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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, October 15, 1874, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038222/1874-10-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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t ;.
r ' Editor and Proprietor.
pmOE H, . Corner of Main and
Logan Sts., Ooposite Court House.
4 .. m
C owing Machine.
Thetirratest Production
- the World Ever Knew.
OUR oltime for the superiority of
the Elite Howe Machines can not
r be disputed, Tbia moat en iable
. ai.f.
reputation has Deenootamear-y us own
m.rit. W. do not aim that we offer
tmr machines for the fewest dollars,
on the longest line of credit that cau
ha!niwt k tmvinv other class of ma
ablnes. - Bat we do claim we hare the
We are wanting agents to eell our J
Haonines in inion n
ouirieai Tor which we propose to pay
. t'.kxl Aninmiuiue: furnuh three or
:r L.t Mfl and
more wagons if an agent will use ana
-Bu.h thm for ihe bueiness. v We In
lead operating on an entire new baeis
' foe tbia msoa we wont good, live men
so run the thing. The reputation ol
"the Uowe 1 well known throughout
JViotoaand Uocking counties as well as
er the entire world. ,Yo will find
ue at the UULBEUT HOUSE, too
JUtl'llUlt, O., any time this month,
ready to administer to your wants.
Special Agent.
- ilUMElt C JOMiS.
OrrioK-bn door m-t of Da Will Bro.
toi. -
'. '
OUlce JlcArthur. Uliio.
Wjll promplTy to Ml biumni Dirnta
IrTaT .LAYP ecu,
, l iltl.'OTirO ATTORNEY.)
Will rctice i ui" uudjomiDKioun
nZ aSSIi-aaairtfHtod u hi.e.r. p.n.p.
I. .tncleU lo. Olttce ill Uourt llou.e.
C, F. CARTWRIGI1T. Proprietor.
Llttr) Stable Attathed.
-Th Houb b. .lut bD teftirniHhM
4, C. COLEMAN, 11. W
or ihe pr.ciice or
ri which h. will do"' ' n,,re 'nt,0
. OKM'-K In I'.1 Bi.llin up oppo
.til Vinton Count Bnk.
-in inc.
i,.iSmn. B,,.u.lW,KilJr,
fEUbliiihd 1802.1
Wholesale Grocers
iPrompt Attentlou gjveir to the
Traualerot flU iua
tlier FrotMsrty troiu aud to
Kailrottdaud Caual.
m'nUr StrtetMween Paint and Walnut
rgiuuui WaotuiU A Btit
iinnknellera. Stationers. Printers,
, . Mcre i .
- a,,
La. Midwal, THaotooicaL, 8CH00
and yutoKUMKoos Books,
65 Wet Fourth Sirtei, (inemnatl
. . m. h.4 arttllinilMtV OB
i7uc(oa 5i "T book eul b, ml, pou
apiiHiHVM ,,ilJii.hu unco.
eptlOVI iwfiyt- '
The Beat and Cheapest
.... ,wo"Eor .
' ivCOLD,':i''';
Circnlars , Sent Free.'
MANUfACfoaV tio- TI4-'
to7 Wi .
VOL. 25---N6v31.
WHOLE NO. 1,27 J
How Salmon P. Chase Came to
be a Senator.
In a letter to a friend, M
Chase gives the following In
teresting account of an event
in bu career, wi.Ich gained him
the Senatorship. We extract
it from "Warden's Lie ol
Chase:" .
'Washinqtok, March 16,1864
"Mr Dsar Mb. Trowbridoe:
In March 1837. some am -slav
ery man called at my offlce'in
. - -
vmvuwmii, aim inu iu w
....... . l .
man ; named Matilda baa been
seized, and was about to be
cairied out of the State under
the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
though, in reality, a free wo
man. I inquired into the cir
cum itances, and found that she
baa Keen a slave, in .Virginia,
lhat'her milgter ung Uer
v. . ... v. .
with him to Missouri, had stop
ped at Ciucinnati on ihe boat
which was fastened to the
shore, at the public landing, in
the usual way. . From this boat
Matilda had come" up into the
city, with, or without,' the
knowledge and consent of her
master, and louod employ ment
and was now a servant in the
house ot James (J. Birney .' Un
der these , circumstances she
was claimed as k fugitive slave;
while, in her behalf, it was in
stated that, having come to the
anding with the consent ol her
master, and being thus within
the territorial limits of the
State of Ohio, she could not be
taken Iron them without hei
own consent. 1 had no doubi
of Ihe correctness oi this posi
tion, and readily consented io
do what 1 could to protect her.
