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The Democratic advocate. [volume] (Westminster, Md.) 1865-1972, April 25, 1885, Image 4

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Written for the Democratic Advocate.
SCHOOL DISCIPLINE.
BY C. T. WBIOHT.
In a former article I alluded to the im
portance of impressing upon the minds of
pnpils the advantages of law and systematic
.government. Pupils and teachers cannot,
of course, view the province and operations
of discipline from the same standpoint.
The teacher views them as the instruments
to secure the highest standard of order and
attention, preparatory to successful instruc
tion —as the necessary means to accomplish
a most desirable end; the pupil often looks
upon them as mere devices for his restraint,
punishment and persecution, and not un
derstanding why his privileges should be
in any way abridged, he places himself in
an attitude of resistance, and can be made
to yield only when the laws which he dis
obeys are robbed of* their seeming vindic
tiveness by a clear interpretation and a
kind, judicious execution. A pupil who
will stubbornly oppose an oppressive regu
lation, or even a just one misinterpreted,
will yield respect and obedience to the most
stringent discipline when convinced of its
necessity and advantages. There are some
times found both pupils and parents who
take a peculiar pleasure in criticising the
methods of teachers, but my experience has
taught me that those who know least about
rule and system, as applied to good teaching,
are always the most cavilous. The teacher,
I repeat, must educate such captious spirits
in the meaning, purpose and benefits of
order and rule, or they will pursue their
obstructive policy to the utter overthrow
of his authority.
The great mistake made by disciplina
rians, and many others whose duty it is to
execute law, is the false conception enter
tained concerning its purpose and province.
Constant menace and frequent threats
make the governed restive, resentful and
daring; therefore law should not be forever
paraded before the eyes of students, as if
it prided in its ability to punish, nor should
it be explained to them as a power to he
constantly held over their heads like the
sword of Damocles, ready to fall with ven
geance and overwhelm the offender; but
should, on the contrary, be presented as a
rule of conduct, a plan of operation, a safe
guard to quietude; in a word, as the great
protector of the best and highest interests
of all, and a terror only to the vicious, the
idle and the voluntarily disobedient.
Some teachers use rules as the teamster
uses the ox-goad —as an instrument of tor
ture to spur and drive pupils to their tasks,
forgetting thatsome animal are not brute* ,
and can be led more easily than driven.
Such teachers justly fall under Shakes
peare’s delineation of “Man, proud man !
dressed in a little brief authority; most
ignorant of what he’s most assured,” and
certainly need instruction in the great un-!
derlying principles of the true executive
function. I have known many who would
have been passable teachers if they could
have governed; but I have known many
more who would have been good discipli
narians if they had known how to teach.
Or, to explain, I mean simply this —a
school that is well instructed is well disci
plined, or, as Hiram Orcutt says, “A good
disciplinarian must be a good teacher; for
correct teaching is one mode of discipline.”
The teacher should deal very carefully
and judiciously with a spirit of criticism as
to his methods on the part of pupils; they,
as before remarked, cannot and must not
be expected to look at laws and methods
through the teacher’s eyes. This spirit
sometimes manifests itself in a look, a tone,
a gesture, and sometimes even in open re
sistance or rebellion. A critical, captious
hoy or girl in the schoolroom is a riot in
embryo, and should be restrained, directed
and educated. If corporal punishment
becomes necessary, guard carefully the
spirit with which it is administered. The
object of punishment must not be to satisfy
the vengeance of the master, but to vindi
cate violated law and establish its suprem
acy. Blows or reproofs given with vindic
tiveness serve but to enrage and arouse the
slumbering elements of resistance in a boy's
nature.
The punishment may be a temporary
physical victory, but it is far from being a
moral or intellectual one, which are the
only victories worth gaining. The teacher
must possess no small amount of moral
courage. There are other places than
battle-fields that require bravery, and the
schoolroom is one of them. It is true the
conflicts of the educator are bloodless, hut
they demand for their waging and winning
the utmost self-command, the most crucial
tests of patience, the sacrifice of the best
nerve power, and the employment of tactics
so intricate that a Sherman or a Lee would
he lost in their mazes.
I should be pained to pen a thought that
would discourage any man or woman who
desires to become expert in the art of dis
cipline, but after an experience of twelve
years I am ready to testify to the magni
tude of the task any one essays when he
starts out to win a place among skillful and
successful disciplinarians. My aim has
been to discover, if possible, the mystery of
the art, but I find myself yet a very igno
rant searcher for the coveted secret that
will enable me at all times to say and do
just the right thing, and to apply always
just such discipline as is suitable to the
ease; yet a faithful, persevering study of
(h • demands of the titieher’s life and work,
will re v al many traits in the natures of the
young of which lie, ;is their instructor, can
take advantage, and thus make the gov- :
erned the instruments in his hands of their
own government and direction. Let every
teacher use wisely the mighty forces he
has at command in himself and in his pupils,
and by a skillful combination of these in
strumentalities he will become master of
one of the most intricate and difficult
problems of the age.
Stewartstown Academy , Pa.
For the Democratic Advocate.
The Need of Earnest Thought.
The great deficiency in this progressive
age is the lack of deep and searching
thought. Men are becoming superficial
thinkers, and instead of diving down into
the mysteries of the human mind are too
content with generalities. That labored
thought is a great tax upon the vitality of
the brain none will pretend to deny; but
it was along this thorny path that discov
erers in every age have passed, and in the
future those who desire to reach the high
est pinnacle in the Temple of Fame must
train their minds by careful meditation be
fore entering upon the upward struggle.
When this step is taken one great obstacle
will disappear, in educating the mind, so
that all its powers cat. be concentrated upon
a single point without painful effort. When
Sir Isaac Newton was asked how he made
such vast discoveries in the various depart
ments of science, he replied, “By thinking.”
