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ft i AIX r-II AIL UlUi AX' MCA. ftcxLUTIllK, OHIO: TnnrnDAY, -'apkilTis. isw Democratic State Convention--- Thursday, May 24th, 1866. The Aimual Stato Convention of fii? Democratic party of Ohio, will be held in Columbuus, on Thurs day, the 21th day of May, 1866, to transact such business as may come before it, and put in nomina tion candidates for the following of flcei: Sccrctaiy of State; Judge r'fthe Svpreae Court; Member of the Board (Public Worh. The basis of representation for the apportionment of Delegates is as follow; One Delegate for each county ; one for every ve hundred roUt given for Gen. George W. Mosoan for Govenor, last October, and an additional one for every fraction of two hundred and ' fifty, nd upwards. The great issue before the people kt whether all the powers of Gov ernment shall be concentrated in the hands of the General Govern ment the States being reduced to the conditions of counties and a consolidated despotism be thereby established; or, whether those rights of - local self-government whichour father enjoyeds and which we inherited from them, and with out which there can be no real lib erty, no wise government, no. pub lic economy, no light taxation, shall be preserved. A powerful faction, represented by a majority in Con gress, have conspired to overthow j the free and beniicent institutions of our fathers, and to substitute therefor an Oligarch of rrivil-! eged classes, crushing the mass of the people and all individual liber ty, under the weight of a despotic and unrestricted General. Govern ment. To effect this object, they, In plain violation of the Constitu tion, exclude eleven States from representation in'L'ongress, and in sists upon conferring upon negroes the right to vote not out of re gnrd to the negro, but because they CXT)P' t to be able with their money vO":r.l- his vote, and thereby "4uic iheir party asendency. i . " m-n who is opposed to l-' : - i !!: conspirators'. V) 4 iCa it-., .'o il ... i 1 -..nslies Uie limitations r,ecH;stry and rjiits ta-JG eraiuoni, who is op-! ? '-fi to sppin,? tho creat. State of' -iuvi i. of her dignity and re ilucoi to the dependent condition oi' e county, or who is opposed to ?Tegio Suffrage, join with the Dem ocracy in rescuing our country from the grasp of the Maliguants. By order of the Democratic State Central Committee of Ohio. JOHN G. DUN, Chariman. THE NEWS. Foreign News. Portland Me., April 10. The London Times of the 30th says there is too much reason to fear that the peace of all Europe is about to be groken by one of the least just and least nec essary wars of modern times. The Times heartily trusts that England may hold aloof. Half a dozen war vessels were preparing for sea at Plymouth, and it was reported were to go to St. Lawrence. Congress Isn't doing much business Since the beginning ot the aest-ion, but two important bills kave been passed the Freedmen's Bureau bill and its twin broth er the Civil Rights Bill. Both of the above bills were tetoed by the Preeldcn-i The Cholera. It is not a little singular that the cholera should approach our shores at regular intervals of sev enteen years. It raged in 1832, gaih.in 1849, and now the scourge reappears in 1866. Should the fears of its approach be realized, there ought to be no excitement or panic oh the subject. Fear has al ways been found a predisposing Element of its attack. There is not likely to be much danger to those whose habits are regnlar, who pre temperate in their eating nr.d drinking, . who avoid excitement, and are cleanly in their person and inrroundines. and ho, thinking ncthjnff of itf to their . bu6i- " Enquirer. Enquirer. President's Proclamation--The insurrection Enquirer. President's Proclamation--The insurrection Declared at an End WASHINGTON, April 2, 1866. By the President, of. the United States, a Proclamation: Whereas," By proclamation on the 15th and 19th of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty- one, the President of the United Stales in virtue of the power vest ed in him by the' Constitution and laws, declared that the laws of the Uuited States were apposed, and the execution thereot obstructed, in tho States of South Carolina. Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Missis-. feippr, Louisiana and lexas, by com bination too powerful to', be sup pressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the Marshals by law: and. Whereas, By another proclama tion made on the lutli day of Au gust, in the same year, in pursu ance of an act of Congress approv ed July 13, 1861, the inhabitants ot Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, .Ala bama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, mississippi and Florida, except the inhabitant of that part of tha State of Virginia lying west of the Alle gheny Mountains, and to such oth er parts of that State, and the oth er States before mentioned, as might maintain a loyal adhesion to the Union and the Constitution, or might be, from time to time, occu pied and controlled by the forces of the United States, engaged in the dispersion of insurgents, were declared to be in a state of insur rection against the United States and, Whereas, By another proclama tion, on the 1st day of July, 1862, issued in pursuance of an act of Congress, approved June 7, in the same year, me insurrection was de clared to be still existing in the States aforesaid, with the oxceo- tion of certain specified counties in tne stale ot Virginia: and, Whereas, By another proclama tion, made on the 2d day of April, 18C3. in pursuance of an act of Congress of July 13, 1861, the ex ceptions named in the proclama tion of August 16, 1861, were re voked, and the inhabitants of the North Carolina, Tennessee, Ala bama, Louisiana. Texas. Arkansas. Mississippi, Florida and Virginia, except the forty-eight counties of Virginia designated as West Vir ginia, and the ports of New Orleans, Key West, Port Royal and Beau fort, S. C; and, Whereas, By another proclama tion; on the 1st day of July, 1862, issued in pursuance' of, an act of Congress, approved June 17, of the same year, the insurrection was declared tq be still existing in the States aforesaid, with the exception of certain specified counties in the State of Virginia ; and, Whereas, By another proclama tion, made on the 2d day of April, 1SC3. in pursuance of an at-t of Congress, of July 13, 1SG1, the ex ceptions named in the proclama tion of August 16, 1SC1, were re voked, and the inhabitants of the Slates of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina; Tennessee, Ala bama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida and Virginia, except the forty-eight counties of Virginia designated as West Vir ginia, and ports of New Orleans, Key West, Port Royal and Beau fort, in South Carolina, were declar ed to be in a state of insurrection against the United States, and, Whereas, The House of Repre sentatives, on January 22, 1861, adopted a resolution in the lollow ing words, viz: Resolved," By the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States, that the present deplorable civil war has been forced upon the country by the disunionists of the Southern States, now in rebellion against a constitutional Government, and in arms around the capital, that in this national emergency, Congress, banishing all feelings of resent ment, will do only its duty to the whole sountry ; that this war is not waged on our part in anv spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of uverturuwmg or lnienenng witn the established institutions of those States, but to maintain and defend the purity of the Constitution, and to preserve tho Union with all its dignity, equality, and the rights of the 6everal States unimpaired ; and as soon as tuese objects are accom plished, the war ought to cease;" Whereas, The Senate of the Uni ted Stateon. the 25th of 1 July, 1861, adopted a resolution; Whereas, These resolutions, tho' not joint or concurrent, may be re garded as having expressed ' the 6ense of Congress upon the subject to which thev relate: and Whreas, By my proclamation of tne utn of June last, the insurrec tion in the State of Tennessee ; was declared to have been suppressed, the authority of the United States therein to bo ondieputed, and ench I United States officers as had been duly commissioned to be in undis puted exercise of Iheir official func tions; and,- (-f Whereas, There now exists no organized armed resistance of mis guided citizens nor others to the anthority of the United States in the States of Georgia, South Caro lina, Virginia, North