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9U Tttrt jortt Qtttxi.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, BY W.E. & A. W. IJItATTON , At Bratton's Bulliliug, East of tlio ' Court-llouse. ' TERMS OF SUBSCXUPTIOX. P year, $1 rtO J.iglit month, 1 o four months, 50 Payment In advance In nil cases. ' PROSPECTUS or THE VIXTOtf RECORD, A WEEKLY newspaper published XjL every Thursday morning, ut McArthur, Vluton County, Ohio. We will publish tin ensuing venr. in successor to the Mr Arthur Drhwrrnt, Thk Vintos Kecokd. Iu M)litIeii tin Kkcokd will be Democratic. Citizens who main tain Urn Constitution of our fathers and the Union, should circulate conservative papers. Citizen who ore opposed to the , socinl and jwlitical cqualHvot "free Amer icans of African ilescent,""nnd their albino allies will rally to the support of our en terprise, without rejrard to their loealitv or previous views, whilst den-niling 'our principle. we hopo to give ou'en-c lo none, and will freely "give to thoso wlm dlilcr .1-1.1. .in St . ....-I.... I.. - ... nii.il u.- ,1IL ill-ill INK ill IIH1 rUllllllHS I 3 Dcehlllv while there. Is na i.tlwr l.iiirti'il In the county Independent of its politics. Hie ItKconn shall be a welcome visitor to the family circle. It will be devoted especially to the Agricultural. Commercial, .ManuliiVturing and Mechanical interests of our County. TlioOUaml mineral resources, itnimrtsint Foreign and domestic Xews, Congressional. Leirlsliitlvo and JihHoIhI Tirru-i-nilimfa. niwl the Af:irL'i'ts. will i-iiiilvu ilim iitrriiittmi As the Kkcokd is the oll'u ial organ of mo county, no man lit inton shonM w without it.. Legal Notices, Sales. Delin . quent Tux-Sales, and other matters of Local interest, make it a matter of necessity to keep posted up. Iu brief wc will do our duty to give you a good paper, printed on entirely new type, and ask that vou irlve us a liberal anil heart v support. Terms $1.5i per year In advance. v. i: A. W. 1 . UltATTOX. n. A. COTKI.E. McArthur, 0, Atlions,k Constable and Constable, . ATTORNEYS AT LMV, McArtlmr, Ohio, Will attend promptly to all business Intrus ted to their care, iii Yintou and Athens entities, or any of the. Courts of the 7th Judicial District, and In the Circuit courts of the United .States, lor the Southern District of Ohio. Claims against the (ioversiment, Tensions Bounty and Back Pay collected. January 4, isuo, tf. X. A.. BIUTTON. AKCII. KAYO &RATTON & MAYO, ATTOUMIJYS AT LAW, McArtlmr, Vinton County, Ohio, Will attend to all legid biisinrsj Intrusted to their care iu Vinton, Athens, Jackson, lies, Hocking and adjoining counties. . Particular attention given to the collec tion of Soldiers' claims for Pensions Bounties, Arrears of pav. Ac against Un united States or Ohio, "Including .Morgan Raid claims. Jan. 4. lstlt, ly. Corner Sixth and Elm Streets, Cincinnati Ohio. THE CHEAPEST HOUSE IN THE CITY Terms $2,00 per Day. OMXI BUSSES carry all pas engers to and from the ears. Paengcrs can 'the street cars at the Little .Miami and Marietta & Cincinnati Bail road depot, to the corner of Fourth and Walnut nt reels, only foursquares from this House. VM. ISAKlilSOX. Proprietor. Doc. 2d, lWiii-Dino. Kinney, Bundy & Co., b a :v k e k , JACKSON, C. II, OHIO. SOLICIT the acco'inls of business men jii'l iitdivuaU uf J.ukson. Vinton and adjoining coiiiiiirg deal in exchange, un current money and coin mako collection j in all parts oi the country, and remit pro ceeds promptly on the day we get returns. Government Securities, and Revenue Stamps always o.i hand and for sale, fjrlntert'st paid on time deposit. , STOCKHOLDERS: U.L. Chafmas. H S. Bundy T W.Kinnky, President. Viee President Cashier Wm.Kihney, E.IJ.L'jdwick, A.A.Acstis J.D.Cukk. W.N.Burke, P.Lodwick. Jackson. O . Nov. 3uth iaC5-6tnos. BROWK, 31ACKEY & C'J. "Wholesale Grocers. No. 22 Paint Street Chillicotiie Ohio. Merchants of McArthur and Surrounding country , are respectful ly invited to call and examine our stock consisting of every thing in the Grocery line, which we will se. I as low as the lowest and all goods warranted to be just as represented. Before purchasing eleewherfi you will do well to call and see us, as we w ill oiler you inducements r.ot to be beaten. No. 23 Paint St. Cnillicothe, Ohio, one door south of McKell's Queanswure store. . HWM) AUJ1A1W PHILADELPHIA FA. DISEASES OF THE URINARY AND SEXUAL SYSTEMS new and relia ble treatment. Also the BRIDAL CHAM BER, an Essay of Warning and Instruction Sent by mail in sealed envelopes, free of charge. Address. Dr. J, S K I L L I N HOUGHTON. Howard Association, No. 3 South Ninth street, Philadelphia, Pa. Oct. 13th 1865 lyr. JOB PHINTO .locate J with noatne-s and dUpatoh at bo Kicord clBce, Brmton's Uuiftliug, od8 do.r east of Court House, (nr stalrs.) NOTICE Any parioo obtaining ten sub cribefs, and tending na the money, n thknooZiLirr, shall receive UlT INTON KlOOBD nt jur tpratU. . . Ill VOL. 1. fftti M'ARTHUlt. VINTON COUNTY, OHIO. JANUARY 11, 8 1011 I860. NO. 2. Extracts from Governor Anderson's Message. Gentlemen f the Senate and House of lirjH'egentatiin: The Constitution of tho State of Ohio imposes upon the (iovernor the duty of "connnnnicatinjr at every session, hy ines sae, to the r.cneral Assembly, tho condi tion of the (State, and to reeommed such measures as he shall deem expedient." The sad eaIam!U' which deprived our State of the great "aliiities, ami the indus trious and, energetic services of the late Governor, and devolved the duties of this ollico upon me. anion'' other conequent deprivations and injuries to tin public In terests. niut. In this Instance nlso. develop and exemplify the extent of that great public loss. At my bet I could but Horlj supjdy the want of his pow er and activities. While In the circumstances amid which I have entered U'xm these grave rcsxnsl bllitles, no one could weli bo expected to completely iM'i lonn this task. An exercise of these functions so limited In its time, a iiUiyiwity wWi Ue liljordiiintcotlie' tint their proceedings so partial and Incomplete, could scarcely attain, iu the aptest mind, to that maturity of observation and experience which is ipiite essential to useful results iu either branch of this constitutional injunc tion. As the case stands, however, I now address myself to It's performance. The tliiancial condition of the State seems as satisfactory as could be wished at any rate expected, under that enormous and necessary burden of taxation which the recent warof treason, with its incidents, has Imposed upou our people. Comparing the satements of the Auditor of Statu for the last and the current years, wo 11 ml : The total receipts from all sources during the liscal year of 1M5 to have been Si;! 1!HI 010 81, against those of 1K(U s 07!) IKiti Si and the total disbursements for same 12 431 Hil8i, against those of lStil 0 07!) OUH 1,V leaving a balance to credit of all funds ol "oil OSj 92. against that of 180 1 2 000 UOl) (17. It thus appears that with anin crcasc of the receipts of tho mini of 8,510,943 90 (or more than 50 per centum), our expenditures have so swollen as to leave a correspondent Vi.ll.nncn lrac flini (hnl- nf llin IV.,. ....... , v.ll.V V 111V. XVI mer year by the sum S74 75. of S1.244,-! Why this result has occurred will be explained, as far as may be, in the sequel. Tho account of tho receipts and disbursement:! for tho State Gov ernment proper, (called the Gen eral Kcvenuo Account) for this year, shows the following results : lialanee upon November 13. ISO). H!I7 G22 80. against that oj" l.nj:J. I23 7S 1)1. Amount collected from taxes III) I DM IKi, against that of last year 1)24 )7 50. Amount coilocted from other sources SiU71!)4s. ujjalu.'t that of last year till t7rt 7U. Total of receipts (Including balance) forlSO.T, 2.. 