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The Democratic advocate. [volume] (Westminster, Md.) 1865-1972, September 01, 1883, SUPPLEMENT., Image 8

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®hc farmer.
A New Grain for the South.
From the Southern Lumberman.
The Rev. H. H. Piatt, of South Caroli
na, who was for some time a missionary in
South America, has presented to the public
a new cereal which he calls millomaize. It
is found in Columbia in large quantities
and fomis the common food of the working
classes there and is also used for working
animals. Mr. Pratt has been successfully
growing it in South Carolina for several
years. The cakes made from it, ground
into meal, are preferred to corn meal bread.
The Savannah Guano Company’s chemist
pronounces it superior in food qualities to
wheat. Experiments show that from 50
to 100 bushels of clean seed per acre can
be raised. Mr. Pratt describes the plant
as follows:
‘•The plant is allied to the sorghum and
Guinea corn families, and should not be
planted where there is any danger of mix
ing them. The grain is smaller and more
raeally than the Guinea corn, the heads
, arc larger and more compact and the color
is milk white instead of red. It differs
from the sorghum in this, that the sugar
it contains is fully converted into corn
when the grain matures —so that the pith
of the green stalks becomes as dry and
tasteless as that of Indian corn when the
stalk is dead. In Barranquilla, on the
coast, wher<* we have a dry season (which
is really a drought) of five or six months’
continuance, I have had it planted in my
garden and after it had ripened one crop
of seed, I have cut it down to the roots, in
the midst of this dry season, and had a
second c.iop, of inferior quality of course,
to shoot up at once from the roots. I
have been told that a third crop of fully
ripened seed can thus be made from a sin
gle plant. Ido not know what this can
imply (for the soil at that season gets dry
as a potsherd and nearly as hard), unless
it means that above most other plants this
lives oft' the atmosphere, which there cer
tainly is densely charged with moisture
from the sea. It was this unlimited ca
pacity to stand drought which induced me
to bring the seed home, in the belief that
it would be of incalulable service to our
Southern States, where our crops so often
fail from drought.”
Take Good Care of Your Cows.
There is a loss that all farmers can guard
against and that is the effect of the winter
storms, both of continued cold rains and
early snow storms, that come so suddenly
and chill the cows to the very marrow. It
makes no difference in how good flesh the
cow may be, the sudden cold will shock the
system and there will be' an almost total
suspension of milk, the draughts upon the
system to withstand the cold calling for
the part that should furnish the milk sup
ply. It is not a great job to put the cows
in the warm stable, and from those fall
stores that have been provided, so feed
them that there will be no diminishing of
the milk. The deal of “toughening an old
cow to stand the cold” is one of the relics
—we had almost said barbarisms—that
needs to be expunged from every dairy
man's creed. It is a practice that requires
a double restorative in the way of care and
feed and has its after effects that could
have been avoided if the stable and a lib
eral feed had been substituted.
The careful owner of a cow should always
consider that the udder is a highly ner
vous and vascular organ, provided with a
finely diffused circulatory and secretive ap
paratus, and that a slight injury may have
a very serious effect upon it. It is most
probable that the cell structure of the
milk-glands is itself the source from which
the milk is derived, and that these cells
are replenished from the arterial blood con
veyed to and distributed through the ud
der. When, therefore, it is considered that
in a cow giving thirty pounds of milk in
twenty-four hours, all this quantity is ac
tually produced by the two fold change of
blood into cells and of cells into milk and
cream, the activity of the organ which per
forms this enormous work must be, indeed,
wonderful; and it should not be surprising
that a supposed insignificant circumstance
may produce some unexpected and serious
results. Bearing this in mind, one who
keeps a cow should ever be watchful and
cautious against the least variation of treat
ment that may so easily affect the condi
tions of the milk.
Wheat Raising in Belgium.
Belgium is the most carefully and elab
orately cultivated country iu Europe, and
the Belgian farmers raise larger crops per
acre in their small, unfenced and finely
lined farms than are raised anywhere else.
Fanning there partakes of the nature of
gardening; indeed, it would be called gar
dening elsewhere. Wheat is the impor
tant crop, and the management of it is par
ticular to what other people would call an
extreme. The seed is sown in the fall—
spread broadcast and thick over rich and
well prepared plant beds, similar to those
which Missouri tobacco raisers prepare for
their tobacco seed. The young wheat
comes up thick, rank and strong in the
fall, and remains so all winter, forming a
mat on the ground.
In the spring the ground is thoroughly
prepared by deep plowing and harrowing,
after which it is marked off in drills ten
inches to one foot apart, one way. The
wheat plants are then pulled up from the
bed in bunches and carefully picked apart,
one at a time, and dropped at distances of
four to six inches in the drills in the field.
After the dropper follows the planter, who,
with a trowel or thin paddle, makes holes
in the drills at the proper distances, and
sets out the separate plants in the same
manner as strawberry, tomato or tobacco
plants are set out.
When the work is done there is a wheat
field planted in drills one foot apart, and
with the plants six inches apart in the
drills. It is a tedious and particular pro
cess. But on the small five-acre Belgian
farms, worth 8200 to 8500 an acre, it am
ply pays for the trouble. The Belgium
wheat fields after being planted are care
fully cultivated between the rows by hand
until the plants are too high to admit of
further work. The plants branch into
stools, from each of which shoots up stalks
bearing heavy heads of grain, and when
the harvest comes the yield is 100 to 150
bushels of grain to the acre.
The quality of milk is impaired by al
lowing cows to drink foul water, and to eat
improper food. All know the bad effect
of turnips in winter, and of wild onions
and other weeds, cropped while at pasture,
in summer; but now comes up something
which has not been thought of as injurious,
heretofore. This is from grass and hay
grown on boned land, or such as is ferti
lized by sewerage. Distillery slops, per
haps, is the worst of all food for milch
cows, and we do not like it any better for
fattening pigs.
Milk from the cow, when given impro
per food or drink, affects cheese made from
it, more seriously than it does butter; but
in either case it is bud enough, and some
times, when drank, it is the origin of
deadly fever and various other fatal dis
There are many farmers who have extra
good butter cows and do not know it.
They have poor pastures in summer and
no shelter and indifferent feed in winter.
In the house they have no convenience for
making butter; the milk is set where there
are no arrangements for keeping it cool in
summer, and in the Jiving room, exposed
to the odors of the kitchen, in winter; and
neither the quantity nor the quality nor
any index of what a cow can do is kept.
Cor. American Dairyman.
