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PUBLISnEb KVEfeY' TnURSDAT, BY '
VT. my?M WjBBATTpN-, At BratO)nr8 Bdjhflng, East of the ' . ill i J. fourt-nowac. i jjf y r'TER3is:op .Subs9IHPTION. ' Otic year, a.4. $1 fiO Eight month, 1 00 Four months . . CO Payment In advance in all case. Poetical. SOMETHING TO DO. A strip of snowiest lineu . Half broidered ami stamped'tn blue, . And the gleam of a tbreadless needle- . Piercing tlic pattern through ; The needle Is reaily.yit tin sweet little lady Sita elghlnjr for something to ilo. :.!.-. Ileriped'oit the'tabTe beside lier, '' " -1 1 ' Jllossouis of every hue; - ' : ' ' 1 Delicate, odoron.s roses-? " ' ' Tlie rret that ever grew; (rle Lady Tho.vae stands ready.w lille the sweet Ht SiU wjsldiigfur oiui'Uiiiijf to do. ,, y ', i. ,-, . .. ,. ' ,, -i ii Half hid under flower a volume, . In daintiest gnM and blue, ,, Just parted, as if it would open At -The Miller's Daughter" for you ; The book lies rcady.yet the a weet little lady Sit signing tor sonietiung to uo. i " A silent harp in the comer,' And melodies old and new, Scattered in pretty disorder 1 Sony of the false ani the.triie; Lady .Tlie harp "tands ready.still tlie sweet little islU longing lor. aouictiiiug to uo. . A aiuWeu wind sweep aiid 'flutter-- ; The iloor wide opcii ulews , A ufinln tin hull, inn) nu I 111 v. ' ,,. . Like a bird to the threshold alio flew; BlnHhing, Jilreaily tlie sweet Httlu l.tuty Forgets she uiwiiofhlng to do, : " SOMETHING TO DO. I HAVE NO MOTHER NOW. lhciirthcsoftwlnd feigning ' . ' ' ,' ' Through every bush and tree, Wjiero iow dear mother's lying ,' Away from love-ami uie. Tear3 from mine eyes an; starting, A J id sorrow shades my brow, Oh, weary was our parting . , I huvc no niatlier now 1 . . ..... rr. I I see the pale moon shining On niother'tj White headstone; 1 : ' The rose-bush round it twining, Is hear like ,mc alone. ' ; And Just like inc nro weepin ' ' Those dewdrnps from the bough;..,' Long time has she been sleeping ', i jwye no mother now I i ft !;:: . .i v i My heart is ever lonely. ' t , i My life, ts drear and sad. Twaihcrtlear presence only '- ' - ' . flint made myspirit glad. : From morning until even, ',' : i Cure nuts upon my brow; She's goe from mo to J leaven ' 1 liave no mother now ! "" SOMETHING TO DO. I HAVE NO MOTHER NOW. Miscellaneous. THE POISONED POWER THE POISONED POWER An-Incident in the Life of One of the Early Kings of France. . . Tljfcro4r6.laHoU3trMit.iohsa8! "to. (ho'brisrin of the Goluon Lily upon tho sljieUl pfrace.'..' 'Among' these'' is the .following-'.incident, (said to have occurred in the latter part of the eleventh century, during the reijm of Philip Augustus : TJia'I'rinco ,was nly fil'tecp when he ascended the. throne: but the strong hand with which ho seized the" reins of. Government, awing the turbulent nobles, and protect ing .tlib common ' people against their aggressions-soon convinced them that ho was not tobedispised for his youth, i ... ' Though uy this course he greatly endeared himself to .'the mass of his subjects, his life was more than onoo threatened, and even at tempted: but theso plots invaria bly originated among the haughty nobles, who wero restive under re Btraints imposed upon theni by tlie King's strong arm, and his just and kindlv heart. , : , In the -summer of. the; seventh year of his feign, weary of the cares of btato, lhilip retired with Ins court to his ", royal residence at Chaumont, which was a favorite resort to him. - . Among his train was Jeoffrey, Count de Neville, tho natural son of Louis VH, tlie king's half-brother, He was a mild and inoffensive man, apparently well contented, with tho title and estate conferred by the late king upon his mother, and which he. had inherited upon her death',; btjurlfort ried a ' haughty,' ambitious woman, who was, bt .UJy -inch" ned . to fore-go her claims to royaltjv- At the" death o'fJiOtii?, Bhe openly1 asserted that ' there had teen a se cret marriage between him and .the late Countess de Neville, and upon tho head of her son should rest the croh' pf 'France, ''he ;, "being the elder born, urged her husband to assert; his .claims. But this the Count refused to do, being ill-fitted by nature to act a part requiring more than usual energy and abil ity, besides entertaining too strong an .. affection for r the ,:young king, wlw: had treated him with , unusual kindness,' to seek to deprive him of If Philip h.ead, of the pretensions which the ' Contesa. set forth, he manifested no outward token of displeasure or distrust. 