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U , WflLWHED BTERT TBUBSDAT, Bf . i W. E. & A. yV Q It ATT O, N , ' .;, x Brattotfa BuUdlng. East or tb ,-, i. v ... Court-Uoue. . r TEItMS OP. SUBSCRIPTION. 1 Ml O'ne year;. liirbt months. . 1 on Four month, go 1 aynient lo advance In nil eases . PROSPECTUS "THE -' YIXTOX RECORD, A WEEKLY newspaper published every Thursday morning, at Me Arthur, Vintou ComityJ phlo. We will , publish the ensuing year, as uccessor to the Jit Arthur DtmucraU The - Tixto.s' Recohd. Iu politics the Kkcobd will be lx-mocratie. Citizens who main tain the Constitution of our lathers, ami the Union, nuould circulate conservative papers. Citizens who are opposed to the ioclal and political equality of "free Amer ican of African descent," and their albino allies will rally to the support of our en terprise, without regard to their locality or t previous views. Whilst defending our . principles, we hope to jrlve offense to none, and will freely give to thoic w ho differ witn us, a fair Hearing in our columns, e peeiiUly while there is uo other Journal iu -theorimjr. IndcDcudent of its notifies, tho Record ihall be a welcome visitor to the family ficirul. It will be devoted especially to the Agricultural,. Commercial, Manufacturing and Mechanical interests of our County. The Oil and. mineral resources, Important Foreign and domestic News, Congressional, Legislative ad Judicial proceedings, and the Markets, will receive due attention. l. As the lUiconD Is the official organ of -me county, no man in vinton snouiu oc v without it. Legal Notices, Sales, Delin quent Tax-Sales, and other matters of Local interest, make It a matter' of necessity to keep posted up. In brief we will do our duty to give you ogood paper, printed on entirely new type, &iid ask that you give us a liberal and hearty t nupport. Terms 1,80 per year in advance. W. V.. & A. Xt. UI'ATTOX. a l, Cl.MUU, A (lit i s, u' H A CONTKLE. Mc Arthur, 0. Ooxutabla and Constable, ATl'OUNEYS AT LUV, Mc Arthur,'; - - - Ohio, .Will attend promptly to all business Intrus ted to their cure, in Vinton and Athens contles, or any of the Courts of the 7th Judicial District, and In the Circuit courts of the United States, for the Southern District of Ohio. Claims against the Government, Pensions Bounty and Back Pay collected. January 4. 1800. tf. a. A BUATTON. A11C1I. 1UYO . BHATTON & MAYO, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio, Will attend to all legal business Intrusted to their care in Vinton. Athens, Jackson, Ro, Hocking and adjoining counties. Particular attention given to the collec tion of Soldiers' claims for Pensions, llountles, Arrears of pay, &c against the United States or Ohio, including Morgan Raid claims. Jan.-J.lSCO, ly. CLIFTON HOUSE, Corner Sixth and Elm Streets, Ciininnatl Ohio. THE CHEAPEST HOUSE IX THE CITY Terms $2,00 per Day. OMNIBUSSES carry all passengers to and. from the cars. Passengers can take the street cars at the Little Miami and Marietta & Cincinnati Kail road depot, to the corner of Fourth and Walnut streets, only foursquares from this House. WM. UAK1USOX, Proprietor. Dec. 2d, 18CiV3mo. Kinney, Bundy & Co., BANKERS, .'JjkCHSON, C. II., OHIO. SOLICIT the tccountg of business men ml indiviials of Jackson. Vinton and adjoining counties deal in exchange, un turrHil money and coin make collection lq all part of the country, and remit pro effds prumptly on tho day we get returns. Govefninen't Securities. . and Revenue Stump always on hand and for s'e. J)yIqteret paid on tim deposits. , , , V,.' STOCKHOLDERS ; .. II L. ClIArirfAB. H S.HUKDT T W.KlNNKY, Presidrnt. Viea President Cashier Wh.Kiknet, E.B.Lvdwick, A A.Austiii J.D.Clark. -W.N.Bcbke, P.Louwick. JackFon. O Nov. 20th 1865--6mti8. BROWX, ilACKEY & Co. Wholesale Grocers. No. 82 Paut Street v. . - ChltLICOTHB Ohio. Merchants of McA rthur and Surrounding country, are respectfully invited to call and examine our Hock consisting of every thing in the Grocery line, which, we will sell as low as the lowest and all goods warranted to be just as represented. . Before purchaseing ekewhere you will do well to call and see us, as we will offer you inducements not to be beaten. " No.?3 Paint St. Chillioothe,:. Ohio, one ooor iputit ot UlcKelrs Uueensware store. ,H3WAR0 ASQ3IATI0M' PHILADELPHIA FA. rvISEASESOPTHRllRiNAPV AMn XJ SEXUaiSYSTEMS-newand relia ble treatment. Also the BRIDAL CHAM ffER. an EsEay of Wainin and Iiibtruclion Sent by mail in sealed envelopes, free of charge. - Address, Dr J, SKILL IN HOUGHTON, Howard Association, No 3: South Ninth street, Philadelphia Pa. OctriJtb 1855-Jyr, VOL. 1. ' ' ' ' " ' 1 ' " i ...... , M'AKTHUl. VINTON