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tr Mir T. A. PLANTS, Editor. "Independent in All Things--'eutral in Nothing." t t!!:wTV Publishers VOLUME III. POMEROY, MEIGS COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, MAY 1, 1860. NUMBER 17 BtJBY StE IN THE MORNING. BX MRS. BiU. : -Bury me in the morning, mother ", "Oh let me have the light " - . 'Of one bright day on my grave, mother, Ere you leave me alone with the night; ' ' " Alone in the night of the grave, mother 'Tie a thought of terrible fear And you will be here alone, mother, And stars will be shining here. So bury me in the morning! mother, i - And let me have the light ' - Of one bright day on my grave, mother, Ere I am left alone with the night. .You tell me of the Savior's love, mother I feel it in my heart But oh! from this beautiful World, mother, u 'Tis hard for the young to part! Forever to part, when here, mother, The soul is fain to stay, For the grave is deep and dark, mother, . And Heaven seems far away. . Then bury me in the morning, mother, . i And let me have the light Of ene bright day on my grave, mother, Ere I am left alone in the night. -j .7 "- - J- Never unclasp my hand, mother, - ; Till it falls away with thine Let me hold the pledge of thy love, mother, J Till JjTeel the love,"diyine; The love divine oh! look, mother, Above the beams I see And there an angel's fac? mother, ""' 'ts smiling down on me! v:J , , So bury me in the morning, mother, When the sun-beams flood the sky : For death is the gate of life, mother, , Apd leads us to-light on high.. LOST TJMBBEIiI. I have loaned thee to another, . - In spite of many a vow; I have loaned thee to another,' And the rain may drench me now! , Be remembered not who owned thee, He forgot that thou wert mine; In a fatal hour I loaned thee, ' --' Offered thee on Friendship's shrine. . 01 was it well to do it? . . 1 .. Gone forever and I knew it! Long and sorely shall I rue it, : - Lost, lost umbrein I have loaned thee to another ' ; , : - Thou dost shield hit head from rain; Had I loaned thee to his brother, I might borrow thoe .again; . But, with news of gold they won him, . -: "Californy" him beguiled; . ..! lt He is off and I can't dun him " Thou art on the ocean wild! Oh! was it well to do it? " - Gone forever and I knew it! ' . '. Long and sorely Bhall I rue it, . . , , Lost, lost umbreU'l . ' I have loaned, thee to another; He will need, thi, too, they say, 'In Californy 's showers,, ' : 0, perhaps, perhaps he may; But bis faith with me is broken, That I hope he can't forgot, '' And when my poor jacket's soakin', -; - I shall mourn, shall mourn thee yet. . 7 Oh! was it well to do it? 1 - : Gone forever and I knew it! : Long and sorely shall I rue it, -.. Lost, lost umbrell'! : - ' gfUsr tltn 115. GEORGE WASHINGTON. BY JOHN PHfENIX. : George Washington , was one of the most distinguished movers in the Amer ican Revolution., , ; He was born of poor but honest par ents, at Genoa, in the year 1492. .His mother was called the mother of Wash ington; " He married in early life, a single widow lady, Mrs. Martha Custis, whom Prescott describes as the cussidest prettiest woman south of Mason and Dixon's line '-'J Young Washington com menced business as a county surveyor, and was present in that character in a sham fight 'under General Padlock, where so many guns were fired that the whole body of militia were stunned by the explosion, and sat down to supper unable, to hear a word that was said. His supper, was afterwards alluded to as Braddock's deaf eat, "and the similie, "dead as Braddock," and subsequently vulgarized '-deaf as a haddock," had its rise in that circumstance. Washington commanded several troops during the Revolutionary War, and distinguished himself by crossing the' Deleware river on ice of very adequate thickness, to visit a family of Hessians of his ac quaintance. He was passionateJy fond rof green peas and string beans; and his favorite motto was: "In time of peas prepare for war." . .. .. Washington's most -intimate friend was a French gentleman, named Marcus Dod, who from his constant habits of risibility, was nicknamed "laughy yet." His greatest victory was achieved at XScrniant'own,1 where coming upon the British in the night, he completely sur rounded them with a wall of cotton bales, .from which he opened a destructive and terniie nre, which soon caused the en (Pjtpy to capitulate. The cotton bales jbeig perforated - with musket balls, .were much increased in weight and con sequently in value, and the expression playfully used, "What is the price of cotton?'' was much in vogue after the battle. . (in.- During the action, Washington might have been seen driving up and down the lines, exposed in a small Concord wagon jdrawn by a bobtail gray horse. His cel ebrated dispatch, "Veni, Vidi, Vici," or I came and saw in a Concord wagon, has reference to this circumstance. Washington has been called the "Fa- Jher of his country;" (an unapt title, more properly belonging to the late Mr. juct. lossy, parent ot tne ceieDratea pu- m W 1 t i . guist;; tne cniid as grown; However, to that extent its own father would not jenow it. Gen. Walker (U illiam Walker) ts also ather of .Nicaragua, and we nave no aouut, m ease ot nis demise, nts society, so much as the village gossip children, the native Xicaraguans, would the family quarrels, jealousies and bick erect a suitable monument over , his re- erings between neighbors, meddlesome. mains with the inscription "Go father auu isttv nuicc. , Washington was amemberof the know nothing order, and directed that none but Americans should be put on guard, which greatly annoyed the Americans, their duty being entirely destroyed by perpetual turns of guard duty. He was twice elected President of the United States by the combined whig and know nothing parties, the federalists and abolitionists voting against him, and served out his time with great credit to himself and the country- drawing