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THROUGH LIPS. Wm light tie gifts that every season beam, And let them fall unheeded from oar grasp, " In our great eagerness to reaeh and clasp ill pCVUUBVU UCOCUIC w wiu vwuuug. j,b, Or else we mourn some great good passed away, And, to the shadow of our grief shut in, Defuse the lesser good we yet might win, . . The offered peace and gladness of to-day. So through the chambers of our life we pass, And leave them one by eve, aad never stay. Hot knowing how much pleasantness there was In each nntU the closing of the door , - Has sounded through the house and died away, And in our hearts we sigh, "Forevennore t" Chamber'! Journal. THE LITTLE PEOPLE. Diah little feet, how you wander and wander, little twin truants, so fleet, Dear little head, how you ponder and ponder' Orer the things that you meet. . ' Sear little tongue, how you chatter and chatter Over your innocent Joys, Oh I but the house is alive with your clatter Shaking, indeed, with your noise. Oast you be quiet a moment, sweet rover? Is there no end to your f an T Soon the "old sand man" will sprinkle you over; Then the day's frolic is done. Come to my arms, for the daylight is dying, t Closer the dark shadows creep; Come, like a bird that is weary of flying ; Come, let ma sing you to sleep. LOT'S WIFE. BT 8 BEADS BBOCKTOK. Thrkb of us held joint possession of a "claim" in one of the rural districts of , the placer-mining country. At first we ' had excellent success; tbe sand seemed rich with dust, and several small nuggets of the pure ore attested our rising for tunes. In a short time, however, the yield began to diminish; somehow it didnt seem to "pan out" well. . Our scanty washings of dust grew scantier every day. ? There was little chance for romance ill the life we led. We worked hard in the "diggings" all day, taking our cold snack at noon; and morning and evening "look turns" in our culinary duties, and the . keeping of onr little shanty. Upon . washing days "few and far between" after wrestling mightily with soiled gar ments and creek water, augmenting con siderably therein the alluvial deposit, we were wont to lounge in triune council, smoking our pipes of peace, and viewing complacently our renovated apparel, dripping and swaying upon the tops of the neighboring brush. The surrounding "claims," with the exception of one adjoining, had been worked out and abandoned long ago; but with a pertinacity born of necessity, we had clung to ours. We had put in every thing we had here; and it must be a hard struggle which should cause us to throw it all up, and leave empty-handed. The boys in thenext ciaim were either "harder up" or more easily discouraged than we, for after trying in vain to sell out, they abandoned their claim and left the mines entirely all but one man, who, for some reason best known to himself decided to remain behind. t There were no other occupied "claims" within a space of three miles; and our nearest point of obtaining supplies being a day's journey out, one can easily imag ine that in onr isolated situation the gain of a comrade was not a merely nominal consideration. Tomkins, the new comer, or "Lot," as he was familiarly called, was a character. Originally a New Hampshire man, and shiftless as only a degenerate scion from tne tnntty JNew .England stock can be, he had emigrated from the "land of steady habits," first to the West, and from thence to our American "El Dorado." Fated to disappointment he had drifted about hither and thither, led by one freak and another, until finally he had Settled down in the mines. Lot was a famous story teller, abounding in legend ary lore, and rich in a store of quaint old-time ballads. - In the beginning of his life with us, he might have been often heard hilariously . chanting in a high pitched, nasal tone: "The sand with golden dust is thick, Ho, hoys, hoi ' Fiok np lumps as biff as a brick, Of Calif orny gold I" Humorous, easy, and with a strong dash of egotism, combined with persistent good nature ana liveiv credulity such was Lot as we first knew him at the mines. Eventually, however, his enthu siasm died out; for, asLot himself feel ingly expressed it: "The darned thing was e'en a most gin eout!" : As I have before stated, for some reason best known to himself, Lot had considered it expedient to remain behind at the time his partners abandoned the claim. Our explanation of this was, that to his easy disposition it seemed less difficult to . "bear the His he had" than subject him self to the exertion of seeking 'those he knew not of." Subsequently, however, considerable additional light was thrown upon this subject. One afternoon it might have been - three weeks after the exodus of Lot's partners one of onr neighbors, engaged in mining three miles further np the gulch, reined into camp on his way back from the city, where he had been to de posit his dust 'a the Miner's Bank, and get out a lot of supplies. "Halloo! George! Chris! Here are let ters tor you!" he cried, tossing us the wel come missives. Lot, loitering np, with quizzical smile, perpetrated his standing joke: "Wall, saay, ye ain't got nothin'furme now, ain't ye?" "No, I guess not," returned the other, with a peculiar twinkle beneath his bushy eyebrows; "but thar's a woman an' four small children on ,the way, asking fur just sich a looking feller as you." Lot's jocularity vanished in an instant; his jaw dropped, and, with visible agita- uuu, Be uiurtea out: "Come, naow, none of yer foolin'! Te don't pull that on with me!" "Fooling? Nary time! It's sober truth." A sickly pallor swept over the man's countenance, and he seemed to shrink witnm himself until dwarfed much below his usual diminutive stature. "WhatT What's that yeou say?" he stammerea wildly. "I say a woman an' four small children ar coming this way, sarching fur a hus- irauu tutu miner. "How fur behind?" gasped the anxious iioi, wnose legs were last getting tremu lous under him. "Oh, a matter of three mile, or therea bouts!" and with a nod and a knowing glance, and "No further news, boys!" to us, the little mule, answering the spur of ms naer, sirucs into a Dnsk gallop, which speedily carried them both out of mere we stood, inquiringly facing Lot He gulped awhile, but finally out wilu ii: - "The fact is, bovs Tm married.'" And with this lucid explanation, Lot, with rapia ana somewnai unsteady step, dis appeared within his cabin. After a few seconds he hastily emerged, bearing in his hands a pack of thumbed and greasy cards, a set of dice, several worn "dime novels," and an old "Com ique Songster." "I guess, boys, I shan't need these any longer," he said, flushing painfully al ternately standing on one foot, and then saining nis weight to tne otfier; "so thought I'd list clean 'em eout. Some wimmen folk is pertickerler, ye know. Chris took the articles, and offered to &ep mem ior mm. Wal, if ye've a mind to. I'd be much Obleegea to ye. It mouzht he nnanihl. barely possible, ye know they'd come handy some time." And Lot, his neck just bending to receive the voke. looked forward with vague expectancy to a dim chance of future release. Pitying the poor fellow's evident dis comfiture, we refrained from iokine- nr questioning him,and impatiently awaited those "comine events" which had so un mistakably "cast their shadows before." Just at sundown, a novel train was seen Wending its way toward the camp. Lot stood in the door of his cabin, while we, drawn together a little in the