Newspaper Page Text
$2 PER ANNUM.
Bv virtue of a deed of trust from Geo. Hill and wife, dated November 25, 1885, and re corded among the Land Records of Carroll county the undersigned, trustee named there in will offer at public sale, on the premises, situated on Beaver Run, about one mile from Sandy Mount, on TUESDAY, 22nd OF DECEMBER, 1885, at 12 o’clock, M., a valuable farm containing 180 ACRES OF LAND, MORE OR LESS. This farm adjoins the lands of Arthur Hill, Robert Green and others, is in good condition, well watered, convenient to churches, school ■iml mill. The improvements consist of a small Dwelling and outbuild -4 ings; also one of the finest or ■ ichards of younjf and choice fruit in the community, it being which is described in a deed to the said Geo. Hill by Arthur Hill and wife, dated the Ist day of September, A. D. 1884, and recorded among the Land Records ot Carroll county, in Liber F. T. S. No. 02, folio Also, at the same time and place, there will Re sold a lot of valuable personal prop erty consisting of horses, cattle, farming im plements, a lot of corn by the barrel, 6 tons of clover hay, lot of corn fodder, 2-horse wagon, side saddle, about 20,000 brick, har ness. Ac.; also household furniture, and many other articles too numerous to mention. For further information call upon George Hill, living on the premises, or upon I. E. Pearson, attorney at law, Westminster, or noon the trustee, near Gamber P. O. Terms of Sale of Real Estate. —One-third cash on day of sale, or upon the ratification thereof by the court; the balance in two equal payments of one and two years; credit pay ments to be secured to the satisfaction of the trustee, and bearing interest from the day of Terms of Sale of Personal Property. —Cash on all sums of $5 and under; on all sums above $5 a credit of six months will be given on notes of purchasers, with approved security, bearing interest from day of sale. LEWIS H. KNOX, Trustee. 1. E. Pearson, Solicitor. nov2B,ts R. C. Matthews, Act'r. BROS., Corner Main and Court Sts., Westminster, Md., Have opened u full line of Choice Family GROCERIES— 2 SUGARS, COFFEE, TEA, SPICES, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES, CAKES, CRACKERS, FLOUR, MEAL, SOAPS, SUGAR AND COUNTRY CURED j HAMS, SHOULDERS, SIDES, Ac. ALSO CANNED VEGETABLES AND FRUITS. CONFECTIONERY IN LARGE QUANTITIES. Coal Oil, Lamps, Globes and Wicks, Housefurnishing Goods in Great Variety. fiarOUß STOCK IS NEW, AND FRESH | SUPPLIES ARE RECEIVED WEEKLY. NO MISREPRESENTATION, and GOODS SOLD AT A SMALL ADVANCE OVER FIRST COST. Give Us a Call, Ask for What You Want, and if We Haven’t it in Stock We Will Procure it for You. HIMLER BROS., nov2B'Bs Westminster, Md. PRIVATE SALE OF OSE OF TUK MOST DESIRABLE FARMS In Carroll County, Md. The undersigned, intending to go West, will sell his farm, CONTAINING 150 ACRES OF LAND, which is improved with a two-story Dwelling House, containing nine large A-jiUM. - rooms, halls and cellar, sum- M J mer house, 20x24 feet; well of Q£t£ug£3siexcellent water in the yard; dairy and spring of excellent water near the dwelling; smoke house, wood house, large Switzer barn, 40x70 feet, with stabling for 25 head of cattle; wagon shed, with corn crib at tached, 38x40 leet; machine house, hog house, 10x25 feet, with corn cribs attached; carriage house, 10x20 feet, with ice bouse underneath. All of these buildings have been built in the last seven years, and are in excellent condi tion, and there are all other outbuildings that are needed on a first-class farm. It is laid off in fields and under good fencing, with water in all the fields, and is in excellent producing condition, having been all limed recently. There are about 15 acres of this farm in ex cellent timber; also a woodlot about one mile from the farm containing 7 acres. This prop erty is situated in Hampstead district, i* con venient to schools, churches and postoffice, having county roads running on three sides ot it, one of which runs within 300 yards of the •dwelling. Fruit of all kinds. The attention •of the public is especially called to the sale of this property. It is seldom that such an op portunity is presented to obtain a property like this. Any person desiring further^ infor mation can call on the undersigned, living on the farm, or address him at Snydersburg, Carroll county, Md. uov2B;3t* NOAH LIPPY. 'J'HE PUBLIC Are requested to call at Shunk, Roop & Co’s, for all kinds of Agricultural Implements. We do not expect to GET RICH, We are therefore willing to divide profits with our customers. We have just received the third carload of Studebaker Wagons, in sizes ranging from one to six horses. BY BUYING These wagons you will get the oldest and best wagon in the market, and save repair bills, as we guarantee all wagons sold. People who buy THEIR GOODS Of us get Honest Goods and Honest Prices. We keep constantly on hand Wagons, heed Cutters, Pumps, Wrought and Chilled Shear Plows, Springtooth Harrows, Grain Drills, Shovel Plows, Corn Shellers, Wind Mills, Corn Planters, Wheelbarrows, Saddles, &e. We have a full line of the Light Running Do mestic Sewing Machines. Oil, Needles and Repairs for all machines. Also a lot of good Second Hand Machines for sale cheap AT SHUNK, ROOP & CO’S., nov2B:tf Westminster, Md. 