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Soiling Cows. Pasturing cattle cannot be made profit able upon any land that costs more than 850 an acre. As the value of land in creases, it is necessary to increase the re turn for it, and this can only be done by spending more labor upon it. It is labor that gives value to everything. Fifty tons of iron are worth only 81,000 or a little more; but when this iron is changed by skilled labor into a locomotive, it is worth 815,000, or even more than that. It is precisely the same with a fanner's fields. If five or six acres arc used to pasture one cow which makes a return of 8-0 for the use of the land, equal to S'* or 81 to the acre, the land is worth one-fifth or one sixth as much as if the cow were fed upon one acre for the same length of time. Where a fanner pays 8100 an acre for his land, then it is clear that he gets a very small return for his outlay when he uses his fields for pasturing. The only method by which the laud can be made profitable is by keeping more stock upon it, and this can only be done by growing soiling crops and cutting them for feeding. The most important result of this system is, that by keeping more stock more manure is made, and the laud is made richer and able to produce a larger yield. Another advantage is that by cultivating the land it is not necessary to divide it into fields as for pasturing, and fences may be dispensed with. A jwrtion of the farm only is used for pasture, and that alone needs to be fenced. This fence, too, may be made portable, so that it can be easily moved from field to field as pasture is changed from year to year. This pasture may be used for two or three years, and being well manured by the cattle kept on it, which are fed upon crops cut from other fields, can be brought under cultivation and yield very large crops for a few years until it is again seeded and brought into -grass. crops groK f or soiling are rye sown in the fail, orchard grass, clover and corn. These furnish a succession of green louder from early in May until the winter puts a stop to out-door feeding. Rye is fit for cutting in May, orchard grass follows it. The rye being cut off is followed on the same ground with early sweet corn, which is removed in time for a crop of millet, and part of the rye ground is put in late corn, which is used off in time to sow the ground again to rye. Thus each acre in rye will yield two or three crops amounting, on the whole, to ten or twelve tons of green fod der, one ton of which is able to feed twelve cows for ihree days, and one acre of which is sufficient to support one cow the whole year. For winter feeding, a crop of mangels or sugar beets is required and as one acre will easily produce twenty tons, and a cow will consume three tons in four months, one acre will support seven cows through the winter with a moderate quantity of dried corn fodder, hay, straw and sufficient grain food to keep her in the highest productive condition. Orchard grass is the most cer tain dependence for the pasture. It grows quickly after having been eaten down, and furnishes late feeding in the fall, while it makes the best of hay, with the single ex ception of clover. Coloring Butter. The Unity man am! Fanner advances the following arguments in favor of the use of extracts for coloring butter; —“No one is afraid to eat the red or yellow beet on account of their color. The extracts used for coloring butter or cheese are equally as harmless. Some say, why use colors '! ; Why not leave it as it is by uat me ? In an swer, we say such is not the principle that we follow ordinarily. Wc rather aim to remedy natural defects. For this reason we trim the trees in our lawns and the hedges that surround them into fanciful shapes. We paint our houses with colors pleasing to the eye, although other colors might be more durable and preserve the building for a longer time. We array our selves in clothing of varied hues, although scientists claim wc should wear pure white ! in summer and black in winter, and they must be cut the latest style or wc are not happy. Wc all have an eye to beauty. The taste demands yellow butter. J une butter by nature is yellow. This is the standard natural color. It pleases the eye. It looks better on the table, if it tastes no better. Therefore those who pur- 1 chase butter prefer yellow' butter and will pay more for it. There is no deception in the color, as it does not in the least affect the quality. It does not affect the taste, but it docs improve the looks and in that way adds to its value. A tasty housekeeper wishes her table to look well. She knows 1 that a plate of nice yellow looks much bet ter than a plate of white, lard colored, and this is a taste which is commendable and which huttermakers must not overlook.” The Profit of Farming. ■ Twenty per cent, is a small return for money well invested in a farm and stock; 1 8200 for 81,000 or $2,000 for 810,000 is a very common income from a well-con ducted farm, and there are abundant op portunities for doing better than that. Many a funner lias gone west and bus bought land which has paid him 100 per cent, for several yeai s. Hop-growers, fruit growers, poultrymeu, bee-keepers, and even dairymen sometimes make 100 per cent, profit, and rarely less than 25 or 30 per cent. Let a farmer sell bis farm for 810,- 000 and put it in a 20 per cent, mine, and get 82,000 a year income. He rents a house, buys his provisions and his fuel, hires a horse or carriage when he wants to go out, and at the end of the year he will find his income quite insufficient to keep him in the comfort he enjoyed on his farm, while all the time the mine is being worked out, and some day he is told “the bottom has fell out of it,” and be finds all his money has fallen out with the bottom of his mine. No certain, sure and permanent investment except a farm can be expected to pay more than five per cent, nowadays, and all above that has a proportionate clement of risk in j it. But what risk is there about a farm that is free of debt ? The bottom never falls out of that, and one may securely en joy it as long as he lives, and leave it to | his children, knowing that a thousand years hence the soil will still bo returning its generous dividends. An elaborate paper on the composition of the ash of wheat grain and wheat straw grown at Kothamstcd, England, in