The world in looking at the results he ef
fected, forgot the weary days and nights
spent in patient thought by which those
magnificent theories, the wonder of the
present day, were brought forth. In early
years he learned to think, and as thought
generates thought, and the mind of man is
capable of almost infinite expansion, he
went on step by step in the labyrinths of
science till death put an end to his labors.
The want of earnest thought receives a
daily illustration in the institutions of
learning all over the land. The brains of
the students are crammed with an immense
mass of rubbish collected from other minds,
and with this insubstantial repast they are
compelled to be satisfied. Not once are
they taught to descend into the caverns of
thought and gather bright jewels for them
selves. There are, however, notable ex
ceptions in this general laxity of discipline,
and the light they shed forth shines with a
double brilliancy.
How seldom do we see a man with his
mind full of a subject sit quietly down and
“think it out." If the facts are presented
in regular succession few minds are capable
of drawing therefrom a legitimate conclu
sion; but still fewer are capable of bringing
forth these facts from the depths of their
own minds and presenting them so as to
make a favorable impression on the minds
of others. The natural indolence of man
tends to make this habit of superficial
thinking more general, and just in propor
tion as he will more readily embrace error
than truth is he prone to give way to this
prevailing weakness.
One may be disposed to cavil at this
broad assertion, but a single glance at the
world around will be sufficient to prove its
truth. Out of every fifty persons one will
probably do the thinking and managing for
the rest. He will lay plans either for
pleasure or business, and the others seeing
the justness of his conclusions accept them
without inquiring whereon they are based.
Look at the political world for a moment,
and see how the masses are swayed by the
eloquence of party leaders; in nearly every
case letting excited feeling take the place
of that calmer faculty—reason. The larger
portion of the men who compose those im
mense crowds at public speakings scarcely
ever spend ten minutes in cool reflection
upon the nice questions in political economy,
and therefore merely go to swell the mass,
which in turn is led by the cunning words
of a wily politician. Only those who make
a daily review of the status of the country
are enabled to keep an even pace with the
onward stride of the times, or are qualified
to judge of its position. The farmer and
the mechanic, many of whom have but lit
tle means of information, are forced to ac
cept in a greater or less degree the opinions
of others; but what must be said of those
who have every opportunity and still never
advance a single idea as original with them
selves ? These men, having sunk in the
mire their lack of energy has created, are
content to have their minds filled with
scraps of other men’s ideas without ever
making even a feeble attempt to advance
anything which they can proudly claim as
their own.
In a recent sermon in Cincinnati, while
speaking of the press, the minister said :
“It does the practical thinking for a large
portion of our people. They are too busy
or to indolent to do it for themselves, so
they get a man to sit up nights, state the
facts, draw the conclusions and advocate a
theory for them, do the whole up in a con
venient package and slip it under the front
door. In half an hour, while they sip
their coffee, they have cot only learned ex
actly what is going on in the world, but
exactly how they ought to think and how
they ought to feel about the mixed up
business in this great rushing world of
ours.”
It is to he feared that this evil is grow
ing rapidly on the public mind. Young
men, especially, are too easily satisfied with
the appearance of things, and rarely place
a heavy tax on their reasoning powers be- j
fore arriving at conclusions. The blame ■
of this defeat generally rests upon those 1
who have had the training of their minds,
though in many eases their natural propen
sities lead them astray. However prone
men may be to shrink from physical labor,
their desire to avoid mental exertion of any
kind is much greater. How many persons
can you name who like to write a letter,
even to a friend, merely for the pleasure to
be derived therefrom ? The labor of the
mind is more exhausting in its effect on the
body, and in just the same proportion that
one is greater than the other do men avoid
its performance. Something should be
done to stop this tide of shallow thinking
which is gradually overspreading the shores
of our national existence. Let those who
do think, and can fully realize the impor
tance of careful thought, endeavor to in- j
culcate these principles in the minds of the
rising generation, that the high standard
of our nationality fall not below those j
I lethargic students of the old world.
New Oxford, Pa. J. S. G.
AT THE
MERCHANT TAILORING
ESTABLISHMENT
OK
SHARRER BROS.,
Wantz Building, Near the Depot,
WESTMINSTER, MD,
We cannot enumerate the various kinds of
Piece Goods in stock, but will state that there
never was a larger variety or belter class of I
goods in this market.
READY-MADE CLOTHING.
In this department we show all styles and
grades, the greater portion of which was
manufactured in our Store, They are thor
oughly shrunk and made in the best manner.
asrFURNISHING GOODS^aa
Large stock of Ties, Scarfs, Collars, Cuffs,
Shirts, Drawers, Suspenders, Handkerchiefs,
Ac., at the lowest prices.
WE DEAL EXCLUSIVELY IN THE
CLOTHING BUSINESS,
And all our time and attention is given to it,
therefore we watch the markets and are able
to give our patrons the benefit of any advan
tage that may arise.
If you want Good Goods at Fair Prices,
visit the
MERCHANT TAILORING
ESTABLISHMENT
OF
10* SHARRER BROS.,
WESTMINSTER, MD.
apr 11
QROCEBY DEPARTMENT.
GEO. W. ALB A UGH,
Westminster, Mn.
Large White Building, Hear Railroad
Goods Sold at Retail at Wholesale I*rices.
Enterprise or Levering Coffee, 15c. per
pound; 7 pounds torsl. 0. K. Coffee, 13c.;
8 lbs. forfl. Splendid Roasted Coffee, 10c.
per lb. Shriver & Co., or Smith, Yingling A
Co., or any first-class Canned Tomatoes or
Corn, 9c. each; 3 cans for 25c. Best Java
Coffee, roasted, 27c. per lb. Green Java, 22c.;
Lagnyra, roasted, best. ICc. per lb. Heuo
Tea, 60c. per lb. Splendid Black Tea, 30c.
per lb. Splendid Green Tea, 30c. per lb.