COUNTY. OHIO, JANUARY 18, 1800. NO. 3. The Inaugural Address of Governor Cox. We are entering upon a new epoch in our history. The period of struggle for .national existence is ended, and we have celebrated our thanksgiving to God for deliv erance. Tho war administrations of both Nation and State have cone by, and we have begun an era of peace with its new duties and new responsibilities. We have proven that our Government- is strong enough to resist the most formi dable efforts to destroy it by force, and we are now to show whether it has such vitality that it can assimi late the different elements com prised under its rule, and harmonize tho antagonisms' ; necessarily re maining after so fierce a strife. For 'years all our energies and our resources have been devoted to the simple duty of subduing a great rebellion ; and what was demanded of us was undaunted courage and obstinate determination, concen trating our yill and our power upon the single purpose belbro us, and refusing to be turned aside for any other object till that was thoroughly accomplished. Now we have put off the h arness of war; the grand army which saved the republic is disbanded ; its veterans have been quietly absorbed into the mass of their fellow-citizens, and all are now inteittly studying tho problem of changing a Union restored by force, into one whose permanence shall be guaranteed by mutual good will and common interests, and be based upon universal free dom and genuine republicanism. To do this will demand qualities of head and heart quite as high as any thttt have been called into exercise hitherto, and if we succeed in lind ing the solution "we seek, we shall prove that the victories of peace are far greater than those of war. On the one hand are the dangers of receiving into full participation in the Government those who have been staking everything upon its overthrow ; and upon the other, the obligations we are under to the whole world to adhere to those doctrines of Democratic liberty and equality which lie at the foundation of our system ; whilst our relations to the unfortunate African race, whose slavery we have abolished and whose freedom we are sacredlv bound to protect, como in to com plicate both classes of difficulties. Congress and the President are now at work upon tho details of complete restoration of civil gov ernment in the States lately rebel lious, ana we, m common in the whole country, are watching their progress with the most earnest hope that they may speedily agree upon a national policy which shall thoroughly accord with the highest interests of the whole land. I do not regard this a proper time to discuss specific measure's which are before our federal legislature and authorities, but all our public acts in our State organizations, as well as in our National capacity, must be more or less modified by circum stances shaped by the great war in which we have been engaged, and it seems necessary therefore, as a preparation lor every species of public duty, that we should look with special care at any dangerous tendencies the war may have de veloped and recall the general principles which should guide our actions as servants of the people. n is in tne excitement ol a great struggle that the institutions of a country are in tho most danger of change, and perhaps no nation has ever passed through such a convul sion as ours and then returned to the principles of government and exact form of constitution which it had before. The maxims that revo lutions do not go backward, has seemed to have even a wider and deeper significance than has been popularly given to it, The same law of progression which has made the convulsions of monarchical governments tend toward the de velopment of popular liberty, has in republics too often led to a des potism of classes or of factions, and thence by easy stages to anarchy and utter disruption. A victorious majority, flushed with its triumph. finds it easy to forget the rights of minorities ; ana that it remains for us to, prove whetherj in our day, tne oia cryol "Woe. to the con quered" taay he silenced by a truly republican determination to ad minister ; the .. government for the real advantage of all-rof the de feated rebels as well as of the loyal victors. ' The . war was not-waged by us, who' remained faithful to the Gov- ernment, to subvert any of ! the principles of human liberty uponj but to conform and establish them. The one great doctrine' which has been settled by tho war is that tho National Union can not and shall not be destroyed by tho action of any of the States composing it; but its continuance, its modification, or its dissolution shall be determined