'Ori the contrary, he gave his brother many evidences' of .- regard, appoiniing hirrtto ; hpn.6raTy , offices1 ne'dVhis person, although he took care, that , they were' such that they.conferred but xorjr JUtlel power, : .u ; v i III: VOL. 1. 1 a. rl WW M'ARTHUK, VINTON COUNTS OHIO. FEBRUARY i.-aii":': '" mi 22, 1806. NO. 8. This wa9 a new 60urce of griev ance to the haughty Countess, who never relinquished the idea of be coming Queen, and had fondly im agined thatron account of Philip's youth, his. brother would obtain s.uch a strong ascendency over his mind, as would make him King in reality, if not in namQ. ; 1 ' , ;This disappointment, waa'ielt with increased bitterness when-she became the mother of a son in whom she centered all JiQr- a.mhitiols hones, and all the lovo she fa.a ea pablo of feeling for any one, ' Unlike our modern fine ladies, the dames of high degree of that re moto period, were early risers ; and the Countess de Neville often took long rides on horseback before the dew was off the grass, unattended, except by her groom, who kept at a- respectlul distance, just near enough to bo within call, ; should his lady require assistance. '. . One morning, $he paused in front oi a little cottage, situated: in perfect wilderness , of' bloont:' ;'As an involuntary ejaculation, of sur prise and admiration. escaped her l:" ii 1.1:' ' ir -1 . t. ' iirtjLiy aiueiugent AOOKing girl raised her, bright eyes from the rosebush slip was pruning. "I have some handsomer within, arranged in bouquets," .she ' said smiling, "if madam would like to examino them." . Ihrowing the reins of her horso to her attendant, tlie Countess alighted, much to the surprise of tlie- servitor, who had never known his haughty mistress to he guilty oi so much condescension before As the Countess entered .tho Jit tic, low room; the pretty flowe? girl displayed her beautiful collection of bouquets with pardonable pride. . "iui or any oi tnem are ai your service, with the exception of this,' she said, pointing to one composed of golden lilies and white roses, and relieved by a few leaves of green "it is for the King." 'So King Philip buys thy flowers, pretty maiden ' i cs, madame r I have orders to bring them to the . palace . daily, The golden' lily' is his favorite flower k aud. there are only those in hlnriin frt.r1n; ..'ill''. ' 'I 'will-take this,' said the Count ess, selecting one of . the bouquets, and taking'from her purse ' a gold piece ot more . than .double the value, 'but first bring 'mor a coo uraugiu oi water lrom tlie spring yonder.: ... . ' AVith a light step the young girl took a pitcher and passed .out to the spring that was but a short dis tance from the door. As she glided by the whidow on returning, she glanced in and saw, much to her surprise, her visitor bending over the stand of flowers, and apparently sprinkling something from her hand upon thoso she had laid aside for the King. When she took it awav, her eye caught a gleam of a small golden flask, such as the ladies of that period used for their cosmetics and perfumery. Hut when she en tered the room, she found her in the 6ame position in which she had left her. ; . . . ' . She could not forbear an excla mation of surprise, as she observed how deadly pale was her counten anco' "Tis but the odor of tho flowers,' said the Countess, as drawing her robes around her she turned to the door. Take my advice, my good girl : place th6 stand nearer the window, and be not much over them; their perfume is