his salary with a regularity and precision worthy all commendation. Although, for the time in which he lived, a very distinguished man, the ig norance of Washington is something perfectly incredible.. He never trav eled on arf Bteamboatnerer att a rail road, or locomotive engine; was perfectly ignorant of theprineiple of the magnetic telegraph; never I had a daguerreotype, Colt's pistol, Sharp's rifle, or used a fric tion match. He ate his meals with an iron fork, never used postage stamps on his letters, and knew nothing of the application of chloroform to alleviate suffering, or the use of gas for illumination. Such a man as this could hardly be elected President of the United States in these times, al though, it must be confessed, we occa sionally have a candidate who proves not much better informed about matters in general. Washington died from exposure on the summit of Mount Vernon, in the year 1786, leaving behind him a name that will endure forever if posterity per sist in calling their children after .him to the same extent that has been fash ionable. ' He is mentioned iti history as having been '-first in peace, first in war, and first in the hearts of his countrymen;" in other words he was No. 1 in every thing, and it was equally his interest and his pleasure to look out for that num ber, and he took precious good care to do so. A portrait, by Gilbert Stuart, of this great soldier and statesman may be seen, very badly engraved, in the "History of the United States,'" but as it was takeu when the General was in the act of chew ing tobacco, the left check is distended out of proportion, and the likeness ren dered very unsatisfactory. Upou the whole, Gen.. George Wash ington was a very excellent man; though unfamiliar with "Scott's Infantry Tac tics," he was a tolerable officer, though he married a widow, he was a tond hus band, and though he did not know the lieeeher family, he was a sincere chris tian. ,": A monument has been comment ed in the city of Washington - to his memory, which is to be five hundred feet in height; and it should be the wish of ev ery true-hearted American that his vir tues and his services may not be forgot ten before it is completed; in which case their remembrance will endure forever. .John Phoenix one of tli best liumorUU of tliis country in u Lieutenant iii ttie U.S. Army. This burlesque biography of Wnshinctnn Is bit nt the mistake mutle by many writers in quoting important events f(om history. It would be difficult to crowd more huiuoi into so sum 11 a sjmce. A PRESIDENTIAL. DINNER. "Occasional," in his last letter from Washington to the Press, describes a dinner- at the White House as follows: The hour is generally fixed at six o'clock; P. M., the time when millions are taking their supper. You receive a card about the size of an ordinary playing card, and if you are invited by the President the dimensions of the card are double, and generally reads as fol lows: . "The President requests the honor of your company to dinner, on Friday, April 5, at 6 P. M. An early answer is requested." If you go to the President's you are expected, to dress in your best clothes, and to wear white gloves. Yot are in troduced into the small reception room, where you find the President, Miss Lane, Mrs. Judge Roosevelt, James Buchanan, Jr., and the rest of the household. Af ter being duly presented to them, yon await the arrival of the other guests. The private secretary, Mr. Buchanan, Jr., quietly informs you that you are to escort to the1 dinner such a lady, whom ue now introduces to you. and the lady in your company is presented to another gentleman, who is to be her companion during the feast. The hour having ar rived, the company move into the large drawing room, where they are dazzled by the gorgeous display of plate and gas light, and see a number of graceful wait ers, also in white gloves; whose business it is to atteud to the guests. The President takes his seat not at the head of the table, but on the side, exactly midway, Miss Lane acting as his vis-a-vis. You find your name beauti fully written on a card laid upon the plate, before the seat you are to occupy, and the entertainment begins. . The cooking is generally French cooking, the wines costly and rare; and you will soon have an opportunity of hearing the 'great man" talk. You ueed not be in formed that Mr. Buchanan is one of the most delightful diners in the world. He has a fund of small talk for the la dies, a variety of old-fashioned anec dotes, and, as he is by no means sparing of the juice of the grape, he grows more wil l- - easy, ana more ana Die, ana more agree able as the repast goes on, calling out one after the other of the company, and paying compliments to the ladies, occa sionally taking wine with them. You never ask the President to take wine with you, butwait to be invited by him. Af ter remaining in this delightful society for several hours, at a given signal from the President the company rise, return to the reception room, where they are served with coffee and liqueurs, or, if they prefer it. with brandy, after which you take your leave aud go home to remem ber the hospitalities you have enjoyed. Some of these dinners are dull and stately enough, but I have known them i " ....... to be as delightlul as the most genial could desire. j(-It is not crimes such as robberies and murder, which destroy the peace of ness and tattling, which are the capfcer luat cin into an social nappiness " OHIO AFTER THE "PAN HANDLE," It seems that the "infected district" of Virginia, known as the "Pan Handle," is" about to become a matter of conten tion between the States of Pennsylvania and Ohio. Whether either of them gets it, depends after all, very much on the disposition of Virginia in the matter, and the value she sets upon her abolition territory. The people resident therein might also desire to have their say about the transfer. If Virginia consents to sell, the competition between