'VTOTICE TO CREDITORS. This is to give notice that the subscriber has obtained from the Orphans Court ot Carroll county, in Maryland, letters of admin istration on the Personal Estate ot JOHN BLAXSTEN, late of Carroll county, deceased. All per igons having claims against the deceased a hereby warned to exhibit the same, with vouchers thereof legally authenticated, to the subscriber, on or before the 21*t day ot •June, 1886; they may otherwise by law be -excluded from all benefit of said esta . Given under my hand this Ifith day o .November, 1886. _ „ . MARGARET BLAXSTEN, •nov2L4t Administratrix. PUBLIC SALE OF VALUABLE Real and Personal Property, In Woolery’s Dist., Carroll Co., Md. Spjje ofinncratic HiUnuratc. piLES OP NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED j©“AT OAK HALL, “©a All the new Cloths, both plain and fancy, at prices you never heard of before. FANCY SACKINGS, AT 50 CENTS. All Wool Flannels for Suits as low as 25 ets. LADIES’ WRAPS, CHILDREN’S WRAPS. GENT’S, YOUTH’S AND BOYS’ CLOTHING. Immense Stock to Show You. Boys’ Boots, Men’s Boots and Shoes. Extra cheap Satine Prints 6f ; 4-4 Bleach ed Muslin scts.; 4-4 unbleached sc. We offer you Good Goods at prices as low as the lowest. We never allow ourselves to 1 be undersold; we will not allow our salesmen j to misrepresent in order to make a sale; all goods to come up to representation or money ■ refunded. We will show you as fine a line of | goods as ever offered in this county. CARPETS AND OILCLOTHS Extra cheap ; 4-4 Rag Carpet made to order at 25 cents. Geo. C. ANDERS, oct 10 New Windsor, Md. rjTHE LARGEST VARIETY AND FINEST LIQUORS IN CARROLL COUNTY 18 AT A. C. STRASBURGER’S Next door to the old Central Hotel, Westminster, Md. I I name in part —12 grades of Whiskies, 1 including the well-known WELTY WHISKY, 10 grades of Brandies —Apple, Peach, Ginger and Blackberry Brandy; Holland and Domes tic Gins, White and Red N. E. Rum, Kimmel, Port, Sherry, Catawba, Claret and Rhein Wines; imported and Domestic. CHAMPAGNE, BASS ALE andßibbert’s Brown Stout; Raspberry, Gin ger and Lemon Syrup. / Guarantee the Purity of our Liquors I and the quality of our goods, and will use every endeavor to give entire satisfaction in | regard to price. I also have a large stock of CIGARS AND TOBACCO. All I ask —examine my stock before pur chasing elsewhere. may 6 1882-tf REMOVAL. JOHN E. ECKENRODE, MANUFACTURER OF COACHES, CARRIAGES, Jagger Wagons, Buggies, Phaetons, &c., &c., Sic. Special Attention Given to Repairing, All Orders Promptly FUled and Work of Every Kind Warranted. fI®~FACTORY. Corner of Liberty and George Streets, Westminster, Md., where I have just erected new and large Shops, giving me better facilities than heretofore. A call is solicited. _ ma y DR. HENLEY’S EXTRACT OF CELERY, BEEF and IRON. A Most Effective Combination. CELERY— The New and Unequaled Nerve Tonic. BEEP—The Most Nutritive and Strength giving Food. IRON (Pyrophosphate) The Great Remedy to Enrich the Blood and Nourish the Brain. , This Preparation has proven to be exceed ingly valuable for the cure of Nervous Exhaustion, Debility. Sleeplessness, Restlessness, Neuralgia, Dyspepsia, General Prostration of Vital Forces, Loss of Physical Power. And all DERANGEMENTS consequent upon overtaxed mind and body. In fact, it gives tone to all the physical functions, and bouy ancy to the spirits. P^j^cOX, 143 North Howard Street, oct 17, 'B6:ly Baltimore, Md. 1 | AND STATIONERY. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. Country Orders filed Promptly for i miscellaneous, ' SCHOOL, LAW AND medical books, WRITING DESKS, POCKET BOOKS. GOLD PENS AND PENCILS, \ Work Boxes, Pine Stationery. , BLANK BOOKS. ’ AND CHECK BOOKS MADE TO ORDER. WM. J. C. DULANY & CO., 382 and 884 W. Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md. apr 26 S' URVEYOR, CONVEYANCER and SCRIVENER. - Having had - many years experience as Surveyor, Convey ancer and Scrivener, I take this method of informing the public that I am prepared to do r such work with promptness and upon reason f able terms, and respectfully solicit a share - of your patronage. Office near Patapsco Station, W. M. R. R. JABEZ A. BUSH, feb. 7 tf County Surveyor. : f Cries sales at moderate rates and guaran s tees satisfaction. No satisfaction, no pay. . Orders can be left at McKellip * Clabangh’s f law office. janßl;tf CARDS AND CIRCULARS printed at this Office. WESTMINSTER, MD., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1885. TRUSTEES’ SALE OF A DESIRABLE LITTLE PROPERTY and Wood Lot in Bachman's Valley, Carroll County, Md. The undersigned, by virtue of a decree of the Circuit Court for Carroll county, sitting as a Court of Equity, passed in cause No. 2351 Equity, will sell at Public Sale, on the premises now occupied by Mrs. Elizabeth Warehime, on Tuesday, the loth day of December, A.D.1585, at 2 o’clock, P. M., a parcel of land contain ing 10 ACRES and 26 PERCHES, more or less. The improvements thereon consist of a comfortable and substantial log weatherboard ed dwelling house, bank barn, . carriage house, hog house and other necessary outbuildings;JiS&ihTJ' pump at the door, and a stream of water running through the land; the build ings are conveniently located and are in ex cellent repair. There is also an excellent apple orchard on the premises, grapes, 4c. The land is in a high state of cultivation. This property is in Bachman’s valley on the county road leading from Bachman’s mill to the Hanover turnpike road, about one mile from Bachman’s mill, eight miles from West minster, about one mile from Ebbvale Station on the Bachman Valley Railroad, and adjoins the laud of Elias Bixler, the Chestnut Hill Ore Company and others. Also a Wood Lot containing 6 ACRES, 2 ROODS and 20 PERCHES OF LAND, more or less, known as the Warehime Wood Lot, and is a part of the Shower land. This lot is well covered with timber —oak, hickory, ' chestnut, 4c. It is about one mile from the I first described parcel. Terms of Sale. —One-third cash on the day of sale or on the ratification thereof, one-third in one year, and the other one-third in two , years from the day of sale, the credit pay j ments to be secured by the notes of the pur- I chaser or purchasers with appoved security, bearing interest from the day of sale, or all cash at the option of the purchaser. PHILIP H. L. MYERS, CHAS. T. REIFSNIDER, Trustees. Reifsnider 4 Fink, Solicitors. nov2l:ts R. C. Matthews, Auct’r. PUBLIC SALE OF A VALUABLE Farm, Building and Pasture Lots. The undersigned will offer at public sale, ou the premises, the farm formerly owned by Jacob Zacharias, on the Littlestown turnpike, near Westminster, on SATURDAY, sth OF DECEMBER, 1885, at 1 o’clock, p. m., 133 ACRES OF LAND, | divided as follows: About 50 acres of land with the buildings; large Brick