With tbia view, I obtained a
writ ot haleat corpus,' under
which 6he was lakeu irom (hone
who held Iitr under the writ is
sued by the justice ot ihf
peuce, and brought before
Judue Este. the President
Judge ol the Court ol Common
(Tho cause was heard by him
with courtesy and lairuess, bui
like almost all lawyers, and, in
deed, almost all other men i
that time, he looked upon
claims to slaves as more enu
led lo lavor than claims to lib
erty. Uo heard me asserting
what 1 believed to be the tru.
principles ol constitutional col
irucUon, and legal as well a
natural right, with very much
he same sort ol indulgences-mi
udiHerence with which a kind
hearted prolessor ol the Aria
totelian ;hilo80phy may be
supposed to have lisleued to a
lOulhtuI disciple of the doc
ritie ol the earths motion
tround the sun. On the other
side, the appeals ol the counsel
loOhe slav claimants wer
vehement and passionate, and
ere supported by the preju
lices and sympathies oi nearl
he entire community. liie
ludffi decided aeaiust the
:Uim of Matilda, and she was
retuauded into slavery. My ar
gumeni in her case was printed
s-"" --r -
anj ,jUjle wjjey circulated,
. n-,hana. contributed some-
id, perhaps.coutributed some
hing to Ihe lormatiou of juster
Nor was this case witl oo
some tffect upon my future for
tuues. it so happened (bat,
in the audience, there was a
young student of medicine,
then, and lor many years alter
aard. a atranEir to me. full o
generous ' svmp.athy with the
R"u . 1 1
oppressed, who listened to m.v
aricument wilh great saiisfac
tion. Thisyoungstudent went
to 'Europe and pursued his
studies in the schools ol Ft
and other cities of the conti
nenC When he ' returned to
the United Slaves, he estab
lished himself io' one of the
titans ol northern Ohio, where
he practiced his '. profession
aiiri vtp.w reDuiauon aou buc-
oess. lie retained nis early
e--. -- ...
nrmr.inlHH- and enjoved . the
cnfiunce ; not ronly of -tbose
who agreed witn Dim im opitr
'Ion, "but of trie wnoie com
muuity ia which he uvea.
In 1848, this young physician
was elected to the Ohio Leg .
- U . ' LI
islature, and was one of the
small number who indepen
dentofboih partieS,and willing
to act with either for the ad-
vancement of their principles,'
secured, through the co opera-
ion of the old Hoe Democrats,
he repeal ot the odious code ot
oppressive enactments against
he colored people, known as
the 'Black Laws,' and my elec
tion to the Senate of the' Uni
ted States. .It was the argu
ment iu the Matilda case which
secured the confidence and at
tachment of Dr. Norton P.
'ownshend, and his -earnest
adfocacy ot ray election; ';
'The Matilda casshad anoth
er character. ; Mr. birnsy, who
had employed Matilda as a
servant, was indicted upon the
charge ol having harbored her;
lor harboring a slave in Ohio
was then in offense under the
existing laws of the State. The
case was tried betore the same
udge who bad heard the argu
inent lor Matilda. ' I delended
Mr. Birney, bat he was 'found
guilty and sentenced to pay a
tine ot titty dollars. From this
decision I look an appeal to
the Supreme Court, and the
case was again, heard before
hat tribunal. There was a
manliest delect in the allega
tioni of the indictment, to
which I had not even invoked
he attention of the Court o,
Common Pleas. In the Su
preme Court I purposely
avoided dimcting attention to
his detect, because I was anx-
ous , to have a decision upon
the main question, whether
Matilda, having been . brought
within the State by her mas-
er, remained a slave. If noi
a slave, Mr. Birney, ot . course,
did not harbor a slave.