Carolina, Ten nessee, Alabama, .Louisiana, .Ar kansas, Missippi aud Florida, and the laws can be sustained and en forced therein by the proper- civil "authority, State or Federal, and the people of said States are 'ye.ll and loyally disposed, and have" con formed or. will conform in' their legislation to the condition of af fairs growing out of the amended Constitutio:i of the United States, prdnibiting slavery within the lim its and jurisdiction of the United States; and, Whereas, In view of the - before recited premises, it is the manifest determination of the American people that no' State, of .its own4 win, snail nave tho power or right to go out of or separate itsehf from the American Union, and that therefore each S.tate ought to re main and constitute an integral part of the United States; and, . Whereas, The people of the 'sev eral before mentioned States, have, in the manner aforesaid, given sat isfactory evidence that they acqui-. esce in the important revolution of the National Union; and, Whereas. It is believed to be the fundamental principle of Govern ment, that people who have revol ted, and who have been overcome and subdued, must bo dealt with so as to induce them virtually .to become friends, or else they must be held by absolute military pow er so as to prevent them from ever again doing harm as enemies, which last named policy is abhorrent to i humanity and freedom : and Whereas, The Constitution of the United States provides for CnnH- tutional communities only as States- ana not as territories, and provides no protectorates; ana Whereas, Such constructed States must necessarily be, and by the vuiisuiuuuii auu jaws oi me ' unit. ,tcd States ar&V made equals, "and placed on a like footing as to po litical richts. immunities, dic-nitv 1 o v and-power, with the several States ii 11.1 i i i C wan wincn tney.aro united; ana; Whereas, The observance of po litical equality as a principle' of right and justice rs well calculated to encourage the peope of the States to be and become more and more constent and persevering in their renewed allegiance; and .; Whereas, Standing armies mil tary occupation, 'martial law, mili tary tribunals, and suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, are in time of . peace dan gerous to public interest ftn&v in compatible with the individual rights of citizens, contrary to the eenius-and nirit of oihv free insti tutions, and exhaustive of the Na tional resources, and ought not, therefore, to be sanctioned or al lowed, exceot in case of war for re- pelling invaders or suppressing' in surrection or rebellion ; and Whereas. The policy of the Gov ernment of the United States from the beginning ot : the insurrection to its final suppression has been In conformity with the principles here in set forth and enumerated ; there fore, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby pro claim and declare that the insur rection which heretofore existed in the States of Georeia. South l;arn. lina, North Carolina, Virginia, Lou isiana, Alabama, Arkansas, Missis sippi, and Texas and Florida is - at an end, and henceforth to be so regarded. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and cau sed the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at ' the City of Washington, this second day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six, and of the independence of the United States of America the ninetieth. ANDREW JOHNSON. WM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. The Next Step. Chief-Justice Chase still contin ues the practice of making political speeches while holding his high of fice. He yesterday, in a speech in mew i one, exulted over th ft TARR- age of the Civil Rights Bill and said the next step would be to civa th negro a vote: Certainly thai is th next step, audit would not be any mm. r,0if ,' i fk ' iu . more unconstitutional than the one already taken. The Chief-justice sees no impropriety in committing himself, in advance. "Upon these questions that will come up for de cision in his Court. There has been a time in which no such inde cency as this wonld have hcon f1 Enquirer. A Constitutional President—An Unconstitutional Congress. . Hitherto,, both under the present and under former administratians, when bills have been returned to