2S3 -127 H7. against that or 1364, 1 450 0(13 17. Disbursements for civil purioses in IHiiS, 1 131 HO. against tho-e of IStil. H24 1.V2 27. Ditto for inilltarv fund in 1803. 1S2 015.")!), against those of isiil. 22S8S8W. Total disbiiiscnieuts in General l.eveniic account 2 070 1 17 53. against those of 1S04, 1 (133 010 31." The balance iu tho Treasure. Novem ber 15. 1S05, 183 2SU12, against Unit of 180 i. 3U7 032 8(5. "Wo thus find a like result of in creased expenditures and a dimin ished balanco in this branch also of the State' finances. Like expla nations will be duly attempted. Following up this comparison of these two years, we lind : An excess of tax collections In st',5 over 18(14 of(i7 188 07. against a like excess of 1861 over 1803 of tflii.uai 3i. An excess of receipts from all other sources of 702 S21 1)2. against a like excess of 18H1 over lsii3 of 2 873 Uli. Total excess iu r ccipts of 1803 over 18C4 of Sin (hi!) i), ngaint a total in these excesses of 1804 over IMW of 12 !)U8 35. An excess of expenditures In 1805 over ism of 1 (103 07!) (it), against a like excess of 1801 over 1803 of 232 740 13. A reduction in Un balance in Treasury of 103 from 1801. 1 1 31241, against a like reduction in 1804 from ls3 of 2010105. A reduction of traiwfer to Military Fund in 1805 from 1S04 ot .8 it. 872 45. against a like reduction iu 1SG4 from 18(33 of!) 801 74., "With sucli an increase of our revenues, and with such a diminu tion of our military expenditures, it becomes an indespensable dutyibr the General Assembly to demand, and for the Executive to give, an explanation of this extraordinary, perhaps unexpected, comparative deficit in these annual balances. To this end, it is the better course to fix, as well as we can, by a par tial analysis of the leading items in tho various accounts, the instances of these increases of expenditures. After settling these facts of actual results, we should, as far as practi cable and profitable, investigate their explanatory reasons or excu ses. Accordingly, we find excess of expenditure in the General Kev enue Account for 1S05 over those of 18G4, in tho following items and sums, viz : Direct taxes paid to United States Gov ernment in 1803, $7(30 8!K3 04. Benevolent Institutions (current expense, improve ments, new buildings, etc.) for 1803, 500 001 90. Benevolent Institutions (current expenses, improvements, new bulling. etc,) for 18(34. 2S1 882 07. Showing an excess in 1803 of $221 71983. Printing, binding, stationery, etc. in 1805, 175 408 44. rrinting, hiudiug, stationery, etc. for 1804, 03 131 83. Showing an excess in 18(33 of $110 25059. Sundry Items of State and military expen ditures in 18(35. 80 000 07. Sundry Items of Statu and military expenditures iu 1804, 20 70305. ' , Showing nn excess In 1805 of $0238702. Transportation (not really a State expense) In 1805, 02 127 45. Transportation (not really a State expense) In 1804, 75221 21. Showing nn excess in 1865 of $10 000 24. fiovernors's Extraordinary Contingent ! j I Fund In 18C5, JW) 0(39 86. Governor's Ex traordinary Contingent 'Fund in l8G4y 07 312 53. Showing an excess in 1S05 of $13337 33. Ohio l'euiteutlary, including costs of prose rutioii. transitortation ot prisoners, etc, In 185 1387120!). Ohio Penitentiary. Inelud- tm Knuhl Tti'iWiW'iitlmi trtiwutil;.itliii rtf Showing an excess of 12 202 43. Judiciary ran I il rl i K tif In IkU'.'i K1IX410U .Tiiillolnrv v... ...... .. ' I , SVTxif&ijS, rensl. nfV III ISII.V 1WH74K4. T JxrUl itl.in ill 1803. .VH7-)U. Innt nf til lsnt. J.xii:tri. Showing an excess in 18(33 of $703129. C lerks in State Department In 1803, 2(J8!)3 U'l. Clerks in Statu Department in 1804, 29 257 08. Showing an excess in 1803 of $0(13001. Fuel, iras. heating and care of Statu House, lfM).