quite too Strong for so small a room.' . ; " There was something about these words,, .carelessly,', spoken ' though they were, that deepened the un defined 8uspici6ns' in! the vbune girl's heart; and,bllowing'her sug gestion she placed the stand of flowers directly in front of the open window.. Then by a close examin ation of the bonquet destined for the King, she detected the presence of a fine white powder, 60 impalpa ble to the eye upon the white petals of the rose, but clearly visible upon the lilies, whose peculiar shape, by exposing the leaves to the full rays oi the sun as well as their vivid coloring,, threw it into strong relief ; and as she bent over them, the faint but penetrating odor that;; arose made her so giddy that she would have fallen, had itnot been for the tall shapely youth who hadjust en tered, and whose livery showed him to be in the service of of the King. It was her lover, Francois. Kin 2 Philip's body servant," and "who. passing by the house, called to have a chat with nis betrothed, r.j i ,II6;vf, now. Warief he said, look ing into her lace. 'What has fright-: ened the roses from your, cheeks, and given you such a'stf ange look ?' 1 The honest hearted fellow 1 was sincerely attached to his royal mas ter, and he listened . gravely to Marie's account of the strange con duct of her visitor, and tho suspi cions to which it gave rise...,, i 'It Is bad,' he said thoughtfully";.' 'though I believe there is1 nothing in it " By good luck, I have orders to attend his majesty, in. hid private apartments an hour hence., J';will( put him on his guard ;, , then surely n harm cancomoiof t,V, . Somewhat to the surprise of Francois, the King manifested no disquietude at .: this . disclosure, though the grave look and attent ive manner with which ho IMenad, showed that he considered it of no light import. lie bade him charge Wane- . i . ,: . ,'To tell no one what she had dis eovered, but to como to the palace with her flowers an hour , earlier than was her. wont, by .no neans lorgetung her golden alies..'., King Philip sat in his . audience hal, surrounded by his retinuq. ; : A number of the roya family 6tooq npar him among them the Count de fseviiie, his wile, and the Jfttle son, a 6weet boy of three, whose Winning and sprightly .ways' hiado him a favorite with the king. . , 'And please your Majesty, Marie) the flower girl, is awaiting with- put ' "said one of the guard. , ' i' 'Admit her,' said tho king. J, Marie had never seen King Philip in his pbes of1 state, and the rpyal pomp , that ; surrounded him' . ini? pressed her' with a' feeling of'awd ns she .entered. . But, this . was,' quickly dissipated, by 'thb, fang's1 gracious manner, as lib bade' her approach. ' 'I see you have not forgotten my favorite,' he said, taking lie. basket lrom her hand. Just admire these queenly lilies,' lair Uountess, and inhale the fra grance from the roses.'.' !';' But why do you start and turn pale?' he added, as with an invol untary shudder she drew back from tho flowers he would havp' plactd m ner nana. ' . 1 , ' 'I I crave your Majesty's par don ' she stammered, 'but' the odor of the roses always affects me thus, The King's eyes;, followed, the Countess as she retreated to' tho window, at the further end of the Jiall, under the pretext of obtaining air. lie then, fixed them scarch ingly on her husband's face, whose mind seemed to be entirely occu pied by the laughing boy he held in his arms. ' . Attracted by the bright color of the lilies, the child stretched out its nana for ,them. A sudden thought struck the king as he ob served this. 'See how eagerly Louis is regard ing them 1' he said, turning' to tho Count. 