Imperial, nest, 75c. per lb. Gunpowder,
best, $1 per lb. Ten Boxes of Matches for
5c.; any kind of Penny Matches yon want.
Box Blue, 6 boxes for 10c. Baker A Co.’s
Broma, 25c. Cocoa, 20c. Vermacilla, French,
15c. Hecker’s Oatmeal, 10c. Tyler's Best
Fancy Crackers, 20c. per lb. Best XXX
Soda Crackers, 9c. per lb.; 12 lbs. for sl.
Best XXX Water Crackers, Bc.; 13 lbs. forsl.
20 lbs. good Brown Sugar for sl, or oc. per
lb. 17 lbs. Standard A White Sugar for sl,
or 6c. per lb. Granulated Sugar 14} lbs. for
91, or 7c. per lb. Confectionery A Sugar, file, j
per lb. Babbitt’s Boxes Potash, 9c.; Bab
bitt’s Soap, 6c. a cake. sc. Cigars 2 for 5
Allgire’s “Cheek" brand. Electric Lamps,
$2 each; any kind you want. Whitewash
Brushes at cost. Ten lbs. best American
Gandy for $1 (Darby’s); Darby’s Gum Drops,
10c. per lb.; Darby's French Mixture, 15c.
per lb.; Darby’s Chocolate Drops, 20c. per
lb. Rapidan Tobacco, 35c. per lb.; also,
the best 50c. Twist in America. A complete
line of Cigars and Tobacco. All French
Candies reduced in price. Oranges, Lemons,
Bananas and Foreign Fruits always rock bot
tom prices. Best N. O. Syrup, 65c. per gal.
6c. Counter —lO c. Counter —25 c. Counter.
We ask you to look at these new additions to
our business. Myer A Bro.’s Floor at mill
prices; Sacks same rate as by the barrel.
Splendid Syrup, 35c. per gallon. Best Sugar-
Cured Hams, 13}c. per lb.; best Sugar-Cured
Shoulders, 81c. per lb.; best Sugar-Cured
Breakfast Bacon, 81c. per lb. We buy and
sell Eggs at 14c. per doz.
are wide awake to the interests of
all. No idle bread eaten at this establish
ment. If you want the worth of your money
and are looking for bargains, call.
aplß GEO. W. ALBAUGH.
EVERYBODY KNOWS
WE ARE
THE LEADING HOUSE
FOB
FOOT AND HEAD WEAR,
i i
Including all the Fashionable Styles. i
Newest Goods! Neatest Patterns!
and latest Novelties in Ladies', Gents’
Misses’ and Children’s
m ar SHOES AND HATS, “^a
Our new Spring Styles are in, and Prices
Lower than ever. We are emphatically head
quarters for Shoes and Hats for the spring
and summer trade.
GREAT BARGAINS IN FOOTWEAR!
A complete assortment. No fancy prices.
{ Only first-class goods.
' H II A TTTrTT
i H H AA T c
i HHHH A A T *BBB,,
HHAA T o £
H H A A T s SSS &
1 We would call especial attention to our new
and nobby styles of Stiff and Soft Hats, for
spring and summer wear. A full line of
Straw Hats now ready.
Trunks, Valises & Umbrellas.
i
in large varieties. Sole agents for Wm. H. !
Bixler’s Button, Lace and Congress Home- ,
Made Shoes for men. Also sole agents for
Slisinger’s Hand-Made Tender-Feet Shoes for
ladies. Respectfully,
U. L. REAVER & CO.,
I First National Bank Building, R. R. Depot,
WESTMINSTER, MD. apllß
! JpEESH CIGARS and TOBACCO.
The undersigned, having formed a co-part
i nership for the sale of Cigars and Tobacco, in.
the storeroom formerly occupied by Jos. P.
! Allgire, Main street near Court, and having
thoroughly renovated and remodeled the
; same, would respectfully call attention to their
complete assortment of Cigars and Tobacco,
j We name in part:
TOBACCOS.
| B. F. Gravely’s First Grade, Lucy Lawson,
: Happy Thought, Hold Fast, Lucy Hinton,
I Bantam, Old uncle Toby, Ac.
CIGARS.
Around the World, Opera, Little Gem, Ac.
CIGARETTES.
Old Judge, Sweet Caporal, Old Gold, Ac.
These are all fresh goods, and selected with
great care, are the best that can be had in
the market. In Pipes, Smoking Tobacco,
Cigar Holders, Tobacco Pouches, Ac., we
have a complete stock, and at prices to suit
the times. Remember, our stock is new and
fresh. Not an old piece of goods among it.
Yon are invited to call and inspect it. Re
spectfully,
JOHN H. CUNNINGHAM,
FRANK S. GBUMBINE,
Main Street, near Court,
I apllß:3m Westminster, Md.
| for the SPRING TRADE.
We open the spring trade with one of the
finest selections of SPRING SUITINGS,
WORSTEDS, both foreign and domestic,
ever offered in this county.
If You Want a Spring Suit,
Cull and see my stock before purchasing; it
I will pay you. A fit always guaranteed, j
Gent's Furnishing Goods a Specialty.
All the latest styles of NECK WEAR at j
bottom figures. A full line of Updegrnff’s
GLOVES. The best Shirt in the market—
the Scratchpocket—sl for the unlaundried;
$1.25 for laundried. Overalls, Underwear,
Hosiery, Suspenders, Silk Handkerchiefs.
