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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, October 01, 1874, Image 1

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n, . Editor aud Proprietor.
OrriOE H. . Ooraer of Main and
Logan Sts., Ooposite Court House.
Sewing Machine.
TheGrratcst Production
the World Ever Knew.
OUR olaimi for the superiority or
fbe Elias Uowa Machines can nnv.
er be disputed, This most enriuble
reputation ban been obtained bj its own
toeriti. We do not claim that we offer
our machines for the fewest dollars, or
on tbe longest line of credit that ca.i be
obtained by buying other Olass ol tna
chines Hut we do cluiin we have the
i We are wanting agents "to "sell our
ilaohines in Vinton and Hocking
counties, for which wa propose to pay
liberal commission; furnish three or
iore wagons if an agent will uso and
push them for the business. We in
tend operating on an entire new basis
for this reason we want good, lire men
io run the thing. The reputation ot
the Uowe is well . known throughout
Vinton and Uoclting counties as well as
over the entire world. You will find
me at the HULUEUT HOUSE, Mo
AltTUUK, 0., any time this month,
ready to administer to your want.
w. c. Mclaughlin,.'
Special Agent.
McAimiuu, onio.
Orrici: Une door west of Dsn Wili A Bro.
Ultice UcArthur'.Utilo,
Will attenit promptly to nil business entrutitd
to hi. rt. uovll
tftEY AT Is AW,
fctainir o ATIOKNEY,)
Will prut-lice n "inton niul ailjoininxcoOD
tie. Uii8ii.'tenlruiiteilu hiKi'iue inonipl
ly attt-niled lo. Uttlie in Court lloue.
C, F. UARTWItlGnr. Proprietor.
. Livery Stable Attached, t
The lloiiiie haa jiict been rrriiriiilil
throughout, iiooms clean mid comfortable,
theiBhle .npplied with I ho lt i tie market
artorda, anil no pains Hpared to NwomoiUle
gueate. nixrt I mil) ly
Has permanently located m
. or the practice or
whi'h lie will dano'e his entire attention.
JFH"K in liavia' HuiHtinp up aunrc. oppo
n Vinton County Bunk.
Sil!imrt. tianiuel W Kilvert.Jr.
Ealabliahtil 1852.1
sill A 1ST 8c KILVEUT,
.I : ;.! ' l r
. t . .
Wholesale Grocers
.... I :' . ! '
romnt Attention given to the
TraiiHt'cr of IKON and
other Property from and to
Railroad auu uanai.
Water Street.between Paint and Walnut
marllloul .
PuaLKUiaa Wuoluali jn Kiit
BooVsellers, Stationers. Trlnters,
. '
t j" ... J ; eaicra ib ;
Law, MBDiOAt, TaBoLooicRt., Scbool,
" aod MisciiUHBous tiuots, '
65 West Fourth Street, CtntinnatL
avCfttaloguei rurnnliei gratuilonly on
api-licauon and any book aeut by mail, poN
a;e paid o receipt 01 publiKhed prtue. '
j , T f i i H " 1 1 "
The Best and Cheapest !
. ' W01EOF
; n
Circulars Sent, , Free.
0 1 P -k-ty
n. .. ., ....... - ; ' . , : ;
VOL. 25--NO. 29.
WHOLE NO. 1.277
The Vanzandt Case.
Tbe lollowing .graphiOv -ao-count
of this famous, case1 Is
from "Warden's Life of Chased
"John Vannndt who is lit
original John Van Trompe.in
Uncle Tom's Cabin, was an bid
man who had emigrated from
Kentucky, and owned and oc
cupied a small farm in tlamil
ton county; Uis means'we're
slender, and his education hm.
ited; but his heart was rich in
benevolence, and his honesty
was doubled by none, lie was
an abolitionist from principle
and from sympathy. lie be
lieved that slaveholding was
wrong, and hii kindly nature,
wa? prompt to succor the dis
tressed, end found, especial
gratification in aiding fugitives
irom the oppression of slaery",
"On the nipht of Friday, 22d
of April, 1842, a, number oi
slave6 Iron) Kentucky escaped
into Ohio. Their escape was
probably voluntary, There
are very few cases, I believe,
in which persons other than
slaves have, had, anything to
do inpiompting, or -even as
sisting, their original flight.