differ- | eat seasons and by different manures, has been written by Sir J. B. Lawes and Dr. J. H. Gilbert. The general conclusions , are that the influence of the season on the composition of the ash is very much more marked than the influence of the manure; that the composition of the ash of normally ripened grain is very uniform, and, in fact, only varies in any pronounced degree a, cording to manure, when there is a very abnormal deficiency of one or more con stituents, and that the amount of mineral constituents in the straw has a very obvi-1 ous connection with the supply or exhaus tion of these constituents in the soil. Hardening is regularly and practically taught in more than 20,000 primary schools in France. Every school has its garden, and teachers must not only be good gar deners, but qualified to teach horticulture, or they cannot pass examination. A hay seed in a cow's eye will turn it j white. It will come all right in a day or two if left alone. jyjEN’S SPUING DRESS SUITS, BUSINESS SUITS, WORKING SUITS, YOUTHS’ AND BOYS’ Spring Dress and School Suits, CHILDREN’S SPRING SUITS, From Three Years Old Up. A LARGE VARIETY OF LIGHT SPRING OVERSACKS. Satisfaction guaranteed in every particular or money returned. NOAH WALKER & CO., 165 and 167 West Baltimore Street, aprilo-tf Baltimore, Md. STORE, NEW GOODS, Is Geo. W. Aliiacoh’s New Building, CorncrMaiuand Court Sts., Westminster, Md. Just opened fine stock of FRESH SUGARS, TEAS, COFFEES, SPICES, SYRUPS, FLOUR, MEATS, FRUITS, CANNED GOODS, CAKES, NUTS, ORANGES, SEGARS, SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCO, HARDWARE, BASKETS, TUBS, GLASS onIy years of continue l .',“ AC.’, And everything found in a first-class Gro cery Store. Everything is fresh. NOT TO BE UNDERSOLD. ’ Sfejy Give me a Trial. nov 4. T. F. GOODWIN. 'YyALL PAPER WINDOW SHADES. For Bargains in these Goods and the late styles, go to J, M. WELLS’. FINE GOLD PAPER, From 35 cents to $2.50 per roll. Cheaper grades 10 cents and up per roll. WINDOW SHADES, PICTURE FRAMES, 4C., IN LARGE VARIETY AND MADE Tb ORDER. J. M. WELLS, ZEIBER BUILDING, MAIN STREET. WESTMINSTER, MD. may 8 REMOVAL. JOHN E. ECKENRODE, MANUKACTUUKB OF COACHES, CARRIAGES, dagger Wagons, Buggies, Phaetons, be., &c., &c. Special Attention Given to Repairing. All Orders Promptly Pilled and Work of Every Kind Warranted. SSairFACTORV, Corner of Liberty and * George Streets, Westminster, Md., where 1 J have just erected new and large Shops, giving me better facilities than heretofore. A cal) , is solicited. may 5. ' AND STATIONERY. i WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. tsr,r Cemnlrg Orders filled PrompUff for MISCELLANEOUS, SCHOOL, LAW AND MEDICAL BOORS, ; WHITING DESKS, POCKET HOOKS. I GOLD PENS AND PENCILS, Work Boxes, Pino Stationery. BLANK BOOKS, AND CHECK BOOKS j MADE TO ORDER, j WM. J. C. DULANV 4 CO., 332 and 331 W, Baltimore St., Baltimore, }[ij. apr 26 O. GRIMES & 00,, AT THE PRINCIPAL DEPOT, WESTMINSTER, MD. Have us complete a stock ot ! CHOICE GROCERIES as gau bn found in our city. NEW RAISINS, CITRON. CURRANTS, PRUNES. DRIED AND EVAPORATED FRUITS, MINCE MEAT, PRESERVES, CANNED GOODS, 4c., for the Holidays, or ! the best quality. Choice Teas, Coffees, Syrups, New Orleans Molasses, and the best grade of Flour, con stantly on hand, at bottom figures, i Wc pay the highest prices for Wheat, Corn Bye, Oats, and all kinds of Country Produce, Agents for i-affin 4 Rand's Blasting Pow der. FARMERS Can be supplied with the best quality of Cot ton and Flaxseed Meal, Heavy Middlings, Bran, 4c., at lowest prices. Call and see us. decs E. O. GRIMES 4 CO. . VIEW STORE, NEW GOODS, and CHEAP. I have built a Store Room next door to my old stand, Bowers' Hall, and my stock consists of toll Una of good fresh GRO CERIES AND PROVISIONS, comprising all kinds of Salt Meats, cut to suit, Salt Fjsh, Coffee, Sugar, Syrups, Spices, Chip Beef, Bo logna Sausage. Flour, Corn, and Buckwheat Meal, and all articles generally kept in a good Grocery and Provision Store, all of which will i be sold low, delivered to any part of the town. ; With long experience and by strict attention i to business, I solicit a liberal share of the ! public patronage. 1 jams J 4 JOHN H. BOWERS. BARGAINS! BARGAINS! The Finest Opportunity Ever Offered to the People of CarroU County. TRUSTEES’ SALE —OF — Over SIO,OOO Worth of Merchandise, —AT— NOS. 1 AND 2 CARROLL HALL, Adjoining the Postoffice, WESTMINSTER, MD. AT RETAIL FOB 60 DAYS ONLY. DRY GOODS, Consisting of Silks, Alpacas, Ginghams, Calicoes, Worsteds, Flannels, Muslins, Notions, Corsets, Collars, Cnffs, Handkerchiefs, Tickings, Cot ton, Thread, Laces, Para sols, Toweling, 4c. READY-MADE CLOTHING In great variety, for Men and Boys. Overalls, White and Colored Shirts, LTnderclothing, Stockings, Neckties, Suspenders, Collars, 4c., 4c. Cloths,Cossimeres, Jeans, Kerseys.&e BOOTS AND SHOES For Men, Boys, Ladies, Misses and Children; Gum Boots, Shoes, Hats and Coats, Heavy and Light. HATS, HATS, HATS, &c. Latest Style and Finest Quality. Job lot of! Hats—Stiff and Slouch. Straw Hate. Umbrellas. • Russell’s Cotton 1 Cent a Spool. LINEN TABLE CLOTHS, STAIR CARPET, HASSOCKS, 4c. i ggy'-Those who are looking for Bargains arc requested to examine this stock of goods. THEY MUST BE SOLD. Every article is plainly marked, with the ; price thereon, at their cash value, without re- I gard to their original cost, and will be sold at ! the valuation that has been put upon them by i the appraisers. WM. A. McKELLIP, NICHOLAS D. NORRIS, ap26 Trustees of H. L. Norris. QHAB. 0, KRAFT, (Late Organist of the First Presbyterian and I other churches in Baltimore for over 15 years,) | TEACHER OF PIANO, CHURCH AND I PARLOR ORGAN, HARMONY AND VOCAL MUSIC. Vocal Classes and Schools Taught. CONCERTS AND MUSICAL SOCIETIES i CONDUCTED. TUNER AND REPAIRER Of PIANOS, CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS. Permanently located at MARSH HOUSE, Westminster, Md. | All orders by mall or oihprtyi.sp will receive j prompt attention. Refers to Dr. Chas. Billingslea, Westtpiil j ster, Prof. W. H. Zimmerman, Westminster, | New Windsor College, Protestant Episcopal ! Church, Westminster, sepl,B3-ly j TTAZXW & 00., Wholesale and Retail Grocers, Respectfully call attention to their large stock of Groceries, 4c., at their Store, a few doors east of the Railroad Depot, Westmin