House, bank barn, wagon shed, Bcarriage house and all neces sary buildings, in good condi tion; well watered; also a number one orchard. No. 2. About 12 Acres opposite the toll gate, upon which there is a splendid building site. No. 3. About 8 Acres on north side of the j road leading from the pike to the church. No. 4. About 10 Acres on east side of turn pike road. No. 5. About 10 Acres adjoining the lands of David Bonsack and G. W. Hull. No. 6. About 8 Acres adjoining the last named. I Also about 20 Acres divided up into lots of from 2 to 4 Acres, many of which are so ar ranged as to have running water upon them, and will be very desirable pasture lots. The land is of the best quality of honey comb, blue slate and limestone, producing fine crops of different grains and grasses. The farm, on account of its advantages in being on a good turnpike road, and so near the city, so well watered and other advant ages, is admitted to be the best location in the county. The survey is now being made, a plat of which will be exhibited at sale, and for three days prior to sale can be seen at fentlemen’s waiting room at depot of W. M. 1. R., Westminster. Any one wishing to view the premises or for further information can call upon or ad dress the undersigned, at Westminster, Md. Terms.—One-third cash, or note with ap proved security at 30 days for the cash pay ment; the remaining two-thirds in equal pay ments at nine and eighteen months, all to bear interest from day of sale, nov 21:ts MILTON SCHAEFFER. ODD FELLOWS’ HALL, WESTMINSTER, MD., Friday Evening, December 11th, At 7 O’clock. A PLEASANT EVENING IN FAR-OFF INDIA BY SAU-AH-BRAH, NATIVE INDIA LECTURER, HUMOR IST, ILLUSTRATOR AND IMPERSONATOR. jjt@“IIUMOR, AMUSEMENT, HISTORY TRAVEL AND INSTRUCTION. Sau-Ah-Brah appears in over 100 pinless, bookless and buttonless costumes, with an elaborate museum of bamboo goods, native silks, images and curios. To hear Sau-Ah-Brah is like a visit to Far ther India. His entertainment will be par ticularly interesting and entertaining at this time, on account of the war between British India and Burmah. Sau-Ah-Brah comes from King Theebaw’s country —Burmah —and will give facts about the country, its history, laws, customs, 4c. He will also impersonate prominent individuals, and give humorous sketches. Don’t fail to hear him. Reserved seats 50 cents; general admission 35 cents. nov2B:3t. H. HUBEB, NO. 3 CARROLL HALL, DEALER IN DRUGS, CHEMICALS, PATENT MEDICINES, AND PERFUMERY. ESPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO PHY SICIANS’ ORDERS AND PRE SCRIPTIONS. april 25-tf J3UBLIC SALE. The undersigned, intending to relinquish the milk business, will sell at public sale, at his residence, on the road leading from the • Deer Park road to Finksburg, near Bering’s mill, on THURSDAY, DECEMBER 10th, 1885, at 10 o’clock, A. M., the following property: —14 milch cows, 10 be fresh by day of sale; 2 bulls, one # 'TA*kß fat; 2 horses, one a colt old, well broken, the other a family driver or work horse; 3 fattening hogs, 200 barrels of corn, buggy and harness, 2 spring wagons, one nearly new; double hinged harrow, new Oliver chilled plow; also a lot of milk cans, 4c. TERMS.—AII sums of $lO and under, cash; on sums oversloa credit of six months will be given, on note with approved security, - bearing interest from the day of sale. No ► property to be removed until settled for. I JOSEPH C. CAPLE. R. C. Matthews, Auct’r. n0v28,2t ■ m utual ! Fire Insurance Company OF CARROLL COUNTY. OFFICE, WESTMINSTER, MD. - J. W. BERING, President. RICHARD MANNING, . Secretary and Treasurer. JOHN T. DIFFENBAUGH, . General Agent, Westminster, Md. i Directors. —Dr. J. W. Bering, Alfred Zollickoffer, Edward Lynch, David Prugh, - Granville S. Haines, Granville T. Bering, Dr. k Samuel Swope, R. Manning, Charles B. Rob erta David Fowble. jas 12-tf. JHE GRAND HEADQUARTERS —FOR |i CHRISTMAS GOODS i[ AND NOVELTIES, IS AT Baumgartner & Everhart’s, (Successors to Shellman,) Advocate Building,Westminster,Md. Which is the only house in Westminster devoted exclusively to the Book, Novelty, Toy and Paper Trade. CHRISTMAS PRESENTS Suitable for everybody. Call at Once and Make Your Selections. You will find articles here of the Best Quality and Cheapest Prices, Durable, Elegant and Ornamental, To Suit Everyone, from Grandpa down to the Wee Babe, And as we cannot go through the long list and specify each of the innumerable articles, Just Call and See for Yourself. Be assured of a hearty welcome and cheerful attention. We invite attention to our NEW STOCK OF GOODS, the largest and finest ever opened in Westminster, embracing FINE ILLUSTRATED 8888 OO OO K K <.888,. B BOOOOKK 8888 0000 KK 888,, B BOOOOKK „ S 8888 OO 00 K K °SSS Works of popular and standard Authors, Poets, Historians and Novelists, Juvenile and Tov Books, ranging in price Irom 1 cent to $5; Chatterbox, American, Young Jonathan, ; Frank Leslie, and English editions; Seaside, i Munroe, Franklin Square and Lovell Libra- : ries; Hagerstown and Illustrated Almanacs, and the Illustrated Weekly Papers; Century, Atlantic, St. Nicholas, Continent, Harper's Magazines and the Fashion Jour nals; Scrap Books and Pass Books, Photograph and Autograph Albums, In Leather and Plush; Bibles and Hymn Books; Hand Mirrors, Fancy Perfumery, Hair Brushes and Whisks, Plain and Fancy Paper Weights, Thermometers and Barometers, Bronze and Library Ink Stands, Blotters, Writing Desks, Portfolios, Lead Pencils, Crayons, Pocketbooks, Purses, CARD AND CIGAR CASES, Diaries, Dressing Cases, Ladies’ Work Boxes, Fancy Paper, Envelopes, Correspondence and Visiting Cards. assortment of BOOKS is the larg est and finest ever seen outside of the large cities. Large Assortment of Plush Goods. If You Wish to Make Gifts Of a substantial and permanent value, at the same time ornamental and useful, call and examine our stock. School Globes, Satchels, Lunch Baskets, Stereoscopes And Views, Terra Cotta, Bisque figures, Marble Busts, Kaleidescopes, Magic Lanterns, Cigar Holders, Picture Frames, Cord