by the whole people acting as 'oho nation under the forms of the Fed-fing eral Constitution. Tho one great social change which has been de termined by the same event, is the abolition of slavery, tho existence of which was staked upon the suc cess of the robellionj of which it was the cause. . ' " ' : These ' things' havei been1' de? cided in the dread court of last resort for peoples and nations. By as much as the shock of armed hosts is more grand than the intel lectual tilt of lawyers: as the God of battles is a moro' awful' judge than any earthly court': by so much does the dignity of this contest and finality of this decision exceed ' that ot any human tribunal. If we ! nave not been right m pledging our lives and our fortunes to save our country, then the blood of the myriads of heroes who have fallen rests with murderous guilt upon souls, and we should never ! consent that the justification or condemnation of this great people should rest, now or hereafter, with any bench ot judges, however i learned, especially when each judge must determine his own cause, since ho must have been for or against the country in her struggle. There are some things to which courts of law can add no sanction, and a nation's appeal to God when jt seizes the sword is one of them. We may, when necessary, try indi T7lll,ol fyniLAVO Otwl r.1 rP I uiuruu, iiu uid jicujiiu hi j the United States will appear as ; prosecutor, but not as defendant at the bar. Being conquerer, the Govern ment has the undoubted right to impose terms upon the conquered, 1 uut in me siiutMucuioi wimi snouiu limit and define those terms, difii- culties arise. We are apt, indeed, to listen with impatience to any limitation of our control over those who are subject to us. The pleas-1 ures of rulership and the joy which is felt in the exerciso of power have always appealed with pecu liar force to the frailties of human nature, and professed Republicans have been as subject to their temp tation as other men. In a time like this most of us feel the neces sity of checking our impulses and passions, challenging the motives and the consistency of our actions, and of fastening our attention, by effort of will, upon principles of j government ana ot human rights which have been axioms to us during the period of the growth of our institutions and of conflicts between us and powerful foreign powers. However unwelcome the task of self-examination, we owe it to ourselves to make it thorough and searching. The ancient con querer was accompanied by a slave in his triumphal car, who reminded him of his humanity and his weak-1 ness; we must act as our own prompters to moderation and jus-; linn nnrl vnmm. I nitwAlt.nn . . t ( rules which should control our im, emu. ivjiijim uuioi;il3 Ul Uit; action, and the dangerous tenden cies of our own nature. We need no stimulus to i anything which runs with the whole current of popular . impulse and feeling; such things will ' take care of themselves, but no' duty can be more important than that of stopping occasionally to weigh well what seems to cross our desires or to '. question the direction of our progress. We have the right and are in duty bound to insist upon sufficient guar antees for the future safety of the Union ; but those guarantees must be such as shall not be inconsistent with a Republican Government for those who give as well as for those who receive such security. Conquest does not rightfully give unlimited sway over the persons and property of the conquered, and their rights' may be' diminished no farther than is necessary for the public safety. 1 '-' ' ,' : If it were; proven that it would be impossible for us to live safely, as sharers of a common' govern ment, with the people of any State or community, or republicanism might, force us to conssnt-to sepa ration, Tout could not justify us in holding them as subject5. ;J and this proposition is true ' without refer ence to' race or color. ,J. J Representation is not a privilege I ! j , j i of us can deny them without incur the ring the contempt of the civilized world. They are mere abstractions. solving tho problems of govern our nient or of other sciences. Wo conferred upon majorities, but it is most efficient for good when it approaches most nearly to giving voice in tho Lecislature to all minorities in proportion to their number. It is better and safer that a minority, however hostile to us in principle, should be so represented as to be openly heard and answered, man mat it should nave the advan tage of winning sympathy and gain partisans by making'issue upon the question of the right of repre sentation instead of upon the falsity of its, obnoxious