-. lu l)8i) 10. Fuel, gas, heating and caro of State House 1804, 13 513 50. Showing an excess in 1805 of $0100 00. Per diem and expenses of Pay Agents iu 1803, 12 5U!) 20. Per diem and expenses of ruv -gn;is in luoi, o.osj-jii Hiowhig an excess In 18H5 of.SJ 030 Tlurenw if'SoldlersT f biims In 19il"i. aims in 1305. 4 7i;i) Ok. Salarlci of Military Claim agents iu 1805, 14 775 17. Salariesof Military Claim agents in 18131. 10 32513. Showing an excess in 1S03 of $0 45004. Clerks Iu the Adjutant General's olllee In 1805. in 52523. Clerks in the Adjutant Ceneral's olllee lu 1804, 7 02844. Showing an excess iu 1805 of $259079. Contingent fund of Statu olllecrs iu 18(35, (1 070 47. Contingent fund of State oltlcers in 1801. 4 0!I8U9. Showing an excess iu 1805 of $1371 48. Salaries of Governor's stall' lu 18(35, 7 2!)4 08. Sn lories of Governor's stall' in 1801, 0 745 IH). Showing an excess In 1805 of $510 59. Salaries of State ollieers iu 1803, 15 02117. Salaries of State olllecrs iu 180-1, 14 005 24. Showing an excess iu 18(35 of $413 02. Governor's civil contingent fund in 1805, 41085.8. Governor's civil contingent fund iu 1801, 3 77504. Showing an excess lu 1805 of $333 54. Total excesses in General Revenue expen ditures 1259 490 47. To resolve, again, this general result, liv vpt innrf snoci.nl Tinrticii. larization, we discover the places of these increased expenditures i . . ,i i 4 (not to repeat tho large sum of taxes to tho General Government, nor to take note of the smaller sums), to lie as follows, viz: DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. Its expenditures (current) In 1805 were $28 704 50. Its expenditures (current)" h i'.ii were 2ii 2i? ii. Showing an excess of $2 510 45. The e iiensos in the ininroveinent account t' 1803 (as per Superintendent Blackburn' HrcimiiM lire ITTKiriOU. TlieeviuuiAn In improvement account for 1804(iu per Super? liiti.lul.inr lil -ii. L-1 in iii j ....i.iiii,..i. U. lltM uj ....v..... ... ..it.. KUIIIII I7.IVI llllliynic U.J UU. showing iin excess lu improvement ftceouiil , l.t -d.i ... m. .... I , i i. A 12 bf Olltft tso niuiii. j.oiai.excessiurisoo, no oust CENTRAL OHIO LUNATIC ASYLUM. re Its cxpeuditures current for 1805 $0457305.. - Its exjicudltures current for 1804 were 50 3io3?, showing un excess of 181U7 08. The expenditures in the Improvement account arc naid iinon out met w ith Aolil and Miller K25(iiii)0(). paid sundry other billsspeeiilcd3!)03 82, notspecilled 10!Mi 18, making a total excess in 1803 over 1804 of 48 197 08. NORTHERN LUNATIC ASYLUM. Its oxpoiiditarus (current) for lJill am 49 Rtei 1.. i .... .... ...... SSJ 54 -,. us expeuuuurcg curruiu; ior nit ill !)3t 41, allowing an exoea of li 923 12. wero il V3l ii. aliowiiiu Tho evnonditnres in tlio iiapruvoment ac oount (mibjiiot to ditf-irenco to bo cxp uinu l faurouitcr) for lsili arc 1(1 i'J 37. 1'lia uxpua- iiiuru; in urn iinprovniiiunt iwooaan huhjuoi 1 1 a diiHoromo to le cxpii.iao.1 i.orouftvri fi.r Hi.4 woro 1 .1)0 0j. pIioiviiu iu xqcs. ol 15- 0-J3 8J. cuiuru in uio linprovninDni uooonni(Hunj'.it LONGVIEW ASYLUM. This Institution is not wholv a State Institution. On the 8102.