background, watched for developments. In ad vance rode a figure in female ap- parei, percnea upon tne bacK of gaunt pack-horse, a child, just past tie PIETRO CUXEO, Editor and Proprietor. Office In Cuneo's Building, over tbe Post Office. TERMS: per Annum. VOL. XXVIII. UPPER SANDUSKY, OHIO, THURSDAY, MAKCII 27, 1873. NO. 20. threshold of infancy, clasped by one arm, and another, also of tender years, sitting astride tbe pillion, its limited em brace aspiring to encircle the maternal waist. A trifle in the rear came a rough mountaineer, in the capacity of guide, sandwiched between two children of a larger growth, the elder of whom could not have exceeded the age of ten years. A monstrous dog of the St. Bernard breed, formed, successively, flank and rear. Checking the beast within a few rods of us, the woman gave a keen, scrutiniz ing glance around, which rested at last fixedly upon the countenance of Lot. "That's him I" she exclaimed, in a strong, decided, though not unmusical voice, nodding significantly to the guide. "We'll stop." Clasping the infant tightly, and loosing the arms of the other from about her waist, down she slid, lithe as a young girl; and in a twinkling had the three children on their feet, and the youngest transferred to the arms of the ten-year-old. - Lot waited in an apparently dejected mood, while she settled with the guide ' from her own pocket, with business-like dispatch. Then she led her little brood, followed closely by the dog, up to the door of our neighbor's cabin. "Well, Lot, we've come." "1 see you have, Marier!" And the door closed upon Lot and his family. On the ensuing morning we were able lo arrive at a more correct estimate of the new comer, who early introduced herself to ns as "Lot's wife." She was of fair complexion, short in stature, and very slim about the waist. Her thin flaxen hair was drawn smoothly back from a prominent forehead, and fastened in a tight button-like knot at the back of her neck. Restless blue eyes, a sharp nose, thin cheeks, and a firm, large mouth, filled with even, white teeth, completed the list of her personal characteristics. Energy, decision, business, was written on every lineament of the little woman's countenance spoke in every restless move of her "lissome" body. In the first three sentences she spoke a contract was matured, to the effect that we, furnishing the wherewith, should thenceforward look to her to " keep the pot boiling," at the average rate of " twenty-five cents a head per diem. Lot's children were miniature reproduc tions of the mother; and were under a control little short of automatical. Even Lion, the great St. Bernard, seemed to know his place, and performed various useful duties, under the judicious eye of his mistress and ruling spirit. "Never had much opinion of dogs, anyway," she said, rather apologetically, one morning, as, distributing our break fast, she glanced at Lion and the infant, rolling and gamboling together in the deep warm sand. "Never could bear one, until Lion there, then only a half-grown pup, saved my first baby. He, just a weeny, toddling thing, got out ot tne door, and down to the creek; and the first thing I saw was the dog, bringing him out, strangled and dripping, in his mouth. I wouldn't part with that dog for his weight in gold!" Whatever Lot's inmost mind or secret repinings, his outward life bore evidence of a marked revolution toward the side of fruitful and virtuous industry. No more loiterings at tasks or levity of demeanor; no judicial magnate ever clothed himself in dignity and reticence more severe than characterized Lot under the new admin istration, at whose head stood his brisk little wife. To us. the advent of Lot's wife marked the commencement of a new era; whole some food, a tidy cabin, and, above all, no more darning of socks, or washing days. The wilderness had begun to blos som. We even attained to, now and then, the luxury of a "biled shirt." We were opening np a new and richer vein in our claim, and prosperity and contentment smiled upon ns. It was an evil day that dawned upon our camp in the gulch, when one of the boys, ten miles above us, turned in on his way to the city, almost prostrate from a sudden attack, of mountain fever, and with money to pay a note which had be come due on a quartz mill. He wanted to Know li any of us were coins: in. as he could make it worth our while to do the errand for him, he remaining at our cabin until the messenger's return. As it hap pened, we were not intending to go for several days, our stock of supplies on hand being considerable, and not having enongh dust to pay for carrying to the bans. Lot's wife, however, on learning the state of affairs, was observed to commu nicate some instructions to the ten-year- oia, wno immediately "jit out" in tne direction of his father's claim. A few moments, and Lot himself came in. tie was willing to accommodate, and would go to the city. His claim wasn't paying him much; and he might as well look about a little. All of which familiar terms might have been translated to mean that his wife was not at all averse to earning the "something" oerore intimated which should "make it worth his while." None of ns questioned Lot's honesty, and we made haste to pet him off as soon as possible. it was alter nightfall of the ensuin? day, when he was seen ridiner f ariouslv toward the camp, looking neither richt nor left, bating neither breath nor speed. uuiii, uupusuo ma own inresnoia, ne tea pea 10 tne ground, uasned inside the carnn, ana slammed the door. We had scarce time to wonder at this strange and unusual nroeeedinir. t-Vipb there swarmed upon us a party of men armed, and stern, members of a Vigilance their errand was soon ms.de known: they were in pursuit of the unhappy XJUL. A party instantly surrounded his rahin Then the whole of the unfortunate affair came out. Lot's spirit, released from its accustomed restraint, had rebounded like a balloon that has thrown over its ballast. "Marier's" last words were useless as the wind against this sudden and overwhelm' me elation, born of renewed liberty. His journey furnished him a eolden oppor tunity, though brief, for the renewal of tnose narmless indulgences of late so religiously foregone. A chance acauaintance. met iust in the edge of town, easily led the way to a mendly tipple in the nearest. saloon This exchange of good-fellowship eventu ally resulted in many more, under the uuuiDinea innuence or wmch, no Koths- chiid ever felt richer than did Lot with tne trust-money in his hand. What occurred thereafter, nassu-d in Lot like a troubled dream. There was a vague remembrance of all hands at the bar. a scuffle, a pistol-shot or two: and men tne maa race nome. a trust betraved. the stain of blood upon his hands, and the "Vigilantes' close upon his heels. They were sure enough of him now twelve men to one, and he trapped like a prairie dog m nis noie. .Lion, the nuge 01. jjernard, came smelling at the garments of the invaders, looking: up with large, inquiring eyes. Hair-unconsciously, the leader patted the rough head carelessly, as it rubbed against his hand. The dog, friendly to the friendly, reared upon his hind legs and placed his fore paws on the leader's shoulders standing a half-head taller than the man himself. Meanwhile, neither sound nor light came from Lot's cabin. Lion, going over, pushed at the door with a low whine. Speedily following, the leader, with three oi nis men, Knocked for admittance. Straightway in the door appeared