"At t Lis time, a rule of the
Supreme Court existed, pro
libitiug the publication ot any
reports ot the arguments ol
qiuniel, except upon the spe-
ial discretion ol the Court.
Die report ot the case of. the
Slate against 'Birney shows
hat the Court reversed the
judgment of the Common Pleas.
upon the technical ground to
which their attention had not
been directed, and directed the
uhlication ol the argument,
though not in the slightest de-
rree touching the point decid
d. The truth was, doubtlesn,
i hat the Court was satisfied
lial the judgment ought to be
reversed, and yet wns unwilling
to meet the question presented
by the argument; and yet not
only willing but desirous to
have the argument : itsell
brought to the hoiiue ot the
proles8ion through the reports.
"I think it is not too much
to say that this argument as
well as that upon the habeas
corpu$ lor Matilda, bad some
nfluence upon professional aud
and general opinion?.
Gen. Siibrman has sold h
fdidence iu I street, Washington,
D. C, to ex Mayor imorj.
Prior to his election to the Piesi
dency. this was tht house of
Grant, the gift ol New York
friends. Subsequently it was
purchased of the President by
the friends of Gn. Sherman, and
presented to him in 1869. The
property was also once owned
by Vice-President. - John C.
Breckinridge, wbo,witb : Sena
tors Douglas and Rice, built.- the
J ahbs Hal, in compsny with
another prisoner, made' his sec
ond escape on ; Sunday evening
lastand has not been heard
eiuce. We understand a reward
of $250 is offers A fur. his arrest
Hall hss.ceriaiuly stowo'himself
an expert at jail breaking ' Que
prisoner remained ' in .jail,; and
aajs , that4 Hall and jhe. other
prieefiei, were , five lays.,:maki,u'g
Jackson Herald.
The Austrian Arctic Explorers.
Capt, AVeyprechl, the leader
of the expedition, related the
story of the voyage. Us told
how they sailed Irom Bremen
and first encountered ice, and
how they struggled and battled
witbit. In the autumnof "72)heX
were firmly inclosed and Iforen
ia. At one time tuey naa tnir-
ty feet of ice under the keel,
and were in'a region ol intense
cold. - They drilled slowly,
though not with regularity,
and Lwereiperlectly belulets.
No power pi steam, o.r saus or
uieu could do anything against
the ice of the-Norih, and they
were quite at its mercy.' The
summer brought, them ubo- re
lief, tlrey made excursions with
sledgesaud. disaojered ..land
nitherio unkiiuwii, which lliey
cbristened -FranX Josel sLaud,"
iu honor ol their Emperor.
When Lieutenant Payer re
turned to the ship irom his last
expedition, it was necessary to
couaider the question 'ofaban
Uouiog the I'egethoff. The
ship was firmly blocKeuVin lue
loe, aud was lurehiug su much
tual it became .necessary to
shore her up with spars. ' ' lliere
as uo pruspeol of . an escape,
and uo 'prospect that i b re
ujalnmg louger they could ao
coinplibU much more. Besidea
the loss ot the ship was quite
probable in . the crushing aud
ueaving ot the ice, aud il this
should haupeu iu winter, the
ue.iruciiou oi tna enure pany
as inevitable, i
. So it was decided to return
io Europe, aud ou the SiOih ol
May they Jell lh ship l with
Outtis drurt u upou sleuges. The
way was terrible. They had lo
break down hummucks'v with
axes and picks, so as to make a
ruud lor uio liedges, aud there
iere Irequentty days wheu ihey
UlU uoi uitiKH a uaulical mile
iu tweuiy-iour hours. Some
times lliej could uolsiatid, aud
a ere lorcod to crawl over ruugn
ways, aud as they approached
broken waier they lound Iheie
ice which would uot support
ineiu slauuing, aud where they
were agalu lorued lo crawl.
bevtral dyb alter leiViug the
biiiu a uart ol iliem rwturueu
io gel a smaller boat. TUev
iouuiI everything sales lu Ibe
vessel, auUCapiain Wejprechl
miaks n not nupobbibie tha
bhu may yel be recovered.
