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Vol. 8. HUNTINGTON, WEST VA., MARCH 12,1885._No' M’ IS »»rBLIrtHKD Every Thursday Morning *?y GEO. E, WALLACE. -: o : SUBSCRIPTION: i: 50 FES YEAR, I« variably in advance. ADVERTISING RATES: -" r..■$bv» §n»iiVi;o»ii.v;r$6^oi>r7^o s - * 1,25 2,00 2,50 4.50 S.0010,')0 2,iM 2,5t»; 3,«i0 7.00 10,00113,00 », .W 3,00 4,0*1' 5,00 8,00 12,00,15.00 - 5,00 7,00 t*,00 12,00 20,00'26,00 l '• 3,00 10,00 12,00 1*,00 28,01)150.00 .y? ' .uilotiai notice? IO oeuts per line ter ii. . ia-ertion, but special rates to regular »,• xe*t, era. ■>,*rii%ge and Death Xoticoa tree? UV.:»*->«« ttvt* cent* per line._ iuatmgtoa Lodge Directory. Unnlin^lHW Lodgf N'«- W* *'• ^ f,. meets in Lallanco Hall, corner 8th ,, %!,d Third Avenue, tho first and third ? tssy.i of each nonth at 7}4 o’clock r. m. 3. A. SEXTON, W. il. *. CtRV, See’y. Kitutiiisioit LadCP Xo.#’. I. O. «». ., us-:is every Thursday evening, in I. 1,4’ij | Johnston's building, corner 10th free! ind Third Avenue, at o’clock. t. C. GREEN WELL, N. G. » t. Wallace, Sec’r. « abcll Etirunipmenl So. ZS. I. 0. O. I’.* meets in Odd Fellows Hall on the irs-. and thir l Tuesday evenings of each a. *nto a; 7o’clock. K. DELAEAR, C. P. V F. W als.ack, Scribe. Lcb.inen l.o«tf.4‘ Xo. X9, I. 0. 0. ihmh every Taeidtj evening in their ilall o-.mer of Bridge and Court streets, Guyan 4oUe, at 8 o’clock. Til OS. MOSSGROVE, N. G. W 0. Nrwcumb, Kec. Sec’y. fltMtletA* Lad;'e Xo. 46«. K. of M.» meets in Masnnic Hall, corner ot Ihird A venue und 8th stre.»,the second and fourth Mondays in each month. H. Al. ADAMS, Dictator. Mask Poors, Reporter. Alpha l,otl£e \’«>. 21W K * ®* II. , meets on the first and third Monday even.eg of every uienth, in their hall in Mathews’ Block. J. L. CKlDER, Protector. <J. W. Kirk, Reporter.___ ST. ALBERT HOTEL, K. J. AKKIUY* t*roprietor» t’HAKLRSIoX, W. fJ. Chid Honse is newly fitted and furnisaed throughout, and situated in tue central part •4 the city. Terms as reasonable as any first class Ho tel. Special rates to commercial travelers. HIGGS LlOUSEj 1. V. JENNINGS, PBOPBIETOH, w. H. Williams, ) . clerk». W. L. TIBBKTTS, J rORTSMOFTB, OHIO. fZft' Only firstclass hotel iu the city. ST. JAMES HOTEL, Capitol Square, oor. 12tA 4c B'ink RICHMOND, VA. TERMS PER DAY,*3-00. This House is most centrally located, be iaf within a few squares of either ot the Depots, Tobacco Exchange or 'V arehouses. kirst class table and rooms. A. B. MOORE, Proprietor, formerly of St. Charles Hotel. ■C. W. HsNDtasos, Clerk, formerly of American Hotel. DeTe.C. VAN VLECK, DENTIST. r Room* ovor Hagan £ Johnston's Furni ture Store. HUNTINGTON, W VA. J. 11. Kaaaroox, o. F. RlTLJFF, Charleston. Wayne C. H. FEK4.I>0>’ A. UATLII F* ATTORNEYS Will practice in the Circuit Covrt of Wayne •aunty. Prompt attention a Ibusiness entrusted to them. Reimttan* promptly mado. €?. W. KlltK’S PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY Near Crider's Drugstore, III VUSGTOV W. \A. All kinds «f Photograph work. Any pielares copied. n t Pigman & Leonard, MANUFACTURERS OF Tin & Shed Iron Ware i’iiird Ave. bet 11th & ^2th sts., HI'STlSVTON, W. VA. Tin and Sheet Iron ooiing and Spouting a specialty. AH orders promptly attended to. Tour patronage it solicited. ( ievelau.lN Inaugural. Fellow-Citizens—In the presence of this vast assemblage of my coun trymen I am about to supplement and •eal by the oath which 1 shall take the manifestation of the will of a great and free people. In the exer cise of the power and right of self government they have committed to one of their fellow-citizens a supreme and sacred trust, and he here conse crates himself to this service. This impressive eerempuy adds little to the solerau sense of responsibility with which -I contemplate the duty which I owe to all the people of this land. Nothing can relieve me from this anxiety, lest by any act of mine, ! their interests may suffer; aud noth ! ing is needed to strengthen my resolution to eugage every faculty and effort iu the promotion of their welfare. Amid the din of party strife the people’s choice was made; but its atteudaut eircumstauces have demon strated anew the strength aud safety of a government of the people. In each succeeding year it more clearly appears that ovr Democratic princi ple needs uo apology, and that iu its fearless and faithful application is to be found the eurest guarantee of a good goveruracut. But the best results iu the operatiou of a govern ment in which every citizen has a share, largely depend upon the proper limitation of purely partisan zeal and effort, and a constant approx imation to the time when the heat of the partisan shall be merged iu the patriotism of the citizen. To-day the executive branch of government is transferred to a new keeping, but this is still the govern ment of all the people, and it should be none the less au object of earnest solicitude that at this hour the ani mosities of political strife, the bitter □ess of partisan defeat, aud the execution of partisan tiiumph should be supplanted by acquiescence in the popular will, and a sober, conscienti ous concern for the general weal.