seventeen years ago a young and
intelligent man married an accomplished
German girl in Rochester, N. Y. He
had before his marriage unfortunately
contracted an intimacy with some of the
fast men of that city, and shortly after
his marriage he was suspected of forgery.
The suspicion was so strong against him
that he fled. His wife never heard of
him afterwards. She died when the
child was some six years old, and on her
death bed gave it to a German family,
who had been her friends for a long time.
This family moved to this city when the
I child aa .uncommonly pretty little girl
was about seven years old. The
family, after they had resided here six
months, had some property fall to them
in the German state ot Hanover, and
concluded to go there and spend the re
mainder of their days. They went,
leaving little Christine, the child, with
a worthy German named Klingenheifer.
He took her into his lannly and adopted?
her as his child. He gave her all the
opportunities of education that his lim
ited means would permit, and the child
became a beautiful and intelligent girl.
About six weeks ago a gentleman ar
rived in the city from the Mexican State
f feonora. Mr. Klingenheifer, seeing
is name upon a hotel register, sought
him out for the purpose of gaining some
information of a brother of his, who lives
in aonora. it so happened that the
gentleman knew Mr. K.'s brother per
fectly well they were tried and warm
friends and an intimacy naturally
sprang up between himself and Mr. K.
He visited Mr. K.'s house and there met
the young lady Christine. They became
friends and subsequent visits ripened
their friendship into love. He offered
her his hand in marriage, which was ac
cepted. He had lived in Sonora for
several years and had been connected
with many of the revolutions of that
singularly revolutionary country, taking
side with the Liberals. The present
government of that unhappy State is not
"Liberal," and the gentleman was re
cently exiled by Gavalando, the Gover
nor. The gentleman had no difficulty
in proving all this. Besides, he had
plenty of money.
Monday last was settled upon as the
Sunday, while he was visiting the
young !ady, his attention was directed to
a locket ring which she wore upon one
of her fingers. He laughingly asked
her whose miniature the locket con
tained, and she told him it was that of
her dead mother. He looked at it and
became deathly pale. He knew the
miniature was that of his wife and felt
sure that the girl by his side was his
own daughter, though he had never be
fore supposed he had a child upon earth.
The mingled pain and pleasure he felt
pain at the thought of the frightful act
he had been about to commit, and pleas
ure at his most happy escape cannot be
His daughter, after the shock which
the discovery caused her, had passed
away, was overjoyed at meeting her
News had reached him, while he was
in South America, of his wife's death.
V hen exiled from Sonora he determined
to revisit Rochester, and endeavor to
clear up the suspicion against him. He
knew thathe was innocent. He traveled
under an assumed name, but it had been
his intention to impart the secret to
Christine ere the marriage ceremony was
performed. She, it will be borne in
mind, had adopted the name of Klin
genheifer and the gentleman had sup
posed she was Mr. K.'s own daughter.
He was happy to learn, as he did from
his daughter who had received the in
telligence from her mother, that all sus
picion against him in regard to the for
gery in Rochester had been entirely al
layed, years ago, by the coniession ot the
guilty party. ,
He will go West with his daughter and
We get these particulars from a relia
ble source, but we do not learn how the
exile excuses himself for never advising
his unhappy wife of his whereabouts.
Cleveland Flam Dealer.
Was it pleurisy, or ingratitude? or a
fear to offend the South? The Detroit
Advertiser says sharply:
"It was announced by telegraph, yes
terday, that 'Senator Douglas had pre
pared a eulogy on Mr. Broderick, to be
delivered to-day, but last night he was
severely attacked by pleurisy.' This
'pleurisy' is a very convenient refuge
for Mr. Douglas. It is not the first time
it has done him a good service. At the
opening of Congress it saved him from
the necessity of showing his hand until
he had taken full time to survey the
field and decide what position he could
take with the most safety. Congress
has now been in session ten weeks and
he has been in his seat five or six weeks.
But as no day had been fixed upon for
announcing the death of his brave and
generous-hearted friend, there was no
sign of a return of his disease. He
seemed to have quite recovered from it.
But when the time for that melancholy
duty had been definitely settled, and the
eve of the day for the announcement had
arrived, he was suddenly seized with the
'pleurisy' as violently as ever. One
would have supposed that he could have
found time in six weeks to pay a passing
tribute to one who had stood by him so
faithfully. But it seems he could not.