- 401 (52, of receipts for 1S05, but 833,40S 10 wero from the State. Its expo iditaros oiirrent and othor for 1315 ac lui l!)7 i!. Its exponitltara current und oihor for IHi!4 wno 84 ii. 23, showing an a cesn of 1 5 7'3'J Oi. This statement does not do exact justice to the account, inasmuch as some .of these item's do not belong to the "current expenses." SOUTHERN OHIO LUNATIC ASYLUM. Its exppn-li,ur8(crr()!i!) r', r li i.i ura t-18-623 17. It xjiciijiturcH (curru:::) t.ir Pl 'ero 4- ISO 87, Sliowin un t i-i j' 7 UJ b). REFORM SCHOOL. Tlio expenditnres (current) for ISijura f.19 120 70. fha exrenditures (mirrent) fur 1SS1 were 33 13U 67, sliowin? un excess of S 987 U INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. The exnonilitares i oarrent) for 1SG5 lira 25 452 63. Tlio expeudiiares ti-nrrent) li,r 1SU' wero 1" 440 02, thawing an exoona ef 6 012 80. ASYLUM FOR IDIOTIC AND IMBECIL YOUTH. 1S65 are $12 8H21. Its expenditures (current) for 1SS4 were 11 195 36, showing an exces of I 780 83. It has been seen, by the first General statement at nnw 4 tlmf the receipts and disbursements of 1805, are alike greatly in excess over those of 18G4. This result is to bo partly accounted lor, 1st. By the fact, that though the rates of levy were the same, the valuations of taxes were much larger in 1SG5 than tho.se of 1 804. 2d. The appropriations of 1S05 were much higher than in 1SG4. This must be a satisfactory reason to the General Assembly. 3d. The Soldiers' Claim Fund ($227,572 91) passed through the Treasury in 1865. and did not in 1SG4. 4th. The Allotment Fund of 1S05 5th. The Soldiers' Relief Fnml of 1805 (1,981,400 21) is in excess of that over 1804 (8920.932 43) Sl.- 054.533 78. (i54,0 17,5b 6 87) is largely m excess over that of 1804 ($2,251,480 46) viz: an excess of S2.390.0S3 41. These large differences, of course, go? very far to explain the aggravate difference of those balances. How far they can reconcile tho tax -,' 4i w 7 7 i Payew to tlld excess, is lor them to . HAPlflA x SINKING FUND. i Oljjiri; domestic debt. Miami Ca- The Commissions of the Sinking hid vumuasMOHS Ol lilt' OUlKinS rTrt the debt of the statc A OYem lipr 1 5. 1 Sft! ? foreign tlebt 812.230.473 00 Domestic debt . . 081.538 49 Total funded debt. Xov. 13. '05 $12.!)12.U14 45 Agalust last year's e'.cbt 13.300.751 47 Showing a diminution of . $588.737 02 Tins difl'erencH lin-nnfn . . ,. - v,, deemed in the iollowiug manner and sums, viz ; and sums, viz : Of foreign debt . $581,737 02 i i;fl Extension I.oaif of lsi;;f. exthiL'ulslieil. 4.000 00 ' And the balauce of that fund in the Treasury and in New York, Xov. 15, l!i5. was 331.3m li i I . ! 1 COMMON SCHOOLS. Receipt of the Com. School Funds for 1803 are $1.2S-I2fl9 01 Showing an excess of $79,224 77 The report of the Commissioner is replete with many interesting and encouraging statements and suggestions. Those in regard to the new system for instruction and preparation of teachers, I commend especially to your attention. It is hoped that in this fundamental in terest, Ohio will not remain behind other States. I am sorrv that I have not time n)r space in this too long commu ! "IPak at large uPon t,1,!' at general subject of Common Kchnolti en nnw i lvmrn important than much else hero in i . . ... ... eluded. One consolation is, that s" to' ceZr T nmenTCffi ltss to t ensu e oi amend n this , than m some others, j that I have less to say upon it 1 ! RAILROADS. Tho railroad intpresls of filiih iftVtS become of immense value to the stockholders, the people and the State. Tire great changes which this new system of commercial in tercourse has brought about are in many respects obvious enough. In oUiors, though equally great, they are not so apparent. Some well di- tf,, i , , . gesteu system ol laws suitable to litem is. quite indispensable. Jiut it is ipite necessary lor a legislator, framing laws for their taxation, reg ulation and punishment, to consider all these complicated relations much more cautiously and widely then he might, at lirst thought, deem essential. Lmpiestionablysome legislation limbs, property and other rights of i iwpi.nti cum uimi iiuin