— Moreover, if from this hour we cheerfully and honestly abaudon all sectional prejudices and distrust, aud determine with manly cenfideuce in one another to work harmoniously the achievements of our National destiuy, we shall deserve to realize all the benefits our happy form of government can bestow. Oa this auspicious occasion we may well renew the pledge of our devotion to the Constitution which, launched by the founders of the Republic aud consecrated by their prayers and patriotic devotion, has for almost a century borne the hopes and aspira tious of a great people, through prosperity and peace, and through the shock of foreign conlliets aud the perils of domestic strife and vicissi tudes. By the Father of His Country, our Constitution was commended for adoption as the “result of a spirit of amity and mutual concession.” In that same spirit, should it be admin istered iu order to promote the lasting welfare of the country and to secure the full measure of its price less benefits to us and to those who will succeed to the benefits of our national life. The large variety of diverse and competing interests sub ject to federal control, persistently seeking recognition of their claims, need give us no fear that, “the greatest good to the grtiUest number” wiil fail to be accom plished, if, iu the halls of national legislation that spirit of amity and mutual concessions shall prevail, iu which the constitution had its birth. If this involves the surrender or postponement of private interests, and the abandonment of local advan tages, compensation will be found in the assurance that thus common interest i3 subserved aud the general welfare advanced. In the discharge of my official duty I shall endeavor to be guided by a just aud unstrained construction of the Constitution, by a careful observance of the distinction between the powers granted to the federal government aud those reserved to the States or to the people, aud by a cautious appreciation of their func-’ tious, which by the Constitution aud the law, have been especially assigned to the executive brauch of the government. But he who takes the oath t«*day to “preserve and defend the Constitution of the United States” assumes only the solemn obligation which every patriotic citi zen, on the farm, in the workshop, in the busy marts of trade, and every where, should share with him. flhe constitution which prescribes his oath, my countrymen, is yours. The gov ernment you have chosen him to administer for a time is yours. The suffrage which executes the will of freemen is yours. The laws and the entire scheme of our civil rule, from town meeting to State, capitols, and the national capitol, is yours. Your every voter as surely as your chief magistrate, under the same high sanction, though iu a different sphere, exercises a public trust. Nor is this all. Every citizen owes to his country a vigilant watch aud close scrutiny of its public servants, and a fair and reasonable estimate of their fidelity aud usefulness. Thus is the people’s will impressed upon the* whole frame-work of the civil polity, municipal, State and Federal. This is the price of our liberty, aud the inspiration of our faith in the repub lic. It is the duty of those serving the people iu public places to closely limit public expenditures to actual needs of government economically adminis tered, because this bounds the right ®f the government to exact tribute from the earnings of the labor or the prosperity of the citizens, and because public extravagance begets extravagance among the people. We should never be ashamed of that simplicity and prudential economy which are best suited to the operation of a republicau form of government and most compatible with the mission of the American peopla. Those who are selected for a limited time to manage public affairs are still of the people, and may do much by their example to encourage, consistently with dignity, in their official positions that plaiu way of life which, among fellow-citizens, aids integrity and promotes thrift and prosperity. The genius of our i^titutioDs, the needs of our people in their home life, and the attention demanded for the settlement and development of the resources of our vast territory, dictate a scrupulous avoidance of any departure from that foreign policy commended by the history, tradition and the prosperity of our republic; its policy of independence, favored by our position and defended by our known love of justice,, and by our power; its policy of neutrality, rejecting any share io forcdgu broils and animosities upon oj^er continents j and repelling iutrusiomhere; its poli cy of Monroe, Washington, Jefferson, “peace, commerce, and honest friend ship with all nation*, entangling alliances with none.” * A due regard for the interests and prosperi ty of all the people demands that our finances shall be established upon such a sound, sensible basis as shall secure the safety and confidence of the business interests, and make wage labor sure and steady; that our system of revenue he so adjusted as to relieve the people from unueces sary taxation, having due regard for the interests of capital invested and of the working men employed in American industries, and preventing the accumulation of a surplus in the treasury to tempt extravagance and waste. A due care for the property of the nation and for the needs of future settlers require that the public domain should be protected from the purloining schemes of unlawful occupiers. The conscience of the people demands that the Indians within our territory shall he fairly and honestly treated as wards of the government, and their education and civilization promoted with a view to ultimate citizeuship; that polygamy iu the territories, being destructive of the family relation and offensive to the moral sense of the civilized world, shall he repressed. The people demand reform in the administration of the government and the application of business prin ciple to public affairs. As a means to this end, ciyil service reform should be in good faith enforced. Our citizens have a right to protection from the incompetency of public employes, who hold places solely as a reward for partisan services, and from the corrupting influence of those who promise, aud the vicious methods of those who expect such rewards. Aud those who worthily seek public employment have a right to insist that merit and competency shall be recognized Instead of party subservi ency or the surrender of honest political belief. Iu the administration of a govern ment pledged to do equal and exact justice to all men, there should be uo pretext lor anxiety touching the protection of the freedmeu iu their rights, or their security iu the enjoy ment of their privileges under the Constitution and it3 amendments.