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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, October 08, 1874, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038222/1874-10-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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Editor and Proprietor.
OrjiOE-I. W. Qorner of Kiln and
U(a St, Oopoiite Ooart Home.
Sowing Machine.
fTbeGrratcst Production
; the World Erer Knew.
OUR oliimi Tor the superiority of
lbs Elia Howe Machine can dot
er be disputed, This most enviable
reputation bas been obtained by its own
Inetit. We do not claim that we offer
our machine for the fewest dollar, or
-on lb lonpeit line of oredit that ca.i be
oluioed by buying other claaa of ma
vbinee But we do claim we have ilia
We are wanting agent to eell our
' Itf a'chinea to Vinton and Hocking
eountiei, fur which we propose to pay
a liberal comniiuiun; furnish three or
wore wagon if an agent will 010 and
push them for the buainesa. We In
tend operating on an entire new baaie
for tbi reiisoa we want good, lire men
run- the tbiug. The reputation ot
the Howe it well known throughout
, Vintoo and Hocking euuotie aa well a
over the entire world. You will find
me at the UULUKUT HOUSE, Mo
AHTHUK, O., any time this month,
ready to administer to your want.
Special Agent.
.lOsapttm it
Orriot: One door west of Dsn' Will A Bros,
Olllee JlcArthur. Ulilo.
Will sUewl pro'n)tly to nil business sntraaisd
is bis cars. iiotII
Will prsclics 1 1 "inton aim adjoining coun
tiss. Bii.i..e8 enirn.tsil to ln cam iminipl
Ij attenIl 10. uttit-r ill Court Hou.e.
C, F. CAIiTWRIGIlT. Proprietor.
Livery Stable Attached.
Ths Hou.e ha. iuxt been refurm-hsd
throughout, itooms clean unci cnmfurtaMs,
Instant supplied with 1 he bent ih market
altonl., tail uo pains .pared to aircomnilate
Kuasti. : inti isti ly
; J. C. OLEi?l A , 31. U.
Has permsnenlljr located in
3McAB.TH.UR. 0,
or the practice 'Of
(.which Im will de.o'e his entire attention.
OFKl'"K in lwtis' HuiKtinp up slain", oppo
site Vinton County Bank.
1 Ra-iDixc.
Umi smart. asmuel W Kil.ert,Jr.
Wholesale Grocers
Prompt Attention given to tlie
Transfer ot P1U IKON and
other Property from and to
uullroauauu uanai.
Water tHreeUbetween Faint and Walnut
mar lltanst,
Jtookscllers, Stationer. Printers,
' ' ' . eater m
Law, Mkdical, THBoWflicRf, School,
- SDd ll0KLAMB0DS booXS,
65 Wetl Fourth Strut, Cincinnati
"Catalogues furnnbei gratultoudy on
pi.icauuu and any book seut by mail, post
2sps4dvs teneiptolpubli.bed price. ,
The Best and Cheapest
CkoiUars Sent Free.
MAiiorApfpaT Mo'.: lit WMI eta sC
VOL. 25 -NO.30.
III I IlAV rfT IIM XV irtViW JIU. dJ .
'y I . . ' -';..... p.. . . , ., . . ,
' !.. . .. .,.
WHOLE NfV i )7fl
Extracts from the Speech of
Hezekiah S. Bundy, of Ohio,
in the House of Representatives,
January 24, 1874.
The Bsase, a ta Csmaltu s.lhs Wbols
debet aly, kariaa sjeasidetstiea tb
astfital lasso
A1R.EDNDY aid:
Mi. brsAKKs: No subject
commands so Urge share of
pubho 'consideration, apd
boat which there are so many
shades of opinion, as the gen-
eral sutject of the finances in
this country. There are almost
as many theories for its adjust
raent and 8611161601 as there
are members of this Unuse.
And tii ere I ore, it is to be ex
pected that I shall be in full
accord 'with - perhaps bat.
very few gentlemen here.