principles. ".Military government is in its verv 'essence a despotism, and any long continuance oi it after the cessation of :ar iried resistance is contrary to. rnmr n vuniessiorr ui me iaiuire I republicanism. These and many similar general maxims' of government are the in tellectual diet upon which every living American has been bred, and of which' we have been such earnest, propagandists that no one it is true, but we need to bear them in mind none the less carefully for that. All rules aro abstrations, whether they ho the formula; for recall them to test our work, and we reckon ourselves to have made good progress in proportion to the laillitulness with which we have adhered to them In the heat of our just wrath against , those who would have swept republicanism from tho con tinent, had they been successful, we are in danger of forgetting prin ciples to which we owe allegiance, and therefore we should not excuse ourselves from the thankless task - P ! .1 ? 1 n . 1 in reiiiiiHiing eacn ouicr 01 tliem. To follow these rules and yet pro- vide that the national safety be not endangered, to determine who of tho Government arc without tho pale of clemency,'and yet to extend amnesty to the other millions of tnose who were rebels, to restore political privileges to those who were formerly masters, and yet protect the freedom of those who were formerly slaves such is the difficult and delicate work before the executive and tho legislature of the Nation, and they may rightly claim of us all such appreciation of their task as shall make us most kind and charitable judges of their differences from favorite measures of our own. Wo have, indeed, reason to be devoutly thankful that the work has fallen upon men in whose patriotism and wisdom we have so great cause for confidence, and that the progress they have already made promises a conclu sion which shall be reasonably speedy and generally satisfactory to tho country. In the presence of these vast in terests which are before us as part of the Nation, the loeal concerns which affec t us as a State alone, are likely to be dwarfed and lose their proper attention. I do not propose to enter into any detailed or elabo- rnrnil Avnmiivitinn nf nur rwwlifirm or to- lnake recommendations of w,,inHv nnfimi. Tl,; Im. fully and ablv done bv my prede. . . . " , x cessor. I shall only glance at the outlines of affairs and content j myself with the briefest and most enrsnrv viv nf ilm Ki'fiifitinn Tn our 0fliciai state duties we find no such heavy responsibility as rests upon the shoulders ot the olhcers of our National Government. The close of the war has taken from us the necessity for putting armies in the field, and relieved us, in our State capacity, of the labors inci dent to close co-operation with the General Government in all the great affairs which have made the past five years so memorable in our history. .We are subsiding into the quiet routine of peaceful times, and as our young men are return ing to their farms, their merchan dies and their shops, the great drain upon our physical strength being removed, the energetic use of in telligent labor will soon prove how rapidly Hhe, recuperate powers of this people act, and how true it is that the , times which make least show in the world's history are very commonly those of greatest happi ness and prosperity to a State. Our .veterans will not be adding new names to the long list of their fields of glory, but they will be winning victories over physical nature and transforming the fruits of the soil and the minerals of the earth into that wealth which shall spread comfort arid happiness everywhere. We, who havo been called to guide tho movement of our. State Government, will con nect our names with no such brill iant acts as have given wide-spread reputation for high statesmanship to the succession of State officers who have preceded us during these troubled times; but in the humbler duties which will fall to us we may rejoice that these quiet days are, in some sense, our best days, because they are, as wo hope, the beginning of an era of purer and more rapid advancement in everything which tends to the highest civilization. 1 The habit of eraspinc cnl thoughts and of daring to do great. deeds has apparently begotten in our t poopio . a disposition . wh.vclv makes all' business enterprise" f:.V.e wider scope than heretofore, and tho keen insight with which all our resources are scanned, and the ad venturous energy with which their development is pushed, leave noth ing to be desired in a business point of view, unless it be an in crease of that sajracious caution which may save uslrom the danger of those commercial revulsions j which have, with considerable regit-; followed great expansions of; M'U li 1 uiu luueiiq. mo juie uuaiigo in the-banking system of the country has transferred the control of the circulating medium to Congress, and comparatively little can be done by us directly to provide against tho threatened evils to which I have alluded, except to exhort our fellow-citizens to pre pare in season for every contin gency. The large tracts of valuable lands within tho States which .