Newspaper Page Text
She Democratic Advocate.
WESTMINSTER, ME. SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1880. Let Mortgages Be Taxed. The tlovurnor and Comptroller both having declared in favor of taxing mortgages, the matter will no doubt be presented to the Leg islature by a bill to that end. Then will fol low the stale arguments about a mortgage tax being a “double” tax, abouttaxing evidences of debt, about driving capital out of the Stale, about the morlgagor having to pay the tax, &c., &c. These are the arguments of the wealthy class, who desire to escape taxation, but are not founded upon any solid basis. Suppose a mortgage tax is a “double tax, don't the mortgagor pay an undue proportion now ? Suppose a farmer has a SIO,OOO farm and places a mortgage for $5,000 upon it. He only owns $5,000 of the farm in fact, yet he pays tax on the SIO,OOO. He is a renter, at six per cent., from the mortgagee, and who ever heard of a renter paying the tax on a farm or insurance on the buildings ? Mortgages are only evidences of debt, say the opponents of a mortgage tax, that may be swept away by the stroke of a pen. They are evidences of wealth, the rather. They are inter est-bearing securities, just the same as notes, bonds and stocks, which are taxed. They may be swept away by the stroke of a pen, but the tax will stop just the same as it does on a house that is burned. When the mortgagee gets his money, however, he will invest it in some other remunerative way. Mortgages are not fictitious but real wealth. When one is redeemed the money will speedily go into another, for there will always be a plenty of borrowers. As to driving capital out of the State, there is no danger of that. Where would it go? Mortgages are taxed in all contiguous states. Good investments pay only three and four per cent., except the stock of national banks, and but little of that is obtainable. Mortgages would pay over four per cent in any county in the state, after the tax is de ducted, and in Carroll would pay about five and a third. There are supposed to be about $200,- 000,000 invested in mortgages in this State. If that amount were added to the assessable basis, a very considerable reduction in taxa tion could be made. And if all other prop erty subject to taxation were listed, as we suppose it will be under the new assessment, a still further reduction in the rates of taxa tion could be easily effected. Mortgagees in Carroll, then, would have at least five and a half per cent, after taxes were paid. As to making mortgagors pay the taxes, that is a matter easily fixed. It could be made unlawful for mortgagees to ask it and for mortgagors to contract to pay it, under heavy penalties. There is no danger that moneyed men would refuse to loan. Every person that borrows from them does them a favor, just as every purchaser favors a merchant when he buys a bill of goods. Money is no use unless it can be remuneratively invested, and those who have a surplus are ever anxious to lend on good security. Let a bill taxing mortgages be brought for ward in the Legislature and passed. Every body is required to contribute to the support of government according to his actual worth in real and personal property. If mortgages are not property, what are they ? Is a person holding SIOO,OOO in mortgages worth nothing? Tobacco Inspections. Efforts will be made at the present session of the Legislature to abolish the compulsory tobacco inspection system. The Governor has recommended its abolition and there seems to be a sentiment to that end, but curiously enough it prevails where tobacco is not grown, and where little knowledge of the great bene fits of the system obtains. The system may need improvement, which can be done by amending the present law ; but to abolish it, would be putting the tobacco growers of Southern Maryland at the mercy of warehouse owners and middle men. If prices are not remunerative, the planter has free storage and can hold until prices improve. Abolish the system, and the growers will either have to sell at once, or have their profits greatly re duced by storage charges. The Advocate several years ago fully dis cussed the subject, and will not go into it again, but will remark that it hopes that the delegation from Carroll will not aid in de stroying this, the almost only safeguard the farmers of Maryland have. Tobacco growers desire the retention of the present system. The war on state inspections, started in 1880 by Gov. Hamilton, has done injury to all, and lessened the state’s revenues. It would be better to restore all, especially the cattle scales, to their former status. When the state steps out, in will come the Baltimore A Ohio railroad and other corporations, that already have too many privileges. The Marriage License Fee.. The Baltimore American says that in 1882 and in 1884 bills to reduce the marriage li cense fee were defeated in the Maryland Legislature on partisan grounds. The asser tion is not true. We do not see in what way politics could be mixed with such a measure, but the American is noted for “optics keen,” <tc. The bill was defeated, as it ought to have been, and as the bills now under considera tion should be, on purely business grounds. The State cannot afford to lose the revenue derived. Farming lands are taxed as much as they ought to be, and until the state debt is disposed of, or some other means of raising funds be devised, no reductions should take place that will further bear upon the agricul turists of this state. The people have been accustomed to the present marriage license fee for many years, and it will be no hardship to continue it for a few years longer. The man, black or white, who cannot afford to pay four dollars and a half for a marriage li cense, is too poor to get married ; and the man who is not willing to pay that sum, is not fit to have a wife. The first would raise a family in ignorance and squalor, who will likely figure in the criminal annals. The latter would be too mean and close to properly feed and clothe a family, much less educate them. Besides, there is away now of escaping the license fee by having the banns published in a chjirch. John Sherman was afraid to trust his chances of re-election to the Senate to the narrow Republican majority on joint ballot, so he had the nine Democrats from Hamilton county ousted on Tuesday and the nine Re publicans seated in their places. Consequent. !y Mr. Sherman was on Wednesday formally elected Senator for another term of six years. The summary ousting, without debate, of the Democrats from Hamilton county, was a high banded proceeding. They were given certi ficates of election by the board of canvassers, and upon a contest were secured in their certificates of election by the Ohio court of appeals. Mr. Sherman could have been elect ed without reversing the decision of the peo ple of Cincinnati and Hamilton county, if all Republicans could have been commanded to support him, but as two or three were uncer tain he resorted to the unseating of Demo crats. The Fraudulent Hayes has now a companion in Fraudulent Sherman. The annexation of the “Belt” by Baltimore city will come up again in the Legislature. The citizens of that city would do well to ponder the following editorial remarks of the Philadelphia Inquirer: “Baltimore wants to grow as Philadelphia did, by taking in the outlying territory. It is a pleasing experiment, but if Baltimore will take Philadelphia’s word for it, it costa more than might be supposed.” * Comptroller Turner’s Report. The annual report of Comptroller .1. 