The true farmer will keep a pig. lie
will commence with a breeder. What
breed? In an experiment with all, or
nearly all breeds, Columbia County,
Chester White, Poland, Suffolk. Berkshire
and Essex, I settled on the last two as
the best fitted for all purposes. The
farmer wants his pig to have the meat
properly proportioned ; he wants the chine
and spare rib to have as little fat as is
consistent with the relish of eating these
pieces. And while he wants good thick
middlings, he wants some lean on them.
If there is much he can trim it off, to fry
fresh or make into sausage-meat. The
ham and shoulder he wants streaked with
fat, or it will get dry and hard. He wants
to fat his hog to get as much lard as pos
sible, and not effect the pieces designated.
All these qualities are combined in the
Berkshire. The Essex nearly as much
so, with the advantage of maturing earlier.
The Berkshire has my preference as the
hardier of the two. The Berkshire is the
most thoroughbred hog in the world, from
which the Essex is an outgrowth. The
pure bred Berkshire is black, will have four
white feet with a star on his forehead.
The hams will be streaked with fat; not
dry. The Essex is entirely black. There
is a breed of hogs of a russet color, a cross
from the Berkshire.
More depends upon care and attention
than on breed. While it would take a
great many years to breed a hog as pure
as the Berkshire, there is no class of
animals can be improved so rapidly by in
breeding as—requiring no science or skill
in that respect —as cattle. If your sow
has more than six pigs, destroy all over
that number. A good foundation for six
is better than a poor start for more. A
good start is what succeeds at the end of
the race. Remember, in the breeding of
animals a few good ones and not more than
you care and provide for are better than
many inferior ones. The care of hogs
should not be neglected. First of all is
cleanliness. The hog is naturally neat,
unless you compel him to the contrary. A
good, warm sty in winter, a cool place in
summer. Have the yard dry, with straw
for bedding, and remove it every week for
fresh straw. Never bed with hay, especi
ally stale hay. It is poisonous. Forest
leaves will do. Be at all times familiar
with your pigs. Domestication is the true
I was going to tell how to feed the
hogs. You had best breed your own
hogs. Do not wean all the pigs at once.
Take off a pair at eight weeks old. Don't
put them in the barn nor under the barn.
Nothing is so bad for hogs as to root in
earth that has been covered up for years
by a building. Saltpetre or brine is
poisonous to hogs. Have a small tempor
ary pen, wean them two at a time at in
tervals of two weeks, let the last one or
two remain twelve weeks. This mil be
the premium pig, and the sow’s udder will
not get inflamed. Feed the little pigs with
skim milk. If your pigs come in March
or April, with proper care you can make
them Weigh 250 to 800 pounds by De
The breeder must not be fed too high
for a few weeks before breeding. If solid,
firm pork is desired, two weeks before
slaughtering feed nothing but dry grain,
twice each day, with all the cold water the
hog can drink at noon. During these two
weeks clean the nest out every day, and
the meat will not smell disagreeable in
A Philadelphia gentleman who has just
returned from a visit to the celebrated
Havermyer farm at Mahway, Bergen coun
ty, N. J., states that Mr. Havermyer is a
great believer in ensilage and has no less
than 8G silos on the place; 24 of them are ;
14 feet long, 8 feet wide and 80 feet deep,
while the other 12 are the same width and
length, but only 22 feet deep. The ensi
lage is stored in these silos and fed to his
splendid herd of Jersey cows, of which he
has 117, and all perfect beauties. He has
8(1 acres ot land sowed with corn for ensi
lage, which is cut by two Ross cutters, each
of 15 tons per hour capacity. The corn is
cut iu half width lengths. After being pre
pared the ensilage is fed to each cow at the
rate of about 40 pounds morning and eve
ning. During the day the cows are turned
into a ten-acre field where there is plenty
of shade and water. On this treatment
the cattle thrive and give a much greater
abundance of milk than by the old method
of feeding.
Our informant states that he also visited
! the 140-acre farm of John Y. Smith, of
Doylestown. Bucks county, and found that
gentleman was feeding his cattle in like
‘ manner. He has four silos 40 feet long,
20 feet deep and 10 feet wide, which are
divided into four compartments. Mr.
Smith stated that before he began feeding
ensilage he could keep only 24 head of
cows on his farm; now he has 84 and keeps
them better than he could in the old way.
From his investigations our informant is
firmly impressed with the belief that this
method of feeding cattle is a great improve
ment over any other and that it will event
ually be universally adopted.— Westchester,
Pa., Jeffersonian.
Direction of Rows of Wheat.
An old wheat raiser, who is generally
successful, said in conversation the other
day that in his experience he found it best
' to drill his wheat cast and west instead of
north and south. llis argument was that
in the winter and early spring when we
have thawing weather during the day, and
freezing at nights, wheat drilled east and
west would not heave out or winter kill, as
would that drilled north and south. He
asserts that the sun being in the south, and
the wheat stalks being between the ridges
made by the drill hoes, the sides of the
ridges would thaw out while the north
sides, being shaded, would not thaw out so
much, and the wheat roots would not be so
liable to be killed. If drilled north and
south the sun would shine alike on both
sides of the ridge, thawing it out and
causing it to spew up, throwing the wheat
up and letting the roots be exposed to the
freezing at night, hence he had always, if
possible, run his drill east and west.
Again, he said that in the early spring
and summer, when the wheat began grow
ing, it received more benefit from the sun’s
rays drilled in this way than if drilled north
and south, consequently the yield on fields
drilled east and west were better than if
drilled in any other direction. His argu
ment impressed me so that I concluded to
try the experiment of sowing two plats ad
joining each other, the quality of land
being as nearly alike as possible, sowing
one and one-forth bushels to the acre on
corn land that had been plowed well and
kept reasonably clean of weeds when the
corn was growing, and thoroughly harrow
ed before drilling. I have never before
taken any notice of which way I drilled.—
Country Gentleman.
In some parts of the Western States
burning the stubble of the preceding crop
' is the usual preparation for wheat. This
has the advantage of destroying the eggs
of the insects that prey on wheat, and if
successive crops are to be grown year after
year, it •is probably the only successful
policy. But it would be better to plough
the stubble under, grow a greater diversity
of crops, and not be ruined by the failure
of any one of them.
If the young clover after harvest is not
pastured, it will often cut a load of hay
per acre, worth for winter use even more
than the summer crop of hay, and far more
valuable than the pasturage lost.
rr m ■
Living Down a Bad Reputation.