ster, Md. Our facilities are such as to enable us to ' offer great inducements in prices, as we pur- I chase for Cash and sell at Short Profits. Our j stePlf Of Choice Fiouv, GroteflM, ftHggns- [ ware, Stoneware, Glaaswasti, Willow - Ware, Woodenware, Fine Cutlery, Fish, Bacon, Lard, Salt, bo., bo. OUR LIQUORS arc the finest and best ever offered in this city, < I ami (or medicinal or family use are unsur i passed. Solo fte,,is far the well known Welty ! I Whiskey. I Ale, Porter and Beer, by the bottle oy I barrel. Sole agents for Briggs Bros, world-re | nouned Garden and Fewer Seeds. The highest market price paid for Country ; Produce fcb 22; Bya HAINES 4 co. j QBWTRAL DRUG §V9US, OPPOSITE CATHOLIC CHURCH, Main Street, Westminster, Md. j JOSEPH B. BOYLE, ■ SUCCESSOR TO waMv KBPS. , DEALER in Pure Drugs, Medicines, j Chemicals, Perfumery, Fancy Articles, j Hair and Tooth Brushes, Combs, Toilet Soaps, I Sugars, 4c. Also Trusses and Shoulder Braces. Pure Paris Green for Destroying - Potato Bugs. PURE WINES AND LIQUORS FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES. Patent Medicines, Borte and Cattle Powders, 4c. A fine assortment of STATIONERY. *qr* Pbysuaaos' order* promptly filled and Prescriptions carefully and accurately com pounded. mar I7tt GEM.— Tbe Celebrated Gem Phos phate is Unsurpassed by Any Fertilizer for spring crops, having had a thorough test for the past three years, and giving entire satisfaction to all whe have used it. We take pleasure in recommending it to our friends, and inform them that it is for sale only by ourselves, at manufacturers’ prices. Have also on hand Salt, Kainit, Plaster, Sputb Carolina Rock and Fertilizers in general. W. S. MYER 4 880., april 19-3 m Westminster Flooring Rills. PA. GOBSUCH, . AUCTIONEER , , . Westminster, Md. Special attention riven to Sales of Rea Estate and Personal Property. dec22-t BUY DIBBCT FROM THE MANUFACTURERS ( f BOOTS, ( |" f SHOES, V (S fe to @ || HATS, 3 |: CAPS, f TRUNKS, VALISES and UMBRELLAS. BY MAKING A SPECIALTY of the above uaiuud goods, we can offer great iu ducements. Having had 16 Years’ Experience In this line of business, we claim to be judges of goods and to understand the wants of the people, and to give them in exchange for their money Goods that will Please Them, Both as to quality and price. Look at the figures: Men* Plow Shoes 90 cent* ami tip. Ladies Lace Slaws 70 “ “ Child 1 s Pegged Shoe* Jpi ‘ “ Men'* Hats.... , 20 “ “ A FULL LINE OF THE LATEST STYLE STIFF HATS. CALL AND SEE THE “FEDORA.” Having made arrangements with the largest manufacturers, and buying for cash, we will be enabled to give our customers such bargains as will retain their confidence and patronage. Respectfully, U. L. REAVER & CO., First National Bank Building, R. R. Depot, WESTMINSTER, MD. marß-ly ’TXTESTERN MARYLAND VY COLLEGE. FOR STUDENTS of BOTH SEXES i x ’ JSf* SEPARATE DEPARTMENTS. Organized under the auspices of the Methodist Protestant Church, ISC7. | _ Incorporated by Act of Assembly, ISCS. Occupies one of the most beautiful and healthful sites in the State. Receives annual appropriation from the Legislature for the Free Board of one student from each Scna i torial District. Provides a comfortable room for two students. Has a full corps of competent instructors. Course of study ample i and thorough both in the Preparatory and i Collegiate Departments. Discipline strict, ! but kind. Terms very moderate. A Schol ■ arship for Three Years Tuition for SIOO, and (to students having such Scholarship) Board, Boom, Washing, Fuel and Light at the rate of $166.67 per year. Has been in successful operation for 16 years. The Thirty-Third Semi-Annual Session be gins September 4th, 1883, and ends January 25th, 1884. For Catalogue, and further in formation, address J. T. WARD, D. D., President, June 23 Westminster, Md. THE WONDERFUL ROSY MORNINGS AND EVENINGS Are said to be caused by the reflection of the gpn upon the dust cast up by the recent vio lent volcanic eruptions. We differ with scientists 01) this point, and think it is bu( a faint reflection or the success we meet with in selling the Elegant New Crown Sewing Ma chine, Weaver’s Sweet-Toned York Cottage Organ, and the Neat, Comfortable Florence Oil Stove. Having sold over 200 Crowns, about 100 Weaver Organs and many Florence Oil Stoves, we think we can afford to stop ten minutes to write, up a little poetry which may astonish the world. Here it is, after ten weeks hard work and a little waste of brain (can't stand much of the latter): IfpW Cmwil Viewing Machine: Toe rose u The nose is top; Hike the CROWN, And so will you. Try it! try it! do! Weaver’s \ork Cottage Organ : Our foce gets cold, We are always sqrp tfi leave her; And home we come with pash, jf we don’t havesmush, Florence Qil Stove ■ Our Stove's name is FLORENCE, Our dog’s name is Joe i The Stove needs but a match, But tin puns make dogs go. Hand made hy M. L. MAIN, The fellow that was horribly burned but still lives, on Carroll street, next to new Lutheran Church, Westminster, Md. feb 2-tf 'yypHBRB TO BUY LBV GOODS! OF 1884. HAMILTON HASTEN ft §QS, OF BALTIMORE, Arc large Importers, Jobbers and Retailers of Dry Goods. Their business, established in 1830, has been done on strictly honorable principles, thereby increasing their trade to jfy nrt'Sent dimensions. ■ Tney paye L t( t fhjp price pnd that price marked in plain fqpee m) Me'e i hey keep no goods but sqpn as they believe : will prove of full value for the price paid by i the purchaser. Their various departments j include low-priced to the finest Dress Goods, ; Black Silks. Colored Silks, Satins and Velvet, j Mpurning Goods, Domestic Cottons, Linen U/WJ5’ Q#*i Goods for Wen sandfioi’s' L’|jd,e ( - wear. Handkerchiefs, Lncc*, fcimtrdideiie., Cloak aand Fashionable Wrtfita, White Muslin Good*, Notions, Ginghams, Calicos, Percales, , Satinea, Ac. As Large Importers, they have the advan- | face of a buyer visiting Europe twice a year to select all new fabrics direct from the manu facturers, and their long experience and the ■ amount of their sales ennblethem to purchase AlneriktUl iiaiillfaffk'rfd Goods in large quan tities and consequently \u gfeOt Samples will he sent to parties who give In structions in regard to about the price of goods wanted, colors preferred, Ac. To fill orders satisfactorily, definite, plain instruc | tions must be given to us. i HAMILTON EASTER A SONS, 199, 201, 209 Baltimore Street, mar 22-8 m Baltimore, Md, JDHILIF WALSH ft SONS. ALL KINDS OF LUMBER A BUILDING MATERIALS, THE LOWEST MARKET RATES. YARDS Maryland Avenue and Oliver street; Harford Avenue and Hoffman street, BALTIMORE, MD. Convenient to Western Maryland Railroad, july 1,1882-ly MAGISTRATES’ BLANKS for sale at this office. ■ - : : - ■ ■ : JpOR ECONOMY AND SATISFACTION l ill TO J. T. OHNDOHPF'S DOUBLE STORE, •PLEADER IN FASHIONS. WE FLAG THE TRAIN. Everybody on the Bargain Seekers’ Railroad stops at our signal— - HONEST GOODS'. LOWESTPRICES I The wise and the economical get off right here, the lowest point on the line. Get your ticket via this popular route, and come straight ? through to the s - BIG BARGAIN DEPOT. We are ready and waiting for you with a big assortment. 