According to certain finan
cial writers on this subject,
iht re is only one view to be
taken. The assertion made by
their followers U that we have
but one currency, or we ought
to have bat one; that gold and
silver cuustiiute the currency
o the world, and iherelore that
it ia the duty ot the Govern.
ment ot the United Slates, by
appropiiate legislation, as rap
idly as possible, and without
regard to the effect upon the
great interests ot the masses.
to get back to what is callrd
the world's currency; and the
road by which they intend to
react it is through contraction
Now, one of the mum tilings
to be accomplished by the
Utiveritrneiil has been effected;
that is, whaieve' the national
circulation shall be, it shall be
of such quality as to entitle it
to universal circulation, and
have unl.orin value through
out the country. No', sir, two
things, therefore, have been
accomplished; one is that the
sovereign power of the country
has determined what ihe cir
culating medium in the Uuited
Slates shall be, and the same
power has clothed it Hiib cuch
atlributes thai it has a uniform
value all over the country;
and in these particulars no
government has been more
fortunate in providing lor its
people a currency of such
value and sUbiiity lor so long
a period. ?
The remaining question, so
far as that feature of the aub
jecl to be difcusbed is concern.
ed, is as to its quantity? and
here, perhaps, is the only de
batable question that is con
nected with it. li is affirmed
on the part of the contraction
itta that we not only have. a
sufficient quantity but that we
have a redundancy. Now, I
take it that there are two
modes by which we can de
leimine, and by which the
people themselves can deter
mine, as to the proper condi
tion ot Ibis branch of the ques
tion. The first is by compari
son; a . comparison inftiiuied
as lu the quantity ol the cur
rency or the circulating 'me
dium ol ibis country establish
ed by law, and that provided
by other governments lor their
people. The country that we
have, perhaps, more to do with
in a commercial sense than any
other on the globe is that ol
Great Britain; and in the solu
tion ol this branch ot the ques
tion it it but natural that we
should look and see what she
bas done in the way of provid
ing capital and currency for
her people. J
Now let as sea bow we com
pare. Great Britain having a
circulation . of six boudred mil
lions, and thirty-two million peo
pie has an aggregate deposit of
tweuty-.nine bauured millions in
Jur banks. Put the two toge'h-
er and they make ths aggregate
$3,600,000,000. - tier bank re.
serve for that large amount i is
only f 116,000,000, or less than
4 per cent of the whole sum.
Taking' the reserve' out tLatoaa
to brVepi in the batik,' ib such,
ust as we. keep our reserves in
be banks ss provided -by r our
law;' it still leaves her with aa
absotata banking capital, iaclai
log efroolation, that is available
for the purpose of a'ocomniodat
iog those who want diseoantsy si
our people do, a gross sum of
more than $3,300,000,000 for
thirty-two milliot people, or
over $105 for every min, woman
and .cbilJin the kingdom (of
Great Britain.
Now let oi see ! where ws
stand. We have an authorised
circulation perhapV in its var
ious forms, ioolndingj fractional
currency, of about $756,000,000.
Out, iir. Speaker, that it not
the true amooet of our cimlat
iogf ajediam; ;brttus sine vtt
was i.-aued by the btnks' and the
Government, there bas been an
absolute destruction in the pa
per money of the country
amounting, 1 presume, to 10 per
cent, or thereabouts. And there
fore, Mr. Speaker', inted of
having seven hundred and filtj
six millions of' authorised circu
lation, we only have about seven
hundred millions. Of that seven
hundred millions there are more
than one hundred million con
rtautly idle in the tab-treasuries
of the country. That reduces it
to six hundred million. Of that
amount there are twenty to torly
millions in the State ' treasuries
of the -various States and the
municipal corporations of the
States of the Union. And there
aro one hundred and thirty eight
to one butidoed and fifty millions
constantly held, I believe, by the
hauls as reserve. Now where
do you eiand with Your circula
tion! Why," sir, you have not
$500,0 0,000 to Tlay that can be
called the currency of the coun
try fur the purpose ol making its
- But let us go to the question
of deposits and see what the
(acts are. Instead of twenty
nine hundred millions in the
various banking institutions ol
the country aa deponiti, you
have only six hundr-d an I six
ty four millions. Put your cir
culation as you have it, oi ly
thai w'i ch is made1 available
lor the purpose of making x
changee in this vast country,
and the deposits together, and
you have not eleven hundred
millions in a population of for
ty million people scattered
ovfr the continent. While
Urea Britain has one hundred
and five dollars of banking
cjpiial and currency tor every
man, woman, and child in the
country, the United States
have but twenty-seven dollars
I submi, Mr. Speaker, whether
that is suiSciert for the vast
and increasing business of this
country..; ", ; , ; ,, .