and Easels; Engravings, Chromes, Baskets, Bread Trays, Call Bells, False Faces and Linen Masks. B@L.The largest assortment of CHRIST MAS CARDS, OF NEW DESIGNS, ever shown in Westminster. CHRISTMAS SOUVENIRS! Containing extracts from all the popular poets: TREE ORNAMENTS, Silver, Gold and Colored Papers, French Tissue Paper for Artificial Flowers, Scrap Pictures, Mucilage, MUSIC AND MUSIC BOOKS, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Harmonicas, Music Boxes, Violin Strings. TTTTT OO Y Y <,SSS<, TOOY Y q s T 0 0 YY TOO Y s | T 00 Y b SSS & ::: Toys in Tin, Papier-Mache and Wood, Crandall and Reed’s Blocks, Building Blocks, Toy Theatres, Encampments, Panoramas, Tool Chests, Saws and Bucks, Ten Pins, Drums, Trumpets, Wheelbarrows, Wagons, Velocipedes, Hobby Horses, Shoo Flys, En gines, Gum Toys, Rattles, Wire Goods. DDDr, 00 L L qSSS^ L S b D S 0 0 L L h SSS<, L cq DDD U OO LLLL LLLL b SSS & In endless variety; Carriages, Furniture, Trunks and Dishes, Lanterns, Colored Lights, Fire Crackers, Pistols and Caps. | GAMES—GAMES—GAMES. j Games of all kinds —Checkers, Backgammon, " Cards, Dice. i UMBRELLAS AND CANES, \ A LARGE ASSORTMENT. I TOBACCO AND CIGARS. EVERYTHING, IN FACT, THAT MAKE i UP A CHOICE ASSORTMENT. i ; OUR STORE IS PACKED! If you do not see what you want, ASK for ; it, as we have it in stock. BQkoGoods selected will be delivered or laid aside until called fur. PRICES TO SUIT the TIMES. Country Merchants Will find it to their interest to purchase of us, as we can sell many goods CHEAPER than can be bought in the cities. i Baumgartner & Everhart, Advocate Building, I n0v28,4t WESTMINSTER, MD foetical. THE OLD WIFE. Selected for the Democratic Advocate, BY MARY VERNON. By the bed the old man, waiting, sat in vigil, sad and tender, Where his aged wife lay dying; and the twilight shadows brown Slowly from the wall and window chased the sun set’s golden splendor Going down. “Is it night?” she whispered, waking (for her spirit seemed to hover, Lost between the next world's sunrise and the bed time cares of this); And the old man, weak and tearful, trembling as he bent above her, Answered “Yes." “Are the children in?” she asked him. Could he tell her? All the treasures Of their household lay in silence, many years be neath the snow; But the heart was with them living, back among her toils and pleasures. Long ago. And again she called at dew-fall, in the sweet old summer weather, “Where is little Charlie, father? Frank and ' Robert—have they come ?" “They are safe," the old man faltered, 1 ‘all the chil dren Safe at home.” Then he murmured gentle soothiugs, but his grief grew strong and stronger, ’Till it choked and stilled him, as he held and and kissed her wrinkled hand, For her sjul, far out of hearing, could his fondest : words no longer Understand. Still the pale lips stammered questions, lullabies and broken verses, Nursery prattle—all the language of a mother's loving deeds; While the Midnight round the mourner, left to sor row’sbitter mercies, Wrapped its weeds. There was stillness on the pillow, and the old man listesed lonely, 'Till they led him from the chamber with the burden on his breast. For the wife ofseventy years, his manhood's early love and only, Lay at rest. “Fare you well," he sobbed, “my Mary, you will meet the babes before me, "fis a little while, for neither can the parting long abide; And you'll come and call me soon, I know, and Hearen will restore me To your side. j It was ever. so. The springtime, in the step of win ter treading. Scarcely shed its orchard blossoms 'ere the old man closed his eyes; And they' buried him by Mary, and they had their “diamond wedding” In the skies. “ Glenmary.” Nov. IS, 1885. ©ur ©lie. IN THE FAR EAST. Journeys in Japan—Japanese Shops and Babies—Silk Merchants—Painting Crapes and Velvets —How it is Done. A Kioto correspondent of the Globe- Democrat writes: Visiting temples and palaces, guide-book in hand, is too much like the duty-work of that order that the sight-seer has to accomplish in Europe for one to rejoice greatly in its novelty, and one feels that he is having more truly Japanese experience when he wanders aimlessly, and prowls about the streets and by-ways ot the city. The shops are an unceasing delight, and being all open to the street, and the floors raised platforms covered with mats, it makes each shop seem like some miniature theatre with curtain rolled up and drama in progress. The people are always pic turesque, their costumes and accessories artistic, and once beset with the idea that these open shop fronts are so many stages, one sees only well-arranged tableaux, groups, and scenes along the miles of pretty in teriors. The rows of clogs and sandals be low the platform are perpetual invitations for one to shake off bis dusty shoes and tread the clean, smooth mats and sit beside the mother of the family, who has shaved off her eyebrows, blackened her teeth, come to a simpler way of dressing her hair, and given up red and gay colors in costumes as a tacit sign of allegiance to her lord. The comical Japanese babies, with their shaven crowns, attract one to a nearer study, and these odd little bits of humanity are like a bric-a-brac in their quaint and irresistible charms, and one longs to carry a few of them home as curios or ornaments, or else wishes that Kate Greenaway would come to Japan and picture them all in rows. Japanese babies, unfortunately, have a genuine fear of foreigners, and .one’s ap proach in friendly advances generally sends the miniature man or woman in frightened tears to hide behind its mother. The little ones stare as if fascinated by the terrible sight of the big, ugly foreigners, but the first move towards them makes them shake with frb'ht, and one is rather chagrined to have his amiable moods met in such away. It is evident enough that Japanese mothers make a bugaboo of the foreigner, and the funny little mites doubtless imagine that some one of these enticing strangers will make away with them and crunch their bones in his lair. These shops that