From the Staunton (Fa.) Vindicator:
There is no stronger evidence of the re
cuperative power of the Southern States
than the astonishing progress they have
made in the face of the most malign adver
tising that ever afflicted a people. If at
the close of the civil war, the victorious
half of the Union had turned in energeti
cally to aid the defeated half, had advertised
to all the world that the South was fertile,
organized emigration companies to it, and
used all the machinery which it has so
successfully used iu populating the West,
it would still have been wonderful that a
section so thoroughly prostrated by a four
years war and change of labor could have
risen in so short a time to what the South
is now. It would have been remarkable
that in eighteen years Georgia and South
Carolina could have made the cotton man
ufacturers of Massachusetts tremble for
their future; that the two Virginias could
have drawn much of the iron manufacture
from Pennsylvania; that ships could be
built and launched in Southern waters;
more railroads should be built in the South
than any other section of the country; that
she should be holding great industrial ex
positions such as those of Atlanta and
Louisville —in short, that she should be
even on her feet at all. We say this would
have been surprising had all the friendly
aid that we have mentioned been extended
How much more surprising must it be
then when we look at the real state of the
case. Of all the peoples in the civilized
world the Southern have had the most up
hill time since the civil war. They made
their new start with the name “Rebel”
pinned to them. They were fleeced by all
sorts of adventurers under form and color
of law. The National government was
openly inimical to them. Instead of call
ing attention to their fields and rivers and
minerals, the Northern press called atten
tion to every crime, every isolated idle
community, every poor and wasted field,
the utterances of every cracked-brained
political fool, as the best evidences of the
moral, agricultural and political condition
of the Southern country. When political
campaigns came along the unlucky South
was advertised with a brass band. Every
hustings at the North was crowned with a
speaker blatant over the crimes at the
South, the political murders, the thrift
lessness of the people, and the generally to
be dreaded character of the country. The
Republican party annually took the dirty
clothing of the Southern people and washed
it in the great national wash tub before
the whole world, often throwing in a few
hundred extra bloody shirts of their own
manufacture to make the washing more
As if the patriotic efforts of our Northern
brethren were not a sufficient burden, the
South had Republicans scattered all through
her borders who were busily engaged in pro
viding the outrages to order. They were
handy witnesses to prove what the civilized
Republican party was trying to establish,
that the South could hardly be called civ
ilized. Instead of talking of the openings
at the South for enterprise and capital, the
topic of their conversation was outrages,
proscription, and the like. No country of
modern times has had such external and
internal foes to drive away prosperity by
evil report as has the South. If the gov
ernment had posted Mason and Dixon’s
line with sign boards labeled “Small Pox,”
“Cholera” and “Yellow Fever,” it could
not have done more to repel prosperity
from entering this section than the Repub
lican party has done for us iu eighteen
years, through its orators, its press, and
through the officers of the National. Go
vernment who have been, up to the present
time, under its control.
We say that with such a character as
was given the Southern States by the Re
publican party and universally accepted by
the civilized world, it is a wonderful tri
umph over adverse and malign advertising,
that the South has won by her own unaided
efforts a place recognized in the commer
cial, manufacturing, agricultural and po
litical world. A people with less stamina
in them, with less of all that constitutes
men in them, would have been beaten down
by a combination which actually included
their own national government. And yet
we sometimes hear of what the Republican
party has done for the country. It has
done nothing for the Southern States, ex
cept drive off emigration and lower the
price of her acres, by publishing to the
world that they were unsafe and unfit for
a residence. The Southern States have
done everything for themselves. The Re
publican party has done much for one sec
tion of the country. On that section it
' has lavished its positions of trust and profit,
its proceeds of the Credit Mobilier Swindle,
its assets from the Star Route thieves, its
assets of a defunct navy, its assets of the
great Babcock National Whiskey Ring, its
gigantic Pension list, but in this section it
has done nothing, absolutely nothing, ex
' cept to advertise it to the world as a place
, unfit for civilized people to live in.
If there was nothing else to prove the
vitality of the Southern people the fact
that in the face of such a character, in spite
of such efforts of the Republican part} 7
(composed to its lasting shame, be it said,
of their own countrymen) to place them
and keep them out of reach of the civilized
j world, they have forced their way up into
an important place in the eyes of that world
to a position of weight in the affairs of the
nation, and are to-day the rivals in manu
facture of many of the Northern States,
would fully prove it.
Large Farms. — The statistics given by
the Los Angeles, California, Daily Com
mercial, as to the immense farms of that
State, are astonishing. It quotes a list of
a dozen large California farms, and adds
the following, in the southern part of the
State ; “The late Dan Murphy, of Santa
Clara, with his 16,000,000 acres; Haggin
& Carr, with 800,000 acres; Miller & Lux,
with 000,000 acres; Gen. Beale, with 200,-
000 acres; H. M. Newhall, with 48,000
acres; Lankershim & Co., 50,000 acres; B.
F. & G. K. Porter, 80,000 acres; Moffit &
Maclay, 20,000 acres; E. J. Baldwin, 20,-
000; J. & L. Bixbey, 80,000 acres; j. Ir
vine, 48,000; John G. Downey, 75,000; I.
W. Heilman, 25,000 acres; Richard Gird,
80,000 acres; James S. Flood, 187,000
acres; Thomas R. Bard, 50,000 acres; D.
Freeman, 50,000 acres, and numerous other
farmers and stock-growers whose farms ex
tend into tens of thousands of acres.
There is nothing in the world that hurts
a man so much as the habit of grumbling.
Some people are like snarling dogs that
never see a stranger, whether he be friend
or foe, without snapping at his heels. The
good in life is never good enough, and the
bad is always worse than it is. The Lord
couldn’t fix things right for some folks
whom we have known, because which ever
way a thing is done they always want it the
other way. An old sinner of this ilk once
confessed on her knees that she had had a
heap of trouble in her life, and tha t most
of it never happened. It is a good rule
not to suffer from the toothache until the
tooth begins to ache.
Finely flavored, aromatic, sweet butter
can only be secured through the use of a
percentage of new milch cows in the dairy
at all seasons. Darlington, the famous
Philadelphia butter-maker, milks his cows
for butter only three or four months after
calving, then diverts their milk to cheese
or to the supply of the city milk trade.
Butter made from the milk of farrow cows
is inclined to crumble and taste cheesy.
Whistlers are always good-natured, says
a philosopher. Everybody knew that.
It’s the folks who have to listen to the
whistling that get ugly.
Movements of Colored Republicans.