3 Big Bargains, Big Inducements, Big Display of the Finest, the Latest, the Most Desirable Styles of Staple and Fancy Dry Goods and Notions; also an Elegant Line of CARPETS,OIL CLOTH. MAT TING, HATS, CAPS, ; tSc BOOTS AND SHOES. *®a I 1 Our receipts of new SPRING & SUMMER GOODS , Have been simply immense. We can save you money, we can save you time and trouble, r and give you PERFECT SATISFACTION In every particular. We have a full line of SUMMER SILKS AT 50 CTS. WE HAVE >': $5,000 Worth op carpet For you to select from. We have . 25 ROLLS OP RAG CARPET, Made of heavy 3-ply chain, we will sell at 25 cents per yard. We are receiving A BIG LINE OP MATTINGS, ( I To sell at very low prices. Ladies’ Gaiters as low as 75 cents per pair; Ladies’ Alexander 3- Button Kid Gloves in all the latest shades, ! best in the world, for j, 50 cents per pair. I CORSETS AS LOW AS 35 Cts. j : ALSO A BIG LINE OF ; COTTONADES AND CHEAP 1 CASSIMERES. I MEN’S AND BOYS’ HATS 25 CENTS. ! A Job Lot of Shoes will be sold at half price. J. T. ORNDORPF’S Double Store, ear BIG BARGAIN DEPOT, , i mar 15 Westminster, Md. I JfIARMERS, THIS WAY. One DoUar and Twenty-five Cents’ Worth ef Goods for Every DoUar Invested. The undersigned,having permanently leased i the lot of J. T. Orndorff, adjoining H. H. | Dell’s lumber office, and having erected a j building thereon, offers to the public , D. M. OSBORNE A CO’S. CELEBRATED HARVESTING MACHINERY, Including Wheeler No. 6 Single Reapers, Rear and Front Cut Mowers; also the Best Twine Binder in the \ with the Mefft BiiftPie Truck in Use; Can be Easily Moved with Two Horses. I have a foil line of Repairs for the Qsborne ( ! Harvesters, also Twine far binding! l HAVE THE ECONOMIST PIiQW, | dust what every farmer wants, , CORN PLANTERS, CORN PLOWS, ( HORSE, RAKES, Ac, J Call and examine befere purchasing, and you I i will be convinced that I have just the goods I you are looking fbr. Also a fell line of i &■ DOMESTIC SEWING MACHINES, I t The best in use. Yours, Ac., JOHN G. SHUNK, mar 8-4 m Westminster, Md. * pOR SALE I; By 4, Jf. STEPHAN. ; t I The finest stock of Spring Goods ever of- ■ j fered in this market, snch as HiilfiMi ! j TR4CF CHAINS QF 4LE QR4PES, I ■ !i i t Tongue, Breast, Stay, Halter, | |ttr LOG AND FIFTH CHAINS, ; Forks, Shovels, Hoes, Rakes, Spades, SAWS * |of every description. Grindstones and Hang- t j ers, Vises, Anvils, Bellows and Blowers. j STUB!* SB9VI& mans. I jof all sines. To any one needing snch goods 1 •t it will be to their advantage to call and see my stock. Also HARDWARE, Iron, Steel, | Coach Goods, Wheels, Leather, Glass, Oils, 1* 1 Paints, Ac. J* d e CUCUMBER PUMPS, | The Celebrated K*pe|ior COOK STOVES, j, j LONDON HORSE and VA TJ'LE FOOD, J Imr BEADY-MIXED HOUSE PAINT, “ Babb Fence Wise. fi a A. N. STEPHAN, feb 17-tf Near Depot, Westminster, Md. & 1 ~~ 1 n AGENCY. g We take this means of informing the public | n that we have opened a Real Estate Agency in p Westminster, and will give special attention tl to the purchase and sale of Real Estate in j, Carroll and the adjoining comities, and to the p renting of property and colleotioa of renla, ti 1 negotiating loans on mortaage, and all other a business usually conducted by agencies of this p kind. si One of the members ofthe firm being aprac tical surveyor of large experience will continue Ci his profession, and will also, attend to all man- a ner of conveyancing, searches, investigation g | of land titles, Ac., on the most reasonable terms. e , MS’ Office in the building of the Gftrroll e Oonnu Mato*! ° jan 5 RICHARD MANNING. _ g QEXSTBBY WORK I JOHN BEAVER, MANUFACTURER OP ITALIAN AND AMERICAN £ MARBLE, u at MONUMENTS, HEADSTONES, Ac., ** n Of the most Tasteful Description. Moderate Prices. Main Street, Westminster, Md. 0 j mar 1 6m* *tc pUBWC LOCAL LAW. CHAPTER 500. AN ACT to repejil nu act of the General As sembly of Maryland, passed at its January session, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, chapter four hundred and sixty-three, enti tled “An act to incorporate the Town of Taueytown, in Carroll county, State of Maryland, and to re-enact the same with amendments.” Section* 1. Be it enacted hy the General Assembly of Maryland, That the act passed at its January session, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, chapter four hundred and sixty three, entitled “An act to incorporate the Town of Taneytown, in Carroll county, State of Maryland.” is hereby repealed, and the following sections enacted in lieu thereof: Sec. 2. And he it enactcd % That the citi zens of the town of Taneytown, in Carroll county, Maryland, arc hereby constituted a body corporate by the name of the Burgess and Commissioners of Taneytown, and by that name may have perpetual succession, sue and be sued, and have and use a common seal. Sec. 3. And he it enacted , That the cor porate limits of said town shall begin at a limestone planted on the east side of the road leading from said town to Uniontown, in said county, for a corner of John Beard’s lot, and running thence north sixty-two and three fourths degrees, east eighteen and two-tenths perches, to a limestone at a corner of said Beard’s lot; thence north ten and three-fourths degrees, east fifty-four perches, to a stone planted on the east side of a mill road; thence north thirty-one and three-fourth degrees, west fifty-eight and four-tenths perches, to the northeast corner of Jacob Lambert’s lot; thence north twenty-nine and three-fourths degrees, west twenty and eight-tenths perches, to a stone set up on the south side of the