'Let him have them.' With a fond smile, . the father took tho flowers and held them bo- foro tho boy, who, clutching them with liis dimpled hahdsj raised them with a gleelul, shout, to his lips.'' Instantly' a deadly palor over spread1- his 1 face,' and with a faint gasp' he. fell 'dead in. his., father's arms ! ',.,. , ; , .. Tho Countess had kept a furtive watch on the .Kings movements from her retreat, arid ' fonrettintr eveiything in her terror sprang for ward to arrest her husband's arm. "Monster 1" she exclaimed, glar ing upon him bike a tigress robbed of her young, "you have destroyed your child." ' ,'. "And you," said Philip, pointing ' n ii i 1 1 n i mi Bigmncanuy to me nowers, . sun clasped in the childs'. rigid, fingers, "you would have murdered your "Is this the woman that called at your cottage this morning V he in- quirea, turning to iiiane. i : "Ihe same, your majesty.,, , As soon as the Count compre hended the full meaning of these words, he cast a look of horror and detestation upon his wife, then ta king his dead boy, ho laid him on the pile of cushions at the King's feet. ., . .'. ; . . , . : "I can lay before you no stronger proof, 'sire,? he faltered, "that I waS ignorant of the. existence' . of this base; plot against, your.Jjfo." y . , Ajs Phillip looked upqn the stijl,. jsweej; features of the child, and then upon his father,' his eyes softened. "You are right God knows that I would fain have spared your loy alty such a severe test" , ; "I wish you; all to bear witness," he;said, addressing 'those . around, him, 'that 1 fully exonerate'.Count de Neville from 'all cbmpiicity'ith his wife in this attempt tpoa the I life of your King." " "As to you," . ho added, turning to tlie guilty . woman, "I give you twenty days to leave the kingdom. If 'after that time you are found in vat domains, you shall suffer the full penalty of your crime." ; ..King Phillip did not forget tho dehtof gratitude he owed to Marie 'anjd his faithful attendant.,' He was present at the marriage, which oc curred a fews days after, bestowing -ft doYrry on ' tho ' bride,; and other substantial, marks-. of . favor arid ever aljterwardy, in' common ora tidn of ,.his Providential 'deliver ance, he liore upon his shield the "Gblden Lily." ' A Hundred Years Ago. years ago there was not a single white man. in Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana . or Illiuois Ter ritories.' ; Then, what is now the jnost flourishing ' part of America, was as little know as the mountains of the 'rrjoon. h It wa not until 17C9 that.tho . hunter of Kentucky1, the gallant and-' adventurous Boorie, left his homo in Narth Carolina to 'become .the first settler of K. ehttyck'y Tbe first pioneer of Ohio did !not settle till twenty years afterward; y Al hunderd years ago, Canada belonged to france, . and the whole population of the United States did not exceed a million and a half. .1 , V. A hundred years ago" the great Jrede'rick of Prussia was perform ing those exploits which have made him immortal in ihilitnry annals, and with his little monarchy was abstaining-a single-handed contest 8rith Ilussia, j Austria and Francej' lie three" great'jowers of Europe combHnb Uli't'lVj 1 n A hundred years ago the United States were the most-loyal people of tho British Empire, and on" the ttolitical horizon no sneck indicated I tne struggle' which, within a score r:i,; a .iai..i..j ill. oi .year tnereaiier, esiaDiisneu tne great republic of the world. . A hundred years ago there were "but four newspapers in America with aombiwed circulation not ex ceeding.2,000. Steam engines and 'jiylinder" presses had ; not been im agined, ahd railroads and telegraphs had not entered the remotest con ception of mam , " " When we come to .look; back at it through the vista of history, we find' that the century which has passed has been allotted to impor tant events in their bearing upon the happiness of the world then ali most any other event that has hap pened since the creatiori. A hundred years hence, who can foretell our developments and na tional greatness.' The Tax Bill. . Somebody proposed the follow ing new amendment to the Tax Bill: For kissing a pretty girl $1. ' For kissing a very homely one $2 the extra amount being added, probably, for the men's folly. . For ladies kissing one another, $2v't The tax is placed at this rate in brdfp to : break tup .the custom altogether, it being regarded by ur M. Co's a piece of inexcusable absurdity.