And when the Senate was forced by pub
lic opinion to pay the usual tribute to
his memory, and he could no longer
stave it off, his convenient friend, the
pleurisy, came to his relief at the nick of
time. Mr. Douglas is a lucky man to
have such a friend since they have mur
dered the best one he ever had before."
A Long Line.
By the completion of the Mississippi
Central R. R. we have a continuous rail
way from Bangor, Me., to New Orleans,
exc ept four short ferries at Hudson river,
the Susquehanna, the Potomac and James
river. This vast chain of railways is
composed of eighteen independentroads,
costing in the aggregate for 2,395 miles
of road $92,784,084, or nearly one-tenth
of the whole railway system of the
United States, of which 1,996 miles are
used in this continuous line.
TO KILL WORMS AT THE ROOTS
Take a small hoe, or other suitable
implement, and excavate the earth from
the roots of the tree to the depth that
the . worms usually penetrate. Then
take a pound of unslacked lime, broken
into, small fragments, mix it with the
earth removed from the tree root, and
pack , the mixture into the excavation
around the tree, then pour water upon
the mixture in sufficient quantity to slack
the ,lime. The heat evolved by this
meana,'together with the corrosive qual-
ity of the jime, will, within a few min-utesvdei-py
Wery worni, even when
bark; and this, too, without injuring the
tree. If a half a dozen good Deaches
would not compensate for your labor,
you are ho lover of fruit.
To prevent the frost from killing the
fruit buds iu the spring, take half a
bushel of unslacked lime; divide it into
four parts; put these parcels into an equal
number of boxes, capable of holding
about three times the bulk of lime. If
you fear a sharp frost, place these boxes
in such positions under the tree as will
enable the heated moisture elevated from
the boxes, to diffuse itself through the
branches ot the tree. Having thin
thus prepared, between the hours of
twelve and two o'clock in the morning,
pour upon the lime in the boxes water
enough to slack the lime. By this
means, heat and moisture enough will be
elevated among the branches to prevent
the destruction of the fruit buds at that
time, and so on by a repetition if neces
Ihese devices for the preservation of
trees and iruit. may not be original, but
so lar as 1 know, both ideas originated
with myselt. And what are they JSoth
ing but common sense, to every one who
knows that the slacking 'of lime pro
duces an intense heat. Ohio Farmer.
Statistics of Headache.
The Medical Times and Gazette con
tains some interesting medical data, ob
tained by inquiries made in the usual
course ot proiessional experience, con
cerning the causes of headache. Of
ninety cases cited, seventy -six were fe
males a number which establishes
pretty strongly the fact testified to by
most of the old writers, that females are
more frequent sufferers. Of the seventy
six females, forty were single. The
predisposition in the case of females is
believed to originate in the nervous sys
tem susceptibility of nervous disorder
being much oftener found in the female
than in the male subject. It is likely
to exist in organisms which evidences a
capability of so much fineness and deli
cacy of perception, united with so much
proneness to emotional excitement, and
m which the functions of organic life are
observed to be so readily wrought by
passing states of thought, sensation and
emotion. Of the exciting causes, emo
tional disturbance has the highest num
ber. Out of ninety cases, fifty-three de
clared this to be one of the causes of
their attacks; forty-eight also consid
ered that atmospheric states were to be
blamed, and twenty-five specified thun
der. Iu regard to inheritance of the li
ability, in nineteen cases the mother is
mentioned; in nine, the father; and in
twelve, both parents. In all, forty gave
explicit evidence of hereditary predispo
sition. Two Girls Rescued from Australian
The Sydney Herald gives an account
of the rescue of two European girls from
Frazer Island, believed to be the only
survivors out of all the passengers
wrecked in the Sea Belle. They were
taken from the natives of the island on
the 23d of October were found sixty
miles inland. The Herald says, "the
girls appear to be about the respective
ages of fifteen and six years; their ap
pearance is heart-rending; their bodies,
emaciated from long suffering and ex
posure to the weather, are covered with
a coating of hair; the skin, stained by
their tormentors to assimilate with their
own, has become spotted and wrinkled
as if from old age; the nose has been
flattened by force, the limbs distorted,
and the vacant stare of idiocy has left
these poor creatures scarcely in appear-:
ance human, and although enabled grad
ually to recognize such things as they
must have been in the habit of seeing
hourly before they fell into the hands of
the natives, their acquaintance with
their mother tongue is, as yet, quite
gone." Other Europeans are believed
to be prisoners of the blacks on Frazer
The Pacific Railroad. .