n the people from the encroachments 1 , 1 . ,. . or neglects ol these powerlul agents. "in Inm li'.w, '..I. ..l.J.1.1 . iiiv uuu Jiuv, 111111.11 IMlldUn 111V. l i ; i n i- i - . ' " o the companies will necessan y oe a most uinicuit line lo lind or to follow. This is a generic dilliculty. But accidents and special circum stances greatly enhance it. The most important roads for useful' ness, and therefore (he most impor tant for regulation, are, for example, tlie uluo roads in a chain ot connec .. ... . , -- -- n V . :.r r oi .tho Eastern c, ties, and are pass - ed into the custody lor conveyance, of corporation after corporation until they shall reach the deliver- ing company It is delivered ,n SSLa 1? el tZ ,,. . mes ot the alliance were wise to ie,lnWn S ieSt rT1? th-y 1 allow nodtiestion to be rais-1 i . .. . x : eu as io tneir separate liability. They would (as if a single company) pay it, and, as they the most truly could do, assess among themselves the proper liability. But, inas much as, in points of fact, thev do not, and most of them lie out of our jurisdiction, and in default of the proper remedy by the national legislative authority, what is Ohio to do with the company under her power? Jiase it pay all tlie dam 1 That would be most accen- agesf table to tne Eastern company which is primarily liable by the law of contracts, and which (it mav be) committed the injury. But it would be neither just to our own ' 1 1 1 7 . - company, nor good policy for our o t a. mi oiaie. iins example is ol value for another use. The railroads, in order to guard themselves against this frequent danger, have adopted a form of receipts or bills of lading, exempting themselves from such liabilities, by the special contract of the consignor. And they refuse to carry the goods unles9 this ex emption shall be Ktiniil.itad. j this is all wrong. As they derive a I ! i ol , , . 0r "S a 1,1 'lhl' I case of oflicer, would be a good I huv. ! hould think it wou!(l & ac. ; the profits upon their line as the part of a through line, they should in like manner bear their due share of iu burdens. It may be very true, that the refusal to trans port is illegal ana subjects the com . ... ... 1? mi. ....mi- , liailV to (l:lm.1 "Pj liv mn't . It- i nl.' so true that the receipt signed is of no binding force, because against nitidis, nnllnv SItill ... i., puunc noiiev. Ml . t he ease s 11117 practically a great wrong com mitted by the railroads, and a great injury suHV.-red by the communily. It is in one, too, w hich needs leg islation. For a larire inninrilr of men in such case ahvavs siillor. rotliA,. iun o law agattist their ,..uw uiuuf.u i.M,in iiguiiisi. uieir own contract, although it mav have i i-'i ... . been extorted undera sort of duress, Lpon a consideration of the whole subject, it seems to me with a' frank admission of the extraordinary ben - ilf.. n,:..;.. .1.. 1 1 , ? i . i " x injufi, uiieciiy aim ltmirecuy, from t,10se istitiition without ov- their profits (for the best of them will lint ho Cm ml i tlie lonS run, very profitable,) and without treatitiL' this el property dillerently from others the CJeneral Assemly should under- tako a system of proper legisa'ion, which should do justice to them Thesifliject has manv.and intrin sic dillictilties. The m-incinlo of .. , i. 1 Combinations 1)V nl such intrpls- their TiiTsleeping vigilance: their ; .groat pAtftrs of seducing all author-! ities, frbin.tho County Auditors j who tax thm up to the Congress , of the UniteTl Stales, which ought' to regulate them, by the little thing I a free pass to self and family, are , by no means to be overlooked as amoungthem. Perhaps a reason- ceptable to the railroad companies, iorineyare really oppressed and 1 over in this wnv AVlmih. ' er it would so well suit the Auditors and Congressmen is more doubtful, i ! ! 