Ohio and Pennsylvania will doubtless be quite spirited. The chances are, that if the Old Dominion sells off her territory as fast as it becomes "abolitionized," her area will rapidly be reduced. Thus much by way of introduction to the fol lowing proceedings in the Ohio House of Representatives: Mr. Welsh offered the following" re solution which was referred to the com mittee on Federal Relations: Whereas, It is understood that re solutions have been introduced into the Pennsylvania Legislature preparatory to opening up negotiations with the author ities of the Commonwealth of Virginia territory, comprising the counties of Ohio, Brook Hancock and Marshall, more familiarly known as the Virginia "PanHandle;" And, Whereas, It is believed by many that acquisition of the aforesaid territory by the State of Ohio would be greatly conducive to the best interests of the State, and in accordance with the feelings and interests of the counties sought to be acquired. Therefore, Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That the Governor of the State is hereby authorized and re quested to open up a correspondence with his Excellency the Governor of Virginia, and with such other State au thorities as he shall deem proper, making inquiry as to whether the Commonwealth of Virginia would content to the trans fer of this portion of her territory. And if so, on what conditions. Also with the authorities, aud citizens, so far as the same may be practicable, of the counties of Ohio, Brook, Hancock and Marshall, as to their willingness to be transferred to and become a part of the State of Ohio, and report the result of such correspondence to the adjourned session .of this G eneral Assembly. A GOOD LAW. The following law passed the Ohio Legislature at its late session, which will prove very beneficial to all counties where its provisions are enforced: Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That whenever hereafter any person shall be convicted of any criminal offence, com-1 uiittcd after the passage of this act, all or any part of the punishment of which by law is an imprisonment in the county jail, the court, in lieu of such imprisonment, may sentence such person to hard labor in the jail of the proper county, any length of time, not exceeding six months, at the discretion of the court. Sec. 2. That labor thus to be per formed shall be under the direction of the commissioners of the county, who may adopt such orders, rules and regu lations in relation thereto as they may deem best, and the sheriff or other officer having the custody of such convicts shall be governed thereby; and it shall be the duty of the sheriff of the county to col lect and pay into the treasury of the county the amount of the avails of the labor of such convicts, and take the treas urer's receipt therefor, which receipt he shall forthwith deposit with the auditor of the county. Sec. 3. That, for the purpose of ena bling the county commissioners of any county in this state to employ, in a prof itable manner, all persons who may be convicted under the provisions of this act, the county jail, in such cases, is hereby declared to extend to any stone quarry or quarries, road or roads, or other place or places within the limits of the proper county; at which the convicts may be advantageously employed, with out the walls of the prison, by the county commissioners aforesaid. . Sec. 4. That all other acts heretofore passed, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, be and the same are hereby repealed. - SecT 5. This act shall take effect and be iii. force from and after its passage- Marrying on a. Wager. The Detroit Tribune says: It is certainly a great mistake to sup pose ' that the workmen employed in making the St. Mary's canal repairs, are slow. From the latest news received, there is not only every indication that the canal will be opened at an early date, but that the employes are doing what they can in the matrimonial line. A gentleman living at St. Joseph's Island, in the river, was cugaged to be married to a very pretty French girl at the Saut, and the banns were published in the Catholic church on a certain Sunday. The next day a Yankee bosson the canal made a bet of 100. with a friend, that he (Yankee) would marry the girl him self. The money was placed in the hands of a third party, and the Yan kee called upon the young lady and made a proposition of marriage. He would not take "no" for an answer, as "he could not afford to lose his bet." The lady then told hiiu that her inten ded had already given her $40 to buy clothes, but that she didn't like him very well.. At this the Yankee handed her a like an ount, and then placing forty dollars more with it, remarked: "There s his torty dollars and 1 11 go forty better." The young lady could resist no longer, and taking the money, returned the amount given her by her first lover, and married the Yankee within an hour, well satisfied with the bargain. The bet was won, and in the course of a month, the St. Joseph islander married the sister of his first finance. The above is well authenticated, and can be relied upon as correct. Land Sales In Michigan, ifaud sales are to take place in Michi gan in July and August of alternate sections under the railroad act of 1856, the minimum price of which ia two dol lars and a halt per acre, together witn the lands heretofore unoffered. embrac I ing an area of 1,680,000 aorcs. From the Krw Orleans Creaciit. ONE WAY OF GETTING A WIPE Our readers are familiar with the case of the confidence man C. W.SDean, who recently came down Red River, and ob tained money from a cotton house upon a false order for which he pretended to have brought down on the boat with him. One day last week this Dean had his ex amination before Recorder Monroe, and was committed for trial; the evidence against him being clear and positive. Ever since his arrest Dean has conducted himself in such a good-humored, cava lierly manner, that