A Splendid Line of Jewelry,
Such as Roll-Plate Chains of the best quality,
Cuff Buttons, Scarf Pins, and everything in
Gent’s Furnishing Goods.
If You Want a Good Watch,
Call and examine my stock, as it will pay
you. I will sell them cheap to close out a lot;
will guarantee for two years. I mean busi
ness. It will cost you nothing to examine my
goods, and am satisfied will pay you.
J. T. ANDERS.
aprlß,2m Westminster, Md.
FARMERS AND
TRUCKERS !
ZELL’S FERTILIZERS,
For Summer Crops,
fiSaT’CANNOT BE EXCELLED.
A supply will be kept on hand for spring j
delivery at the Canning House of B. F. Shriver !
A Co., Westminster, Md. Call before pur- \
chasing elsewhere. JOHN BURGOON. |
mar2B,2m Union Mills, Md. |
SURVEYOR, CONVEYANCER
and SCRIVENER. Having had
many years experience as Surveyor, Convey
ancer and Scrivener, I take this method of
informing the public that I am prepared to do
such work with promptness and upon reason
able terms, and respectfully solicit a share
of your patronage. Office near Patapsco
Station, W. M. R. R.
JABEZ A. BUSH,
feb. 7 tf County Surveyor.
FROM po TO pdO.
One Second-Hand Bicycle Cheap.
C. E. FINK,
apr!9,tf Westminster, Md.
gHOBTHAND
Taught by mail. Easily learned as A, B,
C, Pays SSO to $l5O per month.
BOOKS FREE.
Address INSTRUCTOR,
Mansion House,
ap 18 4in. Baltimore, Md,
TO M. C. STRASBURGER’S
COMBINATION STOKE.
If yon know what is good for yonr pock
book, and want to save money, then come
and examine our stock of goods, which con
sists of
SUGARS, COFFEES, TEAS, SPICES,
CANNED GOODS,
N. O. MOLASSES, SYRUP, RAISINS,
CURRANTS, CITRON,
CRANBERRIES, DATES, FIGS,
ORANGES, LEMONS, BANANAS,
COCOANUTS, CAKES, CRACKERS,
CHEESE, FISH, BACON,
LARD, BOLOGNA SAUSAGE, COAL
OIL, FLOUR, CORNMEAL,
BUCKWHEAT.
A full Stock of pure Confectionery, which
cannot be surpassed in quality or price.
Nuts of all kinds.
A large assortment of Boots and Shoes.
Come and see our $3.00 Waterproof Boot.
Tinware, Glass and Queens ware, Wooden
ware and Notions of all kinds.
Our 5 cent Counter is now in full bloom and
well worth looking at.
i%INE STOCK OF LIQUORS OF ALL
KINDS.
OUR STOCK IS COMPLETE
In all its branches, and too numerous to men
tion every article. Yon can find almost any
kind of goods, and need not run from store to
store to supply your wants. Call and see be
fore purchasing elsewhere.
M. C. STRASBURGER,
At the store lately occupied
by Theodore Derr,
dec 6 Westminster, Md.
QREAT SACRIFICE.
S6T A DOLLAR SAVED IS A
DOLLAR MADE.
Wishing to give my entire attention to
THE MANUFACTURING OF SHOES,
I have decided to close ray retail store. I
will begin
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 2nd,
TO SELL ENTIRE STOCK,
REGARDLESS OF COST.
GREAT BARGAINS!
GREAT BARGAINS!
May be expected, as I
mean what I say, and
the Entire Stock will be
sold as soon as possible.
I earnestly solicit a call,
and will quote you prices
that will surprise you.
WM. H. BIXLER,
I Zeiber Building. Westminster, Md.
I jan3l:tf
| | AMILTON EASTER & SONS,
199, 201 and 203
W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Md.
Have the largest Assortment of
DDD RRK Y Y GGG OO OO DDU a SS e
D D R R Y Y OQOOOODDS®
D D RRR YY G 000 Ol> D B SS a
DDRR Y GOO GOOD D a a
DDD R R Y GGG OO OO DDD ‘ SS®
IN BALTIMORE
FOR RETAIL BUYERS.
We claim to give best value for your money.
We do not sell Goods that are not reliable.
Fifty years in business will warrant this fact.
Samples furnished free of postage.“loß
Principal Departments:
Colored and Black Dress Goods.
Colored and Black Silks.
Linens, Blankets, Flannels.
Domestics, Calicoes, Ginghams.
Cassimeres, Suitings for Gents and Boys.
Notions, Embroideries, White Goods.
| Hosiery and Underwear.
Laces and Lace Curtains.
Ladies' and Misses’ Wraps.
When You Write for Sampi.es state as
! near as you can the kind of goods wanted.
marl4,3rn
O. GRIMES & CO.,
AT
| THE PRINCIPAL DEPOT,
WESTMINSTER, MD.
Have as complete a stock of
CHOICE GROCERIES
as can be found in our city.
; NEW RAISINS, CITRON, CURRANTS,
; PRUNES. DRIED AND EVAPORATED
‘ FRUITS, MINCE MEAT, PRESERVES,
i CANNED GOODS, 4c., for the Holidays, oi
| the best quality.
Choice Teas, Coffees, Syrups, New Orleans
Molasses, and the best grade of Flour con
stantly on hand, at bottom figures.
We pay the highest prices for Wheat, Corn
Rye, Oats, and all kinds of Country Produce,
Agents for Laflin 4 Rand’s Blasting Pow
der.
FARMERS
Can be supplied with the best quality of Cot
ton and Flaxseed Meal, Heavy Middlings,
Bran, 4c., at lowest prices. Call and see
us.
decß H. 0. GRIMES 4 CO.
QEMETEBY WORK!