From the Baltimore Situ.
One of the most striking features of the
general political situation is the increased
activity of the colored element of the Re
publican party. The scope of the move
ment is unmistakable. A complete change
of leadership is contemplated, involving
nothing less —where the colored element
furnishes the larger part of the Republican
voting strength—than replacing the present
white Republican officials with colored
ones, and this, too, not only in the unre
munerative positions of party organizations,
but also in the paid offices of the Federal,
State and minor local governments. There
can, of course, be no objection to this.
The majority of a party is entitled to name
its candidates and control the party ma
chinery. White Republicans consented to
it beforehand in giving the colored man
the ballot and welcoming him to their
party. They have always stood up —espe-
cially in the South—for the competency of
the colored voter to discharge the duties of
citizenship. They have especially contend
ed for his right to the benefits of the bal
lot —to elect and be elected. They will
only be acting consistently with their prin
ciples, therefore, in acquiescing in the pro
posed transfer, in this city and elsewhere,
of the party control to a new basis. The
claim of such prominent colored papers as
the Vindicator , of this city, the Echo , of
Savannah, and the Globe , of New York, is
that their demand for at least proportionate
representation in the management and ben
efits of the Republican party cannot, after
eighteen years of patient tutelage, be deemed
premature or immodest. While they were
learning the arts of politics the colored vo
ters were content to vote their instructors
into the offices. Now, however, that the
period of tutelage is over, the favor should
be reciprocated. Only thus will the excel
lence of their instruction and the talent of
the colored race for the discharge of high
political functions be demonstrated in a
way to convince the incredulous. It is
not perhaps without justice that the colored
press find fault with the Bourbon conduct
of 30,000 white Republicans of Kentucky,
who remorsely scratched the Rev. Mr. As
bury, the colored nominee on the State
ticket for register of the land office. Doubt
less it is as obligatory on white Republi
cans to vote for colored candidates as for
colored Republicans to vote for white can
didates. From the point of view of all
Republicans it should be regarded as noth
ing less than party ostracism of the most
objectionable character to bolt or scratch a
candidate on account of his color. No ob
jection was made to Mr. Asbury’s record.
On the contrary, he is represented as a
man “of good education, broad ideas and
gentlemanly character.” That he was
scratched so largely cannot but be considered
as giving point to the declaration made by
Mr. T. Thomas Fortune in the New York
Times of Tuesday last, that “the colored
voters in this country are no longer in
leading strings,” but “want honest treat
ment and less gush; less bossing and more
obedience.” The same colored writer shows
in what various ways their discontent has
been voiced by the colored people of the
United States. “The colored people of
Rhode Island in convention assembled de
nounced the party and its methods, and
put their denunciation in the ballot-box not
a year ago for the Sprague ticket.” The
tidal wave that swept over New York,
Pennsylvania, Connecticut and Massachu
setts last November Mr. Fortune declares
was largely colored, the voters of that race
giving at that time “ample proof that they
were not machines.” The opposition to
the holding of the proposed national col
ored convention at Washington in June,
he states, was due to the conviction among
the militant colored element that the con
vention, under the partisan leadership of
Fred. Douglass, was “to be run in the in
terest of politicians.” Hence the change
of the date from June to September, knd
and of the place from Washington to Lou
isville. The Colored Press Association at
St. Louis passed a resolution declaring it
self non-partisan—a significant fact, in the
writer’s opinion. The convention of col
ored men held at Columbia, South Caro
lina, some weeks ago, “condemned the
management of the Republican party in
the strongest language,” and their animus
has been again exhibited in the recent let
ter of a prominent colored politician of
South Carolina to the Charleston News
and Courier.
The Plagues of History.
The earliest plagues of which there are
any account of, those described in Exodus,
occurred in Egypt 1431, B. C. In 534,
B. C., there was a plague at Carthage so
terrible that parents sacrificed their children
to propitiate the gods. In 187, B. C., in
the Greek Islands, Egypt and Syria, people
died at the rate of 2,000 a day. In Rome,
A. 1)., 80. 10,000 people died daily.
Another plague at Rome, A. D., 25G, took
oft’ 5,000 a day. In 430 Britain was
scourged so that the living were hardly
able to bury the dead. During the years
740-749 Constantinople lost 200,000 of
its population. At Chichester, England,
in 772, 34,000 people died, and in 954
Scotland lost 40,000 people. Ireland was
sorely visited in 1172 and 1204, and again
in 1348-9. At that time 200 people were
buried daily. In 1407 London lost 30,-
000 citizens. There was a fearful pesti
lence at Oxford in 1741. The dreadful
“sweating sickness” occurred in London in
1500 and again in 1518. In most of the
towns half the people died, and Oxford
was depopulated. In 1522 thousands
were swept away in Limerick. The
I sweating sickness revisited in England in
1528 and again in 1551. In 1003-4 30,-
578 perished of plague in London. Con
stantinople again lost 200,000 people in
1011. In 1025 London lost 35,417 in
habitants. In 1032 Lyons lost 00,000.
In 1050 400,000 people died at Naples in
six months. In 1004 London’s great
plague took off 08,590 inhabitants. In
1720 00,000 people died at Marseilles. In
1773 80,000 inhabitants of Bossora,
Persia, died of plague. In 1792 800,000
persons died of plague in Egypt. In
Barbara 3,000 people died daily, and in
1799 247,000 people perished at Fez,
Asiatic cholera first appeared in England
at Sunderland, October 20, 1831, and in
j North America at Quebec, June 8, 1832,
and in New York, June 22, 1832. It
revisited the United States in 1834, slight
ly in 1849, severely in 1855, and again
lightly in 1800-7. In 1829-30 900,000
people died of cholera in Russia and
Germany. In 1848-9 53,293 people died
of it in England and Wales, and in 1854
these countries lost 20,097, and Naples
10,000 persons. In 1805 00,000 people
died of cholera in Constantinople.
The simplest postofficc in the world is
in Magellan Straits, and has been estab
lished there for many years. It consists of
a small cask, which is chained to the rocks
of the extreme cape in the straits, opposite
Terra del Fuego. Each passing ship sends
a boat to open the cask and take letters
out and place others in it. The postoffice
therefore, it is under the
protection of all the navies of all nations,
and up to the present time there is not a
single case to report in which any abuse
of the privileges it affords has taken place.
Keep your promise, to the letter, be
prompt and exact, and it will save you
much trouble and care through life, and
win you the respect and trust of your
When a woman wants to get rid of her
husband for an hour she sends him up
stairs to get something from the pocket of
one of her dresses.