the officers around lock-up and prison have been more or less captivated with him, at the same time they knotf him to bea villian, to the marrow of every bone in his body. He is not phys ically a tremendous or fearful looking man, but carries himself with such a Jack Sheppardish coolness and Dick Turpinish gentility, that the police unan imously agree upon him as "one of 'em;'' as splendid a "son of a gun" as ever roamed at large in defiance of the Pen itentiary. It was this Dean who had the Chief of Police and his specials out on the celebrated Opelousas swamp hunt for murderers, week before last; and the blood-hounds used on that occasion were his, he having brought them down Red river with his other "goods and chattels." Among these goods and chattels, (to return or rather come to the subject of this notice) was a young and pretty wife; the wife's twin sister, and a little brother of the twin sisters. The wife, Mary Dean, is not more than 16 years of age; the sister, Martha, being a twin, is, of course, the same age; and the brother is a little boy eight or ten years old. While the sisters are pretty and interesting, and the boy intelligent, they are as innocent and unsophisticated a trio as ever disaster put in the path of a villain or threw into. the distresses of a strange city. The sisters are not only "green," but even "soft," to humiliation; having been reared by poor parents in a comparatively barren and desolate part ot the couutry, and having never been taught much more than to keep their faces clean and their hair tied up. Since Dean's arrest the sisters and their little brother have been living in a hired room on Annunciation street, furnished with a oooking-stove, beds, and other things bought by Dean on his arrival here with them; but at the same time they have been without a cent of money, or anything to cat; and they lpke had their food all the time, only from daily donations of money from the special police, who could not help sym pathizing with them in their deep dis tress and utterly forlorn condition. All this is bad enough, but the worst is yet to be told. When Dean was committed for trial last week, by Recorder Monroe, and ordered to be returned to prison, his young wife was in Court, and had a final conversation with him, before he stepped into the Black Maria. She showed that she was likea bird, paralysed and helpless under the gaze of a snake. As Dean left her, his parting injunction was this, or words to this effect: "You go back home, all of you, where you come from, and wait for me. I'll be in prison some time; may be a few months, or may be a year; but when I get out I'll come for you, and I'll find you; if you don't go home, I'll find you wherever you are; I'll find you if you're in hell. Go home, and stay there till I come!" Dean was trotted off to prison; and the poor wile communicated to the police her distress in this, that she had no means of getting back home with her sister and brother; and after this she re lated her story, which she had been afraid to tell up to that time. The story was told with every appearance of sincerity, and was corroborated in the most conclusive manner by the sister and brother. The story is a hard one to be lieve; it sounds more like an invention of romance than an actual occurrence in real Hie. Mrs. Dean's statement was, tl.at her family had lived in poverty on a small patch of ground in one of the upper parishes of this State, bordering on Red river; that her father died some years ago, and that last year her mother died. They went to live with a brother who lived in the vicinity and was married. This brother's wife treated them with such severity that they decided upon seeking the protec tion of another brother, who lived or lives somewhere near Mar shall, in Texas. Their only valuable property was a horse and wagon and a lot of bedding and cooking utensils; with which, and some little money and a lot of provisions, they started off for Texas, the boy driving. On the fourth day of their foolish pilgrimage they encountered their evil gtnius. As they were crossing a prairie, not a great distance west of Shieveport, they met a man on horseback, who stopped them and asked them where they were going. They told him, with all the honesty of innocent country children, that their, parents were dead, and that .1 .1" . Til li. mey were on tneir way to luarshall, in Texas, where they expected to find their big brother aud to put themselves under his care. The man drew a revolver, and cockiug it, said that if they were looking for a brother, he was looking for a wifeT, and was bound to have one, out of that very wagon. The sisters and the brother, terrified, incapable of resistance, and far. off from any human aid, did not know what to do, and had nothing to say. When Dean (for it was no other than he) told the girls that one of them must be his wife, he added that it didn't matter which of them he should take, and left it to them to decide which would have him. Thoroughly frightened, they were incapable of deciding, or of giving him an answer, one way or another. He then settled the matter by making the sisters 'pull straws for him. He stated that whichever pulled the short straw should be his wife. He prepared the straws, and holding them between his thumb aud finger, with the innerends concealed, offered the outer ends to the girls. His look and manner, and the pistol in his hand, had put the girls completely in his power. Speechless and trembling, the sisters drew the straws; Martha drew the long straw, and 3Jary the short one. Dean then announced to Mary that she was his wife, and that they should be lawfully married as soon as they reached Shreveport. Politely informing the party that they were to turn back and accompany him to Shreveport, they did so without hesitation. On the jway he treated them with the greatest care and politeness; told them what he would do for them all when he got to New Or leans: his wife and her sister should live like ladies, and the brother should be sent to school and brought up a gentle men and a scholar. The girls and the boll at first terrified and helpless, now begin to look upon him as a husband and brother-in-law perhaps better than the brother they had started to seek in Texas. The villain's injunction to all, not to blab about the manner of their be coming acquainted and their traveling toge.tb.erj was faithfully obeyed all three being afraid of offending him, by any. word or act of theirs. When they reached Shreveport, Dean sold his horse and the horse and wagon of the children; pocketed the money, as protector of the party, and also kindly took charge of what cash the children happend to have with them. He was lawfully married to Mary, before wit nesses; and, taking passage on the steamer R. W. Powell, he brought them ill to this city. It was probably for the purpose of providing decent quarters for the girls, and ultimately effecting the ruin of the unmarried sister, Martha, that he swindled Messrs. Rugely & Co. out of 188, under the pretence that he had brought a lot of cotton down the river with him. The family name of these young vic tims is Hunter; their home was in Winn parish; and since their arrival here, in the early part of last month, their resi dence has been a room (of which we have already spoken) in the house of a Mrs. Fredericks, on Annunciation street, near the Girls' House of Refuge. Dean, since his committal, has given his written order for the sale of the furniture, and has sold his dogs, in order to enable his wife and her sister and brother to get back home. The sisters were seen passing along St. Charles street yesterday, in their cheap hoopless dresses and white sun bonnets ; and the special police officers who had befriended them, dodged out of their way for two reasons ; first, be cause public scandal had begun to attach itself to their friendship for the poor sim pletons ; and secondly, because they found that the girls had, taken several moonlight walks with some gallant painters' 'prentices, who had been at work near where they roomed. The sum op all being this, that the girls had found new friends, either good or bad, and were not in any particular hurry about leaving town. FIRST PRAYER tUt CONGRESS. In Th itchcr's Military Journal, under date of December, 1777, is found a note containing the identical "first prayer in Congress," made by the Rev. Jacob Duche, a gentleman of great eloquence. Here it is, an historical curiosity: "O, Lord, our heavenly Father, high and mighty Ring of kings, and Lord Of lords, who dost from thy throne behold all the dwellers on earth, and reignest with power supreme and uncontrolled over all the kingdoms, empires, and gov ernments; look down in mercy, we be seech thee, on these American States, who have fled to thee from the rod of the oppressor, and thrown themselves on thy gracious protection, desiring to be henceforth dependent only t&n thee; to thee they have appealed for the right eousness of their cause; to thee do they now look up for that countenance and support which thou alone canst give; take them, therefore, heavenly Father, under thy nurturing care; give them wisdom in council, and valor in the field; defeat the malicious designs of our cruel adversa ries; convince them of the unrighteous ness of their cause; and if they still per sist in their sanguinary purposes, O let the voice of their own unerring justice, sounding in their hearts, constrain them to drop the weapons of war from their unnerved hands in the day of battle! Be thou present, O God of Wisdom! and di rect the councils of this honorable as sembly; enable them to settle things on the best and surest ioundation, that the scene of blood may be speedily closed, that order, harmony, and peace may be effectually restored; and truth and jus tice, religion and piety, prevail and flour ish among thy people. Preserve the health of their bodies and the vigor of their minds; shower down on them, and the millions they here represent, such temporal blessings as thou seest expedi ent for them in this world, and crown them with everlasting glory in the world to come. All this we ask in the name and through the merits of Jesus Christ, thy Son, oui Savior. Amen." What a Country. In Hartford county, Maryland, the uewly elected Democratic Sheriff sum moned a Democratic grand jury, and their first act was to bring before them the Postmasters, to infovp- them if any incendiary documents caro to their of fices, and who took them. T. B. Hull was found guilty of the crime of receiving the New xork Tribune, and indicted; the modern inquisitors having decided the Tribune, Sunday School Advocate, and Helper's Book were incendiary under Maryland laws. The punishment is not less than ten years' imprisonment in the Penitentiary! The same jury indicted S. S. Walton for having a copy of the "Impending Crisis, and loaning it to neighbor: David Tucker for circulating the Sunday School Advocate in his class, containing an article copied from John Wesley's anti-slavery writings, and a free colored man for taking the Inbune! What at institution! JS-Gcn. Ashley's bill to prevent the recurrence of such protracted and dis creditable contests over the election of Speaker and other officers of the House, as occured at the opening of the present Cengress, meets with general favor. It provides that for the first two days, the mere business of voting for those officers shall alone be in order, until they are elected. If there is no choice at the end of (his time, then all officers shall be elected by a; plurality vote. He trust this bill, or something accomplishing the same object, will be passed by the pres ent Congress. GREAT CALIFORNIA LA.VD CXAIMS Correspondence of the N. V. Tribune. PBlUDILraii, Apk.1 9. Certain circles here are in a flutter of excitement touching the great Califor nia land claim to the site on which San Francisco has