Lit tlestown road; thence north twenty-four and three-fourth degrees, west forty-nine and two tenths perches, to the northeast corner of the Lutheran burying ground; thence, inclndine said burying ground, north thirty-six and three-quarter degrees, west seventeen and eight-tenths perches, to a stone planted; thence south fifty-five and one-half degrees, west twenty perches, to a stone planted; thence north sixty-nine and three-fourths degrees, west forty perches, to a stone planted; thence south forty-eight and three-fourths degrees, west twenty-four perches, to a stone plant ed; thence south thirty-eight degrees, west fifty-three perches, to the northwest corner of the Reformed cemetery; thence, to include said cemetery, south seven and a half degrees, west twenty perches, to a stone planted; thence south forty-six and three-fourths degrees, east sixty-seven and three-tenths perches, to the southwest corner of the Catholic burying ground; thence south thirty-seven and one half degrees, east seventy and a half perches, to a stone planted on the railroad embank ment; thence south seventy-nine and one-half degrees, east sixty-two and eight-tenths perch es, to the place of beginning; provided, how ever, that for all sanitary and police regula tions the authority and control of said corpor | ation shall extend for one-fourth of a mile in every direction beyond the aforesaid limits. Sec. 4. And he it enacted, That all persons who have resided within the said corporate limits of said town for twelve months next I preceding tae election, and who arc qualified I to vote for delegates to the General Assembly j of Maryland, and all other persons non-rcsi -1 dent of said corporation, but who may be i otherwise so qualified, and who own real or personal in said corporate town of the i value of at least five hundred dollars, shall on ; the first Monday in May ensuing the passage i of this act, and on the same day and month in each and every year thereafter, elect by i ballot one person for burgess and five com missioners, each of whom shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and shall have re sided in said town at least one year previous to the day of election, and be the owners of real or personal property, or both, in his own right in said corporate town, assessed at more than six hundred dollars. Sec. 5. Ami he it enacted, That the first election for burgess and commissioners under this act, shall be held hy two judges of elec tion, to be appointed by the board of county commissioners of Carroll county or the presi dent of said board, and all elections for offi cers thereafter shall be held by one or more judges of election who shall be appointed an nually by the burgess and commissioners of said town, and in such manner, at such place, and after such notice as by ordinance of the corporation not inconsistent with this act di rected. Sec. 6. And he it enacted, That the judges of all elections for officers held under this act, before holding any election, shall each swear or affirm before a justice of the peace for said j county, that he will fairly and impartially act as judge of such election; and said judges of election shall keep the polls open from one | o’clock until four o'clock p. m., and shall in j the presence of such persons who may desire 1 to witness the same, immediately thereafter ; count the ballots, announce the result, and i make and sign u written certificate thereof, which they shall deliver to the clerk of said town. Sec. 7. And he if enacted , That if the qual- | ified voters of said town shall at any time neglect to hold an election for any officer or officers to be elected under this act, the pow- ; ers of such voters under this act shall not be j forfeited, but the officers previously elected ! shall be continued until their successors shall be elected and qualified. Sec. 8. And he it enacted. That the burgess and commissioners shall hold the office to which they have each respectively been elect ed for year frofli tho third Monday in May next ensuing .his election, and until his or their successors shall be elected and qualified, and n failure far two weeks after the election of the burgess or any commissioner shall cre ate a vacancy in such respective office, Spc. 9, And he U enacted, ‘That four of the commissioners shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and in case of va cancy in the office of commissioners by death, removal out of the corporate town, resigna tion, refusal to qualify, or other disqualifica tions, a majority of the qualified commission ers shall elect commissioners to fill such vacancy or vacancies for the remainder ofthe term, and until a successor or successors shall be elected by the qualified voters of said town and shall have qualified, and if a vacancy shall occur in tho office of burgess by any of the cause of vacancy mentioned in this sec tion, the chairman of the commissioners shall act as burgess for the unexpired term. Sec. 10. And he it enacted,, Thftt the burg ess, aft other officers de- i SiSlfateii by the ordinances of said corporation i or this at, excepting the attorney, before entering upon the duties of their offices shall ! take and subscribe the following oath or affir mation : “I do swear or affirm, as the Cgse , may be, that I will feitltfelly Mefcwie fee omcc ( df ift which \ have been elected or appointed, tq the kept of my judgment and abdityi without favor nr affection, Snc- U. And he it lio vkd, That the burg- CiW and oomrolsrinuoi*, or a majority of them, .hull appoint a clerk to Hale) corporate town from among the qualilicd voters thereof, who shall keep accurately initiates of the proceed ings of said burgess and commissioners, and shall enter all laws and ordinances passed hy them in a well-bound book, open Kt pqblic inspectio n he shall attest q|l or ortß- j i flftnpfiji. Olid fiOH 86 (■ jl|o same to be 1 1 posted in not ‘ess than two pf the most public : i places in said town; he shall lile and keep alt < original paper, entrusted to bis care; be shall act as treasurer to said corporation; he shall , keep an accurate account of the receipts and , disbursements of all monies and funds of the : | said corporation in a well-bound book, and i shall pay out the saint* only on the order of i ] tpe mWot, after.the pills thereupon or orders have been passed by a majority of the com