1 , i ( 1 I ! ! j : I : j AFRICULTURAL LAND-GRANT. iiiuviouiui,niiiiii uoes nui us directly grow out of science, (know- lo,1"e of P1I), simple and ! .... i;.,.i. J A,i i The Committee appointed by the late Governor, under the authority of the Act passed April 15. 1SC5, iifter careful examination and con sideration, has made its report. It will bo duly submitted lo you in a special message. I beg leave to say, that having, in the lirst instance very dillerent view of the matter am now persuaded that all things considered, that Committee has de .. , . - cided upon tho best course which the State can now pursue in the premises. I commend to the Gen- erai Asseinblv n cnreCnl v,mAtra blv a Careful 'onsiilir;i- . ' " - tion of this excellent document. The more intinintolv T li.-n-o known the late lamented Governor! Urough. the more have I seen ma own iu ijjcui uu ijis juutjik'ius son to respect all his judgements cuiiiiccu io oe iiinerent. revenue- ess, ,, tll0 suIlject of Uie ?1,,nt ; .,,,,1 ii, iWitni mil r-i'in toiii ril'i i nl and the institution contemplated py it, 1 am bound, 11 1 understand tlieni, to dissent lrom certain parts j Ins reasonings and their conclus- - in his hist message. j seeing to labor under a great : didiulty (which du'.v-i not exist ),up-: uuinu um i ui-su' ih oi .i siiiernice, ; i u ii.u-iicai aim tne useitii, to i tl0 sckntlic aml al)(nise ts , d ; Fillcil)k,s of 0(iu,atioI1. Jt (loes scen,to me tIut thci.c necd le uo such sacrifice. There can be no or BUCCwrful lu,letice or 1 X ---X 1 " 1 directly as limbs, leaves, llowers ! roots. ''Science" and ''abstruse" i n"' ' via-4 I'iV'I'Vi i - , - j more ) frcijuently denote our degree of, ignorance and unfainiliarity with j their subjects then their own in-j dilliculty or impracticble- ness. I llrt timilld 11 CM trfk l-i P ' rmiiv uauv v iihj II l'llnini Pii iViin,1n ii-.. common farmer, for example, we call practical and useful. But to a barbarian, who had never seen them, they would seem wonder- lully deep and strange. And, cer- i tainly, there is not one oi them, if useful, which does not depend upon the principles of strictest science ami many oi tnem upon most ab- struse darkest principles, too. So of every other art in the cata logue, up to the newest and strang est. Telegraphy and daguerreo type, at first, amazed us all as ab struse sciences. But they are fast becoming houshold arts, and, if it be really the purpose of the Legis lature to elevate this art of agricul ture by the use of the sciences in a cnlltnintA inst.rnrHnn vnn mow At. pend upon it that this end can i. i i i alone be attained by teaching, to! I ! ; ADVERTISIXO TERMS. One square, ten liuea, $100 'Each additional Insertion, 40 Cards, per year, ten lines. 8 OO Notices of Executors, Administra tors and Guardiaus, . . 2 OO Attachment notices before J. . . a OO Local notlecsi per Hue, lO Yearly advertismeiits will be charged $('0 per column, and ut porportionate rates for less than a columu. Payable In advance; . 1 ason- ng iu error, in what is said iflun departinent j,. . . , J 'ft , uiiu ineie is no use in eitlier colle- ges or schools to teach the mere manual dexterities of Agriculture would .. . . i ...... . i . uu . shall be done, it must be done by an accordance with the principles of nature, and that knowledge is" science and profoundest science also. . It must begin all arts and uses. Afterward they will be re of poated to the end of generation, in utter ignorance of the priuciple (rutuiac) of the act thev fchall bo own C(f,v." At least the foun tvrannized il-itiim j nut ., i,;,.i, determined upon the policy of edit ion eating farmers in colleges or uni Ile verities we have passed the point of most of these discussions. That - v v - w I HIV ilrf tj j worked and wrought out, which I his education is to impart. As nkch manual labor, at least, must be maintained as will serve defi transic nitely and familiarly to exemplify the few, not the many, the most ab struse of all the natural sciences agricultural chemistry, for instance. "The many" and "the few" are also relative terras, but the time never has been when the many (compar- .l i ...... 