— Discussion as to their fitness for the place accorded to them as American citizens is unprofitable, except as it suggests the necessity fjr improve* ment. The fact that they are citizens entitles them to all the rights due to that relation, and charges them with all its duties, obligations aud respon sibility. l hese topics, ana me constant ana ever-varying wants of an active and enterprising population, may well receive the attention and patriotic endeavor of all who make and exe cute the federal laws. Our duties are practical, and call for the industri ous application aud intelligent per ception of the claims of public office, above all, a firm determination by united action to secure to all the people the full benefits of the llbst form of government ever vouchsafed to mau. Let us not trust human effort aloue; but, humbly acknowl edging the power aud gooduess of Almighty God, who presides over the destiny of nations, aud who has at all times been revealed in our country’s history, let us iuvoke His aid and His blessing upon our labors. For the Argus. The SoucEau War. It appears, from the late telegrams, that the British lioa is having his tail badly twisted just at this time. The Mahdi may have some tempora ry success, but it is only because Gordon, in the first place, disobeyed orders and had too much confidence in himself aud followers, while un derrating the power and influence of the False Prophet. The British lion will yet send up such a roar iu the Soudan as will strike terror to the hearts of the Mahdi and all his fa natical crew. No one who knows the spirit and temper of the Anglo Saxon race can doubt this for a mo ment, or doubt for a moment that everv drop of blood from English veins drank up by the burning sands, will be doubly avenged. When the English are massacred by half savage foes, England doe# not split hairs upon questions of right or wrong.— She protects her flag and her citizens if it takes the whole power of the Government. Great Britain has fought her way and acquired a foothold upon every contiueut of earth and the islands ot the sea. For three hundred years her might has been her right, and her arguments have been the thunder of artillery and the crash of musket ry. “The sun never sets upon the cross ol St. George,” is not nu id!« boast or poetic faucy, but a cold, solid truth. From her insulated homo, she stretches her giant arms t© the four quarters of the globe; her dag is seen in every port. Look at Gibraltar, Upper Egypt, Malm South Africa, India, New Guinea, New Zealand, Tasmania, Australia, Islands in the Pacific, the Bermuda*1, the Bahamas, Jamaica, the Balize, British Guiana, British Columbia, the Canadas, British America—not all, but our pen tires. Woe to the savage tribe which rouses her wrath. .Nothing, now, can save the Maum but an uprising of the whole Ma homraedan world. In the 14th cen tury there was such a crisis. The Crescent waved upon the banks of the Bosphorus. The Turk crossed the Hellespont, and not only knocked at the gates of Europe, but entered. Then all Europe was a camp. It may be again. Sometimes a little spark kindles a great fire. In lea* than twelve months the flames of war rany envelope all Europe. To judge by the actious of men, we would be led to suppose that the chief business i9 to butcher one an other. England has always heaped honors upon the physically brave. One morning, while examining the monument and statue of Nelson in Trafalgar Square, Liverpool, an old sailor told me that England is full of such statues. We are not a judge > but thought this statue a fine work ot art. “The King of Terrors” is represented as feeling for the old hero’s heart. We can never forget the inscription: “England expects every man to do his duty.” Ropes, cannou, flags, and the various para-, phernalia of war are placed around. One rope is coiled the wrong way. I must close now and here. Hannibal. — • m For the Argot. Natural (run. The terrible explosions at Pittsburg and Wellsburg by which so many lives were lost will surely cure manv of their gas lunacy, and have a depressing influence upon the gas companies’ stock. During the past winter we have been corresponding with a citizen of Washington, Pa., upon the value and availability of gas for various purposes. We learned that the company there furnished enough to run a common cook stove for 75 cents a mouth;— very cheap fuel—in fact, for all pur poses to which it can be successfully applied it has proved, so far, the cheapest in the world. These lat disasters show that much i-» yet to be i done before gas will be used by any but the most reckless. If it can be i secured in strong pipet and kopt under control, it will prove a great bleeving to the poor, but as now handled, we prefer dynamite because a violent death would be onlv a matter of a few days time. The dynamite would do its work better and save the expense of undertaker and funeral.