. I know very well thai the
contraciionists, who are desir
ous of getting back to what
i hey call specie payments,
burlesque our ideas here, say
ing we are in favor Qf and in
dtfinfie infliilou of the curren
cy. No such thing, sir.' But
as I understand it-1 speak for
myself aiid nobody else-1 am
in favor of such an inflation ol.
the currency ol this country
and putting n on, such a basis
as that we shall ha ve a reason
able amount per capitia to dn
the business, ol thu vast coun
try upon, and have that to di
versified and diffused at ' that
ihw. people ot - all sections ol
tbit , country, from Dor'b,' to
south , and from east to west.
shall have their prorata.
li-Cil-: V '-TP?
CnBTOKsdn? men are at" work
witb the" farmers of 'Coshocton
county,' ahe sevetal promis
tory notes have been given by
many of them for agencies.
J ' t t -,'ry 1
' BtmflLARB entered 'he-resi
dence, of-Father Walker, the
Catholic Priest, at Oirclevilie,'
.and relieved him ofaboat $30
and a 'taloable-' watch, on
i tiii iW : . 1 . . i 1 -tj .t w.. n i
19th oi September.
U t 'H ,111.11
i "
Chase in the Peace Conference
The following.. Interesting
'fBtatementof the ease" is Iron
the recently published 'War-
fen's Life' of Chased
"Yon profest to be satisfied
withelavery, as it It, end where
t Is. Yon think the institution
just and beneficial. The very
able gentleman from Virginia
M. 1 Seddao,) who 1 commands,
be respect of all ,by the frank-
nets and sincerity of hit speech,
that said that he believes slav
ry to be the condition io
hich the African 'it to be ed
iicaled up to freedom. 'He
does not belie vw 'in perpetual
klayery. TUe belie res the time
will -'come -'wheo' the7 slave,
through, the: benfflceot influ
ence of the . circumstances
which surround him, will rise
in Intelligence, cipacity, and
character, tfl Ihe dignity' of a
freemao.'and will be free."'
j toWe can not agree with you,
and,herefore,do no propose-to
allow slavery wherV we are re
sponsible for ItJ'onfside of'yonr
State limits, and under nation
hi jorisdiclioc. But we do sot
tuean to interlere with it at all
within State limits. So far at
we are concerned- you' can
work out your experiment there
in peace. We shall rejoice if
no evil enmes from it to you or
yours Mr. Chase's time hav
ing expired, he was unam
mously invited, to proceed. .
' Aside from the Territorial
qnes'ion the question of slav
ery outsids of slave States I
know of but ,one serious diffi
cully. I reier to the question
concerning fugitives from ser
vice. Theclaonein the Consti
tution concerning this class of
persons is regarded, by almost
all men, north and south, as a
stipulation for the surrender,
to their masters, ot. slaves es
caping into free States. The
people of Ihe free States, how
ever, who believe that slave
holding is wrong, can not, and
w'll not, aid in the reclamation;
and the stipulatjon, becomes
therefore, a dead letter. You
complain of baa faith, and the
complaint is retorted by de
nunciations of ' the cruelty
which would drag back te
bondage the poor slave who ha
escaped from it.I( Ym, think
ing slav;ry'right, claim the ful
filment of the stipulation; we,
thinking slavery wrong, can
not fulfil the stipulation with-
out consc'ousness of participa
tion in wrong.- Uere is a real
difficulty, but it" seems tome,
not insuperable. It will not do
for us io say to you, in justifies,
tion of non p. rformance, .The
stipulation is. Immoral, - and,
therefore, we can not; execute
it;' lor you deny the I mm oral i-
tv, andr we can not al-ume fo
judge tor you. Ou the other
hand, you ought' not to exact
from us the r literal r perform
ance pf the stipulitiob when
you'know we can not perform it
without conscious" culpa biltry.