been built. The impend ing final judgment on this claim by the highest Federal Court, has intensified this excitement to fever heat. The com pany holding the claim is divided into 1,500 shares, most of which are held by parties here, some in sums as high as near $100,000 by a single individual. These shares were sold originally at $3,300 each, and previous to 1857 were early sought after at that price. They were prime collaterals in those days, good for an advance of $2,500 per share, at which figure numbers of them were hypothecated. The crash of 1857 con verted lenders on them into reluctant owners, who still hold them. Since that conversion they have been gradually sinking in price, until they now com mand only about $500 per share. This fall is the more remarkable, as in the in terval two decisions have been had in California confirming the claim. The final argument has just been made at Washington, and now all parties here are on the qui rive for the grand result which will make or break someot them. The claim exceeds 10.00 acres in extent, embraces nearly the whole site of San Francisco, stretches to the f acme on the west, the Bay of San Francisco on the east, and some six miles south, taking in a vast number of what are now im proved farms, besides thousands of costly stores, dwellings, wharves, and other im provements constituting the city. I he assessed value of the land is $15,000,000. All these numerous owners will be ousted or compelled to buy their prop erty a second time, if the Land Associa tion gam their cause, ouch a decision will make the latter enormously rich, while it will probably ruin thousands in California. If it go the other way, the shares will be worthless, and with the bursting of the great bubble, there will undoubtedly be bursting of another kind. No wonder, then, that with such an issue at stake and on tne point oi being decided, there should be a flutter here, where so large an interest is held. Without doubt the suspense is equally painful in California. But our Phila delphia holders are unshaken in their confidence of gaining their cause, al- eging that nothing has yet transpired to weaken the evidence which, up to this time, has been good enough for them. From Zion's Herald. WlitPPlXG A PREACHER. The Christian Luminary, Cincinnati, publishes an account, in three columns, of the whipping of Solomon M'Kinney. Mr. M'Kinney left Bloomfield, Iowa, ast April, for Texas. He is about sixty years old. and has been a preacher thirty years. He isa Kentuckian, a Democrat, and understands slavery to be authorized by the Bible. While living in lexas, he boarded with Thomas Smith, a slave holder, of Dallas Co., Texas, who was also a member of the Church. Having been requested by T. Smith to preach on the relative duties of master and slave, Bro. M'Kinney did so, and reflected se verely on the inhuman treatment serv ants sometimes receive:, , JLhis resulted in the calling of a meeting, which, after having determined to "mobilize" all preachers of Mr. M'Kinney's type, ap pointed a committee to whip Mr. M'Kin ney and a companion of his, both hav ing been previously lodged in jail. Mrs. 31 Kinney wanted to enter the jail with her husband, but was forced back by the mob, and compelled to await the result outside of the town. After dark, seven men came and opened the jail, and . took the prisoners out; then, after divesting them of all their clothing, excepting shirt and pantaloons, they bound their wrists firmly with cords, and one held the cords while a second took a cowhide and ad ministered ten lashes, then another and another, till they had administered sev euty lashes. The other, Mr. Blouns, was next taken into hand and served in the same way, only in his case the dose j was doubled. He received one hundred and forty lashes. The shirts of both were cut into ribbons by the rawhide. They were then unbound and left to seek their company. Bruised, mangled and bleeding, these wretched men staggered to the place where Mrs. M'Kinney was waiting for them. 1 heir backs were one mass of clotted blood and gore, and bruised and mangled flesh. A Difficulty In Shelby County. On Saturday, at North Simpsonville, in Shelby County, Ky., Dr. Dohouey, whose conduct had been such that his wife could not live with him, sought her at the house of a friend of hers, entreat ing an interview. She refused to see him. He however pressed into her pres ence, and seized her and ordered her to return with him to his house. He men aced her, and undertook by force to take her with him. He left the premises without her, but not until his conduct was so shameful as to call down the just indignation of the entire community. He returned a second time, to apologize, he stated, for the disturbance he had created. The gentlemen upon whose premises he had obtruded himself gave him a cool reception. This was late in the night. The Doctor retreated. Shots were fired at him, and he returned the fire. The Doctor was wounded, not se riously, we understand. On Sunday morning Dr. Dohoney was arrested by an officer of the law, and was to havg his trial in Shelbyville on Monday, but upon the failure of an important witness to appear he was discharged. A public meeting was to be held in the neighborhood yesterday to consider his case, and the general impression pre vails that unless he adopts a new man ner of life in the precincts of old Shelby Judge Lynch's court will assemble to consider his case. Lotiisville Democrat. Which Is Josh "What's that pictur on?" said a coun tryman in our hearing the other day, in a print store, to the proprietor, who was turning over some engravings. "That, sir," said the dealer, "is Joshua com manding the sun to stand still." "Du tell'. Wall which is Josh and which is Ml son?" THE From the Ohio Farmer. WHAT'S MY FARM WORTH! I have invested so much money in a farm, tools, teams, &e. what are thev worth to me? They are my capital in trade what income do they yield? They