-. -,,f r. r. ' -,'! ;T : For every flirtation 10 cents. .:, . Every young man who has more then one "girl," is taxed $5. For courting ; in ' the kitchen, 25 cents ':". '; i ' Courting in the sitting . room 50 cents. Courtinc in a romantic place. S5. and forty cents for each offense thereafter. Seeing a lady homo from church, 25 cents for each offense. :. ..I Seeing a lady, home from" the Dime Society, 5 cents, tlie proceeds to be devoted to the' relief of dis abled army Chaplains. " ' '' "; I1 or a lady who paints oO.conts. For wearing low-neck dresses, $1, For each curl on , a lady's head above ten 5 cents. .. , For any unfare device for entrap ping young men into matrimony, L - For wearing hoops largeT than eight feet in circumference, 8 cents for each hoop. ; . . , Old bachelors over tlurty ; are taxed SlCf, over forty 20, over fifty $50, and sentence to punishment in Utah.' " - " "i '" Each "pretty1 lady to be ' taxed from 25 cents to: 25, (she is to fix the estimate of her .own beauty? It is thought that a very large amount will be realized from this provision; Jiach boy baby, 50 cents. ;" Each girl baby, 10 cents. 1 ' Families havins mote than eight babies afehotto bo taxed, and for twins, a premium of $40 will be paid but of the fund accruing from. the. tax on old bachelors.!-: i - ;r, . Each Sunday loaler on the street corners, or about church doors, to he taxed at his full value which is about 2 cents. , Josh Billing's Elements of Moral Philosophy. ,"Vc are apt to hate them who don't take aur advice, and despise them who do. : , It is dredful easy to bo a phool;a man cancan be' one and not know it. "'; ';':".:i' ' ' Elegant Jezzufe chewing plug tobacco' and spittin In a dorg's eye. ' Beal happiness .don't consist - so much in what he don't want Fear is ths fust lesson larn't and tho last forgotton. ,. Nobody but a phool gets bit twice by the same dorg. A pet lamb always makes a cross ram; Epitaphs aro like circus bills there is more in the bill then ever performed. ; Two bo healthy eat onions and go naked. ' . ' BULLY FOR JOHNSON ! Freedmen's Bureau Bill Vetoed. The Grounds of Objection. The Radicals Receive a Severe Check. To the Senate of tliel'nlted States : ' I have examined with care tlie bill which originated In the Senate, and lias been ed by both Houses of Congress, to amend im nttt'iititled uAn act to establish a bureau for relief of freodnwm and refugees, and for other purposes." Having with : much re rret conic to the conclusion that it would not be consistent with the public welfare to give my approval to the measure, 1 return the bill to tno Senate' with my objections to it becoming a law. I niij;lit call to mind In advance of these objections, that there in no immediate ne ct'Hsity for the proposed measure.. The act to establish a bureau for the relief of freeu men and refugees, which was approved In tlie month of March la.st. has not vet 'exnir- ed. It was thouhtstrinirent and extensive enpujjn lor tlie purpose in view. Uelore it cease to have efl'cct, further experience may assist to guide us to a wise conclusion as to tho policy to be adopted in time of pence, . I have, with Conrrcss, the strongest dc sire to secure to frecdmcn the full enjoy ment of their freedom and their prosperity, mid their entire independence mid equality in making contracts for their labor. Hut tlie bill before me contains provisions which, In my opinion, are not warranted by the Constitution, and are not well suited to accomplish the end in view. The bill proposes to establish, bv the an. thority of Congress, military jurisdiction overall parts of the United States containing refugees and freedinen. It would by its very naMire nnplv to with most force to those parts ot the Uiiitnu States in which the freedinen most abound : and it exnressl v ex tends the existing temporary jundiction of tne rewinicns Uureau,with greatly enlarg ed powers, over those States lu which