Newspaper Page Text
' WHITE MO 6I1ALL IU'LK AMERICA." - : 1 : IHcABTTHUR, OHIO: TiTUItSIXW, APKIL.5, 18CH Democratic State Convention--- Thursday, May 24th, 1866. The Annual State Convention of ths Democratic party of Ohio, will . be held in Coluiuluu?, cn Thurs day, the 21 Hi day or .May, 1800, to transact such business as may come before it, and put in nomina tion candidates for the following of fices: : Sicrrtary rf State; J if: ff $iijrrae Court; lumber cf the Board f Public - Workt. The basis of representation for the apportionment of Delegates is as follow ; One Delegate for each county ; one for every Jive hundred yctes given for Cen. Ceoroe W. Morgan for Govenor, last October; and an additional one for every fraction of two hundred and fifty, and upwards. The great issue before the people U, whether all the powers of Gov ernment shall be concentrated in the hands of the General Govern mentthe States being reduced to he conditions of counties and a consolidated despotism be thereby established; or, whether those righti of local self-government whichour father enjoyeds and which we inherited from them, and with- out which there can be no real lib erty, no wise government, no pub lic economy, no light taxation, shall bo preserved. A powerful faction, represented by a majority in Con gress, have conspired to overthow the free and benlicent institutions of our fathers, and to substitute therefor an Oligarch of privil eged classes, crushing the mass ol the people and all individual liber ty, under the - weight of a cfespofic and unrestricted General Govern ment. . To effect this object, they, in plain violation of the Constitu tion, exclude eleven States from representation in Congress, and in sists upon conferring upon negroes the right to vote not out of re gard to the negro, but because they expect to be able with their money to control his vote, and thereby Eerpetuate their party asendency. et every man who is opposed to the schemes of the conspirator?, Who cherishes the institutions founded by our fathers, who appre ciates, the necessity and benefits of local self-government, who is op posed to seeing the great State of Ohio shorn of her dignity ana re no'i n ioi dependent condition of a county, or wiiu u ornosed to ISegro buIJrage, join with the Dem ocracy in rescuing our country from, the grasp of the Maliguants. By order of the Democratic State Central Committee of Ohio. JOIIN 0. DUN, Chairman. President's Proclamation. The President has issued a proc lamation that the rebellion is at an end, and that all the States are re stored to all their rights and pow ers under the Constitution. Bully for Johnson 1 This is all right, and now we may expect a general com mingling of interests North and South, a restoration of old social and commercial ties, that we trust in God never again will be disturb ed to our latest posterity. We will publish the Proclamation next week. A Glorious Democratic Victory in Columbus. The invincible Democracy of the Capital city of Ohio achieved a glorious victory on Monday elect ing their Marshal by more than three hundred majority, over the Republican Marshal, who was elec ted a year ago, and has made him self exceedingly popular since he has held the position. We have elected six out of the nine Council men ; and seven out of ten Asses sors ; as well aa the entire town ship ticket Our majority on town ship officers, Justice of the Peace, and Councilmen will be more than One thousand. The result of this election makes our City Council a tie 4hus far retrieving the disas ter of last year. Glory enough for one day 1 1 The Capital City of Ohio lefids greeting, to the President of Statesman. Statesman. Paesident's Proclamation--Peace Officially Proclaimed, As in order to meet our mails we were obliged to go to press yester day with a portion of the Presi dent's proclamation omitted, we, on account of its great importance, republish it, full and complete, in this morning's Enquirer. The effect of this important doc ument is to tear up by the roots all the excuses by which the Radicals have sought to justify their oppres sion of the South, and their denial to it of its Constitutional rights. The following extract from it clear ly, by implication, restores the right of habeas corpus to all parts of the country. The President says : 'Whereas, Standing armies, mil itary occupation, martial law, mili tary tribunals, and suspension of the writ ol habeas