1" rank Turner makes a very satisfactory exhibit of the financial operations of the government for the fiscal year ended September 30, last. The total receipts for the year, together with the cash on hand at the close of the previous year, amounted to $2,949,494, being an in crease in the receipts of $79,325.68 over the : receipts in 1884. The total disbursements, including $62,048.86 for two iron boats for the oyster navy, were $2,202,086.67. At the close of the last fiscal year there were $747,407.33 in the treasury. During the year there were carried to the sinking funds $001,645.02, and every such fund was not only in its integrity but some were “actually overflowing.” The State debt is $10,970,303.34, against which the state has productive assets amount ing to $4,518,799.37, leaving the actual in debtedness at $0,451,563.97. A portion of the debt is due, and the Comptroller recommends refunding it at the rate of 3A percent., rather than liquidate it by selling from the sinking funds securities paying six per cent. The suggestion is a good one, and the Legislature 1 will no doubt grant the necessary legislation. The Comptroller refers to the gradual decline in the taxablej>asis since 1877, noting partic ularly the loss of $11,000,000 in Baltimore city, notwithstanding its great growth in pop ulation and the vast expenditures in new build ings. He suggests that a new assessment be authorized, and favors the assessment of every thing representing value, except churches. 1 graveyards and wearing apperel,with an annual assessment of personal property. The Comp troller is right in this. When all property or articles of value are taxed, a considerable re duction in the rate of taxation can be made. Railroads, be says, pay but $46,489.76 tax, ! whereas the same amount expended in fann ing lands as is now invested in railroads, would yield about $250,000 to the state. There is something wrong either in the system or in its enforcement. A Comparison. Local option prevails over in Cecil county. It prevails in name only, for there is perhaps as much liquor sold there now as before the law was passed. Ihe Elkton News is the great champion of local option in the county, and it delights to contrast the peace, order, dignity and general sobriety of that commun ity with places where license prevails. When the colored men had a row here on Christmas eve, end one bit off another’s lower lip, the News alluded to the fact, spoke of the good order in Elkton, and added “comment is of course unneccessary.” The News boasted rather too soon. Two days after it was issued, two white men got into a fight in Elkton and one bit off the lower lip of the other. Two days later two drunken men returned to their boarding house in Elkton, beat another man unmercifully, frightened the women and child ren and had a high old time. This occurred on a Sunday, too, and the correspondent re porting the occurrence to a Baltimore paper, said a great deal of drunkenness prevailed in Elkton on Saturday and Sunday. Comment is unnecessary, except to say that there is three times as much lawlessness and drunken ness in Cecil as there is in Carroll. Carroll is more populous than Cecil, with more and larger towns, and there is no local option law here either. ___________ Hen. George Colton. Reports reach us that there is some oppo sition to the re-election of Hon. George Col ton as Police Commissioner of Baltimore. We hope the reports are not well founded. Mr. Colton, is one of the best Police Commis sioners Baltimore has ever had. He has done much to elevate the standard and improve | the efficiency of the police force of that city, j Being a gentleman of means, the position af fords him all the employment he desires, and he attends closely to the duties of his office. Besides, Mr. Colton is an earnest Democrat and effective worker. He went into the Sec- , ond Congressional district and aided by his j ■ speeches the nominee of the Democratic party for Congress, and rendered valuable aid in 1 the fifth district also. To his efforts, in a | great measure, is due the redemption of St. < Mary’s county from Republican control, and j the return of a Democratic Senator and two | members of the House of Delegates from that | county. Considering his efficiency as Police j Commissioner and his services to the Demo- ; cratic party, he should receive every Demo- j cratic vote in the Legislature. The Advocate has received from Mr. Frank j A. Grimes, a former resident, but now living in Calfornia, a copy of the San Francisco Morning Call , of January 1. The issue is 1 twelve pages, and much of it is devoted to a review of the commercial and agricultural in terests of California. The year 1885 has been a 1 dull one, while the bank vaults have beeu literally bursting with idle capital. The pros -1 pect for 1886, the Call thinks, is quite prom ' ising. From Mr. J. L. N. Henman, a former stu dent at Western Maryland College, we have received an illustrated and descriptive pamph , lett, of large size, of Brunswick, Georgia, where Mr. Henman is teller in the First Na i tional Bank. Brunswick —“The City by the Sea”—is advantageously located on the At lantic coast, being nearer to the important business centres of the West than any other Atlantic city, and has a safe and large harbor. It has railroad connection with the interior and with the general southern system of rail roads, and has a large shipping trade, foreign and coastwise. The value of the exports for 1885 amounted to over three millions of dol lars. During the year, exclusive of regular ' steamboat lines, 354 vessels were in port, 106 | foreign and 248 coastwise. The population in 1875 was 2,500; in 1880, 2,900; in 1884, 5,153. The pamphlett is full of interest, and ; those of our readers who would like to know more of the place and of Glynn county can obtain a copy by addressing T. G. Stacy & Son, Brunswick, Georgia. Land is plenty and cheap in that section, and the climate is so healthful that the place is a resort for invalids the year round. The Chairmanships. In the distribution of the Chairmanships of the national House of Representatives, Mis souri secured five, New York four, Georgia, i Illinois, Ohio, Texas, Virginia and Kentucky three each; Alabama, South Carolina and Pennsylvania two each ; Wisconsin, Indiana, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana, Michigan i and North Carolina one each. Twenty-four : chairmanships are held by Southern members, nine by Western and seven by Northern and 1 Eastern members. The majority of the mem bers on the Democratic side are from the Southern States, and many of them are serv ing their fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh terms. Most of the representatives from the West, ! North and East are new members, serving their first or second terms. The Maryland members are all new men, which accounts for i no chairmanships coming to the State. r George Bancroft at 85 does almost as much work each day as he did at 35. What with revising and “polishing” he considers an average of 250 words a day fair progress. And yet, the civil service law would rule him out of the public service as disqualified, from the commencement of his career, at 85, until now. Why not also disfranchise men over 35. If thiy are too old to participate in the government, they are too old to vote intelli gently. If we are to be ridiculous, let us be so to the fullest extent. Perhaps it would be well to put an extra tax on persons over 35, for having passed that age, or to drown them upon attaining their 35th year? Under lhs pajl of States in the House of Representatives ion Monday six hundred and fifty bills were introduced, syefting tfie total Bomber fo four thousand. The Legislature. The Legislature got fully organized this week, and both houses adjourned until Monday next, the Senate until 1 P. M. and the House until BP. M. The Democratic caucus of the two houses met on Wednesday night and unan imously nominated Hon. Henry Lloyd for Governor, to fill out the unexpired time for which Gov. McLane was elected, and Hon. A. P. Gorman for United States Senator. These nominations will be ratified by the Legislature next week, and Gov. Lloyd will be inaugurated next Thursday. A number of bills have been introduced in both houses, but none are of especial interest to our readers except one by Senator Bowlus, of Frederick, to extend the time of the com pletion of the Unionville and Union Bridge turnpike. In the distribution of the positions in the Legislature, Carroll has drawn two prizes: Mr. Charles A. Waesche, of Taneytown dis trict, has been made engrossing clerk in the Senate, and Mr. Jos. W. Berret, of Freedom district, sergeant-at-arras. Both of these po sitions arc responsible ones, and two of the best in the gift of the Legislature. Of Mr. Berret, the Baltimore Evening News says: Mr. Berret, the sergeant-at-arms of the House, is indeed a prominent man about the capitol. He