Governor Stevens' final report upon
the Northern route for a Pacific Railroad
is in the hands of the binder, and will
be ready for delivery next week. It
forms the twelfth and last volume of the
series of reports upon the Pacific Rail
road, and contains a full narrative in de
tail of the explorations of 1853, 1854 and
1855, with a geographical memoir of the
whole country tributary to - the route
from the Lake to the Pacific, including
a copious hydrographical memoir of the
harbors of Puget Sound and of the coast
thence to the mouth of the Columbia.
These portions of the report treating of
the meteorology and the natural history
of the route are very full and have been
prepared with much care. It is copi
ously illustrated by characteristic views
of scenery, and, among ether maps,
contains an isothermal chart. The re
port is accompanied with a minute and
carefully prepared estimate of the cost
of a railway on the route from Bracken
ridge, on the western border of Minne
sota, the terminus of the Pacific Rail
road of that State, to Seattle, on Puget
Vancouver, on the Colum-
A movement has been started in Eng
land to encourage young women to learn
the trade of watchmaking with a view to
qualify them to clean and repair watches
a branch of business in which there is
constant employment in large towns and
cities. The widow of a watchmaker in
Boston, some time ago, maintained her
self for years in working for the trade.
She was very successful in repairing
watches, having been instructed by her
husband when his own powers began to
fail. The American Watch Company at
Walthan give constant employment to a
large number of womfo.
OF TAKING THE CENSUS
THE UNITED STATES.
As this is the year for taking the cen
sus, the following remarks in relation
thereto, which we find in the Washing
ton Constitution, will be of interest to
The duties of this undertaking de
volve upon the United States Marshals,
who appoint their own assistants. The
General Government has in each State or
Territory one or more judicial districts,
with each of which is connected a Mar
shal, who acts as High Sheriff in the
District Court of the United States
These Marshals are reauired bv law to
u"B'divfdr5heir-districts and for "each
subdivision to appoint an . assistant,
taking care not to include a greater pop
ulation (by estimate) than 20,000 in any
The assistants having been qualified,
by oath, for the proper performance of
their duties, are furnished, through the
Marshals, with blanks and instructions
In the prosecution of their work they
are required to make two copies of their
report. Ihe original returns are filed
with the Clerk of the Court of each
county, and the copies are forwarded to
the Marshal, who transmits one copy to
the Secretary of State for his District,
and the other to the Census Office in
Washington. The compensation to the
Marshal is in proportion to the popula
tion enumerated by his assistants; should
that exceed one million, he is paid one
dollar for each thousand persons enu
merated; should the population re
turned by his assistants be less than
one million, he receives the sum of
one dollar and twenty -five cents for each
one thousand persons returned a sys
tem of compensation sufficiently moder
ate, but which may admit of the pay
ment of a greater amount for a lesser
service, as in the case of a Marshal
whose returns include 950,000 persons
at bne dollar and twenty-five cents per
thousand persons, no more than he
whose returns do not much exceed a
million an inequality not unusual in
rating ices tor mileage and other serv
The assistants who perform the work
of enumeration are paid on a different
principle, combining in a novel manner
compensation for labor and travel, one
which was found to operate very fairly
and satisfactorily to the employees and
His allowance is two
cents for each person enumerated; for
each establishment of productive indus
try, fifteen cents; for social statistics,
two per centum on the amount allowed
for enumerating the population; and
two cents for each mortality return, with
ten cents for traveling expenses, to be
ascertained by multiplying the square
root of the number of dwelling houses
in his district, by the square root of the
number of square miles in his division;
from the product whereof is to be de
rived the number of miles traveled, and
eight cents per page for the two copies
The Marshals and Assistants in Cali
fornia, Oregon and Utah, and New Mex
ico, under the operation of an amend
ment to the law, received compensation
at the discretion of the Secretary of the
Interior, which was determined by the
addition of 100 per cent.
The Courting of a Sharp Man of Busi
ness. Pitts is a fast man, a sharp man, and
a man of business tact, and when Pitts
goes into a store to trade, he always gets
the lowest cash price, and he says:
"Well, I'll look about, and if I don't find
anything to suit me better, I'll call and
Pitts, like all fast men, is partial to
women, and young ones in particular.