I'urougtilhe brukeu water llie
made their way with tuauy
Iiaidthips, aud al last reached
open water. (Juce ou lUe sea,
i hey' made the best, oi , ueir
way soutuw'aid, towiug by re
lax 8 at ihe rate'ofaboui'iorty
miles per day, lhey were
picked up by a Kussiau fisiiiiig
smack-aiiil treated with ever
Lieutenant Payer spoke ol
his discovery ol Jrauz Josel
Laud, which; he describes as
very rough wiih a reddish gray
beach 'snowing through the
snow; and' with mountains ot
various heights up to three or
lour thousand feel. ; ;
Uknri Bmjamin Stb Marib,
who captured John II. Surratt,
died - suddenly- in the street ' in
Philadelphia a few nights since,
of heart disease. " For the cap
ture Of Surra tt the Uoverumeiit
offered a reward of ?25 .000. lie
received . from the Government
but $10,000, and instituted
suit for $15,600, the retnaiuder
ot the reward. lie obtained
judgment in the Court of Claims,
but the Case was carried by the
Attorney General to the United
States ! Supreme Court, where
is now pending. lie was a na
live "bf t Canada aud .' was. fort
tae, yeara of age. : ". "' - 3
Fob . some, days' past ; Judge
DuHadway has' been confined CO
his bed. He, first had a .asvere
attack of flux, b&t is now suff'er
e from , a. fever, He.isT.ihV
A Birdseye View of the Black
Hills. Cor. Chicago Ruler-Ocean.
-Let me express, briefly and
simply, a bin'seye view of the
?lack; Bills: Take a position
on Ba" Butte and look south
ward; you can see fifty- miles
or more overs succession of
inlerlying vallej s, cutting the
surface into ' rimoles. and
t .
wrinkles, and deep . brown
scars; , lef, , your mind's eye
reacl farther.: and add what
yon remember- to have a pen
from Inyan Kara on the west
and Harney's Peak on the east,
the ( other two corners of a
triangle that will coyer, the
best portion of the Biack Uills.
Around Inyan Kara were long,
wide valleys, stretching : into
slopes and minature prairie,
with here and there a gypsum
bed jutting out, white and
clear, lest the, .eye should tire
. a . i
wun me , constant green -Around
Harney's Peak, sharp,
rugged scenery; steep granite
mountain, and rocks that are
as imposing as the mosques of
the Bosphorus. Narrow, coy
valleys, lull of flowers and as
cool ai grottoes; rushing, bab
bling streams, and miniature
cascades, as if the brooks ol
the hilla were trying to ape
the noisiness ot, the mountain
torrents. JAnd the whole clus
ter, this beauty spot on an al
most barren, totally desolate
praiie,m braced, by. the two
arms of the Shyenne.
The Black Mills do not cov-
er an area much larger thun
one half or Massachussetts.
A line drawn' directly through
from north to south would not
measure more than 100 miles;
another line Irom east to west
would be less than 80. The
sides of that triangle I alluded
to do not' measure more than
40 miles; and the - majority of
the intervening territory is
wooded hills. The best way
of entering the hills, if 1 you
ever want to go to the gold
fields, my reader, u to come
here, to Bear Butte, and lollow
Custer's trail. It took him a
long lime to find a way .out,
and it will take you longer to
find a way in, it you attempt
it in this region. Another eu
tranje can be made at Inyan
Kura, at the south west, if you
start ' Irom the Union Pacihr
railroad,, and you will fiud
gold almost from the very
start. Uypsum will come first
then1 mica,' l hen the velvet val
leys with their golden' li iing.