This parly of slaves consisted
of nine persons.
"On reaching the Ohio, they
doubtless, 'found friend, who
conducted them to Walnut
IJiilu, in the vicinity of Lane
Seminary. There VaiiZfindt,
returning from the Cincinnati
market, where ho had been
selling the products ol hisjarm,
and, moved by sympathy, un
derlook to convey them in his
wagon, to Lebanon or Spring
field. One of the 6laves, An
drew,' acted as driver. They
were met borne .filteen miles
north of Cincinnati, by some
ruffians,, who, suspecting lliem
to be fugitive slaves, undertook
to seize them, f hey succeeded,
except as to Andrew, the driv.
er, who. jumped from his seat
and escaped."
"Such was the temper of the
times, mid such the couulen
ance given, by tbe Supreme
Court, to 6uch practices, that
tins atiduction of persons from
this jurisdiction ot Ohio into
Keniuclry could not be punish
ed. A prosecution was com
menced against I hem, and there
w.aajt sort ol trial as to some of
them. The prosecuting attor
ney, however, evinced little
zeal, while they were delendjd
by Thomas Corwin and John B.
Weller, both men of marked
ability. They were acquitted)
more by the public sentiment
than by the jury, who rendered
1 lie verdict ol acquittal.
'Vanzandt was sued by
Jones, Irom whom the slaves
had escaped, for harboring and
concealing them.' I was called
upon, to defend Vanzandt, and
very willingly undertook the
cause. It came to trial before
Judge McLean, at Cincinnati,
in July, 1842. The evidence
having been submitted 011 the
part of the plaintiff, a motion
was made by Thomas Morris,
who wus associated with me in
the defense, to overrule the ev-
irtpriftAnii tlm frrminrl that ad.
mitting ' all ihe lacts proved,
they established no case ot un
lawful harboring or conceal
ment, and no notice to the de
fendant that the alleged lugl
tives had escaped from Ken
tucky into Ohio, ? These prop
ositions' were fully discussed by
Mr. Morris and myself, on Ihe
one side, and by Messrs. Fox
and Southgate on the . other.
My argument occupied nearly
three hours, and I really
thought r bad established, to
the salisfaufion. oi! the court,
that, in order to , charge a cm
zeu ot Ohio with tbe penalties
denounced by the Fugitive
rflave Act-against harboring
aud couceaiiug persons escape
ing from slavery, there must be
proof ot actual notice to the
person chat ged, that1 the rob -
! J ecu ut bis charity had escaptd
from a slave State into the
State where he received them.
The wor'ds.of the Fugitive Slave
Act itself were express, that, to
create a liability to penalty,
the acts charged must be 'after
notice,' and I insisted that the
words 'after notice' must be ta
ken in mean notice by the
claimant of the fact of escape,
or, a,t least, actual notice given
by somebody of that fact with
a view to charge the parly no.
titled. I think tbe general iru
pressinn In the large audience
of intelligent gentlemen . who
listened to my argument, was
that these points, at leasr, wen
established' Indeed, ach wa
the impression made upon the
mind of the plaintiff, Jones,
that he came to me after the
adjournment of court upon the
close of the argument, and said
he wis . sorry that he had
brought the suit, and should
not have done so if he had not
been badly advised. The nex'
morning, however, scattered
mv anticipations. Th judge
came into court and overruled
the motion ,
"Upon this the cflnse went
to Ihe jury, and wasngain fully
argued; hut, under the law, ns
stated from the bench, there
was no favorable verdict. It
was.again8t Ihe defendant,wiih
damages to the amount oi
$1,200 . .