: Thoughtful attention of farmers to the supe
° rior merits of
The advantages resulting from its use are
. not only an increased yield, but the perma
nent improvement of the soil from the abun
’ dant growth of grass which is sure to follow.
p Is no new thing. For eighteen years it has
;• been undergoing trial, and well has it stood
the test. At first its progress to favor was
' naturally slow; but merit will, sooner or later,
■ have its reward, and now its sales every year
I are largely increased over those of the pre
ceding year, and the friends of its early days
are its best friends now. .
It has been used extensively in Maryland,
! Pennsylvania and Virginia, and from its abuu
■ dant success everywhere, we are justified in
; recommending it to you as being well adapted
[■ to your soils. No fertilizer for your use has
had such unvarying success and continued
* popularity. Some of the largest and best
! farmers in these three states use it almost ex
■ clusively. . .
It is Successful, because it is Nature s
I own provision for her exhausted fields.
It is Low Priced, because we have none
! of the expense of manufacturers, and, with
’ out regard to its high commercial value, we
i base its price solely upon its actual cost to
> import.
[ We refer you below to some of the farmers
who have used it, and ask you to enquire of
them as to its merits.
Wooldridge, Travers & Co.,
04 Bcchanax’s Wharf, : : Baltimore, Mil
[ Montgomery county, Md., wrote, March 7th,
L 1883:—“Some nine years ago we bought a
i tract of land, about four miles from Sandy
I Springs. It was very poor land, covered with
r scrubby pines. We cleared it and applied
manure, which we hauled from Washington,
; every year up to 1880. This involved a great
' deal of labor, trouble and expense, and that
i year, hearing of the remarkable success of
. Orchilla Guano in other sections, and its low
. price, we concluded to try it. We put in a
crop of rye with it, and had splendid results.
’ The next year we used four tons of it. Before
> the crop was made we sold the place, but the
i rye and grass which followed greu so rank
•* that the new owner complained he could not
cut it. We then bought our present home,
, near Colesville, where we continue to use Or
chilla, and the grain and grass we have been
: growing from its use are as fine as can be
! found. We also applied Orchilla Guano in
1880 on the farm of Mrs. Richardson, which
’ adjoined ours. We there applied 400 pounds
of Orchilla to the acre; it cost $25 per ton.
5 Beside it w’e applied Peruvian Guano at the
' rate of 600 pounds to the acre; it cost $52 per
' ton. At harvest the straw from the Peruvian
, was about six inches higher than that from
the Orchilla, but it did not yield one grain
more rye. In our judgment Orchilla Guano
’ is as good a fertilizer as any other we know
1 of, and costs much less, and we think it suits
■ our Montgomery county lands.”
I .1. C. BRUBABER, Uniontown, Carroll
■ Co., Md., April 26, 1882, says: “1 used 300
; pounds Orchilla Guano to the acre broad
cast, or put on with a fertilizer drill before
planting, and I had the best crop of corn in
‘ th is section. It kept green during the drought
■ and made twelve barrels to the acre. I shall
• continue to use it.”
p CHARLES M. KING. Damascus, Mont
gomery Co., Md., July 24, 1883, says: “I
1 have been using Orchilla Guano for a number
of years. I formerly used a good deal of A.
A. Mexican, and when that could no longer
be had genuine, I was induced to try Orchilla.
I soon found it had remarkable virtue, and
have used it ever since, when I could get it.
Its effects show plainly on my farm. Last
' year it made me twenty-seven bushels of wheat
) where I only had twelve before; and on that
, field now stands clover over three feet high !
i It made me fourteen barrels of corn to the
, acre last year, where I could only raise seven
or eight before. 1 tried some this spring, by
sowing it in February, as is recommended,
‘ and letting it lie till ready to plough and put
i in corn, and where I put it any one can see
the corn is greener and stronger. lam sat
isfied Orchilla is a valuable improver of the
’ soil, and now that I can get it at Mt. Airy, at
’ low freight, I will use more of it than ever.
It is sometimes slow, but it is sure .”
WM. C. BATTERSFIELD, Greensboro’,
1 Caroline Co., Md., August 1, 1883, says: “I
1 have been using Orchilla Guano for fifteen
years largely. I have frequently tried other
fertilizers, but fell back on Orchilla. I be
lieve it a good, permanent improver of poor
JOHN M. SMITH, Sandy Springs, Mont
gomery Co., Md., August 1, 1882, says; “I
have used Orchilla Guano on a barren hill
side, the soil being so washed oft’ as to leave
the ground pretty much clear of signs of veg
etation. It brought pretty fair wheat, and
where there was any soil I find the timothy
and clover well set, satisfying me there is vir
tue in it. I purpose using it again.”
Montgomery Co., Md., July 3, says: “Or
chilla seems to have given general satisfaction
in this neighborhood. My wheat is better
than I have had for a long time.”
JESSE W. DOWNS, Dayton, Howard Co.,
Md., June 16, 1883, writes: “I have used Or
chilla Guano for the past four seasons on
wheat, corn, rye and potatoes, and find it
equal to any high-priced fertilizer that 1 have
used within the past ten years. On good
land it makes fine crops at once, and on thin
lands, I have watched its action carefully,
and I can say with truthfulness that it is a
sure and permanent improver of the soil. It
certainly will make ‘poor land rich.’ I am
sorry I did not get hold of it long ago. All
who have used it in this neighborhood speak
well of it, and will use it again this fall.”
Uniontown, Ml).
Double Pipe Creek, Md.
aug 18-t oct 27 July 21-3 mos
I promised more testimonials and referen
ces and here they are. Read.them.
The best in the market. When I say best,
I mean it, as the following gentlemen will
testify, as they have used it and will endorse
what I say. Hon. Chas. B. Roberts, Peter
B. Mikesell, Oliver Beaver, Wm. J. Beaver,
Franklin P. Goodwin, Theo. F. Englar, John
T Baust, Joseph Shaeffer, and others, West
minster, Md.; Alfred H. Barnes, John N.