These two courses are the most
feasible, but of Course trails
may possibly be made else
where. The extreme southern
radges, the ', rauges ol the east
and 'northwest are almost im
passible because of the steep
declivities and the abruptness
ot the looihilU. - - ;
Thk award to British claim
ants made by ths mixed com-
''' i'.i
micsion appoiutea uuaer-iue
twelfth article of the treaty of
Washington, dated Sept. 25,
1873, was by the terms of the
treaty to be paid within ' one
year from the date of the award
Last ' week . Mr. Watson, . the
British Charge d'ffaires and Mr
Howard, the agent appointed by
the British Government, called
at the State Department by sp
poihtroent, : and were paid the
sum or $1,929,819 in gold, less
- . Al ,
the amouut oi i per cent, ai
lowed lor eapenes
A gang oi river pirates are at
work 'along the ' Hudson river
Several y-malL robberies have
been committed at varions points,
and Dates 4 Sons' dry goods
store at - Rbiuebeck was broken
open and robbed of -dress goods
io the value of $2,00 " The
thieves are '' believed to bo ou
board a small sloop yacht. 1
f Advicbs ' from ' the "Cape ' p:
Good Hope to the 16th tilt, have
been reoeiveA. , lAuother diamond
field bas Wa ; 'discovered near
Hills. Cor. Chicago Ruler-Ocean. Did Horace Greeley Die a Roman
The Sunday Democrat pub
lishes a most extraordinary
statement to the' effect 'that
Horace Greeley died a Roman
Catholic. " The Democrat sell
forth that it was well known
to his most intimate irie'nds
that he had strong 1 predilec
tions toward the Catholic reli
gion, and Vo' corroborate this
cites the (acts that one ot his
daughters-was educated' in "a
Roman Cathdlio "school. The
article sets lorth that m one ct
the lucid intervals before his
death, be spoke about religion
to a Catholic friend who was
constantly in attendance upon
him. This person, undine hiu
sinRingiast, asked him if he
wished to have "a minister at
tend him. Mr. Greeley, it is
stated, rnplied: "Yes, I should
like to die a Catholic." , The
statement goes to set lorth
that the j-oung man went, in
search of a priest, but, failing
to find him, he returned, and
baptised Mr. Greeley, who, ac-
cording to Ihe young man, died
a Koroan Catholic, The edi
tor of the Sunday Democrat
asserts that the eentlenmn
from whom he received the
statement is incapable ot tel
New York Commercial
Last Wednmday night at
about half past ttn, officer
Goebring heard a noise in the
school room in the rear of Air.
Davis' grocery in the Masonic
Hall building, corner of Wash
ington .and Third street, and
shortly after be saw some one
trying to ecsape from a hill
open window. He .promptly
arrested the fellow, who proved
to be a negro lad of lourteen
or fifteen years, named Cole
man. , It appears, that only a
wooden partition separates the
grocery irom the, school room,
nd the young rascal was at
tempting to. force open the
paitilion door, which attracted
the officer. Since Coleman's
arrest aud incarceration in the
county prison, he has confess
ed that he and the two Rein,
hart boys, old offenders, and
another colored lad-named
Coleman, had deliberately
planned to rush into the gro-
(ery in the evening, knock Mr.
Da T.a in the liesd with a stone,
and . after rifling the money
drawer, to make their escape.
As the pUce is a quiet one and
there is not much travel there,
the plan could have been easi
ly carried out; but something
prevented it, and the night bur
glary was then put into exe
cution. Ihe accomplices ol
Coleman were on the watch in
neighboring alley. Since
Colejian'a arrest the Sheriff ol
Lawrence county came down
and identified him as being one
of a party who committed a
$160 robbery in Irontcn. He
will be held here and prosecu
ted for the attempted burglary.
Portsmouth Times.
Joseph IIoquks, a farmer liv
ing in Bear Swamp, N. J., neat
Prinjsoton Junction, appeared
before Justice Gason in Tren
ton, and charged Henry Dean,
colored, with setting fire to the
swamp a short time ago. Dean
was arrested and committed
ten trial. The farmers are en
ragtd at the losses sustained,
and threatened to lynch the
prisoner. Seven hundred acres,
including 1 the ,'; onmown . and
cut hay, wool.'nd, meadowj and
fences were' burned ' Over' and
destroyed, involving a "very
considerable loss, on which
there is no insurance.
. ,Thi contemplated canal works
hear Montreal are to be under
taken without delay,' and work
on Wetland Canal will, be com
menced ', very soon. Improve
ments of WUliamsbarg, Corn
wall, and other canals are re
ceiving atUntioUr
w i.-
One square,. .. $1 rn
Kacbau(lktioca,.aseiloB ..: "60
Cards, per yet" .. .' .10 t u
LoesI notirt per llne,.. .. 1
Yearly adrrtisemenUSlOO OO
column, end at proportionate rare pei
lee upace. Payable In ad-ance.
tTThe ueoorti Deinir tbi (m9l
paper of the town, and baring the
Utfjrcm clmilMtlon of any pnfu ji t)
sounty. offers superior inJucon.eus
to advertiMT.