"I then made a motion for
a new trial, and another for an
arrest of judgment. They were
argued together. " The judge
did not decide the motion in ar
res', but in the 'course of his
opinion upon the other motion.
stated principles which would
necessarily decide that motion
in favor ot the defendant. I
did not preen the motion in ar
rest farther at that time, nor
did I take the new trial.
"Besides this suit lor damag
es, an action had been prose
cuted against Vanzandt to re
cover the penally of $500, giv
en by the act of 1793. In this
action, as in the other, the ver
dict was lor the plaintiff. Sev
eral questions, however,'which
arose during the prosecution,
and several questions which
arose upon ine motion to sr.
rest the judgment in this case,
were carried to the Supreme
Court of the United States for
tinal decision. 1 preferred lo
await the decision upon these
questions before determining
what course I should pursue in
relation to the verdict for dam
ages. At the December term,
1842, the cause was argued up
on cerli(id questions before
the Supreme Court of the
United States. Mr. Senator
Morehead appeared lor Jone.t,
while (Jov. Seward and I repre
sented Vdnzitndt. The case
was reached upon the docket
sooner than, through informa
tion from one of the judges,
I' had been led to expect, and
at my instance, a postpone
ment was asked. Tbe court
denied it,' but consented to re
ceive written arguments if pre
eenled within filteen days. The
tjme was short, but the argu
ments were submitted, and the
ce 'decided, upon all points,
adversely to Vanzandt When
the certificates ot these deci
sions '. were presented in the
Circuit Couat, final judgment
for the penalty was, of course,
"I then moved in arrest of
the judgment in th suit for
damages, but the judge had
changed' his opinion on lb
controlling poiuts, and the de
cioion was again adverse J
then proposed to accept the
new trial upon the terms ot
the order already made; but
the court had changed its opiu
ion uponthi8 question also,'aud
denied the motion, and juJg
' ment was entered against Van
1 zandt for the $1,200 damages
as vy ell as for the penalty. The
character of the eminent judge
who made these decisions for
bids the supposition that be
was controlled by any other
than upright purposes but I
could neVer help thinking that,
in the absence of the univer
sal bias created by the dread of
tbe slave power, the decisions
would have been very different.
MMy Connection with 'these
cases necessarily terminated
with the judgments. Both Mr.
Seward and myself gave our
. i
service without compensation.
A small sum was contributed
by friends for j the actual ex
penses or the detense. but it
was not8ufficient even forhat
purpose The loss Vmzsndt
suffered embarrasied htm se
riously, and, I believe, he nev
er recovered from its damag
ing effects. He has long since
gone where the Supreme Judge
of all certainly holds humanity
no crime. Vanzandt'g best
monument is in Mrs. Stove's
immortal book. , , .
''Yours, truly, ' ,
"S. P. CHASE."
The Women's Temperance
Association of Elillsboro, Ohio,
would address you, not as hav
ing a wisdom superior to our
sister Associations, but mod
estly wishing to present cer
tain suggestions as to work
that can only be effectually
carried on through the co op
eraiion of all the Leagues ot
the State. "
It is asserted in some quar
ters that there is danger that
an attempt will be made to se
cure some modification of our
present liquor laws. We think
the active co operation of all
the friends of Temperance
Uoold-i.itwuuruii lit pwtvriit
this. Let every proper influ
ence be brought, to bear upon
the members of our Legisla
lure to induce them to hold
firmly all that has been ga.ned.