Congress without the signature of the President, the reasons given for such return have, in general, raised questions of conformity . between the bills and the Constitution. But we agree with a loyal coteinporay in the opinion that, it is not the question of constitutionality alone that, in determining his duty, the President -may consider. It is not exactly true that "the President has a negative in the legislation of Congress which he can use reason ably or without reason ;". but it is true that his obligation to affix his signature to bills presented by Con gress is conditioned solely upon his approval of them ; upon his own reason, and not upon that of any other person, party or authority. Such being the case, we conless a sensation" of unfitness when we see it stated that the President has affixed his signature to bills for this or that purpose. Holding the opin ion, which he has more then sue gcsted,'of the absence of legitimate authority in a Coneress. composed of members from only a part of the mates, to legislate lor tne people ot tne whole, we do not clearly see how he can consistently give his official approval which is designed to transform a dead letter into a livinsr law to any of its creations That it is the duty of te President in case he does discover want of conformity between a proposed law and the Constitution, to with hold his signature from the former. few will venture to disdute ; and if" it is his duty to reject an unconsti tutional law. is it not eauallv his duty to reject a law passed by an unconstitutional uongress r We are free to admit that we can not see the difference. It will hard ly do to establish the principle that an unconstitutional legislature can pass Constitutional, laws. The pro visions of the Constitution, which prescribe that the "House of Rep resentatives shall be composed of members chosen by the people of the several States," and that "the Senate of the United States shall bo composed of two Senators from each State," are as binding as any other. They fix the terms, and the only terms, under which . a Consti tutional Congress can exist; and if they are not complied with, a thing which calls itself a Congress may assemble, and may enact things to which it gives the name of laws ; but the Congress is no Congress, nor are the laws laws ; for they are binding upon nobody, not even upon they who call themselves the constituents of those by whom they were begotten. -A refusal of the President to cive his official approval to any of the acta of tr.e pseudo Congress would bring tho usurpative character of that body palpably before the oeo- ple, and awaken a degree of atten tion to its aetormity which coes not now exist Such a position, taken and maintained, would, in J1 probability, be followed by an attempt to expel the rresident from office by process of impeach ment, which would raise the ques tion, whether a President who is. in 9 J every sense, a complete Constitu tional branch of the Government. should be deposed by a body pro- iessinsr to be another branch, but which, through its own malfeasance, wants the qualities essential to Constitutional authority f Under such circumstances, if the Presi dent should want the ability to take -care of himself, it would argue, on bis part, the absence of that spirit and courage which, in high factious times, it is necessary for theCheifofa great nation to pos sess, not for his own sake alone. but for the sake of the people whose interests and welfare are identical Enquirer. Not to be Found. Our readers may remember a certain speech made in this city some time ago by General Fisk, of the Freedmen's Bureau, in which he said: ; "Only the day before yesterday, in Lexington, thirteen discharged colored soldiers stood in the streets, in full sight of Henry Clay's monu ment, with their bodies lacerated, their backs bleeding from the cruel lash, their heads cut to the scalp, and one or two of them with their eyes put out ; and what for, do you suppose f Siniply for going to their former masters and asking for their wlve? na c.miQ"n' . 1 .aPPe?,e.a ? wives and children. 