1... 1 . T I . na.? ivii vtjiwii inv iiiuijj vuiuuar od in 111 o n I-i i,l l,.n-,. lon tc.w.l. this knowledge of the. principles of things; "many," in this sense, can .... t 11 never go to colleges Nay, more, of the many, in the narrow sense, who do go to college, it is only tho few the very elect few who mas ter the deep abstruse root of tho matter. "What then! Are not tho nmnv. ll.orol.r. l.onr.fi'pd hn,l l.lnco. ed? 'We might as well sav that all ea; n u uugnc as wen sa v mat an who, ignorant of the principle, de- ... ' . .. 1 . rive use or iniovment from a tele gram or photograph, were under no obligation to ilorse or Daguerre. Tpon that theory the dull cardener n i : . . . . or larmer, who is incapable of the first proportion of chemistrv, is not indebted toTrolessor Lebig, whoso manure has increased his product It is well enough to talk about '-making two blades of grass grow whore only one grew before," but the true ouestion is: the Wthn law to make it grow into two and that, or a like useful and practical l'PSlllt ioiir.rjinr.n nm-oi .1in.J..r.1 i.f ...i.i viva iav. , i.-.vvA , ru ninl lir nr i'II A .l strtiction "wlucli jhrtaln to their i and art of agriculture (that kind of agriculture of which we ere discuss ing), must arise, are so many and so deep, that a merely sjh-cnU education, without a very general scholarship below it. can . never attain to it. And. whenever it in dt ter mined to give tho agricul turist a collegiate, education, it can only be to the few it can only bo sciontilic and, linally, it must ascend from the general to tho special instruction. ..ni, j.i,-vii,ij, oiniai unii political, is a bad thing generally a contemptible spirit but it is in Arislocracv. personal, soruil nnrl the nature of things that letters i mcose;:viK' nn ii ,.i.- f .w.,.-i Vlr .in iui.-iui.iia i, it o may rail against tho truth but wo con nnt lioln n,,vnU-. ti... t Newtons, Keitlars and Aassizs of this world can never be a multitude; T I 1 , i . . i in raon ior all Uiese truisms (lenieur Am are t lev not incon- j,,, ,K)t llim,, 1 ,Ju,1tlc(1n3 ncvm . hi rt' iht ...... i ...9 T essence oi the controversy ? I con clude this part of tho Ionia with out one remark. "When we have . - i - - - - , ,! . oeienniiiai o i establishes our noerai education means itself, iimi of a hhtr iuvolviH uvulae I am lcss v Q n-ason, ex per ence and prejudices secin ull at u It in rolill on Jto it. T, a,0 judgment .....ii, luivounigniuilllR' as plowing, hoeing, spading, chop- fill., illlil I lie i'M li 111. li, iu Tim intefliwore nf tl illll..tnt :..i. .!..? I 1 uiusuaic it I III jJUL 1I1LO VI91U10 lraC- J . ' 1 i. . . a 1 , tice, with its results, the fcientifle trutn, new or old, upon wluch they must rest. Some correspondence has been held between the late Governor and those of other States in regard to a common principle of action in tho disposition of - the Scrip ; and various suggestions have been made to by me private individuals for some plan by which it could be sold in larger quantities than by retailing to individual purchasers. But noue of these conferences havo developed into any plan worthy of calling your attention to' them. This subject of the proper. disposi tion of the Scrip is commended to your considerations I scarcely kn6vr what to say, ojv Agencies aavise, in regard' to our. Military