is almost a giant in height and is very well built. He is comparatively young, and wears a full beard of brownish hue and of moderate length. His manners are pleas ant, and he will probably prove a popular of ficer. The three Civil Service Commissioners, Alfred P. Edgerton, of Indiana; W. L. Tren holm, of South Carolina; and Dorman B. Eaton, of New York, have been confirmed by the Senate. Senator Logan made the point that one of the commissioners should be of opposite politics from the other two, and ob jected to the confirmation of Eaton, because he is a Mugwump and not a Republican. Logan is ambitious, and may live to see the time when he will regret his opposition to Mugwumps. They are all back in the Re publican party again, and will be powerful against those who have adversely criticised their course in the campaign of 1884. The recent strike in Pennsylvania, in which 7,000 miners took part, has resulted in a loss in wages that will amount to $2,000,000, and the strikers have had to go to work again at the reduced rate. Maryland Affairs. There were only 121 deaths in Baltimore ■ last week. After February Ist gas will be one dollar per thousand feet in Baltimore. The price is $1.50 now. The Oxford Military and Naval Academy begins the second term of the year with an increase of thirty cadets. The house of Mr. John Johnson, near Granite, in the second district of Baltimore county, was totally destroyed by fire on Mon day. Oliver F. Simmons, a prominent citizen of the third district of Calvert county, died on the 7th. He was only ill about twenty-four hours with pneumonia. The property and franchises of the South ern Maryland Railroad Company were on Wednesday sold at Philadelphia for $75,000 to a person representing the Boston bond holders. On Monday night Roger McSherry, aged about 18 years, son of Capt. James McSherry, was run over by a sleigh while crossing Market street, Frederick City, and received injuries which are pronounced by his physicians to be j very serious. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company is about to construct the necessary wharves, track, etc., at Perryville, in order to make that town a depot for the shipment of anthra cite coal, which will be brought from the coal regions of Pennsylvania via the Port Deposit and Columbia Railroad. Daniel W. Webb, of the firm of Stackhouse & Webb, general store, at Woodstock, How ard county, died on Sunday morning at his home, after an illness of four days from heart trouble. The deceased was the agent of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Woodstock. He was 35 years old, and leaves a widow and i four children Mr. John Devoe, aged 81, residing near ; Fishcl, was taken ill with pneumonia. While i caring for him, his wife, aged 77, was para , lyzed. Mr. Devoe tried to go to her relief i and failed, and when found both were pros trate on the floor, with a partially burned j pillow near them. They died the same day, within a few hours of each other, and were I buried together. Rev. Dr. J. G. Morris has sold the Luther i ville Seminary for Young Ladies, Baltimore county, to Rev. J. H. Turner, the present principal of the school, for $20,000. Rev. Mr. Turner has been the principal of thesem -1 inary for the last six years. The building is ; of fine, imposing appearance, has eight acres ! of ground, finely ornamented with shade trees and shrubbery, attached. A movement is on foot and is making good j progress to establish fair grounds and have : an annual agricultural fair in Talbot county. | A little effort has obtained over $4,000 in i stock subscriptions for that purpose, and it is thought that a capital of SIO,OOO can be ob tained from the farmers and business men of the county to put the matter on a good finan cial basis. The board of the Eastern Shore Agricultural Society is hiking interest in the matter, and has named Dr. Isaac L. Adkins, president of the Easton National Bank and one of the largest farmers in the county, and Mr. Preston B. Spring a committee to look into and report upon its feasibility. Charles Williams, the colored assailant of Mrs. Eliza J. Keene, of Dorchester county, in May last, was hanged at Cambridge, on last Friday. The execution of the death pen alty is seldom accompanied by so much har diness and obduracy and such utter destitu tion of good feeling. During all the months since the commission of his crime Williams i has exhibited no gleam of pity for his victim i and no evidence of his contrition. Even on j the day before his execution, he disavowed i all faith, with the foulest blasphemy. He was sullen and vindictive, and persisted in charging the witnesses with perjury and the ■ courts, the jury and the officers of justice ; with a conspiracy to send him to the scaffold. For sometime the citizens of Reisterstown and Glyndon have been considering the feas ibility of starting a passenger railway line be tween these two places. There is much trav el over the route and it is thought a horse-car line will be the most convenient mode of travel, and also a paying investment. A meeting was lately held, at which it was de cided that the line should be built, and that the Hannah More Academy should be one terminus and Glyndon Station the other. A stock company is now being formed. The estimated cost of the road (two and u-half miles) is $20,000. Already $15,000 worth of stock has been taken, and it is thought no . trouble will be experienced in getting the balance. The road will follow the county road from Glyndon to the turnpike, and then the turnpike two miles to the Hannah More Academy. It is now almost a settled thing that the road will be carried through in the spring. Signs of life being observed in a palatial country residence at Scarsdale, in Westches ter county, N. Y., by the owner, who knew that the tenants were temporarily absent, an investigation was made, and it was discover ed that a number of tramps had taken pos , session of the place, made up comfortable fires, slept in the luxurious beds, ate all the canned edibles in the house, and succeeded in nearly ruining the costly carpets and fbrni t"re. They even went so far as to drink all the wine and liquors that had been left in the closets. A watchman is now in possession of the premises. A collision occurred at Wilmington, Dela ware, on Saturday morning, between a Wil mington and Northern Railway train and two shifting engines of the Philadelphia and Bal timore road. The passenger train was back ing into the station when it ran into the en gines which had been sent out to clear the tracks. The baggage car was telescoped by the collision ana took fire from the engine, while escaping steam added to the horror of the situation. Three men were killed, while a number of others were injured, three of them perhaps fatally. At Baldwin, Wisconsin, on Saturday night, daring the temporary absence of John San derson from home, his wife, putting her baby to bed, left two other children, one about five, the other four years of age, in the room, and went to the stable to milk the cow. While she was away the children overturned the lamp and it exploded, setting fire to the clothes of the four-year-old child. The latter was saved by the eider taking it out and roll ing it in the snow. The mother was badly burned in trying to save the baby, whose body was afterwards found in the ruins of the house. THE GREAT BLIZZARD. Heavy Snow Falls in the West and as Far Southwest as Galveston, Texas—A Snow Blockade Throughout the Country-Unpre cedented Cold in the South, where the Mer cury Went Below Zero—Some Details. A snow storm of wide extent begun on Wednesday of last week, and was the fiercest known for many years. It raged in Dakota, Montana, Minnesota, lowa, Kansas, Nebras ka, Illinois, Ohio, Missouri and Tennessee, and throughout the South and Southwest, and in fact throughout the whole country east of the Rocky Mountains. The wind blew at a terrific velocity, and snow fell to a consider able depth and drilled badly. Railroads in every direction were blockaded, and trade and travel were suspended for a few days. The mercury was from 12 to 35 degrees be low zero. The cold increased on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, and temperatures as low as 52 were were