Lot's wife. "Gentlemen, what will you have?" . "We have business with your husband, Madam. Will you ask him to step out side?" "My husband is net able to attend to business, to-night." "But our business is important, and cannot wait. If he does not come out, we must come in." VGentlemen, you cannot see my hus band to-night!" Her voice was firm, even, decisive; perhaps a trifle more de cisive than usual. The dog, crouching at Ler feet, gave a low growl. "Woman, we have no time to bandy words 1 Let us pass!" The dog rose partly up, with a menac ing growl. The woman behind him seemed to rise and expand in the yrhite heat of passion vhat possessed her. Her voice rose high and shrill: "And I say you shall not pass! you that come, twelve armed men, with murder in your hearts, to take an innocent man out from the midst of his helpless children. I swear that you shall not touch a hair of his head to-night!" As she spoke, drawing with dexterous hand a "Colt's navy" from the folds of her dress, she held it at full cock, bearing straight upon the leader's heart. Not a man among them but was touched at tbe sight of this dauntless devotion; yet emo tion must not prevent the discharge of duty. 'But this man has committed murder the gravest crime known in the eyes of the law. Public safety demands that we deal with him according to the letter of the law," expostulated the leader, more moved than he cared to acknowledge. A superb scorn overswept the woman's features. Bending to touch the dog with her hand, the huge creature drew himself erect, angry and bristling, with lips drawn threateningly back from his formidable teeth. Then boldly throwing open the cabin door, she pointed with upraised finger, still holding - the deadly weapon aimed full at the leader's breast. A scathing contempt rang in her words: "Does that man look like a cut-throat? Can you all, looking inside this cabin, tell me that you are afraid to spare him to his wife and children this one last night?" She paused a moment, glancing swiftly around the circle of rough faces pressing close upon her. The tableau within showed Lot, crouching upon a low camp stool, pale, disordered, and shaking with terror, clasping in his arms his youngest born; the two girls, firm and fearless as their mother, were planted at his knees; while between him and the door, the ten-year-old, with a dilapidated chair as a rest, stood behind his father's rifle. The she-bear and her cubs were grit to the backbone. "Who are yon?" she cried, eloquently gesturing to the crowd with her unoccu pied hand, "that take the business of the Almighty into your own hands, and send the souls he has made unbidden into his presence, without a prayer for mercy? Which would be the better, you or him? Leave him to us this night, and as surely as there i3 a heaven above us, in the morning you shall come in without hindrance! You can guard the cabin. There is no danger he will escape your" There was a murmur among the "Vigi lantes." Their task was a harder one than they were prepared to execute; and perhaps a thought of wives and children at home moved them a little to this un wonted leniency. A brief conference, and the leader said: "Have your way. Make the most of your time. We'll not disturb you until morning." "Yon are not deceiving me?" she said, watching the while with eyes which seemed to pierce like sharp steel points: A hoarse murmur ran through the crowd. "No! no! Fair play!" For a moment the woman's strength seemed to fail, and she leaned heavily against the casement; another, and she disappeared within, the faithful dog fol lowing pretectingly, close behind. The men bivouacked around the cabin, disposing themselves for the night, two or three appointed sentinels keeping vig ilant watch. The other members of the camp, unable to sleep, had kept wakeful vigil, using our little influence and know- ledge of the accused s monensive disposi tion to mitigate, if possible, the prejudice which we found greater than the real weight of evidence against him. In an affray, two men had been stabbed one seriously, one fatally; and Lot's hand held a bloody knife. Innocent men have been hanged, even arterfuii judicial trial, under circumstantial evidence far less convincing than this. as the night wore away, l restlessly paced the camp. An occasional sound came from the guarded cabin, but other wise all was still. Once, about midnight, after a prolong ed scratching st the door, it was opened to let out the dog. A stream of light flashed out, but I caught no glimpse of those within. The dog, poor fellow, as though his canine spirit seemed to comprehend the latal dancer impending over those he loved, with drooping head and pendant tail, slunk through the open space. "Good Hon! oor fellow! uome heise!" I called. He lifted his head at the sound of my voice, raised his muzzle mournfully in the air, then drooping it again, went on, soon disappearing in the adjacent chapar ral. At the first faint streak of day the "Vigilantes" bestirred themselves, and in knots discussed the grave business before them. The excitement of the past night had worn away, and in these calmer moments not one of those most eager for amy men, out wished himself relieved from the painful responsibility devolving upon nim. There was yet no sign of life about the caDin. Never, I think, did the solemnity of the occasion appeal more forcibly to the hearts of the "Vigilantes." They were confident terribly confident that the prisoner would be found guilty, with voices subdued, and quiet mien, iney awaited the action of their leader, who humanely postponed, to the last pos- si me moment, nis omciai summons. Just as the sun's disk appeared above the horizon, three or the committee ad vancing, knocked upon the door. With eyes red and swollen with weeping. Lot's wire opened it wiae. With a sickening sensation I fail to describe, I awaitad what was to follow. A suggestive rope lay where it had been thrown, at the foot of a neighboring tree. With a shudder 1 recalled the many times Lot had sat under the shadow of its branches, his children playing about his Knees. Chris and George had followed at the heels of the other party. A resounding slap upon the shoulder nearly sent me reeling to the earth. "By the great Moses, that little wo man's a brick!" "What is it. Chris?" I asked in aston ishment; for his lively tone was anything but appropriate for the occasion. "Come and see!" and seizing me by the arm, ne commenced dragging me towara Lot's cabin. A sudden revelation came to me: Lot had committed suicide! Well! better so than the hangman's noose! Entering the cabin prison, a singular spectacle presented itseit. The commit tee stood in a dismayed group in the cen ter of the room; while Lot's wife, stern C0tttttt and resolute no longer, bent over the huge dismantled carcass of poor Lion. Gone was the nervv, the passion, and power, which had, the night previous, supported and lifted her above her sex. Plainer, more meagre, if possible, than usual, there was yet a something touch ing in her weakness; perhaps because it was so foreign to her natuie. Lifting her woe begone countenance aa I approached, she exclaimed brokeuly, "I'd a'most rather died than done it; but there wasn't no other way!" Hardly had the news of the escape spread through the camp, when a horse man, riding at break-neck speed, came, in tbe midst of a cloud of dust, flying up thw trail. In his hand he bore a white signal, which he persistently waved as he advanced. Dashing into camp, he threw himself breathlessly into the midst of the Vigilantes." 