Knight, John T. Beggs, Samuel L. Carr,
Oliver A. Hull, Rev. Wm. Palmer and others,
Warfieldsburg, Md.; Judge William Inzell,
Enoch L. Frizell, J. Casper Fnzell, ! nzells
burg, Md.; Henry Dreschler, Carrollton. Md.;
Moses Parrish, T. J. Gibson, Gamber, Md.;
. James Williams, Charles Nemer, Small
• wood, Md., and in fact, any person who has
used the “Star Bone.” _ _ , t ,
Read the result on Hon. Chas. B. Roberts
farms; „ _ „
Hon. Charles B. Roberts, of Carroll coun
ty, having used for some years Peruvian
Guano, (which cost him $49 per ton) enter
• tained a very good opinion ot its merits. I
1 proposed to Mr. Roberts that he should try
. one ton of the “Star Bone” Phosphate, and
if it did not do equally as well as Peruvian
'. Guano, I would charge him nothing for it.
He consented to try a half ton of “Star Bone”
. on each of his farms, with the following results:
Mr. Adams, a tenant on his farm near Union
town, writes as follows :
Uniontown, Md., July 25, 1883.
James E. Smith, Dear Sir According to
i Mr. Robert’s instructions I used last fall one
. half ton of J. E. Tygert & Co’s. Star Bone
1 Phosphate sold by you, sowing the same
t through the middle of a field on either side of
which I had used Peruvian Guano in the same
proportion with the Star Bone. I have no
. hesitation in saying that the wheat where the
“Star Bone” was used, was decidedly better
. than that upon which the Peruvian Guano was
used. Yours, Ac. Evan Adams.
, Mr. John T. Baust writes as follows:
’ Westminster, July 25, 1883.
James E. Smith, Dear Sir:—With the per
; mission of Mr. Roberts I tried J. E. Tygert
■ & Co’s. Star Bone Phosphate sold by you
last fall, using one-half ton. It was sown
along side of the Peruvian Guano and in same
proportion; there was but little difference in
the yield of wheat, but the difference through
small was in favor of Star Bone.
Yours truly, JohnT. Baust.
James E. Smith — Sir :—This to certify
that I used nearly two tons of J. E. Tygert &
Co’s. “Star-Bone Phosphate,” sold by you,
beside the old-fashioned Peruvian Guano- —
for which I paid $49 per ton—and yours did
as well and made me as much wheat per acre
as did the Peruvian Guano, there being a dif
ference of sll per ton in your favor. I will
want eight tons of it this fall.
Peter B. Mikesell, Westminster, Md.
Prices: —Car load lots of from 10 to 20 tons
in Car load, at any point on the Western
Maryland Railroad, at $35 cash, or $36
on or before November Ist, 1884, without in
terest. Less than car load $37 cash, or $39
on or before November Ist, 1884.
Warehouse in rear of Henry’s Blacksmith
Shop, near Railroad Depot. Westminster, Md.
1 ELIJAH L. HILTON, Traveling Agent,
Bankard’s Central Hotel.
aug 4-3rn Westminster, Md.
Established 1820.
* Largest Variety in the city of genuine and im
’ itation
s Linen, Mohair and Glac6 Dusters.
Our Custom Department is complete in its
, asssortment of Piece Goods from which to
1 order. Styles and prices to suit all tastes.
1 All goods properly shrunk before being made
’ up. Samples and prices sent free upon ap
165 and 167 West Baltimore Street.
, july 7-tf Baltimore, Md.
Wall Paper & Window Shades
I take pleasure in announcing to my friends
and the public generally that I have and am
daily receiving in my new and elegant store
i room in the NEW ZEIBER BUILDING,
1 west of the Railroad, the largest and hand
somest selection of WALL PAPERS and
; Window Shades that was ever brought to
Westminster. My stock of Wall Papers are
| of the very latest, make and most handsome
designs, consisting of the cheapest grades, of
’ which we sell from 10 cents a piece up to the
1 very finest Embossed and Solid Back Gold
Papers that are made; also, Borders, Freezes,
, Ac., to match. My Window Shade De
partment contains all the latest shades in
: Figured, Painted and Linen Goods, Spring
1 Rollers, Laces, Fringes, Bars, Rings,Cornices,
' and in fact everything that belongs to the
1 Window Shade Department, at prices a great
deal less than can be had in the city. I em
! ploy none but the very best workmen from
the city that served a regular apprenticeship
at the business and understand just how the
‘ work should be done, as well as matching and
blending colors, and will guarantee all work
done from my store to be first-class. Parties
wanting papering done will save by giving me
| j)tj 11 UUIIL Will BdVt l/j
a trial before giving their work to parties who
do not understand their business as well as
they should. We keep a team, and will go
to any part of the county to give estimates or
do work. We also do all kinds of Uphol
stering. Orders by mail or otherwise will
, receive prompt attention. J. M. WELLS,
apr7,83,1y Westminster, Md.
• (Successor to A. M. Warner),
West End Westminster, Md.
Repairs constantly on hand. A call is so
july2B-lyr T. P. BUCHINGHAM.
New Windsor, Md.
JNO. F. PARKE, General Agent,
aug 11-2 m Westminster, Md.
Plug, Smoking and Pine Cut
Chewing Tobacco,
AC., AC., AC.
All Goods Guarantee)! as Represented.
Prices as low as any House in the State.
March Ist, 1883 —mar 8-tf
No. 6 North Howard Street,
Opposite the Howard House,
tfiP’Blank Books Made to Order in any
StjM. nov 26 1883 ly
po TO
Ranging in price from 40 Cents to $2.00.
Call or send for circulars explaining our
plan of selling Carpets, which is done through
the medium of a most wonderful invention —
By the aid of this device we are enabled to
show you, before purchasing, precisely how
your carpet will look when made up and laid
upon your floor. Don't fail to call and see it
before buying, as you can surely save money
by buying in this way.
We also have full lines of goods usually kept
in stock, such as
Prices as low as any house in Westminster.
Very respectfully,
may 8-tf B. G. BLANCHARD.
If you wish to see how lively I am, send
me word you want a
Crown Sewing Machine,
York Cottage Organ, or
Florence Oil Stove,
For which I am general Agent in Maryland.
The Crown is so simple that the blind can
thread and use it. The York Organ is per
peetion in tone, power and finish. See it.
The Florence Oil Stove is certainly the best.
Try it. I sell LOW FOR CASH, or on very
easy terms. Give me a call. Agents wanted.
Carroll street, next door to the Lutheran
Church property, Westminster, Md.
P. S. —All kinds of Sewing Machines
repaired promptly, well and cheap, Work
guaranteed. mayo,B3-ly
Office One Door West of the Union National
Bank, Westminster, Md.
Will visit the following places:
Union Bridge. —Ist Wednesday and Friday
following of each month.
New Windsor. —2d Wednesday and Friday
following of each month.