1 appealed to H 7 m , na w told there was no law in Kentucky to heb them " They are still bying to find those negroes, as well as witnesses of the alleged cruelty,butn such negroes or witnesses can be found, nor can any person in or about Lexington be found who heard of the crneltv spoKea of until .through. General tux peeom -" ' - The Prospect of a War with Europe. The latest arrivals from Europe are more emphatic than ever in their advices that peace is to be broken by a war between Austria and Prussia. The quarrel arises out of the division of the territory they took from Denmark. It is the old story of robbers falling out in the distribution of their plunder Austria and Prussia rank high in the great military powers of the world. Each has a standing" army of 000 000 or GCd.OOO mer4 The population' of Austria is about 35, 000,000, and that of Prussia 18.000. 000. The Prussians, however, are more homogenious in their nation ality, the Austrian Empire being made up of hall a dozen different countries, the strife between the two powers would be by no means an equal one, with a very doubt ful termination. The Prussian ar my is very fine, and under its mili tary system every man is a soldier who has served in the ranks. It would, therefore, turn out an enor mous force, in proportion to its population. The Prussian Prime Minister and real ruler, Count Von Bismarck, is an ambitious and un scrupulous man, who evidently be lieves that the time has arrived when Prussia can shatter the grea ter but ill-cemented fabric of the Austrian Empire, and take her place at the head of the Germanic Confederation. The Prospect of a War with Europe. The Civil Rights Bill--Hell of a Law. The Civil Rights Bill, so called is a statute to override and set aside the State laws which do not recognize negro equality with the white. Nay, more, it punishes with fine and imprisonment all who make any distinction of color in their acts. The hotel-keeper is to be punished if he does not allow negroes to sit down at his tables with the white. The minister and the magistrate are to be punished if they do not join in marriage the two colors, when they are asked to do so, in violation of State laws. These are samples of the practical operation of the mersure which ex tends through all the ramifications of life. It is at once so odious and disgusting a thing that it will al ways be a source ot wonder how even party heat and party malig- Enquirer. Congress and the Veto. The Senate of the United States consists properly of seventy-two members. The House of Repre sentatives of two hundred and thir ty-seven, when every State is rep resented. Of these it takes one hundred and nineteen to be a ma jority. In the Senate tlurty-feven is a majority. On the question of overruling the veto, but thirty three Senators voted aye, with one hundred and twenty-two Represen tatives. There was, thnrefore, less than a majority of the Senate for the bill, and only a bare majority of the House. As the Constitution in 6uch cases, requires two-thirds in each branch, it will be seen how small a cause the Radicals have for rejoicing. It is not the Congress of the United States which over rules the President, but only a Enquirer. tW A profound observer remarki: ''1 often observe at public entertainments, that when there is anything to be seen, and ev erybody wants particularly to see it, eve rybody immediately stands up and effectu ally prevents anybody from seeing anything." Summek, it is t)laln. crows tiresome, even to his radical colleagues in the Federal . . . . . . . j ...v i j . tin ii vuc of the Scotch womai.'s definition ofmeta- . .... i. I. . pnysics : -ii is, piease "your nonor, wnere a man disnaken "what he says hlmsel, and naebody else "kens a word of it ither." Thad Stkvems, too, is no the wane. Fact is, pickles flavored with vitriol may be tastedonce in awhile, but thev won't Hn Times. boarding school, being asked at table if she would take some more cabbage, replied, "by no means, madam, gastronomical safe ty admonishes me that I have arrived at the ultimate culinary degutation consisteut with the code of Esculapius." 'I'm hair of Dick Turner, formerly rebel turnkey, now au inmate of Libby Prison has turned w hite during his eleven months' inoarceratlon. A country girl coming from the field, was told by her cousin, that she looked as fresh as a daisy klsed by the dew. Well, it wasn't any feller by that ' name, but it was Scth J once that kissed me . I told him every one u town would And it out." Times. Marriages. JIXKS-CRAWFORD-On the 6th Inst, by Rev. H. JI. Ferris, at the M. E. Par sonage, Mr. Llbertv D. Jinks to. Mm Elizabeth Crawford, all of Zaleski, Yin- SWETLAlfD-.ALEXANDER.