Now, quite lately, Pitts said to himselt,
I'm gettin' quite 'long
guess 1 11 get married.
His business qualities wouldn't let
him wait, so off he travels, and calling
upon a lady friend, opened the conver
sation by remarking that he would like
to know what she thought about his get
"Oh, Mr. Pitts, that is an affair in
which I am not so very greatly inter
ested, and I prefer to leave it with your
self."' ' "But," says Pitts, "you are interested,
and, my dear girl, will you marry me?"
The yonng lady blushed very red,
hesitated, and finally, as Pitts was very
well to do in the world, and morally, fi
nancially, and politically of good stand
ing in society, she accepted him.
"Well, well, I'll look about, and if I
don't find anybody that suits me better
than you, I'll come back."
It is a remarkable fact that nearly all
of the candidates for the Vice Presi
dency in the Democratic National Con
vention at Cincinnati, in June, 1856,
have since paid the debt of Nature. Linn
Boyd, of Kentucky, J. C. Dobbin, of
North (Jarolina, Wen. yuitman, ot iviis
sissippi, Gen. Rusk, of Texas, Aaron V.
Brown, of Tennessee, were presented as
candidates by their respective States and
obtained a large support. 1 hey are now
all dead! Gen. Quitman got the highest
number of votes of any candidate on the
first ballot, more even than Breckin
ridge who finally received the nomina
tion. He was nominated by the elo
quent and gifted Harris of Illinois, who
is also deceased. What changes time
makes in four years!
The solidfying of sweet cider has been
accomplished in Connecticut. By the
vacuum process, the cider, taken sweet
from the press, is reduced five gallons
to one, without boiling, and a beautiful
jelly is the result, which will keep for
any length of time without mould,
souring, or fermentation of any kind.
By the addition ot water it is immedi
ately restored to its former condition and
becomes cider again. All that is lost by
the process are the impurities that may
exist in the primary apple juice, and the
green sickish taste. The restored cider
is much like a drink ot prepared tama
rinds, but is more delicate and palatable.
"Have you been much at sea?"-"
"Why, no, not exactly; but my brother
married a commodore's daughter."
"Were you ever abroad?" "No, not ex
actly; but my mother's maiden name was
How sweet beneath the moon's pale beam,
To wander through the grove
How doubly sweet these moments seem,
When blest with her I love
Oft in the stilly hdtfr of eve,
My fair one's step I trace;
She greets me with a tender smile,
Such smiles as beauty grace.
O, sweetest, by those heavenly eyes,
That rival Luna's light;
My vows of love and constancy,
To thee alone, I plight '
No power on aarth, my .faithful heart,
From thy loved form can sever; '' '
All other fair I may forget,
But as to thee O, never! . '
No time, nor absence, can remove ' '
The love that thrills my breast;
Yet I would hear that one sweet word
Tell me if I am blest
jgi.The difference between a post-office
stamp and a donkey is, that you stick
one with a lick and the other you lick
with a stick.
1 Physicians in India raise blisters
with red hot iron, and dress them with
cayenne pepper. If such treatment does
not make people smart, we do not know
gA young widowhas established a
pistol-gallery in New Orleans. Her
qualifications as a teacher of the art of
ourse undoubted: she has
killed her man.
gguSome publishers of periodicals
publish on white paper, some on blue,
and some on yellow. A large portion
of the political papers should be of a
color that won't show dirt.
BgL.Hoffman, the newly elected Ser-
geant-at-Arms, was the only, member of
the o4th Congress, south of Mason &
Dixon's line, who voted to expel Brooks
for his assault upon Senator Sumner
Cure for Neuralgia.
The editor of the Halifax (Va.) Echo
says a lew burdock leaves, heated or
coddled, and applied to the part affected
by neuralgia, will give speedy relief.
B, Irish laborers are to be excluded
from Virginia. The Virginia and Ten
ncssee Railroad Company advertise for
three hundred able-bodied negro men, to
work upon the repairs of the road next
SA witty fellow slipped down on
an icy pavement; whereupon he ex
pressed himself thus: "I have no de
sire to see the town burnt down, but 1
sincerely wish the streets were laid in
ashes." .:- . , . ,; t
KgU A writer in the American Medical
Gazette thus furnishes the reason why
young ladies blush when spoken to about
their lovers: "The mind communicates
with the central ganglion; the latter by
reflex action through the brain and fatal
nerve to the organic nerves in the face,
with which its branches inoculate."