A true aolttiioq ofj.be .diffictjlty
seems to be attainable by re
garding it as a simple ease
where a contract Irotn changed
nrcurastapceji cs,n nof betal
filled exactly as made. A
court cj-eqaiiyiin :aucjrii case,
decrees execution as near at
may be " It requires the party
who can not'-perform to make
compensation for non perform
ance. We can not.snrr,ende.r,
but we catr compensate1 Why
not, then, avoid all difflcultiet
on all sides, and thow respeet
' . . M a
by proVidfug and' accepting
compensation where" Inaiteri
reclaim escaping teryants, and
prove their, right pf reclama
tion under i the ' Coattitotionl
Inst ead ol a judgment tor ren
coition, let there be judgment
lor compeptttion, determined
by the truevalue of 'ie 'aer
wces, knd, let the " same , judg
ment assure freedom to the ftij
gitivei i.Tliecost.to the nation-
i KiiiTt:i.Aiiw amujiiiu iue naiiuD -
'A.Ji twy:
ing In comparison to ths evils
of discord and 'strife All par
ties would be gainers.,
Whatl have just eaid fs, In
deed, not exactly to the point
of the present discussion. Bat
I reler to (his matter to show
bow easily the greatest difflcul
tiet may be: adjusted if ap
proached in a truly just, 'gen
erousand patriotic spirit. '
j refer to it also In order to
show jou that, if iv'e do. not ac
cede all your wishes, it is be
cause' our ideas of justice, doty
and honor forbid, and not be
cause mb cherish any hOBtile or
aggrestive sentiments. ' We
will go as far as we can to meet
youcome you, as far as you
can to meet as. Join,' at least,
In the declaration we propose.
Your people have confidence-
In fpn. They will believe you.
The declaration made with
substantial unanimity by this
conference, , will trsnquilize
publio sentiment, and give a
Chance for reaflon to resumo its
sway, and patriotic counsels to
gain a hearing. . ,
; "Do you say that,' after all,
what, we propose embodies no
substantial guarantees of im
munity to slavery through the
perversion of Federal power!
We reply that we think the
Constitution as it stands, inter
preted honestly and executed
faithfully, is sufficient for all
practical purposes and . that
you will rind all desirable se
curity in the legislation or non-
legislation of Congress. If you
think otherwise, we are ready
to join you in recommending a
national ronvention to propose
amendments to the Constitu
ti'oa in the regular and legiti
mate way. Kentucky, a sieve
state, has joined in the prnpo
si lion. Join ns, then, in recom
mending such,' a' convention,
and assure ns that yon' will
abide by its derision. We will
join you and give you similar
''This, gentlemen Is the prop
osition we make yon to day. It
is embodied in the amendment
just, submitted. Is it not a fair
proposition! It is a plsin dec
laration of facts which can not
reasonably be qnestioned, and
a plain submission of all dis
puted questions to the only
proper Iribnnal tor the settle
ment of anch qaestinnsfhat
of the American people, acting
thrnneb a national convention,
! 'The only alternative to this
proposition is the proposition
that the present Congress be
called upon to submit to tne
State a thirteenth' article em
bodying the amendments re
commended by the committee.