'Where is the man you were going to hang?" "Escaped." "Thank God! for he didn't do it! Frisco Bill has confessed the deed!" Then the cheers tbat rang out might almost have rent -the heavens in twain; bat Lot's wife, alone with her sleeping children, crouched in mournful silence over the form of her poor, dumb sacrifice silent and faithful even unto death. Laketule Monthly. Fonr Men Float on a Lake Snperlor Ice Island for early a Week. About the 4th of January last, four Shebandowan gold employers, named Thomas Watson, George Fisher, EJward Linder and Henry Zeck, started for a point on the Canadian shore below Thun der Bay, to cross the lake to Isle Royal. The ice was supposed to be three or four feet in thickness, and they felt perfectly safe in undertaking tbe journey. Unfor tunately they made little or no provision for the trip, each supposing that the other had a plentiful supply of bread and pork in his pace, lhey leisurely walked along on their course until nearly night fall, when it was proposed they should sup. On opening their sacks and spread ing their blankets on the ice, it was dis covered that but three of them had any food whatever, and these three had but about four pounds of bread and a pound and a half of boiled beef between them. However, they divided up their stock and made a tolerable meal, expecting to reach their destination next morning. What was left of the repast, consisting or a slice of meat, half an inch thick and about the size of a man's hand, and two small loaves, were gathered up and the tour walked on their journey, the night being clear and the weather calm. To ward morning, however, one of them, George Fisher, gave out, and they con cluded to take a rest. So they lay down and, after conversing awhile fell asleep. When they awoke the sun was shining brightly, but there was considerable wind blowing and the air was piercingly cold. Fisher continuing to evince signs of ill ness, they partly resolved to retrace their steps, but on walking northward for about some twenty miles, to their utter astonishment and dismay, they discover ed that the ice-cake on which they were was surrounded by open water on all sides, in fact that they were on an island of ice, some ten miles in circumference, as near as they could judge. Fears of their safety now took possession of them, and in their agony they cried aloud for relief. But no one heard their voices. Night was fast approaching, and with it came a swifter and colder wind than that which had been blowing all day. Penned in, as it were, and beyond the possibility of human aid, their mental sufferings were terrible, for they beheld death staring them in the face; but, added to these, came the pinching an guish of hanger. Jnsher, who naa once been "castaway" on tbe ocean, ana who appeared to be suffering from a raging fever, was the only one at this stage of existence who appeared to realize the necessity of hus banding to the last what little they had in the way of eatables, lie suggested that, as there were four of them in a bad scrape, it would be right and proper that the bread ana meat should be divided into four equal parts and that then each m&n should subdivide his allowance into six portions which, if they used but one portion a day, would sustiin life for nearly a week. His argument told on his companions in distress, and - they acqui esced. The bread and meat were there fore cut up into four parts, and then each separated his share into moieties. By mutual consent they resolved not to eat anything till next morning; and sor, Towruliy they spread their blankets on the cold ice and lay down. Worn out with cold, hunger and fatigue, they soon tell into a sound slumber, irom which they were aroused about daylight by the thunder-like sound caused by tne crack ing of the ice. About eight o'clock in the morning, this being the third day they were out. they ate their "breakfast" in silence, the meal consisting of about a mouthful of bread and a piece of beef about the size of a ten-cent piece, and as thin as a wafer. Their feelings, as they gazed at each other, can better be imagined than de scribed, l ney observed on close inspec tion that the mass of ice on which they were was being moved north westwardly, and their hopes revived. It was likewise getting colder, and they begun to feel assured that the open space between them and the main body of the ice would soon freeze over But these hopes were of short duration, for, during the approach of night, the wind veered around and blew their island westward. They were strong-hearted men, though, and Fisher. whose fever had left him, cheered them on and roused them up. Indeed, his courage was astonishing under the cir cumstances, and stood in bold contrast with the others who, without him, would nave lain Gown ana died irom sheer help lessness. That day and the two following were spent in vain lamentations at the hard ness or tneir rate ana wishes to be on shore, but no shore was in sight, and the sun went down and darkness came upon them. On the morning of the sixth day. Fisher, who may be said to be the only one among them wno naa ever before been in real danger, suddenly threw his cap into the air and astonished them by yelling "Land ho!" as he pointed to the northward. They all looked with strained eyes, and, sure enough, there it was. about eight or ten miles off. They imme diately started for it on the double-quick, and in three or four hours stepped ashore at a point about six miles below a small stream emptying into the lake some ten miles east of Pigeon River. Once safe on land, the saved men became cheerful, ana made their way down tbe lake to hut occupied by a half-breed trapper. named Walla, who kindly furnished them with coffee and food. After remaining with him for over a week to regain their exhausted strength, the party made their way eastward. jJulutA Herald. AVhen the poet Bryant was thirty eight his health was feeble. He was a sutlerer from dyspepsia, and gave pre monitions of an early demise. Who then supposed he would outlive his fnend Cooper, a splendid specimen of robust health, and that near eighty he would be enjoying a hale and hearty old age, while so many of his compeers Irving, Pauld ing, Halleck, Willis, Morris, Cooper, Verplanck wouhl l sleeping in their graves? General News summary. CONGRESS. SKNATB EXTRA SESSION March 14. A memorial was presented asking that the papers as to the Kansas Senatorial election be taken from the flies and referred to the Committee on Elections.... 4. resolution was of fered and laid over, authorising the Committee on Commerce, during recess, to investigate what steamship lines should be subsidized: also, as to the expediency "t granting bounties to ship builders, etc Mesrs. Morrill (Vermont) and Schnrs artrued in favor, and Mr. Scott against, the resolution declaring that Mr. Caldwell was not dnlv and legally elected Senator.. ..Adiourned to the nth. March 17- Papers were submitted and referred, signed by member of the Legisla ture of Missouri mil others, alleging that there was corruption In the election of Mr. Bosy aa Senator . .The credentials of Senator Bontwell. of Massachusetts, were presented I and he waa sworn in. ...The Cald well case was further debated, Mr. Sanlsbury favoring expulsion. Mr. Pratt advocat ing the resolution declaring tho election illegal and void, and Mr. Bayard claiming that there was nothing in the pending case which could Justify the paeeaee of a resolution dec'a-lng the election Invalid : but the power of exoul-ion was clear in vindication of the honor and dignity of the Sen ate. March 18.