reported jn the Northwest It was 48 below at Winnipeg and 52 below at Minne dosa, in Manitoba. At no place was the mer cury higher than 10 below in the West and Northwest. Thursday's dispatches say a cold wave, with blizzard accompaniments, prevails in the Northwest, and is moving eastward. It was first marked in Montana and Dakota, with temperatures of 10 to 20 degrees below zero. It reached Sioux City, lowa, on Wednesday evening, and continued Thursday, the tem perature there being 12 degrees below zero. St. Paul was reached Thursday night, and there were Indications that the temperature would reach twenty below by daylight. Rail road travel throughout lowa and Nebraska is stopped, the snow being as fine as dust and drilled badly. A telegram from Kansas City, Missouri, received Thursday night, says that one of the severest storms ever known pre vailed all day Thursday on the plains. Tele graphic communication was greatly inter rupted, and there was no travel on the Santa Fe, Union Pacific and Burlington and Mis ' souri River Railroads. The temperature at Kansas City was three degrees below zero, with keen north west winds and a light drifting snow falling. A passenger who came in over the Santa Fe Road from Williams, New Mex ico, states that there is an unbroken covering of snow on the ground for the entire distance of some thirteen hundred miles. The cold wave and storm in the Northwest and West continued Friday, and extended from Northern Montana as far south as Chat tanooga. The storm was the severest for many years, and the cold intense. Temper atures far below zero were experienced from Missouri northward, the minima being 12 to 20 below in lowa, 25 to 37 below in Dakota and Montana, and 48 below at St. Vincent, Minnesota. Chicago, Jan. 9. —A strong wind is blow ing throughout Northern Illinois, drifting the snow badly, but the cold is not as intense as that which has prevailed in the West and Northwest. The telegraph officials state that the storm was more destructive in lowa than any they have known in many years. A sleet storm on Tuesday swept down poles and wires from Northern lowa to Southern Kansas, and be fore the lines could be restored the present fierce storm completed the work of destruc tion. Omaha, Neb., Jan. 9. —No winter storm has been so general throughout the State as that which prevailed yesterday. The ther mometer indicated 23° below zero in the busi ness portion of the city, while on the high • plateau the mercury went down to 30°. This, with the bitter north wind, made the temper ature as cold as any remembered by the oldest citizens. No trains have run in the State since early yesterday, and no efforts have been made to clear the tracks, because of the impossibility of working in the extreme cold, and the fact that the drifting snow would fill up any cuts cleared. Des Moines, Jan. 9. —The intense cold has kept up all day, the mercury ranging about 14° below zero. The thermometer registered 28° below early this morning. The railroads diverging from this point are in a worse con dition to-day than yesterday. The intense cold has hindered the work of clearing tracks and most of the north and south lines have laid off till milder weather. St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 9. —Early this morn ing the mercury marked 23° below zero. At noon the mercury stood at 10° below zero. The weather is clear. All trains on the lowa and Minnesota division of the Milwaukee Road have been abandoned because of snow drifts. Trains on all the lines south and southeast are badly delayed. The Manitoba Road reports to-night that the wind has gone down and the thermometer is rising slightly. Several stations report as follows: Halleck, 38° below; St. Vincent, 40°; Fargo, 44°; Port land, 42°; Morris, 40°; Wilmar, 87°; St. Cloud, 22°. The St. Paul and Duluth reports are: j White Bear, 19° below; Rush City, 24°; Rock j Creek, 15°; Pine City, 20°; Hinckley, 21°; N. I P. Junction, 20°. On the Northern Pacific, from Brainerd to Fargo, it ranges from 27° to 51° below, the latter from Wadeoaud; on the Missouri Division, 25° to 38°: Glendive, 32°. The Omaha Road reports 9° to 18° below on the Northern and Eastern Divisions. In Ne- | braska it averages 30° below. EXTRAORDINARY COLD WEATHER IN THE SOUTH. j Galveston, Texas, Jan. 9. —The cold wave extends over a vast area, and will result in j immense damage to stock of all kinds. From Austin it was reported that the temperature was 10° above zero yesterday, and hundreds of water pipes were frozen. At Laredo, on ! the Rio Grande, the temperature was 8° be- j low the freezing point. At Palestine the ; ! mercury touched zero. It is the coldest : j weather experienced in 40 years. The water ; ‘ works street plugs are all frozen and cracked. ! At Orange, on the Louisiana line, the ther- | mo meter was 12° above zero, and at Corpus ; , Chrisii the mercury fell 04 degrees in welve | hours. The oldest inhabitants say they never ! experienced such a blizzard. Midnight.—The temperature has greatly j moderated here during the past twelve hours. The minimum temperature this morning was 10° above zero, while at 2 o’clock this after noon the mercury had risen to 32° above. Lust night was one of the coldest known on the island. Old residents say the only cold | spell exceeding the present one in severity | occurred in December, 1802, when four inches of snow lay upon the ground three weeks. ; The bay this morning presented an unusual appearance, and hundreds of people, young i 1 and old, went down to look—many of them ; for the first lime —upon Galveston Bay frozen i over. The ice is nine inches thick in more j j exposed places. Mobile, Ala., Jan 9.—The weather for the ; last 30 hours has been very cold. The mer : j cury dropped to 11° above zero before day light this morning. Eight degrees were re- * corded at Montgomery. The wind was very ‘ piercing from the north all day yesterday and j the greater part of to-day, but has died down, j To-night will probably show a still further degree of cold. The cabbage crop, occupying many hundred acres around Mobile, is frozen solid, and the orange trees in exposed places are injured. Ice thick enough for skating formed to day. This is the coldest weather since 1852, when, on January 20, the mercury fell to 8° in Mobile. The ink froze rapidly as the brushes were withdrawn from the marking pots, causing a suspension of work in the cot ton yards. The year 1835 was a cold year also. The thermometer recorded 0° at sun rise on Feb. Bof that year. Feb. band 7 were j afterward referred to in Alabama, Georgia. 1 i and Mississippi, as the cold Friday and Satur day. On the Bth, Bayou St, John, emptying into Lake Pontchartrain, was frozen hard. 1 In 1833 the lowest temperature ever recorded j here was experienced at midnight on Feb. 16, i it was 5° above zero. A further fall of 2° i must have taken place before daylight. Skat ing and sleighing were enjoyed for two days, j Charleston, S. C., Jan. 9. —The weather ! here is the coldest of this season. The ther- I moraeter this morning at 8 o’clock stood at i 20° above zero and did not rise higher than j 28° during the entire day. The cold through- i out the upper part of the State is excessive. I In all the mountain counties and as far south as Columbia a heavy fall of sleet and snow I occurred to-day. There was a slight snow- I full in Savannah, the first in six years. Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 9. —The coldest weather experienced here in several years prevailed to-day. The thermometer stands at zero, and it is growing colder. Savannah, Ga., January, 10.—The mer cury was down to fourteen this morning, which is lower than it has been for fifteen years. The vegetable interests of this section of the State will suffer heavily. KxoxviLi.fe, Tpqp,, Jan- 9- —The lowest temperature reached here was 2® below at 10 o’clock this morning. This is the coldest weather known in Knoxville in many years. At 3 p. m. the thermometer registered 1° above zero, with the temperature rising. At Chattanooga it was 3° below at 10 a. m. New Orleans, Jan. 9. —The cold wave continues. The mercury here this morning registered 15° above zero, being 5° colder than was recorded any previous year. Des patches from all sections of the State report the weather the coldest ever known. Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 10.—The weather here is clear and cold. On Saturday night the thermometer recorded 21 degrees at the Signal Office, and private instruments regis tered variously from 15 degrees to 18 degrees above zero. IN THE NORTH. Throughout the North aud East there was a heavy fall of snow, that drifted badly, though the cold was not very severe. The storm did not reach this section until Friday and Satur day. LATER REPORTS. The temperature is slowly moderating in the extreme Northwest, the marking at Hel ena, Montana, on Monday, having been 10 above zero. The lowest record was at Minnc dosa, 34 below zero. The temperature at Chicago fell to 10 degrees below zero during Sunday night. Monday morning at 8 o’clock it was 7 below. At the same hour the Signal Service reported temperatures of 12 below zero at Des Moines, Iowa: 14 at Fargo, Dakota, and 20 below at St. Panl, Minnesota. Throughout Illinois on Sunday night, the thermometer registered 15 to 24 degrees be ' low zero. Two men have been frozen to death in Colorado, near the Western Kansas line; several have perished in Illinois, and one man was frozen to death in Burlington, lowa, on Saturday night, while going home from a barber shop. A temperature of 7° below zero was re ported by the Signal Service at Chattanooga Monday morning. In East Tennessee, North Georgia and North Alabama, Sunday night was the coldest ever known. The weather at Augusta, Georgia, Monday morning, was colder than at Philadelphia or New York, the Signal Service record being G. 03 above zero. The mean temperature of the last three days at Augusta is the lowest known since the establishment of the Signal Office. The Savannah river is filled with floating ice and the canal is frozen over. A telegram from Charleston reports that in the upper counties of South Carolina the mercury marks from zero to 8 below. The rivers and creeks from Charleston to Beaufort are froz en, and the cabbage crop on the Sea Islands is killed. Steamers arriving at Charleston on Monday cut their way through ice an inch thick. Two colored men have been frozen to death at Abbeville. Monday was the third day of the cold spell in Florida. At Jacksonville, on Saturday morning, the temperature was 32 above zero, and on Saturday evening 21; Monday morning it was 22. On Sunday it was 15 at Fernan dina and 20 at St. Augustine, and is reported to have fallen to 18 as far south as Tampa, on , the Gulf coast. All the oranges remaining on the trees are frozen, and the lemon trees are believed to be frozen down to the surface of the ground. The Signal Service thermometer at Jack sonville, Florida, on Monday night recorded a temperature of 15 3-10 above zero—more than three degrees below the lowest previous , record at the office. The young orange trees are believed to be killed to the surface of the ground; the older ones are supposed to have sustained little injury. At St. Augustine and Fernandina, temperatures of 15 degrees were noted, and at Punta Rossa 27 degrees. There was a slight snow flurry at Tampa on Monday afternoon. The severe cold and snow at Chattanooga has caused such a stoppage ot business that 3,000 men are idle, and 500 des titute people had to be relieved by charity on Monday. A scarcity of fuel is threatened. The weather continued very severe throughout Virginia and the Carolinas Tuesday and Tues day night. Snow fell on Monday morning at Indianola, Galveston and Brownsville, Texas. The fall at Galveston during the morning was six inches —the heaviest ever known there. The cold weather in Pittsburg, Pa., is play ing havoc with live stock. Since Monday noon, 250 hogs have died at the East Liberty Stock Yards, the most of them frozen to death. Temperatures below zero were reported in Northern New York on Tuesday morning as follows: Plattsburg, 37; Lake George 30; Warrensburg, 38; Whitehall, 28; Fort Ann, 28; Port Henry, 24; Ticondcroga, 24, Water town, 28: Buffalo, 6; Troy, 15, and Newburgh, 4. in New England Tuesday morning, the fol lowing temperatures below zero were record ed : Lancaster, New Hampshire, 33; More town, Vermont, 40; Foxborough, Massachu setts, 14; Waterbury, Connecticut, 20; and Litchfield, Connecticut, 27. Despatches last night from points in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont report the mercury ranging from 10 to 25 degrees below zero, and still falling. The following .deaths from freezing were reported Tuesday in the West: Thomas Del isle, at Council Bluffs, Iowa; T. Myers and C. Ramsey, at Seymour, Indiana; Andrew Scheffer, at Ironton, Michigan; and Chock Ranny, at Ewing, Indiana. William McLo ney, aged 00 years, a wealthy farmer, was found frozen to death in his sleigh near Akron, Ohio, Tuesday. The three-masted schooner T. B. Wither spoon, from Surinam for Boston, struck on Miacouret Rip, Nantucket, during a terrific gale on Monday morning. The sea ran so high that no life-boat could reach the vessel, and lines were thrown. Two men, Burdeck Berry, of Bristol; and Charles WuII, of Bos ton, were saved in an exhausted condition; the captain, A. H. Anderson, and the rest of the crew, five in number, perished. The ves sel has gone to pieces. I Reports from the Life Saving Service show I that fifteen vessels were wrecked within the | scope of the operations of the service during the storms of Friday night and Saturday morn ing last, and that the crews of fourteen of them were rescued, while that of only one was lost. The latter vessel was the schooner Mary ; G. Farr, which went ashore in flames in the night time at Spring Lake, New Jersey. It was found impossible to render any aid to her I crew, and it is believed from latest reports j received that of all the persons on board of her two only were alive when she struck the | shore. THE STORM IN MARYLAND. The Western Maryland Road had a hard j ; time of it. A graphic account of the battle I with the snow blockade is furnished from ; Western Maryland official sources, as follows: j “The severe wind-storm which prevailed j i Saturday night aud all day Sunday in the j Blue Ridge mountains and at other elevated 1 ; points upon the Western Maryland Railroad I so filled the cuts with snow that the trains ! j which left Baltimore at 3.25 P. M. Saturday i j (Southern express) and 4 P. M. (Williams- i port passenger) became snowed up about mid- j j way between Mechanicstown and Blue Ridge Summit. The first reached a point one mile east of Sabillasville, and the second was ; stopped near Deerfield. Although each had 1 two engines upon it, it was impossible to force ! , their way through the drifts. At 11.30 P. M. i a relief train was sent from Mechanicstown, ; i but owiug to the continuance of the high wind | : and the severe cold, it was found impossible J to render any practical assistance until after ; daylight. The men could only remain in ex i posed places for a few minutes at a time, and the snow blew inta the cuts faster then they j ; could remove it. A large additional force j was sent forward by the last mail train Suu ! day morning, also drawn by two heavy en- , I gines, but owing to new drifts which had J formed between Mechanicstown and Deerfield, | I this train was delayed some three hours, i | Upon its arrival the previous trains were each ! dug out in turn, and passengers sent back as I i soon as possible to the city. The fast mail, j 1 due at Baltimore at 4 P. M. Saturday, was | able to reach Blue Ridge Summit, where it was side-tracked until relief trains were sent from Hagerstown to assist in removing the heavy drifts upon the east side of the moun tain. The two forces met at about SP. M., and at about the same time the train which had been sent to open the Baltimore and Cumberland Valley Railroad arrived at Ship penaburg, so by 5 P. M. Sunday the whole line was open upon and west of the mountain. While this was being done, however, new drifts were forming at several points between ! Westminster and Mechanicstown, and addi -1 tioual trains were sent from Union Bridge to assist those which had been relieved upon the mountain, and which had been again detained at these points. At noon on Sunday there were fourteen engines in the snow-drifts upon ' the mountain, some buried'in snow fifteen ' feet deep, so that only the top of stack and j other high portions could be seen, the drifts j continuing to form after they had stopped. This was the case with the coaches to such an I extent that the passengers were unable to leave them, aud more was great difficulty in i keeping them comfortable. Food was pro -1 vided from several farm houses for the pas | sengers, and the employees of the road did all 1 that men could do to make the passengers comfortable. A number of car loads of stock were caught in the snow-bound freight trains, and in some cases at exposed points the cat tle had to be unloaded to keep them from freezing. It commenced snowing again very hard upon the mountain Sunday afternoon. 