missioners; he shall report annually in writing j J to the burgess and commissioners a detailed ( statement of the said corporation, showing the ; ( several sums of money received and expended, : from whom received, and for mid on what j account, and to whom expended and paid, j and shall cause not less than two copies of said statement to be posted up in the two or , more most public places in the town: fop shaU 1 , perform iiteb other duties as may he presorib- ; M for him by this act or the ordinances of said commissioners; be shall receive such com- ’ pensatiou for his services from the fends of the corporation as said commissioners may, by their order or ordinance, fix; and the said J Commissioners shall require said clerk and , treasurer to give bond, with security, to be - approved by the said burgess, for the faithful performance of bis duties as such, which bond | shall be made to the said corporation. Sec. 12. And be it enacted. That the said j commissioners may meet as often for the trans- t action of the business of said corporation as ) shall be required for the transaction of snob , business, but not less frequently than onee in c every three months; the commissioners shall v sleet from among the said commissioners one 8 of their number to act as chairman; they may f; pass such ordinances for the rules and regnla- e tions of their sessions and members not in- t consistent with this act. 9 Sec. 18. And be it enacted, That a msjori- s ty of the commissioners shall have power to p enact and pass all laws and ordinances not c inconsistent with the laws of this state, of said c county or this act, as they may deem wise and k expedient for the comfort, health, order, pros- a perity, peace and convenience of said town b ntj tho inhabitants thereof; to open and es- d tabllsh, curb, pave and repair snch roads, it reels, lanes and alleys as have been or may it he laid out for that purpose, to prevent and ti remove nuisances, to provide against fires, and tx for the extinguishment of the same, to regii- tl ale fire companies, to provide for the safety b if houses, buildings and chimneys from fire, ;o prevent the discharge of explosive mate- & rials, to regulate party walls and division fences, require a license to keep dogs and bitches and to regulate their running at large, to prevent and regulate the going at large of beasts, cattle, sheep and hogs, to restrain or regulate public amusements, entertainments orexhibitious, and to license the same, to re • strain disorders and disturbances and immor • alities; to make, repair or keep in order the roads, streets, lanes, footways and alleys of said town, and the drains, sewers and culverts thereof, and to build or secure a place of con finement for persons charged or convicted of violating the laws and ordinances for the sup pression of vice and immorality, and disorder, Sec. 14. And be it enacted, That the said commissioners shall cause to be made an as sessment from time to time of all property, real and personal, within the limits of said town, and shall levy a tax upon all such pro perly, not to exceed in any one year twenty cents on the one hundred they may deem necessary for the said corporate govern ment expenses; and said commissioners may borrow, to be used for corjiorate purposes, a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars be fore the collection of said taxes, which debt shall be cancelled us rapidly as the collection of taxes succeeding said borrowing will per mit, and all expenses of incorporating said town under this act shall be included in the levy first made. . Sec. 15. And be it enacted, That said com missioners may direct by ordinances what material shall be used in the paving, repairing , and curbing the footways, or any of them, in . said town, and provide that the same shall be done at the expense of the owners of the land , before which said footway shall be made or repaired. i Sec. IC. And be it enacted, That if the owner or owners of any land shall refuse or neglect for thirty days after notice to pave, curb or repair any footway immediately before , his or her land on the same side of the road, , street, lane or alley therewith, as directed by ■ any ordinance of the commissioners consistent [ with this act, the burgess shall cause said work to be done and collect the expenses and cost thereof in the manner that county taxes ; are collected in Carroll county, or by action , of debt. Sec. 17. And be it enacted, That in the . opening, establishing, widening or closing any roads, streets, lanes or alleys all damages done, or suffered thereby, if not agreed upon by the burgess and commissioners, and the f person damaged, shall be determined and as , sessed by three disinterested persons of good judgment, residents of said town, to be ap , pointed by said bnrgess and commissioners, and who shall take an oath before a justice of , the peace for said county that they will faith fully value the damage to be suffered by the person or persons interested, and shall return the damages assessed under their hands and seals, with a certificate of their oath from the f said justice of the peace to the burgess and commissioners at their meeting immediately following said assessment of damages, which said assessment of damages shall be ratified or rejected by said burgess and commission ers, or a majority of them, and any person or persons feeling aggrieved by the determina ; tion of the burgess and commissioners may, within sixty days from such determination, , appeal to the circuit court for Carroll county, and the-judgment of said court shall be final, and upon any appeal being taken, it shall be the duty of said burgess and commissioners to transmit the papers connected with the case to the clerk of said court; and before making any attempt to open, establish, widen or close any road, street, lane or alley, it shall be the duty of the burgess and commissioners to tender and pay, or cause to be tendered or paid, to the person damaged the amount of damages assessed and finally awarded; provi- I ding always, that no private property shall be taken for corporate use without compensation j to the owner thereof. Sec. 18. And be it enacted, That the burg ess shall appoint annually a bailiff for said town, which appointment shall be subject to the approval ot the commissioners; before said bailiff enters upon his