But it seems lo us that the
present is a suitable time for
aggressive work. Now that
the Temperance people have
shown their power, let us use
our advantage to secure more
itnngent legislation. We cer
(airily need thw. Surely the
keeping of a saloon, with all
the appurtenances belonging
to a tippling house, ought to
have some weight na evidence
against a liquor dealer. It may
bo that a revision of the rules
of evidence is called for, or
some constitutional enactment
that shall more ifficiently arm
us against the dreadful evil
Whatever change whether
legislative or constitutional
are necessary, let ay demand
And if all Ine leagues
throughou. toe
State' shall
earnsestly and ' actively unte
in pressing this demand, itwU
at Jetst meet with ;respeot.ful
consideration, and we behove
it will meet with more than
It may be said that our laws
are already in advance of pub
lie sentiment, and that it is
lolly to ask more stringent laws
while existing ones are Dot en
forced. In answer we say that
the effort to secure advance
legislation will stimulate pub
lic sentiment, and besides, the
earnest man should have the
best weapon . in his band, for,
after all the work, we think
that this should now be earn
estly done. And a for success
iu this, and every effort to ad
i. . ;
vance. the. cause so dear to as
all, we unite with you in pray
er to the Uod of. Right.
By order of the Association.
Mrs. E. S. Thompson, Mrs.
John A. Stone, , Mrs. General
McDowell, Mrs. Judge Evans,
Kev. Mr. McSurely, Judge
Matthews, committee.
Six hundred Mormons arriv
ed at Oaiaha Saturday, Irom
1 the Eastj bound to U uhv
Pork Packing.
At tbe recent Convention of
Pork Packers and Dealers at
Loui8ville,the following amend
ed regulations were adopted :
Mess pork shall be cut and
packed from the sides of well
fatted hogs ia strips, the bogs
to be first split through the
backbone or if split on one
side, then an equal proportion
ol hard and soft sides, as they
are termed, must be packed,
properly flanked, and not back
stripped. One hundred and
ninety pounds of green meat,
numbering not over sixteen
pieces, including the regular
proportion ' of flank and shoul
der cuts, four layers placed on
edge without excessive crowd
Ing or bruising, must be packed
Into each barrel with not less
than thirty pounds pf
good foreign or Ihirty-five
pounds of good domestic coarse
salt, and filled up full with
good clear brine, the pork lo
be cut reasonably uniform in
width. The packer's name and
location aud dile of packing
and the number of pieces, and
pounds ot green meat in each
barrel must be bianded on the
head with a melallio brand,
marking iron, or stencil plate,
at the lime of packing.
Toddy Ticket.
Hern ia t lime pen picture
ot Judgo Gilmore, the Demo
aralio . nominee for Supreme
Judge. It is taken from the
Hamilton Telegraph:
The nomination of Judge
Gilmore to the Supreme Bench
was an outrageous thing for
the Democratic State Conven
tion to do. It would be hard
to find in all Ohio a lawyer or
'judge" less qualified in every
way for so responsible a posi
tion. He is unlettered, ignor
ant even m his chosen profes
sion, and the slave of his appe
tite. The Sheriff of Butler
county hud been compelled to
adjourn court Irom day to day
while Judge Gilmore was in
dulgmg in one ot his frequent
and protracted sprees.' The
Butler county Bar, not long
since, sent him a petition, ask
ing him to exchange and so let
another judge bold court in
Butler county. Ouly a short
time ago, he was arraigned be
fore the Mayor of his own vil
lage and fined for drunkenness.
Wonderful Stories from Japan.
advices' by China
steamer, at San Francisco, re
port that many tracts ot land
at Iseneuria lave been '. laid
wa-te by a volcauoin that dis
triet, vomiting fire, cinders
and smoke high in the air.
One hundred and eight houses
have been burned by the tail
ing sand. There was a contin
uous discharge of ashes lor ten
days. An extraordinary phe
nomenon haS occurred in con
nection, it is generally sup
posed, with the volcanic dis
turbance. Frbm a plain in
the volcanic region there
arose, in a brief lime,' three
mountains, one oi which cov
ered m area ot two and a half
square miles, and is 1,800 feet
high, the others being consid
erably smaller. A tract ot
land also rose from the ocean
at an adjacent point on tbe
coast. The newly risen lanii
measures 1,800 . feet by 500
ieet, and is connected at one
end with the mainland.