Violation of Good Manners.
Charles O Conor, Ihe ermV
nent lawyer of New York,
relers to the McEnery rebel-
ss "a violation of good
manners." in bis letter to tha
New York Herald he says":
uThe President is not author
ised to correct by armed force
all violations of good roanrers
occurring within a particular .
Sia-e. When Abraham Lin
coin corrected by armed I'orco
that tio'ation of good manners
styled by Horace' Greeley as
the "late controversy," :and
known to history as tbeaWe
holders' rebellion, this sama
eminent lawyer questioned the
constitutionality of fbe inter
ferenre The State Is supreme,
the Federal Government is the
creature ol (lie State, what the
State wills the Government
must obey," hare been the
burden of his opinions since
the days of Calhoun. !
In Ihe North we have con
sldered the overthrow of a
State government by an armed
insurrection an act of treason
aeainat the State, and thee
lihtrate killing of a citizen aJ'
murder; bui it has be'eri:Jety
to Charles ' O'Conor to lon
through his Democratic spec
tacles at the outrage .comi
milled bv his Democrati
brethren of the South, and ,(
se in their acts of lawless
violence nothing but '-a viol a,
tion oraood mimers.'" Tf this
ihlnfne light of Northern Dm
ficracv can see in the Nvnole1
sale murder of helplexe tiei
eroes nothing hut a viohtwn
ot good manners, we may ex pect
to ape, when bis party
onmpe Into power, the ''ra order
of a Republican definod on the
sfauti-hooks as "an irpolit,
sc1." But if we read the signs
of Ihe times aright, this defi
nitton will not be tncorpm'
ted In otir statute durfffir ff..1
presvnt cenfnr.v. Chas. O'CoTit
or mny he an able lawyer. Yvf
Ma opinion on the legality r
puttinir down a rebellJon
worth abont as mnch as'fp
opinion of -Jeff. Davis "eu rt.
leenl stsftis of the "SoalttetQ
Confederacv, - -
- ' :
Voting in California.
not the method of vot
ne T""f"crihed and practicefl rs
California, if introduced in ilh
part ol the country, obviste sori
of the evils usually attenditf.
election? Would it not tend . 'tt
preserve the peace, to gusrtl
aeainst frand,snd bake the votfi
more independent of dictation!'
The method is thus described'
There is no crowd around fhf
polling place, as in the EaBtem
States. The crowd H half
sqn'a're or moro , distant. Tli
streets snd sidewalks are almotit
desprted for a few hundred feet
each way from where the judgei
sit. Cver that vacajnt space goe
now and then a voter with bitt
folded ballot in his hand. He ia
not sllowed even to open it witL-
n a hundred feet of the box in
which he is to deposit it. Hi
is not permitted within that dis
tance to talk to any one about
his vote. All the electioneering
must be done st a distance, and
the man, when his mind is madi
up and Lis ballot folded twice;
marches all alone from the crowd,
all alone over the vacant space;
realising he is perfectly free and
nJividually responsible." Ha
marches op like a man, with no
canvasser or candidate to watch'
him, and deposits his folded bul
ot in the box. ' 1 1
Eld. J. V. B. Flack, tf
Hainesville, Mo., has.! retired
from the Elitorial Department
of the Christian Witness printed'
at MoArthur, Vinton Co.uani
Judge Virgil K Shaw, of Lan
caster, Ohio, was elected Editor
by the Ohio State Coonoil, whicL
assembled in Hancock county;
Wednesday, September 2, 1874. 3
To DAT, at the time of U
annual reunion of the Aitay ot
the Tennessee ia bpringficiU,
III, a statue of Abrab'am 5in
oola, ; placed eaJ , monutasent!'
erected to hi eaiory ia k
Ridge, Cett;eterj near the ci,
Y1 inveiled wilh appropriate
jad lolemri cwexaorueiv .

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