open to the main street with all their wares in view arc not the places, however, where one can find the rich the rare artistic things that are the special creations of the best Japanese art workers. In the open shops one sees only the cheaper and commoner things in every day use, with many foreign goods and for eign ideas here and there. It is in quieter streets, and behind latticed walls that the rich merchants live and carry on their man ufacture of crapes, brocades, bronzes, por celain, and enamel that make Kioto famous as the centre and seat of the finest art in dustries of the empire. There are no such things as large factories, with all the folderol and expense of wholesalers and retailers, drummers, commission merchants, and mid dlemen to eat up profits and make things dear. What the merchant sells his work men make on the premises, or at their own little homes, aided by their families, and a commercial buyer makes nothing by giving to one man a single large order on the grand American wholesale plan. The Ja panese merchant gets confused and driven to his wits’ end when the enumeration reaches hundreds or thousands, and in pro portion generally charges more on large orders than by retail. One engaging old soul here, who makes most beautiful lan i terns of paper and fine silk tissue, showed five years ago to an American dealer some . tiny little mites of toy lanterns no bigger than your thumb, made of bright red pa per and complete with candle, wire-loop, and bamboo stick. At that time he had 200 or 300 of the little lanterns, and the American buyer, who was wandering here ’ and there picking up things for the mar ket, took them all- Last week the -Amer ican went into the same place unwittingly, and had bought hundreds of large lanterns, when, toward the conclusion of the sitting, the lantern-man, with an indifferent air, showed him one of the midget lanterns. The American instantly recalled his for mer visit, and, remembering how the toys had taken across the water, told the lantern- maker that he would take ten thousand of them as soon as he could make them. The manufacturer looked not so much aghast as bored and indifferent at his crazy customer, and quietly refused to make any on order. He said that his wife amused herself by making them on winter evenings, and all argument and offers failed to convince the old hard-head that it was well worth his while to make a specialty of the little toy lanterns. He only sat there and blandly filled and smoked his pipe while his visitor discoursed in a worldly way, and after sell ing him the 300 lanterns that he had on hand graciously said that he might have some more for him if he came around next summer. It is this lack of the real, grasping, money making, business instinct that makes it so hard for an amateur to buy of these peo ple, or to find the things that he wants to buy. One would think that they had not the least desire to sell their things the way the game goes on, and time is certainly not money in this country. As the best shops show no outward sign of business, we felt rather uncertain when our jinrickisha men dropped the shafts before a solemn-looking house, whose latticed front was painted a dark brown, and assured us that it was Nishimura’s place. Nishimura is the great silk merchant and crape manufacturer of Kioto, and it is he who, at Government re quest, has exhibited the most wonderful fabrics and embroideries at the expositions of Vienna, Philadelphia, and Paris, and brought home the gold and bronze medals. | Stopping, we entered a latticed gate and j saw at our right only two large matted rooms, opening on a narrow inner court, j and across the court smaller matted rooms that seemed plainly to be the living-rooms of the family. Three men were sitting ; before the lacquer boxes that serve as desks | in Japanese shops, with the inevitable little 1 bowl of coals beside them for their pipes, j There was not a thread of silk in sight nor anything to suggest that silk or crape could be found in the place, nothing but the smooth mats, the polished wood walls and the three men in their loose cotton gowns in sight. We were inclined to apologize and withdraw until one of the saluting men pointed to the right, and leading us down the narrow passage of a court and around a bamboo screen introduced us to the lower floor of the big “godown.” The “godown is the fire-proof storehouse attached to every Japanese house or establishment, and is built of plaster and tiles, with walls nearly a foot thick, small barred windows, and a ponderous double door like a burglar-proof safe. As the godown is usually painted black, the resemblance to a big safe is really stroll"-, and one finds all a man’s riches in his godown. On the first floor of Nishimura’s godown were displayed the embroidered screens that so easily set one wild if he has any taste for art needlework and Japanese de signs. There were screens ranging from §2O to §2,000, the latter a marvellous piece of embroidery, fine enough to need a glass to show the wonderful arrangement of stitches, and effective enough to show as a brilliant decoration across the largest room. One peacock, that threw its gorgeous feath ers over an entire panel, was reproduced to the finest detail, and for every feathery tip on the peacock’s breast and tail there were stiches corresponding on the satin panel. One most striking bit of embroidery was a screen-panel of black satin showing a branch of a pine tree, on which rested a huge crow, his blue-black plumage worked out as finely and showing as effectively on the dull black groundwork as if on white. On another screen were some tigers disporting them selves under a mossy old tree, each hair and shadow on their tine silky coats repro duced with the needle and floss. Defer ring to the cruder tastes of foreign tour ists, Nishimura has scores of narrow-pan elled screens embroidered with storks and impossible flowers in heavy gold thread —a I style of screen and needlework that no Ja panese would give houseroom to. To them the