the ordinary course of judicial proceedings has ut-i-it inierTupicu oy ine reucnion. , ,, Tlie sourco from which this military ju risdiction is to emanate, is no other than the President of the United States, acting through the War Department and Commis sioner of the Freedinen's Bureau. The ngenta to carry out this military jurisdic tion are to oe seieetea either iroin the nnny or from tliccivil life. The country is to be devlded into districts mid sub-districts, and the number of salaried agents to be employ ed may be equal to the number of counties or parishes in all the United States where freedmen and refugees are to be found. The subjocts over which this military ju risdiction is to extend in every part of the United States, Include protection to nil em ploye, agents and oWeers of the Bureau in J the exercise or tho duties imposed upon them by the bill. . J n eleven States It is further to extend over nil eases affecting freedmen and refu gees discriminated ngnlnstby local law, custom of prejudice in thoso eleven States. The bill subjects any white prson who maybe charged with depriving a freed manof any civil rightsor. immunities be longing to white persons, to imprisonment or line, or both, without, however, defining the civil rights amminuties which are thns to be secured to freedmen by military law. This military jurisdiction also extends to all questions that may arise respecting con tracts. The agent who is thus to exersise theotflceof a military judge, may-be a stranger entirely ignorant ( 1 the laws of the place nnd exposed to theories of judgment to which all men are liable. The exercise Of power, over which there is no lcgal su pervision,by so vast a number of against as is contemplated - by the bill must, . by the very nature of man, be attended by acts of caprice, injustice ami passion, une tmis havinff their origin under this bill are to take place without the intervention of a ju ry, ' arid without any fixed rules of law or eviuenc. rue rules on wmcn ouences are to be heard and determined by the numer ous agents are such rules and regulations as tlie President through the War Depart ment shall describe. 2so previous presentment is required, nor any Indictment charged tho, commission of a crime airninst the laws, but the trial must proceed on tho charges nnd specifications. The punishment will not be as tho law de clares, but such as a CQijrt-inartial may J ft , r (ADVERTISING TERMS, f One square, uin lines, Karh additional Insertion, -40 Cards, per year, fcnJim . Ji.j. 8'00 Notice of Kxccuton, AduiiaUtra--.- .. ' , tors and Guardians, 2 OO Attachment notices before . 1 . . 2 OO Local notices, per line,;. i. . ... ; , . JO .Yearly advertismenU willhe charged PGO per column, and at porportlonatc rates for less thau a column, .payable la advance .... , ! Tut '11 " Vlil think proper, and from these arbitrary tri-; Tit bunals there lies no appeal, no writ of error to any of the courts lit which the Constlm-'"1 ! ' tion ()t tllO I'llll.-ll Sf-lfp VMifa Tnln.L.lu ' . the Judicial pow er of the country, while the t , w-iiiiurv nun me ciass oi anions ami or--fense: that aro made subjects tothls measure-'' l are so ex tensive, the bill Itulf nhnnl,! itK i come a law, will have no limitation lu point' : oi ume, uiu win iorjn a part oi tlie perma- nent legislation of the country. 1 ' , '' I can not reconcile a svstcia of military Jan1) rlsdletiouof tills klniliwlth the words of the t .,, Constitution, whielMleclare that "that no , lK'r-illll vll.lll lu hl'lil tn ,maifa. f,. ..nli.lt't I I orotlierwbie Infamous ceirne, miles oita.Ir.r pi-e-ieninvem ormiiietnentora grand jury, i . : except In cases arising iu the laud andiia- 1 ' rnl forces, orlnthe mllltiu wheif In aetiifll'X Ser'ieA. Ill ttllllt nf tvurnr tmhlli. ln,.mi.fY nnd that -in nil criminal prosecutions tho r uei-iwn snail ' or tiieriy-nt tAitnm v- . - and public trial by an Impartial jury of the f SUiteor district wherein the crimg slm". nave imtu conimiucu, ' .. , ' The.safegnards whicli th wisdom j (J. and experience of asres taoehtour .' lathers to establish as securitiesor thd protection of the innocent the ); punishment of the guilty, and tho equal administration of justice, :aro. ,. to be set aside, and for the sake of. L a more vigorous interposition in..,,, behalf of justice, we aro to take tho.' ..L ' risk of the many acts of rnjustico' ' a iiiai wuuiu oi necessity louoirpm r, an almost countless numbers 'of .'