duties, he shall tile with the clerk ot said corporation a bond, with security, to be approved by the burgess and commissioners, made to the said corpor ation, for the faithful discharge and perform ance of his duties under this act, and under the ordinances passed by said commissioners; it shall be the duty of said bailiff to perform ' his duties under this act and the laws and or- ; dinances of said corporation, and in the exe cution of the duties of his office, he shall have all and the same powers and authority within the said corporate limits of said town of a constable; he shall pay over to the clerk and treasurer all moneys coming into his hands for and on account of said corporation; he ] shall be the collector of all taxes levied by | said corporation, and shall collect said taxes ' : by distress or execution in the same manner j as the county taxes for Carroll county are now I collected, and shall for that purpose have all [ the powers and indemnities in his office that ’ the lax collectors of the county taxes of Car roll county now have; he shall immediately j upon the collection of any money for taxes, j pay all and every sum of the same over to the j clerk and treasurer of the corporation, and he shall be subject to suit on his bond and crim- j ■ inal prosecution as the tax collectors of Car- [ roll county now are; he shall receive the same I fees in the performance of his duties as bailiffs or constables do in like coses and for like ser vices, and for such compensations for the col lection of taxes and other duties os shall be provided by ordinance of the corporation. Sec. 19. And be it enacted, That all taxes levied on property assessed as provided for by this act, shall be a lien on said property, real or personal, of the taxpayers of said town, respectively,'until paid, and the burgess and commissioners shall charge interest on said taxes after thirty days from the time when such taxes are due and payable, and may also allow a discount not exceeding five per cent, for prompt payment thereof, and all taxes levied shall be collected by the corporation bailin'in the same manner that the county taxes of Carroll county arc now collected, and all persons subject to the payment of such taxes shall have the same rights, privileges and remedies now enjoyed and possessed by persons subject to the payment of county taxes in Carroll county. Sec. 20. And be it enacted, That the bur gess of said town, by virtue of his office, for municipal purposes and preserving the peace, shall have all the powers of the justice of the peace ; he shall see that the laws and ordi- I uaucea of the corporation arc duly executed; j he may require any officer of the corporation | 1 entrusted with the receipt and expenditure of moneys of the corporation to submit to him a statement of such officer’s account as often as said burgess or commissioners may deem ne cessary ; he shall report annually in writing to the commissioners the general condition of the town, with the moneys received and ex i (tended, which report shall be posted up in nut less than two of the most public places of the town ; he shall sign all laws and ordinan ces passed by the commissioners, with his reason in case of refusal to sign, and if said law or ordinance so unsigned by him he again put upon its passage and receive the votes of four-tilths of the commissioners it shall be come a law without the approval of the bur gess, Bpo, H| And he it enacted, That all other officers or assistants to officers necessary to execute tho powers of said' corporation shall he provided and appointed as by ordinance of the burgess and commissioners shall be directed. Smi. 22. And be it enacted, That all mon eys arising from taxes, fines, forfeitures and penalties imposed by this act or ordinance of the burgess and commissioners shall be appro priated only to the uses of said corporation as may by order or ordinance be directed. Skc. 23. And be it enacted, That all fines, penalties and forfeitures imposed by the laws and ordinances of said burgess and commis sioners shall be recovered before the burgess or any justice of the peace residing within tbe corporate limits of said town, upon a warrant issued against the offender, directed to the bailiff of said corporation, as any constable of said county, in the' corporate name of said town, and shall be collected hy judgment and execution in the same manner and with the same costs and fees as provided for in coses of small debts, and with such penalties to the officers for non-performance of daty as in such cases prescribed by the laws of the state, and said lines, penalties and forfeitures shall be paid by the officer collecting the same to the clerk and treasurer of said town ; provid ing, that if the offense be a breach of the pence or disturbing the good order of the town, or in violation of any of tbe ordinances intended to secure the safety of the lives or property of any of the inhabitants of said town, or licensing traveling showmen or ex hibitors, the person or persons so convicted may be committed to the jail of Carroll county, or to some place of confinement provided within the corporate limits of said town, by said burgess or justice of the peace, until the fine and costs are paid, or for ten days, which ever shall first occnr; and the burgess or jus tice of the peace who committed such offen der may, when it seems to him proper, order such offender to be discharged before the ex piration of ten days, and the sheriff of said county shall be entitled to be paid by said corporation the same fees as he receives for keeping prisoners under tbe law of the State, and no fine imposed upon any offender shall be less than one dollar nor more than ten dollars. Sec. 24. And be it enacted, That this act of incorporation embraced in the previous sec tions shall be submitted to the voters of Taney town, embraced within the limits set out in this act, who are qualified to vote for mem bers of the Genenal Assembly, at an election which shall be held on the third Monday in May, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, for its acceptance or rejection, and if by a majority of the ballots cast election, each and every of the " K * provisions of said act shall E0 inm f! an<i effect, and if rejected, theLme sb mT m] feited; and the board of co„ut v V for ces ol Carroll county, or the nresi.l! T*? 