JOHN BEAVER,
MANUFACTURER of
' ITALIAN AND AMERICAN MARBLE
MONUMENTS,
HEADSTONES, &c.,
of the Most Tasteful Description,
PRICES LOW.
j mar 7-6ra* Westminster, Md.
i BRICKS, BRICKS.
ROBERT E. FRIZZLE,
lias on hand and for sale
140,000 BRICKS
at his yard, Westminster, Md.
Bricks of all kinds, furnished in targe or
small lots, to suit purchasers, and at prices
as low as can be obtained elsewhere,
mar 28:6m
PA. GORSUCH, Auctioneer,
• WESTMINSTER, MD.,
Cries sales at moderate rates and guaran
tees satisfaction. No satisfaction, no pay.
Orders can be left at McKellip & Clabaugh’s
av office. janSLtf
J Q. STITELY & SON,
LIBERTY ST., WESTMINSTER, MD.
Having associated with me in business my
son Oliver, the business will now be run under
the name and firm of J. Q. Stitely 4 Son.
where you will constantly find on hand a full
and select assortment of
Agricultural Implements and Ma
chinery of AH Kinds.
The Champion Cord Binders, Reapers and
Mowers, Oliver Chilled Plows, Lebanon
Wrought Share Plows, Bench Cultivators,
SPRING-TOOTH HARROWS
Both riding and walking; Evans Check Row
Corn Planters, the Wyard Hand Planters,
Corn SheUera, Feed Cutters and Mas
ticators, Thomas Hay Rake,
The BuUard Hay Feeder, Empire
Engines, Separators
And Clover Hullers, The Empire and Bick
ford 4 Huffman
GRAIN AND GUANO WHEAT DRILLS,
Wheat Fans, Single and Double Shovel Plows,
Single Trees. Also a
FULL LINE OF REPAIRS.
The Buckeye Iron Pump
Cucumber Pumps and Tubing
Of all kinds. We now call your special at
tention to the celebrated Emerson 4 Fisher
BUGGIES AND PHiETONS.
'Have just received a fresh carload of them,
and are now ready to accommodate our many
friends and customers with the best Buggies
in the State for the money.
®-AN UNRIVALLED COMBINATION
Of cheapness, durability and style. Extra
ordinary success!
OVER 100,000 CARRIAGES SOLD
And perfect satisfaction given. Come and
see the newest styles, with latest improve
ments, and select a Buggy, Phaeton, Family
Carriage, Cart or Spring Wagon, made by
the Emerson 4 Fisher Company expressly for
our trade.
J. Q. STITELY 4 SON,
Liberty Street, opposite Depot,
feb 16 84:tf Westminster, Md.
rjHHE LARGEST VARIETY
AND FINEST LIQUORS
IN CARROLL COUNTY
IS AT
A. O. STRASBURGER’S,
Next door to the old Central Hotel,
Westminster, Md.
I name in part—l 2 grades of Whiskies,
including the well-known
WELTY WHISKY,
10 grades of Brandies —Apple, Peach, Ginger ;
and Blackberry Brandy; Holland and Domes- |
tic Gins, White and Red N. E. Rum, Kimmel, j
Port, Sherry, Catawba, Claret and Rhein
Wines; imported and Domestic.
CHAMPAGNE, BASS ALE
and Bibbert’s Brown Stout; Raspberry, Gin
ger and Lemon Syrup.
I Guarantee the Purity of our Liquors
and the quality of our goods, and will use |
every endeavor to give entire satisfaction in j
regard to price.
I also have a large stock of
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
All I ask —examine my stock before pur- |
chasing elsewhere. may 6 1882-tf
JJEMOVAL.
JOHN E. ECKENRODE,
MANUFACTURER of
COACHES, CARRIAGES,
Jagger Wagons, Buggies, Phaetons,
Sic., Sic., See.
Special Attention Given to Repairing. :
All Orders Promptly PiUed and
Work of Every Kind Warranted.
| FACTORY, Corner of Liberty and i
George Streets, Westminster, Md., where I
have just erected new and large Shops, giving
me better facilities than heretofore. A call
is solicited. may >.
JJAINES Si CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Grocers,
Respectfully call attention to their large j
stock of Groceries, 4c., at their Store, a few
doors east of the Railroad Depot, Westmin.
ster, Md.
Our facilities are such as to enable us to j
offer great inducements in prices, as we pur- j
chase for Cash and sell at Short Profits. Our :
stock consists of
Choice Flour, Groceries, Queens
ware, Stoneware, Glassware,
Willow-Ware, Woodenware, Pine
Cutlery, Pish, Bacon, Lard,
Salt, &c., Sic.
OUR LIQUORS
are the finest and best ever offered in this city, ;
and for medicinal or family use are unsur
passed. Sole agents for the well known Welty
Whiskey.
Ale, 'Porter and Beer, by the bottle or j
barrel.
Sole agents for Briggs Bros, world-re
nouned Garden and Power Seeds.
The highest market price paid for Country |
Produce. _ I
feb 22, 1879 HAINES 4 CO.
gAMUEL R. DUVALL,;
SYKESVILLE. MD.
Headquarters for Wagons, Stoves, |
Ranges and Fire-Place Heaters.
I have just received from the Milburn Wagon :
Co.. Toledo, Ohio, a large consignment of |
their celebrated HOLLOW AXLE I ARM
WAGONS, which are considered the best and
cheapest wagon ever made and the kind every
farmer needs. They are the lightest draft
farm wagon in the market, strong and dura
ble. I keep all sizes in stock, receive by car
load direct from the manufacturers and sell
AT BOTTOM PRICES.
jj®“Call and examine them. You can buy
one for what it would cost to repair your old
wagon. Have added
TWO CAR LOADS OF STOVES
to my stock. Among them can be found the
celebrated Farmer Girl Cook Stove, which
has given general satisfaction; the Orion and
the Ironside Cook, Sexton’s Grand Heaters,
Paola Revert Flue: Ranges of all kinds. Re
pairs always on hand. Old stoves taken in
exchange for new ones. A full and complete
stock of TINWARE. Milk Cans made to
otdor Repairing done with neatness and
despatch. kOOFING and SPOUTING. All
orders bv mail will receive prompt attention.