corpus, are in time of peace dangerous to the public peace and incompatible with tne individual rights of the citizen, contrary to the genius and spirit of our free institutions and exhaustivo of the national resour ces, and ought not, therefore, be sanctioned or allowed, except in case of war, for repelling invaders or suppressing insurrection or re bellion." Ue-having proclaimed the insur rection at an end and the war over, of course none of those outrages on individual liberty can be hereafter perpetrated under the sanction of the Executive authority. The members of the Southern States can no longer be kept out of their seats in Congress. Ihey will proceed to take them as a matter of course. If excluded, it will be by sheer physical violence and traitorous resistance to the Gov ernment. We will see if the lead ars of the Rump will have the har dihood to go on further in the rev olution they have thus far origina ted and successfully consummated. A Congress of all the Stated is now loudly demanded, and we in sist that they proceed and take their 6eats. Connscticut Election. The indications are that the Dem ocrats have elected their candidate for Governor in Connecticut. The Democrats of that State have made a fight the result of which should cause a thrill of joy to run through patriots everywhere. Connscticut Election. The Test-Oath Question. Mr Fincks Speech. The decision of the United States Supreme Court upon the Constitu tionality of the test-oath act, as it is commonly called, is awaited with some anxiety by that learned class who are accustomed to view polit ical questions in their proper sub ordination' to constitutional law. The second argument having been concluded, and the case being un der the advisement of the Court, we think it now a fitting time to introduce the leading speech on the subject in the House of Repre sentatives, with which Mr. Finck of Ohio, accompanied the report of a bill to repeal the statute in ques tion. The effort of Mr. Finck will be noticed for the absence of unnece? sary amplification and that iedun dancy of illustration common on the lloor of fVngress. Well does he ask, uIf the Southern people are not loyal, how long will it take to make them loyal in the way Con National Intelligencer. Canadian Preparation. The New York World's special from Montreal says : There is less excitement, though preparations to resist an attack are actively pro ceeding. Cabinet councils were held, and presided over by the Governor General, during which telegrams were recived from the Governors of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The first announced resolution ad vising confederation had passed the Upper Houte of the Legislature unanimously, and a similar result is expected in the Lower House. Other dispatches was a sure suc cess in Nova Scotia. Powder in private magazines had deen ordered and removed to St. Helen's Island, which is 6trongly fortified and commanding the city. Citizens are rapidly enrolling them selves here and at other principal cities, for guard duty, in the event of troops being needed at the front ier. Yesterday twenty-five thous and Enfield rifles were sent ty Up per Canada. Radicalism Rebuked. Columbus, Chillicoth and New ark have pronounced with over whelming emphasis against the Radicalism of Coneress. All hon or to tne Democrats of these cities. Congress isn't doing mnch business. Since the beginning ot the session, but two important bills kave been nasacd the Freedmen's Bureau bill and its twin broth er the Civil Rights BUI. Both of the above bills were Totoi by the President Radicalism Rebuked. The Executive and Congress--The Case in c Nutfhell. To lh Editor) of the Xew York Day-Book; ' The position of the Executive is this ''I have authority whenever, in my judgment, the Southern States are ready, in good faith, to accept the Constitution and Union', to declare peace and withdraw wholly the array and navy,' " and leave the State Governments to themselves as of yore, From care ful investigation, I am satisfied that the southern people are disposed quietly to settle down in faithful obedience to the Constitution. Therefore, it is the duty of the Ex ecutive, and to the interest of all to do what I can to restore the full authority of the Constitution, to promote good feeling and the resto ration of confidence ; and it is most emphatically my duty to avert all acts which are' clearly unconstitu tional and antagonistic