are my principle in bank does e interest support mer 1 know of no set of queries to which a greater variety ot answers might be obtained, borne men will grow poor in the most lucrative kinds of business, while a grinding half penny sucker will grow rich in the dul lest and hardest. Some men would put my farm at $55 per acre, and would re- allize an income of 20 per cent.; another would put it down to $25, and would not obtain from it 5 per cent. There is no kind ot capital, the returns of which are so various, in different hands, as ara ble lands; and all this difference arises, as will be readily seen, from a difference in management. .' But 1 have got my farm, with its needful buildings my tea'ms, my cows, sheep and pigs, and chickens, and my t joIs and these altogether are my work ing capital. It is a little different from so much value cash there is a little more wear and tear, and it is not quite so easy to change its location and direc- lon, but L conies it cannot slip away quite so readily, and is therefore safer. iNow every acre or this land represents $50; whether it is in a state of high cul ture, or in a wood, or wet, unproductive marsh, or swale, it lies there, $50 each acre. NovK unproductive capital isa dead loss to a man. Land that don't produce anything is like money locked up in a chest. Every acre of my farm which lies unproductive from any cause from barrenness, from want of drainage, from brush and briars along fences, from lack of manuring, or good plowing, or any thing else, is a dead loss to me, year after year, as long as I endure it, to the amount of its cost, at least. Now the question is, can I afford to endure the loss Is it economy for me to invest my money in such a way that it yields no returns? I think not. I had better unite my labor with this capital, until I bring each acre to its highest capability of productiveness. I see a difference between losing the interest on each $50 and making a nett profit of $20 per acre! But there is another consideration; my farm is my capital in bank, and as a good financier I should be careful of my drafts upon it. In plain English, my farm, from its surface down as deep as I work it, is all wheat, corn, oats, rye, barley, fruit, animals, grass, butter, cheese, etc. whatever I desire of these things, lol I have it in my farm in its raw state-nni I have paid $50 an acre for the privilege of getting these materials out into or ganized and valuable products. . Now, if I ship 200 bushels of wheat, 500 of corn, 50 barrels of fruit, 10 firkins of butter, and so on, I am actually sending away the most valuable portions of my farm I am drawing out the principal from its place of deposit from every acre I am taking away a certain, tangible propor tion of my $50 worth of farm. How long it would take me to get all my grain, and grass, and fruit, and animal materi als, from the soil into an organized, mer chantable shape, I cannot tell; but I know some farmers have done it in a short life time, and who are' now mourn ing because they have not another farm to conquer, or rob, rather. They have drawn all their capital from bank, and of course the annual income is cut off. But I don't want to do this; I want to keep my principal good in bank; I want to reap the largest returns possible from it, and I want every cent of it to produce something. Here are three important and foundation principles to guide me to be a successful farmer, and to guide ev ery farmer: First every acre must be brought under culture. Second, it must be made to give a maximum yields Third the condition of the soil must be kept up. to the highest point of product iveness. 'What then is my farm worth? No True Southern Gentleman "W 111 drink with a Nigger. From the' Louisville Journal the fol lowing card is taken: To the Public. I arrived in this city last night by the cars from Memphis with my negro man, and put up at the Louisville Hotel. My servant wishing to see the city,' I gratified him, took a walk, and stepped into Walker's Ex change for a drink, ordering at the same time a drink for my servant which, was handed him. This attracted the atten tion of two policemen, Dick Moore and R. Seay, who questioned me as to who I was, followed me to the Louisville Hotel, and after having made myself fully known to them, insulted me in the grossest manner, saying that I was no gentleman or I would not drink with a negro; tnat they doubted I was a South ern man; and that they considered them selves gentlemen and would give me sat isfaction to-morrow in any manner I de sired. I am a citizen of Memphis, and com mand the steamer Gen. Fike, a Memphis and White River packet. I am a South ern man by education and feeling. I told these two officers this, and after they were evidently satisfied that repre sentations were correct, they insulted me as above stated.- 1 do not think that this statement needs any comment. I leave the public to judge of their con duct. J. Riley Jones. Louisville Hotel, Friday morning. Winter Wheat la Illinois. A letter from Paxton, Ford Co., 111., March 17, says: "The Winter wheat looks well, and now promises an abundant yield. There is a farmer west of Paxton who has one wheat field, 1,000 acres, that now prom ises to give an abundant harvest. We never bad a more promising season than this. It is remarked by the oldest set tlers that they never have seen the rround in soeood order this early in the year. 1 he ground has been trozen all Winter, and is now light and pliable, and a - .. easily worked. Our farmers are in the midst of sowing their Spring wheat; in fact, some have done sowing, and are now plowing for corii. All of which is very encouraging, and, as we hear from other sources, quite true in regard to the almost entire Great West ,: ... A LITTLE HERO. -:' la the city of Hartford. Connecticut, lives the - hero of the true story "I am about to relate but no longer "little as the perilous adventure, which made him for a time famous