-are still i uncultivated reminds us' of the desirability of encouraging immi .rrnlmn nnrl rf ihn mMnt ,.1,,. B:. Ol seeking to , attract tho most thrifty and valuable classes cf im-1 " ... migrants within our borders. Wis foresight aitd prompt action may unquestionably do much to induce the best class of foreigners who aie Hocking to our shores to setth amongst us, whero they will find in tho highest degrcojUis. advantages which have allured them to this country, with many of those pleas ures of society and of an older civilization which they must forego in tho sparsely settled regions of the far West, to which the great current of migration is tending. It will also bo our duty to promote the most rapid assimilation of the foreign element with our native population. Tho events through which we havo just passed have proven how rapidly tho foreign settler has become American in interest, in thought and in patriot ism; but tho good results we have seen should only encourage us to moro systematic use of the means which tend to so desirable a result. A nation is strong in proportion to the homogeneity of its people. To be countrymen should in itself bo a pledge of brotherhood wherever we meet, and brotherhood implies community of language and simi larity of habit and thought. To encourage and stimulate our natur alized fellow-citizens, and tho ncv comers who purposo becoming such, to adopt our language, to educate their children with cir:-, and to identify themselves with us us rapidly a3 possible, is tho dictate f true patriotism in us, and, at the same time, is tho best welcome we can give to them, since there oan be no question that they will thus become most quickly acquainted with their rights as citizens, will be least likely to be overreached and made dupes of in business or in politics, and will find tho road to pecuniary profit and personal advancement most rapidly open beforo them. Our common school system is to be fostered and improved, and there is nothing in which our people have deeper interest than this. If there be any one thing to which, under Providence, more than to another we owe our safe passage through our recent perils, I believe it is the intelligence which our common schools have universally diffused. It has not been simply the power toread, but that larger and wider culture which has made the Ameri can . people capable of weighing and deciding upon grave arguments of right and of policy in the midst of greatest excitement. The Gov ernment appealed to them'as- to men able" to comprehend any argu ments of State policy, and this steady loyalty of the people and their persevering support of the national cause was in direct pro portion to the intelligence and education of different States or I I isqiAi. ten flnei? ': :.'. .a.1-1'! OO Cnrd-ii pes eUr, tcAiljiexJ j.k.tlt 8 OO Noticed of Executors, Adiuluktra- tor and OuiirdlaiiS, -. . "T SMJO Attachment iiolioe. beforo J. IV - it M Loral notices, per lints ........( lO Yearly adveitTnentx will be" charged ier roll. inn, mid at pcrportltiii'ate raws fur less tan a cumm. ray able In. aL'viMee. ,..,.. r noh firiiMrtniinl InRHr-ftnn . J i truly, besides lining their country dearly, you have ground for faith in the stability of their Govmi larity, nient, such as can be got in no ti ' i, , .. .. communities. I will even go fur-; ther, and decl.aro . isr' fceHt jfiat, ' outaide of the immediate; fheajier of hostile operations, the' cause. of the Government never "lost Any thing by the most untrammeled freedom of public discfcss-ion ami printing, becauso tho poople, weju -always able to detect the eophifln of disloyalty, and their; pafrjqtiG purposes were strengthened fathir than Weakened by seeing tho whole force of tho enemy- they had .to ' meet. Among the .safeguards. of ; our liberties nnd guarantees of the' permanence of onr institutions, I reckon our school system the- verv chief. Blind and devoted leve of conntry may exist umVr despotism, if ignorance,, be. tljq moiji ...i a fiiperstitior's pr cluuusii, attach ment ; but liberty and rciuibJfcan ism can be built on no'otlior s61id foundation 'than ihtelligeitoa'in'the whole mass of lite people; -j'A'Wko self-interest is. mad tho lf.t.U''of all scientific political economy, alid when a wholo people . have learned to estimrte 'that interest otuer wav. u is because oi tne general conviction that our com mon schools may bo m:u:0 lo seenro this result, that there is an equally general belief that no money used for public purposes is so well in vested as that which supports,, our school system. t ( No sttileinent of our conditio;)' nnd wtrr duti M would ! ei'i:i;ilit.' AA did not spn:;k of the drhr we owe to the sad 'array (almost mi aniiy in it'll!') of the nniiriM'tl mil ui:i'iki! lu-ivr to vlum tuc return of 1,;:lc.!'