to the ends for which the war was professedly inaugurated. The Freedman's Bu reau Bill is so palpably repulsive to the vital spirit as well as the letter of the Constitution, an.d to every object professedly sought by the war, that I have only the al ternative to defeat the bill, or wil fully and treasonably to sanction a bill as pregnant with mischief as the Trojan horse." The basis of Congressional ac tion is, simply,' that the executive is in profound ignorance of the condition of affairs at the South, and that Congress alone has full and unquestionable knowledge and infallible wisdom in the treatment of the case, and absolute authority to act according to its own will. The whole action of Congress is based upon this arrogant assump tion, and nothiug else. Beyond cavil, the tendency of the Executive action is healing, promotive of mutual confidence, and well calculated to set in mo tion the elements of prosperity North and South, and to save an immense amount of money, and above all, to restore the Constitu tion to its legitimate influence. Who so bold as to claim for Con gress even a pretense to such a re 6ul ? With a barefaced audacity it proclaims its platform, to-wit : "The Southern people are irre claimable villains ; we will never trust them; we will grind them down ; we will bind them with leg islative props and with contribu tions from the Treasury, until the white influence 6hall be submerged beneath the negro 6way,n ". These issues stand out so boldly and so clearly that he who runs may read. On the 6ide of the executive there will be arrayed all, who like him, have just faith in the profes sions and honor of the South ; all who genuinely desire restored con fidence, restored prosperity and diminution of Federal expendi tures ; all who look carefully at the value of Government securities, in fact all who know the value to all property, of peace, harmony and full intercourse between all the states, and all who know the Inesti mable value of a reinstatement of the supremacy of the Constitution and the laws. In the very front of the conse quences of Congressional policy, 6tands an indefinite protraction of unconstitutional acts, the cultiva tion ot bitter feeling, the suppres sion of industrial activity, and a collision with the Executive to prevent a restoration of the Consti tution. Can any one demonstrate mischief in the Executive policy? Can any one point out possible good from Congressional policy ? Are Stevens, Sumner, Wade, Gar rison,et id omne genua, men of such record for wisdom and statesman ship and patriotism as to render it prudent to follow them in a policy avowedly in hostility to the Con stitution and to the rule of law f These are the true issues ; choose, ye men oi the republic between OMEGA. March 16, 1866. M3T A pretty extensive move ment is said to be on foot, which includes both Senators and mem bers of the Republican stripe, in favor of a new party. It is 6aid that Ohio is leading off in the mat ter, and that several,4 meetings have already been held and the matter fully discussed. The President has been consulted in regard to the matter, and, it is said, approves of the idea, lhe principles of their faith is the President's Policy. X2T The Savannah and Charles ton papers continue their recorckof the ravages ol the 6malI-pox, which seems to prevail as a kind of epi demic all through the Carolina and Georgia. From New Orleans, too, and some of the outlying par ishes, we receive the most deplora ble accounts, the victims of the disease being for the most part ne groesthat is,' "freedmen," whom, apparently, the "Bureau and its branches," do not know how' to 4ake care of. Abolition Treason! To thi Editor of The Day Book: "Fee, fl, fo, fu injuria Brown's soul still marches on !" And Wendell Phillips, the devil's "right bower" here on earth, still continues his crusade against the .Union, the peace and harmony of the sections, and acainsj what was termed, under the Lincoln dynasty, "the Government," t. e., President Johnson, and Blanche, Tray, and Sweethart, and the host of smaller dogs trained in the Abolition leash, are on the trail, with their noses to thowind,occasionally giving tongue loudly in response to their master's Ho! tally ho ! tail? ho !" This devil's imp, this hoary old Union-hater, whose sole aim in life seems to have been the destruction of that Union and Government made and framed by' white men, for the use of white men, and