-Mr. Bogy, of Missouri, in reply to the charge of bribery and corruption in the procurement of his election to tbe Senate, re lated the circumstances under which he was elect ed, denied the charges of bribery and corruption, and aeked an immediate investigation In thedc- hate on the Caldwell case, Mr. Norwood argued that the Senate had perfect and absolute power to declare void an election procured by bribery and fraud, and remit tbe matter to the State for a new election : Mr. Thurmm I bought the election of Mr. Caldwell was thoroughly corrupt, and If the Senate did not turn out a man whose election was pro cured by fraud, or declare thereat vacant nntilthey obtained stronger testimony, tbe power to do so might as well be stricken from the Constitution. March 19. A motion was adopted re questing the Commissioner of Agriculture to com municate to the Senate bis annual report, with ac companying papers, wh'ch were ordered to be firlnted Mr. Cenkllng anmed against the reso ntion declaring tbat Mr. Caldwell was not legally elected to the Senate. March 20. The discussion of the Caldwell case was continued, ami some personal debate was indulged in between Messrs. Conkllng and Schnrr. Mr. Hnmilton, of Maryland, argned that the Senate could not go behind the election of a Senator and inquire into the condnct snd motives of members composing tlie Legisla ture, lie could not vote to declare the seat of Caldwell vacant, bnt there was no doubt as to the oower to ex Del a Senator who hurt parsed beyond the control of the Legislature He conld not compromise with fraud, and while he sympathized with the person on whom he was called to pass Judgm-nt he could not escape con- most solemn form. THE OL5 WOULD. The Right Reverend Charles Pettlt Mc- Ilvaine, Bishop ef the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Ohio, died at Florence, Italy, on the 14th, aged seventy-five years. Spanish advices of the 16th state tbat tbe Government has received a dispatch an nouncing that 3,000 Carlists, concentrated at Vera, had been routed by Genral Nor- das, after sanguinary battle, which lasted several hours. General Non villas was ac tively pressing forward the campaign in the north. Sen or Figneras, accompanied by tbe Civil Governor of the Province and Flenry Rnggles, United States Consul, had visited the United States squadron in the port of Barcelona, and were received with full hon ors on board the steamers Brooklyn and She nandoah. Captain Bryson, of the Brooklyn, proposed the health of Senor figneras. The President responded by paying a tribute to the memory of Washington, and thanking Americans for their expressions of sympathy for the new Republic The new treaty between France and Ger many, providing for the evacnatlon of the French provinces, was signed at Berlin on the 15th. The German forces are to evacu ate all places they now hold in France by the 1st of July, with the exception of Ver dun and vicinity, from which they are to withdraw on the 5th of September. The Irish residents of London made a grand pnblic demonstration at Hyde Park on the 16th, in favor of home rule in Ireland and amnesty for tbe Imprisoned Fenians. Everything passed off quietly. A Madrid dispatch of the 17th says the Spanish Government had received fficial in formation of the defeat, near Pampcluna, of the united Carlist bands led by OUa Ferula and Dontegaray, by a force of 8panish troops under Gen. Castrano. The insurrectionists were completely dispersed. The French Assembly on the 19th ratified. without a dissenting voice, the treaty signed by Thiers and Count Von Arnim, German Ambassador, providing for the payment of the war indemnity and the evacuation of French territory. A dispatch from Geneva, Switzerland, 19th, says the religious excitement in that city, caused by the preaching of Father Hy- acinthe, was increasing. The ultrammtanea were much exasperated. The Cabinet crisis in England was termi nated on the 20th, by the announcement of Mr. Gladstone in the House of Commons that, the Opposition having refused to form a new Government, he and his colleagues would resume their offices. Gladstone added that the Queen had given him permission to read an extract from the statement he had made to her Majesty. It was to the effect that he did net suppose that the efforts of the gentlemen of the Opposition to defeat the Government were made with the deliberate intention of refusing to organize a cabinet, if it should be required of them, but the summary refusal given when the occasion arose he considered not fully in accord with the exigencies of the case, nor with parliamenta ry usage. The Premier's statement was f re - qnently interrupted by applause, which was warm and long continued at the close. Disraeli explained the course he had thought proper to pnrsue since the beginning of the crisis. He confessed that the difference be tween himself and the Irish Catholics were insnrmountable. A new Cabinet would re quire until Eister to get into working order. Even then it would have to deal with the financial estimates made by its predecessor, and wonld probably be outvoted every night in Parliament. A dissolution of the House had been suggested. But why dissolve the sitting? On the Opposition benches, he heard, his friends had difficulty in forming a policy on so short notice, and it was not to be expected that they conld ap peal to the country without a policy on ques tions more important than that of the Irish University bill. All things considered, he had felt it bis duty to decline the responsibility of organizing a new government. The Queen herself had suggested a dissolution of Parliament. He had declined to advise such a step, and stated to Her Mijesty that in his opinion there was no adequate reason for the Gov ernment to resign, and that it might return to office withont the slightest loss of honor and to the greatest possi ble convenience of the pnblic Interests. Disraeli closed with the remark, that pos sibly some of his supporters In the no use might be dissatisfied, to which there were loud cries of "No! No !" In the House of Lords Earl tiranvillo announced the decision of the Government In a speech differing but little from that of Gladstone. The Duke of Richmond also defended the conduct of the leaders of the Opposition in the crisis. THE JfEW WORLD.' . Gold closed in New York on the 20th at 115115M. in passing tue House resolution or cen sure against members of Congress who voted to increase their back pay, the Ohio Senate added an amendment extending the censure to those who voted against tbe extra pay and then accepted it. fefittittClItt Tbe Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South has found the Rev. Dr. Huston, of Btltlmore, guilty of Immor ality, and he hat been expelled from the Church. An appeal will be taken by bit counsel to the General Conference of the Methodist Church. Governor Dix has refused to commute the sentence of Foster, the ear-hook murderer. Four prisoners, awaiting trial for peniten tiary offenses, made their escape from the county jail at South Bend, Ind., on the night ot the 13th. At Franklin, Pa., on the morning of the 14th, Thomas F. Anderson, cashier of R. Lamberton'a bank, committed suicide by shooting himself with a revolver. Juat previous to taking hit life