4?"A specious appearance does
much," said a begging preacher to his
decorous flock, "but an appearance of
specie does more." Last year, when I
preached for the penitentiary, I saw
nothing but shillings in the plate. You
must have thought, my brethren, that I
was preaching for a twelve-jaenny-tenr
AST'I.t I3 stated that the authorities
in London are about to adopt measures
for preventing the fight between Tom
Sayers and the Benecia Boy (Ileenan.) ,
It is also asserted that negotiations are
pending for an appearance of Heenan
at the Alhambra Palace, London, the
admission to the show being quite as ex
orbitant as that charged by Mr. Rarey.
B&The United States ' Coinage for
the year ending June 30, 1859, was
$37,550,585,17, in 53,550,585 pieces.
The amount of gold produced in mines
of the United States and deposited in
the mints, was 37,213,557; silver,
8273,167. The total coinage at all the
mints and the assay office, from 1793, to
June 30th, 1858, has been $689,189,-
679,95, in 793,035,936 pieces.
4SF-Lola . Montez ironically remarks
to young gentlemen: " You ought to
know that there are four things which
always more or less interests a lady a
parrot, a peacock, a monkey and a man;
and the nearer you can come in uniting
these about equally in your character,
the more will you be loved. This is a
cheap and excellent recipe for making a
dandy, a creature which is always an ob
ject of admiration to the ladies. .
A Golden Bedstead.
The golden bedstead lately presented
to Victoria by an Indian potentate has
been exhibited at the conversazione of
the Great Western Literary Society. '
It excited very great interest and atten
tion, and was as much admired tor the
beauty of its workmanship as its intrin
sic value. The bedstead and carpet on
which it stands are valued at nearly
seven hundred thousand dollars. -
Sgs?"Last week while the youth and
beauty of Centerville, 111., were gath
ered at a social party at, the Centerville
Exchange, an old gentlemen who was
subject to spells of walking in his sleep
after going to bed, fell into a slumber
(la somnambttla.) He arose from his
bed attired in nothing but a shirt, and
walked directlv among those who were
participating in the scenes of festivity.
The surprise was snid to be more aston
ishing than agreeable.
Wheat and Corn.
An interesting fact, says the Philadel
phia Press, was developed at the late
meeting of the Agricultuaal Society.
Dr. Elwyn, called the attention of the
members to the fact that the wheat crops
of this country were fast diminishing,
so far as the number of bushels raised
to the acre was concerned. : He stated
that in Ohio, a State but little over fifty
years old, the crop had fallen off from
forty bushels to the acre to about six
teen, while in the best portions of New
York, where thirty bushels used to be
considered a fair crop, only twelve bush
els are now raised. The falling off in
other States had been equally marked, but
while this was the fact with wheat crops,
he was glad to know that the amount of
corn produced to the acre had largely
increased, and was still increasing enor
mously. . : ..
rFromthe Baltimore Patriot.
Got. Hicks and the Legiitlatmr of Hry4
We cannot but congratulate "Old
Csesar" on his reply to the discourteom
action of the House of Delegates, in re
gard to the rumor that Gov. Hicks had
sent his congratulations to Mr. Speaker
Pennington, through the Secretary of
State. It will be remembered, that thq
House, some days ago, passed a resolu
tion appointing a committee to wait upon
his Excellency, and to learn from him
whether or not the' rumor was true and
this notwithstanding several members
declared from their own knowledge that
no eh message ws sent.
The following is the Governor's re
ply: He shows nerve as well as wisdom
in his response, and if all the Americas
members would take pattern afteT Got.
Hicks, Marcus Dennisoa and Robert
Turner, they would retain and deserv
the confidence their constituents placed
in them on election day:
State op Maryland,
Executive Chamber, C
Annapolis, Feb. 16, I860, )
To the House of Delegates: , ' ,
Gentlemen I have been informed
by a committee of your House that yotl
have adopted an .order, reciting "Thafc
whereas it appears from the public press
of the country that the Governor of
Maryland has placed this State in a false "
position, by presenting his' congratula
tions to Mr. Pennington, of New Jer
sey, a Black Republican, upon his elec
tion to the distinguished . position of
Speaker of" the House of Representa
tives;" and directing a committee, ap
pointed by the Speaker, to inquire of the
Governor whether his congratulations
were presented at all, and if so, whether
privately or officially. , .. ; .