in "his native town, happened several years i sgol Our hero was then a bright, active boy of fourteen the son of a mechanic la the severe winter of 18 , the father worked in a factory, about a mile, and " half from his home, and every day the boy carried him his dinner, across a wide piece of meadow-land. r v One keen, frosty day, he found the snow on this meadow nearly two feet deep, and no traces of the little foot path remaining. Yet he ran on, as fast as ; possible; plunging : through- drifts -keeping himself warm by rigorous exer cise, and brave, cheerful thoughts. When iu the midst of the meadow" fully half a mile frnm any house, hi suddenly felt himself going down, down, down! He had fallen into a Weill ' He sunk down into the dark, iey wa ter, but rose immediately to the surface. There he grasped hold of a plank, which had fallen into the well as he went down. . One end of this rested on the bottom of the well -the other rose about four feet above the surface of the water, ' . The poor lad shouted for help until he was hoarse and almost speechless, but a in vain, as it was impossible for hiin to make himself heard, from such a depth, at such a distance from any house. boat last he concluded that if he was saved at alL he must save himself,' and' began at once, as he was eettini? ex tremely cold in the water." So he went' to work. ; ' ' : ' : ' ;-; ; ' First, he drew himself up the plank and braced himself against the toi of "it and the wall of , the . well, which was of brick, and quite -; smooth. Then 7he pulled off his' coat, and taking put his pocket ' knife, cut 'off'his Tboota in order ' that he -might wbrk " to greater advantage Then,;' with f his feet against one. side" of the well, and hia shoulders against the other, he worked his way up, by the Inost fearful exertion, about half the distance to the top. L'Hcre he was obliged :to pause, take bfeatlr and gather up , his energies for therirork before him. Far harderjwasitthan alj he had gone through; for theside. of th well being from that point completely covered with ice,he must cut" with hia knife, grasping - places for ' his' fingenv slowly and carefully, all the way up. r It. was almost a hopeless attempt," but it was all that he could, do. And here the little hero lifted tip his heart to God and prayed fervently for help, fearing hi could never get out alone. , -.. -: ; Doubtless the Lord , heard JLis voice, calling from the deep, and pitied him. He wrought no miracle to, save him, Ini in breathed into his : heart a yet 1 larger measure of calmness .and courage, strengthing him to work out his own de liverance. It is in this way. th& God oftcnest answers our prayers, when . we call upon him in time -of trouble. ' After this,, the little hero ; cut "Tiii way up, inch by inch. His wet stocking froze to the ice and kept hia feet from slipping, but Tiis shirt was, .quite. worn from his back, ere he reached the top. He did reach it' at last crawled out into the snow and lay down for a mo ment to rest panting out his breath, iii' the clear frosty air. :. . .. it- .iz..,f ,; He had been two hours and ajhalf in; the well.' ' "' ' ' ' !!. VV -His clothes soon froie to his: bod but ne no longer sunered with the cold, as full of joy and thankfulness, he ran to' the factory v- where his good father was" waiting and wondering. t ;; . The poor man was obliged to go with out his dinner that day but you may be sure he cared little for that, while listening, with tears in his eyes,' 4o! thi' thrilling story which his son. had to t-" late.. . . .- :, . He must have been very proud of the bey that day as he wrapped him op in his own warm overcoat, and took' him' home to 'mother.'.' -v;,ii a S-ns : And how that mother, must haye wept and smiled over the lad, and kissed him and thanked God. for him. .. . I have not heard of the "little" hero, for two or three years, but I trust that he is growing up , into a brave heroic man and I hope that he will never for get the Heavenly Friend who did net forget him in the hour of his great neecl'.' There is an old saying that truth " lies at the bottom of a well. 5!. ;;-! :,u)vi , I trust that this brave, boy found and brought up from truth God, helps than that help themselves. "'," I .,., t ,; - - .t , Small Creature. ' ' Among the papers published in costly style, by the Smithsonian Institute at Washington, is one of the microscopic plants and animals, which live, on and in. the human body. It describes "quite a number of insects. The animal which pioduces the disease called tbe,"itch';itf illustrated by an engraving about .half an inch in diameter, which shows not only the ugly little fellow's body . an-d legs, but his very toes, although the ani mal himself is entirely invisible to the naked eye. When Lieut. Berryman wa' sounding the ocean, preparatory to lay ing the Atlantic Telegraph,' the quill at the end of the sounding-line broughtjnp a mud which, on being dried, became., j powder so fine that, on rubbing it be tween the thumb -and finger, it disap peared in the crevices of the skin. -On placing this dust under the microscope' it . was discerned , to consist of million of perfect shells, each of which had been the abode ' of a living animal. These have been sinking down through "the water to the bottom, and no doubVforHi in the course of ages, an extensive range of either silicious or limestone rock. The process is similar' to the ' Ofii by which stratified rocks were-for aicd in ancient geologic periods: ' : ?1 jgfc.We can le ra to Tead and write, but we cannot; learn raillery; - that it!' particular gift of nature: and. to tell the truth, I esteem "him- happy who does not wish to acquire ' it. -The character' f sarcasm is dangerous; although this qual- lty makes those laugh whom it does no wound; it, nevertheless, neve? procures esteem..' . - . - - v - JQT'To get angry , at nothing,; an4 to be surprised at nothing, are. 6aid to con stitute two etepB toward perftctiop.