whose proudest boast was that he had lived to see them both destroy ed, I see by the papers, has been delivering himself in Brooklyn, lately, as follows : . "The campaign of Virginia was fought against the representative Lee. The present compaign is fought against Androw Johnson, who leads the boast of the Confed ercy. Tho question has shifted from the camp into tho forum ; it has shifted from the cannon into ideas. "We have crushed South Carolina, and now the President means to crush Massachusetts. Well, we accept the war. If he suc ceeds, wo shall write his name higher then that of Arnold or Burr, for the reason which they attempt ed and failed in, he carried ; but we shall write it side by side with them the traitor that tried and failed if we win" Is this'to be tolerate ? Are these Mumbo-Jumbos, these worshippers of black idols, these black men with white skins, to be allowed to go in to tho temples of Gog and Magog and out into the highways and by ways, spovting their treason and denouncing "the Government," with impunity? Why, sir, it seems to mo but yesterday that men were torn frim their families and drag ged to loathsome prisons for daring to question even the divinity of the President, Stanton with his min- sions on the alert, seemed to snuff treason in the most simple expres son and acts of men, if they turned not toward Washington city, and bowed themselves morning and evening' in token of their submis sion to him who sat upon the throne. Cau it bo that tohim same Stanton still kennels at Washington and refuses to take notico of tho other dogs now on his master'strail hound ing him to his very hearthstone ? Sirs, I am a lover of justice equal and exact justice to all men of stern retributive justice, and I would like to see it meeted out, and that right speedily, too, to such men as Phillips, Stevens, Sumner, Stanton, et it cmrifi, and hope that President Johnson may have the nerve to shake them off drive them from the, places that now know them, and hand them over to the "tender mercies" ot that people w horn they have so annoyed and outraged; but at the same time I fear that when he does turn unon them, he will cower before their savage, threatening looks, and fly the field. If he is sincere in his ex pressed wishes for speedy restora tion, let iim change his Cabinet drive out btanton and his minions, and thus give some earnest of the honesty of his intentions, and the, Democracy of the West will come up to his support in olid phalanx ; but so long as he continues to M ire out, he need expect no solid aid PAWNEE. COUNBIL BLUFFS, IA., Mar. 5, 1866. jThe "Freemen" under care of the Bureau, on the Yorktown (Va.) Peninsula, number some 25, 000, drawing monthly nearly 60,000 --.at Uncle Sam's expense. An ef fort is making to induce some of them to emigrate to Floridabut with no apparent success. The largest portion of them, however, roam at will over the country, al most entirely destitute of employ ment, and dependent on Govern ment rations issued them for the means wherewith to sustain life. SruMF.it, it is plain, grows tiresome, even to his radical colleagues iu the Federal Senate. His style of oratory reminds one of the Scotch w oman's delhiition of meta physics: -it is, please "your honor, where a man disnakeu "what be savs hiinsol.and naebody else "kens a word of" It ither." Thad Stevevs, too, is no the wane. Fact is pickles flavored with vitriol may be tasted once in awhile, but they won't do for a steady diet. Timet. If laughter is the davlie-ht of in soul, we presume a smile may bo vviiomcieu ita iwillguu Somebody says that birch rods make the best baby jumpers. A mans head may be so small that there is no room for wit, or so big that there is no wit, for so much room, COUNBIL BLUFFS, IA., Mar. 5, 1866. Military Murders Illegal, Decision of Supreme Court in the Indiana Conspiracy Case, &c. WAsrilXOTOS. ADril 3. The Uni ted States HunrpTTiA Court 1ms dpri- ded, in the Indiana conspiracy cases Jl All ! 