. , agents established in every.parish or county, in nearly a third ofttos; of tho Uniop, over whose, dqcjsu'.j' there is to bo no supervision or cnntrnl v tlm Po.lnol nn.la Tl.. ." 1 power that would bo thus placed' .,,',' in tho hands of the President, is'; .' ought never to, be intrusted to any",'. '! ' onei,ian, .-. ; , , li; . , -,: .., If it bo asked whether the Creation of such n-, tribunal . within a State.;,,? is warranted as a masuro of jwar, i the fiuesticin immodiatelr rresiit( itself, Whether ;we still ehgagodMnn'f war. , Let is not unnecsBahljdiRini turb the coninicrco and credit sav oi industry of the country; i by declarer : ' ing to tho American people and thoj-i'-r . 1 .1 j 1 1 il .. m . worm mac me. united -States larOiUit t till in a condition of civil war. "At 1 1'-: present, there is no nart of' our country in which tho authority.iof.'Tt the United States is disputed. , .0(:Up fenscsthat may be committed by,, ,i r individuals should not work afojvrin ieiture of rights of the ame.'.cQrn-;,.,:) munities. ; '! 'cm-; .,-..r 11c country has entered or is en-! :;i; teringto a state of peace and in i dustry, and the rebellion is in fact t at an end. The measure, therefore ill peemsto bo as inconsistent with, il the actual condition of the country. .ri as it is at variance with the tlonsti-,,! r tution of the United States. If, past - I sing from general considerations we, i examine the bill in detail, it is open : ,1 to weighty objections. In time ofi. i war it was eminently proper that wo should provide for those who wero t passing suddenly from a conditions l of bondage to a state of freedom: j f But this bill proposes to make the -.r Freedmen's Bureau, established by tho act of 1SC5, as one of many.: great and extraordinary military measures to suppress a formidable rebellion, a permanent branch of : tho public administration with its. U power greatly enlarged, . -i - ; -1 I have no reason to supposcj, and,-. I do not understand it to uo alleged, ) that the act of March, il865; t has : proved deficient for the purpose for. ;t which it ' 'was passed,. ; altliough :at 'u that time, and for a considerable ,v period thereafter, the Government of the United States remained un-. acknowledged in most of tho ..1 States whose inhabitants had been , involved in the rebellion. The in,, r stitutinn of slavery for the military : i destruc tion of which tbe Freedmen Bureau was called into existence t j as an auxiliary, for it has been al-. , ready effectually and finally;. abro-; r gated throughout the whole country : by an amendment of the Oonstltu-: ; tion of the United States and prao? .i tically its eradication has received -r the assent and concurrence ; of :. most of those States in which it at - ' any time had existed. . I m not therefore, able to discern i, in the country any thing to justify'.'an ap-;t prehension that the powers f and 7 acencies of the Freedmen's Bureau V which were effective for the protec- j r tion of freedmen and refugees during '..'j the actual continuation of hostilitiefli ,t and of African servitude, will now,-r in ii ume oi peace , anu aiier ; idq ftholit.ion nf slaverv Tirnv inolpmi. .' ate 'to the 6ame proper ends. ,. U I .' dm PhTreo.i. in tVlPStV vioiro ITlXvA n' t be no .necessitv for thn ' enltirtr'.' t ment of thei powers , of the ure au, for which provision is ' inade in, the. Kill. ... The third section of tho bill ah- thorizes a general unlimited amoriritf C -4. I.' ll. lfi'l fering refugees ahd freednlen"'andr The .succeeding : Sections Tnalre'i provision for the rent or purchase';;