A private letter lrooi the
Rev. Dr. Newman, former
Chaplain of the United Slates
Seuule, has been published in
Washington. It is dated , at
St. Petersburg. Be says he
thinks be has visited the verit
able Garden of Eden, that he
has been among the ruins of
Belshazzar's palace, ha had
his hands on the granite lion
which stands at the door of tbe
den that Daniel was cast into,
and will bti.ig back a brick
front the tower of Babel.
The English Way of Taking
Care of Horses.
Some English grooms at Sar
atoga are teaching Yankees
the care of horses. I asked
one of these grooms who has
spent twenty years in the
stables of royalty what he had
to say; about our. American
wav of taking care of horses.
"Why. sir, said he, "yon
don't i take good care of your
horses, yon think you do,' but
von don't.
"Because, when a horse
comes it) all wet with perspir
ation, you let him stand In the
stable, and drv with all Ihe dirt
on. In England we take the
hnrxe as he. comes from a drive
and sprinkle .blood warm "wa
fer all over him. from his head
Mo his feet. . Then e scrape
him down and blanket him,
rnhhfne h's lee and face drv.
Thus in an hour. he is clean and
dry and ready to take a good
feed, while with your way he
will', stand, and swelter for
hours, and finally dry, sticky
and dirty.
0'ir horses never founder
and never take cold We nev
er use a pnrrv-comb yon
scratch your, horses too hard.
The only rare necessaiv ia not
to have the .witer too cold:
then bathe them instantly.
while you are . rubbing their
legs.", : ;
Value of Sod as Manure.
. The value of iod as manure
i an well known lo everv farm
er that there is no need of nv
argument. But the reason whv,
can not be explained kv one
in a thousand'' Prof. 'KerTzte.
of the Mifhigan AgnonHnral
College," at Lansing, has been
making several experiment to
determine Ihe actual value of
old sod msnnra.' He took a
square foot of June grnss fnrf.
and washed awav all the noil
in running wafer, and then
weighed the roots, and snrface
grass, to determine f he. amount
of green manorial matter nsn
allv contained in a heavv
greensward, and fonnd.it t be
five pounds to the sqnsre fool,
or at the rate of' more than rne
hundred tnns to the acre The
Prolesaor says: "Few farmers
estimate correctly the amowt
of vegetable matter they add
to the, soil by plowing under
Value of Sod as Manure. A $10,000 Diamond Robbery.
Mrs. Jacobs a St. Louis ladv,
who has been spending tne
summer living in the residence
of Wayne Ramsey, in Msdison,
Wisconsin, , misBed a $10 000
set of diamonds, on the 16ih,
from a place, she had secreted
them 'for safe keeping. After
an unsuccessful search, a serv
ant named Mrs. Mary' Seerey,
together with . her (husband,
were arrested,-, charged with
Ihe cime. Both , parties pro
ested their innocence, but on
being taken to jail,and search
ed, , the diamonds were discov
ered in the lining of. the coat
of Seerey, tied up in a hand
kerchief. They were brought
before Judge Bradley, oi the
Municipal Court, Ihe next day,
found guilty, and sentenced to
three years in the State Prison,
ten days ot each year to be
solitary confinement. ..
O. S. Journal
Fmory wanted to just talk it
over a little first.,. He wanted
to explain some thing. tHe
thought there , ought to be an
investigation . into the matier.
He wanted to examine the sit
uation. He, would like to, re
port .bow many insurgeu's
there were' and compare It
with the field report ,- of men
present for duty , in his com
mand. To all of which Grant
"Put down that insurrection.
Report afterward.'' U. S,
That's tie. talk. Mi. Pxssi.