!i:,-Mr r'pift for tfjpir own liiuire. 1 lie tlcii'I loos down l:i '."low ; I l i tii-ule upon the work thev have nerouplNIied bv h'.ililhi" their Uloml. ai'.Cl on v memory ll theinl,e- loonies rather exultant than imlnful: but .these hick and crini.led outdare condemned tu ltml l' the fwieral prosperity and 1.,.. l..,.ll... 1 hi ...I.. l. !!'.. I ioy, feeliiit; bitterly that iheir lives uat I.m deprived in iienrlveveryt'ili'jr which hrnlth and vii;ir would have-sec;: re d them. If wc should live llioiu cau.ii' tothbk their coun try, U ungrateful, wo Miall double thi-ir misery and be ourselves uuiniiliiul to on of the most solemn duii 's v. i:ieh cm be imposed upon u. More tiumeijdit thous and iHsabkd Ohio noldlcr are already upon thi! volU of the National lViwltnv IJureiiii. Tile pit!:mec which th'j General Government can (.ive thorn will not s-ive them froi:i want, lluw can we best do tho remainder of onr duty toward them? A beginning lias fllivmly been in-ule in the temporary establishment of a State Soldier's Home, but it is manifest that it will provide for n very small p.;rr of these who have pord claim upon uf If indeed any sy.-tun of congrcgatinc; the pensioners hi perma nent usyliiiiH can ticcompli.-ii the dciivI end. 1 believe the people rre readvtodo iheir whole duty iu this matter, and will, expect those whom they have intrusted with the legislative power t ) provide, ade quately by law the best practical .system for di -charging, this ;:ieat debt of honor. This disposition on their p:irt ha been manifested not only iifllie noble and gen erous private contributions through socie ties and eoinini--lous, by which the comfort of our soldiers iu the lie'ld and theehlcleney of our military ho.-pital; were wonderfully increased, but the same spirit has prompted numerous local monuments to our dead, and will. I trust, grow into some permanent, memorial on behalf nf the State at large. In L.Tping with tlie iligniiy of our position, and with the depth of our feeling. In these as well as In other ways, the lute war lias brought gn at burdens' i:pouour State, but its jiro.-p.-Hty has heei: s-cii that hey have been borne without impoverish-' ing' our people or Mruhiiag tl.'o tmblic resources. ( )iir State debt lias been dimin ished during this very period of commotion, and sueli lias ,eea ihe thrift of tho com munity anil the siu ee.-s of bu.-l:u -s enter prise, that we S"o on every hand tho evidences of nccumulatii::;- wealh. Ohio, "the llrst-boru of the ordinance of 17S7," has been true to the p!i::ei;!'. sol' that great act of statesinanslii'i. which dedicated tho north-western territory to freedom nnd free, labor, and now innretha:i ever before isr realizing the benefits of tho w isdom which then launched her upon n car, r of unex ampled growth nine r the auspices iof religion, intelligence aial liTtdom. Adill'creul policy, based upon afalse.ind unjust. i-y.steiii of labor, has brought forth its matured fruit of rebellion, fi Rowed ly desolation and ruin. Cod grant that the lesson so sternly taught by experience may be wisely learned by all, V..d thai the re-, turn to "the riglir path may rvcrywhers speedily result in such abou'iv.'.i.:' happi ness, and well-being that pis', strifes and sufferings may bo forgot ien lathe univer sal joy. --o Colonel James L. (hm has been chosen Governor of South'Cardlina; t the lirst ever elected by a popular vote. Colonel Orr, like Proyis-' ional Governor Terry, hails from; the upland portion of the State,' and did good service against sec6s si jn in 1850 and 1S51. lie was aC moderate in 1SG0, but finally yieU. ded to the current. ' ' Born in ' 182i?J he was first chosen" t'O the ' State' Legislature in 18-H, to Congress in 1848, and in 1857 was elected Spea-' ker; the last ever elevated to that post by tho Democratic vote. ' Col. ' Orr is an able, fairminded man,' and, we trust, will honestly labor to restore peace and prosperity to' N. Y. Tribune. If a young lady wishes to encour" age Iier lover when he gives her a squeeze, the best thing she can dor is to re-press him.