most beautiful screens arc not these panels of gaudy bullion, or even these real istic needle pictures in colored silks, and for their own houses the Japanese prefer one single design of great simplicity stretch ing across the whole screen, painted either in colors on a ground of gold paper, as in the screens of the old temples and palaces, or in India-ink on fine tissue or rice-paper. A native prefers, above all, one well-drawn skeleton branch of a cherry or plum-tree outlined against a full moon, and wonders not a little at the strange notions of the . foreigners who want their screen-picture cut up in little pieces and crowded with beasts, birds, flowers, and trees. The stairways to the upper floors of a Japanese house are always as steep as those on shipboard, and ascending to the second floor of the godown was like climbing a slippery ladder. The fukusa, or big square Kioto cushion-covers, on which so much beautiful work Is lavished, were stacked in piles on tables up there, and the two bare footed, bushy-headed young boys who had us in charge shook them out and held the embroidered pictures up before us by the half hour before we tired of the sight. Such a wealth of color and tinsel, such bearded old men, such birds, turtles, flow ers, junks, crests, symbols, and scenes were embroidered on those squares of satin and crape as to make one sigh and feel helpless at the prospect of choosing from them. As ' in everything of Japanese workmanship, there were no two in the least alike, and ’ the choice was simply between two hundred and more beautiful square yards, all differ . iug in attractions. On ceremonial occa sions the Japanese use these fukusa as covers for the floor-cushions, and one can picture the effect of these brilliant squares , laid around on the white-straw mats await ’ ing a company to be seated. A specialty of the Nishimura establish i ment is painted velvet. Kakemonos, screens, . and cushion covers are made of the uncut L velvet, on which designs are painted, and 1 softly shaded effects then given by cutting the pile here and there. Wonderfully plu [ maged birds, softly tinted lotus blossoms i and dreamy landscapes are done on this . material, and the effect is most beautiful, i The velvet is woven on a hand loom in a i shabby little building back of the godown, r the halftnaked weaver casting the shuttles , back and forth and working the treadles . ten hours a day. The fine copper wires , over which the pile is raised are left in , when the velvet is given to the artist to . paint, and with the strokes of his brush 5 he uses the knife to give the proper shad l ing with the cut pile. The edges, back ground, and high lights of the picture are I of the repped, uncut surface, and the vel s vet shading is all the softer by the strong f contrast of the surfaces, and well worth §8 . and §l4 for a single fukusa. , Crape-weaving is carried on by scores of 1 men and women working in long, open } buildings, and from the reeling of the silk 3 to the finish the whole process can be seep. - When the crape is on the loom it is only a - thin silk tissue, a flimsy-looking sort of , material, such as they use for painting the , panels for screens and kakemonos. It has , a perfectly smooth, glossy surface, and the , threads each way are drawn tight and even. , From the loom the piece of crape, which - is generally made in lengths of fifty and i sixty feet, is plunged into a vat of boiling - water and stirred about in the steam for a f few minutes, and this process shrinks the threads and gives the crape its wrinkled, crinkly look. When dried the crape is tossed in heaps, each length of mussed, yellowy stuff, twisted and tied like a skein, and but for the silky lustre it looks like so many ragged and badly-handled pieces of unbleached muslin. After this the crape is bleached or dyed and stretched on bam boo frames to dry, when it becomes the smooth, soft crape with “a wrinkled skin, like scalded milk,” that every woman raves over. The twenty-yard lengths of wide crape are sold at prices ranging from §l3 to §25, depending on the weight of the silk and fineness of weaving. The painted crapes, which are a specialty of Kioto and the Nishimura establishment, arc a work of endless detail, and it makes one weary to look at them after knowing how much toil goes to each yard of the gayly-figured goods. Although brilliant in color and wonderful in designs, the effect of these eighteen-inch wide crapes is not really more than equal to that of the beau tiful satincs that French and American looms now turn out for such trifling prices. These gayly-painted crapes are chiefly used in Japan, where the children’s dresses and girls’ obis, or sashes, are made of them. They are usually woven in lengths of fifty feet and divided for sale into fourths, each one of which is enough for the wide obi to be wound twice around the waist and tied, or for a child’s kimous, and costs from 8 I to §6. To make it the crape is moistened, stretched out on a board, and its edges fas tened in line with rice-starch. The outline of the principal design' is then painted on with an indigo-brush, this in turn gone over I with colored starch, which prevents the ! colors from running together, and the first color is then applied with a brush through a perforated card-board pattern, if the de -1 sign is one that repeats itself in general outline. The first dressing of starch is I then washed out, and the next color out lined with starch and brushed in. Like the successive stones of a chromo, each color requires a different painting until it comes to the end, when only little touches of dif ferent colors need to be applied. The crape is then washed for the last time, joined in one piece and stretched on bamboo frames that revolve on wooden wheels. Three or four workmen seated on the floor where the frame is stretched have their colors and brushes at hand and paint in the rest of the design, each one using but one color, and then moving the crape along to the next man. Although it was scorching noonday