One square,..., fi $ oO
Each Additlona, ages !on . 60
Cards per yt iQ CO
Local noiift! , lln.C:!: " 'l6
Yearly adrn-tlBements $100 OO
column, nd at proportion! rate pei
v.. b (jute. 1 1) iuic m auiY&DCtit
EThe Record being the offitli)
paper of the towfti andhavln- tts
largest circulation of aay ptiptr in tie
county, offers supcHoJ IhJucchiteEtl
w ituveruBcri. . i
Thj Associated Press agtnl
has received tbe following dis
patch: ' "iPf1
Hot Springs, Sept. 21. One
of the party in pursuit of the
stage robbers relumed for re
inforcement's last evening, re
porting that the pursuit had
become bo hot that 'the rob
bers took to the mountains,
forty miles itoxa this r place,
where they were then. ' The
parties who saw them fe fore
they left the road 'say thei
horses were completely used
up and could not go further.-
Ihe citizens of the whole coun-
try have joined in the chMa,
and when the courier left the
robbers were entirely sur-
rounded; -A party ' of recruits
left at midnight for the stent,
of action, and it .is probabk)
the party have all beenaj
lured or killed by this time. ,
Here is a "uggestion from Ihe
Pittsburgh Commercial ihat
entitled to some weight:
The continued SBcendsnct'of
the Republican party was never
more necessary . to the country
than now.' TLe whole J-joath-Ts
again in commotion, and tfeo
Democracy is almost everywhere
puttiDg forth the doctrine of re
pudiation. If that ipar'ty CvfTjf
to obtain a majority. in ConrC?
practical rebellion ir the form "of
Ku Kluxism would undoubpj'j
rule the wLole South; the naticM
al credit would be nearly d -stroyed;
the crisis of 1873 is -renewed
with - lea-fold force, av.l
the country again .thrown
confusion and turmoil. It is 't. a
time, for taking chances': succtSi
must be certain. " '
Gkrrit! Smith i becotrii-
lamous for' Ihe distribution Y
$1,000 checks. His latest Vl.
ot this kind is the iorwardii) r
of the usual sura to Governor
Osborne, -of 'Kansas, tor ll.e
sufferers by the grasshopr
plague. He says he was mott-d
to the act by the tact tlVni.
while in Congress )re Work !
hard to save Kansas from tbe
blight of slavery, and that In
saving herself from that cutv
she also Baved the-'Nationl
The Creditors of J.'Oooke vt '
Co. In. Washington, D. 1
held a meeting last week, aiv;
resolved to push their eland'
againBt that' firm Vigorous,
and to have a fair and thoroV
showing as to the causes of
failure, and of tbe proceeding ,
of the members of tbe firm al;
ter tbe failure. There was ;
strong feeling that the interest;
of creditors have been sadl; -neglected
either through care
lessness or for a graver reasfti.
New Oui.KiNa had. until k
few days' agb,', a ciiiien' wli
had "spent most of Mi Unh
since 18C6 in making ffills an
coaicus, , up to date eighteen
of ' thesis testamentary doer;
inents have been' admitted,'!
probate. Among the. num,f.t
ous keepsakes and heirlodiV
he( bequeathed was a x&Z 'k
that belonged to Washingtefi-1
" t. : j ' - 'i hit
Mi. David II. hCbootbs
widely , known and eiperietttu
ed horseman of Ross count V
'while driving in a- euy
around the fair grounds tff '.H
on the 13ih,' fell from his se,
dead, from an attack of he- n
disease'.' '"" "
Briqham Younci is sick,' siu
considerable . uneasiness ) K
been felt in regard to his Ci'Q,
dition, as It is reported so'Ui
astrologer predicted . that iS
would die on the Tin ot D
cember next.
. Thk editor of ther Standat
of Jackson, and sums apVti
result as follows: ;Therd a. m
439 dwelling hQuses,483. fau.l
ilies, 1294 m.les, 1314 femaj.
Total population, 2603, increase
ia four years, &93L ! 'r.M
One who

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