SAML. R. DUVALL. Sykesville,
novls:tf Carroll county, Md,
BARGAINS.
J. T. WAMPLER
Cordially invites his friends and the public
generally to call and examine his
LARGE STOCK OP GOODS,
and compare prices before purchasing else
where. We have
LADIES’ DRESS GOODS
AND DOMESTIC GOODS, 4c.,
OF ALL KINDS.
OUR NOTION DEPARTMENT
Is full and complete with all the Latest Nov
elties. In our
QUEENSWARE DEPARTMENT,
Which is the largest and best selected in the
county, we defy competition.
OUR GROCERY DEPARTMENT
Is always complete with all the various grades
of Sugars, Coffees, Teas, Spices, Fruits, 4e.
We keep also a Large Stock of
Japaned Ware, Tin Ware, Wooden
Ware, Glass Ware and Sample
Goods,
All of which we sell at Rock Bottom Prices.
J. T. WAMPLER,
ap 22-tf West End, Westminster, Md.
WESTERN MARYLAND
COLLEGE.
FOR S TUB ENTS of BOTH SEXES
IN
SEPARATE DEPARTMENTS.
'-M-
Organized wider the auspices of the Methodist
Protestant Church, 18G7.
Incorporated by Act of Assembly, 186 S.
Occupies one of the most beautiful and
healthful sites in the State. Receives annual
appropriation from the Legislature for the
free Board of one student from each Sena
torial District. Provides a comfortable room
for each two students. Has a full corps of
competent instructors. Course of study ample
and thorough both in the Preparatory and
Collegiate Departments. Discipline strict,
but kind. Terms very moderate. A Schol
arship for Three Years Tuition for SIOO, and
(to students having such Scholarship) Board,
Room, Washing, Fuel and Light at the rate
of $166.67 per year. Has been in successful
operation for 16 years.
The Thirty-Fifth Annual Session begins
September 2d, 1884, and ends January 30th,
1885. For Catalogue, and further informa
tion, address
J. T. WARD, D. D., President,
july 5 Westminster, Md.
Buy your hardware and
STOVES
or
M. SCHAEFFER & CO.,
WESTMINSTER, MD.,
NEAR RAILROAD.
We are receiving an elegant line of fine
heating Stoves, economical in fuel, ornamen
tal in design, easy to manage and reasonable
' in price.
! Cook Stoves and Ranges in the latest and 1
most approved patterns guaranteed.
Sole agents for the celebrated New Light-
House Cook and Excelsior Penn, Othello and ■
New Record Ranges, also the New Golden
Sun and Boynton 1882 Fire Place Heaters,
the very best in the market.
Keep on hand always a full line of
| HARDWARE, WOODENWARE. PAINTS,
OILS, GLASS, PLUMBERS’ AND
GAS-FITTERS’ SUPPLIES.
; Manufacturers of all kinds of Tinware. Root
ing and Spouting promptly attended to.
Call ana examine stock and learn prices,
sept 9-tf
QBNTRAL DRUG STORE,
OI’POSITE CATHOLIC CHURCH,
Main Street, Westminster, Md.
JOSEPH B. BOYLE ,
SUCCESSOR TO WELLS BROS.,
DEALER in Pure Drugs, Medicines,
Chemicals, Perfumery, fancy Articles,
Hairund Tooth Brushes. Combs, Toilet Soaps,
Segars, 4c. Also Trusses and Shoulder
Braces.
Pure Paris Green for Destroying
Potato Bugs.
PURE WINES AND LIQUORS
FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES.
| Patent Medicines, Horse and Cattle Powders,
j 4c. A fine assortment of STATIONERY.
ogjj“ Physicians’ orders promptly filled and
i Prescriptions carefully and accurately com
| pounded. mar 17tf
S TMINSTER
FLOURING MILLS.
W. S. MYEB 4 BRO. Proprietors.
Manufacture and have on hand and for sale
Flour, Feed; also, Seeds, Salt,
Kainit, S. C. Rock Plaster,
and all kinds of
Standard Brands of Fertilizers
at manufacturers’ prices.
Highest Cash Prices Paid for Grain.
Grain of all kind taken on storage. mr2l,tf
CENTRAL HOTEL,
Corner Main and Centre Sts.,
WESTMINSTER, MD.
JOHN MARSH, Proprietor.
This Hotel, situated in the most convenient
section of the city, in close proxrainity to the
Court House, has recently been entirely refit
ed and generally improved. First-class ac
commodations are afforded to permanent or
transient boarders. The Table, Bar and
Stabling will be found equal to the best in
the State, and the rates equal to the accom
modation and the times. The proprietor ap-
Ereciating the patronage of the past, extends
is New Year’s greeting to his friends, old
and new, and solicits a continuance of their
encouragement. Special attention paid to
Commercial Travellers. jan 3:ly
yOR SALE
BY A. N. STEPHAN.
The finest stock of Spring Goods ever of
fered in this market, such as Hames,
I TRACE CHAINS OF ALL GRADES,;
Tongue, Breast, Stay, Halter,
LOG AND FIFTH CHAINS,
Forks, Shovels, Hoes, Rakes, Spades, SAWS
of every description, Grindstones and Hang
ers, Vises, Anvils, Bellows and Blowers.