when we watched the last stages of crape painting, each boy had a big bowl of coals in front of him as he sat on the floor, and the crape was swung over the gentle heat in order that the last colors might dry as j quickly as applied. While the practical man wailed at the waste of time, energy, j and forces that might be applied to other ends, we of the feminine side felt bound to insist that all his machine-made satines and delaines in the world were not equal to one yard of Kioto painted crape, into which the soul of so many artists enter, and quoted some of Oscar Wilde’s raptures about “Handicraft! Handicraft !” ♦ The March of the White Man. From The Spectator. Among the little-noticed but most im portant facts in the history of the world is the enormous recent increase in the num ber of white men in it. It is barely two centuries (1G83) since those races, though even then the most energetic of mankind, formed but a small fraction in the total of humanity—probably ten per cent, of the whole —and were by no means certain that they could defend themselves against the remainder. The stream of Asiatic conquest had not stopped, for the Turks were at the gates of A ienna; an African fleet was dominant in the Mediterranean; Asia knew nothing of the whites except in one or two tolerated settlements on the coast fringe of India; Africa belonged ex clusively to Africans; and though the whites had mastered South America, where, read in the light of subsequent history, their conquests were incredibly rapid, most part of North America still felt Indian wars to be terrible and even formidable events. Even a hundred years later the white people, though under the operation of the still unexplained law which at one time fosters and at another time restricts the growth of a people they were increas ing slowly, were still only a hundred and fifty millions, or probably a seventh of the population of the globe. They had, in deed, annixed the two Americas and northern Asia, thus quintupling the area of their estate upon the planet, and prob ably multiplying their fixed wealth by at least twentyfold—a country being always the largest item in the wealth of any race or nation—but they had only begun to settle in the western continent; they had but commenced to conquer in southern Asia; they had visited, but not occupied, Australia; and in eastern Europe and west ern Asia they were only slaves to an Asi | atic horde. The century, however, ending \ 1884, has been marked by an advance so rapid and so unbroken as to be scarcely credi ble, and to present one of the most startling facts in history. The white races in and out of Europe, under the influence of some | still mysterious call upon their energies, have multiplied nearly threefold, and are to-day, as Mr. R. Giffen has shown in his recent address to the Statistical Society, four hundred and twenty millions. As there is no evidence of any corresponding increase in the dark races, and as, indeed, 1 such increase has been, outside India, nearly impossible, the white men are now, by the best calculations, one-third of the 'entire population of the world, instead of being, as they were only two centuries ago, a little more than ten per cent. They i have, moreover, if anything, increased in ' physical strength, and have so developed I in brain, and consequent power of organi- I zation, that it may be doubted if the whole remainder of mankind, even if all were 1 reduced to equal weapons, could seriously * ‘injure the white third, which again, if it chose to act together and employ without 1 pity the weapons its intelligence has en i abled it to construct, could in a few years 1 reduce the remainder of the world to an 1 uninhabited desert. Except in the South 1 Pacific, where, by one means or another, 1 they kill out the darker men, the white • races show no tendency of that kind— -1 though we take it in the dawn of history they exterminated pretty freely, especially in India —but they do show a strong dis ! position to take possession of the whole ■ earth, and govern it as they please. The ; Chinese are the only great race remaining 1 which can be said to be truly independent and free from the predominating influence, f more or less directly exercised, of the ener i getic white men, who pour in increasing : streams over the remainder of the earth’s . surface, They, indeed, alone traverse the i ocean. The Chinese keep a few ships; and f a few small vessels manned by dark sailors, 3 mostly pirates or slaves, or pilgrim carriers, i still hang about the coasts of southern Asia s or eastern Africa; but the fighting navies . of the world, and its great transport ships, i and its mercantile marine, are all alike I white. No dark race could bombard a r white harbor, or transport an army across i a hundred miles of sea in the face of a pro s hibition from white men, —who now exclu- VOL. XXI.-NO. 4. sively occupy Europe, except the corner on which Constantinople stands; who oc cupy two-thirds of North America, and dominate over North and South America down to Patagonia; who have taken pos session of Australia and New Zealand, and most of the larger isles of the South Pa cific; who claim, if they do not possess, the whole of northern Asia, from the Ural to the Yellow Sea, and who dominate the whole of India, Indo-China, and the delta of the Nile. They have lately taken to conquering Africa, and are entering it at a hundred points at once; seizing, almost silently, certainly without serious effort, huge slices like French Africa, South Africa, Madagascar, the vast valley of the Niger, and the still more extensive region drained by the system of rivers called the Congo. Nor is there much reason to be lieve that the process will soon be checked, for the white men are urged forward by an irresistible spur over which they have no control. The increase of the yellow race, which must once have been so incredibly fast, has stopped, and that of the dark races of India, which for a century has been amazing, is being checked by recur rent famines; but