I cannot admit the right of the House
of Delegates to make any such inquiry
of me; and the respect which, in my
nninmn nurrhf tn Ka nVen
Department of the Government toward
every other, precludes nie from return
ing any answer to such a message, other
than the acknowledgment of its receipt.
THOS. H. HICKS. "
A Sensible Man in South Carolina. '
Mr. Perry, a distinguished member of
the South Carolina Legislature, in a let
ter of resignation of his post, says: - -;
"It may be that the Legislature will
take a recess, to meet again in May.-,
There are two reasons which strongly'
urge this course to the members. Th
business of the country will be left liu-8
finished when we adjourn. There-; are
five or six hundred matters important to
the country undisposed of, and our.Fed-3
Aral rftlnf.Trma mo it ' imn.Tinn.li. v.rv. .-. t
the reassembling of the Lapislntnri. in fti
spring. " In all candor and frankness I
must say, however that J do not lelievi
anything serious mill grow out of our pres
ent ctcitemcnt--neither disunion, civil war,
nor danger to slavery. ' ' " "
"My opinion ever has been that the'
sole object of the North, in their crusade"
against slavery, is to unite the non-slave-
holding states, and take the Federal Gov
ernment out of the hands of the South, anct.
enjoy its poxcers, spoils, and offices: Be
yond this, they have no other purpose.'
.bver since the election ot m r. J efferson.'
the Southern States have had the admin-,
istration of the Government. If jhe
non-slaveholding States can be united in
their elections, a transfer of the Federal7
Government must follow, with all iW
power and patronage. "And I do not be
lieve that if a Black Republican were
elected President of the United State,
with a majority in both houses of Con
gress, that the' Federal Government wbuld
be administered, in any material manner.
otherwise than it has 6cn for the last sixty
years! J. he policy ot such an Adminis
tration would be, in all human probabil
ity, that of extreme caution toward the
The Wise Conspiracy of 1837
-At a recent Union meeting' in 'Knox-'
ville, Tenn., Judge Bailey, formerly of
Georgia, made a speech, in noticing
which the Whig of that city lemark&j
"The Judge made one startling dis
closure, which was new to us all. 'He
said, that during the last Presidential -contest
Gov. WTise had addressed letters-'
to all the Southern Governors and that
the one to the Governor of Florida had ,
been shown him in which Wise said 1
that HE HAD AN ARMY IN READ- '
INESS TO PREVENT FREMONT ;
FROM TAKING HIS SEAT, IF
ELECTED, and asked the co-operation r
of those to whom he wrote." , .:
Does not this make out Wise'a worse '
conspirator than ' even John Brownf
Comment is unnecessary.
Henry Winter Davis, v.
This gentleman is well sketched .by i!
Washington letter writer, thus: , ' 9
"Winter Davis is one of tie "most'
striking and graceful men on the floor'
certainly not surpassed by. any mem '
ber. He is a young man of., middle,
hight, broad-chested, roundly built,. with,
a large and well-balanced head, regular !
features, pale complexion, a neat brown
mustache, large and sparkling eyes,'
brown hair, and the expression of habit.;
ual study. He wears his frock coat but
toned in the English fashion, broad shirt
collar turned down over a loose black
neck-tie, and, on the whole, he some-
what recalls the familiar portrait of
Lord Byron.' . Ji.;,-.
tSF Horace Greeley has turned prophet ,
In a letter written from Jowaand pub-,
lished in the Tribune, he says:
I have been looking through arid tar
king notes in each of the States -north-
west of the Ohio, Minnesota excepted,
during the past fortnight; and, though.
I seldom place oredictions on record, "
now make one which J would pot have
credited when I left New York. I pre
diet that Stephen .A, Douglas, will be
nominated for President at Charleston;
next April, and that most of the Slave '
States will give him their Electoral votes.
Let these foreshadowings be noted and '
compared with the events. -- - ' fu' '
lSyA sick boy, dreadfully tick fronr
chewing tobacco, lay on a store; box.
Another boy sympathised with arid
cheered him by siying: ' ;''' '
"Grin and bear it, Bill wVvmII ge'
to come to it sometime. Yott'll gtftetet
ittoy-and-by.". : ,,- v ?, ; ,,-yf;
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