STEEL SHOVEL BLADES,
of all sizes. To any one needing such goods
it will be to their advantage to call and see my
stock. Also HARDWARE, Iron, Steel,
Coach Goods, Wheels, Leather, Glass, Oils,
Paints, Ac.
CUCUMBER PUMPS,
The Celebrated Excelsior COOK STOVES,
LONDON HORSE and CATTLE FOOD,
READY-MIXED HOUSE PAINT,
Barb Fence Wire.
A. N. STEPHAN,
feb 17-tf Near Depot, Westminster, Md.
JgJSTABLISHED 1826.
ter SPRING SUITS ,“©a
—FOR—
MEN, BOVS AND CHILDREN.
LIGHT-WEIGHT
| OVERCOATS, |
Prom $4.00 to $25.00.
All goods properly shrunk before being
made up.
CUSTOM DEPARTMENT
Fully stocked from which to order. Samples
and rules for self-measurement sent free upon
application.
NOAH WALKER & CO.,
ICS and 167 West Baltimore Street.
apr4 . Baltimore, Md.
JgHUNK, HOOP & CO.
We, the undersigned, having formed a Co
partnership for the term of five years from
date, offer to the public a full line of
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS,
Including the celebrated Osborne latest im
proved light twine Binder; new front-cut
Mower, the novelty of the nineteenth century,
Wheeler No. 6 ana single Harvesters; full line
of Repairs for the Osborne Machines, and
twine for all Binders constantly on hand;
Lebanon, Wrought Shear, Economist, Hol
land, and Oliver Chilled Plows, Springtooth j
Harrows, Whipple Wheel Harrow, Check j
Row Corn Planter, Fisk’s Hand Planter,
Riding and Walking Corn Plows, Corn Shel
lers and Feed Cutters, Springtooth Hay
Rakes, Hay Tedders. We are sole Agents
for Carroll county for Waldon A Sprout’s
noted Hay Elevators and Forks. A full line
of Studebaker Wagons, Engines, Separators,
Saw Mills, and Clover Hullers. Domestic
Sewing Machines, imitated by all, excelled by
none; Oil, Needles and Repairs for all Sew- j
ing Machines constantly on hand. A lot of j
second hand Sewing Machines of different \
makes for sale cheap. We have also a full |
line of Nursey Stock at bottom prices, grown I
especially for our own trade, by the oldest
and most reliable Nurserymen in the United j
States.
Please call and examine our stock and you
will be convinced that we mean business. All
goods warranted to be as represented. Hoping
to receive a liberal share of your patronage,
we are yours most obediently.
J. G. SHUNK,
H. S. ROOP,
J. T. ZILE.
Office and Warehouse, Main street, near
Depot, Westminster, Md. feb 14.
COOK BUGGIES!
COOK BUGGIES
My first carload of the celebrated Cook
Buggies has arrived. I will be able to supply
1 my customers cheaper this season than
before. This season will be the ninth forme.
| The first year I sold but two buggies; last j
year I sold 108 new and 7 old ones, and have I
never had any one traveling to secure buyers. :
Why is this? Just because the Cook Buggy |
| is superior to any other cheap buggy in the ’
market. lam going to sell in different ways
i this season, viz.; With or without the guar- j
, antee, and either cash or credit, or will ex
; change for old buggies or carriages.
HARNESS! HARNESS!
I will open the eyes of those wanting Har- |
! ness. I have a fine stock of Whips, Lap ;
Spreads and Halters. I can just fix any
young man ready for church. All I ask is j
come and see me before you buy. If I don’t !
do better for you than any one else in the bus- I
iness, don’t buy of me. Remember the old
; stand, just opposite the Westminster Savings j
Institution, next door to John Keen, the fish :
and green grocerynmn. I can be seen in
| person at my place of business any day of the
week except Monday, but I will have some |
one to attend to showing you my goods. The j
! buggy house will be open every day. Any '
one having private business with me. should! |
jbe absent please see E. 0. Grimes, Esq. He j
j will be thoroughly posted in either my buggy |
I or brick business.
R. C. MATTHEWS,
mar2l:Cm Westminster, Md.
JGEISELMAN & SON, Manufac
• turers and dealersin Furniture, Sewing
i Machines, Organs, Coffins and Caskets, Door j
| and Window Frames, Ac.; Undertaking a j
i specialty, Main street, adjoining Andrew N.
: Stephan’s Hardware Store, Westminster, Md.
We now wish to inform the public that we i
j have a large stock of Hand-Made Furniture
on hand, and are ready to fill all orders placed
in our hands promptly. Having eight or nine
; hands at work, we can fill out orders at short
j notice and at as low a price, considering
quality, as any other house in the county. [
Caskets, Coffins and Robes on hand and fur
nished at short notice, giving it personal at
tention. Also, a complete stock of Frames, j
Sashes and Doors at very low prices. Pianos j
ranging from $225 to SI,OOO, guaranteed for 5
and 6 years. Organs from $55 up. Also,
feneral agents for the New American Sewing
fachine, which is self-threading and needle
I self-setting, and the many valuable improve
ments embodied in the New American Sew
| ing Machine No. 7, we are positive cannot i
fail to win the highest testimonials in its favor, ;
: even from those previously prejudiced in favor ;
\of other machines. Try one and be con- |
vinced for yourself. Undertaking a specialty. \
marßs J. GEISELMAN A SON. ;
H. SHOWER & 880.,
FOUNDERS & MACHINISTS
CORNER LIBERTY AND GREEN STS., i
WESTMINSTER, MD.,
Manufacturers of
Threshing Machines, Horse Powers,
Corn Shelters, Plows and Mill Work.