10 "’ board, shall appoint two citizens 0 f . to actasjndge/ofsaid ehS holding such election, shall bo ’ Defore firmed before some justice of ,h e said county to perform the duties of hTI for election under this section ; th e dge ? of shall give three days’ notice of the place of holding the polls for -aid l ,- >nd and shall keep the polls open f or of votes from twelve o’clock m o’clock p. m., of the said day of’dH-" 1 * and immediately after that time shall to count the ballots in the presence persons as choose to be present, and n „„ Such the result of said count, and if the incorporation shall be accepted by said K i ° f ing, all ballots cast at saitf electio“ Ift - strung together, and together with a ceffiL, of the appointment of said judees „i J - . as such a certificate of their oaffi of lion, and a certificate of the result ejection, signed by arid judges, shall be fiU with the burgess and commissioners t w!s at the ensuing election under this act W Sec. 25. And be it enacted, That if;* . . shall take effect from the date of its Approved April 8, 1884. paßßa e ( ’- We hereby certify, That the aforeeoinei.. correct copy of an Act of the General 1884° Maryla, * d ’ passed Session, THOS. H. MOORK Chief Clerk of the House of DeleemU J. M. MILLER may 31 3-t Secretary of the QO TO B. G. BLANCHARD FOR 1 CARPETS, CARPETS, CARPETS I THE LARGEST VARIETY in Westminster AKD THE VERY LOWEST PRICES. HANDSOME INGRAIN 4 THREE-PLY AND BEAUTIFUL BRUSSELS! ! : Ranging in price from 40 Cents to $2.00. Call or send for circulars explaining oor plan of selling Carpets, which is done through the medium of a most wonderful invention— RICHARDSON’S CARPET EXHIBITOR. By the aid of this device we are enabled to show you, before purchasing, precisely how your carpet will look when made up and laid upon your floor. Don’t fail to call and see it before buying, us you can surely save money by buying in this way. We also have full linesof goods usually kept in stock, such as GROCERIES, QUEENSWARE, BOOTS AND SHOES, SILVERWARE, WOODENWABE, CLOCKS, MIRRORS, 4c. Prices as low as any house in Westminster. Very respectfully, 1 may 8-tf B. G. BLANCHARD. j rjlO THE PUBLIC. Having withdrawn from the firm of >l. Schaeffer 4 Co., with whom I have been for i six years, I will open business for myself j about the first of April in the room opposite “J. T. Wampler's store, and will conduct general stove, gas fitting, plumbing, tin roof ing and spouting business. All kinds of pipe furnished and laid. Slate mantles of all styles furnished at the lowest price. Large stock of milk cans on hand or made to order; old ones repaired. Mending and repairing at the low est price. Tools and machinery of modem patterns. An experienced tinner employed. Personal attention given to all work. Work done by ns guaranteed. A liberal share of the public patronage solicited. BaT Agent for the Splendid Fire Place’Heaters. Other makes furnished to order. Estimates free of j charge. O. D. GILBERT, I mar 24-lyr Westminster, Md. A CHANGE in Proprietorship OK THE ’ WESTMINSTER CITY HOTEL. i Having taken charge of the above Hotel and thoroughly renovated it, 1 am now pre pared to accommodate either transient or permanent custom in the best manner. Per sons attending Court will receive especial at tention. The Stables arc in charge of a reliable and experienced hostler, and guests are assured that their horses will be promptly fed and at tended to. Free Hack to and from the depot for alt guests. . H. H. POWER. Formerly of Dill House, Frederick; Antic tam House, Hagerstown: Arctic House, Cape May, and proprietor of the City Uutel, laa caster, Pa. may 5-tf TO CREDITORS. This is to give notice that the subscriber has obtained from the Orphans’ Court of Carroll county, in Maryland, letters of Ad ministration on the Personal Estate of DAVID W. EARHART, late of Carroll county, deceased. All per sons having claims against the deceased are warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch ers thereof legally uuthenlieatcd, to the sub scriber, on or before the 31st day of Decern- I her, 1884; they may otherwise by law be ex cluded from all benefit of said estate. Given under my hand this 2*ith day ol May, 1884. WILLIAM H. EVERHART, may 31-4t* Administrator, F TO THE PUBLIC. F 1 have opened my New Store with (retire ■ new sldfck of Groceries, Provisiwfc- Caafee ( tioncries, Tobacco, Segars, Meets, Fish, flour, I | Ac. Will also carry a complete line of Green i ! Groceries, Canned goods, Vegetables, Ac. I My object is to sell First Class Goods aud at Moderate Living Profits. I will lie very thankful for the public patronage, and will do :my best to please all. Please call and see me, my place is directly opposite Derr s old ( stand, as I will offer inducements in mj line, and think it will pay you to do so. Respectfully lours. HARRY C. KEEFER may 8 Bmos Westminster, Mu- It evebing’s cofpbs. • Li RECOGNIZED AS THE BEST. Our Coffee is absolutely pure, not glased or colored, and is selected from our large slock of Green Coffee, with special reference to it* drinking qualities. Glazing and coloring Roasted Coffee adds to the weight and bides the imperfections, which is entirely against your interest as a consumer. Ask your grocer for LEVER INO’S COFFEE, and take no other. E. LEVERING A CO. Established 1842. Baltimore, Md. Send two 8-cent stamps for Levering a Coffee Cup and Saucer Plaque, a large, origi nal and beautiful design. aprl2:3m JH. MEDAIHY & CO., . PRINTERS. BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS, No. 6 Nohtu Howard Street, Opposite the Howard House, BALTIMORE. B®“Blank Books Made to Order in any Style. DOT 25 1882 ly FOB SALE OB BENT, a large Dwelling, containing 12 . rooms, situated in the village of Hampstead, near the depot.MsSSKwJL Is surrounded by two acres land, upon which there is both fruit and or namental trees, and all necessary outbuild ings. Suitable for a hotel or boarding house. Can be bought at a reasonable price, as par ties are absent For terms apply to Da. H. M. ORACH, Hampstead, Md.. Or address Mrs. E. C. Tennison, New burgh, Charles county, Md. • mar 15-n IjIOB SALE. —A very desirable property A- of about 100- Acres, situated C tones from Westminster, and 2| miles from Finks burg Station. Any one wishing to view the premises, can call on the subscriber living on the same. dec 15-tf E, K. BUCKINGHAM.