In order to the snbmfssion of
these amendments to the
3tstes by Congress, a two-
thirds.vnte ii neeessarr. That,
I venture tossy, can not be ob.
tained. . Were U otherwise, who
can assure yon that the new ar
ticle will obtain the sanction of
three-fourths of the States,
without which' It Is a notlltvf
Asa measure of pacification I
do oot QDderttand it. There
Ij, in my judgment, rio peace
In !t. Gentlemen here, of pa
tAotism and intelligence, think
otherwise. I am sorry that!
can not agree with them.-, .-,
1 1 Gentlemen say, if this prop
oslfioB ean not prevail, every
sjave State will secede; or ss
some prefer to phrase tt; "will
rpsort to revolution. I forbear
tp discuss eventualities." '1
ninst . jay, however, and aay
plainly, 1 that considerations
each as these will not move me
frem 'my recognlted' dnty to
my eonntry and its Constito
tjon. And let.me say, for the
people or the free 8t atea, tbat
they ere thoughtful people,
and are much In,' earnest in ibis
bunine. 1 They do not ( dele
gate ;. ineir,, right, or private
judgment. They love their in
stitutions a n id I IB e U n I o n. The y
: i " '
l . .
gia up the other withont
great escrlflces. Upon ' ths
uestton of the maintenance nf
an unbroken . Uaion and a
whole country, they i never
were, and it - is my1 firm eon.
viction they never will be, di
vided. Gentlemen who think
they will be, even in the worst
contingency,- wilf, I think, be
disappointed. If forced to the
last extremity, the people will
meet the issue1 as -best tbey
may, but be assured tbat they
will meet it with no discordant
councils. ' -j
'Gentlemen, Mr. Lincoln will
be inaugurated : on the 4th of
March. Be will take an oatb
to protect and defend the Con
stitutionof the United. States
of the whole ot all the
United States. That oath will
bind him to take care tbat the
laws be faithfully executed
throughont the United States.
Will secession absolve him
from that oatht- Will it dimln
ish, by one jot or title, Its awful
obligations? Will attempted
revolution do more than seces
sion? And if not, and the oath
and the obligation remain, and
the President does his duty
and undertakes to enforce the
laws, and secession or revolt!
tion exists, what then? War!
Civil Warl
"Mr. President let ns not
rujh headlong into that un
lath mjable golf. ' Let '61 not
tempt this unutterable woe.
We offer you a plain and bon
orable mode of adjusting all
difficulties. It is a mode Which,
we believe, will 'receive the
sanction of the people. We
fledge ourselves here tbat we
will do all in our power to ob
tain their sanction for it. Is it
too much to ask of you, gen
tlemen- of-the South, to meet
us on this honorable and prac
ticable ground? Will you not,
at least, concede this to the
country V 1 st . i '
The old Way of Crossing the
The most curious and -.perfect
pf all pony expresses wss
that which used lo tun across
theplftins. When I was a boy,
almost the whole country be
tween the Mississippi river ana
the , Pacific ocean was called,
on the maps, the 'Great Amer,
ican Desert," and In my geog
raphy it . was described as a
wide, sandy plain. In my
mind it was not tinlike the de
sert ot Saharah, with the fiercer
tribes inhabiting it. School
boys nowadays 'have belter
maps and geographies, and
know this country by the
nanies of the grest Mates 'ol
Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado
and Nevada, which have been
jormed of it. What was des
ert to as is prairie to you, boys;
what We thought barren aand
you know to be rich icil; and
yon crest it by rail in three
days, where we, in atage coach
es, used to make the trip ' in
seventeen. The Pacific rail
road killed the pony express;
but in its day the latter was a
great institution, which would
have put to the blush the pony
express of the Russians and
Tartars or our own army conr
iers, It was not a government
line, either!; private enterprise
started and kept it going on a
grand scale. Ii Mused bp and
fbrbke . down" more than a
thonsand horses and Indian po
nies i year. . It employed nine
or ten. hundred couriers and
coacb drivers and station-keepers,'
and more than one hundred
Concord coaches. Every day
in the year one of these stages
started from the east end and
one ( from the west end of the
route, and o'ten ' at many as
fitty.were making 'the trip ai
ifcsi 'slmeUime.' The eoach
stations were ten miles apart
and there we're 'more than two
hundred of them in all. The
route led from i Atchison, Mis
sourifiaoroas the plains fox five
a nvniTiftiNfi T i.-duo i
One square, , jjj f (
Each additions,. flseg Ion ... .