CASTINGS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS
on hand or made to order. Special attention
given to repairing. Having rented the shops
of Geo. Slouch, corner Liberty and Green
streets, we will, after April Ist, 1885, be pre
pared to furnish any of the above Machinery,
Ac. As we have a Foundry in Manchester,
1 we can make repairs for any kind of Machi
j nery; also Castings made to any pattern at
short notice. feb2l:6m
JgRICK I BRICK ! BRICK!
[ I have got the only Brick Yard that has
| clay clear of Flint or gravel in or near West
minster. I will make it my business to have
a stock of Brick on hand at all times, and be
able to furnish in large or small quantities.
My prices will be reasonable, and full count
guaranteed. Located near the Depot, West
minster, Maryland. Come and see and ex
amine my Brick and Clay before you buy.
sepl3;tf R.C.' MATTHEWS.
CARDS AND CIRCULARS printed at
this Office.
STORE,
NEW GOODS,
lx Geo. W. Albauoh’s New Building,
Corner Main and Court Sts., Westminster, Md.
Just opened fine stock of
FRESH SUGARS, TEAS,
COFFEES, SPICES, SYRUPS,
FLOUR, MEATS, FRUITS,
CANNED GOODS, CAKES,
NUTS, ORANGES, SEGARS,
SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCO,
HARDWARE, BASKETS, TUBS, GLASS
WARE, Ac., Ac.,
And everything found in a first-class Gro
cery Store. Everything is fresh.
NOT TO BE UNDERSOLD.
JBST“Give me a Trial,
nov 4. T. F. GOODWIN.
AND STATIONERY.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
BSp Country Orders filled Promptly for
MISCELLANEOUS,
SCHOOL, LAW AND
MEDICAL BOOKS,
WRITING DESKS, POCKET BOOKS.
GOLD PENS AND PENCILS,
Work Boxes, Fine Stationery.
BLANK BOOKS,
AND CHECK BOOKS
MADE TO ORDER.
WM. J. C. DULANY A CO.,
332 and 334 W. Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md.
apr 26
H. HUBER,
NO. 8 CARROLL HALL,
DEALER IN
DRUGS,
CHEMICALS,
PATENT MEDICINES,
AND PERFUMERY.
*
ESPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO PHY
SICIANS’ ORDERS AND PRE
SCRIPTIONS.
april 25-tf
FRANK K. HERR. SAMUEL K. HERR.
i K. HERR & BRO.,
Manufaeturers of
COACHES, CARRIAGES,
BUGGIES, JAQGER WAGONS!!
PHAETONS, &G.
Special attention given to Repairing. Ali
orders promptly filled and work of every kind
: warranted.
Factory opposite the Montour House,
Main street, Westminster, Md. aug 8-ly
FOUTZ’S HORSE AND CATTLE
POWDERS.
No horse will die of Colic, Bots or Lung
Fever, if F’outz’s
j are used in time.
Foutz's Powders will
/—AI, cure and prevent Hog -M-AsSML
I Cholera.
Fontz’s Powders will prevent Gapes in
j Fowls.
Foutz’s Powders will increase the quantity
of milk and cream twenty per cent., and make
the butter firm and sweet.
Foutz’s Powders will cure or prevent al
[ most every disease to which horses and cattle
j are subject.
I Foutz’s Powders will give satisfaction.
Sold everywhere.
DAVID E. FOUTZ, Proprietor,
aug 16:tf Baltimore, Md.
jyj"UTUAL
Fire Insurance Cotnpany
OF CARROLL COUNTY.
OFFICE, WESTMINSTER, MD.
j J. W. BERING, President.
RICHARD MANNING,
Secretary and Treasurer.
JOHN T. DIFFENBAUGH,
General Agent, Westminster, Md.
Directors. —Dr. J. W. Bering, Alfred
Zollickoffer, Edward Lynch, David Prugh,
I Granville S. Haines, Granville T. Bering, Dr.
Samuel Swope, R. Manning, Charles B. Rob
erts David Fowble. jan 12-ti.
| CHAS. BXLI.INGSLKA, D. D. S. O. E. BAUGHMAN, D. D. S.
DENTISTS.
Office One Door West of the Union National
Bank, Westminster, Md.
Will visit the following places:
Union Bridge. —lst Wednesday and Friday
I following of each month.
New Windsor. —2d Wednesday and Friday
following of each month.
Taneytown. —Next to the last and the last
Friday in each month, remaining until Satur
day evening.
I One of the firm can always be found in the
! office. sep 23-tf
J H. MED AIRY & CO.,
PRINTERS,
BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS,
No. 6 North Howard Street.
Opposite the Howard House.
BALTIMORE.
JgT’Blank Books Made to Order in any
style. nov 26 1882 ly
ESTABLISHED 1860.
WILLIAM MOORE,
Watch Maker and Jeweller,
AT his new store,
Main St., {Adjoining Marsh's Hotel,)
WESTMINSTER, MD.
Repairing of all kinds attended to promptly
and warranted.
A liberal share of the patronage of my
friends and the public is respectfully solicited,
ap 12, 1879.
O T I C E.
Having associated with me in the Lumber
and Coal business my son, M. JOHN LYNCH,
the business will, after the Ist day March,
be conducted under the firm name of E. Lynch
A Son. EDWARD LYNCH.
We take pleasure in announcing to the pub
lic that we shall continue to keep on hand and
furnish all kinds of Building Lumber and
Coal, at the Old Yards in Westminster, Md.,
and hope,|that by strict attention to business
and with a desire to please, we shall continue
to have our share of the trade.
feb2B,lßßstf E. LYNCH * SOX.^
Horses & mules for sale.—
Persons in want of first-class
Virginia Horses and Mules can
ways find a fine assortment at ray JCSooA*-
stables. All guaranteed as represented.
G. FRANK BEAVER,
apr 19-tf Westminster, Md.

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