1 ' A dispatch from Deerfield, on Monday says that trains on both sides of the mountain were hauling the snow out of the cuts, but the wind was high and the snow was still drifting. It was necessary to have two engines to each train. The fast mail went through, and the Shenandoah Valley train came in at Hillen Station, The connections on tbo Cumber land Valley Hoad, however, were not estab lished. The telegraph wires worked all right during the storm. A dispatch from Union Bridge stated that shops there had to be shut because the water inside the dam was frozen to the bottom. Cars on the Frederick division of the Penn sylvania Railroad were not running Tuesday morning. At Ladysburg. between Frederick Junction and Frederick, there was a drift nearly half a mile long. Trains on the Hanover and Gettysburg road did not succeed in getting through until Tuesday noon. Despatches state that the Emmittsburg road was blockaded somewhere between Rock Ridge and Emmittsburg. It was re ported that the drifts were so deep that it would take two or three days to force a pas sage. President Hood and other officials of the road are to be congratulated upon the ex peditious way in which the heaviest blockade ever known on the road was relieved, ine working force was collected with remarkable despatch, and set to work as fast as possible. There was no loss of life on any ot the trams, and no accidents. Every precaution was taken to prevent collisions. Four engines of the Maryland Central were frozen up at Dilworth Station, Long Green Valley, Baltimore county. The shippers m the neighborhood who have, been sending milk to Baltimore daily on the trains were compelled to bring it to town in sleighs, and encountered on the journey snow drifts from seven to eight feet deep. The train which left Baltimore on Saturday afternoon did not reach Belair until Monday afternoon. 1 here were sixty passengers in the train, and many were taken out by their friends and enter tained. The road was opened on Monday. At Salisbury there was a hurricane and many persons were afraid to retire. Signs and outbuildings were blown down aud de stroyed. The tide was the highest known for years and much destruction to wTiarf property, lumber yards and cellars resulted. At Hagerstown and Frederick the storm was very severe, and nearly all the roads in the country were blocked. Oyster pungies and wharf property at Ox • ford were damaged by the wind. Reports from Somerset county say that lands on the water courses were covered from 10 to 12 inches with salt water. A number of oyster packing houses and wharves were destroyed, and one person lost 00 cords of wood, which was swept away by the tide. The coldest weather experienced in this lo cality for many winters came on Saturday and Sunday nights, the thermometer being as low as zero in some exposed places. Ihe Annamesscx river is a solid block of ice as far as can be seen. Men are walking to and from their vessels on the ice at Lrisfield with out danger. At Crisfield the windstorm was equal to the one in October, 1877. Several vessels were wrecked, others blown ashore, a new church blown down, and the water rose so high that many cellars were filled. Ihe cold was so severe that men could do nothing to protect their property. Accounts from Reisterstown on Monday say that the thermometer registered at six o’clock 5 degrees below zero. Most of the county roads are completely blocked up with drifts of snow from three to twelve feet deep. There are some families completely shut in. The poor people in the neighborhood are suf fering greatly. Many of the farmers say their stock is suffering severely. There are some drifts on the Hookstown turnpike between Owings’ Mills and Glen Morris which were impassable to-day. Men have been busy digging them out. Baltimore harbor on | Thursday was closed by the ice, which was j from 8 to 8 inches thick, aud much suffering is reported in the lower part of the bay. Card of Thanks. Messrs. Editors :—Please permit me, | through the Advocate, to express ray thanks I to the members of Trinity Reformed Church, , Manchester, and to other friends, for their 1 visit to the parsonage on the Istinst., and for j their generous donation. For this and other ! acts of kindness they have ray warmest thanks, | and my best wishes and players in their be- I half. W.m. Rcpp. Manchester, Jan. 4, 1886. Two sections of a freight train of the Louis ville and Nashville Railroad collided on a bridge at Wilhite’s Station, Alabama, ou Saturday. The shock caused the bridge, which was undergoing repairs, to collapse, and an engine and seventeen cars went down with the structure. The wreck caught fire and eighteen cars were burned. John John son, fireman, was drowned, and Henry Bote, brakeman, burned to death. W. D. Johnson, engineer, was fatally burned, and two other train hands were dangerously injured. L. 0. Harris, conductor, swam across the river and gave warning to a passenger train due in a few minutes after the disaster. Dr. Martin White, his wife and two chil dren were last Friday afternoon found dead, with their throats cut, in their house in Battle Creek, Michigan. They had been dead several days. It is believed that White, being insane, killed the others and then himself. RELIGIOUS NOTICES. Methodist Protestant Church, Westminster, January 17th.—Public worship at 10.30 a. m. and 7p. m. Sunday School at 9a. m. John D. Kinzer, Pastor. St. Paul's Reformed Church. —Regular di vine services next Sunday morning at 101 \ o’clock; at night at 7 o’clock. A. S. Weber, Pastor. Centenary M. E. Church, Jan. 17, 1886. — Preaching at 10.30 a. m. and 7 p. in. by the pastor; Young People’s meeting at 6 p. in., I Sabbath School at 9a. ni. All are invited. Preaching Sunday, January 17, at Bixler’s IU. B. Church. Communion at 10 a. m. j Bigg’s, 2p. in.; Mt. Union, 6.30 p. m. This will be Rev. Mower's last time to preach at i Bigg's Chapel. Z. C. Mower. 1 Fourth quarterly meeting at New Windsor M. E. Church, January 23d and 24th. Rev. . Dr. Lanahau will preach Friday night, Satur day and Sunday. MARRIED. | January 5, 1886, at the Reformed parson age in Manchester, by Rev. W. Rupp. John ! F. Shade and Mrs. Sophia A. Baumgardner, ! both of Carroll county. I January 14, 1886, at St. Paul’s Reformed Parsonage, by the Rev. A. S. Weber, Mr* Levi A. Myers, of Pleasant Valley, and Miss i Clara A. Bankert, of Stonersville, both of ; this county. DIED. At Jeffersonville, Indiana, .January 12, | 1886, Elias Ebaugh, in the 42d year of his I a ■ THE MARKETS. WESTMINSTER MARKETS. Wholesale Prices by E. O. Grimes & Co. Friday. January 15, 1886. 1 Flour $3.00®5.75 1 Wheat 86® .90 Rakings ~ 80(h) .85 Barley 40(a) 45 ■ Oats 30® 32 • Corn 40(a) 45 1 Corn in the ear per barrel .. 2.0000.00 ; Rye 55® CO ’ Corn Meal 1.36® 00 j Lard 6® CJ ) Sides 6® 7 Shoulders - 6® 7 Ham 9® 10 Potatoes 30® 35 Hungarian Seed 55® 00 Eggs 18® 20 Pork ~ 5® 5} BALTIMORE MARKETS. Flour $2.C2®6.00 Corn Meal I.oo® 1.00 Wheat 88® 89 Corn 35®48 Oats 30® 39 Rye 65® 70 Clover Seed 9®91 Potatoes 60@55 cts. per bushel. Onions $2.75 per bll. Beef Cattle—best quality 5.87®5.50 j 44 44 medium email@example.com 44 4 4 ordinary 2.50® 3.75 Sheep—fair to good 21® 5 Hogs 1 5® 61 Wool unwashed 23®24 per lb. Hay 14.00® 18.00$ ton Straw o.oo® 12.00$ 44 Hides—steer 10J®11 ctss!b 44 cow 91®10 44 Leather—city slaughtered... 