he had gone to the bank and gathered together all the money, bonds, and other securities, together ith the account books, which he placed In the grate and set on fire. It la estimated that the valne of the securities bnrned was abont (100,000, of which perhaps (40.000 can be recognized ad saved. It la supposed that Anderson waa a defaulter, and tbat as the bank waa abont to change bandc, he took this method to avoid his Inevitable ex posure. He was abont thirty-four years of age, had a wife and family, and fully enjoyed the confidence of his employers. The execution of George Driver for the murder of his divorced wife in Chicago last November, took place on the 14th. Just previous to being swnng off he seized tbe rope, and holding It up before those assem bled to see him executed, he said : "Whisky did this for me. When any of you take a drink of whisky hereafter, think of this rope and remember mv fate." On the same, day, at Knoxvllle. III., Osborne, who so brutally murdered Mrs. Matthews, a young married woman, at Yates City, waa also executed on the gallows, after making a full confession of the crime for which he bad been tried and sentenced to death. A complimentary reception and dinner was tendered to Congressman Oakes Ames, on the 13th, upon the occasion of his return to his home at North Easton, Mass! Mr. Ames, in reply to a complimentary toast made a short speech In which be said that his "whole offense. If offence it can be called, is in selling (10,000 of stock to eleven members of Congress at the same price I paid for It, and at tbe same price I sold the same stock to others, and if the parties purchasing tbe stock had simply told the truth, and said they had a right to purchase it, that would have been the ead of it; bnt from the fact of their denial, the pnblic sus pected there must be something criminal In the transaction, and to find out what the crime was, Congress appointed a committee to Inquire It Unices Ames bad bribed any member of Congress." The principal business portion of Elyrlo, Ohio, was destroyed by fire on the night of the loth. Loss estimated at 300,000. An old man named John Zelmetz and his grand son, Matthew Zeimetz. were burned to death in the town of Worth, near Chicago, a few nights ago. They were in their dwelling house which took fire from some unknown cause and was rapidly con sumed, giving the inmates no chance to escape. A grand demonstration was held In Coun cil Bluffs, Iowa, on the night of the 15th, over the news that the Attorney-General of the United States had decided that that waa the initial point of the Union Pacific Rail way. In a recent examination lor promotions in the Internal Revenue Bureau, at Washing ton, under the civil service rules, one lady secured a fourth-class clerkship of $1,800, and another a third-class clerkship of (1,600, while of ten other persons appointed to sec ond class clerkships, (1,400, six are women, The Falls City (Louisville, Ky.,) Tobacco Bank robbery foots np abont (350,000 in bonds. The bank offers a reward of (50,000 for the return of the bonds, or twenty-five percent, of the amount returned, and no questions asked ; also offers a reward of (500 each for the capture of the burglars. The new Railway and WarehouFe Com missioners of Illinois are H. D. Cooke of McLean County; D. A. Brown, of Sangamon; J. M. Pierson, of Madison. George Francis Train has been pronounced Insane by Dr. William A. Hammond, a New York physician. Pardons have been Issued by the President to John C. Robinson, of South Carolina, and William C. Du pries, of North Carolina, both convicted of Kn-Klux Crimea, and sentenced to two years Imprisonment In the Albany Penitentiary. The former had served six, the latter eighteen months of their terms. Tbe railroad land grant contest in the Wisconsin Legislature has resulted in the grant being voted to the Milwaukee & Si. Paul Railroad Company, instead of the Chi cago & Northwestern. The Committee of the New York Typo graphical Union No. 6 having In charge the enterprise to erect a life-size statue of Hor ace Greeley, cast in type metal, are actively engaged In perfecting the arrangements tor the completion of tbe statue. Donations of type-metal should be directed to "President of New York Typographical Union No. 6, care of John G. LIghtbody, No. 24 Beekman street." Donations of money should be sent to "President New York Tpograpblcal Union No. 6. No. 22 Duane street, New York City." The names of all donors will be en tered on the Roll of Honor, to be open for inspection at the Society' rooms. No. 22 Duane street. The Rhode Island State Prohibitory Con vention on the 17th nominated Henry How ard for Governor; Latimer W. Ballon, Lieu tenant-Governor; Willard Sayles, Attorney- General; J. M. Adderman, Secretary of State: and Henry Goff, General Treasurer. This ticket Is the same as nominated by tbe Re publican Convention, with the exception of the candidates for Lieutenant-Governor and Treasurer. The President on tbe 17th renominated all the old Cabinet officers, except the Secretary of the Treasury. The appointments are Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State; W. W Belknap. Secretary of War; J. A. J. Cres- weil, fostraaster General; Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior; Geo. M Robeson, Secretary of the Navy; George H. Williams, Attorney-General; Wm. 8. Richardson Secretary of 'the Treasury, trice George 8 Bontwell, resigned. The Legislature of Wisconsin has passed a resolntion commending their members of Congress who voted against the bill Increas ing salaries. A disastrous fire occurred at Ogdensburg, N. Y.. on the 16th. the damage being esti mated at (250,000. Hon. Clarkson X. Potter, of New York, has declined to receive his Increased pay as member of the Forty-second Congress, St. Patrick's Day waa very generally cele brated by our Irish citizens In all the princi pal cities and towns throughout the conn try. No disturbances were reported. The engineers on the St. Louis, Kansas City & Northern Railway struck on the 15th in consequence of the refusal of the Compa ny to discharge an engineer in their employ who was not a member ot the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. Travel on the road was seriously Interfered with. It is said that the Grand Chief Engineer of the Brotherhood discouraged the strike. An Albany (S. Y.) dispatch of the 18th cays that a document had been presented to Governor Dix, sworn to by several jurors in the Foster cose, stating that conviction conld never have been obtained but for the belief by the jurors that recommendation to mere wonld procure a commutation of the sentence to imprisonment for life, and ask ing the Governor to prevent the execution. The Governor told he wonld give the docu ment his careful consideration. William H. Clntey, a prominent business man of Pittsburgh, Pa., has recently ab sconded, leaving liabilities to the amount of about (150,000, of which It has been ascer tained that some (70,000 or (30,000 waa procured by forgrd paper. Bonds to the value of (163,000 of the Penn sylvania fc Western Railway Company were stolen from the Company's office, in Broad street, New York, on the 15th. Thomaa L. James has been appointed Postmaster of New York City, tries Patrick H. Jones, resigned, to take effect April 1. Tbe Supreme Court ot Pennsylvania has decided In favor of the constitutionality of the Local Option law ot the State, giving the people of certain wards the right to de cide by vote whether