Tanei/town. —Next to the last and the last
Friday in each month, remaining until Satur
day evening.
One of the firm can always be found in the
office. sep 23-tf
The undersigned have this day formed a
co-partnership for the practice of Law in
the several courts of this State under the firm
name of Reifsnider & Fink. All business en
trusted to our care will receive prompt atten
tion. Office —Main street, adjoining the res
idence of Chas T. Reifsnider.
Westminster, Md., Oct. 20, 1881. 0c22
Office with Jas. A. C. Bond, on Main op
posite Court street. All business entrusted to
my charge will also receive the attention of
Jas. A. C. Bond, Esq. may 20-ly
After December Ist, 1881, Dr. J. H. BIL
LINGSLEA will occupy the late residence of
his father, Main Street, two doors East of
Huber’s Drug Store. nov 26-y
Having formed a partnership in the practice
of Law, will give prompt attentiod to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Office on Main
street a few doors east of Court street,
dec 5-ly
Will practice in all Courts throughout the
State. nov 13-tf
Douglas b. smith,
Office with D. H. Henning, basement of
Court House,
oct 29-tf
1 Office on Main street, nearly opposite Court,
in the room formerly occupied by John J.
Baumgartner, deceased. Will attend prompt
ly and diligently to all business entrusted to
him. July 5, 1879
Office with Hon. C. B. Roberts. July 19
Office with Hon. Wm. P. Maulsby, opposite
Odd Fellows’ Hall. oct 13, 1877, tf
Office directly opposite the Court House,
Westminster, Md. feb 14-tf
Have associated themselves in the prac
tice of Law in Carroll county ai d the several
Courts of this State.
Mr. Syester will visit Westminster when
business requires it.
Office on Main opposite Court street,
ap 15
W ill practice in all the Courts of the State.
Office, opposite Westminster Hotel, Main St.,
Westminster. aU g
Rb. norment,
Office with Hon. Charles B. Roberts, opposite
the Court House, respectfully informs the
citizens of Carroll and adjoining counties that
he will give prompt attention to all business
intrusted to him, both before the Courts of
this State and the Departments of the Gen
eral Government at Washington, D. C.
jan 4, 1873.
Will practice in the various Courts of Carroll
county. #®“Special attention given to Or
phans’ Court business. May be consulted,
for the present, at the office of the Register of
Wills, or at his residence on Court Street,
Westminster, Md. j an 3
Fir© Insurance Company
J. W, BERING, President.
Secretary and Treasurer.
General Agent, Westminster, Md. •
Directors.— Dr. J. W. Bering, Alfred
Zollickoffer, Edward Lynch, David Prugh,
Granville S. Haines, Granville T. Bering, Dr.
Samuel Swope, R. Manning, Charles B. Rob
erta David Fowble. jan 12-tf.
Western Maryland E allr l
saum'ssi l
OV"' 1 Monday. .W, . ;4 ■
1 rams will run over this road as fi H
| l>aily, except Sunday
STATIONS. j 2 | | | % gK
A. M. A. M. P. M p „ : HI-'
Hilfen Station 750 ir, ,r, 4 , M|
Union Depot 7 .V. in |n nr. 'f- *♦' ■f.' :
Penna. Avenue h<m in F. in, p,* M
Fulton Station 802 10 17 4 p> hits K: 1
Arlington 81610 27 421 ■!? l„,r 1:
Mt. Hope S2O 10 30 425 -f - ■
Pikesville 8 27 to;;,; 435 ; Ml
Green Spring Jc 835 10 4:', ak, ... 'ML
Owings Mills 83810 40 4 4,'; 6 S i* ' ■
Glyndon 850 11 00 45s car. K
Hanover 10 37 ;■] “ ' BE
Gettysburg 7 ‘j, M>
Glen Falls 9 01 11 10 ...... K
Finksburg 9031 l ij p, GS7 H
Carrollton 917 11 20 Oil S? , B
Westminster 9341144 540 7if, 54-. M
New Windsor 957 12 05 5 58 73s uJ? U M:
Linwood 10 04 12 12 0 04 7 4,5 It Hit Mr
Union Bridge 10 Hi 12 17 009 75,1 M
Frederick Junc’n.. 10 21 p. >l. 0 22 U* M
Frederick 1125 7 05 mf
D. P. Creek 10 27 0 27 SB'
Rocky Ridge 10 :S6 6 35 M
Emmittsburg 11 05 7 05 S|
Loy’s 10 41 C 40 M
Graceham 10 46 g 45 M.
Mechanicstown.... 10 55 0 50 HI
Deerfield 1107 7 02 K
Sabillasville 11 13 7 0s m
Blue Ridge 11 22 7 17 f-l M
Ben-Mar 1129 7 24 K
Edgemont 11 42 7372 03 B
Waynesboro, Pa 12 07 800 Mt-
Five Forks, Pa 1217 8 10 B
Altenwald, Pa 12 26 8 20
New Franklin, Pa.. 12 35 s :to M
Chambersburg, Pa.. 12 50 8 45
Green Village, Pa... 1 05 559 ME
Southampton, Pa... 11l 909 Hf
Shippensburg, Pa... 1 25 920 SMp
Sraithsburg 11 48 7 44 211 K-
Chewsville 11 5S 7 54 222
Hagerstown 12 15 8 10 2 45 fis
Hagerst’n, C. V. D.. ... Hi
Shepherds'n.W.Va. J” M
Charlestown, “ am:
Front Royal, Va.... j L, K
Luray.Va | B
Waynesboro’June. I -3 K
Roanoke. Va Mi
Bristol, Tenn p.m IK
Williamsport _ 8 30(3 05 B
Daily, except Sundays, d., B
> I > K > M
STATIONS g g * t:rS ■
I | S’ 3 - |
A. M. P. ,1 B,
Williamsport 725 200 fl
Bristol, Tenn M
Roanoke. Va Ml
Waynesboro’ June. ; 3 M
Dufay, Va M
Front Royal, Va iojj ■
Charlest'n, W. Va.. pj M
Shepherdst’n. W.V. ■
Hagerst’n, C. V. D.. | S ■
Hagerstown 74 5 220 . M
Chewsville 8 01 2 3s M
Smithsburg 8 10 2~ M
Shippensburg. Pa... 6 35 jjj B'
Soutliampton, Pa... 645 pj) ■
Green Village Pa... 654 123, ■
Chambersburg,Pa.. 710 125 V
New Franklin,Pa.. 7 22 M.