280 38 44 44 country 26027 44 Butter—roll 17030 44 44 near-by roll 15® 19 44 Eggs 25@26 $ doz Poultry Turkeys 13®14c. per lb. Chickens 10®llc. per lb JpiRE INSURANCE. No notes, no assessments, prompt settle ments and lowest rates in best companies. Office on Liberty street, opposite depot, West minster. JAMES SHRIVER, Insurance Agent, representing Continental of New York, Western Assurance of Toronto. janlC:3m* RANGES AND PARTIES. The Westminster Orchestra is prepared to furnish Music for Dances, Receptions, Ac. on short notice. Figures called for all the latest as well as the old dances. Apply to address WM. B. STEVENSON, or ALFRED B. MORELOCK, jan 16:1m Westminster, Md. House for rent— , The Stone House, West minster, on Pennsylvania ave. Eleven acres of land with it, if desired. Possession April Ist next. Apply to JOHN L. HKIFSNIDKR, janl6,3t Westminster, Md. Trustees’ sale OF VERV VALUABLE REAL ESTATE Adjoining the village of Carrollton, Carroll county, Mel., and PERSONAL PROPERTY. By virtue of a deed of trust from Elms J. Head and wife, dated on the 24th day of Sep (ember, in the year 1885, recorded among the Land Records of Carroll county, in Liber (J A M., No. 03, folio 247, Ac., the under signed. trustees therein named, will sell at public sale, on the premises, on THURSDAY, 11th OF FEBRUARY, 1880, at 10 o'clock, a. m., all that very valuable farm consisting of ' 100 ACRES OP LAND, MORE OR LEoS, lying immediately and fronting on the Balti more and Reisterstown turnpike, in W ool erv’s district, Carroll county aforesaid, about 3 miles from the city of Westminster and ad joining the village of Carrollton, being the same land which the said Elms J. Read ob tained by deed from Joseph btansbury, dated April 2 0. 1805, and recorded among the Land Records of Carroll county, in Liber W A. McK., No. 3*2, folio 50, and by deed from Isaac Stansbury, dated 10th day of April, and recorded among the Land Records of Carroll county, in Liber J. B. 8., No. 37, folio 113, Ac. This is one ot the most highly improved and attractive farms in the county, and of great productiveness. It is most de sirably situated in respect to churches, post offices, railroad stations (being only one mile distant) and schools. The improvements are a comfortable 2-story dwelling house, of 9 rooms, surrounded by shade and ornamental trees; fgfLMAMjffro tenant houses, blacksmith and wheelwright shops, barn, barracks, corn house and granary, ice house and dairy com bined, smoke house, and all other outbuild ings adapted to the uses 6f a farm. The pro perty is well watered, and with sufficient lim ber land. There is a wind-pump, supplying water to the house and barn. Also 200 barrels of good corn, about 50 tons of hay, mostly timothy; 150 bushels of pota toes, 50 bushels of buckwheat, large lot of fodder, 12 cows, in good condition; 2 horses, 3 mules, lot of plows, cultivators, harrows, shovels, forks, rakes, hoes, threshing machine, fodder cutter, fanning mill, wagons, carriage, gears, scythes, and all the various agricultural implements pertaining to the farm, and too numerous to be mentioned. N. B.—Mr. Elias .1. Read, who is living upon the property, will give any information that may be desired, or any further informa tion can be had from the trustees, at West minster, Md. Terras of Sale for the Real Estate are , One third of the purchase money to be paid cash on the day of sale or upon the ratification i thereof by the Court; the balance in two equal payments of 12 and 18 months from the day of'sale, to be secured to the satisfaction of the trustees by the notes of the purchaser or purchasers, bearing interest from the day of sale. Terms of Sale for the Personalty are j Cash on all sums of and under $10; a credit j of six months will be given on all sums over I $lO, to be secured to the satisfaction of the j trustees by the note of the purchaser, bearing interest from the day of sale. CHAS. T. REIFSNIDER, ) Xrußteeß JAS. A. C. BOND, j i rustees. janl6:ts R. C. Matthews, Auct’r. ARGAINS! BARGAINS ! —AT— OAK HALL. Come, without delay, as we arc closing out our entire stock of Winter Goods At and Below Cost. Tricot Cloths reduced to 30c, ] yard wide. 5-4 Tricot reduced to 50c. 0-4 Tricot Cloths 75 to 85c, former price sl. 50 inch French Figured Cloths at sl, reduced from $1.25. French Combination Cloths reduced from $1.25 to sl. Satin Berbers 14c, former price 20c. Silks at cost. Remnants below cost. Ladies’ Coats, about 25 left, and will be i sold cheap, beginning as low as §l. Blankets, Comforts, Skirts, Hoods, Gloves, i Underwear. Wc Propose Making a Clean Sweep. Ready-Made Clothing and Overcoats at j prices that will surprise you. HATS half price. 15 to 20 pieces Cut Calico at sc. OUR STOCK OF DOMESTICS, ; Such as Flannels, Muslins and Calicoes, al ways at bottom prices. | you don't wish to buy of us, come j and be posted before purchasing elsewhere. I We will gladly serve you in any way within j our power. j As stated before, we advertise as a means of letting our friends and customers know ! what we are doing. Our stock is heavy, and | we will FOR THE NEXT SIXTY DAYS offer the greatest bargains ever offered in New j Windsor. j Remember, our motto always is to show | you more goods and bargains than advertised, j Thankful for past favors, we hope to receive ' a liberal share of your trade. Respectfully Yours, GEO. C. ANDERS, janlo,tf New Windsor, Md. 'JX) INVESTORS. JAMES L. SWITZER, of Sinclair town ship, Jewell county, Kansas, proposes to es tablish a Loan Agency for the purpose of i loaning money in Jewell and adjacent coun j ties in Kansas. Money is in active demand ! at good rates of interest, and can be loaned | in both small and large amounts, on good sc j curity, at profitable rates of interest. He I guarantees 8 per cent per annum, interest ! payable semi-annually. Loans will be guar anteed in all cases. Having extensive ac quaintance and a somewhat extended business experience in the West, Mr. Switzer thinks he can offer a safe avenue for investment, and brings a large list of references from the best and most prominent business firms in his vi cinity. He offers the following Carroll county references : Mr. Samuel Hoffman, New Wind sor; Mr. Granville Haines, Union Bridge; Mr. Solomon Shepherd, Union Bridge; Mr. Daniel Wolfe, Union Bridge; Mr. Joseph Wolfe, Union Bridge ; Mr. Ephraim Stoner, Union Bridge, Ac., Ac., Ac. jan!o:3t* NNUAL election. Office Westminster Cemetery Company, \ Westminster, Md., Jan. 8, 1880. j Notice is hereby given to the Shareholders and Lotholders of the Westminster Cemetery Company, that the annual election fora Pres ident and Board of six Managers of said Company, to serve for the ensuing year, will be held at the office of the Company, (Fire men’s Hall), on Tuesday evening, February 2, 1886, between the hours of 7£ and 9 o’clock. JNO. J. REESE, Secretary. P. S. —Notice is also given that the stated monthly meeting of the present Board will be held at 7 o’clock, P. M., on the same day, at which time a full report of the operations of the Company for the past year will be given to the Shareholders and Lotholders. JNO. J. REESE, jan 10:3t Secretary. List of unclaimed matter Remaining in the Post Office, Westrain | ster, Md., January 9, 1880 : Bankert, Jonas Hyrailler, Jno. Beaver, Mrs. CordeliaHollenberger A Furney Beaver, Nelson Hahn, F. S. Beaver, Jesse Jackson, Mr. Beaver, Wm. Ponder, Win. Brice, Uriah Reese, Washington Davis, Mrs. Sheen, Dennis Dutterer, Jas. E. Shindollar, Jno. Ditson, D. F. Swartzbaugh, Chas. E. Eby, Reese D. Stocksdtfle, Mrs. Josie Engelman, Josiah Shriner, Peter H.ASon Fisher, Miss Lizzie Walker E. (2) Furry, Miss Lulu M. Warther, Janies Geidt, Philip Week, John Persons calling for matter in the above list will say it was advertised, jan 10 A. H. HUBER, P. M. PRIVATE SALE.