-Oa the 8th inst, at the Presbyterian Parsonasre. jjy tne Kev. Irwin Carson, .Mr.. J. G. Bwetiana,SNtoMrs. A. Alexander, all oi aicAnnur, unto. WYATT CL A YPOOL On the Md lost iiuviui, ixji, air. Joon v. Jf,ytt to Miss Jennetta -CUypool, of Vinton Cnuntv. Ah t. v Tl . . Times. Marriages. Deaths. Died. Mr. WUlla Leach, who resided near Ilamden, waa burlud by the Masonic Fraternity, on last Monday. We under stand Mr. Leach was 75 years of age; aa honest and esteemed neighbor n4 .citizen Ho recently moved to this county from W. Ya, aud that he was out In Vn.oti tmetnesa and died suddenly from disease of the heart. Times. Marriages. Deaths. Commercial. McArthur Produce Market. McArthur Produce Market. CORRECTED WEEKLY. BY D. WILL & BRO'S. McARTHUR, O., April 12 1866. Apples, (drM,)-8 00 llewwiz........r 35 Bnitt .2026 Bmui SO Cbont...... ii Chicken.,. Ooffe.....-. . Wni's Mih Cod Hub... Flour Ur.l Oniant l'ork . S3 . 85 . UH' 11 l-O . SO . 1 CO .10 00 16ai0 . is . I 00 3 00 Km W Mackerel 12K Feather W Lethr 6Uk Koliciea 1 Peaches, (dried) I 09 Rice i Bait t SI Timotbv $ (0 Tallow VI Sugar Starch-. FUx McArthur Grain Market. Wheat. old l(oJ.....f 00 New Rod.... J8 00 via n mis I 1U New Wnitt.. S 10 Shelled Cura 45 Oats 50 Corn, Ear. 5k Birloy to IJ- u B Uj "... c Cincinnati Market. CINCINNATI, April 11. Coffek. We quote common Rio at 27a 28o, prime do. at 2Ca31o ; choice do. at 31o. common Java at 42c, and prime do at 4So per lb. Eggs Market dull and' closed at 25 per dozen for fresh, la good1 shipping or Flour We quote'Superfine at $7 00a 7 60, new wheat extra at 97 7oa9 00. old wheat extra at $8 75a9 23. Family at fft 25 alO 23. and Fancy at $10 DOall 60. Ryo flour 1 76 per bbf, Buckwheat flour $1 00a 4 23 per 100 lbs, and $8 OOalO 00 per bbl, the latter for Eastern. Corn meal la active at $1 60 per 100 lbs. Grain We quote prime old Red wheat at SI 80al 00. New Red 91 80 for prime and 91 OOal CO for Inferior. . Some lots of old White are offered at 92 30a92 CO. The demand for Cprn is still active, and pricea remain firm for ear at 53a53c per bushel. Shelled 55u36c for mixed, and 73c Including sacks. Outs in fair demand at 37c, and 3'Jo for choice. Rye In little demand, at 75c for prime, A few sales of prime fall barky reported at 91 15al 20. Sugah We quote raw at 13alCc ; yellow refined, 4Cn47c; white soft retlucd, ICaISc : hard refined, la20c. Road Notice. THERE 111 bo a petition pretested to tie ' cumniiKeioners of Vinton county, )., a their June Sieiion, 188, praying; for an a'tira tlon of the county roa I in Kichlaod township, lending from the Allonnvllle and Wilkonille road to the Allennvill and Ciuclnnail Firnact road, known at the Bowlanl and Fmr road. commencing at th month th tuna nut of William Rowland' bouse thencea northeati ccurie to Intersect th Alleunville and Willie villo road at or near the ge nouth of l'ejton Coy's hnu-ie and there to end. April 6th 4wp Mint ParmoxuM. Road Notice. rETlTTOlf will be presented to tLe eoat V. miaslonera of Vinton count, at thi Juno torm 1868, praying for a ch.wutcf t) county road , in Elk township, leading from Mc Arthur to Logan, comrnenuing at the he g pen and sycamore tree near George Speed's ruai- aonca anu running a nortneriy direction to an old water tap in the citek and intenactliia-tlia original surveyed road, and there to terminate. April mo wep. Makt fiTiTicNia. Save Cot. D5. A. CO. IDEE and Drs. Condee and mingor, have left their note and bojk aa- countt with nt for collection with orders to col lect forthwith. All who in indebted will iite oostb by calling and pnyiignpihe oamo. JSBAVrua S MAYO, April Ulh -. , MoArthnr, Ohio. 3 ?0 A. i -i 2 6 a ft M H H n o $9 e B 8 9 3 1 3 hi O I w rts II 0 M IP? r w r I H V o I' a Sal 1 I Sal EDUCATIONAL ! McArtbur High School. rpiIE Directors feel confident in receorn I mending this School to all who desire thorough training in the essentials of Edu cation. The spring term has just begun with largely increased attendance. Room for a few non-resident pupils. Terras rea sonable. ' "The best Normal 8chool Is school wita a lite teacher." Applicants address.