Altenwald Pa 7 32 *
Five Forks, Pa 7 40 ij B
Waynesboro, Pa 7 52 1 j ■
Edgemont 8 18 258 29 B
Pen-Mar 8 28 3 os M
Blue Ridge B*t 315 21s I
Sabillasville 8 11 321 M
Deerfield 8 47 3 30 ■
Mechanicstown 9,K. 345 2* H
Graceham 9 05 3 31 K
Ixiy’s 910 355 B
Exnmittsburg 840 $25 , ■
Rocky Ridge 914 400 ■
D. P. Creek 922 4 05..... ■
Frederick 8 35 p
Frederick Junc'n... a. si. p.m. 926 p.m. 413 ■
Union Bridge 4 40 615 937 100 427 3W B
Linwood 447 620 942 1 it) 4 32..... B
New Windsor 45t 627 948 112 439 326 B
Westminster 527 648 to 05 133 505 335 fl
Carrollton 547 705 150523 , B
Finksburg 605 718 205 538 B
Glen Falls 609 722 207 542 ■
Gettysburg " ,81 B
Hanover 540 837 ■
Glyndon 620736 10 5,, 216 551 B
Owings Mills 6'M75111 02 2 3tJ 605 B
Green Spring Jc 640 7 55] 23! 60s ■
Pikesville 650 804 1X 13 241 616 H
Mt. Hope 6588 12 111 20 249 6 24’ ■
Arlington 703 8 17111 23 2536 27 B
Fulton Station 715 8 28111 33 303 638 443 fl
Penna. Avenue 7 20 830 11 35 305 640 46 B
Union Depot 725 835 11 40 310 ,!4.> 450 fl
Hillen 5tati0n........ 7 301 840j11 45 31> 650 455 ■
Going East, will leave Union Bridge for Baltimore ■
and intermediate Stations at 6.15 a. in. 4.30 p. m. and ■
Westminster at 6.55 a. in. and 5.05 p. 111. GoingWu, I
will leave Baltimore for Union Bridge and inter- B
mediate Stations at 8.40 a. m., and 2.00 p. m. and 3
Westminster at 10.29 a. m. and 3.51 p. m.
Leaves Haltimore at 3.50, p. m.;_ Glyndon, 4.31: fl
Westminster. 5.05; New Windsor. 5.20; Meehanies ■
town, 5.53: Blue Mountain House 6.25, and arrives at ■
Hagerstown at 6.55. m
Leaves Hagerstown for Baltimore at 6.40 a. a: ■
Blue Mountain House, 7,10: Mechanicstown. 7.5: ■
Union Bridge 8.04; New Windsor. 8.12; Westminster, ■
8.27; Glyndon 9.01, and arrives in Baltimore at 9 .b ■
a. 111. I
Trains South will leave Emmittsburg at 840a.m. ■
and 3.25 p. m., arriving at Rocky Ridge at 9J#. ■
m. and 3.55 p.m. Trains North will leave Rocky
Ridge at 10.30 a. m.. and 6.35 p. m., arriving at En ■
mittsburg 11.05 a. m., and 7.00 p. m. X
Baltimobe and Cumberland Valley K. k- ■
Trains leave East daily, except Sunday. Shipper- ■
burg. 6.35 a. m., and 12.20 and 3.20 p, in., (,'liainbcts- ■
burg 7,10 a. m., 12.55 and 3.55 p. m,, Waynesboro iJ- ■
a. m., l.;!8 and 4.35 p. m., arriving at Edgemontßh ■
a, m., and 2.00 and 4.55 p. m. Sundays, leave Ship- B
pensburg 12.20 p. in., and 3.20 p. m„ Chuinbcrshure ■
12.55 p, m. and 3.55 p. m., Waynesboro 1.38 p. m. ana ■
4.35 p. m., arriving Edgemont 2.00]). in. and4.ssp. ■
m. Trains West daily except Sunday. Edgemont ■
7.: and 11.43 a. m.. and 7.38 p. m„ Waynesboro B
a. m., and 12.07 and 8.03 p. m., Chambersbuigß.S)a. ■
m„ and 12.50 and 8.45 p. m., arriving at Shippens- ■
burg 9.10 a. m., and 1.25 and 9.20 p. ni. Smidayt, ■
leave Edgemont 12.45 and 3.32 p. m.. Waynesboro ■
1.10 and 3.55 p.m., Chambersburg 1.58 and l.Wp. B
m.. arriving Shippensburg 2.36 and 5.15 p. in. H
Frederick Division Pennsylvania Railroad. ■
—Trains for Frederick leave Junction at 10.2aa.m-. ■
and 6.22 p. m. Trains for Taneytown, Littlestown ■
and York leave Junction at 9.35 a. in. and 6.15 p. m- M
Through car for Frederick leaves Baltimore alLw K
p. in. and leaves Frederick for Baltimore at S.i)a ft
m. Through cars for Hanover and Gettysbuigana ■;
points on the H. J. H. & G. R. K. leave Baltimore ■
at 9.55 a. m. and 400 p. m. These trains daily ex- H
cept Sunday. . . I
Orders for Baggage calls can be left at lictc K
Office, 133 W. Baltimore street. Baltimore nine go- ■
en at all stations.
J. M. HOOD, Gen’l. Manager. fl
sep 1 B. H. Griswold, Gen’l. Passenger Agent. H
Organized under the auspices of the Mdhdd
l\otextant Church , 1807.
BfeiP"’ lncorporated by Act of Assembly,
Occupies one of the most beautiful and
healthful sites in the State. Receives annual
appropriation from the Legislature for tbe
Free Board of one student from each Sena
-1 torial District. Provides a comfortable room
for each two students. Has a full corps of
competent instructors. Course of study ample
• and thorough both in the Preparatory an
Collegiate Departments. Discipline strict)
j but kind. Terms very moderate. A Scho
arship for Three Years Tuition for SIOO, an
(to students having such Scholarship) Board.
1 Room, Washing, Fuel and Light at the rate
of $166.87 per year. Has been in success™
operation for 16 years.
The Thirty-Third Semi-Annual Session 1 16
gins September 4th, 1883, and ends January
25th, 1884. For Catalogue, and further m
formation, address
J. T. WARD, D. D., President,
june 23 Westminster, Mo.
Country Orders filled I'romptfy f° r
Work Boxes, Pine Stationery-
332 and 334 W. Baltimore St.,
sep 11-tf |
me. E. B. ARNOLD, Smallwood,
Ready-Made Clothing a specialty. J"

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