— The undersigned offers at Private sale the remaining por tion of the Zacharias farm, consisting of 55 acres of prime land, laid off in lots of differ ent sizes, containing from 2 to 10 acres each, with the advantage of good roads, nearness to the cilv, quality of land and other conveni ences. To those wishing to fit up nice little homes it cannot be excelled. Will sell in any quanity desired, from one lot to the whole. Any information desired can be had by call ing on or addressing the undersigned who has a plat of same at his Hardware Store in West minster, Md. Terms reasonable, jan 16; tf- MILTON SCHAEFFER. CARDS AND CIRCULARS printed at this Office. TRUSTEE’S SALE OF Valuable Machine Shops, Buildings, Machinery, Tools, &c., In the Town of New Windsor, Carroll Count?, Maryland. By virtue of a deed of trust from Josiah I). Riser, dated the 12th day of January, 1880* and recorded among the Land Records of Carroll county, the undersigned, trustee there in named, will offer at public sale, on the premises, in the town of New Windsor, Car roll county, Md., on WEDNESDAY,IOth OF FEBRUARY, 1886, at 12 o’clock, M., sharp, all those parcels of land situate in said town of New Windsor, containing 2 ACRES AND 14 SQUARE PERCHES of land, more or less, and being the same land and premises which the said Josiah D. Biser obtained by deed from Lewis Shueey and others, dated the 18th day of March, 1875, and recorded among the Land Records of Carroll county aforesaid, in Liber F. T. S.. No. 45, folio 55, together with the water power and right thereto appertaining and ap purtenances therewith connected. The above described land being, however, diminished by a sale therefrom of one-half acre to David P. Smelscr and others from said Josiah D. Biser and others, by deed dated 21st day of April, 1885, and recorded among the Land Records of Carroll county aforesaid, in Liber F. T. S., No. 02, folio 433. This property lies imme diately along the line of the Western Mary land Railroad, in one of the wealthiest sec tions of the county, and is improved by large and extensive machine shops, foundry building, blacksmith shop, and other buildings, RUjCgffigSr offices, Ac., well and admirably adapted to the purposes in view. Will also sell all the machinery, imple ments and blacksmith tools in said buildings contained, such as lathes, shafts, pulleys, an vils, saws, work benches, hammers, punches, and all other articles, implements and tools i connected with said machine shop, black smith shop and foundry, consisting of a large ’ variety. Any one wishing to view the property prior to the day of sale can do so by calling on the Trustee, residing close to the same. Terms of Sale for the Real Estate are : One-third of the purchase money to be paid in cash on the day of sale or upon the ratification thereof by the Court; the balance in two equal ; payments of nine and twelve months from the day of sale, to be secured to the satisfaction of the trustee by the notes of the purchaser or purchasers, bearing interest from day of sale. Terms of Sale for the Personalty are : Cash on all sums of and under $10; a credit on all sums above $lO of six months, secured i by note of the purchaser, bearing interest [ from day of sale. No property to be removed until the terms of sale are complied with. DENNIS H. MAYNARD, Trustee. r I Jas. A. C. Bond, Solicitor. jan 10:ts Chas. E. Norris, Auct’r. TRUSTEE’S SALE OF A VALUABLE SMALL FARM, In Freedom District,'Carroll Co., Md. By virtue of a deed of trust from James E. Streaker and Sarah Streaker, his wife, of Car roll county, Md., for the benefit of the cred itors of the said James E. Streaker, duly ex ecuted, acknowledged and recorded according to law, the undersigned, named therein as trustee, will offer at public sale, on the prem ises, situated in Freedom district. Carroll county, Md., about three-quarters of a mile from the Sara’s Creek road and two miles from Winfield, in said district, on SATURDAY, Cth OF FEBRUARY, 1880, at 1 o’clock, p. m., all that desirable farm on which the said James E. Streaker now re sides, situated as above described, containing 93 ACRES AND 55 PERCHES OF LAND, more or less, being the same land which the said James E. Streaker obtained from Han son T. Bartholow, trustee, by deed dated the 20th day of April, A. D., 1803, and duly rt : corded among the Land Records of Carroll county. This property adjoins the lands of Hanson 1 Peun, Peter Davis and Upton Condon, and is in a high state of cultivation, and has been recently limed. The improvements thereon consist of a comfortable 2-story LOO DWELLING, containing 7 rooms; barn, corn**S£Bj“fc house, hog house, meat house, < and all other necessary outbuildings. This; farm is under good fencing, well watered and Agfrabout 15 ACRES IN GOOD TIMBER. is an apple orchard of choice jTTFRUIT on the place, and an excellent spring of water near the dwelling. This. property is convenient to schools, postoffices, churches, Ac., and a rare chance is here of fered. All persons desiring further information can call on or address the undersigned, trusr tec, at Westminster, Md. Terms of Sale.— One-third part of the pur chase money to be paid on the day of sale or upon the ratification thereof by the court, and the residue in two equal payments, the one in nine months and the other in eighteen months i from the day of sale, with interest, and to be secured to the satisfaction of the undersigned; or all cash, at the option of the purchaser. GEORGE M. PEARCE, Trustee. janl6:ts Jos. W. Berret, Auct’r. NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that application will be made to the County Commissioners of Car roll county, at the expiration of thirty days; from the date hereof, to open and locate a pub lic road in said county, commencing at a point where a road known as the old Baltimore and Cranberry road intersects the county road' leading from Carrollton Station to Richards." Mills, on the dividing lines of John E. Houck and Benjamin Croft, in the eighth election district of Carroll county, Md.; thenthrough the lands of John E. Houck, on fSKk an old road known as the old Cranberry road, until it intersects theTands of Elias Martin and Lewis Green, Jr.; thence through said lands, still on the bed of said road, until it intersects the land of Andrew Myers, deceased; thence through the lands on the dividing line of the said Elias Martin and Andrew Myers, deceased, until it intersects a county road near a schoolhouse known as Jesse Brown’s Schoolhouse. LEWIS GREEN, Jr., jan9:st * And 29 Others. DBIVATE SALE. The subscriber, having quit housekeeping, will sell at private sale 12 acres of land, more or less. The lot is improved . by a good 2-story brick house, L-shaped, with all necessary■BjyßSyi outbuildings; there is a well of water near the door. This property is located in Taneytown district, on the road leading from said place to Keysville, and adjoins the lands of Messrs. Crabbs, Wilhide and others. Possession given Ist of April. If not sold by Ist of March, will be for rent. jan9,tf SUSAN E. SHAW. JpREE TO ALL. D. M. PERRY & GO’S. Illustrated, Descriptive and Priced Seed Annual for 1886 will be mailed FREE to all applicants, and to customers of last year without ordering it. It contains about 130 pages, 000 illustrations, prices, accurate de scriptions and valuable directions for planting all varieties of vegetable and flower seeds, bulbs, etc. Invaluable to all, especially to market gardeners. Send for it. D. M. FERRY A CO., jan2eot:ot Detroit, Michigan. At private sale, —A farm of 90} ACRES, 2 miles from Uniontown, oi>P|L l3W|yftU the road to Middlebarg; 2 story wealberboarded house, with six rooms; well and spring close to the house, good barn and other buildings; variety of fruit; well fenced; has 8 fields; running stream through the land; 3 miles from Union Bridge, a sta tion on the Western Maryland Railroad: well adapted for dairying. Can be purchased on reasonable terms. Apply to or address CHARLES M. DEVILBISS, jan9:Bt Union Bridge, Md. OTICE. Office of the Mutual Fire Insurance Co. 1 b Baltimore County. The members of the Company are hereby notified that the rate of interest to be paid on their Premium Notes for 1886 has been con tinued at 6 per cent., which can be paid to Mr. John T. Orndorff at his store, near the R. R. Depot, Westminster, who is authorized to receive and receipt for the same, and should be paid by the Ist day of March next. FRANCIS SHRIVER, jan9,4t Secretary. FOR SALE.— The subscriber offers for sale a TRACT OF LAND, formerly a part of “Clover Hill,” lying near Patapsco Falls. It is of a very excellent quality, in a high state of cultivation. Will sell 10, 20, 50 or more acres to suit, on very reasonable terms. A clear title given. For further in formation apply to E. N. BUCKINGHAM, my 9 Near Finksburg, Carroll co., Md.