1j mat ine wruoi habeas corpus ought to be issued to take Tfowlpa. MiliV.m 7 C"t and Horsey from military custody, ana that the Military Commission which tried them had no local iuris- diction. A large number of deci sions were delivered by the United States Supreme Court this after noon, theif-.iustice Chase read a a paper of which the annexed is a copy : "Ax partem the matter of Lamb lin P. Millican. petitioner. Tho fol lowing order is directed by a maj ority ol the Court to be entered in this case, and the like order will be entered in No.362: , Ex parte in the matter of William A. Bowles, peti tioner," and No. 367, 'Ex parte in tha matter of Stephen Horsev. neli- tioner." This case came on to be heard on the transcript of the record from the Circuit Court of tho Uni ted States for the District of Indi ana, nnd on points and question on which said Judges of tho Circuit Court were opposed fii opinions, andwhich were certified to this Court for its opinion, agreeably to ine act oi congress in such cases mado and provided, and w,n nrmiorl by the counsel on consideration uiereot. l ho Court is of the opin ion; 1st. That on the fitfits stafwl in said petitions and exhibits a writ il .t ..... oi naoeas corpus ought to be issued sccording to the prayer of said peti tioners ; 2d. That on the facts stated in said petitions and exhibits said Lamblin P. Millican ons-ht. to Via discharged from custody, as in said peu uon prayed, according to the act of Congress passed March 3, 1863, estitled an act relating to the habeas corpus, and regulatingjudi cial proceedings in certain cases ; and, 3d. That on facts stated in said pet itions and exhibits the military commission mentioned therein lind no jurisdiction legally to try and sentence said JUilligan,in the man ner and form as in said petition and exhibits are stated ; and it is now nerouy ordered and adjudged by this court, that it bo so eowifiod tn said Circuit Court. lhe Cheif-justico said ho was in structed to say that the opinion of the court in these cases will bo read at tho next term, whem such of the dissenting Judges as see fit to do so, will state their.grounds of dissent. From the Ohio Statesman. Fencing Railroads. There seems to be some confu sion of ideas among tho people in regard to tho liability of railroad companies fencing their roads. In 185D, a law was passed requiring any railroad company having their road in running order, within two years after the passage of that act, to fence both sides of their road: Provided, that whenever such rail road passed through or along the boundryof an enclosed field or fields, the proprietors were requir ed to construct one half tho fence necessaiy; to bo enforced in the same manner as are partition fen ces between two or more individu al boundries ; so', also, in regard to cattle guards. This law tho Lerislatnrn Rnsnrm. (Vd several times, until finally it iuok enect ana went into force March 25th, 1SC5. All well managed and paying railroad companies complied with this act; but others neglected and refused to comply. Mr. Bloom, the Ric'-land county, introduced into ine nousc at tins session a bill ma king the fencing so built or furn ished for a railroad company a lien or preferred claim, against a rail road COmpanV. the KnmA no other .materials or labor furnished to the comnanv. and nrmlvino- 1ia earnings ol'the road to the pay ment oi me same, ine original law provides that any agent may be made to answer before the Court of Common Pleas as to money in his hands for the company, and au thorizes the Court to order its pay ment upon such claims as have been adjudged against the compa ny. This bill was finally passed on Saturday, and is, therefore a law, and includes this item of fencing built or furnished. It provides all the legislatton necessary to protect the rights of the farmers that they could expect. Roads that are re sponsible can be made to pay upon execution. This law will apply the earnings of railroads, even incases where the roads and running stock is all under mortgage, so as not to be reached by the usual process. t3T A profound observer remarka : "I often observe at public entertainments, that when there is anything to be seen, and ev erybody wants particularly to see it, eve rybody immediately stands up and effectu ally prcveuts anybody from seclnir any thing." 6 ' tir What length ought a lady'i crino line to be t A little over two fet. Shcrffl Sale.' STATE OF ODIO, VlNfDN CO, In Cowl of Common Plea$, Clanks Dowd, Uitlff, la Conn of v I Common Pleas Krvia E. Dowd. defendant iltx.J I OVdjr ol8Iu No. I N mvryutuca of tba command of inorJor anJ 1 'lecrco in '.li abova cauao to m di reeled from tl Court of Common View nf the aforesaid county of Vinton und State of Ohio, 1 will offer at fublio Bale at the door of tbo court-bou.o ia 'ho tewo of AIoAithur inaforosald county ot Viutju, on Monday May 7th, 1860, At the hour of one o'clock p m of taidday, Tho folic wing described preruii-es to-wit i lie pinninir, lor I ho name eleven chains and twouty liulca west of the lion K-cust corner ol secf'u.u number thirty-two, 321 in towruliip number Son, ll'i of rungd iiuiii'ior sixteen. 