Cartlg, per yea . 10 VO
Local notice, jct line, ' i f,
I eany savtrtitements 8100 OS)
coIumn,nd atproporUontterate pei
leMpire. Payable in advance.
w x no ttecora oeing tne offlelal
DDer of tha town, sml h.win. v.
larjrestclrcultttlon of auy paper intra
jvunij, wucri itiperioi )naucmcts
to advertiser.
days to Denver, Colorado tills
ve . days more 'up the; Roeky
lonntams to Salt Lake Gitv,
Utah; then seven days 'more'
down the mountains to Sacra.
mento City, California.' At on
station the stage coach reach?
ed a level of five thousand feat
above , the plains, and in the
summer months it was tha cut
torn of the drivers, to stop.
there ten ailnute?, not for 're
freahmenls, but to allow the
passengers the novel pleasure
of snow-balling each other la
July, in these dreary mono-'
rains iew ;persons were hei
to be met, other than members
of the family,. of Mr. Grixxl.T;
Bear, Mho, if he happens to be
hungry, is a very . unpleasant,
feliow to travel with.' On tt
plains the enemy most dreaded,
fasji the reif-sklnned tnberT
whosa roving bands almot.
daily attacked the'cosc'hes.T
repel such alt acts each pasters
ger was reqairei to carry
rifle as part of his baggage.- A
"crack driver" waa ona
could drive four' horses ktat
speed with the rein's in
teeth and a rifle Inhishanfi.
Every station was a fort, Willi'
soldiers to defend it. - Ofto
the coaches had lo be guards
from station to station Iby.'At?
soldieTs, who followed onhors i
back, and at times the solder
and passengers were forced l
fortify themselves in the costli
andflg'ht nntil.help cameV
the approach of other coachc-!1
Seventeen day a of a trip Jilt
this would furnish atmct.
enough adventure for a Tfltef
But it was the swift toafl
couriers of this line who W
risks and led ad venidrous Hvi '
fnl. ot daring and danger.;
They ran the gauntlet ' of 't.j I
Indians all alone, at nlgH
as well as by day, and a ro'n'gV
Mme many of them had of
Their stations were twenty-fite .
mrte's apart, and the trios
tween them had to he tnadd t.
a full gallop, and in two hour
and a half, jrinfer or summer. r
day or night, over plain or(
mountain. The horses r6r
hsrdy Indian ponies, swift ant;;
sure oi loot; out the . serVic-!
killed them very rapidly. Th ,
riders wete old pioneer, who ,
knew the way of the Indians ,
and how to avoid thetrh Still ;
many of them fell victims tn
their daring and their sense of,
duty, the long trip of twr
thonsand miles occupied the.
tn ail-carriers eight days at the;
rate of ten miles an hour but
important election news waa,
carried at a still more rapid'
rate. But at length tha har
nessed lightning and the iron
horse distanced the pony on'
hie own track, and he hat ron
further West Ho pastures new'
From "The Pony xpret9 ttV 1
St Ificholafor Sevtemlen
Words of Caution.
As the long evenings hkTSJl
come and lamps are in almost
constant use, explosions i wilt 1
he more frequent nnless greal i
care be taken. An exchange)!
suggests the following, whicbii
If observed, may tend to rwnds
er coal oil safe: , .
i Fill yonr lamps ' by day-light
and keep them well cleaned, (
Never burn a lamp when at'
is less jhan one-half . full , of,
. . a
Oil. i ! vti:-lli
Never fills lamp near the:
fires-.M.! v-.-'if:...-:; ;!jr;;3
! Tom the Wick down low1 bo 1
fore trying to blow out ; tha
light- :: i: lUNlt
Keep yonr oil can in k"isoot
place, ' '
' -i ' -!. of baaal
Goal Oil ia emlooiva when
heated. Don4, let' little , (c'h)i
dren meddle with either oil of r
. " ' till! S !( I il!t M'l.t.lfl
' t i
; WHEtfa'woman titxihuainO
weep cashei be said ""V'ii
iallu'and;ryli, '

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