or not a license to tell liquor shall he granted therein. The Democratic nominations In Rhode Island are: For Governor, Charles R. Cutter; Lieutenant Governor, Samuel H. Wales; Secretary of State, Wm. J. Miller; Attorney General, George W. Bliss; Treasurer, W. P. Congden. Senator Frederick Sawyer, of Sonth Caro lina, has been appointed by the President Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, ewe Richardson, promoted to the Secretaryship. Hon. John Gofarth has been appointed and confirmed as Assistant Attorney-GeneraL The joint Congressional resolution, con gratulating Spain on having adopted a Re publican form of government, has been forwarded by Secretary Fish to Minister 8ickles. Tbe resolntion was also signed by the President, and accompanied by a letter requesting its early presentation to the new Government. The Wisconsin Senate sustained the Gva- ernor's veto of the La Crosse Bridge bill. giving the Milwaukee & St. Paul Riilroad Company the right to bridge the Mississippi River at La Crosse on a different location from that fixed by the United States engi neers. The final defeat of the bill was the occasion of great public rejoicing in La Crosse. President Grant has commuted to Impris onment for life the sentence of ex-policeman O'Brien, who was convicted of the murder of one Cunningham in Washington City la Angnst last, and sentenced to be hung. News from the Modoc country on the 20th says tbat abont COO troop are In the field waiting orders. Canby's plan seems to be to snrronxd the lava bed and starve the Modocs. For that purpose fonr posts will be established on the outskirts of the lava sections and on tbe shore of the lake. A German named Albert Goetze waa brut ally murdered in Chicago, on the 18th, by one of a gang of rowdies who entered a saloon where a dance waa being held, and grossly Insulted a girl who was In company with Goetze, at which the latter attempted to eject him. Tbe murderer escaped. The U. 8. Attorney-General denies the statement that he hod rendered a decision declaring the eastern termlnna of the Union Pacific Railroad to be at Council Bluffs. Near New Albany, Ind., a few nights since, a boy and girl, the children of a col ored man named Reed, were bnrned to death in their house, in the absence of the father. An older boy escaped from the burning building. A man named George MocDonald, suppos ed to be the chief operator in the recent Bank of England forgeries, was arrested on the steamer Tburingia on its arrival at New York on the 20th. About (10,000 in gold and a quantity of diamonds were found in his possession. He protested his Innocence. Lieutenant Frederick Grant, son of the President, has been assigned to duty on General Sheridan's stsff, at Chicago. The Massachusetts House of Representa tives refused, on the 19th, by a vote of 49 to 167, to rescind the resolution censuring Mr, Sumner passed by the last Legislature. Birds Acquiring New and Brutal Hab its. Pbof. Samuel Lockwood irives an in teresting account of that- beautiful bird known as the golden robin, or Baltimore oriole, in connection with the common bumble bees. Last June large numbers of these bees were found under the horse chestnut trees, then in full bloom, in the campus of Rutgers College, every one of them decapitated, and the heads lying around with the bodies; and it further appears that every one of the headless bees was a stingless male. The Professor worked out the case with much patient perseverance, and found to his surprise that this wholesale slaughter was the work of four orioles. Another fact which astonished him was, that the bodies of these insects were empty, the viscera having been drawn out at the ring-like opening where the head had been neatly snipped by the birds. The process was to catch the bees while hovering at the ball-like opening of the flowers. After severing the head, they extracted the vis cera for the sake oi tne noney-sac. eeverai very interesting considerations are brought out in the course of the article such as the acquired taste; the birds had found out that honey was nice. Was it not singular, too, that they had learned that it conld be got in such a manner? And there was also the curious fact that tbe bird confined its marauding to the white-headed bees, the stingless males thus carrying on his terrible work witn impnnity, and almost wantonness, as it contented itself with simply the honey-bearing sac. Prof. Lockwood also notes a curious change of habit in the king-bird. Speaking of the wonderfully plucky manner oi this courageous little bird in attacking crows and other laree oirus. as securing me general admiration, he says that for him self that admiration has eone down to zero, as he has noticed tbat the bird has not any true knightly qualities, but can do some verv mean things. The Pro fessor then instances a case in which pair of robins had built a nest in a tree so near bv that the process could be watched from thehouse. A pair of king birds kept all the time near, and watched progress with genuine royal indolence, and, when all was finished, with Ungly impudence took possession. The rightful owners made but a feeble effort to resist this invasion. The king-birds retained possession until their young were raised. More than a year ago, Prof. Lockwood likewise called attention to the fact that the great butcher-bird, or northern shrike, contrary to all precedent, had begun to in winter the cities where the Eu ropean sparrows Lave become natural ized. The bird in summer collects grass hoppers, small lizards, etc, and impales them on the spines of the locust or other trees, eat in? them at its leisure. He no tices the case in which a shrike in its winter visit gibbeted a sparrow in the city by putticg its neck in the crotch of a small branch of a larch, andtheu. having knocked in the top ot its head, tne uiru extracted its victim s brains. a Pmvi.liinM wnn-inn was nuzzled tO know wny she attracted such general at tention during a shopping expedition, the other day. An nour or ...... " &nd returning had taken off her overskirt, but left the hnml e of r,arer3 lorming a oubuc bum hi . , position. Tk. T,rl Mnvnr of London will, on the 26th of March, entertain the Mayors of all England ana aies at tne .nausiuu House. The Senate Committees. - - ' r Thi following fa a list of the revised Senate Standing Committees r- On Privileges and Elections Mr. Morton, Chair man; Meeere. Carpenter, Logan, Alcorn, Anthony, Mitchell, Bayard. Hamilton (Md X and a vacaacy. roreiga Keiaaona Mt. Cameron, cmurmaa; emra. Morton. Hamlin. Howe. FretiBghaysea, Conkiing and Schnra. - , - - Finance Mr. Sherman, Cboimaa: - M Morrill (Vt.), Scott, Wright, Ferry (Mich.), Bay ard and Fenton. . . - , Appropriations Mr. Morrill, of Maine, Chair, man; Messrs. Windom, West, Amea Sargent, Al Usoa. Stevenson and Davis. . - Commerce Mr. Chandler, Chairman: Mosul. Spencer. Conkllng, Buckingham, Mitchell, Uordon and Deunta. Manaf actnrea Mr.Bobertaon, Cbaln 11 ,Ms ! Sprairae. Gilbert. Johnaton and Fenton. Agriculture Mr. Frolingbuyaen, Chairman; Mee'ra. Bobertaoa, Lawia, Dennia aad McCreery. Military Anaira Mr. Logan, Chairman; Messrs. Cameron. Spencer. Clarton. Wadleigh. Kelly and Ransom. -" " aval Affairs Mr. Cragin. Chairman: Messrs. ton and Norwood. Judiciary Mr. Bdmnada. Chairman: Messrs. Conkllng, Carpenter, Frelinghuysen, Wright, Thurmaa and Stevenson. , Poet -offices and Post Roads Mr. Ramsey, Chair on: Mesera. Hamlin. Ferrv Miehi?an. Flana