191 Ohio Cuinp.my's pureimw), Uienco irnth forty- one chuiiisand twenty five links thence west thirty-two chains und ninety links, the.ee north), forty-one ekilng nnd twenty-live links, thenca' iitat thirty-two chuiim and seventy links, to the I'Iuoj of beginninfrcontaiuniDj one huodreJ and thirty-five (13i)aure m'TO or . Tukcu as the jiroperty ofErviuE. Dord t bstrit'y hi) order und decree of afoiosak1 Court, in favor of Clarrisa Dowd. AtMiruiseil as follow, tn- wit- ' TwbiiIv. eight hundred dollars and must bring two thirds of lhatsiim. iennsof sulo, cash In bund. JOHN J. SIJOfKEV, bherlfT V. C. O. Bratton & Mayo, att'y for plt'ffj. April 5, 18tU- 5w9il 1150 ShcrilT' Sale. STATE OF OHIO VINTON CO: In Covrt of Common Plian, Zira P. Bothwoll, jilaintia", ) Samuel V. Dodire sod f Sale. No 1 JMilm A. llulbort. deft's. j IN pursuance of the command of in order of Bale in (ha nbnA itnni i. j: ----- . ; - ' " V UiO UllVl'U'U lrom the Cnhrt nt f.nmm.t IM.- ... l e - . iu ui ma more- said countv of Vinton uuii Hi,, i.. hi.:, i ..m vi vino. I win offer ittpuUl o fa.'e, at tne door of tho conrt- ivuev .I. uiaiunu ui jueartuur in aforesaid county of Vittoo, on Monday May 7th, I860. At ihfl hrmp of finA AVTmlr n -r . i . .1 V i . , , vv. r' aia aay, tho followiug duBcribod lauds and tcnomants to wit: Part of In-lnt mm, hi. .:. . eoiumeneing tweiity-fuur feat oat of the 'nmth wsov uornor oi i-um 111-10? mend south flf J feet, thenea west thirunm l.iolmu ii,., feet, thenco oust thiruon inc!:cs, thence ajuth lxty-HX loot, thence east eighteen feet, thence lioith one hnndrn.l uiwl nivivu; .. . -. . . -"-v"1 tv., i iiuncu wcrs eigliuou luet the plucuef beginning. Tha r , , .7 "v.' . V, ""' 1 in ue town or MoArthur, V mton County. Ohio. iiwn me property oi PamtMl V. DodM. tONitmly un order and decree of aforesaid Court, in fnvor of Kzm 1 Uothwdll, Appruised us follows, to-witi Two Thonwid Dollar, and must brine two-tLirdu nf ti, bUlll T4rmsofsalo,cash in hand. JOUO J. JIIOCKET, JosophJ. McDowell Atty for I Jiff. April ith la0tJ,-6.pn 150. Sale oi llt al Estate by Order of Probate Court. State of Ohio, Vinton Co. IN PROBATE COURT. Ocnrge W.Whetsneadminisru orl stone doeeasod. ui vim c-iuui ui .1 it, miii vi uet i I'etltljn ta J'laiotiif, r tU laud. Samuol Whetstone et al Dofond't J PURSUANT to an order of salo made la the above case on the day of Mareb, lstiC granted by the said robato Court, witltiii and lor the said county of Vinton I will o!IVr for sale, as audi itdminlstrator as aforesaid, to tho highest bidder, at pub lie auction, on Saturday, May 5th, lSGG. at one o'clock in the afternoon, on Hie prem ises, in Vinton Towuship. the following diwnbnd mil estate ns the property of V illhm A heftone. deceased, situated ia the county of Vinton and state of Ohio, to wit: IJcEiiiuIng nt the south side of Ste pheu O Enklns Mill-yard, runnine east two chains and fity-onc links to a stone cor ner; thence south four chains to a stone corner; thence west two chains and forty links to John Calvin's line iu the creek thence up the creek to the place of been' uing, supposed to be one acre more or less, with an incumbrance of lease made by de cedent to Joshua Wood, for the period of one year, executed Anjtust 1st 1805, and ex pires August 1st, lSbG. appariscd at six hundred dollars ($C00.) (Said laud to be sold on terms as follows: One third cash in hand; one third in six mouths, and the remaining 0110 third in twelve months, with interest from the day ol sale. De ferred payments to be secured by morteaee on the premises. " GKORGE-W. WITETSTOXE. Adm r. of tho estate of William Whet stone, dee'd. April 0, 18CC.-w5.-pf-15C0. ' STRAYED, ' F.r?!n tha "ub,CTibo- ou tho 14th day ef Mareh. 136 J . one Bay mare about eleven yasrs old wilh a white etripo on ber face, any wrson glVine information of or returning her to me at Ham MwaTdcd0 n Gc00,y ' bo liberally PETER Wi DE. to the ladies':" MRS. E. B. PUGU, MILLINER, Oo door east of the M. E. Church, McARTHUJR, OHIO. I8i7i,ikv V ! 'tf"dM , of spbinu X nlll.Llfti.KY, consisting in part of f BONNETS, DATS, RIBBONS. -FLOWERS. PLUMES. LA- ' CF.S. KETa, BELTS, DBESS TRIMMING" BUTTONS, &o. ' Bonnets Made to Order.