that of the white peoples goes on so fast that the transport of a huge army every year across the Atlantic makes no impression in their numbers, and at their present rate of increase they will in 1984 be a thousand millions, or much more than half of then existing mankind. The Chinese have recently shown some resisting power; the English have apparently —it may prove only apparently—halted, indc cisive, in their march up the valley of the Nile; but the general movement sweeps ever forward, and within the century it seems more than probable that every corner of the earth will be ruled by white men, and that the audax lapeti genus, as Horace perceived them to be, will be the only in dependent race within the planet, which their tireless enterprise will then have ren dered quite visible and very small. Not even internal war arrests the rush, still less human volition. Because Germans and Frenchmen fought, France is in Tonquin, Tunis, and Madagascar; and in spite of Mr. Gladstone, Englishmen are reaching the Zambesi, are encamped in Egypt, have j gained full footing in Borneo, arc legally I reigning on the Niger, and are looking with greedy eyes on all the remaining lands of the South Pacific. It is difficult to read such a record without feeling that the quarrels of old Europe, of which we make so much, are rather petty affairs, or with out doubting whether after all Prince Bis marck does very greatly affect the fortunes of the human race. The ultimate Law | giver, who scatters the nations, and who } has taken off the ban of sterility from the i Aryan to inflict it on the Turanian, seems | to be stronger than he. The world is the heritage of the white man, —that is the first lesson of Mr. Giffeu’s figures; but there is another, also, which Englishmen will do well to think over pa tiently, and, if they can, without hatred in their hearts. They have no right to anger with the visible will of God. If Mr. Grif \ fen’s figures are correct —and, subject to some arrest of existing law, they must be as correct as if they were merely unapplied i calculations—there is but one race on earth j with whom it behoves the Teuton in all his branches to keep friends. This supremacy of the white man will in the end —and, reccollect, children may be born to-day who will see the end, and then be younger than Sir Moses Montefiore—be the joint supremacy of the Teuton and the Slave. In 1984, when the world contains a thou sand millions of white faces, six hundred millions of these will be English and Ger mans, ane three hundred millions will be Slav. There will practically be no other white races, the French not increasing, the Spaniards increasing slowly—if, indeed, as in Mexico, they do not rather suffer ab sorption into a dark people; the Scandina vian having stopped absolutely ; and th e Irishman, true to his destiny, helping only to swell the power of the race he professes to detest. If the Teuton and the Slav can keep friends, the world is theirs; and if not, there will be the most terrible strug gle recorded in history since the white barbarians fought the white Romans and their darker allies. We are not sure that an agreement is possible until a great fight has taken place, for Slav and Teuton seem unwillingto comprehend each other, though there is not between them the internecine hatred sometimes observed in history ; but if their statesmen could arrange terms on which the conflict could be permanently avoided, a huge mass of misery might be saved to our immediate descendants. To avoid the quarrel will be difficult, for the Slav is just now strangled; and to reach the open water, and so take his natural part in the greater movement of mankind, he must pitch himself on somebody, be it on Turkey, or England, or China; but the means of avoidance are worth the study and patience of years. Mankind is not very likely to be happy when all is done, for in all this movement is no cure for sin, or pain, or poverty; anxiety increases as fast as intelliffence, and sympathy —which means suffering—faster than strength; but one grand condition of even moderate well-being is that Slav and Teuton should learn how to live together in peace. If not, the Teuton may some day—in less than a century —find that every third white man is a foe, and that the third man has the power of ranging behind him the darker races of mankind. The Teuton has the art of dominance; but the Slav has gained a strong hold wherever he has ruled, and can do at least one thing we cannot, — he can conquer the Turanian without rous ing his unquenchable hate. • Now, the Turanian is the only race not white which should in 1984 be strong. Blacksmiths Hammer Signals. When the blacksmith gives the anvil quick, light blows it is a signal to the helper to use the sledge or to strike quicker. The force of the blows given by the blacksmith’s hammer indicates the force of blow it is required to give the sledge. The blacksmith’s helper is supposed to strike the work in the middle of the width of the anvil, and when this requires to be varied the blacksmith indicates where the sledge blows are to fall by touching the re quired spot with his hand-hammer. If the sledge is required to have a lateral motion while descending, the blacksmith indicates the same to the helper by deliv ering hand-hammer moves in the direction required for the sledge to move. If the blacksmith delivers a heavy blow upon the work and an intermediate light blow on the anvil it denotes that heavy sledge blows are required. If there are two or more helpers the blacksmith strikes a blow between each helper’s sledge-hammer blow, the object being to merely denote where the sledge blows are to fall. When the blacksmith desires the sledge blows to cease he lets the hand-hammer head fall upon the anvil and continues its rebound upon the same until it ceases. Thus the movements of the band-ham mer constitute signals to the helper, and what appear desultory blows to the com mon observer constitute the method of communication between the blacksmith and his helper. :