gan, Kelley, Doreey, Jones, Saulabary and Merri. Don. Panne Lands Mr. Snratme. Chairman: Messrs. Windom, Stewart. Pratt, Ogleaby, Wadleigh, Caa serly, Tipton, and a vacancy. rnvaie una ciaima .nr. lourmsn, cnairman: Meters. Ferrv (Connecticut!. Caldwell Bavard and Bogy. inaian Anaira air. Bacamgnam, i-nauman; Mesera. Caldwell, Allison, Ugleaby, Shannon, Stevenson and Bogy. rensiona Mr. rate, i"natrman ; Messrs. retry, Connecticut). Ogleeby, Doreey, Ingalla, Hamilton Texas) and Norwood. Revolutionary Claims Mr. Bro willow, cnafr- man; Mesera. Gilbert, Conovet, Johnson and uolatnwaite. Claims Mr. Scott. Chairman: Messrs. Pratt. Bbreman, Wright, Mitchell, Bennia and Merrimon. District of Columbia Mr. Lewis, Chairman; eaers. Snencer. Hitchcock. Ferrv (Michigan). Robertson, Jones and Saulabury. Patents Mr. Ferry (Connecticut), Chairman; Messrs. Windom. Wadleigh, Hamilton (Maryland) and Johneton . Public Bnildlnes and Grounds Mr. Vorrlll. of Vermont, Chairman; Messrs. Gilbert, Cameron, Brockton and Mccreery. Territories Mr. Boreman, Chan-man: Messrs. Hitchcock, Clayton. Cooper. Cracin. Patterson and Tipton. Railways Mr. Stewart, Chairman: Messrs. Scott, West, Ram-ey. Hitchcock, Cmvln. Howe, rreuoguuysen, cooper, Hamilton (rexasj ana Ransom. Mines and Mining Mr.. Hamlin. Chairman; Merer, Chandler, Caldwell, Sargent,. Kelly and uoiain waits. Revision of Laws of the United States Mr. Conkllng. Chairman; Messrs. Carpenter, btewart, Alcorn and Ransom. - - . - - Kin ration and Labor Mr. Flanagan. Chair man; Meaara. PoUenson, Ingalla, Bogy and Gor don. ' The Select Committees are as follows: Revision of Rules Mr. Ferrv. of Michigan. Chairman; Messre. Hamlin and Merrimoat . To Audit and Control Contingent Expenses or Senate Mr. Carpenter, Chairman ; Meears. Jones and Sanlsbury. 1 f Printing Mr. -Anthony.. Chairman r Messrs. Howe and Caeeerly. Library Mr. Uowe, Chairman; Messrs. Allison and Edmund". Engrossed Bills Mr.Casserlv. Chairman:Meesrs. Clayton and Cooper. Enrolled Bills Mr. Ames, Chairman; Mr. Lewis, and a vacancy. Levees of Mississippi River--Mr. ' .'Alcorn, Chairman; Messrs, Clayton, West, Schurs and Gordon. -... . . Transportation Routes to the Seaboard Mr. Windom, Chairman; Messrs. Sherman, Conkllng, Ames, Conover, Caeserly and Norwood. the UommiUees on Appropriations. Privileges and Elections, Pnblic Lands and Post-offices and Post Roads are made to consist of nine members each, instead of seven, as heretofore, but a vacancy is left temporarily in the Privileges and Elections and Public Lands. Tne Com mittee on the Pacific Railway is abolished and the Committee on Railways substi tuted therefor. The Standing Commit tee on Investigation and Retrenchment and the select Committees ' on Alleged Outrages in the Southern States and on Political Disabilities are abolished. Educated Observers In talking to the San Franciscans not long ago, Professor Agassis urged upon them the propriety of establishing in their midst a Museum of Natural Science, not merely because a collection of scientific specimens, such aa they have the means of making, would be an honor to their city and btate, but more especially - be cause such collections . serve to make ed ucated observers, whose habits of obser vation will enable them to become wor thy contributors to the general fund of human knowledge. .Now, in that one happy phrase, edu cated observers," the professor struck the key-note of all true educational prin ciples. The habit of observation is, above all else, the educator, and the man il nuuuu nuu uuiuiBkn hush uiuctiuio work in the matter of acquiring inform ation, whether the habit be accompanied by much or little of scholastic culture.- All that we know of physical science, of course, we owe to observation alone. But this is not all. In a thousand other ways the study of things and the study of men is of even more value than the study of books. Indeed, the very books we use. if they be of any account at all, are tbe more or less immediate fruit of intelligent observation. All that we know has been learned originally by this very process. We observe a tact, and learn that it is a fact. From it and others we draw con clusions. And this is the genesis of all onr knowing. We get from books only the results of other people's observations, and while these are of great worth with out doubt, we can not do a more foolish thing than to rest satisned with tnem.ana neglect the countless opportunities .we have of questioning . the things abont ns for information at nrst nana, as well might we refuse to look at Niagara he- cause we have already seen pictures and read descriptions of the cataract. -Training of precisely this sort the cultivation of the habit of looking at and loosing into tne laings wim wdiuu we daily come in contact ia one of the great educational needs of our time, as it has been of all other times. The only wonder is, that professional educators in the past have been go slow to recognize the want and to supply it. We observe facts, and we question them of their cause and meaning instinctively. We do it even in early childhood, and ordinarily the tendency is pretty effectually checked then by those who ought rather to en courage it, and to so direct it that it will bear abundant fruit, xne cmia wno sets himself down to commit something to memorv, however worthless, or however unintelligible to him that something may be, is sure of encouragement. But if he ask why iron sinks and wood floats on the water, he is shut up like a jack-knife, with some idiotically wise saw about be ing seen and not heard. But it is not merely the habit of ob serving that we need to cultivate. We must learn to observe intelligently to look at things with onr wits about ns, and to learn their causes and consequenc es as well as tbe facts themselves. Any body may see the bud, the blossom, ana the fruit of the tree all in their regular order, but if he see no more than these, his observing is of little worth. He must see in the bud the beginning of a blos som, in the blossom the promise, in tne fruit the fulfillment, before his looking will have taught him even so small a thing as why the bud and the blossom are. We can hardly fail to be observers so long aa we have eves and ears, but we may, if we will, make ourselves educated observ ers, which is quite another thing. We may learn to make a teacher out of every thing around ns, and thus draw instruc tion from a hundred sources that were otherwise sealed books to ns, and indeed we must do something of this sort u we wonld be really and truly educated. Hearth and Home. a Wr VrHanti. Romaxce. Sarah J. Winemiller, a girl of about seventeen summers, who was convicieu ui, uu ecu. ntfnt!ii-v for. hnrninc a small log church in one of the smaller counties of the Btate, nas otxa jmruuucu uj uvi. Jacobs. The manner in which this girl got into the penitentiary is peculiar, is he a .n.mAn.1 of a vonncr man who. nn- fortunately, was charged with stealing a horse ana was put in jaii w wi o uiu thereof. With a confidence in the falsity of the charge against her inamorata and a devotion to him t.o wit romam&me. Bne oroceeuea to commit the act for which she was sent up that she might be with him in the penitentiary. But, alas! the man was ac quitted last fall when his trial came off, and he has ever since, np to the time of tbe pardon, been engaged in securing his faithful though rash sweetheart's release. The facta of this notable romance are set forth in the petition. The happy result may be imagined.